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NAMES >> Index >>Raptors

IOC English NameScientific NameRangeComments
  PHY, TAX : Raptor families Cathartidae, Accipitridae, Sagittariidae, and Pandiondae are in the Order "Accipitriformes" because falcons (Falconidae) are separated as the Order Falconiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)
New World Vultures (7)
Family Cathartidae
  TAX : SACC 361 elevates the New World Vultures (Cathartidae) to a separate order, the Cathartiformes
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, LA : widespread  
        C. a. aura  (Linnaeus, 1758) w North America to Costa Rica, Greater Antilles  
        C. a. jota  (Molina, 1782) Pacific coast from Colombia to Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Is.  
        C. a. ruficollis  von Spix, 1824 Panama to n Argentina and e Brazil  
        C. a. septentrionalis  zu Wied-Neuwied, 1839 e North America  
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus  Cassin, 1845 LA : e Mexico to n Argentina  
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus  Wetmore, 1964 SA : Amazonia  
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus  (Bechstein, 1793) NA, LA : widespread  
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa  (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : Mexico to n Argentina  
California Condor Gymnogyps californianus  (Shaw, 1797) NA : w USA  
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus  Linnaeus, 1758 SA : Venezuela to s Chile and Argentina  
Secretarybird (1)
Family Sagittariidae
  TAX : RESTORE: Secretarybird to a monotypic family Sagittariidae in accord with the Tree of Life phylogeny (Hackett et al. 2008)
Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius  (Miller, JF, 1779) AF : widespread  
Ospreys (2)
Family Pandionidae
  TAX : RESTORE: Ospreys to the family Pandionidae in accord with the Tree of Life phylogeny (Hackett et al. 2008)
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus  (Linnaeus, 1758) Worldwide : widespread,except AU and Sulawesi  
        P. h. haliaetus  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe and Asia  
        P. h. carolinensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Canada to s USA  
        P. h. ridgwayi  Maynard, 1887 e Belize, Cuba, Bahamas  
Eastern Osprey Pandion cristatus  (Vieillot, 1816) AU : Sulawesi to Australasia, Solomon Is, New Caledonia AS : Pandion cristatus is split from P. haliaetus (Wink et al. 2004a, Christidis & Boles 2008)
Kites, Hawks and Eagles (256)
Family Accipitridae
  TAX,PHY : Classification of Accipitridae revised v3.3; see especially Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004, Lerner & Mindell 2005, TIF)
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus  (Desfontaines, 1789) AF, OR : widespread  
        E. c. caeruleus  (Desfontaines, 1789) sw Iberian Pen., Africa, sw Arabia  
        E. c. vociferus  (Latham, 1790) Pakistan to e China, Malay Pen. and Indochina  
        E. c. hypoleucus  Gould, 1859 Greater and Lesser Sundas, the Philippines, Sulawesi and New Guinea  
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris  (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia  
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus  (Vieillot, 1818) NA, LA : s, w USA to c Argentina  
        E. l. majusculus  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1920 w and s USA to Panama  
        E. l. leucurus  (Vieillot, 1818) n South America to c Chile and Argentina  
Letter-winged Kite Elanus scriptus  Gould, 1842 AU : Australia  
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii  Vigors, 1825 SA : n, Amazonia, also w Nicaragua  PHY : Gampsonyx is sister to Elanus. Both genera are basal to all other Accipitridae (Griffiths et al 2004, Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004)
        G. s. leonae  Chubb, C, 1918 Nicaragua, n South America  
        G. s. magnus  Chubb, C, 1918 w Colombia to w Peru  
        G. s. swainsonii  Vigors, 1825 c Brazil to e Peru, Bolivia and n Argentina  
Scissor-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii  (Temminck, 1821) AF : Senegal and Gambia to Somalia and ne Kenya  SEQ : Position of Scissor-tailed Kite provisional in absence of molecular data
African Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides typus  Smith, A, 1829 AF : widespread  PHY : Polyboroides is a basal taxon within Accipitridae, sister to Gypohierax, Pernix and related taxa (Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004, Lerner & Mindell 2005).
        P. t. typus  Smith, A, 1829 Sudan to East Africa south to Angola and South Africa  
        P. t. pectoralis  Sharpe, 1903 Senegal and Gambia to Gabon and the DR Congo  
Madagascan Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides radiatus  (Scopoli, 1786) AF : Madagascar  
Palm-nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF : Senegal and Gambia to South Sudan and e Kenya, south to Angola and ne South Africa  PHY : Gypohierax, Gypaetus and Neophron are not related to the other Old World vultures but cluster with Pernis and Aviceda and related taxa at the base of the Accipitridae ( Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004, Lerner & Mindell 2005).
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus  (Linnaeus, 1758) AF, EU : n, e, s AF; c, sw Asia  
        G. b. aureus  (Hablizl, 1783) s Europe to ne China through the Himalayas to Nepal and w Pakistan  
        G. b. barbatus  (Linnaeus, 1758) nw Africa  
        G. b. meridionalis  Keyserling & Blasius, JH, 1840 sw Arabia, ne, e and s Africa  
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus  (Linnaeus, 1758) AF, EU, OR : w AF to India, s Spain to c Asia  
        N. p. ginginianus  (Latham, 1790) Nepal to s India  
        N. p. majorensis  Donázar et al, 2002 Canary Is.  
        N. p. percnopterus  (Linnaeus, 1758) s Europe, Middle East, Africa  
Madagascan Serpent Eagle Eutriorchis astur  Sharpe, 1875 AF : Madagascar PHY : The Madagascar Serpent Eagle is related to Gypaetus and Gypohierax (McGrady et al 2010)
Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis  (Latham, 1790) LA : ec Mexico to n Argentina  
        L. c. cayanensis  (Latham, 1790) se Mexico to Ecuador, Amazonia and Guianas, Trinidad  
        L. c. monachus  (Vieillot, 1817) c Brazil to n Argentina  
White-collared Kite Leptodon forbesi  (Swann, 1922) SA : ne Brazil  
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus  (Temminck, 1822) NA, LA : s Texas to n Argentina  
        C. u. uncinatus  (Temminck, 1822) s USA and Mexico to n Argentina  
        C. u. mirus  Friedmann, 1934 Grenada (Lesser Antilles)  
Cuban Kite Chondrohierax wilsonii  (Cassin, 1847) NA : e Cuba AS : Chondrohierax wilsonii is split from C. uncinatus based morphological differences and modest mtDNA divergence (BLI; Stotz et al. 1996); NACC 207-B-4 vote split 5/5
European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : Europe and w Asia  
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus  (Temminck, 1821) EU, OR : e EU, widespread OR  
        P. p. orientalis  Taczanowski, 1891 s Siberia to ne China, Japan  
        P. p. ruficollis  Lesson, 1830 India and Sri Lanka to Burma, Vietnam and sw China  
        P. p. torquatus  Lesson, 1830 Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo  
        P. p. ptilorhynchus  (Temminck, 1821) Java  
        P. p. palawanensis  Stresemann, 1940 Palawan, Calauit (w Philippines)  
        P. p. philippensis  Mayr, 1939 n and e Philippines  
Barred Honey Buzzard Pernis celebensis  Wallace, 1868 AU : Sulawesi  
Philippine Honey Buzzard Pernis steerei  Sclater, WL, 1919 OR : Philippines AS : Pernis steerei is split from P. celebensis (Gamauf & Harring 2005, Collar 2007)
        P. s. winkleri  Gamauf & Preleuthner, 1998 Luzon I.  
        P. s. steerei  Sclater, WL, 1919 Philippines except Palawan, Luzon and nearby islands  
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, LA : s USA to ne Argentina PHY : Traditionally placed in Elaninae, Elanoides is more closely related to Pernis (Lerner & Mindell 2005)
        E. f. forficatus  (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA, n and e Mexico  
        E. f. yetapa  (Vieillot, 1818) s Mexico to n Argentina  
Square-tailed Kite Lophoictinia isura  (Gould, 1838) AU : Australia  
Black-breasted Buzzard Hamirostra melanosternon  (Gould, 1841) AU : Australia  
African Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda cuculoides  Swainson, 1837 AF : w, c, sc, se  
        A. c. cuculoides  Swainson, 1837 Senegal to sw Ethiopia and n DR Congo  
        A. c. batesi  (Swann, 1920) Sierra Leone to Uganda and n Angola  
        A. c. verreauxii  Lafresnaye, 1846 e Angola to Uganda and South Africa  
Madagascan Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda madagascariensis  (Smith, A, 1834) AF : Madagascar  
Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni  (Blyth, 1842) OR : widespread  
        A. j. jerdoni  (Blyth, 1842) n India to s China, Burma and Indochina, Sumatra  
        A. j. ceylonensis  (Legge, 1876) sw India and Sri Lanka  
        A. j. borneensis  (Brüggemann, 1876) Borneo  
        A. j. magnirostris  (Kaup, 1847) Philippines  
        A. j. celebensis  (Schlegel, 1873) Sulawesi, Banggai and Sula Is.  
Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata  (Gould, 1838) AU : widespread  
        A. s. timorlaoensis  (Meyer, AB, 1893) Lesser Sundas east to Tanimbar  
        A. s. rufa  (Schlegel, 1866) Morotai, Dagasuli, Halmahera, Ternate, Tidore, Bacan and Obi (n and c Moluccas)  
        A. s. stresemanni  (Siebers, 1930) Buru (c Moluccas)  
        A. s. reinwardtii  (Schlegel & Müller, S, 1841) Boano, Seram, Ambon and Haraku (s Moluccas)  
        A. s. pallida  (Stresemann, 1913) Seram Laut and Kai Is. (s Moluccas)  
        A. s. waigeuensis  Mayr, 1940 Waigeo I. (w of New Guinea)  
        A. s. obscura  Junge, 1956 Biak I. (n of New Guinea)  
        A. s. stenozona  (Gray, GR, 1858) w New Guinea, Aru Is  
        A. s. megala  (Stresemann, 1913) e New Guinea  
        A. s. coultasi  Mayr, 1945 Admiralty Is.  
        A. s. bismarckii  (Sharpe, 1888) Bismarck Arch.  
        A. s. gurneyi  (Ramsay, EP, 1882) Solomon Is.  
        A. s. subcristata  (Gould, 1838) n and e Australia  
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes  (Dumont, 1820) OR : widespread  
        A. l. syama  (Hodgson, 1837) c Himalayas to s China and n Burma  
        A. l. wolfei  Deignan, 1948 Sichuan (wc China)  
        A. l. leuphotes  (Dumont, 1820) sw India to s Burma and w Thailand  
        A. l. andamanica  Abdulali & Grubh, 1970 Andaman Is.  
Long-tailed Honey Buzzard Henicopernis longicauda  (Lesson & Garnot, 1828) AU : New Guinea PHY : The taxonomic position of Henicopernis is unsettled. It is only distantly related to Pernis (Gamauf & Haring 2004) 
Black Honey Buzzard Henicopernis infuscatus  Gurney, 1882 AU : New Britain  
Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus  (Temminck, 1823) AF : widespread  
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus  Salvadori, 1865 AF : widespread  
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : Iran through Southeast Asia  
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : se Pakistan, s India  
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris  Gray, GR, 1844 OR : Himalayas through Southeast Asia  
Rüppell's Vulture Gyps rueppelli  (Brehm, AE, 1852) AF : e, c, w  
        G. r. rueppelli  (Brehm, AE, 1852) sw Mauritania to e Sudan and south to Tanzania  
        G. r. erlangeri  Salvadori, 1908 Ethiopia, Somalia  
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis  Hume, 1869 OR : Himalayas  
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus  (Hablizl, 1783) AF, EU : n AF, sw EU, also n India  
        G. f. fulvus  (Hablizl, 1783) s Europe and n Africa to c Asia  
        G. f. fulvescens  Hume, 1869 Afghanistan to n India  
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres  (Forster, JR, 1798) AF : Namibia to Zimbabwe, Mozambique and s South Africa  
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : widespread  
White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis  (Burchell, 1824) AF : widespread  
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus  (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : s Europe to c Asia, Pakistan and nw India  
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos  (Forster, JR, 1796) AF : widespread, also Arabian Peninsula  
        T. t. negevensis  Bruun, Mendelssohn & Bull, 1981 s Israel and Arabian Pen.  
        T. t. nubicus  (Smith, CH, 1828) Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia  
        T. t. tracheliotos  (Forster, JR, 1796) nw Africa, Africa south of the Sahara  
Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela  (Latham, 1790) OR : widespread, including one form on Great Nicobar Is (P Rasmussen)  
        S. c. cheela  (Latham, 1790) n India, Nepal  
        S. c. melanotis  (Jerdon, 1841) s India  
        S. c. spilogaster  (Blyth, 1852) Sri Lanka  
        S. c. burmanicus  Swann, 1920 Burma to sw China and c and s Indochina  
        S. c. ricketti  Sclater, WL, 1919 s China, n Vietnam  
        S. c. malayensis  Swann, 1920 Malay Pen., n Sumatra  
        S. c. davisoni  Hume, 1873 Andaman Is.  
        S. c. perplexus  Swann, 1922 s Ryukyu Is. (Japan)  
        S. c. hoya  Swinhoe, 1866 Taiwan  
        S. c. rutherfordi  Swinhoe, 1870 Hainan I. (off se China)  
        S. c. pallidus  Walden, 1872 n Borneo  
        S. c. richmondi  Swann, 1922 s Borneo  
        S. c. natunensis  Chasen, 1935 Natunas and Belitung Is. (off Borneo)  
        S. c. sipora  Chasen & Kloss, 1926 Mentawai Arch. ( off w Sumatra)  
        S. c. batu  Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 s Sumatra, Batu Is.  
        S. c. asturinus  Meyer, AB, 1884 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)  
        S. c. abbotti  Richmond, 1903 Simeulue I. (off w Sumatra)  
        S. c. bido  (Horsfield, 1821) Java, Bali  
        S. c. baweanus  Oberholser, 1917 Bawean I. (off n Java)  
        S. c. palawanensis  Sclater, WL, 1919 Palawan (w Philippines)  
Central Nicobar Serpent Eagle Spilornis minimus  Hume, 1873 OR : c Nicobar Islands ENG : Change English name of Spilornis minimus from Nicobar Serpent Eagle to Central Nicobar Serpent Eagle with split of S. klossi
Great Nicobar Serpent Eagle Spilornis klossi  Richmond, 1902 OR : Great Nicobar Island AS : Spilornis klossi is split from S. minimus (Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001, Dickinson 2003, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).
Mountain Serpent Eagle Spilornis kinabaluensis  Sclater, WL, 1919 OR : Borneo  
Sulawesi Serpent Eagle Spilornis rufipectus  Gould, 1858 OR : Sulawesi  
        S. r. rufipectus  Gould, 1858 Sulawesi  
        S. r. sulaensis  (Schlegel, 1866) Banggai and Sula Is. (off e Sulawesi)  
Philippine Serpent Eagle Spilornis holospilus  (Vigors, 1831) OR : Philippines  
Andaman Serpent Eagle Spilornis elgini  (Blyth, 1863) OR : Andaman Islands  
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi  Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 OR : Philippines PHY : Philippine Eagle is distantly related to serpent eagles, not harpy eagles as previously thought (McGrady et al 2010)
Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) EU, OR : sw Europe to c Asia, nw China and India; Lesser Sundas  
Beaudouin's Snake Eagle Circaetus beaudouini  Verreaux, J & Des Murs, 1862 AF : Senegal to South Sudan, nw Kenya and Uganda  
Black-chested Snake Eagle Circaetus pectoralis  Smith, A, 1829 AF : e Sudan and Ethiopia to South Africa  
Brown Snake Eagle Circaetus cinereus  Vieillot, 1818 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and south to South Africa  
Southern Banded Snake Eagle Circaetus fasciolatus  Kaup, 1847 AF : Kenya to ne South Africa  
Western Banded Snake Eagle Circaetus cinerascens  von Müller, JW, 1851 AF : Senegal and Gambia to w Ethiopia and south to Namibia and Zimbabwe  
Congo Serpent Eagle Circaetus spectabilis  (Schlegel, 1863) AF : w, c PHY, TAX : Merge Congo Serpent Eagle into Circaetus, which is not monophyletic with respect to Dryotriorchis spectabilis based on Lerner and Mindell 2005;
        C. s. spectabilis  (Schlegel, 1863) Sierra Leone and Liberia to n Cameroon  
        C. s. batesi  (Sharpe, 1904) s Cameroon to s Sudan, c DR Congo and nw Angola  
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus  (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread  
Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus  Bonaparte, 1850 AF, OR, AU : widespread in AF, Burma to Borneo and New Guinea PHY : Macheiramphus is placed with the harpy eagles after Griffiths et al (2007).  
        M. a. anderssoni  (Gurney, 1866) Africa south of the Sahara  
        M. a. alcinus  Bonaparte, 1850 Burma, Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi  
        M. a. papuanus  Mayr, 1940 e New Guinea  
Papuan Eagle Harpyopsis novaeguineae  Salvadori, 1875 AU : New Guinea  
Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis  (Daudin, 1800) LA : Guatemala to ne Argentina  
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja  (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : s Mexico to ne Argentina  
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : Himalayas, c,s India and Sri Lanka to Greater Sundas and Philippines  
        N. c. limnaeetus  (Horsfield, 1821) n India to Indochina, Malay Pen., Greater Sundas and Philippines PS : Crested Hawk-Eagle N. cirrhatus is recognized by some authors as specifically distinct from N. limnaeetus which would assume the name Changeable Hawk-Eagle ; see Rasmussen & Anderton (2012) 
        N. c. cirrhatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s India  
        N. c. ceylanensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Sri Lanka  
        N. c. andamanensis  (Tytler, 1865) Andaman Is.  
        N. c. vanheurni  (Junge, 1936) Simeulue I. (off w Sumatra)  
Flores Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus floris  (Hartert, 1898) AU : Lesser Sundas  
Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis  Hodgson, 1836 OR : Himalayas to Taiwan and Japan  
        N. n. nipalensis  Hodgson, 1836 Himalayas east to China and south to Malay Pen.  
        N. n. orientalis  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) Japan  
Legge's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti  (Legge, 1878) OR : Sri Lanka, sw India AS : Nisaetus (Spizaetus) kelaarti is split from N. nipalensis (Haring et al. 2007, Gjershaug et al. 2008)
Blyth's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus alboniger  Blyth, 1845 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Javan Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus bartelsi  (Stresemann, 1924) OR : Java  
Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus lanceolatus  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) AU : Sulawesi  
Philippine Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus philippensis  (Gould, 1863) OR : Luzon, Philippines  
Pinsker's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus pinskeri  (Preleuthner & Gamauf, 1998) OR : Philippines, except Luzon and Palawan. AS : Nisaetus pinskeri is split from N.philippensis (Haring et al. 2007, Gamauf et al. 2005ab; cf BLI)
Wallace's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nanus  (Wallace, 1868) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        N. n. nanus  (Wallace, 1868) s Burma and Thailand, Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo  
        N. n. stresemanni  (Amadon, 1953) Nias I. (off w Sumatra)  
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) LA : c Mexico to ne Argentina  
        S. t. serus  Friedmann, 1950 c Mexico through n South America to c Brazil, Bolivia and Peru  
        S. t. tyrannus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) e and s Brazil, Uruguay, ne Argentina  
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus  (Vieillot, 1816) LA : s Mexico to ne Argentina TAX : Spizastur merged into Spizaetus (Helbig et al 2005, Haring et al 2007, SACC 233)
Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus  (Daudin, 1800) LA : se Mexico to n Argentina  
        S. o. vicarius  Friedmann, 1935 s Mexico to w Colombia and Ecuador  
        S. o. ornatus  (Daudin, 1800) c Colombia to the Guianas south to n Argentina  
Black-and-chestnut Eagle Spizaetus isidori  (Des Murs, 1845) SA : Venezuela to nw Argentina TAX : Oroaetus merged into Spizaetus (Helbig et al 2005, Haring et al 2007, SACC 233)
Crowned Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : e South Sudan and w Ethiopia; Sierra Leone to s Kenya, e South Africa and n Angola  
Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii  (de Sparre, 1835) OR : also Sulawesi  
        L. k. kienerii  (de Sparre, 1835) s Himalayas, w India, Sri Lanka  
        L. k. formosus  (Stresemann, 1924) Burma through se Asia, Sundas, Philippines and Sulawesi  
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus  (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread  
Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis  (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread  
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis  (Temminck, 1822) OR : widespread TAX, PHY : Black Eagle, Long-crested Eagle (Lophaetus) and the three Spotted Eagles (currently in Aquila) form a clade of closely related genera perhaps best united in Ictinaetus (Helbig et al 2005. Lerner & Mindell 2005)
        I. m. perniger  (Hodgson, 1836) n India, Nepal, Bhutan, s India, Sri Lanka  
        I. m. malaiensis  (Temminck, 1822) Burma to s China, se Asia, Indonesia  
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina  (Brehm, CL, 1831) EU : e Europe TAX : The three spotted eagles (formerly in Aquila) form a clade sister to Lophaetus and to Ictinaetus. Wells & Inskipp (2012) treated them as a genus apart for which Clanga has priority (Gregory & Dickinson, 2012).  
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata  (Lesson, 1831) OR : n India  
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga  (Pallas, 1811) EU : c Europe to e Siberia and n China  
Wahlberg's Eagle Hieraaetus wahlbergi  (Sundevall, 1850) AF : widespread TAX : Move Wahlberg‘s Eagle from Aquila to Hieraaetus (Helbig 2005, Lerner & Mindell 2005); retain Hieraaetus from Aquila contra BOU.
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) EU : sw Europe and nw Africa to c Asia and n India, also South Africa  
Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides  (Gould, 1841) AU : Australia  
Pygmy Eagle Hieraaetus weiskei  (Reichenow, 1900) AU : New Guinea AS, ENG : Hieraaetus weiskei is split from H.morphnoides (Bunce et al. 2005, Lerner & Mindell 2005, Gjershaug et al 2009, BLI); change English name from New Guinea Hawk-Eagle to Pygmy Eagle per Gjershaug et al 2009, Gregory in litt.
Ayres's Hawk-Eagle Hieraaetus ayresii  (Gurney, 1862) AF : widespread  
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax  (Temminck, 1828) AF : widespread, also India TAX : Tawny Eagle includes Indian Tawny Eagle Aquila vindhiana treated by some as full species (Ferguson-Lees et al 2005)
        A. r. vindhiana  Franklin, 1831 Pakistan, India, Nepal  
        A. r. belisarius  (Levaillant, J, 1850) Morocco and Algeria, s Mauritania to Ethiopia and sw Arabia south to DR Congo, Uganda and Kenya  
        A. r. rapax  (Temminck, 1828) s Kenya and DR Congo to South Africa  
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis  Hodgson, 1833 EU : c  
        A. n. orientalis  Cabanis, 1854 e Europe to c Kazakhstan  
        A. n. nipalensis  Hodgson, 1833 e Kazakhstan to n China  
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti  Brehm, CL, 1861 EU : Spain, Portugal, also Morocco  
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca  Savigny, 1809 EU : se Europe to c Siberia ENG : Change English name of Aqulia heliaca from “Asian Imperial Eagle“ to more widely used “Eastern Imperial Eagle“
Gurney's Eagle Aquila gurneyi  Gray, GR, 1861 AU : New Guinea, Moluccas  
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA, EU : widespread  
        A. c. chrysaetos  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe to nc Asia  
        A. c. kamtschatica  Severtsov, 1888 ne Asia  
        A. c. japonica  Severtsov, 1888 Korea, Japan  
        A. c. daphanea  Severtsov, 1888 c Asia  
        A. c. homeyeri  Severtsov, 1888 Iberian Pen., n Africa through the Middle East to Iran and Uzbekistan  
        A. c. canadensis  (Linnaeus, 1758) Alaska, Canada, w USA, wc Mexico  
Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax  (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia, s New Guinea  
        A. a. audax  (Latham, 1801) Australia, s New Guinea  
        A. a. fleayi  Condon & Amadon, 1954 Tasmania  
Verreaux's Eagle Aquila verreauxii  Lesson, 1831 AF : widespread, also Arabian Peninsula  
Cassin's Hawk-Eagle Aquila africana  (Cassin, 1865) AF : widespread TAX, SEQ : Move Cassin‘s Hawk-Eagle from Spizaetus to Aquila (Haring et al. 2007); note gender agreement
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata  Vieillot, 1822 EU, OR : Spain to India to s China, also n AF TAX : Move Bonelli‘s Eagle from Hieraaetus to Aquila (Helbig 2005, Lerner & Mindell 2005; Bunce et al 2005); note gender change
        A. f. fasciata  Vieillot, 1822 n Africa and s Europe to s China and Indochina  
        A. f. renschi  (Stresemann, 1932) Lesser Sundas  
African Hawk-Eagle Aquila spilogaster  (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : widespread TAX : Move African Hawk-Eagle from Hieraaetus to Aquila (Helbig 2005, Lerner & Mindell 2005; Bunce et al 2005)
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus  (Latham, 1790) LA : e Mexico to se Brazil  PHY : The taxonomic position of Harpagus is unsettled. Griffiths et al (2007) place it basal to the accipitrines and buteonines.
        H. b. fasciatus  Lawrence, 1869 s Mexico to w Colombia and Ecuador  
        H. b. bidentatus  (Latham, 1790) e Colombia to Bolivia and e Brazil  
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon  (Temminck, 1823) SA : e Amazonia, se SA  
Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus  (Temminck, 1824) AF : widespread  
        K. m. monogrammicus  (Temminck, 1824) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and Kenya  
        K. m. meridionalis  (Hartlaub, 1860) s Kenya to Angola, Namibia and South Africa  
Gabar Goshawk Micronisus gabar  (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread  
        M. g. niger  (Vieillot, 1823) Gambia and Senegal to Ethiopia to Cameroon and s Sudan, sw Arabia  
        M. g. aequatorius  Clancey, 1987 Ethiopia to Gabon, n Zambia and Mozambique  
        M. g. gabar  (Daudin, 1800) s Angola to s Mozambique amd South Africa  
Dark Chanting Goshawk Melierax metabates  Heuglin, 1861 AF : widespread  
        M. m. theresae  Meinertzhagen, R, 1939 sw Morocco  
        M. m. ignoscens  Friedmann, 1928 sw Arabian Pen.  
        M. m. neumanni  Hartert, 1914 Mali to n Sudan  
        M. m. metabates  Heuglin, 1861 Senegal to Ethiopia and n Tanzania  
        M. m. mechowi  Cabanis, 1882 Gabon to s Tanzania south to Angola and South Africa  
Eastern Chanting Goshawk Melierax poliopterus  Cabanis, 1868 AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to Tanzania  
Pale Chanting Goshawk Melierax canorus  (Thunberg, 1799) AF : s Angola to Zimbabwe and South Africa  
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus  (Hartlaub, 1855) AF : Liberia to Uganda and c DRCongo PHY : Relationships of Long-tailed Hawk uncertain
Chestnut-shouldered Goshawk Erythrotriorchis buergersi  (Reichenow, 1914) AU : New Guinea  PHY : Relationships of Erythrotriorchis goshawks uncertain

Red Goshawk Erythrotriorchis radiatus  (Latham, 1801) AU : n, e Australia  
Doria's Goshawk Megatriorchis doriae  Salvadori & d'Albertis, 1875 AU : New Guinea PHY : Relationships of Doria‘s Goshawk uncertain
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus  (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : Nicaragua to n Argentina PHY : The genus Accipiter needs a thorough revision. Tiny Hawk (and Semicollared Hawk) may not belong in Accipiter, but rather Hieraspiza (Olson 2006, Kocum dissertation, Boyd TIF)
        A. s. fontainieri  Bonaparte, 1853 Nicaragua to w Colombia and Ecuador  
        A. s. superciliosus  (Linnaeus, 1766) Venezuela and the Guianas to e Peru and n Argentina  
Semicollared Hawk Accipiter collaris  Sclater, PL, 1860 SA : Venezuela to Peru  
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus  (Temminck, 1824) OR : widespread  
        A. t. indicus  (Hodgson, 1836) ne India to s China, Indochina and the Malay Pen.  
        A. t. formosae  Mayr, 1949 Taiwan  
        A. t. peninsulae  Koelz, 1949 sw India  
        A. t. layardi  (Whistler, 1936) Sri Lanka  
        A. t. trivirgatus  (Temminck, 1824) Sumatra  
        A. t. niasensis  Mayr, 1949 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)  
        A. t. javanicus  Mayr, 1949 Java  
        A. t. microstictus  Mayr, 1949 Borneo  
        A. t. palawanus  Mayr, 1949 Palawan and Calamian Is. (w Philippines)  
        A. t. castroi  Manuel & Gilliard, 1952 Polillo Is. (n Philippines)  
        A. t. extimus  Mayr, 1945 se Philippine islands  
Sulawesi Goshawk Accipiter griseiceps  (Kaup, 1848) AU : Sulawesi  
Grey-bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster  (Temminck, 1824) SA : most of Amazonia to n Argentina  
Red-chested Goshawk Accipiter toussenelii  (Verreaux, J, Verreaux, E & Des Murs, 1855) AF : w, wc  
        A. t. macrocelides  (Hartlaub, 1855) Senegal and Gambia to w Cameroon  
        A. t. lopezi  (Alexander, 1903) Bioko (Gulf of Guinea)  
        A. t. toussenelii  (Verreaux, J, Verreaux, E & Des Murs, 1855) s Cameroon to n and w DR Congo  
African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro  (Daudin, 1800) AF : e, sc, s PS :
        A. t. canescens  (Chapin, 1921) e DR Congo to w Uganda  
        A. t. unduliventer  (Rüppell, 1836) Eritrea, n and e Ethiopia  
        A. t. croizati  Desfayes, 1974 sw Ethiopia  
        A. t. sparsimfasciatus  (Reichenow, 1895) Somalia to Angola, Zambia and Mozambique  
        A. t. pembaensis  Benson & Elliott, HFI, 1975 Pemba I. (off Tanzania)  
        A. t. tachiro  (Daudin, 1800) s Angola to Mozambique and South Africa  
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius  Bonaparte, 1853 AF : wc  
        A. c. castanilius  Bonaparte, 1853 s Nigeria to Gabon and w DR Congo  
        A. c. beniensis  Lönnberg, 1917 e DR Congo  
Shikra Accipiter badius  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF, OR : widespread, also s EU  
        A. b. sphenurus  (Rüppell, 1836) Senegal and Gambia to sw Arabia south to n Tanzania and n DR Congo  
        A. b. polyzonoides  Smith, A, 1838 s DR Congo and s Tanzania to South Africa  
        A. b. cenchroides  (Severtsov, 1873) Caucasus to c Asia and nw India  
        A. b. dussumieri  (Temminck, 1824) c India, Bangladesh  
        A. b. poliopsis  (Hume, 1874) n India to s China and Indochina  
        A. b. badius  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) sw India, Sri Lanka  
Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri  (Gurney Jr, 1898) OR : Nicobar Islands  
        A. b. butleri  (Gurney Jr, 1898) Car Nicobar (n Nicobar Islands)  
        A. b. obsoletus  (Richmond, 1902) Katchall and Camorta (c Nicobar Islands)  
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes  (Severtsov, 1850) EU : se Europe to w Kazakhstan  
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis  (Horsfield, 1821) EU : e Siberia, Korea and China  
Frances's Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae  Smith, A, 1834 AF : Madagascar region  
        A. f. francesiae  Smith, A, 1834 Madagascar  
        A. f. griveaudi  Benson, 1960 Grande Comoro I. (Comoro Is.)  
        A. f. pusillus   (Gurney, 1875) Anjouan (Comoro Is.)  
        A. f. brutus  (Schlegel, 1865) Mayote (Comoro Is.)  
Spot-tailed Sparrowhawk Accipiter trinotatus  Bonaparte, 1850 AU : Sulawesi  
Grey Goshawk Accipiter novaehollandiae  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AU : Australia, Tasmania  
Variable Goshawk Accipiter hiogaster  (Müller, S, 1841) AU : Moluccas to New Guinea and Solomon Is. AS : Accipiter hiogaster is split from A. novaehollandiae (Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001, Christidis & Boles 2008)
        A. h. sylvestris  Wallace, 1864 Lesser Sundas  
        A. h. polionotus  (Salvadori, 1889) Tanimbar Is. and other islands in the Banda Sea  
        A. h. mortyi  Hartert, 1925 Morotai I. (n Moluccas)  
        A. h. griseogularis  (Gray, GR, 1861) Halmahera, Ternate, Tidore and Bacan (n Moluccas)  
        A. h. obiensis  (Hartert, 1903) Obi I. (c Moluccas)  
        A. h. hiogaster  (Müller, S, 1841) s Moluccas  
        A. h. pallidiceps  (Salvadori, 1879) Buru I. (s Moluccas)  
        A. h. albiventris  (Salvadori, 1876) Tayandu and Kai Is (w of New Guinea)  
        A. h. leucosomus  (Sharpe, 1874) New Guinea  
        A. h. misoriensis  (Salvadori, 1876) Biak I. (n of New Guinea)  
        A. h. pallidimas  Mayr, 1940 D'Entrecasteaux Arch. (e New Guinea)  
        A. h. misulae  Mayr, 1940 Louisiade Arch. (se New Guinea)  
        A. h. lavongai  Mayr, 1945 Tabar I., New Hanover and New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)  
        A. h. matthiae  Mayr, 1945 St. Matthias I. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        A. h. manusi  Mayr, 1945 Admiralty Is.  
        A. h. dampieri  (Gurney, 1882) Umboi I., New Britain (Bismarck Arch.)  
        A. h. lihirensis  Stresemann, 1933 Lihir and Tanga Is. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        A. h. bougainvillei  (Rothschild & Hartert, 1905) Bougainville, Shortland Is. (Solomon Is.)  
        A. h. rufoschistaceus  (Rothschild & Hartert, 1902) Choiseul, Santa Isabel and Florida Is. (Solomon Is.)  
        A. h. rubianae  (Rothschild & Hartert, 1905) c Solomon Is.  
        A. h. malaitae  Mayr, 1931 Malaita I. (se Solomon Is.)  
        A. h. pulchellus  (Ramsay, EP, 1882) Guadalcanal I. (sw Solomon Is.)  
Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus  (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) AU : widespread  
        A. f. natalis  (Lister, 1889) Christmas I. (Indian Ocean)  
        A. f. wallacii  (Sharpe, 1874) Lombok to Damar and Moa (Lesser Sundas)  
        A. f. tjendanae  Stresemann, 1925 Sumba I. (s Lesser Sundas)  
        A. f. stresemanni  Rensch, 1931 islands s of Sulawesi  
        A. f. savu  Mayr, 1941 Savu I. (Lesser Sundas)  
        A. f. hellmayri  Stresemann, 1922 Timor, Alor, Semau and Roti (Lesser Sundas)  
        A. f. buruensis  Stresemann, 1914 Buru (Moluccas)  
        A. f. dogwa  Rand, 1941 s New Guinea  
        A. f. polycryptus  Rothschild & Hartert, 1915 e New Guinea  
        A. f. vigilax  (Wetmore, 1926) New Caledonia, Loyalty Is. and Vanuatu  
        A. f. didimus  (Mathews, 1912) n Australia  
        A. f. fasciatus  (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) Australia, e Solomon Is.  
Black-mantled Goshawk Accipiter melanochlamys  (Salvadori, 1876) AU : New Guinea  
        A. m. melanochlamys  (Salvadori, 1876) nw New Guinea  
        A. m. schistacinus  (Rothschild & Hartert, 1913) c and e New Guinea  
Pied Goshawk Accipiter albogularis  Gray, GR, 1870 AU : Solomon Islands  
        A. a. eichhorni  Hartert, 1926 Feni I. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        A. a. woodfordi  (Sharpe, 1888) Bougainville, Guadalcanal, Malaita, Choiseul Is.  
        A. a. gilvus  Mayr, 1945 New Georgis, Rendova, Vella Lavella, Kolombangara Is.  
        A. a. albogularis  Gray, GR, 1870 San Cristobal, Ugi, Santa Ana Is.  
        A. a. sharpei  (Oustalet, 1875) Santa Cruz group  
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrous  Sclater, PL, 1859 AU : New Caledonia  
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques  (Peale, 1848) AU : Fiji Islands  
Moluccan Goshawk Accipiter henicogrammus  (Gray, GR, 1861) AU : Moluccas  
Slaty-mantled Goshawk Accipiter luteoschistaceus  Rothschild & Hartert, 1926 AU : New Britain  
Imitator Goshawk Accipiter imitator  Hartert, 1926 AU : Solomon Islands  
Grey-headed Goshawk Accipiter poliocephalus  Gray, GR, 1858 AU : New Guinea  
New Britain Goshawk Accipiter princeps  Mayr, 1934 AU : New Britain  
Red-thighed Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus  (Hartlaub, 1855) AF : w, wc  
        A. e. erythropus  (Hartlaub, 1855) Senegal and Gambia to Nigeria  
        A. e. zenkeri  Reichenow, 1894 Cameroon to w Uganda and n Angola  
Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus  (Daudin, 1800) AF : s, sc, e  
        A. m. tropicalis  Reichenow, 1898 s Somalia coastally to e Mozambique  
        A. m. minullus  (Daudin, 1800) Ethiopia to Angola and South Africa  
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) EU : c, e  
        A. g. sibiricus  Stepanyan, 1959 Mongolia to e China  
        A. g. gularis  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) ne China, Russian Far East, Japan  
        A. g. iwasakii  Mishima, 1962 s Ryukyu Is.(Japan)  
Besra Accipiter virgatus  (Temminck, 1822) OR : widespread  
        A. v. affinis  Hodgson, 1836 w Himalayas to central China and Indochina  
        A. v. fuscipectus  Mees, 1970 Taiwan  
        A. v. besra  Jerdon, 1839 s India, Sri Lanka  
        A. v. vanbemmeli  Voous, 1950 Sumatra  
        A. v. rufotibialis  Sharpe, 1887 n Borneo  
        A. v. virgatus  (Temminck, 1822) Java, Bali  
        A. v. quinquefasciatus  Mees, 1984 Flores (Lesser Sundas)  
        A. v. abdulalii  Mees, 1981 Andaman and Nicobar Is.  
        A. v. confusus  Hartert, 1910 n and c Philippines  
        A. v. quagga  Parkes, 1973 c and s Philippines  
Dwarf Sparrowhawk Accipiter nanus  (Blasius, W, 1897) AU : Sulawesi  
Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythrauchen  Gray, GR, 1861 AU : Moluccas  
        A. e. erythrauchen  Gray, GR, 1861 n and c Moluccas  
        A. e. ceramensis  (Schlegel, 1862) s Moluccas  
Collared Sparrowhawk Accipiter cirrocephalus  (Vieillot, 1817) AU : Australia, New Guinea  
        A. c. papuanus  (Rothschild & Hartert, 1913) New Guinea and nearby islands  
        A. c. rosselianus  Mayr, 1940 Rossel I. (Louisiade Arch.)  
        A. c. cirrocephalus  (Vieillot, 1817) Australia  
New Britain Sparrowhawk Accipiter brachyurus  (Ramsay, EP, 1880) AU : New Britain ENG : Change English name of Accipiter brachyurus to New Britain Sparrowhawk (Gregory 2009)
Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rhodogaster  (Schlegel, 1862) AU : Sulawesi  
        A. r. rhodogaster  (Schlegel, 1862) Sulawesi, Buton and Muna Is.  
        A. r. sulaensis  (Schlegel, 1866) Peleng, Banggai, Sula Is.  
Madagascan Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis  Verreaux, J, 1833 AF : Madagascar  
Ovambo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis  Gurney, 1875 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia, south to n South Africa  
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread  
        A. n. nisus  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe to sw Siberia and c Asia  
        A. n. nisosimilis  (Tickell, 1833) nw Siberia to n China and Japan  
        A. n. dementjevi  Stepanyan, 1958 Pamir-Alai to Tien Shan Mts (c Asia)  
        A. n. melaschistos  Hume, 1869 e Afghanistan to sw China  
        A. n. wolterstorffi  Kleinschmidt, O, 1901 Corsica and Sardinia  
        A. n. punicus  Erlanger, 1897 nw Africa  
        A. n. granti  Sharpe, 1890 Madeira and Canary Is.  
Rufous-breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris  Smith, A, 1830 AF : e, se, s  
        A. r. perspicillaris  (Rüppell, 1836) Ethiopia  
        A. r. rufiventris  Smith, A, 1830 e DR Congo to Kenya and South Africa  
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus  Vieillot, 1808 NA, MA : widespread  
        A. s. perobscurus  Snyder, 1938 Queen Charlotte Is. (British Columbia, Canada)  
        A. s. velox  (Wilson, A, 1812) Canada, USA  
        A. s. suttoni  van Rossem, 1939 s New Mexico (sw USA) to e Mexico  
        A. s. madrensis  Storer, 1952 sw Mexico  
        A. s. fringilloides  Vigors, 1827 Cuba  
        A. s. striatus  Vieillot, 1808 Hispaniola  
        A. s. venator  Wetmore, 1914 Puerto Rico  
White-breasted Hawk Accipiter chionogaster  (Kaup, 1852) MA : s Mexico to Nicaragua AS : We follow Ferguson-Lees and Christie (2005) in splitting Accipiter chionogaster from A.striatus
Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis  Sclater, PL, 1866 SA : Venezuela to w Bolivia  
Rufous-thighed Hawk Accipiter erythronemius  (Kaup, 1850) SA : se Bolivia and s Brazil to Paraguay, Uruguay and n Argentina  
Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii  (Bonaparte, 1828) NA, MA : s Canada to Honduras  
Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi  Lawrence, 1861 NA : Cuba  
        A. g. gundlachi  Lawrence, 1861 w and c Cuba  
        A. g. wileyi  Wotzkow, 1991 e Cuba  
Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor  (Vieillot, 1817) LA : s Mexico to n Argentina  
        A. b. bicolor  (Vieillot, 1817) se Mexico to the Guianas, n Brazil and e Peru  
        A. b. fidens  Bangs & Noble, 1918 sw Mexico  
        A. b. guttifer  Hellmayr, 1917 s Bolivia, sw Brazil, Paraguary, n Argentina  
        A. b. pileatus  (Temminck, 1823) c and s Brazil, ne Argentina  
Chilean Hawk Accipiter chilensis  Philippi & Landbeck, 1864 SA : c Chile and wc Argentina to Tierra del Fuego AS : Accipiter chilensis is split from A. bicolor (Jaramillo 2003); SACC needs proposal
Black Sparrowhawk Accipiter melanoleucus  Smith, A, 1830 AF : widespread  
        A. m. temminckii  (Hartlaub, 1855) Liberia to n Angola  
        A. m. melanoleucus  Smith, A, 1830 Sudan and Ethiopia through e Africa to South Africa  
Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii  (Schlegel, 1873) AF : Madagascar  
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA, EU : widespread  
        A. g. buteoides  (Menzbier, 1882) n Eurasia  
        A. g. albidus  (Menzbier, 1882) ne Siberia  
        A. g. schvedowi  (Menzbier, 1882) ne Asia to c China  
        A. g. fujiyamae  (Swann & Hartert, 1923) Japan  
        A. g. gentilis  (Linnaeus, 1758) c and n Europe  
        A. g. marginatus  (Piller & Mitterpacher, 1783) Italy and the Balkans to Caucasus and n Iran  
        A. g. arrigonii  (Kleinschmidt, O, 1903) Corsica, Sardinia  
        A. g. atricapillus  (Wilson, A, 1812) North America (except sw Canada, sw USA and nw Mexico)  
        A. g. laingi  (Taverner, 1940) islands of British Columbia (sw Canada)  
        A. g. apache  van Rossem, 1938 sw USA, nw Mexico  
Meyer's Goshawk Accipiter meyerianus  (Sharpe, 1878) AU : New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands  
Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, AF : w, wc PHY : Species compositions of Circus vs Accipiter need revision (Lerner et al 2008)
        C. a. aeruginosus  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe and the Middle East to c Asia  
        C. a. harterti  Zedlitz, 1914 nw Africa  
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus  Kaup, 1847 EU : c Siberia to ne China and Japan  

Papuan Harrier Circus spilothorax  Salvadori & d'Albertis, 1875 AU : c, e New Guinea AS : Circus spilothorax is split from Eastern Marsh Harrier C. spilonotus (Simmons 2000, Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2005)
Swamp Harrier Circus approximans  Peale, 1848 AU : widespread  
African Marsh Harrier Circus ranivorus  (Daudin, 1800) AF : South Sudan and Kenya to South Africa  
Reunion Harrier Circus maillardi  Verreaux, J, 1862 AF : La Réunion ENG : Change English name of Circus maillardi from Malagasy Marsh Harrier to Reunion Harrier with split of C. macroceles
Malagasy Harrier Circus macrosceles  Newton, A, 1863 AF : Madagascar, Comoro Is AS : Circus macrosceles is split from C.maillardi (Simmons 2000); recognized by BLI
Long-winged Harrier Circus buffoni  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : Colombia to the Guianas and ne Brazil, south to c Chile and c Argentina  
Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis  Jardine & Selby, 1828 AU : widespread  
Black Harrier Circus maurus  (Temminck, 1828) AF : Namibia and South Africa  
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus  (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : Europe, c and n Asia ENG : CHANGE English name of Circus cyaneus to Hen Harrier with split of New World C.hudsonius
Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, MA : Widespread AS : Resplit Northern Harriers of NA hudsonius from those of Eurasia C. cyaneus to previous status as separate species (Simmons 2000 (Harriers), Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Smith et al 2011, Dobson & Clarke 2011)
Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus  Vieillot, 1816 SA : c Colombia to Tierra del Fuego, Paraguay and se Brazil to Tierra del Fuego   
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus  (Gmelin, SG, 1770) EU : e Europe to c Asia  
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos  (Pennant, 1769) EU : se Siberia, Korea and ne China  
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w Europe and nw Africa to c Asia  
Red Kite Milvus milvus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : Europe  PHY : Milvus and Haliastur are  closely related to the sea eagles and buteonines ( Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004, Lerner & Mindell 2005, Griffiths et al 2007).
        M. m. milvus  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe and nw Africa to the Middle East  
        M. m. fasciicauda  Hartert, 1914 Cape Verde Is.  
Black Kite Milvus migrans  (Boddaert, 1783) EU, AF, OR, AU : widespread  
        M. m. migrans  (Boddaert, 1783) s and c Europe to n Africa and sc Asia  
        M. m. lineatus  (Gray, JE, 1831) Siberia to Japan, Indochina and India  
        M. m. govinda  Sykes, 1832 Pakistan and India to Malay Pen. and s Indochina  
        M. m. formosanus  Kuroda, 1920 Taiwan and Hainan (off se China)  
        M. m. affinis  Gould, 1838 Lesser Sundas to Australia  
Yellow-billed Kite Milvus aegyptius  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF : Widespread AS : Yellow-billed Kite is genetically divergent and split from Black Kite (Johnson et al. 2005, IOC advisor consensus; cf Brooke 1974 , Crockett 2005, Clark comments)
        M. a. aegyptius  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Egypt, ne Africa, sw Arabia  
        M. a. parasitus  (Daudin, 1800) Africa south of the Sahara, Comoros and Madagascar  
Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus  (Vieillot, 1818) AU : widespread  
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus  (Boddaert, 1783) OR, AU : Pakistan to n Australia  
        H. i. indus  (Boddaert, 1783) India to s China and Vietnam  
        H. i. intermedius  Blyth, 1865 Malay Pen., Greater and Lesser Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi  
        H. i. girrenera  (Vieillot, 1822) Moluccas, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. and n Australia  
        H. i. flavirostris  Condon & Amadon, 1954 Solomon Is.  
White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR, AU : India to Tasmania  
Sanford's Sea Eagle Haliaeetus sanfordi  Mayr, 1935 AU : Solomon Islands ENG : Change English name of Haliaeetus sanfordi to Sanford‘s Sea Eagle (Gregory 2009)
African Fish Eagle Haliaeetus vocifer  (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread  
Madagascan Fish Eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides  Des Murs, 1845 AF : Madagascar  
Pallas's Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus  (Pallas, 1771) EU : c, also n India  
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread  
        H. a. albicilla  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe, n Asia to India and China  
        H. a. groenlandicus  Brehm, CL, 1831 Greenland  
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : widespread, also nw Mexico  
        H. l. washingtoniensis  (Audubon, 1827) Alaska, Canada, n USA  
        H. l. leucocephalus  (Linnaeus, 1766) s USA, nw Mexico  
Steller's Sea Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus  (Pallas, 1811) EU : ne Asia  
Lesser Fish Eagle Haliaeetus humilis  (Müller, S & Schlegel, 1841) OR : widespread PHY, TAX : Merge Lesser and Grey-headed Fish Eagles Icthyophaga into Haliaetus (Lerner and Mindell 2005)
        H. h. plumbeus  (Jerdon, 1871) Himalayas to s China and n Indochina  
        H. h. humilis  (Müller, S & Schlegel, 1841) Malay Pen., Borneo, Sumatra and Sulawesi  
Grey-headed Fish Eagle Haliaeetus ichthyaetus  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : widespread  
Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis  (Sundevall, 1850) AF : Senegal and Gambia to Somalia and n Tanzania  
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa  (Franklin, 1831) OR : Pakistan to Burma  
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer  (Temminck, 1827) OR : Southeast Asia, Java, also Sulawesi  
Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) EU : e Siberia, Japan, Korea and ne China  
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis  (Wilson, A, 1811) NA : sc and se USA  
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : ne Mexico to n Argentina  
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis  (Latham, 1790) LA : c Mexico to n Argentina  
        B. n. nigricollis  (Latham, 1790) Mexico to Brazil  
        B. n. leucocephalus  (Vieillot, 1816) Paraguay, Uruguay, n Argentina  
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis  (Vieillot, 1817) NA, LA : s Florida and Caribbean to ne Argentina  
        R. s. plumbeus  Ridgway, 1874 Florida (USA)  
        R. s. levis  Friedmann, 1933 Cuba  
        R. s. major  Nelson & Goldman, 1933 e Mexico, Guatemala, Belize  
        R. s. sociabilis  (Vieillot, 1817) Honduras and Nicaragua to n Argentina  
Slender-billed Kite Helicolestes hamatus  (Temminck, 1821) LA : e Panama through Amazonia  
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens  (Vieillot, 1817) LA : Mexico to Uruguay  
        G. c. livens  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1921 nw Mexico  
        G. c. nigra  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) Mexico to c Panama  
        G. c. balzarensis  Sclater, WL, 1918 e Panama to nw Peru  
        G. c. caerulescens  (Vieillot, 1817) e Colombia to the Guianas to e Peru and Amazonian Brazil  
        G. c. gracilis  (Temminck, 1821) ne Brazil  
        G. c. flexipes  Peters, JL, 1935 s Brazil to Paraguay, Bolivia, n Argentina and Uruguay  
Plumbeous Hawk Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea  (Salvin, 1872) SA : Colombia to Peru  PHY, TAX : Generic reassignments of the South American buteonines follow SACC proposals 460 and 492.
Slate-colored Hawk Buteogallus schistaceus  (Sundevall, 1850) SA : Amazonia  
Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus  (Deppe, 1830) NA, LA : sw USA to nw SA TAX : Buteogallus anthracinus includes the Mangrove Black Hawk B. subtilus as a subspecies (Clark 2007, SACC 294, NACC)
        B. a. anthracinus  (Deppe, 1830) sw USA to n South America  
        B. a. utilensis  Twomey, 1956 islands in the Gulf of Honduras  
        B. a. rhizophorae  Monroe, 1963 Pacific coasts of El Salvador and Honduras  
        B. a. bangsi  (Swann, 1922) Pacific coasts of Costa Rica and Panama  
        B. a. subtilis  (Thayer & Bangs, 1905) Pacific coasts of Colombia, Ecuador and n Peru  
Cuban Black Hawk Buteogallus gundlachii  (Cabanis, 1855) NA : Cuba AS : Buteogallus gundlachii is split from B. anthracinus (Wiley & Garrido 2005; AOU 2007)
Rufous Crab Hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : coastal Venezuela to coastal ne Brazil  
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis  (Latham, 1790) LA : Panama to n Argentina  
White-necked Hawk Buteogallus lacernulatus  (Temminck, 1827) SA : e Brazil  
Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : Mexico to n Argentina  
        B. u. ridgwayi  (Gurney, 1884) Mexico to w Panama  
        B. u. urubitinga  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e Panama to n Argentina  
Montane Solitary Eagle Buteogallus solitarius  (Tschudi, 1844) LA : Mexico to w, n SA  
        B. s. sheffleri  (van Rossem, 1948) s Mexico to Panama  
        B. s. solitarius  (Tschudi, 1844) Colombia to the Guianas and nw Argentina  
Crowned Solitary Eagle Buteogallus coronatus  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : e Bolivia, Paraguay and s Brazil to c Argentina  
Barred Hawk Morphnarchus princeps  (Sclater, PL, 1865) LA : Costa Rica to n Ecuador  
Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : Mexico to ne Argentina  
        R. m. griseocauda  (Ridgway, 1874) Mexico to w Panama  
        R. m. conspectus  Peters, JL, 1913 se Mexico, n Belize  
        R. m. gracilis  Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel and Holbox Is. (Mexico)  
        R. m. sinushonduri  (Bond, 1936) Bonacca and Ruatan Is. (Honduras)  
        R. m. petulans  van Rossem, 1935

sw Costa Rica, sw Panama

TAX : Name petulans van Rossem, 1935 replaced ruficaudus (Sclater, PL, & Salvin, 1869) when both taxa were in Buteo. Name ruficaudus is now permanently invalid under ICZN Art. 59.3. Fide Richard Schodde.


        R. m. alius  Peters, JL & Griscom, 1929 Pearl Is. (Panama)  
        R. m. magnirostris  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) South America north of the Amazon  
        R. m. occiduus   Bangs, 1911 w Brazil, e Peru and n Bolivia  
        R. m. saturatus  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) Bolivia and sw Brazil to w Argentina  
        R. m. nattereri  (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) ne Brazil  
        R. m. magniplumis  (Bertoni, W, 1901) s Brazil, ne Argentina  
        R. m. pucherani  (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855) Uruguay, e Argentina  
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus  (Temminck, 1824) NA, LA : sw USA to s Argentina and Chile  
        P. u. harrisi  (Audubon, 1837) sw USA to w Colombia, Ecuador and Peru  
        P. u. unicinctus  (Temminck, 1824) e Colombia and Venezuela to n Argentina and s Chile  
White-rumped Hawk Parabuteo leucorrhous  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) SA : Venezuela to nw Bolivia, se  
White-tailed Hawk Geranoaetus albicaudatus  Vieillot, 1816 NA, LA : sw USA to c Argentina  PHY,TAX : Expand Geranoaetus to include Buteo polyosoma and B. albicaudatus (SACC 460)
        G. a. hypospodius  (Gurney, 1876) s Texas (USA) to n Colombia and nw Venezuela  
        G. a. colonus  (von Berlepsch, 1892) Netherlands Antilles, n South America  
        G. a. albicaudatus  (Vieillot, 1816) s South America  
Variable Hawk Geranoaetus polyosoma  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) SA : w, Southern Cone TAX : Geranoaetus [Buteo] polyosoma includes B. exsul and G. poecilochrous, currently recognized by some; SACC 317 treats as conspecific
        G. p. polyosoma  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Andes from w Colombia to Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Is.  
        G. p. exsul  (Salvin, 1875) Juan Fernandez Is. (Chile)  
        G. p. poecilochrous  (Gurney, 1879) Andes from s Colombia to s Ecuador  
        G. p. fjeldsai  (Cabot, J & de Vries, 2009) Andes from n Peru to nw Argentina  
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus  (Vieillot, 1819) SA : Venezuela to s Chile, se  
        G. m. australis  Swann, 1922 Andes of w Venezuela to Tierra del Fuego  
        G. m. melanoleucus  (Vieillot, 1819) s Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, ne Argentina  
Mantled Hawk Pseudastur polionotus  (Kaup, 1847) SA : e Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay  
White Hawk Pseudastur albicollis  (Latham, 1790) LA : s Mexico through Amazonia  
        P. a. ghiesbreghti  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1845) Mexico to Guatemala and Belize  
        P. a. costaricensis  (Sclater, WL, 1919) Honduras to nw Colombia  
        P. a. williaminae  (Meyer de Schauensee, 1950) nw Colombia to nw Venezuela  
        P. a. albicollis  (Latham, 1790) Trinidad, c Venezuela, the Guianas to Bolivia  PS : Species boundaries in the White Hawk complex need revision (Raposo do Amaral et al. 2009, SACC, Mindell, Clark)
Grey-backed Hawk Pseudastur occidentalis  (Salvin, 1876) SA : w Ecuador, nw Peru  
Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeus  Lawrence, 1861 LA : Honduras to nw Ecuador  
Black-faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops  (Latham, 1790) SA : n Amazonia  
White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli  Bonaparte, 1850 SA : s Amazonia  
Grey Hawk Buteo plagiatus  (Schlegel, 1862) NA, MA : sw USA to nw Costa Rica AS : Split Grey-lined Hawk (B. nitidus) and Grey Hawk (B. plagiatus) ( Sibley & Monroe 1993, Millsap et al 2011, NACC 2011-A-4)
Grey-lined Hawk Buteo nitidus  (Latham, 1790) LA : Costa Rica to nc Argentina  
        B. n. blakei  Hellmayr & Conover, 1949 sw Costa Rica to w Ecuador  
        B. n. nitidus  (Latham, 1790) Trinidad, n Amazonia  
        B. n. pallidus  (Todd, 1915) s Brazil, e Bolivia, Paraguay, n Argentina  
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : se, c, also ne Mexico  
        B. l. lineatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e North America  
        B. l. alleni  Ridgway, 1885 sc Texas to North Carolina and n Florida (USA)  
        B. l. extimus  Bangs, 1920 s Florida and the Florida Keys (USA)  
        B. l. texanus  Bishop, 1912 s Texas (USA) to se Mexico  
        B. l. elegans  Cassin, 1855 s Oregon (USA) to Baja California (Mexico)  
Ridgway's Hawk Buteo ridgwayi  (Cory, 1883) NA : Hispaniola  
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus  (Vieillot, 1823) NA : e, c  
        B. p. platypterus  (Vieillot, 1823) c and se Canada, e USA  
        B. p. cubanensis  Burns, 1911 Cuba  
        B. p. brunnescens  Danforth & Smyth, 1935 Puerto Rico  
        B. p. insulicola  Riley, 1908 Antigua I. (Lesser Antilles)  
        B. p. rivierei  Verrill, AH, 1905 Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia (Lesser Antilles)  
        B. p. antillarum  Clark, AH, 1905 St. Vincent, Grenada (Lesser Antilles) Tobago  
White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula  Philippi, 1899 SA : Venezuela to c Chile  
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus  Vieillot, 1816 LA : e Mexico to n Argentina, also s Florida  
        B. b. fuliginosus  Sclater, PL, 1858 s Florida (USA), e Mexico to Panama  
        B. b. brachyurus  Vieillot, 1816 South America  
Hawaiian Hawk Buteo solitarius  Peale, 1848 PO : Hawaiian Islands  
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni  Bonaparte, 1838 NA, MA : sw Canada, w USA and n Mexico  
Galapagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis  (Gould, 1837) SA : Galápagos Islands  
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus  Kaup, 1847 NA, LA : sw USA to Paraguay  
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA, MA : widespread  
        B. j. alascensis  Grinnell, 1909 se Alaska, sw Canada  
        B. j. harlani  (Audubon, 1830) c Alaska, nw Canada  PS : The highly variable Harlan's Hawk harlani may be specifically distinct (Clark 2009, BNA 2009)
        B. j. calurus  Cassin, 1855

w North America, Socorro Is.

 TAX : Includes ssp socorroensis. Preston & Beane, 2009. BNA On-line.
        B. j. borealis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e North America  TAX : Proposed ssp kriderii regarded as a white morph of B. j. borealis. Preston & Beane, 2009. BNA On-line.
        B. j. suttoni  Dickerman, 1993 s Baja California (Mexico)  
        B. j. fuertesi  Sutton & van Tyne, 1935 sw USA, n Mexico  
        B. j. fumosus  Nelson, 1898 Tres Marias Is. (off wc Mexico)  
        B. j. hadropus  Storer, 1962 c Mexico  
        B. j. kemsiesi  Oberholser, 1959 s Mexico to Nicaragua  
        B. j. costaricensis  Ridgway, 1874 Costa Rica, w Panama  
        B. j. umbrinus  Bangs, 1901

Florida (USA), Bahamas, Cuba

 TAX : Includes solitudinis. Preston & Beane, 2009. BNA On-line.
        B. j. jamaicensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, n Lesser Antilles  
Rufous-tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis  Gould, 1837 SA : s Chile and sw Argentina  
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis  (Gray, GR, 1844) NA : sc Canada to wc USA  
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus  (Pontoppidan, 1763) NA, EU : widespread ENG : Change English name of Buteo lagopus from “Roughleg“, suggested to compromise, to Rough-legged Buzzard
        B. l. lagopus  (Pontoppidan, 1763) n Eurasia  
        B. l. menzbieri  Dementiev, 1951 ne Asia  
        B. l. kamtschatkensis  Dementiev, 1931 Kamchatka Pen.  
        B. l. sanctijohannis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Alaska, Canada  
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius  Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 EU : c and sc Asia to se Siberia and ne China  
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus  Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 OR : c, s Siberia, Mongolia, ne China, Japan AS : Buteo japonicus is split from B.buteo (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Lerner et al. 2008)
        B. j. japonicus  Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 c and ne Asia to Japan  
        B. j. toyoshimai  Momiyama, 1927 Izu and Bonin Is. (s Japan)  
        B. j. oshiroi  Kuroda Nagahisa, 1971 Daito Is. (s Japan)  
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus  Hume, 1875 OR : Himalayas AS : Himalayan Buzzard is split from B.buteo (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Lerner et al. 2008); correct species name is burmanicus not refectus(Penhallurik & Dickinson, 2008)
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus  (Cretzschmar, 1829) EU, AF : sw, sc  
        B. r. rufinus  (Cretzschmar, 1829) c Europe to c Asia  
        B. r. cirtensis  (Levaillant, J, 1850) Mauritania to Egypt and the Arabian Pen.  
Cape Verde Buzzard Buteo bannermani  Swann, 1919 AF : Cape Verde Is. AS : Cape Verde Buzzard is split from Common/Eurasian Buzzard (Clouet & Wink 2000; Clements 2011; OTHER)
Socotra Buzzard Buteo socotraensis  Porter & Kirwan, 2010 AF : Socotra AS : Socotra Buzzard is split from B. buteo (Porter & Kirwan 2010); probably related to B. rufinus and B.bannermani (Clouet & Wink 2000)
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread  
        B. b. insularum  Floericke, 1903 Canary Is. and Azores  
        B. b. harterti  Swann, 1919 Madeira  
        B. b. pojana  (Savi, 1831) Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, c and s Italy  
        B. b. buteo  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe e to Finland, Romania and Turkey  
        B. b. menetriesi  Bogdanov, 1879 e Turkey through the Caucasus to n Iran  
        B. b. vulpinus  (Gloger, 1833) n and e Europe, c Asia  
Forest Buzzard Buteo trizonatus  Rudebeck, 1957 AF : s and e South Africa TAX : see Clark 2007 re species status of Forest Buzzard
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus  Hartert & Neumann, 1914 AF : Ethiopia to n Malawi  
Archer's Buzzard Buteo archeri  Sclater, WL, 1918 AF : n Somalia PL : Archer‘s Buzzard is split from Augur Buzzard (Riesing et al 2003, HBW 2, cf Clark 2003) but possibly a rufous morph of Augur Buzzard. B. archeri. Often regarded as conspicific with B. augur, but appears not related to the B. augur/B. rufofuscus clade; is basal to the clade that includes most of the African buteos (Riesing et al 2003). Genetic data require confirmation (Clark comment).
Red-necked Buzzard Buteo auguralis  Salvadori, 1865 AF : Sierra Leone to Ethiopia, Uganda and Angola  
Madagascan Buzzard Buteo brachypterus  Hartlaub, 1860 AF : Madagascar  
Augur Buzzard Buteo augur  (Rüppell, 1836) AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to Zimbabwe;c  Angola to c Namibia  
Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus  (Forster, JR, 1798) AF : Namibia and South Africa  
   PHY, SEQ : The Falconidae are not members of the Accipitriformes, but a separate lineage and Order more closely related to parrots and in turn the Passeriformes (Hackett et al. 2008). Will resequence in the future.
Caracaras, Falcons (67)
Family Falconidae
Black Caracara Daptrius ater  Vieillot, 1816 SA : Amazonia  
Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus  (Boddaert, 1783) LA : s Mexico to s Brazil  
Carunculated Caracara Phalcoboenus carunculatus  Des Murs, 1853 SA : Ecuador, sw Colombia  
Mountain Caracara Phalcoboenus megalopterus  (Meyen, 1834) SA : Peru to c Chile  
White-throated Caracara Phalcoboenus albogularis  (Gould, 1837) SA : s Chile, s Argentina  
Striated Caracara Phalcoboenus australis  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : s islands  
Northern Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway  (Jacquin, 1784) NA, LA : s USA to n SA  
Guadalupe Caracara Caracara lutosa   (Ridgway, 1876) MA : Guadalupe I. (Mexico)
Southern Crested Caracara Caracara plancus  (Miller, JF, 1777) SA : n Boliva to e Brazil south to Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Is.  
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima  (Vieillot, 1816) LA : Costa Rica to n Argentina  
        M. c. cordata  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918 s Costa Rica through South America north of the Amazon  
        M. c. chimachima  (Vieillot, 1816) Amazon south to n Argentina  
Chimango Caracara Milvago chimango  (Vieillot, 1816) SA : Southern Cone  
        M. c. chimango  (Vieillot, 1816) s Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay to c Argentina and Chile  
        M. c. temucoensis  Sclater, WL, 1918 s Argentina and Chile to Tiera del Fuego  
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans  (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : Mexico to n Argentina  
        H. c. chapmani  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918 Mexico to Honduras  
        H. c. cachinnans  (Linnaeus, 1758) Nicaragua to Peru and c Brazil  
        H. c. queribundus  Bangs & Penard, TE, 1919 e Bolivia to e Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina  
Barred Forest Falcon Micrastur ruficollis  (Vieillot, 1817) LA : s Mexico to n Argentina  
        M. r. guerilla  Cassin, 1848 Mexico to Nicaragua  
        M. r. interstes  Bangs, 1907 Costa Rica to w Colombia and Ecuador  
        M. r. zonothorax  (Cabanis, 1866) e Colombia and n Venezuela south to Bolivia  
        M. r. concentricus  (Lesson, 1830) s Venezuela, the Guianas, Amazonia  
        M. r. ruficollis  (Vieillot, 1817) e Brazil, Paraguay, n Argentina  
        M. r. olrogi  Amadon, 1964 nw Argentina  
Plumbeous Forest Falcon Micrastur plumbeus  Sclater, WL, 1918 SA : sw Colombia, nw Ecuador  
Lined Forest Falcon Micrastur gilvicollis  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : Amazonia  
Cryptic Forest Falcon Micrastur mintoni  Whittaker, 2003 SA : e Amazonia s to Bolivia  
Slaty-backed Forest Falcon Micrastur mirandollei  (Schlegel, 1862) LA : Costa Rica to e Brazil  
Collared Forest Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus  (Vieillot, 1817) LA : c Mexico to n Argentina  
        M. s. naso  (Lesson, 1842) Mexico to nw Peru  
        M. s. semitorquatus  (Vieillot, 1817) e Colombia through the Guianas and Brazil to n Argentina  
Buckley's Forest Falcon Micrastur buckleyi  Swann, 1919 SA : w Amazonia  
Spot-winged Falconet Spiziapteryx circumcincta  (Kaup, 1852) SA : se Bolivia and w Paraguay to c Argentina  
Pygmy Falcon Polihierax semitorquatus  (Smith, A, 1836) AF : e, s  
        P. s. castanonotus  (Heuglin, 1860) s Sudan and Ethiopia to c Tanzania  
        P. s. semitorquatus  (Smith, A, 1836) s Angola to nw South Africa  
White-rumped Falcon Polihierax insignis  Walden, 1872 OR : Southeast Asia  
        P. i. insignis  Walden, 1872 w and c Burma  
        P. i. cinereiceps  Baker, ECS, 1927 s Burma, nw Thailand  
        P. i. harmandi  (Oustalet, 1876) Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia  
Collared Falconet Microhierax caerulescens  (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : ne India through Southeast Asia  
        M. c. caerulescens  (Linnaeus, 1758) n India, Nepal  
        M. c. burmanicus  Swann, 1920 Burma to Indochina  
Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius  (Drapiez, 1824) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
White-fronted Falconet Microhierax latifrons  Sharpe, 1879 OR : Borneo  
Philippine Falconet Microhierax erythrogenys  (Vigors, 1831) OR : Philippines  
        M. e. erythrogenys  (Vigors, 1831) n Philippines  
        M. e. meridionalis  Ogilvie-Grant, 1897 s Philippines  
Pied Falconet Microhierax melanoleucos  (Blyth, 1843) OR : ne India to s China and c Vietnam  
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni  Fleischer, JG, 1818 EU : s Europe and nw Africa to n China  
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus  Linnaeus, 1758 EU, AF : widespread  
        F. t. tinnunculus  Linnaeus, 1758 Europe and nw Africa to Siberia  
        F. t. perpallidus  (Clark, AH, 1907) ne Siberia to ne China and Korea  
        F. t. interstinctus  McClelland, 1840 Himalayas to Japan and Indochina  
        F. t. objurgatus  (Baker, ECS, 1927) s India, Sri Lanka  
        F. t. canariensis  (Koenig, AF, 1890) Madeira and w Canary Is.  
        F. t. dacotiae  Hartert, 1913 e Canary Is.  
        F. t. neglectus  Schlegel, 1873 n Cape Verde Is.  
        F. t. alexandri  Bourne, 1955 s Cape Verde Is.  
        F. t. rupicolaeformis  (Brehm, CL, 1855) ne Africa and Arabia  
        F. t. archeri  Hartert & Neumann, 1932 Socotra I., Somalia, ne Kenya  
        F. t. rufescens  Swainson, 1837 West Africa to Ethiopia south to n Angola and Tanzania  
Rock Kestrel Falco rupicolus  Daudin, 1800 AF : 
Angola to s Tanzania south to South Africa
AS : Falco rupicolus is split from F. tinnunculus (Hockey, Dean & Ryan, eds. 2005)
Malagasy Kestrel Falco newtoni  (Gurney, 1863) AF : Madagascar, Aldabra Island  
        F. n. newtoni  (Gurney, 1863) Madagascar  
        F. n. aldabranus  Grote, 1928 Aldabra and Anjouan Is.  
Mauritius Kestrel Falco punctatus  Temminck, 1821 AF : Mauritius  
Reunion Kestrel Falco duboisi   Cowles, 1994 IO : La Réunion EXT : Cheke, A & Hume, J. 2008.
Seychelles Kestrel Falco araeus  (Oberholser, 1917) AF : Seychelles Islands  
Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis  (Bonaparte, 1850) OR, AU : Moluccas, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Java and Bali  
        F. m. moluccensis  (Bonaparte, 1850) n and s Moluccas  
        F. m. microbalius  (Oberholser, 1917) Java to Lesser Sundas, Sulawesi and Tanimbar Is.  
Nankeen Kestrel Falco cenchroides  Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 AU : widespread  
        F. c. baru  Rand, 1940 Snow Mts. (wc New Guinea)  
        F. c. cenchroides  Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 Australia, Tasmania, Lord Howe Is., Norfolk Is.  
American Kestrel Falco sparverius  Linnaeus, 1758 NA, LA : widespread  
        F. s. sparverius  Linnaeus, 1758 Alaska and Canada through the USA to w Mexico  
        F. s. paulus  (Howe & King, L, 1902) se USA  
        F. s. peninsularis  Mearns, 1892 nw Mexico  
        F. s. tropicalis  (Griscom, 1930) s Mexico to n Honduras  
        F. s. nicaraguensis  Howell, TR, 1965 nw Honduras, Nicaragua  
        F. s. sparverioides  Vigors, 1827 Bahamas, Cuba  
        F. s. dominicensis  Gmelin, JF, 1788 Hispaniola  
        F. s. caribaearum  Gmelin, JF, 1788 Puerto Rico to Grenada (West Indies)  
        F. s. brevipennis  (von Berlepsch, 1892) Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles)  
        F. s. isabellinus  Swainson, 1838 e Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil  
        F. s. ochraceus  (Cory, 1915) e Colombia, nw Venezuela  
        F. s. caucae  (Chapman, 1915) w Colombia  
        F. s. aequatorialis  Mearns, 1892 n Ecuador  
        F. s. peruvianus  (Cory, 1915) sw Ecuador, Peru, n Chile  
        F. s. cinnamominus  Swainson, 1838 se Peru to Paraguay and Tierra del Fuego  
        F. s. fernandensis  (Chapman, 1915) Alejandro Selkirk and Juan Fernandez Is. (Chile)  
        F. s. cearae  (Cory, 1915) s Brazil  
Greater Kestrel Falco rupicoloides  Smith, A, 1829 AF : e, s  
        F. r. fieldi  (Elliot, 1897) ne Ethiopia, n Somalia, n Kenya  
        F. r. arthuri  (Gurney, 1884) c and s Kenya, ne Tanzania  
        F. r. rupicoloides  Smith, A, 1829 s Angola to sw Zambia south to South Afirca  
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex  (Heuglin, 1861) AF : Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya  
Grey Kestrel Falco ardosiaceus  Vieillot, 1823 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia south to Tanzania and west tp Angola and Namibia  
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni  Sclater, PL, 1864 AF : Angola and Namibia to c Kenya and n Mozambique  
Banded Kestrel Falco zoniventris  Peters, W, 1854 AF : Madagascar  
Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera  Daudin, 1800 AF, OR : c, w, s AF, India  
        F. c. chicquera  Daudin, 1800 se Iran through India to Bangladesh  
        F. c. ruficollis  Swainson, 1837 Senegal and Gambia to w Ethiopia south through e Africa to Zambia and n Mozambique  
        F. c. horsbrughi  Gunning & Roberts, 1911 Namibia and s Mozambique to South Africa  
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus  Linnaeus, 1766 EU : c Europe to c Asia  
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis  Radde, 1863 EU : e Siberia, Korea and ne China  
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae  Géné, 1839 EU : s Europe, also n AF  
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor  Temminck, 1825 AF, EU : e Libya to sw Pakistan  
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis  Temminck, 1822 LA : widespread  
        F. f. septentrionalis  Todd, 1916 sw USA to Honduras  
        F. f. femoralis  Temminck, 1822 Nicaragua through South America to Tierra del Fuego  
        F. f. pichinchae  Chapman, 1925 Andes from Colombia to n Chile and nw Argentina  
Merlin Falco columbarius  Linnaeus, 1758 NA, EU : widespread  
        F. c. subaesalon  Brehm, CL, 1827 Iceland  
        F. c. aesalon  Tunstall, 1771 Europe to nw Siberia  
        F. c. insignis  (Clark, AH, 1907) nc Siberia  
        F. c. pacificus  (Stegmann, 1929) ne Asia  
        F. c. pallidus  (Sushkin, 1900) steppes of wc Asia  
        F. c. lymani  Bangs, 1913 mountains of ec Asia  
        F. c. columbarius  Linnaeus, 1758 Alaska to Newfoundland to n USA  
        F. c. suckleyi  Ridgway, 1874 se Alaska to n Washington (USA)  
        F. c. richardsonii  Ridgway, 1871 c and sc Canada to nc USA  
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis  Daudin, 1800 LA : n Mexico to ne Argentina  
        F. r. petoensis  Chubb, C, 1918 Mexico to w Ecuador  
        F. r. rufigularis  Daudin, 1800 e Colombia through the Guianas to s Brazil and ne Argentina  
        F. r. ophryophanes  (Salvadori, 1895) e Bolivia to s Brazil, Paraguay and nw Argentina  
Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus  Temminck, 1825 LA : s Mexico to ne Argentina  
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo  Linnaeus, 1758 EU : widespread  
        F. s. subbuteo  Linnaeus, 1758 Europe to Japan to n India and c China  
        F. s. streichi  Hartert & Neumann, 1907 Burma to s China and n Indochina  
African Hobby Falco cuvierii  Smith, A, 1830 AF : Widespread south of the Sahara  
Oriental Hobby Falco severus  Horsfield, 1821 OR, AU : nw India to Solomon Islands  
        F. s. severus  Horsfield, 1821 e Himalayas to Philippines and Greater Sundas  
        F. s. papuanus  Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1893 Sulawesi to the Solomon Is.  
Australian Hobby Falco longipennis  Swainson, 1838 AU : widespread  
        F. l. hanieli  Hellmayr, 1914 Lesser Sundas  
        F. l. longipennis  Swainson, 1838 sw and se Australia, Tasmania  
        F. l. murchisonianus  Mathews, 1912 Australia except sw and se  
New Zealand Falcon Falco novaeseelandiae  Gmelin, JF, 1788 AU : New Zealand  
Brown Falcon Falco berigora  Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 AU : widespread  
        F. b. novaeguineae  (Meyer, AB, 1894) c and e New Guinea, coastal n Australia  
        F. b. berigora  Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 n, c and e Australia  
        F. b. occidentalis  (Gould, 1844) sw and wc Australia  
        F. b. tasmanicus  (Mathews, 1916) Tasmania  
Grey Falcon Falco hypoleucos  Gould, 1841 AU : Australia  
Black Falcon Falco subniger  Gray, GR, 1843 AU : Australia  
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus  Temminck, 1825 EU, AF : s Europe, Arabian Peninsula, widespread AF  
        F. b. feldeggii  Schlegel, 1843 Italy to Turkey, Azerbaijan and nw Iran  
        F. b. erlangeri  Kleinschmidt, O, 1901 nw Africa  
        F. b. tanypterus  Schlegel, 1843 ne Africa to Arabia, Israel and Iraq  
        F. b. abyssinicus  Neumann, 1904 s Mauritania to Ethiopia and Somalia south to Cameroon and n Kenya  
        F. b. biarmicus  Temminck, 1825 DR Congo to s Kenya south to South Africa  
Laggar Falcon Falco jugger  Gray, JE, 1834 OR : Pakistan to Burma, India  
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug  Gray, JE, 1834 EU : c, s  
        F. c. cherrug  Gray, JE, 1834 c Europe to sc Siberia and n Kazakhstan  
        F. c. coatsi  Dementiev, 1945 c Asia to s Siberia and n China  
        F. c. hendersoni  Hume, 1871 w and s Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan  
        F. c. milvipes  Jerdon, 1871 Himalayas to Tibet  
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus  Linnaeus, 1758 NA, EU : arctic Europe, Asia and North America  
Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus  Schlegel, 1850 NA, MA : sc Canada to sc USA  
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus  Tunstall, 1771 Worldwide : widespread  
        F. p. tundrius  White, CM, 1968 Alaska to Greenland  
        F. p. pealei  Ridgway, 1874 Aleutians to s Alaska and sw Canada  
        F. p. anatum  Bonaparte, 1838 North America (south of tundra) to n Mexico  
        F. p. cassini  Sharpe, 1873 w South America (Colombia to Tierra del Fuego), Falkland Is.  
        F. p. peregrinus  Tunstall, 1771 n Eurasia (s of tundra)  
        F. p. calidus  Latham, 1790 Lapland to ne Siberia  
        F. p. japonensis  Gmelin, JF, 1788 ne Siberia to Japan  
        F. p. brookei  Sharpe, 1873 Mediterraneean region to Caucasus and n Iran  
        F. p. peregrinator  Sundevall, 1837 Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka to s and e China  
        F. p. furuitii  Momiyama, 1927 Bonin Is. (Japan)
TAX : Correct original spelling fruitii to proper furuitii under ICZN code Article 32.5.1.

        F. p. madens  Ripley & Watson, 1963 Cape Verde Is.  
        F. p. minor  Bonaparte, 1850 Morocco, Mauritania, Africa south of the Sahara  
        F. p. radama  Hartlaub, 1861 Madagascar and the Comoro Is.  
        F. p. ernesti  Sharpe, 1894 Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea and Bismarck Arch.  
        F. p. macropus  Swainson, 1838 Australia  
        F. p. nesiotes  Mayr, 1941 Solomon Is, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji  
Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides  Temminck, 1829 EU : sw, also n AF  
        F. p. babylonicus  Sclater, PL, 1861 e Iran to Mongolia and Pakistan  
        F. p. pelegrinoides  Temminck, 1829 Canary Is., n Africa to Arabia and sw Iran  
Taita Falcon Falco fasciinucha  Reichenow & Neumann, 1895 AF : s Ethiopia to n South Africa