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NAMES >> Index >>Mousebirds to hornbills

IOC English NameScientific NameRangeComments
Mousebirds (6)
Family Coliidae
Speckled Mousebird Colius striatus  Gmelin, JF, 1789 AF : widespread  
        C. s. nigricollis  Vieillot, 1817 Ghana and Nigeria to sw Central African Republic and south to w Angola and sw DR Congo  
        C. s. leucophthalmus  Chapin, 1921 n DR Congo, se Central African Republic and sw Sudan  
        C. s. leucotis  Rüppell, 1839 e Sudan, Eritrea and w and c Ethiopia  
        C. s. hilgerti  Zedlitz, 1910 sw Djibouti, ne Ethiopia and nw Somalia  
        C. s. jebelensis  Mearns, 1915 s Sudan, ne DR Congo and n Uganda  
        C. s. mombassicus  van Someren, 1919 s Somalia to ne Tanzania  
        C. s. kikuyensis  van Someren, 1919 c Kenya and n Tanzania  
        C. s. cinerascens  Neumann, 1900 w and c Tanzania  
        C. s. affinis  Shelley, 1885 e Tanzania to ne Zimbabwe and n Mozambique  
        C. s. berlepschi  Hartert, 1899 sw Tanzania to ne Zambia and Malawi  
        C. s. kiwuensis  Reichenow, 1908 e DR Congo, c and s Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and nw Tanzania  
        C. s. congicus  Reichenow, 1923 e Angola to s and se DR Congo and w Zambia  
        C. s. simulans  Clancey, 1979 c Mozambique and se Malawi  
        C. s. integralis  Clancey, 1957 ne South Africa, se Zimbabwe and s Mozambique  
        C. s. rhodesiae  Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1938 e Zimbabwe and w Mozambique  
        C. s. minor  Cabanis, 1876 e South Africa and Swaziland  
        C. s. striatus  Gmelin, JF, 1789 s South Africa  
White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus  Reichenow, 1879 AF : e  
        C. l. turneri  van Someren, 1919 n Kenya  
        C. l. leucocephalus  Reichenow, 1879 s Ethiopia, s Somalia, se Kenya to ne Tanzania  
Red-backed Mousebird Colius castanotus  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855 AF : w Angola  
White-backed Mousebird Colius colius  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Namibia to s Botswana, South Africa  
Blue-naped Mousebird Urocolius macrourus  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : e, c, w  
        U. m. macrourus  (Linnaeus, 1766) Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to e Ethiopia  
        U. m. laeneni  (Niethammer, 1955) A?r Mts. (Niger)  
        U. m. abyssinicus  Schifter, 1975 c and s Ethiopia to nw Somalia  
        U. m. pulcher  (Neumann, 1900) se Sudan and s Somalia through Kenya to ne Uganda and n Tanzania  
        U. m. griseogularis  van Someren, 1919 s Sudan and e DR Congo east to w Tanzania  
        U. m. massaicus  Schifter, 1975 c to e Tanzania  
Red-faced Mousebird Urocolius indicus  (Latham, 1790) AF : s  
        U. i. mossambicus  (Reichenow, 1896) e Angola to sw Tanzania and Malawi  
        U. i. lacteifrons  (Sharpe, 1892) w Angola, n Namibia  
        U. i. pallidus  (Reichenow, 1896) se Tanzania and ne Mozambique  
        U. i. transvaalensis  Roberts, 1922 sw Zambia to c and s Mozambique and South Africa (except s)  
        U. i. indicus  (Latham, 1790) s South Africa  
Trogons (43)
Family Trogonidae
  SEQ : Sequence of New World trogons follows AOU in accord with DaCosta and Klicka (2008) and Moyle (2005)
Eared Quetzal Euptilotis neoxenus  (Gould, 1838) MA : w Mexico  
Pavonine Quetzal Pharomachrus pavoninus  (von Spix, 1824) SA : Amazonia  
Golden-headed Quetzal Pharomachrus auriceps  (Gould, 1842) SA : Venezuela to n Bolivia  
        P. a. auriceps  (Gould, 1842) e Panama and n Colombia to n Bolivia  
        P. a. hargitti  (Oustalet, 1891) nw Venezuela  
White-tipped Quetzal Pharomachrus fulgidus  (Gould, 1838) SA : n Venezuela, n Colombia  
        P. f. festatus  Bangs, 1899 n Colombia  
        P. f. fulgidus  (Gould, 1838) n Venezuela  
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno  de la Llave, 1832 MA : s Mexico to w Panama  
        P. m. mocinno  de la Llave, 1832 s Mexico to n Nicaragua  
        P. m. costaricensis  Cabanis, 1869 Costa Rica to w Panama  
Crested Quetzal Pharomachrus antisianus  (d'Orbigny, 1837) SA : Venezuela to n Bolivia  
Cuban Trogon Priotelus temnurus  (Temminck, 1825) NA : Cuba  
        P. t. temnurus  (Temminck, 1825) Cuba  
        P. t. vescus  Bangs & Zappey, 1905 Isle of Pines  
Hispaniolan Trogon Priotelus roseigaster  (Vieillot, 1817) NA : Hispaniola  
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus  Salvin, 1866 MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena  Gould, 1838 LA : se Mexico to ne Ecuador  
        T. m. massena  Gould, 1838 se Mexico to Nicaragua  
        T. m. hoffmanni  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) Costa Rica, Panama  
        T. m. australis  (Chapman, 1915) w Colombia, nw Ecuador  
Choco Trogon Trogon comptus  Zimmer, 1948 SA : w Colombia, nw Ecuador  
Ecuadorian Trogon Trogon mesurus  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) SA : w Ecuador, nw Peru AS : Trogon mesurus is split from T. melanurus (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, SACC 380, NACC 2010)
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus  Swainson, 1838 LA : Panama to Venezuela, Amazonia  
        T. m. macroura  Gould, 1838 e Panama, n Colombia  
        T. m. eumorphus  Zimmer, 1948 w Amazonia  
        T. m. occidentalis  Pinto, 1950 se Brazil  
        T. m. melanurus  Swainson, 1838 e Colombia to the Guianas south to n Bolivia and e Brazil  
Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus  Gould, 1836 MA : se Mexico to n Costa Rica  
Citreoline Trogon Trogon citreolus  Gould, 1835 MA : Mexico  
        T. c. citreolus  Gould, 1835 w Mexico  
        T. c. sumichrasti  Brodkorb, 1942 s Mexico  
White-tailed Trogon Trogon chionurus  Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871 LA : Panama to w Ecuador TAX, ENG : Trogon chionurus is not sister species of T.viridis (DaCosta and Klicka 2008, SACC 379); CHANGE English name to simpler White-tailed Trogon
Baird's Trogon Trogon bairdii  Lawrence, 1868 MA : Costa Rica, Panama  
Green-backed Trogon Trogon viridis  Linnaeus, 1766 SA : Amazonia, se Brazil TAX, ENG : Trogon viridis is not sister species of T.chionurus (DaCosta and Klicka 2008, SACC 379); tentative English name is Green-backed Trogon (SACC).
        T. v. viridis  Linnaeus, 1766 Trinidad, e Colombia to Peru, n Bolivia and Brazil  
        T. v. melanopterus  Gould, 1836 se Brazil  
Gartered Trogon Trogon caligatus  Gould, 1838 LA : e Mexico to nw SA AS : Trogon caligatus is split from T. violaceus (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, SACC 378, NACC 2010)
        T. c. sallaei  Bonaparte, 1856 s Mexico to Costa Rica TAX : T. c. sallaei Bonaparte, 1856, formerly of uncertain identity, has precedence over T. c. braccatus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863). H&M 4:281, Browning et al 1991.
        T. c. concinnus  Lawrence, 1862 Panama through w Colombia to w Ecuador and nw Peru  
        T. c. caligatus  Gould, 1838 n Colombia, w Venezuela  
Amazonian Trogon Trogon ramonianus  Deville & Des Murs, 1849 SA : Amazonia AS : Trogon ramonianus is split from T. violaceus; includes crissalis (DaCosta and Klicka 2008, SACC 430)
        T. r. ramonianus  Deville & Des Murs, 1849 w Amazonia  
        T. r. crissalis  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Brazil  
Guianan Trogon Trogon violaceus  Gmelin, JF, 1788 SA : s Venezuela, n Brazil, the Guianas, Trinidad. ENG : CHANGE English name of Trogon violaceus to Guianan Trogon to reflect limited range after split of T. ramonianus and to avoid misapplication of historical ‘group‘ name (SACC 430)
Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui  Linnaeus, 1766 SA : c, e  
        T. c. peruvianus  Swainson, 1838 s Colombia to Bolivia and c Brazil  
        T. c. curucui  Linnaeus, 1766 e Brazil  
        T. c. behni  Gould, 1875 e Bolivia, sw Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina  
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura  Vieillot, 1817 SA : se  
        T. s. aurantius  von Spix, 1824 e Brazil  
        T. s. surrucura  Vieillot, 1817 Paraguay, s Brazil, Uruguay and n Argentina  
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus  Gmelin, JF, 1788 LA : Honduras to Ecuador, Amazonia, se  
        T. r. tenellus  Cabanis, 1862 se Honduras to nw Colombia  
        T. r. cupreicauda  (Chapman, 1914) w Colombia, w Ecuador  
        T. r. rufus  Gmelin, JF, 1788 e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        T. r. sulphureus  von Spix, 1824 se Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil  
        T. r. amazonicus  Todd, 1943 ne Brazil  
        T. r. chrysochloros  Pelzeln, 1856 s Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans  Gould, 1834 NA, MA : sw USA to Costa Rica  
        T. e. canescens  van Rossem, 1934 s Arizona (USA), nw Mexico  
        T. e. ambiguus  Gould, 1835 s Texas (USA), e and c Mexico  
        T. e. elegans  Gould, 1834 Guatemala  
        T. e. lubricus  Peters, JL, 1945 Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica  
        T. e. goldmani  Nelson, 1898 Tres Marías Is. (off w Mexico)  
Mountain Trogon Trogon mexicanus  Swainson, 1827 MA : Mexico to Honduras  
        T. m. clarus  Griscom, 1932 nw Mexico  
        T. m. mexicanus  Swainson, 1827 c Mexico to c Guatemala  
        T. m. lutescens  Griscom, 1932 Honduras  
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris  Vieillot, 1817 LA : e Mexico through Amazonia, se Brazil TAX : Trogon collaris includes T. aurantiiventris, probably a color morph (AOU, Dickinson 2003); revisions needed based on DaCosta & Klicka, Mol. Ecol. 2008
        T. c. puella  Gould, 1845 c Mexico to w Panama  
        T. c. underwoodi  Bangs, 1908 nw Costa Rica  
        T. c. aurantiiventris  Gould, 1856 c Costa Rica, w Panama  
        T. c. flavidior  (Griscom, 1924) w Panama  
        T. c. extimus  Griscom, 1929 ne Panama  
        T. c. heothinus  Wetmore, 1967 Darién (e Panama)  
        T. c. virginalis  Cabanis & Heine, 1863 w Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru  
        T. c. subtropicalis  Zimmer, 1948 c Colombia  
        T. c. exoptatus  Cabanis & Heine, 1863 n Venezuela  
        T. c. collaris  Vieillot, 1817 Colombia to n Bolivia and wc Brazil, Gianas, Trinidad and Tobago  
        T. c. castaneus  von Spix, 1824 se Colombia and nw Brazil to e Peru and n Bolivia, e Brazil  
Masked Trogon Trogon personatus  Gould, 1842 SA : Colombia to Peru, sc Venezuela  
        T. p. sanctaemartae  Zimmer, 1948 Santa Marta Mts. (ne Colombia)  
        T. p. ptaritepui  Zimmer & Phelps, 1946 tepuis of s Venezuela  
        T. p. duidae  Chapman, 1929 Mt. Duida (s Venezuela)  
        T. p. roraimae  (Chapman, 1929) Mt. Roraima and nearby tepuis ( se Venezuela, w Guyana)  
        T. p. personatus  Gould, 1842 e Colombia and w Venezuela to e Peru  
        T. p. assimilis  Gould, 1846 w Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru  
        T. p. temperatus  (Chapman, 1923) c Colombia and Ecuador  
        T. p. heliothrix  Tschudi, 1844 temperate Peru  
        T. p. submontanus  Todd, 1943 se Peru and Bolivia  
Narina Trogon Apaloderma narina  (Stephens, 1815) AF : widespread  
        A. n. constantia  Sharpe & Ussher, 1872 Sierra Leone to Ghana  
        A. n. brachyurum  Chapin, 1923 se Nigeria and Cameroon to DR Congo and Uganda  
        A. n. narina  (Stephens, 1815) Ethiopia to Angola and South Africa  
        A. n. littorale  van Someren, 1931 s Somalia to e Tanzania and Mozambique  
Bare-cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatoriale  Sharpe, 1901 AF : se Nigeria to s Gabon; c and ne DRCongo  
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum  Shelley, 1882 AF : se Nigeria and w Cameroon; c Angola; Uganda and e DRCongo; Kenya to Mozambique  
Javan Trogon Apalharpactes reinwardtii  (Temminck, 1822) OR : Java ENG : Change English name of Apalharpactes reinwartii from Blue-tailed Trogon to Javan Trogon to align w BLI, HBW.
Sumatran Trogon Apalharpactes mackloti  (Müller, S, 1836) OR : Sumatra  
Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus  (Pennant, 1769) OR : India and Sri Lanka  
        H. f. malabaricus  (Gould, 1834) w and s India  
        H. f. legerli  Koelz, 1939 c India  
        H. f. fasciatus  (Pennant, 1769) Sri Lanka  
Red-naped Trogon Harpactes kasumba  (Raffles, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula,Sumatra, Borneo  
        H. k. kasumba  (Raffles, 1822) Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        H. k. impavidus  (Chasen & Kloss, 1931) Borneo  
Diard's Trogon Harpactes diardii  (Temminck, 1832) OR : Malay Peninsula,Sumatra, Borneo  
        H. d. sumatranus  Blasius, W, 1896 Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        H. d. diardii  (Temminck, 1832) Borneo and Bangka I.  
Philippine Trogon Harpactes ardens  (Temminck, 1826) OR : Philippines  
        H. a. herberti  Parkes, 1970 ne Luzon (n Philippines)  
        H. a. luzoniensis  Rand & Rabor, 1952 Luzon (except ne), Marinduque and Catanduanes (n Philippines)  
        H. a. minor  Manuel, 1958 PolilloI. (n Philippines)  
        H. a. linae  Rand & Rabor, 1959 Bohol, Leyte and Samar (c Philippines)  
        H. a. ardens  (Temminck, 1826) Basilan, Dinagat and Mindanao (s Philippines)  
Whitehead's Trogon Harpactes whiteheadi  Sharpe, 1888 OR : Borneo  
Cinnamon-rumped Trogon Harpactes orrhophaeus  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) OR : Malay Peninsula, Borneo  
        H. o. orrhophaeus  (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        H. o. vidua  Ogilvie-Grant, 1892 Borneo  
Scarlet-rumped Trogon Harpactes duvaucelii  (Temminck, 1824) OR : Malay Peninsula,Sumatra, Borneo  
Orange-breasted Trogon Harpactes oreskios  (Temminck, 1823) OR : Southeast Asia, Greater Sundas  
        H. o. stellae  Deignan, 1941 sw China, s Burma and Indochina  
        H. o. uniformis  (Robinson, 1917) Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        H. o. oreskios  (Temminck, 1823) Java  
        H. o. dulitensis  Ogilvie-Grant, 1892 nw Borneo  
        H. o. nias  Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)  
Red-headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus  (Gould, 1834) OR : Himalayas and s China to Sumatra  
        H. e. erythrocephalus  (Gould, 1834) c Himalayas and ne India to Burma and nw Thailand  
        H. e. helenae  Mayr, 1941 s China and n Burma  
        H. e. yamakanensis  Rickett, 1899 se China  
        H. e. intermedius  (Kinnear, 1925) Yunnan (s China), n Laos and n Vietnam  
        H. e. annamensis  (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) ne Thailand, s Indochina  
        H. e. klossi  (Robinson, 1915) Krâvanh Mts. (w Cambodia and se Thailand)  
        H. e. chaseni  Riley, 1934 c and s Malay Pen.  
        H. e. hainanus  Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 Hainan I. (off se China)  
        H. e. flagrans  (Müller, S, 1836) Sumatra  
Ward's Trogon Harpactes wardi  (Kinnear, 1927) OR : ne India to n Vietnam  
  PHY : The Cuckoo Roller is the only member of an ancient lineage (not Coraciiformes) with no known relatives among modern birds and thus put into a separate Order, Leptosomiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)
Cuckoo Roller (1)
Family Leptosomidae
  TAX : The correct spelling of this family name is Leptosomidae, not Leptosomatidae (Bock 1994)
Cuckoo Roller Leptosomus discolor  (Hermann, 1783) AF : Madagascar region  
        L. d. gracilis  Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885 Grand Comoro I. (Comoro Islands)  
        L. d. intermedius  Hartert & Neumann, 1924 Anjouan I. (Comoro Islands)  
        L. d. discolor  (Hermann, 1783) Mayotte I. and Mohéli (Comoro Islands), Madagascar  
Rollers (12)
Family Coraciidae
Purple Roller Coracias naevius  Daudin, 1800 AF : widespread  
        C. n. naevius  Daudin, 1800 Senegal and Gambia to Somalia and n Tanzania  
        C. n. mosambicus  Dresser, 1890 Angola and s DR Congo to Namibia n South Africa  
Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, OR : e Iraq through Southeast Asia  
        C. b. benghalensis  (Linnaeus, 1758) e Arabia to ne India and Bangladesh  
        C. b. indicus  Linnaeus, 1766 c and s India, Sri Lanka  
        C. b. affinis  Horsfield, 1840 ne India to sc China, n Malay Pen. and Indochina  
Purple-winged Roller Coracias temminckii  (Vieillot, 1819) AU : Sulawesi  
Racket-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus  Trimen, 1880 AF : se, sc  
        C. s. weigalli  Dresser, 1890 s Tanzania, Malawi and n Mozambique  
        C. s. spatulatus  Trimen, 1880 Angola to s Mozambique  
Lilac-breasted Roller Coracias caudatus  Linnaeus, 1766 AF : e, se, sc  
        C. c. lorti  Shelley, 1885 Eritrea to w Somalia and ne Kenya  
        C. c. caudatus  Linnaeus, 1766 Uganda and s and w Kenya to n Namibia and n South Africa  
Abyssinian Roller Coracias abyssinicus  Hermann, 1783 AF : Mauritania to Ivory Coast, east to Eritrea, Somalia and Kenya  
European Roller Coracias garrulus  Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w, c  
        C. g. garrulus  Linnaeus, 1758 n Africa and c and s Europe to Iran and sw Siberia  
        C. g. semenowi  Loudon & Tschusi, 1902 Iraq to w Pakistan, the w Himalayas and c Kazakhstan  
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster  Cuvier, 1816 AF : Senegal to Guinea, east to s South Sudan and n DRCongo  
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis  Vieillot, 1819 AF : c, w  
        E. g. gularis  Vieillot, 1819 Guinea to w Cameroon  
        E. g. neglectus  Neumann, 1908 se Nigeria and s Cameroon to n Angola andUganda  
Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus glaucurus  (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : widespread  
        E. g. afer  (Latham, 1790) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and south to w Kenya and n Angola  
        E. g. suahelicus  Neumann, 1905 s Somalia to Uganda, n Zambia and Tanzania  
        E. g. pulcherrimus  Neumann, 1905 Angola to Mozambique and South Africa  
        E. g. glaucurus  (Statius Müller, 1776) Madagascar  
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis  (Linnaeus, 1766) EU, OR, AU : e Asia and Southeast Asia to e Australia  
        E. o. cyanicollis Vieillot, 1819 Himalayas through China to se Siberia, Korea and Japan  
        E. o. orientalis  (Linnaeus, 1766) s Himalayas to Indochina, the Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Philippines  
        E. o. laetior  Sharpe, 1890 sw India  
        E. o. gigas  Stresemann, 1913 s Andaman Is.  
        E. o. irisi  Deraniyagala, 1951 Sri Lanka  
        E. o. oberholseri  Junge, 1936 Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        E. o. pacificus  (Latham, 1801) Lesser Sundas, n and e Australia  
        E. o. waigiouensis  Elliot, 1871 New Guinea, w Papuan islands, D'Entrecasteaux Arch. and the Louisiade Arch.  
        E. o. crassirostris  Sclater, PL, 1869 Bismarck Arch.  
        E. o. solomonensis  Sharpe, 1890 Solomon Is.  
Azure Dollarbird Eurystomus azureus  Gray, GR, 1861 AU : n Moluccas  
Ground Rollers (5)
Family Brachypteraciidae
Short-legged Ground Roller Brachypteracias leptosomus  (Lesson, 1833) AF : Madagascar  
Scaly Ground Roller Geobiastes squamiger  (Lafresnaye, 1838) AF : Madagascar  
Pitta-like Ground Roller Atelornis pittoides  (Lafresnaye, 1834) AF : Madagascar  
Rufous-headed Ground Roller Atelornis crossleyi  Sharpe, 1875 AF : Madagascar  
Long-tailed Ground Roller Uratelornis chimaera  Rothschild, 1895 AF : Madagascar  
Kingfishers (93)
Family Alcedinidae
  TAX : The kingfishers (Alcedinidae) comprise three monophyletic clades (Alcedininae, Cerylinae, and Daceloninae) (Moyle 2006); some taxonomists elevate them to family status (Sibley and Monroe 1990, Christidis and Boles 2008)
Green-backed Kingfisher Actenoides monachus  (Bonaparte, 1850) AU : Sulawesi  
        A. m. monachus  (Bonaparte, 1850) n and c Sulawesi, Manadotua and Lembeh Is.  
        A. m. capucinus  (Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1896) e, se and s Sulawesi  
Scaly-breasted Kingfisher Actenoides princeps  (Reichenbach, 1851) AU : Sulawesi  
        A. p. princeps  (Reichenbach, 1851) ne Sulawesi  
        A. p. erythrorhamphus  (Stresemann, 1931) nw and c Sulawesi  
        A. p. regalis  (Stresemann, 1932) se Sulawesi  
Moustached Kingfisher Actenoides bougainvillei  (Rothschild, 1904) AU : Solomon Islands  
        A. b. bougainvillei  (Rothschild, 1904) Bougainville I.  
        A. b. excelsus  (Mayr, 1941) Guadalcanal I.  
Spotted Wood Kingfisher Actenoides lindsayi  (Vigors, 1831) OR : Philippines  
        A. l. lindsayi  (Vigors, 1831) Catanduanes, Marinduque and Luzon (n Philippines)  
        A. l. moseleyi  Steere, 1890 Negros and Panay (c Philippines)  
Hombron's Kingfisher Actenoides hombroni  Bonaparte, 1850 OR : Philippines  
Rufous-collared Kingfisher Actenoides concretus  (Temminck, 1825) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        A. c. peristephes  (Deignan, 1946) n Malay Pen.  
        A. c. concretus  (Temminck, 1825) s Malay Pen., Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung and Mentawai Is.  
        A. c. borneanus  (Chasen & Kloss, 1930) Borneo  
Hook-billed Kingfisher Melidora macrorrhina  (Lesson, 1827) AU : New Guinea  
        M. m. waigiuensis  Hartert, 1930 Waigeo I.  
        M. m. macrorrhina  (Lesson, 1827) w, c, and e New Guinea, Misool and Batanta Is,  
        M. m. jobiensis  Salvadori, 1880 n New Guinea and Yapen I.  
Banded Kingfisher Lacedo pulchella  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Southeast Asia, Greater Sundas  
        L. p. amabilis  (Hume, 1873) s Burma, Thailand, s Vietnam  
        L. p. pulchella  (Horsfield, 1821) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java and n Natuna Is.  
        L. p. melanops  (Bonaparte, 1850) Borneo and Bangka I.  
Common Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera galatea  Gray, GR, 1859 AU : New Guinea, Moluccas ENG : Change English name of Tanysiptera galatea to Common Paradise Kingfisher (Gregory 2009)
        T. g. emiliae  Sharpe, 1871 Rau I. (n Moluccas)  
        T. g. doris  Wallace, 1862 Morotai I. (n Moluccas)  
        T. g. browningi  Ripley, 1983 Halmahera (n Moluccas)  
        T. g. brunhildae  Jany, 1955 Doi I. (n Moluccas)  
        T. g. margarethae  Heine, 1860 Bacan I. (n Moluccas)  
        T. g. sabrina  Gray, GR, 1861 Kayoa I. (n Moluccas)  
        T. g. obiensis  Salvadori, 1877 Bisa, Obi Latu and Obi (c Moluccas)  
        T. g. acis  Wallace, 1863 Buru I. (s Moluccas)  
        T. g. boanensis  Mees, 1964 Boano I. (s Moluccas)  
        T. g. nais  Gray, GR, 1861 Manipa, Ambon, Seram, Manawoka and Gorong (s Moluccas)  
        T. g. galatea  Gray, GR, 1859 nw New Guinea and the w Papuan islands  
        T. g. meyeri  Salvadori, 1889 n New Guinea  
        T. g. minor  Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1875 s New Guinea  
        T. g. vulcani  Rothschild & Hartert, 1915 Manam I. (off ne New Guinea)  
        T. g. rosseliana  Tristram, 1889 Rossel I. (e Louisiade Arch.)  
Kofiau Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera ellioti  Sharpe, 1870 AU : Kofiau Island  
Biak Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera riedelii  Verreaux, J, 1866 AU : Biak Island  
Numfor Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera carolinae  Schlegel, 1871 AU : Numfor Island ENG : Change English name of Tanysiptera carolinae to Numfor Paradise Kingfisher (Gregory 2009)
Little Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera hydrocharis  Gray, GR, 1858 AU : s New Guinea, Aru Islands  
Buff-breasted Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera sylvia  Gould, 1850 AU : New Guinea, ne Australia  
        T. s. salvadoriana  Ramsay, EP, 1879 se New Guinea  
        T. s. sylvia  Gould, 1850 n Queensland (ne Australia)  
Black-capped Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera nigriceps  Sclater, PL, 1877 AU : Bismarck Archipelago  
        T. n. leucura  Neumann, 1915 Umboi I. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        T. n. nigriceps  Sclater, PL, 1877 New Britain and Duke of York Is. (Bismarck Arch.)  
Red-breasted Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera nympha  Gray, GR, 1840 AU : New Guinea ENG : Change English name of Tanysiptera nympha to Red-breasted Paradise Kingfisher (Gregory 2009)
Brown-headed Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera danae  Sharpe, 1880 AU : New Guinea ENG : Change English name of Tanysiptera danae to Brown-headed Paradise Kingfisher (Gregory 2009)
Lilac Kingfisher Cittura cyanotis  (Temminck, 1824) AU : Sulawesi  
        C. c. sanghirensis  Sharpe, 1868 Sangihe Is. (off nw Sulawesi)  
        C. c. cyanotis  (Temminck, 1824) Sulawesi and Lembeh I.  
Shovel-billed Kookaburra Clytoceyx rex  Sharpe, 1880 AU : New Guinea  
        C. r. rex  Sharpe, 1880 w, c and se New Guinea  
        C. r. imperator  van Oort, 1909 sw New Guinea  
Laughing Kookaburra Dacelo novaeguineae  (Hermann, 1783) AU : e, sw Australia  
        D. n. minor  Robinson, 1900 Cape York Pen. (ne Australia)  
        D. n. novaeguineae  (Hermann, 1783) e and se Australia, Tasmania and sw Australia  
Blue-winged Kookaburra Dacelo leachii  Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 AU : s New Guinea, n Australia  
        D. l. superflua  Mathews, 1918 sw New Guinea  
        D. l. intermedia  Salvadori, 1876 sc and se New Guinea  
        D. l. occidentalis  Gould, 1870 wc Australia  
        D. l. leachii  Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 Australia except wc  
Spangled Kookaburra Dacelo tyro  Gray, GR, 1858 AU : s New Guinea, Aru Islands  
        D. t. archboldi  (Rand, 1938) s New Guinea  
        D. t. tyro  Gray, GR, 1858 Aru Is. (se of New Guinea)  
Rufous-bellied Kookaburra Dacelo gaudichaud  Gaimard, 1823 AU : New Guinea  
Glittering Kingfisher Caridonax fulgidus  (Gould, 1857) AU : Lesser Sundas  
        C. f. fulgidus  (Gould, 1857) Lombok and Sumbawa Is.  
        C. f. gracilirostris  (Rensch, 1928) Flores and Besar Is.  
Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : widespread  
        P. c. capensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) Nepal through India to Sri Lanka  
        P. c. osmastoni  (Baker, ECS, 1934) Andaman Is.  
        P. c. intermedia  Hume, 1874 Nicobar Is.  
        P. c. burmanica  Sharpe, 1870 Burma to Indochina and south to n Malay Pen.  
        P. c. malaccensis  Sharpe, 1870 c and s Malay Pen., Riau Arch. and Lingga Arch.  
        P. c. cyanopteryx  (Oberholser, 1909) Sumatra, Bangka and Belitung Is.  
        P. c. simalurensis  Richmond, 1903 Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        P. c. sodalis  Richmond, 1903 Banyak, Nias, Batu and Mentawai Is. (off nw Sumatra)  
        P. c. innominata  (van Oort, 1910) Borneo  
        P. c. javana  (Boddaert, 1783) Java  
        P. c. floresiana  Sharpe, 1870 Bali to Flores (Lesser Sundas)  
        P. c. gouldi  Sharpe, 1870 n Philippines  
        P. c. gigantea  Walden, 1874 c and s Philippines  
Great-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis melanorhyncha  (Temminck, 1826) AU : Sulawesi  
        P. m. melanorhyncha  (Temminck, 1826) Sulawesi, Muna, Buton and Selayar Is.  
        P. m. dichrorhyncha  Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1896 Peleng and Banggai Is. (off Sulawesi)  
        P. m. eutreptorhyncha  Hartert, 1898 Sula Is. (e of Sulawesi)  
Brown-winged Kingfisher Pelargopsis amauroptera  (Pearson, 1841) OR : e India to w Thailand coasts  
Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda  (Latham, 1790) OR : widespread, also e Asia  
        H. c. coromanda  (Latham, 1790) Nepal to s China, s Thailand and n Burma  
        H. c. major  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1848) ne China, Korea and Japan  
        H. c. bangsi  (Oberholser, 1915) RyukyuIs., Taiwan and Lanyu I.  
        H. c. mizorhina  (Oberholser, 1915) Andaman Is.  
        H. c. minor  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1848) s Malay Pen., Sumatra, w Sumatra islands, Riau Arch., Bangka and Belitung, Java and Borneo  
        H. c. linae  Hubbard & duPont, 1974 Palawan I. (w Philippines)  
        H. c. claudiae  Hubbard & duPont, 1974 Tawitawi group and Sulu Arch.  
        H. c. rufa  Wallace, 1863 Talaud and Sangihe Is south to Sulawesi and offshore islands  
        H. c. pelingensis  Neumann, 1939 Banggai Is.  
        H. c. sulana  Mees, 1970 Sula Is. (e of Sulawesi)  
White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis  (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : widespread, also Middle East  
        H. s. smyrnensis  (Linnaeus, 1758) s Turkey to ne Egypt, Iraq to nw India  
        H. s. fusca  (Boddaert, 1783) w India and Sri Lanka  
        H. s. perpulchra  Madarász, 1904 Bhutan to e India, Indochina, the Malay Pen. and w Java  
        H. s. saturatior  Hume, 1874 Andaman Is.  
        H. s. fokiensis  Laubmann & Götz, 1926 s and e China, Taiwan and Hainan  
        H. s. gularis  (Kuhl, 1820) Philippines  
Javan Kingfisher Halcyon cyanoventris  (Vieillot, 1818) OR : Java  
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana; s Nigeria to w South Sudan, Uganda and c DRCongo  
Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata  (Boddaert, 1783) OR : India through Burma and China to Korea  
Grey-headed Kingfisher Halcyon leucocephala  (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : widespread  
        H. l. acteon  (Lesson, 1830) Cape Verde Is.  
        H. l. leucocephala  (Statius Müller, 1776) Senegal and Gambia to nw Somalia, n Tanzania and n DR Congo  
        H. l. semicaerulea  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Arabian Pen.  
        H. l. hyacinthina  Reichenow, 1900 se Somalia to Tanzania  
        H. l. pallidiventris  Cabanis, 1880 s DR Congo to nw Tanzania and south to n South Africa  
Brown-hooded Kingfisher Halcyon albiventris  (Scopoli, 1786) AF : e, se, wc  
        H. a. albiventris  (Scopoli, 1786) s South Africa  
        H. a. orientalis  Peters, W, 1868 Somalia to Botswana and Mozambique  
        H. a. prentissgrayi  Bowen, 1930 se Kenya to Congo, DR Congo, Angola and Zambia  
        H. a. vociferans  Clancey, 1952 Zimbabwe and s Mozambique to ne South Africa  
Striped Kingfisher Halcyon chelicuti  (Stanley, 1814) AF : widespread  
        H. c. eremogiton  Hartert, 1921 c Mali to c Sudan  
        H. c. chelicuti  (Stanley, 1814) s Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and South Africa  
Blue-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon malimbica  (Shaw, 1812) AF : c, w  
        H. m. torquata  Swainson, 1837 Senegal and Gambia to Guinea-Bissau and w Mali  
        H. m. forbesi  Sharpe, 1892 Sierra Leone to w Cameroon, Bioko I.  
        H. m. dryas  Hartlaub, 1854 Principe I. (Gulf of Guinea)  
        H. m. malimbica  (Shaw, 1812) Cameroon to Uganda amd Zambia  
Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : widespread  
        H. s. fuscopileus  Reichenow, 1906 Sierra Leone to s Nigeria and south to DR Congo and n Angola  
        H. s. senegalensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and n Tanzania  
        H. s. cyanoleuca  (Vieillot, 1818) s Angola and w Tanzania to South Africa  
Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides  Smith, A, 1834 AF : e, se coasts  
Blue-black Kingfisher Todiramphus nigrocyaneus  (Wallace, 1862) AU : New Guinea  
        T. n. nigrocyaneus  (Wallace, 1862) nw to sc New Guinea lowlands and nearby islands  
        T. n. quadricolor  (Oustalet, 1880) Yapen I. and n New Guinea  
        T. n. stictolaemus  (Salvadori, 1876) sc and se New Guinea  
Winchell's Kingfisher Todiramphus winchelli  (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Philippines  
        T. w. nigrorum  (Hachisuka, 1934) Bohol, Cebu, Negros, Samar, Leyte, Calicoan, Biliran and Siquijor Is. (c and ec Philippines)  
        T. w. nesydrionetes  (Parkes, 1966) Romblon, Sibuyan and Tablas Is. (nc Philippines)  
        T. w. mindanensis  (Parkes, 1966) Mindanao (s Philippines)  
        T. w. winchelli  (Sharpe, 1877) Basilan (sw Philippines)  
        T. w. alfredi  (Oustalet, 1890) Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)  
Blue-and-white Kingfisher Todiramphus diops  (Temminck, 1824) AU : n Moluccas  
Lazuli Kingfisher Todiramphus lazuli  (Temminck, 1830) AU : s Moluccas  
Forest Kingfisher Todiramphus macleayii  (Jardine & Selby, 1830) AU : n, e Australia  
        T. m. elisabeth  (Heine, 1883) e New Guinea  
        T. m. macleayii  (Jardine & Selby, 1830) n Australia to Lesser Sundas  
        T. m. incinctus  (Gould, 1838) ne and ec Australia to New Guinea and nearby islands  
White-mantled Kingfisher Todiramphus albonotatus  (Ramsay, EP, 1884) AU : Bismarck Archipelago  
Ultramarine Kingfisher Todiramphus leucopygius  (Verreaux, J, 1858) AU : Solomon Islands  
Vanuatu Kingfisher Todiramphus farquhari  (Sharpe, 1899) AU : Vanuatu  
Sombre Kingfisher Todiramphus funebris  Bonaparte, 1850 AU : n Moluccas  
Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris  (Boddaert, 1783) OR, AU : widespread, also ne AF and Arabian Peninsula  
        T. c. abyssinicus  (Pelzeln, 1856) s Red Sea coasts  
        T. c. kalbaensis  (Cowles, 1980) ne Arabia  
        T. c. vidali  (Sharpe, 1892) w coast India  
        T. c. davisoni  (Sharpe, 1892) Andaman and Cocos Is. (Indian Ocean off Burma)  
        T. c. occipitalis  Blyth, 1846 Nicobar Is.  
        T. c. humii  (Sharpe, 1892) coastal e India to s Malay Pen., ne Sumatra  
        T. c. armstrongi  (Sharpe, 1892) Burma to Thailand, Indochina and s China  
        T. c. laubmannianus  (Grote, 1933) Sumatra (except ne), Borneo and nearby islands  
        T. c. chloropterus  (Oberholser, 1919) islands off w Sumatra (except Enggano)  
        T. c. azelus  (Oberholser, 1919) Enggano I. (off w Sumatra)  
        T. c. palmeri  (Oberholser, 1919) Java, Bali and nearby islands  
        T. c. collaris  (Scopoli, 1786) Philippines  
        T. c. chloris  (Boddaert, 1783) Sulawesi to nw New Guinea, Lesser Sundas  
        T. c. sordidus  (Gould, 1842) n and ne Australia, Aru Is.  
        T. c. pilbara  (Johnstone, RE, 1983) nw Australia  
        T. c. colcloughi  (Mathews, 1916) ec Australia  
        T. c. colonus  (Hartert, 1896) islands off se New Guinea, Louisiade Arch.  
        T. c. teraokai  (Kuroda, 1915) Palau Is. (w Carolina Is.)  
        T. c. owstoni  (Rothschild, 1904) n Mariana Is.  
        T. c. albicilla  (Dumont, 1823) s Mariana Is.  
        T. c. orii  (Taka-Tsukasa & Momiyama, 1931) Rota I. (s Mariana Is.)  
        T. c. nusae  (Heinroth, 1902) New Hanover, New Ireland (except SW) and Feni Is.  
        T. c. matthiae  (Heinroth, 1902) St. Matthias Is. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        T. c. stresemanni  (Laubmann, 1923) islands between New Guinea and New Britain  
        T. c. novaehiberniae  (Hartert, 1925) sw New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)  
        T. c. bennetti  (Ripley, 1947) Nissan I. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        T. c. tristrami  (Layard, EL, 1880) New Britain (Bismarck Arch.)  
        T. c. alberti  (Rothschild & Hartert, 1905) Buku se to Guadalcanal ( nw and c Solomon Is.)  
        T. c. mala  (Mayr, 1935) Malaita I. (ne Solomon Is.)  
        T. c. pavuvu  (Mayr, 1935) Pavuvu I. (sc Solomon Is.)  
        T. c. solomonis  (Ramsay, EP, 1882) San Cristobal and nearby islands (se Solomons Is.)  
        T. c. sororum  (Galbraith, ICJ & Galbraith, EH, 1962) Olu Malau Is. (e Solomons)  
        T. c. amoenus  (Mayr, 1931) Rennell and Bellona Is. (s Solomon Is.)  
        T. c. brachyurus  (Mayr, 1931) Reef Is. (n Santa Cruz Is.)  
        T. c. vicina  (Mayr, 1931) Duff Is. (ne Santa Cruz Is.)  
        T. c. ornatus  (Mayr, 1931) Nendo and Tinakula Is. (c Santa Cruz Is.)  
        T. c. utupuae  (Mayr, 1931) Utupua I. (s Santa Cruz Is.)  
        T. c. melanodera  (Mayr, 1931) Vanikolo I. (s Santa Cruz Is.)  
        T. c. torresianus  (Mayr, 1931) Torres Is. (n Vanuatu)  
        T. c. santoensis  (Mayr, 1931) Banks Is. and Espiritu Santo (n Vanuatu)  
        T. c. juliae  (Heine, 1860) Maéwo to Éfaté (c Vanuatu)  
        T. c. erromangae  (Mayr, 1938) Erromanga I. (s Vanuatu)  
        T. c. tannensis  (Sharpe, 1892) Tanna I. (s Vanuatu)  
        T. c. vitiensis  (Peale, 1848) Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Viti Levu, Koro, Ovalau and Ngau Is. (Fiji)  
        T. c. eximius  (Mayr, 1941) Kandavu, Ono and Kanua Kula Is. (Fiji)  
        T. c. marinus  (Mayr, 1941) Lau Arch. (e Fiji)  
        T. c. sacer  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Tonga Is.  
        T. c. regina  (Mayr, 1941) Futuna I. (c Polynesia)  
        T. c. pealei  (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1867) Tutuila (American Samoa)  
        T. c. manuae  (Mayr, 1941) Ofu, Olosega and Tau Is. (Manua Is. In American Somoa)  
Talaud Kingfisher Todiramphus enigma  (Hartert, 1904) AU : Talaud Islands  
Micronesian Kingfisher Todiramphus cinnamominus  (Swainson, 1821) PO : Guam, Palau Islands, Caroline islands  
        T. c. miyakoensis 
†  (Kuroda, 1919)
Myaku I. (Ryukyu Is., Japan)  
        T. c. pelewensis  (Wiglesworth, 1891) Palau Is. (w Caroline Is.)  
        T. c. reichenbachii  Hartlaub, 1852 Pohnpei I. (e Caroline Is.)  
        T. c. cinnamominus  (Swainson, 1821) Guam I. (s Marianas)  
Beach Kingfisher Todiramphus saurophagus  (Gould, 1843) AU : Moluccas to Solomon Islands  
        T. s. saurophagus  (Gould, 1843) n Moluccas to the Solomon Is.  
        T. s. anachoreta  (Reichenow, 1898) Ninigo, Anchorite and Hermit Is. (n of New Guinea)  
        T. s. admiralitatis  (Sharpe, 1892) Admiralty Is. (nw Bismarck Arch.)  
Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus  (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) OR, AU : Australia, New Zealand and islands in the region  
        T. s. sanctus  (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) Australia to e Solomon Is.  
        T. s. vagans  (Lesson, 1828) New Zealand, Lord Howe and Kermadec Is.  
        T. s. norfolkiensis  (Tristram, 1885) Norfolk I.  
        T. s. canacorum  (Brasil, L, 1916) New Caledonia  
        T. s. macmillani  (Mayr, 1940) Loyalty Is.  
Flat-billed Kingfisher Todiramphus recurvirostris  Lafresnaye, 1842 PO : Samoa  
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia  (Vieillot, 1818) AU : Lesser Sundas, Timor  
        T. a. australasia  (Vieillot, 1818) w and c Lesser Sundas  
        T. a. dammerianus  (Hartert, 1900) e Lesser Sundas  
        T. a. odites  (Peters, JL, 1945) Tanimbar Is.  
Chattering Kingfisher Todiramphus tutus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) PO : Society Islands  
        T. t. tutus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Society Is.  
        T. t. atiu  (Holyoak, 1974) Atiu I. (Cook Is.)  
        T. t. mauke  (Holyoak, 1974) Mauke I. (Cook Is.)  
Mewing Kingfisher Todiramphus ruficollaris  (Holyoak, 1974) PO : Cook Islands  
Society Kingfisher Todiramphus veneratus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) PO : Society Islands  
        T. v. veneratus  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Tahiti (Society Is.)  
        T. v. youngi  Sharpe, 1892 Moorea (Society Is.)  
Tuamotu Kingfisher Todiramphus gambieri  (Oustalet, 1895) PO : Tuamotu Archipelago  
        T. g. gambieri 
†  (Oustalet, 1895)
Mangareva I. (Tuamoto Arch.)  
        T. g. gertrudae  Murphy, 1924 Niau I. (Tuamoto Arch.)  
Marquesan Kingfisher Todiramphus godeffroyi  (Finsch, 1877) PO : Marquesas Islands  
Red-backed Kingfisher Todiramphus pyrrhopygius  (Gould, 1841) AU : Australia  
Yellow-billed Kingfisher Syma torotoro  Lesson, 1827 AU : New Guinea, n Australia  
        S. t. torotoro  Lesson, 1827 w and sc New Guinea, w. Papuan Is., Yapen and Aru Is.  
        S. t. meeki  Rothschild & Hartert, 1901 se new Guinea  
        S. t. ochracea  Rothschild & Hartert, 1901 D'Entrecasteaux Arch.  
        S. t. flavirostris  (Gould, 1850) Cape York Pen. (ne Australia)  
Mountain Kingfisher Syma megarhyncha  Salvadori, 1896 AU : New Guinea  
        S. m. wellsi  Mathews, 1918 w New Guinea  
        S. m. sellamontis  Reichenow, 1919 Huon Pen. (ne New Guinea)  
        S. m. megarhyncha  Salvadori, 1896 c and se New Guinea  
African Dwarf Kingfisher Ispidina lecontei  Cassin, 1856 AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana; s Nigeria to w South Sudan, Uganda and c DRCongo; c Angola  
African Pygmy Kingfisher Ispidina picta  (Boddaert, 1783) AF : widespread  
        I. p. picta  (Boddaert, 1783) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and south to Uganda  
        I. p. ferrugina  Clancey, 1984 Guinea-Bissau to w Uganda and south to Angola, Zambia and n Tanzania  
        I. p. natalensis  (Smith, A, 1832) S Angola to c Tanzania south to n and e South Africa  
Madagascan Pygmy Kingfisher Corythornis madagascariensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Madagascar TAX : Madagascar Pygmy Kingfisher belongs in Corythornis not Ispidina (Moyle et al 2007)
        C. m. madagascariensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) Madagascar except the sw  
        C. m. dilutus  (Benson, 1974) sw Madagascar  
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster  (Fraser, 1843) AF : c, w  
        C. l. bowdleri  (Neumann, 1908) Guinea to Mali and Ghana  
        C. l. leucogaster  (Fraser, 1843) Nigeria to nw Angola, Bioko I.  
        C. l. leopoldi  (Dubois, AJC, 1905) e Congo to s Uganda and nw Zambia  
Malachite Kingfisher Corythornis cristatus  (Pallas, 1764) AF : widespread  
        C. c. galeritus  (Statius Müller, 1776) Senegal to east Africa south to n Angola and Malawi  
        C. c. nais (Kaup, 1848) Principe AL : Melo and Fuchs (2008) and BLI lump as subspecies of C. cristatus
        C. c. thomensis  (Salvadori, 1902) AF : São Tomé AL : Melo and Fuchs (2008) and BLI lump as subspecies of C. cristata
        C. c. cristatus  (Pallas, 1764) s Angola to s Mozambique south to e South Africa  
        C. c. stuartkeithi  Dickerman, 1989 Sudan and Ethiopia  
Malagasy Kingfisher Corythornis vintsioides  (Eydoux & Gervais, 1836) AF : Madagascar region  
        C. v. johannae  Meinertzhagen, 1924 Comoro Is.  
        C. v. vintsioides  (Eydoux & Gervais, 1836) Madagascar  
Cerulean Kingfisher Alcedo coerulescens  Vieillot, 1818 OR, AU : Sumatra to Lesser Sundas  
Blue-banded Kingfisher Alcedo euryzona  Temminck, 1830 OR : Burma, Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
        A. e. peninsulae  Laubmann, 1941 s Burma, Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        A. e. euryzona  Temminck, 1830 Java  
Shining-blue Kingfisher Alcedo quadribrachys  Bonaparte, 1850 AF : c, w  
        A. q. quadribrachys  Bonaparte, 1850 Senegal and Gambia to wc Nigeria  
        A. q. guentheri  Sharpe, 1892 s Nigeria to Kenya, nw Zambia amd n Angola  
Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting  Horsfield, 1821 OR : widespread  
        A. m. coltarti  Baker, ECS, 1919 Nepal and India to n and c Thailand and Indochina  
        A. m. phillipsi  Baker, ECS, 1927 sw India and Sri Lanka  
        A. m. scintillans  Baker, ECS, 1919 n Malay Pen.  
        A. m. rufigastra  Walden, 1873 Andaman Is.  
        A. m. meninting  Horsfield, 1821 s Malay Pen., Borneo, s Philippines, sw Sulawesi, Sula Is., Sumatra and Java to Lombok  
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, OR : widespread, also n AF, New Guinea  
        A. a. ispida  Linnaeus, 1758 s Norway, the British Isles and n Spain to w Russia  
        A. a. atthis  (Linnaeus, 1758) s Spain and n Africa east to c Siberia, nw China and nw India  
        A. a. bengalensis  Gmelin, JF, 1788 c India to se Siberia, Japan and se Asia  
        A. a. taprobana  Kleinschmidt, O, 1894 s India and Sri Lanka  
        A. a. floresiana  Sharpe, 1892 Lesser Sundas  
        A. a. hispidoides  Lesson, 1837 Sulawesi, Moluccas, w Papuan islands, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. and Louisiade Arch.  
        A. a. salomonensis  Rothschild & Hartert, 1905 Solomon Is.  
Half-collared Kingfisher Alcedo semitorquata  Swainson, 1823 AF : Ethiopia; Angola to Tanzania, south to Mozambique and s South Africa  
Blyth's Kingfisher Alcedo hercules  Laubmann, 1917 OR : e Nepal to c Vietnam  
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca  (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : widespread PS : Rufous-backed morphs sometimes treated as separate species C.rufidorsa(King 1997, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005). Lim et al 2010 suggest past episodes of secondary contact and introgression. Revisit status of rufidorsa
        C. e. erithaca  (Linnaeus, 1758) India and Sri Lanka to se China, Indochina and Sumatra  
        C. e. macrocarus  Oberholser, 1917 Andaman and Nicobar Is.  
        C. e. motleyi  Chasen & Kloss, 1929 Philippines, Java, Borneo to Sumbawa and Flores  
Philippine Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx melanurus  (Kaup, 1848) OR : Philippines  
        C. m. melanurus  (Kaup, 1848) Luzon, Polillo, Alabat and Catanduanes (N Philippines)  
        C. m. samarensis  Steere, 1890 Samar and Layte (ec Philippines)  
        C. m. mindanensis  Steere, 1890 Mindanao and Basilan (s Philippines)  
Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx fallax  (Schlegel, 1866) AU : Sulawesi  
        C. f. sangirensis  (Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1898) Sangihe Is. (ne of Sulawesi)  
        C. f. fallax  (Schlegel, 1866) Sulawesi  
Variable Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx lepidus  Temminck, 1836 AU : Moluccas to Solomon Islands, also Philippines ENG : Change English name of Ceyx lepidus to Variable Dwarf Kingfisher (Gregory 2009)
        C. l. margarethae  Blasius, W, 1890 c and s Philippines  
        C. l. wallacii  Sharpe, 1868 Sula Is.  
        C. l. uropygialis  Gray, GR, 1861 n and c Moluccas  
        C. l. lepidus  Temminck, 1836 s Moluccas except Buru I.  
        C. l. cajeli  Wallace, 1863 Buru I. (s Moluccas)  
        C. l. solitarius  Temminck, 1836 w Papuan islands, New Guinea, Aru Is. and D'Entrecasteaux Arch.  
        C. l. dispar  Rothschild & Hartert, 1914 Admiralty Is.  
        C. l. mulcatus  Rothschild & Hartert, 1914 New Hanover, New Ireland and Lihir Is. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        C. l. sacerdotis  Ramsay, EP, 1882 New Britain and Umboi Is. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        C. l. meeki  Rothschild, 1901 Buka and Bougainville E to Choiseul and Santa Isabel (w and c Solomons Is.)  
        C. l. collectoris  Rothschild & Hartert, 1901 Vellalavella, New Georgia and Rendova Is. (wc Solomons Is.)  
        C. l. malaitae  Mayr, 1935 Malaita Is. (e Solomons Is.)  
        C. l. nigromaxilla  Rothschild & Hartert, 1905 Guadalcanal I. (s Solomons Is.)  
        C. l. gentianus  Tristram, 1879 San Crist´┐Żbal (e Solomon Is.)  
Indigo-banded Kingfisher Ceyx cyanopectus  Lafresnaye, 1840 OR : Philippines TAX : Move cyanopecta, argentata, azurea, websteri, and pusilla from Alcedo to Ceyx (Moyle et al 2007, Christidis & Boles 2008)
        C. c. cyanopectus  Lafresnaye, 1840 Luzon, Mindoro and nearby islands (n Philippines)  
        C. c. nigrirostris  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Cebu, Negros and Panay (wc Philippines)  
Silvery Kingfisher Ceyx argentatus  Tweeddale, 1877 OR : Philippines  
        C. a. flumenicola  Steere, 1890 Bohol, Leyte and Samar (ec Philippines)  
        C. a. argentatus  Tweeddale, 1877 Mindanao, Basilan, Dinagat and Siargao (s Philippines)  
Azure Kingfisher Ceyx azureus  (Latham, 1801) AU : Moluccas, New Guinea, n, e Australia  
        C. a. affinis  (Gray, GR, 1861) n Moluccas  
        C. a. lessonii  (Cassin, 1850) w Papuan islands, w, s and e New Guinea, D'Entrecasteaux Arch., and Aru Is.  
        C. a. ochrogaster  (Reichenow, 1903) n New Guinea, islands of Geelvink Bay and Admiralty Islands  
        C. a. ruficollaris  (Bankier, 1841) n Australia, Romang and Tanimbar Is. (e Lesser Sundas)  
        C. a. azureus  (Latham, 1801) e and se Australia  
        C. a. diemenensis  (Gould, 1846) Tasmania  
Bismarck Kingfisher Ceyx websteri  (Hartert, 1898) AU : Bismarck Archipelago  
Little Kingfisher Ceyx pusillus  Temminck, 1836 AU : Moluccas to Solomon Islands, n Australia  
        C. p. halmaherae  (Salomonsen, 1934) Halmahera and Bacan (n Moluccas)  
        C. p. laetior  (Rand, 1941) n New Guinea  
        C. p. pusillus  Temminck, 1836 w Papuan islands, w, s and e New Guinea, Aru Is., Kai Is. and D'Entrecasteaux Arch.  
        C. p. ramsayi  (North, 1912) n Australia  
        C. p. halli  (Mathews, 1912) ne Australia  
        C. p. masauji  (Mathews, 1927) BismarckArch.  
        C. p. bougainvillei  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1914) Buka and Bougainville east to Choiseul, Santa Isabel and Florida Is. (n and nc Solomons Is.)  
        C. p. richardsi  (Tristram, 1882) Vellalavella to Vangunu (sc Solomon Is.)  
        C. p. aolae  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1914) Guadalcanal (se Solomon Is.)  
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea  (Pallas, 1764) LA : s Mexico to n Argentina  
        C. a. stictoptera  (Ridgway, 1884) s Mexico to c Costa Rica  
        C. a. aenea  (Pallas, 1764) c Costa Rica to n Bolivia, Paraguay, sc Brazil and n Argentina  
Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda  (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : Nicaragua to n Bolivia, se Brazil  
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA, LA : sw USA to n Argentina  
        C. a. hachisukai  (Laubmann, 1941) sc USA and nw Mexico  
        C. a. septentrionalis  (Sharpe, 1892) sc Texas (USA) and e Mexico south to n Colombia and w Venezuela  
        C. a. americana  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) n South America east of the Andes, Trinidad and Tobago  
        C. a. mathewsii  Laubmann, 1927 s Brazil, Bolivia and n Argentina  
        C. a. cabanisii  (Tschudi, 1846) Colombia to Chile west of the Andes  
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona  (Latham, 1790) LA : c Mexico to c Argentina  
Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris  (Temminck, 1834) OR, EU : ne Afghanistan to c Vietnam and Japan  
        M. l. continentalis  (Hartert, 1900) w and c Himalayas  
        M. l. guttulata  (Stejneger, 1892) e Himalayas to c China and n Indochina  
        M. l. pallida  (Momiyama, 1927) Hokkaido I. (n Japan) and s Kuril Is. (Russia)  
        M. l. lugubris  (Temminck, 1834) c and s Japan  
Giant Kingfisher Megaceryle maxima  (Pallas, 1769) AF : widespread  
        M. m. maxima  (Pallas, 1769) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and south to South Africa  
        M. m. gigantea  (Swainson, 1837) Liberia to n Angola and w Tanzania, Bioko  
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata  (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, LA : sw USA to Tierra del Fuego  
        M. t. stictipennis  (Lawrence, 1885) Lesser Antilles  
        M. t. torquata  (Linnaeus, 1766) s Texas (USA) to n Argentina, Margarita I. and Trinidad  
        M. t. stellata  (Meyen, 1834) Chile and Argentina  
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : widespread  
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis  (Linnaeus, 1758) AF, OR : widespread, also Middle East  
        C. r. syriacus  Roselaar, 1995 Turkey to Israel east to sw Iran  
        C. r. rudis  (Linnaeus, 1758) Egypt and Africa south of the Sahara  
        C. r. leucomelanurus  Reichenbach, 1851 e Afghanistan through India to s China and n Indochina  
        C. r. travancoreensis  Whistler, 1935 sw India  
        C. r. insignis  Hartert, 1910 e and se China, Hainan I.  
Todies (5)
Family Todidae
Cuban Tody Todus multicolor  Gould, 1837 NA : Cuba  
Broad-billed Tody Todus subulatus  Gray, GR, 1847 NA : Hispaniola  
Narrow-billed Tody Todus angustirostris  Lafresnaye, 1851 NA : Hispaniola  
Jamaican Tody Todus todus  (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Jamaica  
Puerto Rican Tody Todus mexicanus  Lesson, 1838 NA : Puerto Rico  
Motmots (14)
Family Momotidae
Tody Motmot Hylomanes momotula  Lichtenstein, 1839 LA : s Mexico to nw Colombia  
        H. m. chiapensis  Brodkorb, 1938 Chiapas (s Mexico)  
        H. m. momotula  Lichtenstein, 1839 Veracruz (s Mexico) to Honduras  
        H. m. obscurus  Nelson, 1911 nw Costa Rica to nw Colombia  
Blue-throated Motmot Aspatha gularis  (Lafresnaye, 1840) MA : s Mexico to Honduras  
Russet-crowned Motmot Momotus mexicanus  Swainson, 1827 MA : nw Mexico to sw Guatemala  
        M. m. vanrossemi  Moore, RT, 1932 nw Mexico  
        M. m. mexicanus  Swainson, 1827 nc and c Mexico  
        M. m. saturatus  Nelson, 1897 sw Mexico  
        M. m. castaneiceps  Gould, 1855 c Guatemala  
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus coeruliceps  (Gould, 1836) MA : ne Mexico AS : Momotus coeruliceps is one of 5 species in Blue-crowned Motmot complex recognized by Stiles 2009, SACC 412
Blue-diademed Motmot Momotus lessonii  Lesson, 1842 MA : s Mexico to w Panama AS : Momotus lessonii is one of 5 species in Blue-crowned Motmot complex recognized by Stiles 2009, SACC 412
        M. l. goldmani  Nelson, 1900 se Mexico to n Guatemala  
        M. l. exiguus  Ridgway, 1912 Campeche and Yucatán (s Mexico)  
        M. l. lessonii  Lesson, 1842 Chiapas (s Mexico) to w Panama  
Whooping Motmot Momotus subrufescens  Sclater, PL, 1853 LA : c Panama, n Colombia, n Venezuela; w Ecuador, nw Peru AS : Momotus subrufescens is one of 5 species in Blue-crowned Motmot complex recognized by Stiles 2009, SACC 412; it includes “Silver-banded Motmot“ M.argenticinctus as a subspecies following Stiles and SACC
        M. s. conexus  Thayer & Bangs, 1906 c Panama to nw Colombia  
        M. s. spatha  Wetmore, 1946 Guajira Pen. (e Colombia)  
        M. s. olivaresi  Hernández-Camacho & Romero-Zambrano, 1978 nc Colombia  
        M. s. subrufescens  Sclater, PL, 1853 n Colombia and n Venezuela  
        M. s. osgoodi  Cory, 1913 w Venezuela  
        M. s. argenticinctus  Sharpe, 1892 w Ecuador and nw Peru  
Trinidad Motmot Momotus bahamensis  (Swainson, 1838) SA : Trinidad and Tobago AS : Momotus bahamensis is one of 5 species in Blue-crowned Motmot complex recognized by Stiles 2009, SACC 412
Amazonian Motmot Momotus momota  (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia ENG : Change English name of Momotus motmota to Amazonian Motmot with break up of this species complex (Stiles 2009, SACC 412)
        M. m. momota  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil  
        M. m. microstephanus  Sclater, PL, 1858 se Colombia, e Ecuador and nw Brazil  
        M. m. ignobilis  Berlepsch, 1889 e Peru and w Brazil  
        M. m. nattereri  Sclater, PL, 1858 ne Bolivia  
        M. m. simplex  Chapman, 1923 w Brazil to wc Brazil (s of the Amazon)  
        M. m. cametensis  Snethlage, E, 1912 nc Brazil  
        M. m. parensis  Sharpe, 1892 ne Brazil  
        M. m. marcgravianus  Pinto & Camargo, 1961 e Brazil  
        M. m. pilcomajensis  Reichenow, 1919 s Bolivia, s Brazil and nw Argentina  
Andean Motmot Momotus aequatorialis  Gould, 1858 SA : Andes from nc Colombia to w Bolivia AS, ENG : M. aequatorialis is one of five species in the Momotus momota complex; includes ssp aequatorialis & chlorolaemus(Stiles 2009, SACC); CHANGE English name from Highland Motmot to Andean Motmot following SACC 412
        M. a. aequatorialis  Gould, 1858 wc Colombia and e Ecuador  
        M. a. chlorolaemus  Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 e Peru and w Bolivia  
Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii  (von Spix, 1824) LA : e Honduras to sw Ecuador, w Amazonia  
        B. m. semirufus  (Sclater, PL, 1853) e Honduras to nw Colombia and w Ecuador  
        B. m. martii  (von Spix, 1824) w Amazonia  
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus  (Vieillot, 1818) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina  
Keel-billed Motmot Electron carinatum  (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) MA : s Mexico to n Costa Rica  
Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum  (Leadbeater, 1829) LA : e Honduras to sw Ecuador, w Amazonia  
        E. p. minus  (Hartert, 1898) e Honduras to n Colombia  
        E. p. platyrhynchum  (Leadbeater, 1829) nw Colombia to sw Ecuador  
        E. p. colombianum  Meyer de Schauensee, 1950 n Colombia  
        E. p. pyrrholaemum  (Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) e Colombia, e Ecuador, e Peru and n Bolivia  
        E. p. orienticola  Oberholser, 1921 w Brazil  
        E. p. chlorophrys  Miranda-Ribeiro, 1931 c Brazil  
Turquoise-browed Motmot Eumomota superciliosa  (Sandbach, 1837) MA : se Mexico, s Mexico to nw Costa Rica  
        E. s. bipartita  Ridgway, 1912 s Mexico to w Guatemala  
        E. s. superciliosa  (Sandbach, 1837) se Mexico  
        E. s. vanrossemi  Griscom, 1929 c Guatemala  
        E. s. sylvestris  Carriker & Meyer de Schauensee, 1935 e Guatemala  
        E. s. apiaster  (Lesson, 1842) El Salvador, w Honduras and nw Nicaragua  
        E. s. euroaustris  Griscom, 1929 n Honduras  
        E. s. australis  Bangs, 1906 sw Nicaragua and nw Costa Rica  
Bee-eaters (27)
Family Meropidae
Red-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis amictus  (Temminck, 1824) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Blue-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni  (Jardine & Selby, 1828) OR : widespread  
        N. a. athertoni  (Jardine & Selby, 1828) India to Indochina and n Malay Pen.  
        N. a. brevicaudatus  (Koelz, 1939) Hainan I. (off se China)  
Purple-bearded Bee-eater Meropogon forsteni  Bonaparte, 1850 AU : Sulawesi  
Black-headed Bee-eater Merops breweri  (Cassin, 1859) AF : Ivory Coast, Ghana,  s Nigeria and n Central African Republic; Gabon to w South Sudan, c DRCongo snf nw Angola  
Blue-headed Bee-eater Merops muelleri  (Cassin, 1857) AF : s Cameroon to w Kenya  
Blue-moustached Bee-eater Merops mentalis  Cabanis, 1889 AF : Mali and Sierra Leone to w Cameroon and Bioko I AS : Blue-moustached Bee-eater is split from Blue-headed Bee-eater (Marks et al 2007, BLI 4)
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis  Shaw, 1798 AF : c, w  
        M. g. gularis  Shaw, 1798 Sierra Leone to s Nigeria  
        M. g. australis  (Reichenow, 1885) se Nigeria to w Uganda and n Angola  
Swallow-tailed Bee-eater Merops hirundineus  Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793 AF : widespread  
        M. h. chrysolaimus  Jardine & Selby, 1830 Senegal to Central African Republic  
        M. h. heuglini  (Neumann, 1906) ne DR Congo, n Uganda, s Sudan and sw Ethiopia  
        M. h. furcatus  Stanley, 1814 se DR Congo and Tanzania south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique  
        M. h. hirundineus  Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793 Angola through Namibia and Botswana to n South Africa  
Little Bee-eater Merops pusillus  Statius Müller, 1776 AF : widespread  
        M. p. pusillus  Statius Müller, 1776 Senegal and Gambia to sw Sudan and n DR Congo  
        M. p. ocularis  (Reichenow, 1900) e DR Congo, n Uganda and c Sudan to the Red Sea coast  
        M. p. cyanostictus  Cabanis, 1869 e Ethiopia, w Somalia and e Kenya  
        M. p. meridionalis  (Sharpe, 1892) s and e DR Congo to w Kenya south to c Angola, Zimbabwe and South Africa  
        M. p. argutus  Clancey, 1967 sw Angola, Botswana and sw Zambia  
Blue-breasted Bee-eater Merops variegatus  Vieillot, 1817 AF : ne, c, wc  
        M. v. lafresnayii  Guérin-Méneville, 1843 Ethiopia and se Sudan  PS : The highland ssp M. variegatus lafresnayii may be related to and even conspecific with M. oreobates (Turner, 2010), or treated as a separate allospecies  (Redman, comm.)
        M. v. loringi  (Mearns, 1915) se Nigeria and Cameroon to Uganda and w Kenya  
        M. v. variegatus  Vieillot, 1817 Gabon to c DR Congo and n Angola  
        M. v. bangweoloensis  (Grant, 1915) e Angola to se DR Congo, Zambia and w Tanzania  
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates  (Sharpe, 1892) AF : s South Sudan to ne Tanzania; w Uganda and e DRCongo to nw Tanzania PL : Turner (2010) suggests that Cinnamon-breasted Bee-eater is beTst treated as a subspecies of Blue-breasted Bee-eater
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki  Vieillot, 1817 AF : ec, c, w  
        M. b. bulocki  Vieillot, 1817 Senegal and Gambia to Central African Republic  
        M. b. frenatus  Hartlaub, 1854 s Sudan and w Ethiopia to ne DR Congo and n Uganda  
White-fronted Bee-eater Merops bullockoides  Smith, A, 1834 AF : Gabon to Kenya, south to s Angola, c South Africa and s Mozambique  
Somali Bee-eater Merops revoilii  Oustalet, 1882 AF : e Ethiopia and Somalia to e Kenya  
White-throated Bee-eater Merops albicollis  Vieillot, 1817 AF : Mauritania and Senegal to e Sudan, Eritrea, Yemen and Somalia  
Böhm's Bee-eater Merops boehmi  Reichenow, 1882 AF : w Tanzania to Zambia; e Tanzania to c Mozambique  
Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis  Latham, 1801 AF, EU, OR : w AF to Arabian Peninsula to Southeast Asia  
        M. o. viridissimus  Swainson, 1837 Senegal to n and c Ethiopia  
        M. o. cleopatra  Nicoll, 1910 Nile Valley (Egypt) to n Sudan  
        M. o. cyanophrys  (Cabanis & Heine, 1860) s Israel, w and s Arabia  
        M. o. muscatensis  Sharpe, 1886 c and e Arabia  
        M. o. beludschicus  Neumann, 1910 s Iraq to nw India  
        M. o. orientalis  Latham, 1801 w India east to Bangladesh  
        M. o. ceylonicus  Whistler, 1944 Sri Lanka  
        M. o. ferrugeiceps  Anderson, 1879 ne India to sc China and Indochina  
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus  Pallas, 1773 EU : sw, nw AF  
        M. p. persicus  Pallas, 1773 Egypt and the Middle East to Kazakhstan and w India  
        M. p. chrysocercus  Cabanis & Heine, 1860 nw Africa  
Olive Bee-eater Merops superciliosus  Linnaeus, 1766 AF : Ethiopia to Namibia, Madagascar  
        M. s. superciliosus  Linnaeus, 1766 e Africa, Madagascar and the Comoro Is.  
        M. s. alternans  Clancey, 1971 w Angola and nw Namibia  
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus  Linnaeus, 1767 OR : widespread  
        M. p. javanicus  Horsfield, 1821 India and Sri Lanka to s China and Indochina  
        M. p. philippinus  Linnaeus, 1767 Philippines  
        M. p. celebensis  Blasius, W, 1885 Sulawesi and Flores (Lesser Sundas)  
        M. p. salvadorii  Meyer, AB, 1891 New Guinea and New Britain  
Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus  Latham, 1801 AU : Australia  
Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis  Linnaeus, 1758 OR : s China to Java and Philippines  
        M. v. viridis  Linnaeus, 1758 s China to Indochina and the Greater Sundas  
        M. v. americanus  Statius Müller, 1776 Philippines  
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti  Vieillot, 1817 OR : widespread  
        M. l. leschenaulti  Vieillot, 1817 India and Sri Lanka to sc China, Indochina and Malay Pen.  
        M. l. quinticolor  Vieillot, 1817 Sumatra, Java and Bali  
        M. l. andamanensis  Marien, 1950 Andaman Is.  
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster  Linnaeus, 1758 EU, AF : nw Africa, sw Europe to c Asia; South Africa  
Rosy Bee-eater Merops malimbicus  Shaw, 1806 AF : s Nigeria; Gabon to c DRCongo  
Northern Carmine Bee-eater Merops nubicus  Gmelin, JF, 1788 AF : Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia  
Southern Carmine Bee-eater Merops nubicoides  Des Murs & Pucheran, 1846 AF : Angola to w Tanzania, south to Namibia, Botswana and n South Africa  
  PHY : Separation of the hoopoes and hornbills as the Order Bucerotiformes maintains monophyly of the Coraciiformes without submerging the Piciformes and Trogoniformes into the Coraciiformes (Hackett et al. 2008).
Hoopoes (4)
Family Upupidae
  PHY : The hoopoes (Upupidae) and wood hoopoes (Phoeniculidae) are sister taxa related in turn to the hornbills (Hackett et al. 2008)
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops  Linnaeus, 1758 EU, OR : widespread  
        U. e. epops  Linnaeus, 1758 nw Africa and Europe e to sc Russia, nw China and nw India.  
        U. e. ceylonensis  Reichenbach, 1853 c and s India, Sri Lanka  
        U. e. longirostris  Jerdon, 1862 ne India to s China, Indochina and n Malay Pen.  
        U. e. major  Brehm, CL, 1855 Egypt  
        U. e. senegalensis  Swainson, 1837 Senegal and Gambia to Somalia  
        U. e. waibeli  Reichenow, 1913 Cameroon to nw Kenya and n Uganda  
African Hoopoe Upupa africana  Bechstein, 1811 AF : widespread  
Madagascan Hoopoe Upupa marginata  Cabanis & Heine, 1860 AF : Madagascar  
St. Helena Hoopoe Upupa antaios †  Olson, 1975 AO : St. Helena I. EXTINCT : Olson, 1975
Wood Hoopoes (9)
Family Phoeniculidae
  PHY : The hoopoes (Upupidae) and wood hoopoes (Phoeniculidae) are sister taxa related in turn to the hornbills (Hackett et al. 2008)
Forest Wood Hoopoe Phoeniculus castaneiceps  (Sharpe, 1871) AF : w, c  
        P. c. castaneiceps  (Sharpe, 1871) Liberia to Nigeria  
        P. c. brunneiceps  (Sharpe, 1903) Cameroon to DR Congo and Uganda  
White-headed Wood Hoopoe Phoeniculus bollei  (Hartlaub, 1858) AF : w, c  
        P. b. bollei  (Hartlaub, 1858) Liberia to Central African Republic  
        P. b. jacksoni  (Sharpe, 1890) e DR Congo to s Sudan and c Kenya  
        P. b. okuensis  Serle, 1949 s Cameroon  
Green Wood Hoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus  (Miller, JF, 1784) AF : widespread  
        P. p. senegalensis  (Vieillot, 1822) s Senegal to s Ghana  
        P. p. guineensis  (Reichenow, 1902) n Senegal and Gambia to Chad and Central African Republic  
        P. p. niloticus  (Neumann, 1903) Sudan to w Ethiopia and ne DR Congo  
        P. p. marwitzi  (Reichenow, 1906) e Uganda and Kenya to e South Africa  
        P. p. angolensis  (Reichenow, 1902) Angola and w Zambia to ne Namibia and n Botswana  
        P. p. purpureus  (Miller, JF, 1784) c and sw South Africa  
Black-billed Wood Hoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1901) AF : e  
        P. s. abyssinicus  (Neumann, 1903) n Ethiopia and Eritrea  
        P. s. somaliensis  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1901) se Ethiopia, sw Somalia and ne Kenya  
        P. s. neglectus  (Neumann, 1905) c and sw Ethiopia  
Violet Wood Hoopoe Phoeniculus damarensis  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1901) AF : Angola and Namibia  
Grant's Wood Hoopoe Phoeniculus granti  (Neumann, 1903) AF : Kenya  
Black Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus aterrimus  (Stephens, 1826) AF : e, c, w, sw  
        R. a. aterrimus  (Stephens, 1826) Senegal and Gambia to w Sudan  
        R. a. emini  (Neumann, 1905) c Sudan to ne DR Congo and Uganda  
        R. a. notatus  (Salvin, 1892) Ethiopia  
        R. a. anchietae  (Barboza du Bocage, 1892) sw DR Congo, Angola and w Zambia  
Common Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus cyanomelas  (Vieillot, 1819) AF : s, se  
        R. c. schalowi  Neumann, 1900 s Somalia to Zambia, e South Africa and Mozambique  
        R. c. cyanomelas  (Vieillot, 1819) sw Angola, Namibia, Botswana and nc South Africa  
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor  (Rüppell, 1845) AF : e  
        R. m. minor  (Rüppell, 1845) Ethiopia, Somalia and ne Kenya  
        R. m. cabanisi  (de Filippi, 1853) s Sudan, sw Ethiopia and n Kenya to n Tanzania  
Hornbills (59)
Family Bucerotidae
  PHY : The hornbills (Bucerotidae) and ground hornbills (Bucorvidae) are sister taxa related in turn to the hoopoes and wood hoopoes (Hackett et al. 2008)
Tickell's Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli  (Blyth, 1855) OR : s Burma, sw Thailand ENG : Change English name of Anorrhinus tickelli to Tickell‘s Brown Hornbill (BLI) with split of A.austeni.
Austen's Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus austeni  Jerdon, 1872 OR : Assam to sw China and Indochina. AS : Anorrhinus austeni is split from A.tickelli (Kemp 1995, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005); BLI recognizes
Bushy-crested Hornbill Anorrhinus galeritus  (Temminck, 1831) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Crowned Hornbill Tockus alboterminatus  (Büttikofer, 1889) AF : e, sc, se  
        T. a. alboterminatus  (Büttikofer, 1889) w Angola  
        T. a. geloensis  (Neumann, 1905) sw Ethiopia to w Kenya south to n Angola and n Zambia  
        T. a. suahelicus  (Neumann, 1905) s Somalia and e Kenya to e South Africa  
Bradfield's Hornbill Tockus bradfieldi  (Roberts, 1930) AF : s Angola and n Namibia to w Zimbabwe  
African Pied Hornbill Tockus fasciatus  (Shaw, 1812) AF : c, w  
        T. f. semifasciatus  (Hartlaub, 1855) Senegal and Gambia to s Nigeria  
        T. f. fasciatus  (Shaw, 1812) se Nigeria to n Angola and Uganda  
Hemprich's Hornbill Tockus hemprichii  (Ehrenberg, 1833) AF : Eritrea, Ethiopia and n Somalia to Uganda and c Kenya  
Pale-billed Hornbill Tockus pallidirostris  (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870) AF : Angola and s DRCongo to Tanzania and Mozambique  
        T. p. pallidirostris  (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870) Angola, s DR Congo and Zambia (except extreme e)  
        T. p. neumanni  (Reichenow, 1894) e Zambia to s Tanzania and n Mozambique  
African Grey Hornbill Tockus nasutus  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : widespread  
        T. n. nasutus  (Linnaeus, 1766) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and c Kenya, sw Arabia  
        T. n. epirhinus  (Sundevall, 1850) s Uganda and s Kenya to n South Africa  
Monteiro's Hornbill Tockus monteiri  Hartlaub, 1865 AF : sw Angola to c Namibia  
Northern Red-billed Hornbill Tockus erythrorhynchus  (Temminck, 1823) AF : s Mauritania through Somalia to ne Tanzania ENG : Change English name of Tockus erythrorhynchus to Northern Red-billed Hornbill with multiple splits
Damara Red-billed Hornbill Tockus damarensis  (Shelley, 1888) AF : sw Angola, n Namibia, w Botswana. AS : Tockus damarensis is split from T.erythrorhynchus (Kemp & Delport 2002)
Southern Red-billed Hornbill Tockus rufirostris  (Sundevall, 1850) AF : Malawi and Zambia to s Angola and Transvaal. AS : Tockus rufirostris is split from T.erythrorhynchus ( Kemp & Delport 2002, cf Chittenden 2007)
Tanzanian Red-billed Hornbill Tockus ruahae  Kemp & Delport, 2002 AF : c Tanzania AS : Tockus ruahae is a new taxon recognized in the Red-billed Hornbill complex (Kemp & Delport 2002, Tréca & Érard 2000)
Western Red-billed Hornbill Tockus kempi  Tréca & Érard, 2000 AF : Senegal and Gambia to s Mauritania and w Mali. AS : Tockus damarensis is a new taxon recognized in the Red-billed Hornbill complex (Kemp & Delport 2002)
Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus leucomelas  (Lichtenstein, 1842) AF : s  
        T. l. elegans  Hartlaub, 1865 sw Angola  
        T. l. leucomelas  (Lichtenstein, 1842) Namibia to w Mozambique and n South Africa  
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris  (Rüppell, 1835) AF : Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia to n Tanzania ENG : CHANGE English name of Northern Yellow-billed Hornbill to Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill to be consistent with other world lists
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni  (Cabanis, 1868) AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to c Tanzania  
Jackson's Hornbill Tockus jacksoni  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1891) AF : s South Sudan, sw Ethiopia, ne Uganda and w Kenya  
Black Dwarf Hornbill Tockus hartlaubi  Gould, 1861 AF : c, w  
        T. h. hartlaubi  Gould, 1861 Guinea and Sierra Leone to Gabon and Congo  
        T. h. granti  (Hartert, 1895) DR Congo and ec Congo to w Uganda  
Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill Tockus camurus  Cassin, 1857 AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana; s Nigeria to Uganda, Rwanda, c DRCongo and Gabon  
White-crested Hornbill Tropicranus albocristatus  (Cassin, 1848) AF : c, w  
        T. a. albocristatus  (Cassin, 1848) Guinea to Ivory Coast  
        T. a. macrourus  (Bonaparte, 1850) Ivory Coast to Benin  
        T. a. cassini  (Finsch, 1903) Nigeria to n Angola and w Uganda  
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus  (Latham, 1790) OR : sw India  
Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill Ocyceros gingalensis  (Shaw, 1812) OR : Sri Lanka  
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : India, Nepal  
Malabar Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus  (Boddaert, 1783) OR : India, Sri Lanka  
Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris  (Shaw, 1808) OR : widespread  
        A. a. albirostris  (Shaw, 1808) India to s China, Indochina and n Malay Pen.  
        A. a. convexus  (Temminck, 1832) s Malay Pen., Greater Sundas, and nearby islands  
Palawan Hornbill Anthracoceros marchei  Oustalet, 1885 OR : Philippines  
Black Hornbill Anthracoceros malayanus  (Raffles, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Sulu Hornbill Anthracoceros montani  (Oustalet, 1880) OR : Sulu Archipelago  
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis  Linnaeus, 1758 OR : w India, Himalayas to Sumatra  
Rhinoceros Hornbill Buceros rhinoceros  Linnaeus, 1758 OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas  
        B. r. borneoensis  Schlegel & Müller, S, 1840 Borneo  
        B. r. rhinoceros  Linnaeus, 1758 s Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        B. r. silvestris  Vieillot, 1816 Java  
Rufous Hornbill Buceros hydrocorax  Linnaeus, 1766 OR : Philippines  
        B. h. hydrocorax  Linnaeus, 1766 Luzon and Marinduque (n Philippines)  
        B. h. semigaleatus  Tweeddale, 1878 c Philippines  
        B. h. mindanensis  Tweeddale, 1877 s Philippines  
Helmeted Hornbill Rhinoplax vigil  (Forster, JR, 1781) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Sulawesi Hornbill Penelopides exarhatus  (Temminck, 1823) AU : Sulawesi  
        P. e. exarhatus  (Temminck, 1823) n Sulawesi  
        P. e. sanfordi  (Stresemann, 1932) c, s and e Sulawesi and nearby islands  
Visayan Hornbill Penelopides panini  (Boddaert, 1783) OR : Philippines  ENG : Revise English name of Penelopides panini to avoid confusion since all members of the genus have been called "Tarictic" Hornbills; geographical name conforms to other species.
        P. p. ticaensis  Hachisuka, 1930 Ticao I. (nc Philippines)  
        P. p. panini  (Boddaert, 1783) Masbate, Panay, Sicogon, Pan de Azucar, Guimaras and Negros (c Philippines)  
Luzon Hornbill Penelopides manillae  (Boddaert, 1783) OR : n Philippines AS : Penelopides manillae is split from P.panini (Kemp 1995, Inskipp et al. 1996, cf Dickinson 2003); BLI recognizes
        P. m. manillae  (Boddaert, 1783) Luzon, Marinduque, Catanduanes and adjacent islets  
        P. m. subniger  McGregor, 1910 Polillo and Patnanongan Is.  
Mindoro Hornbill Penelopides mindorensis  Steere, 1890 OR : Mindoro, Philippines AS : Penelopides mindorensis is split from P.panini (Kemp 1995, Inskipp et al. 1996, cf Dickinson 2003); BLI recognizes
Mindanao Hornbill Penelopides affinis  Tweeddale, 1877 OR : s Philippines AS : Penelopides affinis is split from P.panini (Kemp 1995, Inskipp et al. 1996, cf Dickinson 2003); BLI recognizes
        P. a. affinis  Tweeddale, 1877 Mindanao, Dinagat and Siargao  
        P. a. basilanicus  Steere, 1890 Basilan  
Samar Hornbill Penelopides samarensis  Steere, 1890 OR : c Philippines AS : Penelopides samarensis is split from P.panini (Kemp 1995, cf Inskipp et al. 1996, Dickinson 2003).
White-crowned Hornbill Berenicornis comatus  (Raffles, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis  (Hodgson, 1829) OR : ne India to w Thailand and nw Vietnam  
Knobbed Hornbill Aceros cassidix  (Temminck, 1823) AU : Sulawesi  
Wrinkled Hornbill Aceros corrugatus  (Temminck, 1832) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        A. c. rugosus  (Begbie, 1834) Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        A. c. corrugatus  (Temminck, 1832) Borneo  
Walden's Hornbill Aceros waldeni  (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Philippines  
Writhed Hornbill Aceros leucocephalus  (Vieillot, 1816) OR : Philippines  
Blyth's Hornbill Rhyticeros plicatus  (Forster, JR, 1781) AU : Moluccas to Solomon Islands  
        R. p. plicatus  (Forster, JR, 1781) s Moluccas  
        R. p. ruficollis  (Vieillot, 1816) n Moluccas, w Papuan islands and w New Guinea  
        R. p. jungei  Mayr, 1937 New Guinea (except w) and nearby islands  
        R. p. dampieri  Mayr, 1934 Bismarck Arch.  
        R. p. harterti  Mayr, 1934 n Solomon Is.  
        R. p. mendanae  Hartert, 1924 c and s Solomon Is.  
Narcondam Hornbill Rhyticeros narcondami  Hume, 1873 OR : Andaman Islands  
Plain-pouched Hornbill Rhyticeros subruficollis  (Blyth, 1843) OR : Burma to Malay Peninsula  
Wreathed Hornbill Rhyticeros undulatus  (Shaw, 1812) OR : ne India to Borneo and Java  
        R. u. undulatus  (Shaw, 1812) Bhutan and ne India to Indochina and Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java and Bali  
        R. u. aequabilis  Sanft, 1960 Borneo  
Sumba Hornbill Rhyticeros everetti  Rothschild, 1897 AU : Lesser Sundas  
Piping Hornbill Bycanistes fistulator  (Cassin, 1850) AF : w, c  
        B. f. fistulator  (Cassin, 1850) Senegal and Gambia to w Nigeria  
        B. f. sharpii  (Elliot, 1873) se Nigeria to n Angola  
        B. f. duboisi  Sclater, WL, 1922 Central African Republic to c and e DR Congo and w Uganda  
Trumpeter Hornbill Bycanistes bucinator  (Temminck, 1824) AF : Angola to Kenya, south to e South Africa  
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus  (Temminck, 1831) AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana  
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis  (Cabanis & Reichenow, 1877) AF : Benin and s Nigeria to w Uganda, c DRCongo and nw Angola  
Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus  (Sclater, PL, 1871) AF : c, w  
        B. s. subcylindricus  (Sclater, PL, 1871) Sierra Leone to w Nigeria  
        B. s. subquadratus  Cabanis & Schutt, 1880 e Nigeria to w Kenyam nw Tanzania and e DR Congo, also n Angola  
Silvery-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes brevis  Friedmann, 1929 AF : South Sudan and Ethiopia to Mozambique  
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata  (Temminck, 1835) AF : Sierra Leone to Togo; s Nigeria to s South Sudan, c DRCongo and Angola ENG : Simplify English name to Black-casqued [Wattled] Hornbill 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata  (Temminck, 1831) AF : s Senegal to Cameroon ENG : Simplify English name to Yellow-casqued [Wattled] Hornbill 
Ground Hornbills (2)
Family Bucorvidae
  PHY : The hornbills (Bucerotidae) and ground hornbills (Bucorvidae) are sister taxa related in turn to the hoopoes and wood hoopoes (Hackett et al. 2008)
Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus  (Boddaert, 1783) AF : Senegal, Gambia and Guinea to Ethiopia and Kenya  
Southern Ground Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri  (Vigors, 1825) AF : Kenya and Tanzania to c Angola, n Botswana and e South Africa