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NAMES >> Index >>Woodpeckers & allies

IOC English NameScientific NameRangeComments
       
 
ORDER PICIFORMES
   
       
Jacamars (18)
Family Galbulidae
  PHY : The jacamars (Galbulidae) and puffbirds (Bucconidae) are well-established sister taxa (SACC,Hackett et al. 2008), with evidence favoring inclusion in the Piciformes, rather than a separate Order Galbuliformes (TOL, Ericson et al. 2006; cf SACC, Fain & Hou
White-eared Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis  Des Murs, 1845 SA : w Amazonia  
Purus Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus  Goeldi, 1904 SA : sw Amazonia  
Dusky-backed Jacamar Brachygalba salmoni  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1879 LA : e Panama, nw Colombia  
Pale-headed Jacamar Brachygalba goeringi  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869 SA : ne Colombia, nw Venezuela  
Brown Jacamar Brachygalba lugubris  (Swainson, 1838) SA : Amazonia, c  
        B. l. fulviventris  Sclater, PL, 1891 e Colombia  
        B. l. caquetae  Chapman, 1917 se Colombia to e Peru  
        B. l. lugubris  (Swainson, 1838) e and s Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil  
        B. l. obscuriceps  Zimmer & Phelps, 1947 s Venezuela and nw Brazil  
        B. l. naumburgae Chapman, 1931 Maranhão and Piauí (ne Brazil)  
        B. l. phaeonota  Todd, 1943 wc Brazil  
        B. l. melanosterna  Sclater, PL, 1855 e Bolivia, c and sw Brazil  
White-throated Jacamar Brachygalba albogularis  (von Spix, 1824) SA : w Amazonia  
Three-toed Jacamar Jacamaralcyon tridactyla  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : se Brazil  
Yellow-billed Jacamar Galbula albirostris  Latham, 1790 SA : n Amazonia  
        G. a. chalcocephala  Deville, 1849 s Colombia, Ecuador, nw Peru and w Brazil  
        G. a. albirostris  Latham, 1790 e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
Blue-necked Jacamar Galbula cyanicollis  Cassin, 1851 SA : s Amazonia  
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda  Cuvier, 1816 LA : widespread  
        G. r. melanogenia  Sclater, PL, 1852 s Mexico to w Ecuador  
        G. r. ruficauda  Cuvier, 1816 c Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago  
        G. r. pallens  Bangs, 1898 n Colombia  
        G. r. brevirostris  Cory, 1913 ne Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        G. r. rufoviridis  Cabanis, 1851 c and s Brazil, n Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
        G. r. heterogyna  Todd, 1932 e Bolivia and sw Brazil  
Green-tailed Jacamar Galbula galbula  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : n Amazonia  
Coppery-chested Jacamar Galbula pastazae  Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885 SA : s Colombia to e Ecuador  
White-chinned Jacamar Galbula tombacea  von Spix, 1824 SA : nw Amazonia  
        G. t. tombacea  von Spix, 1824 s Colombia, e Ecuador, nw Peru and w Brazil  
        G. t. mentalis  Todd, 1943 c and wc Brazil  
Bluish-fronted Jacamar Galbula cyanescens  Deville, 1849 SA : w Amazonia  
Purplish Jacamar Galbula chalcothorax  Sclater, PL, 1855 SA : w Amazonia  
Bronzy Jacamar Galbula leucogastra  Vieillot, 1817 SA : c Amazonia  
        G. l. leucogastra  Vieillot, 1817 s Venezuela, the Guianas, w Brazil and n Bolivia  
        G. l. viridissima  Griscom & Greenway, 1937 c Brazil  
Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea  (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : Amazonia  
        G. d. dea  (Linnaeus, 1758) Venezuela, the Guianas and Brazil (n of the Amazon)  
        G. d. amazonum  (Sclater, PL, 1855) n Bolivia and sw Brazil  
        G. d. brunneiceps  (Todd, 1943) e Colombia, e Peru and w Brazil  
        G. d. phainopepla  (Todd, 1943) wc Brazil  
Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus  (Statius Müller, 1776) LA : Costa Rica to nw Ecuador, Amazonia  
        J. a. penardi  Bangs & Barbour, 1922 Costa Rica to w Colombia  
        J. a. aureus  (Statius Müller, 1776) e Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas  
        J. a. ridgwayi  Todd, 1943 ne and c Brazil  
        J. a. isidori  Deville, 1849 e Ecuador, e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia  
       
Puffbirds (37)
Family Bucconidae
  PHY : The jacamars (Galbulidae) and puffbirds (Bucconidae) are well-established sister taxa (SACC,Hackett et al. 2008), with evidence favoring inclusion in the Piciformes, rather than a separate Order Galbuliformes (TOL, Ericson et al. 2006; cf SACC, Fain & Hou
White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus  (Sclater, PL, 1856) LA : El Salvador to ne Argentina AS : SACC split Notharchus hyperrhynchus from N. macrorhynchos (Rasmussen & Collar 2002)
        N. h. hyperrhynchus  (Sclater, PL, 1856) s Mexico to nw South America  
        N. h. cryptoleucus  van Rossem, 1934 El Salvador and nw Nicaragua  
        N. h. paraensis  Sassi, 1932 e Brazil  
Guianan Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : Guianas, n Brazil ENG : Guianan Puffbird is the new name for N. macrorhynchos, because SACC 157, 158 transferred “White-necked Puffbird“ to the newly recognized, widespread N. hyperrhynchus (Rasmussen & Collar 2002)
Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharchus swainsoni  (Gray, GR, 1846) SA : se Brazil, ne Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Black-breasted Puffbird Notharchus pectoralis  (Gray, GR, 1846) LA : Panama to nw Ecuador  
Brown-banded Puffbird Notharchus ordii  (Cassin, 1851) SA : n, w, sw Amazonia  
Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus  (Boddaert, 1783) LA : Costa Rica through Amazonia  
        N. t. subtectus  (Sclater, PL, 1860) e Costa Rica to c Colombia and sw Ecuador  
        N. t. picatus  (Sclater, PL, 1856) e Ecuador and e Peru  
        N. t. tectus  (Boddaert, 1783) s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
Chestnut-capped Puffbird Bucco macrodactylus  (von Spix, 1824) SA : w, c Amazonia  
Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia  Gmelin, JF, 1788 SA : Amazonia  
        B. t. pulmentum  Sclater, PL, 1856 s Colombia to ne Bolivia  
        B. t. tamatia  Gmelin, JF, 1788 e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        B. t. hypnaleus  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) ec Brazil  
Sooty-capped Puffbird Bucco noanamae  Hellmayr, 1909 SA : w Colombia  
Collared Puffbird Bucco capensis  Linnaeus, 1766 SA : Amazonia  
        B. c. dugandi  Gilliard, 1949 se Colombia, Ecuador and c Peru  
        B. c. capensis  Linnaeus, 1766 the Guianas, Brazil and e Peru  
Barred Puffbird Nystalus radiatus  (Sclater, PL, 1854) LA : Panama to w Ecuador  
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru  (Vieillot, 1816) SA : c, e  
        N. c. uncirostris  (Stolzmann, 1926) e Peru, w Brazil and ne Bolivia  
        N. c. chacuru  (Vieillot, 1816) ne, e and s Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus  (Pelzeln, 1856) SA : w, sw, e Amazonia  
        N. s. striolatus  (Pelzeln, 1856) w Amazonia  
        N. s. torridus  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 Para (nc Brazil)  
Caatinga Puffbird Nystalus maculatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : ne, c Brazil  
Chaco Puffbird Nystalus striatipectus  (Sclater, PL, 1854) SA : e Bolivia to sc Brazil, south through w Paraguay to c Argentina AS : Nystalus striatipectus is an established split from N. maculatus in Brasil (Silva 1991); SACC needs proposal re status and name of Spot-backed Puffbird
Russet-throated Puffbird Hypnelus ruficollis  (Wagler, 1829) SA : ne Colombia, Venezuela TAX : Hypnelus ruficollis includes subspecies bicinctus, which may deserve recognition (Rasmussen and Collar 2002); SACC needs proposal
        H. r. decolor  Todd & Carriker, 1922 ne Colombia, nw Venezuela  
        H. r. ruficollis  (Wagler, 1829) n Colombia, w Venezuela  
        H. r. striaticollis  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1958 nw Venezuela  
        H. r. coloratus  Ridgway, 1914 w Venezuela  
Two-banded Puffbird Hypnelus bicinctus  (Gould, 1837) SA : n Venezuela AS : Two-banded Puffbird is split from Russet-throated Puffbird (Rasmussen & Collar 2002, Restall 2007, HBW 7). Limited hybridization (only) reported from Maracaibo region of Venezuela and in Catatumbo lowlands of Colombia. 
        H. r. bicinctus  (Gould, 1837) n Venezuela  
        H. r. stoicus  Wetmore, 1939 Margarita Is. (Venezuela)  
Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata  (von Spix, 1824) SA : ne and se Brazil  
        M. s. minor  Sassi, 1911 ne Brazil  
        M. s. striata  (von Spix, 1824) se Brazil  
White-chested Puffbird Malacoptila fusca  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : n, nw Amazonia  
Semicollared Puffbird Malacoptila semicincta  Todd, 1925 SA : w Amazonia  
Black-streaked Puffbird Malacoptila fulvogularis  Sclater, PL, 1854 SA : c Colombia to nw Bolivia  
Rufous-necked Puffbird Malacoptila rufa  (von Spix, 1824) SA : s,c Amazonia  
        M. r. rufa  (von Spix, 1824) e Ecuador, e Peru, w Brazil and e Bolivia  
        M. r. brunnescens  Zimmer, 1931 nc Brazil  
White-whiskered Puffbird Malacoptila panamensis  Lafresnaye, 1847 LA : se Mexico to w Ecuador  
        M. p. inornata  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) se Mexico to w Panama  
        M. p. panamensis  Lafresnaye, 1847 sw Costa Rica to nw Colombia  
        M. p. magdalenae  Todd, 1943 Magdalena Valley (wc Colombia)  
        M. p. poliopis  Sclater, PL, 1862 sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
Moustached Puffbird Malacoptila mystacalis  (Lafresnaye, 1850) SA : Colombia, Venezuela  
Lanceolated Monklet Micromonacha lanceolata  (Deville, 1849) LA : Costa Rica to n Bolivia  
Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula  (von Spix, 1824) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil  
        N. r. tapanahoniensis  Mees, 1968 s Guianas and n Brazil  
        N. r. duidae  Chapman, 1914 e Venezuela north of the Rio Orinoco  
        N. r. interfluvialis  Parkes, 1970 s Venezuela south of the Rio Orinoco and north of Rio Negro (n Brazil)  
        N. r. simulatrix  Parkes, 1970 se Colombia and nw Brazil between Rio Negro and the Amazon  
        N. r. cineracea  Sclater, PL, 1881 e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil south of the Amazon  
        N. r. simplex  Todd, 1937 nc and ne Brazil south of the Amazon  
        N. r. rubecula  (von Spix, 1824) e and se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Fulvous-chinned Nunlet Nonnula sclateri  Hellmayr, 1907 SA : w Amazonia  
Brown Nunlet Nonnula brunnea  Sclater, PL, 1881 SA : nw Amazonia  
Grey-cheeked Nunlet Nonnula frontalis  (Sclater, PL, 1854) LA : Panama, Colombia  
        N. f. stulta  Wetmore, 1953 c Panama to nw Colombia  
        N. f. pallescens  Todd, 1919 Caribbean lowlands of n Colombia  
        N. f. frontalis  (Sclater, PL, 1854) interior n Colombia  
Rufous-capped Nunlet Nonnula ruficapilla  (Tschudi, 1844) SA : w, s Amazonia  
        N. r. rufipectus  Chapman, 1928 ne Peru  
        N. r. ruficapilla  (Tschudi, 1844) e Peru and w Brazil  
        N. r. inundata  Novaes, 1991 e Brazil  
        N. r. nattereri  Hellmayr, 1921 nc Brazil, sw Brazil and n Bolivia  
Chestnut-headed Nunlet Nonnula amaurocephala  Chapman, 1921 SA : nw Brazil  
White-faced Nunbird Hapaloptila castanea  (Verreaux, J, 1866) SA : w Colombia, c Ecuador, nw Peru  
Black Nunbird Monasa atra  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : n Amazonia  
Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons  (von Spix, 1824) SA : s, w Amazonia, c SA  
        M. n. nigrifrons  (von Spix, 1824) w and nw Amazonia  
        M. n. canescens  Todd, 1937 e Bolivia  
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus  (Hahn & Küster, 1823) LA : Honduras to Amazonia, se Brazil  
        M. m. grandior  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 Nicaragua and Honduras to nw Panama  
        M. m. fidelis  Nelson, 1912 e Panama and nw Colombia  
        M. m. pallescens  Cassin, 1860 se Panama and w Colombia  
        M. m. sclateri  Ridgway, 1912 n and c Colombia  
        M. m. peruana  Sclater, PL, 1856 se Colombia, e Ecuador and s Venezuela to e Peru, n Bolivia and w, c Brazil SSP : Includes boliviana. H&M 4:293, HBW 7 
        M. m. rikeri  Ridgway, 1912 ec Bolivia SSP : H&M 4:293, HBW 7 
        M. m. morphoeus  (Hahn & Küster, 1823) s and e Brazil  
Yellow-billed Nunbird Monasa flavirostris  Strickland, 1850 SA : w Amazonia  
Swallow-winged Puffbird Chelidoptera tenebrosa  (Pallas, 1782) SA : Amazonia, e Brazil  
        C. t. tenebrosa  (Pallas, 1782) e Colombia to the Guianas south to n Bolivia and c Brazil  
        C. t. brasiliensis  Sclater, PL, 1862 e and se Brazil  
       
New World Barbets (15)
Family Capitonidae
  PHY : Toucans and New World barbets are sister taxa (Moyle 2004, SACC 7) elevated to separate families to reflect their phylogeny (NACC 2010)
Scarlet-crowned Barbet Capito aurovirens  (Cuvier, 1829) SA : w Amazonia  
Scarlet-banded Barbet Capito wallacei  O'Neill, Lane, Kratter, Capparella & Fox, 2000 SA : nc Peru  
Sira Barbet Capito fitzpatricki  Seeholzer et al, 2012 SA : c Peru NEW : Sira Barbet is a newly described species (Seeholzer et al 2012)
Spot-crowned Barbet Capito maculicoronatus  Lawrence, 1861 LA : Panama, nw Colombia  
        C. m. maculicoronatus  Lawrence, 1861 w Panama  
        C. m. rubrilateralis  Chapman, 1912 e Panama to nw Colombia  
Orange-fronted Barbet Capito squamatus  Salvin, 1876 SA : sw Colombia, w Ecuador  
White-mantled Barbet Capito hypoleucus  Salvin, 1897 SA : nw Colombia  
        C. h. hypoleucus  Salvin, 1897 Bolivar to Antioquia (nw Colombia)  
        C. h. carrikeri  Graves, GR, 1986 Antioquia (nw Colombia)_  
        C. h. extinctus  Graves, GR, 1986 Magdalena Valley (c Colombia)  
Black-girdled Barbet Capito dayi  Cherrie, 1916 SA : s Amazonia  
Brown-chested Barbet Capito brunneipectus  Chapman, 1921 SA : nc Brazil  
Black-spotted Barbet Capito niger  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : ne Amazonia  
Gilded Barbet Capito auratus  (Dumont, 1805) SA : n, w Amazonia  
        C. a. punctatus  (Lesson, 1830) e Colombia, e Ecuador and e Peru  
        C. a. aurantiicinctus  Dalmas, 1900 wc to e Venezuela  
        C. a. auratus  (Dumont, 1805) ne Peru  
        C. a. orosae  Chapman, 1928 ec Peru, w Brazil  
        C. a. amazonicus  Deville & Des Murs, 1849 nw Brazil south of the Amazon  
        C. a. nitidior  Chapman, 1928 se Colombia, Rio Negro to lower Rio Japura (nw Brazil)  
        C. a. hypochondriacus  Chapman, 1928 Roraima (nc Brazil)  
        C. a. insperatus  Cherrie, 1916 se Peru, n Bolivia, sw Brazil  
Five-colored Barbet Capito quinticolor  Elliot, 1865 SA : w Colombia, nw Ecuador  
Lemon-throated Barbet Eubucco richardsoni  (Gray, GR, 1846) SA : w Amazonia  
        E. r. richardsoni  (Gray, GR, 1846) se Colombia, e Ecuador, nc Peru  
        E. r. nigriceps  Chapman, 1928 ne Peru  
        E. r. aurantiicollis  Sclater, PL, 1858 e Peru, extreme w Brazil and nw Bolivia  
        E. r. purusianus  Gyldenstolpe, 1951 wc Brazil  
Red-headed Barbet Eubucco bourcierii  (Lafresnaye, 1845) LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador  
        E. b. salvini  (Shelley, 1891) Costa Rica and w Panama  
        E. b. anomalus  Griscom, 1929 e Panama  
        E. b. occidentalis  Chapman, 1914 w Colombia  
        E. b. bourcierii  (Lafresnaye, 1845) c Colombia to w Venezuela  
        E. b. aequatorialis  (Salvadori & Festa, 1900) w Ecuador  
        E. b. orientalis  Chapman, 1914 e Ecuador and n Peru  
Scarlet-hooded Barbet Eubucco tucinkae  (Seilern, 1913) SA : sw Amazonia  
Versicolored Barbet Eubucco versicolor  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : Peru to Bolivia  
        E. v. steerii  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1878) n Peru  
        E. v. glaucogularis  (Tschudi, 1844) c Peru  
        E. v. versicolor  (Statius Müller, 1776) s Peru and n Bolivia  
       
Toucan Barbets (2)
Family Semnornithidae
   
Prong-billed Barbet Semnornis frantzii  (Sclater, PL, 1864) MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Toucan Barbet Semnornis ramphastinus  (Jardine, 1855) SA : w Colombia to w Ecuador  
        S. r. caucae  Gyldenstolpe, 1941 sw Colombia  
        S. r. ramphastinus  (Jardine, 1855) nw and wc Ecuador  
       
Toucans (46)
Family Ramphastidae
   
Wagler's Toucanet Aulacorhynchus wagleri  (Sturm, JHCF & Sturm, JW, 1841) MA : sw Mexico AS : Aulacorhynchus wagleri is split from A. prasinus (Puebla-Olivares et al. 2008, Navarro et al. 2001); AOU needs proposal.
Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus  (Gould, 1833) MA : e Mexico to Nicaragua  
        A. p. warneri  Winker, 2000 se Mexico  
        A. p. prasinus  (Gould, 1833) e, se Mexico to Belize and n Guatemala.  
        A. p. virescens  Ridgway, 1912 e Guatemala to Honduras and n Nicaragua  
        A. p. volcanius  Dickey & van Rossem, 1930 e El Salvador  
Blue-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus caeruleogularis  Gould, 1853 MA : Costa Rica to w Panama AS : Aulacorhynchus caeruleogularis is split from A. prasinus (Puebla-Olivares et al. 2008, Navarro et al. 2001); AOU needs proposal.
Violet-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus cognatus  Nelson, 1912 LA : e Panama, nw Colombia AS : Aulacorhynchus cognatus is split from A. prasinus (Puebla-Olivares et al. 2008, Navarro et al. 2001), followed in Clements 2007; AOU needs proposal.
Santa Marta Toucanet Aulacorhynchus lautus  Bangs, 1898 SA : n Colombia AS : Aulacorhynchus lautus is split from A. prasinus (Navarro et al. 2001); AOU needs proposal.
Grey-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus griseigularis  Chapman, 1915 SA : c,w Colombia AS : Aulacorhynchus griseigularis is split from A. prasinus (Puebla-Olivares et al. 2008); AOU needs proposal.
 

 
        
 
White-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus albivitta  (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : e, c Colombia, w Venezuela, e Ecuador AS : Aulacorhynchus albivitta is split from A. prasinus (Puebla-Olivares et al. 2008, Navarro et al. 2001); AOU needs proposal.
        A. g. albivitta (Boissonneau, 1840)

e, c Colombia, w Venezuela, e Ecuador

 
        A. g. phaeolaemus  Gould, 1874 w Colombia CORR : ssp phaeolaemus moved to Aulacorhynchus albivitta from A. griseigularis. Navarro et al. 2001
Black-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus atrogularis  (Sturm, JHCF & Sturm, JW, 1841) SA : c Ecuador to w Bolivia AS : Aulacorhynchus atrogularis is split from A. prasinus (Puebla-Olivares et al. 2008, Navarro et al. 2001); AOU needs proposal.
        A. a. cyanolaemus  Gould, 1866 se Ecuador and n Peru  
        A. a. dimidiatus  Ridgway, 1886 e Peru to w Brazil (Acre) and n Boliva  
        A. a. atrogularis  (Sturm, JHCF & Sturm, JW, 1841) east slope of Andes from n Peru to c Bolivia  
Groove-billed Toucanet Aulacorhynchus sulcatus  (Swainson, 1820) SA : ne Colombia, n Venezuela AL : Groove-billed Toucanet includes Yellow-billed Toucanet (calorhynchus) following Bonaccorso et al (2011)
        A. s. sulcatus  (Swainson, 1820) n Venezuela  
        A. s. erythrognathus  Gould, 1874 ne Venezuela  
        A. s. calorhynchus  Gould, 1874 nw Venezuela, ne Colombia,  
Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus derbianus  Gould, 1835 SA : se Colombia to c Bolivia  
        A. d. nigrirostris  Traylor, 1951 se Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru  
        A. d. derbianus  Gould, 1835 se Peru to c Bolivia  
Whitely's Toucanet Aulacorhynchus whitelianus  Salvin & Godman, 1882 SA : tepui region of s Venezuela, s Guyana AS : Aulacorhynchus whitelianus including duidae, osgoodi, whitelianus is split from A.derbianus (Bonaccorso et al 2011; resurrects Cory species lumped by Peters); SACC 520
        A. w. duidae  Chapman, 1929 Mt Duida (s Venezuela)  
        A. w. whitelianus  Salvin & Godman, 1882 Roraima and nearby tepuis (s Venezuela and nw Guyana)  
        A. w. osgoodi  Blake, 1941 s Guyana  
Crimson-rumped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus haematopygus  (Gould, 1835) SA : w Venezuela to e Ecuador  
        A. h. haematopygus  (Gould, 1835) Colombia and w Venezuela  
        A. h. sexnotatus  Gould, 1868 sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
Yellow-browed Toucanet Aulacorhynchus huallagae  Carriker, 1933 SA : e Peru  
Blue-banded Toucanet Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis  d'Orbigny, 1840 SA : c Peru to se Bolivia  
Green Aracari Pteroglossus viridis  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : ne Amazonia  
Lettered Aracari Pteroglossus inscriptus  Swainson, 1822 SA : w, s Amazonia  
        P. i. inscriptus  Swainson, 1822 c and s Brazil  
        P. i. humboldti  Wagler, 1827 se Colombia and w Brazil to n Bolivia  
Red-necked Aracari Pteroglossus bitorquatus  Vigors, 1826 SA : s Amazonia  
        P. b. sturmii  Natterer, 1843 c Brazil to e Bolivia  
        P. b. reichenowi  Snethlage, E, 1907 nc Brazil  
        P. b. bitorquatus  Vigors, 1826 ne Brazil  
Ivory-billed Aracari Pteroglossus azara  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : nw Amazonia  
        P. a. flavirostris  Fraser, 1841 w Amazonia  
        P. a. azara  (Vieillot, 1819) nw Brazil  
Brown-mandibled Aracari Pteroglossus mariae  Gould, 1854 SA : sw Amazonia AS : Pteroglossus mariae is split from P. azara (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, see Patel et al 2010); hybridization needs reanalysis
Black-necked Aracari Pteroglossus aracari  (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : ne, e  
        P. a. atricollis  (Statius Müller, 1776) e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        P. a. aracari  (Linnaeus, 1758) ne, e and se Brazil  
        P. a. wiedii  Sturm, JHCF & Sturm, JW, 1847 se Brazil  TAX : Synonymous with vergens Griscom & Greenway, 1937, but wiedii has priority; H&M 4:326.
Chestnut-eared Aracari Pteroglossus castanotis  Gould, 1834 SA : w Amazonia to se Brazil  
        P. c. castanotis  Gould, 1834 e and s Colombia, nw Brazil, e Ecuador and nw Brazil  
        P. c. australis  Cassin, 1867 e Bolivia, w and s Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Many-banded Aracari Pteroglossus pluricinctus  Gould, 1835 SA : nw Amazonia  
Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : Mexico to Venezuela  
        P. t. torquatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) ec Mexico to nw Colombia  
        P. t. erythrozonus  Ridgway, 1912 se Mexico, Belize and n Guatemala  
        P. t. nuchalis  Cabanis, 1862 ne Colombia and n Venezuela  
Stripe-billed Aracari Pteroglossus sanguineus  Gould, 1854 SA : w Colombia, nw Ecuador AS : Pteroglossus sanguineus is split from P. torquatus (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Patel et al 2010, but not SACC 112); hybridization needs reanalysis
Pale-mandibled Aracari Pteroglossus erythropygius  Gould, 1843 SA : w Ecuador AS : Pteroglossus erythropygius is split from P. torquatus (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Patel et al 2010, not SACC 112); hybridization needs reanalysis
Fiery-billed Aracari Pteroglossus frantzii  Cabanis, 1861 MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Curl-crested Aracari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii  Wagler, 1832 SA : w Amazonia  
Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina TAX : Patel et al 2010 support inclusion of Saffron Toucanet in Pteroglossus
Yellow-eared Toucanet Selenidera spectabilis  Cassin, 1858 LA : Honduras to sw Colombia  
Guianan Toucanet Selenidera piperivora  (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : ne Amazonia TAX : Species name of Guianan Toucanet is Selenidera piperivora not S. culik (Piacentini et al. 2010)
Golden-collared Toucanet Selenidera reinwardtii  (Wagler, 1827) SA : w Amazonia  
        S. r. reinwardtii  (Wagler, 1827) s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru  
        S. r. langsdorffii  (Wagler, 1827) e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia  
Tawny-tufted Toucanet Selenidera nattereri  (Gould, 1835) SA : nc Amazonia  
Gould's Toucanet Selenidera gouldii  (Natterer, 1837) SA : s Amazonia  
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris  (Lichtenstein, 1823) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Grey-breasted Mountain Toucan Andigena hypoglauca  (Gould, 1833) SA : c Colombia to Peru  
        A. h. hypoglauca  (Gould, 1833) c Colombia to e Ecuador  
        A. h. lateralis  Chapman, 1923 e Ecuador and c Peru  
Plate-billed Mountain Toucan Andigena laminirostris  Gould, 1851 SA : sw Colombia to s Ecuador  
Hooded Mountain Toucan Andigena cucullata  (Gould, 1846) SA : se Peru to c Bolivia  
Black-billed Mountain Toucan Andigena nigrirostris  (Waterhouse, 1839) SA : w Venezuela to n Peru  
        A. n. occidentalis  Chapman, 1915 w Colombia  
        A. n. spilorhynchus  Gould, 1858 s Colombia, ne Ecuador and n Peru  
        A. n. nigrirostris  (Waterhouse, 1839) e Colombia, w Venezuela and e Ecuador  
Green-billed Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus  Linnaeus, 1766 SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus  Lichtenstein, 1823 SA : Amazonia, e, se Brazil  
        R. v. culminatus  Gould, 1833 upper Amazonia from w Venezuela to n Bolivia  
        R. v. vitellinus  Lichtenstein, 1823 Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil north of the Amazon, Trinidad  
        R. v. ariel  Vigors, 1826 c and e Brazil south of the Amazon  
Citron-throated Toucan Ramphastos citreolaemus  Gould, 1844 SA : n Colombia, nw Venezuela AS : Ramphastos citreolaemus is split from R. vitellinus (Hilty 2003); SACC does not (hybrid zones)
Choco Toucan Ramphastos brevis  Meyer de Schauensee, 1945 SA : nw Colombia to sw Ecuador  
Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus  Lesson, 1830 LA : e Mexico to nw Venezuela  
        R. s. sulfuratus  Lesson, 1830 se Mexico, Belize, n Guatemala.  
        R. s. brevicarinatus  Gould, 1854 se Guatemala to n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco  Statius Müller, 1776 SA : ne, c, se  
        R. t. toco  Statius Müller, 1776 the Guianas, n and ne Brazil, se Peru  
        R. t. albogularis  Cabanis, 1862 e and s Brazil, n Bolivia, Paraguay and n Argentina  
White-throated Toucan Ramphastos tucanus  Linnaeus, 1758 SA : Amazonia  
        R. t. tucanus  Linnaeus, 1758 se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        R. t. cuvieri  Wagler, 1827 upper Amazonia from w Venezuela to n Bolivia  
        R. t. inca  Gould, 1846 n and c Bolivia  
Black-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos ambiguus  Swainson, 1823 SA : se Honduras to w Ecuador; w Venezuela to c Peru PL : Ramphastos swainsonii is an uncertain split from R. ambiguus (AOU 1998, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001, Dickinson 2003); SACC 440 and NACC 2010-B-13 opt to lump)
        R. a. swainsonii  Gould, 1833 se Honduras to w Ecuador  
        R. a. ambiguus  Swainson, 1823 sw Colombia to sc Peru  
        R. a. abbreviatus  Cabanis, 1862 ne Colombia and n Venezuela  
       
Asian Barbets (30)
Family Megalaimidae
  PHY : Asian barbets (Megalaimidae) are the basal outgroup to the African barbets and in turn the New World barbets and toucans (Moyle 2004)
Fire-tufted Barbet Psilopogon pyrolophus  Müller, S, 1836 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra  
Great Barbet Megalaima virens  (Boddaert, 1783) OR : nw India to se China and Burma  
        M. v. marshallorum  Swinhoe, 1870 ne Pakistan to w Nepal  
        M. v. magnifica  Baker, ECS, 1926 e Nepal to nw Burma and sc China  
        M. v. mayri  Ripley, 1948 ne Assam (ne India)  
        M. v. clamator  Mayr, 1941 ne Burma and sc China  
        M. v. virens  (Boddaert, 1783) c and e Burma, n Thailand, n Laos and se China  
        M. v. indochinensis  Rand, 1953 n Vietnam  
Red-vented Barbet Megalaima lagrandieri  Verreaux, J, 1868 OR : Laos, Vietnam  
        M. l. lagrandieri  Verreaux, J, 1868 n Laos and n Vietnam  
        M. l. rothschildi  Delacour, 1927 s Laos and s Vietnam  
Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : India, Sri Lanka  
        M. z. inornata  Walden, 1870 w India  
        M. z. caniceps  (Franklin, 1831) Nepal to c Inda  
        M. z. zeylanica  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s India and Sri Lanka  
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata  (Vieillot, 1816) OR : nw India to Malay Peninsula  
        M. l. hodgsoni  Bonaparte, 1850 nw India and Nepal to s China, Indochina and the Malay Pen.  
        M. l. lineata  (Vieillot, 1816) Java and Bali  
White-cheeked Barbet Megalaima viridis  (Boddaert, 1783) OR : w India  
Green-eared Barbet Megalaima faiostricta  (Temminck, 1832) OR : Southeast Asia  
        M. f. praetermissa  (Kloss, 1918) s China to n Thailand, Laos and n Vietnem  
        M. f. faiostricta  (Temminck, 1832) c and s Thailand, Cambodia and s Vietnam  
Brown-throated Barbet Megalaima corvina  (Temminck, 1831) OR : w Java  
Golden-whiskered Barbet Megalaima chrysopogon  (Temminck, 1824) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        M. c. laeta  (Robinson & Kloss, 1918) Malay Pen.  
        M. c. chrysopogon  (Temminck, 1824) Sumatra  
        M. c. chrysopsis  Goffin, 1863 Borneo  
Red-crowned Barbet Megalaima rafflesii  (Lesson, 1839) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Red-throated Barbet Megalaima mystacophanos  (Temminck, 1824) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        M. m. mystacophanos  (Temminck, 1824) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        M. m. ampala  (Oberholser, 1912) Batu Is. (off w Sumatra)  
Black-banded Barbet Megalaima javensis  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Java  
Yellow-fronted Barbet Megalaima flavifrons  (Cuvier, 1816) OR : Sri Lanka  
Golden-throated Barbet Megalaima franklinii  (Blyth, 1842) OR : wc Nepal to s Vietnam, Malay Peninsula  
        M. f. franklinii  (Blyth, 1842) e Himalayas and ne India to s China and n Vietnam  
        M. f. ramsayi  Walden, 1875 e and se Burma and nw Thailand  
        M. f. auricularis  (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) s Laos and s Vietnam  
        M. f. trangensis  (Riley, 1934) s Thailand  
        M. f. minor  (Kloss & Chasen, 1926) w Malaysia  
Black-browed Barbet Megalaima oorti  (Müller, S, 1836) OR : w Malaysia, Sumatra  
Indochinese Barbet Megalaima annamensis  (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) OR : s Laos, sc Vietnam AS : Megalaima annamensis is split from M.oorti (Finestein et al. 2008, Collar 2006b)
Chinese Barbet Megalaima faber  Swinhoe, 1870 OR : s China, Hainan. AS : Megalaima faber is split from M oorti (Collar 2006b; BLI).
        M. f. sini  (Stresemann, 1929) s China  
        M. f. faber  Swinhoe, 1870 Hainan I. (off se China)  
Taiwan Barbet Megalaima nuchalis  Gould, 1863 OR : Taiwan AS : Megalaima nuchalis is split from M oorti (Collar 2006b, BLI).
Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica  (Latham, 1790) OR : ne Pakistan to c Vietnam, Burma  
        M. a. asiatica  (Latham, 1790) ne Pakistan to w and n Burma and sw Yunnan (sc China)  
        M. a. davisoni  Hume, 1877 se Burma to se Yunnan (sc China) and n Indochina  
        M. a. chersonesus  (Chasen & Kloss, 1927) s Thailand  
Mountain Barbet Megalaima monticola  (Sharpe, 1889) OR : Borneo  
Moustached Barbet Megalaima incognita  Hume, 1874 OR : Southeast Asia  
        M. i. incognita  Hume, 1874 s Burma and w Thailand  
        M. i. elbeli  Deignan, 1956 ne and e Thailand, n Laos and n Vietnam  
        M. i. euroa  (Deignan, 1939) se Thailand, Cambodia, s Laos and s Vietnam  
Yellow-crowned Barbet Megalaima henricii  (Temminck, 1831) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        M. h. henricii  (Temminck, 1831) c and s Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        M. h. brachyrhyncha  (Neumann, 1908) Borneo  
Flame-fronted Barbet Megalaima armillaris  (Temminck, 1821) OR : Java  
        M. a. armillaris  (Temminck, 1821) Java  
        M. a. baliensis  (Rensch, 1928) Bali  
Golden-naped Barbet Megalaima pulcherrima  Sharpe, 1888 OR : n Borneo  
Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima australis  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : ne India to Java and Borneo  
        M. a. cyanotis  (Blyth, 1847) e Nepal and ne India to s China and n Thailand  
        M. a. orientalis  (Robinson, 1915) e and se Thailand through Indochina  
        M. a. stuarti  (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) s Burma, sw and s Thailand  
        M. a. duvaucelii  (Lesson, 1830) w Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and Bangka  
        M. a. gigantorhina  (Oberholser, 1912) Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        M. a. tanamassae  (Meyer de Schauensee, 1929) Batu Is. (off w Sumatra)  
        M. a. australis  (Horsfield, 1821) Java and Bali  
Bornean Barbet Megalaima eximia  (Sharpe, 1892) OR : Borneo  
        M. e. cyanea  (Harrisson & Hartley, 1934) Mt Kinabalu (ne Borneo)  
        M. e. eximia  (Sharpe, 1892) n, nw and c Borneo  
Crimson-fronted Barbet Megalaima rubricapillus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : Sri Lanka  
Malabar Barbet Megalaima malabarica  (Blyth, 1847) OR : sw India AS : Megalaima malabarica is split from M. rubricapillus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala  (Statius Müller, 1776) OR : widespread  
        M. h. indica  (Latham, 1790) ne Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka to s China, Vietnam and s Malaysia  
        M. h. delica  Parrot, 1907 Sumatra  
        M. h. rosea  (Dumont, 1805) Java and Bali  
        M. h. haemacephala  (Statius Müller, 1776) Luzon and Mindoro (n Philippines)  
        M. h. celestinoi  Gilliard, 1949 Samar, Leyte, Catanduanes and Biliran (c Philippines)  
        M. h. mindanensis  Rand, 1948 Mindanao (s Philippines)  
        M. h. intermedia  (Shelley, 1891) Guimaras, Negros, Panay (c Philippines)  
        M. h. cebuensis  Dziadosz & Parkes, 1984 Cebu (c Philippines)  
        M. h. homochroa  Dziadosz & Parkes, 1984 Tablas, Romblon, Masbate (c Philippines)  
Brown Barbet Caloramphus fuliginosus  (Temminck, 1830) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        C. f. hayii  (Gray, JE, 1831) Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        C. f. fuliginosus  (Temminck, 1830) Borneo (except n)  
        C. f. tertius  Chasen & Kloss, 1929 n Borneo  
       
African Barbets (42)
Family Lybiidae
  PHY : African barbets (Lybiidae) are sisters to the New World barbets and toucans (Moyle 2004)
Grey-throated Barbet Gymnobucco bonapartei  Hartlaub, 1854 AF : c, wc AS : Gymnobucco bonapartei was omitted by mistake from Version 1.0
        G. b. bonapartei  Hartlaub, 1854 Cameroon to Gabon and c DR Congo  
        G. b. cinereiceps  Sharpe, 1891 Central African Republic and s Sudan to e DR Congo, n Angola, nw Tanzania and w Kenya  
Sladen's Barbet Gymnobucco sladeni  Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 AF : DRCongo, s Central African Republic  
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli  Hartlaub, 1857 AF : Sierra Leone to Republic of Congo, w DRCongo and nw Angola  
Naked-faced Barbet Gymnobucco calvus  (Lafresnaye, 1841) AF : wc, w  
        G. c. calvus  (Lafresnaye, 1841) Sierra Leone to Cameroon and Gabon  
        G. c. congicus  Chapin, 1932 w Congo to nw Angola  
        G. c. vernayi  Boulton, 1931 wc Angola  
White-eared Barbet Stactolaema leucotis  (Sundevall, 1850) AF : e, se  
        S. l. kilimensis  (Shelley, 1889) c Kenya to ne Tanzania  
        S. l. leucogrammica  (Reichenow, 1915) s and c Tanzania  
        S. l. leucotis  (Sundevall, 1850) Malawi and Mozambique to South Africa  
Whyte's Barbet Stactolaema whytii  (Shelley, 1893) AF : ec, se  
        S. w. buttoni  (White, CMN, 1945) nc Zambia  
        S. w. stresemanni  (Grote, 1934) sw Tanzania and ne Zambia  
        S. w. terminata  (Clancey, 1956) Iringa region (sc Tanzania)  
        S. w. angoniensis  (Benson, 1964) e Zambia and w Malawi  
        S. w. whytii  (Shelley, 1893) s Tanzania to se Malawi and nw Mozambique  
        S. w. sowerbyi  Sharpe, 1898 e Zimbabwe to wc Mozambique  
Anchieta's Barbet Stactolaema anchietae  (Barboza du Bocage, 1869) AF : sc  
        S. a. katangae  (Vincent, 1934) ne Angola, se DR Congo and n Zambia  
        S. a. anchietae  (Barboza du Bocage, 1869) sc Angola and w Zambia  
        S. a. rex  (Neumann, 1908) wc Angola  
Green Barbet Stactolaema olivacea  (Shelley, 1880) AF : e, se  
        S. o. olivacea  (Shelley, 1880) se Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        S. o. howelli  (Jensen & Stuart, 1982) Uzungwes and Mahenge mts. (ec Tanzania)  
        S. o. woodwardi  Shelley, 1895 se Tanzania and ne South Africa  
        S. o. rungweensis  (Benson, 1948) sw Tanzania and n Malawi  
        S. o. belcheri  (Sclater, WL, 1927) s Malawi and n Mozambique  
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus  (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : c, w  
        P. s. scolopaceus  (Bonaparte, 1850) Sierra Leone to s Nigeria  
        P. s. stellatus  (Jardine & Fraser, 1852) Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)  
        P. s. flavisquamatus  (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855) Cameroon to w Kenya and n Angola  
Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) AF : s Kenya to c Mozambique  
Moustached Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax  (Sharpe, 1892) AF : e Uganda and w Kenya to s Malawi  
Western Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea  (Reichenow, 1892) AF : c, wc, sw  
        P. c. angolensis  (Boulton, 1931) wc Angola  
        P. c. coryphaea  (Reichenow, 1892) se Nigeria and sw Cameroon  
        P. c. hildamariae  (Sclater, WL, 1938) e DR Congo, Rwanda and sw Uganda  
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus  (Sparrman, 1798) AF : s Senegal to s Central African Republic, w Uganda and c DRCongo  
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus  (Fraser, 1843) AF : c, w  
        P. s. chrysopygus  (Shelley, 1889) Sierra Leone to Ghana  
        P. s. flavimentum  (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851) Togo to Gabon, DR Congo and Uganda  
        P. s. subsulphureus  (Fraser, 1843) Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)  
Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus bilineatus  (Sundevall, 1850) AF : w, c, se  
        P. b. leucolaimus  (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan, Uganda, s DR Congo and n Angola  
        P. b. poensis  (Alexander, 1908) Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)  
        P. b. mfumbiri  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1907) sw Uganda and e DR Congo to w Tanzania and Zambia  
        P. b. jacksoni  (Sharp, 1897) c Kenya and e Uganda to Rwanda, Burundi and nw Tanzania  
        P. b. fischeri  (Reichenow, 1880) coastal Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        P. b. bilineatus  (Sundevall, 1850) se Tanzania to e South Africa  
White-chested Tinkerbird Pogoniulus makawai  Benson & Irwin, 1965 AF : nw Zambia AS : Pogoniulus makawai is split from P. bilineatus (Collar and Fishpool 2006); BLI recognizes
Red-fronted Tinkerbird Pogoniulus pusillus  (Dumont, 1805) AF : e, se  
        P. p. uropygialis  (Heuglin, 1862) Eritrea to c Ethiopia and n Somalia  
        P. p. affinis  (Reichenow, 1879) se Sudan to s Somalia south to Uganda and Tanzania  
        P. p. pusillus  (Dumont, 1805) Mozambique to e South Africa  
Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird Pogoniulus chrysoconus  (Temminck, 1832) AF : widespread  
        P. c. chrysoconus  (Temminck, 1832) sw Mauritania and Senegal to nw Ethiopia, nw Tanzania and n DR Congo  
        P. c. extoni  (Layard, EL, 1871) Angola to s Tanzania, s Mozambique and n South Africa  
        P. c. xanthostictus  (Blundell & Lovat, 1899) sw and c Ethiopia  
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui  (Cassin, 1855) AF : Sierra Leone to Uganda, w Kenya, nw Tanzania and c DRCongo  
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta  (Swainson, 1821) AF : c, w  
        T. h. hirsuta  (Swainson, 1821) Sierra Leone to sc Nigeria  
        T. h. flavipunctata  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855 s Nigeria to c Gabon  
        T. h. angolensis  Neumann, 1908 s Gabon to n Angola  
        T. h. ansorgii  Shelley, 1895 e Cameroon and e DR Congo to w Kenya and nw Tanzania  
Red-fronted Barbet Tricholaema diademata  (Heuglin, 1861) AF : e  
        T. d. diademata  (Heuglin, 1861) s Sudan and Ethiopia to se Uganda and c Kenya  
        T. d. massaica  (Reichenow, 1887) sc Kenya to sw Tanzania  
Miombo Pied Barbet Tricholaema frontata  (Cabanis, 1880) AF : Angola to Tanzania and Malawi  
Acacia Pied Barbet Tricholaema leucomelas  (Boddaert, 1783) AF : s  
        T. l. centralis  (Roberts, 1932) Angola to w Zimbabwe south to s Namibia and n South Africa  
        T. l. affinis  (Shelley, 1880) e Zimbabwe, sw Mozambiaque and ne South Africa  
        T. l. leucomelas  (Boddaert, 1783) s South Africa  
Spot-flanked Barbet Tricholaema lacrymosa  Cabanis, 1878 AF : e  
        T. l. lacrymosa  Cabanis, 1878 s Sudan and ne DR Congo to c Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        T. l. radcliffei  Ogilvie-Grant, 1904 e DR Congo to sw Kenya, s Uganda, sw Tanzania and nw Zambia  
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala  (Cretzschmar, 1829) AF : e  
        T. m. melanocephala  (Cretzschmar, 1829) Eritrea to c Ethiopia and nw Somalia  
        T. m. blandi  Lort Phillips, 1897 nc and ne Somalia  
        T. m. stigmatothorax  Cabanis, 1878 s Ethiopia and s Somalia to ne Tanzania  
        T. m. flavibuccalis  Reichenow, 1893 nc Tanzania  
Banded Barbet Lybius undatus  (Rüppell, 1837) AF : Ethiopia, Eritrea  
        L. u. thiogaster  Neumann, 1903 Eritrea and ne Ethiopia  
        L. u. undatus  (Rüppell, 1837) nw to c Ethiopia  
        L. u. leucogenys  (Blundell & Lovat, 1899) w to sw Ethiopia  
        L. u. salvadorii  Neumann, 1903 se Ethiopia  
Vieillot's Barbet Lybius vieilloti  (Leach, 1815) AF : ec, c, w  
        L. v. buchanani  Hartert, 1924 s Mauritania to s Chad  
        L. v. rubescens  (Temminck, 1823) Senegal and Gambia to Cameroon and n DR Congo  
        L. v. vieilloti  (Leach, 1815) c Sudan to ne DR Congo, sc Ethiopia and Eritrea  
White-headed Barbet Lybius leucocephalus  (de Filippi, 1853) AF : ec, wc, sw  
        L. l. adamauae  Reichenow, 1921 n Nigeria to nw DR Congo  
        L. l. leucocephalus  (de Filippi, 1853) s Sudan and ne DR Congo to wc Kenya and nw Tanzania  
        L. l. senex  (Reichenow, 1887) c and sc Kenya  
        L. l. albicauda  (Shelley, 1881) sw Kenya and n Tanzania  
        L. l. lynesi  Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1938 c Tanzania  
        L. l. leucogaster  (Barboza du Bocage, 1877) sw Angola  
Chaplin's Barbet Lybius chaplini  Clarke, S, 1920 AF : Zambia  
Red-faced Barbet Lybius rubrifacies  (Reichenow, 1892) AF : Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and nw Tanzania  
Black-billed Barbet Lybius guifsobalito  Hermann, 1783 AF : Eritrea and Ethiopia to ne DRCongo, Uganda, w Kenya and nw Tanzania  
Black-collared Barbet Lybius torquatus  (Dumont, 1805) AF : sc, se  
        L. t. zombae  (Shelley, 1893) s Tanzania to s Malawi and ne and c Mozambique  
        L. t. pumilio  Grote, 1927 e DR Congo to w Tanzania, n Malawi, e Zambia and nw Mozambique  
        L. t. irroratus  (Cabanis, 1878) e Kenya to c Tanzania  
        L. t. congicus  (Reichenow, 1898) sc DR Congo and n Angola to n Zambia  
        L. t. vivacens  Clancey, 1977 e Zimbabwe to s Malawi and sc Mozambiaque  
        L. t. bocagei  (Sousa, 1886) s Angola and n Namibia to sw Zambia, w Zimbabwe and nw Botswana  
        L. t. torquatus  (Dumont, 1805) se Botswana and South Africa  
Brown-breasted Barbet Lybius melanopterus  (Peters, W, 1854) AF : Somalia to Mozambique  
Black-backed Barbet Lybius minor  (Cuvier, 1816) AF : sc, wc  
        L. m. minor  (Cuvier, 1816) s Gabon to w Angola  
        L. m. macclounii  (Shelley, 1899) s DR Congo and ne Angola to w Tanzania and nw Malawi  
Double-toothed Barbet Lybius bidentatus  (Shaw, 1799) AF : w, wc, c  
        L. b. bidentatus  (Shaw, 1799) Guinea-Bissau east to Cameroon and south to nw Angola  
        L. b. aequatorialis  (Shelley, 1889) Central African Republic to c Ethiopia south to n DR Congo and nw Tanzania.  
Bearded Barbet Lybius dubius  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF : Senegal, Gambia and Guinea-Bissau to s Chad and Central African Republic  
Black-breasted Barbet Lybius rolleti  (de Filippi, 1853) AF : s Chad and sw Sudan to n Central African Republic, South Sudan and n Uganda  
Yellow-billed Barbet Trachyphonus purpuratus  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : c, w TAX : Some works separate Yellow-billed Barbet to monotypic Trachylaemus (H&M3, cf Birds of Africa, HBW/IBC, ). Moyle (2004) does not address this issue.
        T. p. goffinii  (Goffin, 1863) Sierra Leone to Ghana  
        T. p. togoensis  Reichenow, 1891 Togo to sw Nigeria  
        T. p. purpuratus  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 se Nigeria to Central African Republic, n and c DR Congo and nw Angola  
        T. p. elgonensis  Sharpe, 1891 s Sudan and ne DR Congo to w Kenya  
Crested Barbet Trachyphonus vaillantii  Ranzani, 1821 AF : sc, se  
        T. v. suahelicus  Reichenow, 1887 c Angola and se DR Congo to n Tanzania and c Mozambique  
        T. v. vaillantii  Ranzani, 1821 s Angola to s Mozambiques and e South Africa  
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus  Cabanis, 1878 AF : e  
        T. e. shelleyi  Hartlaub, 1886 e Ethiopia and Somalia  
        T. e. versicolor  Hartlaub, 1882 se Sudan, s Ethiopia, n Kenya and ne Uganda  
        T. e. erythrocephalus  Cabanis, 1878 c Kenya to n Tanzania  
Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus  (Cretzschmar, 1828) AF : nc, ne  
        T. m. margaritatus  (Cretzschmar, 1828) e Mauritania to n Ethiopia and Eritrea  
        T. m. somalicus  Zedlitz, 1910 e Ethiopia to n Somalia  
D'Arnaud's Barbet Trachyphonus darnaudii  (Prévost & Des Murs, 1847) AF : e  
        T. d. darnaudii  (Prévost & Des Murs, 1847) se Sudan and sw Ethiopia to wc Kenya  
        T. d. boehmi  Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884 e Ethiopia to s Somalia, e Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        T. d. usambiro  Neumann, 1908 sw Kenya and nw Tanzania  
        T. d. emini  Reichenow, 1891 c and e Tanzania  
       
Honeyguides (17)
Family Indicatoridae
  PHY : Honeyguides (Indicatoridae) and woodpeckers (Picidae) are sister families (Hackett et al. 2008)
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis  (Cassin, 1856) AF : c, w  
        P. i. flavodorsalis  Bannerman, 1923 Sierra Leone to sw Nigeria  
        P. i. insignis  (Cassin, 1856) se Nigeria east to w Kenya and south to n Angola  
Green-backed Honeybird Prodotiscus zambesiae  Shelley, 1894 AF : sc, e, se  
        P. z. ellenbecki  Erlanger, 1901 s Ethiopia to Kenya and n Tanzania  
        P. z. zambesiae  Shelley, 1894 c Angola to s Tanzania and Mozambique  
Brown-backed Honeybird Prodotiscus regulus  Sundevall, 1850 AF : widespread  
        P. r. camerunensis  Reichenow, 1921 Guinea to w Central African Republic  
        P. r. regulus  Sundevall, 1850 ec Sudan and sw Ethiopia south to ne Namibia and e South Africa  
Zenker's Honeyguide Melignomon zenkeri  Reichenow, 1898 AF : s Cameroon and n Gabon to w Uganda and e DRCongo  
Yellow-footed Honeyguide Melignomon eisentrauti  Louette, 1981 AF : s Cameroon and n Gabon to w Uganda and e DRCongo  
Dwarf Honeyguide Indicator pumilio  Chapin, 1958 AF : e DRCongo, w Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi  
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi  Alexander, 1901 AF : c, w  
        I. w. ansorgei  Grant, 1915 Guinea-Bissau  
        I. w. willcocksi  Alexander, 1901 Sierra Leone to s Cameroon, w Uganda, DR Congo and Gabon  
        I. w. hutsoni  Bannerman, 1928 c Nigeria, n Cameroon and sw Sudan  
Pallid Honeyguide Indicator meliphilus  (Oberholser, 1905) AF : e, sc, se  
        I. m. meliphilus  (Oberholser, 1905) e Uganda to c Kenya and c Tanzania  
        I. m. angolensis  Monard, 1934 e Angola and s DR Congo to c Mozambique  
Least Honeyguide Indicator exilis  (Cassin, 1856) AF : c, w  
        I. e. poensis  Alexander, 1903 Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)  
        I. e. exilis  (Cassin, 1856) Senegal and Gambia to Central African Republic south to n Angola and nw Zambia  
        I. e. pachyrhynchus  (Heuglin, 1864) e DR Congo, s Uganda, w Kenya and nw Tanzania  
Thick-billed Honeyguide Indicator conirostris  (Cassin, 1856) AF : c, w  
        I. c. ussheri  Sharpe, 1902 Sierra Leone to Ghana  
        I. c. conirostris  (Cassin, 1856) Nigeria to w Kenya, DR Congo and w Angola  
Lesser Honeyguide Indicator minor  Stephens, 1815 AF : widespread  
        I. m. senegalensis  Neumann, 1908 Senegal and Gambia to n Cameroon, Chad and w Sudan  
        I. m. riggenbachi  Zedlitz, 1915 c Cameroon to sw Sudan and w Uganda  
        I. m. diadematus  Rüppell, 1837 c Sudan, Ethiopia and n Somalia  
        I. m. teitensis  Neumann, 1900 se Sudan and Somalia to Zimbabwe and c Mozambique  
        I. m. damarensis  (Roberts, 1928) s Angola to c Namibia  
        I. m. minor  Stephens, 1815 s Namibia, s Botswana and s Mozambique to South Africa  
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus  Gray, GR, 1847 AF : c, w  
        I. m. maculatus  Gray, GR, 1847 Gambia to Nigeria  
        I. m. stictithorax  Reichenow, 1877 s Cameroon to sw Sudan, e DR Congo and n Angola  
Scaly-throated Honeyguide Indicator variegatus  Lesson, 1830 AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to e South Africa, also west through s DRCongo and Zambia to w Angola  
Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Indicator xanthonotus  Blyth, 1842 OR : nw India to n Burma  
        I. x. xanthonotus  Blyth, 1842 ne Pakistan and nw India to w Nepal  
        I. x. fulvus  Ripley, 1951 e Nepal to Tibet, ne India and n Burma  
Malaysian Honeyguide Indicator archipelagicus  Temminck, 1832 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Greater Honeyguide Indicator indicator  (Sparrman, 1777) AF : widespread  
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus  (Bates, 1909) AF : Sierra Leone and Guinea to sw Ghana; se Nigeria and Cameroon to w Uganda and e DRCongo  
       
Woodpeckers (234)
Family Picidae
   
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla  Linnaeus, 1758 EU : widespread  
        J. t. torquilla  Linnaeus, 1758 w Europe to Bulgaria and the Caucasus area  
        J. t. sarudnyi  Loudon, 1912 w Siberia  
        J. t. chinensis  Hesse, 1911 e Siberia and ne and c China  
        J. t. himalayana  Vaurie, 1959 n Pakistan and nw Himalayas  
        J. t. tschusii  Kleinschmidt, O, 1907 s Europe  
        J. t. mauretanica  Rothschild, 1909 nw Africa  
Red-throated Wryneck Jynx ruficollis  Wagler, 1830 AF : widespread  
        J. r. pulchricollis  Hartlaub, 1884 Cameroon to s Sudan and nw Uganda  
        J. r. aequatorialis  Rüppell, 1842 Ethiopia  
        J. r. ruficollis  Wagler, 1830 Gabon and Angola to s Sudan, e Uganda and e South Africa  
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus  Burton, 1836 OR : widespread, also c, e China  
        P. i. innominatus  Burton, 1836 ne Afghanistan se Tibet and ne India  
        P. i. malayorum  Hartert, 1912 s ande India to s China, Indochina, Sumatra and Borneo  
        P. i. chinensis  (Hargitt, 1881) c, e and s China  
Bar-breasted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons  Pelzeln, 1870 SA : Amazonia  
        P. a. aurifrons  Pelzeln, 1870 n Mato Grosso (c Brazil)  
        P. a. transfasciatus  Hellmayr & Gyldenstolpe, 1937 Rio Tapajós to Rio Tocantins (ne Brazil)  
        P. a. borbae  Pelzeln, 1870 lower Rio Madeira to lower Rio Tapajós (nc Brazil)  
        P. a. wallacii  Hargitt, 1889 lower Rio Purús to lower Rio Madeira (wc Brazil)  
        P. a. purusianus  Todd, 1946 upper Rio Purús (w Brazil)  
        P. a. flavifrons  Hargitt, 1889 ne Peru and nw Brazil  
        P. a. juruanus  Gyldenstolpe, 1941 upper Rio Juruá (e Peru and w Brazil  
Lafresnaye's Piculet Picumnus lafresnayi  Malherbe, 1862 SA : w, c Amazonia  
        P. l. lafresnayi  Malherbe, 1862 se Colombia, e Ecuador and n Peru  
        P. l. punctifrons  Taczanowski, 1886 e Peru  
        P. l. taczanowskii  Domaniewski, 1925 ne and nc Peru  
        P. l. pusillus  Pinto, 1936 nw Brazil  
Orinoco Piculet Picumnus pumilus  Cabanis & Heine, 1863 SA : nw Amazonia  
Golden-spangled Piculet Picumnus exilis  (Lichtenstein, 1823) SA : ne, also e Brazil  
        P. e. clarus  Zimmer & Phelps, 1946 ec Venezuela  
        P. e. undulatus  Hargitt, 1889 e Colombia, se Venezuela , Guyana and Roraima (n Brazil)  
        P. e. buffonii  Lafresnaye, 1845 e Guyana to Amapá (ne Brazil)  
        P. e. pernambucensis  Zimmer, 1947 Pernambuco to Alagoas (e Brazil)  
        P. e. alegriae  Hellmayr, 1929 ne Pará to nw Maranhão (ne Brazil)  
        P. e. exilis  (Lichtenstein, 1823) Bahia to Espirito Santo (e Brazil)  
Black-dotted Piculet Picumnus nigropunctatus  Zimmer & Phelps, 1950 SA : ne Venezuela  
Ecuadorian Piculet Picumnus sclateri  Taczanowski, 1877 SA : Ecuador, nw Peru  
        P. s. parvistriatus  Chapman, 1921 w Ecuador  
        P. s. sclateri  Taczanowski, 1877 sw Ecuador and nw Peru  
        P. s. porcullae  Bond, 1954 n Peru  
Scaled Piculet Picumnus squamulatus  Lafresnaye, 1854 SA : Colombia, Venezuela  
        P. s. squamulatus  Lafresnaye, 1854 ne and c Colombia  
        P. s. roehli  Zimmer & Phelps, 1944 ne Colombia and n Venezuela  
        P. s. obsoletus  Allen, JA, 1892 ne Venezuela  
        P. s. lovejoyi  Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1987 nw Venezuela  
        P. s. apurensis  Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1987 nc Venezuela  
White-bellied Piculet Picumnus spilogaster  Sundevall, 1866 SA : n, ne  
        P. s. orinocensis  Zimmer & Phelps, 1950 c Venezuela  
        P. s. spilogaster  Sundevall, 1866 Roraima (n Brazil) and n Guianas  
        P. s. pallidus  Snethlage, E, 1924 ne Brazil  
Arrowhead Piculet Picumnus minutissimus  (Pallas, 1782) SA : Guianas  
Spotted Piculet Picumnus pygmaeus  (Lichtenstein, 1823) SA : e Brazil  
Speckle-chested Piculet Picumnus steindachneri  Taczanowski, 1882 SA : nw Peru  
Varzea Piculet Picumnus varzeae  Snethlage, E, 1912 SA : c Amazonia  
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus  Temminck, 1825 SA : ne, se  
        P. c. macconnelli  Sharpe, 1901 ne Brazil  
        P. c. confusus  Kinnear, 1927 e Roraima (n Brazil), sw Guyana and French Guiana  
        P. c. cirratus  Temminck, 1825 se Brazil and e Paraguay  
        P. c. pilcomayensis  Hargitt, 1891 se Bolivia, Paraguay and n Argentina  
        P. c. tucumanus  Hartert, 1909 n Argentina  
        P. c. thamnophiloides  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1942 se Bolivia and nw Argentina  
Ocellated Piculet Picumnus dorbignyanus  Lafresnaye, 1845 SA : e Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina TAX : CORRECT: Species name of Ocellated Piculet is dorbignyanus not dorbygnianus (H&M 3rd corregenda 7)
        P. d. jelskii  Taczanowski, 1882 e Peru  
        P. d. dorbignyanus  Lafresnaye, 1845 w Bolivia and nw Argentina  
Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii  Lafresnaye, 1845 SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
White-wedged Piculet Picumnus albosquamatus  d'Orbigny, 1840 SA : c  
        P. a. albosquamatus  d'Orbigny, 1840 n Bolivia, sw Brazil and n Paraguay  
        P. a. guttifer  Sundevall, 1866 c Brazil  
Rusty-necked Piculet Picumnus fuscus  Pelzeln, 1870 SA : ne Bolivia, wc Brazil  
Rufous-breasted Piculet Picumnus rufiventris  (Bonaparte, 1838) SA : w Amazonia  
        P. r. rufiventris  (Bonaparte, 1838) c Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil  
        P. r. grandis  Carriker, 1930 ec Peru and w Brazil  
        P. r. brunneifrons  Stager, 1968 nw and c Bolivia  
Ochraceous Piculet Picumnus limae  Snethlage, E, 1924 SA : e Brazil  
Tawny Piculet Picumnus fulvescens  Stager, 1961 SA : e Brazil  
Mottled Piculet Picumnus nebulosus  Sundevall, 1866 SA : se Brazil, ne Argentina and n Uruguay  
Plain-breasted Piculet Picumnus castelnau  Malherbe, 1862 SA : w Amazonia  
Fine-barred Piculet Picumnus subtilis  Stager, 1968 SA : e Peru  
Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus  Lafresnaye, 1845 LA : Guatemala to nw Peru  
        P. o. dimotus  Bangs, 1903 e Guatemala to e Nicaragua  
        P. o. flavotinctus  Ridgway, 1889 Costa Rica to nw Colombia  
        P. o. malleolus  Wetmore, 1966 n Colombia  
        P. o. olivaceus  Lafresnaye, 1845 w Colombia  
        P. o. eisenmanni  Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1966 ne Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        P. o. tachirensis  Phelps & Gilliard, 1941 nc Colombia and sw Venezuela  
        P. o. harterti  Hellmayr, 1909 sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
Greyish Piculet Picumnus granadensis  Lafresnaye, 1847 SA : nw Colombia  
        P. g. antioquensis  Chapman, 1915 nw Colombvia  
        P. g. granadensis  Lafresnaye, 1847 w Colombia  
Chestnut Piculet Picumnus cinnamomeus  Wagler, 1829 SA : n Colombia, nw Venezuela  
        P. c. cinnamomeus  Wagler, 1829 n Colombia  
        P. c. perijanus  Zimmer & Phelps, 1944 nw Venezuela  
        P. c. persaturatus  Haffer, 1961 c Colombia  
        P. c. venezuelensis  Cory, 1913 wc Venezuela  
African Piculet Sasia africana  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855 AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana; Cameroon to w Uganda, c DRCongo and n Angola  
Rufous Piculet Sasia abnormis  (Temminck, 1825) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
        S. a. abnormis  (Temminck, 1825) Malay Pen., Sumatra to Borneo  
        S. a. magnirostris  Hartert, 1901 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)  
White-browed Piculet Sasia ochracea  Hodgson, 1837 OR : Southeast Asia  
        S. o. ochracea  Hodgson, 1837 n India and Nepal to n and c Thailand and Vietnam  
        S. o. reichenowi  Hesse, 1911 s Burma and sw Thailand  
        S. o. kinneari  Stresemann, 1929 s China and n Vietnam  
Antillean Piculet Nesoctites micromegas  (Sundevall, 1866) NA : Hispaniola PHY : Antillean Piculet is sister to the true woodpeckers (Picinae) rather than a member of the piculet subfamily (Benz et al. 2006)
        N. m. micromegas  (Sundevall, 1866) Hispaniola  
        N. m. abbotti  Wetmore, 1928 Gonave I. (off w Haiti)  
Grey-and-buff Woodpecker Hemicircus concretus  (Temminck, 1821) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
        H. c. sordidus  (Eyton, 1845) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo and nearby islands  
        H. c. concretus  (Temminck, 1821) Java  
Heart-spotted Woodpecker Hemicircus canente  (Lesson, 1832) OR : widespread  
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus  (Otto, 1796) SA : coastal Suriname and French Guiana; lower Amazon R.; e and se Brazil to se Peru, n Argentina and Uruguay TAX : Move White Woodpecker from Leuconerpes to Melanerpes (Dickinson 2003, SACC)
Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis  (Gray, GR, 1849) NA : sw Canada to sw USA  
Guadeloupe Woodpecker Melanerpes herminieri  (Lesson, 1830) NA : Lesser Antilles  
Puerto Rican Woodpecker Melanerpes portoricensis  (Daudin, 1803) NA : Puerto Rico  
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : sc, se Canada to se USA  
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus  (Swainson, 1827) NA, LA : nw USA to Colombia  
        M. f. bairdi  Ridgway, 1881 Oregon (USA) to n Baja California (Mexico)  
        M. f. angustifrons  Baird, SF, 1870 s Baja California (Mexico)  
        M. f. formicivorus  (Swainson, 1827) sw USA to se Mexico  
        M. f. albeolus  Todd, 1910 e Chiapas (se Mexico) to Belize and ne Guatemala  
        M. f. lineatus  (Dickey & van Rossem, 1927) Chiapas (s Mexico) to n Nicaragua  
        M. f. striatipectus  Ridgway, 1874 Nicaragua to w Panama  
        M. f. flavigula  (Malherbe, 1849) Colombia  
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia  
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons  (Vieillot, 1818) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Golden-naped Woodpecker Melanerpes chrysauchen  Salvin, 1870 MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Beautiful Woodpecker Melanerpes pulcher  Sclater, PL, 1870 SA : nc Colombia  
Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani  (Malherbe, 1849) LA : s Mexico to w Ecuador  
White-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes cactorum  (d'Orbigny, 1840) SA : Bolivia and w Paraguay to nc Argentina  
Hispaniolan Woodpecker Melanerpes striatus  (Statius Müller, 1776) NA : Hispaniola PHY : Melanerpes is paraphyletic: striatus, radiolatus, chrysogenys, uropygialis form a clade together with Xiphidiopicus,Sphyrapicus (Fuchs et al 2007, Fjelds? comm)
Jamaican Woodpecker Melanerpes radiolatus  (Wagler, 1827) NA : Jamaica  
Golden-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes chrysogenys  (Vigors, 1839) MA : w Mexico  
        M. c. chrysogenys  (Vigors, 1839) nw Mexico  
        M. c. flavinuchus  (Ridgway, 1911) sw Mexico  
Grey-breasted Woodpecker Melanerpes hypopolius  (Wagler, 1829) MA : sw Mexico  
Yucatan Woodpecker Melanerpes pygmaeus  (Ridgway, 1885) MA : Yucatan Peninsula  
        M. p. tysoni  (Bond, 1936) Guanaja I. (off Honduras)  
        M. p. rubricomus  Peters, JL, 1948 Yucatán Pen. (se Mexico) to c Belize  
        M. p. pygmaeus  (Ridgway, 1885) Cozumel I. (off Yucatán Pen.)  
Red-crowned Woodpecker Melanerpes rubricapillus  (Cabanis, 1862) LA : Costa Rica to nw Venezuela  
        M. r. rubricapillus  (Cabanis, 1862) sw Costa Rica to the Guianas, Tobago  
        M. r. subfusculus  (Wetmore, 1957) Coiba I. (off Panama)  
        M. r. seductus  Bangs, 1901 San Miguel I. (off Panama)  
        M. r. paraguanae  (Gilliard, 1940) Paraguana Pen. (n Venezuela)  
Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis  (Baird, SF, 1854) NA, MA : sw USA, Baja California, w Mexico  
        M. u. uropygialis  (Baird, SF, 1854) sw USA to w Mexico  
        M. u. cardonensis  (Grinnell, 1927) n Baja California (Mexico)  
        M. u. brewsteri  (Ridgway, 1911) s Baja California (Mexico)  
        M. u. fuscescens  (van Rossem, 1934) S Sonora, SW Chihuahua and N Sinaloa (nw Mexico)  
Hoffmann's Woodpecker Melanerpes hoffmannii  (Cabanis, 1862) MA : Honduras to Costa Rica  
Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons  (Wagler, 1829) NA, MA : sc USA to c Mexico  
Velasquez's Woodpecker Melanerpes santacruzi  (Bonaparte, 1838) MA : e Mexico s to Nicaragua, islands off Honduras AS : Velasquez‘s Woodpecker is split from the Golden-fronted Woodpecker; includes all ssp except M.a.aurifrons (García-Trejo et al 2009); cf NACC 2013-A-12
        M. s. polygrammus  (Cabanis, 1862) Oaxaca to Chiapas (sw Mexico)  
        M. s. grateloupensis  (Lesson, 1839) Tamaulipas to Puebla and Veracruz (e Mexico)  
        M. s. dubius  (Cabot, 1844) Yucatán Pen. (se Mexico) to Belize and ne Guatemala  
        M. s. leei  (Ridgway, 1885) Cozumel I. (off e Mexico)  
        M. s. santacruzi  (Bonaparte, 1838) s Chiapas (s Mexico) to n Nicaragua  
        M. s. hughlandi  Dickerman, 1987 c Guatemala  
        M. s. pauper  (Ridgway, 1888) n Honduras  
        M. s. turneffensis  (Russell, 1963) Turneffe Is. (off of Belize)  
        M. s. insulanus  (Bond, 1936) Utila I. (off of Honduras)  
        M. s. canescens  (Salvin, 1889) Roatán I. and Barburat I. (off of Honduras)  
Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : e, c, se USA  
West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris  (Temminck, 1827) NA : Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands  
        M. s. nyeanus  (Ridgway, 1886) Grand Bahama and San Salvador Is.  
        M. s. blakei  (Ridgway, 1886) Great Abaco I. (n Bahamas)  
        M. s. superciliaris  (Temminck, 1827) Cuba  
        M. s. murceus  (Bangs, 1910) Isle of Pines and nearby islands  
        M. s. caymanensis  (Cory, 1886) Grand Cayman I.  
Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus  (Cassin, 1852) NA : w  
        S. t. thyroideus  (Cassin, 1852) s British Columbia (Canada) to n Baja California (Mexico)  
        S. t. nataliae  (Malherbe, 1854) se British Columbia (Canada) through wc USA  
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : e Alaska and nw Canada to se Canada and ne USA  
Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis  Baird, SF, 1858 NA : sw Canada to sw USA  
Red-breasted Sapsucker Sphyrapicus ruber  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : w  
        S. r. ruber  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Alaska (USA) to w Oregon (USA)  
        S. r. daggetti  Grinnell, 1901 sw USA  
Cuban Green Woodpecker Xiphidiopicus percussus  (Temminck, 1826) NA : Cuba  
        X. p. percussus  (Temminck, 1826) Cuba  
        X. p. insulaepinorum  Bangs, 1910 Isle of Pines and nearby islands  
Fine-spotted Woodpecker Campethera punctuligera  (Wagler, 1827) AF : c, w  
        C. p. punctuligera  (Wagler, 1827) sw Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Cameroon, n DR Congo and sw Sudan  
        C. p. balia  (Heuglin, 1871) s Sudan and ne DR Congo  
Bennett's Woodpecker Campethera bennettii  (Smith, A, 1836) AF : sc, se  
        C. b. bennettii  (Smith, A, 1836) c Angola, se DR Congo and Tanzania to Mozambique and ne South Africa  
        C. b. capricorni  Strickland, 1853 s Angola, sw Zambia, n Namibia and n Botswana  
Speckle-throated Woodpecker Campethera scriptoricauda  (Reichenow, 1896) AF : Tanzania to Malawi and Mozambique  
Nubian Woodpecker Campethera nubica  (Boddaert, 1783) AF : e, ne  
        C. n. nubica  (Boddaert, 1783) Sudan and Erhiopia to ne DR Congo, sw Tanzania and Kenya  
        C. n. pallida  (Sharpe, 1902) s Somalia and coastal Kenya  
Golden-tailed Woodpecker Campethera abingoni  (Smith, A, 1836) AF : widespread  
        C. a. chrysura  (Swainson, 1837) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan and w Uganda  
        C. a. kavirondensis  van Someren, 1926 sw Kenya, e Rwanda to c Tanzania  
        C. a. suahelica  (Reichenow, 1902) n Tanzania to e Zimbabwe, Mozambiquw and Swaziland  
        C. a. abingoni  (Smith, A, 1836) w DR Congo to w Tanzania south to ne Namibia, nw Zambia and ne South Africa  
        C. a. anderssoni  (Roberts, 1936) sw Angola, Namibia, sw Botswana and n South Africa  
        C. a. constricta  Clancey, 1965 s Mozambique, s Swaziland and e South Africa  
Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) AF : s Somalia to ne Tanzania  
Knysna Woodpecker Campethera notata  (Lichtenstein, 1823) AF : s South Africa  
Green-backed Woodpecker Campethera cailliautii  (Malherbe, 1849) AF : wc, c, se  
        C. c. permista  (Reichenow, 1876) Ghana to sw Sudan south to n Angola and c DR Congo  
        C. c. nyansae  (Neumann, 1900) sw Kenya, sw Ethiopia and nw Tanzania to ne Angola and n Zambia  
        C. c. cailliautii  (Malherbe, 1849) s Somalia to ne Tanzania  
        C. c. loveridgei  Hartert, 1920 c Tanzania to Mozambique  
Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa  (Valenciennes, 1826) AF : Senegal and Guinea-Bissau to Ghana  
Tullberg's Woodpecker Campethera tullbergi  Sjöstedt, 1892 AF : wc, ec  
        C. t. tullbergi  Sjöstedt, 1892 se Nigeria, w Cameroon, Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)  
        C. t. taeniolaema  Reichenow & Neumann, 1895 e DR Congo top w Kenya and w Tanzania  
        C. t. hausburgi  Sharpe, 1900 e and c Kenya and n Tanzania  
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa  (Swainson, 1837) AF : c, w  
        C. n. nivosa  (Swainson, 1837) Gambia and Senegal to w DR Congo and n Angola  
        C. n. poensis  Alexander, 1903 Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)  
        C. n. herberti  (Alexander, 1908) s Central African Republic to w Kenya south to sc and e DR Congo  
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli  (Malherbe, 1852) AF : c, w  
        C. c. arizela  (Oberholser, 1899) Sierra Leone to Ghana  
        C. c. caroli  (Malherbe, 1852) s Nigeria, Cameroon to w Kenya, nw Tanzania and nw Angola  
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF : South Africa and Lesotho  
Little Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus  Oberholser, 1919 AF : s Mauritania and n Senegal; Mali to w Sudan  
Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus  Reichenow, 1893 AF : Cameroon to Uganda, w Kenya and Rwanda  
Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus  (Stanley, 1814) AF : Eritrea and Ethiopia  
Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens  (Vieillot, 1818) AF : widespread  
        D. f. lafresnayi  Malherbe, 1849 Senegal and Gambia to Nigeria  
        D. f. sharpii  Oustalet, 1879 Cameroon to s Sudan and n Angola  
        D. f. lepidus  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e DR Congo to sw Ethiopia, c Kenya and nw Tanzania  
        D. f. hemprichii  (Ehrenberg, 1833) n Ethiopia to Somalia and e Kenya  
        D. f. massaicus  Neumann, 1900 s Ethiopia to w and c Kenya and nc Tanzania  
        D. f. centralis  Neumann, 1900 Angola to w Tanzania, Zambia and n Namibia  
        D. f. hartlaubii  Malherbe, 1849 s Kenya to e Zambia and c Mozambique  
        D. f. natalensis  Roberts, 1924 e South Africa to s Mozambique  
        D. f. fuscescens  (Vieillot, 1818) nc Namibia to w and c South Africa  
Gabon Woodpecker Dendropicos gabonensis  (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851) AF : s Nigeria, to Zaire, n Angola and w Uganda  
        D. g. reichenowi  Sjöstedt, 1893 s Nigeria and sw Cameroon  
        D. g. gabonensis  (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851) s Cameroon to w Uganda, DR Congo and n Angola  
Melancholy Woodpecker Dendropicos lugubris  Hartlaub, 1857 AF : Sierra Leone to sw Nigeria AS : Melancholy Woodpecker is split from Gabon Woodpecker (HBW 7, Sibley & Monroe 1990)
Stierling's Woodpecker Dendropicos stierlingi  Reichenow, 1901 AF : s Tanzania, s malawi and nw Mozambique  
Bearded Woodpecker Dendropicos namaquus  (Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793) AF : e, sc, se  
        D. n. schoensis  (Rüppell, 1842) Ethiopia, Somalia and n Kenya  
        D. n. namaquus  (Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793) Central African Republic to s Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, n South Africa and n Namibia  
        D. n. coalescens  (Clancey, 1958) s Mozambique and e South Africa  
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus  Hargitt, 1883 AF : se Nigeria and Cameroon to w Kenya, e DRCongo and n Angola  
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster  (Malherbe, 1845) AF : Guinea to w Cameroon  
Elliot's Woodpecker Dendropicos elliotii  (Cassin, 1863) AF : c, wc  
        D. e. johnstoni  (Shelley, 1887) e Nigeria, sw Cameroon and Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)  
        D. e. elliotii  (Cassin, 1863) s Cameroon and Gabon to Uganda  
        D. e. kupeensis  (Serle, 1952) Mt. Kupe (wc Cameroon)  
        D. e. gabela  (Rand & Traylor, 1959) nw Angola  
African Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae  (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : Mauritania and Senegal to w Ethiopia to nw Tanzania, s Gabon, nw Angola and s-central Zaire  
        D. g. koenigi  (Neumann, 1903) Mali to w Sudan  
        D. g. abessinicus  (Reichenow, 1900) e Sudan to w Ethiopia  
        D. g. goertae  (Statius Müller, 1776) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan, w Kenya and nw Tanzania  
        D. g. meridionalis  Louette & Prigogine, 1982 s Gabon and nw Angola to sc DR Congo  
Eastern Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos spodocephalus  (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : Highlands of n-c Tanzania and c Kenya to e Sudan and c Ethiopia AS : Eastern Grey Woodpecker is split from African Grey Woodpecker (HBW 7, Redman et al 2009)
        D. s. spodocephalus  (Bonaparte, 1850) e Sudan, c and s Ethiopia  
        D. s. rhodeogaster  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) c Kenya to nc Tanzania  
Olive Woodpecker Dendropicos griseocephalus  (Boddaert, 1783) AF : s, sc  
        D. g. ruwenzori  (Sharpe, 1902) Angola to c Tanzania south to Zimbabwe and Namibia  
        D. g. kilimensis  (Neumann, 1926) n and e Tanzania  
        D. g. griseocephalus  (Boddaert, 1783) s Mozambique to South Africa  
Brown-backed Woodpecker Dendropicos obsoletus  (Wagler, 1829) AF : ec, c, w TAX : Brown-backed Woodpecker belongs in Dendropicos (end of sequence) not Picoides (Dickinson 2003, Bowie in litt)
        D. o. obsoletus  (Wagler, 1829) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan and w Uganda south to s Cameroon and ne DR Congo  
        D. o. heuglini  (Neumann, 1904) e Sudan to n Ethiopia  
        D. o. ingens  (Hartert, 1900) s Ethiopia to Uganda and c Kenya  
        D. o. crateri  (Sclater, WL & Moreau, 1935) n Tanzania  
Rufous-bellied Woodpecker Dendrocopos hyperythrus  (Vigors, 1831) OR : n India to Southeast Asia, also e Asia  
        D. h. marshalli  (Hartert, 1912) ne Pakistan and n India  
        D. h. hyperythrus  (Vigors, 1831) Nepal to Tibet, sw China, Burma and n Thailand  
        D. h. subrufinus  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) ne China, se Siberia and Korea  
        D. h. annamensis  (Kloss, 1925) s Indochina  
Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos temminckii  (Malherbe, 1849) AU : Sulawesi  
Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos maculatus  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Philippines  
        D. m. validirostris  (Blyth, 1849) n Philippines  
        D. m. leytensis  (Steere, 1890) Leyte (ec Philippines)  
        D. m. fulvifasciatus  (Hargitt, 1881) ec, s Philippines  
        D. m. maculatus  (Scopoli, 1786) wc Philippines  
        D. m. menagei  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) Sibuyan I. (c Philippines)  
Sulu Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos ramsayi  (Hargitt, 1881) OR : Sulu Arch. AS : Dendrocopos ramsayi is split from D. maculatus (Collar et al. 1999); BLI recognizes
        D. r. ramsayi  (Hargitt, 1881) Bongao, Jolo and Tawitawi Is.  
        D. r. siasiensis  (Mearns, 1909) Siasi I.  
Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
        D. m. moluccensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Malay Pen. to Borneo, Sumatra, Java and the Riau Arch.  
        D. m. grandis  (Hargitt, 1882) Lesser Sundas  
Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus  (Vigors, 1832) OR : India, Sri Lanka  
        D. n. nanus  (Vigors, 1832) ne Pakistan, w and n India and Bangladesh  
        D. n. hardwickii  (Jerdon, 1845) c India  
        D. n. cinereigula  (Malherbe, 1849) s India  
        D. n. gymnopthalmos  (Blyth, 1849) Sri Lanka  
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos kizuki  (Temminck, 1836) EU : e Asia  
        D. k. permutatus  (Meise, 1934) ne China, se Siberia and n Korea  
        D. k. seebohmi  (Hargitt, 1884) Sakhalin and s Kuril Is. (se Siberia), Hokkaido (Japan)  
        D. k. nippon  (Kuroda, 1922) ec China, South Korea, Honshu (Japan)  
        D. k. shikokuensis  (Kuroda, 1922) sw Honshu and Shikoku (Japan)  
        D. k. kizuki  (Temminck, 1836) Kyushu (Japan)  
        D. k. matsudairai  (Kuroda, 1921) Yakushima and Izu Is. (Japan)  
        D. k. kotataki  (Kuroda, 1922) Tsushima and Oki Is. (Japan)  
        D. k. amamii  (Kuroda, 1922) Amani Oshima (Ryukyu Is., Japan)  
        D. k. nigrescens  (Seebohm, 1887) Okinanwa (Ryukyu Is., Japan)  
        D. k. orii  (Kuroda, 1923) Iriomote (Ryukyu Is., Japan)  
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus  (Blyth, 1845) OR, EU : e Asia to n India, Sumatra and Borneo  
        D. c. doerriesi  (Hargitt, 1881) se Siberia, Manchuria (ne China) and Korea  
        D. c. scintilliceps  (Swinhoe, 1863) e China  
        D. c. szetschuanensis  (Rensch, 1923) c China  
        D. c. omissus  (Rothschild, 1922) wc China  
        D. c. nagamichii  (La Touche, 1932) e Yunnan to Fujian (s China)  
        D. c. obscurus  (La Touche, 1921) s Yunnan (s China)  
        D. c. kaleensis  (Swinhoe, 1863) Taiwan  
        D. c. swinhoei  (Hartert, 1910) Hainan I. (off s China)  
        D. c. mitchellii  (Malherbe, 1849) n Pakistan and nw India to Nepal  
        D. c. semicoronatus  (Malherbe, 1849) e Nepal to ne India  
        D. c. canicapillus  (Blyth, 1845) Bangladesh and ne India through s Burma to Thailand and Laos  
        D. c. delacouri  (Meyer de Schauensee, 1938) se Thailand, Cambodia and s Vietnam  
        D. c. auritus  (Eyton, 1845) sw Thailand and the Malay Pen.  
        D. c. volzi  (Stresemann, 1920) Sumatra and the Riau Arch.  
        D. c. aurantiiventris  (Salvadori, 1868) Borneo  
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread  
        D. m. comminutus  Hartert, 1907 England and Wales  
        D. m. minor  (Linnaeus, 1758) Scandinavia and ne Poland to the Ural Mts. (Russia)  
        D. m. kamtschatkensis  (Malherbe, 1860) Ural Mts. to the Sea of Okhotsk and n Mongolia  
        D. m. immaculatus  Stejneger, 1884 Anadyr Basin and Kamchatka Pen. (e Siberia  
        D. m. amurensis  (Buturlin, 1908) ne China, Siberia, Korea and Hokkaido (Japan)  
        D. m. hortorum  (Brehm, CL, 1831) c Europe  
        D. m. buturlini  (Hartert, 1912) s Europe  
        D. m. danfordi  (Hargitt, 1883) c and e Greece and Turkey  
        D. m. colchicus  (Buturlin, 1908) Caucasus and Transcaucasia (sw Asia)  
        D. m. quadrifasciatus  (Radde, 1884) se Azerbaijan (sw Asia)  
        D. m. hyrcanus  (Zarudny & Bilkevitch, 1913) n Iran  
        D. m. morgani  Zarudny & Loudon, 1904 sw Iran  
        D. m. ledouci  (Malherbe, 1855) nw Africa  
Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei  (Vieillot, 1818) OR : n Pakistan to n Burma  
        D. m. westermani  (Blyth, 1870) n Pakistan and nw India to w Nepal  
        D. m. macei  (Vieillot, 1818) c Nepal and e India to n Burma  
Freckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos analis  (Bonaparte, 1850) OR : s Burma to Indochina, Andaman Is., Java and Bali AS, ENG : Dendrocopos analis is split from D. macei (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005); CHANGE English name to Freckle-breasted Woodpecker to drop extraneous “Pied“. Spot-breasted Woodpecker is preoccupied (Colaptes punctigula)
        D. a. longipennis  Hesse, 1912 c Burma through Thailand to s Vietnam  
        D. a. andamanensis  (Blyth, 1859) Andaman Is.  
        D. a. analis  (Bonaparte, 1850) Sumatra, Java and Bali  
Stripe-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos atratus  (Blyth, 1849) OR : Southeast Asia  
        D. a. atratus  (Blyth, 1849) ne India, Burma, Thailand and Laos  
        D. a. vietnamensis  Stepanyan, 1988 Vietnam  
Brown-fronted Woodpecker Dendrocopos auriceps  (Vigors, 1831) OR : ne Afghanistan to e Nepal  
        D. a. auriceps  (Vigors, 1831) ne Afghanistan, n Pakistan and n India  
        D. a. incognitus  (Scully, 1879) c Nepal  
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis  (Latham, 1801) OR : widespread  
        D. m. pallescens  Biswas, 1951 e Pakistan and nw India  
        D. m. mahrattensis  (Latham, 1801) India to sw China, Cambodia, Burma and Sri lanka  
Arabian Woodpecker Dendrocopos dorae  (Bates & Kinnear, 1935) EU : sw Arabian Peninsula  
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos cathpharius  (Blyth, 1843) OR, EU : wc Nepal to nw Laos and nc China  
        D. c. cathpharius  (Blyth, 1843) wc Nepal to ne India  
        D. c. ludlowi  Vaurie, 1959 se Tibet  
        D. c. pyrrhothorax  (Hume, 1881) ne India and w Burma  
        D. c. tenebrosus  (Rothschild, 1926) n and e Burma to s China and nw Vietnam  
        D. c. pernyii  (Verreaux, J, 1867) c China  
        D. c. innixus  (Bangs & Peters, JL, 1928) nc and ec China  
Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis  (Blyth, 1845) OR : wc Nepal to n Vietnam and sc China  
        D. d. darjellensis  (Blyth, 1845) Nepal and ne India to s China and nw Vietnam  
        D. d. desmursi  (Verreaux, J, 1871) c China  
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w, sw  
        D. m. medius  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe to w Russia  
        D. m. caucasicus  (Bianchi, 1905) n Turkey through the Caucasus  
        D. m. anatoliae  (Hartert, 1912) w and s Turkey  
        D. m. sanctijohannis  (Blanford, 1873) Zagros Mts. (sw Iran)  
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos  (Bechstein, 1802) EU : widespread  
        D. l. leucotos  (Bechstein, 1802) c and n Europe through central Russia to se Siberia and ne China  
        D. l. uralensis  (Malherbe, 1860) w Ural Mts. to Lake Baikal  
        D. l. lilfordi  (Sharpe & Dresser, 1871) s Europe to the Caucasus  
        D. l. tangi  Cheng, 1956 wc China  
        D. l. subcirris  (Stejneger, 1886) Hokkaido (Japan)  
        D. l. stejnegeri  (Kuroda, 1921) n Honshu (Japan)  
        D. l. namiyei  (Stejneger, 1886) s Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku (Japan)  
        D. l. takahashii  (Kuroda & Mori, 1920) Ullung-do (off South Korea)  
        D. l. owstoni  (Ogawa, 1905) n Ryukyu Is. (Japan)  
        D. l. quelpartensis  (Kuroda & Mori, 1918) Jeju-do (off South Korea)  
        D. l. fohkiensis  (Buturlin, 1908) se China  
        D. l. insularis  (Gould, 1863) Taiwan  
Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis  (Jardine & Selby, 1831) EU : ne Afghanistan to w Nepal  
        D. h. albescens  (Baker, ECS, 1926) ne Afghanistan, n Pakistan and n India  
        D. h. himalayensis  (Jardine & Selby, 1831) Kashmir to Nepal  
Sind Woodpecker Dendrocopos assimilis  (Blyth, 1849) EU : se Iran, Pakistan  
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) EU : se Europe to s Iran  
        D. s. syriacus  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) se Europe to Turkey sw Iran  
        D. s. transcaucasicus  Buturlin, 1910 Transcaucasia and n Iran  
        D. s. milleri  Zarudny, 1909 se Iran  
White-winged Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucopterus  (Salvadori, 1871) EU : c Kazakhstan to n Afghanistan, east to w Mongolia and w China  
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread  
        D. m. major  (Linnaeus, 1758) Scandinavia and ne Poland to w Siberia  
        D. m. brevirostris  (Reichenbach, 1854) w Siberia to e Siberia, ne China, n Mongolia  
        D. m. kamtschaticus  (Dybowski, 1883) Kamchatka Pen. (e Siberia)  
        D. m. anglicus  Hartert, 1900 Great Britain  
        D. m. pinetorum  (Brehm, CL, 1831) c Europe  
        D. m. parroti  Hartert, 1911 Corsica  
        D. m. harterti  Arrigoni degli Oddi, 1902 Sardinia  
        D. m. italiae  (Stresemann, 1919) Italy, Sicily and w Slovenia  
        D. m. hispanus  (Schluter, 1908) Iberian Pen.  
        D. m. canariensis  (Koenig, AF, 1889) Tenerife (Canary Is.)  
        D. m. thanneri  le Roi, 1911 Gran Canaria I. (Canary Is.)  
        D. m. mauritanus  (Brehm, CL, 1855) Morocco  
        D. m. numidus  (Malherbe, 1843) n Algeria and Tunesia  
        D. m. candidus  (Stresemann, 1919) Romania and s Ukraine to Greece  
        D. m. paphlagoniae  (Kummerlöwe & Niethammer, 1935) n Turkey  
        D. m. tenuirostris  Buturlin, 1906 Caucasus and Transcaucasia (sw Asia)  
        D. m. poelzami  (Bogdanov, 1879) se Azerbaijan, n Iran and sw Turkmenistan  
        D. m. japonicus  (Seebohm, 1883) se Siberia, ne China, Korea and n and c Japan  
        D. m. wulashanicus  Cheng, Xian, Zhang, Y & Jiang, 1975 Inner Mongolia (n China)  
        D. m. cabanisi  (Malherbe, 1854) e China  
        D. m. beicki  (Stresemann, 1927) c China  
        D. m. mandarinus  (Malherbe, 1857) s China and e Burma to n Laos and n Vietnam  
        D. m. stresemanni  (Rensch, 1923) ne India, ne Burma and s China  
        D. m. hainanus  Hartert & Hesse, 1911 Hainan I. (off se China)  
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris  (Wagler, 1829) NA, MA : sw USA to ne Nicaragua  
        P. s. cactophilus  (Oberholser, 1911) sw USA to c and e Mexico  
        P. s. eremicus  (Oberholser, 1911) n Baja California (Mexico)  
        P. s. lucasanus  (Xántus de Vésey, 1860) s Baja California (Mexico)  
        P. s. soulei  (Banks, 1963) Cerralvo I.  
        P. s. graysoni  (Baird, SF, 1874) Tres Marías Is. (off w Mexico)  
        P. s. sinaloensis  (Ridgway, 1887) w Mexico  
        P. s. scalaris  (Wagler, 1829) s Mexico  
        P. s. parvus  (Cabot, 1844) n Yucatan and Cozumel I. (se Mexico)  
        P. s. leucoptilurus  (Oberholser, 1911) Belize to n Nicaragua  
Nuttall's Woodpecker Picoides nuttallii  (Gambel, 1843) NA : California  
Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : widespread  
        P. p. glacialis  (Grinnell, 1910) se Alaska (USA)  
        P. p. medianus  (Swainson, 1832) c Alaska to e Canada and c and e USA  
        P. p. fumidus  (Maynard, 1889) sw Canada and w Washington (USA)  
        P. p. gairdnerii  (Audubon, 1839) w Oregon to nw California (USA)  
        P. p. turati  (Malherbe, 1860) c Washington to c California (USA)  
        P. p. leucurus  (Hartlaub, 1852) Rocky Mts. (se Alaska to sw USA)  
        P. p. pubescens  (Linnaeus, 1766) se USA  
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, MA : widespread  
        P. v. septentrionalis  (Nuttall, 1840) w North America from s Alaska to Ontario (Canada) to New Mexico (USA)  
        P. v. picoideus  (Osgood, 1901) Queen Charlotte Is. (off British Columbia, Canada)  
        P. v. sitkensis  (Swarth, 1911) se Alaska and n British Columbia (Canada)  
        P. v. harrisi  (Audubon, 1838) s British Columbia (Canada) to n California (USA)  
        P. v. terraenovae  (Batchelder, 1908) Newfoundland (Canada)  
        P. v. villosus  (Linnaeus, 1766) se Canada, nc and ne USA  
        P. v. orius  (Oberholser, 1911) British Columbia (Canada) to se California and w Texas (USA)  
        P. v. audubonii  (Swainson, 1832) se USA  
        P. v. hyloscopus  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) w and s California (USA), n Baja California (Mexico)  
        P. v. icastus  (Oberholser, 1911) se Arizona, sw New Mexico (USA) to w Mexico  
        P. v. jardinii  (Malherbe, 1845) c and ec Mexico  
        P. v. sanctorum  (Nelson, 1897) s Mexico to w Panama  
        P. v. piger  (Allen, GM, 1905) n Bahamas  
        P. v. maynardi  (Ridgway, 1887) s Bahamas  
Arizona Woodpecker Picoides arizonae  (Hargitt, 1886) NA, MA : sw USA, w, n Mexico  
        P. a. arizonae  (Hargitt, 1886) se Arizona (USA) and nw Mexico  
        P. a. fraterculus  (Ridgway, 1887) w Mexico  
Strickland's Woodpecker Picoides stricklandi  (Malherbe, 1845) MA : c Mexico  
Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis  (Vieillot, 1809) NA : se USA  
White-headed Woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus  (Cassin, 1850) NA : sw Canada, w USA  
        P. a. albolarvatus  (Cassin, 1850) British Columbia (Canada) to sw USA  
        P. a. gravirostris  (Grinnell, 1902) s California  
Smoky-brown Woodpecker Picoides fumigatus  (d'Orbigny, 1840) LA : e Mexico to nw Argentina TAX : Veniliornis fumigatus is now assigned to Picoides (Moore et al. 2006, SACC 263); resequenced
        P. f. oleagineus  (Reichenbach, 1854) e Mexico  
        P. f. sanguinolentus  (Sclater, PL, 1859) c and s Mexico to w Panama  
        P. f. reichenbachi  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Panama and n Venezuela through Colombia to e Ecuador  
        P. f. fumigatus  (d'Orbigny, 1840) upper Amazonia  
        P. f. obscuratus  (Chapman, 1927) nw Peru to nw Argentina  
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread  
        P. t. tridactylus  (Linnaeus, 1758) n Europe to the s Ural Mts. to se Siberia and ne China  
        P. t. alpinus  Brehm, CL, 1831 c and se Europe to w Ukraine and Romania  
        P. t. crissoleucus  (Reichenbach, 1854) n Ural Mts. to e Siberia  
        P. t. albidior  Stejneger, 1885 Kamchatka Pen. (e Siberia)  
        P. t. tianschanicus  Buturlin, 1907 e Kazakhstan and w China  
        P. t. kurodai  Yamashina, 1930 ne China and n Korea  
        P. t. inouyei  Yamashina, 1943 Hokkaido (Japan)  
        P. t. funebris  Verreaux, J, 1871 c China  
American Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides dorsalis  Baird, SF, 1858 NA : n, wc  
        P. d. fasciatus  Baird, SF, 1870 Alaska, w Canada and nw USA  
        P. d. dorsalis  Baird, SF, 1858 n Montana to c Arizona and New Mexico (USA)  
        P. d. bacatus  Bangs, 1900 c and e Canada, ne USA  
Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus  (Swainson, 1832) NA : Alaska, c and s Canada, n and w USA  
Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Veniliornis callonotus  (Waterhouse, 1841) SA : sw Colombia to nw Peru  
        V. c. callonotus  (Waterhouse, 1841) sw Colombia and nw Ecuador  
        V. c. major  (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) sw Ecuador and nw Peru  
Yellow-vented Woodpecker Veniliornis dignus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877) SA : sw Venezuela to Peru  
        V. d. dignus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877) sw Venezuela, w Colombia and n Ecuador  
        V. d. baezae  Chapman, 1923 ec Ecuador  
        V. d. valdizani  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) ec Peru  
Bar-bellied Woodpecker Veniliornis nigriceps  (d'Orbigny, 1840) SA : n Colombia to Bolivia  
        V. n. equifasciatus  Chapman, 1912 wc Colombia and n Ecuador  
        V. n. pectoralis  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) c Peru  
        V. n. nigriceps  (d'Orbigny, 1840) n Bolivia  
Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : widespread  
        V. p. fidelis  (Hargitt, 1889) e Colombia and w Venezuela  
        V. p. modestus  Zimmer, 1942 ne Venezuela  
        V. p. diversus  Zimmer, 1942 n Brazil  
        V. p. agilis  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Ecuador to n Bolivia, w Brazil  
        V. p. insignis  Zimmer, 1942 wc Brazil  
        V. p. tapajozensis  Gyldenstolpe, 1941 c Brazil  
        V. p. passerinus  (Linnaeus, 1766) the Guianas and ne Brazil  
        V. p. taenionotus  (Reichenbach, 1854) e Brazil  
        V. p. olivinus  (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) s Brazil to s Bolivia, Paraguay and n Argentina  
Dot-fronted Woodpecker Veniliornis frontalis  (Cabanis, 1883) SA : Bolivia to nw Argentina  
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster  (Wagler, 1827) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay  
Checkered Woodpecker Veniliornis mixtus  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : e, c, se TAX : SACC 262 assigns Picoides mixtus to Veniliornis (Moore et al. 2006)
        V. m. cancellatus  (Wagler, 1829) se Brazil  
        V. m. mixtus  (Boddaert, 1783) e Paraguay, Uruguay and ne Argentina  
        V. m. malleator  (Wetmore, 1922) Chaco region of se Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina  
        V. m. berlepschi  (Hellmayr, 1915) wc and c Argentina  
Striped Woodpecker Veniliornis lignarius  (Molina, 1782) SA : Bolivia, s Chile and Argentina TAX : SACC 262 assigns Picoides lignarius to Veniliornis (Moore et al. 2006)
Blood-colored Woodpecker Veniliornis sanguineus  (Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793) SA : Guianas  
Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii  (Malherbe, 1845) LA : Costa Rica to nw SA  
        V. k. neglectus  Bangs, 1901 sw Costa Rica and w Panama  
        V. k. cecilii  (Malherbe, 1849) e Panama and w Colombia to w Ecuador and n Peru  
        V. k. continentalis  Hellmayr, 1906 n and w Venezuela  
        V. k. monticola  Hellmayr, 1918 tepuis of se Venezuela  
        V. k. kirkii  (Malherbe, 1845) Trindad, Tobago and ne Venezuela  
Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis  (Swainson, 1821) SA : Amazonia, e Brazil  
        V. a. orenocensis  von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902 se Colombia, s Venezuela and n Brazil  
        V. a. hilaris  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Ecuador to n Bolivia, w Brazil  
        V. a. ruficeps  (von Spix, 1824) c and ne Brazil  
        V. a. affinis  (Swainson, 1821) e Brazil  
Choco Woodpecker Veniliornis chocoensis  Todd, 1919 SA : w Colombia to nw Ecuador  
Golden-collared Woodpecker Veniliornis cassini  (Malherbe, 1862) SA : ne Amazonia  
Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons  (von Spix, 1824) SA : e Brazil  
Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex  (Salvin, 1870) MA : Honduras to Panama  
Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker Piculus callopterus  (Lawrence, 1862) MA : Panama  
White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus  (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) SA : w Amazonia  
Lita Woodpecker Piculus litae  (Rothschild, 1901) SA : w Colombia to nw Ecuador  
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil  
        P. f. flavigula  (Boddaert, 1783) e Colombia and s Venezuela through the Guianas, n Brazil  
        P. f. magnus  (Cherrie & Reichenberger, 1921) ne Ecuador and se Colombia to n Bolivia, w Brazil  
        P. f. erythropis  (Vieillot, 1818) e and se Brazil  
Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros  (Vieillot, 1818) LA : Panama to Venezuela, Amazonia, se Brazil  
        P. c. aurosus  (Nelson, 1912) Panama  
        P. c. xanthochlorus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1875) n Colombia, nw Venezuela  
        P. c. capistratus  (Malherbe, 1862) se Colombia and nw Brazil to Suriname  
        P. c. guianensis  Todd, 1937 French Guiana  
        P. c. laemostictus  Todd, 1937 nw Brazil  
        P. c. hypochryseus  Todd, 1937 w Brazil and n Bolivia  
        P. c. paraensis  (Snethlage, E, 1907) ne Brazil  
        P. c. polyzonus  (Valenciennes, 1826) se Brazil  
        P. c. chrysochloros  (Vieillot, 1818) c and s Brazil to Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina  
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus  (Temminck, 1821) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus  (Swainson, 1820) LA : Mexico to Guyana, nw Peru and nw Argentina TAX : AOU and SACC 265 assign Piculus rubiginosus to Colaptes (Webb & Moore 2005; Benz et al. 2006)
        C. r. yucatanensis  (Cabot, 1844) s Mexico to w Panama  
        C. r. alleni  (Bangs, 1902) n Colombia  
        C. r. buenavistae  (Chapman, 1915) e Colombia and e Ecuador  
        C. r. meridensis  (Ridgway, 1911) nw Venezuela  
        C. r. rubiginosus  (Swainson, 1820) nc and ne Venezuela  
        C. r. deltanus  (Aveledo & Ginés, 1953) Delta Amacuro (ne Venezuela)  
        C. r. paraquensis  (Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1948) sc Venezuela  
        C. r. guianae  (Hellmayr, 1918) e Venezuela and w Guyana  
        C. r. viridissimus  (Chapman, 1939) tepuis of se Venezuela  
        C. r. nigriceps  (Blake, 1941) s Guyana and s Suriname  
        C. r. trinitatis  (Ridgway, 1911) Trindad  
        C. r. tobagensis  (Ridgway, 1911) Tobago  
        C. r. gularis  (Hargitt, 1889) c and w Colombia  
        C. r. rubripileus  (Salvadori & Festa, 1900) sw Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru  
        C. r. coloratus  (Chapman, 1923) se Ecuador to nc Peru  
        C. r. chrysogaster  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) c Peru  
        C. r. canipileus  (d'Orbigny, 1840) c and se Bolivia  
        C. r. tucumanus  (Cabanis, 1883) s Bolivia and nw Argentina  
Grey-crowned Woodpecker Colaptes auricularis  (Salvin & Godman, 1889) MA : w Mexico TAX : SACC 265 assigns Piculus auricularis to Colaptes (Webb & Moore 2005; Benz et al. 2006)
Bronze-winged Woodpecker Colaptes aeruginosus  (Malherbe, 1862) MA : ne Mexico AS, PHY : C. aeruginosus previously treated as a ssp of rubiginosus is sister to auricularis; rubiginosus is sister to C. atricollis (Moore et al 2010)
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Colaptes rivolii  (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : nw Venezuela to c Bolivia TAX : SACC 265 assigns Piculus rivolii to Colaptes (Webb & Moore 2005; Benz et al. 2006)
        C. r. quindiuna  (Chapman, 1923) nc Colombia  
        C. r. rivolii  (Boissonneau, 1840) ec Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        C. r. meridae  (Chapman, 1923) w Venezuela  
        C. r. brevirostris  (Taczanowski, 1875) sw Colombia to c Peru  
        C. r. atriceps  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) se Peru and Bolivia  
Black-necked Woodpecker Colaptes atricollis  (Malherbe, 1850) SA : Peru TAX : SACC assigns Chrysoptilus atricollis to Colaptes (Short 1982)
        C. a. atricollis  (Malherbe, 1850) w Peru  
        C. a. peruvianus  (Reichenbach, 1854) e Peru  
Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula  (Boddaert, 1783) LA : Panama through n SA, Amazonia TAX : SACC assigns Chrysoptilus punctigula to Colaptes (Short 1982)
        C. p. ujhelyii  (Madarász, 1912) e Panama to n Colombia  
        C. p. striatigularis  (Chapman, 1914) wc Colombia  
        C. p. punctipectus  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Colombia and Venezuela  
        C. p. zuliae  (Cory, 1915) nw Venezuela  
        C. p. punctigula  (Boddaert, 1783) the Guianas  
        C. p. guttatus  (von Spix, 1824) Upper Amazonia  
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : e, c, se TAX : SACC assigns Chrysoptilus melanochloros to Colaptes (Short 1982)
        C. m. melanochloros  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Brazil, se Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay.  
        C. m. nattereri  (Malherbe, 1845) ne Brazil through c Brazil to e Bolivia  
        C. m. melanolaimus  (Malherbe, 1857) c and s Bolivia  
        C. m. nigroviridis  (Grant, 1911) e Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina  
        C. m. leucofrenatus  Leybold, 1873 w Argentina  
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : widespread  
        C. a. cafer  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Alaska to n California (USA)  
        C. a. collaris  Vigors, 1829 sw USA and nw Mexico  
        C. a. rufipileus 
†  Ridgway, 1876
Guadalupe I., Mexico  
        C. a. nanus  Griscom, 1934 w Texas (USA) to ne Mexico  
        C. a. mexicanoides  Lafresnaye, 1844 s Mexico to Nicaragua  
        C. a. mexicanus  Swainson, 1827 c Mexico  
        C. a. luteus  Bangs, 1898 c Alaska to e Canada, ne USA and Montana (nc USA)  
        C. a. auratus  (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA  
        C. a. chrysocaulosus  Gundlach, 1858 Cuba  
        C. a. gundlachi  Cory, 1886 Grand Cayman I.  
Gilded Flicker Colaptes chrysoides  (Malherbe, 1852) NA, MA : sw USA, nw Mexico  
        C. c. mearnsi  Ridgway, 1911 se California and c and s Arizona (USA) to n Sonora (nw Mexico)  
        C. c. tenebrosus  van Rossem, 1930 n Sonora to n Sinaloa (nw Mexico)  
        C. c. brunnescens  Anthony, 1895 n and c Baja California (nw Mexico)  
        C. c. chrysoides  (Malherbe, 1852) s Baja California (nw Mexico)  
Fernandina's Flicker Colaptes fernandinae  Vigors, 1827 NA : Cuba  
Chilean Flicker Colaptes pitius  (Molina, 1782) SA : Chile, sw Argentina  
Andean Flicker Colaptes rupicola  d'Orbigny, 1840 SA : s Ecuador to nw Argentina  
        C. r. cinereicapillus  Reichenbach, 1854 s Ecuador and n Peru  
        C. r. puna  Cabanis, 1883 c and s Peru  
        C. r. rupicola  d'Orbigny, 1840 Bolivia, n Chile and nw Argentina  
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris  (Vieillot, 1818) SA : e, c, se  
        C. c. campestris  (Vieillot, 1818) c Suriname and nc and e Brazil to Bolivia and c Paraguay  
        C. c. campestroides  (Malherbe, 1849) c and s Paraguay to se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina  
Cinnamon Woodpecker Celeus loricatus  (Reichenbach, 1854) LA : e Nicaragua to sw Ecuador  
        C. l. diversus  Ridgway, 1914 e Nicaragua to w Panama  
        C. l. mentalis  Cassin, 1860 Panama and nw Colombia  
        C. l. innotatus  Todd, 1917 n Colombia  
        C. l. loricatus  (Reichenbach, 1854) w Colombia to sw Ecuador  
Waved Woodpecker Celeus undatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : e Venezuela to ne Brazil  
        C. u. amacurensis  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1950 ne Venezuela  
        C. u. undatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil  
        C. u. multifasciatus  (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) ne Brazil (s of the Amazon)  
Scaly-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus  (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) SA : w, nw, c Amazonia PL : Scaly-breasted Woodpecker may be conspecific with Waved Woodpecker (RSR; ref?)
        C. g. verreauxii  (Malherbe, 1858) e Ecuador and ne Peru  
        C. g. grammicus  (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) se Colombia and s Venezuela to ne Peru and w Brazil; also French Guiana  
        C. g. subcervinus  Todd, 1937 c Brazil  
        C. g. latifasciatus  Seilern, 1936 se Peru and sw Brazil to n Bolivia  
Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus  (Wagler, 1829) MA : se Mexico to w Panama  
Chestnut Woodpecker Celeus elegans  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : n, Amazonia  
        C. e. hellmayri  von Berlepsch, 1908 e Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname  
        C. e. deltanus  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1950 ne Venezuela  
        C. e. leotaudi  Hellmayr, 1906 Trinidad  
        C. e. elegans  (Statius Müller, 1776) French Guiana and ne Brazil (n of the Amazon)  
        C. e. citreopygius  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1867 e Ecuador and e Peru  
        C. e. jumanus  (von Spix, 1824) e Colombia and s Venezuela to n Bolivia  
Pale-crested Woodpecker Celeus lugubris  (Malherbe, 1851) SA : sc  
        C. l. lugubris  (Malherbe, 1851) e Bolivia and sw Brazil  
        C. l. kerri  Hargitt, 1891 Paraguay, s Brazil and ne Argentina  
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : e, se  
        C. f. intercedens  Hellmayr, 1908 ne Brazil  
        C. f. flavescens  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e Paraguay to se Brazil and ne Argentina  
Ochre-backed Woodpecker Celeus ochraceus  (von Spix, 1824) SA : e Brazil  AS : Ochre-backed Woodpecker is split from Blond-crested Woodpecker (Benz & Robbins 2011)
Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil  
        C. f. flavus  (Statius Müller, 1776) e Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas to E Ecuador, W Brazil and N Bolivia  
        C. f. peruvianus  (Cory, 1919) e Peru  
        C. f. tectricialis  (Hellmayr, 1922) ne Brazil  
        C. f. subflavus  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877 e Brazil  
Rufous-headed Woodpecker Celeus spectabilis  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1880 SA : w Amazonia  
        C. s. spectabilis  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1880 e Ecuador and ne Peru  
        C. s. exsul  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1941 se Peru, n Bolivia and w Brazil  
Kaempfer's Woodpecker Celeus obrieni  Short, 1973 SA : e Brazil ENG : Change English name of Celeus obrieni from Piaui Woodpecker to Kaempfer‘s Woodpecker (SACC 249)
Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia, e Brazil  
        C. t. torquatus  (Boddaert, 1783) e Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil  
        C. t. occidentalis  (Hargitt, 1889) se Colombia, Amazonian Brazil and n Bolivia  
        C. t. tinnunculus  (Wagler, 1829) e Brazil  
Helmeted Woodpecker Dryocopus galeatus  (Temminck, 1822) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Black-bodied Woodpecker Dryocopus schulzi  (Cabanis, 1883) SA : sc Bolivia and w Paraguay to nc Argentina  
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : widespread  
        D. l. scapularis  (Vigors, 1829) w Mexico  
        D. l. similis  (Lesson, 1847) e Mexico to nw Costa Rica  
        D. l. lineatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Costa Rica to e Peru, n Paraguay, e Brazil and the Guianas  
        D. l. fuscipennis  Sclater, PL, 1860 w Ecuador and nw Peru  
        D. l. erythrops  (Valenciennes, 1826) se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : e, nw USA, s Canada  
        D. p. abieticola  (Bangs, 1898) s Canada south through w, nc and ne USA  
        D. p. pileatus  (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA  
White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : widespread  
        D. j. hodgsonii  (Jerdon, 1840) India  
        D. j. richardsi  Tristram, 1879 Korea  
        D. j. forresti  Rothschild, 1922 n Burma and sw China  
        D. j. feddeni  (Blyth, 1863) Burma, Thailand and s Indochina  
        D. j. javensis  (Horsfield, 1821) c and s Malay Pen., Greater Sundas and nearby islands  
        D. j. parvus  (Richmond, 1902) Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        D. j. hargitti  (Sharpe, 1884) Palawan (w Philippines)  
        D. j. esthloterus  Parkes, 1971 n Luzon (n Philippines)  
        D. j. confusus  (Stresemann, 1913) c and s Luzon (n Philippines)  
        D. j. pectoralis  (Tweeddale, 1878) Samar, , Leyte, Bohol (ec Philippines)  
        D. j. multilunatus  (McGregor, 1907) Basilan, Dinagat, Mindanao (s Philippines)  
        D. j. suluensis  (Blasius, W, 1890) Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)  
        D. j. philippinensis  (Steere, 1890) Panay, Masbate, Guimaras, Negros (wc Philippines)  
        D. j. cebuensis 
†  Kennedy, 1987
Cebu (c Philippines)  
        D. j. mindorensis  (Steere, 1890) Mindoro (wc Philippines)  
Andaman Woodpecker Dryocopus hodgei  (Blyth, 1860) OR : Andaman Islands  
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread  
        D. m. martius  (Linnaeus, 1758) w Europe to Kamchatka and Japan  
        D. m. khamensis  Buturlin, 1908 Tibet and sw China  
Powerful Woodpecker Campephilus pollens  (Bonaparte, 1845) SA : nc Colombia to Peru  
        C. p. pollens  (Bonaparte, 1845) nc Colombia and sw Venezuela to Ecuador  
        C. p. peruvianus  (Cory, 1915) Peru  
Crimson-bellied Woodpecker Campephilus haematogaster  (Tschudi, 1844) LA : Panama to Peru  
        C. h. splendens  Hargitt, 1889 Panama, w Colombia and nw Ecuador  
        C. h. haematogaster  (Tschudi, 1844) c Colombia, e Ecuador to c Peru  
Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia  
        C. r. rubricollis  (Boddaert, 1783) e Colombia and e Ecuador through s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        C. r. trachelopyrus  (Malherbe, 1857) e Peru, n Bolivia and w Brazil  
        C. r. olallae  (Gyldenstolpe, 1945) c and sw Brazil to c Bolivia  
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus  (Lichtenstein, 1818) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : widespread, also Panama  
        C. m. malherbii  Gray, GR, 1845 w Panama to n and c Colombia  
        C. m. melanoleucos  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Colombia to the Guianas, south to Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
        C. m. cearae  (Cory, 1915) e and s Brazil  
Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis  (Hartlaub, 1844) MA : widespread  
        C. g. regius  Reichenbach, 1854 e Mexico  
        C. g. nelsoni  (Ridgway, 1911) n and w Mexico  
        C. g. guatemalensis  (Hartlaub, 1844) s Mexico to w Panama  
Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus gayaquilensis  (Lesson, 1845) SA : sw Colombia to nw Peru  
Cream-backed Woodpecker Campephilus leucopogon  (Valenciennes, 1826) SA : c Bolivia and w Paraguay to nw Uruguay and nc Argentina  
Magellanic Woodpecker Campephilus magellanicus  (King, 1827) SA : Chile, sw Argentina  
Ivory-billed Woodpecker Campephilus principalis  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : se USA, Cuba  
        C. p. principalis  (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA  
        C. p. bairdii  Cassin, 1864 Cuba  
Imperial Woodpecker Campephilus imperialis  (Gould, 1832) MA : nc, c Mexico  
Banded Woodpecker Chrysophlegma miniaceum  (Pennant, 1769) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        C. m. perlutum  (Kloss, 1918) s Burma and sw Thailand  
        C. m. malaccense  (Latham, 1790) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        C. m. niasense  Büttikofer, 1896 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        C. m. miniaceum  (Pennant, 1769) Java  
Checker-throated Woodpecker Chrysophlegma mentale  (Temminck, 1826) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        C. m. humii  Hargitt, 1889 s Burma, Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        C. m. mentale  (Temminck, 1826) Java  
Greater Yellownape Chrysophlegma flavinucha  (Gould, 1834) OR : widespread  
        C. f. kumaonense  Koelz, 1950 central Himalayas  
        C. f. flavinucha  (Gould, 1834) ne and e India to Burma  
        C. f. ricketti  Styan, 1898 se China and Tonkin area of n Vietnam  
        C. f. styani  Ogilvie-Grant, 1899 Hainan I. and nearby se China  
        C. f. lylei  Kloss, 1918 w Thailand and e Burma to s China, n Laos and nw Vietnam  
        C. f. pierrei  (Oustalet, 1889) se Thailand to s Vietnam  
        C. f. wrayi  Sharpe, 1888 Malay Pen.  
        C. f. mystacale  Salvadori, 1879 n Sumatra  
        C. f. korinchi  Chasen, 1940 s Sumatra  
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus  Vieillot, 1818 OR : widespread  
        P. c. simlae  Meinertzhagen, 1924 n India to c Nepal  
        P. c. chlorolophus  Vieillot, 1818 e Nepal and ne India through Burma to n Vietnam  
        P. c. laotianus  Delacour, 1926 n Laos and ne Thailand  
        P. c. chlorigaster  Jerdon, 1845 c and s India  
        P. c. wellsi  Meinertzhagen, 1924 Sri Lanka  
        P. c. citrinocristatus  (Rickett, 1901) Tonkin area of n Vietnam and se China  
        P. c. longipennis  (Hartert, 1910) Hainan I. (off se China)  
        P. c. annamensis  Meinertzhagen, 1924 s Thailand to s Vietnam  
        P. c. rodgeri  (Hartert & Butler, AL, 1898) w Malaysia  
        P. c. vanheysti  (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) Sumatra  
Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus  Horsfield, 1821 OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
        P. p. observandus  (Hartert, 1896) s Burma, Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        P. p. soligae  Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        P. p. puniceus  Horsfield, 1821 Java  
Streak-breasted Woodpecker Picus viridanus  Blyth, 1843 OR : Burma to Malay Peninsula  
        P. v. viridanus  Blyth, 1843 Burma, sw Thailand  
        P. v. weberi  (Müller, A, 1882) c and n Malay Pen.  
Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus  Vieillot, 1818 OR : Southeast Asia to Java  
        P. v. eisenhoferi  Gyldenstolpe, 1916 e Burma and s China to n Thailand, Laos and Vietnam  
        P. v. eurous  Deignan, 1955 se Thailand, Cambodia  
        P. v. connectens  (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) sw Thailand, Langkawi I. (w of Malay Pen.)  
        P. v. vittatus  Vieillot, 1818 s Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java, Bali and Kangean Is.  
Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus  (Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847) OR : India and Nepal to s Thailand; Camboodia  
Scaly-bellied Woodpecker Picus squamatus  Vigors, 1831 EU : sc Asia  
        P. s. flavirostris  (Menzbier, 1886) e Iran and s Turkmenistan to w Pakistan  
        P. s. squamatus  Vigors, 1831 ne Afghanistan to n India  
Japanese Green Woodpecker Picus awokera  Temminck, 1836 EU : Japan  
        P. a. awokera  Temminck, 1836 Honshu (c Japan)  
        P. a. horii  Taka-Tsukasa, 1918 Kyushu, Shikoku (s Japan)  
        P. a. takatsukasae  Kuroda, 1921 Tannegashima, Yakushima (s Japan)  
European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis  Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w  
        P. v. viridis  Linnaeus, 1758 n and c Europe  
        P. v. karelini  von Brandt, 1841 se Europe to sw Turkmenistan  
        P. v. innominatus  (Zarudny & Loudon, 1905) sw Iran  
Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpei  (Saunders, H, 1872) Iberian Pen. AS : Iberian Green Woodpecker is split from European Green Woodpecker P. viridis (Pons et al 2011, Perktas et al 2011)
Levaillant's Woodpecker Picus vaillantii  (Malherbe, 1847) AF : Morocco, Tunisia TAX : see Pons et al 2010.
Red-collared Woodpecker Picus rabieri  (Oustalet, 1898) OR : Laos, Vietnam  
Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius  (Elliot, 1865) OR : Southeast Asia  
        P. e. nigrigenis  (Hume, 1874) Burma and w Thailand  
        P. e. erythropygius  (Elliot, 1865) ne Thailand and Indochina  
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus  Gmelin, JF, 1788 EU, OR : widespread  
        P. c. canus  Gmelin, JF, 1788 n and c Europe to w Siberia  
        P. c. jessoensis  Stejneger, 1886 e Siberia to ne China, Korea and n Japan  
        P. c. kogo  (Bianchi, 1906) c China  
        P. c. guerini  (Malherbe, 1849) nc and ec China  
        P. c. sobrinus  Peters, JL, 1948 se China and ne Vietnam  
        P. c. tancolo  (Gould, 1863) Hainan I. (off se China) and Taiwan  
        P. c. sordidior  (Rippon, 1906) se Tibet and sw China to ne Burma  
        P. c. sanguiniceps  Baker, ECS, 1926 ne Pakistan to n India and w Nepal  
        P. c. hessei  Gyldenstolpe, 1916 Nepal and ne India to Burma and Indochina  
        P. c. robinsoni  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) w Malaysia  
        P. c. dedemi  (van Oort, 1911) Sumatra  
Olive-backed Woodpecker Dinopium rafflesii  (Vigors, 1830) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        D. r. rafflesii  (Vigors, 1830) s Burma, sw Thailand, Malay Pen., Sumatra and Bangka I. (e of Sumatra)  
        D. r. dulitense  Delacour, 1946 Borneo  
Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii  (Vigors, 1831) OR : n India to Burma ENG : Change “Goldenback“ to “Flameback“, which is now the established name for this species
        D. s. shorii  (Vigors, 1831) n India to n Bangladesh  
        D. s. anguste  Ripley, 1950 w and n Burma  
Common Flameback Dinopium javanense  (Ljungh, 1797) OR : widespread ENG : Change “Goldenback“ to “Flameback“, which is now the established name for this species
        D. j. malabaricum  Whistler, 1934 sw India  
        D. j. intermedium  (Blyth, 1845) ne India and Bangladesh to sc China, Indochina and Burma  
        D. j. javanense  (Ljungh, 1797) Malay Pen., Sumatra, w Java and Borneo  
        D. j. exsul  (Hartert, 1901) e Java and Bali  
        D. j. borneonense  (Dubois, AJC, 1897) ne Borneo and nearby islands  
Spot-throated Flameback Dinopium everetti  (Tweeddale, 1878) OR : s Philippines AS : Split Spot-throated Flameback D. everetti from Common Flameback D. javanense (Mees 1966, Collar 2011)
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense  (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : Indian subcontinent; records in Burma doubtful (Rasmussen and Anderton 2005) ENG : CHANGE English name “Lesser Goldenback“ to “Black-rumped Flameback“, which is now the established name for this species
        D. b. benghalense  (Linnaeus, 1758) n, c and ne India  
        D. b. dilutum  (Blyth, 1852) Pakistan to w India  
        D. b. tehminae  (Whistler & Kinnear, 1934) sw India  
        D. b. puncticolle  (Malherbe, 1845) c and s India  
        D. b. jaffnense  (Whistler, 1944) n Sri Lanka  
        D. b. psarodes  (Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793) c and s Sri Lanka  
Buff-spotted Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : ec, s Philippines ENG : CHANGE “Goldenback“ to “Flameback“ established for these species; Change to Buff-spotted Flameback for C. lucidus with split of widespread guttacristatus, which takes English name Greater Flameback
        C. l. rufopunctatus  Hargitt, 1889 ec Philippines  
        C. l. montanus  Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 Mindanao (s Philippines)  
        C. l. lucidus  (Scopoli, 1786) Zamboanga Pen. (w Mindanao, s Philippines) and Basilan I. (s Philippines)  
Luzon Flameback Chrysocolaptes haematribon  (Wagler, 1827) OR : n Philippines AS : Chrysocolaptes haematribon is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus
Yellow-faced Flameback Chrysocolaptes xanthocephalus  Walden & Layard, EL, 1872 OR : wc Philippines AS : Chrysocolaptes xanthocephalus is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus
Red-headed Flameback Chrysocolaptes erythrocephalus  Sharpe, 1877 OR : Palawan and other w Philippine Is. AS : Chrysocolaptes erythrocephalus is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus
Javan Flameback Chrysocolaptes strictus  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : e Java, Bali and the Kangean Is. (n of Bali) AS : Chrysocolaptes strictus (incl kangeanensis) is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus
        C. s. strictus  (Horsfield, 1821) coastal e Java, Bali  
        C. s. kangeanensis  Hoogerwerf, 1963 Kangean Is. (n of Bali)  
Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus  (Tickell, 1833) EU, OR : India, Himalayas east to Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas AS : Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus (incl socialis, indomalayicus) is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus
        C. g. guttacristatus  (Tickell, 1833) Himalayas and se India to s China, Thailand and Indochina  
        C. g. socialis  Koelz, 1939 sw India  
        C. g. indomalayicus  Hesse, 1911 Malay Pen., Sumatra, and w and c Java  
        C. g. andrewsi  Amadon, 1943 ne Borneo  
Crimson-backed Flameback Chrysocolaptes stricklandi  (Layard, EL, 1854) OR : Sri Lanka AS, ENG : Chrysocolaptes stricklandi is split from C. lucidus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005); “Flameback“ is now the established name for this species
White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus  (Boddaert, 1783) OR : India, Sri Lanka  
        C. f. festivus  (Boddaert, 1783) c and s India  
        C. f. tantus  Ripley, 1946 Sri Lanka  
Pale-headed Woodpecker Gecinulus grantia  (Horsfield, 1840) OR : Southeast Asia, e China  
        G. g. grantia  (Horsfield, 1840) e Nepal and ne India to w Burma  
        G. g. indochinensis  Delacour, 1927 sw China to ne Burma, Laos and n Vietnam  
        G. g. viridanus  Slater, 1897 se China  
        G. g. poilanei  Deignan, 1950 s Vietnam  
Bamboo Woodpecker Gecinulus viridis  Blyth, 1862 OR : Burma to Malay Peninsula  
        G. v. viridis  Blyth, 1862 c and e Burma, Thailand  
        G. v. robinsoni  Kloss, 1918 Malay Pen.  
Okinawa Woodpecker Sapheopipo noguchii  (Seebohm, 1887) EU : Okinawa  
Maroon Woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus  (Swainson, 1837) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis  (Hodgson, 1837) OR : Nepal to s Vietnam and se China  
        B. p. pyrrhotis  (Hodgson, 1837) Nepal and ne India to s China, Laos and n Vietnam  
        B. p. sinensis  (Rickett, 1897) se China  
        B. p. annamensis  Kinnear, 1926 s Vietnam  
        B. p. hainanus  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1899) Hainan I. (off se China)  
        B. p. cameroni  Robinson, 1928 Malay Pen.  
Orange-backed Woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus  (Temminck, 1825) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
        R. v. xanthopygius  (Finsch, 1905) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        R. v. validus  (Temminck, 1825) Java  
Rufous Woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus  (Vieillot, 1818) OR : widespread TAX, SEQ : Segregate Rufous Woodpecker from Celeus species of Neotropics to monotypic, convergent Micropternus, resequence before Meiglyptes (Benz et al 2006)
        M. b. jerdonii  (Malherbe, 1849) c and s India, Sri Lanka  
        M. b. humei  Kloss, 1918 nw India to w Nepal  
        M. b. phaioceps  (Blyth, 1845) c Nepal and ne India to sw and s China, n and e Thailand and Burma  
        M. b. annamensis  Delacour & Jabouille, 1924 Laos, Cambodia and s Vietnam  
        M. b. fokiensis  (Swinhoe, 1863) se China and n Vietnam  
        M. b. holroydi  Swinhoe, 1870 Hainan I. (off se China)  
        M. b. williamsoni  Kloss, 1918 sw and c Thailand, n Malay Pen.  
        M. b. badius  (Raffles, 1822) Thai-Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung and Nias Is. SSP : M. b. badius includes squamigularis and celaenephis (H&M 4:300) 
        M. b. brachyurus  (Vieillot, 1818) Java  
        M. b. badiosus  (Bonaparte, 1850) Borneo and n Natuna Is.  
Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
        M. t. grammithorax  (Malherbe, 1862) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo and nearby islands  
        M. t. tristis  (Horsfield, 1821) Java  
Black-and-buff Woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis  (Blyth, 1845) OR : Southeast Asia  
Buff-necked Woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki  (Lesson, 1839) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        M. t. tukki  (Lesson, 1839) Malay Pen., Sumatra, n Borneo and nearby islands  
        M. t. pulonis  Chasen & Kloss, 1929 Banggi I. (off n Borneo)  
        M. t. percnerpes  Oberholser, 1924 s Borneo  
        M. t. infuscatus  Salvadori, 1887 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        M. t. batu  Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 Batu Is. (off w Sumatra)  
Ashy Woodpecker Mulleripicus fulvus  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Sulawesi  
        M. f. fulvus  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) n Sulawesi, Togian Is.  
        M. f. wallacei  Tweeddale, 1877 c, a and s Sulawesi  
Sooty Woodpecker Mulleripicus funebris  (Valenciennes, 1826) OR : Philippines  
        M. f. funebris  (Valenciennes, 1826) n Philippines  
        M. f. fuliginosus  Tweeddale, 1877 ec and s Philippines  
Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus  (Temminck, 1826) OR : widespread  
        M. p. mohun  Ripley, 1950 n India, Nepal and ne India  
        M. p. harterti  Hesse, 1911 ne India to sw China, Indochina and n Malay Pen.  
        M. p. pulverulentus  (Temminck, 1826) s Malay Pen., Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Balabac and Palawan Is.