"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)


Per Alstrom
Rauri Bowie
Jon Fjeldsa
Phil Gregory
Leo Joseph
Peter Kovalik
Adolfo Navarro-Siguenza
David Parkin
Alan Peterson
Douglas Pratt
Pamela Rasmussen
Frank Rheindt
Robert Ridgely
Peter Ryan
Dick Schodde
Minturn Wright

NAMES >> Index >>Dippers, Sunbirds, Old World Sparrows

IOC English NameScientific NameRangeComments
  PHY : The Passeriformes, or perching birds, include the majority of world bird species; parrots are the sister group of the perching birds (Hackett et al. 2008)
Dippers (5)
Family Cinclidae
White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread, also nw Africa  
        C. c. hibernicus  Hartert, 1910 Ireland and w Scotland  
        C. c. gularis  (Latham, 1801) Scotland (except w), n, c and w England and Wales  
        C. c. cinclus  (Linnaeus, 1758) n Europe, w and c France and n Spain, Corsica and Sardinia  
        C. c. aquaticus  (Bechstein, 1797) c and s Europe  
        C. c. olympicus 
†  Madarász, 1903
        C. c. minor  Tristram, 1870 nw Africa  
        C. c. rufiventris  Tristram, 1885 w Syria and Lebanon  
        C. c. uralensis  Serebrovski, 1927 Ural Mts. (w Russia)  
        C. c. caucasicus  Madarász, 1903 Turkey to the Caucasus, n Iran and n Iraq  
        C. c. persicus  Witherby, 1906 sw Iran  
        C. c. leucogaster  Bonaparte, 1850 sc Russia, nw China south to Afghanistan and n Pakistan  
        C. c. baicalensis  Dresser, 1892 sc and se Siberia  
        C. c. cashmeriensis  Gould, 1860 w and c Himalayas  
        C. c. przewalskii  Bianchi, 1905 e Himalayas, s Tibet and w China  
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii  Temminck, 1820 EU : c, e  
        C. p. tenuirostris  Bonaparte, 1850 n Afghanistan and the mountains of c Asia to c Himalayas  
        C. p. dorjei  Kinnear, 1937 e Himalayas to Burma and nw Thailand  
        C. p. pallasii  Temminck, 1820 e Siberia to c China east to Sakhalin, Kuril Is., Japan and Taiwan, south to s China, n Indochina  
American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus  Swainson, 1827 NA, MA : w Canada to Panama  
        C. m. unicolor  Bonaparte, 1827 Alaska, w Canada and w USA  
        C. m. mexicanus  Swainson, 1827 n and c Mexico  
        C. m. anthonyi  Griscom, 1930 se Mexico, sw Guatemala, e Honduras and nw Nicaragua  
        C. m. dickermani  Phillips, AR, 1966 s Mexico  
        C. m. ardesiacus  Salvin, 1867 Costa Rica and w Panama  
White-capped Dipper Cinclus leucocephalus  Tschudi, 1844 SA : Colombia to Bolivia  
        C. l. rivularis  Bangs, 1899 n Colombia  
        C. l. leuconotus  Sclater, PL, 1858 w Venezuela to Ecuador  
        C. l. leucocephalus  Tschudi, 1844 Peru and Bolivia  
Rufous-throated Dipper Cinclus schulzii  Cabanis, 1882 SA : nw Argentina, se Bolivia  
Leafbirds (11)
Family Chloropseidae
Philippine Leafbird Chloropsis flavipennis  (Tweeddale, 1878) OR : Philippines  
Yellow-throated Leafbird Chloropsis palawanensis  (Sharpe, 1876) OR : Philippines  
Greater Green Leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati  Jardine & Selby, 1827 OR : Thailand to Sumatra and Borneo  
        C. s. zosterops  Vigors, 1830 s Burma and the Malay Pen. to Sumatra and Borneo  
        C. s. sonnerati  Jardine & Selby, 1827 Java  
Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon  (Temminck, 1830) OR : Burma to Sumatra and Borneo  
        C. c. septentrionalis  Robinson & Kloss, 1919 n and c Malay Pen.  
        C. c. cyanopogon  (Temminck, 1830) s Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : widespread  
        C. c. chlorocephala  (Walden, 1871) e Bangladesh and ne India to Burma and w Thailand  
        C. c. kinneari  Hall, BP & Deignan, 1956 ne Thailand to s China and n Indochina  
        C. c. auropectus  Wells, DR, Dickinson & Dekker, 2003 se Thailand and s Indochina  
        C. c. serithai  Deignan, 1946 peninsular Thailand  
        C. c. moluccensis  Gray, JE, 1831 s Maly Pen., Sumatra and nearby islands  
        C. c. viridinucha  (Sharpe, 1877) Borneo  
        C. c. cochinchinensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Java  
Bornean Leafbird Chloropsis kinabaluensis  Sharpe, 1887 OR : Borneo AS : Chloropsis kinabaluensis is split from C.cochinchinensis (Wells et al. 2003); recognized by BLI
Jerdon's Leafbird Chloropsis jerdoni  (Blyth, 1844) OR : India, Sri Lanka AS : Chloropsis jerdoni is split from C.cochinchinensis (Wells et al. 2003); recognized by BLI
Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons  (Temminck, 1829) OR : widespread  
        C. a. aurifrons  (Temminck, 1829) e Himalayas to Burma  
        C. a. frontalis  (Pelzeln, 1856) peninsular India (except extreme sw)  
        C. a. insularis  Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 sw India and Sri Lanka  
        C. a. pridii  Deignan, 1946 sw China and e Burma to nw Thailand and n and c Laos  
        C. a. inornata  Kloss, 1918 w, c, ne and se Thailand, Cambodia, s Vietnam  
        C. a. incompta  Deignan, 1948 sw Thailand, s Laos, c and s Vietnam  
Sumatran Leafbird Chloropsis media  (Bonaparte, 1850) OR : Sumatra AS : Chloropsis media is split from C.aurifrons (Wells et al. 2003); recognized by BLI
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii  Jardine & Selby, 1830 OR : Himalayas to se China and w Malaysia  
        C. h. hardwickii  Jardine & Selby, 1830 e Himalayas to Burma, nw Thailand and n Laos  
        C. h. melliana  Stresemann, 1923 se China, n and c Vietnam  
        C. h. lazulina  (Swinhoe, 1870) Hainan I. (off se China)  
        C. h. malayana  Robinson & Kloss, 1923 Malay Pen.  
Blue-masked Leafbird Chloropsis venusta  (Bonaparte, 1850) OR : Sumatra  
Flowerpeckers (48)
Family Dicaeidae
Olive-backed Flowerpecker Prionochilus olivaceus  Tweeddale, 1877 OR : Philippines  
        P. o. parsonsi  McGregor, 1927 n Philippines  
        P. o. olivaceus  Tweeddale, 1877 ec Philippines  
        P. o. samarensis  Steere, 1890 s Philippines  
Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus  (Temminck, 1836) OR : Malay Peninsula, Borneo  
        P. m. septentrionalis  Robinson & Kloss, 1921 n and c Malay Pen.  
        P. m. oblitus  (Mayr, 1938) s Malay Pen.  
        P. m. maculatus  (Temminck, 1836) Sumatra and Borneo  
        P. m. natunensis  (Chasen, 1935) Natuna Is.  
Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus percussus  (Temminck, 1826) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo  
        P. p. ignicapilla  (Eyton, 1839) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        P. p. percussus  (Temminck, 1826) Java  
        P. p. regulus  (Meyer de Schauensee, 1940) Batu Is. (off w Sumatra)  
Palawan Flowerpecker Prionochilus plateni  Blasius, W, 1888 OR : Philippines  
        P. p. plateni  Blasius, W, 1888 Palawan and Balabac (w Philippines)  
        P. p. culionensis  (Rand, 1948) Calamian Group (w Philippines)  
Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker Prionochilus xanthopygius  Salvadori, 1868 OR : Borneo  
Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus thoracicus  (Temminck, 1836) OR : Malay Peninsula, Borneo  
Golden-rumped Flowerpecker Dicaeum annae  (Büttikofer, 1894) AU : Lesser Sundas  
Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile  (Tickell, 1833) OR : widespread, also Lesser Sundas  
        D. a. agile  (Tickell, 1833) ne Pakistan to w Bangladesh and s India  
        D. a. zeylonicum  (Whistler, 1944) Sri Lanka  
        D. a. modestum  (Hume, 1875) Bhutan, ne India and e Bangladesh to n Malay Pen. and c and s Indochina  
        D. a. remotum  (Robinson & Kloss, 1915) s Malay Pen. and Borneo  
        D. a. atjehense  Delacour, 1946 Sumatra  
        D. a. finschi  (Bartels, MEG, 1914) w Java  
        D. a. tinctum  (Mayr, 1944) c Lesser Sundas  
        D. a. obsoletum  (Müller, S, 1843) Timor (e Lesser Sundas)  
Striped Flowerpecker Dicaeum aeruginosum  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) OR : Philippines  
        D. a. striatissimum  Parkes, 1962 n Philippines  
        D. a. aeruginosum  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) s Philippines  
        D. a. affine  (Zimmer, 1918) Palawan (w Philippines)  
Brown-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum everetti  (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Malaysia, Borneo  
        D. e. sordidum  (Robinson & Kloss, 1918) Malay Pen. and Riau Arch.  
        D. e. everetti  (Sharpe, 1877) Borneo  
        D. e. bungurense  (Chasen, 1935) Natuna Is. (nw of Borneo)  
Whiskered Flowerpecker Dicaeum proprium  Ripley & Rabor, 1966 OR : Philippines  
Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum  Temminck, 1829 OR : Himalayas to Borneo  
        D. c. chrysochlore  Blyth, 1843 c Himalayas to Indochina, n Malay Pen. and Burma  
        D. c. chrysorrheum  Temminck, 1829 c and s Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali  
Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum melanoxanthum  (Blyth, 1843) OR : Himalayas to Thailand  
Legge's Flowerpecker Dicaeum vincens  (Sclater, PL, 1872) OR : Sri Lanka  
Yellow-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum aureolimbatum  (Wallace, 1865) AU : Sulawesi  
        D. a. aureolimbatum  (Wallace, 1865) Sulawesi and nearby islands  
        D. a. laterale  Salomonsen, 1960 Sangihe I. (n of Sulawesi)  
Olive-capped Flowerpecker Dicaeum nigrilore  Hartert, 1904 OR : s Philippines  
        D. n. nigrilore  Hartert, 1904 mountains of Mindanao (except ne)  
        D. n. diuatae  Salomonsen, 1953 mountains of ne Mindanao  
Flame-crowned Flowerpecker Dicaeum anthonyi  (McGregor, 1914) OR : Philippines  
        D. a. anthonyi  (McGregor, 1914) Luzon (n Philippines)  
        D. a. masawan  Rand & Rabor, 1957 Mt. Malindang (nw Mindanao in s Philippines)  
        D. a. kampalili  Manuel & Gilliard, 1953 n, c and se Mindanao (s Philippines)  
Bicolored Flowerpecker Dicaeum bicolor  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) OR : Philippines  
        D. b. inexpectatum  (Hartert, 1895) n Philippines  
        D. b. bicolor  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) ec and s Philippines  
        D. b. viridissimum  Parkes, 1971 wc Philippines  
Red-keeled Flowerpecker Dicaeum australe  (Hermann, 1783) OR : Philippines  
Black-belted Flowerpecker Dicaeum haematostictum  Sharpe, 1876 OR : Philippines  
Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker Dicaeum retrocinctum  Gould, 1872 OR : Philippines  
Cebu Flowerpecker Dicaeum quadricolor  (Tweeddale, 1878) OR : Philippines  
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Bangladesh to Borneo and Philippines  
        D. t. rubropygium  Baker, ECS, 1921 Bangladesh though Burma to nc Malay Pen.  
        D. t. trigonostigma  (Scopoli, 1786) c Malay Pen., Sumatra and nearby islands  
        D. t. megastoma  Hartert, 1918 Natuna Is. (nw of Borneo)  
        D. t. flaviclunis  Hartert, 1918 Java, Bali and Krakatau  
        D. t. dayakanum  Chasen & Kloss, 1929 Borneo and nearby islands  
        D. t. xanthopygium  Tweeddale, 1877 n Philippines  
        D. t. intermedium  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Romblon (nc Philippines)  
        D. t. cnecolaemum  Parkes, 1989 Tablas (nc Philippines)  
        D. t. sibuyanicum  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Sibuyan (nc Philippines)  
        D. t. dorsale  Sharpe, 1876 wc Philippines  
        D. t. besti  Steere, 1890 Siquijor (sw of Bohol in c Philippines)  
        D. t. pallidius  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Cebu (c Philippines)  
        D. t. cinereigulare  Tweeddale, 1878 e and s Philippines  
        D. t. isidroi  Rand & Rabor, 1969 Camiguin Sur (n of Mindanao in s Philippines)  
        D. t. assimile  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 c Sulu Arch (sw Philippines)  
        D. t. sibutuense  Sharpe, 1893 sw Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)  
Buzzing Flowerpecker Dicaeum hypoleucum  Sharpe, 1876 OR : Philippines  
        D. h. cagayanense  Rand & Rabor, 1967 ne Luzon (n Philippines)  
        D. h. obscurum  Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 n, c and s Luzon, Catanduanes (n Philippines)  
        D. h. pontifex  Mayr, 1946 ec and s Philippines  
        D. h. mindanense  Tweeddale, 1877 Zamboanga Pen. (w Mindanao in s Philippines)  
        D. h. hypoleucum  Sharpe, 1876 Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)  
Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos  (Latham, 1790) OR : Himalayas to Sri Lanka and Burma  
        D. e. erythrorhynchos  (Latham, 1790) India, s Himalayas, Bangladesh and Burma  
        D. e. ceylonense  Babault, 1920 Sri Lanka  
Nilgiri Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor  Jerdon, 1840 OR : sw India ENG : Change English name of Dicaeum concolor to Nilgiri Flowerpecker, with split of D. minullum and D. virescens
Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum  Swinhoe, 1870 OR : e Himalayas to Taiwan, w Indonesia AS : Dicaeum minullum is split from D. concolor (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
        D. m. olivaceum  Walden, 1875 e Himalayas to s China, n and c Indochina, Thailand and Burma  
        D. m. minullum  Swinhoe, 1870 Hainan I. (off se China)  
        D. m. uchidai  Kuroda, 1920 Taiwan  
        D. m. borneanum  Lönnberg, 1925 Malay Pen., Sumatra, Natuna Is. and Borneo  
        D. m. sollicitans  Hartert, 1901 Java and Bali  
Andaman Flowerpecker Dicaeum virescens  Hume, 1873 OR : Andaman Is. AS : Dicaeum virescens is split from D. concolor (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005); English name Plain Flowerpecker transfers to D. virescens
Pygmy Flowerpecker Dicaeum pygmaeum  (Kittlitz, 1833) OR : Philippines  
        D. p. palawanorum  Hachisuka, 1926 w Philippines  
        D. p. fugaense  Parkes, 1988 Calayan and Fuga (extreme n Philippines)  
        D. p. salomonseni  Parkes, 1962 nw Luzon (n Philippines)  
        D. p. pygmaeum  (Kittlitz, 1833) n and c Philippines  
        D. p. davao  Mearns, 1905 s Philippines  
Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker Dicaeum nehrkorni  Blasius, W, 1886 AU : Sulawesi  
Flame-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrothorax  Lesson, 1828 AU : Buru Is.  
Halmahera Flowerpecker Dicaeum schistaceiceps  Gray, GR, 1861 AU : Halmahera AS : Dicaeum schistaceiceps is split from D. erythrothorax (Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007)
Ashy Flowerpecker Dicaeum vulneratum  Wallace, 1863 AU : Moluccas  
Olive-crowned Flowerpecker Dicaeum pectorale  Müller, S, 1843 AU : nw New Guinea  
        D. p. ignotum  Mees, 1964 Gebe I. (w Papuan islands)  
        D. p. pectorale  Müller, S, 1843 w Papuan islands (except Gebe) and nw New Guinea  
Red-capped Flowerpecker Dicaeum geelvinkianum  Meyer, AB, 1874 AU : New Guinea  
        D. g. maforense  Salvadori, 1876 Numfor I. (off nw New Guinea)  
        D. g. misoriense  Salvadori, 1876 Biak I. (off nw New Guinea)  
        D. g. geelvinkianum  Meyer, AB, 1874 Yapen and Kurudu Is. (off nw New Guinea)  
        D. g. obscurifrons  Junge, 1952 wc New Guinea  
        D. g. setekwa  Rand, 1941 sw New Guinea  
        D. g. diversum  Rothschild & Hartert, 1903 n New Guinea  
        D. g. centrale  Rand, 1941 c New Guinea  
        D. g. albopunctatum  D'Albertis & Salvadori, 1879 extreme s New Guinea  
        D. g. rubrigulare  D'Albertis & Salvadori, 1879 sc New Guinea  
        D. g. rubrocoronatum  Sharpe, 1876 e New Guinea  
        D. g. violaceum  Mayr, 1936 D'Entrecasteaux Arch. (off se New Guinea)  
Louisiade Flowerpecker Dicaeum nitidum  Tristram, 1889 AU : Louisiade Archipelago  
        D. n. nitidum  Tristram, 1889 Tagula and Misima Is.  
        D. n. rosseli  Rothschild & Hartert, 1914 Rossel I.  
Red-banded Flowerpecker Dicaeum eximium  Sclater, PL, 1877 AU : Bismarck Archipelago  
        D. e. layardorum  Salvadori, 1880 New Britain  
        D. e. eximium  Sclater, PL, 1877 New Hanover and New Ireland  
        D. e. phaeopygium  Salomonsen, 1964 Dyaul I.  
Midget Flowerpecker Dicaeum aeneum  Pucheran, 1853 AU : Solomon Islands  
        D. a. aeneum  Pucheran, 1853 n and c Solomons  
        D. a. malaitae  Salomonsen, 1960 Malaita I. (ne Solomons)  
        D. a. becki  Hartert, 1929 Guadalcanal (se Solomons)  
Mottled Flowerpecker Dicaeum tristrami  Sharpe, 1884 AU : Solomon Islands ENG : Change English name of Dicaeum tristrami from White-mottled Flowerpecker to Mottled Flowerpecker (Guy Dutson et al 2010)
Black-fronted Flowerpecker Dicaeum igniferum  Wallace, 1864 AU : Lesser Sundas  
Blue-cheeked Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei  Lesson, 1830 AU : Lesser Sundas  
        D. m. splendidum  Büttikofer, 1893 Selayar and Tanahjampea Is. (s of Sulawesi)  
        D. m. maugei  Lesson, 1830 e Lesser Sundas  
        D. m. salvadorii  Meyer, AB, 1884 Moa and Babar (extreme e Lesser Sundas)  
        D. m. neglectum  Hartert, 1897 w Lesser Sundas  
Mistletoebird Dicaeum hirundinaceum  (Shaw, 1792) AU : Moluccas, Australia  
        D. h. hirundinaceum  (Shaw, 1792) Australia  
        D. h. ignicolle  Gray, GR, 1858 Aru Is. (sw of New Guinea)  
        D. h. keiense  Salvadori, 1874 Watubela, Tayandu and Kai Is. (sw of New Guinea)  
        D. h. fulgidum  Sclater, PL, 1883 Tanimbar Is.  
Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum  Müller, S, 1843 AU : Sulawesi  
        D. c. talautense  Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1895 Talaud (ne of Sulawesi)  
        D. c. sanghirense  Salvadori, 1876 Sangihe Arch. (off ne Sulawesi)  
        D. c. celebicum  Müller, S, 1843 Sulawesi and nearby islands  
        D. c. sulaense  Sharpe, 1884 Banggai and Sula Is. (e of Sulawesi)  
        D. c. kuehni  Hartert, 1903 Tukangbesi Arch. (se of Sulawesi)  
Black-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum monticolum  Sharpe, 1887 OR : Borneo  
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus  (Blyth, 1843) OR : Himalayas to Sumatra and Philippines  
        D. i. ignipectus  (Blyth, 1843) Himalayas to e China, n and c Indochina, n Thailand and Burma  
        D. i. cambodianum  Delacour & Jabouille, 1928 e Thailand and Cambodia  
        D. i. dolichorhynchum  Deignan, 1938 Malay Pen.  
        D. i. beccarii  Robinson & Kloss, 1916 Sumatra  
        D. i. formosum  Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 Taiwan  
        D. i. luzoniense  Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 Luzon (n Philippines)  
        D. i. bonga  Hartert, 1904 Samar (ec Philippines)  
        D. i. apo  Hartert, 1904 s Philippines  
Blood-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum sanguinolentum  Temminck, 1829 OR : Java, also Lesser Sundas  
        D. s. sanguinolentum  Temminck, 1829 Java, Bali  
        D. s. rhodopygiale  Rensch, 1928 Flores  
        D. s. wilhelminae  Büttikofer, 1892 Sumba  
        D. s. hanieli  Hellmayr, 1912 Timor  
Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum  (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : Himalayas to Sumatra and Borneo  
        D. c. cruentatum  (Linnaeus, 1758) e Himalayas and Bangladesh to s China, Indochina, Malay Pen. and Burma  
        D. c. sumatranum  Cabanis, 1877 Sumatra  
        D. c. niasense  Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)  
        D. c. batuense  Richmond, 1912 Batu and Mentawai Is. (off sw Sumatra)  
        D. c. simalurense  Salomonsen, 1961 Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        D. c. nigrimentum  Salvadori, 1874 Borneo  
Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker Dicaeum trochileum  (Sparrman, 1789) OR : Java, Borneo  
        D. t. trochileum  (Sparrman, 1789) se Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bali and nearby islands  
        D. t. stresemanni  Rensch, 1928 Lombok (w Lesser Sundas)  
Sunbirds (143)
Family Nectariniidae
Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : Nepal to Java and Borneo  
        C. s. assamensis  Kloss, 1930 e Himalayas and Bangladesh to s China, n Thailand and n Burma  
        C. s. koratensis  Kloss, 1918 e Thailand and Indochina  
        C. s. internota  (Deignan, 1955) n Malay Pen.  
        C. s. interposita  Robinson & Kloss, 1921 c Malay Pen.  
        C. s. singalensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) s Malay Pen.  
        C. s. sumatrana  Kloss, 1921 Sumatra  
        C. s. panopsia  Oberholser, 1912 islands w of Sumatra  
        C. s. pallida  Chasen, 1935 Natuna Is. (nw of Borneo)  
        C. s. borneana  Kloss, 1921 Borneo  
        C. s. bantenensis  (Hoogerwerf, 1967) w Java  
        C. s. phoenicotis  (Temminck, 1822) c and e Java  
Fraser's Sunbird Deleornis fraseri  (Jardine & Selby, 1843) AF : w, wc  
        D. f. idius  (Oberholser, 1899) Sierra Leone to Togo  
        D. f. cameroonensis  (Bannerman, 1921) s Nigeria to w DR Congo and nw Angola  
        D. f. fraseri  (Jardine & Selby, 1843) Bioko I.  
Grey-headed Sunbird Deleornis axillaris  (Reichenow, 1893) AF : c  
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi  Gunning, 1909 AF : e, se  
        A. r. yokanae  Hartert, 1921 se Kenya and e Tanzania  
        A. r. reichenowi  Gunning, 1909 e Zimbabwe, s Mozambique and ne South Africa  
Anchieta's Sunbird Anthreptes anchietae  (Barboza du Bocage, 1878) AF : sc  
Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex  (Müller, S, 1843) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Burma to Java, also Lesser Sundas and Sulawesi  
        A. m. malacensis  (Scopoli, 1786) s Burma to Indochina and the Malay Pen., Sumatra and nearby islands, Borneo (except n), Java and Bali  
        A. m. anambae  Oberholser, 1917 Anamba Is. (e of Malay Pen.)  
        A. m. bornensis  Riley, 1920 n Borneo  
        A. m. mjobergi  Bangs & Peters, JL, 1927 Maratua I. (off e Borneo)  
        A. m. paraguae  Riley, 1920 w Philippines  
        A. m. heliolusius  Oberholser, 1923 w and c Mindanao, Basilan (s Philippines)  
        A. m. wiglesworthi  Hartert, 1902 Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)  
        A. m. iris  Parkes, 1971 sw Sulu Arch. (extreme sw Philippines)  
        A. m. chlorigaster  Sharpe, 1877 c Philippines  
        A. m. cagayanensis  Mearns, 1905 Cagayan Sulu (w Philippines)  
        A. m. heliocalus  Oberholser, 1923 Sangihe and Siau Is. (n of Sulawesi)  
        A. m. celebensis  Shelley, 1878 Sulawesi and nearby islands  
        A. m. nesophilus  Eck, 1976 Mantehage (off ne Sulawesi)  
        A. m. extremus  Mees, 1966 Banggai and Sula Is. (e of Sulawesi)  
        A. m. convergens  Rensch, 1929 Lesser Sundas (except Sumba)  
        A. m. rubrigena  Rensch, 1931 Sumba (sw Lesser Sundas)  
Grey-throated Sunbird Anthreptes griseigularis  Tweeddale, 1878 OR : n, se Philippines AS : Anthreptes griseigularis is split from Anthreptes malacensis (Cheke and Mann 2008)
        A. g. birgitae  Salomonsen, 1953 n Philippines  
        A. g. griseigularis  Tweeddale, 1878 se and s Philippines  
Red-throated Sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaemus  Shelley, 1878 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Mangrove Sunbird Anthreptes gabonicus  (Hartlaub, 1861) AF : w  
Western Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes longuemarei  (Lesson, 1831) AF : w, c, e, sc  
        A. l. longuemarei  (Lesson, 1831) Senegal to s Sudan and w Kenya  
        A. l. angolensis  Neumann, 1906 s DR Congo and Angola to Zambia, Malawi and sw Tanzania  
        A. l. nyassae  Neumann, 1906 se Tanzania, n Mozambique, e Malawi and e Zimbabwe  
Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis  Hartlaub, 1880 AF : e  
Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes neglectus  Neumann, 1922 AF : e, se  
Violet-tailed Sunbird Anthreptes aurantius  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : c  
Little Green Sunbird Anthreptes seimundi  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1908) AF : w, c  
        A. s. kruensis  (Bannerman, 1911) Guinea and Sierra Leone to Togo  
        A. s. seimundi  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1908) Bioko I.  
        A. s. minor  Bates, 1926 Nigeria to s Sudan, Uganda, nw Tanzania and Angola  
Grey-chinned Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris  (Shaw, 1812) AF : w, c  
        A. r. rectirostris  (Shaw, 1812) Sierra Leone to Ghana  
        A. r. tephrolaemus  (Jardine & Fraser, 1852) s Nigeria to s Uganda, w Kenya, nw Tanzania and nw Angola, Bioko I.  
Banded Green Sunbird Anthreptes rubritorques  Reichenow, 1905 AF : Tanzania  
Collared Sunbird Hedydipna collaris  (Vieillot, 1819) AF : w, c, e, s  
        H. c. subcollaris  (Hartlaub, 1857) Senegal and Gambia to s Nigeria  
        H. c. hypodila  (Jardine & Fraser, 1852) Bioko I.  
        H. c. somereni  (Chapin, 1949) se Nigeria to sw Sudan, n DR Congo and nw Angola  
        H. c. djamdjamensis  (Benson, 1942) sw Ethiopia  
        H. c. garguensis  (Mearns, 1915) s Sudan and w Kenya to e Angola, Zambia and w Tanzania  
        H. c. elachior  (Mearns, 1910) s Somalia, e Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        H. c. zambesiana  (Shelley, 1876) se Angola to se Tanzania, n Zimbabwe and c Mozambique  
        H. c. zuluensis  (Roberts, 1931) e Zimbabwe, s Mozambique, Swaziland and ne South Africa  TAX : Includes patersonae (Irwin, 1960) and beverlayae (Irwin, 1960), but zuluensis (Roberts, 1931) has priority.
        H. c. collaris  (Vieillot, 1819) se South Africa  
Pygmy Sunbird Hedydipna platura  (Vieillot, 1819) AF : w, c, e  
Nile Valley Sunbird Hedydipna metallica  (Lichtenstein, 1823) AF : ne, also sw Arabian Peninsula  
Amani Sunbird Hedydipna pallidigaster  (Sclater, WL & Moreau, 1935) AF : e  
Purple-naped Sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum  (Müller, S, 1843) OR : Burma to Sumatra and Borneo PHY : Hypogramma should be subsumed into Arachnothera (Moyle et al 2011)
        H. h. lisettae  (Delacour, 1926) n Burma, sw China, n Thailand and n and c Indochina  
        H. h. mariae  (Deignan, 1943) s Indochina  
        H. h. nuchale  (Blyth, 1843) Malay Pen.  
        H. h. hypogrammicum  (Müller, S, 1843) Sumatra and Borneo  
        H. h. natunense  (Chasen, 1935) Natuna Is. (nw of Borneo)  
Reichenbach's Sunbird Anabathmis reichenbachii  (Hartlaub, 1857) AF : w, c  
Principe Sunbird Anabathmis hartlaubii  (Hartlaub, 1857) AF : Principe  
Newton's Sunbird Anabathmis newtonii  (Barboza du Bocage, 1887) AF : São Tomé  
Giant Sunbird Dreptes thomensis  (Barboza du Bocage, 1889) AF : São Tomé  
Orange-breasted Sunbird Anthobaphes violacea  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : South Africa  
Green-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra verticalis  (Latham, 1790) AF : w, c  
        C. v. verticalis  (Latham, 1790) Senegal to w and n Cameroon  
        C. v. bohndorffi  (Reichenow, 1887) c and s Cameroon and Central African Republic to n Angola and c DR Congo  
        C. v. cyanocephala  (Bechstein, 1811) Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, w DR Congo and nw Angola  
        C. v. viridisplendens  (Reichenow, 1891) s Sudan, Uganda and Kenya to Tanzania, n Malawi and ne Zambia  
Bannerman's Sunbird Cyanomitra bannermani  Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1943 AF : s, c  
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Cyanomitra cyanolaema  (Jardine & Fraser, 1852) AF : w, c  
        C. c. magnirostrata  (Bates, 1930) Sierra Leone to Togo  
        C. c. cyanolaema  (Jardine & Fraser, 1852) Bioko I.  
        C. c. octaviae  Amadon, 1953 sw Nigeria to Uganda, w Kenya, s DR Congo and n Angola, also w Tanzania.  
Cameroon Sunbird Cyanomitra oritis  (Reichenow, 1892) AF : Cameroon  
        C. o. poensis  Alexander, 1903 Bioko I.  
        C. o. oritis  (Reichenow, 1892) Mt. Cameroon (sw Cameroon)  
        C. o. bansoensis  Bannerman, 1922 se Nigeria and w Cameroon (except Mt. Cameroon)  
Blue-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra alinae  Jackson, 1904 AF : ec  
        C. a. derooi  (Prigogine, 1975) ne DR Congo  
        C. a. kaboboensis  (Prigogine, 1975) Mt. Kabobo (e DR Congo)  
        C. a. alinae  Jackson, 1904 Ruwenzori Mtns. and Virunga Volcanoes in e DR Congo, sw Uganda and nw Rwanda  
        C. a. tanganjicae  (Reichenow, 1915) e DR Congo, sw Rwanda and w Burundi  
        C. a. marungensis  (Prigogine, 1975) Marungu Mts. (se DR Congo)  
Olive Sunbird Cyanomitra olivacea  (Smith, A, 1840) AF : widespread ENG, : Change English name of Cyanomitra olivacea to Olive Sunbird with lump of C. obscura which is conspecific (Sinclair and Ryan 2003, Bowie et al. 2004)
        C. o. guineensis  Bannerman, 1921 Senegal to Togo  
        C. o. cephaelis  (Bates, 1930) Ghana to Central African Republic, DR Congo and n Angola  
        C. o. obscura  (Jardine, 1842) Bioko and Principé Is.  
        C. o. vincenti  Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1943 s Sudan, Uganda, w Kenya, e DR Congo and w Tanzania  
        C. o. ragazzii  (Salvadori, 1888) sw Ethiopia  
        C. o. changamwensis  Mearns, 1910 s Somalia to ne Tanzania  
        C. o. neglecta  Neumann, 1900 sc Kenya to n Tanzania  
        C. o. granti  Vincent, 1934 Pemba and Zanzibar (off e Tanzania)  
        C. o. lowei  Vincent, 1934 n Zambia, se DR Congo and n Malawi  
        C. o. alfredi  Vincent, 1934 s Tanzania, e Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique  
        C. o. sclateri  Vincent, 1934 e Zimbabwe and w Mozambique  
        C. o. olivacina  (Peters, W, 1881) se Tanzania, Mozambique and ne South Africa  
        C. o. olivacea  (Smith, A, 1840) e South Africa  
Grey Sunbird Cyanomitra veroxii  (Smith, A, 1832) AF : e, se, s  
        C. v. fischeri  (Reichenow, 1880) e Somalia to ne South Africa  
        C. v. zanzibarica  (Grote, 1932) Zanzibar (off e Tanzania)  
        C. v. veroxii  (Smith, A, 1832) e and s South Africa  
Buff-throated Sunbird Chalcomitra adelberti  (Gervais, 1834) AF : w  
        C. a. adelberti  (Gervais, 1834) Guinea and Sierra Leone to Togo  
        C. a. eboensis  (Jardine, 1842) Benin to se Nigeria and sw Cameroon  
Carmelite Sunbird Chalcomitra fuliginosa  (Bechstein, 1811) AF : w  
        C. f. aurea  (Lesson, 1847) Sierra Leone to Gabon  
        C. f. fuliginosa  (Bechstein, 1811) nw Angola and extreme w DR Congo  
Green-throated Sunbird Chalcomitra rubescens  (Vieillot, 1819) AF : w, sw  
        C. r. crossensis  Serle, 1963 se Nigeria and sw Cameroon  
        C. r. stangerii  (Jardine, 1842) Bioko I.  
        C. r. rubescens  (Vieillot, 1819) c Cameroon to s Sudan, Uganda, w Kenya, nw Tanzania, nw Zambia and n Angola  
Amethyst Sunbird Chalcomitra amethystina  (Shaw, 1812) AF : e, se, s  
        C. a. kalckreuthi  (Cabanis, 1878) s Somalia, e Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        C. a. doggetti  (Sharpe, 1902) w Kenya, se Sudan, ne Uganda to central n Tanzania  
        C. a. kirkii  (Shelley, 1876) w and c Tanzania to se DR Congo, e Zambia, Zimbabw and, e Botswana  
        C. a. deminuta  Cabanis, 1880 se Gabon and s Congo to sw DR Congo, Angola, c, w Zambia, n Botswana and n Namibia  
        C. a. adjuncta  (Clancey, 1975) se Botswana, s Mozambique and ne South Africa  
        C. a. amethystina  (Shaw, 1812) e and s South Africa  
Scarlet-chested Sunbird Chalcomitra senegalensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : w, c, e, s  
        C. s. senegalensis  (Linnaeus, 1766) s Mauritania and Senegal to Nigeria  
        C. s. acik  (Hartmann, 1866) Cameroon to sw Sudan, nw Uganda and ne DR Congo  
        C. s. proteus  (Rüppell, 1840) se Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and n Kenya  
        C. s. lamperti  (Reichenow, 1897) s Sudan, e DR Congo and w, c and s Uganda to c Kenya and w Tanzania  
        C. s. saturatior  (Reichenow, 1891) Angola and s DR Congo to Namibia and n Botswana  
        C. s. gutturalis  (Linnaeus, 1766) s Somalia to e Zimbabwe, Mozambique and ne South Africa  
Hunter's Sunbird Chalcomitra hunteri  (Shelley, 1889) AF : e  
Socotra Sunbird Chalcomitra balfouri  (Sclater, PL & Hartlaub, 1881) EU : Socotra Island  
Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica  (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : Indian subcontinent; records in Burma doubtful (Rasmussen and Anderton 2005)  
        L. z. flaviventris  (Hermann, 1804) peninsular India and Bangladesh  
        L. z. zeylonica  (Linnaeus, 1766) Sri Lanka  
Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima  (Sykes, 1832) OR : sw  India  
Purple-throated Sunbird Leptocoma sperata  (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : Philippines  
        L. s. henkei  (Meyer, AB, 1884) n Luzon and islands to the n  
        L. s. sperata  (Linnaeus, 1766) c and s Luzon, Polillo, Marinduque and Catanduanes (n Philippines)  
        L. s. trochilus  (Salomonsen, 1953) w, c and s Philippines (except w and s Mindanao and Sulu Arch.)  
        L. s. juliae  (Tweeddale, 1877) w and s Mindanao and Sulu Arch.  
Van Hasselt's Sunbird Leptocoma brasiliana  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : ne India to Southeast Asia and Greater Sundas AS : Leptocoma brasiliana is split from L. sperata (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
        L. b. brasiliana  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) ne India and e Bangladesh to the Malay Pen., Sumatra (and islands off w coast except Simeulue), w Java and Borneo  
        L. b. emmae  Delacour & Jabouille, 1928 s Indochina  
        L. b. mecynorhyncha  (Oberholser, 1912) Simeulue I. (w of Sumatra)  
        L. b. eumecis  (Oberholser, 1917) Anamba Is. (e of Malay Pen.)  
        L. b. axantha  (Oberholser, 1932) Natuna Is. (nw of Borneo)  
Black Sunbird Leptocoma sericea  (Lesson, 1827) AU : Sulawesi through Bismarck Archipelago  
        L. s. talautensis  (Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1894) Talaud Is. (ne of Sulawesi)  
        L. s. sangirensis  (Meyer, AB, 1874) Sangihe Is. (n of Sulawesi)  
        L. s. grayi  (Wallace, 1865) n Sulawsi  
        L. s. porphyrolaema  (Wallace, 1865) c and s Sulawesi  
        L. s. auriceps  (Gray, GR, 1861) n Moluccas to the e of Sulawesi  
        L. s. auricapilla  (Mees, 1965) Kayoa (w of Halmahera)  
        L. s. aspasioides  (Gray, GR, 1861) s Moluccas and Aru Is.  
        L. s. proserpina  (Wallace, 1863) Buru I. (s Moluccas)  
        L. s. chlorolaema  (Salvadori, 1874) Kai Is. (off sw New Guinea)  
        L. s. mariae  (Ripley, 1959) Kofiau I. (w Papuan islands)  
        L. s. cochrani  (Stresemann & Paludan, 1932) w Papuan islands  
        L. s. sericea  (Lesson, 1827) New Guinea  
        L. s. maforensis  (Meyer, AB, 1874) Numfor I. (off nw New Guinea)  
        L. s. salvadorii  (Shelley, 1877) Yapen I. (off nw New Guinea)  
        L. s. nigriscapularis  (Salvadori, 1876) Meos Num and Rani Is. (off nw New Guinea)  
        L. s. mysorensis  (Meyer, AB, 1874) Biak I. (off nw New Guinea) and Schouten I. (off nc New Guinea)  
        L. s. veronica  (Mees, 1965) Liki I. (off nw New Guinea)  
        L. s. cornelia  (Salvadori, 1878) Tarawai I. (off nc New Guinea)  
        L. s. christianae  (Tristram, 1889) islands off se New Guinea  
        L. s. caeruleogula  (Mees, 1965) New Britain and Umboi Is. (Bismarck Arch.)  
        L. s. corinna  (Salvadori, 1878) n Bismarck Arch. (except Feni I.)  
        L. s. eichhorni  (Rothschild & Hartert, 1926) Feni I. (ne Bismarck Arch.)  
Copper-throated Sunbird Leptocoma calcostetha  (Jardine, 1842) OR : Burma to Philippines and Java  
Bocage's Sunbird Nectarinia bocagii  Shelley, 1879 AF : wc  
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris  (Reichenow, 1893) AF : c  
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze  (Stanley, 1814) AF : ne, e  
        N. t. tacazze  (Stanley, 1814) Ethiopia and Eritrea  
        N. t. jacksoni  Neumann, 1899 se Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and n Tanzania  
Bronzy Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis  Shelley, 1885 AF : c, e  
        N. k. kilimensis  Shelley, 1885 e DR Congo and s Uganda to c Kenya and n Tanzania  
        N. k. arturi  Sclater, PL, 1906 s Tanzania to e Zimbabwe  
        N. k. gadowi  Barboza du Bocage, 1892 wc Angola  
Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : e, se  
        N. f. cupreonitens  Shelley, 1876 Eritrea and Ethiopia to e Zambia, n Malawi and n Mozambique  
        N. f. famosa  (Linnaeus, 1766) e Zimbabwe, w Mozambique and South Africa  
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni  Shelley, 1885 AF : e  
        N. j. johnstoni  Shelley, 1885 c and w Kenya and n Tanzania  
        N. j. dartmouthi  Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 e DR Congo, sw Uganda and w Rwanda  
        N. j. nyikensis  Delacour, 1944 s Tanzania, ne Zambia and n Malawi  
        N. j. itombwensis  Prigogine, 1977 Itombwe Mts. (e DR Congo)  
Golden-winged Sunbird Drepanorhynchus reichenowi  Fischer, GA, 1884 AF : e  
        D. r. shellyae  (Prigogine, 1952) e DR Congo  
        D. r. lathburyi  (Williams, JG, 1956) n Kenya  
        D. r. reichenowi  Fischer, GA, 1884 s Uganda to c Kenya and n Tanzania  
Olive-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris chloropygius  (Jardine, 1842) AF : w, c  
        C. c. kempi  Ogilvie-Grant, 1910 Senegal to sw Nigeria  
        C. c. chloropygius  (Jardine, 1842) se Nigeria to Central African Republic, w DR Congo and nw Angola, Bioko I.  
        C. c. orphogaster  Reichenow, 1899 c and e DR Congo, s Sudan and Uganda to w Kenya, w Tanzania and ne Angola  
Tiny Sunbird Cinnyris minullus  Reichenow, 1899 AF : c, w  
        C. m. amadoni  (Eisentraut, 1965) Bioko I.  
        C. m. minullus  Reichenow, 1899 Sierra Leone and Liberia to Uganda, DR Congo and Gabon  
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris manoensis  Reichenow, 1907 AF : sc, se  
        C. m. manoensis  Reichenow, 1907 c Tanzania to Zimbabwe and n Mozambique  
        C. m. pintoi  (Wolters, 1965) c Angola and s DR Congo to sw Tanzania and n Malawi  
        C. m. amicorum  (Clancey, 1970) s Mozambique  
Southern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris chalybeus  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : South Africa  
        C. c. subalaris  Reichenow, 1899 e South Africa  
        C. c. chalybeus  (Linnaeus, 1766) s Namibia, w South Africa  
Neergaard's Sunbird Cinnyris neergaardi  Grant, 1908 AF : se  
Ruwenzori Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris stuhlmanni  Reichenow, 1893 AF : sc  
        C. s. stuhlmanni  Reichenow, 1893 Rwenzori Mts. (ne DR Congo and w Uganda)  
        C. s. graueri  Neumann, 1908 sw Uganda, nw Rwanda and adjacent e DR Congo  
        C. s. chapini  Prigogine, 1952 e DR Congo  
        C. s. schubotzi  Reichenow, 1908 sw Rwanda and w Burundi  
Prigogine's Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris prigoginei  Macdonald, 1958 AF : ec  
Ludwig's Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris ludovicensis  (Barboza du Bocage, 1868) AF : sc  
        C. l. ludovicensis  (Barboza du Bocage, 1868) Angola  
        C. l. whytei  Benson, 1948 Zambia and Malawi  
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris reichenowi  Sharpe, 1891 AF : wc, e  
        C. r. preussi  Reichenow, 1892 Bioko I., se Nigeria, Cameroon and nw Central African Republic  
        C. r. reichenowi  Sharpe, 1891 s Sudan, ne DR Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Kenya  
Greater Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris afer  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : South Africa  
        C. a. saliens  (Clancey, 1962) e South Africa  
        C. a. afer  (Linnaeus, 1766) s South Africa  
Regal Sunbird Cinnyris regius  Reichenow, 1893 AF : ec  
        C. r. regius  Reichenow, 1893 Rwenzori Mts. (ne DR Congo and w Uganda)  
        C. r. kivuensis  Schouteden, 1937 e DR Congo, sw Uganda, w Rwanda and w Burundi  
        C. r. anderseni  Williams, JG, 1950 w Tanzania  
Rockefeller's Sunbird Cinnyris rockefelleri  Chapin, 1932 AF : Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Eastern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris mediocris  Shelley, 1885 AF : w, c Kenya, n Tanzania  
Usambara Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris usambaricus  Grote, 1922 AF : se Kenya, ne Tanzania AS : Cinnyris usambaricus is split from C. mediocris (Bowie et al. 2004b)
Forest Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris fuelleborni  Reichenow, 1899 AF : c, s Tanzania, Malawi, ne Zambia, n Mozambique AS : Cinnyris fuelleborni Is split from C. mediocris (Bowie et al. 2004b)
        C. f. fuelleborni  Reichenow, 1899 c and s Tanzania, ne Zambia and n Malawi  
        C. f. bensoni  Williams, JG, 1953 s Malawi and n Mozambique  
Moreau's Sunbird Cinnyris moreaui  Sclater, WL, 1933 AF : Tanzania  
Loveridge's Sunbird Cinnyris loveridgei  Hartert, 1922 AF : Tanzania  
Beautiful Sunbird Cinnyris pulchellus  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : w, c, e  
        C. p. pulchellus  (Linnaeus, 1766) Mauritania to Sierra Leone and east to Eritrea, w Ethiopia and nw Kenya  
        C. p. melanogastrus  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) w, c and s Kenya, Tanzania  
Marico Sunbird Cinnyris mariquensis  Smith, A, 1836 AF : e, se, s  
        C. m. osiris  (Finsch, 1870) Eritrea and Ethiopia to se Sudan, n Uganda and n Kenya  
        C. m. suahelicus  Reichenow, 1891 c Uganda to c Kenya, Tanzania and ne Zambia  
        C. m. mariquensis  Smith, A, 1836 Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and n South Africa  
        C. m. lucens  (Clancey, 1973) se Zimbabwe, s Mozambique and e South Africa  
        C. m. ovamboensis  Reichenow, 1904 s Angola, ne Namibia, sw Zambia and nw Botswana  
Shelley's Sunbird Cinnyris shelleyi  Alexander, 1899 AF : se  
Hofmann's Sunbird Cinnyris hofmanni  Reichenow, 1915 AF : e Tanzania AS : Cinnyris hofmanni is split from C.shelleyi (Irwin (2005); under review by BLI
Congo Sunbird Cinnyris congensis  (van Oort, 1910) AF : Congo region  
Red-chested Sunbird Cinnyris erythrocercus  (Hartlaub, 1857) AF : e  
Black-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris nectarinioides  Richmond, 1897 AF : e  
        C. n. erlangeri  (Reichenow, 1905) se Ethiopia, s Somalia and ne Kenya  
        C. n. nectarinioides  Richmond, 1897 se Kenya and ne Tanzania  
Purple-banded Sunbird Cinnyris bifasciatus  (Shaw, 1812) AF : wc, e, se  
        C. b. bifasciatus  (Shaw, 1812) sw Central African Republic and Gabon to w Angola  
        C. b. microrhynchus  Shelley, 1876 s DR Congo, s Uganda, s, c Kenya to ne Angola, n, c, w Zambia, n Malawi and n Mozambique  
        C. b. strophium  Clancey & Williams, JG, 1957 se Zambia, s Malawi and s Mozambique to e South Africa  
Tsavo Sunbird Cinnyris tsavoensis  van Someren, 1922 AF : e  
Violet-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris chalcomelas  Reichenow, 1905 AF : e  
Pemba Sunbird Cinnyris pembae  Reichenow, 1905 IO : Pemba Island  
Orange-tufted Sunbird Cinnyris bouvieri  Shelley, 1877 AF : c  
Palestine Sunbird Cinnyris osea  Bonaparte, 1856 AF : nc, also s, w Arabian Peninsula  
        C. o. osea  Bonaparte, 1856 Syria to ne Egypt and east to Yemen and Oman  
        C. o. decorsei  Oustalet, 1905 Cameroon to s Sudan and nw Uganda  
Shining Sunbird Cinnyris habessinicus  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1828) AF : ne, e, also s, w Arabian Peninsula  
        C. h. kinneari  Bates, 1935 w Saudi Arabia  
        C. h. hellmayri  Neumann, 1904 sw Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman  
        C. h. habessinicus  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1828) ne Sudan, Eritrea and n and c Ethiopia  
        C. h. alter  Neumann, 1906 e Ethiopia and n Somalia  
        C. h. turkanae  van Someren, 1920 se Sudan, s Ethiopia, s Somalia, n Kenya and ne Uganda  
Splendid Sunbird Cinnyris coccinigastrus  (Latham, 1801) AF : w, c  
Johanna's Sunbird Cinnyris johannae  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : w, c  
        C. j. fasciatus  (Jardine & Fraser, 1852) Sierra Leone to Benin  
        C. j. johannae  Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 s Nigeria and s Cameroon to ne DR Congo, Congo and nw Angola  
Superb Sunbird Cinnyris superbus  (Shaw, 1812) AF : w, c  
        C. s. ashantiensis  Bannerman, 1922 Sierra Leone to Togo and Benin  
        C. s. nigeriae  (Rand & Traylor, 1959) se Benin and s Nigeria  
        C. s. superbus  (Shaw, 1812) s Cameroon to DR Congo (except ne) and w Angola  
        C. s. buvuma  van Someren, 1932 ne DR Congo, Uganda, w Kenya and nw Tanzania  
Rufous-winged Sunbird Cinnyris rufipennis  (Jensen, 1983) AF : Tanzania  
Oustalet's Sunbird Cinnyris oustaleti  (Barboza du Bocage, 1878) AF : sc  
        C. o. oustaleti  (Barboza du Bocage, 1878) wc Angola  
        C. o. rhodesiae  Benson, 1955 ne Zambia and w Tanzania  
White-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris talatala  Smith, A, 1836 AF : sc  
        C. t. talatala  Smith, A, 1836 s Tanzania to s Angola, n Botswana, n South Africa and Mozambique  
        C. t. arestus  (Clancey, 1962) e South Africa  
Variable Sunbird Cinnyris venustus  (Shaw, 1799) AF : w, c, e  
        C. v. venustus  (Shaw, 1799) Senegal and Gambia to Sierra Leone and east to n Cameroon and Central African Republic  
        C. v. fazoqlensis  (Heuglin, 1871) e Sudan, Eritrea and n and w Ethiopia  
        C. v. albiventris  (Strickland, 1852) e and s Ethiopia, Somalia and ne Kenya  
        C. v. falkensteini  Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884 Gabon and w Angola to w Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique  
        C. v. igneiventris  Reichenow, 1899 e DR Congo, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi  
Dusky Sunbird Cinnyris fuscus  Vieillot, 1819 AF : sw  
        C. f. fuscus  Vieillot, 1819 Namibia and Botswana to South Africa  
        C. f. inclusus  (Clancey, 1970) sw Angola  
Ursula's Sunbird Cinnyris ursulae  (Alexander, 1903) AF : Cameroon  
Bates's Sunbird Cinnyris batesi  Ogilvie-Grant, 1908 AF : w, c  
Copper Sunbird Cinnyris cupreus  (Shaw, 1812) AF : w, c, e, sc  
        C. c. cupreus  (Shaw, 1812) sw Mauritania to Sierra Leone and east to w Ethiopia, w Kenya, w Tanzania, c DR Congo, and nw Angola  
        C. c. chalceus  (Hartlaub, 1862) Angola and s DR Congo to s Tanzania, Mozambique, n Zimbabwe and n Botswana  
Purple Sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus  (Latham, 1790) EU, OR : e Arabian Peninsula to Southeast Asia  
        C. a. brevirostris  (Blanford, 1873) e Arabian Pen. to w India  
        C. a. asiaticus  (Latham, 1790) Nepal, n, c and s India and Sri Lanka  
        C. a. intermedius  (Hume, 1870) e India and Bangladesh to Indochina  
Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis  (Linnaeus, 1766) OR, AU : s China to ne Australia  
        C. j. andamanicus  (Hume, 1873) Andaman Is.  
        C. j. proselius  Oberholser, 1923 n Nicobar Is.  
        C. j. klossi  (Richmond, 1902) c and s Nicobar Is.  
        C. j. rhizophorae  (Swinhoe, 1869) s and se China, Hainan I. and n Vietnam  
        C. j. flammaxillaris  (Blyth, 1845) Burma, Thailand, c and s Indochina and n Malay Pen.  
        C. j. ornatus  Lesson, 1827 c and s Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bali and most Lesser Sundas  
        C. j. polyclystus  Oberholser, 1912 Enggano I. (off w Sumatra)  
        C. j. aurora  (Tweeddale, 1878) w Philippines  
        C. j. obscurior  Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 n Luzon (n Philippines)  
        C. j. jugularis  (Linnaeus, 1766) Philippines (except n Luzon and w and sw islands)  
        C. j. woodi  (Mearns, 1909) Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)  
        C. j. plateni  (Blasius, W, 1885) Sulawesi and many nearby islands  
        C. j. infrenatus  Hartert, 1903 Tukangbesi and other islands off se Sulawesi  
        C. j. robustirostris  (Mees, 1964) Banggai and Sula Is. (off e Sulawesi)  
        C. j. teysmanni  Büttikofer, 1893 islands in the Flores Sea  
        C. j. frenatus  (Müller, S, 1843) n Moluccas, New Guinea (except n), Aru Is. (sw of New Guinea, islands se of New Guinea and ne Australia  
        C. j. buruensis  Hartert, 1910 Buru I. (s Moluccas)  
        C. j. clementiae  Lesson, 1827 s Moluccas (except Buru)  
        C. j. keiensis  Stresemann, 1913 Kai Is. (sw of New Guinea)  
        C. j. idenburgi  Rand, 1940 n New Guinea  
        C. j. flavigastra  (Gould, 1843) Bismarck Arch. and Solomon Is.  
Apricot-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris buettikoferi  Hartert, 1896 AU : Sumba  
Flame-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris solaris  (Temminck, 1825) AU : Lesser Sundas  
        C. s. exquisitus  Hartert, 1904 w and c Lesser Sundas  
        C. s. solaris  (Temminck, 1825) Wetar I. (nc Lesser Sundas)  
Souimanga Sunbird Cinnyris sovimanga  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF : Madagascar  
        C. s. sovimanga  (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Madagascar (except s), Iles Glorieuses (n of Madagascar)  
        C. s. apolis  Hartert, 1920 s Madagascar  
        C. s. aldabrensis  Ridgway, 1894 Aldabra Is.  
Abbott's Sunbird Cinnyris abbotti  Ridgway, 1894 AF : Aldabra Island  
        C. a. abbotti  Ridgway, 1894 Assumption I.  
        C. a. buchenorum  Williams, JG, 1953 Cosmoledo and Astove Is.  
Malagasy Green Sunbird Cinnyris notatus  (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : Madagascar region  
        C. n. notatus  (Statius Müller, 1776) Madagascar  
        C. n. moebii  Reichenow, 1887 Grand Comoro I. (w Comoros)  
        C. n. voeltzkowi  Reichenow, 1905 Moheli I. (w Comoros)  
Seychelles Sunbird Cinnyris dussumieri  (Hartlaub, 1861) IO : Seychelles Islands  
Humblot's Sunbird Cinnyris humbloti  Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885 AF : Comoros  
        C. h. humbloti  Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885 Grand Comoro I. (w Comoros)  
        C. h. mohelicus  Stresemann & Grote, 1926 Moheli I. (w Comoros)  
Anjouan Sunbird Cinnyris comorensis  Peters, W, 1864 AF : Comoros  
Mayotte Sunbird Cinnyris coquerellii  (Hartlaub, 1860) AF : Comoros  
Loten's Sunbird Cinnyris lotenius  (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : India, Sri Lanka  
        C. l. hindustanicus  Whistler, 1944 s India  
        C. l. lotenius  (Linnaeus, 1766) Sri Lanka  
Grey-hooded Sunbird Aethopyga primigenia  (Hachisuka, 1941) OR : Philippines  
        A. p. diuatae  Salomonsen, 1953 ne Mindanao  
        A. p. primigenia  (Hachisuka, 1941) c Mindanao  
Apo Sunbird Aethopyga boltoni  Mearns, 1905 OR : Philippines  
        A. b. malindangensis  Rand & Rabor, 1957 w Mindanao  
        A. b. boltoni  Mearns, 1905 ec and e Mindanao  
        A. b. tibolii  Kennedy, Gonzales & Miranda, 1997 s Mindanao PS : More data needed to confirm  split of tibolii from boltoni (Hosner et al 2013)
Lina's Sunbird Aethopyga linaraborae  Kennedy, Gonzales & Miranda, 1997 OR : Philippines  
Flaming Sunbird Aethopyga flagrans  Oustalet, 1876 OR : Philippines TAX : Includes deleted subspecies decolor 
Maroon-naped Sunbird  Aethopyga guimarasensis  (Steere, 1890) Panay and Guimaras (wc Philippines) AS : Maroon-naped Sunbird A. guimarasensis is split from Flaming Sunbird A. flagrans (Hosner et al 2013) 
Metallic-winged Sunbird Aethopyga pulcherrima  Sharpe, 1876 OR : c,s Philippines  
Luzon Sunbird Aethopyga jefferyi  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894) OR : Luzon (n Philippines) AS : Luzon Sunbird A. jefferyi is split from Metallic-winged Sunbird A. pulcherrima (Hosner et al 2013)
Bohol Sunbird Aethopyga decorosa  (McGregor, 1907) OR : Bohol (sc Philippines) AS : Bohol Sunbird A. decorosa is split from Metallic-winged Sunbird A. pulcherrima (Hosner et al 2013) 
Elegant Sunbird Aethopyga duyvenbodei  (Schlegel, 1871) AU : Sangihe Island  
Lovely Sunbird Aethopyga shelleyi  Sharpe, 1876 OR : Philippines  
Handsome Sunbird Aethopyga bella  Tweeddale, 1877 OR : Philippines  
        A. b. flavipectus  Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 n Luzon (n Philippines)  
        A. b. minuta  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 c and s Luzon, Polillo, Marinduque and Mindoro (n Philippines)  
        A. b. rubrinota  McGregor, 1905 Lubang (n of Mindoro in n Philippines)  
        A. b. bella  Tweeddale, 1877 e and s Philippines  
        A. b. bonita  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 wc Philippines  
        A. b. arolasi  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)  
Mrs. Gould's Sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae  (Vigors, 1831) OR : Himalayas to s Vietnam  
        A. g. gouldiae  (Vigors, 1831) e Himalayas  
        A. g. isolata  Baker, ECS, 1925 ne India, e Bangladesh and w Burma  
        A. g. dabryii  (Verreaux, J, 1867) c and s China, n and e Burma and n Indochina  
        A. g. annamensis  Robinson & Kloss, 1919 s Laos and s Vietnam  
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis  (Hodgson, 1836) OR : Himalayas to s Vietnam  
        A. n. horsfieldi  (Blyth, 1843) w Himalayas to w Nepal  
        A. n. nipalensis  (Hodgson, 1836) c and e Nepal and n India  
        A. n. koelzi  Ripley, 1948 se Tibet, Bhutan and e Bangladesh to sc China and n Vietnam  
        A. n. victoriae  Rippon, 1904 w Burma  
        A. n. karenensis  Ticehurst, 1939 e Burma  
        A. n. angkanensis  Riley, 1929 nw Thailand  
        A. n. australis  Robinson & Kloss, 1923 peninsular Thailand  
        A. n. blanci  Delacour & Greenway, 1939 Laos  
        A. n. ezrai  Delacour, 1926 s Vietnam  
White-flanked Sunbird Aethopyga eximia  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Java  
Fork-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga christinae  Swinhoe, 1869 OR : c China to s Vietnam  
        A. c. latouchii  Slater, 1891 c China to c Indochina  
        A. c. sokolovi  Stepanyan, 1985 s Vietnam  
        A. c. christinae  Swinhoe, 1869 Hainan I. (off se China)  
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata  (Hodgson, 1836) OR : Himalayas to s Vietnam  
        A. s. saturata  (Hodgson, 1836) c and e Himalayas  
        A. s. assamensis  (Horsfield, 1840) ne India, n Burma into sw China  
        A. s. galenae  Deignan, 1948 nw Thailand  
        A. s. petersi  Deignan, 1948 e Burma to se China and n Indochina  
        A. s. sanguinipectus  Walden, 1875 se Burma  
        A. s. anomala  Richmond, 1900 c Malay Pen.  
        A. s. wrayi  Sharpe, 1887 s Malay Pen.  
        A. s. ochra  Deignan, 1948 s Laos and c Vietnam  
        A. s. johnsi  Robinson & Kloss, 1919 s Vietnam  
        A. s. cambodiana  Delacour, 1948 se Thailand and sw Cambodia  
Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja  (Raffles, 1822) OR : widespread, also Sulawesi PHY, PS : Crimson Sunbird comprises at least 3 species groups (Hosner et al 2013) 
        A. s. seheriae  (Tickell, 1833) Himalayan foothills of n India, w Bangladesh  
        A. s. labecula  (Horsfield, 1840) e Himalayas and Bangladesh through Burma (except s) to nw Laos and nw Vietnam  
        A. s. owstoni  Rothschild, 1910 se China  
        A. s. tonkinensis  Hartert, 1917 s China and ne Vietnam  
        A. s. mangini  Delacour & Jabouille, 1924 se Thailand and c and s Indochina  
        A. s. insularis  Delacour & Jabouille, 1928 Dao Phu Quoc (off s Cambodia)  
        A. s. cara  Hume, 1874 s Burma and n Thailand  
        A. s. trangensis  Meyer de Schauensee, 1946 s Thailand, n Malay Pen.  
        A. s. siparaja  (Raffles, 1822) s Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        A. s. nicobarica  Hume, 1873 Nicobar Is.  
        A. s. heliogona  Oberholser, 1923 Java  
        A. s. natunae  Chasen, 1935 Natuna Is. (nw of Borneo)  
        A. s. flavostriata  (Wallace, 1865) n Sulawesi  
        A. s. beccarii  Salvadori, 1875 c and s Sulawesi  
Magnificent Sunbird Aethopyga magnifica  Sharpe, 1876 wc Philippines AS : Magnificent Sunbird A. magnifica is split from Crimson Sunbird A. siparaja (Hosner et al 2013)
Vigors's Sunbird Aethopyga vigorsii  (Sykes, 1832) OR : w Peninsular India AS : Aethopyga vigorsii is split from A. siparaja (Cheke & Mann 2001, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).
Javan Sunbird Aethopyga mystacalis  (Temminck, 1822) OR : Java  
Temminck's Sunbird Aethopyga temminckii  (Müller, S, 1843) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda  (Hodgson, 1836) OR : Himalayas  
        A. i. ignicauda  (Hodgson, 1836) Himalayas to n Burma and sw China  
        A. i. flavescens  Baker, ECS, 1921 extreme e India and w Burma  
Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra  (Latham, 1790) OR : widespread  
        A. l. longirostra  (Latham, 1790) India, c Himalayas to sw China and w Thailand  
        A. l. sordida  La Touche, 1921 s China, ne Thailand and n Indochina  
        A. l. pallida  Delacour, 1932 se Thailand and c and s Indochina  
        A. l. cinireicollis  (Vieillot, 1819) Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        A. l. zarhina  Oberholser, 1912 Banyak Is. (off w Sumatra)  
        A. l. niasensis  van Oort, 1910 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)  
        A. l. prillwitzi  Hartert, 1901 Java and Bali  
        A. l. rothschildi  van Oort, 1910 n Natuna Is. (nw of Borneo)  
        A. l. atita  Oberholser, 1932 s Natuna Is. (nw of Borneo)  
        A. l. buettikoferi  van Oort, 1910 Borneo  
Orange-tufted Spiderhunter Arachnothera flammifera  Tweeddale, 1878 OR : Philippines AS : Orange-tufted Spiderhunter is split from Little Spiderhunter ( Lohman et al 2010, Rahman et al 2010)
        A. f. flammifera  Tweeddale, 1878 Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Dinagat and Mindanao (e and s Philippines)  
        A. f. randi  Salomonsen, 1953 Basilan (sw Philippines)  
Pale Spiderhunter Arachnothera dilutior  Sharpe, 1876 OR : Philippines - Palawan AS : Pale Spiderhunter of Palawan is split from Little Spiderhunter (Lohman et al 2010, Rahman et al 2010)
Thick-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera crassirostris  (Reichenbach, 1853) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Long-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta  Müller, S & Schlegel, 1845 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo  
        A. r. robusta  Müller, S & Schlegel, 1845 s Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        A. r. armata  Müller, S & Schlegel, 1845 Java  
Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster  (Eyton, 1839) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys  (Temminck, 1826) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo  
        A. c. chrysogenys  (Temminck, 1826) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java and w Borneo  
        A. c. harrissoni  Deignan, 1957 e Borneo  
Naked-faced Spiderhunter Arachnothera clarae  Blasius, W, 1890 OR : Philippines  
        A. c. luzonensis  Alcasid & Gonzales, 1968 Luzon (n Philippines)  
        A. c. philippinensis  (Steere, 1890) Samar, Biliran and Leyte, (ec Philippines)  
        A. c. clarae  Blasius, W, 1890 e Mindanao (s Philippines)  
        A. c. malindangensis  Rand & Rabor, 1957 w Mindanao and Basilan (s Philippines)  
Grey-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta  (Eyton, 1839) OR : s Burma to s Vietnam, Malay Penin., Borneo and Sumatra  
        A. m. caena  Deignan, 1956 s Burma and sw Thailand  
        A. m. modesta  (Eyton, 1839) Malay Pen. and Borneo  
        A. m. concolor  Snelleman, 1882 Sumatra  
Streaky-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera affinis  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Java, Bali  
Bornean Spiderhunter Arachnothera everetti  (Sharpe, 1893) OR : Borneo AS : Bornean Spiderhunter Arachnothera everetti is split from Streaky-breasted Spiderhunter A. affinis (Moyle et al 2011)
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna  (Hodgson, 1836) OR : Himalayas to s Vietnam  
        A. m. magna  (Hodgson, 1836) c Himalayas and e Bangladesh to s China and n Burma  
        A. m. aurata  Blyth, 1855 c and e Burma  
        A. m. musarum  Deignan, 1956 se Burma, n Thailand, Laos and n Vietnam  
        A. m. remota  Riley, 1940 sc and s Vietnam  
        A. m. pagodarum  Deignan, 1956 Malay Pen.  
Whitehead's Spiderhunter Arachnothera juliae  Sharpe, 1887 OR : Borneo  
Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches (51)
Family Passeridae
Cinnamon Ibon Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus  Hartert, 1903 OR : Philippines PHY : Cinnamon Ibon is not a white-eye, but instead an ancient lineage (subfamily) of Old World sparrows (Passeridae) (Moyle et al 2009, Fjeldsa et al 2010)
White-browed Sparrow-Weaver Plocepasser mahali  Smith, A, 1836 AF : e, s  
        P. m. melanorhynchus  Rüppell, 1845 se Sudan, n Uganda, sc Ethiopia and Kenya  
        P. m. pectoralis  (Peters, W, 1868) Tanzania, s Malawi, s, e Zambia, w Mozambique, n Zimbabwe, n Botswana.  
        P. m. ansorgei  Hartert, 1907 sw Angola, nw Namibia  
        P. m. mahali  Smith, A, 1836 s Namibia, s Botswana, sw Zimbabwe, n, c South Africa  
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weaver Plocepasser superciliosus  (Cretzschmar, 1827) AF : w, c, e  
Donaldson Smith's Sparrow-Weaver Plocepasser donaldsoni  Sharpe, 1895 AF : e  
Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Weaver Plocepasser rufoscapulatus  Büttikofer, 1888 AF : sc  
Rufous-tailed Weaver Histurgops ruficauda  Reichenow, 1887 AF : Tanzania  
Grey-capped Social Weaver Pseudonigrita arnaudi  (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : ec, e  
        P. a. australoabyssinicus  Benson, 1942 s Ethiopia  
        P. a. arnaudi  (Bonaparte, 1850) sw Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and nTanzania  
        P. a. dorsalis  (Reichenow, 1887) w and c Tanzania  
Black-capped Social Weaver Pseudonigrita cabanisi  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) AF : e  
Sociable Weaver Philetairus socius  (Latham, 1790) AF : sw  
        P. s. geminus  Grote, 1922 n Namibia  
        P. s. xericus  Clancey, 1989 w Namibia  
        P. s. socius  (Latham, 1790) s Namibia to Botswana and South Africa  
Saxaul Sparrow Passer ammodendri  Gould, 1872 EU : sc  
        P. a. ammodendri  Gould, 1872 s Kazakhstan and n Uzbekistan  
        P. a. nigricans  Stepanyan, 1961 e Kazakhstan to sw Mongolia and w China  
        P. a. stoliczkae  Hume, 1874 wc China and s Mongolia  
House Sparrow Passer domesticus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, OR, AF : widespread, introduced worldwide  
        P. d. domesticus  (Linnaeus, 1758) w and n Europe through n Asia to ne Siberia and n Japan, introduced in the Americas, South Africa and Australia  
        P. d. balearoibericus  von Jordans, 1923 s Europe (except Italy) to c Turkey  
        P. d. biblicus  Hartert, 1904 Cyprus, n Israel and nw Jordan to w Syria and se Turkey to nw Iran.  
        P. d. hyrcanus  Zarudny & Kudashev, 1916 se Azerbaijan and n Iran  
        P. d. persicus  Zarudny & Kudashev, 1916 c Iran to w and s Afghanistan  
        P. d. indicus  Jardine & Selby, 1831 s Israel and s Palestine through Arabia and east to India and c Southeast Asia  
        P. d. bactrianus  Zarudny & Kudashev, 1916 w Turkmenistan and ne Iran to w China and nw Pakistan  
        P. d. parkini  Whistler, 1920 nw and c Himalayas  
        P. d. hufufae  Ticehurst & Cheesman, 1924 ne Arabia  
        P. d. tingitanus  Loche, 1867 nw Africa  
        P. d. niloticus  Nicoll & Bonhote, 1909 Egypt  
        P. d. rufidorsalis  Brehm, CL, 1855 Sudan and Eritrea  
Italian Sparrow Passer italiae (Vieillot, 1817) EU : Italian Peninsula, Corsica, Sicily and Crete AS : Italian Sparrow is increasingly recognized as an example of hybrid speciation (Elgvin et al 2011, Hermansen et al 2011)
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis  (Temminck, 1820) EU : sw, sc, also n Africa  
        P. h. hispaniolensis  (Temminck, 1820) Iberian Pen. to w Turkey, e Atlantic islands, nw Africa  
        P. h. transcaspicus  Tschusi, 1902 Middle East to s Kazakhstan, w China and Afghanistan  
Sind Sparrow Passer pyrrhonotus  Blyth, 1845 OR : sc ENG : CORRECT English name of Passer pyrrhonotus to Sind Sparrow
Somali Sparrow Passer castanopterus  Blyth, 1855 AF : e  
        P. c. castanopterus  Blyth, 1855 Somalia  
        P. c. fulgens  Friedmann, 1931 s Ethiopia and n Kenya  
Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans  (Temminck, 1836) EU, OR : Afghanistan to Japan and Southeast Asia  
        P. r. cinnamomeus  (Gould, 1836) ne Afghanistan, Himalayas and s Tibet  
        P. r. intensior  Rothschild, 1922 ne India, Burma, s China and n Indochina  
        P. r. rutilans  (Temminck, 1836) nc and e China, Korea, Taiwan, Sakhalin I., Kuril Is. and Japan  
Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus  Blyth, 1845 OR : Burma to s Vietnam  
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus  Tristram, 1864 EU : Israel to w Pakistan  
        P. m. moabiticus  Tristram, 1864 Israel and Jordan  
        P. m. mesopotamicus  Zarudny, 1904 s Turkey and n Syria to sw Iran and Iraq  
        P. m. yatii  Sharpe, 1888 se Iran and sw Afghanistan  
Iago Sparrow Passer iagoensis  (Gould, 1838) AF : Cape Verde Islands  
Great Sparrow Passer motitensis  (Smith, A, 1836) AF : s  
        P. m. benguellensis  Lynes, 1926 sw Angola and extreme nw Namibia  
        P. m. motitensis  (Smith, A, 1836) Namibia, w and c Botswana and nw South Africa  
        P. m. subsolanus  Clancey, 1964 e Botswana, sw Zimbabwe, n, c and ne South Africa  
Socotra Sparrow Passer insularis  Sclater, PL & Hartlaub, 1881 EU : Socotra Island  
Abd al-Kuri Sparrow Passer hemileucus  Ogilvie-Grant & Forbes, HO, 1899 AF : Abd al-Kuri Island, w of Socotra AS : ADD Abd al-Kuri Sparrow split from Socotra Sparrow Passer insularis (Kirwan 2008, Redman et al 2009)
Kenya Sparrow Passer rufocinctus  Finsch & Reichenow, 1884 AF : e  
Shelley's Sparrow Passer shelleyi  Sharpe, 1891 AF : s Sudan, s Ethiopia, n Uganda, nw Kenya, nw Somalia AS : ADD Shelley‘s Sparrow split from Kenya (Rufous) Sparrow Passer rufocinctus (Fry and Keith 2004, Redman et al 2009)
Kordofan Sparrow Passer cordofanicus  Heuglin, 1871 AF : e Chad and wc Sudan AS : ADD Kordofan Sparrow split from Kenya (Rufous) Sparrow Passer rufocinctus (Fry and Keith 2004)
Cape Sparrow Passer melanurus  (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : s  
        P. m. damarensis  Reichenow, 1902 sw Angola and Namibia to w Zimbabwe and n South Africa  
        P. m. melanurus  (Statius Müller, 1776) sw, s and e South Africa  
Northern Grey-headed Sparrow Passer griseus  (Vieillot, 1817) AF : w, c  
        P. g. griseus  (Vieillot, 1817) Mauritania and Senegal to c and s Cameroon, s Chad and n Gabon, Bioko I.  
        P. g. laeneni  Niethammer, 1955 e Mali through n Cameroon to w Sudan.  
        P. g. ugandae  Reichenow, 1904 Eritrea, nw Ethiopia and e and s Sudan to DR Congo, s Gabon, n Namibia, n Zimbabwe and s Malawi.  
Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii  (Rüppell, 1840) AF : e  
Parrot-billed Sparrow Passer gongonensis  (Oustalet, 1890) AF : e  
Swahili Sparrow Passer suahelicus  Reichenow, 1904 AF : e  
Southern Grey-headed Sparrow Passer diffusus  (Smith, A, 1836) AF : se, s  
        P. d. luangwae  Benson, 1956 e Zambia  
        P. d. mosambicus  van Someren, 1921 se Zambia and n Mozambique  
        P. d. diffusus  (Smith, A, 1836) Angola and Namibia to w Zimbabwe and n South Africa  
        P. d. stygiceps  Clancey, 1954 n Zimbabwe and s Malawi to s Mozambique and e South Africa  
Desert Sparrow Passer simplex  (Lichtenstein, 1823) AF : n AF  
        P. s. saharae  Erlanger, 1899 Morocco to c Libya  
        P. s. simplex  (Lichtenstein, 1823) s Mauritania and Mali to sw Egypt, c Sudan and n Chad  
Zarudny's Sparrow Passer zarudnyi  Pleske, 1896 Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan  
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, OR : widespread  
        P. m. montanus  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe through n and c Asia to ne Siberia and ne Mongolia  
        P. m. dybowskii  Domaniewski, 1915 se Siberia, ne China and n Korea  
        P. m. transcaucasicus  Buturlin, 1906 e Turkey, the Caucasus to Arrmenia and Iran  
        P. m. kansuensis  Stresemann, 1932 nc China  
        P. m. dilutus  Richmond, 1896 s Kazakhstan and e Iran to nw China and s Mongolia  
        P. m. tibetanus  Baker, ECS, 1925 Tibet to c China  
        P. m. saturatus  Stejneger, 1885 Sakhalin and Kuril Is. and Japan though e China to Taiwan and the n Philippines  
        P. m. hepaticus  Ripley, 1948 ne India, se Tibet and Burma  
        P. m. malaccensis  Dubois, AJC, 1887 s China, Southeast Asia, Sumatra, Java and s Philippines  
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus  (Lichtenstein, 1823) AF : w, c, ne  
Arabian Golden Sparrow Passer euchlorus  (Bonaparte, 1850) EU : sw Arabian Peninsula, also n Somalia  
Chestnut Sparrow Passer eminibey  (Hartlaub, 1880) AF : e  
Pale Rockfinch Carpospiza brachydactyla  (Bonaparte, 1850) EU : sc  
Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia  (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : sw, sc, also nw Africa  
        P. p. petronia  (Linnaeus, 1766) Madeira and Canary Is., s Europe to w Turkey  
        P. p. barbara  Erlanger, 1899 nw Africa  
        P. p. puteicola  Festa, 1894 s Turkey to Jordan  
        P. p. exigua  (Hellmayr, 1902) c Turkey to the Caucasus, n Iran and n Iraq  
        P. p. kirhizica  Sushkin, 1925 Caspian Sea to Kyrgyzstan  
        P. p. intermedia  Hartert, 1901 Iran and n Afghanistan to nw China  
        P. p. brevirostris  Taczanowski, 1874 Mongolia, sc Siberia and n and c China  
Yellow-throated Petronia Gymnoris superciliaris  Blyth, 1845 AF : sc, s  
        G. s. bororensis  (Roberts, 1912) e Tanzania, Mozambique and ne South Africa  
        G. s. flavigula  (Sundevall, 1850) se Zambia, Zimbabwe, e Botswana and n South Africa  
        G. s. rufitergum  (Clancey, 1964) Gabon to ne Namibia and east to sw Tanzania, Zambia and nw Botswana  
        G. s. superciliaris  Blyth, 1845 e South Africa  
Bush Petronia Gymnoris dentata  (Sundevall, 1850) AF : w, c, e, also sw Arabian Peninsula  
Yellow-spotted Petronia Gymnoris pyrgita  (Heuglin, 1862) AF : w, c, e  
        G. p. pallida  Neumann, 1908 Mauritania and Senegal to c Sudan  
        G. p. pyrgita  (Heuglin, 1862) e Sudan to Somalia and south to Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania  
Yellow-throated Sparrow Gymnoris xanthocollis  (Burton, 1838) EU, OR : Turkey to India and Sri Lanka  
        G. x. transfuga  Hartert, 1904 se Turkey and se Iraq to sw Afghanistan and s Pakistan  
        G. x. xanthocollis  (Burton, 1838) ne Afghanistan, n Pakistan and India  
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis  (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : sw, sc  
        M. n. nivalis  (Linnaeus, 1766) s Europe  
        M. n. leucura  Bonaparte, 1855 s and e Turkey  
        M. n. alpicola  (Pallas, 1811) the Caucasus and n Iran to Afghanistan  
        M. n. gaddi  Zarudny & Loudon, 1904 sw Iran  
        M. n. tianshanica  Keve-Kleiner, 1943 e Kazakhstan and n Tajikistan  
        M. n. groumgrzimaili  Zarudny & Loudon, 1904 nw China to c Mongolia  
        M. n. kwenlunensis  Bianchi, 1908 wc China and n Tibet  
Henri's Snowfinch Montifringilla henrici  (Oustalet, 1892) EU : Tibet  
Tibetan Snowfinch Montifringilla adamsi  Adams, 1859 EU : Tibet, Nepal  
        M. a. xerophila  Stegmann, 1932 e Tibet, wc and c China  
        M. a. adamsi  Adams, 1859 s Tibet, Nepal, n India and sw China  
White-rumped Snowfinch Onychostruthus taczanowskii  (Przewalski, 1876) EU : Tibet, w China  
Pere David's Snowfinch Pyrgilauda davidiana  Verreaux, J, 1871 EU : c  
        P. d. potanini  Sushkin, 1925 sc Siberia and e Mongolia  
        P. d. davidiana  Verreaux, J, 1871 s Mongolia and n China  
Rufous-necked Snowfinch Pyrgilauda ruficollis  (Blanford, 1871) EU : Tibet, Nepal, w China  
        P. r. isabellina  Stegmann, 1932 wc China and n Tibet  
        P. r. ruficollis  (Blanford, 1871) s and e Tibet and Nepal to c China  
Blanford's Snowfinch Pyrgilauda blanfordi  (Hume, 1876) EU : Tibet, Nepal, w China  
        P. b. barbata  Przewalski, 1887 nc China  
        P. b. ventorum  Stegmann, 1932 nw China  
        P. b. blanfordi  (Hume, 1876) w China, Tibet and Nepal  
Afghan Snowfinch Pyrgilauda theresae  (Meinertzhagen, 1937) EU : sc