"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Subspecies Updates

IOC Version 5.3 (Draft)

 Species

 Previous Versions

Proposed Change

 Code

Notes & Sources

IOC Version 5.2 (April 23, 2015)

 Species

 Previous Versions

Proposed Change

 Code

Notes & Sources

Dusky Megapode Megapodius freycinet Add subspecies forsteni, buruensis ADD Previously treated as a separate species, Forsten’s Megapode  but see Birks & Edwards 2002, Harris et al 2014, HBW Alive
Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela Restore subspecies minimus ADD Incorrectly split with recognition of S. klossi
Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris Reassign subspecies stewarti to Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo. TAX Subspecific allocation follows Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012.
Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus dicruroides Add subspecies stewarti to Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo. TAX Subspecific allocation follows Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012.
Andaman Hawk-Owl Ninox affinis Assign subspecies isolata and rexpimenti to Brown Hawk-Owl. Delete nominate race.  DEL Andaman Hawk-Owl is not known to occur on Nicobar Is. (Rasmussen & Anderton 2012). Treat as monotypic
Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata Add subspecies isolata and rexpimenti to Brown Hawk-Owl.  ADD Rasmussen & Anderton 2012
Ameline Swiftlet Aerodramus amelis Move subspecies palawanensis from Uniform Swiftlet to Ameline Swiftlet. Add nominate subspecies. TAX Dickinson & Remsen 2013.
Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens centralis Dendropicos fuscescens loandae TAX loandae, Grant, CHB, 1915 replaces centralis, Neumann, 1900 when centralis, Reichenow, 1900 is included in the genus Dendropicos. Louette & Prigogine, 1982. Fide Theo de Kok
African Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae Add subspecies centralis ADD Dickinson & Remsen, 2013
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis cyanicollis Eurystomus orientalis cyanocollis TAX Correct original spelling. Primary source verification.
Lesser Cuckooshrike Coracina fimbriata schierbrandii Coracina fimbriata schierbrandi TAX Correct original spelling. Primary source verification.
Azure-naped Jay Cyanocorax heilprini Add subspecies hafferi ADD Described as a species. Treat as a subspecies of C. heilprini following SACC, Dickinson & Christidis, 2014. Cohn-Haft et al, 2013. HBW Special Volume.
Pink-billed Lark Spizocorys conirostris Delete subspecies transiens DEL Include transiens in nominate subspecies. Hockey, et al 2005
Maghreb Lark Galerida macrorhyncha randoni Galerida macrorhyncha randonii TAX Two original spellings. First reviser selection is randonii. David et al, 2009, Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps scotoptera Cisticola ruficeps scotopterus TAX Correct gender agreement.
Chestnut-backed Bush Warbler Locustella castanea muscula Locustella castanea musculus TAX Subspecies epithet invariable. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Long-billed Bernieria Bernieria madagascariensis  inceleber Bernieria madagascariensis  incelebris TAX Correct gender agreement. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014
Australian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus australis Move subspecies sumbae to A. australis  from A. stentoreus TAX Dickinson & Christidis, 2014, Beehler & Pratt (in press).
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis psammochrous Stelgidopteryx serripennis psammochroa TAX Correct gender agreement. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014
Brown-eared Bulbul Hypsipetes amaurotis harterti Hypsipetes amaurotis nagamichii TAX Includes harterti as a synonym. Permanently invalid. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer saturatus Pycnonotus cafer wetmorei TAX Includes saturatus as a synonym. Permanently invalid. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014
Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier yourdini Pycnonotus goiavier gourdini TAX Based on “Turdoïde de gourdin” of Homblon & Jacquinot, 1844. Referenced in Gray, 1847. See Mayr & Greenway, 1960 (Peters Checklist, IX)
Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus insularis Pycnonotus plumosus hachisukae TAX Includes insularis as a synonym. Permanently invalid. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Chinese Nuthatch Sitta villosa Add subspecies corea ADD Dickinson & Christidis, 2014
Cape Weaver Ploceus capensis Delete subspecies rubricomus and  olivaceus. Delete nominate subspecies.  DEL Treat as monotypic. Hockey et al, 2005, Craig, 2010.
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Add subspecies harterti ADD Newly described. Svensson, 2015.
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula europoea Pyrrhula pyrrhula europaea TAX Correct original spelling. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus rhodopnus Haemorhous mexicanus sonoriensis DEL Subspecies sonoriensis includes rhodopnus. Badyaev et al, 2012
Black-throated Canary Crithagra atrogularis impiger Crithagra atrogularis impigra TAX Correct gender agreement.
Reichard’s Seedeater Crithagra reichardi striatipecta Crithagra reichardi striatipectus TAX Subspecies epithet invariable.
Common Linnet Linaria cannabina nana Linaria cannabina guentheri TAX Includes nana as a synonym. Permanently invalid. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis major Carduelis carduelis frigoris TAX Includes major as a synonym. Permanently invalid. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014
Spinus Multiple taxa Multiple taxa TAX Correct gender end of multiple taxa to masculine. Overlooked when Spinus was split from Carduelis.
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Delete subspecies riparia. DEL Include riparia in modesta. Guzy & Ritchison. 1999
Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus Add subspecies sanlucasensis ADD Newly described. Salaman, 2015.
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens Delete subspecies tropicalis DEL Merge tropicalis with auricollis. Eckerle & Thompson. 2001.
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna Delete subspecies quinta. Add subspecies monticola. DEL, ADD Include quinta in monticola. Fraga, 2011.
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis vivida Sporophila nigricollis olivacea DEL Includes vivida as a synonym. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.

IOC Version 5.1 (Jan 15, 2015)

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Notes & Sources

Musk Duck Biziura lobata
Add subspecies menziesi. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Guay et al, 2010, McCracken, et al, 2002.
Elegant Quail Callipepla douglasii Add subspecies vanderbilti ADD Dickinson & Remsen, 2013.
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Delete subspecies marilandicus and mexicanus. DEL Included in the nominate. Brennan et al, 2014. (contra Brennan, 1999).
Rusty-breasted Cuckoo Cacomantis sepulcralis Add subspecies everetti. ADD Dickinson et al, 1991, Payne, 1997 (contra Payne, 2005).
Silktail Lamprolia victoriae kleinschmidti L. v. klinesmithi TAX Correct subspecies name from invalid emendation kleinschmidti to original spelling klinesmithi (Dickinson & Christidis, 2014)
Zimmer’s Flatbill Tolmomyias assimilis Add subspecies sucunduri. ADD Described as a species. Treat as a subspecies of T. assimilis pending further clarification of the T. assimilis species complex. Whitney et al, 2013. HBW Special Volume.
Velvety Black Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus hoflingi
Knipolegus nigerrimus hoflingae TAX Change to feminine genitive. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Cinereous Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola cinereus argentina Muscisaxicola cinereus argentinus TAX Correct gender agreement. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Chaco Earthcreeper Tarphonomus certhioides luscinius Tarphonomus certhioides luscinia TAX Subspecies epithet invariable. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Splendid Fairywren Malurus splendens musgravi Malurus splendens callainus TAX Taxonomy and nomenclature unsettled. Defer to older name attributed to this form. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Mangrove Golden Whistler Pachycephala melanura
Delete whitneyi. DEL ssp whitneyi, formerly treated as a subspecies of P. melanura, regarded as an interspecific hybrid between Pachycephala orioloides bougainvillei and P. melanura. Mayr & Diamond, 2001. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Scrub Greenlet Hylophilus flavipes acuticauda
Hylophilus flavipes acuticaudus TAX Subspecies epithet invariable. Original spelling. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Northern Variable Pitohui Pitohui kirhocephalus Delete stramineipectus DEL Included in rubiensis. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Black-headed Oriole Oriolus larvatus additus
Oriolus larvatus tibicen TAX Replacement name additus Lawson, 1969, proposed for tibicen, Lawson, 1962 is not required nomenclaturally. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Black-faced Woodswallow Artamus cinereus dealbatus
Artamus cinereus inkermani
TAX Subspecies dealbatus is synonymous with inkermani which has precedence. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velata coesia Philentoma velata caesia TAX Internal evidence in the O.D. would suggest that the spelling “coesia” is a printer’s error.
Siberian Jay Perisoreus infaustus Add rogosowi. Delete ostjakorum, ruthenus, tkachenkoi, and yakutensis TAX, ADD, DEL rogosowi replaces synonymous ostjakorum.  ruthenus merged with nominate. tkachenkoi, and yakutensis merged with sibericus. Dickinson & Christidis, 2014.
California Scrub Jay Aphelocoma californica Delete cactophila. DEL Included in hypoleuca. Curry et al, 2002.
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis compressirostris
Clytorhynchus vitiensis brunneus TAX brunneus (Ramsay, 1875) has precedence over compressirostris (Layard, 1876)
Long-tailed Paradigalla Paradigalla carunculata intermedia
Delete intermedia. Delete nominate subspecies.
DEL, TAX Treat as monotypic. P. c. intermedia doubtfully recognizable and better treated within Short-tailed Paradigalla as a synonym. (Frith & Beehler, 1998, Gregory comm.).
Olive Sunbird Cyanomitra olivacea Delete vincenti and lowei DEL Included in ragazzii. Cheke & Mann, 2008.
Marico Sunbird Cinnyris mariquensis Delete ovamboensis and lucens
DEL Included in the nominate. Cheke & Mann, 2008.
White-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris talatala Delete arestus and nominate subspecies. DEL Treat as monotypic. Cheke & Mann, 2008.
Asian Golden Weaver Ploceus hypoxanthus hymenaicus
Ploceus hypoxanthus chryseus
TAX Contra Deignan, 1947, chryseus Hume, 1878 is available. Pittie & Dickinson, 2008.
African Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus spurius
Anthus cinnamomeus spurium TAX Invariable.
Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus Delete juncicola. DEL Included in peninsulae. Post & Greenlaw, 2009.

IOC Version 4.4 (Oct 31, 2014)

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Notes & Sources

Buff-banded Rail Gallirallus philippensis
Delete wahgiensis. DEL Include in reducta. Taylor, 1996, Taylor, 1998.
Clapper Rail Rallus (longirostris) crepitans
Delete leucophaeus, grossi and belizensis. DEL Subspecies leucophaeus included in caribaeus. The other two known only from the type specimens. Include both in pallidus. Rush et al, 2012.
Baillon’s Crake Porzana pusilla Delete obscura. DEL obscura included in intermedia. Taylor, 1996, Taylor, 1998, Hockey et al, 2005.
American Coot Fulica americana Delete peruviana DEL Synonymous with F. ardesiaca ardesiaca. Merely a color morph. Gill, 1964, Taylor, 1998.
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Delete rowani. DEL tabida includes rowani. Clinal. Insignificant differentiation from tabida. Rhymer et al, 2001
Common Crane Grus grus Delete archibaldi and lilfordi. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Merge both with the nominate. Treat Grus grus as monotypic. Archibald & Meine, 1996.
Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator Delete interrumpens. DEL Included in atrogularis. Wells, 1999, Robson, 2000.
African Wattled Lapwing Vanellus senegallus Delete major. DEL Included in the nominate. Clinal. Urban et al, 1986.
Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa Delete gymnostoma and violacea. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Jenni & Mace. 1999.
Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus Delete pallidus. DEL Included in cuneicauda. Hellmayr & Conover, 1948.
Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Delete parvus and nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Dugger & Dugge, 2002.
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Delete belcheri and littoralis. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Payne & Pierce, 2002.
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola Delete subspecies erlangeri and riparia. DEL Included in fuelleborni. Hockey et al, 2005.
Rock Pratincole Glareola nuchalis Delete subspecies torrens. DEL Included in nominate subspecies. Hockey et al, 2005.
Silver Gull Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae Delete subspecies gunni. DEL Included in the nominate subspecies. Higgins & Davies, 1996.
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii Delete subspecies enigma. DEL Included in the nominate subspecies. Hockey et al, 2005.
Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex Delete chloropoda and the nominate subspecies. DEL Clinal. Treat species as monotypic. Hellmayr & Conover, 1948.
Fratercula arctica Fratercula arctica Delete grabae, naumanni and the nominate subspecies. DEL Clinal. Treat species as monotypic. Sangster et al, 2005.
Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus Delete excelsa. DEL Included in nominate subspecies. Cramp et al, 1985.
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata Delete letonai and parva. DEL Included in the nominate subspecies. Keppie & Braun, 2000.
Plain Pigeon Patagioenas inornata Delete exigua and wetmorei. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Species treated as monotypic. No consistent morphological differences. Banks, RC, 1986.
Malagasy Turtle Dove Nesoenas picturata picturata, N. p. rostrata, N. p. aldabrana Nesoenas picturatus picturatus, N. p. rostratus, N. p. aldabranus. TAX Nesoenas must be treated as masculine. David & Gregory, 2008.
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis Delete orii. DEL Included in the nominate. Gibbs et al, 2001.
Laughing Dove Spilopelia senegalensis Delete sokotrae, DEL Included in the nominate. Redman et al, 2009. Kirwan, 2007.
Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia amboinensis Delete hueskeri. Included in carteretia. Mayr & Diamond, 2001.
MacKinlay’s Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia mackinlayi Delete goodsoni and krakari. DEL Included in arossi. Mayr & Diamond, 2001.
Maroon-chested Ground Dove Claravis mondetoura Delete ochoterena, salvini, umbrina, pulchra and inca. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Hellmayr & Conover, 1942.
Long-tailed Ground Dove Uropelia campestris Delete figginsi. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Hellmayr & Conover, 1942.
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Delete zapluta. DEL Synonymous with the nominate subspecies. Hellmayr & Conover, 1942.
Wompoo Fruit Dove Ptilinopus magnificus Delete interpositus and septentrionalis. DEL Both forms intermediate between puella and poliurus. Not considered valid races. interpositus included in puellaseptentrionalis included in poliurus. Gibbs et al, 2001. Diamond & LeCroy, 1978.
Dwarf Fruit Dove Ptilinopus nainus Delete minimus. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Mees, 1965. Baptista et al, 1997.
Livingstone’s Turaco Tauraco livingstonii Delete cabanisi. DEL Included in reichenowi. Hockey et al, 2005. Fry et al, 1988.
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Delete pallidula. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Payne, 2005; Bowen, 2002.
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia Delete excellens. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Payne, 2005.
Rufous-vented Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus geoffroyi Delete maximiliani. Add amazonicus. DEL, ADD, TAX Birds from Para, formerly geoffroyi, become amazonicus Pinto, 1964 with correction of type locality for geoffroyimaximiliani becomes a junior synonym of geoffroyi which is the replacement name for the Bahia taxon with the correction of its type locality. Raposo et al, 2009.
White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus Delete sokotrae. DEL Included in the nominate. Kirwan, 2007.
Western Barn Owl Tyto alba Delete affinis, lucayana and subandeana. DEL Subspecies poensis merged with affinis.  The former has priority. König & Weick, 2009. Subspecies lucayana included in pratincola. König & Weick, 2009. Subspecies subandeana included in guatemalae. Marti et al, 2005.
Sunda Scops Owl Otus lempiji Delete hypnodes and cnephaeus. DEL Included in the nominate. Wells, 1999; Mees, 1986.
Bare-legged Owl Margarobyas lawrencii Delete exsul. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. König & Weick, 2009.
Northern Barred Owl Strix varia Delete georgica and helveolum. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Barrowclough et al 2011.
Colima Pygmy Owl Glaucidium palmarum Delete oberholseri and griscomi. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. König & Weick, 2009.
Central American Pygmy Owl Glaucidium griseiceps Delete occultum and rarum. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Both forms regarded as color morphs of nominate. Treat species as monotypic. König & Weick, 2009.
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum Delete elgonense. DEL Included in medje. Herroelen et al, 1999.
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia Delete apurensis, arubensis, intermedia and punensis. DEL Subspecies apurensis and arubensis included in brachyptera. Subspecies intermedia and punensis included in nanodes. Poulin et al, 2011
Unspotted Saw-whet Owl Aegolius ridgwayi Delete rostrata and tacanensis. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. König & Weick, 2009.
Rufous Owl Ninox rufa Delete aruensis. DEL Included in humeralis. König & Weick, 2009.
Antillean Nighthawk Chordeiles gundlachii Delete vicinus. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Guzy, 2002.
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus Delete noctivagus. DEL Included in stonei. Ridgely & Greenfield, 2001.
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis Delete intercedens. DEL Included in the nominate. Latta & Howell, 1999; Holyoak, 2001.
Rufous Nightjar Antrostomus rufus Delete saltarius. DEL Included in  rutilus. Holyoak, 2001
Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis Delete undulatus and kasuidori. DEL Both included in nominate. Mees, 2006.
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta Delete hypogrammica. DEL Included in spilogaster. Mayr & Diamond, 2001.
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis Delete veraecrucis. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Hardy & Webber, 1975; Chantler, 1999.
Sparkling Violetear Colibri coruscans Delete rostratus. DEL Included in germanus. Schuchmann, 1999.
Western Emerald Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus Delete pumilus. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Ridgely & Greenfield, 2001.
Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris Delete toroi. DEL Not a valid subspecies. toroi represents specimens from zone of intergradation between propinquus and doubledayi. Schuchmann, 1999.
Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone Delete alleni. DEL Included in josephinae. Schuchmann, 1999.
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus Delete occidentalis. DEL Included in eumorphus. Collar, 2001.
Green-backed Trogon Trogon viridis
Delete melanopterus. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat as monotypic. Collar, 2001.
Mountain Trogon Trogon mexicanus Delete lutescens. DEL Included in the nominate. Collar, 2001.
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris Delete flavidior. DEL Included in aurantiiventris. Wetmore, 1968; Collar, 2001.
Racket-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus Delete weigalli. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Fry et al, 1988; Hockey et al, 2005.
Glittering Kingfisher Caridonax fulgidus Delete gracilirostris. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Mees, 2006.
Whooping Motmot Momotus subrufescens Delete conexus and olivaresi. DEL Included in the nominate. Stiles, 2009.
Wreathed Hornbill Rhyticeros undulatus Delete aequabilis. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Kemp, 2001.
Bronzy Jacamar Galbula leucogastra Delete viridissima. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Tobias et al, 2002.
White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus Delete cryptoleucus. DEL Included in the nominate. Rasmussen & Collar, 2002.
Collared Puffbird Bucco capensis Delete dugandi. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Rasmussen & Collar, 2002.
Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus derbianus Delete nigrirostris. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Short & Horne, 2002a.
Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Indicator xanthonotus Delete fulvus. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Short & Horne, 2002b.
Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus Delete malleolus. DEL Included in the nominate. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis Delete fuscescens. DEL Included in the nominate. Edwards & Schnell, 2000; Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Elliot’s Woodpecker Dendropicos elliotii Delete kupeensis and gabela. DEL kupeensis intermediate between johnstoni and elliotii. Best treated as a hybrid population. gabela included in the nominate. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos maculatus
Delete leytensis and menagei. DEL leytensis included in fulvifasciatus. menagei
included in the nominate. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Sulu Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos ramsayi
Delete siasiensis. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Delete nagamichii, szetschuanensis, omissus, and obscurus. DEL Merge all with kaleensis. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus Delete peruvianus and tectricialis. DEL Included in the nominate. Ridgely & Greenfield, 2001.
Greater Yellownape Chrysophlegma flavinucha Delete lylei. DEL Included in the nominate. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Delete laotianus. DEL Included in the nominate. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Streak-breasted Woodpecker Picus viridanus
Delete weberi. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus Delete eisenhoferi, connectens and eurous. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Pale-headed Woodpecker Gecinulus grantia Delete poilanei. DEL Included in indochinensis. Christie & Winkler, 2002.
Brown Falcon Falco berigora Delete occidentalis and tasmanica. DEL Included in the nominate. Marchant & Higgins, 1993. Ferguson-Lees & Christie, 2001.
Coconut Lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus Delete intermedius. DEL Included in the nominate. Juniper & Parr, 1998; Forshaw, 2006.
Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus moluccanus Delete eyrei. DEL Included in the nominate. Higgins & Davies, 1996; Forshaw, 2006.
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus Delete mesotypus. DEL Included in the nominate. Collar, 1997.
Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severus
Delete castaneifrons. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Collar, 1997, Juniper & Parr, 1998; Forshaw, 2006.
Painted Parakeet Pyrrhura picta
Delete pantchenkoi DEL Included in caeruleiceps. Forshaw, 2006, Joseph, 2000.
Santarem Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum
Delete microtera. DEL Included in the nominate. Juniper & Parr, 1998; Joseph, 2002.
Golden-tailed Parrotlet Touit surdus Delete chryseurus. Delete nominate subspecies. DEL Treat species as monotypic. Collar, 1997, Juniper & Parr, 1998; Forshaw, 2006.
Foothill Elaenia Myiopagis olallai Add newly described subspecies coopmansi and incognita. Add nominate subspecies. ADD, NEW Cuervo et al, 2014.

IOC Version 4.3 (July 31, 2014)

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Notes & Sources

Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius Delete pernambucensis. Make monotypic. DEL pernambucensis is synonymous with the nominate. Raposo do Amaral & Silveira, 2004.
Quebracho Crested Tinamou Eudromia formosa Add subspecies mira. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Davies, 2002.
Dwarf Cassowary Casuarius bennetti Add papuanus as a subspecies. ADD Given full specific rank in Davies, 2002.
Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae Delete rothschildi. DEL Doubtfully valid. Davies, 2002; Marchant & Higgins, 1990a.
Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa Delete rogersi. DEL Poorly differentiated from the nominate. Marchant & Higgins, 1990b.
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula Delete intermedia. DEL Included in nominate. Peterson, 2000.
Band-tailed Guan Penelope argyrotis Add subspecies albicauda. ADD Restall et al, 2006.
Black Curassow Crax alector Add subspecies erythrognatha. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Delacour & Amadon, 1973; Restall et al, 2006.
Gambel’s Quail Callipepla gambelii Add subspecies ignoscens and stephensi. ADD Gee et al, 2013.
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Add subspecies marilandicus and mexicanus. ADD Brennan, 1999; Carroll, 1994.
Montezuma Quail Cyrtonyx montezumae Delete merriami. DEL Known from a single specimen. Doubtful validity. Stromberg, 2002.
Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus Delete affinis. DEL Synonymous with umbelloides. AOU, 1957; Godfrey, 1986.
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus Delete rudolfi. DEL Include in crassirostris. Madge & McGowan, 2002.
Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta Add subspecies reinhardi. Delete gabrielsoni, sanfordi and chamberlaini. ADD, DEL Montgomerie & Holder, 2008. Subspecies gabrielsoni included in townsendi. Subspecies sanfordi and chamberlaini included in atkhensis.
Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus Delete muriei. DEL Include in alexandrae. Hannon et al, 1998.
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa Delete major and callipygia. DEL Treat as monotypic. Clinal. Madge & McGowan, 2002; McGowan, 1994.
Shelley’s Francolin Scleroptila shelleyi Delete canidorsalis. DEL Include in nominate. Hockey et al, 2005.
Double-spurred Francolin Pternistis bicalcaratus Delete thornei. DEL Include in nominate. Urban et al, 1986.
Hartlaub’s Spurfowl Pternistis hartlaubi Delete bradfieldi and crypticus. DEL Treat as monotypic. Hockey et al, 2005.
King Quail Excalfactoria chinensis Delete palmeri. DEL Include in nominate. Mees, 2006.
Grey Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum Delete bakeri and ghigii. DEL Treat as monotypic. Differences attributed to individual variation. Penhallurick & Walters, 2005.
American White Ibis Eudocimus albus Add subspecies ramobustorum. Add nominate subspecies. ADD, TAX Subspecies name ramobustorum required for the South American form of E. albus when E. ruber is split.
Green Heron Butorides virescens Add subspecies bahamensis. Delete subspecies maculata. ADD, DEL Kushlan & Hancock, 2005; Davis & Kushlan. 1994. Subspecies maculata synonymized with nominate in the Caribbean.
Striated Heron Butorides striata Add subspecies flyensis and steini. Delete subspecies chloriceps. ADD, DEL Kushlan & Hancock, 2005. Schodde et al, 1980.Treat chloriceps as synonymous with javanica following Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012.
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Add subspecies wardi ADD Dickerman, 2004; Vennesland & Butler. 2011.
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Delete occidentalis DEL Merge with ruficollis. Frederick, 2013.
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra Delete bedouti and californica DEL Merge bedouti with personata. Nelson, 2005. Merge californica with personata. Pitman & Jehl, 1998.
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Add subspecies meridionalis and falklandicus. ADD Kirk & Mossman, 1998; Blake, 1977.
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus Add subspecies urubutinga. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Blake, 1977; Houston, 1994 (HBW 2)
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes Delete subspecies wolfei. DEL Doubtfully distinct from nominate. Based on a single specimen. Thiollay, 1994.
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos Delete subspecies nubicus. DEL Poorly differentiated from nominate. Ferguson-Lees & Christie, 2001.
Dark Chanting Goshawk Melierax metabates Delete subspecies neumanni. DEL Poorly differentiated from nominate. Ferguson-Lees & Christie, 2001.
Pale Chanting Goshawk Melierax canorus Add subspecies argentior. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Hockey et al, 2005. Contra Ferguson-Lees & Christie, 2001.
African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro Delete subspecies croizati. Move subspecies canescens to Red-chested Goshawk. DEL, CORR Merged with unduliventer.  Ash & Atkins, 2009. Placement of canescens corrects error in original subspecies allocation.
Woodford’s Rail Nesoclopeus woodfordi Add subspecies immaculatus ADD Dutson, 2011.
Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris Add subspecies dillonripleyi. ADD Restall et al, 2006; Hilty, 2003.
Lewin’s Rail Lewinia pectoralis Add subspecies insulsa ADD Taylor, 1996; Taylor 1998.
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra Add subspecies novaeguineae. ADD Taylor, 1996; Taylor, 1998.
Puna Snipe Gallinago andina Add subspecies innotata. Add nominate subspecies ADD Hellmayr & Conover, 1948; Blake, 1977; Jaramillo, 2003.
Temminck’s Courser Cursorius temminckii Add subspecies aridus and ruvanensis.
Add nominate subspecies.
ADD Hockey et al, 2005
Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata Add subspecies sanctipauli. ADD Hockey et al, 2005
Pigeon Guillemot Cepphus columba Add subspecies adiantus and eureka. ADD Ewins, 1993; Nettleship, 1996
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis Add subspecies tamboensis. ADD Hellmayr & Conover, 1942. de Schauensee, 1964.
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis Add subspecies ceylonensis. ADD Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012; Gibbs et al, 2001.
Andaman Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia rufipennis Add subspecies andamanica. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012.
Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina Add subspecies umbrina. Delete subspecies navassae. ADD, DEL Subspecies navassae merged with insularis. Bowman, 2002.
White-throated Quail-Dove Geotrygon frenata Add subspecies subgrisea. Delete erythropareia. ADD, DEL Ridgely & Greenfield, 2001; Restall et al, 2006. Deleted erythropareia, probably a dark morph of bourcieri.
Bronze Ground Dove Gallicolumba beccarii Add subspecies masculina ADD Mayr & Diamond, 2001; Dutson, 2011
Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus Add subspecies songweensis.
Add nominate subspecies.
ADD Payne, 2005
Little Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus Restore subspecies russatus. ADD Higgins, 1999. Contra Payne, 2005.
Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus Add subspecies tymbonomus. ADD Fide R. Schodde (in litt). See Mees, 2006 for clarification of the taxonomic confusion. whitei is a junior synonym. Contra Payne 2005.
Eastern Barn Owl Tyto delicatula Add subspecies interposita. ADD Bruce, 1999; Dutson, 2011; König & Weick. 2009.
Ferruginous Pygmy Owl Glaucidium brasilianum Add subspecies intermedium. ADD Proudfoot & Johnson, 2000.
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta kalili
Collocalia esculenta heinrothi DEL, TAX Treat kalili Salomonsen, 1983 as a junior synonym of heinrothi Neumann, 1919. Dickinson & Remsen, 2013.
Vaux’s Swift Chaetura vauxi
Add subspecies warneri.
ADD Bull & Collins, 2007.
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba Add subspecies dorabtatai ADD Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012
Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus Restore subspecies napensis. ADD Stiles, 1996b. Contra Bündgen, 1999 (HBW 5).
Green-fronted Hummingbird Amazilia viridifrons Add subspecies villadai. Add nominate subspecies  viridifrons ADD Peterson & Navarro, 2000.
Mountain Velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi Add subspecies orestes. ADD Schuchmann et al, 2003.
Greenish Puffleg Haplophaedia aureliae Add subspecies floccus and galindoi. ADD Schuchmann et al, 2000. Wetmore, 1968.
White-backed Mousebird Colius colius Add subspecies damarensis. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Hockey et al, 2005; de Juana, 2001.
Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus glaucurus Add subspecies aethiopicus. Delete subspecies pulcherrimus. ADD, DEL Fry et al, 1988; Fry, 2001, Hockey et al 2005. Subspecies pulcherrimus merged with suahelicus.
Blue-winged Kookaburra Dacelo leachii Add subspecies cervina. Delete subspecies superflua. ADD, DEL Woodall, 2001. Subspecies superflua merged with intermedia.
African Dwarf Kingfisher Ispidina lecontei Add subspecies ruficeps. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Dickerman, 1993; Woodall, 2001.
Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda Add subspecies chocoensis. Add nominate subspecies. ADD Ridgely & Greenfield, 2001; Wetmore, 1968.
Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus Add subspecies obamai. ADD Newly described taxon proposed as a species. Not accepted as such by SACC (617). Treated as a subspecies here. Whitney et al, 2013
Swallow-winged Puffbird Chelidoptera tenebrosa Add subspecies pallida. ADD Rasmussen & Collar, 2002; Restall et al, 2006.
Green-backed Honeybird Prodotiscus zambesiae Add subspecies lathburyi. ADD Mills & Dean, 2007.
Velasquez’s Woodpecker Melanerpes santacruzi Add subspecies veraecrucis. ADD Husak & Maxwell. 1998; Winkler & Christie, 2002.
Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens natalensis
Dendropicos fuscescens intermedius DEL, TAX Subspecies natalensis is synonymous with intermedius which has page precidence. Short, 1982, Winkler & Christie, 2002, Hockey et al, 2005.
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus Add subspecies extimus, intermedius, monticola and  leucothorectis. Delete subspecies sitkensis. ADD, DEL Jackson et al, 2002. Merge sitkensis with harrisi.
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Colaptes rivolii Add subspecies zuliensis. ADD Restall et al, 2006.
Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus Add subspecies sultaneus. ADD Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012.
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans Add subspecies fulvescens. Delete subspecies chapmani and queribundus. ADD, DEL Ferguson-Lees & Christie, 2001. Merge chapmani and queribundus with nominate.
Crimson Rosella Platycercus elegans Add subspecies filewoodi. ADD Joseph et al, 2008
Timneh Parrot Psittacus timneh Add subspecies princeps. ADD, TAX Melo & O’Ryan, 2007. Genetically distinct and more closely related to timneh than to erithacus with which it has traditionally been placed and is similar in appearance. Principe has two genetic populations, this taxon and erithacus, later colonizers.
Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia Add subspecies retentus and ridgwayi. Delete subspecies polyzonus. ADD, DEL Newly described taxa proposed as species. Not accepted as such by SACC (621). Treated as subspecies here. Subspecies polyzonus merged with juruanus. Batista et al, 2013
Curve-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus procurvoides Add subspecies glydenstolpei and cardosoi. ADD Newly described taxa proposed as species. Not accepted as such by SACC (623). Treated as subspecies here.
Ihering’s Antwren Myrmotherula iheringi Add subspecies oreni. ADD Newly described taxon proposed as a species. Not accepted as such by SACC (618). Treated as a subspecies here.
Cape White-eye Zosterops virens Delete subspecies caniviridis, atmorii DEL Oatley 2011
Orange River White-eye Zosterops pallidus Delete subspecies pallidus, sundevalli DEL Oatley 2011
Streaky-headed Seedeater Crithagra gularis elgonensis, C. g. montanorum
Move subspecies elgonensis and montanorum to West African Seedeater Crithagra canicapilla. Add nominate subspecies canicapilla. CORR Corrects error in original subspecies allocation. Wolters, 1975.
Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus chitrensis Basileuterus tristriatus melanotis TAX Treat chitrensis Griscom, 1927 as a junior synonym of melanotis Lawrence, 1868. Wetmore et al, 1984; Curson, 2010 (HBW 15).

IOC Version 4.2 (Apr 15, 2014)

 Species

 Previous Versions

Proposed Change

 Code

Notes & Sources

(Upper) Magdalena Tapaculo Scytalopus rodriguezi. Monotypic Add recently described subspecies Scytalopus rodriguezi yariguiorum NEW Donegan, Avendaño & Lambert, 2013; English names under discussion (SACC 614)
Chinese Hill Warbler Rhopophilus pekinensis leptorhynchus Delete subspecies DEL Synonymized with nominate. Leader, Carey & Holt, 2013. Also HBW 12.
Forest Thrush Turdus lherminieri montserrati Turdus lherminieri dorotheae
TAX T. l. dorotheae (Wolters, 1980) has priority over T. l. montserrati Zuccon, 2011. Kuziemko & Brammer, 2013.
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris pooensis
Muscicapa latirostris poonensis CORR Correct spelling.

IOC Version 4.1 (Jan 7, 2014)

 Species

 Previous Versions

Proposed Change

 Code

Notes & Sources

Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae ater Dromaius novaehollandiae minor TAX Epithet minor replaces ater which is a nomen novum for Dromaius novaehollandiae. H&M 4:6
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus coyolcos Colinus virginianus coyoleos TAX Correct original spelling. H&M 4:28
Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia griseonotus Tetrastes bonasia griseonota TAX Original spelling. Invariable. H&M 4:45
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus major Tetrao urogallus crassirostris TAX T. u. crassirostris replaces T. u. major. H&M 4:47
Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta capta Lagopus muta
macruros
TAX L. m. macruros Schiøler, 1925 replaces  L. m. capta Peters, JL, 1934. H&M 4:46
New Zealand Plover Charadrius obscurus Monotypic Add subspecies Charadrius obscurus aquilonius. Add nominate subspecies C. o. obscurus. ADD Gill, BJ et al, 2010
Cabot’s Tern Thalasseus acuflavidus eurygnatha Thalasseus acuflavidus eurygnathus TAX Gender agreement.
Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea Add subspecies P. p. wallacei ADD Adjust subspecies and ranges of Patagioenas plumbea to follow H&M 4:60
Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea Add subspecies P. s. ruberrima, P. s. anolaimae, and P. s. recondita ADD Adjust subspecies and ranges of Patagioenas subvinacea to follow H&M 4:60
Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi mysoriensis Geoffroyus geoffroyi mysorensis TAX Correct original spelling. H&M 4:372
Amazonian Motmot Momotus momota marcgravinianus Momotus momota marcgravianus TAX Correct original spelling. H&M 4:335
Silvery Kingfisher Ceyx argentatus flumenicolus Ceyx argentatus flumenicola TAX Original spelling. Invariable. H&M 4:338
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis calonyx Eurystomus orientalis cyanicollis
TAX Eurystomus orientalis cyanicollis Vieillot, 1819 has precedence over Eurystomus orientalis calonyx Sharpe, 1890. H&M 4:334
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus Add subspecies M. m. rikeri. Delete subspecies M. m. boliviana. ADD, DEL Subspecies boliviana merged with peruana. H&M 4:293, HBW 7, p. 137.
Gilded Barbet Capito auratus bolivianus Capito auratus insperatus TAX C. a. insperatus replaces C. a. bolivianus, the latter of uncertain taxonomic status. H&M 4:322
Eared Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis auricularis Add subspecies M. a. cinereicollis. Add nominate subspecies M. a. auricularis ADD HBW 9, p. 315.
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata Add subspecies D. s. stictocorypha. Add nominate subspecies D. s. squamata. ADD HBW 8, p. 621
Spot-backed Antbird Hylophylax naevius Add subspecies H. n. inexpectatus; delete subspecies H.n. consobrina and H.n. obscurus now included in H.n.naevius ADD, DEL HBW 8, p. 667;  Hilty 2003.
Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis Add subspecies G. g. sororia ADD HBW 8, p. 715.
Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius Add newly described Hylopezus macularius whittakeri NEW Described as a sp. nov. Carneiro et al, 2012. Treat whittakeri as subspecies of Spottted Antpitta pending further evaluation of the species complex.
Western Woodhaunter Hyloctistes virgatus Add subspecies H. v. cordobae ADD HBW 8, p. 332.
Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus Add subspecies D. h. faberi ADD HBW 14, p. 213
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis Add subspecies P. r. styani. Delete subspecies P. r. bhamoensis ADD, DEL Subspecies P. r. bhamoensis synonymized with  P. r. similis. HBW 12, p. 169.
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans Add newly described Sylvia cantillans iberiae NEW subsp. nov. Svensson, 2013, treat as subspecies of Subalpine Warbler pending revision of species complex.
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos hafizi Luscinia megarhynchos golzii
TAX L. m. golzii Cabanis, 1873 replaces L. m. hafizi Severtsov, 1873. Priority claimed for the latter is only speculative. Dickinson, 2008.
Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus variegatus Saxicola maurus hemprichii
TAX S. m. variegatus should not be applied to the population of Siberian Stonechat breeding north of the Caucasus. S. m. hemprichii is the oldest available name for this population. Svensson et al 2012.
Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus armenicus Saxicola maurus variegatus
TAX S. m. variegatus is more appropriately applied to the population in eastern Turkey and Transcaucasia than the population north of the Caucasus. S. m. armenicus becomes a junior synonym. Svensson et al 2012.
Collared Gnatwren Microbates collaris Add subspecies M. c. torquatus and M. c. colombianus ADD HBW 11, p. 369.
Collared Sunbird Hedydipna collaris Delete subspecies H. c. patersonae and replace with H. c. zuluensis DEL, TAX H. c. zuluensis (Roberts, 1931) and H. c. patersonae (Irwin, 1960) treated as synonymous. The former has priority. HBW 13, P. 253.
Himalayan Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus Add C. p. argyrophrys, previously assigned to C. davidianus. Recognize nominate subspecies C.p.pulcherrimus ADD, TAX Tietze et al 2013
Pink-rumped [Stresemann’s] Rosefinch Carpodacus eos Add ssp waltoni, previously assigned to C. davidianus. Waltoni has priority and becomes correct species name. ADD, TAX Tietze et al 2013
Common Bush Tanager Chlorospingus flavopectus Add newly described Chlorospingus flavopectus olsoni
NEW subsp. nov. Avendaño, Stiles & Cadena, 2013.

 

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