"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

ADVISORS

Per Alstrom
Rauri Bowie
Jon Fjeldsa
Phil Gregory
Leo Joseph
Peter Kovalik
Adolfo Navarro-Siguenza
David Parkin
Alan Peterson
Douglas Pratt
Pamela Rasmussen
Frank Rheindt
Robert Ridgely
Peter Ryan
Dick Schodde
Minturn Wright

NAMES >> Index >>Nightjars

IOC English NameScientific NameRangeComments
       
 
ORDER CAPRIMULGIFORMES
   
       
Frogmouths (16)
Family Podargidae
  TAX : Recognition of the Asian frogmouths (Batrachosomus) vs Australasian frogmouths (Podargus) as separate families (Christidis and Boles 2008) requires equal consideration for Rigidipenna inexpectatus as a monotypic family (see Tree of Life)
Marbled Frogmouth Podargus ocellatus  Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 AU : New Guinea, e, ne Australia  
        P. o. ocellatus  Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 New Guinea and nearby islands  
        P. o. marmoratus  Gould, 1855 Cape York Pem. (ne Australia)  
        P. o. plumiferus  Gould, 1846 ec Australia  
        P. o. intermedius  Hartert, 1895 Trobriand Is. and D'Entrecasteaux Arch.  
        P. o. meeki  Hartert, 1898 Tagula I. (Louisiade Arch.)  
Papuan Frogmouth Podargus papuensis  Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 AU : New Guinea, n Australia  
        P. p. papuensis  Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 w Papuan Is., New Guinea and Aru Is.  
        P. p. rogersi  Mathews, 1912 Cape York Pem. (ne Australia)  
        P. p. baileyi  Mathews, 1912 ne Queensland (ne Australia)  
Tawny Frogmouth Podargus strigoides  (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia  
        P. s. brachypterus  Gould, 1841 w,c Australia  
        P. s. phalaenoides  Gould, 1840 n Australia  
        P. s. strigoides  (Latham, 1801) e Australia and Tasmania  
Solomons Frogmouth Rigidipenna inexpectata  (Hartert, 1901) AU : Solomon Islands ENG : CHANGE English name of Rigidipenna inexpectata from Cinnamon Frogmouth to Solomons Frogmouth (Guy Dutson et al 2010)
Large Frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus  (Gray, JE, 1829) OR : Malay Penin., Sumatra, Borneo  
Dulit Frogmouth Batrachostomus harterti  Sharpe, 1892 OR : Borneo  
Philippine Frogmouth Batrachostomus septimus  Tweeddale, 1877 OR : Philippines  
        B. s. microrhynchus  Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 Luzon and Catanduanes (n Philippines)  
        B. s. menagei  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Panay and Negros (wc Philippines  
        B. s. septimus  Tweeddale, 1877 Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Mindanao and Basilan (ec and s Philippines)  
Gould's Frogmouth Batrachostomus stellatus  (Gould, 1837) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger  Blyth, 1849 OR : s India, Sri Lanka  
        B. m. roonwali  Dutta, 2009 sw India  
        B. m. moniliger  Blyth, 1849 Sri Lanka  
Hodgson's Frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni  (Gray, GR, 1859) OR : ne India to Southeast Asia  
        B. h. hodgsoni  (Gray, GR, 1859) ne India, e Bangladesh and n and w Burma  
        B. h. indochinae  Stresemann, 1937 e Burma and sw Hunnan (China) to n Thailand, nw Laos and c Vietnam  
Short-tailed Frogmouth Batrachostomus poliolophus  Hartert, 1892 OR : Sumatra  
Bornean Frogmouth Batrachostomus mixtus  Sharpe, 1892 OR : Borneo AS : Bornean Frogmouth is split from Short-tailed Frogmouth B.poliolophus (Cleere 1998, BLI)
Javan Frogmouth Batrachostomus javensis  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Java  
Blyth's Frogmouth Batrachostomus affinis  Blyth, 1847 OR : N Thailand, s Burma, c Vietnam to se peninsular Thailand to Sumatra, Borneo AS : Blyth‘s Frogmouth is split from Javan Frogmouth B.javensis (Cleere 2010)
        B. a. continentalis  Stresemann, 1937 se Burma to Thailand, s Laos and c Vietnam  
        B. a. affinis  Blyth, 1847 s Thailand, s Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
Palawan Frogmouth Batrachostomus chaseni  Stresemann, 1937 OR : Banggi I. (n of Borneo) and Palawan (Philippines) AS : Palawan Frogmouth is split from Javan Frogmouth B.javensis (Cleere 2010)
Sunda Frogmouth Batrachostomus cornutus  (Temminck, 1822) OR : Sumatra, Borneo  
        B. c. cornutus  (Temminck, 1822) Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Belitung (e of Sumatra) and Banggi Is (n of Borneo).  
        B. c. longicaudatus  Hoogerwerf, 1962 Kangean Is. (ne of Java)  
       
Oilbird (1)
Family Steatornithidae
   
Oilbird Steatornis caripensis  von Humboldt, 1817 SA : n, nw, also Panama  
       
Potoos (7)
Family Nyctibiidae
   
Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : s Mexico through Amazonia, se SA  
        N. g. guatemalensis  Land & Schultz, 1963 s Mexico and Guatemala  
        N. g. grandis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Nicaraagua to Panama and through South America to c Bolivia and s Brazil  
Long-tailed Potoo Nyctibius aethereus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) SA : Amazonia, se SA  
        N. a. chocoensis  Chapman, 1921 w Colombia  
        N. a. longicaudatus  (von Spix, 1825) Amazonia  
        N. a. aethereus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) se Brazil, se Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Northern Potoo Nyctibius jamaicensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) MA : Mexico to Nicaragua, also Greater Antilles  
        N. j. lambi  Davis, J, 1959 w Mexico  
        N. j. mexicanus  Nelson, 1900 e and s Mexico to Honduras  
        N. j. costaricensis  Ridgway, 1912 Costa Rica  
        N. j. jamaicensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Jamaica  
        N. j. abbotti  Richmond, 1917 Hispaniola, Gonáve I.  
Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : Nicaragua to Uruguay  
        N. g. panamensis  Ridgway, 1912 e Nicaragua to w Panama, w Colombia and w Ecuador  
        N. g. griseus  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n and c South America east of the Andes  
Andean Potoo Nyctibius maculosus  Ridgway, 1912 SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
White-winged Potoo Nyctibius leucopterus  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) SA : Amazonia  
Rufous Potoo Nyctibius bracteatus  Gould, 1846 SA : Amazonia  
       
Nightjars (98)
Family Caprimulgidae
  PHY : The eared nightjars Eurostopodus are the sister taxon to rest of the Caprimulgidae (Barrowclough et al 2006, Larsen et al. 2007), but they are not equivalent in rank to other families in the Caprimulgiformes.
Spotted Nightjar Eurostopodus argus  Hartert, 1892 AU : Australia  
White-throated Nightjar Eurostopodus mystacalis  (Temminck, 1826) AU : e Australia  
Solomon's Nightjar Eurostopodus  nigripennis  Ramsay, EP, 1882 Solomon Is. AS : Solomon's Nightjar is split from White-throated Nightjar E. mystacalis (Cleere 2010, Dutson 2012) 
New Caledonian Nightjar  Eurostopodus exul  Mayr, 1941 New Caledonia AS : New Caledonian Nightjar is split from White-throated Nightjar E. mystacalis (Cleere 2010, Dutson 2012, H&M4) 
Satanic Nightjar Eurostopodus diabolicus  Stresemann, 1931 AU : Sulawesi  
Papuan Nightjar Eurostopodus papuensis  (Schlegel, 1866) AU : New Guinea  
Archbold's Nightjar Eurostopodus archboldi  (Mayr & Rand, 1935) AU : New Guinea ENG : Change English name of Eurostopodus archboldi to Archbold‘s Nightjar (Gregory 2009)
Malaysian Eared Nightjar Lyncornis temminckii  Gould, 1838 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Great Eared Nightjar Lyncornis macrotis  (Vigors, 1831) OR : widespread, also Sulawesi  
        L. m. cerviniceps  Gould, 1838 Bangladesh and ne India to s China, Indochina and n Malay Pen.  
        L. m. bourdilloni  Hume, 1875 sw India  
        L. m. macrotis  (Vigors, 1831) n and e Philippines  
        L. m. jacobsoni  Junge, 1936 Simeuluë I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        L. m. macropterus  Bonaparte, 1850 Sulawesi, Talaud, Sangihe, Banggai and Sula Is.  
Collared Nightjar Gactornis enarratus  (Gray, GR, 1871) AF : Madagascar TAX, PHY : Han et al (2010) separates Collared Nightjar as Gactornis, is sister to main clade of nightjars and nighthawks
Nacunda Nighthawk Chordeiles nacunda  (Vieillot, 1817) SA : widespread PHY,TAX : Nacunda Nighthawk is moved from Podager to Chordeiles before Least Nighthawk, its sister species (Han et al 2010, SACC 467)
        C. n. coryi  Agne & Pacheco, 2011 n and e Colombia and n Venezuela through Guyana and Suriname to n Brazil  
        C. n. nacunda  (Vieillot, 1817) e Peru and c Brazil to c Argentina  
Least Nighthawk Chordeiles pusillus  Gould, 1861 SA : n, e  
        C. p. septentrionalis  (Hellmayr, 1908) e Colombia through Venezuela and the Guianas  
        C. p. esmeraldae  Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1947 se Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil  
        C. p. xerophilus  Dickerman, 1988 Paraiba and Pernambuco (ne Brazil)  
        C. p. novaesi  Dickerman, 1988 Maranh?o and Piaui (ne Brazil)  
        C. p. saturatus  Pinto & Camargo, 1957 e Bolivia and wc Brazil  
        C. p. pusillus  Gould, 1861 Tocantins, Bahia and Goiás (e Brazil)  
Sand-colored Nighthawk Chordeiles rupestris  (von Spix, 1825) SA : Amazonia  
        C. r. xyostictus  Oberholser, 1914 c Colombia  
        C. r. rupestris  (von Spix, 1825) Amazonia  
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis  (Hermann, 1783) NA, LA : sw USA to s Brazil  
        C. a. texensis  Lawrence, 1857 sw USA to c Mexico  
        C. a. littoralis  Brodkorb, 1940 s Mexico to Costa Rica  
        C. a. micromeris  Oberholser, 1914 s Yucatan Pen. and Belize  
        C. a. acutipennis  (Hermann, 1783) n and c South America  
        C. a. crissalis  Miller, AH, 1959 sw Colombia  
        C. a. aequatorialis  Chapman, 1923 w Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru (?)  
        C. a. exilis  (Lesson, 1839) w Peru  
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor  (Forster, JR, 1771) NA, MA : widespread  
        C. m. minor  (Forster, JR, 1771) c and s Canada, c and e USA  
        C. m. hesperis  Grinnell, 1905 sw Canada, w USA  
        C. m. sennetti  Coues, 1888 sc Canada, c and nc USA  
        C. m. howelli  Oberholser, 1914 wc USA  
        C. m. henryi  Cassin, 1855 sw USA, nc Mexico  
        C. m. aserriensis  Cherrie, 1896 se Texas (sc USA), ne Mexico  
        C. m. chapmani  Coues, 1888 se USA  
        C. m. neotropicalis  Selander & Alvarez del Toro, 1955 e and s Mexico  
        C. m. panamensis  Eisenmann, 1962 Belize and Honduras to Panama  
Antillean Nighthawk Chordeiles gundlachii  Lawrence, 1857 NA : s Florida through the West Indies  
        C. g. vicinus  Riley, 1903 s Florida (se USA), Bahama Is.  
        C. g. gundlachii  Lawrence, 1857 Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamiaca, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Is.  
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : widespread  
        L. s. stonei  Huber, 1923 se Mexico to ne Nicaragua  
        L. s. noctivagus  Griswold, 1936 Costa Rica to nw Ecuador  
        L. s. semitorquatus  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n Colombia to the Guianas and n Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago  
        L. s. schaeferi  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 Aragua (n Venezuela)  
        L. s. nattererii  (Temminck, 1822) Amazonia south of the Amazon to n Argentina  
Rufous-bellied Nighthawk Lurocalis rufiventris  Taczanowski, 1884 SA : Venezuela to Bolivia  
Band-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne leucopyga  (von Spix, 1825) SA : Amazonia  
        N. l. exigua  Friedmann, 1945 e Colombia, s Venezuela  
        N. l. pallida  Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 ne Colombia, w and c Venezuela  
        N. l. leucopyga  (von Spix, 1825) e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        N. l. latifascia  Friedmann, 1945 extreme s Venezuela  
        N. l. majuscula  Pinto & Camargo, 1952 ne Peru, n and e Bolivia, w and c Brazil  
Plain-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne vielliardi  (Lencioni-Neto, 1994) SA : e Brazil  
Blackish Nightjar Nyctipolus nigrescens  (Cabanis, 1849) SA : Amazonia TAX,PHY : Generic assignments of New World taxa, formerly placed in Caprimulgus, are revised following SACC #522 based on Han et al 2010. 
Pygmy Nightjar Nyctipolus hirundinaceus  (von Spix, 1825) SA : ne, e Brazil  
        N. h. cearae  (Cory, 1917) Ceará to n Bahia (ne Brazil)  
        N. h. hirundinaceus (von Spix, 1825) Piauí to Bahia and Alagoas (e Brazil)  
        N. h. vielliardi  (Ribon, 1995) Espirito Santo (e Brazil)  
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : widespread  
        N. a. insularis  Nelson, 1898 Tres Marías Is. (off w Mexico)  
        N. a. merrilli  Sennett, 1888 s Texas (USA), ne Mexico  
        N. a. yucatanensis  Nelson, 1901 w and e Mexico, including the Yucatan Pen., to c Guatemala  
        N. a. intercedens  Griscom, 1929 s Guatemala to w Panama  
        N. a. gilvus  Bangs, 1902 c and e Panama, n Colombia  
        N. a. albicollis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Colombia and Venezuela through the Guianas and Brazil  
        N. a. derbyanus  Gould, 1838 Bolivia,c and s Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Anthony's Nightjar Nyctidromus anthonyi  (Chapman, 1923) SA : w Ecuador, nw Peru PHY : Anthony‘s Nightjar assigned to Nyctidromus following SACC 522 based on Han et al 2010.
Todd's Nightjar Setopagis heterura  Todd, 1915 SA : ne Colombia, n, c Venezuela. AS : Todd's Nightjar Caprimulgus heterurus is split from Little Nightjar C. parvulus (SACC 169).
Little Nightjar Setopagis parvula  (Gould, 1837) SA : e Peru to e Brazil, south to c Argentina and Uruguay  
Roraiman Nightjar Setopagis whitelyi  (Salvin, 1885) SA : Tepuis of e Venezuela, w Guyana and n Brazil  
Cayenne Nightjar Setopagis maculosa  (Todd, 1920) SA : French Guiana  
Sickle-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus anomalus  (Gould, 1838) SA : se Brazil; se Paraguay to c Argentina and Uruguay  
White-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus candicans  (Pelzeln, 1867) SA : n Bolivia, sc Brazil, e Paraguay PHY : White-winged Nightjar may belong with Sickle-winged Nightjar in Eleothreptus (Cleere 2002, BLI, SACC 256). Assigned to Eleothreptus following SACC #522 based on Han et al 2010.
Band-winged Nightjar Systellura longirostris  (Bonaparte, 1825) SA : n, w, s, se  
        S. l. ruficervix  (Sclater, PL, 1866) Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador  
        S. l. roraimae  Chapman, 1929 tepuis of s Venezuela  
        S. l. decussata  (Tschudi, 1844) w Peru, n Chile  
        S. l. atripunctata  Chapman, 1923 Peru to nw Argentina  
        S. l. bifasciata  (Gould, 1837) Chile, w Argentina  
        S. l. pedrolimai  (Grantsau, 2008) ne Brazil  
        S. l. longirostris  (Bonaparte, 1825) se Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and ne Argentina  
        S. l. mochaensis  (Cleere, 2006) c Chile  
        S. l. patagonica  (Olrog, 1962) c and s Argentina  
Swallow-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis segmentata  (Cassin, 1849) SA : Colombia to c Bolivia  
        U. s. segmentata  (Cassin, 1849) Colombia and Ecuador  
        U. s. kalinowskii  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) Peru and Bolivia  
Lyre-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis lyra  (Bonaparte, 1850) SA : Venezuela to s Bolivia  
        U. l. lyra  (Bonaparte, 1850) Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador  
        U. l. peruana  (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906) Peru to w Bolivia  
        U. l. argentina  Olrog, 1975 s Bolivia and n Argentina  
White-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis cayennensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : Costa Rica through n SA  PHY : White-tailed Nightjar and Spot-tailed Nightjar assigned to Hydropsalis following SACC #522 based on Han et al 2010.
        H. c. albicauda  (Lawrence, 1875) Costa Rica to n Colombia  
        H. c. aperta  (Peters, JL, 1940) w Colombia, n Ecuador  
        H. c. cayennensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Colombia through Venezuela and the Guianas to n Brazil  
        H. c. insularis  (Richmond, 1902) ne Colombia and n Venezuela, nearby islands  
        H. c. leopetes  (Jardine & Selby, 1830) Trinidad and Tobago  
        H. c. manati  (Pinchon, 1963) Martinique (Lesser Antilles)  
Spot-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis maculicaudus  (Lawrence, 1862) LA : widespread  
Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca  (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Amazonia  
        H. c. schomburgki  Sclater, PL, 1866 e Venezuela and the Guianas  
        H. c. climacocerca  (Tschudi, 1844) w Amazonia  
        H. c. pallidior  Todd, 1937 Santarém, w Para (nc Brazil)  
        H. c. intercedens  Todd, 1937 Obidos, w Para (c Brazil)  
        H. c. canescens  Griscom & Greenway, 1937 lower Rio Tapajós, w Para (nc Brazil)  
Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis torquata  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : Amazonia, sc, se  
        H. t. torquata  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) s Suriname, Brazil and e Peru  
        H. t. furcifer  (Vieillot, 1817) s Peru to s Brazil and c Argentina  
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata  (Nitsch, 1840) SA : se Brazil and ne Argentina  
Least Poorwill Siphonorhis brewsteri  (Chapman, 1917) NA : Hispaniola  
        S. b. brewsteri  (Chapman, 1917) Hispaniola  
        S. b. gonavensis  Garrido, 2003 Gonáve I.  
Jamaican Poorwill Siphonorhis americana †  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Jamaica EXTINCT :
Choco Poorwill Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi  (Hartert, 1895) SA : w Colombia, nw Ecuador  
Eared Poorwill Nyctiphrynus mcleodii  (Brewster, 1888) MA : w Mexico  
        N. m. mcleodii  (Brewster, 1888) Chihuahua and s Sonora to Jalisco and Colima (w Mexico)  
        N. m. rayi  (Miller, AH, 1948) Guerrero (wc Mexico)  
Yucatan Poorwill Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus  (Hartert, 1892) MA : Yucatan Peninsula  
Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus  (Tschudi, 1844) LA : widespread  
        N. o. lautus  Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 e Honduras to nw Coata Rica  
        N. o. ocellatus  (Tschudi, 1844) Colombia to Peru, e Brazil and ne Argentina  
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii  (Audubon, 1844) NA, MA : sw Canada to n Mexico  
        P. n. nuttallii  (Audubon, 1844) sw Canada, w and wc USA and n Mexico  
        P. n. californicus  Ridgway, 1887 w California (USA), n Baja California (Mexico)  
        P. n. hueyi  Dickey, 1928 se California and sw Arizona (USA, ne Baja California (Mexico)  
        P. n. dickeyi  Grinnell, 1928 s Baja California (Mexico)  
        P. n. adustus  van Rossem, 1941 s Arizona (USA), n Mexico  
        P. n. centralis  Moore, RT, 1947 c Mexico  
Chuck-will's-widow Antrostomus carolinensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : e USA  PHY, TAX : Transfer the following 11 species of New World nightjars to Antrostomus following Han et al 2010, SACC 466
Rufous Nightjar Antrostomus rufus  (Boddaert, 1783) LA : widespread s from Costa Rica  
        A. r. minimus  (Griscom & Greenway, 1937) s Costa Rica to Colombia and Venezuela  
        A. r. rufus  (Boddaert, 1783) s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        A. r. otiosus  Bangs, 1911 St. Lucia (Lesser Antilles)  
        A. r. rutilus  Burmeister, 1856 s Brazil and e Bolivia to ne Argentina  
        A. r. saltarius  (Olrog, 1979) nw Argentina  
Cuban Nightjar Antrostomus cubanensis  Lawrence, 1861 NA : Cuba  
        A. c. cubanensis  Lawrence, 1861 Cuba  
        A. c. insulaepinorum  (Garrido, 1983) Isle iof Pines  
Hispaniolan Nightjar Antrostomus ekmani  Lönnberg, 1929 NA : Hispaniola AS : Hispaniolan Nightjar is split from Cuban [Greater Antillean] Nightjar (Garrido and Reynard 1998, Cleere 2010, HBW 5)
Tawny-collared Nightjar Antrostomus salvini  (Hartert, 1892) MA : e Mexico  
Yucatan Nightjar Antrostomus badius  Bangs & Peck, 1908 MA : Yucatan Peninsula  
Silky-tailed Nightjar Antrostomus sericocaudatus  Cassin, 1849 SA : widespread  
        A. s. mengeli  (Dickerman, 1975) n Brazil, n Peru and n Bolivia  
        A. s. sericocaudatus  Cassin, 1849 se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Buff-collared Nightjar Antrostomus ridgwayi  Nelson, 1897 MA : nw Mexico to Nicaragua  
        A. r. ridgwayi  Nelson, 1897 se Arizona (USA), w Mexico  
        A. r. troglodytes  (Griscom, 1930) c Guatemala, c Honduras and c Nicaragua  
Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus  (Wilson, A, 1812) NA : sc and se Canada,  ec and e USA  
Mexican Whip-poor-will Antrostomus arizonae  Brewster, 1881 NA : w United States south to Honduras AS : Mexican Whip-poor-will is split from [Eastern] Whip-poor-will (NACC 2010, Supplement 51)
        A. a. arizonae  Brewster, 1881 sw USA to c Mexico  
        A. a. setosus  (van Rossem, 1934) e Mexico  
        A. a. oaxacae  Nelson, 1900 sw Mexico  
        A. a. chiapensis  Nelson, 1900 se Mexico, Guatemala  
        A. a. vermiculatus  Dickey & van Rossem, 1928 Honduras, El Salvador  
Puerto Rican Nightjar Antrostomus noctitherus  (Wetmore, 1919) NA : sw Puerto Rico  
Dusky Nightjar Antrostomus saturatus  Salvin, 1870 MA : Costa Rica, w Panama  
Brown Nightjar Veles binotatus  (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : Liberia to c DRCongo  
Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis  Temminck, 1820 EU, AF : Iberian Peninsula to nw AF  
        C. r. ruficollis  Temminck, 1820 Iberian Pen., n Morocco  
        C. r. desertorum  Erlanger, 1899 ne Morocco, n Algeria and n Tunisia  
Jungle Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus  Latham, 1790 OR : India and Sri Lanka ENG : Change English name of Caprimulgus indicus from Grey Nightjar to Jungle Nightjar, with split of C. jotaka, which retains English Name of Grey Nightjar
        C. i. indicus  Latham, 1790 c and s India  
        C. i. kelaarti  Blyth, 1851 Sri Lanka  
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka  Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 OR : Himalayas to e, se Asia AS : Caprimulgus jotaka with English name Grey Nightjar is split from C. indicus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).
        C. j. jotaka  Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 se Siberia to Japan, Korea and e China  
        C. j. hazarae  Whistler, 1935 ne Pakistan through the Himalayas to ne India, Burma, s China and the Malay Pen.  
Palau Nightjar  Caprimulgus  phalaena  Hartlaub & Finsch, 1872 Palau Is. (w Caroline Is.) AS : Palau Nightjar is split from Grey Nightjar C. jotaka (Cleere 2010); distinct vocals (XC, McCauley, Pratt) 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus  Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w, c ENG : Eurasian Nightjar would be more accurate name for Caprimulgus europaeus, but tradition rules for the moment
        C. e. europaeus  Linnaeus, 1758 c and n Europe to c, n and sc Siberia  
        C. e. meridionalis  Hartert, 1896 s Europe and n Africa to the Caucasus and nw Iran  
        C. e. sarudnyi  Hartert, 1912 Kazakhstan and w Siberia  
        C. e. unwini  Hume, 1871 Iraq and Iran to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan  
        C. e. plumipes  Przewalski, 1876 nw China to w and s Mongolia  
        C. e. dementievi  Stegmann, 1949 ne Mongolia to sc Siberia  
Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus  Salvadori, 1884 AF : Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia to ne Tanzania  
Rufous-cheeked Nightjar Caprimulgus rufigena  Smith, A, 1845 AF : s  
        C. r. damarensis  Strickland, 1853 w Angola, Namibia, Botswana and nw South Africa  
        C. r. rufigena  Smith, A, 1845 sw Zambia, Zimbabwe and c, e and s South Africa  
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius  Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 EU, AF : nw AF to sc Asia  
        C. a. saharae  Erlanger, 1899 Morocco to w Egypt  
        C. a. aegyptius  Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 ne Egypt through Arabia to w China, w Pakistan and se Iran  
Sykes's Nightjar Caprimulgus mahrattensis  Sykes, 1832 EU : sc Asia  
Vaurie's Nightjar Caprimulgus centralasicus  Vaurie, 1960 EU : w China  
Nubian Nightjar Caprimulgus nubicus  Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 AF : ne, n, also w, sw Arabian Peninsula  
        C. n. tamaricis  Tristram, 1864 Jordan and Israel through sw Saudi Arabia to Yemen  
        C. n. nubicus  Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 c Sudan  
        C. n. torridus  Lort Phillips, 1898 c Ethiopia to ne Uganda  
        C. n. jonesi  Ogilvie-Grant & Forbes, HO, 1899 Socotra I.  
Golden Nightjar Caprimulgus eximius  Temminck, 1826 AF : ne, nc, w  
        C. e. simplicior  Hartert, 1921 s Mauritania to n Cameroon  
        C. e. eximius  Temminck, 1826 w and c Sudan  
Jerdon's Nightjar Caprimulgus atripennis  Jerdon, 1845 OR : s,e India, Sri Lanka  
        C. a. atripennis  Jerdon, 1845 s India  
        C. a. aequabilis  Ripley, 1945 Sri Lanka  
Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus  Horsfield, 1821 OR, AU : e India to n Australia  
        C. m. albonotatus  Tickell, 1833 ne Pakistan through n India to Bhutan and Bangladesh  
        C. m. bimaculatus  Peale, 1848 ne India and s China through Southeast Asia and Malay Pen., Sumatra  
        C. m. macrurus  Horsfield, 1821 Java and Bali  
        C. m. salvadorii  Sharpe, 1875 Borneo and s Sulu Is.  
        C. m. johnsoni  Deignan, 1955 s Philippines  
        C. m. schlegelii  Meyer, AB, 1874 Lesser Sundas and Moluccas, New Guinea to n and ne Australia  
Mees's Nightjar Caprimulgus meesi  Sangster & Rozendaal, 2004 OR : Sumba and Flores in Lesser Sundas NEW : Caprimulgus meesi is a newly described species (Sangster & Rozendaal 2004);under review by BLI.
Andaman Nightjar Caprimulgus andamanicus  Hume, 1873 OR : Andaman Islands AS : Caprimulgus andamanicus is split from C.macrurus (Rasmussen and Anderton 2005).
Philippine Nightjar Caprimulgus manillensis  Walden, 1875 OR : Philippines  
Sulawesi Nightjar Caprimulgus celebensis  Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 AU : Sulawesi, Sula Islands  
        C. c. celebensis  Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 Sulawesi  
        C. c. jungei  Neumann, 1939 Sula Is.  
Donaldson Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni  Sharpe, 1895 AF : e Ethiopia and nw Somalia to ne Tanzania  
Black-shouldered Nightjar Caprimulgus nigriscapularis  Reichenow, 1893 AF : Senegal and Gambia to w Kenya and sw DRCongo  
Fiery-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus pectoralis  Cuvier, 1816 AF : s, se, sc  
        C. p. shelleyi  Barboza du Bocage, 1878 Angola and s DR Congo to se Kenya, c Tanzania and n Malawi  
        C. p. fervidus  Sharpe, 1875 s Angola and n Namibia to Zimbabwe and n South Africa  
        C. p. crepusculans  Clancey, 1994 se Zimbabwe and Mozambique to e South Africa  
        C. p. pectoralis  Cuvier, 1816 s South Africa  
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus  Rüppell, 1840 AF : Ethiopia to n Tanzania, also sw Saudi Arabia  
Ruwenzori Nightjar Caprimulgus ruwenzorii  Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 AF : sc, se  
        C. r. ruwenzorii  Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 sw Uganda, e DR Congo  
        C. r. guttifer  Grote, 1921 Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia  
        C. r. koesteri  Neumann, 1931 c Angola  
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus  Latham, 1790 OR : se Pakistan to Southeast Asia  
        C. a. asiaticus  Latham, 1790 se Pakistan through India to s Indochina  
        C. a. eidos  Peters, JL, 1940 Sri Lanka  
Madagascan Nightjar Caprimulgus madagascariensis  Sganzin, 1840 AF : Madagascar  
        C. m. aldabrensis  Ridgway, 1894 Aldabra  
        C. m. madagascariensis  Sganzin, 1840 Madagascar  
Swamp Nightjar Caprimulgus natalensis  Smith, A, 1845 AF : widespread  
        C. n. accrae  Shelley, 1875 Sierra Leone to w Cameroon  
        C. n. natalensis  Smith, A, 1845 Mali and Sudan to Gabon and e South Africa  
Nechisar Nightjar Caprimulgus solala  Safford, Ash, Duckworth, Telfer & Zewdie, 1995 AF : s Ethiopia  
Plain Nightjar Caprimulgus inornatus  Heuglin, 1869 AF : Mauritania and n Senegal to Ethiopia and Somalia, also sw Arabian PeninsulaPeninsula  
Star-spotted Nightjar Caprimulgus stellatus  Blundell & Lovat, 1899 AF : Ethiopia aand Somalia to c Kenya  
Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis  Horsfield, 1821 OR : widespread  
        C. a. monticolus  Franklin, 1831 ne Pakistan through n India and Burma to Thailand, Cambodia and s Vietnam  
        C. a. amoyensis  Baker, ECS, 1931 s and se China, n Vietnam  
        C. a. stictomus  Swinhoe, 1863 Taiwan  
        C. a. affinis  Horsfield, 1821 Greater and Lesser Sundas  
        C. a. undulatus  Mayr, 1944 w Lesser Sundas  
        C. a. kasuidori  Hachisuka, 1932 Sumba and Savu Is. (c Lesser Sundas)  
        C. a. timorensis  Mayr, 1944 e Lesser Sundas  
        C. a. griseatus  Walden, 1875 n and c Philippines  
        C. a. mindanensis  Mearns, 1905 Mindanao (s Philippines)  
        C. a. propinquus  Riley, 1918 c and s Sulawesi  
Freckled Nightjar Caprimulgus tristigma  Rüppell, 1840 AF : widespread  
        C. t. sharpei  Alexander, 1901 Senegal to c Central African Republic  
        C. t. pallidogriseus  Parker, RH & Benson, 1971 Nigeria  
        C. t. tristigma  Rüppell, 1840 s Sudan and Etiopia to ne DR Congo and n Tanzania  
        C. t. granosus  Clancey, 1965 se DR Congo to s Tanzania and e South Africa  
        C. t. lentiginosus  Smith, A, 1845 Angola to w South Africa  
Bonaparte's Nightjar Caprimulgus concretus  Bonaparte, 1850 OR : Sumatra, Borneo  
Salvadori's Nightjar Caprimulgus pulchellus  Salvadori, 1879 OR : Sumatra, Java  
        C. p. pulchellus  Salvadori, 1879 Sumatra  
        C. p. bartelsi  Finsch, 1902 Java  
Prigogine's Nightjar Caprimulgus prigoginei  Louette, 1990 AF : e DR Congo PHY : Prigogine‘s Nightjar is a very deep branch between nighthawks and nightjars, warranting generic revision (Fjeldsā comm unpubl).
Bates's Nightjar Caprimulgus batesi  Sharpe, 1906 AF : Cameroon to Uganda and e DRCongo  
Long-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus climacurus  Vieillot, 1824 AF : c, wc, w  
        C. c. climacurus  Vieillot, 1824 Mauritania to w Ethiopia (except c Sudan) south to DR Congo  
        C. c. nigricans  (Salvadori, 1868) c Sudan  
        C. c. sclateri  (Bates, 1927) Guinea to Cameroon, n DR Congo and nw Kenya  
Slender-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus clarus  Reichenow, 1892 AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to c Tanzania  
Square-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii  Hartlaub, 1857 AF : sc, se  
        C. f. fossii  Hartlaub, 1857 Gabon and sw Congo  
        C. f. welwitschii  Barboza du Bocage, 1867 s DR Congo and s Tanzania to ne South Africa  
        C. f. griseoplurus  Clancey, 1965 w Botswana and n South Africa  
Standard-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longipennis  Shaw, 1796 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Liberia, east to sw Sudan and Uganda  PHY : Standard-winged Nightjar and Pennant-winged Nightjar (previously Macrodipteryx, Swainson 1837) is embedded within Caprimulgus (Larsen et al 2007, Han et al 2010).
Pennant-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus vexillarius  (Gould, 1838) AF : Angola, s DRCongo and sw Tanzania south to Namibia, Botswana and e South Africa