"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Tanagers, flowerpiercers & tanager-finches

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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374 Tanagers and allies Family Thraupidae

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Orchesticus Cabanis, 1851

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Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei (Lesson, 1839) SA : se Brazil

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Paroaria Bonaparte, 1832

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Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata (Miller, JF, 1776) SA : se

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Red-cowled Cardinal Paroaria dominicana (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : ne Brazil

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Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia

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P. g. gularis (Linnaeus, 1766) e Colombia to e Peru and through the Guianas to c Brazil

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P. g. cervicalis Sclater, PL, 1862 ne Bolivia and sw Brazil

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Masked Cardinal Paroaria nigrogenis (Lafresnaye, 1846) SA : ec Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad AS Masked Cardinal is split from Red-capped Cardinal (Dávalos & Porzecanski 2009, SACC 469A)

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Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri Hellmayr, 1907 SA : Brazil

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P. b. baeri Hellmayr, 1907 ec Brazil

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P. b. xinguensis Sick, 1950 c Brazil

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Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sc

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P. c. fuscipes Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 se Bolivia

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P. c. capitata (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) c Bolivia and s Brazil to Paraguay, n Argentina and nw Uruguay

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Schistochlamys Reichenbach, 1850

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Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus (Vieillot, 1817) SA : Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina

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S. r. capistrata (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) e Brazil

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S. r. sicki Pinto & Camargo, 1952 c Brazil

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S. r. ruficapillus (Vieillot, 1817) se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

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Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamys melanopis (Latham, 1790) SA : n, c, e

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S. m. aterrima Todd, 1912 c Colombia, Venezuela, w Guyana and n Brazil

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S. m. melanopis (Latham, 1790) e Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and ne Brazil

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S. m. grisea Cory, 1916 s Ecuador and e Peru

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S. m. olivina (Sclater, PL, 1865) se Peru and n Bolivia to sc Brazil

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S. m. amazonica Zimmer, JT, 1947 e and se Brazil

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Cissopis Vieillot, 1816

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Magpie Tanager Cissopis leverianus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : n, w Amazonia, sc SA

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C. l. leverianus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e Colombia and s Venezuela through the Guianas and Amazonian Brazil to c Bolivia

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C. l. major Cabanis, 1851 Paraguay, se Brazil and n Argentina

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Conothraupis Sclater, PL, 1880

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Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera (Gould, 1855) SA : Ecuador, Peru

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Cone-billed Tanager Conothraupis mesoleuca (Berlioz, 1939) SA : wc Brazil

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Lamprospiza Cabanis, 1847

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Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca (Vieillot, 1817) SA : Amazonia

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Compsothraupis Richmond, 1915

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Scarlet-throated Tanager Compsothraupis loricata (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1819) SA : e Brazil

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Sericossypha Lesson, 1844

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White-capped Tanager Sericossypha albocristata (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Venezuela to Peru

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Nemosia Vieillot, 1816

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Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata (Boddaert, 1783) SA : widespread

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N. p. hypoleuca Todd, 1916 n Colombia and n Venezuela

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N. p. surinamensis Zimmer, JT, 1947 Guyana and Suriname

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N. p. pileata (Boddaert, 1783) French Guiana through c Brazil to n Bolivia

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N. p. interna Zimmer, JT, 1947 nc Brazil

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N. p. nana von Berlepsch, 1912 ne Peru and w Brazil

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N. p. caerulea (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1831) e and s Brazil, e Bolivia, Paraguay and n Argentina

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Cherry-throated Tanager Nemosia rourei Cabanis, 1870 SA : se Brazil

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Creurgops Sclater, PL, 1858

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Rufous-crested Tanager Creurgops verticalis Sclater, PL, 1858 SA : Venezuela to Peru

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Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentatus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) SA : Peru, Bolivia

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Mitrospingus Ridgway, 1898

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Dusky-faced Tanager Mitrospingus cassinii (Lawrence, 1861) LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador

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M. c. costaricensis Todd, 1922 Costa Rica and nw Panama

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M. c. cassinii (Lawrence, 1861) c Panama through w Colombia to w Ecuador

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Olive-backed Tanager Mitrospingus oleagineus (Salvin, 1886) SA : Tepuis

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M. o. obscuripectus Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1945 se Venezuela and n Brazil

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M. o. oleagineus (Salvin, 1886) e Venezuela and Guyana

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Orthogonys Strickland, 1844

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Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus (Vieillot, 1819) SA : se Brazil

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Hemispingus Cabanis, 1851

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Black-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus atropileus (Lafresnaye, 1842) SA : Venezuela to Ecuador

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White-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus auricularis (Cabanis, 1873) SA : Peru AS Hemispingus auricularis is split from H.atropileus (García-Moreno & Fjeldså 2003); SACC needs proposal

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Orange-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus calophrys (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) SA : Peru, Bolivia

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Parodi's Hemispingus Hemispingus parodii Weske & Terborgh, 1974 SA : Peru

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Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Venezuela to n Bolivia

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H. s. chrysophrys (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1875) w Venezuela

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H. s. superciliaris (Lafresnaye, 1840) nc Colombia

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H. s. nigrifrons (Lawrence, 1875) c Colombia to c Ecuador

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H. s. maculifrons Zimmer, JT, 1947 sw Ecuador and nw Peru

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H. s. insignis Zimmer, JT, 1947 n and nc Peru

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H. s. leucogastrus (Taczanowski, 1874) c Peru

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H. s. urubambae Zimmer, JT, 1947 s Peru to c Bolivia

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Grey-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus reyi (von Berlepsch, 1885) SA : sw Venezuela

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Oleaginous Hemispingus Hemispingus frontalis (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Venezuela to Peru

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H. f. ignobilis (Sclater, PL, 1862) w Venezuela

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H. f. flavidorsalis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 nw Venezuela

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H. f. hanieli Hellmayr & Seilern, 1914 n Venezuela

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H. f. iteratus Chapman, 1925 ne Venezuela

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H. f. frontalis (Tschudi, 1844) Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

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Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis (Sclater, PL, 1855) SA : w Venezuela to wc Bolivia

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H. m. melanotis (Sclater, PL, 1855) w Venezuela and c Colombia to c Ecuador

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H. m. berlepschi (Taczanowski, 1880) n and c Peru

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H. m. castaneicollis (Sclater, PL, 1858) s Peru to c Bolivia

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Western Hemispingus Hemispingus ochraceus (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) SA : sw Colombia, w Ecuador AS Hemispingus ochraceus is split from H.melanotis (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001); SACC needs proposal

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Piura Hemispingus Hemispingus piurae Chapman, 1923 SA : sw Ecuador, nw Peru AS Hemispingus piurae is split from H.melanotis (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, García-Moreno & Fjeldså 2003); SACC 284 rejected  split (too few DNA base pairs)

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H. p. piurae Chapman, 1923 s Ecuador and nw Peru

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H. p. macrophrys Koepcke, 1961 w Peru

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Slaty-backed Hemispingus Hemispingus goeringi (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871) SA : sw Venezuela

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Rufous-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus rufosuperciliaris Blake & Hocking, 1974 SA : Peru

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Black-headed Hemispingus Hemispingus verticalis (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Colombia to Peru

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Drab Hemispingus Hemispingus xanthophthalmus (Taczanowski, 1874) SA : Peru, Bolivia

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Three-striped Hemispingus Hemispingus trifasciatus (Taczanowski, 1874) SA : Peru, Bolivia

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Cnemoscopus Bangs & Penard, TE, 1919

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Grey-hooded Bush Tanager Cnemoscopus rubrirostris (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

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C. r. rubrirostris (Lafresnaye, 1840) w Venezuela and nc Colombia to Ecuador

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C. r. chrysogaster (Taczanowski, 1875) n Peru to w Boliivia

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Thlypopsis Cabanis, 1851

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Fulvous-headed Tanager Thlypopsis fulviceps Cabanis, 1851 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

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T. f. fulviceps Cabanis, 1851 n Venezuela

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T. f. obscuriceps Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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T. f. meridensis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1962 w Venezuela

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T. f. intensa Todd, 1917 nc Colombia

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Rufous-chested Tanager Thlypopsis ornata (Sclater, PL, 1859) SA : Colombia to Peru

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T. o. ornata (Sclater, PL, 1859) sw Colombia to w Ecuador

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T. o. media Zimmer, JT, 1930 s Ecuador to c Peru

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T. o. macropteryx von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 c and s Peru

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Brown-flanked Tanager Thlypopsis pectoralis (Taczanowski, 1884) SA : Peru

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Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : w Amazonia, e, sc SA

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T. s. orinocensis Friedmann, 1942 c Venezuela

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T. s. chrysopis (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1880) s Colombia, e Ecuador, e Peru and w Brazil

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T. s. sordida (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) e Bolivia to e Brazil and south to Paraguay and n Argentina

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Buff-bellied Tanager Thlypopsis inornata (Taczanowski, 1879) SA : Peru

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Rust-and-yellow Tanager Thlypopsis ruficeps (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Peru to nw Argentina

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Pyrrhocoma Cabanis, 1851

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Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps (Strickland, 1844) SA : se

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Cypsnagra Lesson, 1831

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White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea (Lesson, 1831) SA : c, sc

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C. h. pallidigula Hellmayr, 1907 Suriname, French Guiana, ne Bolivia to ec Brazil

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C. h. hirundinacea (Lesson, 1831) e Bolivia, Paraguay and s Brazil

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Nephelornis Lowery & Tallman, 1976

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Pardusco Nephelornis oneilli Lowery & Tallman, 1976 SA : Peru

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Trichothraupis Cabanis, 1850

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Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops (Vieillot, 1818) SA : sc

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Eucometis Sclater, PL, 1856

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Grey-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata (von Spix, 1825) LA : se Mexico to sc Brazil and n Paraguay

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E. p. pallida von Berlepsch, 1888 se Mexico to Honduras

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E. p. spodocephalus (Bonaparte, 1853) Nicaragua and n Costa Rica

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E. p. stictothorax von Berlepsch, 1888 wc Costa Rica to w Panama

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E. p. cristata (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1855) e Panama, n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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E. p. affinis von Berlepsch, 1888 n Venezuela

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E. p. penicillata (von Spix, 1825) se Colombia, e Ecuador and e Peru east through the Guianas and n Brazil

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E. p. albicollis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Bolivia and Paraguay through c Brazil

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Tachyphonus Vieillot, 1816

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Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia

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T. c. cristatus (Linnaeus, 1766) French Guiana and ne Brazil

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T. c. intercedens von Berlepsch, 1880 e Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname

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T. c. orinocensis Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1945 e Colombia and s Venezuela

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T. c. cristatellus Sclater, PL, 1862 se Colombia, s Venezuela, ne Peru and nw Brazil

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T. c. fallax Zimmer, JT, 1945 s Colombia, e Ecuador and n Peru

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T. c. huarandosae Chapman, 1925 nc Peru

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T. c. madeirae Hellmayr, 1910 se Peru and n Bolivia to c Brazil

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T. c. pallidigula Zimmer, JT, 1945 ne Brazil

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T. c. brunneus (von Spix, 1825) e Brazil

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T. c. nattereri Pelzeln, 1870 sw Brazil

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Yellow-crested Tanager Tachyphonus rufiventer (von Spix, 1825) SA : sw Amazonia

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Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : n, c, w Amazonia

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T. s. surinamus (Linnaeus, 1766) e and s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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T. s. brevipes Lafresnaye, 1846 s Colombia and s Venezuela to e Ecuador, ne Peru and nw Brazil

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T. s. napensis Lawrence, 1864 e Peru and w Brazil

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T. s. insignis Hellmayr, 1906 c Brazil

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White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 LA : Honduras to Bolivia

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T. l. axillaris (Lawrence, 1874) e Honduras to nw Panama

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T. l. nitidissimus Salvin, 1870 w Costa Rica to sw Panama

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T. l. panamensis Todd, 1917 c Panama to nw Peru and w Venezuela

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T. l. luctuosus d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 Amazonia

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T. l. flaviventris (Sclater, PL, 1856) ne Venezuela and Trinidad

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Tawny-crested Tanager Tachyphonus delatrii Lafresnaye, 1847 LA : Nicaragua to Ecuador

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Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus (Vieillot, 1822) SA : se

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White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus (Boddaert, 1783) LA : Costa Rica to ne Argentina

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Red-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus phoenicius Swainson, 1838 SA : Amazonia

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Lanio Vieillot, 1816

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Black-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio aurantius Lafresnaye, 1846 MA : s Mexico to Honduras

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White-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio leucothorax Salvin, 1865 MA : Honduras to Panama

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L. l. leucothorax Salvin, 1865 e Honduras to e Costa Rica

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L. l. reversus Bangs & Griscom, 1932 nw Costa Rica

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L. l. melanopygius Salvin & Godman, 1883 w Costa Rica to w Panama

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L. l. ictus Kennard & Peters, JL, 1927 nw Panama

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Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus (Boddaert, 1783) SA : nw, n Amazonia

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L. f. peruvianus Carriker, 1934 w Venezuela, s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru

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L. f. fulvus (Boddaert, 1783) se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : s, w Amazonia

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L. v. versicolor (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia

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L. v. parvus von Berlepsch, 1912 ec Brazil and ne Bolivia

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Ramphocelus Desmarest, 1805 TAX Phlogothraupis is merged with Ramphocelus (NACC, Dickinson 2003); note gender agreement

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Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus (Lesson, 1831) MA : s Mexico to Panama

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R. s. sanguinolentus (Lesson, 1831) se Mexico to Honduras

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R. s. apricus (Bangs, 1908) e Honduras to nw Panama

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Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis (von Spix, 1825) SA : w Amazonia

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Crimson-backed Tanager Ramphocelus dimidiatus Lafresnaye, 1837 LA : Panama to Colombia and Venezuela

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R. d. arestus Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)

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R. d. limatus Bangs, 1901 Pearl Arch. (off s Panama)

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R. d. dimidiatus Lafresnaye, 1837 c Panama, n Colombia and w Venezuela

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R. d. molochinus Meyer de Schauensee, 1950 c Colombia

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Huallaga Tanager Ramphocelus melanogaster (Swainson, 1838) SA : Peru

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R. m. melanogaster (Swainson, 1838) nc Peru

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R. m. transitus Zimmer, JT, 1929 ec Peru

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Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo (Pallas, 1764) SA : n, w, sc

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R. c. unicolor Sclater, PL, 1856 c Colombia

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R. c. capitalis Allen, JA, 1892 ne Venezuela

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R. c. magnirostris Lafresnaye, 1853 Trinidad

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R. c. carbo (Pallas, 1764) se Colombia, e Ecuador and e Peru east through Venezuela, the Guianas and n and c Brazil

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R. c. venezuelensis Lafresnaye, 1853 e Colombia and n and w Venezuela

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R. c. connectens von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 se Peru and nw Bolivia

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R. c. atrosericeus d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 n and e Bolivia

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R. c. centralis Hellmayr, 1920 e Brazil and n Paraguay

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Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Brazil

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R. b. bresilius (Linnaeus, 1766) e Brazil

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R. b. dorsalis Sclater, PL, 1855 se Brazil and ne Argentina

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Passerini's Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii Bonaparte, 1831 MA : s Mexico to Panama

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Cherrie's Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis Cherrie, 1891 MA : w Costa Rica

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Flame-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus flammigerus (Jardine & Selby, 1833) SA : wc Colombia

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Lemon-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus icteronotus Bonaparte, 1838 LA : Panama to Ecuador PL Limited hybridization between Ramphocelus icteronotus and R. flammigerus was the basis for lumping them (Isler and Isler 1987, Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Sibley and Monroe 1990), but that may have been a mistake (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, SACC needs proposal )

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Thraupis Boie, F, 1826

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Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : s Mexico to Bolivia, Amazonia

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T. e. cana (Swainson, 1834) se Mexico to ne Colombia and n Venezuela

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T. e. caesitia Wetmore, 1959 Bocas del Toro (off nw Panama)

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T. e. cumatilis Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)

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T. e. nesophila Riley, 1912 e Colombia to e Venezuela, Trinidad

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T. e. berlepschi (Dalmas, 1900) Tobago

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T. e. mediana Zimmer, JT, 1944 se Colombia and s Venezuela to n Bolivia

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T. e. episcopus (Linnaeus, 1766) the Guianas to c Brazil

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T. e. ehrenreichi (Reichenow, 1915) Purús R. (nw Brazil)

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T. e. leucoptera (Sclater, PL, 1886) c Colombia

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T. e. quaesita Bangs & Noble, 1918 sw Colombia to nw Peru

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T. e. caerulea Zimmer, JT, 1929 se Ecuador and n Peru

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T. e. major (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896) c Peru

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T. e. urubambae Zimmer, JT, 1944 se Peru

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T. e. coelestis (von Spix, 1825) se Colombia, nw Ecuador to w Brazil and c Peru

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Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : e, se, sc

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T. s. boliviana Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1941 n Bolivia

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T. s. obscura Naumburg, 1924 c and s Bolivia to w Argentina

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T. s. sayaca (Linnaeus, 1766) e and s Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

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Glaucous Tanager Thraupis glaucocolpa Cabanis, 1850 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

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Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera (Vieillot, 1817) SA : se

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Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata (Sparrman, 1789) SA : se Brazil

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Yellow-winged Tanager Thraupis abbas (Deppe, 1830) MA : e Mexico to Nicaragua

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Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) LA : Guatemala to Paraguay and s Brazil

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T. p. atripennis Todd, 1922 e Nicaragua to nw Venezuela

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T. p. violilavata (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) sw Colombia and w Ecuador

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T. p. melanoptera (Sclater, PL, 1857) Amazonia, Trinidad

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T. p. palmarum (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) e and s Brazil

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Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : w, n

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T. c. cyanocephala (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Ecuador, Peru and n Bolivia

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T. c. annectens Zimmer, JT, 1944 c and w Colombia

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T. c. auricrissa (Sclater, PL, 1856) ne Colombia and nw Venezuela

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T. c. margaritae (Chapman, 1912) n Colombia

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T. c. hypophaea (Todd, 1917) nw to nc Venezuela

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T. c. olivicyanea (Lafresnaye, 1843) nc Venezuela

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T. c. subcinerea (Sclater, PL, 1861) nc to ne Venezuela

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T. c. buesingi (Hellmayr & Seilern, 1913) extreme ne Venezuela and Trinidad

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Blue-and-yellow Tanager Thraupis bonariensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : w, se

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T. b. darwinii (Bonaparte, 1838) Ecuador to n Chile and w Bolivia

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T. b. composita Zimmer, JT, 1944 c Bolivia

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T. b. schulzei Brodkorb, 1938 se Bolivia, Paraguay and nw Argentina

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T. b. bonariensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina

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Calochaetes Sclater, PL, 1879

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Vermilion Tanager Calochaetes coccineus (Sclater, PL, 1858) SA : Colombia to Peru

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Cyanicterus Bonaparte, 1850

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Blue-backed Tanager Cyanicterus cyanicterus (Vieillot, 1819) SA : n Amazonia

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Bangsia Penard, TE, 1919

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Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

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B. a. caeruleigularis (Ridgway, 1893) Costa Rica

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B. a. arcaei (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) Panama

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Black-and-gold Tanager Bangsia melanochlamys (Hellmayr, 1910) SA : Colombia

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Golden-chested Tanager Bangsia rothschildi (von Berlepsch, 1897) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

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Moss-backed Tanager Bangsia edwardsi (Elliot, DG, 1865) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

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Gold-ringed Tanager Bangsia aureocincta (Hellmayr, 1910) SA : Colombia

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Wetmorethraupis Lowery & O'Neill, 1964

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Orange-throated Tanager Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron Lowery & O'Neill, 1964 SA : Peru

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Buthraupis Cabanis, 1850

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Hooded Mountain Tanager Buthraupis montana (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Colombia to Bolivia

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B. m. venezuelana Aveledo & Perez, 1989 nw Venezuela

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B. m. gigas (Bonaparte, 1851) n Colombia

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B. m. cucullata (Jardine & Selby, 1842) w and c Colombia to Ecuador

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B. m. cyanonota von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 n and c Peru

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B. m. saturata von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906 se Peru

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B. m. montana (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) w Bolivia

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Black-chested Mountain Tanager Buthraupis eximia (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Colombia to Peru

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B. e. eximia (Boissonneau, 1840) ne Colombia and w Venezuela

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B. e. zimmeri Moore, RT, 1934 wc Colombia

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B. e. chloronota Sclater, PL, 1855 s Colombia and nw Ecuador

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B. e. cyanocalyptra Moore, RT, 1934 s Ecuador and n Peru

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Golden-backed Mountain Tanager Buthraupis aureodorsalis Blake & Hocking, 1974 SA : Peru

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Masked Mountain Tanager Buthraupis wetmorei (Moore, RT, 1934) SA : Colombia to Peru

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Anisognathus Reichenbach, 1850

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Santa Marta Mountain Tanager Anisognathus melanogenys (Salvin & Godman, 1880) SA : Colombia

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Lacrimose Mountain Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) SA : Colombia and Venezuela to Peru

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A. l. pallididorsalis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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A. l. melanops (von Berlepsch, 1893) w Venezuela

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A. l. tamae (Phelps & Gilliard, 1941) ne Colombia and w Venezuela

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A. l. yariguierum Donegan & Avendaño, 2010 c Colombia

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A. l. intensus Meyer de Schauensee, 1951 sw Colombia

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A. l. olivaceiceps (von Berlepsch, 1912) w Colombia

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A. l. palpebrosus (Lafresnaye, 1847) s Colombia to c Ecuador

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A. l. caerulescens (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) s Ecuador and n Peru

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A. l. lacrymosus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) c Peru

.

Scarlet-bellied Mountain Tanager Anisognathus igniventris (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

A. i. lunulatus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1839) ne Colombia and w Venezuela

.

A. i. erythrotus (Jardine & Selby, 1840) c Colombia to n Peru

.

A. i. ignicrissa (Cabanis, 1873) nc and c Peru

.

A. i. igniventris (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) sc Peru to w Bolivia

.

Blue-winged Mountain Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus (Lesson, 1831) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

A. s. venezuelanus (Hellmayr, 1913) Yaracuy to Miranda (n Venezuela)

.

A. s. virididorsalis (Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949) Aragua (n Venezuela)

.

A. s. antioquiae (von Berlepsch, 1912) nc Colombia

.

A. s. victorini (Lafresnaye, 1842) c Colombia to w Venezuela

.

A. s. cyanopterus (Cabanis, 1866) sw Colombia and w Ecuador

.

A. s. baezae (Chapman, 1925) s Colombia to c Ecuador

.

A. s. alamoris (Chapman, 1925) sw Ecuador

.

A. s. somptuosus (Lesson, 1831) se Ecuador and ec Peru

.

A. s. flavinucha (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) se Peru to c Bolivia

.

Black-chinned Mountain Tanager Anisognathus notabilis (Sclater, PL, 1855) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Chlorornis Reichenbach, 1850

.

Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

C. r. riefferii (Boissonneau, 1840) Colombia and Ecuador

.

C. r. dilutus Zimmer, JT, 1947 n Peru

.

C. r. elegans (Tschudi, 1844) c Peru

.

C. r. celatus Zimmer, JT, 1947 s Peru

.

C. r. bolivianus (von Berlepsch, 1912) w Bolivia

.

Dubusia Bonaparte, 1850

.

Buff-breasted Mountain Tanager Dubusia taeniata (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

D. t. carrikeri Wetmore, 1946 n Colombia

.

D. t. taeniata (Boissonneau, 1840) c Colombia and w Venezuela to nw Peru

.

D. t. stictocephala von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894 n Peru to sc Peru

.

Delothraupis Sclater, PL, 1886

.

Chestnut-bellied Mountain Tanager Delothraupis castaneoventris (Sclater, PL, 1851) SA : Peru, Bolivia

.

Stephanophorus Strickland, 1841

.

Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus (Temminck, 1823) SA : se

.

Iridosornis Lesson, 1844

.

Purplish-mantled Tanager Iridosornis porphyrocephalus (Sclater, PL, 1856) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Yellow-throated Tanager Iridosornis analis (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

Golden-collared Tanager Iridosornis jelskii Cabanis, 1873 SA : Peru, Bolivia

.

I. j. jelskii Cabanis, 1873 n and c Peru

.

I. j. bolivianus von Berlepsch, 1912 s Peru and w Bolivia

.

Golden-crowned Tanager Iridosornis rufivertex (Lafresnaye, 1842) SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

I. r. rufivertex (Lafresnaye, 1842) c Colombia and w Venezuela to n Peru

.

I. r. caeruleoventris Chapman, 1915 nw Colombia

.

I. r. ignicapillus Chapman, 1915 sw Colombia

.

I. r. subsimilis Zimmer, JT, 1944 w Ecuador

.

Yellow-scarfed Tanager Iridosornis reinhardti Sclater, PL, 1865 SA : Peru

.

Pipraeidea Swainson, 1827

.

Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota (Vieillot, 1819) SA : n, w, se

.

P. m. venezuelensis Sclater, PL, 1857 Venezuela to Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

P. m. melanonota (Vieillot, 1819) s Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

.

Neothraupis Hellmayr, 1936

.

Shrike-like Tanager Neothraupis fasciata (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) SA : sc

.

Chlorochrysa Bonaparte, 1851

.

Glistening-green Tanager Chlorochrysa phoenicotis (Bonaparte, 1851) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

C. c. bourcieri (Bonaparte, 1851) s Colombia to ne Peru

.

C. c. calliparaea (Tschudi, 1844) ec Peru

.

C. c. fulgentissima Chapman, 1901 s Peru and w Bolivia

.

Multicolored Tanager Chlorochrysa nitidissima Sclater, PL, 1874 SA : Colombia

.

Tangara Brisson, 1760

.

Plain-colored Tanager Tangara inornata (Gould, 1855) LA : Costa Rica to Colombia

.

T. i. rava Wetmore, 1963 Costa Rica and w Panama

.

T. i. languens Bangs & Barbour, 1922 e Panama and nw Colombia

.

T. i. inornata (Gould, 1855) n and nc Colombia

.

Cabanis's Tanager Tangara cabanisi (Sclater, PL, 1868) MA : s Mexico, Guatemala

.

Grey-and-gold Tanager Tangara palmeri (Hellmayr, 1909) LA : Panama to Ecuador

.

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil TAX White-bellied Tanager Tangara brasiliensis is conspecific with Turquoise Tanager T. mexicana (SACC 2007)

.

T. m. vieilloti (Sclater, PL, 1857) Trinidad

.

T. m. media (von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902) e Colombia and Venezuela

.

T. m. mexicana (Linnaeus, 1766) the Guianas to c Brazil

.

T. m. boliviana (Bonaparte, 1851) se Colombia to e Ecuador, e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia

.

T. m. brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1766) se Brazil

.

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis (Vigors, 1832) SA : Amazonia

.

T. c. paradisea (Swainson, 1837) se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

T. c. caelicolor (Sclater, PL, 1851) e Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil

.

T. c. chlorocorys Zimmer, JT, 1929 nc Peru

.

T. c. chilensis (Vigors, 1832) c Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to w Bolivia and w Brazil

.

Seven-colored Tanager Tangara fastuosa (Lesson, 1831) SA : e Brazil

.

Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : se

.

Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : e, se

.

T. c. cearensis Cory, 1916 ne Brazil

.

T. c. corallina (von Berlepsch, 1903) e Brazil

.

T. c. cyanocephala (Statius Müller, 1776) se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti (Vieillot, 1819) SA : se Brazil

.

Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris (Vieillot, 1819) SA : se Brazil

.

Blue-whiskered Tanager Tangara johannae (Dalmas, 1900) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii (von Spix, 1825) SA : w Amazonia

.

T. s. venezuelana Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1957 s Venezuela

.

T. s. schrankii (von Spix, 1825) s Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to c Bolivia and wc Brazil

.

Emerald Tanager Tangara florida (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador

.

T. f. florida (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) Costa Rica and w Panama

.

T. f. auriceps Chapman, 1914 e Panama to nw Ecuador

.

Golden Tanager Tangara arthus Lesson, 1832 SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

T. a. arthus Lesson, 1832 nw and n Venezuela

.

T. a. palmitae Meyer de Schauensee, 1947 ne Colombia

.

T. a. sclateri (Lafresnaye, 1854) c Colombia

.

T. a. aurulenta (Lafresnaye, 1843) nc Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

T. a. occidentalis Chapman, 1914 w Colombia

.

T. a. goodsoni Hartert, 1913 w Ecuador

.

T. a. aequatorialis (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) c Ecuador to n Peru

.

T. a. pulchra (Tschudi, 1844) ec Peru

.

T. a. sophiae (von Berlepsch, 1901) se Peru and w Bolivia

.

Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala (Bonaparte, 1851) LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador

.

T. i. frantzii (Cabanis, 1861) Costa Rica and w Panama

.

T. i. oresbia Wetmore, 1962 wc Panama

.

T. i. icterocephala (Bonaparte, 1851) e Panama to w Ecuador

.

Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

T. x. venusta (Sclater, PL, 1855) w Venezuela and Colombia to c Peru

.

T. x. xanthocephala (Tschudi, 1844) ec Peru

.

T. x. lamprotis (Sclater, PL, 1851) se Peru to w and c Bolivia

.

Golden-eared Tanager Tangara chrysotis (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) SA : Colombia to nw Bolivia

.

Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

T. p. parzudakii (Lafresnaye, 1843) Colombia and w Venezuela to c Ecuador

.

T. p. urubambae Zimmer, JT, 1943 Peru

.

T. p. lunigera (Sclater, PL, 1851) w Colombia and w Ecuador

.

Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra (Sclater, PL, 1851) SA : w, n Amazonia

.

T. x. xanthogastra (Sclater, PL, 1851) e Colombia and s Venezuela to n Bolivia

.

T. x. phelpsi Zimmer, JT, 1943 se Venezuela, n Brazil and Guyana

.

Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia

.

T. p. punctata (Linnaeus, 1766) s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

T. p. zamorae Chapman, 1925 c Ecuador and n Peru

.

T. p. perenensis Chapman, 1925 c Peru

.

T. p. annectens Zimmer, JT, 1943 se Peru

.

T. p. punctulata (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) wc Bolivia

.

Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata (Cabanis, 1850) MA : Costa Rica to n, nw Brazil

.

T. g. eusticta Todd, 1912 Costa Rica to nw Colombia

.

T. g. tolimae Chapman, 1914 c Colombia

.

T. g. bogotensis Hellmayr & Seilern, 1912 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

T. g. chrysophrys (Sclater, PL, 1851) n and s Venezuela, nw Brazil

.

T. g. guttata (Cabanis, 1850) se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

T. g. trinitatis Todd, 1912 Trinidad

.

Dotted Tanager Tangara varia (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : n Amazonia

.

Rufous-throated Tanager Tangara rufigula (Bonaparte, 1851) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : Nicaragua through n, w Amazonia

.

T. g. bangsi (Hellmayr, 1911) Nicaragua to w Panama

.

T. g. deleticia (Bangs, 1908) e Panama to c and w Colombia

.

T. g. nupera Bangs, 1917 sw Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru

.

T. g. toddi Bangs & Penard, TE, 1921 n Colombia and nw and n Venezuela

.

T. g. viridissima (Lafresnaye, 1847) ne Venezuela and Trinidad

.

T. g. catharinae (Hellmayr, 1911) c Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to w and c Bolivia

.

T. g. parva Zimmer, JT, 1943 e Colombia, s Venezuela, ne Peru and nw Brazil

.

T. g. gyrola (Linnaeus, 1758) se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

T. g. albertinae (Pelzeln, 1877) c Brazil south of Amazon

.

Rufous-winged Tanager Tangara lavinia (Cassin, 1858) LA : Guatemala to Ecuador

.

T. l. cara (Bangs, 1905) e Guatemala to nc Panama

.

T. l. dalmasi (Hellmayr, 1910) s Panama

.

T. l. lavinia (Cassin, 1858) e Panama to w Ecuador

.

Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia, se, sc SA

.

T. c. fulvescens Todd, 1922 c Colombia

.

T. c. cayana (Linnaeus, 1766) e Colombia and s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil; also e Peru, n Bolivia and wc Brazil

.

T. c. huberi (Hellmayr, 1910) ne Brazil

.

T. c. flava (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Brazil

.

T. c. sincipitalis (von Berlepsch, 1907) ec Brazil

.

T. c. chloroptera (Vieillot, 1819) se Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina

.

T. c. margaritae (Allen, JA, 1891) sw Brazil

.

Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata (Swainson, 1834) NA : Lesser Antilles

.

T. c. versicolor (Lawrence, 1878) St. Vincent

.

T. c. cucullata (Swainson, 1834) Grenada

.

Black-backed Tanager Tangara peruviana (Desmarest, 1806) SA : se Brazil

.

Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa (Cabanis, 1850) SA : se

.

Scrub Tanager Tangara vitriolina (Cabanis, 1850) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Green-capped Tanager Tangara meyerdeschauenseei Schulenberg & Binford, 1985 SA : Peru

.

Rufous-cheeked Tanager Tangara rufigenis (Sclater, PL, 1857) SA : Venezuela

.

Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix (Prévost & Des Murs, 1842) SA : Colombia to nw Bolivia

.

T. r. ruficervix (Prévost & Des Murs, 1842) Colombia

.

T. r. leucotis (Sclater, PL, 1851) w Ecuador

.

T. r. taylori (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) se Colombia, e Ecuador and n Peru

.

T. r. amabilis Zimmer, JT, 1943 n to c Peru

.

T. r. inca Parkes, 1969 s Peru

.

T. r. fulvicervix (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) se Peru and w Bolivia

.

Metallic-green Tanager Tangara labradorides (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

T. l. labradorides (Boissonneau, 1840) w Colombia and w Ecuador

.

T. l. chaupensis Chapman, 1925 n Peru

.

Blue-browed Tanager Tangara cyanotis (Sclater, PL, 1858) SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

T. c. lutleyi Hellmayr, 1917 Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

.

T. c. cyanotis (Sclater, PL, 1858) Bolivia

.

Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Amazonia

.

T. c. granadensis (von Berlepsch, 1884) w Colombia

.

T. c. caeruleocephala (Swainson, 1838) c Colombia to n Peru

.

T. c. cyanicollis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) e Peru to c Bolivia

.

T. c. cyanopygia (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) w Ecuador

.

T. c. hannahiae (Cassin, 1865) n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

T. c. melanogaster Cherrie & Reichenberger, 1923 c Brazil

.

T. c. albotibialis Traylor, 1950 Goiás (ec Brazil)

.

Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) LA : s Mexico to Ecuador

.

T. l. larvata (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) se Mexico to n Costa Rica

.

T. l. centralis (von Berlepsch, 1912) ne Costa Rica and nw Panama

.

T. l. franciscae (Sclater, PL, 1856) sw Costa Rica and sw Panama

.

T. l. fanny (Lafresnaye, 1847) e Panama to w Ecuador

.

Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta (Bonaparte, 1838) SA : n, w Amazonia

.

Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii (Salvin, 1863) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Green-naped Tanager Tangara fucosa Nelson, 1912 MA : Panama

.

Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

T. n. cyanescens (Sclater, PL, 1857) ne Colombia and n Venzuela, w Colombia to w Ecuador

.

T. n. nigroviridis (Lafresnaye, 1843) eastern slope of the eastern Andes in Colombia and Ecuador

.

T. n. lozanoana Aveledo & Perez, 1994 Lara to Tachira (nw Venezuela)

.

T. n. berlepschi (Taczanowski, 1884) e Peru to c Bolivia

.

Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

T. v. vassorii (Boissonneau, 1840) Colombia and w Venezuela to nw Peru

.

T. v. branickii (Taczanowski, 1882) n Peru

.

T. v. atrocoerulea (Tschudi, 1844) s Peru to c Bolivia

.

Black-capped Tanager Tangara heinei (Cabanis, 1850) SA : Venezuela to Ecuador

.

Sira Tanager Tangara phillipsi Graves, GR & Weske, 1987 SA : Peru

.

Silver-backed Tanager Tangara viridicollis (Taczanowski, 1884) SA : Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

.

T. v. fulvigula (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906) s Ecuador and n Peru

.

T. v. viridicollis (Taczanowski, 1884) c Peru to w Bolivia

.

Straw-backed Tanager Tangara argyrofenges (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) SA : Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia

.

T. a. caeruleigularis Carriker, 1935 se Ecuador to c Peru

.

T. a. argyrofenges (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) w and c Bolivia

.

Black-headed Tanager Tangara cyanoptera (Swainson, 1834) SA : Colombia to Guyana

.

T. c. whitelyi (Salvin & Godman, 1884) s Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil

.

T. c. cyanoptera (Swainson, 1834) n Colombia to n Venezuela

.

Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : Amazonia, se Brazil

.

T. v. velia (Linnaeus, 1758) the Guianas and n Brazil

.

T. v. iridina (Hartlaub, 1841) w Amazonia

.

T. v. signata (Hellmayr, 1905) ne Brazil

.

T. v. cyanomelas (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) e Brazil

.

Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys (Cabanis, 1849) SA : w Amazonia

.

Tersina Vieillot, 1819

.

Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis (Illiger, 1811) LA : Panama to ne Argentina

.

T. v. grisescens Griscom, 1929 n Colombia

.

T. v. occidentalis (Sclater, PL, 1855) e Panama and Colombia (except n) east to the Guianas and n Brazil and south to Bolivia (except se) and nw Argentina

.

T. v. viridis (Illiger, 1811) e and s Brazil, se Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Dacnis Cuvier, 1816

.

White-bellied Dacnis Dacnis albiventris (Sclater, PL, 1852) SA : w, c Amazonia

.

Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n, w Amazonia

.

Yellow-tufted Dacnis Dacnis egregia Sclater, PL, 1855 SA : Colombia, Ecuador AS Dacnis egregia is split from D.lineata (Ridgely et al. 2001); SACC needs more data

.

D. e. egregia Sclater, PL, 1855 nc Colombia

.

D. e. aequatorialis von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 w Ecuador

.

Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 SA : w, c Amazonia

.

Turquoise Dacnis Dacnis hartlaubi Sclater, PL, 1855 SA : Colombia

.

Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes Pelzeln, 1856 SA : se Brazil

.

Scarlet-thighed Dacnis Dacnis venusta Lawrence, 1862 LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador

.

D. v. venusta Lawrence, 1862 Costa Rica to c Panama

.

D. v. fuliginata Bangs, 1908 e Panama to nw Ecuador

.

Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : Honduras to ne Argentina

.

D. c. callaina Bangs, 1905 w Costa Rica to sw Panama

.

D. c. ultramarina Lawrence, 1864 Honduras to nw Colombia

.

D. c. napaea Bangs, 1898 n and nc Colombia

.

D. c. baudoana Meyer de Schauensee, 1946 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

.

D. c. caerebicolor Sclater, PL, 1851 c Colombia

.

D. c. cayana (Linnaeus, 1766) e Colombia to French Guiana and c Brazil

.

D. c. glaucogularis von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 s Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to n and e Bolivia

.

D. c. paraguayensis Chubb, C, 1910 e and s Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Viridian Dacnis Dacnis viguieri Oustalet, 1883 LA : Panama, Colombia

.

Scarlet-breasted Dacnis Dacnis berlepschi Hartert, 1900 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Cyanerpes Oberholser, 1899

.

Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus (Hartlaub, 1847) SA : w Amazonia

.

Shining Honeycreeper Cyanerpes lucidus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1859) LA : s Mexico to Colombia

.

C. l. lucidus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1859) s Mexico to ne Nicaragua

.

C. l. isthmicus Bangs, 1907 Costa Rica to nw Colombia

.

Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : nw, n, also Panama

.

C. c. chocoanus Hellmayr, 1920 e Panama to w Ecuador

.

C. c. caeruleus (Linnaeus, 1758) c Colombia and Venezuela through the Guianas and nc Brazil

.

C. c. hellmayri Gyldenstolpe, 1945 Potaro Highlands (Guyana)

.

C. c. longirostris (Cabanis, 1850) Trinidad

.

C. c. microrhynchus (von Berlepsch, 1884) w and c Amazonia

.

Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : e Mexico to c Bolivia and e Brazil

.

C. c. carneipes (Sclater, PL, 1860) e Mexico to Panama

.

C. c. pacificus Chapman, 1915 w Colombia and w Ecuador

.

C. c. gigas Thayer & Bangs, 1905 Gorgona I. (off w Colombia)

.

C. c. gemmeus Wetmore, 1941 extreme n Colombia

.

C. c. eximius (Cabanis, 1850) n and nc Colombia to n Venezuela

.

C. c. tobagensis Hellmayr & Seilern, 1914 Tobago

.

C. c. cyaneus (Linnaeus, 1766) Trinidad, e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

C. c. dispar Zimmer, JT, 1942 se Colombia and sw Venezuela to ne Peru

.

C. c. violaceus Zimmer, JT, 1942 se Peru and w Brazil to c Bolivia

.

C. c. brevipes (Cabanis, 1850) c Brazil

.

C. c. holti Parkes, 1977 e Brazil

.

Chlorophanes Reichenbach, 1853

.

Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : s Mexico to e Brazil

.

C. s. guatemalensis Sclater, PL, 1861 s Mexico to Honduras

.

C. s. argutus Bangs & Barbour, 1922 e Honduras to nw Colombia

.

C. s. exsul von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

.

C. s. subtropicalis Todd, 1924 n and c Colombia, w Venezuela

.

C. s. spiza (Linnaeus, 1758) Trinidad, e Colombia, Venezuela (except far w), the Guianas and n Brazil

.

C. s. caerulescens Cassin, 1865 sc Colombia through e Ecuador and e Peru to c Bolivia and w Brazil

.

C. s. axillaris Zimmer, JT, 1929 e and se Brazil

.

Iridophanes Ridgway, 1901

.

Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrimus (Sclater, PL, 1853) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

I. p. pulcherrimus (Sclater, PL, 1853) c Colombia through e Ecuador to sc Peru

.

I. p. aureinucha (Ridgway, 1879) w Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

Heterospingus Ridgway, 1898

.

Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons (Lawrence, 1865) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Scarlet-browed Tanager Heterospingus xanthopygius (Sclater, PL, 1855) LA : Panama to Ecuador

.

H. x. xanthopygius (Sclater, PL, 1855) e Panama and n Colombia

.

H. x. berliozi Wetmore, 1966 w Colombia to w Ecuador

.

Hemithraupis Cabanis, 1850

.

Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : widespread

.

H. g. nigrigula (Boddaert, 1783) nc Colombia, Venezuela (except se), the Guianas (except wc Guyana) and ne Brazil

.

H. g. roraimae (Hellmayr, 1910) se Venezuela and wc Guyana

.

H. g. guirina (Sclater, PL, 1856) w and c Colombia to nw Peru

.

H. g. huambina Stolzmann, 1926 se Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil

.

H. g. boliviana Zimmer, JT, 1947 e Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

H. g. amazonica Zimmer, JT, 1947 c Brazil

.

H. g. guira (Linnaeus, 1766) e Brazil

.

H. g. fosteri (Sharpe, 1905) se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla (Vieillot, 1818) SA : e, se Brazil

.

H. r. bahiae Zimmer, JT, 1947 e Brazil

.

H. r. ruficapilla (Vieillot, 1818) se Brazil

.

Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis (Vieillot, 1818) LA : Panama to se Brazil and se Peru

.

H. f. ornata Nelson, 1912 e Panama and nw Colombia

.

H. f. albigularis (Sclater, PL, 1855) nc Colombia

.

H. f. peruana Bonaparte, 1851 sc Colombia through e Ecuador to nc Peru

.

H. f. sororia Zimmer, JT, 1947 nc and e Peru

.

H. f. centralis (Hellmayr, 1907) se Peru to c Bolivia and sc Brazil

.

H. f. aurigularis Cherrie, 1916 se Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil

.

H. f. hellmayri von Berlepsch, 1912 se Venezuela and wc Guyana

.

H. f. flavicollis (Vieillot, 1818) Suriname, French Guiana and ne Brazil

.

H. f. obidensis Parkes & Humphrey, 1963 n Brazil

.

H. f. melanoxantha (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) e Brazil

.

H. f. insignis (Sclater, PL, 1856) se Brazil

.

Chrysothlypis von Berlepsch, 1912

.

Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) MA : Costa Rica to Colombia

.

C. c. titanota Olson, 1981 Costa Rica and extreme w Panama

.

C. c. chrysomelas (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) wc Panama

.

C. c. ocularis Nelson, 1912 e Panama and extreme nw Colombia

.

Scarlet-and-white Tanager Chrysothlypis salmoni (Sclater, PL, 1886) SA : Colombia, Ecuador TAX Erythrothlypis salmoni is now assigned to Chrysothlypis (Storer 1970, SACC)

.

Xenodacnis Cabanis, 1873

.

Tit-like Dacnis Xenodacnis parina Cabanis, 1873 SA : sw Ecuador, Peru

.

X. p. bella Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 sw Ecuador, n Peru

.

X. p. petersi Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 c Peru

.

X. p. parina Cabanis, 1873 s Peru

.

Conirostrum d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838

.

Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum (Temminck, 1824) SA : widespread

.

C. s. guaricola Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949 n Venezuela

.

C. s. amazonum (Hellmayr, 1917) e Colombia and w Venezuela, e Ecuador and e Peru, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

C. s. speciosum (Temminck, 1824) se Peru and Bolivia to sc Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina

.

White-eared Conebill Conirostrum leucogenys (Lafresnaye, 1852) LA : Panama to Venezuela

.

C. l. panamense (Griscom, 1927) e Panama and nw Colombia

.

C. l. leucogenys (Lafresnaye, 1852) n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

C. l. cyanochroum (Todd, 1924) w Venezuela

.

Bicolored Conebill Conirostrum bicolor (Vieillot, 1809) SA : Amazonia

.

C. b. bicolor (Vieillot, 1809) Trinidad, Colombia and Venezuela through the Guianas to n and e Brazil

.

C. b. minus (Hellmayr, 1935) w Amazonia

.

Pearly-breasted Conebill Conirostrum margaritae (Holt, 1931) SA : w Amazonia

.

Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 SA : Colombia to n Chile

.

C. c. fraseri Sclater, PL, 1859 sc Colombia and Ecuador

.

C. c. littorale von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 nw and n Peru to n Chile

.

C. c. cinereum d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 ec Peru to w and c Bolivia

.

Tamarugo Conebill Conirostrum tamarugense Johnson, AW & Millie, 1972 SA : Peru, Chile

.

White-browed Conebill Conirostrum ferrugineiventre Sclater, PL, 1855 SA : Peru, Bolivia

.

Rufous-browed Conebill Conirostrum rufum Lafresnaye, 1843 SA : Colombia

.

Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor Lafresnaye, 1840 SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

C. s. pallidum Aveledo & Perez, 1989 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

C. s. intermedium von Berlepsch, 1893 w Venezuela

.

C. s. sitticolor Lafresnaye, 1840 s Colombia to n Peru

.

C. s. cyaneum Taczanowski, 1875 c Peru to w Bolivia

.

Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons Lafresnaye, 1842 SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

C. a. cyanonotum Todd, 1932 n Venezuela

.

C. a. albifrons Lafresnaye, 1842 nc Colombia to w Venezuela

.

C. a. centralandium Meyer de Schauensee, 1946 c Colombia

.

C. a. atrocyaneum Lafresnaye, 1848 sw Colombia, Ecuador and n Peru

.

C. a. sordidum von Berlepsch, 1901 c Peru to w Bolivia

.

C. a. lugens von Berlepsch, 1901 c Bolivia

.

Oreomanes Sclater, PL, 1860

.

Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri Sclater, PL, 1860 SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

Diglossa Wagler, 1832

.

Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula Wagler, 1832 MA : Mexico to Nicaragua

.

D. b. baritula Wagler, 1832 c and sw Mexico

.

D. b. montana Dearborn, 1907 s Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador

.

D. b. parva Griscom, 1932 Honduras and Nicaragua

.

Slaty Flowerpiercer Diglossa plumbea Cabanis, 1861 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

D. p. plumbea Cabanis, 1861 Costa Rica and w Panama

.

D. p. veraguensis Griscom, 1927 sw Panama

.

Rusty Flowerpiercer Diglossa sittoides (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) SA : Venezuela to nw Argentina

.

D. s. hyperythra Cabanis, 1850 n Colombia and n Venezuela

.

D. s. mandeli Blake, 1940 ne Venezuela

.

D. s. coelestis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 nw Venezuela

.

D. s. dorbignyi (Boissonneau, 1840) c Colombia to w Venezuela

.

D. s. decorata Zimmer, JT, 1930 Ecuador and Peru

.

D. s. sittoides (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

Chestnut-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa gloriosissima Chapman, 1912 SA : Colombia

.

D. g. gloriosissima Chapman, 1912 sw Colombia

.

D. g. boylei Graves, GR, 1990 nw Colombia

.

Glossy Flowerpiercer Diglossa lafresnayii (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

Moustached Flowerpiercer Diglossa mystacalis Lafresnaye, 1846 SA : Peru, Bolivia

.

D. m. unicincta Hellmayr, 1905 n and nc Peru

.

D. m. pectoralis Cabanis, 1873 c Peru

.

D. m. albilinea Chapman, 1919 se Peru

.

D. m. mystacalis Lafresnaye, 1846 w Bolivia

.

Merida Flowerpiercer Diglossa gloriosa Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871 SA : Venezuela

.

Black Flowerpiercer Diglossa humeralis (Fraser, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

D. h. nocticolor Bangs, 1898 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

D. h. humeralis (Fraser, 1840) c Colombia to w Venezuela

.

D. h. aterrima Lafresnaye, 1846 wc Colombia to n Peru

.

Black-throated Flowerpiercer Diglossa brunneiventris Lafresnaye, 1846 SA : Colombia to Chile

.

D. b. vuilleumieri Graves, GR, 1980 nw Colombia

.

D. b. brunneiventris Lafresnaye, 1846 n Peru to n Chile and w Bolivia

.

Grey-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa carbonaria (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) SA : Bolivia, nw Argentina

.

Venezuelan Flowerpiercer Diglossa venezuelensis Chapman, 1925 SA : Venezuela

.

White-sided Flowerpiercer Diglossa albilatera Lafresnaye, 1843 SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

D. a. federalis Hellmayr, 1922 n Venezuela

.

D. a. albilatera Lafresnaye, 1843 nw Venezuela to s Ecuador

.

D. a. schistacea Chapman, 1925 sw Ecuador and nw Peru

.

D. a. affinis Zimmer, JT, 1942 n to sc Peru

.

Scaled Flowerpiercer Diglossa duidae Chapman, 1929 SA : Tepuis

.

D. d. hitchcocki Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1948 n Amazonas (sc Venezuela)

.

D. d. duidae Chapman, 1929 c and s Amazonas (s Venezuela)

.

D. d. georgebarrowcloughi Dickerman, 1987 Cerro de la Neblina (Venezuela - Brazil border)

.

Greater Flowerpiercer Diglossa major Cabanis, 1849 SA : Tepuis

.

D. m. gilliardi Chapman, 1939 Auyán-tepui (se Venezuela)

.

D. m. disjuncta Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1944 tepuis on W side of Gran Sabana (se Venezuela)

.

D. m. chimantae Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1947 Chimantá-tepui (se Venezuela)

.

D. m. major Cabanis, 1849 Cerro Roraima, Cerro Cuquenán and Uei-tepui (se Venezuela, w Guyana and n Brazil)

.

Indigo Flowerpiercer Diglossa indigotica Sclater, PL, 1856 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Golden-eyed Flowerpiercer Diglossa glauca Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876 SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

D. g. glauca Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876 nc Peru to wc Bolivia

.

D. g. tyrianthina Hellmayr, 1930 s Colombia, c Ecuador and extreme n Peru

.

Bluish Flowerpiercer Diglossa caerulescens (Sclater, PL, 1856) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

D. c. caerulescens (Sclater, PL, 1856) n Venezuela

.

D. c. ginesi Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 nw Venezuela

.

D. c. media Bond, 1955 s Ecuador and nw Peru

.

D. c. mentalis Zimmer, JT, 1942 se Peru and w Bolivia

.

D. c. pallida (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896) nc and c Peru

.

D. c. saturata (Todd, 1917) Colombia and w Venezuela

.

Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossa cyanea (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

D. c. cyanea (Lafresnaye, 1840) w Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador (except sw)

.

D. c. dispar Zimmer, JT, 1942 sw Ecuador and nw Peru

.

D. c. melanopis Tschudi, 1844 Peru to c Bolivia

.

D. c. obscura Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 nw Venezuela

.

D. c. tovarensis Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1952 n Venezuela

.

Urothraupis Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885

.

Black-backed Bush Tanager Urothraupis stolzmanni Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Oreothraupis Sclater, PL, 1856

.

Tanager Finch Oreothraupis arremonops (Sclater, PL, 1855) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Charitospiza Oberholser, 1905

.

Coal-crested Finch Charitospiza eucosma Oberholser, 1905 SA : sc

.

Saltatricula Burmeister, 1861

.

Many-colored Chaco Finch Saltatricula multicolor (Burmeister, 1860) SA : sc

.

Coryphaspiza Gray, GR, 1840

.

Black-masked Finch Coryphaspiza melanotis (Temminck, 1822) SA : sc

.

C. m. marajoara Sick, 1967 Marajó I. (off ne Brazil)

.

C. m. melanotis (Temminck, 1822) se Peru and e Bolivia to e and se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Coryphospingus Cabanis, 1851

.

Grey Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) SA : Colombia, Venezuela, ec Brazil

.

C. p. rostratus Miller, AH, 1947 c Colombia

.

C. p. brevicaudus Cory, 1916 n Colombia to n Venezuela

.

C. p. pileatus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) c and e Brazil

.

Red Pileated Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : ne, sc, wc

.

C. c. cucullatus (Statius Müller, 1776) the Guianas and ne Brazil

.

C. c. rubescens (Swainson, 1825) c and s Brazil, e Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

.

C. c. fargoi Brodkorb, 1938 s Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina

.

Rhodospingus Sharpe, 1888

.

Crimson-breasted Finch Rhodospingus cruentus (Lesson, 1844) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

Phrygilus Cabanis, 1844

.

Black-hooded Sierra Finch Phrygilus atriceps (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw

.

Peruvian Sierra Finch Phrygilus punensis Ridgway, 1887 SA : Peru, Bolivia

.

P. p. chloronotus von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 n and c Peru

.

P. p. punensis Ridgway, 1887 s Peru and w Bolivia

.

Grey-hooded Sierra Finch Phrygilus gayi (Gervais, 1834) SA : Chile, Argentina

.

P. g. gayi (Gervais, 1834) n Chile

.

P. g. minor Philippi Bañados & Goodall, 1957 c Chile

.

P. g. caniceps Burmeister, 1860 s Chile and w Argentina

.

Patagonian Sierra Finch Phrygilus patagonicus Lowe, 1923 SA : Chile, Argentina

.

Mourning Sierra Finch Phrygilus fruticeti (Kittlitz, 1833) SA : sw

.

P. f. peruvianus Zimmer, JT, 1924 Peru and w Bolivia

.

P. f. coracinus Sclater, PL, 1891 sw Bolivia and n Chile

.

P. f. fruticeti (Kittlitz, 1833) s Chile and w Argentina

.

Plumbeous Sierra Finch Phrygilus unicolor (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Venezuela to s Chile and Argentina

.

P. u. nivarius (Bangs, 1899) n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

P. u. geospizopsis (Bonaparte, 1853) c Colombia to n Peru

.

P. u. inca Zimmer, JT, 1929 nc Peru to w Bolivia

.

P. u. unicolor (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) sw Peru, Chile and w Argentina

.

P. u. tucumanus Chapman, 1925 c Bolivia to nw Argentina

.

P. u. cyaneus Nores & Yzurieta, 1983 nc Argentina

.

P. u. ultimus Ripley, 1950 s Argentina

.

Red-backed Sierra Finch Phrygilus dorsalis Cabanis, 1883 SA : sw

.

White-throated Sierra Finch Phrygilus erythronotus (Philippi & Landbeck, 1861) SA : sw

.

Ash-breasted Sierra Finch Phrygilus plebejus Tschudi, 1844 SA : w, sw

.

P. p. ocularis Sclater, PL, 1859 Ecuador and n Peru

.

P. p. plebejus Tschudi, 1844 nc Peru to n Chile, w Bolivia and w Argentina

.

P. p. naroskyi Nores & Yzurieta, 1983 nc Argentina

.

Carbonated Sierra Finch Phrygilus carbonarius (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Argentina

.

Band-tailed Sierra Finch Phrygilus alaudinus (Kittlitz, 1833) SA : w, sw

.

P. a. bipartitus Zimmer, JT, 1924 c Ecuador, w Peru and n Chile

.

P. a. humboldti Koepcke, 1963 sw Ecuador and nw Peru

.

P. a. bracki O'Neill & Parker, TA, 1997 c Peru

.

P. a. excelsus von Berlepsch, 1907 s Peru and w Bolivia

.

P. a. alaudinus (Kittlitz, 1833) c Chile

.

P. a. venturii Hartert, 1909 nw Argentina

.

Melanodera Bonaparte, 1850

.

White-bridled Finch Melanodera melanodera (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) SA : s

.

M. m. princetoniana (Scott, 1900) s Chile and s Argentina

.

M. m. melanodera (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Falkland Is.

.

Yellow-bridled Finch Melanodera xanthogramma (Gould & Gray, GR, 1839) SA : s

.

M. x. barrosi Chapman, 1923 c and s Chile, w Argentina

.

M. x. xanthogramma (Gould & Gray, GR, 1839) extreme s Chile and s Argentina

.

Haplospiza Cabanis, 1851

.

Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica (Tschudi, 1844) LA : s Mexico to Tepuis and c Bolivia

.

H. r. uniformis Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 se Mexico to w Panama

.

H. r. arcana (Wetmore & Phelps Jr, 1949) s Venezuela

.

H. r. rustica (Tschudi, 1844) Colombia and nw Venezuela to c Bolivia

.

Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor Cabanis, 1851 SA : se

.

Acanthidops Ridgway, 1882

.

Peg-billed Finch Acanthidops bairdi Ridgway, 1882 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Lophospingus Cabanis, 1878

.

Black-crested Finch Lophospingus pusillus (Burmeister, 1860) SA : sc

.

Grey-crested Finch Lophospingus griseocristatus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw

.

Donacospiza Cabanis, 1851

.

Long-tailed Reed Finch Donacospiza albifrons (Vieillot, 1817) SA : se, sc

.

Rowettia Lowe, 1923

.

Gough Finch Rowettia goughensis (Clarke, WE, 1904) AO : Gough Island

.

Nesospiza Cabanis, 1873

.

Inaccessible Island Finch Nesospiza acunhae Cabanis, 1873 AO : Inaccessible Island, Tristan da Cunha group, S. Atlantic ENG Change  English name of Nesospiza acunhae from Tristan Finch to Inaccessible Island Finch  with split of N. questi (Ryan et al. 2007)

.

N. a. acunhae Cabanis, 1873 coastal Inaccessible I.

.

N. a. dunnei Hagen, 1952 coast and e interior of Inaccessible I.

.

N. a. fraseri Ryan, PG, 2008 interior Inaccessible I.

.

Nightingale Island Finch Nesospiza questi Lowe, 1923 AO : Nightingale Island, Tristan da Cunha Group in the S. Atlantic AS Nesospiza questi is split from Nesospiza acunhae (Ryan et al. 2007)

.

Wilkins's Finch Nesospiza wilkinsi Lowe, 1923 AO : Nightingale Island, Tristan da Cunha Group in the S. Atlantic

.

Diuca Reichenbach, 1850

.

White-winged Diuca Finch Diuca speculifera (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw

.

D. s. magnirostris Carriker, 1935 c Peru

.

D. s. speculifera (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) s Peru, n Chile, w Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

Common Diuca Finch Diuca diuca (Molina, 1782) SA : s

.

D. d. crassirostris Hellmayr, 1932 nc Chile, s Bolivia and n Argentina

.

D. d. diuca (Molina, 1782) c and sc Chile, w Argentina

.

D. d. chiloensis Philippi Bañados & Peña, 1964 Chiloé I. (off sc Chile)

.

D. d. minor Bonaparte, 1850 c and s Argentina and s Chile

.

Idiopsar Cassin, 1867

.

Short-tailed Finch Idiopsar brachyurus Cassin, 1867 SA : sw

.

Piezorina Lafresnaye, 1843 TAX Zoonomen, IBC. Original spelling. Piezorhina is an unjustified emendation.

.

Cinereous Finch Piezorina cinerea (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Peru

.

Xenospingus Cabanis, 1867

.

Slender-billed Finch Xenospingus concolor (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Peru, Chile

.

Incaspiza Ridgway, 1898

.

Great Inca Finch Incaspiza pulchra (Sclater, PL, 1886) SA : Peru

.

Rufous-backed Inca Finch Incaspiza personata (Salvin, 1895) SA : Peru

.

Grey-winged Inca Finch Incaspiza ortizi Zimmer, JT, 1952 SA : Peru

.

Buff-bridled Inca Finch Incaspiza laeta (Salvin, 1895) SA : Peru

.

Little Inca Finch Incaspiza watkinsi Chapman, 1925 SA : Peru

.

Poospiza Cabanis, 1847

.

Bay-chested Warbling Finch Poospiza thoracica (Nordmann, 1835) SA : se Brazil

.

Bolivian Warbling Finch Poospiza boliviana Sharpe, 1888 SA : Bolivia

.

Plain-tailed Warbling Finch Poospiza alticola Salvin, 1895 SA : Peru

.

Rufous-sided Warbling Finch Poospiza hypocondria (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw TAX Zoonomen, IBC. Original spelling. hypochondria is an unjustified emendation.

.

P. h. hypocondria (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) w Bolivia

.

P. h. affinis von Berlepsch, 1906 nw Argentina

.

Rusty-browed Warbling Finch Poospiza erythrophrys Sclater, PL, 1881 SA : sw

.

P. e. cochabambae Gyldenstolpe, 1941 c and s Bolivia

.

P. e. erythrophrys Sclater, PL, 1881 extreme s Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

Cinnamon Warbling Finch Poospiza ornata (Landbeck, 1865) SA : w Argentina

.

Black-and-rufous Warbling Finch Poospiza nigrorufa (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : se, sc

.

Black-and-chestnut Warbling Finch Poospiza whitii Sclater, PL, 1883 SA : sc AS Poospiza whitii is split from P.nigrorufa (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Mazar Barnett & Pearman 2001); SACC 79 doesn't recognize

.

P. w. wagneri Stolzmann, 1926 w Bolivia

.

P. w. whitii Sclater, PL, 1883 c and s Bolivia, nw Argentina

.

Buff-throated Warbling Finch Poospiza lateralis (Nordmann, 1835) SA : e, se Brasil

.

Grey-throated Warbling Finch Poospiza cabanisi Bonaparte, 1850 SA : se Brasil to ne Argentina including Uruguay and e Paraguay

.

Rufous-breasted Warbling Finch Poospiza rubecula Salvin, 1895 SA : Peru

.

Collared Warbling Finch Poospiza hispaniolensis Bonaparte, 1850 SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

Ringed Warbling Finch Poospiza torquata (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sc TAX Poospiza torquata includes subspecies pectoralis, which may warrant recognition (Lougheed et al. 2000); SACC needs proposal

.

P. t. torquata (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) w, c and s Bolivia

.

P. t. pectoralis Todd, 1922 n and c Argentina

.

Black-capped Warbling Finch Poospiza melanoleuca (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sc

.

Cinereous Warbling Finch Poospiza cinerea Bonaparte, 1850 SA : s Brazil

.

Chestnut-breasted Mountain Finch Poospiza caesar Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869 SA : Peru TAX Poospizopsis caesar is now assigned to Poospiza (Paynter 1970, SACC); Revisit this decision?

.

Compsospiza von Berlepsch, 1893 TAX Restore Cochabamba Mountain Finch and Tucuman Mountain Finch to Compsospiza from Poospiza (Klicka et al 2007; SACC 366 reversed previous decision to lump)

.

Cochabamba Mountain Finch Compsospiza garleppi von Berlepsch, 1893 SA : Bolivia

.

Tucuman Mountain Finch Compsospiza baeri (Oustalet, 1904) SA : Argentina

.

Sicalis Boie, F, 1828

.

Stripe-tailed Yellow Finch Sicalis citrina Pelzeln, 1870 SA : n, e, wc

.

S. c. browni Bangs, 1898 Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

S. c. citrina Pelzeln, 1870 e Brazil

.

S. c. occidentalis Carriker, 1932 se Peru to nw Argentina

.

Puna Yellow Finch Sicalis lutea (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw

.

Bright-rumped Yellow Finch Sicalis uropigyalis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw TAX Zoonomen, IBC. Original spelling. uropygialis is an unjustified emendation.

.

S. u. sharpei (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) nw to c Peru

.

S. u. connectens (Chapman, 1919) sc Peru

.

S. u. uropigyalis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) s Peru, n Chile, w Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

Citron-headed Yellow Finch Sicalis luteocephala (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Bolivia

.

Greater Yellow Finch Sicalis auriventris Philippi & Landbeck, 1864 SA : Chile, Argentina

.

Greenish Yellow Finch Sicalis olivascens (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw

.

S. o. salvini (Chubb, C, 1919) n Peru

.

S. o. chloris Cabanis, 1846 wc Peru to n Chile

.

S. o. olivascens (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) se Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

Monte Yellow Finch Sicalis mendozae (Sharpe, 1888) SA : w Argentina AS Monte Yellow Finch is split from Greenish Yellow Finch (Areta et al 2012, SACC 539)

.

Patagonian Yellow Finch Sicalis lebruni (Oustalet, 1891) SA : s

.

Orange-fronted Yellow Finch Sicalis columbiana Cabanis, 1851 SA : n, e, c

.

S. c. columbiana Cabanis, 1851 e Colombia to n Venezuela

.

S. c. leopoldinae Hellmayr, 1906 e Brazil

.

S. c. goeldii von Berlepsch, 1906 c Brazil

.

Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : n, wc, se, sc

.

S. f. flaveola (Linnaeus, 1766) Trinidad, Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas

.

S. f. valida Bangs & Penard, TE, 1921 Ecuador and nw Peru

.

S. f. brasiliensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Brazil

.

S. f. pelzelni Sclater, PL, 1872 e Bolivia, Paraguay, se Brazil, n Argentina and Uruguay

.

S. f. koenigi Hoy, G, 1978 nw Argentina

.

Grassland Yellow Finch Sicalis luteola (Sparrman, 1789) LA : widespread

.

S. l. chrysops Sclater, PL, 1862 s Mexico to Nicaragua

.

S. l. mexicana Brodkorb, 1943 c Mexico

.

S. l. eisenmanni Wetmore, 1953 nw Costa Rica to c Panama

.

S. l. bogotensis Chapman, 1924 high elevation in n Colombia and nw Venezuela to Ecuador and s Peru

.

S. l. luteola (Sparrman, 1789) lower elevation in n Colombia, c Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil

.

S. l. flavissima Todd, 1922 Suriname to ne Brazil

.

S. l. chapmani Ridgway, 1899 nc Brazil

.

S. l. luteiventris (Meyen, 1834) s Brazil to c Argentina and c Chile

.

Raimondi's Yellow Finch Sicalis raimondii Taczanowski, 1874 SA : Peru

.

Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii Sharpe, 1888 SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

Emberizoides Temminck, 1822

.

Wedge-tailed Grass Finch Emberizoides herbicola (Vieillot, 1817) LA : Costa Rica to ne Argentina

.

E. h. lucaris Bangs, 1908 sw Costa Rica

.

E. h. hypochondriacus Hellmayr, 1906 w and c Panama

.

E. h. apurensis Gilliard, 1940 e Colombia and w Venezuela

.

E. h. sphenurus (Vieillot, 1818) w and n Colombia to Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil. Also s Ecuador and n Peru

.

E. h. herbicola (Vieillot, 1817) e Bolivia to e Brazil, Paraguay, n Argentina and Uruguay

.

Lesser Grass Finch Emberizoides ypiranganus von Ihering, H & von Ihering, R, 1907 SA : se

.

Duida Grass Finch Emberizoides duidae Chapman, 1929 SA : Tepuis

.

Embernagra Lesson, 1831

.

Pampa Finch Embernagra platensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : se, sc TAX Embernagra platensis includes the olivascens subspecies group, which may warrant recognition (Hayes 2003); SACC 96 declined

.

E. p. platensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n Bolivia, c and e Paraguay, se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina

.

E. p. olivascens d'Orbigny, 1839 se Bolivia, w Paraguay and n Argentina

.

E. p. catamarcana Nores, 1986 Catamarca (nw Argentina)

.

E. p. gossei Chubb, C, 1918 wc Argentina

.

Serra Finch Embernagra longicauda Strickland, 1844 SA : e Brazil

.

Volatinia Reichenbach, 1850

.

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : widespread

.

V. j. splendens (Vieillot, 1817) Trinidad, Mexico to Colombia and east through Venezuela and the Guianas to the Amazon Basin

.

V. j. jacarina (Linnaeus, 1766) se Peru to e Brazil and south to n Argentina

.

V. j. peruviensis (Peale, 1848) w Ecuador, w Peru and nw Chile

.

Sporophila Cabanis, 1844

.

Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis (Verreaux, J, 1869) SA : se

.

Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris (Temminck, 1820) SA : se Brazil

.

Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila schistacea (Lawrence, 1862) LA : s Mexico to Ecuador and n Brazil

.

S. s. subconcolor Berlioz, 1959 s Mexico and Belize to Nicaragua

.

S. s. schistacea (Lawrence, 1862) Costa Rica to n Colombia

.

S. s. incerta Riley, 1914 w Colombia and Ecuador

.

S. s. longipennis Chubb, C, 1921 e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Amazonian Brazil, e Peru and n Bolivia

.

Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) SA : n, c, sc

.

S. p. colombiana (Sharpe, 1888) n Colombia

.

S. p. whiteleyana (Sharpe, 1888) e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

S. p. plumbea (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) c and s Brazil, se Peru, n Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Tropeiro Seedeater Sporophila beltoni Repenning & Fontana, 2013 SA: s Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Paraná) NEW Tropeiro Seedeater is a newly described species, previously thought to be a bill color variant of Plumbeous Seedeater (Repenning & Fontana 2013, SACC 615)

.

Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina (Sclater, PL, 1860) LA : e Mexico to Peru AS Sporophila corvina is split from S. americana (Stiles 1996, Dickinson 2003, SACC 287, BLI 1.0)

.

S. c. corvina (Sclater, PL, 1860) e Mexico to w Panama

.

S. c. hoffmanni Cabanis, 1861 sw Costa Rica and sw Panama

.

S. c. hicksii (Lawrence, 1865) s and se Panama to nw Colombia

.

S. c. ophthalmica (Sclater, PL, 1860) sw Colombia to nw Peru

.

Grey Seedeater Sporophila intermedia Cabanis, 1851 SA : n

.

S. i. intermedia Cabanis, 1851 Trinidad, n Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil

.

S. i. bogotensis (Gilliard, 1946) w Colombia

.

Wing-barred Seedeater Sporophila americana (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n, w Amazonia

.

S. a. americana (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Tobago, ne Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

S. a. dispar Todd, 1922 nc Brazil

.

Caqueta Seedeater Sporophila murallae Chapman, 1915 SA : Colombia

.

White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola (Bonaparte, 1850) NA, MA : s Texas to Panama ENG Correct: English name of Sporophila torqueola is White-collared Seedeater (AOU 1998)

.

S. t. atriceps (Lawrence, 1867) s Baja California (nw Mexico), w Mexico

.

S. t. torqueola (Bonaparte, 1850) c and sw Mexico

.

S. t. sharpei Lawrence, 1889 s Texas (sc USA) and ne Mexico

.

S. t. morelleti (Bonaparte, 1850) se Mexico to n Panama

.

S. t. mutanda Griscom, 1930 sw Mexico to El Salvador

.

Rusty-collared Seedeater Sporophila collaris (Boddaert, 1783) SA : sc, se

.

S. c. ochrascens Hellmayr, 1904 Bolivia to sc Brazil

.

S. c. collaris (Boddaert, 1783) e Brazil

.

S. c. melanocephala (Vieillot, 1817) sw Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina, also se Brazil and Uruguay

.

Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides (Lesson, 1831) SA : n, Amazonia

.

S. b. restricta Todd, 1917 nc Colombia

.

S. b. bouvronides (Lesson, 1831) Trinidad and Tobago, ne Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas

.

Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : n, Amazonia, sc SA

.

Black-and-white Seedeater Sporophila luctuosa (Lafresnaye, 1843) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis (Vieillot, 1823) LA : Costa Rica to Bolivia

.

S. n. nigricollis (Vieillot, 1823) Trinidad, Tobago and s Lesser Antilles, Costa Rica to e Bolivia, Brazil and n Argentina

.

S. n. vivida Hellmayr, 1938 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

.

S. n. inconspicua von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906 w and c Peru

.

Dubois's Seedeater Sporophila ardesiaca (Dubois, AJC, 1894) SA : se Brazil AS Sporophila ardesiaca is recognized by H&M, BLI, SACC

.

Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens (Vieillot, 1823) SA : c, sc, se

.

S. c. caerulescens (Vieillot, 1823) e Bolivia and s Brazil to c Argentina

.

S. c. hellmayri Wolters, 1939 e Brazil

.

S. c. yungae Gyldenstolpe, 1941 c Bolivia

.

White-throated Seedeater Sporophila albogularis (von Spix, 1825) SA : e Brazil

.

White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera (Vieillot, 1817) SA : c, e, sc

.

S. l. mexianae Hellmayr, 1912 s Suriname and ne Brazil

.

S. l. cinereola (Temminck, 1820) e Brazil

.

S. l. leucoptera (Vieillot, 1817) c and s Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina

.

S. l. bicolor (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) se Peru and Bolivia

.

Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana (Lesson, 1842) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

S. p. devronis (Verreaux, J, 1852) w Ecuador and nw Peru

.

S. p. peruviana (Lesson, 1842) w Peru

.

Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex (Taczanowski, 1874) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

Black-and-tawny Seedeater Sporophila nigrorufa (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sw Brazil, Bolivia

.

Copper Seedeater Sporophila bouvreuil (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : e, se

.

S. b. bouvreuil (Statius Müller, 1776) s Suriname, e Brazil

.

S. b. saturata Hellmayr, 1904 São Paulo (se Brazil)

.

S. b. crypta Sick, 1968 Rio de Janeiro (se Brazil)

.

Pearly-bellied Seedeater Sporophila pileata (Sclater, PL, 1865) SA : ne Bolivia, c and s Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay AS Machado & Silveira 2011, SACC 502, 517

.

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : sw Mexico through n SA

.

S. m. parva (Lawrence, 1883) sw Mexico to Nicaragua

.

S. m. centralis Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918 sw Costa Rica and s Panama

.

S. m. minuta (Linnaeus, 1758) Trinidad and Tobago, n South America

.

Tawny-bellied Seedeater Sporophila hypoxantha Cabanis, 1851 SA : sc

.

Rufous-rumped Seedeater Sporophila hypochroma Todd, 1915 SA : sc

.

Dark-throated Seedeater Sporophila ruficollis Cabanis, 1851 SA : sc

.

Marsh Seedeater Sporophila palustris (Barrows, WB, 1883) SA : sc

.

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris Cabanis, 1849 SA : Amazonia

.

Chestnut Seedeater Sporophila cinnamomea (Lafresnaye, 1839) SA : sc

.

Black-bellied Seedeater Sporophila melanogaster (Pelzeln, 1870) SA : se Brazil

.

Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco (Lesson, 1828) SA : Ecuador to nw Chile

.

Oryzoborus Cabanis, 1851

.

Thick-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus funereus Sclater, PL, 1860 LA : se Mexico to w Ecuador AS Oryzoborus funereus specifically distinct from O. angolensis (AOU, SACC 82)

.

O. f. funereus Sclater, PL, 1860 se Mexico to n Nicaragua

.

O. f. salvini Ridgway, 1884 s Nicaragua, Costa Rica (except sw) and n Panama

.

O. f. ochrogyne (Olson, 1981) sw Costa Rica, s Panama to n and w Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

O. f. aethiops Sclater, PL, 1860 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

.

Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch Oryzoborus angolensis (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : n,e; Amazonia ENG Change  English name of Oryzoborus angolensis from Lesser Seed Finch to Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch with split of O.funereus

.

O. a. torridus (Scopoli, 1769) Trinidad and Tobago, e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, n and w Amazonia

.

O. a. angolensis (Linnaeus, 1766) n Bolivia to e Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Nicaraguan Seed Finch Oryzoborus nuttingi Ridgway, 1884 MA : Nicaragua to Panama

.

Large-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n and w SA

.

O. c. occidentalis Sclater, PL, 1860 w Colombia to sw Ecuador

.

O. c. crassirostris (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas south to ne Peru and w and n Brazil

.

Great-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus maximiliani Cabanis, 1851 SA : ne and e SA

.

O. m. magnirostris Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1950 Trinidad and e Venezuela; w Guyana and e French Guiana to n Brazil

.

O. m. maximiliani Cabanis, 1851 c and e Brazil

.

Black-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus atrirostris Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1878 SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

O. a. atrirostris Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1878 s Colombia to n Peru

.

O. a. gigantirostris Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 se Peru to n and e Bolivia

.

Melopyrrha Bonaparte, 1853

.

Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Cuba, Cayman Islands

.

M. n. nigra (Linnaeus, 1758) Cuba, Isle of Pines

.

M. n. taylori Hartert, 1896 Grand Cayman I.

.

Dolospingus Elliot, DG, 1871

.

White-naped Seedeater Dolospingus fringilloides (Pelzeln, 1870) SA : n, nw Amazonia

.

Catamenia Bonaparte, 1850

.

Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Colombia to n Chile

.

C. a. alpica Bangs, 1902 n Colombia

.

C. a. schistaceifrons Chapman, 1915 c and e Colombia

.

C. a. soderstromi Chapman, 1924 Ecuador

.

C. a. insignis Zimmer, JT, 1930 nc Peru

.

C. a. analoides (Lafresnaye, 1847) w Peru

.

C. a. griseiventris Chapman, 1919 sw Peru

.

C. a. analis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) n Chile, Bolivia and Argentina

.

Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata (Lafresnaye, 1847) SA : Venezuela to n Argentina

.

C. i. mucuchiesi Phelps & Gilliard, 1941 Merida (w Venezuela)

.

C. i. minor von Berlepsch, 1885 Tachira (w Venezuela) and Colombia to c Peru

.

C. i. inornata (Lafresnaye, 1847) s Peru to n Chile and nw Argentina

.

C. i. cordobensis Nores & Yzurieta, 1983 nc Argentina

.

Paramo Seedeater Catamenia homochroa Sclater, PL, 1859 SA : Tepuis, Venezuela to n Bolivia

.

C. h. oreophila Todd, 1913 n Colombia

.

C. h. homochroa Sclater, PL, 1859 n Colombia and nw Venezuela to nw Bolivia

.

C. h. duncani (Chubb, C, 1921) c and s Venezuela, n Brazil

.

Tiaris Swainson, 1827

.

Cuban Grassquit Tiaris canorus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : Cuba

.

Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, LA : Greater Antilles, e Mexico to nw South America

.

T. o. pusillus Swainson, 1827 e Mexico to Ecuador and Venezuela

.

T. o. intermedius (Ridgway, 1885) Cozumel I. (off se Mexico)

.

T. o. ravidus Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)

.

T. o. olivaceus (Linnaeus, 1766) Cuba, Isle of Pines, Cayman Is., Jamaica and Hispaniola

.

T. o. bryanti (Ridgway, 1898) Puerto Rico and nearby islands

.

Dull-colored Grassquit Tiaris obscurus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Venezuela to Argentina

.

T. o. haplochroma (Todd, 1912) n Colombia to n Venezuela

.

T. o. pauper (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) s Colombia to n Peru

.

T. o. obscurus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) c Peru to Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

T. o. pacificus (Koepcke, 1963) w Peru

.

Black-faced Grassquit Tiaris bicolor (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, SA : West Indies, n SA

.

T. b. bicolor (Linnaeus, 1766) Bahama Is., islands off n Cuba

.

T. b. marchii (Baird, SF, 1864) Jamaica and Hispaniola

.

T. b. omissus Jardine, 1847 Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles, n Colombia and n Venezuela

.

T. b. huilae Miller, AH, 1952 c Colombia

.

T. b. grandior (Cory, 1887) San Andrés Arch. (e of Nicaragua)

.

T. b. johnstonei (Lowe, 1906) La Blanquilla and Los Hermanos (off n Venezuela)

.

T. b. sharpei (Hartert, 1893) Netherland Antilles

.

T. b. tortugensis Cory, 1909 La Tortuga (off n Venezuela)

.

Sooty Grassquit Tiaris fuliginosus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) SA : n SA, e, sw Brazil

.

T. f. zuliae Aveledo & Ginés, 1948 nw Venezuela

.

T. f. fumosus (Lawrence, 1874) Trinidad, n and e Venezuela

.

T. f. fuliginosus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) ne and c Brazil, e Bolivia

.

Loxipasser Bryant, H, 1866

.

Yellow-shouldered Grassquit Loxipasser anoxanthus (Gosse, 1847) NA : Jamaica

.

Loxigilla Lesson, 1831

.

Puerto Rican Bullfinch Loxigilla portoricensis (Daudin, 1800) NA : Puerto Rico

.

L. p. portoricensis (Daudin, 1800) Puerto Rico

.

L. p. grandis Lawrence, 1881 St. Kitts (Lesser Antilles)

.

Greater Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla violacea (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Bahamas, Hispaniola

.

L. v. violacea (Linnaeus, 1758) n and c Bahama Is.

.

L. v. ofella Buden, 1986 c and e Caicos Is. (s Bahamas)

.

L. v. maurella Wetmore, 1929 Tortue I. (off nw Hispaniola)

.

L. v. affinis (Ridgway, 1898) Hispaniola and islands to the south

.

L. v. ruficollis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Jamaica

.

Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : Lesser Antilles

.

L. n. coryi (Ridgway, 1898) nw Lesser Antilles

.

L. n. ridgwayi (Cory, 1892) US Virgin Is., n Lesser Antilles

.

L. n. desiradensis Danforth, 1937 Desirade (nc Lesser Antilles)

.

L. n. dominicana (Ridgway, 1898) nc Lesser Antilles

.

L. n. noctis (Linnaeus, 1766) Martinique (sc Lesser Antilles)

.

L. n. sclateri Allen, JA, 1880 St. Lucia (sc Lesser Antilles)

.

L. n. crissalis (Ridgway, 1898) St. Vincent (s Lesser Antilles)

.

L. n. grenadensis (Cory, 1892) Grenada (s Lesser Antilles)

.

Barbados Bullfinch Loxigilla barbadensis Cory, 1886 NA : Barbados

.

Euneornis Fitzinger, 1856

.

Orangequit Euneornis campestris (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Jamaica

.

Melanospiza Ridgway, 1897

.

St. Lucia Black Finch Melanospiza richardsoni (Cory, 1886) NA : St. Lucia

.

Geospiza Gould, 1837

.

Large Ground Finch Geospiza magnirostris Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Medium Ground Finch Geospiza fortis Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Small Ground Finch Geospiza fuliginosa Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Sharp-beaked Ground Finch Geospiza difficilis Sharpe, 1888 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

G. d. acutirostris Ridgway, 1894 Genovesa (n Galapagos Is.)

.

G. d. septentrionalis Rothschild & Hartert, 1899 nw Galapagos Is.

.

G. d. difficilis Sharpe, 1888 Pinta (n Galapagos Is.)

.

G. d. debilirostris Ridgway, 1894 w and c Galapagos Is.

.

Common Cactus Finch Geospiza scandens (Gould, 1837) SA : Galápagos Islands

.

G. s. scandens (Gould, 1837) Santiago and Rábida (c Galapagos Is.)

.

G. s. intermedia Ridgway, 1894 w, c and s Galapagos Is.

.

G. s. abingdoni (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870) Pinta (n Galapagoa I.)

.

G. s. rothschildi Heller & Snodgrass, 1901 Marchena (n Galapagos I.)

.

Large Cactus Finch Geospiza conirostris Ridgway, 1890 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

G. c. darwini Rothschild & Hartert, 1899 nw Galapagos Is.

.

G. c. propinqua Ridgway, 1894 Genovesa (ne Galapagos I.)

.

G. c. conirostris Ridgway, 1890 Española (se Galapagos I.)

.

Platyspiza Ridgway, 1897 TAX Camarhynchus crassirostris is now assigned to Platyspiza (Burns et al. 2002, SACC)

.

Vegetarian Finch Platyspiza crassirostris (Gould, 1837) SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Camarhynchus Gould, 1837

.

Large Tree Finch Camarhynchus psittacula Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

C. p. habeli Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870 n Galapagos Is.

.

C. p. affinis Ridgway, 1894 w Galapagos Is.

.

C. p. psittacula Gould, 1837 c and s Galapagos Is.

.

Medium Tree Finch Camarhynchus pauper Ridgway, 1890 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Small Tree Finch Camarhynchus parvulus (Gould, 1837) SA : Galápagos Islands

.

C. p. parvulus (Gould, 1837) most Galapagos islands

.

C. p. salvini Ridgway, 1894 San Cristóbal (se Galapagos I.)

.

Woodpecker Finch Camarhynchus pallidus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870) SA : Galápagos Islands

.

C. p. pallidus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870) c and s Galapagos Is.

.

C. p. productus Ridgway, 1894 w Galapagos Is.

.

C. p. striatipecta (Swarth, 1931) San Cristóbal (se Galapagos I.)

.

Mangrove Finch Camarhynchus heliobates (Snodgrass & Heller, 1901) SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Certhidea Gould, 1837

.

Green Warbler-Finch Certhidea olivacea Gould, 1837 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Grey Warbler-Finch Certhidea fusca Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870 SA : Galápagos Islands AS Certhidea fusca is elevated to species status and split from C.olivacea (Tonnis et al. 2005; SACC 367)

.

C. f. becki Rothschild, 1898 nw Galapagos Is.

.

C. f. mentalis Ridgway, 1894 Genovesa (ne Galapagos I.)

.

C. f. fusca Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870 n Galapagos Is.

.

C. f. luteola Ridgway, 1894 San Cristóbal (se Galapagos I.)

.

C. f. bifasciata Ridgway, 1894 Santa Fe (c Galapagos I.)

.

C. f. cinerascens Ridgway, 1890 Española (se Galapagos I.)

.

C. f. ridgwayi Rothschild & Hartert, 1899 Floreana (s Galapagos I.)

.

Pinaroloxias Sharpe, 1885

.

Cocos Finch Pinaroloxias inornata (Gould, 1843) MA : Isla del Cocos

.

Nesospingus Sclater, PL, 1885

.

Puerto Rican Tanager Nesospingus speculiferus (Lawrence, 1875) NA : Puerto Rico

.

Phaenicophilus Strickland, 1851

.

Black-crowned Tanager Phaenicophilus palmarum (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : Hispaniola

.

Grey-crowned Tanager Phaenicophilus poliocephalus (Bonaparte, 1851) NA : Hispaniola

.

P. p. poliocephalus (Bonaparte, 1851) Hispaniola

.

P. p. coryi Richmond & Swales, 1924 Gonâve I (off wc Hispaniola)

.

Calyptophilus Cory, 1884

.

Western Chat-Tanager Calyptophilus tertius Wetmore, 1929 NA : Hispaniola

.

Eastern Chat-Tanager Calyptophilus frugivorus (Cory, 1883) NA : Hispaniola

.

C. f. frugivorus (Cory, 1883) n Dominican Republic

.

C. f. neibae Bond & Dod, 1977 c Dominican Republic

.

C. f. abbotti Richmond & Swales, 1924 Gonâve I (off wc Hispaniola)

.

Spindalis Jardine & Selby, 1837

.

Western Spindalis Spindalis zena (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Cozumel Island

.

S. z. townsendi Ridgway, 1887 n Bahama Is.

.

S. z. zena (Linnaeus, 1758) c and s Bahama Is.

.

S. z. pretrei (Lesson, 1831) Cuba and Isle of Pines

.

S. z. salvini Cory, 1886 Grand Cayman I.

.

S. z. benedicti Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel I. (off se Mexico)

.

Hispaniolan Spindalis Spindalis dominicensis (Bryant, H, 1867) NA : Hispaniola

.

Puerto Rican Spindalis Spindalis portoricensis (Bryant, H, 1866) NA : Puerto Rico

.

Jamaican Spindalis Spindalis nigricephala (Jameson, 1835) NA : Jamaica

.

Rhodinocichla Hartlaub, 1853

.

Rosy Thrush-Tanager Rhodinocichla rosea (Lesson, 1832) LA : w Mexico to Venezuela

.

R. r. schistacea Ridgway, 1878 w Mexico

.

R. r. eximia Ridgway, 1902 w Costa Rica to c Panama

.

R. r. harterti Hellmayr, 1918 n and nc Colombia

.

R. r. beebei Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949 Perijá Mts. (extreme n Colombia and nw Venezuela)

.

R. r. rosea (Lesson, 1832) nw to n Venezuela

.

Catamblyrhynchus Lafresnaye, 1842

.

Plushcap Catamblyrhynchus diadema Lafresnaye, 1842 SA : Venezuela to nw Argentina

.

C. d. federalis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 n Venezuela

.

C. d. diadema Lafresnaye, 1842 n Colombia and nw Venezuela to s Ecuador

.

C. d. citrinifrons von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina