"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

ADVISORS

Per Alstrom
Rauri Bowie
Jon Fjeldsa
Phil Gregory
Leo Joseph
Peter Kovalik
Adolfo Navarro-Siguenza
David Parkin
Alan Peterson
Douglas Pratt
Pamela Rasmussen
Frank Rheindt
Robert Ridgely
Peter Ryan
Dick Schodde
Minturn Wright

NAMES >> Index >>Ratites

IOC English NameScientific NameRangeComments
       
 
ORDER TINAMIFORMES
  PHY : Tinamous (with moas) are the outgroup to the traditional ratites (Baker et al 2010, Haddrath & Baker 2012; cf Hackett et al. 2008)
       
Tinamous (47)
Family Tinamidae
   
Grey Tinamou Tinamus tao  Temminck, 1815 SA : Amazonia  
        T. t. larensis  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949 c Colombia, nw Venezuela  
        T. t. septentrionalis  Brabourne & Chubb, 1913 ne Venezuela, nw Guyana  
        T. t. tao  Temminck, 1815 nc Brazil  
        T. t. kleei  (Tschudi, 1843) sc Colombia to e Bolivia and w Brazil  
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : se  
        T. s. pernambucensis  Berla, 1946 ec Brazil  
        T. s. solitarius  (Vieillot, 1819) e Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina  
Black Tinamou Tinamus osgoodi  Conover, 1949 SA : sc Colombia, se Peru  
        T. o. hershkovitzi  Blake, 1953 sc Colombia  
        T. o. osgoodi  Conover, 1949 se Peru  
Great Tinamou Tinamus major  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : s Mexico through Amazonia  
        T. m. robustus  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 se Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras  
        T. m. percautus  van Tyne, 1935 s Mexico, n Guatemala, Belize  
        T. m. fuscipennis  Salvadori, 1895 n Nicaragua to w Panama  
        T. m. brunneiventris  Aldrich, 1937 sc Panama  
        T. m. castaneiceps  Salvadori, 1895 sw Costa Rica, w Panama  
        T. m. saturatus  Griscom, 1929 e Panama, nw Colombia  
        T. m. zuliensis  Osgood & Conover, 1922 ne Colombia, n Venezuela  
        T. m. latifrons  Salvadori, 1895 sw Colombia, w Ecuador  
        T. m. major  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Venezuela to ne Brazil  
        T. m. serratus  (von Spix, 1825) nw Brazil  
        T. m. olivascens  Conover, 1937 Amazonian Brazil  
        T. m. peruvianus  Bonaparte, 1856 se Colombia to Bolivia and w Brazil  
White-throated Tinamou Tinamus guttatus  Pelzeln, 1863 SA : Amazonia  
Highland Tinamou Nothocercus bonapartei  (Gray, GR, 1867) LA : Costa Rica to Peru  
        N. b. frantzii  (Lawrence, 1868) Costa Rica, w Panama  
        N. b. bonapartei  (Gray, GR, 1867) nc Colombia, w Venezuela  
        N. b. intercedens  Salvadori, 1895 w Colombia  
        N. b. discrepans  Friedmann, 1947 e Colombia  
        N. b. plumbeiceps  Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1922 e Ecuador, n Peru  
Tawny-breasted Tinamou Nothocercus julius  (Bonaparte, 1854) SA : c Colombia and w Venezuela to sc Peru  
Hooded Tinamou Nothocercus nigrocapillus  (Gray, GR, 1867) SA : Peru, Bolivia  
        N. n. cadwaladeri  Carriker, 1933 nw Peru  
        N. n. nigrocapillus  (Gray, GR, 1867) c Peru to n Bolivia  
Berlepsch's Tinamou Crypturellus berlepschi  (Rothschild, 1897) SA : w Colombia and nw Ecuador  
Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : Amazonia  
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui  (Hermann, 1783) LA : s Mexico to e Brazil  
        C. s. meserythrus  (Sclater, PL, 1860) s Mexico to se Nicaragua  
        C. s. modestus  (Cabanis, 1869) Costa Rica, w Panama  
        C. s. capnodes  Wetmore, 1963 nw Panama  
        C. s. poliocephalus  (Aldrich, 1937) Panama (Pacific Slope)  
        C. s. panamensis  (Carriker, 1910) Panama  
        C. s. mustelinus  (Bangs, 1905) ne Colombia, nw Venezuela  
        C. s. soui  (Hermann, 1783) e Colombia to ne Brazil  
        C. s. andrei  (Brabourne & Chubb, 1914) Trinidad, ne Venezuela  
        C. s. caucae  (Chapman, 1912) nc Colombia  
        C. s. harterti  (Brabourne & Chubb, 1914) w Colombia, w Ecuador  
        C. s. caquetae  (Chapman, 1915) se Colombia  
        C. s. nigriceps  (Chapman, 1923) e Ecuador, ne Peru  
        C. s. albigularis  (Brabourne & Chubb, 1914) n and e Brazil  
        C. s. inconspicuus  Carriker, 1935 c Peru to e Bolivia  
Tepui Tinamou Crypturellus ptaritepui  Zimmer & Phelps, 1945 SA : Venezuela  
Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus  (Temminck, 1815) SA : Widespread  
        C. o. cerviniventris  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873) n Venezuela  
        C. o. knoxi  Phelps Jr, 1976 nw Venezuela  
        C. o. castaneus  (Sclater, PL, 1858) e Colombia to n Peru  
        C. o. ochraceiventris  (Stolzmann, 1926) c Peru  
        C. o. traylori  Blake, 1961 se Peru  
        C. o. punensis  (Chubb, 1918) se Peru, n Bolivia  
        C. o. griseiventris  (Salvadori, 1895) nc Brazil  
        C. o. hypochraceus  (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1938) sw Brazil  
        C. o. obsoletus  (Temminck, 1815) s Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina  
Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus  (Temminck, 1815) SA : Amazonia, sc  
        C. u. manapiare  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 s Venezuela  
        C. u. simplex  (Salvadori, 1895) s Guyana, nc Brazil  
        C. u. yapura  (von Spix, 1825) w Amazonia  
        C. u. adspersus  (Temminck, 1815) c Brazil  
        C. u. vermiculatus  (Temminck, 1825) e Brazil  
        C. u. undulatus  (Temminck, 1815) se Peru to n Argentina  
Pale-browed Tinamou Crypturellus transfasciatus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1878) SA : e Peru and nw Bolivia through s Amazonian Brazil   
Brazilian Tinamou Crypturellus strigulosus  (Temminck, 1815) SA : e Peru to e Brazil  
Grey-legged Tinamou Crypturellus duidae  Zimmer, 1938 SA : ec Colombia to s Venezuela  
Red-legged Tinamou Crypturellus erythropus  (Pelzeln, 1863) SA : n  
        C. e. cursitans  Wetmore & Phelps Jr, 1956 n Colombia, nw Venezuela  
        C. e. idoneus  (Todd, 1919) ne Colombia, nw Venezuela  
        C. e. columbianus  (Salvadori, 1895) nc Colombia  
        C. e. saltuarius  Wetmore, 1950 Magdalena Prov. (nc Colombia)  
        C. e. spencei  (Brabourne & Chubb, 1914) n Venezuela  
        C. e. margaritae  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1948 Margarita I. (off Venezuela)  
        C. e. erythropus  (Pelzeln, 1863) e Venezuela to ne Brazil  
Yellow-legged Tinamou Crypturellus noctivagus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) SA : e Brazil  
        C. n. zabele  (von Spix, 1825) ne Brazil  
        C. n. noctivagus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) se Brazil  
Black-capped Tinamou Crypturellus atrocapillus  (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Peru, Bolivia  
        C. a. atrocapillus  (Tschudi, 1844) se Peru  
        C. a. garleppi  (von Berlepsch, 1892) n Bolivia  
Thicket Tinamou Crypturellus cinnamomeus  (Lesson, 1842) MA : wc Mexico to Costa Rica AS : Crypturellus cinnamomeus is a split from C. erythropus, H&M,BLI, AOU (1998)
        C. c. occidentalis  (Salvadori, 1895) wc Mexico  
        C. c. mexicanus  (Salvadori, 1895) ec Mexico  
        C. c. soconuscensis  Brodkorb, 1939 sw Mexico  
        C. c. vicinior  Conover, 1933 s Mexico to c Honduras  
        C. c. sallaei  (Bonaparte, 1856) s Mexico  
        C. c. goldmani  (Nelson, 1901) se Mexico, n Guatemala, n Belize  
        C. c. cinnamomeus  (Lesson, 1842) s Guatemala, El Salvador, s Honduras  
        C. c. delattrii  (Bonaparte, 1854) w Nicaragua  
        C. c. praepes  (Bangs & Peters, JL, 1927) nw Costa Rica  
Slaty-breasted Tinamou Crypturellus boucardi  (Sclater, PL, 1860) MA : s Mexico to Costa Rica AS : Crypturellus boucardi is split from C. erythropus; H&M, BLI, and AOU (1998)
        C. b. boucardi  (Sclater, PL, 1860) s Mexico to nw Honduras  
        C. b. costaricensis  (Dwight & Griscom, 1924) n and e Honduras to Costa Rica  
Choco Tinamou Crypturellus kerriae  (Chapman, 1915) LA : se Panama, nw Colombia  
Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus variegatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : Amazonia, e Brazil  
Rusty Tinamou Crypturellus brevirostris  (Pelzeln, 1863) SA : w and ne Amazonia  
Bartlett's Tinamou Crypturellus bartletti  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873) SA : w Amazonia  
Small-billed Tinamou Crypturellus parvirostris  (Wagler, 1827) SA : se Peru and s Amazonian Brazil to ne Argentina  
Barred Tinamou Crypturellus casiquiare  (Chapman, 1929) SA : e Colombia, s Venezuela  
Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa  (Temminck, 1815) SA : e, se, sc  
        C. t. inops  Bangs & Noble, 1918 sw Ecuador, nw Peru  
        C. t. lepidotus  (Swainson, 1837) ne Brazil  
        C. t. peruvianus  (Cory, 1915) c Peru  
        C. t. tataupa  (Temminck, 1815) n and e Bolivia to s Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina  
Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens  (Temminck, 1815) SA : e, se, sc  
        R. r. catingae  Reiser, 1905 c and ne Brazil  
        R. r. pallescens  Kothe, 1907 ne and c Argentina  
        R. r. rufescens  (Temminck, 1815) n Bolivia to e Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay  
Huayco Tinamou Rhynchotus maculicollis  Gray, GR, 1867 SA : nw Bolivia, nw Argentina  
Taczanowski's Tinamou Nothoprocta taczanowskii  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1875 SA : sc Peru  
Ornate Tinamou Nothoprocta ornata  (Gray, GR, 1867) SA : Peru to n Chile and nw Argentina TAX : Nothoprocta kalinowskii is a synonym of N. ornata (Krabbe & Schulenberg 2005; SACC 246)
        N. o. branickii  Taczanowski, 1875 c Peru  
        N. o. ornata  (Gray, GR, 1867) s Peru, w Bolivia, n Chile TAX : Includes ssp jimenezi and labradori. H&M 4:4, HBW 1
        N. o. rostrata  von Berlepsch, 1907 s Bolivia, nw Argentina  
Chilean Tinamou Nothoprocta perdicaria  (Kittlitz, 1830) SA : Chile  
        N. p. perdicaria  (Kittlitz, 1830) nc Chile  
        N. p. sanborni  Conover, 1924 sc Chile  
Brushland Tinamou Nothoprocta cinerascens  (Burmeister, 1860) SA : Southern Cone  
        N. c. cinerascens  (Burmeister, 1860) se Bolivia to nw Paraguay and c Argentina  
        N. c. parvimaculata  Olrog, 1959 nw Argentina  
Andean Tinamou Nothoprocta pentlandii  (Gray, GR, 1867) SA : Ecuador to c Argentina  
        N. p. ambigua  Cory, 1915 s Ecuador, nw Peru  
        N. p. niethammeri  Koepcke, 1968 wc Peru  
        N. p. oustaleti  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1901 c and s Peru  
        N. p. fulvescens  von Berlepsch, 1902 se Peru  
        N. p. pentlandii  (Gray, GR, 1867) w Bolivia, nw Argentina, n Chile  
        N. p. mendozae  Banks & Bohl, 1968 wc Argentina  
        N. p. doeringi  Cabanis, 1878 c Argentina  
Curve-billed Tinamou Nothoprocta curvirostris  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 SA : Ecuador, Peru  
        N. c. curvirostris  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 c Ecuador to n Peru  
        N. c. peruviana  Taczanowski, 1886 n and c Peru  
White-bellied Nothura Nothura boraquira  (von Spix, 1825) SA : e Brazil to e Bolivia and ne Paraguay  
Lesser Nothura Nothura minor  (von Spix, 1825) SA : se Brazil  
Darwin's Nothura Nothura darwinii  Gray, GR, 1867 SA : Peru to sc Argentina  
        N. d. peruviana  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906 s Peru  
        N. d. agassizii  Bangs, 1910 se Peru, w Bolivia  
        N. d. boliviana  Salvadori, 1895 w Bolivia  
        N. d. salvadorii  Hartert, 1909 w Argentina  
        N. d. darwinii  Gray, GR, 1867 sc Argentina  
Spotted Nothura Nothura maculosa  (Temminck, 1815) SA : se  
        N. m. cearensis  Naumburg, 1932 ne Brazil  
        N. m. major  (von Spix, 1825) ec Brazil  
        N. m. paludivaga  Conover, 1950 c Paraguay, nc Argentina  
        N. m. maculosa  (Temminck, 1815) se Brazil to e Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay  
        N. m. pallida  Olrog, 1959 nw Argentina  
        N. m. annectens  Conover, 1950 e Argentina  
        N. m. submontana  Conover, 1950 sw Argentina  
        N. m. nigroguttata  Salvadori, 1895 sc Argentina  
Chaco Nothura Nothura chacoensis  Conover, 1937 SA : nw Paraguay, nc Argentina  
Dwarf Tinamou Taoniscus nanus  (Temminck, 1815) SA : se Brazil, ne Argentina  
Elegant Crested Tinamou Eudromia elegans  Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I, 1832 SA : Southern Cone  
        E. e. intermedia  (Dabbene & Lillo, 1913) nw Argentina  
        E. e. magnistriata  Olrog, 1959 nc Argentina  
        E. e. riojana  Olrog, 1959 wc Argentina  
        E. e. albida  (Wetmore, 1921) wc Argentina  
        E. e. wetmorei  Banks, 1977 w Argentina  
        E. e. numida  Banks, 1977 c Argentina  
        E. e. elegans  Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I, 1832 sc Argentina  
        E. e. multiguttata  Conover, 1950 ec Argentina  
        E. e. devia  Conover, 1950 sw Argentina  
        E. e. patagonica  Conover, 1950 s Chile, s Argentina  
Quebracho Crested Tinamou Eudromia formosa  (Lillo, 1905) SA : Paraguay, n Argentina  
Puna Tinamou Tinamotis pentlandii  Vigors, 1837 SA : sc Peru, n Bolivia, n Chile and nw Argentina  
Patagonian Tinamou Tinamotis ingoufi  Oustalet, 1890 SA : s Chile, sw Argentina  
       
 
ORDER STRUTHIONIFORMES
   
       
Ostriches (2)
Family Struthionidae
   
Common Ostrich Struthio camelus  Linnaeus, 1758 AF : w, c, e, sw  
        S. c. syriacus 
†  Rothschild, 1919
Syrian and Arabian Deserts  
        S. c. camelus  Linnaeus, 1758 s Morocco and Mauritania to s Egypt and n and w Ethiopia, south to Cameroon and n Uganda  
        S. c. massaicus  Neumann, 1898 s Kenya and c Tanzania  
        S. c. australis  Gurney, 1868 s Africa  
Somali Ostrich Struthio molybdophanes  Reichenow, 1883 AF : Somalia, n Kenya AS : Genetic analyses support species recognition of Somali Ostrich and perhaps other subspecies groups (Miller et al 2010)
       
 
ORDER RHEIFORMES
   
       
Rheas (2)
Family Rheidae
   
Greater Rhea Rhea americana  (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : se  
        R. a. americana  (Linnaeus, 1758) n and e Brazil  
        R. a. intermedia  Rothschild & Chubb, 1914 se Brazil, Uruguay  
        R. a. nobilis  Brodkorb, 1939 e Paraguay  
        R. a. araneipes  Brodkorb, 1938 sw Brazil, e Bolivia, w Paraguay  
        R. a. albescens  Lynch & Holmberg, 1878 ne and e Argentina  
Lesser Rhea Rhea pennata  d'Orbigny, 1834 SA : Southern Cone TAX, ENG : Genus Pterocnemia merged into Rhea (SACC 348); CHANGE English name to Lesser Rhea to conform to general usage
        R. p. garleppi  (Chubb, 1913) se Peru, sw Bolivia, nw Argentina  
        R. p. tarapacensis  (Chubb, 1913) n Chile  
        R. p. pennata  d'Orbigny, 1834 s Chile, wc and s Argentina  
       
 
ORDER CASUARIIFORMES
   
       
Cassowaries (3)
Family Casuariidae
   
Southern Cassowary Casuarius casuarius  (Linnaeus, 1758) AU : New Guinea, ne Australia, Aru Is.  
Dwarf Cassowary Casuarius bennetti  Gould, 1857 AU : New Guinea, Yapen I., New Britain  
Northern Cassowary Casuarius unappendiculatus  Blyth, 1860 AU : New Guinea, Yapen I., Sulawati I.  
       
Emu (1)
Family Dromaiidae
   
Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae  (Latham, 1790) AU : Australia  
        D. n. rothschildi  Mathews, 1912 sw Australia  
        D. n. novaehollandiae  (Latham, 1790) Australia except sw  
        D. n. diemenensis 
†  Le Souef, 1907
Tasmania  
        D. n. minor 
†  Spencer, 1906
King I. (Australia)

SSP : Treatment as subspecies rather than species follows Fuller 2001, Heupink et al 2011. Epithet minor replaces ater which is a nomen novum for Dromaius novaehollandiae. H&M 4:6

        D. n. baudinianus 
†  Parker, SA, 1984
Kangaroo I. (Australia) SSP : Treatment as subspecies rather than species follows Fuller 2001
       
 
ORDER APTERYGIFORMES
   
       
Kiwis (5)
Family Apterygidae
   
Southern Brown Kiwi Apteryx australis  Shaw, 1813 AU : New Zealand  
        A. a. australis  Shaw, 1813 sw South I.  
        A. a. lawryi  Rothschild, 1893 Stewart I.  
North Island Brown Kiwi Apteryx mantelli  Bartlett, 1852 AU : North I. (New Zealand)  
Okarito Kiwi Apteryx rowi  Tennyson, Palma, Robertson, Worthy & Gill, 2003 AU : w South I. (New Zealand)  
Little Spotted Kiwi Apteryx owenii  Gould, 1847 AU : Kapiti I., South I. (New Zealand)  
Great Spotted Kiwi Apteryx haastii  Potts, 1872 AU : w South I. (New Zealand)