"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Waxbills, parrotfinches, munias, whydahs, Olive Warbler, accentors & pipits

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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141 Waxbills, Munias and allies Family Estrildidae

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Parmoptila Cassin, 1859

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Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei Cassin, 1859 AF : wc

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P. w. woodhousei Cassin, 1859 se Nigeria and Cameroon to w DRCongo

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P. w. ansorgei Hartert, 1904 n Angola

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Red-fronted Antpecker Parmoptila rubrifrons (Sharpe & Ussher, 1872) AF : w

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Jameson's Antpecker Parmoptila jamesoni (Shelley, 1890) AF : c

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Nigrita Strickland, 1843

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White-breasted Nigrita Nigrita fusconotus Fraser, 1843 AF : w, c

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N. f. uropygialis Sharpe, 1869 Guinea to sw Nigeria

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N. f. fusconotus Fraser, 1843 se Nigeria and Cameroon to Uganda, w Kenya and Angola, Bioko I.

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Chestnut-breasted Nigrita Nigrita bicolor (Hartlaub, 1844) AF : w, c

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N. b. bicolor (Hartlaub, 1844) Senegal and Gambia to Togo

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N. b. brunnescens Reichenow, 1902 s Nigeria to w Uganda and n Angola

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Pale-fronted Nigrita Nigrita luteifrons Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : c

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N. l. luteifrons Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 Sierra Leone and Liberia to w Uganda and nw Angola

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N. l. alexanderi Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 Bioko I.

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Grey-headed Nigrita Nigrita canicapillus (Strickland, 1841) AF : w, c

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N. c. emiliae Sharpe, 1869 Guinea and Sierra Leone to Togo

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N. c. canicapillus (Strickland, 1841) s Benin and s Nigeria to c DRCongo and Gabon

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N. c. schistaceus Sharpe, 1891 s Sudan and e DRCongo to w Kenya and n Tanzania

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N. c. angolensis Bannerman, 1921 nw Angola and s DRCongo

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N. c. diabolicus (Reichenow & Neumann, 1895) c Kenya to n Tanzania

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N. c. candidus Moreau, 1942 w Tanzania

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Nesocharis Alexander, 1903

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Shelley's Oliveback Nesocharis shelleyi Alexander, 1903 AF : wc

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N. s. shelleyi Alexander, 1903 Mt. Cameroon (sw Cameroon), Bioko I.

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N. s. bansoensis Bannerman, 1923 se Nigeria and w Cameroon

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White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei (Hartert, 1899) AF : ec

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Grey-headed Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata (Hartlaub, 1861) AF : w, c

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Pytilia Swainson, 1837

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Red-billed Pytilia Pytilia lineata Heuglin, 1863 AF : Ethiopia

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Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera Swainson, 1837 AF : w, c

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P. p. phoenicoptera Swainson, 1837 Senegal and Gambia to n Nigeria

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P. p. emini Hartert, 1899 Cameroon to s Sudan and n Uganda

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Yellow-winged Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica Sharpe, 1870 AF : w, c

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Orange-winged Pytilia Pytilia afra (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : ec, sc

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Green-winged Pytilia Pytilia melba (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : w, c, e, s TAX Enigmatic yellow-tailed form, treated as ssp flavicauda is probably a color variant of Green-winged Pytilia (Ryan 2010)

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P. m. citerior Strickland, 1853 Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan

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P. m. jessei Shelley, 1903 ne Sudan to nw Somalia

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P. m. soudanensis (Sharpe, 1890) se Sudan, s Ethiopia, c and s Somalia, ne Uganda and n and e Kenya

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P. m. percivali van Someren, 1919 c Kenya to n Tanzania

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P. m. belli Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 e DRCongo and w Uganda to w Tanzania

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P. m. grotei Reichenow, 1919 e Tanzania, n Mozambique and e Malawi

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P. m. hygrophila Irwin & Benson, 1967 n Zambia and n Malawi

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P. m. melba (Linnaeus, 1758) s Congo and Angola to sw Tanzania and south to c Namibia, n South Africa and s Mozambique

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Amadina Swainson, 1827

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Red-headed Finch Amadina erythrocephala (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : sw, s

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Cut-throat Finch Amadina fasciata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : w, c, e

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A. f. fasciata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) s Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Sudan and Uganda

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A. f. alexanderi Neumann, 1908 Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia to Kenya and Tanzania

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A. f. meridionalis Neunzig, 1910 s Angola and n Namibia to n Mozambique

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A. f. contigua Clancey, 1970 s Zimbabwe, s Mozambique and n South Africa

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Mandingoa Hartert, 1919

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Green Twinspot Mandingoa nitidula (Hartlaub, 1865) AF : w, c, e, se

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M. n. schlegeli (Sharpe, 1870) Sierra Leone and Guinea to w Uganda, DRCongo and nw Angola

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M. n. virginiae (Amadon, 1953) Bioko I.

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M. n. chubbi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1912) Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, ne Zambia and n Malawi

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M. n. nitidula (Hartlaub, 1865) s Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and e South Africa

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Cryptospiza Salvadori, 1884

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Red-faced Crimsonwing Cryptospiza reichenovii (Hartlaub, 1874) AF : wc, c, se

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C. r. reichenovii (Hartlaub, 1874) se Nigeria, Cameroon and nw Angola, Bioko I.

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C. r. australis Shelley, 1896 e DRCongo and Uganda to e Zimbabwe and w Mozambique

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Abyssinian Crimsonwing Cryptospiza salvadorii Reichenow, 1892 AF : ec, e

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C. s. salvadorii Reichenow, 1892 Ethiopia and n Kenya

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C. s. ruwenzori Sclater, WL, 1925 e DRCongo, sw Uganda, w Rwanda and w Burundi

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C. s. kilimensis Moreau & Sclater, WL, 1934 s Sudan, e Uganda, Kenya and n Tanzania

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Dusky Crimsonwing Cryptospiza jacksoni Sharpe, 1902 AF : ec

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Shelley's Crimsonwing Cryptospiza shelleyi Sharpe, 1902 AF : ec

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Pyrenestes Swainson, 1837

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Black-bellied Seedcracker Pyrenestes ostrinus (Vieillot, 1805) AF : wc, c

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Crimson Seedcracker Pyrenestes sanguineus Swainson, 1837 AF : w

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P. s. sanguineus Swainson, 1837 Senegal and Gambia to Guinea-Bissau

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P. s. coccineus Cassin, 1848 Sierra Leone, Liberia and Ivory Coast

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Lesser Seedcracker Pyrenestes minor Shelley, 1894 AF : se

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Spermophaga Swainson, 1837

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Grant's Bluebill Spermophaga poliogenys (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) AF : c

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Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina (Vieillot, 1807) AF : w, c

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S. h. haematina (Vieillot, 1807) Senegal and Gambia to Ghana

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S. h. togoensis (Neumann, 1910) Togo to sw Nigeria

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S. h. pustulata (Voigt, 1831) se Nigeria and Cameroon to sw Central African Republic, e DRCongo and nw Angola

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Red-headed Bluebill Spermophaga ruficapilla (Shelley, 1888) AF : c, ec

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S. r. ruficapilla (Shelley, 1888) se Central African Republic, s Sudan and Uganda to Kenya, w Tanzania, s DRCongo and n Angola

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S. r. cana (Friedmann, 1927) ne Tanzania

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Clytospiza Shelley, 1896

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Brown Twinspot Clytospiza monteiri (Hartlaub, 1860) AF : c

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Hypargos Reichenbach, 1862

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Pink-throated Twinspot Hypargos margaritatus (Strickland, 1844) AF : se

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Red-throated Twinspot Hypargos niveoguttatus (Peters, W, 1868) AF : e, se

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H. n. macrospilotus Mearns, 1913 s Somalia and se Kenya to ne Angola, se DRCongo, n Zimbabwe and c Mozambique

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H. n. niveoguttatus (Peters, W, 1868) e Zimbabwe and s Mozambique

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Euschistospiza Wolters, 1943

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Dybowski's Twinspot Euschistospiza dybowskii (Oustalet, 1892) AF : w, c

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Dusky Twinspot Euschistospiza cinereovinacea (Sousa, 1889) AF : c

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E. c. cinereovinacea (Sousa, 1889) w Angola

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E. c. graueri (Rothschild, 1909) e DRCongo, sw Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi

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Lagonosticta Cabanis, 1851

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Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara (Antinori, 1864) AF : w, c, e

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L. r. forbesi Neumann, 1908 Senegal to Nigeria

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L. r. rara (Antinori, 1864) Cameroon to s Sudan, Uganda and w Kenya

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Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta (Fraser, 1843) AF : w, c

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L. r. rufopicta (Fraser, 1843) Senegal and Gambia to Chad and Central African Republic

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L. r. lateritia Heuglin, 1864 s Sudan, ne DRCongo, s Ethiopia, Uganda and w Kenya

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Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula Hartlaub, 1886 AF : sc

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Red-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta senegala (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : w, ec, e, s

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L. s. senegala (Linnaeus, 1766) Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to w and c Nigeria

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L. s. rhodopsis (Heuglin, 1863) e Nigeria, n and c Cameroon and s Chad to Sudan, w Eritrea and w Ethiopia

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L. s. brunneiceps Sharpe, 1890 c Ethiopia and se Sudan

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L. s. somaliensis Salvadori, 1894 se Ethiopia and s Somalia

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L. s. ruberrima Reichenow, 1903 DRCongo, Uganda and w Kenya to ne Angola, ne Zambia and n Malawi

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L. s. rendalli Hartert, 1898 s Angola to Mozambique south to South Africa

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Rock Firefinch Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis Payne, 1998 AF : Nigeria

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Chad Firefinch Lagonosticta umbrinodorsalis Reichenow, 1910 AF : wc

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Mali Firefinch Lagonosticta virata Bates, 1932 AF : w

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African Firefinch Lagonosticta rubricata (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) AF : w, c, se, s

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L. r. polionota Shelley, 1873 s Senegal to Nigeria

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L. r. congica Sharpe, 1890 Cameroon to s Sudan, w Uganda, s and e DRCongo and n Angola

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L. r. haematocephala Neumann, 1907 e Sudan, Ethiopia, c and s Uganda, w and c Kenya south to Zambia, Malawi, E Zimbabwe, e Tanzania and n and c Mozambique

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L. r. rubricata (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) s Mozambique and n and e South Africa

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Landana Firefinch Lagonosticta landanae Sharpe, 1890 AF : wc

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Jameson's Firefinch Lagonosticta rhodopareia (Heuglin, 1868) AF : e, sc

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L. r. rhodopareia (Heuglin, 1868) s Sudan, sw Ethiopia, ne Uganda and w Kenya

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L. r. jamesoni Shelley, 1882 s Kenya to n and ne South Africa

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L. r. ansorgei Neumann, 1908 sw DRCongo, Angola and nw Namibia

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Black-faced Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata (Rüppell, 1840) AF : Sudan and Ethiopia to w, c Africa ENG Change English name of Lagonosticta larvata to Black-faced Firefinch with lump of L.vinacea

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L. l. larvata (Rüppell, 1840) e Sudan and Ethiopia

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L. l. vinacea (Hartlaub, 1857) Senegal and Gambia to w Mali and Guinea

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L. l. nigricollis Heuglin, 1863 c, s Mali to Sudan and Uganda

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Uraeginthus Cabanis, 1851

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Blue Waxbill Uraeginthus angolensis (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : s

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U. a. angolensis (Linnaeus, 1758) São Tomé, sw DRCongo, n Angola and nw Zambia

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U. a. niassensis Reichenow, 1911 se DRCongo, c Zambia and e Tanzania to ne South Africa

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Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus bengalus (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : w, c, e

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U. b. bengalus (Linnaeus, 1766) s Mauritania to Guinea and east to Ethiopia, Uganda and w Kenya

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U. b. brunneigularis Mearns, 1911 s Somalia to c Kenya

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U. b. littoralis van Someren, 1922 se Kenya and ne Tanzania

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U. b. ugogensis Reichenow, 1911 s Kenya and n, w and c Tanzania

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U. b. katangae Vincent, 1934 ne Angola, s DRCongo and n Zambia

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Blue-capped Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus (Richmond, 1897) AF : e

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Violet-eared Waxbill Uraeginthus granatinus (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : s

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U. g. granatinus (Linnaeus, 1766) s Angola to ne South Africa

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U. g. siccatus (Clancey, 1959) w Angola to w Botswana and nw South Africa

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U. g. retusus (Clancey, 1961) s Mozambique

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Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster Reichenow, 1879 AF : e

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Coccopygia Reichenbach, 1862 TAX Separate Coccopygia waxbills from Estrilda (Payne 2010)

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Yellow-bellied Waxbill Coccopygia quartinia (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : ec, se

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C. q. quartinia (Bonaparte, 1850) Eritrea, Ethiopia and se Sudan

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C. q. kilimensis Sharpe, 1890 e DRCongo to c Kenya and n Tanzania

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C. q. stuartirwini (Clancey, 1969) e Zambia to e Tanzania and e Zimbabwe

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Swee Waxbill Coccopygia melanotis (Temminck, 1823) AF : s

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Angolan Waxbill Coccopygia bocagei Shelley, 1903 AF : Angola AS Add Angolan Waxbill (Sibley & Monroe 1990, Payne 2010, Birds of Africa)

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Estrilda Swainson, 1827

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Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens (Vieillot, 1817) AF : w, c

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Grey Waxbill Estrilda perreini (Vieillot, 1817) AF : wc, c, se

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E. p. perreini (Vieillot, 1817) Gabon to n Angola and east to s Tanzania

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E. p. incana Sundevall, 1850 s Malawi and Mozambique to e South Africa

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Cinderella Waxbill Estrilda thomensis Sousa, 1888 AF : w Angola, nw Namibia

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Anambra Waxbill Estrilda poliopareia Reichenow, 1902 AF : Nigeria

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Fawn-breasted Waxbill Estrilda paludicola Heuglin, 1863 AF : c, ec

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E. p. paludicola Heuglin, 1863 e Central African Republic and n DRCongo to w Kenya

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E. p. roseicrissa Reichenow, 1892 e DRCongo and sw Uganda to nw Tanzania

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E. p. marwitzi Reichenow, 1900 sc Tanzania

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E. p. benguellensis Neumann, 1908 Angola, s DRCongo and Zambia

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E. p. ruthae Chapin, 1950 c DRCongo

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Abyssinian Waxbill Estrilda ochrogaster Salvadori, 1897 AF : ne

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Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpoda (Vieillot, 1817) AF : w, c

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E. m. melpoda (Vieillot, 1817) Senegal and Gambia to DRCongo, w Burundi, ne Zambia and Angola

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E. m. tschadensis Grote, 1922 e Nigeria, n Cameroon and Chad

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Crimson-rumped Waxbill Estrilda rhodopyga Sundevall, 1850 AF : ne, e

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E. r. rhodopyga Sundevall, 1850 n Sudan to n Somalia

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E. r. centralis Kothe, 1911 se Sudan to s Somalia and south to Tanzania and Malawi

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Arabian Waxbill Estrilda rufibarba (Cabanis, 1851) EU : sw Arabian Peninsula

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Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) AF : w, c, ec

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Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : w, c, e, s

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E. a. kempi Bates, 1930 Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia

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E. a. occidentalis Jardine, 1852 s Mali and Ivory Coast to n DRCongo, Bioko I.

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E. a. sousae Reichenow, 1904 São Tomé

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E. a. peasei Shelley, 1903 Ethiopia

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E. a. macmillani Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 Sudan

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E. a. adesma Reichenow, 1916 e DRCongo, Uganda, w Kenya to nw Tanzania

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E. a. massaica Neumann, 1907 c Kenya to n Tanzania

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E. a. minor (Cabanis, 1878) s Somalia, e Kenya, ne Tanzania and Zanzibar

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E. a. cavendishi Sharpe, 1900 se DRCongo and s Tanzania to Zimbabwe and Mozambique

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E. a. schoutedeni Wolters, 1962 sc DRCongo

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E. a. niediecki Reichenow, 1916 c Angola to w Zimbabwe

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E. a. angolensis Reichenow, 1902 inland w Angola

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E. a. jagoensis Alexander, 1898 coastal w Angola

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E. a. rubriventris (Vieillot, 1817) Gabon to nw Angola

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E. a. damarensis Reichenow, 1902 Namibia

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E. a. astrild (Linnaeus, 1758) s Botswana and w and s South Africa

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E. a. tenebridorsa Clancey, 1957 n and e South Africa

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Black-lored Waxbill Estrilda nigriloris Chapin, 1928 AF : Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Black-crowned Waxbill Estrilda nonnula Hartlaub, 1883 AF : c

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E. n. elizae Alexander, 1903 Bioko I.

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E. n. eisentrauti Wolters, 1964 Mt. Cameroon (sw Cameroon)

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E. n. nonnula Hartlaub, 1883 se Nigeria and Cameroon to se Sudan, w Kenya and nw Tanzania

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Black-headed Waxbill Estrilda atricapilla Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : c

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E. a. atricapilla Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 Cameroon to ne DRCongo

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E. a. marungensis Prigogine, 1975 se DRCongo

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E. a. avakubi Traylor, 1964 c and sw DRCongo to n Angola

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Kandt's Waxbill Estrilda kandti Reichenow, 1902 AF : ec DRCongo, w Uganda, Ruanda, Burundi, c Kenya AS Kandt's Waxbill is split from Black-headed Waxbill (Bird of Africa)

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E. k. kandti Reichenow, 1902 ec DRCongo, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi

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E. k. keniensis Mearns, 1915 c Kenya

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Black-faced Waxbill Estrilda erythronotos (Vieillot, 1817) AF : s, e

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E. e. delamerei Sharpe, 1900 sw Uganda, w Kenya to c Tanzania

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E. e. soligena Clancey, 1964 Angola and Namibia to n Zimbabwe and n South Africa

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E. e. erythronotos (Vieillot, 1817) s Zimbabwe and ne South Africa

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Black-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda charmosyna (Reichenow, 1881) AF : e

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E. c. charmosyna (Reichenow, 1881) s Sudan, Ethiopia, s Somalia, ne Uganda and n Kenya

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E. c. kiwanukae van Someren, 1919 s Kenya and n Tanzania

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Amandava Blyth, 1836

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Red Avadavat Amandava amandava (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : widespread

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A. a. amandava (Linnaeus, 1758) Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh

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A. a. flavidiventris (Wallace, 1864) Burma, s China, nw and c Thailand and the Lesser Sundas

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A. a. punicea (Horsfield, 1821) se Thailand, Cambodia, s Vietnam, Java and Bali

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Green Avadavat Amandava formosa (Latham, 1790) OR : c India

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Orange-breasted Waxbill Amandava subflava (Vieillot, 1819) AF : w, c, e, s

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A. s. subflava (Vieillot, 1819) Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and Uganda

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A. s. niethammeri Wolters, 1969 s DRCongo and ne Namibia to Zambia, Malawi and nw Botswana

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A. s. clarkei (Shelley, 1903) Kenya and Tanzania to Zimbabwe and e South Africa

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Ortygospiza Sundevall, 1850

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Quailfinch Ortygospiza atricollis (Vieillot, 1817) AF : subsaharan Africa AL, ENG Lump O. fuscocrissa and O. gabonensis with O. atricollis following Payne & Sorenson 2007. Change English name of combined species to Quailfinch.

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O. a. atricollis (Vieillot, 1817) s Mauritania and Senegal to Chad and Cameroon

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O. a. ansorgei Ogilvie-Grant, 1910 Gambia and s Senegal to Togo

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O. a. ugandae van Someren, 1921 s Sudan, Uganda and w Kenya

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O. a. fuscocrissa Heuglin, 1863 Eritrea and Ethiopia

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O. a. muelleri Zedlitz, 1911 s Kenya to Angola, Namibia and s Botswana

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O. a. smithersi Benson, 1955 ne Zambia

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O. a. pallida Roberts, 1932 n Botswana

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O. a. digressa Clancey, 1958 e Zimbabwe, s Mozambique and South Africa

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O. a. gabonensis Lynes, 1914 Gabon to c DRCongo

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O. a. fuscata Sclater, WL, 1932 n Angola, s DRCongo and nw Zambia

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O. a. dorsostriata van Someren, 1921 e DRCongo and s and w Uganda

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Paludipasser Neave, 1909

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Locust Finch Paludipasser locustella Neave, 1909 AF : sc, se TAX Payne (2010) shows this to be unrelated to Ortygospiza with recommended name  Paludipasser locustella  (P.Ryan)

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P. l. locustella Neave, 1909 Nigeria and Cameroon to w Kenya, n and w DRCongo and Gabon

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P. l. uelensis Chapin, 1916 Angola and s DRCongo to Tanzania, n Mozambique, n Zimbabwe and n Botswana

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Emblema Gould, 1842

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Painted Finch Emblema pictum Gould, 1842 AU : c Australia

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Stagonopleura Reichenbach, 1850

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Beautiful Firetail Stagonopleura bella (Latham, 1801) AU : se and s Australia

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S. b. bella (Latham, 1801) se Australia and Tasmania

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S. b. interposita Schodde & Mason, 1999 s to se Australia

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S. b. samueli (Mathews, 1912) sc Australia

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Red-eared Firetail Stagonopleura oculata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : sw Australia

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Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata (Shaw, 1796) AU : sc, se, e Australia

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Oreostruthus De Vis, 1898

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Mountain Firetail Oreostruthus fuliginosus (De Vis, 1897) AU : New Guinea

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O. f. pallidus Rand, 1940 wc New Guinea

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O. f. hagenensis Mayr & Gilliard, 1954 ec New Guinea

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O. f. fuliginosus (De Vis, 1897) se New Guinea

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Neochmia Gray, GR, 1849

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Red-browed Finch Neochmia temporalis (Latham, 1801) AU : e, se Australia

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N. t. minor (Campbell, AJ, 1901) ne Australia

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N. t. temporalis (Latham, 1801) e, se and sc Australia

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Crimson Finch Neochmia phaeton (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841) AU : sc New Guinea, n Australia

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N. p. evangelinae D'Albertis & Salvadori, 1879 s New Guinea and Cape York Pen. (ne Australia)

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N. p. phaeton (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841) n and e Australia

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Star Finch Neochmia ruficauda (Gould, 1837) AU : nw, n se Australia

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N. r. subclarescens (Mathews, 1912) nw and n Australia

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N. r. clarescens (Hartert, 1899) ne Australia

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N. r. ruficauda (Gould, 1837) e Australia

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Plum-headed Finch Neochmia modesta (Gould, 1837) AU : e Australia

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Poephila Gould, 1842

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Masked Finch Poephila personata Gould, 1842 AU : n Australia

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P. p. personata Gould, 1842 nw and n Australia

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P. p. leucotis Gould, 1847 ne Australia

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Long-tailed Finch Poephila acuticauda (Gould, 1840) AU : n Australia

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P. a. acuticauda (Gould, 1840) nw Australia

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P. a. hecki Heinroth, 1900 n Australia

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Black-throated Finch Poephila cincta (Gould, 1837) AU : ne, e Australia

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P. c. atropygialis Diggles, 1876 ne Australia

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P. c. cincta (Gould, 1837) e Australia

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Taeniopygia Reichenbach, 1862

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Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata (Vieillot, 1817) AU : Lesser Sundas, c Australia

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T. g. guttata (Vieillot, 1817) Lesser Sundas

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T. g. castanotis (Gould, 1837) c Australia

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Double-barred Finch Taeniopygia bichenovii (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) AU : Australia

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T. b. annulosa (Gould, 1840) nw and n Australia

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T. b. bichenovii (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) e Australia

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Erythrura Swainson, 1837

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Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch Erythrura hyperythra (Reichenbach, 1862) OR, AU : Philippines and Malaysia to Java and Lesser Sundas

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E. h. brunneiventris (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894) n Philippines

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E. h. borneensis (Sharpe, 1889) n Borneo

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E. h. malayana (Robinson, 1928) Malay Pen.

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E. h. hyperythra (Reichenbach, 1862) Java

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E. h. microrhyncha (Stresemann, 1931) Sulawesi

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E. h. intermedia (Hartert, 1896) w Lesser Sundas

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Pin-tailed Parrotfinch Erythrura prasina (Sparrman, 1788) OR : Thailand to Java and Borneo

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E. p. prasina (Sparrman, 1788) Indochina, Malay Pen., Sumatra and Java

.

E. p. coelica Baker, ECS, 1925 Borneo and w Philippines

.

Green-faced Parrotfinch Erythrura viridifacies Hachisuka & Delacour, 1937 OR : Philippines

.

Tricolored Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor (Vieillot, 1817) AU : Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas

.

Red-eared Parrotfinch Erythrura coloria Ripley & Rabor, 1961 OR : Philippines

.

Blue-faced Parrotfinch Erythrura trichroa (Kittlitz, 1833) AU : widespread

.

E. t. sanfordi Stresemann, 1931 Sulawesi

.

E. t. modesta Wallace, 1862 n Moluccas

.

E. t. pinaiae Stresemann, 1914 s Moluccas

.

E. t. sigillifer (De Vis, 1897) New Guinea and islands to the southeast, New Britain and New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)

.

E. t. macgillivrayi Mathews, 1914 ne Australia

.

E. t. eichhorni Hartert, 1924 St, Matthias I. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

E. t. pelewensis Kuroda, 1922 Palau I.

.

E. t. clara Taka-Tsukasa & Yamashina, 1931 Chuuk and Pohnpei (Caroline Is.)

.

E. t. trichroa (Kittlitz, 1833) Kosrae (Caroline IS>)

.

E. t. woodfordi Hartert, 1900 Solomon Is.

.

E. t. cyanofrons Layard, EL, 1878 Vanuatu and Loyalty Is.

.

Papuan Parrotfinch Erythrura papuana Hartert, 1900 AU : New Guinea

.

Red-throated Parrotfinch Erythrura psittacea (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AU : New Caledonia

.

Red-headed Parrotfinch Erythrura cyaneovirens (Peale, 1848) AU : Samoa

.

E. c. gaughrani duPont, 1972 Savaii (w Samoa)

.

E. c. cyaneovirens (Peale, 1848) Upolu (w Samoa)

.

Royal Parrotfinch Erythrura regia (Sclater, PL, 1881) PO : Vanuatu, Banks AS Erythrura regia is split from E.cyaneovirens (Ziswiler et al. 1972, Sibley & Monroe 1990, BLI 1.0)

.

E. r. regia (Sclater, PL, 1881) n Vanuatu including Banks Is.

.

E. r. efatensis Mayr, 1931 Efaté (s Vanuatu)

.

E. r. serena (Sclater, PL, 1881) Anatom (s Vanuatu)

.

Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii Hartlaub, 1852 PO : Fiji AS Erythrura pealii is split from E.cyaneovirens (Ziswiler et al. 1972, Sibley & Monroe 1990, BLI 1.0)

.

Pink-billed Parrotfinch Erythrura kleinschmidti (Finsch, 1878) PO : Fiji Islands

.

Gouldian Finch Erythrura gouldiae (Gould, 1844) AU : n Australia

.

Lemuresthes Wolters, 1949

.

Madagascan Mannikin Lemuresthes nana (Pucheran, 1845) AF : Madagascar

.

Euodice Reichenbach, 1862

.

African Silverbill Euodice cantans (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : w, c, e, also sw Arabian Peninsula TAX Separate African Silverbill from Lonchura to Euodice (Sinclair & Ryan 2003, Fry 2004)

.

E. c. cantans (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan

.

E. c. orientalis (Lorenz von Liburnau, L & Hellmayr, 1901) s Arabian Pen., e Sudan to Somalia and south to Tanzania

.

Indian Silverbill Euodice malabarica (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : India, Sri Lanka, also sc Asia TAX Separate Indian Silverbill from Lonchura to Euodice (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)

.

Odontospiza Oberholser, 1905 TAX Separate Grey-headed Silverbill from Lonchura to Odontospiza (Fry 2004)

.

Grey-headed Silverbill Odontospiza caniceps (Reichenow, 1879) AF : e TAX Change species name to the older, available name caniceps (fide A Peterson, N David)

.

Lonchura Sykes, 1832

.

Bronze Mannikin Lonchura cucullata (Swainson, 1837) AF : w, c, e, s

.

L. c. cucullata (Swainson, 1837) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan, Uganda and w Kenya, Bioko I.

.

L. c. scutata (Heuglin, 1863) Ethiopia and e Kenya to se South Africa and e Angola, Comoro Is.

.

Black-and-white Mannikin Lonchura bicolor (Fraser, 1843) AF : w, c, e

.

L. b. bicolor (Fraser, 1843) Guinea-Bissau to Cameroon

.

L. b. poensis (Fraser, 1843) s Cameroon to s Sudan, sw Ethiopia and w Kenya, Bioko I.

.

L. b. woltersi Schouteden, 1956 se DRCongo and nw Zambia

.

Red-backed Mannikin Lonchura nigriceps (Cassin, 1852) AF : s

.

Magpie Mannikin Lonchura fringilloides (Lafresnaye, 1835) AF : w, c, se

.

White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : widespread

.

L. s. acuticauda (Hodgson, 1836) Nepal, n India and Bangladesh to n Indochina

.

L. s. striata (Linnaeus, 1766) c and s India, Sri Lanka

.

L. s. fumigata (Walden, 1873) Andaman Is.

.

L. s. semistriata (Hume, 1874) Nicobar Is.

.

L. s. subsquamicollis (Baker, ECS, 1925) Malay Pen. to s Indochina

.

L. s. swinhoei (Cabanis, 1882) ec and e China, Taiwan

.

Javan Munia Lonchura leucogastroides (Moore, F, 1858) OR : Sumatra, Java

.

Dusky Munia Lonchura fuscans (Cassin, 1852) OR : Borneo, Philippines

.

Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca (Linnaeus, 1766) AU : Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas

.

Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : widespread, also Sulawesi and Lesser Sundas

.

L. p. punctulata (Linnaeus, 1758) n Pakistan, India (except ne), Nepal and Sri Lanka

.

L. p. subundulata (Godwin-Austen, 1874) Bhutan, ne India, Bangladesh and w Burma

.

L. p. yunnanensis Parkes, 1958 se Tibet, sw China and n Burma

.

L. p. topela (Swinhoe, 1863) s Burma, Thailand, se China, Taiwan, Hainan and Indochina

.

L. p. cabanisi (Sharpe, 1890) n and w Philippines, n Borneo

.

L. p. fretensis (Kloss, 1931) s Malay Pen., Sumatra and Nias I.

.

L. p. nisoria (Temminck, 1830) Java, Bali and w Lesser Sundas

.

L. p. sumbae Mayr, 1944 Sumba I. (w Lesser Sundas)

.

L. p. blasii (Stresemann, 1912) c and e Lesser Sundas

.

L. p. baweana Hoogerwerf, 1963 Bawean I. (north of Java)

.

L. p. holmesi Restall, 1992 s Borneo

.

L. p. particeps (Riley, 1920) Sulawesi

.

Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti (Jerdon, 1863) OR : India, Sri Lanka

.

L. k. vernayi (Whistler & Kinnear, 1933) e India

.

L. k. jerdoni (Hume, 1874) sw India

.

L. k. kelaarti (Jerdon, 1863) Sri Lanka

.

White-bellied Munia Lonchura leucogastra (Blyth, 1846) OR : Malay Peninsula to Philippines

.

L. l. leucogastra (Blyth, 1846) Malay Pen., Sumatra and Java

.

L. l. palawana Ripley & Rabor, 1962 Palawan (w Philippines), n and e Borneo

.

L. l. smythiesi Parkes, 1958 w Borneo

.

L. l. castanonota Mayr, 1938 s Borneo

.

L. l. everetti (Tweeddale, 1877) n Philippines

.

L. l. manueli Parkes, 1958 c and s Philippines

.

Streak-headed Mannikin Lonchura tristissima (Wallace, 1865) AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura tristissima to Streak-headed Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

L. t. tristissima (Wallace, 1865) nw New Guinea

.

L. t. hypomelaena Stresemann & Paludan, 1934 w New Guinea

.

L. t. calaminoros (Reichenow, 1916) n New Guinea

.

White-spotted Mannikin Lonchura leucosticta D'Albertis & Salvadori, 1879 AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura leucosticta to White-spotted Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

L. l. leucosticta D'Albertis & Salvadori, 1879 sc New Guinea

.

L. l. moresbyae Restall, 1995 se New Guinea

.

Five-colored Munia Lonchura quinticolor (Vieillot, 1807) AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Tricolored Munia Lonchura malacca (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : s India, Sri Lanka ENG Change  English name of Lonchura malacca from Black-headed Munia to Tricolored Munia with split of L. atricapilla

.

White-capped Munia Lonchura ferruginosa (Sparrman, 1789) OR : Java, Bali AS White-capped Munia is split from Chestnut Munia L.atricapilla (BLI 1.0, Restall 1997)

.

Chestnut Munia Lonchura atricapilla (Vieillot, 1807) OR : India to Indonesia, Philippines AS Chestnut Munia is split from Tricolored Munia L. malacca ( Restall 1997, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)

.

L. a. rubronigra (Hodgson, 1836) n India and Nepal

.

L. a. atricapilla (Vieillot, 1807) ne India, Bangladesh, Burma and sw China

.

L. a. deignani Parkes, 1958 Thailand, se China and Indochina

.

L. a. sinensis (Blyth, 1852) Malay Pen. and n Sumatra

.

L. a. batakana (Chasen & Kloss, 1929) nw Sumatra

.

L. a. formosana (Swinhoe, 1865) Taiwan and n Luzon (n Philippines)

.

L. a. jagori (Martens, KE, 1866) Philippines (except n Luzon) and Borneo

.

White-headed Munia Lonchura maja (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java

.

Pale-headed Munia Lonchura pallida (Wallace, 1864) AU : Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas

.

Great-billed Mannikin Lonchura grandis (Sharpe, 1882) AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura grandis to Great-billed Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

L. g. heurni Hartert, 1932 nw New Guinea

.

L. g. destructa (Hartert, 1930) nc New Guinea

.

L. g. ernesti (Stresemann, 1921) ne New Guinea

.

L. g. grandis (Sharpe, 1882) se New Guinea

.

Grey-banded Mannikin Lonchura vana (Hartert, 1930) AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura vana to Grey-banded Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

Grey-headed Mannikin Lonchura caniceps (Salvadori, 1876) AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura caniceps to Grey-headed Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

L. c. caniceps (Salvadori, 1876) south coast of se New Guinea

.

L. c. scratchleyana (Sharpe, 1898) mountains of se New Guinea

.

L. c. kumusii (Hartert, 1911) north coast of se New Guinea

.

Grey-crowned Mannikin Lonchura nevermanni Stresemann, 1934 AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura nevermanni to Grey-crowned Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

Hooded Mannikin Lonchura spectabilis (Sclater, PL, 1879) AU : New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Lonchura spectabilis to Hooded Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

L. s. wahgiensis Mayr & Gilliard, 1952 ne New Guinea

.

L. s. gajduseki Diamond, 1967 ec New Guinea

.

L. s. sepikensis Jonkers & Roersma, 1990 eastern nc New Guinea

.

L. s. mayri (Hartert, 1930) western nc New Guinea

.

L. s. spectabilis (Sclater, PL, 1879) islands in the Bismarck Arch.

.

Forbes's Mannikin Lonchura forbesi (Sclater, PL, 1879) AU : Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Lonchura forbesi to Forbes’s Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

Hunstein's Mannikin Lonchura hunsteini (Finsch, 1886) AU : Bismarck Archipelago, Caroline Islands ENG Change  English name of Lonchura hunsteini to Hunstein's Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

L. h. hunsteini (Finsch, 1886) New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)

.

L. h. nigerrima (Rothschild & Hartert, 1899) New Hanover (Bismarck Arch.)

.

Yellow-rumped Mannikin Lonchura flaviprymna (Gould, 1845) AU : nw Australia ENG Change  English name of Lonchura flaviprymna to Yellow-rumped Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

Chestnut-breasted Mannikin Lonchura castaneothorax (Gould, 1837) AU : New Guinea, n, e Australia ENG Change  English name of Lonchura castaneothorax to Chestnut-breasted Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

L. c. uropygialis Stresemann & Paludan, 1934 nw New Guinea

.

L. c. boschmai Junge, 1952 w New Guinea

.

L. c. sharpii (Madarász, 1894) n and ne New Guinea

.

L. c. ramsayi Delacour, 1943 se New Guinea and D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

.

L. c. castaneothorax (Gould, 1837) n and e Australia

.

Black Mannikin Lonchura stygia Stresemann, 1934 AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura stygia to Black Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

Black-breasted Mannikin Lonchura teerinki Rand, 1940 AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura teerinki to Black-breasted Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

Eastern Alpine Mannikin Lonchura monticola (De Vis, 1897) AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura monticola to Eastern Alpine Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

Western Alpine Mannikin Lonchura montana Junge, 1939 AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Lonchura montana to Western Alpine Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

Buff-bellied Mannikin Lonchura melaena (Sclater, PL, 1880) AU : Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands ENG Change  English name of Lonchura melaena to Buff-bellied Mannikin (Gregory 2009)

.

L. m. melaena (Sclater, PL, 1880) New Britain (Bismarck Arch.)

.

L. m. bukaensis Restall, 1995 Buka I. (north of Bougainville)

.

Timor Sparrow Lonchura fuscata (Vieillot, 1807) AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Java Sparrow Lonchura oryzivora (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : Java

.

Heteromunia Mathews, 1913

.

Pictorella Mannikin Heteromunia pectoralis (Gould, 1841) AU : n Australia ENG Change  English name of Heteromunia pectoralis to Pictorella Mannikin to conform to prevailing usage

.

.

20 Indigobirds, Whydahs Family Viduidae

.

Vidua Cuvier, 1816

.

Village Indigobird Vidua chalybeata (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : w, c, se

.

V. c. chalybeata (Statius Müller, 1776) s Mauritania to Sierra Leone

.

V. c. neumanni (Alexander, 1908) Mali to Sudan

.

V. c. ultramarina (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Ethiopia and Eritrea

.

V. c. centralis (Neunzig, 1928) e DRCongo, Uganda, c Kenya and c Tanzania

.

V. c. amauropteryx (Sharpe, 1890) s Somalia to Mozambique and inland to e Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and e South Africa

.

V. c. okavangoensis Payne, 1973 Angola and n Namibia to w Zambia and n Botswana

.

Purple Indigobird Vidua purpurascens (Reichenow, 1883) AF : e, s

.

Jambandu Indigobird Vidua raricola Payne, 1982 AF : w, c

.

Barka Indigobird Vidua larvaticola Payne, 1982 AF : w, c

.

Dusky Indigobird Vidua funerea (de Tarragon, 1847) AF : w, c, s

.

V. f. nigerrima (Sharpe, 1871) w Kenya and Tanzania to n Angola, Zambia and Mozambique

.

V. f. funerea (de Tarragon, 1847) s Mozambique and n and e South Africa

.

Zambezi Indigobird Vidua codringtoni (Neave, 1907) AF : se

.

Wilson's Indigobird Vidua wilsoni (Hartert, 1901) AF : c

.

Quailfinch Indigobird Vidua nigeriae (Alexander, 1908) AF : c

.

Jos Plateau Indigobird Vidua maryae Payne, 1982 AF : Nigeria

.

Cameroon Indigobird Vidua camerunensis (Grote, 1922) AF : w, c, e

.

Pin-tailed Whydah Vidua macroura (Pallas, 1764) AF : w, c, e, s

.

Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1856 AF : e

.

Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri (Reichenow, 1882) AF : e

.

Shaft-tailed Whydah Vidua regia (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : s

.

Long-tailed Paradise Whydah Vidua paradisaea (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : ec, sc

.

Sahel Paradise Whydah Vidua orientalis Heuglin, 1870 AF : w, c, ne

.

V. o. aucupum (Neumann, 1908) s Mauritania, Senegal and Gambis to n Nigeria

.

V. o. orientalis Heuglin, 1870 n Cameroon and s Chad to Eritrea and nw Ethiopia

.

Exclamatory Paradise Whydah Vidua interjecta (Grote, 1922) AF : c

.

Togo Paradise Whydah Vidua togoensis (Grote, 1923) AF : w

.

Broad-tailed Paradise Whydah Vidua obtusa (Chapin, 1922) AF : c, s

.

Anomalospiza Shelley, 1901

.

Cuckoo-finch Anomalospiza imberbis (Cabanis, 1868) AF : w, c, e, sc ENG Correct English name of Anomalospiza imberbis to Cuckoo-finch, neither a weaver nor a finch  (Redman et al 2009)

.

.

1 Olive Warbler Family Peucedramidae PHY, SEQ Olive Warbler Peucedramus of New World most closely related to accentors (Prunellidae) (Ericson and Johansson 2003, Jønsson  and Fjeldså 2006)

.

Peucedramus Coues, 1875

.

Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) NA, MA : sw USA to Nicaragua

.

P. t. arizonae Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 sw USA and nw Mexico

.

P. t. jaliscensis Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 nc to c Mexico

.

P. t. giraudi Zimmer, JT, 1948 sc Mexico

.

P. t. taeniatus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) sc Mexico to w Guatemala

.

P. t. micrus Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 Honduras, n El Salvador and n Nicaragua

.

.

13 Accentors Family Prunellidae

.

Prunella Vieillot, 1816

.

Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris (Scopoli, 1769) EU : sw, sc, e, also nw Africa

.

P. c. collaris (Scopoli, 1769) sw Europe to Slovenia and the Carpathians, nw Africa

.

P. c. subalpina (Brehm, CL, 1831) Croatia to Bulgaria and Greece, Crete and sw Turkey

.

P. c. montana (Hablizl, 1783) n and e Turkey to the Caucasus and Iran

.

P. c. rufilata (Severtsov, 1879) ne Afghanistan and n Pakistan through the mountains of central Asia to w China

.

P. c. whymperi (Baker, ECS, 1915) w Himalayas

.

P. c. nipalensis (Blyth, 1843) c and e Himalayas to sc China and n Burma

.

P. c. tibetana (Bianchi, 1905) e Tibet

.

P. c. erythropygia (Swinhoe, 1870) e Kazakhstan and sc Siberia to ne Siberia, Japan, Korea and ne China

.

P. c. fennelli Deignan, 1964 Taiwan

.

Altai Accentor Prunella himalayana (Blyth, 1842) EU : c Asia

.

Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides (Moore, F, 1854) OR : Himalayas

.

P. r. muraria Meinertzhagen, R & Meinertzhagen, A, 1926 w Himalayas

.

P. r. rubeculoides (Moore, F, 1854) c and e Himalayas to c China

.

Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata (Blyth, 1843) OR : Himalayas

.

P. s. jerdoni (Brooks, WE, 1872) e Afghanistan and w Himalayas

.

P. s. strophiata (Blyth, 1843) c and e Himalayas to c China and n Burma

.

Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella (Pallas, 1776) EU : n, e

.

P. m. montanella (Pallas, 1776) ne Europe to nw and sc Siberia and s Russia

.

P. m. badia Portenko, 1929 ne Siberia

.

Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens (Severtsov, 1873) EU : sc, e

.

P. f. fulvescens (Severtsov, 1873) se Kazakhstan and w China to c Afghanistan and w Himalayas

.

P. f. dahurica (Taczanowski, 1874) e Kazakhstan and sc Russia through Mongolia to ne China

.

P. f. dresseri Hartert, 1910 wc China

.

P. f. nanshanica Sushkin, 1925 nc and c China

.

P. f. khamensis Sushkin, 1925 c and e Himalayas, e Tibet and sw China

.

Radde's Accentor Prunella ocularis (Radde, 1884) EU : sc

.

Arabian Accentor Prunella fagani (Ogilvie-Grant, 1913) EU : sw Arabian Peninsula

.

Black-throated Accentor Prunella atrogularis (von Brandt, JF, 1843) EU : c, sw

.

P. a. atrogularis (von Brandt, JF, 1843) Ural Mts. of nw Russia

.

P. a. huttoni (Moore, F, 1854) mountains of c Asia

.

Kozlov's Accentor Prunella koslowi (Przewalski, 1887) EU : c

.

Dunnock Prunella modularis (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w, sw, also nw Africa

.

P. m. hebridium Meinertzhagen, R, 1934 Ireland and the Hebrides (w of Scotland)

.

P. m. occidentalis (Hartert, 1910) Scotland (except the Hebrides), England and w France

.

P. m. modularis (Linnaeus, 1758) n and c Europe

.

P. m. mabbotti Harper, 1919 Iberian Pen., sc France and Italy

.

P. m. meinertzhageni Harrison, JM & Pateff, 1937 the Balkans

.

P. m. fuscata Mauersberger, 1971 s Crimean Pen. (n coast of the Black Sea)

.

P. m. euxina Watson, 1961 nw and n Turkey

.

P. m. obscura (Hablizl, 1783) ne Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran

.

Japanese Accentor Prunella rubida (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) EU : Japan

.

Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculata (Hodgson, 1845) OR : Himalayas to n Burma and c China

.

.

65 Wagtails, Pipits Family Motacillidae

.

Dendronanthus Blyth, 1844

.

Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) EU : e

.

Motacilla Linnaeus, 1758

.

Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Linnaeus, 1758 EU : widespread TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

M. f. flavissima (Blyth, 1834) Britain and coastal Europe

.

M. f. lutea (Gmelin, SG, 1774) sw Russia to nw and nc Kazakhstan

.

M. f. flava Linnaeus, 1758 n and c Europe to the Ural Mts.

.

M. f. beema (Sykes, 1832) sw Siberia and ne Kazakhstan to w Himalayas

.

M. f. iberiae Hartert, 1921 Iberian Pen., sw France and nw Africa

.

M. f. cinereocapilla Savi, 1831 Italy, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia and Slovenia

.

M. f. pygmaea (Brehm, AE, 1854) Egypt

.

M. f. leucocephala (Przewalski, 1887) nw Mongolia, nw China and sc Siberia

.

M. f. feldegg Michahelles, 1830 the Balkans and Turkey to Iran and Afghanistan TAX Includes melanogrisea.

.

M. f. thunbergi Billberg, 1828 n Europe to nw Siberia TAX Includes plexa.

.

Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis Gmelin, JF, 1789 EU, NA : e Russia, ne China, Alaska TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

M. t. angarensis (Sushkin, 1925) s Siberia and n Mongolia

.

M. t. tschutschensis Gmelin, JF, 1789 e Kazakhstan and nw China to ne Siberia and nw North America TAX Includes zaissanensis, angarensis and simillima.

.

M. t. macronyx (Stresemann, 1920) sc Siberia, ne Mongolia and ne China

.

M. t. taivana (Swinhoe, 1863) se Siberia, Sakhalin and n Japan

.

Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola Pallas, 1776 EU : widespread TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

M. c. citreola Pallas, 1776 n, e Europe to c Siberia, Mongolia and ne China TAX Motacilla citreola citreola Includes M.c.werae.

.

M. c. calcarata Hodgson, 1836 e Iran and Afghanistan to c China

.

Cape Wagtail Motacilla capensis Linnaeus, 1766 AF : sc, s

.

M. c. simplicissima Neumann, 1929 Angola and ne Namibia to se DRCongo, Zambia and w Zimbabwe

.

M. c. capensis Linnaeus, 1766 w and s Namibia to s Mozambique and South Africa

.

M. c. wellsi Ogilvie-Grant, 1911 e DRCongo and sw Uganda to c Kenya and nw Tanzania

.

Madagascan Wagtail Motacilla flaviventris Hartlaub, 1860 AF : Madagascar

.

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Tunstall, 1771 EU : widespread TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

M. c. patriciae Vaurie, 1957 Azores

.

M. c. schmitzi Tschusi, 1900 Madeira

.

M. c. cinerea Tunstall, 1771 w Europe, Canary Is. and nw Africa to c, e, ne Asia. TAX Includes canariensis, imelanope and robusta.

.

Mountain Wagtail Motacilla clara Sharpe, 1908 AF : widespread

.

M. c. chapini Amadon, 1954 Sierra Leone to Central African Republic, c DRCongo and Gabon

.

M. c. clara Sharpe, 1908 Ethiopia

.

M. c. torrentium Ticehurst, 1940 e Uganda and c Kenya to c Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe and w Mozambique, also e South Africa

.

White Wagtail Motacilla alba Linnaeus, 1758 EU : widespread, also w Alaska TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

M. a. yarrellii Gould, 1837 Ireland, Britain and coastal w Europe

.

M. a. alba Linnaeus, 1758 se Greenland, Iceland and the Faroe Is. through continental Europe to the Ural Mts, the Caucasus, c Asia and Middle East TAX Includes dukhunensis.

.

M. a. subpersonata Meade-Waldo, 1901 w Morocco

.

M. a. personata Gould, 1861 n Iran to sw Siberia, w Mongolia, nw China and w Himalayas

.

M. a. baicalensis Swinhoe, 1871 sc Siberia to ne China

.

M. a. ocularis Swinhoe, 1860 n Siberia to nw Alaska

.

M. a. lugens Gloger, 1829 coastal se Siberia and islands, n Korea and n and c Japan

.

M. a. leucopsis (Gould, 1838) inland se Siberia, c and e China, s Korea and sw Japan

.

M. a. alboides Hodgson, 1836 c and e Himalayas to s China, n Indochina and n Burma

.

African Pied Wagtail Motacilla aguimp Temminck, 1820 AF : widespread

.

M. a. vidua Sundevall, 1850 Sierra Leone and Mali to s Sudan and nw Kenya, s Egypt to s Somalia and south to e South Africa

.

M. a. aguimp Temminck, 1820 s Namibia to c South Africa

.

Mekong Wagtail Motacilla samveasnae Duckworth et al, 2001 OR : ne Cambodia, s Laos

.

Japanese Wagtail Motacilla grandis Sharpe, 1885 EU : Japan

.

White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis Gmelin, JF, 1789 OR : India

.

Tmetothylacus Cabanis, 1879

.

Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus (Cabanis, 1878) AF : e

.

Macronyx Swainson, 1827

.

Sharpe's Longclaw Macronyx sharpei Jackson, 1904 AF : w Kenya

.

Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis Rüppell, 1840 AF : Ethiopia

.

Fülleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuelleborni Reichenow, 1900 AF : sc TAX Correct spelling of species name to fuelleborni; primary source verification (fide A Peterson)

.

M. f. fuelleborni Reichenow, 1900 sw Tanzania

.

M. f. ascensi Salvadori, 1907 Angola and n Namibia to c DRCongo, Zambia and n Malawi

.

Cape Longclaw Macronyx capensis (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : s, se

.

M. c. capensis (Linnaeus, 1766) sw and s South Africa

.

M. c. colletti Schou, 1908 se Botswana and Zimbabwe to Mozambique and e South Africa

.

Yellow-throated Longclaw Macronyx croceus (Vieillot, 1816) AF : widespread

.

Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula Reichenow, 1891 AF : e

.

Rosy-throated Longclaw Macronyx ameliae de Tarragon, 1845 AF : sc, e, se

.

Grimwood's Longclaw Macronyx grimwoodi Benson, 1955 AF : sc

.

Anthus Bechstein, 1805

.

Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi Vieillot, 1818 EU : c, e TAX Treated as monotypic following Alström & Mild, 2003.

.

Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus Vieillot, 1818 OR : widespread, also Lesser Sundas and Sulawesi TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

A. r. rufulus Vieillot, 1818 India and Sri Lanka to s China and Indochina TAX Includes waitei

.

A. r. malayensis Eyton, 1839 Malay Pen., s Indochina, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

.

A. r. lugubris (Walden, 1875) Philippines

.

A. r. albidus Stresemann, 1912 Sulawesi, Bali and w Lesser Sundas

.

A. r. medius Wallace, 1864 e Lesser Sundas

.

Australian Pipit Anthus australis Vieillot, 1818 AU : Australia and New Guinea

.

A. a. exiguus Greenway, 1935 ec New Guinea

.

A. a. rogersi Mathews, 1913 n Australia

.

A. a. bilbali Mathews, 1912 sw and sc Australia

.

A. a. australis Vieillot, 1818 c, e and se Australia

.

A. a. bistriatus (Swainson, 1838) Tasmania and islands in the Bass Strait

.

New Zealand Pipit Anthus novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AU : New Zealand

.

A. n. reischeki Lorenz von Liburnau, L, 1902 North I.

.

A. n. novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, JF, 1789) South I.

.

A. n. chathamensis Lorenz von Liburnau, L, 1902 Chatham Is.

.

A. n. aucklandicus Gray, GR, 1862 Auckland Is.

.

A. n. steindachneri Reischek, 1889 Antipodes Is.

.

African Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus Rüppell, 1840 AF : e, c, s

.

A. c. lynesi Bannerman & Bates, 1926 se Nigeria and Cameroon to w Sudan

.

A. c. camaroonensis Shelley, 1900 Mt. Manenguba and Mt. Cameroon (w Cameroon)

.

A. c. stabilis Clancey, 1986 c and se Sudan

.

A. c. cinnamomeus Rüppell, 1840 w and se Ethiopia

.

A. c. eximius Clancey, 1986 sw Arabia

.

A. c. annae Meinertzhagen, R, 1921 Eritrea to Somalia and south to ne Tanzania

.

A. c. itombwensis Prigogine, 1982 e DRCongo

.

A. c. lacuum Meinertzhagen, R, 1920 se Uganda and w, c and s Kenya to c Tanzania

.

A. c. winterbottomi Clancey, 1985 ne Zambia, s Tanzania, n Malawi and nw Mozambique

.

A. c. lichenya Vincent, 1933 Angola to w Uganda, e Zambia and c Malawi to Zimbabwe

.

A. c. spurius Clancey, 1951 ne Namibia to s Mozambique

.

A. c. bocagii Nicholson, 1884 w Angola to nw South Africa

.

A. c. grotei Niethammer, 1957 n Namibia and n Botswana

.

A. c. rufuloides Roberts, 1936 South Africa (except nw)

.

A. c. latistriatus Jackson, 1899 c AL Jackson's Pipit Anthus latistriatus is a dubious taxon that " is best treated pro tem as a recognizable race of African Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus (breeding range unknown)" (R Dowsett, D Pearson; HBW)

.

Mountain Pipit Anthus hoeschi Stresemann, 1938 AF : s, sc

.

Blyth's Pipit Anthus godlewskii (Taczanowski, 1876) EU : c

.

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : c, w TAX Treated as monotypic following Alström & Mild, 2003.

.

Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis (Jerdon, 1840) AF, OR : widespread, also sc Asia

.

A. s. asbenaicus Rothschild, 1920 c and e Mali, c Niger

.

A. s. bannermani Bates, 1930 Sierra Leone, Guinea and sw Mali to w Cameroon

.

A. s. captus Hartert, 1905 Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine and w Jordan

.

A. s. jebelmarrae Lynes, 1920 w and c Sudan

.

A. s. nivescens Reichenow, 1905 se Egypt and ne Sudan to nw Somalia and n Kenya

.

A. s. hararensis Neumann, 1906 c Ethiopia

.

A. s. chyuluensis van Someren, 1939 w and s Kenya, n Tanzania

.

A. s. dewittei Chapin, 1937 e and se DRCongo, sw Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi

.

A. s. moco Traylor, 1962 c Angola

.

A. s. palliditinctus Clancey, 1956 sw Angola and nw Namibia

.

A. s. leucocraspedon Reichenow, 1915 w and s Namibia and sw South Africa

.

A. s. nicholsoni Sharpe, 1884 se Botswana and ne South Africa

.

A. s. petricolus Clancey, 1956 Lesotho and e South Africa

.

A. s. primarius Clancey, 1990 s South Africa

.

A. s. arabicus Hartert, 1917 sw, s and se Arabian Pen.

.

A. s. sokotrae Hartert, 1917 Socotra I.

.

A. s. decaptus Meinertzhagen, R, 1920 s Iran to w Pakistan

.

A. s. jerdoni Finsch, 1870 e Afghanistan to w Nepal

.

A. s. similis (Jerdon, 1840) c and se, sw peninsular India TAX Includes travancoriensis. Alström & Mild, 2003

.

A. s. yamethini Hall, BP, 1957 c Burma

.

Wood Pipit Anthus nyassae Neumann, 1906 AF : sc

.

A. n. schoutedeni Chapin, 1937 se Gabon, s Congo and s DRCongo to s Angola, ne Namibia and n Botswana

.

A. n. nyassae Neumann, 1906 Zambia, s Tanzania, Malawi and nw Mozambique

.

A. n. frondicolus Clancey, 1964 ne Botswana, Zimbabwe and s Mozambique

.

Buffy Pipit Anthus vaalensis Shelley, 1900 AF : s, sc, e

.

A. v. chobiensis (Roberts, 1932) s DRCongo and sw Tanzania to ne Namibia, n Botswana, Zimbabwe and w Mozambique

.

A. v. neumanni Meinertzhagen, R, 1920 c Angola

.

A. v. namibicus Clancey, 1990 ne and c Namibia

.

A. v. clanceyi Winterbottom, 1963 se Botswana and ne South Africa

.

A. v. exasperatus Winterbottom, 1963 ne Botswana

.

A. v. vaalensis Shelley, 1900 s Botswana, n, c and se South Africa

.

Plain-backed Pipit Anthus leucophrys Vieillot, 1818 AF : widespread

.

A. l. ansorgei White, CMN, 1948 s Mauritania to Guinea-Bissau

.

A. l. gouldii Fraser, 1843 Sierra Leone, Liberia and Ivory Coast

.

A. l. zenkeri Neumann, 1906 s Mali and Guinea to s Sudan, w Kenya, nw Tanzania and e DRCongo

.

A. l. saphiroi Neumann, 1906 se Ethiopia and nw Somalia

.

A. l. goodsoni Meinertzhagen, R, 1920 c and sw Kenya, n Tanzania

.

A. l. omoensis Neumann, 1906 n, c and w Ethiopia, se Sudan

.

A. l. bohndorffi Neumann, 1906 se Gabon and n and c Angola to w Tanzania and n Malawi

.

A. l. leucophrys Vieillot, 1818 se Botswana and s Mozambique to e ands South Africa

.

A. l. tephridorsus Clancey, 1967 s Angola and ne Namibia to sw Zambia and nw Botswana

.

Long-legged Pipit Anthus pallidiventris Sharpe, 1885 AF : wc

.

A. p. pallidiventris Sharpe, 1885 s Cameroon to nw Angola

.

A. p. esobe Chapin, 1937 c DRCongo

.

Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w TAX Treated as monotypic following Alström & Mild, 2003.

.

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

A. t. trivialis (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe to sw Siberia, n Iran and Turkey, e Kazakhstan, sc Siberia, Mongolia and nw China TAX Includes sibiricus,

.

A. t. haringtoni Witherby, 1917 nw Himalayas

.

Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni Richmond, 1907 EU : c, e

.

A. h. hodgsoni Richmond, 1907 Himalayas to c China, also c Japan

.

A. h. yunnanensis Uchida & Kuroda, 1916 ne Russia to Kamchatka Pen. and south to Mongolia, ne China and n Japan

.

Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi Swinhoe, 1863 EU : nc, ne TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

A. g. gustavi Swinhoe, 1863 nw Russia to the Kamchatka Pen., Commander Is. TAX Includes stejnegeri.

.

A. g. menzbieri Shulpin, 1928 se Siberia and ne China

.

Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus Blyth, 1847 EU : se, sc

.

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus (Pallas, 1811) EU, NA : n Europe to nw Alaska TAX Treated as monotypic following Alström & Mild, 2003.

.

Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus rubescens (Tunstall, 1771) NA, EU : Canada, Alaska, ne Asia TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

A. r. japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1847 c and e Siberia

.

A. r. rubescens (Tunstall, 1771) n and e Canada, w Greenland and ne USA, coastal nw and w North America TAX Includes pacificus

.

A. r. alticola Todd, 1935 c and s Rocky Mts. (w North America)

.

Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : c, w, s

.

A. s. spinoletta (Linnaeus, 1758) c and s Europe

.

A. s. coutellii Audouin, 1826 Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran

.

A. s. blakistoni Swinhoe, 1863 s Russia and e Kazakhstan to sc Siberia, Mongolia and c China

.

Eurasian Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus (Montagu, 1798) EU : w coasts TAX Subspecies follow Alström & Mild, 2003

.

A. p. petrosus (Montagu, 1798) British Isles and w France TAX Includes kleinschmidti Hartert, 1905

.

A. p. littoralis Brehm, CL, 1823 Scandinavia to nw Russia

.

Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis Sharpe, 1885 OR : sw India

.

Upland Pipit Anthus sylvanus (Hodgson, 1845) OR : n Pakistan to se China

.

Berthelot's Pipit Anthus berthelotii Bolle, 1862 AF : Madeira, Canary Islands PHY Berthelot's Pipit and Tawny Pipit are sister species ( Arctander et al 1994, Voelker 1999). Treated as monotypic following Alström & Mild, 2003.

.

Striped Pipit Anthus lineiventris Sundevall, 1850 AF : se, wc TAX Includes stygium  Clancey, 1952. Dickinson, 2003.

.

African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatus Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870 AF : s

.

Short-tailed Pipit Anthus brachyurus Sundevall, 1850 AF : sc

.

A. b. leggei Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 e DRCongo and Uganda to nw Tanzania,

.

A. b. brachyurus Sundevall, 1850 Gabon and Congo to ne Angola, n and c Zambia and s Tanzania

.

Bushveld Pipit Anthus caffer Sundevall, 1850 AF : e, s

.

A. c. australoabyssinicus Benson, 1942 s Ethiopia

.

A. c. blayneyi van Someren, 1919 s Kenya and n Tanzania

.

A. c. mzimbaensis Benson, 1955 Angola and ne Botswana to Zambia, w Malawi, c Zimbabwe and ne Botswana

.

A. c. caffer Sundevall, 1850 se Botswana and sw Zimbabwe to nc South Africa

.

A. c. traylori Clancey, 1964 ne South Africa and s Mozambique

.

Sokoke Pipit Anthus sokokensis van Someren, 1921 AF : e Kenya, ne Tanzania

.

Malindi Pipit Anthus melindae Shelley, 1900 AF : coastal Somalia and Kenya

.

A. m. mallablensis Colston, 1987 sc Somalia

.

A. m. melindae Shelley, 1900 s Somalia and coastal Kenya

.

Yellow-breasted Pipit Anthus chloris Lichtenstein, MHK, 1842 AF : se

.

Alpine Pipit Anthus gutturalis De Vis, 1894 AU : New Guinea

.

A. g. gutturalis De Vis, 1894 se New Guinea

.

A. g. rhododendri Mayr, 1931 ec and ne New Guinea

.

A. g. wollastoni Ogilvie-Grant, 1913 wc New Guinea

.

Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii (Audubon, 1844) NA : nc

.

Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens Pucheran, 1855 SA : widespread, also w Panama

.

A. l. parvus Lawrence, 1865 w Panama

.

A. l. peruvianus Nicholson, 1878 w Peru to n Chile

.

A. l. lutescens Pucheran, 1855 ne Colombia through the Guianas and Brazil to Argentina and e Bolivia

.

Short-billed Pipit Anthus furcatus d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 SA : se, c Peru to nw Argentina

.

A. f. brevirostris Taczanowski, 1875 c Peru to w Boliivia and nw Argentina

.

A. f. furcatus d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 se Brazil to Uruguay and Argentina

.

Pampas Pipit Anthus chacoensis Zimmer, JT, 1952 SA : Paraguay to ec Argentina ENG Change English name from Campo Pipit to Pampas Pipit (SACCl 407)

.

Correndera Pipit Anthus correndera Vieillot, 1818 SA : wc, Southern Cone

.

A. c. calcaratus Taczanowski, 1875 Peru

.

A. c. correndera Vieillot, 1818 se Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and n Argentina

.

A. c. catamarcae Hellmayr, 1921 Bolivia, n Chile and nw Argentina

.

A. c. chilensis (Lesson, 1839) s Chile and s Argentina

.

A. c. grayi Bonaparte, 1850 Falkland Is.

.

South Georgia Pipit Anthus antarcticus Cabanis, 1884 AO : South Georgia Island

.

Ochre-breasted Pipit Anthus nattereri Sclater, PL, 1878 SA : se

.

Hellmayr's Pipit Anthus hellmayri Hartert, 1909 SA : se, se Peru to s Chile

.

A. h. hellmayri Hartert, 1909 se Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

A. h. dabbenei Hellmayr, 1921 s Chile and w Argentina

.

A. h. brasilianus Hellmayr, 1921 se Brazil, se Paraguay, Uruguay and ne and e Argentina

.

Paramo Pipit Anthus bogotensis Sclater, PL, 1855 SA : nw Venezuela to nw Argentina

.

A. b. meridae Zimmer, JT, 1953 nw Venezuela

.

A. b. bogotensis Sclater, PL, 1855 Colombia and Ecuador

.

A. b. immaculatus Cory, 1916 Peru and Bolivia

.

A. b. shiptoni (Chubb, C, 1923) nw Argentina

.

Amaurocichla Sharpe, 1892 PHY, SEQ Genetic data support moving Amaurocichla to the wagtails (Motacillidae)  from Incertae Sedis or affiliation with African longbills Macrosphenus (Johanssen et al 2008)

.

Sao Tome Shorttail Amaurocichla bocagii Sharpe, 1892 AF : São Tomé

.

.

1 Przevalski's Finch Family Urocynchramidae

.

Urocynchramus Przewalski, 1876

.

Przevalski's Finch Urocynchramus pylzowi Przewalski, 1876 OR : Tibet to c China PHY, ENG Przevalski's Finch, previously called Pink-tailed Rosefinch, is a relict member of an ancient separate lineage that is as old as, or older than other families of finches; it belongs in its own monotypic family Urocynchramidae, with a name change (Groth 2000)