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NAMES >> Index >>Chats, Old World Flycatchers

IOC English NameScientific NameRangeComments
       
 
ORDER PASSERIFORMES
  PHY : The Passeriformes, or perching birds, include the majority of world bird species; parrots are the sister group of the perching birds (Hackett et al. 2008)
       
Chats, Old World Flycatchers (315)
Family Muscicapidae
  PHY,SEQ : See Sangster et al 2010, Zuccon & Ericson 2010 for full revision of Muscicapidae, to come 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata  (Vieillot, 1818) AF : e, se  
        P. s. pallidiflava  Cunningham-van Someren & Schifter, 1981 s Sudan  
        P. s. intensa  Sharpe, 1901 n and c Kenya, n Tanzania  
        P. s. ruwenzorii  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) ne DR Congo, sw Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi  
        P. s. elgonensis  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1911) Mt. Elgon (Uganda - Kenya border)  
        P. s. guttifer  (Reichenow & Neumann, 1895) Mt. Kilimanjaro (n Tanzania)  
        P. s. macarthuri  van Someren, 1939 Chyulu Hills (se Kenya)  
        P. s. helleri  Mearns, 1913 Taita Hills (se Kenya) and ne Tanzania  
        P. s. orientalis  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) w, e and s Tanzania, Malawi and n Mozambique  
        P. s. hygrica  Clancey, 1969 w Mozambique  
        P. s. chirindensis  (Roberts, 1914) e Zimbabwe  
        P. s. transvaalensis  (Roberts, 1912) n South Africa  
        P. s. stellata  (Vieillot, 1818) e and s South Africa  
Swynnerton's Robin Swynnertonia swynnertoni  (Shelley, 1906) AF : se  
        S. s. swynnertoni  (Shelley, 1906) e Zimbabwe and w Mozambique  
        S. s. rodgersi  Jensen & Stuart, 1982 c Tanzania  
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax  Hartlaub, 1855 AF : w, c Africa AL : Stiphrornis erythrothorax includes ssp pyrrholaemus, gabonensis, xanthogaster, sanghensis (BLI, cf Schmidt et al. 2008)
        S. e. erythrothorax  Hartlaub, 1855 Sierra Leone to s Nigeria  
        S. e. pyrrholaemus  Schmidt & Angehr, 2008 sw Gabon  
        S. e. gabonensis  Sharpe, 1883 w Cameroon to w Gabon, Bioko I.  
        S. e. xanthogaster  Sharpe, 1903 se Cameroon and ne Gabon to s Uganda  
        S. e. sanghensis  Beresford & Cracraft, 1999 sw Central African Republic  
Bocage's Akalat Sheppardia bocagei  (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870) AF : sc ENG : Change English name of Sheppardia bocagei from Bocage‘s Robin to Bocage‘s Akalat to conform to current usage (Keith, Urban, Fry 1992, Dickinson 2003)
        S. b. granti  (Serle, 1949) se Nigeria and w Cameroon  
        S. b. poensis  (Alexander, 1903) Bioko I.  
        S. b. kungwensis  (Moreau, 1941) Mt. Kungwe (w Tanzania)  
        S. b. ilyai  (Prigogine, 1987) e of Mt. Kungwe (w Tanzania)  
        S. b. kaboboensis  (Prigogine, 1955) Mt. Kabobo (e DR Congo)  
        S. b. schoutedeni  (Prigogine, 1952) e DR Congo  
        S. b. chapini  (Benson, 1955) se DR Congo, sw Tanzania and n Zambia  
        S. b. bocagei  (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870) w Angola  
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis  (Sharpe, 1901) AF : w, c  
        S. c. houghtoni  Bannerman, 1931 Sierra Leone, s Guinea, Liberia and w Ivory Coast  
        S. c. cyornithopsis  (Sharpe, 1901) s Cameroon and sw Central African Republic to Gabon and Congo  
        S. c. lopezi  (Alexander, 1907) n and e DR Congo, w and s Uganda  
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis  (Jackson, 1906) AF : e, c  
        S. a. acholiensis  Macdonald, 1940 s Sudan  
        S. a. aequatorialis  (Jackson, 1906) e DR Congo, s Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and w Kenya  
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei  (Shelley, 1903) AF : Tanzania, Malawi  
        S. s. usambarae  Macdonald, 1940 e and ne Tanzania  
        S. s. sharpei  (Shelley, 1903) s Tanzania, n Malawi and ne Zambia  
East Coast Akalat Sheppardia gunningi  Haagner, 1909 AF : e, se  
        S. g. sokokensis  (van Someren, 1921) se Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        S. g. alticola  Fjeldsĺ, Roy & Kiure, 2000 e Tanzania  
        S. g. bensoni  Kinnear, 1938 nc Malawi  
        S. g. gunningi  Haagner, 1909 c Mozambique  
Gabela Akalat Sheppardia gabela  (Rand, 1957) AF : Angola  
Rubeho Akalat Sheppardia aurantiithorax  Beresford et al, 2004 AF : Tanzania  
Usambara Akalat Sheppardia montana  (Reichenow, 1907) AF : Tanzania  
Iringa Akalat Sheppardia lowei  (Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1941) AF : Tanzania  
European Robin Erithacus rubecula  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w, c  
        E. r. melophilus  Hartert, 1901 British Isles  
        E. r. rubecula  (Linnaeus, 1758) continental Europe to Ural Mts., w Turkey, islands in e Atlantic and nw Morocco  
        E. r. superbus  Koenig, AF, 1889 c Canary Is.  
        E. r. witherbyi  Hartert, 1910 n Algeria and n Tunisia  
        E. r. valens  Portenko, 1954 s Crimea (s Ukraine)  
        E. r. caucasicus  Buturlin, 1907 e Turkey and the Caucasus  
        E. r. hyrcanus  Blanford, 1874 se Azerbaijan and n Iran  
        E. r. tataricus  Grote, 1928 Ural Mts. and sw Siberia  
Japanese Robin Erithacus akahige  (Temminck, 1835) EU : e  
        E. a. akahige  (Temminck, 1835) Sakhalin, Kuril Is. and Japan  
        E. a. tanensis  Kuroda, 1923 Izu Is. and islands off s Kyushu (s Japan)  
Ryukyu Robin Erithacus komadori  (Temminck, 1835) EU : islands s of Japan  
        E. k. komadori  (Temminck, 1835) n Ryukyu Is.  
        E. k. namiyei  (Stejneger, 1886) Okinawa I.  
Great Shortwing Heinrichia calligyna  Stresemann, 1931 AU : Sulawesi  PHY,SEQ : Genus Heinrichia transferred from Turdidae to Muscicapidae/Saxicolinae  (Sangster et al 2010, Zuccon & Ericson 2010; full revision of Muscicapidae to come)
        H. c. simplex  Stresemann, 1931 n Sulawesi  
        H. c. calligyna  Stresemann, 1931 sc Sulawesi  
        H. c. picta  Stresemann, 1932 se Sulawesi  
Bagobo Babbler Leonardina woodi  (Mearns, 1905) OR : Philippines  PHY,SEQ : Genus Leonardina transferred from Pellorneidae to Muscicapidae/Saxicolinae  (Sangster et al 2010, Zuccon & Ericson 2010; full revision of Muscicapidae to come)
Gould's Shortwing Heteroxenicus stellatus  (Gould, 1868) OR : Himalayas to nw Vietnam TAX,PHY,SEQ : Separate Gould's Shortwing from Brachypteryx to Heteroxenicus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Collar 2005); note gender agreement. Genus Heteroxenicus transferred from Turdidae to Muscicapidae/Saxicolinae  (Sangster et al 2010, Zuccon & Ericson 2010; full revision of Muscicapidae to come)
        H. s. stellatus  (Gould, 1868) c Himalayas to s China and ne Burma  
        H. s. fuscus  (Delacour & Jabouille, 1930) nw Vietnam  
Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra  Blyth, 1861 OR : e Himalayas, ne India PHY,SEQ : Genus Brachypteryx transferred from Turdidae to Muscicapidae/Saxicolinae  (Sangster et al 2010, Zuccon & Ericson 2010; full revision of Muscicapidae to come)
Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophris  (Temminck, 1828) OR : widespread, also Lesser Sundas TAX : CORRECT spelling to leucophris based on the original description (H&M corrigenda 8)
        B. l. nipalensis  Moore, F, 1854 Himalayas to w and n Burma and sc China  
        B. l. carolinae  La Touche, 1898 s and se China, e Burma, ne Thailand and n Indochina  
        B. l. langbianensis  Delacour & Greenway, 1939 s Indochina  
        B. l. wrayi  Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 c and s Malay Pen.  
        B. l. leucophris  (Temminck, 1828) Sumatra, Java and the Lesser Sundas  
White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana  Horsfield, 1821 OR : Himalayas to Philippines  
        B. m. cruralis  (Blyth, 1843) c Himalayas and Burma to sc and s China, nw Thailand and n Indochina  
        B. m. sinensis  Rickett, 1897 se China  
        B. m. goodfellowi  Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 Taiwan  
        B. m. sillimani  Ripley & Rabor, 1962 Palawan (w Philippines)  
        B. m. poliogyna  Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 n Luzon (n Philippines)  
        B. m. andersoni  Rand & Rabor, 1967 s Luzon (n Philippines)  
        B. m. mindorensis  Hartert, 1916 Mindoro (nw Philippines)  
        B. m. brunneiceps  Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 Negros and Panay (wc Philippines)  
        B. m. malindangensis  Mearns, 1909 Mt. Malindang (Mindanao)  
        B. m. mindanensis  Mearns, 1905 Mt. Apo (Mindanao)  
        B. m. erythrogyna  Sharpe, 1888 n Borneo  
        B. m. saturata  Salvadori, 1879 Sumatra  
        B. m. montana  Horsfield, 1821 Java  
        B. m. floris  Hartert, 1897 Flores (Lesser Sundas)  
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread, also w Alaska  
        L. s. svecica  (Linnaeus, 1758) n Europe, n Asia, n Alaska and nw Canada  
        L. s. namnetum  Mayaud, 1934 sw and c France  
        L. s. cyanecula  (Meisner, 1804) Netherlands, e France and c Spain to Belarus and nw Ukraine  
        L. s. volgae  (Kleinschmidt, O, 1907) ne Ukraine, c and e European Russia  
        L. s. magna  (Zarudny & Loudon, 1904) e Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran  
        L. s. pallidogularis  (Zarudny, 1897) Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan  
        L. s. abbotti  (Richmond, 1896) n Afghanistan, n Pakistan and the nw Himalayas  
        L. s. saturatior  (Sushkin, 1925) mountains of c Asia  
        L. s. kobdensis  (Tugarinov, 1929) w Mongolia and w China  
        L. s. przevalskii  (Tugarinov, 1929) c China  
Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope  (Pallas, 1776) EU : c, e  
        L. c. calliope  (Pallas, 1776) Siberia, n Mongolia, ne China and n Korea  
        L. c. camtschatkensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Kamchatka, Commander and Kuril Is., n Japan  
        L. c. beicki  Meise, 1937 nc China  
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis  (Gould, 1837) OR : Tien Shan to Himalayas, c China  
        L. p. ballioni  Severtsov, 1873 mountains of c Asia and ne Afghanistan  
        L. p. pectoralis  (Gould, 1837) e Afghanistan and nw Himalayas to c Nepal  
        L. p. confusa  Hartert, 1910 Nepal to Bhutan  
        L. p. tschebaiewi  (Przewalski, 1876) Kashmir, Tibet, c China and n Burma  
Rufous-headed Robin Luscinia ruficeps  (Hartert, 1907) EU : nc China  
Blackthroat Luscinia obscura  (Berezowski & Bianchi, 1891) EU : nc China  AS : see Alström et al 2013 re valid species status of Blackthroat vs Firethroat
Firethroat Luscinia pectardens  (David, 1871) EU : c China  
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea  (Hodgson, 1837) OR : Himalayas to c China  
        L. b. brunnea  (Hodgson, 1837) e Afghanistan and the Himalayas to c China  
        L. b. wickhami  (Baker, ECS, 1916) w Burma  
Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane  (Pallas, 1776) EU : e  
        L. c. bochaiensis  (Shulpin, 1928) sc Siberia and n Mongolia  
        L. c. cyane  (Pallas, 1776) e Siberia, ne China and Korea  
        L. c. nechaevi  Red'kin, 2006 Sakhalin, s Kuril and Japanese islands  
Rufous-tailed Robin Luscinia sibilans  (Swinhoe, 1863) EU : e  
Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : n, c  
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos  Brehm, CL, 1831 EU : c, w  
        L. m. megarhynchos  Brehm, CL, 1831 w and c Europe to c Turkey and south to Jordan  
        L. m. africana  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) e Turkey, the Caucasus and n and sw Iran  
        L. m. golzii  Cabanis, 1873 e Iran to Kazakhstan, sw Mongolia and nw China SSP :  L. m. golzii Cabanis, 1873 replaces L. m. hafizi Severtsov, 1873. Priority claimed for the latter is only speculative. Dickinson, 2008.
White-browed Bush Robin Tarsiger indicus  (Vieillot, 1817) OR : Himalayas to sc China, Taiwan  
        T. i. indicus  (Vieillot, 1817) c and e Himalayas  
        T. i. yunnanensis  Rothschild, 1922 n Burma, s China and n Vietnam  
        T. i. formosanus  Hartert, 1910 Taiwan  
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus  (Blyth, 1847) OR : Himalayas to sc China  
Collared Bush Robin Tarsiger johnstoniae  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) OR : Taiwan  
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus  (Pallas, 1773) EU : n Eurasia from Finland to Japan  
Himalayan Bluetail Tarsiger rufilatus  (Hodgson, 1845) OR : w Himalayas to c China AS : Tarsiger rufilatus is split from T. cyanurus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
Golden Bush Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus  Hodgson, 1845 OR : Himalayas to c China  
        T. c. whistleri  Ticehurst, 1922 nw Himalayas  
        T. c. chrysaeus  Hodgson, 1845 c and e Himalayas to c China and n Burma  
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis  (Guérin-Méneville, 1843) EU : sc  
White-bellied Robin-Chat Cossyphicula roberti  (Alexander, 1903) AF : c  
        C. r. roberti  (Alexander, 1903) e Nigeria, w Cameroon, Bioko I.  
        C. r. rufescentior  (Hartert, 1908) e DR Congo, sw Uganda and Rwanda  
Mountain Robin-Chat Cossypha isabellae  Gray, GR, 1862 AF : wc ENG : Change English name of Cossypha isabellae to Mountain Robin-Chat to follow Birds of Africa
        C. i. batesi  (Bannerman, 1922) e Nigeria and w Cameroon  
        C. i. isabellae  Gray, GR, 1862 Mt. Cameroon (sw Cameroon)  
Archer's Ground Robin Cossypha archeri  Sharpe, 1902 AF : ec  
        C. a. archeri  Sharpe, 1902 e DR Congo, sw Uganda, w Rwanda and w Burundi  
        C. a. kimbutui  (Prigogine, 1955) Mt. Kabobo (e DR Congo)  
Olive-flanked Ground Robin Cossypha anomala  (Shelley, 1893) AF : se  
        C. a. grotei  (Reichenow, 1932) e and s Tanzania  
        C. a. anomala  (Shelley, 1893) Mt. Mulanje (s Malawi) and Mt. Namuli (n Mozambique)  
        C. a. macclounii  (Shelley, 1903) sw Tanzania, n Malawi and ne Zambia  
        C. a. mbuluensis  (Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1937) nc Tanzania  
Cape Robin-Chat Cossypha caffra  (Linnaeus, 1771) AF : e, se, s  
        C. c. iolaema  Reichenow, 1900 s Sudan to Malawi and n Mozambique  
        C. c. kivuensis  Schouteden, 1937 sw Uganda and e DR Congo  
        C. c. caffra  (Linnaeus, 1771) Zimbabwe and n, e and s South Africa  
        C. c. namaquensis  Sclater, WL, 1911 s Namibia, w and c South Africa  
White-throated Robin-Chat Cossypha humeralis  (Smith, A, 1836) AF : se  
Grey-winged Robin-Chat Cossypha polioptera  Reichenow, 1892 AF : w, c  
        C. p. polioptera  Reichenow, 1892 s Sudan to w Kenya, nw Tanzania, s DR Congo, nw Zambia and Angola  
        C. p. nigriceps  Reichenow, 1910 Sierra Leone and Liberia to c Cameroon  
        C. p. tessmanni  Reichenow, 1921 e Cameroon  
Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat Cossypha cyanocampter  (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : w, c  
        C. c. cyanocampter  (Bonaparte, 1850) sw Mali, e Guinea and Sierra Leone to Gabon  
        C. c. bartteloti  Shelley, 1890 ne DR Congo, s Sudan, Uganda and w Kenya  
Rüppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa  (Rüppell, 1837) AF : e  
        C. s. semirufa  (Rüppell, 1837) Eritrea, s and w Ethiopia, se Sudan and n Kenya  
        C. s. donaldsoni  Sharpe, 1895 e Ethiopia and nw Somalia  
        C. s. intercedens  (Cabanis, 1878) c and se Kenya, n Tanzania  
White-browed Robin-Chat Cossypha heuglini  Hartlaub, 1866 AF : c, e, s  
        C. h. subrufescens  Barboza du Bocage, 1869 Gabon to w Angola  
        C. h. heuglini  Hartlaub, 1866 s Chad and s Sudan south to e Angola, Botswana and n South Africa  
        C. h. intermedia  (Cabanis, 1868) s Somalia along the coast to ne South Africa  
Red-capped Robin-Chat Cossypha natalensis  Smith, A, 1840 AF : c, e, s  
        C. n. larischi  Meise, 1958 Nigeria to n Angola  
        C. n. intensa  Mearns, 1913 se Central African Republic to s Somalia south to e Angola and ne South Africa  
        C. n. natalensis  Smith, A, 1840 e South Africa  
Chorister Robin-Chat Cossypha dichroa  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : South Africa  
        C. d. dichroa  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Swaziland and s South Africa  
        C. d. mimica  Clancey, 1981 n South Africa  
White-headed Robin-Chat Cossypha heinrichi  Rand, 1955 AF : wc  
Snowy-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha niveicapilla  (Lafresnaye, 1838) AF : w, c  
White-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha albicapillus  (Vieillot, 1818) AF : w, c, e TAX : CORRECT gender agreement; original specific epithet albicapillus is invariable. (N David, H&M corrigenda 2.1)
        C. a. albicapillus  (Vieillot, 1818) Senegal and Gambia to ne Guinea  
        C. a. giffardi  Hartert, 1899 s Mali and n Ivory Coast to n Cameroon and s Chad  
        C. a. omoensis  Sharpe, 1900 se Sudan and sw Ethiopia  
Angola Cave Chat Xenocopsychus ansorgei  Hartert, 1907 AF : Angola  
Collared Palm Thrush Cichladusa arquata  Peters, W, 1863 AF : e  
Rufous-tailed Palm Thrush Cichladusa ruficauda  (Hartlaub, 1857) AF : wc  
Spotted Palm Thrush Cichladusa guttata  (Heuglin, 1862) AF : e  
        C. g. guttata  (Heuglin, 1862) s Sudan, ne DR Congo, Uganda and nw Kenya  
        C. g. intercalans  Clancey, 1986 sw Ethiopia to c Kenya and c Tanzania  
        C. g. rufipennis  Sharpe, 1901 s Somalia, e Kenya and ne Tanzania  
Forest Scrub Robin Erythropygia leucosticta  (Sharpe, 1883) AF : w, c  
        E. l. colstoni  (Tye, 1991) Sierra Leone, Liberia and Ivcory Coast  
        E. l. leucosticta  (Sharpe, 1883) Ghana  
        E. l. collsi  Alexander, 1907 se Central African Republic, ne DR Congo and w Uganda  
        E. l. reichenowi  Hartert, 1907 w Angola  
Miombo Scrub Robin Erythropygia barbata  (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870) AF : sc  
Bearded Scrub Robin Erythropygia quadrivirgata  (Reichenow, 1879) AF : e, se, s  
        E. q. quadrivirgata  (Reichenow, 1879) Somalia to ne Namibia and e South Africa  
        E. q. greenwayi  Moreau, 1938 Zanzibar and Mafia Is. (off Tanzania)  
Brown Scrub Robin Erythropygia signata  (Sundevall, 1850) AF : se, s  
        E. s. tongensis  (Roberts, 1931) s Mozambique and e South Africa  
        E. s. signata  (Sundevall, 1850) c and se South Africa  
Brown-backed Scrub Robin Erythropygia hartlaubi  Reichenow, 1891 AF : c  
White-browed Scrub Robin Erythropygia leucophrys  (Vieillot, 1817) AF : c, e, s  
        E. l. leucoptera  (Rüppell, 1845) s Sudan, s Ethiopia, n Somalia and n Kenya  
        E. l. eluta  Bowen, 1934 s Somalia and ne Kenya  
        E. l. vulpina  Reichenow, 1891 e Kenya and e Tanzania  
        E. l. brunneiceps  Reichenow, 1891 c and s Kenya, n Tanzania  
        E. l. sclateri  Grote, 1930 c Tanzania  
        E. l. zambesiana  Sharpe, 1882 n and e DR Congo and s Sudan to w Kenya, e Zimbabwe and n Mozambique  
        E. l. munda  (Cabanis, 1880) s Gabon to c Angola and w DR Congo  
        E. l. ovamboensis  Neumann, 1920 s Angola and n Namibia to sw Zambia and w Zimbabwe  
        E. l. simulator  Clancey, 1964 s Mozambique  
        E. l. leucophrys  (Vieillot, 1817) s Zimbabwe, n and e South Africa  
Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Erythropygia galactotes  (Temminck, 1820) EU : sc, sw  
        E. g. galactotes  (Temminck, 1820) Iberian Pen., n Africa, Israel and sw Syria  
        E. g. syriaca  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) Balkans to w and s Turkey, w Syria and Lebanon  
        E. g. familiaris  (Ménétries, 1832) se Turkey, Iraq and n and ne Arabia to s Kazakhstan, e Afghanistan and w Pakistan  
        E. g. minor  (Cabanis, 1850) Senegal and Gambia to n Somalia  
        E. g. hamertoni  Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 e Somalia  
Kalahari Scrub Robin Erythropygia paena  Smith, A, 1836 AF : sc, sw  
        E. p. benguellensis  Hartert, 1907 sw Angola  
        E. p. paena  Smith, A, 1836 Botswana and nc South Africa  
        E. p. damarensis  Hartert, 1907 Namibia  
        E. p. oriens  Clancey, 1957 s Zimbabwe and n South Africa  
Karoo Scrub Robin Erythropygia coryphoeus  (Vieillot, 1817) AF : sw  
        E. c. coryphoeus  (Vieillot, 1817) s Namibia, w abd c South Africa  
        E. c. cinerea  Macdonald, 1952 sw South Africa  
Black Scrub Robin Cercotrichas podobe  (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : ne  
        C. p. podobe  (Statius Müller, 1776) s Mauritania and n Senegal to ne Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia  
        C. p. melanoptera  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) w, c and s Arabian Pen.  
Herero Chat Namibornis herero  (Meyer de Schauensee, 1931) AF : sw  
Madagascan Magpie-Robin Copsychus albospecularis  (Eydoux & Gervais, 1836) AF : Madagascar  
        C. a. pica  Pelzeln, 1858 w and n Madagascar  
        C. a. albospecularis  (Eydoux & Gervais, 1836) ne Madagascar  
        C. a. inexspectatus  Richmond, 1897 ec to se Madagascar  
Seychelles Magpie-Robin Copsychus sechellarum  Newton, A, 1865 IO : Seychelles Islands  
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis  (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : widespread  
        C. s. saularis  (Linnaeus, 1758) ne Pakistan, n, c and w India  
        C. s. ceylonensis  Sclater, PL, 1861 s India and Sri Lanka  
        C. s. erimelas  Oberholser, 1923 ne India to Thailand and Indochina  
        C. s. andamanensis  Hume, 1874 Andaman Is.  
        C. s. prosthopellus  Oberholser, 1923 s and e China, Hainan I. (off se China)  
        C. s. musicus  (Raffles, 1822) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Belitung and Bangka Is., w Java, and s and w Borneo  
        C. s. zacnecus  Oberholser, 1912 Simeuluë I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        C. s. nesiarchus  Oberholser, 1923 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)  
        C. s. masculus  Ripley, 1943 Batu I. (off w Sumatra)  
        C. s. pagiensis  Richmond, 1902 Mentawai I. (off w Sumatra)  
        C. s. amoenus  (Horsfield, 1821) e Java and Bali  
        C. s. adamsi  Elliot, 1890 n Borneo and Banggi I.  
        C. s. pluto  Bonaparte, 1850 Maratua I., e and se Borneo  
Philippine Magpie-Robin Copsychus mindanensis  (Boddaert, 1783) OR : Philippines AS : Philippine Magpie-Robin C.mindanensis is split from Oriental Magpie-Robin C. saularis (Sheldon et al 2011)
White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : widespread  
        C. m. malabaricus  (Scopoli, 1786) w and s India  
        C. m. leggei  (Whistler, 1941) Sri Lanka  
        C. m. interpositus  (Robinson & Kloss, 1922) Nepal and n India to s China and Indochina  
        C. m. macrourus  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Con Son I. (off s Vietnam)  
        C. m. tricolor  (Vieillot, 1818) w Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and nearby islands to the east  
        C. m. melanurus  (Salvadori, 1887) islands to the west of Sumatra  
        C. m. mirabilis  Hoogerwerf, 1962 Prinsen I. (between Sumatra and Java)  
        C. m. nigricauda  (Vorderman, 1893) Kangean I. (ne of Java)  
        C. m. suavis  Sclater, PL, 1861 Borneo (except n)  
Andaman Shama Copsychus albiventris  (Blyth, 1858) OR : Andaman Is. AS : Andaman Shama Copsychus albiventris is split from White-rumped C. malabaricus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
White-crowned Shama Copsychus stricklandii  Motley & Dillwyn, 1855 OR : Borneo  
        C. s. stricklandii  Motley & Dillwyn, 1855 n Borneo and Banggi I.  
        C. s. barbouri  (Bangs & Peters, JL, 1927) Maratua Is. (ne of Borneo)  
White-browed Shama Copsychus luzoniensis  (Kittlitz, 1832) OR : Philippines  
        C. l. luzoniensis  (Kittlitz, 1832) Luzon and Catanduanes  
        C. l. parvimaculatus  (McGregor, 1910) Polillo  
        C. l. shemleyi  duPont, 1976 Marinduque  
        C. l. superciliaris  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) Ticao, Masbate, Negros and Panay  
White-vented Shama Copsychus niger  (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Philippines  
Black Shama Copsychus cebuensis  (Steere, 1890) OR : Philippines  
Rufous-tailed Shama Trichixos pyrropygus  Lesson, 1839 OR : Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo  
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka  
        S. f. cambaiensis  (Latham, 1790) Pakistan, n and w India, Nepal  
        S. f. erythrurus  (Lesson, 1832) ne India  
        S. f. intermedius  Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 c India  
        S. f. fulicatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) s India  
        S. f. leucopterus  (Lesson, 1840) Sri Lanka  
Przevalski's Redstart Phoenicurus alaschanicus  (Przewalski, 1876) EU : nc China  
Eversmann's Redstart Phoenicurus erythronotus  (Eversmann, 1841) EU : c Asia  
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus coeruleocephala  (Vigors, 1831) EU : e Afghanistan to c Himalayas  
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros  (Gmelin, SG, 1774) EU, OR : w EU to c China  
        P. o. gibraltariensis  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Europe and nw Africa  
        P. o. ochruros  (Gmelin, SG, 1774) Turkey to the Caucasus and nw Iran  
        P. o. semirufus  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) w Syria, Lebanon and ne Israel  
        P. o. phoenicuroides  (Moore, F, 1854)

ne Iran and Turkmenistan to nw Pakistan north to se Kazakhstan, nw China, sc Siberia and w Mongolia

 
        P. o. rufiventris  (Vieillot, 1818) Central Himalayas to c China  
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : c, w, also nw Africa  
        P. p. phoenicurus  (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe and n Africa to c Asia  
        P. p. samamisicus  (Hablizl, 1783) the Balkans and Greece to Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Iran  
Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni  (Moore, F, 1854) OR : Himalayas to c China  
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps  (Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847) EU : Himalayas to c China  
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus  (Pallas, 1776) EU : c, e  
        P. a. leucopterus  Blyth, 1843 e Himalayas to c and e China  
        P. a. auroreus  (Pallas, 1776) sc Siberia and Mongolia to Korea and ne China  
Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri  (Olphe-Galliard, 1852) AF : nw  
Güldenstädt's Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus  (Güldenstädt, 1775) EU : sc, ec  
        P. e. erythrogastrus  (Güldenstädt, 1775) Greater Caucasus Mt.  
        P. e. grandis  (Gould, 1850) e Afghanistan to sc Siberia, w Mongolia and nw and c China  
Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis  Vigors, 1831 OR : e Afghanistan to c China  
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phoenicuroides  (Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847) OR : Himalayas to c China  
        H. p. phoenicuroides  (Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847) Himalayas and w Burma  
        H. p. ichangensis  Baker, ECS, 1922 ne and e Burma to c China and n Indochina  
Plumbeous Water Redstart Rhyacornis fuliginosa  (Vigors, 1831) OR : e Afghanistan to e China, Taiwan  
        R. f. fuliginosa  (Vigors, 1831) e Afghanistan to ne and e China, Indochina and nw Thailand  
        R. f. affinis  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) Taiwan  
Luzon Water Redstart Rhyacornis bicolor  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894) OR : Philippines  
White-capped Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus  (Vigors, 1831) EU : c, e, also to c Laos  
White-tailed Robin Myiomela leucura  (Hodgson, 1845) OR : Himalayas to Thailand and Taiwan  
        M. l. leucura  (Hodgson, 1845) c and e Himalayas to c China, c Indochina, Malay Pen. and Burma  
        M. l. montium  Swinhoe, 1864 Taiwan  
        M. l. cambodiana  (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) se Thailand and Cambodia  
Sunda Robin Myiomela diana  (Lesson, 1832) OR : Sumatra, Java  
        M. d. sumatrana  (Robinson & Kloss, 1918) Sumatra  
        M. d. diana  (Lesson, 1832) Java  
Nilgiri Blue Robin Myiomela major  (Jerdon, 1844) OR : sw India ENG, TAX : Change English name of Brachypteryx major from White-bellied Shortwing to Nilgiri Blue Robin and relocated to genus Myiomela;erroneously placed in Brachypteryx.
White-bellied Blue Robin Myiomela albiventris  (Blanford, 1868) OR : sw India AS : Myiomela albiventris is split from M. (Brachypteryx) major (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005); see also Robin et al 2010
Blue-fronted Robin Cinclidium frontale  Blyth, 1842 OR : Nepal to Southeast Asia  
        C. f. frontale  Blyth, 1842 Nepal to Bhutan  
        C. f. orientale  (Delacour & Jabouille, 1930) ne India to sc China and n Indochina  
Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush Myophonus blighi  (Holdsworth, 1872) OR : Sri Lanka PHY,SEQ : Genus Myophonus transferred from Turdidae to Muscicapidae/Saxicolinae (Sangster et al 2010, Zuccon & Ericson 2010).  
Shiny Whistling Thrush Myophonus melanurus  (Salvadori, 1879) OR : Sumatra  
Javan Whistling Thrush Myophonus glaucinus  (Temminck, 1823) OR : Java ENG : Change English name of Myophonus glaucinus from Sunda Whistling Thrush to Javan Whistling Thrush with split of M.borneensis
Bornean Whistling Thrush Myophonus borneensis  Slater, 1885 OR : Borneo AS : Myophonus borneensis is split from M. glaucinus (Collar 2004); BLI recognizes
Brown-winged Whistling Thrush Myophonus castaneus  Ramsay, RGW, 1880 OR : Sumatra  
Malayan Whistling Thrush Myophonus robinsoni  Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 OR : w Malaysia  
Malabar Whistling Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii  Vigors, 1831 OR : s India  
Taiwan Whistling Thrush Myophonus insularis  Gould, 1863 OR : Taiwan  
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus  (Scopoli, 1786) OR : widespread, also c, sc Asia  
        M. c. temminckii  Vigors, 1831 mountains of central Asia to wc China and ne Burma  
        M. c. caeruleus  (Scopoli, 1786) c and e China  
        M. c. eugenei  Hume, 1873 c Burma to e Thailand, s China and n and c Indochina  
        M. c. crassirostris  Robinson, 1910 se Thailand, Cambodia and n and c Malay Pen.  
        M. c. dichrorhynchus  Salvadori, 1879 s Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        M. c. flavirostris  (Horsfield, 1821) Java  
Grandala Grandala coelicolor  Hodgson, 1843 OR : Himalayas to c China  TAX, SEQ : Transfer Grandala from Muscicapidae to Turdidae, relations to Sialia and position uncertain (Jønsson and Fjeldså 2006a, HBW)
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri  Vigors, 1832 OR : Himalayas to e China and nw Vietnam, Taiwan  
Sunda Forktail Enicurus velatus  Temminck, 1822 OR : Sumatra, Java  
        E. v. sumatranus  Robinson & Kloss, 1923 Sumatra  
        E. v. velatus  Temminck, 1822 Java  
Chestnut-naped Forktail Enicurus ruficapillus  Temminck, 1832 OR : Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra  
Black-backed Forktail Enicurus immaculatus  (Hodgson, 1836) OR : Himalayas to nw Thailand  
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus  (Hodgson, 1836) OR : Himalayas through Southeast Asia  
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti  (Vieillot, 1818) OR : ne India through Southeast Asia to Java  
        E. l. indicus  Hartert, 1910 ne India and Burma to s China, Indochina and Thailand  
        E. l. sinensis  Gould, 1866 c and e China, Hainan I.  
        E. l. frontalis  Blyth, 1847 c and s Malay Pen., Sumatra and lowland Borneo  
        E. l. chaseni  Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 Batu I. (off w Sumatra)  
        E. l. leschenaulti  (Vieillot, 1818) Java and Bali  
Bornean Forktail Enicurus borneensis  Sharpe, 1889 OR : highland Borneo  AS : Split from Enicurus leschenaulti. Effectively sympatric with (lowland) E.l. frontalis; other members of the E. leschenaulti species complex are species candidates (Moyle et al. 2005, Collar and Pilgrim 2007).
Spotted Forktail Enicurus maculatus  Vigors, 1831 OR : e Afghanistan to sc Vietnam  
        E. m. maculatus  Vigors, 1831 e Afghanistan, w and c Himalayas  
        E. m. guttatus  Gould, 1866 e Himalayas, Burma and sw China  
        E. m. bacatus  Bangs & Phillips, JC, 1914 se China and n Indochina  
        E. m. robinsoni  Baker, ECS, 1922 sc Vietnam  
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w  
White-browed Bush Chat Saxicola macrorhynchus  (Stoliczka, 1872) OR : nw India, formerly Afghanistan and Pakistan  
White-throated Bush Chat Saxicola insignis  Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847 EU : c  
Canary Islands Stonechat Saxicola dacotiae  (Meade-Waldo, 1889) AF : Canary Islands ENG : Change English name of Saxicola dacotiae to Canary Islands Stonechat to conform to prevailing usage and documentation that it is imbedded in the phylogeny of ‘stonechats‘ (Zink et al 2009).
        S. d. dacotiae  (Meade-Waldo, 1889) Fuerteventura I.  
        S. d. murielae 
†  Bannerman, 1913
Allegranza I.  
European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola  (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : w, s Europe, n Africa AS : Saxicola rubicola is split from S.torquatus (Wittmann et al. 1995, Wink et al. 2002); under review by BLI.
        S. r. hibernans  (Hartert, 1910) Ireland, Britain, w France and Portugal  
        S. r. rubicola  (Linnaeus, 1766) w, c and s Europe, nw Africa and Turkey to the Caucasus  
Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus  (Pallas, 1773) EU : e Caucasus, se Turkey and w Iran. c Siberia, c Asia, the Himalayas and w, c China; AS : Saxicola maurus is split from S.torquatus (Wittmann et al. 1995, Wink et al. 2002); BOU does not recognize pending resolution of status of Chinese subspecies przewalskii
        S. m. hemprichii  Ehrenberg, 1833 e Ukraine, and n Azerbaijan to nw, n shores of Caspian Sea SSP : S. m. variegatus should not be applied to the population of Siberian Stonechat breeding north of the Caucasus. S. m. hemprichii is the oldest available name for this population (Svensson et al. 2012). 
        S. m. vareigatus  (Gmelin, SG, 1774) se Turkey and trans Caucasia to n,w Iran SSP : S. m. variegatus is more appropriately applied to the population in eastern Turkey, Transcaucasia and n, w Iran than the population north of the Caucasus. S. m. armenicus becomes a junior synonym (Svensson et al. 2012).
        S. m. maurus  (Pallas, 1773) e Finland and n and e European Russia to Mongolia and Pakistan  
        S. m. indicus  (Blyth, 1847) nw and c Himalayas  
        S. m. przewalskii  (Pleske, 1889) Tibet to c China, n Burma  
Stejneger's Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri  (Parrot, 1908) EU : e Siberia and e Mongolia to Korea and Japan .  
African Stonechat Saxicola torquatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : SW Arabian Peninsula, sub-Saharan Africa ENG : Change English name of nominate Saxicola torquatus from European Stonechat to African Stonechat, with split of S.rubicola and S.maurus.“Stonechat“ is traditionally spelled as one word, not two words
        S. t. felix  Bates, 1936 sw Saudi Arabia and w Yemen  
        S. t. albofasciatus  Rüppell, 1840 se Sudan and ne Uganda to c Ethiopia  
        S. t. jebelmarrae  Lynes, 1920 e Chad and w Sudan  
        S. t. moptanus  Bates, 1932 Senegal and s Mali  
        S. t. nebularum  Bates, 1930 Sierra Leone and w Ivory Coast  
        S. t. axillaris  (Shelley, 1885) e DR Congo, Kenya, n and w Tanzania  
        S. t. promiscuus  Hartert, 1922 s Tanzania to e Zimbabwe and w Mozambique  
        S. t. salax  (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851) e Nigeria to nw Angola, Bioko I.  
        S. t. stonei  Bowen, 1931 e and s Angola to sw Tanzania south to n South Africa and Botswana  
        S. t. clanceyi  Courtenay-Latimer, 1961 coastal w South Africa  
        S. t. torquatus  (Linnaeus, 1766) c South Africa  
        S. t. oreobates  Clancey, 1956 Lesotho  
        S. t. voeltzkowi  Grote, 1926 Grand Comoro  
Madagascan Stonechat Saxicola sibilla  (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Madagascar  
        S. s. sibilla  (Linnaeus, 1766) Madagascar except n and c  
        S. s. tsaratananae  Milon, 1950 n Madagascar  
        S. s. ankaratrae  Salomonsen, 1934 c Madagascar  
Reunion Stonechat Saxicola tectes  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) IO : La Réunion  
White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucurus  (Blyth, 1847) OR : Pakistan, n India  
Pied Bush Chat Saxicola caprata  (Linnaeus, 1766) EU, OR, AU : ne Iran through Southeast Asia to New Guinea  
        S. c. rossorum  (Hartert, 1910) ne Iran to sc Kazakhstan and Afghanistan  
        S. c. bicolor  Sykes, 1832 se Iran, Pakistan and n India  
        S. c. burmanicus  Baker, ECS, 1922 c and se India to Burma, s China, Thailand and Indochina  
        S. c. nilgiriensis  Whistler, 1940 sw India  
        S. c. atratus  (Blyth, 1851) Sri Lanka  
        S. c. caprata  (Linnaeus, 1766) n Philippines  
        S. c. randi  Parkes, 1960 c Philippines  
        S. c. anderseni  Salomonsen, 1953 e and s Philippines  
        S. c. fruticola  Horsfield, 1821 Java to Alor I. (c Lesser Sundas)  
        S. c. pyrrhonotus  (Vieillot, 1818) e Lesser Sundas  
        S. c. francki  Rensch, 1931 Sumba I. (s Lesser Sundas)  
        S. c. albonotatus  (Stresemann, 1912) Sulawesi and Selayar I. (s of Sulawesi)  
        S. c. cognatus  Mayr, 1944 Babar I. (e Lesser Sundas)  
        S. c. aethiops  (Sclater, PL, 1880) n New Guinea, Bismarck Arch.  
        S. c. belensis  Rand, 1940 wc New Guinea  
        S. c. wahgiensis  Mayr & Gilliard, 1951 e New Guinea  
Jerdon's Bush Chat Saxicola jerdoni  (Blyth, 1867) OR : n India to n Thailand  
Grey Bush Chat Saxicola ferreus  Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847 OR : Himalayas to e China and nw Vietnam  
White-bellied Bush Chat Saxicola gutturalis  (Vieillot, 1818) AU : Lesser Sundas  
        S. g. gutturalis  (Vieillot, 1818) Timor  
        S. g. luctuosus  Bonaparte, 1850 Semau (off sw Timor)  
Buff-streaked Chat Campicoloides bifasciatus  (Temminck, 1829) AF : South Africa  
Red-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta  (Lichtenstein, 1823) EU, AF : n Africa, Arabian Peninsula  
        O. m. moesta  (Lichtenstein, 1823) n Africa  
        O. m. brooksbanki  Meinertzhagen, 1923 ne Egypt and nw Saudi Arabia to s Syria and w Iraq  
Capped Wheatear Oenanthe pileata  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : sc, s  
        O. p. neseri  Macdonald, 1952 s Angola, Namibia, w Botswana, nw South Africa  
        O. p. livingstonii  (Tristram, 1868) c Kenya to ne South Africa and e Botswana  
        O. p. pileata  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) sw Namibia, South Africa except nw, ne  
Red-breasted Wheatear Oenanthe bottae  (Bonaparte, 1854) EU, AF : s Arabian Peninsula, Ethiopia  
        O. b. bottae  (Bonaparte, 1854) sw Saudi Arabia and Yemen  
        O. b. frenata  (Heuglin, 1869) Eritrea and Ethiopia  
Heuglin's Wheatear Oenanthe heuglini  (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870) AF : w, c, e  
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina  (Temminck, 1829) EU : sw, s  
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread, also n NA, nw Africa  
        O. o. leucorhoa  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) ne Canada, Greenland and Iceland  
        O. o. oenanthe  (Linnaeus, 1758) n and c Europe through n Asia to e Siberia and nw North America  
        O. o. libanotica  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) s Europe through the Middle East and sw Asia to Mongolia and nw China  
        O. o. seebohmi  (Dixon, 1882) nw Africa  
Somali Wheatear Oenanthe phillipsi  (Shelley, 1885) AF : Somalia, Ethiopia  
Kurdish Wheatear Oenanthe xanthoprymna  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) EU : Turkey, Iran ENG : Adjectival modifier is preferred; thus Kurdish Wheatear, not Kurdistan Wheatear
Red-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe chrysopygia  (de Filippi, 1863) EU : sc  
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka  (Lepechin, 1770) EU : sc  
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca  (Homeyer, 1884) EU : Cyprus  
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : sw  
        O. h. hispanica  (Linnaeus, 1758) sw and sc Europe, nw Africa  
        O. h. melanoleuca  (Güldenstädt, 1775) sc and se Europe through the Middle East to Iran and Kazakhstan  
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti  (Temminck, 1825) EU : sc, c, also n Africa  
        O. d. homochroa  (Tristram, 1859) n Africa  
        O. d. deserti  (Temminck, 1825) ne Egypt through the Middle East to Mongolia, and Afghanistan  
        O. d. oreophila  (Oberholser, 1900) Himalayas, Tibet and w China  
Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens  (Lichtenstein, 1823) EU, AF : n Africa through Arabian Peninsula to Iran  
        O. l. halophila  (Tristram, 1859) n Africa  
        O. l. lugens  (Lichtenstein, 1823) e Egypt and ne Sudan to nw Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Syria  
        O. l. warriae  Shirihai & Kirwan, 2011 ne Jordan, s Syria  
        O. l. persica  (Seebohm, 1881) Iran  
Abyssinian Wheatear Oenanthe lugubris  (Rüppell, 1837) AF : e Africa  
        O. l. vauriei  Meinertzhagen, 1949 ne Somalia  
        O. l. lugubris  (Rüppell, 1837) Eritrea to c Ethiopia  
        O. l. schalowi  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) s Kenya and ne Tanzania  
Arabian Wheatear Oenanthe lugentoides  (Seebohm, 1881) EU : s Arabian Peninsula  
        O. l. lugentoides  (Seebohm, 1881) sw Saudi Arabia and w Yemen  
        O. l. boscaweni  Bates, 1937 nw Yemen and s Oman  
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii  (Heuglin, 1869) EU : sc  
        O. f. finschii  (Heuglin, 1869) sc, se Turkey to n Israel and w and sw Iran  
        O. f. barnesi  (Oates, 1890) e Turkey to c, e Iran, sc Kazakhstan a w Pakistan  
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata  (Blyth, 1847) EU : sc  
Mountain Wheatear Oenanthe monticola  Vieillot, 1818 AF : sw PHY : Mountain Wheatear does not belong in Oenanthe, but instead may belong in a new genus that is sister to Thamnolaea (Outlaw et al 2009, Sangster et al 2010)
        O. m. albipileata  (Barboza du Bocage, 1867) sw Angola  
        O. m. nigricauda  Traylor, 1961 w Angola  
        O. m. atmorii  (Tristram, 1869) w Namibia  
        O. m. monticola  Vieillot, 1818 s Namibia and South Africa  
Hume's Wheatear Oenanthe albonigra  (Hume, 1872) EU : sc  
White-crowned Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga  (Brehm, CL, 1855) AF, EU : n Africa to n, c Arabian Peninsula  
        O. l. aegra  Hartert, 1913 nw Africa to w Egypt  
        O. l. leucopyga  (Brehm, CL, 1855) Nile Valley of Egypt and nc Sudan, ne Sudan to Eritrea and Djibouti  
        O. l. ernesti  Meinertzhagen, 1930 ne Egypt to c Saudi Arabia and Yemen  
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) EU : sw, also n Africa  
        O. l. leucura  (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Portugal, Spain and s France  
        O. l. syenitica  (Heuglin, 1869) nw Africa  
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha  (Temminck, 1825) EU : e Egypt to sw Pakistan  
Blackstart Oenanthe melanura  (Temminck, 1824) EU, AF : Arabian Peninsula through e, c, w Africa TAX : Move Blackstart from Cercomela to Oenanthe (Outlaw et al 2009)
        O. m. melanura  (Temminck, 1824) ne Egypt to Israel, Jordan and c Saudi Arabia  
        O. m. neumanni  (Ripley, 1952) sw Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman  
        O. m. lypura  (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) nc Sudan to Eritrea  
        O. m. aussae  (Thesiger & Meynell, 1934) ne Ethiopia, Djibouti and n Somalia  
        O. m. airensis  (Hartert, 1921) n Niger to c Sudan  
        O. m. ultima  (Bates, 1933) e Mali and w Niger  
Brown Rock Chat Oenanthe fusca  (Blyth, 1851) OR : Pakistan, n, c India PHY, TAX : Move Brown Rock Chat from Cercomela to Oenanthe following Blackstart (Outlaw et al 2009)
Familiar Chat Oenanthe familiaris  (Wilkes, 1817) AF : w, c, e, s PHY, TAX : Move Familiar Chat from Cercomela to Oenanthe (Outlaw et al 2009, Sangster et al 2010)
        O. f. falkensteini  (Cabanis, 1875) Senegal to nw Ethiopia, s Uganda and Tanzania  
        O. f. omoensis  (Neumann, 1904) se Sudan, sw Ethiopia, nw Kenya and ne Uganda  
        O. f. angolensis  (Lynes, 1926) w Angola and n Namibia  
        O. f. galtoni  (Strickland, 1853) e Namibia, w Botswana and n South Africa  
        O. f. hellmayri  (Reichenow, 1902) se Botwana to s Mozambique and ne South Africa  
        O. f. actuosa  (Clancey, 1966) e South Africa and Lesotho  
        O. f. familiaris  (Wilkes, 1817) s South Africa  
Brown-tailed Rock Chat Oenanthe scotocerca  (Heuglin, 1869) AF : ne, e PHY, TAX : Move Brown-tailed Rock Chat from Cercomela to Oenanthe (Outlaw et al 2009)
        O. s. furensis  (Lynes, 1926) e Chad and w Sudan  
        O. s. scotocerca  (Heuglin, 1869) ne Sudan, Eritrea and n Ethiopia  
        O. s. turkana  (van Someren, 1920) s Ethiopia, Uganda and n Kenya  
        O. s. spectatrix  (Clarke, S, 1919) e Ethiopia and n Somalia  
        O. s. validior  (Berlioz & Roche, J, 1970) ne Somalia  
Sombre Rock Chat Oenanthe dubia  (Blundell & Lovat, 1899) AF : Somalia, Ethiopia PHY, TAX : Move Sombre Rock Chat from Cercomela to Oenanthe (Outlaw et al 2009)
Sickle-winged Chat Emarginata sinuata  (Sundevall, 1858) AF : s  
        E. s. hypernephela  (Clancey, 1956) Lesotho  
        E. s. ensifera  (Clancey, 1958) s Namibia, w and c South Africa  
        E. s. sinuata  (Sundevall, 1858) s South Africa  
Karoo Chat Emarginata schlegelii  (Wahlberg, 1855) AF : sw  
        E. s. benguellensis  (Sclater, WL, 1928) sw Angola and nw Namibia  
        E. s. schlegelii  (Wahlberg, 1855) coastal Namibia  
        E. s. namaquensis  (Sclater, WL, 1928) s Namibia and nw South Africa  
        E. s. pollux  (Hartlaub, 1866) w and c South Africa  
Tractrac Chat Emarginata tractrac  (Wilkes, 1817) AF : sw  
        E. t. hoeschi  (Niethammer, 1955) sw Angola and nw Namibia  
        E. t. albicans  (Wahlberg, 1855) w Namibia  
        E. t. barlowi  (Roberts, 1937) s Namibia  
        E. t. nebulosa  (Clancey, 1962) sw Namibia  
        E. t. tractrac  (Wilkes, 1817) w South Africa  
Moorland Chat Pinarochroa sordida  (Rüppell, 1837) AF : e  
        P. s. sordida  (Rüppell, 1837) Ethiopia  
        P. s. ernesti  Sharpe, 1900 Uganda and Kenya  
        P. s. olimotiensis  Elliott, HFI, 1945 Crater Highlands (n Tanzania)  
        P. s. hypospodia  Shelley, 1885 Mt. Kilimanjaro (n Tanzania)  
Congo Moor Chat Myrmecocichla tholloni  (Oustalet, 1886) AF : wc  
Anteater Chat Myrmecocichla aethiops  Cabanis, 1850 AF : e, c, w  
        M. a. aethiops  Cabanis, 1850 Senegal and Gambia to Chad and n Cameroon  
        M. a. sudanensis  Lynes, 1920 wc and c Sudan  
        M. a. cryptoleuca  Sharpe, 1891 w and c Kenya to n Tanzania  
Ant-eating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivora  (Wilkes, 1817) AF : s  
Sooty Chat Myrmecocichla nigra  (Vieillot, 1818) AF : w, c  
Rüppell's Black Chat Myrmecocichla melaena  (Rüppell, 1837) AF : Ethiopia, Eritrea  
White-fronted Black Chat Pentholaea albifrons  (Rüppell, 1837) AF : w, c, e  
        P. a. frontalis  (Swainson, 1837) Senegal and Gambia to n Cameroon and Chad  
        P. a. limbata  Reichenow, 1921 e Cameroon to Central African Republic  
        P. a. albifrons  (Rüppell, 1837) Eritrea and n Ethiopia  
        P. a. pachyrhyncha  Neumann, 1906 sw Ethiopia  
        P. a. clericalis  Cabanis, 1882 s Sudan, ne DR Congo and Uganda  
Arnot's Chat Pentholaea arnotti  (Tristram, 1869) AF : sc  
        P. a. arnotti  (Tristram, 1869) Rwanda and Burundi to Zambia, c Mozambique and ne South Africa  
        P. a. harterti  (Neunzig, 1926) Angola  
Ruaha Chat Pentholaea collaris  (Reichenow, 1882) AF : w Tanzania, e Rwanda, Burundi, n Zambia and e DR Congo AS : Ruaha Chat Pentholaea (Myrmecocichla) collaris is split from Arnot‘s Chat P. (M.) arnotti (Glen et al 2010)
Mocking Cliff Chat Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris  (Lafresnaye, 1836) AF : w, e, s  
        T. c. kordofanensis  Wettstein, 1916 c Sudan  
        T. c. albiscapulata  (Rüppell, 1837) n Eritrea, n, c and e Ethiopia  
        T. c. subrufipennis  Reichenow, 1887 se Sudan and sw Ethiopia south to Zambia and Malawi  
        T. c. odica  Clancey, 1962 e Zimbabwe  
        T. c. cinnamomeiventris  (Lafresnaye, 1836) e Botswana, e South Africa, w Swaziland and Lesotho  
        T. c. autochthones  Clancey, 1952 s Mozambique, ne South Africa and e Swaziland  
White-crowned Cliff Chat Thamnolaea coronata  Reichenow, 1902 AF : wc  
        T. c. cavernicola  Bates, 1933 c Mali  
        T. c. bambarae  Bates, 1928 s Mauritania, e Senegal and sw Mali  
        T. c. coronata  Reichenow, 1902 n Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso to w Sudan  
Boulder Chat Pinarornis plumosus  Sharpe, 1876 AF : se  
White-winged Cliff Chat Monticola semirufus  (Rüppell, 1837) AF : Ethiopia, Eritrea  
Cape Rock Thrush Monticola rupestris  (Vieillot, 1818) AF : s  
Sentinel Rock Thrush Monticola explorator  (Vieillot, 1818) AF : s  
        M. e. explorator  (Vieillot, 1818) e and s South Africa  
        M. e. tenebriformis  Clancey, 1952 Lesotho to s Mozambique  
Short-toed Rock Thrush Monticola brevipes  (Waterhouse, 1838) AF : s TAX : Short-toed Rock Thrush includes pretoriae as subspecies
        M. b. brevipes  (Waterhouse, 1838) w Angola, Namibia and nw South Africa  
        M. b. pretoriae  Gunning & Roberts, 1911 se Botswana, c South Africa  
Miombo Rock Thrush Monticola angolensis  Sousa, 1888 AF : s  
        M. a. angolensis  Sousa, 1888 Angola and s DR Congo to Rwanda, Tanzania and n Zambia  
        M. a. hylophilus  Clancey, 1965 s Zambia, w Malawi, w Mozambique and Zimbabwe  
Common Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis  (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : s Europe to sc China, also nw Africa ENG : Restore English name of Monticola saxatilis to better established Common Rock Thrush (2.9)
Little Rock Thrush Monticola rufocinereus  (Rüppell, 1837) AF : e, also w Arabian Peninsula  
        M. r. rufocinereus  (Rüppell, 1837) Eritrea, Ethiopia and n Somalia to Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        M. r. sclateri  Hartert, 1917 w Saudi Arabia  
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius  (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, OR : widespread, also nw Africa  
        M. s. solitarius  (Linnaeus, 1758) nw Africa, sw and sc Europe, n Turkey to Georgia and Azerbaijan  
        M. s. longirostris  (Blyth, 1847) Greece and w and s Turkey through the Middle East to the nw Himalayas  
        M. s. pandoo  (Sykes, 1832) c Himalayas to e China and nw Vietnam  
        M. s. philippensis  (Statius Müller, 1776) e Mongolia to Sakhalin south to Japan, extreme n Philippines and ne China  
        M. s. madoci  Chasen, 1940 Malay Pen. and n Sumatra  
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris  (Jardine & Selby, 1833) OR : Himalayas through Southeast Asia  
Blue-capped Rock Thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus  (Vigors, 1831) OR : Afghanistan to Burma and s India  
White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis  (Swinhoe, 1863) EU : nc, ne  
Littoral Rock Thrush Monticola imerina  (Hartlaub, 1860) AF : Madagascar TAX : Merge species of Madagascar rock thrushes (Pseudocossyphus) into Monticola (Outlaw et al 2007, Collar 2005, BLI)
Forest Rock Thrush Monticola sharpei  (Gray, GR, 1871) AF : Madagascar TAX : Recent papers do not support previous splits of Amber Mountain Rock Thrush or Benson‘s Rock Thrush, now included in Forest Rock Thrush (Outlaw et al 2007, Zuccon and Ericson 2010)
        M. s. salomonseni  Farkas, 1973 ec Madagascar  
        M. s. erythronotus  Lavauden, 1929 extreme n Madagascar  
        M. s. sharpei  (Gray, GR, 1871) e Madagascar  
        M. s. bensoni  Farkas, 1971 sw Madagascar  
Fraser's Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata  (Strickland, 1844) AF : w, c  
        F. o. kelsalli  Bannerman, 1922 sw Guinea and Sierra Leone  
        F. o. prosphora  Oberholser, 1899 Liberia to Ghana  
        F. o. ocreata  (Strickland, 1844) Nigeria to Uganda, c DR Congo and n Angola, Bioko I.  
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens  Hartlaub, 1857 AF : w, c  
        F. c. cinerascens  Hartlaub, 1857 Senegal and Gambia to Ghana  
        F. c. ruthae  Dickerman, 1994 Nigeria and Cameroon to c DR Congo  
Angolan Slaty Flycatcher Melaenornis brunneus  (Cabanis, 1886) AF : Angola  TAX : Genus Melaenornis includes Dioptrornis (H&M3)
        M. b. brunneus  (Cabanis, 1886) w Angola lowlands  
        M. b. bailunduensis  (Neumann, 1929) w Angola highlands  
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri  (Reichenow, 1884) AF : c, e  
        M. f. toruensis  (Hartert, 1900) e DR Congo, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi  
        M. f. semicinctus  (Hartert, 1916) ne DR Congo  
        M. f. nyikensis  (Shelley, 1899) se DR Congo, e and s Tanzania and n Malawi  
        M. f. fischeri  (Reichenow, 1884) se Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and n Tanzania  
Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher Melaenornis chocolatinus  (Rüppell, 1840) AF : Ethiopia, Eritrea  
        M. c. chocolatinus  (Rüppell, 1840) Eritrea, n and c Ethiopia  
        M. c. reichenowi  (Neumann, 1902) w Ethiopia  
Nimba Flycatcher Melaenornis annamarulae  Forbes-Watson, 1970 AF : w  
Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher Melaenornis ardesiacus  Berlioz, 1936 AF : ec
Northern Black Flycatcher Melaenornis edolioides  (Swainson, 1837) AF : w, c, e  
        M. e. edolioides  (Swainson, 1837) s Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to w Cameroon  
        M. e. lugubris  (von Müller, JW, 1851) e Cameroon to Eritrea, w Ethiopia, w Kenya and n Tanzania  
        M. e. schistaceus  Sharpe, 1895 n and e Ethiopia, n Kenya  
Southern Black Flycatcher Melaenornis pammelaina  (Stanley, 1814) AF : e, s  
        M. p. pammelaina  (Stanley, 1814) w and s DR Congo to Kenya, e South Africa and c Angola  
        M. p. diabolicus  (Sharpe, 1877) s Angola and sw Zambia to Botswana and w South Africa  
Pale Flycatcher Bradornis pallidus  (von Müller, JW, 1851) AF : widespread  
        B. p. pallidus  (von Müller, JW, 1851) Senegal and Gambia to w Ethiopia  
        B. p. parvus  Reichenow, 1907 se Sudan, ne DR Congo and nw Uganda  
        B. p. bowdleri  Collin, A & Hartert, 1927 Eritrea and c Ethiopia  
        B. p. bafirawari  Bannerman, 1924 s Ethiopia and ne Kenya  
        B. p. duyerali  Traylor, 1970 ne Ethiopia and c Somalia  
        B. p. subalaris  Sharpe, 1874 e Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        B. p. erlangeri  Reichenow, 1905 s Somalia  
        B. p. modestus  Shelley, 1873 Guinea to Central African Republic  
        B. p. murinus  Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870 Gabon and Congo to Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Botswana and n Namibia  
        B. p. aquaemontis  Stresemann, 1937 c Namibia  
        B. p. griseus  Reichenow, 1882 se Kenya and c Tanzania to e Zambia and c Malawi  
        B. p. divisus  Lawson, 1961 se Zambia and s Malawi to ne South Africa  
        B. p. sibilans  Clancey, 1966 s Mozambique and e South Africa  
Chat Flycatcher Bradornis infuscatus  (Smith, A, 1839) AF : s  
        B. i. benguellensis  Sousa, 1886 s Angola and nw Namibia  
        B. i. namaquensis  Macdonald, 1957 Namibia (except nw and sw) and extreme w Botswana  
        B. i. placidus  Clancey, 1958 Botswana (except w) and nc South Africa  
        B. i. seimundi  Ogilvie-Grant, 1913 sc South Africa  
        B. i. infuscatus  (Smith, A, 1839) sw Namibia to sw South Africa  
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus  Reichenow, 1887 AF : e TAX : African Grey Flycatcher includes Ethiopian Grey Flycatcher B.pumilus as subspecies following Dickinson 2003, Birds of Africa, cf Sibley and Monroe
        B. m. microrhynchus  Reichenow, 1887 sw Kenya and Tanzania  
        B. m. neumanni  Hilgert, 1908 s Sudan to c Somalia and n Kenya  
        B. m. burae  Traylor, 1970 se Somalia and e Kenya  
        B. m. taruensis  van Someren, 1921 se Kenya  
        B. m. pumilus  Sharpe, 1895 c Ethiopia and n Somalia  
Marico Flycatcher Bradornis mariquensis  Smith, A, 1847 AF : s  
        B. m. acaciae  Irwin, 1957 s Angola to sw Botswana and nw South Africa  
        B. m. mariquensis  Smith, A, 1847 sw Zambia and c Zimbabwe to n and ne South Africa  
        B. m. territinctus  (Clancey, 1979) ne Namibia and nw Botswana  
Fiscal Flycatcher Sigelus silens  (Shaw, 1809) AF : s  
        S. s. lawsoni  (Clancey, 1966) s Botswana and n South Africa  
        S. s. silens  (Shaw, 1809) c and s South Africa  
Silverbird Empidornis semipartitus  (Rüppell, 1840) AF : ec  
Streak-breasted Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias additus  (Hartert, 1900) AU : Moluccas  
Russet-backed Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias oscillans  (Hartert, 1897) AU : Lesser Sundas  
        R. o. oscillans  (Hartert, 1897) Sumbawa and Flores  
        R. o. stresemanni  (Siebers, 1928) Sumba  
Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneatus  (Slater, 1897) OR : se China to w Malaysia  
Nicobar Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias nicobaricus  Richmond, 1902 OR : s Nicobar Is. AS : Rhinomyias nicobaricus is split from R. brunneatus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
Fulvous-chested Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias olivaceus  (Hume, 1877) OR : Malay Peninsula, Java, Sumatra, Borneo  
        R. o. olivaceus  (Hume, 1877) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java, Bali and n Borneo  
        R. o. perolivaceus  Chasen & Kloss, 1929 islands off n Borneo  
Grey-chested Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias umbratilis  (Strickland, 1849) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
Rufous-tailed Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias ruficauda  (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Borneo to Philippines  
        R. r. ruficrissa  Sharpe, 1887 Mt. Kinabalu (n Borneo)  
        R. r. isola  Hachisuka, 1932 mountains of n Borneo except Mt. Kinabalu  
        R. r. boholensis  Rand & Rabor, 1957 Bohol (sc Philippines)  
        R. r. samarensis  (Steere, 1890) e and s Philippines  
        R. r. zamboanga  Rand & Rabor, 1957 w Mindanao (s Philippines)  
        R. r. ruficauda  (Sharpe, 1877) Basilan (sw Philippines)  
        R. r. occularis  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)  
Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias colonus  Hartert, 1898 AU : e Sulawesi  
        R. c. colonus  Hartert, 1898 Sula Is. (e of Sulawesi)  
        R. c. pelingensis  Vaurie, 1952 Peleng I. (off e Sulawesi)  
        R. c. subsolanus  Meise, 1932 e Sulawesi  
Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias gularis  Sharpe, 1888 OR : Borneo  
        R. g. gularis  Sharpe, 1888 mountains of Sabah (n Borneo)  
        R. g. kamlae  Leh, 2005 Kelabit highlands in n Sarawak  
White-throated Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias albigularis  Bourns & Worcester, 1894 OR : Philippines  
White-browed Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias insignis  Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 OR : Philippines  
Slaty-backed Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias goodfellowi  Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 OR : Philippines  
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata  (Pallas, 1764) EU : c, w  
        M. s. striata  (Pallas, 1764) Europe to w Siberia, nw Africa  
        M. s. balearica  von Jordans, 1913 Balearic Is. (w Mediterranean)  
        M. s. tyrrhenica  Schiebel, 1910 Corsica and Sardinia  
        M. s. inexpectata  Dementiev, 1932 Crimea (s Ukraine)  
        M. s. neumanni  Poche, 1904 islands of the Aegean Sea through the Middle East to the Caucasus and n Iran, also c Siberia  
        M. s. sarudnyi  Snigirewski, 1928 e Iran and Turkmenistan to the mountains of c Asia and n Pakistan  
        M. s. mongola  Portenko, 1955 Mongolia and sc Siberia  
Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae  (Alexander, 1901) AF : w, c, e, also sw Arabian Peninsula  
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta  (Swinhoe, 1861) EU : e  
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica  Gmelin, JF, 1789 EU, OR : c, e Asia to Southeast Asia  
        M. s. sibirica  Gmelin, JF, 1789 c and s Siberia to Korea and Japan  
        M. s. gulmergi  (Baker, ECS, 1923) ne Afghanistan and nw Himalayas  
        M. s. cacabata  Penard, TE, 1919 c Himalayas to s Tibet and ne India  
        M. s. rothschildi  (Baker, ECS, 1923) c and s China to n Burma and nw Vietnam  
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris  Raffles, 1822 EU, OR : c, e Asia to India & Southeast Asia TAX : Formerly Muscicapa dauurica but latirostris is the appropriate species epithet (Mlíkovský, 2012)
        M. l. latirostris  Raffles, 1822 c Siberia and n Mongolia to Sakhalin, Japan and Korea  
        M. d. poonensis  Sykes, 1832 n Pakistan to Bhutan. Also c, s India.  
        M. d. siamensis  (Gyldenstolpe, 1916) se Burma to nw Thailand. Also sc Vietnam.  
Brown-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa williamsoni   : s Burma, s Thailand, n peninsular Malaysia. Also ne Borneo  
        M. w. williamsoni  Deignan, 1957 s Burma and s Thailand to n Peninsular Malaysia  
        M. w. umbrosa  Wells, DR, 1982 ne Borneo  
Ashy-breasted Flycatcher Muscicapa randi  Amadon & duPont, 1970 OR : Philippines  
Sumba Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa segregata  (Siebers, 1928) AU : Sumba  
Brown-breasted Flycatcher Muscicapa muttui  (Layard, EL, 1854) OR : ne India to nw Thailand  
Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda  Swainson, 1838 EU : sc  
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea  (Hodgson, 1845) OR : Himalayas to c China, Taiwan  
Ashy Flycatcher Muscicapa caerulescens  (Hartlaub, 1865) AF : w, c, e, s  
        M. c. nigrorum  (Collin, A & Hartert, 1927) Guinea to Togo  
        M. c. brevicauda  Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 n Benin and s Nigeria to s Sudan, w Kenya, s DR Congo and nw Angola  
        M. c. cinereola  Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870 s Somalia, e Kenya and e Tanzania  
        M. c. impavida  Clancey, 1957 c Angola and n Namibia to n Tanzania and Zimbabwe  
        M. c. vulturna  Clancey, 1957 s Malawi and c Mozambique to n South Africa and n Swaziland  
        M. c. caerulescens  (Hartlaub, 1865) s Mozambique, e South Africa and s Swaziland  
Swamp Flycatcher Muscicapa aquatica  Heuglin, 1864 AF : w, c  
        M. a. aquatica  Heuglin, 1864 s Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to sw Sudan and n DR Congo  
        M. a. infulata  Hartlaub, 1881 se Sudan, ne DR Congo and Uganda to ne Zambia and nw Tanzania  
        M. a. lualabae  (Chapin, 1932) se DR Congo  
        M. a. grimwoodi  Chapin, 1952 s Zambia  
Cassin's Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini  Heine, 1860 AF : wc, c  
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens  (Cassin, 1859) AF : w, c  
        M. o. olivascens  (Cassin, 1859) Sierra Leone and Guinea to Central African Republic and Congo, e DR Congo  
        M. o. nimbae  Colston & Curry-Lindahl, 1986 Mt. Nimba (n Liberia and w Ivory Coast)  
Chapin's Flycatcher Muscicapa lendu  (Chapin, 1932) AF : ec  
Itombwe Flycatcher Muscicapa itombwensis  Prigogine, 1957 AF : Democratic Republic of the Congo PL : Itombwe Flycatcher is usually treated as a subspecies of Chapin‘s Flycatcher M.lendu; revisit species status
African Dusky Flycatcher Muscicapa adusta  (Boie, F, 1828) AF : wc, e, s  
        M. a. poensis  (Alexander, 1903) se Nigeria to c Cameroon, Bioko I.  
        M. a. pumila  (Reichenow, 1892) n Cameroon to s Sudan, c Kenya and n Tanzania  
        M. a. minima  Heuglin, 1862 Eritrea and Ethiopia  
        M. a. subadusta  (Shelley, 1897) Angola to nw Mozambique and e Zimbabwe  
        M. a. marsabit  (van Someren, 1931) n Kenya  
        M. a. murina  (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) se Kenya and ne Tanzania  
        M. a. fuelleborni  Reichenow, 1900 s and w Tanzania  
        M. a. mesica  Clancey, 1974 Zimbabwe (except e)  
        M. a. fuscula  Sundevall, 1850 n and e South Africa  
        M. a. adusta  (Boie, F, 1828) s South Africa  
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata  (Cassin, 1855) AF : w, c  
Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi  (van Someren, 1922) AF : c  
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata  (Cassin, 1857) AF : w, c  
        M. c. aximensis  (Sclater, WL, 1924) Sierra Leone to Nigeria  
        M. c. camerunensis  (Reichenow, 1892) Mt. Cameroon (sw Cameroon)  
        M. c. comitata  (Cassin, 1857) Cameroon to sw Sudan, Ugande, DR Congo and Angola  
Tessmann's Flycatcher Muscicapa tessmanni  (Reichenow, 1907) AF : w, c  
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata  (Cassin, 1855) AF : c  
        M. i. infuscata  (Cassin, 1855) s Nigeria to c DR Congo and Angola  
        M. i. minuscula  (Grote, 1922) e DR Congo and Uganda  
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri  (Sharpe, 1871) AF : w  
Böhm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi  (Reichenow, 1884) AF : sc  
Grey-throated Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis  (Jackson, 1906) AF : c  
        M. g. parelii  (Traylor, 1970) Liberia to Ghana  
        M. g. griseigularis  (Jackson, 1906) se Nigeria and s Cameroon to w Uganda, nw Tanzania, sc DR Congo and nw Angola  
Grey Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus plumbeus  (Hartlaub, 1858) AF : w, c, e, s  
        M. p. plumbeus  (Hartlaub, 1858) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan, sw Ethiopia, w Kenya, nw Tanzania, c DR Congo and Gabon  
        M. p. orientalis  (Reichenow & Neumann, 1895) e Kenya to e South Africa  
        M. p. catoleucus  (Reichenow, 1900) Angola to se Tanzania, c Zimbabwe and n South Africa  
Humblot's Flycatcher Humblotia flavirostris  Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885 AF : Comoros  
European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca  (Pallas, 1764) EU : c, w  
        F. h. hypoleuca  (Pallas, 1764) w and n Europe to the Ural Mts.  
        F. h. iberiae  (Witherby, 1928) Iberian Pen.  
        F. h. sibirica  (Khakhlov, 1915) w and sc Siberia  
Atlas Pied Flycatcher Ficedula speculigera  (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : nw, w  
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis  (Temminck, 1815) EU : c, se Europe  
Semicollared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata  (Homeyer, 1885) EU : sc  
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia  (Hay, 1845) EU : e  
Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina  (Temminck, 1836) EU : e  
        F. n. narcissina  (Temminck, 1836) Sakhalin, Kuril Is. and Japan (except Ryukyu Is.)  
        F. n. owstoni  (Bangs, 1901) Ryukyu Is. (s Japan)  
Green-backed Flycatcher Ficedula elisae  (Weigold, 1922) EU : ne China ENG : Change English name of Ficedula elisae from incorrect Chinese Flycatcher to Green-backed Flycatcher
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki  (Temminck, 1836) EU : e  
Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii  (Verreaux, J, 1871) OR : Himalayas to e India and Southeast Asia  
Rufous-chested Flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria  (Wallace, 1864) OR : Malay Peninsula, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, also Lesser Sundas  
        F. d. dumetoria  (Wallace, 1864) Java and Lesser Sundas  
        F. d. muelleri  (Sharpe, 1879) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
Tanimbar Flycatcher Ficedula riedeli  (Büttikofer, 1886) AU : Tanimbar Is AS : Ficedula riedeli is split from F.dumetoria (Rufous-chested Flycatcher)(Outlaw & Voelker 2006)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata  (Hodgson, 1837) OR : Himalayas to n, c China and s Vietnam  
        F. s. strophiata  (Hodgson, 1837) Himalayas to c and s China and w and n Burma  
        F. s. fuscogularis  (Baker, ECS, 1923) s Laos and c Vietnam  
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva  (Bechstein, 1792) EU : w, c  
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla  (Pallas, 1811) EU : c, e  
Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra  (Hartert & Steinbacher, 1934) OR : n India  
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra  (Blyth, 1843) OR : widespread  
        F. h. hyperythra  (Blyth, 1843) c Himalayas to sc China, n and c Indochina, n Thailand and Burma  
        F. h. annamensis  (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) sc Vietnam  
        F. h. innexa  (Swinhoe, 1866) Taiwan  
        F. h. sumatrana  (Hachisuka, 1926) Malay Pen., Sumatra and n Borneo  
        F. h. mjobergi  (Hartert, 1925) nw Borneo  
        F. h. vulcani  (Robinson, 1918) Java, Bali and w Lesser Sundas  
        F. h. clarae  (Mayr, 1944) Timor (Lesser Sundas)  
        F. h. audacis  (Hartert, 1906) Babar I. (e of Timor)  
        F. h. rara  (Salomonsen, 1977) Palawan (w Philippines)  
        F. h. calayensis  (McGregor, 1921) Calayan (n Philippines)  
        F. h. luzoniensis  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894) Luzon (n Philippines)  
        F. h. mindorensis  (Hachisuka, 1935) Mindoro (nw Philippines)  
        F. h. nigrorum  (Whitehead, J, 1897) Negros (wc Philippines)  
        F. h. montigena  (Mearns, 1905) Mt. Apo, Mt. Katanglad and Mt McKinley (c Mindanao in s Philippines)  
        F. h. matutumensis  Kennedy, 1987 Mt. Busa and Mt. Matutum (s Mindanao in s Philippines)  
        F. h. daggayana  Meyer de Schauensee & duPont, 1962 Misamis Oriental province (nc Mindanao in s Philippines)  
        F. h. malindangensis  Rand & Rabor, 1957 Mt. Malindang (nw Mindanao ins Philippines)  
        F. h. jugosae  (Riley, 1921) c, se and s Sulawesi  
        F. h. annalisa  (Stresemann, 1931) n Sulawesi  
        F. h. negroides  (Stresemann, 1914) Seram (s Moluccas)  
        F. h. pallidipectus  (Hartert, 1903) Bacan (off sw Halmahera in the Moluccas)  
        F. h. alifura  (Stresemann, 1912) Buru (s Moluccas)  
Little Slaty Flycatcher Ficedula basilanica  (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Philippines  
        F. b. samarensis  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) ec Philippines  
        F. b. basilanica  (Sharpe, 1877) s Philippines  
Rufous-throated Flycatcher Ficedula rufigula  (Wallace, 1865) AU : Sulawesi  
Cinnamon-chested Flycatcher Ficedula buruensis  (Hartert, 1899) AU : s Moluccas  
        F. b. buruensis  (Hartert, 1899) Buru  
        F. b. ceramensis  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1910) Seram  
        F. b. siebersi  (Hartert, 1924) Kai Besar  
Damar Flycatcher Ficedula henrici  (Hartert, 1899) AU : Damar Island  
Sumba Flycatcher Ficedula harterti  (Siebers, 1928) AU : Sumba  
Palawan Flycatcher Ficedula platenae  (Blasius, W, 1888) OR : Philippines  
Cryptic Flycatcher Ficedula crypta  (Vaurie, 1951) OR : Philippines  
Furtive Flycatcher Ficedula disposita  (Ripley & Marshall, JT Jr, 1967) OR : Philippines  
Lompobattang Flycatcher Ficedula bonthaina  (Hartert, 1896) AU : Sulawesi  
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni  (Sharpe, 1888) OR : widespread, also Sulawesi and Lesser Sundas  
        F. w. collini  (Rothschild, 1925) w and c Himalayas  
        F. w. australorientis  (Ripley, 1952) e Himalayas to sc China, n Indochina, Thailand and Burma  
        F. w. langbianis  (Kloss, 1927) s Laos and sc Vietnam  
        F. w. westermanni  (Sharpe, 1888) Malay Pen., n Sumatra, Borneo, Mindanao (s Philippines), Sulawesi (except s) and Moluccas  
        F. w. rabori  (Ripley, 1952) n and c Philippines  
        F. w. palawanensis  (Ripley & Rabor, 1962) w Philippines  
        F. w. hasselti  (Finsch, 1898) s Sumatra, Java, Bali, s Sulawesi and w and c Lesser Sundas  
        F. w. mayri  (Ripley, 1952) e Lesser Sundas  
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris  (Jerdon, 1840) OR : e Afghanistan to s China, c India and Southeast Asia  
        F. s. superciliaris  (Jerdon, 1840) e Afghanistan to c Himalayas  
        F. s. aestigma  (Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847) e Himalayas to sc China  
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor  (Hodgson, 1845) OR : Himalayas to Thailand  
        F. t. tricolor  (Hodgson, 1845) w and c Himalayas  
        F. t. minuta  (Hume, 1872) e Himalayas and se Tibet  
        F. t. cerviniventris  (Sharpe, 1879) ne India and w Burma  
        F. t. diversa  Vaurie, 1953 c China to n Vietnam and n Burma  
Sapphire Flycatcher Ficedula sapphira  (Blyth, 1843) OR : Himalayas to c China and c Laos  
        F. s. sapphira  (Blyth, 1843) e Himalayas to sc China and n Burma  
        F. s. laotiana  (Delacour & Greenway, 1939) s China and n Indochina  
        F. s. tienchuanensis  Cheng, 1964 nc and c China  
Black-and-orange Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa  (Jerdon, 1839) OR : sw India  
Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis  (Hellmayr, 1919) AU : Timor  
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana  (Temminck, 1829) EU : e  
 
      C. c. cyanomelana  (Temminck, 1829)
 
Kuril Is., Japan and s Korea
        C. c. intermedia  (Weigold, 1922) se Siberia, ne China and n Korea AS : Split subspecies intermedia from cumatilis. Leader & Carey, 2012.
Zappey's Flycatcher  Cyanoptila cumatilis  Thayer & Bangs, 1909 EU: c China AS : Zappey's Flycatcher, a c China breeding endemic, is split from Blue-and-white Flycatcher C. cyanomela (Leader & Carey, 2012).
Dull-blue Flycatcher Eumyias sordidus  (Walden, 1870) OR : Sri Lanka  
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus  (Swainson, 1838) OR : Himalayas to Southeast Asia and Sumatra  
        E. t. thalassinus  (Swainson, 1838) Himalayas to c and s China, Indochina, n Thailand and c Burma  
        E. t. thalassoides  (Cabanis, 1850) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
Turquoise Flycatcher Eumyias panayensis  Sharpe, 1877 AU : Sulawesi, Moluccas, also Philippines  
        E. p. nigrimentalis  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894) n Philippines  
        E. p. panayensis  Sharpe, 1877 wc Philippines  
        E. p. nigriloris  (Hartert, 1904) s Philippines  
        E. p. septentrionalis  (Büttikofer, 1893) n and c Sulawesi, Sula Is.  
        E. p. meridionalis  (Büttikofer, 1893) s Sulawesi  
        E. p. obiensis  (Hartert, 1912) Obi (c Moluccas)  
        E. p. harterti  (van Oort, 1911) Seram (s Moluccas)  
Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus  (Jerdon, 1840) OR : sw India  
Indigo Flycatcher Eumyias indigo  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Sumatra, Java, Borneo  
        E. i. ruficrissa  (Salvadori, 1879) Sumatra  
        E. i. indigo  (Horsfield, 1821) Java  
        E. i. cerviniventris  (Sharpe, 1887) Borneo  
Hainan Blue Flycatcher Cyornis hainanus  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1900) OR : Burma to s China and Thailand  
Pale Blue Flycatcher Cyornis unicolor  Blyth, 1843 OR : Himalayas through Java and Borneo  
        C. u. unicolor  Blyth, 1843 Himalayas to s China, n Indochina, n Thailand and Burma  
        C. u. diaoluoensis  Cheng, Yang & Lu, 1981 Hainan I. (off se China)  
        C. u. harterti  Robinson & Kinnear, 1928 Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java and Borneo  
Rück's Blue Flycatcher Cyornis ruckii  (Oustalet, 1881) OR : Sumatra TAX : CORRECT: Scientific name to Cyornis ruckii
Blue-breasted Blue Flycatcher Cyornis herioti  Ramsay, RGW, 1886 OR : Philippines  
        C. h. herioti  Ramsay, RGW, 1886 n and c Luzon  
        C. h. camarinensis  (Rand & Rabor, 1967) s Luzon and Catanduanes  
White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallipes  (Jerdon, 1840) OR : sw India  
Pale-chinned Blue Flycatcher Cyornis poliogenys  Brooks, WE, 1880 OR : Himalayas to s Burma, ec India  
        C. p. poliogenys  Brooks, WE, 1880 c Himalayas to e Bangladesh and sw Burma  
        C. p. cachariensis  (Madarász, 1884) e Himalayas to sc China and n Burma  
        C. p. laurentei  (La Touche, 1921) s China  
        C. p. vernayi  Whistler, 1931 e India  
Hill Blue Flycatcher Cyornis banyumas  (Horsfield, 1821) OR : sw China and ne India to Southeast Asia to Borneo  
        C. b. whitei  Harington, 1908 n and e Burma to sc China, n Thailand and n Indochina  
        C. b. lekhakuni  (Deignan, 1956) e Thailand  
        C. b. deignani  Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 se Thailand  
        C. b. coerulifrons  Baker, ECS, 1918 c and s Malay Pen.  
        C. b. ligus  (Deignan, 1947) w Java  
        C. b. banyumas  (Horsfield, 1821) c and e Java  
        C. b. montanus  Robinson & Kinnear, 1928 Borneo  
Large Blue Flycatcher Cyornis magnirostris  Blyth, 1849 OR : e Himalayas AS : Cyornis magnirostris is split from C. banyumas (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
Palawan Blue Flycatcher Cyornis lemprieri  (Sharpe, 1884) OR : Philippines  
Tickell's Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae  Blyth, 1843 OR : widespread  
        C. t. tickelliae  Blyth, 1843 s Nepal, n, c and s India, Bangladesh and n and w Burma  
        C. t. jerdoni  Holdsworth, 1872 Sri Lanka  
        C. t. sumatrensis  (Sharpe, 1879) Malay Pen.  
        C. t. indochina  Chasen & Kloss, 1928 a Burma to Indochina  
        C. t. lamprus  Oberholser, 1917 Anamba Is. (e of Malay Pen.)  
Sunda Blue Flycatcher Cyornis caerulatus  (Bonaparte, 1857) OR : Sumatra, Borneo  
        C. c. albiventer  Junge, 1933 Sumatra  
        C. c. rufifrons  Wallace, 1865 w Borneo  
        C. c. caerulatus  (Bonaparte, 1857) n, e and s Borneo  
Bornean Blue Flycatcher Cyornis superbus  Stresemann, 1925 OR : Borneo  
Blue-throated Blue Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides  (Vigors, 1831) OR : Himalayas to Thailand  
        C. r. rubeculoides  (Vigors, 1831) Himalayas to w, n and ne Burma  
        C. r. dialilaemus  Salvadori, 1889 e and se Burma, n and w Thailand  
        C. r. rogersi  Robinson & Kinnear, 1928 c and sw Burma  
        C. r. klossi  Robinson, 1921 e Thailand, c and s Indochina  
Chinese Blue Flycatcher Cyornis glaucicomans  Thayer & Bangs, 1909 OR : s, se China  
Malaysian Blue Flycatcher Cyornis turcosus  Brüggemann, 1877 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo  
        C. t. rupatensis  Oberholser, 1920 Malay Pen., Sumatra and w Borneo  
        C. t. turcosus  Brüggemann, 1877 e Borneo  
Mangrove Blue Flycatcher Cyornis rufigastra  (Raffles, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula to Philippines  
        C. r. rufigastra  (Raffles, 1822) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo  
        C. r. longipennis  Chasen & Kloss, 1930 Karimunjawa Is. (off nc Java)  
        C. r. rhizophorae  Stresemann, 1925 w Java  
        C. r. karimatensis  Oberholser, 1924 Karimata Is. (off sw Borneo)  
        C. r. blythi  (Giebel, 1875) n Philippines  
        C. r. marinduquensis  duPont, 1972 Marinduque (nc Philippines)  
        C. r. philippinensis  Sharpe, 1877 w, c and s Philippines  
        C. r. mindorensis  Mearns, 1907 Mindoro (nw Philippines)  
        C. r. peromissus  Hartert, 1920 Salayar I. (off sw Sulawesi)  
        C. r. kalaoensis  (Hartert, 1896) Kalao I. (n of c Lesser Sundas)  
Tanahjampea Blue Flycatcher Cyornis djampeanus  (Hartert, 1896) AU : Islands in Flores Sea  
Sulawesi Blue Flycatcher Cyornis omissus  (Hartert, 1896) AU : Sulawesi  
Timor Blue Flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus  (Temminck, 1820) AU : Lesser Sundas  
        C. h. hyacinthinus  (Temminck, 1820) Timor, Roti and Semau  
        C. h. kuehni  Hartert, 1904 Wetar  
Blue-fronted Blue Flycatcher Cyornis hoevelli  (Meyer, AB, 1903) AU : Sulawesi  
Matinan Blue Flycatcher Cyornis sanfordi  Stresemann, 1931 AU : Sulawesi  
White-tailed Flycatcher Cyornis concretus  (Müller, S, 1836) OR : ne India to Borneo  
        C. c. cyaneus  (Hume, 1877) ne India to n Indochina and s Thailand  
        C. c. concretus  (Müller, S, 1836) Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
        C. c. everetti  (Sharpe, 1890) Borneo  
White-gorgeted Flycatcher Anthipes monileger  (Hodgson, 1845) OR : Himalayas to Thailand  
        A. m. monileger  (Hodgson, 1845) c and e Himalayas  
        A. m. leucops  (Sharpe, 1888) ne India to n and c Indochina  
        A. m. gularis  Blyth, 1847 Arakan (sw Burma)  
Rufous-browed Flycatcher Anthipes solitaris  (Müller, S, 1836) OR : Burma to Sumatra  
        A. s. submoniliger  Hume, 1877 n Malay Pen., se Laos and sc Vietnam  
        A. s. malayana  (Sharpe, 1888) c and s Malay Pen.  
        A. s. solitaris  (Müller, S, 1836) Sumatra  
Fujian Niltava Niltava davidi  La Touche, 1907 OR : c,e China to se Thailand  
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara  Hodgson, 1837 OR : Himalayas to Thailand  
        N. s. whistleri  Ticehurst, 1926 nw Himalayas  
        N. s. sundara  Hodgson, 1837 c and e Himalayas to sw China and c Burma  
        N. s. denotata  Bangs & Phillips, JC, 1914 s China and e Burma  
Rufous-vented Niltava Niltava sumatrana  Salvadori, 1879 OR : w Malaysia, Sumatra  
Vivid Niltava Niltava vivida  (Swinhoe, 1864) OR : Himalayas to China, Taiwan  
        N. v. oatesi  Salvadori, 1887 e Himalayas to s China  
        N. v. vivida  (Swinhoe, 1864) Taiwan  
Large Niltava Niltava grandis  (Blyth, 1842) OR : Himalayas to Sumatra  
        N. g. grandis  (Blyth, 1842) e Himalayas to sw China, c Burma and n and w Thailand  
        N. g. griseiventris  La Touche, 1921 s China and n Indochina  
        N. g. decorata  Robinson & Kloss, 1919 sc Vietnam  
        N. g. decipiens  Salvadori, 1891 Malay Pen. and Sumatra  
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae  (Burton, 1836) OR : Himalayas to s China and Thailand  
        N. m. macgrigoriae  (Burton, 1836) w and c Himalayas  
        N. m. signata  (McClelland, 1840) e Himalayas to s China and n and c Indochina  
Pygmy Flycatcher Muscicapella hodgsoni  (Moore, F, 1854) OR : Himalayas to Sumatra and Borneo  
        M. h. hodgsoni  (Moore, F, 1854) c and e Himalayas to s China and c Indochina  
        M. h. sondaica  (Robinson & Kloss, 1923) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo