"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Shrikes, vireos & shrike-babblers

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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33 Shrikes Family Laniidae

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Corvinella Lesson, 1831

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Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina (Shaw, 1809) AF : e, c, w

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C. c. corvina (Shaw, 1809) s Mauritania south to n Guinea and east to Niger and Nigeria

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C. c. togoensis Neumann, 1900 Guinea and Sierra Leone east to s Chad and w and c Sudan

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C. c. caliginosa Friedmann & Bowen, 1933 Bahr al Ghazal (sw Sudan)

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C. c. affinis Hartlaub, 1857 s Sudan, w Kenya, n Uganda and ne DR Congo

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Urolestes Cabanis, 1850

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Magpie Shrike Urolestes melanoleucus (Jardine, 1831) AF : c, e

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U. m. aequatorialis Reichenow, 1887 sw Kenya and Tanzania

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U. m. expressus (Clancey, 1961) se Zimbabwe to s Mozambique, Swaziland and e South Africa

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U. m. melanoleucus (Jardine, 1831) s Angola and ne Namibia to s Zambia, c Zimbabwe, n Mozambique and n South Africa

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Eurocephalus Smith, A, 1836

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Northern White-crowned Shrike Eurocephalus ruppelli Bonaparte, 1853 AF : e

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Southern White-crowned Shrike Eurocephalus anguitimens Smith, A, 1836 AF : c

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E. a. anguitimens Smith, A, 1836 s Angola and ne Namibia to s Zambia, c Zimbabwe and n South Africa

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E. a. niveus Clancey, 1965 se Zimbabwe to Mozambique, Swaziland and e South Africa

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Lanius Linnaeus, 1758

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Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus Drapiez, 1828 EU : e

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Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae Barboza du Bocage, 1878 AF : c

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L. s. souzae Barboza du Bocage, 1878 Gabon and s Congo to c Angola

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L. s. tacitus Clancey, 1970 se Angola to w Mozambique and n Botswana

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L. s. burigi Chapin, 1950 Rwanda, Burundi and w Tanzania

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Bull-headed Shrike Lanius bucephalus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 EU : e

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L. b. bucephalus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 se Russia, ne China, Korea, Japan and nearby islands

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L. b. sicarius Bangs & Peters, JL, 1928 c China

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Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 EU : e

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L. c. cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 c and e Siberia, n Mongolia

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L. c. confusus Stegmann, 1929 e Mongolia, se Russia and ne China

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L. c. lucionensis Linnaeus, 1766 e China, Korea and s Japan

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L. c. superciliosus Latham, 1801 Sakhalin Is. (se Russia), n and c Japan

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Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio Linnaeus, 1758 EU : c, w

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L. c. collurio Linnaeus, 1758 Europe to w Siberia, w Kazakhstan and w Turkey

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L. c. kobylini (Buturlin, 1906) se Europe to e Turkey and nw Iran

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Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833 EU : c

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L. i. isabellinus Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833 n China, Mongolia and s Russia

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L. i. arenarius Blyth, 1846 nw China

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L. i. tsaidamensis Stegmann, 1930 wc China

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Red-tailed Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides (Schalow, 1875) OR : c Asia to Pakistan AS Lanius phoenicuroides is split from L. isabellinus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)

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Burmese Shrike Lanius collurioides Lesson, 1832 OR : Southeast Asia

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L. c. collurioides Lesson, 1832 Burma and ne India to e Cambodia and n Vietnam

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L. c. nigricapillus Delacour, 1926 s Vietnam

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Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator Hartlaub, 1882 AF : c, w

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Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus Valenciennes, 1826 EU : sc

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L. v. nargianus Vaurie, 1955 se Turkmenistan to se Iran, Afghanistan and w Pakistan

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L. v. vittatus Valenciennes, 1826 c and s Pakistan to s Nepal and c and s India

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Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach Linnaeus, 1758 OR, AU : widespread, also Lesser Sundas and New Guinea

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L. s. erythronotus (Vigors, 1831) s Kazakhstan to ne Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and nc India

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L. s. caniceps Blyth, 1846 w, c and s India, Sri Lanka

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L. s. tricolor Hodgson, 1837 Nepal and e India through Burma and s China to n Laos and n Thailand

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L. s. schach Linnaeus, 1758 c and se China to n Vietnam

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L. s. longicaudatus Ogilvie-Grant, 1902 c and se Thailand, s Laos

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L. s. bentet Horsfield, 1821 Malay Pen. to the Lesser Sundas

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L. s. nasutus Scopoli, 1786 Philippines (except Sulu Arch.)

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L. s. suluensis (Mearns, 1905) Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)

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L. s. stresemanni Mertens, 1923 e New Guinea

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Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus (Vigors, 1831) EU : Himalayas, c China

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L. t. lahulensis Koelz, 1950 nw India and sw China

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L. t. tephronotus (Vigors, 1831) Nepal and ne India to c and s China

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Mountain Shrike Lanius validirostris Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 OR : Philippines

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L. v. validirostris Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 n Luzon (n Philippines)

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L. v. tertius Salomonsen, 1953 n Mindoro (nc Philippines)

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L. v. hachisuka Ripley, 1949 Mindanao (s Philippines)

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Mackinnon's Shrike Lanius mackinnoni Sharpe, 1891 AF : c

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Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor Gmelin, JF, 1788 EU : c

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Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus Linnaeus, 1766 NA, MA : widespread

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L. l. excubitorides (Swainson, 1832) c Canada, c and w USA

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L. l. migrans Palmer, W, 1898 e North America

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L. l. ludovicianus Linnaeus, 1766 coastal se USA

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L. l. miamensis Bishop, 1933 se Florida

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L. l. anthonyi Mearns, 1898 Channel Is. (off s California, sw USA)

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L. l. mearnsi Ridgway, 1903 San Clemente I. (off s California, sw USA)

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L. l. grinnelli Oberholser, 1919 extreme s California (sw USA) and n Baja California (nw Mexico)

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L. l. mexicanus Brehm, CL, 1854 w and c Mexico, s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor Linnaeus, 1758 NA, EU : n PS Lanius excubitor complex requires revision including possible splits of Northern Grey Shrike L. borealis, incl sibiricus and  Asian Grey Shrike L. lahtora (incl pallidirostris, aucheri) (Svensson et al 2009, Olsson et al 2010)

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L. e. excubitor Linnaeus, 1758 n, c and e Europe, nw Siberia

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L. e. homeyeri Cabanis, 1873 se Europe and sw Siberia

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L. e. bianchii Hartert, 1907 Sakhalin and Kuril Is. (off se Russia)

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L. e. mollis Eversmann, 1853 sc Russia and nw Mongolia

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L. e. funereus Menzbier, 1894 e Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan and nw China

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L. e. sibiricus Bogdanov, 1881 c and e Siberia, n Mongolia, se Russia

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L. e. borealis Vieillot, 1808 Alaska and Canada

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Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis Temminck, 1820 EU, AF : Spain to India, n Africa

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L. m. meridionalis Temminck, 1820 s France and Iberian Pen.

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L. m. koenigi Hartert, 1901 Canary Is.

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L. m. algeriensis Lesson, 1839 coastal nw Africa

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L. m. elegans Swainson, 1832 ne Mauritania and nw Mali to ne Sudan, Egypt and sw Israel

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L. m. leucopygos Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833 c and s Mauritania to s Chad and c Sudan

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L. m. aucheri Bonaparte, 1853 ec Sudan to nw Somalia nw to Iraq and Iran

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L. m. jebelmarrae Lynes, 1923 Darfur (w Sudan)

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L. m. theresae Meinertzhagen, R, 1953 s Lebanon and n Israel

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L. m. buryi Lorenz von Liburnau, L & Hellmayr, 1901 Yemen

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L. m. uncinatus Sclater, PL & Hartlaub, 1881 Socotra

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L. m. lahtora (Sykes, 1832) Pakistan through c India and s Nepal to w Bangladesh

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Steppe Grey Shrike Lanius pallidirostris Cassin, 1851 EU : c AS Lanius pallidirostris is split from Lanius meridionalis (King 1997, Hernández et al. 2004). Under review BLI.

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Chinese Grey Shrike Lanius sphenocercus Cabanis, 1873 EU : e PS Tibetan Grey (or Giant) Shrike L. giganteus may be split from Chinese Grey Shrike (Svensson et al 2009, Olsson et al 2010, Panov et al 2011) ; await improved resolution of this complex

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L. s. giganteus Przewalski, 1887 c China

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L. s. sphenocercus Cabanis, 1873 e Mongolia, se Russia, ne China and n and c Korean Pen.

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Grey-backed Fiscal Lanius excubitoroides Prévost & Des Murs, 1847 AF : c, ne

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L. e. excubitoroides Prévost & Des Murs, 1847 se Mauritania and Mali to ne DR Congo and Uganda

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L. e. intercedens Neumann, 1905 se Sudan and c Ethiopia to w Kenya

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L. e. boehmi Reichenow, 1902 sc Uganda and sw Kenya to e DR Congo and w Tanzania

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Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi Hartert, 1906 AF : ne

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Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis Cabanis, 1878 AF : ne

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Somali Fiscal Lanius somalicus Hartlaub & Heuglin, 1859 AF : ne

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Northern Fiscal Lanius humeralis Stanley, 1814 AF : Ethiopia and subsaharan Africa south to Angola, se Zaire, Zambia, Malawi and n Mozambique AS Northern Fiscal Lanius humeralis Is split from Southern [Common] Fiscal L.collaris (Fuchs et al 2011)

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L. h. smithii (Fraser, 1843) s Guinea to sw Sudan and w Uganda

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L. h. humeralis Stanley, 1814 Eritrea and c Ethiopia to Zambia and n Mozambique

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L. h. capelli (Barboza du Bocage, 1879) s Gabon to Angola and east to sw Uganda, Zambia and n Botswana

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Southern Fiscal Lanius collaris Linnaeus, 1766 AF : Namibia, sw Angola east to s Mozambique and s South Africa. Also ne, c, sw Tanzania and n Malawi ENG, AL Change English name of Common Fiscal L.collaris to Southern Fiscal with split of Northern Fiscal L. humeralis; includes Uhehe Fiscal L.marwitzi as subspecies (Fuchs et al 2011)

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L. c. aridicolus Clancey, 1955 sw Angola and nw Namibia

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L. c. pyrrhostictus Holub & Pelzeln, 1882 ne Botswana, s Zimbabwe, sw Mozambique and e South Africa

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L. c. subcoronatus Smith, A, 1841 se Angola and c Namibia to n South Africa

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L. c. collaris Linnaeus, 1766 s Namibia to s South Africa

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L. c. marwitzi Reichenow, 1901 ne, c and se Tanzania, n Malawi

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Sao Tome Fiscal Lanius newtoni Barboza du Bocage, 1891 AF : São Tomé

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Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator Linnaeus, 1758 EU : sw

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L. s. senator Linnaeus, 1758 c and s Europe, n Africa

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L. s. rutilans Temminck, 1839 Iberian Pen. and nw Africa

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L. s. badius Hartlaub, 1854 w Mediterranean Is.

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L. s. niloticus (Bonaparte, 1853) Cyprus and s Turkey to Iran

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Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 EU : sc

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63 Vireos, Greenlets Family Vireonidae TAX Vireonidae includes Erpornis and Pteruthius (Reddy and Cracraft 2007, Reddy 2008)

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Cyclarhis Swainson, 1824

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Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : widespread

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C. g. septentrionalis Phillips, AR, 1991 e Mexico

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C. g. flaviventris Lafresnaye, 1842 se Mexico (except Yucatan Pen.), Guatemala and n Honduras

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C. g. yucatanensis Ridgway, 1887 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

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C. g. insularis Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel I (off se Mexico)

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C. g. nicaraguae Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 s Mexico to Nicaragua

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C. g. subflavescens Cabanis, 1861 Costa Rica and w Panama

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C. g. perrygoi Wetmore, 1950 wc Panama

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C. g. flavens Wetmore, 1950 e Panama

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C. g. coibae Hartert, 1901 Coiba I. (off sw Panama)

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C. g. cantica Bangs, 1898 n and c Colombia

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C. g. flavipectus Sclater, PL, 1859 ne Venezuela and Trinidad

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C. g. parva Chapman, 1917 ne Colombia and n Venezuela

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C. g. gujanensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Colombia and s Venezuela through the Guianas to ne Brazil, c Brazil and e Peru

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C. g. cearensis Baird, SF, 1866 e Brazil

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C. g. ochrocephala Tschudi, 1845 se Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and ne Argentina

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C. g. viridis (Vieillot, 1822) Paraguay and n Argentina

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C. g. virenticeps Sclater, PL, 1860 w Ecuador and nw Peru

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C. g. contrerasi Taczanowski, 1879 se Ecuador and n Peru

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C. g. saturata Zimmer, JT, 1925 c Peru

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C. g. pax Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1942 ec Bolivia

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C. g. dorsalis Zimmer, JT, 1942 c Bolivia

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C. g. tarijae Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1942 se Bolivia and nw Argentina

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Black-billed Peppershrike Cyclarhis nigrirostris Lafresnaye, 1842 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

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C. n. nigrirostris Lafresnaye, 1842 c Colombia and e Ecuador

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C. n. atrirostris Sclater, PL, 1887 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

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Vireolanius Bonaparte, 1850

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Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius melitophrys Bonaparte, 1850 MA : c Mexico to Guatemala

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V. m. melitophrys Bonaparte, 1850 c Mexico

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V. m. crossini Phillips, AR, 1991 sw Mexico

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V. m. quercinus Griscom, 1935 s Mexico, Guatemala

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Green Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius pulchellus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1859 MA : se Mexico to Panama

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V. p. ramosi Phillips, AR, 1991 s Veracruz and e Oaxaca to n Yucatan Peninsula (se Mexico)

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V. p. pulchellus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1859 s Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico), Guatemala and Belize to n Nicaragua

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V. p. verticalis Ridgway, 1885 e Nicaragua, Costa Rica and w Panama

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V. p. viridiceps Ridgway, 1903 c Panama

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Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius eximius Baird, SF, 1866 SA : Colombia, Venezuela, also e Panama

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V. e. mutabilis Nelson, 1912 e Panama and nw Colombia

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V. e. eximius Baird, SF, 1866 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius leucotis (Swainson, 1838) SA : Amazonia

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V. l. mikettae Hartert, 1900 w Colombia and w Ecuador

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V. l. leucotis (Swainson, 1838) n and w Amazonia

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V. l. simplex von Berlepsch, 1912 s Peru and wc Brazil (s of the Amazon)

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V. l. bolivianus von Berlepsch, 1901 se Peru and n Bolivia

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Vireo Vieillot, 1808

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Slaty Vireo Vireo brevipennis (Sclater, PL, 1858) MA : s Mexico

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V. b. browni (Miller, AH & Ray, 1944) sw Mexico

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V. b. brevipennis (Sclater, PL, 1858) se Mexico

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White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus (Boddaert, 1783) NA, MA : e

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V. g. griseus (Boddaert, 1783) c and e USA

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V. g. maynardi Brewster, 1887 s Florida (se USA)

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V. g. bermudianus Bangs & Bradlee, 1901 Bermuda

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V. g. micrus Nelson, 1899 s Texas (s USA) and ne Mexico

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V. g. perquisitor Nelson, 1900 e Mexico

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V. g. marshalli Phillips, AR, 1991 ec Mexico

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Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris (Bryant, H, 1859) NA : West Indies

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V. c. crassirostris (Bryant, H, 1859) Bahama Is.

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V. c. stalagmium Buden, 1985 Caicos Is.

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V. c. tortugae Richmond, 1917 Tortue I. (off nw Haiti)

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V. c. cubensis Kirkconnell & Garrido, 2000 Cayo Paredón Grande (off of n Cuba)

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V. c. alleni Cory, 1886 Cayman Is.

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Mangrove Vireo Vireo pallens Salvin, 1863 MA : widespread

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V. p. paluster Moore, RT, 1938 coastal nw Mexico

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V. p. ochraceus Salvin, 1863 sw Mexico, w Guatemala and w El Salvador

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V. p. pallens Salvin, 1863 s Honduras, w Nicaragua and w Costa Rica

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V. p. nicoyensis Parkes, 1990 Nicoya Pen. (nw Costa Rica)

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V. p. salvini van Rossem, 1934 se Mexico and n Belize

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V. p. semiflavus Salvin, 1863 n Guatemala and s Belize to e Nicaragua

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V. p. wetmorei Phillips, AR, 1991 El Cayo (off e Guatemala)

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V. p. angulensis Parkes, 1990 Bahia I. (off n Honduras)

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V. p. browningi Phillips, AR, 1991 se Nicaragua

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Providencia Vireo Vireo approximans Ridgway, 1884 MA : Isla Providencia, Isla Santa Catalina

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Cozumel Vireo Vireo bairdi Ridgway, 1885 MA : Cozumel

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San Andres Vireo Vireo caribaeus Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1942 MA : Isla Andrés

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Jamaican Vireo Vireo modestus Sclater, PL, 1861 NA : Jamaica

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Cuban Vireo Vireo gundlachii Lembeye, 1850 NA : Cuba

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V. g. magnus Garrido, 1971 Cayo Cantiles (e of the Isle of Pines)

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V. g. sanfelipensis Garrido, 1973 Cayo Real (Cayos de San Felipe w of Isle of Pines)

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V. g. gundlachii Lembeye, 1850 Cuba (except se)

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V. g. orientalis Todd, 1916 se Cuba

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Puerto Rican Vireo Vireo latimeri Baird, SF, 1866 NA : Puerto Rico

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Flat-billed Vireo Vireo nanus (Lawrence, 1875) NA : Hispaniola

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Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Audubon, 1844 NA, MA : sc, sw USA to Nicaragua

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V. b. pusillus Coues, 1866 c California (sw USA) to n Baja California (nw Mexico)

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V. b. arizonae Ridgway, 1903 Nevada, Utah, Arizona and sw New Mexico (sw USA) and nw Mexico

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V. b. medius Oberholser, 1903 s New Mexico and w Texas (sw USA)

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V. b. bellii Audubon, 1844 c and s USA

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Black-capped Vireo Vireo atricapilla Woodhouse, 1852 NA, MA : sc USA, Mexico

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Dwarf Vireo Vireo nelsoni Bond, 1936 MA : sw Mexico

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Grey Vireo Vireo vicinior Coues, 1866 NA, MA : sw USA, nw Mexico

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Blue Mountain Vireo Vireo osburni (Sclater, PL, 1861) NA : Jamaica

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Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons Vieillot, 1808 NA : e

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Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus Coues, 1866 NA, MA : w

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V. p. plumbeus Coues, 1866 wc USA to sw Mexico

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V. p. gravis Phillips, AR, 1991 ec Mexico

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V. p. notius van Tyne, 1933 Belize

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V. p. montanus van Rossem, 1933 s Mexico to Honduras

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Cassin's Vireo Vireo cassinii Xántus de Vésey, 1858 NA : w

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V. c. cassinii Xántus de Vésey, 1858 sw Canada through w USA to n Baja California (nw Mexico)

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V. c. lucasanus Brewster, 1891 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius (Wilson, A, 1810) NA : e

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V. s. solitarius (Wilson, A, 1810) Canada through nc and ne USA

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V. s. alticola Brewster, 1886 s Appalachian Mts. (se USA)

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Yellow-winged Vireo Vireo carmioli Baird, SF, 1866 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

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Choco Vireo Vireo masteri Salaman & Stiles, 1996 SA : Colombia

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Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni Cassin, 1851 NA, MA : sw Canada to w Guatemala

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V. h. obscurus Anthony, 1891 sw Canada to nw California (w USA)

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V. h. parkesi Rea, 1991 nw California to wc California (sw USA)

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V. h. sierrae Rea, 1991 Sierra Nevada Mts. (e California in w USA)

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V. h. huttoni Cassin, 1851 wc California (sw USA)

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V. h. unitti Rea, 1991 Santa Catalina I. (off s California in sw USA)

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V. h. cognatus Ridgway, 1903 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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V. h. stephensi Brewster, 1882 Arizona and New Mexico (sw USA) to Zacatecas (c Mexico)

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V. h. carolinae Brandt, HW, 1938 sw Texas (s USA) and ne Mexico

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V. h. pacificus Phillips, AR, 1966 w and sw Mexico

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V. h. mexicanus Ridgway, 1903 c and s Mexico

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V. h. vulcani Griscom, 1930 w Guatemala

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Golden Vireo Vireo hypochryseus Sclater, PL, 1863 MA : w Mexico

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V. h. nitidus van Rossem, 1934 nw Mexico

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V. h. hypochryseus Sclater, PL, 1863 w Mexico

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V. h. sordidus Nelson, 1898 Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)

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Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus (Vieillot, 1808) NA, MA : widespread

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V. g. swainsoni Baird, SF, 1858 w Canada and w USA

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V. g. brewsteri (Ridgway, 1903) Rocky Mts. (wc USA) to w Mexico

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V. g. victoriae Sibley, 1940 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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V. g. sympatricus (Phillips, AR, 1991) c Mexico

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V. g. gilvus (Vieillot, 1808) sc and se Canada, c, s and ne USA

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Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys (Lafresnaye, 1844) LA : Mexico to n Bolivia

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V. l. eleanorae Sutton & Burleigh, 1940 ne Mexico

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V. l. dubius (Phillips, AR, 1991) ec Mexico

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V. l. amauronotus Salvin & Godman, 1881 Puebla to Veracruz (se Mexico)

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V. l. strenuus Nelson, 1900 Chiapas (s Mexico)

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V. l. bulli Rowley, JS, 1968 se Oaxaca (sw Mexico)

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V. l. palmeri (Phillips, AR, 1991) Honduras

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V. l. costaricensis (Ridgway, 1903) c Costa Rica

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V. l. dissors Zimmer, JT, 1941 s Costa Rica to nw Colombia

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V. l. mirandae Hartert, 1917 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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V. l. josephae Sclater, PL, 1859 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

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V. l. leucophrys (Lafresnaye, 1844) e Andes from Colombia to c Peru

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V. l. maranonicus Zimmer, JT, 1941 nw Peru

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V. l. laetissimus (Todd, 1924) se Peru and n Bolivia

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Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus (Cassin, 1851) NA : n

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Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, LA : Canada through Amazonia

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V. o. olivaceus (Linnaeus, 1766) Canada, c and e USA

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V. o. caucae (Chapman, 1912) w Colombia

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V. o. griseobarbatus (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) w Ecuador and nw Peru

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V. o. pectoralis Zimmer, JT, 1941 n Peru

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V. o. solimoensis Todd, 1931 e Ecuador, ne Peru and extreme w Brazil

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V. o. vividior Hellmayr & Seilern, 1913 Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil and Trinidad

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V. o. tobagensis Hellmayr, 1935 Tobago

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V. o. agilis (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) e Brazil

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V. o. diversus Zimmer, JT, 1941 e Paraguay, se Brazil and Uruguay

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V. o. chivi (Vieillot, 1817) w and sw Amazonia

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Noronha Vireo Vireo gracilirostris Sharpe, 1890 SA : Ihla Fernando de Noronha

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Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis (Cassin, 1851) MA : widespread, also s Texas

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V. f. flavoviridis (Cassin, 1851) n Mexico to Panama

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V. f. forreri Madarász, 1885 Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)

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V. f. perplexus (Phillips, AR, 1991) n Guatemala

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Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus (Vieillot, 1808) NA : se USA, West Indies

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V. a. barbatulus (Cabanis, 1855) s Florida (se USA), Cuba and Bahamas

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V. a. altiloquus (Vieillot, 1808) Greater Antilles

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V. a. barbadensis (Ridgway, 1874) St. Croix to Barbados (Lesser Antilles)

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V. a. bonairensis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1948 Netherland Antilles

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V. a. grandior (Ridgway, 1884) Providéncia I. and Santa Catalina I. (e of Nicaragua)

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V. a. canescens (Cory, 1887) San Andrés I (e of Nicaragua)

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Yucatan Vireo Vireo magister (Baird, SF, 1871) MA : c, also Cayman Islands

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V. m. magister (Baird, SF, 1871) se Mexico and Belize

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V. m. decoloratus (Phillips, AR, 1991) islands off n and c Belize

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V. m. stilesi (Phillips, AR, 1991) islands off s Belize and n Honduras

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V. m. caymanensis Cory, 1887 Grand Cayman I.

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Hylophilus Temminck, 1822

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Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis Temminck, 1822 SA : sc, se

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Grey-eyed Greenlet Hylophilus amaurocephalus (Nordmann, 1835) SA : e Brazil

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Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus Temminck, 1822 SA : c, se

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H. t. aemulus (Hellmayr, 1920) se Colombia to n Bolivia

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H. t. griseiventris von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902 e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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H. t. thoracicus Temminck, 1822 se Brazil

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Grey-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1867 SA : Amazonia

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H. s. viridiceps (Todd, 1929) s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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H. s. semicinereus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1867 n Brazil (s of the Amazon)

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H. s. juruanus Gyldenstolpe, 1941 nw Brazil, ne Peru

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Ashy-headed Greenlet Hylophilus pectoralis Sclater, PL, 1866 SA : n, c Amazonia

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Tepui Greenlet Hylophilus sclateri Salvin & Godman, 1883 SA : Tepuis

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Brown-headed Greenlet Hylophilus brunneiceps Sclater, PL, 1866 SA : w Amazonia, c Brazil

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Rufous-naped Greenlet Hylophilus semibrunneus Lafresnaye, 1845 SA : nw Venezuela to e Ecuador

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Golden-fronted Greenlet Hylophilus aurantiifrons Lawrence, 1861 SA : n, also Panama

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H. a. aurantiifrons Lawrence, 1861 e Panama and n Colombia

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H. a. helvinus Wetmore & Phelps Jr, 1956 nw Venezuela

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H. a. saturatus (Hellmayr, 1906) e Colombia, n Venezuela and Trinidad

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Dusky-capped Greenlet Hylophilus hypoxanthus Pelzeln, 1868 SA : Amazonia

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H. h. hypoxanthus Pelzeln, 1868 se Colombia

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H. h. fuscicapillus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1880 e Ecuador and n Peru

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H. h. flaviventris Cabanis, 1873 c Peru

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H. h. ictericus Bond, 1953 w Brazil, se Peru and n Bolivia

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H. h. albigula (Chapman, 1921) nc Brazil s of the Amazon

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H. h. inornatus (Snethlage, E, 1914) ne Brazil s of the Amazon

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Buff-cheeked Greenlet Hylophilus muscicapinus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 SA : Amazonia

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H. m. muscicapinus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 s Venezuela, the Guianas and Brazil n of the Amazon

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H. m. griseifrons (Snethlage, E, 1907) c Brazil s of the Amazon and ne Bolivia

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Scrub Greenlet Hylophilus flavipes Lafresnaye, 1845 LA : Costa Rica to n Venezuela

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H. f. viridiflavus Lawrence, 1861 sw Costa Rica to c Panama

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H. f. xuthus Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off sw Panama)

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H. f. flavipes Lafresnaye, 1845 n and c Colombia

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H. f. melleus Wetmore, 1941 tip of Guajira Pen. (N Colombia)

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H. f. galbanus Wetmore & Phelps Jr, 1956 ne Colombia, nw Venezuela

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H. f. acuticauda Lawrence, 1865 n Venezuela

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H. f. insularis Sclater, PL, 1861 Tobago

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Olivaceous Greenlet Hylophilus olivaceus Tschudi, 1844 SA : Ecuador and Peru

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Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps Sclater, PL, 1860 LA : s Mexico through Amazonia

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H. o. ochraceiceps Sclater, PL, 1860 s Mexico, Belize and n Guatemala

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H. o. pallidipectus (Ridgway, 1903) s Guatemala and Honduras to nw Panama

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H. o. pacificus Parkes, 1991 se Costa Rica, w Panama

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H. o. nelsoni (Todd, 1929) e Panama

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H. o. bulunensis Hartert, 1902 extreme e Panama, w Colombia and nw Ecuador

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H. o. ferrugineifrons Sclater, PL, 1862 se Colombia, s Venezuela, wc Guyana, nw Brazil, Ecuador and Peru

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H. o. viridior (Todd, 1929) s Peru and n Bolivia

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H. o. luteifrons Sclater, PL, 1881 e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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H. o. lutescens (Snethlage, E, 1914) nc Brazil s of the Amazon

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H. o. rubrifrons Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1867 ne Brazil s of the Amazon

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Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus (Bonaparte, 1838) LA : e Mexico to nw Peru

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H. d. brevipennis (Giraud Jr, 1851) e Mexico

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H. d. dickermani Parkes, 1991 se Mexico

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H. d. phillipsi Parkes, 1991 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico) and n Belize

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H. d. decurtatus (Bonaparte, 1838) s Belize and Guatemala to c Panama

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H. d. darienensis (Griscom, 1927) c Panama to nw Colombia

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H. d. minor von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 w Colombia to nw Peru

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Erpornis Blyth, 1844 PHY, ENG Move Erpornis from babblers (Timaliidae) to vireos (Vireonidae) (Reddy and Cracraft 2007, Reddy 2008); Change English name (tentatively) to White-bellied Erpornis; it is not a Yuhina

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White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca Blyth, 1844 OR : Himalayas to Borneo

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E. z. zantholeuca Blyth, 1844 c and e Himalayas to Burma, w Thailand and w Yunnan (s China)

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E. z. tyrannulus Swinhoe, 1870 s Yunnan (s China) to ne Thailand and n Indochina

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E. z. griseiloris Stresemann, 1923 se China, Taiwan

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E. z. sordida Robinson & Kloss, 1919 e Thailand and s Indochina

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E. z. canescens Delacour & Jabouille, 1928 se Thailand and w Cambodia

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E. z. interposita Hartert, 1917 Malay Pen.

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E. z. saani Chasen, 1939 nw Sumatra

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E. z. brunnescens Sharpe, 1876 Borneo

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Pteruthius Swainson, 1832 PHY, SEQ Shrike-babblers are Old World vireos (Reddy 2008); resequence

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Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer Blyth, 1842 OR : Himalayas to nw Vietnam

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P. r. rufiventer Blyth, 1842 Himalayas to n Burma and s China

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P. r. delacouri Mayr, 1941 Fan Si Pan Mts. (n Vietnam)

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Pied Shrike-babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis (Temminck, 1836) OR : Java ENG Change White-browed Shrike-babbler to Pied Shrike-babbler (Rheindt & Eaton 2009)

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Himalayan Shrike-babbler Pteruthius ripleyi Biswas, 1960 OR : w Himalayas east to c Nepal AS Himalayan Shrike-babbler is split from Pied [White-browed] Shrike-babbler P. flaviscapis (Rheindt & Eaton 2009).Its exact geographic area of turn-over with similar P. aeralatus (Blyth's S-B) is unknown. Sound evidence points to certain overlap

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Blyth's Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus Blyth, 1855 OR : e Himalayas, Burma through se Asia, Malaysia, to Sumatra, Borneo AS Blyth’s Shrike-babbler is split from Pied [White-browed] Shrike-babbler P.flaviscapis (Rheindt & Eaton 2009)

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P. a. validirostris Koelz, 1951 e Himalayas to w Burma

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P. a. ricketti Ogilvie-Grant, 1904 ne Burma to se China and n and c Indochina

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P. a. aeralatus Blyth, 1855 e Burma and w Thailand

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P. a. schauenseei Deignan, 1946 s Thailand

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P. a. cameranoi Salvadori, 1879 Malay Pen. and Sumatra

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P. a. robinsoni Chasen & Kloss, 1931 Borneo

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Dalat Shrike-babbler Pteruthius annamensis Robinson & Kloss, 1919 OR : s Vietnam (Da Lat Plateau) AS Dalat Shrike-babbler is split from Pied [White-browed] Shrike-babbler P.flaviscapis (Rheindt & Eaton 2009)

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Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847 OR : Himalayas to ne Burma

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P. x. occidentalis Harington, 1913 ne Pakistan to w Nepal

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P. x. xanthochlorus Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847 e Nepal to ne India

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P. x. hybrida Harington, 1913 ne India to w Burma

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P. x. pallidus (David, 1871) n Burma to sc and se China

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Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis Hodgson, 1847 OR : Himalayas to w Malaysia

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P. m. melanotis Hodgson, 1847 c Nepal and ne India to Burma, w Thailand, n Indochina and s China

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P. m. tahanensis Hartert, 1902 s Thailand and Malay Pen.

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Trilling Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aenobarbus (Temminck, 1836) OR : Java ENG Change Chestnut-fronted Shrike-babbler to Trilling Shrike-babbler (Rheindt & Eaton 2009)

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Clicking Shrike-babbler Pteruthius intermedius (Hume, 1877) OR : Assam, India, e Burma to s China, s Vietnam AS Clicking Shrike-babbler is split from Trilling [Chestnut-fronted] Shrike-babbler P. aenobarbus (Rheindt & Eaton 2009)

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P. i. intermedius (Hume, 1877) Burma to n Indochina and s China, Lang Bian plateau (s Vietnam)

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P. i. aenobarbulus Koelz, 1954 ne India