"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Dapple-throats, sugarbirds, fairy-bluebirds, kinglets, hyliotas, wrens & gnatcatchers

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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3 Dapple-throat and allies Family Arcanatoridae TAX Promeropidae and Arcanatoridae are basal branches that each go further back in time than almost any other extant lineage in the Passerida. Best to treat them as two families pending evidence of their sister relationship (Johansson et al 2008a Fjeldså, July 2012)

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Modulatrix Ripley, 1952

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Spot-throat Modulatrix stictigula (Reichenow, 1906) AF : Tanzania, Malawi

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M. s. pressa (Bangs & Loveridge, 1931) e and s Tanzania, n Malawi

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M. s. stictigula (Reichenow, 1906) ne Tanzania

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Arcanator Irwin & Clancey, 1986 TAX, PHY Separate Dapple-throat from Modulatrix to Arcanator, which is sister to Kakamega (Collar & Robson 2007, Johansson et al 2008a)

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Dapple-throat Arcanator orostruthus (Vincent, 1933) AF : Tanzania, Mozambique ENG Change (2.6) English name of Arcanator orostruthus to Dapple-throat used in HBW 12

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A. o. amani (Sclater, WL & Moreau, 1935) ne Tanzania

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A. o. orostruthus (Vincent, 1933) n Mozambique

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A. o. sanjei (Jensen & Stuart, 1982) s Tanzania

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Kakamega Mann, CF, Burton, PJK & Lennerstedt, 1978 PHY,SEQ Kakamega is not a babbler (Cibois et al 2003); is sister to Arcanator (Johansson et al 2008a)

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Grey-chested Babbler Kakamega poliothorax (Reichenow, 1900) AF : c

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2 Sugarbirds Family Promeropidae

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Promerops Brisson, 1760

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Cape Sugarbird Promerops cafer (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : South Africa

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Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi Verreaux, J, 1871 AF : se

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P. g. ardens Friedmann, 1952 Zimbabwe and w Mozambique

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P. g. gurneyi Verreaux, J, 1871 n and e South Africa

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2 Fairy-bluebirds Family Irenidae

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Irena Horsfield, 1821

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Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella (Latham, 1790) OR : widespread

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I. p. puella (Latham, 1790) India and e Nepal to Indochina

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I. p. andamanica Abdulali, 1964 Andaman and Nicobar Is.

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I. p. malayensis Moore, F, 1854 Malay Pen.

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I. p. crinigera Sharpe, 1877 Sumatra, Borneo and nearby islands

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I. p. turcosa Walden, 1870 Java

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I. p. tweeddalii Sharpe, 1877 w Philippines

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Philippine Fairy-bluebird Irena cyanogastra Vigors, 1831 OR : Philippines

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I. c. cyanogastra Vigors, 1831 Luzon, Polillo and Catanduanes

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I. c. ellae Steere, 1890 Bohol, Leyte and Samar

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I. c. hoogstraali Rand, 1948 Mindanao and Dinagat

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I. c. melanochlamys Sharpe, 1877 Basilan

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6 Goldcrests, Kinglets Family Regulidae

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Regulus Cuvier, 1800

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Common Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla (Temminck, 1820) EU : w ENG Change  English name of Regulus ignicapilla to Common Firecrest; adjective required with change to Madeira Firecrest

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R. i. ignicapilla (Temminck, 1820) w, c and s Europe, Asia Minor

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R. i. caucasicus Stepanyan, 1998 w Caucasus

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R. i. tauricus Red'kin, 2001 Crimea

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R. i. balearicus von Jordans, 1923 Balearic Is., nw Africa

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Flamecrest Regulus goodfellowi Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 OR : Taiwan

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Goldcrest Regulus regulus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

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R. r. regulus (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe and w Siberia

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R. r. teneriffae Seebohm, 1883 La Gomera and Tenerife (wc Canary Is.)

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R. r. ellenthalerae Päckert, Dietzen, Martens, J, Wink & Kvist, 2006 La Palma and El Hierro (w Canary Is.)

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R. r. azoricus Seebohm, 1883 São Miguel (e Azores)

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R. r. sanctaemariae Vaurie, 1954 Santa Maria (se Azores)

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R. r. inermis Murphy & Chapin, 1929 w and c Azores

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R. r. buturlini Loudon, 1911 Crimea, Asia Minor and the Caucasus area

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R. r. hyrcanus Zarudny, 1910 n Iran

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R. r. coatsi Sushkin, 1904 sc Siberia

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R. r. tristis Pleske, 1892 Tien Shan Mts. (c Asia)

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R. r. himalayensis Bonaparte, 1856 e Afghanistan to w Himalayas

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R. r. sikkimensis Meinertzhagen, R & Meinertzhagen, A, 1926 e Himalayas to nc China

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R. r. yunnanensis Rippon, 1906 c and sc China, ne Burma

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R. r. japonensis Blakiston, 1862 se Siberia, ne China, Korea and Japan

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Madeira Firecrest Regulus madeirensis Harcourt, 1851 EU : Madeira ENG Change  English name of Regulus madeirae to Madeira Firecrest as recommended (Clarke 2006, N. Redman)

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Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 NA, MA : widespread

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R. s. olivaceus Baird, SF, 1864 extreme se Alaska and sw Canada to Oregon (nw USA)

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R. s. apache Jenks, 1936 Interior Alaska through wc Canada and wc USA to n Mexico

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R. s. satrapa Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 c and e Canada, ne USA

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R. s. aztecus Lawrence, 1887 c Mexico

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R. s. clarus Dearborn, 1907 s Mexico and Guatemala

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Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : widespread

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R. c. grinnelli Palmer, W, 1897 Alaska, sw Canada and nw USA

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R. c. calendula (Linnaeus, 1766) c and e Canada, sw, wc and e USA

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R. c. obscurus Ridgway, 1876 Guadalupe I. (off nw Mexico)

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1 Elachuras Family Elachuridae

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Elachura Oates, 1889

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Spotted Elachura Elachura formosa (Walden, 1874) OR : Himalayas to se China and c Vietnam PHY, TAX, SEQ, ENG Spotted Wren-Babbler is a relict lineage of passerine birds not related to babblers (Alström et al 2014). Assigned to a new monotypic family Elachuridae, genus Elachura

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4 Hyliotas Family Hyliotidae PHY Move Hyliotas from the Sylviidae to their own family Hyliotidae, a basal lineage of the Passerida without known modern relatives (Fuchs et al 2006; TOL)

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Hyliota Swainson, 1837

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Yellow-bellied Hyliota Hyliota flavigaster Swainson, 1837 AF : widespread

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H. f. flavigaster Swainson, 1837 Senegal and Gambia to Sierra Leone and east to Ethiopia and Kenya

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H. f. barbozae Hartlaub, 1883 Gabon and Angola to Tanzania and Mozambique

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Southern Hyliota Hyliota australis Shelley, 1882 AF : sc

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H. a. slatini Sassi, 1914 ne DR Congo, w Uganda and w Kenya PS Distinct calls suggest that ssp slatini may be a cryptic species (N. Borrow comment)

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H. a. inornata Vincent, 1933 Angola and s DR Congo to nw Mozambique and nw Zimbabwe

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H. a. australis Shelley, 1882 c Zimbabwe, c and s Mozambique and ne South Africa

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Usambara Hyliota Hyliota usambara Sclater, WL, 1932 AF : c, e

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Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : c

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H. v. nehrkorni Hartlaub, 1892 Sierra Leone to sw Nigeria

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H. v. violacea Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 se Nigeria and w Cameroon to e DR Congo and Rwanda

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84 Wrens Family Troglodytidae

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Campylorhynchus von Spix, 1824

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White-headed Wren Campylorhynchus albobrunneus (Lawrence, 1862) LA : Panama, Colombia

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C. a. albobrunneus (Lawrence, 1862) c and e Panama

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C. a. harterti (von Berlepsch, 1907) extreme e Panama and w Colombia

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Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus (Lesson, 1832) LA : Mexico to Ecuador

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C. z. zonatus (Lesson, 1832) ec Mexico

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C. z. restrictus (Nelson, 1901) Veracruz and Oaxaca (s Mexico), Guatemala and Belize

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C. z. vulcanius (Brodkorb, 1940) Chiapas (s Mexico) to Nicaragua

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C. z. costaricensis von Berlepsch, 1888 e Costa Rica to w Panama

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C. z. panamensis (Griscom, 1927) wc Panama

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C. z. brevirostris Lafresnaye, 1845 nw Colombia to nw Ecuador

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C. z. curvirostris Ridgway, 1888 Santa Marta Mts. (n Colombia)

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C. z. imparilis Borrero & Hernández-Camacho, 1958 lowlands of n Colombia

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Grey-barred Wren Campylorhynchus megalopterus Lafresnaye, 1845 MA : Mexico

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C. m. megalopterus Lafresnaye, 1845 c Mexico

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C. m. nelsoni Ridgway, 1903 sc Mexico

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Stripe-backed Wren Campylorhynchus nuchalis Cabanis, 1847 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

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C. n. pardus Sclater, PL, 1858 n Colombia

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C. n. brevipennis Lawrence, 1866 n Venezuela

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C. n. nuchalis Cabanis, 1847 c and e Venezuela

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Fasciated Wren Campylorhynchus fasciatus (Swainson, 1838) SA : Ecuador, Peru

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C. f. pallescens Lafresnaye, 1846 sw Ecuador and nw Peru

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C. f. fasciatus (Swainson, 1838) w Peru

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Giant Wren Campylorhynchus chiapensis Salvin & Godman, 1891 MA : Mexico

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Bicolored Wren Campylorhynchus griseus (Swainson, 1838) SA : n

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C. g. albicilius (Bonaparte, 1854) n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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C. g. bicolor (Pelzeln, 1875) w Colombia

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C. g. zimmeri Borrero & Hernández-Camacho, 1958 c Colombia

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C. g. minor (Cabanis, 1850) e Colombia and n Venezuela

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C. g. pallidus Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1947 s Venezuela

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C. g. griseus (Swainson, 1838) e Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil

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Rufous-naped Wren Campylorhynchus rufinucha (Lesson, 1838) MA : c Veracruz, Mexico

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Sclater's Wren Campylorhynchus humilis Sclater, PL, 1857 MA : sw Mexico AS ADD Sclater's Wren is split from Rufous-naped Wren (Vázquez-Miranda et al 2009)

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Rufous-backed Wren Campylorhynchus capistratus (Lesson, 1842) MA : sw Mexico to nw Costa Rica AS ADD Rufous-backed Wren is split from Rufous-naped Wren (Vázquez-Miranda et al 2009)

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C. c. nigricaudatus (Nelson, 1897) sw Mexico

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C. c. capistratus (Lesson, 1842) El Salvador to n Costa Rica

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C. c. xerophilus (Griscom, 1930) Motagua Valley (Guatemala)

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C. c. castaneus Ridgway, 1888 Guatemala to Honduras

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C. c. nicaraguae (Miller, W & Griscom, 1925) Nicaragua

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C. c. nicoyae Phillips, AR, 1986 Nicoya Pen. (nw Costa Rica)

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Spotted Wren Campylorhynchus gularis Sclater, PL, 1861 MA : Mexico

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Boucard's Wren Campylorhynchus jocosus Sclater, PL, 1860 MA : Mexico

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Yucatan Wren Campylorhynchus yucatanicus (Hellmayr, 1934) MA : Mexico

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Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus (Lafresnaye, 1835) NA, MA : sw USA, Mexico

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C. b. sandiegensis Rea, 1986 sw California (sw USA) and nw Baja California (nw Mexico)

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C. b. bryanti (Anthony, 1894) n Baja California (nw Mexico)

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C. b. affinis Xántus de Vésey, 1860 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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C. b. seri (van Rossem, 1932) Tiburón I. (Gulf of California)

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C. b. couesi Sharpe, 1882 inland sw and sc USA and n Mexico

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C. b. brunneicapillus (Lafresnaye, 1835) Sonora to Sinaloa (nw Mexico)

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C. b. guttatus (Gould, 1837) c Mexico

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Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) SA : Amazonia TAX Proposed subspecies aenigmaticus often included in this species, is treated as a likely hybrid form following HBW 10 and Ridgely & Tudor.

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C. t. hypostictus Gould, 1855 nw and w Amazonia

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C. t. turdinus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) ec Brazil

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C. t. unicolor Lafresnaye, 1846 n Bolivia, sw Brazil, Paraguay and extreme n Argentina

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Odontorchilus Richmond, 1915

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Grey-mantled Wren Odontorchilus branickii (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) SA : Colombia to Bolivia

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O. b. branickii (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) s Colombia and e Ecuador to w Bolivia

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O. b. minor (Hartert, 1900) sw Colombia and nw Ecuador

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Tooth-billed Wren Odontorchilus cinereus (Pelzeln, 1868) SA : sw Amazonia

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Salpinctes Cabanis, 1847

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Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus (Say, 1822) NA, MA : sw Canada to Costa Rica

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S. o. obsoletus (Say, 1822) sw Canada to c Mexico

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S. o. pulverius Grinnell, 1898 San Clemente and San Nicolas Is. (off sw USA)

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S. o. proximus Swarth, 1914 San Martin I. (off nw Mexico)

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S. o. tenuirostris van Rossem, 1943 San Benito I. (off nw Mexico)

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S. o. guadeloupensis Ridgway, 1876 Guadeloupe I. (off nw Mexico)

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S. o. exsul Ridgway, 1903 San Benedicto I. (off wc Mexico)

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S. o. neglectus Nelson, 1897 s Mexico to c Honduras

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S. o. guttatus Salvin & Godman, 1891 El Salvador

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S. o. fasciatus Salvin & Godman, 1891 nw Nicaragua

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S. o. costaricensis van Rossem, 1941 nw Costa Rica

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Catherpes Baird, SF, 1858

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Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus (Swainson, 1829) NA, MA : sw Canada to s Mexico

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C. m. griseus Aldrich, 1946 sw Canada and nw USA

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C. m. pallidior Phillips, AR, 1986 nc and wc USA

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C. m. conspersus Ridgway, 1873 sw USA and nw Mexico

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C. m. punctulatus Ridgway, 1882 ec California (w USA)

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C. m. croizati Phillips, AR, 1986 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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C. m. mexicanus (Swainson, 1829) c and s Mexico

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C. m. meliphonus Oberholser, 1930 nw Mexico

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C. m. cantator Phillips, AR, 1966 sw Mexico

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Hylorchilus Nelson, 1897

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Sumichrast's Wren Hylorchilus sumichrasti (Lawrence, 1871) MA : Mexico

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Nava's Wren Hylorchilus navai Crossin & Ely, 1973 MA : Mexico

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Cinnycerthia Lesson, 1844

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Rufous Wren Cinnycerthia unirufa (Lafresnaye, 1840) SA : Venezuela and Colombia to Peru

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C. u. unirufa (Lafresnaye, 1840) ne Colombia and sw Venezuela

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C. u. chakei Aveledo & Ginés, 1952 nw Venezuela

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C. u. unibrunnea (Lafresnaye, 1853) c Colombia to n Peru

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Sepia-brown Wren Cinnycerthia olivascens Sharpe, 1882 SA : Colombia to Peru

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C. o. bogotensis (Matschie, 1885) nc Colombia

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C. o. olivascens Sharpe, 1882 w Colombia to n Peru

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Peruvian Wren Cinnycerthia peruana (Cabanis, 1873) SA : Peru

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Fulvous Wren Cinnycerthia fulva (Sclater, PL, 1874) SA : Peru, Bolivia

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C. f. fitzpatricki Remsen & Brumfield, 1998 Cordillera de Vilcabamba (sc Peru)

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C. f. fulva (Sclater, PL, 1874) Cusco area (sc Peru)

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C. f. gravesi Remsen & Brumfield, 1998 s Peru to c Bolivia

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Cistothorus Cabanis, 1850

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Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis (Latham, 1790) NA, LA : widespread

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C. p. stellaris (Naumann, JF, 1823) sc and se Canada and ne USA

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C. p. tinnulus Moore, RT, 1941 w Mexico

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C. p. potosinus Dickerman, 1975 San Luis Potosi (c Mexico)

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C. p. jalapensis Dickerman, 1975 c Veracruz (e Mexico)

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C. p. warneri Dickerman, 1975 lowlands of Veracruz, Tabasco and Chiapas (se Mexico)

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C. p. russelli Dickerman, 1975 Belize

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C. p. elegans Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1859 s Mexico and Guatemala

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C. p. graberi Dickerman, 1975 se Honduras and ne Nicaragua

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C. p. lucidus Ridgway, 1903 Costa Rica and w Panama

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C. p. alticola Salvin & Godman, 1883 n Colombia through Venezuela to w Guyana

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C. p. aequatorialis Lawrence, 1871 wc Colombia to c Peru SSP Includes tolimae and tamae. Dickinson, 2003.

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C. p. graminicola Taczanowski, 1874 sc Peru

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C. p. minimus Carriker, 1935 s Peru to s Bolivia SSP Includes boliviae. HBW 10, p. 412

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C. p. polyglottus (Vieillot, 1819) se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

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C. p. tucumanus Hartert, 1909 s Bolivia and nw Argentina

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C. p. platensis (Latham, 1790) c and e Argentina

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C. p. hornensis (Lesson, 1834) c and s Chile, s Argentina

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C. p. falklandicus Chapman, 1934 Falkland Is.

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Merida Wren Cistothorus meridae Hellmayr, 1907 SA : Venezuela

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Apolinar's Wren Cistothorus apolinari Chapman, 1914 SA : Colombia

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C. a. apolinari Chapman, 1914 Andes north of Bogota

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C. a. hernandezi Stiles & Caycedo, 2002 Andes south of Bogota

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Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris (Wilson, A, 1810) NA : widespread, also Mexico

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C. p. browningi Rea, 1986 sw British Colombia (extreme sw Canada) to c Washington (nw USA)

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C. p. paludicola Baird, SF, 1864 sw Washington and nw Oregon (nw USA)

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C. p. clarkae Unitt, Messer & Théry, 1996 sw California (sw USA)

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C. p. pulverius (Aldrich, 1946) inland sw Canada and inland w USA

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C. p. plesius Oberholser, 1897 wc USA

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C. p. laingi (Harper, 1926) sc Canada and nc USA

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C. p. iliacus (Ridgway, 1903) c Canada and c USA

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C. p. aestuarinus (Swarth, 1917) c California (w USA)

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C. p. deserticola Rea, 1986 se California (sw USA)

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C. p. dissaeptus Bangs, 1902 se Canada and ne USA

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C. p. palustris (Wilson, A, 1810) coastal e USA

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C. p. waynei (Dingle & Sprunt Jr, 1932) Virginia and North Carolina (se USA)

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C. p. griseus Brewster, 1893 South Carolina to Florida (se USA)

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C. p. marianae Scott, 1888 Gulf of Mexico coast (se USA)

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C. p. tolucensis (Nelson, 1904) c Mexico

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Thryomanes Sclater, PL, 1862

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Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii (Audubon, 1827) NA : widespread, also Mexico

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T. b. calophonus Oberholser, 1898 sw Canada and nw USA

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T. b. drymoecus Oberholser, 1898 w USA

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T. b. atrestus Oberholser, 1932 sc Oregon, ne California and wc Nevada (inland w USA)

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T. b. marinensis Grinnell, 1910 coastal nw California (w USA)

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T. b. spilurus (Vigors, 1839) coastal c California (w USA)

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T. b. leucophrys (Anthony, 1895) San Clemente I. (off sw USA)

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T. b. charienturus Oberholser, 1898 s California (sw USA) and nw Baja California (nw Mexico)

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T. b. cerroensis (Anthony, 1897) wc Baja California (nw Mexico)

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T. b. magdalenensis Huey, 1942 sw Baja California (nw Mexico)

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T. b. brevicauda Ridgway, 1876 Guadeloupe I. (off nw Mexico)

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T. b. eremophilus Oberholser, 1898 interior sw USA to c Mexico

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T. b. cryptus Oberholser, 1898 w Kansas, w Oklahoma and c and e Texas (sc USA) and ne Mexico

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T. b. pulichi (Phillips, AR, 1986) e Kansas and Oklahoma (c USA)

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T. b. sadai (Phillips, AR, 1986) s Texas 9s USA) to c Tamaulipas (ne Mexico)

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T. b. murinus (Hartlaub, 1852) c Mexico

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T. b. mexicanus (Deppe, 1830) s Mexico

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T. b. bewickii (Audubon, 1827) Nebraska and e Kansas to Mississippi (c USA)

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T. b. altus Aldrich, 1944 ec USA

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Ferminia Barbour, 1926

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Zapata Wren Ferminia cerverai Barbour, 1926 NA : Cuba

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Pheugopedius Cabanis, 1850

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Black-throated Wren Pheugopedius atrogularis (Salvin, 1865) MA : Nicaragua to Panama

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Sooty-headed Wren Pheugopedius spadix Bangs, 1910 LA : Panama, Colombia

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Black-bellied Wren Pheugopedius fasciatoventris (Lafresnaye, 1845) LA : Costa Rica to Colombia

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P. f. melanogaster (Sharpe, 1882) se Costa Rica and w Panama

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P. f. albigularis (Sclater, PL, 1855) c Panama to nw Colombia

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P. f. fasciatoventris (Lafresnaye, 1845) n and nc Colombia

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Plain-tailed Wren Pheugopedius euophrys (Sclater, PL, 1860) SA : Colombia to Peru

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P. e. euophrys (Sclater, PL, 1860) sw Colombia and w Ecuador

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P. e. longipes (Allen, JA, 1889) ec Ecuador

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P. e. atriceps Chapman, 1924 nw Peru

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P. e. schulenbergi (Parker, TA & O'Neill, 1985) n Peru

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Inca Wren Pheugopedius eisenmanni (Parker, TA & O'Neill, 1985) SA : Peru

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Moustached Wren Pheugopedius genibarbis (Swainson, 1838) SA : Amazonia

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P. g. juruanus (von Ihering, H, 1905) e Peru, w Brazil and nw Bolivia

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P. g. genibarbis (Swainson, 1838) c and e Brazil

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P. g. intercedens (Hellmayr, 1908) sw and sc Brazil

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P. g. bolivianus Todd, 1913 n and e Bolivia

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Whiskered Wren Pheugopedius mystacalis (Sclater, PL, 1860) SA : nw

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P. m. consobrinus (Madarász, 1904) nw Venezuela

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P. m. ruficaudatus (von Berlepsch, 1883) n Venezuela

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P. m. tachirensis (Phelps & Gilliard, 1941) sw Venezuela

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P. m. saltuensis Bangs, 1910 w Colombia

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P. m. yananchae (Meyer de Schauensee, 1951) sw Colombia

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P. m. mystacalis (Sclater, PL, 1860) s Colombia and w Ecuador

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P. m. macrurus (Allen, JA, 1889) wc Colombia

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P. m. amaurogaster Chapman, 1914 c Colombia

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Coraya Wren Pheugopedius coraya (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n, c Amazonia

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P. c. obscurus (Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1947) e Venezuela

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P. c. caurensis (von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902) e Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil

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P. c. barrowcloughianus (Aveledo & Perez, 1994) se Venezuela

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P. c. ridgwayi (von Berlepsch, 1889) ne and e Venezuela and w Guyana

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P. c. coraya (Gmelin, JF, 1789) the Guianas and n Brazil

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P. c. herberti (Ridgway, 1888) ne Brazil south of the Amazon

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P. c. griseipectus (Sharpe, 1882) e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil

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P. c. amazonicus (Sharpe, 1882) e Peru

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P. c. albiventris (Taczanowski, 1882) n Peru

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P. c. cantator (Taczanowski, 1874) c Peru

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Happy Wren Pheugopedius felix (Sclater, PL, 1860) MA : Mexico

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P. f. sonorae van Rossem, 1930 nw Mexico

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P. f. pallidus (Nelson, 1899) w Mexico

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P. f. lawrencii (Ridgway, 1878) Maria Madre I. (off w Mexico)

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P. f. magdalenae (Nelson, 1898) Maria Magdalena I. (off w Mexico)

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P. f. grandis (Nelson, 1900) sc Mexico

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P. f. felix (Sclater, PL, 1860) sw Mexico

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Spot-breasted Wren Pheugopedius maculipectus (Lafresnaye, 1845) MA : widespread

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P. m. microstictus Griscom, 1930 ne Mexico

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P. m. maculipectus (Lafresnaye, 1845) e Mexico

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P. m. canobrunneus (Ridgway, 1887) se Mexico, n Belize and n Guatemala

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P. m. umbrinus (Ridgway, 1887) s Mexico, s Belize to El Salvador

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P. m. petersi Griscom, 1930 n Honduras to n Costa Rica

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Rufous-breasted Wren Pheugopedius rutilus (Vieillot, 1819) LA : Costa Rica to Colombia and Venezuela

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P. r. hyperythrus (Salvin & Godman, 1880) Costa Rica and Panama

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P. r. tobagensis Hellmayr, 1921 Tobago

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P. r. rutilus (Vieillot, 1819) Trinidad, n and w Venezuela

.

P. r. intensus Todd, 1932 Tachira (extreme w Venezuela)

.

P. r. laetus (Bangs, 1898) n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

P. r. interior Todd, 1932 c Colombia

.

P. r. hypospodius (Salvin & Godman, 1880) nc Colombia

.

Speckle-breasted Wren Pheugopedius sclateri (Taczanowski, 1879) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

P. s. columbianus Chapman, 1924 w Colombia

.

P. s. paucimaculatus (Sharpe, 1882) w Ecuador

.

P. s. sclateri (Taczanowski, 1879) s Ecuador and n Peru

.

Thryophilus Baird, SF, 1864

.

Banded Wren Thryophilus pleurostictus (Sclater, PL, 1860) MA : widespread

.

T. p. nisorius (Sclater, PL, 1870) sc Mexico

.

T. p. oaxacae (Brodkorb, 1942) Guerrero and Oaxaca (s Mexico)

.

T. p. acaciarum (Brodkorb, 1942) Chiapas (s Mexico)

.

T. p. oblitus (van Rossem, 1934) se Chiapas (s Mexico) to w El Salvador

.

T. p. pleurostictus (Sclater, PL, 1860) Guatemala

.

T. p. lateralis Dickey & van Rossem, 1927 c and e El Salvador and nw Honduras

.

T. p. ravus Ridgway, 1903 Nicaragua and n Costa Rica

.

Rufous-and-white Wren Thryophilus rufalbus (Lafresnaye, 1845) LA : Mexico to Colombia and Venezuela

.

T. r. rufalbus (Lafresnaye, 1845) s Mexico, Guatemala and El salvador

.

T. r. sylvus (Phillips, AR, 1986) Caribbean slope of e Guatemala and n Honduras

.

T. r. castanonotus Ridgway, 1888 Pacific slope of Nicaragua to w Panama

.

T. r. cumanensis (Cabanis, 1861) n Colombia and n Venezuela

.

T. r. minlosi von Berlepsch, 1884 e Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

Antioquia Wren Thryophilus sernai Lara et al, 2012 SA : nw Colombia NEW Antioquia Wren is a newly described species (Lara et al 2012, SACC 562). Revision of T. rufalbus complex needed

.

Niceforo's Wren Thryophilus nicefori (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946) SA : Colombia

.

Sinaloa Wren Thryophilus sinaloa Baird, SF, 1864 MA : Mexico

.

T. s. cinereus Brewster, 1889 nw Mexico

.

T. s. sinaloa Baird, SF, 1864 wc Mexico

.

T. s. russeus Nelson, 1903 sw Mexico

.

Cantorchilus Mann, NI, Barker, Graves, JA, Dingess-Mann & Slater, PJB, 2006

.

Plain Wren Cantorchilus modestus (Cabanis, 1861) MA : s Mexico to w Panama

.

C. m. modestus (Cabanis, 1861) s Mexico to Costa Rica

.

C. m. zeledoni (Ridgway, 1878) e Nicaragua, e Costa Rica and nw Panama PS Distinct Plain Wren subspecies zeledoni is potentially a separate species, Canebrake Wren (IBC, Stiles et al 1989, Ridgely & Gwynne 1989, AOU 1998)

.

C. m. elutus (Bangs, 1902) sw Costa Rica and w Panama

.

Buff-breasted Wren Cantorchilus leucotis (Lafresnaye, 1845) LA : Panama through Amazonia

.

C. l. galbraithii (Lawrence, 1861) e Panama and nw Colombia

.

C. l. conditus (Bangs, 1903) Coiba I. and Pearl Is. (off s Panama)

.

C. l. leucotis (Lafresnaye, 1845) Sinu River to Santa Marta (nw and n Colombia)

.

C. l. collinus (Wetmore, 1946) n Guajira (n Colombia)

.

C. l. venezuelanus (Cabanis, 1850) e Santa Marta and plains of Guajira (n Colombia) and nw Venezuela

.

C. l. zuliensis (Hellmayr, 1934) ne Colombia and w Venezuela

.

C. l. hypoleucus (von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1901) nc Venezuela

.

C. l. bogotensis (Hellmayr, 1901) e Colombia to c Venezuela

.

C. l. albipectus (Cabanis, 1849) ne Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil

.

C. l. peruanus (Hellmayr, 1921) e Ecuador and s Colombia to e Peru, w Brazil and nw Bolivia

.

C. l. rufiventris (Sclater, PL, 1870) c Brazil to e Paragauy

.

Superciliated Wren Cantorchilus superciliaris (Lawrence, 1869) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

C. s. superciliaris (Lawrence, 1869) w Ecuador

.

C. s. baroni (Hellmayr, 1902) s Ecuador and w Peru

.

Fawn-breasted Wren Cantorchilus guarayanus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Bolivia, sw Brazil

.

Long-billed Wren Cantorchilus longirostris (Vieillot, 1819) SA : e Brazil

.

C. l. bahiae (Hellmayr, 1903) ne Brazil

.

C. l. longirostris (Vieillot, 1819) e Brazil

.

Grey Wren Cantorchilus griseus (Todd, 1925) SA : w Brazil

.

Riverside Wren Cantorchilus semibadius (Salvin, 1870) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Bay Wren Cantorchilus nigricapillus (Sclater, PL, 1860) LA : Nicaragua to Ecuador

.

C. n. costaricensis (Sharpe, 1882) se Nicaragua to w Panama

.

C. n. castaneus (Lawrence, 1861) c Panama

.

C. n. odicus (Wetmore, 1959) Escudo de Veraguas I. (off nw Panama)

.

C. n. reditus (Griscom, 1932) ne Panama

.

C. n. schottii (Baird, SF, 1864) Darién (e Panama) and nw Colombia

.

C. n. connectens (Chapman, 1912) sw Colombia

.

C. n. nigricapillus (Sclater, PL, 1860) w Ecuador

.

Stripe-breasted Wren Cantorchilus thoracicus (Salvin, 1865) MA : Nicaragua to Panama

.

Stripe-throated Wren Cantorchilus leucopogon (Salvadori & Festa, 1899) LA : Panama to Ecuador

.

C. l. grisescens (Griscom, 1932) ne Panama and n Colombia

.

C. l. leucopogon (Salvadori & Festa, 1899) se Panama, w Colombia and nw Ecuador

.

Thryothorus Vieillot, 1816

.

Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus (Latham, 1790) NA, MA : se Canada and e USA to Guatemala and Nicaragua PS Status of ssp albinucha and subfulvus, White-browed Wren [IBC] or Cabot's Wren [AOU 1998] uncertain

.

T. l. ludovicianus (Latham, 1790) se Canada and e USA

.

T. l. miamensis Ridgway, 1875 Florida (se USA)

.

T. l. nesophilus Stevenson, HM, 1973 Dog I. (off nw Florida)

.

T. l. burleighi Lowery, 1940 islands off the Mississippi coast (sc USA)

.

T. l. lomitensis Sennett, 1890 Texas (sc USA) and n Tamaulipas (ne Mexico)

.

T. l. oberholseri Lowery, 1940 sw Texas (sc USA) and n Mexico

.

T. l. berlandieri Baird, SF, 1858 e Coahuila, Nuevo León and sw Tamaulipas (nc and ne Mexico)

.

T. l. tropicalis Lowery & Newman, RJ, 1949 e San Luis Potosi and s Tamaulipas (ec Mexico

.

T. l. albinucha (Cabot, S, 1847) se Mexico, n Belize and n Guatemala

.

T. l. subfulvus Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 Guatemala and Nicaragua

.

Troglodytes Vieillot, 1809

.

Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread ENG Change English name to Eurasian Wren follows split of North American "Winter Wrens"'; BOU choice?

.

T. t. islandicus Hartert, 1907 Iceland

.

T. t. borealis Fischer, JCH, 1861 Faroe Is.

.

T. t. zetlandicus Hartert, 1910 Shetland Is.

.

T. t. fridariensis Williamson, 1951 Fair I. (s of the Shetland Is.)

.

T. t. hirtensis Seebohm, 1884 St Kilda I. (Outer Hebrides off w Scotland)

.

T. t. hebridensis Meinertzhagen, R, 1924 Outer Hebrides except St. Kilda (off w Scotland)

.

T. t. indigenus Clancey, 1937 Ireland and Britain

.

T. t. troglodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) most of mainland Europe

.

T. t. kabylorum Hartert, 1910 nw Africa, Balearic Is. and s Spain

.

T. t. koenigi Schiebel, 1910 Corsica and Sardinia

.

T. t. juniperi Hartert, 1922 ne Libya

.

T. t. cypriotes (Bate, 1903) Cyprus, w and s Turkey to n Israel

.

T. t. hyrcanus Zarudny & Loudon, 1905 Crimea, n Turkey, Caucasus and n Iran

.

T. t. zagrossiensis Zarudny & Loudon, 1908 w Iran

.

T. t. tianschanicus Sharpe, 1882 ne Afghanistan to mountains of c Asia

.

T. t. subpallidus Zarudny & Loudon, 1905 ne Iran to s Uzbekistan and nw Afghanistan

.

T. t. magrathi (Whitehead, CHT, 1907) se Afghanistan and w Pakistan

.

T. t. neglectus Brooks, WE, 1872 w Himalayas

.

T. t. nipalensis Blyth, 1845 c and e Himalayas

.

T. t. idius (Richmond, 1907) nc China

.

T. t. szetschuanus Hartert, 1910 wc China

.

T. t. talifuensis (Sharpe, 1902) s China and ne Burma

.

T. t. dauricus Dybowski & Taczanowski, 1884 se Siberia, ne China, Korea and Tsishima (sw Japan)

.

T. t. pallescens (Ridgway, 1883) Kamchatka Pen. and Commander Is.

.

T. t. kurilensis Stejneger, 1889 n Kuril Is.

.

T. t. fumigatus Temminck, 1835 s Kuril Is., Sakhalin and Japan

.

T. t. mosukei Momiyama, 1923 Izu Is.

.

T. t. ogawae Hartert, 1910 Yaku Shima and Tanegashima (off s Japan)

.

T. t. taivanus Hartert, 1910 Taiwan

.

Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis Vieillot, 1819 NA : British Columbia to e Canada south to Georgia

.

T. h. hiemalis Vieillot, 1819 e Canada and ne USA

.

T. h. pullus (Burleigh, 1935) mountain of West Virginia to Georgia (ec USA)

.

Pacific Wren Troglodytes pacificus Baird, SF, 1864 NA : Alaska s to nw US

.

T. p. alascensis Baird, SF, 1869 Pribilof Is. (sw of Alaska)

.

T. p. meligerus (Oberholser, 1900) western-most Aleutian Is.

.

T. p. kiskensis (Oberholser, 1919) w Aleutian Is.

.

T. p. tanagensis (Oberholser, 1919) wc Aleutian Is.

.

T. p. seguamensis Gabrielson & Lincoln, 1951 c Aleutians

.

T. p. petrophilus (Oberholser, 1919) Unalaska (e Aleutians)

.

T. p. stevensoni (Oberholser, 1930) Alaskan Pen. (sw Alaska)

.

T. p. ochroleucus Rea, 1986 islands south of Alaskan Pen.

.

T. p. semidiensis (Brooks, WS, 1915) Semidi I. (s of Alaskan Pen.)

.

T. p. helleri (Osgood, 1901) Kodiak and Afognak Is. (s of Alaskan Pen.)

.

T. p. pacificus Baird, SF, 1864 se Alaska, w Canada and nw USA

.

T. p. muiri Rea, 1986 sw Oregon to c California (w USA)

.

T. p. obscurior Rea, 1986 interior w USA, also coastal c California (w USA)

.

T. p. salebrosus Burleigh, 1959 interior nw USA and sw Canada

.

Clarion Wren Troglodytes tanneri Townsend, CH, 1890 MA : Isla Clarión

.

House Wren Troglodytes aedon Vieillot, 1809 NA, LA : widespread

.

T. a. parkmanii Audubon, 1839 sw and sc Canada and w and c USA to n Mexico

.

T. a. aedon Vieillot, 1809 se Canada and e USA

.

T. a. cahooni Brewster, 1888 se Arizona (sw USA) to c Mexico

.

T. a. brunneicollis Sclater, PL, 1858 c and s Mexico

.

T. a. nitidus Nelson, 1903 Mt Zempoaltepec (s Mexico)

.

T. a. intermedius Cabanis, 1861 s Mexico to c Costa Rica

.

T. a. peninsularis Nelson, 1901 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

.

T. a. beani Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel I. (off se Mexico)

.

T. a. inquietus Baird, SF, 1864 sw Costa Rica to e Panama

.

T. a. carychrous Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)

.

T. a. pallidipes Phillips, AR, 1986 Pearl Is. (off se Panama)

.

T. a. guadeloupensis (Cory, 1886) Guadeloupe I. (n Lesser Antilles)

.

T. a. rufescens (Lawrence, 1877) Dominica (c Lesser Antilles)

.

T. a. martinicensis (Sclater, PL, 1866) Martinique (c Lesser Antilles)

.

T. a. mesoleucus (Sclater, PL, 1876) St. Lucia (c Lesser Antilles)

.

T. a. musicus (Lawrence, 1878) St. Vincent (s Lesser Antilles)

.

T. a. grenadensis (Lawrence, 1878) Grenada (s Lesser Antilles)

.

T. a. tobagensis Lawrence, 1888 Tobago (n of Trinidad

.

T. a. atopus Oberholser, 1904 n Colombia

.

T. a. effutitus Wetmore, 1958 Guajira Pen. (n Colombia) and nw Venezuela

.

T. a. striatulus (Lafresnaye, 1845) w and c Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

T. a. columbae Stone, 1899 e Colombia and w Venezuela

.

T. a. clarus von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902 Venezuela (except the west), e Colombia and the Guianas to ne Peru and w Brazil

.

T. a. albicans von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

.

T. a. musculus Naumann, JF, 1823 c and e Brazil to ne Argentina and e Paraguay

.

T. a. bonariae Hellmayr, 1919 extreme se Brazil, Uruguay and ne Argentina

.

T. a. puna von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 Peru and nw Bolivia

.

T. a. audax Tschudi, 1844 w Peru

.

T. a. carabayae Chapman & Griscom, 1924 c and s Peru

.

T. a. tecellatus d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 sw Peru and n Chile

.

T. a. rex von Berlepsch & Leverkühn, 1890 c Bolivia to n Argentina and w Paraguay

.

T. a. atacamensis Hellmayr, 1924 n and c Chile

.

T. a. chilensis Lesson, 1830 s Chile and s Argentina

.

Cobb's Wren Troglodytes cobbi Chubb, C, 1909 SA : Falkland Islands AS Troglodytes cobbi is split from T. aedon (Woods 1993; Kroodsma & Brewer 2005, Campagna et al 2012, SACC 526)

.

Socorro Wren Troglodytes sissonii (Grayson, 1868) MA : Socorro Island TAX, SEQ Move Socorro Wren from Thryomanes to follow Cobb's Wren in Troglodytes (Barber et al 2004, NACC)

.

Rufous-browed Wren Troglodytes rufociliatus Sharpe, 1882 MA : s Mexico to Nicaragua

.

T. r. rehni Stone, 1932 s Mexico to nw Nicaragua

.

T. r. rufociliatus Sharpe, 1882 s Guatemala

.

T. r. nannoides Dickey & van Rossem, 1929 sw El Salvador

.

Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus Ridgway, 1882 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

T. o. ochraceus Ridgway, 1882 Costa Rica and w Panama

.

T. o. festinus Nelson, 1912 e Panama

.

Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis Sclater, PL, 1859 SA : Colombia to n Argentina

.

T. s. solitarius Todd, 1912 w and c Colombia, w Venezuela

.

T. s. solstitialis Sclater, PL, 1859 extreme sw Colombia, Ecuador and nw Peru

.

T. s. macrourus von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 ec Peru

.

T. s. frater Sharpe, 1882 se Peru and Bolivia

.

T. s. auricularis Cabanis, 1883 nw Argentina

.

Santa Marta Wren Troglodytes monticola Bangs, 1899 SA : n Colombia

.

Tepui Wren Troglodytes rufulus Cabanis, 1849 SA : s Venezuela

.

T. r. rufulus Cabanis, 1849 Mt. Roraima area (e Venezuela, w Guyana and extreme n Brazil)

.

T. r. fulvigularis Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1945 se Bolivar (se Venezuela)

.

T. r. yavii Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949 n Amazonas (sc Venezuela)

.

T. r. duidae Chapman, 1929 c Amazonas and s Bolivar (s Venezuela)

.

T. r. wetmorei Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1955 s Amazonas (s Venezuela) and perhaps n Brazil

.

T. r. marahuacae Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1984 c Amazonas (s Venezuela)

.

Thryorchilus Oberholser, 1904

.

Timberline Wren Thryorchilus browni (Bangs, 1902) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Uropsila Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873

.

White-bellied Wren Uropsila leucogastra (Gould, 1837) MA : c Mexico to Honduras Subspecies taxonomy and nomenclature essentially follows H&M 3 based on Phillips, 1986.

.

U. l. pacifica (Nelson, 1897) sw Mexico

.

U. l. leucogastra (Gould, 1837) e Mexico (se Veracruz to Tabasco and n Chiapas) Includes musica.

.

U. l. centralis Phillips, AR, 1986 ec Mexico (n Puebla to c Veracruz)

.

U. l. restricta Phillips, AR, 1986 se Mexico (n Yucatan)

.

U. l. brachyura (Lawrence, 1887) se Mexico (c Yucatan) to n Guatemala

.

U. l. australis (van Rossem, 1938) e Yucatan, Belize and n Honduras Includes hawkinsi

.

Henicorhina Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868

.

White-breasted Wood Wren Henicorhina leucosticta (Cabanis, 1847) LA : Mexico to Peru and n Brazil TAX Henicorhina leucosticta includes the prostheleuca and pittieri subspecies groups of Middle America, which may warrant recognition (Winker et al. 1996);

.

H. l. decolorata Phillips, AR, 1986 ec Mexico

.

H. l. prostheleuca (Sclater, PL, 1857) s and e Mexico to Belize

.

H. l. smithei Dickerman, 1973 s Yucatan (se Mexico) to Guatemala

.

H. l. tropaea Bangs & Peters, JL, 1927 Honduras and Nicaragua

.

H. l. costaricensis Dickerman, 1973 c Costa Rica

.

H. l. pittieri Cherrie, 1893 sw Costa Rica to c Panama

.

H. l. alexandri Phillips, AR, 1986 Caribbean slope of e Panama and nw Colombia

.

H. l. darienensis Hellmayr, 1921 Pacific slope of e Panama and w Colombia

.

H. l. albilateralis Chapman, 1917 nc Colombia

.

H. l. leucosticta (Cabanis, 1847) e and s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

H. l. eucharis Bangs, 1910 Dagua Valley (w Colombia)

.

H. l. inornata Hellmayr, 1903 sw Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

H. l. hauxwelli Chubb, C, 1920 s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

Grey-breasted Wood Wren Henicorhina leucophrys (Tschudi, 1844) LA : Mexico to n Bolivia

.

H. l. minuscula Phillips, AR, 1966 w Mexico

.

H. l. festiva Nelson, 1903 sw Mexico

.

H. l. mexicana Nelson, 1897 e Mexico

.

H. l. castanea Ridgway, 1903 extreme s Mexico and n Guatemala

.

H. l. capitalis Nelson, 1897 s Mexico and w Guatemala

.

H. l. composita Griscom, 1932 El Salvador, Honduras and nw Nicaragua

.

H. l. collina Bangs, 1902 Costa Rica and Panama

.

H. l. anachoreta Bangs, 1899 Santa Marta above 2000 feet (n Colombia)

.

H. l. bangsi Ridgway, 1903 Santa Marta below 2000 feet (n Colombia)

.

H. l. manastarae Aveledo & Ginés, 1952 Perijá Mts. (ne Colombia and nw Venezuela)

.

H. l. sanluisensis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1959 Falcon (nw Venezuela)

.

H. l. venezuelensis Hellmayr, 1903 n Venezuela

.

H. l. meridana Todd, 1932 Trujillo to n Tachira (nw and w Venezuela)

.

H. l. tamae Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1944 sw Tachira (w Venezuela) and nc Colombia

.

H. l. brunneiceps Chapman, 1914 w Colombia and nw Ecuador

.

H. l. hilaris von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 sw Ecuador

.

H. l. leucophrys (Tschudi, 1844) c Colombia, c and e Ecuador and Peru

.

H. l. boliviana Todd, 1932 w Bolivia

.

Bar-winged Wood Wren Henicorhina leucoptera Fitzpatrick, Terborgh & Willard, 1977 SA : Peru

.

Munchique Wood Wren Henicorhina negreti Salaman et al, 2003 SA : Colombia

.

Microcerculus Salvin, 1861

.

Northern Nightingale-Wren Microcerculus philomela (Salvin, 1861) MA : s Mexico to Costa Rica

.

Southern Nightingale-Wren Microcerculus marginatus (Sclater, PL, 1855) LA : Costa Rica through w Amazonia

.

M. m. luscinia Salvin, 1866 Costa Rica and Panama

.

M. m. corrasus Bangs, 1902 Santa Marta (n Colombia)

.

M. m. squamulatus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1875 n Colombia (except Santa Marta) to n Venezuela

.

M. m. occidentalis Hellmayr, 1906 w Colombia and nw Ecuador

.

M. m. taeniatus Salvin, 1881 w Ecuador

.

M. m. marginatus (Sclater, PL, 1855) w Amazonia

.

Flutist Wren Microcerculus ustulatus Salvin & Godman, 1883 SA : Tepuis

.

M. u. duidae Chapman, 1929 w Bolivar and Amazonas (sc and s Venezuela)

.

M. u. lunatipectus Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946 c Bolivar (sc Venezuela)

.

M. u. obscurus Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946 e Bolivar (se Venezuela)

.

M. u. ustulatus Salvin & Godman, 1883 se Venezuela, w Guyana and extreme n Brazil

.

Wing-banded Wren Microcerculus bambla (Boddaert, 1783) SA : n, w Amazonia

.

M. b. albigularis (Sclater, PL, 1858) e Ecuador, e Peru and nw Brazil

.

M. b. caurensis von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902 e Colombia and s Venezuela

.

M. b. bambla (Boddaert, 1783) e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

Cyphorhinus Cabanis, 1844

.

Chestnut-breasted Wren Cyphorhinus thoracicus Tschudi, 1844 SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

C. t. thoracicus Tschudi, 1844 c Colombia to n Peru

.

C. t. dichrous Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1879 c Peru to w Bolivia

.

Musician Wren Cyphorhinus arada (Hermann, 1783) SA : Amazonia

.

C. a. urbanoi (Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946) se Venezuela

.

C. a. arada (Hermann, 1783) e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

C. a. faroensis (Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946) nc Brazil

.

C. a. griseolateralis Ridgway, 1888 c Brazil

.

C. a. interpositus (Todd, 1932) wc Brazil

.

C. a. transfluvialis (Todd, 1932) se Colombia and nw Brazil

.

C. a. salvini Sharpe, 1882 s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

C. a. modulator (d'Orbigny, 1838) e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia

.

Song Wren Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus Sclater, PL, 1860 LA : Honduras to Ecuador

.

C. p. richardsoni Salvin, 1893 Honduras to w Panama SSP Includes infuscatus Zimmer, JT, 1932 following AR Phillips, 1986

.

C. p. lawrencii Lawrence, 1863 c Panama to nw Colombia

.

C. p. propinquus (Todd, 1919) n Colombia

.

C. p. chocoanus (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946) w Colombia

.

C. p. phaeocephalus Sclater, PL, 1860 sw Colombia to s Ecuador

.

.

18 Gnatcatchers Family Polioptilidae

.

Microbates Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873

.

Collared Gnatwren Microbates collaris (Pelzeln, 1868) SA : n, w Amazonia

.

M. c. paraguensis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1946 e Venezuela

.

M. c. collaris (Pelzeln, 1868) se Colombia, s Venezuela, n Brazil

.

M. c. torquatus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 the Guianas and nne Brazil (Amapá) SSP HBW 11, Restall, 2006

.

M. c. perlatus Todd, 1927 sse Colombia, ne Peru and nw Brazil

.

M. c. colombianus Parkes, 1980 sc Colombia, ne Ecuador SSP HBW 11, Restall, 2006

.

Tawny-faced Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris (Sclater, PL, 1855) LA : Nicaragua to e Peru

.

M. c. semitorquatus (Lawrence, 1862) s Nicaragua to nw Colombia

.

M. c. albapiculus Olson, 1980 Cauca Valley (n Colombia)

.

M. c. magdalenae Chapman, 1915 Magdalena Valley (n Colombia)

.

M. c. cinereiventris (Sclater, PL, 1855) sw Panama to sw Ecuador

.

M. c. unicus Olson, 1980 c Colombia

.

M. c. hormotus Olson, 1980 s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

M. c. peruvianus Chapman, 1923 e Peru and w Bolivia

.

Ramphocaenus Vieillot, 1819

.

Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus Vieillot, 1819 LA : se Mexico through Amazonia

.

R. m. rufiventris (Bonaparte, 1838) s Mexico to w Ecuador

.

R. m. ardeleo van Tyne & Trautman, 1941 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico) and n Guatemala

.

R. m. panamensis Phillips, AR, 1991 c and e Panama

.

R. m. sanctaemarthae Sclater, PL, 1862 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

R. m. griseodorsalis Chapman, 1912 w Colombia

.

R. m. pallidus Todd, 1913 Zulia Valley (nc Colombia) and w Venezuela

.

R. m. trinitatis Lesson, 1839 e Colombia to n Venezuela, Trinidad

.

R. m. albiventris Sclater, PL, 1883 e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

R. m. duidae Zimmer, JT, 1937 ne Ecuador to s Venezuela

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R. m. badius Zimmer, JT, 1937 ne Peru and se Ecuador

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R. m. amazonum Hellmayr, 1907 e Peru to nc Brazil

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R. m. obscurus Zimmer, JT, 1931 e Peru to n Bolivia

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R. m. austerus Zimmer, JT, 1937 e Brazil south of the Amazon

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R. m. melanurus Vieillot, 1819 ec Brazil

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R. m. sticturus Hellmayr, 1902 sw Brazil

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Polioptila Sclater, PL, 1855

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Blue-grey Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, MA : se Canada to Nicaragua

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P. c. caerulea (Linnaeus, 1766) se Canada, c and e USA

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P. c. caesiogaster Ridgway, 1887 Bahama Is.

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P. c. obscura Ridgway, 1883 w USA to s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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P. c. perplexa Phillips, AR, 1991 ec Mexico

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P. c. deppei van Rossem, 1934 e Mexico, Belize

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P. c. nelsoni Ridgway, 1903 s Mexico

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P. c. cozumelae Griscom, 1926 Cozumel I. (off se Mexico)

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Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura Lawrence, 1857 NA, MA : sw USA, n Mexico

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P. m. lucida van Rossem, 1931 sw USA and nw Mexico

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P. m. melanura Lawrence, 1857 sc USA and ec Mexico

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P. m. curtata van Rossem, 1932 Tiburón I. (off nw Mexico)

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California Gnatcatcher Polioptila californica Brewster, 1881 NA, MA : sw USA, nw Mexico

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P. c. californica Brewster, 1881 sw USA

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P. c. atwoodi Mellink & Rea, 1994 n Baja California (nw Mexico)

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P. c. margaritae Ridgway, 1904 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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Cuban Gnatcatcher Polioptila lembeyei (Gundlach, 1858) NA : Cuba

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White-lored Gnatcatcher Polioptila albiloris Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1860 MA : w Mexico to Costa Rica

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P. a. vanrossemi Brodkorb, 1944 s Mexico

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P. a. albiventris Lawrence, 1885 n Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

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P. a. albiloris Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1860 Guatemala to Costa Rica

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Black-capped Gnatcatcher Polioptila nigriceps Baird, SF, 1864 MA : Mexico

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P. n. restricta Brewster, 1889 se Arizona (sw USA) and nw Mexico

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P. n. nigriceps Baird, SF, 1864 w Mexico

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Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : s Mexico to Peru and ne Brazil

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P. p. brodkorbi Parkes, 1979 s Mexico to n Costa Rica

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P. p. superciliaris Lawrence, 1861 nc Costa Rica to n Colombia

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P. p. cinericia Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)

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P. p. bilineata (Bonaparte, 1850) nw Colombia to nw Peru

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P. p. daguae Chapman, 1915 wc Colombia

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P. p. anteocularis Hellmayr, 1900 c Colombia

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P. p. plumbiceps Lawrence, 1865 ne and e Colombia and n Venezuela

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P. p. innotata Hellmayr, 1901 e Colombia to c Guyana and n Brazil

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P. p. plumbea (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Suriname, French Guiana and n Brazil

.

P. p. atricapilla (Swainson, 1831) ne Brazil

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P. p. parvirostris Sharpe, 1885 e Ecuador, ne Peru and nw Brazil

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P. p. maior Hellmayr, 1900 n Peru

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Creamy-bellied Gnatcatcher Polioptila lactea Sharpe, 1885 SA : se

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Guianan Gnatcatcher Polioptila guianensis Todd, 1920 SA : e Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil

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Rio Negro Gnatcatcher Polioptila facilis Zimmer, JT, 1942 SA : nw Amazonian Brazil AS Polioptila facilis is split from P.guianensis (Whitney & Alonso 2005; Atwood & Lerman 2006); SACC 619

.

Para Gnatcatcher Polioptila paraensis Todd, 1937 SA : se Amazonian Brazil AS Polioptila paraensis is split from P. guianensis (Whitney & Alonso 2005; Atwood & Lerman 2006); SACC 619

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Inambari Gnatcatcher Polioptila attenboroughi Whittaker et al 2013 SA: sw Amazonian Brazil NEW Inambari Gnatcatcher is a newly described species in the guianensis species complex (Whittaker et al 2013); SACC 619

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Iquitos Gnatcatcher Polioptila clementsi Whitney, BM & Álvarez Alonso, 2005 SA : ne Peru NEW Polioptila clementsi is a newly described species (Whitney & Alonso 2005, SACC 203)

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Slate-throated Gnatcatcher Polioptila schistaceigula Hartert, 1898 LA : Panama to Ecuador

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Masked Gnatcatcher Polioptila dumicola (Vieillot, 1817) SA : c, se

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P. d. saturata Todd, 1946 c Bolivia

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P. d. berlepschi Hellmayr, 1901 c Brazil, ne Bolivia

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P. d. dumicola (Vieillot, 1817) e Bolivia to se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina