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NAMES >> Index >>Tanagers, Cardinals and allies

IOC English NameScientific NameRangeComments
       
 
ORDER PASSERIFORMES
  PHY : The Passeriformes, or perching birds, include the majority of world bird species; parrots are the sister group of the perching birds (Hackett et al. 2008)
       
Tanagers and allies (372)
Family Thraupidae
   
Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei  (Lesson, 1839) SA : se Brazil  
Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata  (Miller, JF, 1776) SA : se  
Red-cowled Cardinal Paroaria dominicana  (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : ne Brazil  
Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia  
        P. g. gularis  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Colombia to e Peru and through the Guianas to c Brazil  
        P. g. cervicalis  Sclater, PL, 1862 ne Bolivia and sw Brazil  
Masked Cardinal Paroaria nigrogenis  (Lafresnaye, 1846) SA : ec Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad AS : Masked Cardinal is split from Red-capped Cardinal (Dávalos & Porzecanski 2009, SACC 469A)
Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri  Hellmayr, 1907 SA : Brazil  
        P. b. baeri  Hellmayr, 1907 ec Brazil  
        P. b. xinguensis  Sick, 1950 c Brazil  
Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sc  
        P. c. fuscipes  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 se Bolivia  
        P. c. capitata  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) c Bolivia and s Brazil to Paraguay, n Argentina and nw Uruguay  
Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina  
        S. r. capistrata  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) e Brazil  
        S. r. sicki  Pinto & Camargo, 1952 c Brazil  
        S. r. ruficapillus  (Vieillot, 1817) se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamys melanopis  (Latham, 1790) SA : n, c, e  
        S. m. aterrima  Todd, 1912 c Colombia, Venezuela, w Guyana and n Brazil  
        S. m. melanopis  (Latham, 1790) e Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and ne Brazil  
        S. m. grisea  Cory, 1916 s Ecuador and e Peru  
        S. m. olivina  (Sclater, PL, 1865) se Peru and n Bolivia to sc Brazil  
        S. m. amazonica  Zimmer, 1947 e and se Brazil  
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leverianus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : n, w Amazonia, sc SA  
        C. l. leverianus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e Colombia and s Venezuela through the Guianas and Amazonian Brazil to c Bolivia  
        C. l. major  Cabanis, 1851 Paraguay, se Brazil and n Argentina  
Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera  (Gould, 1855) SA : Ecuador, Peru  
Cone-billed Tanager Conothraupis mesoleuca  (Berlioz, 1939) SA : wc Brazil  
Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : Amazonia  
Scarlet-throated Tanager Compsothraupis loricata  (Lichtenstein, 1819) SA : e Brazil  
White-capped Tanager Sericossypha albocristata  (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Venezuela to Peru  
Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : widespread  
        N. p. hypoleuca  Todd, 1916 n Colombia and n Venezuela  
        N. p. surinamensis  Zimmer, 1947 Guyana and Suriname  
        N. p. pileata  (Boddaert, 1783) French Guiana through c Brazil to n Bolivia  
        N. p. interna  Zimmer, 1947 nc Brazil  
        N. p. nana  von Berlepsch, 1912 ne Peru and w Brazil  
        N. p. caerulea  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1831) e and s Brazil, e Bolivia, Paraguay and n Argentina  
Cherry-throated Tanager Nemosia rourei  Cabanis, 1870 SA : se Brazil  
Rufous-crested Tanager Creurgops verticalis  Sclater, PL, 1858 SA : Venezuela to Peru  
Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentatus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) SA : Peru, Bolivia  
Dusky-faced Tanager Mitrospingus cassinii  (Lawrence, 1861) LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador  
        M. c. costaricensis  Todd, 1922 Costa Rica and nw Panama  
        M. c. cassinii  (Lawrence, 1861) c Panama through w Colombia to w Ecuador  
Olive-backed Tanager Mitrospingus oleagineus  (Salvin, 1886) SA : Tepuis  
        M. o. obscuripectus  Zimmer & Phelps, 1945 se Venezuela and n Brazil  
        M. o. oleagineus  (Salvin, 1886) e Venezuela and Guyana  
Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : se Brazil  
Black-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus atropileus  (Lafresnaye, 1842) SA : Venezuela to Ecuador  
White-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus auricularis  (Cabanis, 1873) SA : Peru AS : Hemispingus auricularis is split from H.atropileus (García-Moreno & Fjelds? 2003); SACC needs proposal
Orange-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus calophrys  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) SA : Peru, Bolivia  
Parodi's Hemispingus Hemispingus parodii  Weske & Terborgh, 1974 SA : Peru  
Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris  (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Venezuela to n Bolivia  
        H. s. chrysophrys  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1875) w Venezuela  
        H. s. superciliaris  (Lafresnaye, 1840) nc Colombia  
        H. s. nigrifrons  (Lawrence, 1875) c Colombia to c Ecuador  
        H. s. maculifrons  Zimmer, 1947 sw Ecuador and nw Peru  
        H. s. insignis  Zimmer, 1947 n and nc Peru  
        H. s. leucogastrus  (Taczanowski, 1874) c Peru  
        H. s. urubambae  Zimmer, 1947 s Peru to c Bolivia  
Grey-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus reyi  (von Berlepsch, 1885) SA : sw Venezuela  
Oleaginous Hemispingus Hemispingus frontalis  (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Venezuela to Peru  
        H. f. ignobilis  (Sclater, PL, 1862) w Venezuela  
        H. f. flavidorsalis  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 nw Venezuela  
        H. f. hanieli  Hellmayr & Seilern, 1914 n Venezuela  
        H. f. iteratus  Chapman, 1925 ne Venezuela  
        H. f. frontalis  (Tschudi, 1844) Colombia, Ecuador and Peru  
Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis  (Sclater, PL, 1855) SA : w Venezuela to wc Bolivia  
        H. m. melanotis  (Sclater, PL, 1855) w Venezuela and c Colombia to c Ecuador  
        H. m. berlepschi  (Taczanowski, 1880) n and c Peru  
        H. m. castaneicollis  (Sclater, PL, 1858) s Peru to c Bolivia  
Western Hemispingus Hemispingus ochraceus  (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) SA : sw Colombia, w Ecuador AS : Hemispingus ochraceus is split from H.melanotis (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001); SACC needs proposal
Piura Hemispingus Hemispingus piurae  Chapman, 1923 SA : sw Ecuador, nw Peru AS : Hemispingus piurae is split from H.melanotis (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, García-Moreno & Fjelds? 2003); SACC 284 rejected split (too few DNA base pairs)
        H. p. piurae  Chapman, 1923 s Ecuador and nw Peru  
        H. p. macrophrys  Koepcke, 1961 w Peru  
Slaty-backed Hemispingus Hemispingus goeringi  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871) SA : sw Venezuela  
Rufous-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus rufosuperciliaris  Blake & Hocking, 1974 SA : Peru  
Black-headed Hemispingus Hemispingus verticalis  (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Colombia to Peru  
Drab Hemispingus Hemispingus xanthophthalmus  (Taczanowski, 1874) SA : Peru, Bolivia  
Three-striped Hemispingus Hemispingus trifasciatus  (Taczanowski, 1874) SA : Peru, Bolivia  
Grey-hooded Bush Tanager Cnemoscopus rubrirostris  (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        C. r. rubrirostris  (Lafresnaye, 1840) w Venezuela and nc Colombia to Ecuador  
        C. r. chrysogaster  (Taczanowski, 1875) n Peru to w Boliivia  
Fulvous-headed Tanager Thlypopsis fulviceps  Cabanis, 1851 SA : Colombia, Venezuela  
        T. f. fulviceps  Cabanis, 1851 n Venezuela  
        T. f. obscuriceps  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        T. f. meridensis  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1962 w Venezuela  
        T. f. intensa  Todd, 1917 nc Colombia  
Rufous-chested Tanager Thlypopsis ornata  (Sclater, PL, 1859) SA : Colombia to Peru  
        T. o. ornata  (Sclater, PL, 1859) sw Colombia to w Ecuador  
        T. o. media  Zimmer, 1930 s Ecuador to c Peru  
        T. o. macropteryx  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 c and s Peru  
Brown-flanked Tanager Thlypopsis pectoralis  (Taczanowski, 1884) SA : Peru  
Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : w Amazonia, e, sc SA  
        T. s. orinocensis  Friedmann, 1942 c Venezuela  
        T. s. chrysopis  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1880) s Colombia, e Ecuador, e Peru and w Brazil  
        T. s. sordida  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) e Bolivia to e Brazil and south to Paraguay and n Argentina  
Buff-bellied Tanager Thlypopsis inornata  (Taczanowski, 1879) SA : Peru  
Rust-and-yellow Tanager Thlypopsis ruficeps  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Peru to nw Argentina  
Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps  (Strickland, 1844) SA : se  
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea  (Lesson, 1831) SA : c, sc  
        C. h. pallidigula  Hellmayr, 1907 Suriname, French Guiana, ne Bolivia to ec Brazil  
        C. h. hirundinacea  (Lesson, 1831) e Bolivia, Paraguay and s Brazil  
Pardusco Nephelornis oneilli  Lowery & Tallman, 1976 SA : Peru  
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops  (Vieillot, 1818) SA : sc  
Grey-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata  (von Spix, 1825) LA : se Mexico to sc Brazil and n Paraguay  
        E. p. pallida  von Berlepsch, 1888 se Mexico to Honduras  
        E. p. spodocephalus  (Bonaparte, 1853) Nicaragua and n Costa Rica  
        E. p. stictothorax  von Berlepsch, 1888 wc Costa Rica to w Panama  
        E. p. cristata  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1855) e Panama, n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        E. p. affinis  von Berlepsch, 1888 n Venezuela  
        E. p. penicillata  (von Spix, 1825) se Colombia, e Ecuador and e Peru east through the Guianas and n Brazil  
        E. p. albicollis  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Bolivia and Paraguay through c Brazil  
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia  
        T. c. cristatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) French Guiana and ne Brazil  
        T. c. intercedens  von Berlepsch, 1880 e Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname  
        T. c. orinocensis  Zimmer & Phelps, 1945 e Colombia and s Venezuela  
        T. c. cristatellus  Sclater, PL, 1862 se Colombia, s Venezuela, ne Peru and nw Brazil  
        T. c. fallax  Zimmer, 1945 s Colombia, e Ecuador and n Peru  
        T. c. huarandosae  Chapman, 1925 nc Peru  
        T. c. madeirae  Hellmayr, 1910 se Peru and n Bolivia to c Brazil  
        T. c. pallidigula  Zimmer, 1945 ne Brazil  
        T. c. brunneus  (von Spix, 1825) e Brazil  
        T. c. nattereri  Pelzeln, 1870 sw Brazil  
Yellow-crested Tanager Tachyphonus rufiventer  (von Spix, 1825) SA : sw Amazonia  
Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : n, c, w Amazonia  
        T. s. surinamus  (Linnaeus, 1766) e and s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        T. s. brevipes  Lafresnaye, 1846 s Colombia and s Venezuela to e Ecuador, ne Peru and nw Brazil  
        T. s. napensis  Lawrence, 1864 e Peru and w Brazil  
        T. s. insignis  Hellmayr, 1906 c Brazil  
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 LA : Honduras to Bolivia  
        T. l. axillaris  (Lawrence, 1874) e Honduras to nw Panama  
        T. l. nitidissimus  Salvin, 1870 w Costa Rica to sw Panama  
        T. l. panamensis  Todd, 1917 c Panama to nw Peru and w Venezuela  
        T. l. luctuosus  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 Amazonia  
        T. l. flaviventris  (Sclater, PL, 1856) ne Venezuela and Trinidad  
Tawny-crested Tanager Tachyphonus delatrii  Lafresnaye, 1847 LA : Nicaragua to Ecuador  
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus  (Vieillot, 1822) SA : se  
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus  (Boddaert, 1783) LA : Costa Rica to ne Argentina  
Red-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus phoenicius  Swainson, 1838 SA : Amazonia  
Black-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio aurantius  Lafresnaye, 1846 MA : s Mexico to Honduras  
White-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio leucothorax  Salvin, 1865 MA : Honduras to Panama  
        L. l. leucothorax  Salvin, 1865 e Honduras to e Costa Rica  
        L. l. reversus  Bangs & Griscom, 1932 nw Costa Rica  
        L. l. melanopygius  Salvin & Godman, 1883 w Costa Rica to w Panama  
        L. l. ictus  Kennard & Peters, JL, 1927 nw Panama  
Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : nw, n Amazonia  
        L. f. peruvianus  Carriker, 1934 w Venezuela, s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru  
        L. f. fulvus  (Boddaert, 1783) se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : s, w Amazonia  
        L. v. versicolor  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia  
        L. v. parvus  von Berlepsch, 1912 ec Brazil and ne Bolivia  
Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus  (Lesson, 1831) MA : s Mexico to Panama  
        R. s. sanguinolentus  (Lesson, 1831) se Mexico to Honduras  
        R. s. apricus  (Bangs, 1908) e Honduras to nw Panama  
Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis  (von Spix, 1825) SA : w Amazonia  
Crimson-backed Tanager Ramphocelus dimidiatus  Lafresnaye, 1837 LA : Panama to Colombia and Venezuela  
        R. d. arestus  Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)  
        R. d. limatus  Bangs, 1901 Pearl Arch. (off s Panama)  
        R. d. dimidiatus  Lafresnaye, 1837 c Panama, n Colombia and w Venezuela  
        R. d. molochinus  Meyer de Schauensee, 1950 c Colombia  
Huallaga Tanager Ramphocelus melanogaster  (Swainson, 1838) SA : Peru  
        R. m. melanogaster  (Swainson, 1838) nc Peru  
        R. m. transitus  Zimmer, 1929 ec Peru  
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo  (Pallas, 1764) SA : n, w, sc  
        R. c. unicolor  Sclater, PL, 1856 c Colombia  
        R. c. capitalis  Allen, JA, 1892 ne Venezuela  
        R. c. magnirostris  Lafresnaye, 1853 Trinidad  
        R. c. carbo  (Pallas, 1764) se Colombia, e Ecuador and e Peru east through Venezuela, the Guianas and n and c Brazil  
        R. c. venezuelensis  Lafresnaye, 1853 e Colombia and n and w Venezuela  
        R. c. connectens  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 se Peru and nw Bolivia  
        R. c. atrosericeus  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 n and e Bolivia  
        R. c. centralis  Hellmayr, 1920 e Brazil and n Paraguay  
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Brazil  
        R. b. bresilius  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Brazil  
        R. b. dorsalis  Sclater, PL, 1855 se Brazil and ne Argentina  
Passerini's Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii  Bonaparte, 1831 MA : s Mexico to Panama  
Cherrie's Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis  Cherrie, 1891 MA : w Costa Rica  
Flame-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus flammigerus  (Jardine & Selby, 1833) SA : wc Colombia  
Lemon-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus icteronotus  Bonaparte, 1838 LA : Panama to Ecuador PL : Limited hybridization between Ramphocelus icteronotus and R. flammigerus was the basis for lumping them (Isler and Isler 1987, Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Sibley and Monroe 1990), but that may have been a mistake (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, SACC needs proposal )
Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus  (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : s Mexico to Bolivia, Amazonia  
        T. e. cana  (Swainson, 1834) se Mexico to ne Colombia and n Venezuela  
        T. e. caesitia  Wetmore, 1959 Bocas del Toro (off nw Panama)  
        T. e. cumatilis  Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)  
        T. e. nesophila  Riley, 1912 e Colombia to e Venezuela, Trinidad  
        T. e. berlepschi  (Dalmas, 1900) Tobago  
        T. e. mediana  Zimmer, 1944 se Colombia and s Venezuela to n Bolivia  
        T. e. episcopus  (Linnaeus, 1766) the Guianas to c Brazil  
        T. e. ehrenreichi  (Reichenow, 1915) Purús R. (nw Brazil)  
        T. e. leucoptera  (Sclater, PL, 1886) c Colombia  
        T. e. quaesita  Bangs & Noble, 1918 sw Colombia to nw Peru  
        T. e. caerulea  Zimmer, 1929 se Ecuador and n Peru  
        T. e. major  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896) c Peru  
        T. e. urubambae  Zimmer, 1944 se Peru  
        T. e. coelestis  (von Spix, 1825) se Colombia, nw Ecuador to w Brazil and c Peru  
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : e, se, sc  
        T. s. boliviana  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1941 n Bolivia  
        T. s. obscura  Naumburg, 1924 c and s Bolivia to w Argentina  
        T. s. sayaca  (Linnaeus, 1766) e and s Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay  
Glaucous Tanager Thraupis glaucocolpa  Cabanis, 1850 SA : Colombia, Venezuela  
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : se  
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata  (Sparrman, 1789) SA : se Brazil  
Yellow-winged Tanager Thraupis abbas  (Deppe, 1830) MA : e Mexico to Nicaragua  
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) LA : Guatemala to Paraguay and s Brazil  
        T. p. atripennis  Todd, 1922 e Nicaragua to nw Venezuela  
        T. p. violilavata  (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
        T. p. melanoptera  (Sclater, PL, 1857) Amazonia, Trinidad  
        T. p. palmarum  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) e and s Brazil  
Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : w, n  
        T. c. cyanocephala  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Ecuador, Peru and n Bolivia  
        T. c. annectens  Zimmer, 1944 c and w Colombia  
        T. c. auricrissa  (Sclater, PL, 1856) ne Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        T. c. margaritae  (Chapman, 1912) n Colombia  
        T. c. hypophaea  (Todd, 1917) nw to nc Venezuela  
        T. c. olivicyanea  (Lafresnaye, 1843) nc Venezuela  
        T. c. subcinerea  (Sclater, PL, 1861) nc to ne Venezuela  
        T. c. buesingi  (Hellmayr & Seilern, 1913) extreme ne Venezuela and Trinidad  
Blue-and-yellow Tanager Thraupis bonariensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : w, se  
        T. b. darwinii  (Bonaparte, 1838) Ecuador to n Chile and w Bolivia  
        T. b. composita  Zimmer, 1944 c Bolivia  
        T. b. schulzei  Brodkorb, 1938 se Bolivia, Paraguay and nw Argentina  
        T. b. bonariensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina  
Vermilion Tanager Calochaetes coccineus  (Sclater, PL, 1858) SA : Colombia to Peru  
Blue-backed Tanager Cyanicterus cyanicterus  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : n Amazonia  
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
        B. a. caeruleigularis  (Ridgway, 1893) Costa Rica  
        B. a. arcaei  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) Panama  
Black-and-gold Tanager Bangsia melanochlamys  (Hellmayr, 1910) SA : Colombia  
Golden-chested Tanager Bangsia rothschildi  (von Berlepsch, 1897) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Moss-backed Tanager Bangsia edwardsi  (Elliot, 1865) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Gold-ringed Tanager Bangsia aureocincta  (Hellmayr, 1910) SA : Colombia  
Orange-throated Tanager Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron  Lowery & O'Neill, 1964 SA : Peru  
Hooded Mountain Tanager Buthraupis montana  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        B. m. venezuelana  Aveledo & Perez, 1989 nw Venezuela  
        B. m. gigas  (Bonaparte, 1851) n Colombia  
        B. m. cucullata  (Jardine & Selby, 1842) w and c Colombia to Ecuador  
        B. m. cyanonota  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 n and c Peru  
        B. m. saturata  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906 se Peru  
        B. m. montana  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) w Bolivia  
Black-chested Mountain Tanager Buthraupis eximia  (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Colombia to Peru  
        B. e. eximia  (Boissonneau, 1840) ne Colombia and w Venezuela  
        B. e. zimmeri  Moore, RT, 1934 wc Colombia  
        B. e. chloronota  Sclater, PL, 1855 s Colombia and nw Ecuador  
        B. e. cyanocalyptra  Moore, RT, 1934 s Ecuador and n Peru  
Golden-backed Mountain Tanager Buthraupis aureodorsalis  Blake & Hocking, 1974 SA : Peru  
Masked Mountain Tanager Buthraupis wetmorei  (Moore, RT, 1934) SA : Colombia to Peru  
Santa Marta Mountain Tanager Anisognathus melanogenys  (Salvin & Godman, 1880) SA : Colombia  
Lacrimose Mountain Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) SA : Colombia and Venezuela to Peru  
        A. l. pallididorsalis  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        A. l. melanops  (von Berlepsch, 1893) w Venezuela  
        A. l. tamae  (Phelps & Gilliard, 1941) ne Colombia and w Venezuela  
        A. l. yariguierum  Donegan & Avendaño, 2010 c Colombia  
        A. l. intensus  Meyer de Schauensee, 1951 sw Colombia  
        A. l. olivaceiceps  (von Berlepsch, 1912) w Colombia  
        A. l. palpebrosus  (Lafresnaye, 1847) s Colombia to c Ecuador  
        A. l. caerulescens  (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) s Ecuador and n Peru  
        A. l. lacrymosus  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) c Peru  
Scarlet-bellied Mountain Tanager Anisognathus igniventris  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        A. i. lunulatus  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1839) ne Colombia and w Venezuela  
        A. i. erythrotus  (Jardine & Selby, 1840) c Colombia to n Peru  
        A. i. ignicrissa  (Cabanis, 1873) nc and c Peru  
        A. i. igniventris  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) sc Peru to w Bolivia  
Blue-winged Mountain Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus  (Lesson, 1831) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        A. s. venezuelanus  (Hellmayr, 1913) Yaracuy to Miranda (n Venezuela)  
        A. s. virididorsalis  (Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949) Aragua (n Venezuela)  
        A. s. antioquiae  (von Berlepsch, 1912) nc Colombia  
        A. s. victorini  (Lafresnaye, 1842) c Colombia to w Venezuela  
        A. s. cyanopterus  (Cabanis, 1866) sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
        A. s. baezae  (Chapman, 1925) s Colombia to c Ecuador  
        A. s. alamoris  (Chapman, 1925) sw Ecuador  
        A. s. somptuosus  (Lesson, 1831) se Ecuador and ec Peru  
        A. s. flavinucha  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) se Peru to c Bolivia  
Black-chinned Mountain Tanager Anisognathus notabilis  (Sclater, PL, 1855) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii  (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        C. r. riefferii  (Boissonneau, 1840) Colombia and Ecuador  
        C. r. dilutus  Zimmer, 1947 n Peru  
        C. r. elegans  (Tschudi, 1844) c Peru  
        C. r. celatus  Zimmer, 1947 s Peru  
        C. r. bolivianus  (von Berlepsch, 1912) w Bolivia  
Buff-breasted Mountain Tanager Dubusia taeniata  (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Peru  
        D. t. carrikeri  Wetmore, 1946 n Colombia  
        D. t. taeniata  (Boissonneau, 1840) c Colombia and w Venezuela to nw Peru  
        D. t. stictocephala  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894 n Peru to sc Peru  
Chestnut-bellied Mountain Tanager Delothraupis castaneoventris  (Sclater, PL, 1851) SA : Peru, Bolivia  
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus  (Temminck, 1823) SA : se  
Purplish-mantled Tanager Iridosornis porphyrocephalus  (Sclater, PL, 1856) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Yellow-throated Tanager Iridosornis analis  (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Colombia to Peru  
Golden-collared Tanager Iridosornis jelskii  Cabanis, 1873 SA : Peru, Bolivia  
        I. j. jelskii  Cabanis, 1873 n and c Peru  
        I. j. bolivianus  von Berlepsch, 1912 s Peru and w Bolivia  
Golden-crowned Tanager Iridosornis rufivertex  (Lafresnaye, 1842) SA : Venezuela to Peru  
        I. r. rufivertex  (Lafresnaye, 1842) c Colombia and w Venezuela to n Peru  
        I. r. caeruleoventris  Chapman, 1915 nw Colombia  
        I. r. ignicapillus  Chapman, 1915 sw Colombia  
        I. r. subsimilis  Zimmer, 1944 w Ecuador  
Yellow-scarfed Tanager Iridosornis reinhardti  Sclater, PL, 1865 SA : Peru  
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : n, w, se  
        P. m. venezuelensis  Sclater, PL, 1857 Venezuela to Bolivia and nw Argentina  
        P. m. melanonota  (Vieillot, 1819) s Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay  
Shrike-like Tanager Neothraupis fasciata  (Lichtenstein, 1823) SA : sc  
Glistening-green Tanager Chlorochrysa phoenicotis  (Bonaparte, 1851) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea  (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        C. c. bourcieri  (Bonaparte, 1851) s Colombia to ne Peru  
        C. c. calliparaea  (Tschudi, 1844) ec Peru  
        C. c. fulgentissima  Chapman, 1901 s Peru and w Bolivia  
Multicolored Tanager Chlorochrysa nitidissima  Sclater, PL, 1874 SA : Colombia  
Plain-colored Tanager Tangara inornata  (Gould, 1855) LA : Costa Rica to Colombia  
        T. i. rava  Wetmore, 1963 Costa Rica and w Panama  
        T. i. languens  Bangs & Barbour, 1922 e Panama and nw Colombia  
        T. i. inornata  (Gould, 1855) n and nc Colombia  
Cabanis's Tanager Tangara cabanisi  (Sclater, PL, 1868) MA : s Mexico, Guatemala  
Grey-and-gold Tanager Tangara palmeri  (Hellmayr, 1909) LA : Panama to Ecuador  
Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil TAX : White-belllied Tanager Tangara brasiliensis is conspecific with Turquoise Tanager T. mexicana (SACC 2007)
        T. m. vieilloti  (Sclater, PL, 1857) Trinidad  
        T. m. media  (von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902) e Colombia and Venezuela  
        T. m. mexicana  (Linnaeus, 1766) the Guianas to c Brazil  
        T. m. boliviana  (Bonaparte, 1851) se Colombia to e Ecuador, e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia  
        T. m. brasiliensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) se Brazil  
Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis  (Vigors, 1832) SA : Amazonia  
        T. c. paradisea  (Swainson, 1837) se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        T. c. caelicolor  (Sclater, PL, 1851) e Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil  
        T. c. chlorocorys  Zimmer, 1929 nc Peru  
        T. c. chilensis  (Vigors, 1832) c Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to w Bolivia and w Brazil  
Seven-colored Tanager Tangara fastuosa  (Lesson, 1831) SA : e Brazil  
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : se  
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : e, se  
        T. c. cearensis  Cory, 1916 ne Brazil  
        T. c. corallina  (von Berlepsch, 1903) e Brazil  
        T. c. cyanocephala  (Statius Müller, 1776) se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : se Brazil  
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : se Brazil  
Blue-whiskered Tanager Tangara johannae  (Dalmas, 1900) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii  (von Spix, 1825) SA : w Amazonia  
        T. s. venezuelana  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1957 s Venezuela  
        T. s. schrankii  (von Spix, 1825) s Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to c Bolivia and wc Brazil  
Emerald Tanager Tangara florida  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador  
        T. f. florida  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) Costa Rica and w Panama  
        T. f. auriceps  Chapman, 1914 e Panama to nw Ecuador  
Golden Tanager Tangara arthus  Lesson, 1832 SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        T. a. arthus  Lesson, 1832 nw and n Venezuela  
        T. a. palmitae  Meyer de Schauensee, 1947 ne Colombia  
        T. a. sclateri  (Lafresnaye, 1854) c Colombia  
        T. a. aurulenta  (Lafresnaye, 1843) nc Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        T. a. occidentalis  Chapman, 1914 w Colombia  
        T. a. goodsoni  Hartert, 1913 w Ecuador  
        T. a. aequatorialis  (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) c Ecuador to n Peru  
        T. a. pulchra  (Tschudi, 1844) ec Peru  
        T. a. sophiae  (von Berlepsch, 1901) se Peru and w Bolivia  
Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala  (Bonaparte, 1851) LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador  
        T. i. frantzii  (Cabanis, 1861) Costa Rica and w Panama  
        T. i. oresbia  Wetmore, 1962 wc Panama  
        T. i. icterocephala  (Bonaparte, 1851) e Panama to w Ecuador  
Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala  (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        T. x. venusta  (Sclater, PL, 1855) w Venezuela and Colombia to c Peru  
        T. x. xanthocephala  (Tschudi, 1844) ec Peru  
        T. x. lamprotis  (Sclater, PL, 1851) se Peru to w and c Bolivia  
Golden-eared Tanager Tangara chrysotis  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) SA : Colombia to nw Bolivia  
Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii  (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Venezuela to Peru  
        T. p. parzudakii  (Lafresnaye, 1843) Colombia and w Venezuela to c Ecuador  
        T. p. urubambae  Zimmer, 1943 Peru  
        T. p. lunigera  (Sclater, PL, 1851) w Colombia and w Ecuador  
Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra  (Sclater, PL, 1851) SA : w, n Amazonia  
        T. x. xanthogastra  (Sclater, PL, 1851) e Colombia and s Venezuela to n Bolivia  
        T. x. phelpsi  Zimmer, 1943 se Venezuela, n Brazil and Guyana  
Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia  
        T. p. punctata  (Linnaeus, 1766) s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        T. p. zamorae  Chapman, 1925 c Ecuador and n Peru  
        T. p. perenensis  Chapman, 1925 c Peru  
        T. p. annectens  Zimmer, 1943 se Peru  
        T. p. punctulata  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) wc Bolivia  
Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata  (Cabanis, 1850) MA : Costa Rica to n, nw Brazil  
        T. g. eusticta  Todd, 1912 Costa Rica to nw Colombia  
        T. g. tolimae  Chapman, 1914 c Colombia  
        T. g. bogotensis  Hellmayr & Seilern, 1912 n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        T. g. chrysophrys  (Sclater, PL, 1851) n and s Venezuela, nw Brazil  
        T. g. guttata  (Cabanis, 1850) se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        T. g. trinitatis  Todd, 1912 Trinidad  
Dotted Tanager Tangara varia  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : n Amazonia  
Rufous-throated Tanager Tangara rufigula  (Bonaparte, 1851) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola  (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : Nicaragua through n, w Amazonia  
        T. g. bangsi  (Hellmayr, 1911) Nicaragua to w Panama  
        T. g. deleticia  (Bangs, 1908) e Panama to c and w Colombia  
        T. g. nupera  Bangs, 1917 sw Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru  
        T. g. toddi  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1921 n Colombia and nw and n Venezuela  
        T. g. viridissima  (Lafresnaye, 1847) ne Venezuela and Trinidad  
        T. g. catharinae  (Hellmayr, 1911) c Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to w and c Bolivia  
        T. g. parva  Zimmer, 1943 e Colombia, s Venezuela, ne Peru and nw Brazil  
        T. g. gyrola  (Linnaeus, 1758) se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        T. g. albertinae  (Pelzeln, 1877) c Brazil south of Amazon  
Rufous-winged Tanager Tangara lavinia  (Cassin, 1858) LA : Guatemala to Ecuador  
        T. l. cara  (Bangs, 1905) e Guatemala to nc Panama  
        T. l. dalmasi  (Hellmayr, 1910) s Panama  
        T. l. lavinia  (Cassin, 1858) e Panama to w Ecuador  
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia, se, sc SA  
        T. c. fulvescens  Todd, 1922 c Colombia  
        T. c. cayana  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Colombia and s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil; also e Peru, n Bolivia and wc Brazil  
        T. c. huberi  (Hellmayr, 1910) ne Brazil  
        T. c. flava  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Brazil  
        T. c. sincipitalis  (von Berlepsch, 1907) ec Brazil  
        T. c. chloroptera  (Vieillot, 1819) se Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina  
        T. c. margaritae  (Allen, JA, 1891) sw Brazil  
Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata  (Swainson, 1834) NA : Lesser Antilles  
        T. c. versicolor  (Lawrence, 1878) St. Vincent  
        T. c. cucullata  (Swainson, 1834) Grenada  
Black-backed Tanager Tangara peruviana  (Desmarest, 1806) SA : se Brazil  
Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa  (Cabanis, 1850) SA : se  
Scrub Tanager Tangara vitriolina  (Cabanis, 1850) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Green-capped Tanager Tangara meyerdeschauenseei  Schulenberg & Binford, 1985 SA : Peru  
Rufous-cheeked Tanager Tangara rufigenis  (Sclater, PL, 1857) SA : Venezuela  
Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix  (Prévost & Des Murs, 1842) SA : Colombia to nw Bolivia  
        T. r. ruficervix  (Prévost & Des Murs, 1842) Colombia  
        T. r. leucotis  (Sclater, PL, 1851) w Ecuador  
        T. r. taylori  (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) se Colombia, e Ecuador and n Peru  
        T. r. amabilis  Zimmer, 1943 n to c Peru  
        T. r. inca  Parkes, 1969 s Peru  
        T. r. fulvicervix  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) se Peru and w Bolivia  
Metallic-green Tanager Tangara labradorides  (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Colombia to Peru  
        T. l. labradorides  (Boissonneau, 1840) w Colombia and w Ecuador  
        T. l. chaupensis  Chapman, 1925 n Peru  
Blue-browed Tanager Tangara cyanotis  (Sclater, PL, 1858) SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        T. c. lutleyi  Hellmayr, 1917 Colombia, Ecuador and Peru  
        T. c. cyanotis  (Sclater, PL, 1858) Bolivia  
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Amazonia  
        T. c. granadensis  (von Berlepsch, 1884) w Colombia  
        T. c. caeruleocephala  (Swainson, 1838) c Colombia to n Peru  
        T. c. cyanicollis  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) e Peru to c Bolivia  
        T. c. cyanopygia  (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) w Ecuador  
        T. c. hannahiae  (Cassin, 1865) n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        T. c. melanogaster  Cherrie & Reichenberger, 1923 c Brazil  
        T. c. albotibialis  Traylor, 1950 Goiás (ec Brazil)  
Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) LA : s Mexico to Ecuador  
        T. l. larvata  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) se Mexico to n Costa Rica  
        T. l. centralis  (von Berlepsch, 1912) ne Costa Rica and nw Panama  
        T. l. franciscae  (Sclater, PL, 1856) sw Costa Rica and sw Panama  
        T. l. fanny  (Lafresnaye, 1847) e Panama to w Ecuador  
Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta  (Bonaparte, 1838) SA : n, w Amazonia  
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii  (Salvin, 1863) MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Green-naped Tanager Tangara fucosa  Nelson, 1912 MA : Panama  
Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis  (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        T. n. cyanescens  (Sclater, PL, 1857) ne Colombia and n and, n Venzuela, w Colombia to w Ecuador  
        T. n. nigroviridis  (Lafresnaye, 1843) eastern slope of the eastern Andes in Colombia and Ecuador  
        T. n. lozanoana  Aveledo & Perez, 1994 Lara to Tachira (nw Venezuela)  
        T. n. berlepschi  (Taczanowski, 1884) e Peru to c Bolivia  
Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii  (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        T. v. vassorii  (Boissonneau, 1840) Colombia and w Venezuela to nw Peru  
        T. v. branickii  (Taczanowski, 1882) n Peru  
        T. v. atrocoerulea  (Tschudi, 1844) s Peru to c Bolivia  
Black-capped Tanager Tangara heinei  (Cabanis, 1850) SA : Venezuela to Ecuador  
Sira Tanager Tangara phillipsi  Graves, GR & Weske, 1987 SA : Peru  
Silver-backed Tanager Tangara viridicollis  (Taczanowski, 1884) SA : Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia  
        T. v. fulvigula  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906) s Ecuador and n Peru  
        T. v. viridicollis  (Taczanowski, 1884) c Peru to w Bolivia  
Straw-backed Tanager Tangara argyrofenges  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) SA : Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia  
        T. a. caeruleigularis  Carriker, 1935 se Ecuador to c Peru  
        T. a. argyrofenges  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) w and c Bolivia  
Black-headed Tanager Tangara cyanoptera  (Swainson, 1834) SA : Colombia to Guyana  
        T. c. whitelyi  (Salvin & Godman, 1884) s Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil  
        T. c. cyanoptera  (Swainson, 1834) n Colombia to n Venezuela  
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia  (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil  
        T. v. velia  (Linnaeus, 1758) the Guianas and n Brazil  
        T. v. iridina  (Hartlaub, 1841) w Amazonia  
        T. v. signata  (Hellmayr, 1905) ne Brazil  
        T. v. cyanomelas  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) e Brazil  
Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys  (Cabanis, 1849) SA : w Amazonia  
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis  (Illiger, 1811) LA : Panama to ne Argentina  
        T. v. grisescens  Griscom, 1929 n Colombia  
        T. v. occidentalis  (Sclater, PL, 1855) e Panama and Colombia (except n) east to the Guianas and n Brazil and south to Bolivia (except se) and nw Argentina  
        T. v. viridis  (Illiger, 1811) e and s Brazil, se Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
White-bellied Dacnis Dacnis albiventris  (Sclater, PL, 1852) SA : w, c Amazonia  
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n, w Amazonia  
Yellow-tufted Dacnis Dacnis egregia  Sclater, PL, 1855 SA : Colombia, Ecuador AS : Dacnis egregia is split from D.lineata (Ridgely et al. 2001); SACC needs more data
        D. e. egregia  Sclater, PL, 1855 nc Colombia  
        D. e. aequatorialis  von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 w Ecuador  
Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 SA : w, c Amazonia  
Turquoise Dacnis Dacnis hartlaubi  Sclater, PL, 1855 SA : Colombia  
Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes  Pelzeln, 1856 SA : se Brazil  
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis Dacnis venusta  Lawrence, 1862 LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador  
        D. v. venusta  Lawrence, 1862 Costa Rica to c Panama  
        D. v. fuliginata  Bangs, 1908 e Panama to nw Ecuador  
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana  (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : Honduras to ne Argentina  
        D. c. callaina  Bangs, 1905 w Costa Rica to sw Panama  
        D. c. ultramarina  Lawrence, 1864 Honduras to nw Colombia  
        D. c. napaea  Bangs, 1898 n and nc Colombia  
        D. c. baudoana  Meyer de Schauensee, 1946 sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
        D. c. caerebicolor  Sclater, PL, 1851 c Colombia  
        D. c. cayana  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Colombia to French Guiana and c Brazil  
        D. c. glaucogularis  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 s Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to n and e Bolivia  
        D. c. paraguayensis  Chubb, 1910 e and s Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Viridian Dacnis Dacnis viguieri  Oustalet, 1883 LA : Panama, Colombia  
Scarlet-breasted Dacnis Dacnis berlepschi  Hartert, 1900 SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus  (Hartlaub, 1847) SA : w Amazonia  
Shining Honeycreeper Cyanerpes lucidus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1859) LA : s Mexico to Colombia  
        C. l. lucidus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1859) s Mexico to ne Nicaragua  
        C. l. isthmicus  Bangs, 1907 Costa Rica to nw Colombia  
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus  (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : nw, n, also Panama  
        C. c. chocoanus  Hellmayr, 1920 e Panama to w Ecuador  
        C. c. caeruleus  (Linnaeus, 1758) c Colombia and Venezuela through the Guianas and nc Brazil  
        C. c. hellmayri  Gyldenstolpe, 1945 Potaro Highlands (Guyana)  
        C. c. longirostris  (Cabanis, 1850) Trinidad  
        C. c. microrhynchus  (von Berlepsch, 1884) w and c Amazonia  
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus  (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : e Mexico to c Bolivia and e Brazil  
        C. c. carneipes  (Sclater, PL, 1860) e Mexico to Panama  
        C. c. pacificus  Chapman, 1915 w Colombia and w Ecuador  
        C. c. gigas  Thayer & Bangs, 1905 Gorgona I. (off w Colombia)  
        C. c. gemmeus  Wetmore, 1941 extreme n Colombia  
        C. c. eximius  (Cabanis, 1850) n and nc Colombia to n Venezuela  
        C. c. tobagensis  Hellmayr & Seilern, 1914 Tobago  
        C. c. cyaneus  (Linnaeus, 1766) Trinidad, e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        C. c. dispar  Zimmer, 1942 se Colombia and sw Venezuela to ne Peru  
        C. c. violaceus  Zimmer, 1942 se Peru and w Brazil to c Bolivia  
        C. c. brevipes  (Cabanis, 1850) c Brazil  
        C. c. holti  Parkes, 1977 e Brazil  
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza  (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : s Mexico to e Brazil  
        C. s. guatemalensis  Sclater, PL, 1861 s Mexico to Honduras  
        C. s. argutus  Bangs & Barbour, 1922 e Honduras to nw Colombia  
        C. s. exsul  von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
        C. s. subtropicalis  Todd, 1924 n and c Colombia, w Venezuela  
        C. s. spiza  (Linnaeus, 1758) Trinidad, e Colombia, Venezuela (except far w), the Guianas and n Brazil  
        C. s. caerulescens  Cassin, 1865 sc Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to c Bolivia and w Brazil  
        C. s. axillaris  Zimmer, 1929 e and se Brazil  
Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrimus  (Sclater, PL, 1853) SA : Colombia to Peru  
        I. p. pulcherrimus  (Sclater, PL, 1853) c Colombia through e Ecuador to sc Peru  
        I. p. aureinucha  (Ridgway, 1879) w Colombia to nw Ecuador  
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons  (Lawrence, 1865) MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Scarlet-browed Tanager Heterospingus xanthopygius  (Sclater, PL, 1855) LA : Panama to Ecuador  
        H. x. xanthopygius  (Sclater, PL, 1855) e Panama and n Colombia  
        H. x. berliozi  Wetmore, 1966 w Colombia to w Ecuador  
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : widespread  
        H. g. nigrigula  (Boddaert, 1783) nc Colombia, Venezuela (except se), the Guianas (except wc Guyana) and ne Brazil  
        H. g. roraimae  (Hellmayr, 1910) se Venezuela and wc Guyana  
        H. g. guirina  (Sclater, PL, 1856) w and c Colombia to nw Peru  
        H. g. huambina  Stolzmann, 1926 se Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil  
        H. g. boliviana  Zimmer, 1947 e Bolivia and nw Argentina  
        H. g. amazonica  Zimmer, 1947 c Brazil  
        H. g. guira  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Brazil  
        H. g. fosteri  (Sharpe, 1905) se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla  (Vieillot, 1818) SA : e, se Brazil  
        H. r. bahiae  Zimmer, 1947 e Brazil  
        H. r. ruficapilla  (Vieillot, 1818) se Brazil  
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis  (Vieillot, 1818) LA : Panama to se Brazil and se Peru  
        H. f. ornata  Nelson, 1912 e Panama and nw Colombia  
        H. f. albigularis  (Sclater, PL, 1855) nc Colombia  
        H. f. peruana  Bonaparte, 1851 sc Colombia through e Ecuador to nc Peru  
        H. f. sororia  Zimmer, 1947 nc and e Peru  
        H. f. centralis  (Hellmayr, 1907) se Peru to c Bolivia and sc Brazil  
        H. f. aurigularis  Cherrie, 1916 se Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil  
        H. f. hellmayri  von Berlepsch, 1912 se Venezuela and wc Guyana  
        H. f. flavicollis  (Vieillot, 1818) Suriname, French Guiana and ne Brazil  
        H. f. obidensis  Parkes & Humphrey, 1963 n Brazil  
        H. f. melanoxantha  (Lichtenstein, 1823) e Brazil  
        H. f. insignis  (Sclater, PL, 1856) se Brazil  
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) MA : Costa Rica to Colombia  
        C. c. titanota  Olson, 1981 Costa Rica and extreme w Panama  
        C. c. chrysomelas  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) wc Panama  
        C. c. ocularis  Nelson, 1912 e Panama and extreme nw Colombia  
Scarlet-and-white Tanager Chrysothlypis salmoni  (Sclater, PL, 1886) SA : Colombia, Ecuador TAX : Erythrothlypis salmoni is now assigned to Chrysothlypis (Storer 1970, SACC)
Tit-like Dacnis Xenodacnis parina  Cabanis, 1873 SA : sw Ecuador, Peru  
        X. p. bella  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 sw Ecuador, n Peru  
        X. p. petersi  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 c Peru  
        X. p. parina  Cabanis, 1873 s Peru  
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum  (Temminck, 1824) SA : widespread  
        C. s. guaricola  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949 n Venezuela  
        C. s. amazonum  (Hellmayr, 1917) e Colombia and w Venezuela, e Ecuador and e Peru, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        C. s. speciosum  (Temminck, 1824) se Peru and Bolivia to sc Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina  
White-eared Conebill Conirostrum leucogenys  (Lafresnaye, 1852) LA : Panama to Venezuela  
        C. l. panamense  (Griscom, 1927) e Panama and nw Colombia  
        C. l. leucogenys  (Lafresnaye, 1852) n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        C. l. cyanochroum  (Todd, 1924) w Venezuela  
Bicolored Conebill Conirostrum bicolor  (Vieillot, 1809) SA : Amazonia  
        C. b. bicolor  (Vieillot, 1809) Trinidad, Colombia and Venezuela through the Guianas to n and e Brazil  
        C. b. minus  (Hellmayr, 1935) w Amazonia  
Pearly-breasted Conebill Conirostrum margaritae  (Holt, 1931) SA : w Amazonia  
Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 SA : Colombia to n Chile  
        C. c. fraseri  Sclater, PL, 1859 sc Colombia and Ecuador  
        C. c. littorale  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 nw and n Peru to n Chile  
        C. c. cinereum  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 ec Peru to w and c Bolivia  
Tamarugo Conebill Conirostrum tamarugense  Johnson, AW & Millie, 1972 SA : Peru, Chile  
White-browed Conebill Conirostrum ferrugineiventre  Sclater, PL, 1855 SA : Peru, Bolivia  
Rufous-browed Conebill Conirostrum rufum  Lafresnaye, 1843 SA : Colombia  
Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor  Lafresnaye, 1840 SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        C. s. pallidum  Aveledo & Perez, 1989 n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        C. s. intermedium  von Berlepsch, 1893 w Venezuela  
        C. s. sitticolor  Lafresnaye, 1840 s Colombia to n Peru  
        C. s. cyaneum  Taczanowski, 1875 c Peru to w Bolivia  
Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons  Lafresnaye, 1842 SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        C. a. cyanonotum  Todd, 1932 n Venezuela  
        C. a. albifrons  Lafresnaye, 1842 nc Colombia to w Venezuela  
        C. a. centralandium  Meyer de Schauensee, 1946 c Colombia  
        C. a. atrocyaneum  Lafresnaye, 1848 sw Colombia, Ecuador and n Peru  
        C. a. sordidum  von Berlepsch, 1901 c Peru to w Bolivia  
        C. a. lugens  von Berlepsch, 1901 c Bolivia  
Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri  Sclater, PL, 1860 SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula  Wagler, 1832 MA : Mexico to Nicaragua  
        D. b. baritula  Wagler, 1832 c and sw Mexico  
        D. b. montana  Dearborn, 1907 s Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador  
        D. b. parva  Griscom, 1932 Honduras and Nicaragua  
Slaty Flowerpiercer Diglossa plumbea  Cabanis, 1861 MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
        D. p. plumbea  Cabanis, 1861 Costa Rica and w Panama  
        D. p. veraguensis  Griscom, 1927 sw Panama  
Rusty Flowerpiercer Diglossa sittoides  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) SA : Venezuela to nw Argentina  
        D. s. hyperythra  Cabanis, 1850 n Colombia and n Venezuela  
        D. s. mandeli  Blake, 1940 ne Venezuela  
        D. s. coelestis  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 nw Venezuela  
        D. s. dorbignyi  (Boissonneau, 1840) c Colombia to w Venezuela  
        D. s. decorata  Zimmer, 1930 Ecuador and Peru  
        D. s. sittoides  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Bolivia and nw Argentina  
Chestnut-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa gloriosissima  Chapman, 1912 SA : Colombia  
        D. g. gloriosissima  Chapman, 1912 sw Colombia  
        D. g. boylei  Graves, GR, 1990 nw Colombia  
Glossy Flowerpiercer Diglossa lafresnayii  (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Peru  
Moustached Flowerpiercer Diglossa mystacalis  Lafresnaye, 1846 SA : Peru, Bolivia  
        D. m. unicincta  Hellmayr, 1905 n and nc Peru  
        D. m. pectoralis  Cabanis, 1873 c Peru  
        D. m. albilinea  Chapman, 1919 se Peru  
        D. m. mystacalis  Lafresnaye, 1846 w Bolivia  
Merida Flowerpiercer Diglossa gloriosa  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871 SA : Venezuela  
Black Flowerpiercer Diglossa humeralis  (Fraser, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Peru  
        D. h. nocticolor  Bangs, 1898 n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        D. h. humeralis  (Fraser, 1840) c Colombia to w Venezuela  
        D. h. aterrima  Lafresnaye, 1846 wc Colombia to n Peru  
Black-throated Flowerpiercer Diglossa brunneiventris  Lafresnaye, 1846 SA : Colombia to Chile  
        D. b. vuilleumieri  Graves, GR, 1980 nw Colombia  
        D. b. brunneiventris  Lafresnaye, 1846 n Peru to n Chile and w Bolivia  
Grey-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa carbonaria  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) SA : Bolivia, nw Argentina  
Venezuelan Flowerpiercer Diglossa venezuelensis  Chapman, 1925 SA : Venezuela  
White-sided Flowerpiercer Diglossa albilatera  Lafresnaye, 1843 SA : Venezuela to Peru  
        D. a. federalis  Hellmayr, 1922 n Venezuela  
        D. a. albilatera  Lafresnaye, 1843 nw Venezuela to s Ecuador  
        D. a. schistacea  Chapman, 1925 sw Ecuador and nw Peru  
        D. a. affinis  Zimmer, 1942 n to sc Peru  
Scaled Flowerpiercer Diglossa duidae  Chapman, 1929 SA : Tepuis  
        D. d. hitchcocki  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1948 n Amazonas (sc Venezuela)  
        D. d. duidae  Chapman, 1929 c and s Amazonas (s Venezuela)  
        D. d. georgebarrowcloughi  Dickerman, 1987 Cerro de la Neblina (Venezuela - Brazil border)  
Greater Flowerpiercer Diglossa major  Cabanis, 1849 SA : Tepuis  
        D. m. gilliardi  Chapman, 1939 Auyán-tepui (se Venezuela)  
        D. m. disjuncta  Zimmer & Phelps, 1944 tepuis on W side of Gran Sabana (se Venezuela)  
        D. m. chimantae  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1947 Chimantá-tepui (se Venezuela)  
        D. m. major  Cabanis, 1849 Cerro Roraima, Cerro Cuquenán and Uei-tepui (se Venezuela, w Guyana and n Brazil)  
Indigo Flowerpiercer Diglossa indigotica  Sclater, PL, 1856 SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Golden-eyed Flowerpiercer Diglossa glauca  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876 SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        D. g. glauca  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876 nc Peru to wc Bolivia  
        D. g. tyrianthina  Hellmayr, 1930 s Colombia, c Ecuador and extreme n Peru  
Bluish Flowerpiercer Diglossa caerulescens  (Sclater, PL, 1856) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        D. c. caerulescens  (Sclater, PL, 1856) n Venezuela  
        D. c. ginesi  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 nw Venezuela  
        D. c. media  Bond, 1955 s Ecuador and nw Peru  
        D. c. mentalis  Zimmer, 1942 se Peru and w Bolivia  
        D. c. pallida  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896) nc and c Peru  
        D. c. saturata  (Todd, 1917) Colombia and w Venezuela  
Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossa cyanea  (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
        D. c. cyanea  (Lafresnaye, 1840) w Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador (except sw)  
        D. c. dispar  Zimmer, 1942 sw Ecuador and nw Peru  
        D. c. melanopis  Tschudi, 1844 Peru to c Bolivia  
        D. c. obscura  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 nw Venezuela  
        D. c. tovarensis  Zimmer & Phelps, 1952 n Venezuela  
Black-backed Bush Tanager Urothraupis stolzmanni  Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885 SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Tanager Finch Oreothraupis arremonops  (Sclater, PL, 1855) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
Coal-crested Finch Charitospiza eucosma  Oberholser, 1905 SA : sc  
Many-colored Chaco Finch Saltatricula multicolor  (Burmeister, 1860) SA : sc  
Black-masked Finch Coryphaspiza melanotis  (Temminck, 1822) SA : sc  
        C. m. marajoara  Sick, 1967 Marajó I. (off ne Brazil)  
        C. m. melanotis  (Temminck, 1822) se Peru and e Bolivia to e and se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Grey Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) SA : Colombia, Venezuela, ec Brazil  
        C. p. rostratus  Miller, AH, 1947 c Colombia  
        C. p. brevicaudus  Cory, 1916 n Colombia to n Venezuela  
        C. p. pileatus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) c and e Brazil  
Red Pileated Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : ne, sc, wc  
        C. c. cucullatus  (Statius Müller, 1776) the Guianas and ne Brazil  
        C. c. rubescens  (Swainson, 1825) c and s Brazil, e Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay  
        C. c. fargoi  Brodkorb, 1938 s Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina  
Crimson-breasted Finch Rhodospingus cruentus  (Lesson, 1844) SA : Ecuador, Peru  
Black-hooded Sierra Finch Phrygilus atriceps  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw  
Peruvian Sierra Finch Phrygilus punensis  Ridgway, 1887 SA : Peru, Bolivia  
        P. p. chloronotus  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 n and c Peru  
        P. p. punensis  Ridgway, 1887 s Peru and w Bolivia  
Grey-hooded Sierra Finch Phrygilus gayi  (Gervais, 1834) SA : Chile, Argentina  
        P. g. gayi  (Gervais, 1834) n Chile  
        P. g. minor  Philippi Bańados & Goodall, 1957 c Chile  
        P. g. caniceps  Burmeister, 1860 s Chile and w Argentina  
Patagonian Sierra Finch Phrygilus patagonicus  Lowe, 1923 SA : Chile, Argentina  
Mourning Sierra Finch Phrygilus fruticeti  (Kittlitz, 1833) SA : sw  
        P. f. peruvianus  Zimmer, 1924 Peru and w Bolivia  
        P. f. coracinus  Sclater, PL, 1891 sw Bolivia and n Chile  
        P. f. fruticeti  (Kittlitz, 1833) s Chile and w Argentina  
Plumbeous Sierra Finch Phrygilus unicolor  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Venezuela to s Chile and Argentina  
        P. u. nivarius  (Bangs, 1899) n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        P. u. geospizopsis  (Bonaparte, 1853) c Colombia to n Peru  
        P. u. inca  Zimmer, 1929 nc Peru to w Bolivia  
        P. u. unicolor  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) sw Peru, Chile and w Argentina  
        P. u. tucumanus  Chapman, 1925 c Bolivia to nw Argentina  
        P. u. cyaneus  Nores & Yzurieta, 1983 nc Argentina  
        P. u. ultimus  Ripley, 1950 s Argentina  
Red-backed Sierra Finch Phrygilus dorsalis  Cabanis, 1883 SA : sw  
White-throated Sierra Finch Phrygilus erythronotus  (Philippi & Landbeck, 1861) SA : sw  
Ash-breasted Sierra Finch Phrygilus plebejus  Tschudi, 1844 SA : w, sw  
        P. p. ocularis  Sclater, PL, 1859 Ecuador and n Peru  
        P. p. plebejus  Tschudi, 1844 nc Peru to n Chile, w Bolivia and w Argentina  
        P. p. naroskyi  Nores & Yzurieta, 1983 nc Argentina  
Carbonated Sierra Finch Phrygilus carbonarius  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Argentina  
Band-tailed Sierra Finch Phrygilus alaudinus  (Kittlitz, 1833) SA : w, sw  
        P. a. bipartitus  Zimmer, 1924 c Ecuador, w Peru and n Chile  
        P. a. humboldti  Koepcke, 1963 sw Ecuador and nw Peru  
        P. a. bracki  O'Neill & Parker, TA, 1997 c Peru  
        P. a. excelsus  von Berlepsch, 1907 s Peru and w Bolivia  
        P. a. alaudinus  (Kittlitz, 1833) c Chile  
        P. a. venturii  Hartert, 1909 nw Argentina  
White-bridled Finch Melanodera melanodera  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) SA : s  
        M. m. princetoniana  (Scott, 1900) s Chile and s Argentina  
        M. m. melanodera  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Falkland Is.  
Yellow-bridled Finch Melanodera xanthogramma  (Gould & Gray, GR, 1839) SA : s  
        M. x. barrosi  Chapman, 1923 c and s Chile, w Argentina  
        M. x. xanthogramma  (Gould & Gray, GR, 1839) extreme s Chile and s Argentina  
Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica  (Tschudi, 1844) LA : s Mexico to Tepuis and c Bolivia  
        H. r. uniformis  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 se Mexico to w Panama  
        H. r. arcana  (Wetmore & Phelps Jr, 1949) s Venezuela  
        H. r. rustica  (Tschudi, 1844) Colombia and nw Venezuela to c Bolivia  
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor  Cabanis, 1851 SA : se  
Peg-billed Finch Acanthidops bairdi  Ridgway, 1882 MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Black-crested Finch Lophospingus pusillus  (Burmeister, 1860) SA : sc  
Grey-crested Finch Lophospingus griseocristatus  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw  
Long-tailed Reed Finch Donacospiza albifrons  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : se, sc  
Gough Finch Rowettia goughensis  (Clarke, WE, 1904) AO : Gough Island  
Inaccessible Island Finch Nesospiza acunhae  Cabanis, 1873 AO : Inaccessible Island in Tristan da Cunha Group in the S. Atlantic ENG : Change English name of Nesospiza acunhae from Tristan Finch to Inaccessible Island Finch with split of N. questi (Ryan et al. 2007)
        N. a. acunhae  Cabanis, 1873 coastal Inaccessible I.  
        N. a. dunnei  Hagen, 1952 coast and e interior of Inaccessible I.  
        N. a. fraseri  Ryan, PG, 2008 interior Inaccessible I.  
Nightingale Island Finch Nesospiza questi  Lowe, 1923 AO : Nightingale Island, Tristan da Cunha Group in the S. Atlantic AS : Nesospiza questi is split from Nesospiza acunhae (Ryan et al. 2007)
Wilkins's Finch Nesospiza wilkinsi  Lowe, 1923 AO : Nightingale Island, Tristan da Cunha Group in the S. Atlantic  
White-winged Diuca Finch Diuca speculifera  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw  
        D. s. magnirostris  Carriker, 1935 c Peru  
        D. s. speculifera  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) s Peru, n Chile, w Bolivia and nw Argentina  
Common Diuca Finch Diuca diuca  (Molina, 1782) SA : s  
        D. d. crassirostris  Hellmayr, 1932 nc Chile, s Bolivia and n Argentina  
        D. d. diuca  (Molina, 1782) c and sc Chile, w Argentina  
        D. d. chiloensis  Philippi Bańados & Peńa, 1964 Chiloé I. (off sc Chile)  
        D. d. minor  Bonaparte, 1850 c and s Argentina and s Chile  
Short-tailed Finch Idiopsar brachyurus  Cassin, 1867 SA : sw  
Cinereous Finch Piezorina cinerea  (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Peru  
Slender-billed Finch Xenospingus concolor  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Peru, Chile  
Great Inca Finch Incaspiza pulchra  (Sclater, PL, 1886) SA : Peru  
Rufous-backed Inca Finch Incaspiza personata  (Salvin, 1895) SA : Peru  
Grey-winged Inca Finch Incaspiza ortizi  Zimmer, 1952 SA : Peru  
Buff-bridled Inca Finch Incaspiza laeta  (Salvin, 1895) SA : Peru  
Little Inca Finch Incaspiza watkinsi  Chapman, 1925 SA : Peru  
Bay-chested Warbling Finch Poospiza thoracica  (Nordmann, 1835) SA : se Brazil  
Bolivian Warbling Finch Poospiza boliviana  Sharpe, 1888 SA : Bolivia  
Plain-tailed Warbling Finch Poospiza alticola  Salvin, 1895 SA : Peru  
Rufous-sided Warbling Finch Poospiza hypocondria  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw TAX : Zoonomen, IBC. Original spelling. hypochondria is an unjustified emendation.
        P. h. hypocondria  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) w Bolivia  
        P. h. affinis  von Berlepsch, 1906 nw Argentina  
Rusty-browed Warbling Finch Poospiza erythrophrys  Sclater, PL, 1881 SA : sw  
        P. e. cochabambae  Gyldenstolpe, 1941 c and s Bolivia  
        P. e. erythrophrys  Sclater, PL, 1881 extreme s Bolivia and nw Argentina  
Cinnamon Warbling Finch Poospiza ornata  (Landbeck, 1865) SA : w Argentina  
Black-and-rufous Warbling Finch Poospiza nigrorufa  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : se, sc  
Black-and-chestnut Warbling Finch Poospiza whitii  Sclater, PL, 1883 SA : sc AS : Poospiza whitii is split from P.nigrorufa (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Mazar Barnett & Pearman 2001); SACC 79 doesn‘t recognize
        P. w. wagneri  Stolzmann, 1926 w Bolivia  
        P. w. whitii  Sclater, PL, 1883 c and s Bolivia, nw Argentina  
Buff-throated Warbling Finch Poospiza lateralis  (Nordmann, 1835) SA : e, se Brasil  
Grey-throated Warbling Finch Poospiza cabanisi  Bonaparte, 1850 SA : se Brasil to ne Argentina including Uruguay and e Paraguay  
Rufous-breasted Warbling Finch Poospiza rubecula  Salvin, 1895 SA : Peru  
Collared Warbling Finch Poospiza hispaniolensis  Bonaparte, 1850 SA : Ecuador, Peru  
Ringed Warbling Finch Poospiza torquata  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sc TAX : Poospiza torquata includes subspecies pectoralis, which may warrant recognition (Lougheed et al. 2000); SACC needs proposal
        P. t. torquata  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) w, c and s Bolivia  
        P. t. pectoralis  Todd, 1922 n and c Argentina  
Black-capped Warbling Finch Poospiza melanoleuca  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sc  
Cinereous Warbling Finch Poospiza cinerea  Bonaparte, 1850 SA : s Brazil  
Chestnut-breasted Mountain Finch Poospiza caesar  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869 SA : Peru TAX : Poospizopsis caesar is now assigned to Poospiza (Paynter 1970, SACC); Revisit this decision?
Cochabamba Mountain Finch Compsospiza garleppi  von Berlepsch, 1893 SA : Bolivia  
Tucuman Mountain Finch Compsospiza baeri  (Oustalet, 1904) SA : Argentina  
Stripe-tailed Yellow Finch Sicalis citrina  Pelzeln, 1870 SA : n, e, wc  
        S. c. browni  Bangs, 1898 Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        S. c. citrina  Pelzeln, 1870 e Brazil  
        S. c. occidentalis  Carriker, 1932 se Peru to nw Argentina  
Puna Yellow Finch Sicalis lutea  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw  
Bright-rumped Yellow Finch Sicalis uropigyalis  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw TAX : Zoonomen, IBC. Original spelling. uropygialis is an unjustified emendation.
        S. u. sharpei  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) nw to c Peru  
        S. u. connectens  (Chapman, 1919) sc Peru  
        S. u. uropigyalis  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) s Peru, n Chile, w Bolivia and nw Argentina  
Citron-headed Yellow Finch Sicalis luteocephala  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Bolivia  
Greater Yellow Finch Sicalis auriventris  Philippi & Landbeck, 1864 SA : Chile, Argentina  
Greenish Yellow Finch Sicalis olivascens  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw  
        S. o. salvini  (Chubb, 1919) n Peru  
        S. o. chloris  Cabanis, 1846 wc Peru to n Chile  
        S. o. olivascens  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) se Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina  
Monte Yellow Finch Sicalis mendozae (Sharpe, 1888) SA : w Argentina AS : Monte Yellow Finch is split from Greenish Yellow Finch (Areta et al 2012, SACC 539)
Patagonian Yellow Finch Sicalis lebruni  (Oustalet, 1891) SA : s  
Orange-fronted Yellow Finch Sicalis columbiana  Cabanis, 1851 SA : n, e, c  
        S. c. columbiana  Cabanis, 1851 e Colombia to n Venezuela  
        S. c. leopoldinae  Hellmayr, 1906 e Brazil  
        S. c. goeldii  von Berlepsch, 1906 c Brazil  
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : n, wc, se, sc  
        S. f. flaveola  (Linnaeus, 1766) Trinidad, Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas  
        S. f. valida  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1921 Ecuador and nw Peru  
        S. f. brasiliensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Brazil  
        S. f. pelzelni  Sclater, PL, 1872 e Bolivia, Paraguay, se Brazil, n Argentina and Uruguay  
        S. f. koenigi  Hoy, G, 1978 nw Argentina  
Grassland Yellow Finch Sicalis luteola  (Sparrman, 1789) LA : widespread  
        S. l. chrysops  Sclater, PL, 1862 s Mexico to Nicaragua  
        S. l. mexicana  Brodkorb, 1943 c Mexico  
        S. l. eisenmanni  Wetmore, 1953 nw Costa Rica to c Panama  
        S. l. bogotensis  Chapman, 1924 high elevation in n Colombia and nw Venezuela to Ecuador and s Peru  
        S. l. luteola  (Sparrman, 1789) lower elevation in n Colombia, c Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil  
        S. l. flavissima  Todd, 1922 Suriname to ne Brazil  
        S. l. chapmani  Ridgway, 1899 nc Brazil  
        S. l. luteiventris  (Meyen, 1834) s Brazil to c Argentina and c Chile  
Raimondi's Yellow Finch Sicalis raimondii  Taczanowski, 1874 SA : Peru  
Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii  Sharpe, 1888 SA : Ecuador, Peru  
Wedge-tailed Grass Finch Emberizoides herbicola  (Vieillot, 1817) LA : Costa Rica to ne Argentina  
        E. h. lucaris  Bangs, 1908 sw Costa Rica  
        E. h. hypochondriacus  Hellmayr, 1906 w and c Panama  
        E. h. apurensis  Gilliard, 1940 e Colombia and w Venezuela  
        E. h. sphenurus  (Vieillot, 1818) w and n Colombia to Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil. Also s Ecuador and n Peru  
        E. h. herbicola  (Vieillot, 1817) e Bolivia to e Brazil, Paraguay, n Argentina and Uruguay  
Lesser Grass Finch Emberizoides ypiranganus  von Ihering, H & von Ihering, R, 1907 SA : se  
Duida Grass Finch Emberizoides duidae  Chapman, 1929 SA : Tepuis  
Pampa Finch Embernagra platensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : se, sc TAX : Embernagra platensis includes the olivascens subspecies group, which may warrant recognition (Hayes 2003); SACC 96 declined
        E. p. platensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n Bolivia, c and e Paraguay, se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina  
        E. p. olivascens  d'Orbigny, 1839 se Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina  
        E. p. catamarcana  Nores, 1986 Catamarca (nw Argentina)  
        E. p. gossei  Chubb, 1918 wc Argentina  
Serra Finch Embernagra longicauda  Strickland, 1844 SA : e Brazil  
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina  (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : widespread  
        V. j. splendens  (Vieillot, 1817) Trinidad, Mexico to Colombia and east through Venezuela and the Guianas to the Amazon Basin  
        V. j. jacarina  (Linnaeus, 1766) se Peru to e Brazil and south to n Argentina  
        V. j. peruviensis  (Peale, 1848) w Ecuador, w Peru and nw Chile  
Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis  (Verreaux, J, 1869) SA : se  
Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris  (Temminck, 1820) SA : se Brazil  
Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila schistacea  (Lawrence, 1862) LA : s Mexico to Ecuador and n Brazil  
        S. s. subconcolor  Berlioz, 1959 s Mexico and Belize to Nicaragua  
        S. s. schistacea  (Lawrence, 1862) Costa Rica to n Colombia  
        S. s. incerta  Riley, 1914 w Colombia and Ecuador  
        S. s. longipennis  Chubb, 1921 e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Amazonian Brazil, e Peru and n Bolivia  
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) SA : n, c, sc  
        S. p. colombiana  (Sharpe, 1888) n Colombia  
        S. p. whiteleyana  (Sharpe, 1888) e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        S. p. plumbea  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) c and s Brazil, se Peru, n Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina  (Sclater, PL, 1860) LA : e Mexico to Peru AS : Sporophila corvina is split from S. americana (Stiles 1996, Dickinson 2003, SACC 287, BLI 1.0)
        S. c. corvina  (Sclater, PL, 1860) e Mexico to w Panama  
        S. c. hoffmanni  Cabanis, 1861 sw Costa Rica and sw Panama  
        S. c. hicksii  (Lawrence, 1865) s and se Panama to nw Colombia  
        S. c. ophthalmica  (Sclater, PL, 1860) sw Colombia to nw Peru  
Grey Seedeater Sporophila intermedia  Cabanis, 1851 SA : n  
        S. i. intermedia  Cabanis, 1851 Trinidad, n Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil  
        S. i. bogotensis  (Gilliard, 1946) w Colombia  
Wing-barred Seedeater Sporophila americana  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n, w Amazonia  
        S. a. americana  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Tobago, ne Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        S. a. dispar  Todd, 1922 nc Brazil  
Caqueta Seedeater Sporophila murallae  Chapman, 1915 SA : Colombia  
White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola  (Bonaparte, 1850) NA, MA : s Texas to Panama ENG : CORRECT: English name of Sporophila torqueola is White-collared Seedeater (AOU 1998)
        S. t. atriceps  (Lawrence, 1867) s Baja California (nw Mexico), w Mexico  
        S. t. torqueola  (Bonaparte, 1850) c and sw Mexico  
        S. t. sharpei  Lawrence, 1889 s Texas (sc USA) and ne Mexico  
        S. t. morelleti  (Bonaparte, 1850) se Mexico to n Panama  
        S. t. mutanda  Griscom, 1930 sw Mexico to El Salvador  
Rusty-collared Seedeater Sporophila collaris  (Boddaert, 1783) SA : sc, se  
        S. c. ochrascens  Hellmayr, 1904 Bolivia to sc Brazil  
        S. c. collaris  (Boddaert, 1783) e Brazil  
        S. c. melanocephala  (Vieillot, 1817) sw Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina, also se Brazil and Uruguay  
Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides  (Lesson, 1831) SA : n, Amazonia  
        S. b. restricta  Todd, 1917 nc Colombia  
        S. b. bouvronides  (Lesson, 1831) Trinidad and Tobago, ne Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas  
Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola  (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : n, Amazonia, sc SA  
Black-and-white Seedeater Sporophila luctuosa  (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis  (Vieillot, 1823) LA : Costa Rica to Bolivia  
        S. n. nigricollis  (Vieillot, 1823) Trinidad, Tobago and s Lesser Antilles, Costa Rica to e Bolivia, Brazil and n Argentina  
        S. n. vivida  Hellmayr, 1938 sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
        S. n. inconspicua  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906 w and c Peru  
Dubois's Seedeater Sporophila ardesiaca  (Dubois, AJC, 1894) SA : se Brazil AS : Sporophila ardesiaca is recognized by H&M, BLI, SACC
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens  (Vieillot, 1823) SA : c, sc, se  
        S. c. caerulescens  (Vieillot, 1823) e Bolivia and s Brazil to c Argentina  
        S. c. hellmayri  Wolters, 1939 e Brazil  
        S. c. yungae  Gyldenstolpe, 1941 c Bolivia  
White-throated Seedeater Sporophila albogularis  (von Spix, 1825) SA : e Brazil  
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : c, e, sc  
        S. l. mexianae  Hellmayr, 1912 s Suriname and ne Brazil  
        S. l. cinereola  (Temminck, 1820) e Brazil  
        S. l. leucoptera  (Vieillot, 1817) c and s Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina  
        S. l. bicolor  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) se Peru and Bolivia  
Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana  (Lesson, 1842) SA : Ecuador, Peru  
        S. p. devronis  (Verreaux, J, 1852) w Ecuador and nw Peru  
        S. p. peruviana  (Lesson, 1842) w Peru  
Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex  (Taczanowski, 1874) SA : Ecuador, Peru  
Black-and-tawny Seedeater Sporophila nigrorufa  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw Brazil, Bolivia  
Copper Seedeater Sporophila bouvreuil  (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : e, se  
        S. b. bouvreuil  (Statius Müller, 1776) s Suriname, e Brazil  
        S. b. saturata  Hellmayr, 1904 S?o Paulo (se Brazil)  
        S. b. crypta  Sick, 1968 Rio de Janeiro (se Brazil)  
Pearly-bellied Seedeater Sporophila pileata  (Sclater, PL, 1865) SA : ne Bolivia, c and s Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay AS : Machado & Silveira 2011, SACC 502, 517
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta  (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : sw Mexico through n SA  
        S. m. parva  (Lawrence, 1883) sw Mexico to Nicaragua  
        S. m. centralis  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918 sw Costa Rica and s Panama  
        S. m. minuta  (Linnaeus, 1758) Trinidad and Tobago, n South America  
Tawny-bellied Seedeater Sporophila hypoxantha  Cabanis, 1851 SA : sc  
Rufous-rumped Seedeater Sporophila hypochroma  Todd, 1915 SA : sc  
Dark-throated Seedeater Sporophila ruficollis  Cabanis, 1851 SA : sc  
Marsh Seedeater Sporophila palustris  (Barrows, WB, 1883) SA : sc  
Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris  Cabanis, 1849 SA : Amazonia  
Chestnut Seedeater Sporophila cinnamomea  (Lafresnaye, 1839) SA : sc  
Black-bellied Seedeater Sporophila melanogaster  (Pelzeln, 1870) SA : se Brazil  
Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco  (Lesson, 1828) SA : Ecuador to nw Chile  
Thick-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus funereus  Sclater, PL, 1860 LA : se Mexico to w Ecuador AS : Oryzoborus funereus specifically distinct from O. angolensis (AOU, SACC 82)
        O. f. funereus  Sclater, PL, 1860 se Mexico to n Nicaragua  
        O. f. salvini  Ridgway, 1884 s Nicaragua, Costa Rica (except sw) and n Panama  
        O. f. ochrogyne  (Olson, 1981) sw Costa Rica, s Panama to n and w Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        O. f. aethiops  Sclater, PL, 1860 sw Colombia and w Ecuador  
Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch Oryzoborus angolensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : n,e; Amazonia ENG : Change English name of Oryzoborus angolensis from Lesser Seed Finch to Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch with split of O.funereus
        O. a. torridus  (Scopoli, 1769) Trinidad and Tobago, e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, n and w Amazonia  
        O. a. angolensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) n Bolivia to e Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Nicaraguan Seed Finch Oryzoborus nuttingi  Ridgway, 1884 MA : Nicaragua to Panama  
Large-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n and w SA  
        O. c. occidentalis  Sclater, PL, 1860 w Colombia to sw Ecuador  
        O. c. crassirostris  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas south to ne Peru and w and n Brazil  
Great-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus maximiliani  Cabanis, 1851 SA : ne and e SA  
        O. m. magnirostris  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1950 Trinidad and e Venezuela; w Guyana and e French Guiana to n Brazil  
        O. m. maximiliani  Cabanis, 1851 c and e Brazil  
Black-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus atrirostris  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1878 SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        O. a. atrirostris  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1878 s Colombia to n Peru  
        O. a. gigantirostris  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 se Peru to n and e Bolivia  
Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Cuba, Cayman Islands  
        M. n. nigra  (Linnaeus, 1758) Cuba, Isle of Pines  
        M. n. taylori  Hartert, 1896 Grand Cayman I.  
White-naped Seedeater Dolospingus fringilloides  (Pelzeln, 1870) SA : n, nw Amazonia  
Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Colombia to n Chile  
        C. a. alpica  Bangs, 1902 n Colombia  
        C. a. schistaceifrons  Chapman, 1915 c and e Colombia  
        C. a. soderstromi  Chapman, 1924 Ecuador  
        C. a. insignis  Zimmer, 1930 nc Peru  
        C. a. analoides  (Lafresnaye, 1847) w Peru  
        C. a. griseiventris  Chapman, 1919 sw Peru  
        C. a. analis  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) n Chile, Bolivia and Argentina  
Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata  (Lafresnaye, 1847) SA : Venezuela to n Argentina  
        C. i. mucuchiesi  Phelps & Gilliard, 1941 Merida (w Venezuela)  
        C. i. minor  von Berlepsch, 1885 Tachira (w Venezuela) and Colombia to c Peru  
        C. i. inornata  (Lafresnaye, 1847) s Peru to n Chile and nw Argentina  
        C. i. cordobensis  Nores & Yzurieta, 1983 nc Argentina  
Paramo Seedeater Catamenia homochroa  Sclater, PL, 1859 SA : Tepuis, Venezuela to n Bolivia  
        C. h. oreophila  Todd, 1913 n Colombia  
        C. h. homochroa  Sclater, PL, 1859 n Colombia and nw Venezuela to nw Bolivia  
        C. h. duncani  (Chubb, 1921) c and s Venezuela, n Brazil  
Cuban Grassquit Tiaris canorus  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : Cuba  
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, LA : Greater Antilles, e Mexico to nw South America  
        T. o. pusillus  Swainson, 1827 e Mexico to Ecuador and Venezuela  
        T. o. intermedius  (Ridgway, 1885) Cozumel I. (off se Mexico)  
        T. o. ravidus  Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)  
        T. o. olivaceus  (Linnaeus, 1766) Cuba, Isle of Pines, Cayman Is., Jamaica and Hispaniola  
        T. o. bryanti  (Ridgway, 1898) Puerto Rico and nearby islands  
Dull-colored Grassquit Tiaris obscurus  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Venezuela to Argentina  
        T. o. haplochroma  (Todd, 1912) n Colombia to n Venezuela  
        T. o. pauper  (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) s Colombia to n Peru  
        T. o. obscurus  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) c Peru to Bolivia and nw Argentina  
        T. o. pacificus  (Koepcke, 1963) w Peru  
Black-faced Grassquit Tiaris bicolor  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, SA : West Indies, n SA  
        T. b. bicolor  (Linnaeus, 1766) Bahama Is., islands off n Cuba  
        T. b. marchii  (Baird, SF, 1864) Jamaica and Hispaniola  
        T. b. omissus  Jardine, 1847 Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles, n Colombia and n Venezuela  
        T. b. huilae  Miller, AH, 1952 c Colombia  
        T. b. grandior  (Cory, 1887) San Andrés Arch. (e of Nicaragua)  
        T. b. johnstonei  (Lowe, 1906) La Blanquilla and Los Hermanos (off n Venezuela)  
        T. b. sharpei  (Hartert, 1893) Netherland Antilles  
        T. b. tortugensis  Cory, 1909 La Tortuga (off n Venezuela)  
Sooty Grassquit Tiaris fuliginosus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) SA : n SA, e, sw Brazil  
        T. f. zuliae  Aveledo & Ginés, 1948 nw Venezuela  
        T. f. fumosus  (Lawrence, 1874) Trinidad, n and e Venezuela  
        T. f. fuliginosus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) ne and c Brazil, e Bolivia  
Yellow-shouldered Grassquit Loxipasser anoxanthus  (Gosse, 1847) NA : Jamaica  
Puerto Rican Bullfinch Loxigilla portoricensis  (Daudin, 1800) NA : Puerto Rico  
        L. p. portoricensis  (Daudin, 1800) Puerto Rico  
        L. p. grandis †  Lawrence, 1881 St. Kitts (Lesser Antilles)  
Greater Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla violacea  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Bahamas, Hispaniola  
        L. v. violacea  (Linnaeus, 1758) n and c Bahama Is.  
        L. v. ofella  Buden, 1986 c and e Caicos Is. (s Bahamas)  
        L. v. maurella  Wetmore, 1929 Tortue I. (off nw Hispaniola)  
        L. v. affinis  (Ridgway, 1898) Hispaniola and islands to the south  
        L. v. ruficollis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Jamaica  
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : Lesser Antilles  
        L. n. coryi  (Ridgway, 1898) nw Lesser Antilles  
        L. n. ridgwayi  (Cory, 1892) US Virgin Is., n Lesser Antilles  
        L. n. desiradensis  Danforth, 1937 Desirade (nc Lesser Antilles)  
        L. n. dominicana  (Ridgway, 1898) nc Lesser Antilles  
        L. n. noctis  (Linnaeus, 1766) Martinique (sc Lesser Antilles)  
        L. n. sclateri  Allen, JA, 1880 St. Lucia (sc Lesser Antilles)  
        L. n. crissalis  (Ridgway, 1898) St. Vincent (s Lesser Antilles)  
        L. n. grenadensis  (Cory, 1892) Grenada (s Lesser Antilles)  
Barbados Bullfinch Loxigilla barbadensis  Cory, 1886 NA : Barbados  
Orangequit Euneornis campestris  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Jamaica  
St. Lucia Black Finch Melanospiza richardsoni  (Cory, 1886) NA : St. Lucia  
Large Ground Finch Geospiza magnirostris  Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands  
Medium Ground Finch Geospiza fortis  Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands  
Small Ground Finch Geospiza fuliginosa  Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands  
Sharp-beaked Ground Finch Geospiza difficilis  Sharpe, 1888 SA : Galápagos Islands  
        G. d. acutirostris  Ridgway, 1894 Genovesa (n Galapagos Is.)  
        G. d. septentrionalis  Rothschild & Hartert, 1899 nw Galapagos Is.  
        G. d. difficilis  Sharpe, 1888 Pinta (n Galápagos Is.)  
        G. d. debilirostris  Ridgway, 1894 w and c Galápagos Is.  
Common Cactus Finch Geospiza scandens  (Gould, 1837) SA : Galápagos Islands  
        G. s. scandens  (Gould, 1837) Santiago and Rábida (c Galapagos Is.)  
        G. s. intermedia  Ridgway, 1894 w, c and s Galápagos Is.  
        G. s. abingdoni  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870) Pinta (n Galapagoa I.)  
        G. s. rothschildi  Heller & Snodgrass, 1901 Marchena (n Galápagos I.)  
Large Cactus Finch Geospiza conirostris  Ridgway, 1890 SA : Galápagos Islands  
        G. c. darwini  Rothschild & Hartert, 1899 nw Galápagos Is.  
        G. c. propinqua  Ridgway, 1894 Genovesa (ne Galapagos I.)  
        G. c. conirostris  Ridgway, 1890 Española (se Galápagos I.)  
Vegetarian Finch Platyspiza crassirostris  (Gould, 1837) SA : Galápagos Islands  
Large Tree Finch Camarhynchus psittacula  Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands  
        C. p. habeli  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870 n Galápagos Is.  
        C. p. affinis  Ridgway, 1894 w Galápagos Is.  
        C. p. psittacula  Gould, 1837 c and s Galápagos Is.  
Medium Tree Finch Camarhynchus pauper  Ridgway, 1890 SA : Galápagos Islands  
Small Tree Finch Camarhynchus parvulus  (Gould, 1837) SA : Galápagos Islands  
        C. p. parvulus  (Gould, 1837) most Galápagos islands  
        C. p. salvini  Ridgway, 1894 San Cristóbal (se Galapagos I.)  
Woodpecker Finch Camarhynchus pallidus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870) SA : Galápagos Islands  
        C. p. pallidus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870) c and s Galápagos Is.  
        C. p. productus  Ridgway, 1894 w Galápagos Is.  
        C. p. striatipecta  (Swarth, 1931) San Cristóbal (se Galapagos I.)  
Mangrove Finch Camarhynchus heliobates  (Snodgrass & Heller, 1901) SA : Galápagos Islands  
Green Warbler-Finch Certhidea olivacea  Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands  
Grey Warbler-Finch Certhidea fusca  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870 SA : Galápagos Islands AS : Certhidea fusca is elevated to species status and split from C.olivacea (Tonnis et al. 2005; SACC 367)
        C. f. becki  Rothschild, 1898 nw Galápagos Is.  
        C. f. mentalis  Ridgway, 1894 Genovesa (ne Galapagos I.)  
        C. f. fusca  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870 n Galapagos Is.  
        C. f. luteola  Ridgway, 1894 San Cristóbal (se Galapagos I.)  
        C. f. bifasciata  Ridgway, 1894 Santa Fe (c Galápagos I.)  
        C. f. cinerascens  Ridgway, 1890 Española (se Galapagos I.)  
        C. f. ridgwayi  Rothschild & Hartert, 1899 Floreana (s Galapagos I.)  
Cocos Finch Pinaroloxias inornata  (Gould, 1843) MA : Isla del Cocos  
Puerto Rican Tanager Nesospingus speculiferus  (Lawrence, 1875) NA : Puerto Rico  
Black-crowned Tanager Phaenicophilus palmarum  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : Hispaniola  
Grey-crowned Tanager Phaenicophilus poliocephalus  (Bonaparte, 1851) NA : Hispaniola  
        P. p. poliocephalus  (Bonaparte, 1851) Hispaniola  
        P. p. coryi  Richmond & Swales, 1924 Gonáve I (off wc Hispaniola)  
Western Chat-Tanager Calyptophilus tertius  Wetmore, 1929 NA : Hispaniola  
Eastern Chat-Tanager Calyptophilus frugivorus  (Cory, 1883) NA : Hispaniola  
        C. f. frugivorus  (Cory, 1883) n Dominican Republic  
        C. f. neibae  Bond & Dod, 1977 c Dominican Republic  
        C. f. abbotti  Richmond & Swales, 1924 Gonáve I (off wc Hispaniola)  
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Cozumel Island  
        S. z. townsendi  Ridgway, 1887 n Bahama Is.  
        S. z. zena  (Linnaeus, 1758) c and s Bahama Is.  
        S. z. pretrei  (Lesson, 1831) Cuba and Isle of Pines  
        S. z. salvini  Cory, 1886 Grand Cayman I.  
        S. z. benedicti  Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel I. (off se Mexico)  
Hispaniolan Spindalis Spindalis dominicensis  (Bryant, H, 1867) NA : Hispaniola  
Puerto Rican Spindalis Spindalis portoricensis  (Bryant, H, 1866) NA : Puerto Rico  
Jamaican Spindalis Spindalis nigricephala  (Jameson, 1835) NA : Jamaica  
Rosy Thrush-Tanager Rhodinocichla rosea  (Lesson, 1832) LA : w Mexico to Venezuela  
        R. r. schistacea  Ridgway, 1878 w Mexico  
        R. r. eximia  Ridgway, 1902 w Costa Rica to c Panama  
        R. r. harterti  Hellmayr, 1918 n and nc Colombia  
        R. r. beebei  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949 Perijá Mts. (extreme n Colombia and nw Venezuela)  
        R. r. rosea  (Lesson, 1832) nw to n Venezuela  
Plushcap Catamblyrhynchus diadema  Lafresnaye, 1842 SA : Venezuela to nw Argentina  
        C. d. federalis  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 n Venezuela  
        C. d. diadema  Lafresnaye, 1842 n Colombia and nw Venezuela to s Ecuador  
        C. d. citrinifrons  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina  
       
Longspurs, Snow Buntings (6)
Family Calcariidae
  TAX, SEQ : Move longspurs Calcarius and snow buntings Plectrophenax from Emberizidae to their own family Calcariidae (Alström et al 2008)
McCown's Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii  (Lawrence, 1851) NA : c TAX : McCown‘s Longspur is more closely related to snow buntings than to longspurs, so is separated to a monotypic genus Rhynchophanes (NACC 2010)
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n  
        C. l. subcalcaratus  (Brehm, CL, 1826) n Canada and Greenland  
        C. l. lapponicus  (Linnaeus, 1758) n Europe and n Asia  
        C. l. kamtschaticus  Portenko, 1937 ne Siberia  
        C. l. alascensis  Ridgway, 1898 extreme e Siberia, Alaska and nw Canada  
        C. l. coloratus  Ridgway, 1898 Commander Is.  
Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus  (Swainson, 1832) NA : nw, nc  
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus  (Townsend, JK, 1837) NA : nc  
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n  
        P. n. nivalis  (Linnaeus, 1758) n North America and n Europe  
        P. n. insulae  Salomonsen, 1931 Iceland  
        P. n. vlasowae  Portenko, 1937 ne Europe to ne Siberia  
        P. n. townsendi  Ridgway, 1887 Commander, Aleutian and Pribiloff Is.  
McKay's Bunting Plectrophenax hyperboreus  Ridgway, 1884 NA : Alaska  
       
Cardinals, Grosbeaks and allies (68)
Family Cardinalidae
   
Flame-colored Tanager Piranga bidentata  Swainson, 1827 MA : w Mexico to Panama  
        P. b. bidentata  Swainson, 1827 sw USA, nw and c Mexico  
        P. b. flammea  Ridgway, 1887 w Mexico  
        P. b. sanguinolenta  Lafresnaye, 1839 e Mexico to El Salvador  
        P. b. citrea  van Rossem, 1934 Costa Rica and Panama  
Tooth-billed Tanager Piranga lutea  (Lesson, 1834) LA : Costa Rica to Bolivia AS : Piranga lutea is split from P. hepatica (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Burns et al 2003); SACC needs proposal; revisit English name
        P. l. testacea  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 Costa Rica and Panama  
        P. l. lutea  (Lesson, 1834) sw Colombia to wc Bolivia  
        P. l. desidiosa  Bangs & Noble, 1918 wc Colombia  
        P. l. toddi  Parkes, 1969 c Colombia  
        P. l. faceta  Bangs, 1898 Trinidad, n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        P. l. haemalea  Salvin & Godman, 1883 s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
Red Tanager Piranga flava  (Vieillot, 1822) SA : s Guyana through e Brazil to Argentina AS : Piranga flava is split from P. hepatica (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Burns et al 2003); SACC needs proposal; revisit English name
        P. f. flava  (Vieillot, 1822) se Bolivia to Uruguay and c Argentina  
        P. f. macconnelli  Chubb, 1921 s Guyana, s Suriname and n Brazil  
        P. f. saira  (von Spix, 1825) e and s Brazil  
        P. f. rosacea  Todd, 1922 e Bolivia  
Hepatic Tanager Piranga hepatica  Swainson, 1827 NA, MA : w USA to Nicaragua  
        P. h. hepatica  Swainson, 1827 sw USA to sw Mexico  
        P. h. dextra  Bangs, 1907 s USA to e Mexico  
        P. h. figlina  Salvin & Godman, 1883 e Guatemala and Belize  
        P. h. albifacies  Zimmer, 1929 w Guatemala to nc Nicaragua  
        P. h. savannarum  Howell, TR, 1965 e Honduras and ne Nicaragua  
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : s USA, n Mexico  
        P. r. cooperi  Ridgway, 1869 sw USA and n Mexico  
        P. r. rubra  (Linnaeus, 1758) e USA  
Rose-throated Tanager Piranga roseogularis  Cabot, 1846 MA : Mexico to Guatemala  
        P. r. roseogularis  Cabot, 1846 n Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)  
        P. r. tincta  Paynter, 1950 c and s Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico), Belize and n Guatemala  
        P. r. cozumelae  Ridgway, 1901 Mujeres and Cozumel Is. (off se Mexico)  
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : e  
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana  (Wilson, A, 1811) NA : w  
White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera  Trudeau, 1839 LA : e Mexico to Bolivia  
        P. l. leucoptera  Trudeau, 1839 e Mexico to Nicaragua  
        P. l. latifasciata  Ridgway, 1887 Costa Rica and w Panama  
        P. l. venezuelae  Zimmer, 1947 w, c and n Colombia, Venezuela and n Brazil  
        P. l. ardens  (Tschudi, 1844) sw Colombia to c Bolivia  
Red-headed Tanager Piranga erythrocephala  (Swainson, 1827) MA : Mexico  
        P. e. candida  Griscom, 1934 nw Mexico  
        P. e. erythrocephala  (Swainson, 1827) sc and s Mexico  
Red-hooded Tanager Piranga rubriceps  Gray, GR, 1844 SA : Colombia to Peru  
Red-crowned Ant Tanager Habia rubica  (Vieillot, 1817) LA : widespread  
        H. r. holobrunnea  Griscom, 1930 e Mexico  
        H. r. rosea  (Nelson, 1898) sw Mexico  
        H. r. affinis  (Nelson, 1897) s Oaxaca (s Mexico)  
        H. r. nelsoni  (Ridgway, 1902) Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)  
        H. r. rubicoides  (Lafresnaye, 1844) sc and s Mexico to Honduras and El Salvador  
        H. r. vinacea  (Lawrence, 1867) w Costa Rica and Panama  
        H. r. alfaroana  (Ridgway, 1905) nw Costa Rica  
        H. r. perijana  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1957 n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        H. r. coccinea  (Todd, 1919) nc Colombia and w Venezuela  
        H. r. crissalis  Parkes, 1969 ne Venezuela  
        H. r. rubra  (Vieillot, 1819) Trinidad  
        H. r. mesopotamia  Parkes, 1969 e Venezuela  
        H. r. rhodinolaema  (Salvin & Godman, 1883) e Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru and nw Brazil  
        H. r. peruviana  (Taczanowski, 1884) e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia  
        H. r. hesterna  Griscom & Greenway, 1937 c Brazil  
        H. r. bahiae  Hellmayr, 1936 e Brazil  
        H. r. rubica  (Vieillot, 1817) e Paraguay, se Brazil and ne Argentina  
Red-throated Ant Tanager Habia fuscicauda  (Cabanis, 1861) LA : Mexico to Colombia  
        H. f. salvini  (von Berlepsch, 1883) e Mexico to El Salvador  
        H. f. insularis  (Salvin, 1888) Yiucatan Pen. (se Mexico) and n Guatemala  
        H. f. discolor  (Ridgway, 1901) ne, c and e Nicaragua  
        H. f. fuscicauda  (Cabanis, 1861) s Nicaragua to w Panama  
        H. f. willisi  Parkes, 1969 c Panama  
        H. f. erythrolaema  (Sclater, PL, 1862) n Colombia  
Black-cheeked Ant Tanager Habia atrimaxillaris  (Dwight & Griscom, 1924) MA : Costa Rica  
Sooty Ant Tanager Habia gutturalis  (Sclater, PL, 1854) SA : Colombia  
Crested Ant Tanager Habia cristata  (Lawrence, 1875) SA : Colombia  
Carmiol's Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli  (Lawrence, 1868) LA : Nicaragua to Colombia  
        C. c. carmioli  (Lawrence, 1868) Nicaragua to nw Panama  
        C. c. magnirostris  Griscom, 1927 w Panama  
        C. c. lutescens  Griscom, 1927 c Panama to nw Colombia  
Olive Tanager Chlorothraupis frenata  von Berlepsch, 1907 SA : w Amazonia AS : Chlorothraupis frenata is split from C.carmioli (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001); SACC needs proposal
Lemon-spectacled Tanager Chlorothraupis olivacea  (Cassin, 1860) LA : Panama to Ecuador  
Ochre-breasted Tanager Chlorothraupis stolzmanni  (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
        C. s. dugandi  Meyer de Schauensee, 1948 sw Colombia and nw Ecuador  
        C. s. stolzmanni  (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) w Ecuador  
Dickcissel Spiza americana  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA, LA : c USA to Venezuela and Colombia  
Mexican Yellow Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysopeplus  (Vigors, 1832) MA : Mexico, Guatemala  
        P. c. dilutus  van Rossem, 1934 nw Mexico  
        P. c. chrysopeplus  (Vigors, 1832) w and c Mexico  
        P. c. aurantiacus  Salvin & Godman, 1891 s Mexico and Guatemala  
Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis  Lawrence, 1867 MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Southern Yellow Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster  (Lesson, 1832) SA : Venezuela to Peru  
        P. c. laubmanni  Hellmayr & Seilern, 1915 n Colombia and n Venezuela  
        P. c. chrysogaster  (Lesson, 1832) sw Colombia to s Peru  
Black-backed Grosbeak Pheucticus aureoventris  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : w, sc  
        P. a. meridensis  Riley, 1905 w Venezuela  
        P. a. uropygialis  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871 nc and c Colombia  
        P. a. crissalis  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877 sw Colombia to c ecuador  
        P. a. terminalis  Chapman, 1919 e Peru  
        P. a. aureoventris  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) s Peru and w Bolivia to nw Argentina  
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : e, se  
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus  (Swainson, 1827) NA : w  
        P. m. maculatus  (Audubon, 1837) sw Canada, w USA and nw Mexico  
        P. m. melanocephalus  (Swainson, 1827) sw to sc Canada and wc USA to sc Mexico  
Red-breasted Chat Granatellus venustus  Bonaparte, 1850 MA : Mexico  
        G. v. francescae  Baird, SF, 1865 Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)  
        G. v. venustus  Bonaparte, 1850 w and sw Mexico  
Grey-throated Chat Granatellus sallaei  (Bonaparte, 1856) MA : Mexico, Guatemala, Belize  
        G. s. sallaei  (Bonaparte, 1856) Veracruz to n Chiapas (se Mexico)  
        G. s. boucardi  Ridgway, 1885 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico) to Belize and c Guatemala  
Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni  Sclater, PL, 1865 SA : Amazonia  
        G. p. pelzelni  Sclater, PL, 1865 s Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and n and s Amazonian Brazil  
        G. p. paraensis  Rothschild, 1906 south of the Amazon and east of the Tocantins R. (ne Brazil)  
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : e, s, sw USA, Mexico  
        C. c. cardinalis  (Linnaeus, 1758) se Canada, c and e USA (except se Georgia and peninsular Florida)  
        C. c. floridanus  Ridgway, 1896 se Georgia and peninsular Florida (se USA)  
        C. c. magnirostris  Bangs, 1903 s Texas and c Oklahoma to Mississippi (sc USA)  
        C. c. canicaudus  Chapman, 1891 w Oklahoma and w and c Texas (sc USA) to c Mexico  
        C. c. coccineus  Ridgway, 1873 San Luis Potosi to n Oaxaca (e to sc Mexico)  
        C. c. littoralis  Nelson, 1897 Veracruz to Tabasco (se Mexico)  
        C. c. yucatanicus  Ridgway, 1887 base of the Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)  
        C. c. phillipsi  Parkes, 1997 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)  
        C. c. flammiger  Peters, JL, 1913 s Quintana Roo (se Mexico), ne Belize and n Guatemala  
        C. c. saturatus  Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel I. (off se Mexico)  
        C. c. superbus  Ridgway, 1885 sw USA and n Sonora (nw Mexico)  
        C. c. seftoni  (Huey, 1940) c Baja California (nw Mexico)  
        C. c. igneus  Baird, SF, 1860 s Baja California (nw Mexico)  
        C. c. clintoni  (Banks, 1963) Seralvo I. (off Baja California in nw Mexico)  
        C. c. townsendi  (van Rossem, 1932) Tiburón I. and adjacent coastal Sonora (nw Mexico)  
        C. c. affinis  Nelson, 1899 nc and wc Mexico  
        C. c. sinaloensis  Nelson, 1899 w Mexico  
        C. c. mariae  Nelson, 1898 Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)  
        C. c. carneus  (Lesson, 1842) sw Mexico  
Vermilion Cardinal Cardinalis phoeniceus  Bonaparte, 1838 SA : Colombia, Venezuela  
Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus  Bonaparte, 1838 NA, MA : sw USA, Mexico  
        C. s. sinuatus  Bonaparte, 1838 sc USA to c and e Mexico  
        C. s. fulvescens  (van Rossem, 1934) s Arizona (sw USA), nw and w Mexico  
        C. s. peninsulae  (Ridgway, 1887) Baja California (nw Mexico)  
Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) MA : s Mexico to Panama  
        C. p. poliogaster  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) se Mexico, Belize, n Guatemala and n Honduras  
        C. p. scapularis  (Ridgway, 1888) e Honduras to w Panama  
Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Tepuis to ec Brazil  
        C. c. simulans  Nelson, 1912 e Panama  
        C. c. canadensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) se Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        C. c. frontalis  (Hellmayr, 1905) ne Brazil  
        C. c. brasiliensis  Cabanis, 1851 e Brazil  
Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis  (Lawrence, 1867) SA : w Amazonia  
Crimson-collared Grosbeak Rhodothraupis celaeno  (Deppe, 1830) MA : ne Mexico  
Red-and-black Grosbeak Periporphyrus erythromelas  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n Amazonia  
Blue Seedeater Amaurospiza concolor  Cabanis, 1861 LA : s Mexico to Ecuador  
        A. c. relicta  (Griscom, 1934) sw Mexico  
        A. c. concolor  Cabanis, 1861 se Mexico, Belize, Honduras to Panama  
        A. c. aequatorialis  Sharpe, 1888 sw Colombia to n Peru  
Blackish-blue Seedeater Amaurospiza moesta  (Hartlaub, 1853) SA : e, se  
Carrizal Seedeater Amaurospiza carrizalensis  Lentino & Restall, 2003 SA : se Venezuela  
Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus  (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : Honduras to Ecuador, Amazonia  
        S. g. saturatus  (Todd, 1922) e Honduras to Ecuador  
        S. g. grossus  (Linnaeus, 1766) Amazonia  
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus  (Daudin, 1800) SA : se  
Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps  (Lesson, 1832) MA : e Mexico to Panama  
        S. a. atriceps  (Lesson, 1832) e Mexico (except se Veracruz and n and c Yucatán Pen.) to e Costa Rica  
        S. a. suffuscus  Wetmore, 1942 se Veracruz (e Mexico)  
        S. a. flavicrissus  Griscom, 1937 Guerrero to c Oaxaca (sw Mexico)  
        S. a. peeti  Brodkorb, 1940 e Oaxaca and Chiapas (sw Mexico)  
        S. a. raptor  (Cabot, 1845) Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)  
        S. a. lacertosus  Bangs, 1900 e Costa Rica and Panama  
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus  (Statius Müller, 1776) LA : widespread  
        S. m. gigantodes  Cabanis, 1851 e Mexico  
        S. m. magnoides  Lafresnaye, 1844 s Mexico and Belize to nw Panama  
        S. m. intermedius  Lawrence, 1864 sw Costa Rica to c Panama  
        S. m. iungens  Griscom, 1929 e Panama and nw Colombia  
        S. m. maximus  (Statius Müller, 1776) Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas, w Amazonia and e Brazil  
Black-winged Saltator Saltator atripennis  Sclater, PL, 1857 SA : Colombia, Ecuador  
        S. a. atripennis  Sclater, PL, 1857 w Colombia and nw Ecuador  
        S. a. caniceps  Chapman, 1914 c Colombia to wc Ecuador  
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 SA : sc  
        S. s. similis  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 e Bolivia and c Brazil to Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay  
        S. s. ochraceiventris  von Berlepsch, 1912 se Brazil  
Greyish Saltator Saltator coerulescens  Vieillot, 1817 LA : widespread  
        S. c. vigorsii  Gray, GR, 1844 nw to w Mexico  
        S. c. plumbiceps  Baird, SF, 1867 w to sw Mexico  
        S. c. grandis  (Deppe, 1830) e Mexico to w Panama  
        S. c. yucatanensis  von Berlepsch, 1912 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)  
        S. c. hesperis  Griscom, 1930 sw Mexico to w Nicaragua  
        S. c. brevicaudus  van Rossem, 1931 wc Costa Rica  
        S. c. plumbeus  Bonaparte, 1853 n Colombia  
        S. c. brewsteri  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918 ne Colombia, Venezuela (except se) and Trinidad  
        S. c. olivascens  Cabanis, 1849 se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        S. c. azarae  d'Orbigny, 1839 w Amazonia  
        S. c. mutus  Sclater, PL, 1856 n and nc Brazil  
        S. c. superciliaris  (von Spix, 1825) e Brazil  
        S. c. coerulescens  Vieillot, 1817 e Bolivia, sw Brazil, Paraguay, n Argentina and Uruguay  
Orinoco Saltator Saltator orenocensis  Lafresnaye, 1846 SA : Colombia, Venezuela  
        S. o. rufescens  Todd, 1912 n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        S. o. orenocensis  Lafresnaye, 1846 ne Colombia to ne Venezuela  
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus  Cabanis, 1851 SA : se  
Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps  (Chapman, 1914) SA : Ecuador, Peru  
Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris  Vieillot, 1817 SA : w, sc  
        S. a. iteratus  Chapman, 1927 n Peru  
        S. a. albociliaris  (Philippi & Landbeck, 1861) c Peru to n Chile  
        S. a. hellmayri  Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 w, c and sc Bolivia  
        S. a. aurantiirostris  Vieillot, 1817 s Bolivia, n Argentina, Paraguay and s Brazil  
        S. a. parkesi  Cardoso da Silva, 1990 se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina  
        S. a. nasica  Wetmore & Peters, JL, 1922 wc Argentina  
Masked Saltator Saltator cinctus  Zimmer, 1943 SA : Ecuador, Peru  
Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis  Vieillot, 1817 SA : sc  
Rufous-bellied Saltator Saltator rufiventris  d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 SA : Bolivia, nw Argentina PHY, SEQ : Saltator rufiventris is probably related to Dubusia rather than of species of Saltator (Klicka et al 2007, SACC 427)
Lesser Antillean Saltator Saltator albicollis  Vieillot, 1817 NA : Lesser Antilles  
        S. a. albicollis  Vieillot, 1817 Martinique and St. Lucia  
        S. a. guadelupensis  Lafresnaye, 1844 Guadeloupe and Dominica  
Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus  Lafresnaye, 1847 LA : Costa Rica to Peru  
        S. s. furax  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1919 sw Costa Rica and w Panama  
        S. s. isthmicus  Sclater, PL, 1861 c Panama  
        S. s. scotinus  Wetmore, 1957 Coiba and Coibita Is. (off sw Panama)  
        S. s. melicus  Wetmore, 1952 Taboga I. (south of c Panama)  
        S. s. speratus  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1919 Pearl Is. (south of Panama)  
        S. s. striatipectus  Lafresnaye, 1847 e Panama, w Colombia and n Ecuador  
        S. s. perstriatus  Parkes, 1959 ne Colombia, n Venezuela and Trinidad  
        S. s. flavidicollis  Sclater, PL, 1860 w Ecuador and nw Peru  
        S. s. immaculatus  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1892 w Peru  
        S. s. peruvianus  Cory, 1916 se Ecuador and ne Peru  
Glaucous-blue Grosbeak Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sc, se  
Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides  (Lafresnaye, 1847) LA : se Mexico to Ecuador and w Amazonia  
        C. c. concreta  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1855) se Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and Honduras  
        C. c. caerulescens  Todd, 1923 Nicaragua to w Panama  
        C. c. cyanoides  (Lafresnaye, 1847) c Panama, n Colombia and nw Venezuela to nw Peru  
        C. c. rothschildii  (Bartlett, 1890) w Amazonia  
Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanocompsa brissonii  (Lichtenstein, 1823) SA : Colombia to e Brazil and n Argentina  
        C. b. caucae  Chapman, 1912 sw Colombia  
        C. b. minor  Cabanis, 1861 n Venezuela  
        C. b. brissonii  (Lichtenstein, 1823) e Brazil  
        C. b. sterea  Oberholser, 1901 se and s Brazil, e Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay  
        C. b. argentina  (Sharpe, 1888) Bolivia and sw Brazil, w Paraguay and n Argentina  
Blue Bunting Cyanocompsa parellina  (Bonaparte, 1850) MA : Mexico to Nicaragua  
        C. p. beneplacita  Bangs, 1915 ne Mexico  
        C. p. indigotica  (Ridgway, 1887) w and sw Mexico  
        C. p. lucida  Sutton & Burleigh, 1939 ne to e Mexico  
        C. p. parellina  (Bonaparte, 1850) e and se Mexico to Nicaragua  
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : s USA to Costa Rica  
        P. c. caerulea  (Linnaeus, 1758) se and sc USA  
        P. c. interfusa  (Dwight & Griscom, 1927) wc USA and n Mexico  
        P. c. salicaria  (Grinnell, 1911) sw USA and nw Mexico  
        P. c. eurhyncha  (Coues, 1874) c and s Mexico  
        P. c. chiapensis  (Nelson, 1898) s Mexico to Guatemala  
        P. c. deltarhyncha  (van Rossem, 1938) w Mexico  
        P. c. lazula  (Lesson, 1842) s Guatemala to nw Costa Rica  
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : c, e  
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena  (Say, 1822) NA : w USA  
Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor  (Bonaparte, 1838) NA, MA : w USA to Guatemala  
        P. v. versicolor  (Bonaparte, 1838) sc USA to sw Mexico  
        P. v. dickeyae  van Rossem, 1934 sw USA and nw Mexico  
        P. v. pulchra  Ridgway, 1887 s Baja California (nw Mexico)  
        P. v. purpurascens  Griscom, 1930 s Mexico and Guatemala  
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : s, se USA  
        P. c. ciris  (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA  
        P. c. pallidior  Mearns, 1911 sc USA and n Mexico  
Rose-bellied Bunting Passerina rositae  (Lawrence, 1874) MA : s Mexico  
Orange-breasted Bunting Passerina leclancherii  Lafresnaye, 1840 MA : s Mexico  
        P. l. grandior  Griscom, 1934 Colima to Chiapas (w and sw Mexico)  
        P. l. leclancherii  Lafresnaye, 1840 coastal c Guerrero (sw Mexico)