"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Woodpeckers

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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234 Woodpeckers Family Picidae

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Jynx Linnaeus, 1758

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Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla Linnaeus, 1758 EU : widespread

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J. t. torquilla Linnaeus, 1758 w Europe to Bulgaria and the Caucasus area

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J. t. sarudnyi Loudon, 1912 w Siberia

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J. t. chinensis Hesse, 1911 e Siberia and ne and c China

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J. t. himalayana Vaurie, 1959 n Pakistan and nw Himalayas

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J. t. tschusii Kleinschmidt, O, 1907 s Europe

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J. t. mauretanica Rothschild, 1909 nw Africa

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Red-throated Wryneck Jynx ruficollis Wagler, 1830 AF : widespread

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J. r. pulchricollis Hartlaub, 1884 Cameroon to s Sudan and nw Uganda

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J. r. aequatorialis Rüppell, 1842 Ethiopia

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J. r. ruficollis Wagler, 1830 Gabon and Angola to s Sudan, e Uganda and e South Africa

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Picumnus Temminck, 1825

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Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus Burton, 1836 OR : widespread, also c, e China

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P. i. innominatus Burton, 1836 ne Afghanistan se Tibet and ne India

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P. i. malayorum Hartert, 1912 s ande India to s China, Indochina, Sumatra and Borneo

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P. i. chinensis (Hargitt, 1881) c, e and s China

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Bar-breasted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons Pelzeln, 1870 SA : Amazonia

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P. a. aurifrons Pelzeln, 1870 n Mato Grosso (c Brazil)

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P. a. transfasciatus Hellmayr & Gyldenstolpe, 1937 Rio Tapajós to Rio Tocantins (ne Brazil)

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P. a. borbae Pelzeln, 1870 lower Rio Madeira to lower Rio Tapajós (nc Brazil)

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P. a. wallacii Hargitt, 1889 lower Rio Purús to lower Rio Madeira (wc Brazil)

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P. a. purusianus Todd, 1946 upper Rio Purús (w Brazil)

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P. a. flavifrons Hargitt, 1889 ne Peru and nw Brazil

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P. a. juruanus Gyldenstolpe, 1941 upper Rio Juruá (e Peru and w Brazil)

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Lafresnaye's Piculet Picumnus lafresnayi Malherbe, 1862 SA : w, c Amazonia

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P. l. lafresnayi Malherbe, 1862 se Colombia, e Ecuador and n Peru

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P. l. punctifrons Taczanowski, 1886 e Peru

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P. l. taczanowskii Domaniewski, 1925 ne and nc Peru

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P. l. pusillus Pinto, 1936 nw Brazil

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Orinoco Piculet Picumnus pumilus Cabanis & Heine, 1863 SA : nw Amazonia

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Golden-spangled Piculet Picumnus exilis (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) SA : ne, also e Brazil

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P. e. clarus Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946 ec Venezuela

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P. e. undulatus Hargitt, 1889 e Colombia, se Venezuela , Guyana and Roraima (n Brazil)

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P. e. buffonii Lafresnaye, 1845 e Guyana to Amapá (ne Brazil)

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P. e. pernambucensis Zimmer, JT, 1947 Pernambuco to Alagoas (e Brazil)

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P. e. alegriae Hellmayr, 1929 ne Pará to nw Maranhão (ne Brazil)

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P. e. exilis (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) Bahia to Espirito Santo (e Brazil)

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Black-dotted Piculet Picumnus nigropunctatus Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1950 SA : ne Venezuela

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Ecuadorian Piculet Picumnus sclateri Taczanowski, 1877 SA : Ecuador, nw Peru

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P. s. parvistriatus Chapman, 1921 w Ecuador

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P. s. sclateri Taczanowski, 1877 sw Ecuador and nw Peru

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P. s. porcullae Bond, 1954 n Peru

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Scaled Piculet Picumnus squamulatus Lafresnaye, 1854 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

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P. s. squamulatus Lafresnaye, 1854 ne and c Colombia

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P. s. roehli Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1944 ne Colombia and n Venezuela

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P. s. obsoletus Allen, JA, 1892 ne Venezuela

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P. s. lovejoyi Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1987 nw Venezuela

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P. s. apurensis Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1987 nc Venezuela

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White-bellied Piculet Picumnus spilogaster Sundevall, 1866 SA : n, ne

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P. s. orinocensis Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1950 c Venezuela

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P. s. spilogaster Sundevall, 1866 Roraima (n Brazil) and n Guianas

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P. s. pallidus Snethlage, E, 1924 ne Brazil

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Arrowhead Piculet Picumnus minutissimus (Pallas, 1782) SA : Guianas

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Spotted Piculet Picumnus pygmaeus (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) SA : e Brazil

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Speckle-chested Piculet Picumnus steindachneri Taczanowski, 1882 SA : nw Peru

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Varzea Piculet Picumnus varzeae Snethlage, E, 1912 SA : c Amazonia

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White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus Temminck, 1825 SA : ne, se

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P. c. macconnelli Sharpe, 1901 ne Brazil

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P. c. confusus Kinnear, 1927 e Roraima (n Brazil), sw Guyana and French Guiana

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P. c. cirratus Temminck, 1825 se Brazil and e Paraguay

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P. c. pilcomayensis Hargitt, 1891 se Bolivia, Paraguay and n Argentina

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P. c. tucumanus Hartert, 1909 n Argentina

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P. c. thamnophiloides Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1942 se Bolivia and nw Argentina

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Ocellated Piculet Picumnus dorbignyanus Lafresnaye, 1845 SA : e Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina TAX Correct: Species name of Ocellated Piculet is dorbignyanus not dorbygnianus (H&M 3rd corregenda 7)

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P. d. jelskii Taczanowski, 1882 e Peru

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P. d. dorbignyanus Lafresnaye, 1845 w Bolivia and nw Argentina

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Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii Lafresnaye, 1845 SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

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White-wedged Piculet Picumnus albosquamatus d'Orbigny, 1840 SA : c

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P. a. albosquamatus d'Orbigny, 1840 n Bolivia, sw Brazil and n Paraguay

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P. a. guttifer Sundevall, 1866 c Brazil

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Rusty-necked Piculet Picumnus fuscus Pelzeln, 1870 SA : ne Bolivia, wc Brazil

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Rufous-breasted Piculet Picumnus rufiventris (Bonaparte, 1838) SA : w Amazonia

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P. r. rufiventris (Bonaparte, 1838) c Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil

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P. r. grandis Carriker, 1930 ec Peru and w Brazil

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P. r. brunneifrons Stager, 1968 nw and c Bolivia

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Ochraceous Piculet Picumnus limae Snethlage, E, 1924 SA : e Brazil

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Tawny Piculet Picumnus fulvescens Stager, 1961 SA : e Brazil

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Mottled Piculet Picumnus nebulosus Sundevall, 1866 SA : se Brazil, ne Argentina and n Uruguay

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Plain-breasted Piculet Picumnus castelnau Malherbe, 1862 SA : w Amazonia

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Fine-barred Piculet Picumnus subtilis Stager, 1968 SA : e Peru

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Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus Lafresnaye, 1845 LA : Guatemala to nw Peru

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P. o. dimotus Bangs, 1903 e Guatemala to e Nicaragua

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P. o. flavotinctus Ridgway, 1889 Costa Rica to nw Colombia

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P. o. malleolus Wetmore, 1966 n Colombia

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P. o. olivaceus Lafresnaye, 1845 w Colombia

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P. o. eisenmanni Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1966 ne Colombia and nw Venezuela

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P. o. tachirensis Phelps & Gilliard, 1941 nc Colombia and sw Venezuela

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P. o. harterti Hellmayr, 1909 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

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Greyish Piculet Picumnus granadensis Lafresnaye, 1847 SA : nw Colombia

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P. g. antioquensis Chapman, 1915 nw Colombia

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P. g. granadensis Lafresnaye, 1847 w Colombia

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Chestnut Piculet Picumnus cinnamomeus Wagler, 1829 SA : n Colombia, nw Venezuela

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P. c. cinnamomeus Wagler, 1829 n Colombia

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P. c. perijanus Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1944 nw Venezuela

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P. c. persaturatus Haffer, 1961 c Colombia

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P. c. venezuelensis Cory, 1913 wc Venezuela

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Sasia Hodgson, 1837

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African Piculet Sasia africana Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855 AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana; Cameroon to w Uganda, c DRCongo and n Angola

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Rufous Piculet Sasia abnormis (Temminck, 1825) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

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S. a. abnormis (Temminck, 1825) Malay Pen., Sumatra to Borneo

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S. a. magnirostris Hartert, 1901 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)

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White-browed Piculet Sasia ochracea Hodgson, 1837 OR : Southeast Asia

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S. o. ochracea Hodgson, 1837 n India and Nepal to n and c Thailand and Vietnam

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S. o. reichenowi Hesse, 1911 s Burma and sw Thailand

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S. o. kinneari Stresemann, 1929 s China and n Vietnam

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Nesoctites Hargitt, 1890

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Antillean Piculet Nesoctites micromegas (Sundevall, 1866) NA : Hispaniola PHY Antillean Piculet is sister to the true woodpeckers (Picinae) rather than a member of the piculet subfamily (Benz et al. 2006)

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N. m. micromegas (Sundevall, 1866) Hispaniola

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N. m. abbotti Wetmore, 1928 Gonave I. (off w Haiti)

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Hemicircus Swainson, 1837 PHY Hemicircus follow Nesoctites early in sequence as a basal branch of woodpeckers (Fuchs et al 2007)

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Grey-and-buff Woodpecker Hemicircus concretus (Temminck, 1821) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

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H. c. sordidus (Eyton, 1845) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo and nearby islands

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H. c. concretus (Temminck, 1821) Java

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Heart-spotted Woodpecker Hemicircus canente (Lesson, 1832) OR : widespread

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Melanerpes Swainson, 1832

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White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus (Otto, 1796) SA : coastal Suriname and French Guiana; lower Amazon R.; e and se Brazil to se Peru, n Argentina and Uruguay TAX Move White Woodpecker from Leuconerpes to Melanerpes (Dickinson 2003, SACC)

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Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis (Gray, GR, 1849) NA : sw Canada to sw USA

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Guadeloupe Woodpecker Melanerpes herminieri (Lesson, 1830) NA : Lesser Antilles

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Puerto Rican Woodpecker Melanerpes portoricensis (Daudin, 1803) NA : Puerto Rico

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Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : sc, se Canada to se USA

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Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus (Swainson, 1827) NA, LA : nw USA to Colombia

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M. f. bairdi Ridgway, 1881 Oregon (USA) to n Baja California (Mexico)

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M. f. angustifrons Baird, SF, 1870 s Baja California (Mexico) PS See Navarro-Sigüenza & Peterson 2004, Honey-Escandón et al 2008

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M. f. formicivorus (Swainson, 1827) sw USA to se Mexico

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M. f. albeolus Todd, 1910 e Chiapas (se Mexico) to Belize and ne Guatemala

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M. f. lineatus (Dickey & van Rossem, 1927) Chiapas (s Mexico) to n Nicaragua

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M. f. striatipectus Ridgway, 1874 Nicaragua to w Panama

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M. f. flavigula (Malherbe, 1849) Colombia

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Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia

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Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons (Vieillot, 1818) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

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Golden-naped Woodpecker Melanerpes chrysauchen Salvin, 1870 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

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Beautiful Woodpecker Melanerpes pulcher Sclater, PL, 1870 SA : nc Colombia

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Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani (Malherbe, 1849) LA : s Mexico to w Ecuador

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White-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes cactorum (d'Orbigny, 1840) SA : Bolivia and w Paraguay to nc Argentina

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Hispaniolan Woodpecker Melanerpes striatus (Statius Müller, 1776) NA : Hispaniola PHY Melanerpes is paraphyletic: striatus, radiolatus, chrysogenys, uropygialis form a clade together with Xiphidiopicus,Sphyrapicus (Fuchs et al 2007, Fjeldså comm)

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Jamaican Woodpecker Melanerpes radiolatus (Wagler, 1827) NA : Jamaica

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Golden-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes chrysogenys (Vigors, 1839) MA : w Mexico

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M. c. chrysogenys (Vigors, 1839) nw Mexico

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M. c. flavinuchus (Ridgway, 1911) sw Mexico

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Grey-breasted Woodpecker Melanerpes hypopolius (Wagler, 1829) MA : sw Mexico

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Yucatan Woodpecker Melanerpes pygmaeus (Ridgway, 1885) MA : Yucatan Peninsula

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M. p. tysoni (Bond, 1936) Guanaja I. (off Honduras)

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M. p. rubricomus Peters, JL, 1948 Yucatán Pen. (se Mexico) to c Belize

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M. p. pygmaeus (Ridgway, 1885) Cozumel I. (off Yucatán Pen.)

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Red-crowned Woodpecker Melanerpes rubricapillus (Cabanis, 1862) LA : Costa Rica to nw Venezuela

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M. r. rubricapillus (Cabanis, 1862) sw Costa Rica to the Guianas, Tobago

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M. r. subfusculus (Wetmore, 1957) Coiba I. (off Panama)

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M. r. seductus Bangs, 1901 San Miguel I. (off Panama)

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M. r. paraguanae (Gilliard, 1940) Paraguana Pen. (n Venezuela)

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Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis (Baird, SF, 1854) NA, MA : sw USA, Baja California, w Mexico

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M. u. uropygialis (Baird, SF, 1854) sw USA to w Mexico

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M. u. cardonensis (Grinnell, 1927) n Baja California (Mexico)

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M. u. brewsteri (Ridgway, 1911) s Baja California (Mexico)

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M. u. fuscescens (van Rossem, 1934) S Sonora, SW Chihuahua and N Sinaloa (nw Mexico)

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Hoffmann's Woodpecker Melanerpes hoffmannii (Cabanis, 1862) MA : Honduras to Costa Rica

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Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons (Wagler, 1829) NA, MA : sc USA to c Mexico

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Velasquez's Woodpecker Melanerpes santacruzi (Bonaparte, 1838) MA : e Mexico s to Nicaragua, islands off Honduras AS Velasquez's Woodpecker is split from the Golden-fronted Woodpecker; includes all ssp except M.a.aurifrons (García-Trejo et al 2009); cf NACC 2013-A-12.

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M. s. polygrammus (Cabanis, 1862) Oaxaca to Chiapas (sw Mexico)

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M. s. grateloupensis (Lesson, 1839) s Tamaulipas to Puebla and c Veracruz (e Mexico)

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M. s. veraecrucis Nelson, 1900 s Veracruz (e Mexico) to n Guatemala SSP Add: Husak & Maxwell. 1998; Winkler & Christie, 2002

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M. s. dubius (Cabot, S, 1844) Yucatán Pen. (se Mexico) to Belize and ne Guatemala

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M. s. leei (Ridgway, 1885) Cozumel I. (off e Mexico)

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M. s. santacruzi (Bonaparte, 1838) s Chiapas (s Mexico) to n Nicaragua

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M. s. hughlandi Dickerman, 1987 c Guatemala

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M. s. pauper (Ridgway, 1888) n Honduras

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M. s. turneffensis (Russell, 1963) Turneffe Is. (off of Belize)

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M. s. insulanus (Bond, 1936) Utila I. (off of Honduras)

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M. s. canescens (Salvin, 1889) Roatán I. and Barburat I. (off of Honduras)

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Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : e, c, se USA

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West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris (Temminck, 1827) NA : Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands

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M. s. nyeanus (Ridgway, 1886) Grand Bahama and San Salvador Is.

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M. s. blakei (Ridgway, 1886) Great Abaco I. (n Bahamas)

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M. s. superciliaris (Temminck, 1827) Cuba

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M. s. murceus (Bangs, 1910) Isle of Pines and nearby islands

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M. s. caymanensis (Cory, 1886) Grand Cayman I.

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Sphyrapicus Baird, SF, 1858

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Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus (Cassin, 1852) NA : w

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S. t. thyroideus (Cassin, 1852) s British Columbia (Canada) to n Baja California (Mexico)

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S. t. nataliae (Malherbe, 1854) se British Columbia (Canada) through wc USA

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Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : e Alaska and nw Canada to se Canada and ne USA

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Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis Baird, SF, 1858 NA : sw Canada to sw USA

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Red-breasted Sapsucker Sphyrapicus ruber (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : w

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S. r. ruber (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Alaska (USA) to w Oregon (USA)

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S. r. daggetti Grinnell, 1901 sw USA

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Xiphidiopicus Bonaparte, 1854

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Cuban Green Woodpecker Xiphidiopicus percussus (Temminck, 1826) NA : Cuba

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X. p. percussus (Temminck, 1826) Cuba

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X. p. insulaepinorum Bangs, 1910 Isle of Pines and nearby islands

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Campethera Gray, GR, 1841

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Fine-spotted Woodpecker Campethera punctuligera (Wagler, 1827) AF : c, w

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C. p. punctuligera (Wagler, 1827) sw Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Cameroon, n DR Congo and sw Sudan

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C. p. balia (Heuglin, 1871) s Sudan and ne DR Congo

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Bennett's Woodpecker Campethera bennettii (Smith, A, 1836) AF : sc, se

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C. b. bennettii (Smith, A, 1836) c Angola, se DR Congo and Tanzania to Mozambique and ne South Africa

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C. b. capricorni Strickland, 1853 s Angola, sw Zambia, n Namibia and n Botswana

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Speckle-throated Woodpecker Campethera scriptoricauda (Reichenow, 1896) AF : Tanzania to Malawi and Mozambique

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Nubian Woodpecker Campethera nubica (Boddaert, 1783) AF : e, ne

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C. n. nubica (Boddaert, 1783) Sudan and Erhiopia to ne DR Congo, sw Tanzania and Kenya

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C. n. pallida (Sharpe, 1902) s Somalia and coastal Kenya

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Golden-tailed Woodpecker Campethera abingoni (Smith, A, 1836) AF : widespread

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C. a. chrysura (Swainson, 1837) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan and w Uganda

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C. a. kavirondensis van Someren, 1926 sw Kenya, e Rwanda to c Tanzania

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C. a. suahelica (Reichenow, 1902) n Tanzania to e Zimbabwe, Mozambiquw and Swaziland

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C. a. abingoni (Smith, A, 1836) w DR Congo to w Tanzania south to ne Namibia, nw Zambia and ne South Africa

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C. a. anderssoni (Roberts, 1936) sw Angola, Namibia, sw Botswana and n South Africa

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C. a. constricta Clancey, 1965 s Mozambique, s Swaziland and e South Africa

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Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) AF : s Somalia to ne Tanzania

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Knysna Woodpecker Campethera notata (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) AF : s South Africa

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Green-backed Woodpecker Campethera cailliautii (Malherbe, 1849) AF : wc, c, se

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C. c. permista (Reichenow, 1876) Ghana to sw Sudan south to n Angola and c DR Congo

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C. c. nyansae (Neumann, 1900) sw Kenya, sw Ethiopia and nw Tanzania to ne Angola and n Zambia

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C. c. cailliautii (Malherbe, 1849) s Somalia to ne Tanzania

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C. c. loveridgei Hartert, 1920 c Tanzania to Mozambique

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Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa (Valenciennes, 1826) AF : Senegal and Guinea-Bissau to Ghana

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Tullberg's Woodpecker Campethera tullbergi Sjöstedt, 1892 AF : wc, ec

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C. t. tullbergi Sjöstedt, 1892 se Nigeria, w Cameroon, Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)

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C. t. taeniolaema Reichenow & Neumann, 1895 e DR Congo top w Kenya and w Tanzania

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C. t. hausburgi Sharpe, 1900 e and c Kenya and n Tanzania

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Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa (Swainson, 1837) AF : c, w

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C. n. nivosa (Swainson, 1837) Gambia and Senegal to w DR Congo and n Angola

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C. n. poensis Alexander, 1903 Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)

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C. n. herberti (Alexander, 1908) s Central African Republic to w Kenya south to sc and e DR Congo

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Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli (Malherbe, 1852) AF : c, w

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C. c. arizela (Oberholser, 1899) Sierra Leone to Ghana

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C. c. caroli (Malherbe, 1852) s Nigeria, Cameroon to w Kenya, nw Tanzania and nw Angola

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Geocolaptes Swainson, 1832

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Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF : South Africa and Lesotho

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Dendropicos Malherbe, 1849

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Little Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus Oberholser, 1919 AF : s Mauritania and n Senegal; Mali to w Sudan

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Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus Reichenow, 1893 AF : Cameroon to Uganda, w Kenya and Rwanda

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Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus (Stanley, 1814) AF : Eritrea and Ethiopia

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Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens (Vieillot, 1818) AF : widespread

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D. f. lafresnayi Malherbe, 1849 Senegal and Gambia to Nigeria

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D. f. sharpii Oustalet, 1879 Cameroon to s Sudan and n Angola

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D. f. lepidus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e DR Congo to sw Ethiopia, c Kenya and nw Tanzania

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D. f. hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1833) n Ethiopia to Somalia and e Kenya

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D. f. massaicus Neumann, 1900 s Ethiopia to w and c Kenya and nc Tanzania

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D. f. centralis Neumann, 1900 Angola to w Tanzania, Zambia and n Namibia

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D. f. hartlaubii Malherbe, 1849 s Kenya to e Zambia and c Mozambique

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D. f. intermedius Roberts, 1924 e South Africa to s Mozambique SSP Includes natalensis Roberts, 1924 which has page precidence. Short, 1982, Winkler & Christie, 2002, Hockey et al, 2005.

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D. f. fuscescens (Vieillot, 1818) nc Namibia to w and c South Africa

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Gabon Woodpecker Dendropicos gabonensis (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851) AF : s Nigeria, to Zaire, n Angola and w Uganda

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D. g. reichenowi Sjöstedt, 1893 s Nigeria and sw Cameroon

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D. g. gabonensis (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851) s Cameroon to w Uganda, DR Congo and n Angola

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Melancholy Woodpecker Dendropicos lugubris Hartlaub, 1857 AF : Sierra Leone to sw Nigeria AS Melancholy Woodpecker is split from Gabon Woodpecker (HBW 7, Sibley & Monroe 1990)

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Stierling's Woodpecker Dendropicos stierlingi Reichenow, 1901 AF : s Tanzania, s malawi and nw Mozambique

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Bearded Woodpecker Dendropicos namaquus (Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793) AF : e, sc, se

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D. n. schoensis (Rüppell, 1842) Ethiopia, Somalia and n Kenya

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D. n. namaquus (Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793) Central African Republic to s Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, n South Africa and n Namibia

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D. n. coalescens (Clancey, 1958) s Mozambique and e South Africa

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Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus Hargitt, 1883 AF : se Nigeria and Cameroon to w Kenya, e DRCongo and n Angola

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Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster (Malherbe, 1845) AF : Guinea to w Cameroon

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Elliot's Woodpecker Dendropicos elliotii (Cassin, 1863) AF : c, wc

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D. e. johnstoni (Shelley, 1887) e Nigeria, sw Cameroon and Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)

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D. e. elliotii (Cassin, 1863) s Cameroon and Gabon to Uganda

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D. e. kupeensis (Serle, 1952) Mt. Kupe (wc Cameroon)

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D. e. gabela (Rand & Traylor, 1959) nw Angola

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African Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : Mauritania and Senegal to w Ethiopia to nw Tanzania, s Gabon, nw Angola and s-central Zaire

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D. g. koenigi (Neumann, 1903) Mali to w Sudan

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D. g. abessinicus (Reichenow, 1900) e Sudan to w Ethiopia

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D. g. goertae (Statius Müller, 1776) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan, w Kenya and nw Tanzania

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D. g. meridionalis Louette & Prigogine, 1982 s Gabon and nw Angola to sc DR Congo

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Eastern Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos spodocephalus (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : Highlands of n-c Tanzania and c Kenya to e Sudan and c Ethiopia AS Eastern Grey Woodpecker is split from African Grey Woodpecker (HBW 7, Redman et al 2009)

.

D. s. spodocephalus (Bonaparte, 1850) e Sudan, c and s Ethiopia

.

D. s. rhodeogaster (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) c Kenya to nc Tanzania

.

Olive Woodpecker Dendropicos griseocephalus (Boddaert, 1783) AF : s, sc

.

D. g. ruwenzori (Sharpe, 1902) Angola to c Tanzania south to Zimbabwe and Namibia

.

D. g. kilimensis (Neumann, 1926) n and e Tanzania

.

D. g. griseocephalus (Boddaert, 1783) s Mozambique to South Africa

.

Brown-backed Woodpecker Dendropicos obsoletus (Wagler, 1829) AF : ec, c, w TAX Brown-backed Woodpecker belongs in Dendropicos (end of sequence) not Picoides (Dickinson 2003, Bowie in litt)

.

D. o. obsoletus (Wagler, 1829) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan and w Uganda south to s Cameroon and ne DR Congo

.

D. o. heuglini (Neumann, 1904) e Sudan to n Ethiopia

.

D. o. ingens (Hartert, 1900) s Ethiopia to Uganda and c Kenya

.

D. o. crateri (Sclater, WL & Moreau, 1935) n Tanzania

.

Dendrocopos Koch, 1816

.

Rufous-bellied Woodpecker Dendrocopos hyperythrus (Vigors, 1831) OR : n India to Southeast Asia, also e Asia

.

D. h. marshalli (Hartert, 1912) ne Pakistan and n India

.

D. h. hyperythrus (Vigors, 1831) Nepal to Tibet, sw China, Burma and n Thailand

.

D. h. subrufinus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) ne China, se Siberia and Korea

.

D. h. annamensis (Kloss, 1925) s Indochina

.

Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos temminckii (Malherbe, 1849) AU : Sulawesi

.

Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos maculatus (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Philippines

.

D. m. validirostris (Blyth, 1849) n Philippines

.

D. m. leytensis (Steere, 1890) Leyte (ec Philippines)

.

D. m. fulvifasciatus (Hargitt, 1881) ec, s Philippines

.

D. m. maculatus (Scopoli, 1786) wc Philippines

.

D. m. menagei (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) Sibuyan I. (c Philippines)

.

Sulu Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos ramsayi (Hargitt, 1881) OR : Sulu Arch. AS Dendrocopos ramsayi is split from D. maculatus (Collar et al. 1999); BLI recognizes

.

D. r. ramsayi (Hargitt, 1881) Bongao, Jolo and Tawitawi Is.

.

D. r. siasiensis (Mearns, 1909) Siasi I.

.

Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

.

D. m. moluccensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Malay Pen. to Borneo, Sumatra, Java and the Riau Arch.

.

D. m. grandis (Hargitt, 1882) Lesser Sundas

.

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus (Vigors, 1832) OR : India, Sri Lanka

.

D. n. nanus (Vigors, 1832) ne Pakistan, w and n India and Bangladesh

.

D. n. hardwickii (Jerdon, 1845) c India

.

D. n. cinereigula (Malherbe, 1849) s India

.

D. n. gymnopthalmos (Blyth, 1849) Sri Lanka

.

Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos kizuki (Temminck, 1836) EU : e Asia

.

D. k. permutatus (Meise, 1934) ne China, se Siberia and n Korea

.

D. k. seebohmi (Hargitt, 1884) Sakhalin and s Kuril Is. (se Siberia), Hokkaido (Japan)

.

D. k. nippon (Kuroda, 1922) ec China, South Korea, Honshu (Japan)

.

D. k. shikokuensis (Kuroda, 1922) sw Honshu and Shikoku (Japan)

.

D. k. kizuki (Temminck, 1836) Kyushu (Japan)

.

D. k. matsudairai (Kuroda, 1921) Yakushima and Izu Is. (Japan)

.

D. k. kotataki (Kuroda, 1922) Tsushima and Oki Is. (Japan)

.

D. k. amamii (Kuroda, 1922) Amani Oshima (Ryukyu Is., Japan)

.

D. k. nigrescens (Seebohm, 1887) Okinanwa (Ryukyu Is., Japan)

.

D. k. orii (Kuroda, 1923) Iriomote (Ryukyu Is., Japan)

.

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus (Blyth, 1845) OR, EU : e Asia to n India, Sumatra and Borneo

.

D. c. doerriesi (Hargitt, 1881) se Siberia, Manchuria (ne China) and Korea

.

D. c. scintilliceps (Swinhoe, 1863) e China

.

D. c. szetschuanensis (Rensch, 1923) c China

.

D. c. omissus (Rothschild, 1922) wc China

.

D. c. nagamichii (La Touche, 1932) e Yunnan to Fujian (s China)

.

D. c. obscurus (La Touche, 1921) s Yunnan (s China)

.

D. c. kaleensis (Swinhoe, 1863) Taiwan

.

D. c. swinhoei (Hartert, 1910) Hainan I. (off s China)

.

D. c. mitchellii (Malherbe, 1849) n Pakistan and nw India to Nepal

.

D. c. semicoronatus (Malherbe, 1849) e Nepal to ne India

.

D. c. canicapillus (Blyth, 1845) Bangladesh and ne India through s Burma to Thailand and Laos

.

D. c. delacouri (Meyer de Schauensee, 1938) se Thailand, Cambodia and s Vietnam

.

D. c. auritus (Eyton, 1845) sw Thailand and the Malay Pen.

.

D. c. volzi (Stresemann, 1920) Sumatra and the Riau Arch.

.

D. c. aurantiiventris (Salvadori, 1868) Borneo

.

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

D. m. comminutus Hartert, 1907 England and Wales

.

D. m. minor (Linnaeus, 1758) Scandinavia and ne Poland to the Ural Mts. (Russia)

.

D. m. kamtschatkensis (Malherbe, 1860) Ural Mts. to the Sea of Okhotsk and n Mongolia

.

D. m. immaculatus Stejneger, 1884 Anadyr Basin and Kamchatka Pen. (e Siberia

.

D. m. amurensis (Buturlin, 1908) ne China, Siberia, Korea and Hokkaido (Japan)

.

D. m. hortorum (Brehm, CL, 1831) c Europe

.

D. m. buturlini (Hartert, 1912) s Europe

.

D. m. danfordi (Hargitt, 1883) c and e Greece and Turkey

.

D. m. colchicus (Buturlin, 1908) Caucasus and Transcaucasia (sw Asia)

.

D. m. quadrifasciatus (Radde, 1884) se Azerbaijan (sw Asia)

.

D. m. hyrcanus (Zarudny & Bilkevitch, 1913) n Iran

.

D. m. morgani Zarudny & Loudon, 1904 sw Iran

.

D. m. ledouci (Malherbe, 1855) nw Africa

.

Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei (Vieillot, 1818) OR : n Pakistan to n Burma

.

D. m. westermani (Blyth, 1870) n Pakistan and nw India to w Nepal

.

D. m. macei (Vieillot, 1818) c Nepal and e India to n Burma

.

Freckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos analis (Bonaparte, 1850) OR : s Burma to Indochina, Andaman Is., Java and Bali AS, ENG Dendrocopos analis is split from D. macei (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005); Change English name to Freckle-breasted Woodpecker to drop extraneous "Pied". Spot-breasted Woodpecker is preoccupied (Colaptes punctigula)

.

D. a. longipennis Hesse, 1912 c Burma through Thailand to s Vietnam

.

D. a. andamanensis (Blyth, 1859) Andaman Is.

.

D. a. analis (Bonaparte, 1850) Sumatra, Java and Bali

.

Stripe-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos atratus (Blyth, 1849) OR : Southeast Asia

.

D. a. atratus (Blyth, 1849) ne India, Burma, Thailand and Laos

.

D. a. vietnamensis Stepanyan, 1988 Vietnam

.

Brown-fronted Woodpecker Dendrocopos auriceps (Vigors, 1831) OR : ne Afghanistan to e Nepal

.

D. a. auriceps (Vigors, 1831) ne Afghanistan, n Pakistan and n India

.

D. a. incognitus (Scully, 1879) c Nepal

.

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis (Latham, 1801) OR : widespread

.

D. m. pallescens Biswas, 1951 e Pakistan and nw India

.

D. m. mahrattensis (Latham, 1801) India to sw China, Cambodia, Burma and Sri lanka

.

Arabian Woodpecker Dendrocopos dorae (Bates & Kinnear, 1935) EU : sw Arabian Peninsula

.

Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos cathpharius (Blyth, 1843) OR, EU : wc Nepal to nw Laos and nc China

.

D. c. cathpharius (Blyth, 1843) wc Nepal to ne India

.

D. c. ludlowi Vaurie, 1959 se Tibet

.

D. c. pyrrhothorax (Hume, 1881) ne India and w Burma

.

D. c. tenebrosus (Rothschild, 1926) n and e Burma to s China and nw Vietnam

.

D. c. pernyii (Verreaux, J, 1867) c China

.

D. c. innixus (Bangs & Peters, JL, 1928) nc and ec China

.

Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis (Blyth, 1845) OR : wc Nepal to n Vietnam and sc China

.

D. d. darjellensis (Blyth, 1845) Nepal and ne India to s China and nw Vietnam

.

D. d. desmursi (Verreaux, J, 1871) c China

.

Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w, sw

.

D. m. medius (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe to w Russia

.

D. m. caucasicus (Bianchi, 1905) n Turkey through the Caucasus

.

D. m. anatoliae (Hartert, 1912) w and s Turkey

.

D. m. sanctijohannis (Blanford, 1873) Zagros Mts. (sw Iran)

.

White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos (Bechstein, 1802) EU : widespread

.

D. l. leucotos (Bechstein, 1802) c and n Europe through central Russia to se Siberia and ne China

.

D. l. uralensis (Malherbe, 1860) w Ural Mts. to Lake Baikal

.

D. l. lilfordi (Sharpe & Dresser, 1871) s Europe to the Caucasus

.

D. l. tangi Cheng, 1956 wc China

.

D. l. subcirris (Stejneger, 1886) Hokkaido (Japan)

.

D. l. stejnegeri (Kuroda, 1921) n Honshu (Japan)

.

D. l. namiyei (Stejneger, 1886) s Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku (Japan)

.

D. l. takahashii (Kuroda & Mori, 1920) Ullung-do (off South Korea)

.

D. l. owstoni (Ogawa, 1905) n Ryukyu Is. (Japan)

.

D. l. quelpartensis (Kuroda & Mori, 1918) Jeju-do (off South Korea)

.

D. l. fohkiensis (Buturlin, 1908) se China

.

D. l. insularis (Gould, 1863) Taiwan

.

Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis (Jardine & Selby, 1831) EU : ne Afghanistan to w Nepal

.

D. h. albescens (Baker, ECS, 1926) ne Afghanistan, n Pakistan and n India

.

D. h. himalayensis (Jardine & Selby, 1831) Kashmir to Nepal

.

Sind Woodpecker Dendrocopos assimilis (Blyth, 1849) EU : se Iran, Pakistan

.

Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) EU : se Europe to s Iran

.

D. s. syriacus (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) se Europe to Turkey sw Iran

.

D. s. transcaucasicus Buturlin, 1910 Transcaucasia and n Iran

.

D. s. milleri Zarudny, 1909 se Iran

.

White-winged Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucopterus (Salvadori, 1871) EU : c Kazakhstan to n Afghanistan, east to w Mongolia and w China

.

Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

D. m. major (Linnaeus, 1758) Scandinavia and ne Poland to w Siberia

.

D. m. brevirostris (Reichenbach, 1854) w Siberia to e Siberia, ne China, n Mongolia

.

D. m. kamtschaticus (Dybowski, 1883) Kamchatka Pen. (e Siberia)

.

D. m. anglicus Hartert, 1900 Great Britain

.

D. m. pinetorum (Brehm, CL, 1831) c Europe

.

D. m. parroti Hartert, 1911 Corsica

.

D. m. harterti Arrigoni degli Oddi, 1902 Sardinia

.

D. m. italiae (Stresemann, 1919) Italy, Sicily and w Slovenia

.

D. m. hispanus (Schluter, 1908) Iberian Pen.

.

D. m. canariensis (Koenig, AF, 1889) Tenerife (Canary Is.)

.

D. m. thanneri le Roi, 1911 Gran Canaria I. (Canary Is.)

.

D. m. mauritanus (Brehm, CL, 1855) Morocco

.

D. m. numidus (Malherbe, 1843) n Algeria and Tunesia

.

D. m. candidus (Stresemann, 1919) Romania and s Ukraine to Greece

.

D. m. paphlagoniae (Kummerlöwe & Niethammer, 1935) n Turkey

.

D. m. tenuirostris Buturlin, 1906 Caucasus and Transcaucasia (sw Asia)

.

D. m. poelzami (Bogdanov, 1879) se Azerbaijan, n Iran and sw Turkmenistan

.

D. m. japonicus (Seebohm, 1883) se Siberia, ne China, Korea and n and c Japan

.

D. m. wulashanicus Cheng, Xian, Zhang, Y & Jiang, 1975 Inner Mongolia (n China)

.

D. m. cabanisi (Malherbe, 1854) e China

.

D. m. beicki (Stresemann, 1927) c China

.

D. m. mandarinus (Malherbe, 1857) s China and e Burma to n Laos and n Vietnam

.

D. m. stresemanni (Rensch, 1923) ne India, ne Burma and s China

.

D. m. hainanus Hartert & Hesse, 1911 Hainan I. (off se China)

.

Picoides Lacépède, 1799

.

Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris (Wagler, 1829) NA, MA : sw USA to ne Nicaragua

.

P. s. cactophilus (Oberholser, 1911) sw USA to c and e Mexico

.

P. s. eremicus (Oberholser, 1911) n Baja California (Mexico)

.

P. s. lucasanus (Xántus de Vésey, 1860) s Baja California (Mexico)

.

P. s. soulei (Banks, 1963) Cerralvo I.

.

P. s. graysoni (Baird, SF, 1874) Tres Marías Is. (off w Mexico)

.

P. s. sinaloensis (Ridgway, 1887) w Mexico

.

P. s. scalaris (Wagler, 1829) s Mexico

.

P. s. parvus (Cabot, S, 1844) n Yucatan and Cozumel I. (se Mexico)

.

P. s. leucoptilurus (Oberholser, 1911) Belize to n Nicaragua

.

Nuttall's Woodpecker Picoides nuttallii (Gambel, 1843) NA : California

.

Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : widespread

.

P. p. glacialis (Grinnell, 1910) se Alaska (USA)

.

P. p. medianus (Swainson, 1832) c Alaska to e Canada and c and e USA

.

P. p. fumidus (Maynard, 1889) sw Canada and w Washington (USA)

.

P. p. gairdnerii (Audubon, 1839) w Oregon to nw California (USA)

.

P. p. turati (Malherbe, 1860) c Washington to c California (USA)

.

P. p. leucurus (Hartlaub, 1852) Rocky Mts. (se Alaska to sw USA)

.

P. p. pubescens (Linnaeus, 1766) se USA

.

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, MA : widespread

.

P. v. septentrionalis (Nuttall, 1840) w North America from s Alaska to Ontario (Canada) to New Mexico (USA)

.

P. v. picoideus (Osgood, 1901) Queen Charlotte Is. (off British Columbia, Canada)

.

P. v. harrisi (Audubon, 1838) se Alaska to n California (USA) SPP Includes sitkensis. Jackson et al, 2002

.

P. v. terraenovae (Batchelder, 1908) Newfoundland (Canada)

.

P. v. villosus (Linnaeus, 1766) se Canada, nc and ne USA

.

P. v. orius (Oberholser, 1911) sc British Columbia (Canada) to se California and sw Utah (USA)

.

P. v. monticola (Anthony, 1896) c British Colombia (Canada) to n New Mexico (USA) SPP Add: Jackson et al, 2002

.

P. v. leucothorectis (Oberholser, 1911) se California to w Texas (USA) SPP Add: Jackson et al, 2002

.

P. v. audubonii (Swainson, 1832) se USA

.

P. v. hyloscopus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) w and s California (USA), n Baja California (Mexico)

.

P. v. icastus (Oberholser, 1911) se Arizona, sw New Mexico (USA) to w Mexico

.

P. v. intermedius (Nelson, 1900) e Mexico SPP Add: Jackson et al, 2002

.

P. v. jardinii (Malherbe, 1845) sc and ec Mexico

.

P. v. sanctorum (Nelson, 1897) se Mexico to nw Nicaragua

.

P. v. extimus (Bangs, 1902) nc Costa Rica to w Panama SPP Add: Jackson et al, 2002

.

P. v. piger (Allen, GM, 1905) n Bahamas

.

P. v. maynardi (Ridgway, 1887) s Bahamas

.

Arizona Woodpecker Picoides arizonae (Hargitt, 1886) NA, MA : sw USA, w, n Mexico

.

P. a. arizonae (Hargitt, 1886) se Arizona (USA) and nw Mexico

.

P. a. fraterculus (Ridgway, 1887) w Mexico

.

Strickland's Woodpecker Picoides stricklandi (Malherbe, 1845) MA : c Mexico

.

Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis (Vieillot, 1809) NA : se USA

.

White-headed Woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus (Cassin, 1850) NA : sw Canada, w USA

.

P. a. albolarvatus (Cassin, 1850) British Columbia (Canada) to sw USA

.

P. a. gravirostris (Grinnell, 1902) s California

.

Smoky-brown Woodpecker Picoides fumigatus (d'Orbigny, 1840) LA : e Mexico to nw Argentina TAX Veniliornis fumigatus is now assigned to Picoides (Moore et al. 2006, SACC 263); resequenced

.

P. f. oleagineus (Reichenbach, 1854) e Mexico

.

P. f. sanguinolentus (Sclater, PL, 1859) c and s Mexico to w Panama

.

P. f. reichenbachi (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Panama and n Venezuela through Colombia to e Ecuador

.

P. f. fumigatus (d'Orbigny, 1840) upper Amazonia

.

P. f. obscuratus (Chapman, 1927) nw Peru to nw Argentina

.

Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

P. t. tridactylus (Linnaeus, 1758) n Europe to the s Ural Mts. to se Siberia and ne China

.

P. t. alpinus Brehm, CL, 1831 c and se Europe to w Ukraine and Romania

.

P. t. crissoleucus (Reichenbach, 1854) n Ural Mts. to e Siberia

.

P. t. albidior Stejneger, 1885 Kamchatka Pen. (e Siberia)

.

P. t. tianschanicus Buturlin, 1907 e Kazakhstan and w China

.

P. t. kurodai Yamashina, 1930 ne China and n Korea

.

P. t. inouyei Yamashina, 1943 Hokkaido (Japan)

.

P. t. funebris Verreaux, J, 1871 c China

.

American Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides dorsalis Baird, SF, 1858 NA : n, wc

.

P. d. fasciatus Baird, SF, 1870 Alaska, w Canada and nw USA

.

P. d. dorsalis Baird, SF, 1858 n Montana to c Arizona and New Mexico (USA)

.

P. d. bacatus Bangs, 1900 c and e Canada, ne USA

.

Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus (Swainson, 1832) NA : Alaska, c and s Canada, n and w USA

.

Veniliornis Bonaparte, 1854

.

Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Veniliornis callonotus (Waterhouse, 1841) SA : sw Colombia to nw Peru

.

V. c. callonotus (Waterhouse, 1841) sw Colombia and nw Ecuador

.

V. c. major (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) sw Ecuador and nw Peru

.

Yellow-vented Woodpecker Veniliornis dignus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877) SA : sw Venezuela to Peru

.

V. d. dignus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877) sw Venezuela, w Colombia and n Ecuador

.

V. d. baezae Chapman, 1923 ec Ecuador

.

V. d. valdizani (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) ec Peru

.

Bar-bellied Woodpecker Veniliornis nigriceps (d'Orbigny, 1840) SA : n Colombia to Bolivia

.

V. n. equifasciatus Chapman, 1912 wc Colombia and n Ecuador

.

V. n. pectoralis (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) c Peru

.

V. n. nigriceps (d'Orbigny, 1840) n Bolivia

.

Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : widespread

.

V. p. fidelis (Hargitt, 1889) e Colombia and w Venezuela

.

V. p. modestus Zimmer, JT, 1942 ne Venezuela

.

V. p. diversus Zimmer, JT, 1942 n Brazil

.

V. p. agilis (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Ecuador to n Bolivia, w Brazil

.

V. p. insignis Zimmer, JT, 1942 wc Brazil

.

V. p. tapajozensis Gyldenstolpe, 1941 c Brazil

.

V. p. passerinus (Linnaeus, 1766) the Guianas and ne Brazil

.

V. p. taenionotus (Reichenbach, 1854) e Brazil

.

V. p. olivinus (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) s Brazil to s Bolivia, Paraguay and n Argentina

.

Dot-fronted Woodpecker Veniliornis frontalis (Cabanis, 1883) SA : Bolivia to nw Argentina

.

White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster (Wagler, 1827) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

.

Checkered Woodpecker Veniliornis mixtus (Boddaert, 1783) SA : e, c, se TAX SACC 262 assigns Picoides mixtus to Veniliornis (Moore et al. 2006)

.

V. m. cancellatus (Wagler, 1829) se Brazil

.

V. m. mixtus (Boddaert, 1783) e Paraguay, Uruguay and ne Argentina

.

V. m. malleator (Wetmore, 1922) Chaco region of se Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina

.

V. m. berlepschi (Hellmayr, 1915) wc and c Argentina

.

Striped Woodpecker Veniliornis lignarius (Molina, 1782) SA : Bolivia, s Chile and Argentina TAX SACC 262 assigns Picoides lignarius to Veniliornis (Moore et al. 2006)

.

Blood-colored Woodpecker Veniliornis sanguineus (Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793) SA : Guianas

.

Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii (Malherbe, 1845) LA : Costa Rica to nw SA

.

V. k. neglectus Bangs, 1901 sw Costa Rica and w Panama

.

V. k. cecilii (Malherbe, 1849) e Panama and w Colombia to w Ecuador and n Peru

.

V. k. continentalis Hellmayr, 1906 n and w Venezuela

.

V. k. monticola Hellmayr, 1918 tepuis of se Venezuela

.

V. k. kirkii (Malherbe, 1845) Trindad, Tobago and ne Venezuela

.

Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis (Swainson, 1821) SA : Amazonia, e Brazil

.

V. a. orenocensis von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902 se Colombia, s Venezuela and n Brazil

.

V. a. hilaris (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Ecuador to n Bolivia, w Brazil

.

V. a. ruficeps (von Spix, 1824) c and ne Brazil

.

V. a. affinis (Swainson, 1821) e Brazil

.

Choco Woodpecker Veniliornis chocoensis Todd, 1919 SA : w Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

Golden-collared Woodpecker Veniliornis cassini (Malherbe, 1862) SA : ne Amazonia

.

Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons (von Spix, 1824) SA : e Brazil

.

Piculus von Spix, 1824

.

Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex (Salvin, 1870) MA : Honduras to Panama

.

Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker Piculus callopterus (Lawrence, 1862) MA : Panama

.

White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) SA : w Amazonia

.

Lita Woodpecker Piculus litae (Rothschild, 1901) SA : w Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil

.

P. f. flavigula (Boddaert, 1783) e Colombia and s Venezuela through the Guianas, n Brazil

.

P. f. magnus (Cherrie & Reichenberger, 1921) ne Ecuador and se Colombia to n Bolivia, w Brazil

.

P. f. erythropis (Vieillot, 1818) e and se Brazil

.

Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros (Vieillot, 1818) LA : Panama to Venezuela, Amazonia, se Brazil

.

P. c. aurosus (Nelson, 1912) Panama

.

P. c. xanthochlorus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1875) n Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

P. c. capistratus (Malherbe, 1862) se Colombia and nw Brazil to Suriname

.

P. c. guianensis Todd, 1937 French Guiana

.

P. c. laemostictus Todd, 1937 nw Brazil

.

P. c. hypochryseus Todd, 1937 w Brazil and n Bolivia

.

P. c. paraensis (Snethlage, E, 1907) ne Brazil

.

P. c. polyzonus (Valenciennes, 1826) se Brazil

.

P. c. chrysochloros (Vieillot, 1818) c and s Brazil to Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina

.

Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus (Temminck, 1821) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Colaptes Vigors, 1825

.

Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus (Swainson, 1820) LA : Mexico to Guyana, nw Peru and nw Argentina TAX AOU and SACC 265 assign Piculus rubiginosus to Colaptes (Webb & Moore 2005; Benz et al. 2006)

.

C. r. yucatanensis (Cabot, S, 1844) s Mexico to w Panama

.

C. r. alleni (Bangs, 1902) n Colombia

.

C. r. buenavistae (Chapman, 1915) e Colombia and e Ecuador

.

C. r. meridensis (Ridgway, 1911) nw Venezuela

.

C. r. rubiginosus (Swainson, 1820) nc and ne Venezuela

.

C. r. deltanus (Aveledo & Ginés, 1953) Delta Amacuro (ne Venezuela)

.

C. r. paraquensis (Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1948) sc Venezuela

.

C. r. guianae (Hellmayr, 1918) e Venezuela and w Guyana

.

C. r. viridissimus (Chapman, 1939) tepuis of se Venezuela

.

C. r. nigriceps (Blake, 1941) s Guyana and s Suriname

.

C. r. trinitatis (Ridgway, 1911) Trindad

.

C. r. tobagensis (Ridgway, 1911) Tobago

.

C. r. gularis (Hargitt, 1889) c and w Colombia

.

C. r. rubripileus (Salvadori & Festa, 1900) sw Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru

.

C. r. coloratus (Chapman, 1923) se Ecuador to nc Peru

.

C. r. chrysogaster (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) c Peru

.

C. r. canipileus (d'Orbigny, 1840) c and se Bolivia

.

C. r. tucumanus (Cabanis, 1883) s Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

Grey-crowned Woodpecker Colaptes auricularis (Salvin & Godman, 1889) MA : w Mexico TAX SACC 265 assigns Piculus auricularis to Colaptes (Webb & Moore 2005; Benz et al. 2006)

.

Bronze-winged Woodpecker Colaptes aeruginosus (Malherbe, 1862) MA : ne Mexico AS, PHY C. aeruginosus previously treated as a ssp of rubiginosus is sister to auricularis; rubiginosus is sister to C. atricollis (Moore et al 2010)

.

Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Colaptes rivolii (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : nw Venezuela to c Bolivia TAX SACC 265 assigns Piculus rivolii to Colaptes (Webb & Moore 2005; Benz et al. 2006)

.

C. r. quindiuna (Chapman, 1923) nc Colombia

.

C. r. zuliensis (Aveledo & Perez, 1989) Sierra de Perijá (Colombia-Venezuela border) SSP Add: Restall et al, 2006

.

C. r. rivolii (Boissonneau, 1840) ec Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

C. r. meridae (Chapman, 1923) w Venezuela

.

C. r. brevirostris (Taczanowski, 1875) sw Colombia to c Peru

.

C. r. atriceps (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) se Peru and Bolivia

.

Black-necked Woodpecker Colaptes atricollis (Malherbe, 1850) SA : Peru TAX SACC assigns Chrysoptilus atricollis to Colaptes (Short 1982)

.

C. a. atricollis (Malherbe, 1850) w Peru

.

C. a. peruvianus (Reichenbach, 1854) e Peru

.

Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula (Boddaert, 1783) LA : Panama through n SA, Amazonia TAX SACC assigns Chrysoptilus punctigula to Colaptes (Short 1982)

.

C. p. ujhelyii (Madarász, 1912) e Panama to n Colombia

.

C. p. striatigularis (Chapman, 1914) wc Colombia

.

C. p. punctipectus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Colombia and Venezuela

.

C. p. zuliae (Cory, 1915) nw Venezuela

.

C. p. punctigula (Boddaert, 1783) the Guianas

.

C. p. guttatus (von Spix, 1824) Upper Amazonia

.

Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : e, c, se TAX SACC assigns Chrysoptilus melanochloros to Colaptes (Short 1982)

.

C. m. melanochloros (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Brazil, se Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay.

.

C. m. nattereri (Malherbe, 1845) ne Brazil through c Brazil to e Bolivia

.

C. m. melanolaimus (Malherbe, 1857) c and s Bolivia

.

C. m. nigroviridis (Grant, CHB, 1911) e Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina

.

C. m. leucofrenatus Leybold, 1873 w Argentina

.

Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : widespread

.

C. a. cafer (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Alaska to n California (USA)

.

C. a. collaris Vigors, 1829 sw USA and nw Mexico

.

C. a. rufipileus Ridgway, 1876 Guadalupe I., Mexico

.

C. a. nanus Griscom, 1934 w Texas (USA) to ne Mexico

.

C. a. mexicanoides Lafresnaye, 1844 s Mexico to Nicaragua

.

C. a. mexicanus Swainson, 1827 c Mexico

.

C. a. luteus Bangs, 1898 c Alaska to e Canada, ne USA and Montana (nc USA)

.

C. a. auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA

.

C. a. chrysocaulosus Gundlach, 1858 Cuba

.

C. a. gundlachi Cory, 1886 Grand Cayman I.

.

Gilded Flicker Colaptes chrysoides (Malherbe, 1852) NA, MA : sw USA, nw Mexico

.

C. c. mearnsi Ridgway, 1911 se California and c and s Arizona (USA) to n Sonora (nw Mexico)

.

C. c. tenebrosus van Rossem, 1930 n Sonora to n Sinaloa (nw Mexico)

.

C. c. brunnescens Anthony, 1895 n and c Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

C. c. chrysoides (Malherbe, 1852) s Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

Fernandina's Flicker Colaptes fernandinae Vigors, 1827 NA : Cuba

.

Chilean Flicker Colaptes pitius (Molina, 1782) SA : Chile, sw Argentina

.

Andean Flicker Colaptes rupicola d'Orbigny, 1840 SA : s Ecuador to nw Argentina

.

C. r. cinereicapillus Reichenbach, 1854 s Ecuador and n Peru

.

C. r. puna Cabanis, 1883 c and s Peru

.

C. r. rupicola d'Orbigny, 1840 Bolivia, n Chile and nw Argentina

.

Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris (Vieillot, 1818) SA : e, c, se

.

C. c. campestris (Vieillot, 1818) c Suriname and nc and e Brazil to Bolivia and c Paraguay

.

C. c. campestroides (Malherbe, 1849) c and s Paraguay to se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina

.

Celeus Boie, F, 1831 PHY See Benz & Robbins 2011 for phylogeny of Celeus species

.

Cinnamon Woodpecker Celeus loricatus (Reichenbach, 1854) LA : e Nicaragua to sw Ecuador

.

C. l. diversus Ridgway, 1914 e Nicaragua to w Panama

.

C. l. mentalis Cassin, 1860 Panama and nw Colombia

.

C. l. innotatus Todd, 1917 n Colombia

.

C. l. loricatus (Reichenbach, 1854) w Colombia to sw Ecuador

.

Waved Woodpecker Celeus undatus (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : e Venezuela to ne Brazil

.

C. u. amacurensis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1950 ne Venezuela

.

C. u. undatus (Linnaeus, 1766) e Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil

.

C. u. multifasciatus (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) ne Brazil (s of the Amazon)

.

Scaly-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) SA : w, nw, c Amazonia

.

C. g. verreauxii (Malherbe, 1858) e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

C. g. grammicus (Natterer & Malherbe, 1845) se Colombia and s Venezuela to ne Peru and w Brazil; also French Guiana

.

C. g. subcervinus Todd, 1937 c Brazil

.

C. g. latifasciatus Seilern, 1936 se Peru and sw Brazil to n Bolivia

.

Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus (Wagler, 1829) MA : se Mexico to w Panama

.

Chestnut Woodpecker Celeus elegans (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : n, Amazonia

.

C. e. hellmayri von Berlepsch, 1908 e Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname

.

C. e. deltanus Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1950 ne Venezuela

.

C. e. leotaudi Hellmayr, 1906 Trinidad

.

C. e. elegans (Statius Müller, 1776) French Guiana and ne Brazil (n of the Amazon)

.

C. e. citreopygius Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1867 e Ecuador and e Peru

.

C. e. jumanus (von Spix, 1824) e Colombia and s Venezuela to n Bolivia

.

Pale-crested Woodpecker Celeus lugubris (Malherbe, 1851) SA : sc

.

C. l. lugubris (Malherbe, 1851) e Bolivia and sw Brazil

.

C. l. kerri Hargitt, 1891 Paraguay, s Brazil and ne Argentina

.

Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : e, se

.

C. f. intercedens Hellmayr, 1908 ne Brazil TAX Species relationship of C.f. intercedens uncertain (Benz & Robbins 2011)

.

C. f. flavescens (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e Paraguay to se Brazil and ne Argentina

.

Ochre-backed Woodpecker Celeus ochraceus (von Spix, 1824) SA : e Brazil AS Ochre-backed Woodpecker is split from Blond-crested Woodpecker (Benz & Robbins 2011)

.

Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil

.

C. f. flavus (Statius Müller, 1776) e Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas to E Ecuador, W Brazil and N Bolivia

.

C. f. peruvianus (Cory, 1919) e Peru

.

C. f. tectricialis (Hellmayr, 1922) ne Brazil

.

C. f. subflavus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877 e Brazil

.

Rufous-headed Woodpecker Celeus spectabilis Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1880 SA : w Amazonia

.

C. s. spectabilis Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1880 e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

C. s. exsul Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1941 se Peru, n Bolivia and w Brazil

.

Kaempfer's Woodpecker Celeus obrieni Short, 1973 SA : e Brazil ENG, AS Change  English name of Celeus obrieni from Piaui Woodpecker to Kaempfer's Woodpecker (SACC 249); see Azevedo et al 2013 re species status

.

Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil

.

C. t. torquatus (Boddaert, 1783) e Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil TAX Includes C. t. pieteroyensi generally considered invalid.

.

C. t. occidentalis (Hargitt, 1889) se Colombia, Amazonian Brazil and n Bolivia

.

C. t. tinnunculus (Wagler, 1829) e Brazil

.

Dryocopus Boie, F, 1826

.

Helmeted Woodpecker Dryocopus galeatus (Temminck, 1822) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Black-bodied Woodpecker Dryocopus schulzi (Cabanis, 1883) SA : sc Boliivia and w Paraguay to nc Argentina

.

Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : widespread

.

D. l. scapularis (Vigors, 1829) w Mexico

.

D. l. similis (Lesson, 1847) e Mexico to nw Costa Rica

.

D. l. lineatus (Linnaeus, 1766) e Costa Rica to e Peru, n Paraguay, e Brazil and the Guianas

.

D. l. fuscipennis Sclater, PL, 1860 w Ecuador and nw Peru

.

D. l. erythrops (Valenciennes, 1826) se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : e, nw USA, s Canada

.

D. p. abieticola (Bangs, 1898) s Canada south through w, nc and ne USA

.

D. p. pileatus (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA

.

White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis (Horsfield, 1821) OR : widespread

.

D. j. hodgsonii (Jerdon, 1840) India

.

D. j. richardsi Tristram, 1879 Korea

.

D. j. forresti Rothschild, 1922 n Burma and sw China

.

D. j. feddeni (Blyth, 1863) Burma, Thailand and s Indochina

.

D. j. javensis (Horsfield, 1821) c and s Malay Pen., Greater Sundas and nearby islands

.

D. j. parvus (Richmond, 1902) Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)

.

D. j. hargitti (Sharpe, 1884) Palawan (w Philippines)

.

D. j. esthloterus Parkes, 1971 n Luzon (n Philippines)

.

D. j. confusus (Stresemann, 1913) c and s Luzon (n Philippines)

.

D. j. pectoralis (Tweeddale, 1878) Samar, , Leyte, Bohol (ec Philippines)

.

D. j. multilunatus (McGregor, 1907) Basilan, Dinagat, Mindanao (s Philippines)

.

D. j. suluensis (Blasius, W, 1890) Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)

.

D. j. philippinensis (Steere, 1890) Panay, Masbate, Guimaras, Negros (wc Philippines)

.

D. j. cebuensis Kennedy, 1987 Cebu (c Philippines)

.

D. j. mindorensis (Steere, 1890) Mindoro (wc Philippines)

.

Andaman Woodpecker Dryocopus hodgei (Blyth, 1860) OR : Andaman Islands

.

Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

D. m. martius (Linnaeus, 1758) w Europe to Kamchatka and Japan

.

D. m. khamensis (Buturlin, 1908) Tibet and sw China

.

Campephilus Gray, GR, 1840

.

Powerful Woodpecker Campephilus pollens (Bonaparte, 1845) SA : nc Colombia to Peru

.

C. p. pollens (Bonaparte, 1845) nc Colombia and sw Venezuela to Ecuador

.

C. p. peruvianus (Cory, 1915) Peru

.

Crimson-bellied Woodpecker Campephilus haematogaster (Tschudi, 1844) LA : Panama to Peru

.

C. h. splendens Hargitt, 1889 Panama, w Colombia and nw Ecuador

.

C. h. haematogaster (Tschudi, 1844) c Colombia, e Ecuador to c Peru

.

Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia

.

C. r. rubricollis (Boddaert, 1783) e Colombia and e Ecuador through s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

C. r. trachelopyrus (Malherbe, 1857) e Peru, n Bolivia and w Brazil

.

C. r. olallae (Gyldenstolpe, 1945) c and sw Brazil to c Bolivia

.

Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1818) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : widespread, also Panama

.

C. m. malherbii Gray, GR, 1845 w Panama to n and c Colombia

.

C. m. melanoleucos (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Colombia to the Guianas, south to Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

C. m. cearae (Cory, 1915) e and s Brazil

.

Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis (Hartlaub, 1844) MA : widespread

.

C. g. regius Reichenbach, 1854 e Mexico

.

C. g. nelsoni (Ridgway, 1911) n and w Mexico

.

C. g. guatemalensis (Hartlaub, 1844) s Mexico to w Panama

.

Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus gayaquilensis (Lesson, 1845) SA : sw Colombia to nw Peru

.

Cream-backed Woodpecker Campephilus leucopogon (Valenciennes, 1826) SA : c Bolivia and w Paraguay to nw Uruguay and nc Argentina

.

Magellanic Woodpecker Campephilus magellanicus (King, PP, 1827) SA : Chile, sw Argentina

.

Ivory-billed Woodpecker Campephilus principalis (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : se USA, Cuba

.

C. p. principalis (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA

.

C. p. bairdii Cassin, 1864 Cuba

.

Imperial Woodpecker Campephilus imperialis (Gould, 1832) MA : nc, c Mexico

.

Chrysophlegma Gould, 1850 TAX Segregate Banded Woodpecker, Checker-throated Woodpecker, & Greater Yellownape from Picus to Chrysophlegma (Fuchs et al 2008)

.

Banded Woodpecker Chrysophlegma miniaceum (Pennant, 1769) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

C. m. perlutum (Kloss, 1918) s Burma and sw Thailand

.

C. m. malaccense (Latham, 1790) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo

.

C. m. niasense Büttikofer, 1896 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)

.

C. m. miniaceum (Pennant, 1769) Java

.

Checker-throated Woodpecker Chrysophlegma mentale (Temminck, 1826) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

C. m. humii Hargitt, 1889 s Burma, Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo

.

C. m. mentale (Temminck, 1826) Java

.

Greater Yellownape Chrysophlegma flavinucha (Gould, 1834) OR : widespread

.

C. f. kumaonense Koelz, 1950 central Himalayas

.

C. f. flavinucha (Gould, 1834) ne and e India to Burma

.

C. f. ricketti Styan, 1898 se China and Tonkin area of n Vietnam

.

C. f. styani Ogilvie-Grant, 1899 Hainan I. and nearby se China

.

C. f. lylei Kloss, 1918 w Thailand and e Burma to s China, n Laos and nw Vietnam

.

C. f. pierrei (Oustalet, 1889) se Thailand to s Vietnam

.

C. f. wrayi Sharpe, 1888 Malay Pen.

.

C. f. mystacale Salvadori, 1879 n Sumatra

.

C. f. korinchi Chasen, 1940 s Sumatra

.

Picus Linnaeus, 1758

.

Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus Vieillot, 1818 OR : widespread

.

P. c. simlae Meinertzhagen, R, 1924 n India to c Nepal

.

P. c. chlorolophus Vieillot, 1818 e Nepal and ne India through Burma to n Vietnam

.

P. c. laotianus Delacour, 1926 n Laos and ne Thailand

.

P. c. chlorigaster Jerdon, 1845 c and s India

.

P. c. wellsi Meinertzhagen, R, 1924 Sri Lanka

.

P. c. citrinocristatus (Rickett, 1901) Tonkin area of n Vietnam and se China

.

P. c. longipennis (Hartert, 1910) Hainan I. (off se China)

.

P. c. annamensis Meinertzhagen, R, 1924 s Thailand to s Vietnam

.

P. c. rodgeri (Hartert & Butler, AL, 1898) w Malaysia

.

P. c. vanheysti (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) Sumatra

.

Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus Horsfield, 1821 OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

.

P. p. observandus (Hartert, 1896) s Burma, Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo

.

P. p. soligae Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)

.

P. p. puniceus Horsfield, 1821 Java

.

Streak-breasted Woodpecker Picus viridanus Blyth, 1843 OR : Burma to Malay Peninsula

.

P. v. viridanus Blyth, 1843 Burma, sw Thailand

.

P. v. weberi (Müller, A, 1882) c and n Malay Pen.

.

Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus Vieillot, 1818 OR : Southeast Asia to Java

.

P. v. eisenhoferi Gyldenstolpe, 1916 e Burma and s China to n Thailand, Laos and Vietnam

.

P. v. eurous Deignan, 1955 se Thailand, Cambodia

.

P. v. connectens (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) sw Thailand, Langkawi I. (w of Malay Pen.)

.

P. v. vittatus Vieillot, 1818 s Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java, Bali and Kangean Is.

.

Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus (Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847) OR : India and Nepal to s Thailand; Camboodia

.

Scaly-bellied Woodpecker Picus squamatus Vigors, 1831 EU : sc Asia

.

P. s. flavirostris (Menzbier, 1886) e Iran and s Turkmenistan to w Pakistan

.

P. s. squamatus Vigors, 1831 ne Afghanistan to n India

.

Japanese Green Woodpecker Picus awokera Temminck, 1836 EU : Japan

.

P. a. awokera Temminck, 1836 Honshu (c Japan)

.

P. a. horii Taka-Tsukasa, 1918 Kyushu, Shikoku (s Japan)

.

P. a. takatsukasae Kuroda, 1921 Tanegashima, Yakushima (s Japan)

.

European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w

.

P. v. viridis Linnaeus, 1758 n and c Europe

.

P. v. karelini von Brandt, JF, 1841 se Europe to sw Turkmenistan

.

P. v. innominatus (Zarudny & Loudon, 1905) sw Iran PS See Pons et al 2011, Perktas et al 2011

.

Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpei (Saunders, H, 1872) EU : Iberian Pen. AS Iberian Green Woodpecker is split from European Green Woodpecker P. viridis (Pons et al 2011, Perktas et al 2011)

.

Levaillant's Woodpecker Picus vaillantii (Malherbe, 1847) AF : Morocco, Tunisia AS MtDNA data and plumage characters support split of Levaillant's Woodpecker from Green Woodpecker (Pons et al 2010, Perktas et al 2011)

.

Red-collared Woodpecker Picus rabieri (Oustalet, 1898) OR : Laos, Vietnam

.

Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius (Elliot, DG, 1865) OR : Southeast Asia

.

P. e. nigrigenis (Hume, 1874) Burma and w Thailand

.

P. e. erythropygius (Elliot, DG, 1865) ne Thailand and Indochina

.

Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus Gmelin, JF, 1788 EU, OR : widespread

.

P. c. canus Gmelin, JF, 1788 n and c Europe to w Siberia

.

P. c. jessoensis Stejneger, 1886 e Siberia to ne China, Korea and n Japan

.

P. c. kogo (Bianchi, 1906) c China

.

P. c. guerini (Malherbe, 1849) nc and ec China

.

P. c. sobrinus Peters, JL, 1948 se China and ne Vietnam

.

P. c. tancolo (Gould, 1863) Hainan I. (off se China) and Taiwan

.

P. c. sordidior (Rippon, 1906) se Tibet and sw China to ne Burma

.

P. c. sanguiniceps Baker, ECS, 1926 ne Pakistan to n India and w Nepal

.

P. c. hessei Gyldenstolpe, 1916 Nepal and ne India to Burma and Indochina

.

P. c. robinsoni (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) w Malaysia

.

P. c. dedemi (van Oort, 1911) Sumatra

.

Dinopium Rafinesque, 1814

.

Olive-backed Woodpecker Dinopium rafflesii (Vigors, 1830) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

D. r. rafflesii (Vigors, 1830) s Burma, sw Thailand, Malay Pen., Sumatra and Bangka I. (e of Sumatra)

.

D. r. dulitense Delacour, 1946 Borneo

.

Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii (Vigors, 1831) OR : n India to Burma ENG Change "Goldenback" to "Flameback", which is now the established name for this species

.

D. s. shorii (Vigors, 1831) n India to n Bangladesh

.

D. s. anguste Ripley, 1950 w and n Burma

.

Common Flameback Dinopium javanense (Ljungh, 1797) OR : widespread ENG Change "Goldenback" to "Flameback", which is now the established name for this species

.

D. j. malabaricum Whistler, 1934 sw India

.

D. j. intermedium (Blyth, 1845) ne India and Bangladesh to sc China, Indochina and Burma

.

D. j. javanense (Ljungh, 1797) Malay Pen., Sumatra, w Java and Borneo

.

D. j. exsul (Hartert, 1901) e Java and Bali

.

D. j. borneonense (Dubois, AJC, 1897) ne Borneo and nearby islands

.

Spot-throated Flameback Dinopium everetti (Tweeddale, 1878) OR : s Philippines AS Split Spot-throated Flameback D. everetti from Common Flameback D. javanense (Mees 1966, Collar 2011)

.

Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : Indian subcontinent; records in Burma doubtful (Rasmussen and Anderton 2005) ENG Change English name "Lesser Goldenback" to "Black-rumped Flameback", which is now the established name for this species

.

D. b. benghalense (Linnaeus, 1758) n, c and ne India

.

D. b. dilutum (Blyth, 1852) Pakistan to w India

.

D. b. tehminae (Whistler & Kinnear, 1934) sw India

.

D. b. puncticolle (Malherbe, 1845) c and s India

.

D. b. jaffnense (Whistler, 1944) n Sri Lanka

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D. b. psarodes (Lichtenstein, AAH, 1793) c and s Sri Lanka

.

Chrysocolaptes Blyth, 1843

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Buff-spotted Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus (Scopoli, 1786) OR : ec, s Philippines ENG Change "Goldenback" to "Flameback"  established for these species; Change to Buff-spotted Flameback for C. lucidus with split of widespread guttacristatus, which takes English name Greater Flameback

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C. l. rufopunctatus Hargitt, 1889 ec Philippines

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C. l. montanus Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 Mindanao (s Philippines)

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C. l. lucidus (Scopoli, 1786) Zamboanga Pen. (w Mindanao, s Philippines) and Basilan I. (s Philippines)

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Luzon Flameback Chrysocolaptes haematribon (Wagler, 1827) OR : n Philippines AS Chrysocolaptes haematribon is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus

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Yellow-faced Flameback Chrysocolaptes xanthocephalus Walden & Layard, EL, 1872 OR : wc Philippines AS Chrysocolaptes xanthocephalus is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus

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Red-headed Flameback Chrysocolaptes erythrocephalus Sharpe, 1877 OR : Palawan and other w Philippine Is. AS Chrysocolaptes erythrocephalus is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus

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Javan Flameback Chrysocolaptes strictus (Horsfield, 1821) OR : e Java, Bali and the Kangean Is. (n of Bali) AS Chrysocolaptes strictus (incl kangeanensis) is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus

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C. s. strictus (Horsfield, 1821) coastal e Java, Bali

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C. s. kangeanensis Hoogerwerf, 1963 Kangean Is. (n of Bali)

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Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus (Tickell, 1833) EU, OR : India, Himalayas east to Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas AS Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus (incl socialis, indomalayicus) is split from Buff-spotted [Greater] Flameback C.lucidus

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C. g. sultaneus (Hodgson, 1837) nw Himalayas SSP Add: Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012

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C. g. guttacristatus (Tickell, 1833) c, e Himalayas and se India to s China, Thailand and Indochina

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C. g. socialis Koelz, 1939 sw India

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C. g. indomalayicus Hesse, 1911 Malay Pen., Sumatra, and w and c Java SSP Synonymous with C. g. chersoneus Kloss, 1918. indomalayicus Hesse, 1911 has priority.

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C. g. andrewsi Amadon, 1943 ne Borneo

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Crimson-backed Flameback Chrysocolaptes stricklandi (Layard, EL, 1854) OR : Sri Lanka AS, ENG Chrysocolaptes stricklandi is split from C. lucidus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005); "Flameback" is now the established name for this species

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White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus (Boddaert, 1783) OR : India, Sri Lanka

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C. f. festivus (Boddaert, 1783) c and s India

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C. f. tantus Ripley, 1946 Sri Lanka

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Gecinulus Blyth, 1845

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Pale-headed Woodpecker Gecinulus grantia (Horsfield, 1840) OR : Southeast Asia, e China

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G. g. grantia (Horsfield, 1840) e Nepal and ne India to w Burma

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G. g. indochinensis Delacour, 1927 sw China to ne Burma, Laos and n Vietnam

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G. g. viridanus Slater, 1897 se China

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G. g. poilanei Deignan, 1950 s Vietnam

.

Bamboo Woodpecker Gecinulus viridis Blyth, 1862 OR : Burma to Malay Peninsula

.

G. v. viridis Blyth, 1862 c and e Burma, Thailand

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G. v. robinsoni Kloss, 1918 Malay Pen.

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Sapheopipo Hargitt, 1890 PHY Sapheopipo groups with Dendrocopos (Fuchs et al 2007)

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Okinawa Woodpecker Sapheopipo noguchii (Seebohm, 1887) EU : Okinawa

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Blythipicus Bonaparte, 1854

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Maroon Woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus (Swainson, 1837) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis (Hodgson, 1837) OR : Nepal to s Vietnam and se China

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B. p. pyrrhotis (Hodgson, 1837) Nepal and ne India to s China, Laos and n Vietnam

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B. p. sinensis (Rickett, 1897) se China

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B. p. annamensis Kinnear, 1926 s Vietnam

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B. p. hainanus (Ogilvie-Grant, 1899) Hainan I. (off se China)

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B. p. cameroni Robinson, 1928 Malay Pen.

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Reinwardtipicus Bonaparte, 1854

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Orange-backed Woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus (Temminck, 1825) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

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R. v. xanthopygius (Finsch, 1905) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo

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R. v. validus (Temminck, 1825) Java

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Micropternus Blyth, 1845

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Rufous Woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus (Vieillot, 1818) OR : widespread TAX, SEQ Segregate Rufous Woodpecker from Celeus species of Neotropics to monotypic, convergent Micropternus, resequence before Meiglyptes (Benz et al 2006)

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M. b. jerdonii (Malherbe, 1849) c and s India, Sri Lanka

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M. b. humei Kloss, 1918 nw India to w Nepal

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M. b. phaioceps (Blyth, 1845) c Nepal and ne India to sw and s China, n and e Thailand and Burma

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M. b. annamensis Delacour & Jabouille, 1924 Laos, Cambodia and s Vietnam

.

M. b. fokiensis (Swinhoe, 1863) se China and n Vietnam

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M. b. holroydi Swinhoe, 1870 Hainan I. (off se China)

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M. b. williamsoni Kloss, 1918 sw and c Thailand

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M. b. badius (Raffles, 1822) Thai-Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung and Nias Is. Includes squamigularis and celaenephis. H&M 4:300

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M. b. brachyurus (Vieillot, 1818) Java

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M. b. badiosus (Bonaparte, 1850) Borneo and n Natuna Is.

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Meiglyptes Swainson, 1837

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Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

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M. t. grammithorax (Malherbe, 1862) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo and nearby islands

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M. t. tristis (Horsfield, 1821) Java

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Black-and-buff Woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis (Blyth, 1845) OR : Southeast Asia

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Buff-necked Woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki (Lesson, 1839) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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M. t. tukki (Lesson, 1839) Malay Pen., Sumatra, n Borneo and nearby islands

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M. t. pulonis Chasen & Kloss, 1929 Banggi I. (off n Borneo)

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M. t. percnerpes Oberholser, 1924 s Borneo

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M. t. infuscatus Salvadori, 1887 Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)

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M. t. batu Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 Batu Is. (off w Sumatra)

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Mulleripicus Bonaparte, 1854

.

Ashy Woodpecker Mulleripicus fulvus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Sulawesi

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M. f. fulvus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) n Sulawesi, Togian Is.

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M. f. wallacei Tweeddale, 1877 c, a and s Sulawesi

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Sooty Woodpecker Mulleripicus funebris (Valenciennes, 1826) OR : Philippines

.

M. f. funebris (Valenciennes, 1826) n Philippines

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M. f. fuliginosus Tweeddale, 1877 ec and s Philippines PS Collar 2011b, Clements 6.7; cf HBW/IBC, H&M4. Await supplements to numerical index

.

Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus (Temminck, 1826) OR : widespread

.

M. p. mohun Ripley, 1950 n India, Nepal and ne India

.

M. p. harterti Hesse, 1911 ne India to sw China, Indochina and n Malay Pen.

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M. p. pulverulentus (Temminck, 1826) s Malay Pen., Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Balabac and Palawan Is.