"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

New World vultures, Secretarybird, kites, hawks & eagles

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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ORDER ACCIPITRIFORMES PHY, TAX Raptor families Cathartidae, Accipitridae, Sagittariidae, and Pandionidae are in the Order "Accipitriformes" because falcons (Falconidae) are separated as the Order Falconiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)

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7 New World Vultures Family Cathartidae TAX SACC 361 elevates the New World Vultures (Cathartidae) to a separate order, the Cathartiformes

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Cathartes Illiger, 1811

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Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, LA : widespread

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C. a. aura (Linnaeus, 1758) w North America to Costa Rica, Greater Antilles

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C. a. jota (Molina, 1782) Pacific coast from Colombia to Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Is.

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C. a. ruficollis von Spix, 1824 Panama to n Argentina and e Brazil

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C. a. septentrionalis zu Wied-Neuwied, 1839 e North America

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Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus Cassin, 1845 LA : e Mexico to n Argentina

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Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus Wetmore, 1964 SA : Amazonia

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Coragyps Le Maout, 1853

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Black Vulture Coragyps atratus (Bechstein, 1793) NA, LA : widespread

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Sarcoramphus Duméril, 1805

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King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : Mexico to n Argentina

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Gymnogyps Lesson, 1842

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California Condor Gymnogyps californianus (Shaw, 1797) NA : w USA

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Vultur Linnaeus, 1758

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Andean Condor Vultur gryphus Linnaeus, 1758 SA : Venezuela to s Chile and Argentina

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1 Secretarybird Family Sagittariidae TAX RESTORE: Secretarybird to a monotypic family Sagittariidae in accord with the Tree of Life phylogeny (Hackett et al. 2008)

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Sagittarius Hermann, 1783

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Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius (Miller, JF, 1779) AF : widespread

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2 Ospreys Family Pandionidae TAX RESTORE: Ospreys to the family Pandionidae in accord with the Tree of Life phylogeny (Hackett et al. 2008)

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Pandion Savigny, 1809

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Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus (Linnaeus, 1758) Worldwide : widespread,except AU and Sulawesi

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P. h. haliaetus (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe and Asia

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P. h. carolinensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Canada to s USA

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P. h. ridgwayi Maynard, 1887 e Belize, Cuba, Bahamas

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Eastern Osprey Pandion cristatus (Vieillot, 1816) AU : Sulawesi to Australasia, Solomon Is, New Caledonia AS Pandion cristatus is split from P. haliaetus (Wink et al. 2004a, Christidis & Boles 2008)

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256 Kites, Hawks and Eagles Family Accipitridae TAX,PHY Classification of Accipitridae revised v3.3; see especially Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004, Lerner & Mindell 2005, TIF)

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Elanus Savigny, 1809

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Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus (Desfontaines, 1789) AF, OR : widespread

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E. c. caeruleus (Desfontaines, 1789) sw Iberian Pen., Africa, sw Arabia

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E. c. vociferus (Latham, 1790) Pakistan to e China, Malay Pen. and Indochina

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E. c. hypoleucus Gould, 1859 Greater and Lesser Sundas, the Philippines, Sulawesi and New Guinea

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Black-shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia

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White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus (Vieillot, 1818) NA, LA : s, w USA to c Argentina

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E. l. majusculus Bangs & Penard, TE, 1920 w and s USA to Panama

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E. l. leucurus (Vieillot, 1818) n South America to c Chile and Argentina

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Letter-winged Kite Elanus scriptus Gould, 1842 AU : Australia

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Gampsonyx Vigors, 1825 PHY Gampsonyx is sister to Elanus. Both genera are basal to all other Accipitridae (Griffiths et al 2004, Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004)

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Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii Vigors, 1825 SA : n, Amazonia, also w Nicaragua

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G. s. leonae Chubb, C, 1918 Nicaragua, n South America

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G. s. magnus Chubb, C, 1918 w Colombia to w Peru

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G. s. swainsonii Vigors, 1825 c Brazil to e Peru, Bolivia and n Argentina

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Chelictinia Lesson, 1843 SEQ Position of Scissor-tailed Kite provisional in absence of molecular data

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Scissor-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii (Temminck, 1821) AF : Senegal and Gambia to Somalia and ne Kenya

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Polyboroides Smith, A, 1829 PHY Polyboroides is a basal taxon within Accipitridae, sister to Gypohierax, Pernix and related taxa (Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004, Lerner & Mindell 2005).

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African Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides typus Smith, A, 1829 AF : widespread

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P. t. typus Smith, A, 1829 Sudan to East Africa south to Angola and South Africa

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P. t. pectoralis Sharpe, 1903 Senegal and Gambia to Gabon and the DR Congo

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Madagascan Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides radiatus (Scopoli, 1786) AF : Madagascar

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Gypohierax Rüppell, 1836 PHY Gypohierax, Gypaetus and Neophron are not related to the other Old World vultures but cluster with Pernis and Aviceda and related taxa at the base of the Accipitridae ( Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004, Lerner & Mindell 2005).

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Palm-nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF : Senegal and Gambia to South Sudan and e Kenya, south to Angola and ne South Africa

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Gypaetus Storr, 1784

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Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) AF, EU : n, e, s AF; c, sw Asia

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G. b. aureus (Hablizl, 1783) s Europe to ne China through the Himalayas to Nepal and w Pakistan

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G. b. barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) nw Africa

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G. b. meridionalis Keyserling & Blasius, JH, 1840 sw Arabia, ne, e and s Africa

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Neophron Savigny, 1809

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Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758) AF, EU, OR : w AF to India, s Spain to c Asia

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N. p. ginginianus (Latham, 1790) Nepal to s India

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N. p. majorensis Donázar et al, 2002 Canary Is.

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N. p. percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758) s Europe, Middle East, Africa

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Eutriorchis Sharpe, 1875

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Madagascan Serpent Eagle Eutriorchis astur Sharpe, 1875 AF : Madagascar PHY The Madagascar Serpent Eagle is related to Gypaetus and Gypohierax (McGrady et al 2010)

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Leptodon Sundevall, 1836

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Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis (Latham, 1790) LA : ec Mexico to n Argentina

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L. c. cayanensis (Latham, 1790) se Mexico to Ecuador, Amazonia and Guianas, Trinidad

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L. c. monachus (Vieillot, 1817) c Brazil to n Argentina

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White-collared Kite Leptodon forbesi (Swann, 1922) SA : ne Brazil

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Chondrohierax Lesson, 1843

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Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus (Temminck, 1822) NA, LA : s Texas to n Argentina

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C. u. uncinatus (Temminck, 1822) s USA and Mexico to n Argentina

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C. u. mirus Friedmann, 1934 Grenada (Lesser Antilles)

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Cuban Kite Chondrohierax wilsonii (Cassin, 1847) NA : e Cuba AS Chondrohierax wilsonii is split from C. uncinatus based morphological differences and modest mtDNA divergence (BLI; Stotz et al. 1996); NACC  207-B-4 vote split 5/5

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Pernis Cuvier, 1816

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European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : Europe and w Asia

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Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus (Temminck, 1821) EU, OR : e EU, widespread OR

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P. p. orientalis Taczanowski, 1891 s Siberia to ne China, Japan

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P. p. ruficollis Lesson, 1830 India and Sri Lanka to Burma, Vietnam and sw China

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P. p. torquatus Lesson, 1830 Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo

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P. p. ptilorhynchus (Temminck, 1821) Java

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P. p. palawanensis Stresemann, 1940 Palawan, Calauit (w Philippines)

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P. p. philippensis Mayr, 1939 n and e Philippines

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Barred Honey Buzzard Pernis celebensis Wallace, 1868 AU : Sulawesi

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Philippine Honey Buzzard Pernis steerei Sclater, WL, 1919 OR : Philippines AS Pernis steerei is split from P. celebensis (Gamauf & Harring 2005, Collar 2007)

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P. s. winkleri Gamauf & Preleuthner, 1998 Luzon I.

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P. s. steerei Sclater, WL, 1919 Philippines except Palawan, Luzon and nearby islands

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Elanoides Vieillot, 1818

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Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, LA : s USA to ne Argentina PHY Traditionally placed in Elaninae, Elanoides is more closely related to Pernis (Lerner & Mindell 2005)

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E. f. forficatus (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA, n and e Mexico

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E. f. yetapa (Vieillot, 1818) s Mexico to n Argentina

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Lophoictinia Kaup, 1847

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Square-tailed Kite Lophoictinia isura (Gould, 1838) AU : Australia

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Hamirostra Brown, T, 1846

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Black-breasted Buzzard Hamirostra melanosternon (Gould, 1841) AU : Australia

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Aviceda Swainson, 1836

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African Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda cuculoides Swainson, 1837 AF : w, c, sc, se

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A. c. cuculoides Swainson, 1837 Senegal to sw Ethiopia and n DR Congo

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A. c. batesi (Swann, 1920) Sierra Leone to Uganda and n Angola

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A. c. verreauxii Lafresnaye, 1846 e Angola to Uganda and South Africa

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Madagascan Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda madagascariensis (Smith, A, 1834) AF : Madagascar

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Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni (Blyth, 1842) OR : widespread

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A. j. jerdoni (Blyth, 1842) n India to s China, Burma and Indochina, Sumatra

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A. j. ceylonensis (Legge, 1876) sw India and Sri Lanka

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A. j. borneensis (Brüggemann, 1876) Borneo

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A. j. magnirostris (Kaup, 1847) Philippines

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A. j. celebensis (Schlegel, 1873) Sulawesi, Banggai and Sula Is.

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Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata (Gould, 1838) AU : widespread

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A. s. timorlaoensis (Meyer, AB, 1893) Lesser Sundas east to Tanimbar

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A. s. rufa (Schlegel, 1866) Morotai, Dagasuli, Halmahera, Ternate, Tidore, Bacan and Obi (n and c Moluccas)

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A. s. stresemanni (Siebers, 1930) Buru (c Moluccas)

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A. s. reinwardtii (Schlegel & Müller, S, 1841) Boano, Seram, Ambon and Haraku (s Moluccas)

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A. s. pallida (Stresemann, 1913) Seram Laut and Kai Is. (s Moluccas)

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A. s. waigeuensis Mayr, 1940 Waigeo I. (w of New Guinea)

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A. s. obscura Junge, 1956 Biak I. (n of New Guinea)

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A. s. stenozona (Gray, GR, 1858) w New Guinea, Aru Is

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A. s. megala (Stresemann, 1913) e New Guinea

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A. s. coultasi Mayr, 1945 Admiralty Is.

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A. s. bismarckii (Sharpe, 1888) Bismarck Arch.

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A. s. gurneyi (Ramsay, EP, 1882) Solomon Is.

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A. s. subcristata (Gould, 1838) n and e Australia

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Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes (Dumont, 1820) OR : widespread

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A. l. syama (Hodgson, 1837) c Himalayas to s China and n Burma

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A. l. wolfei Deignan, 1948 Sichuan (wc China)

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A. l. leuphotes (Dumont, 1820) sw India to s Burma and w Thailand

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A. l. andamanica Abdulali & Grubh, 1970 Andaman Is.

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Henicopernis Gray, GR, 1859 PHY The taxonomic position of Henicopernis is unsettled. It is only distantly related to Pernis (Gamauf & Haring 2004)

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Long-tailed Honey Buzzard Henicopernis longicauda (Lesson & Garnot, 1828) AU : New Guinea

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Black Honey Buzzard Henicopernis infuscatus Gurney, 1882 AU : New Britain

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Necrosyrtes Gloger, 1841

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Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus (Temminck, 1823) AF : widespread

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Gyps Savigny, 1809

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White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus Salvadori, 1865 AF : widespread

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White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : Iran through Southeast Asia

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Indian Vulture Gyps indicus (Scopoli, 1786) OR : se Pakistan, s India

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Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris Gray, GR, 1844 OR : Himalayas through Southeast Asia

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Rüppell's Vulture Gyps rueppelli (Brehm, AE, 1852) AF : e, c, w TAX H&M 4:239. OD had two different spellings. H&M 4 action as first reviser.

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G. r. rueppelli (Brehm, AE, 1852) sw Mauritania to e Sudan and south to Tanzania

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G. r. erlangeri Salvadori, 1908 Ethiopia, Somalia

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Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis Hume, 1869 OR : Himalayas

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Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus (Hablizl, 1783) AF, EU : n AF, sw EU, also n India

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G. f. fulvus (Hablizl, 1783) s Europe and n Africa to c Asia

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G. f. fulvescens Hume, 1869 Afghanistan to n India

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Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres (Forster, JR, 1798) AF : Namibia to Zimbabwe, Mozambique and s South Africa

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Sarcogyps Lesson, 1842

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Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus (Scopoli, 1786) OR : widespread

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Trigonoceps Lesson, 1842 TAX Move  White-headed Vulture from Aegypius to Trigonoceps (Dickinson 2003, BLI)

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White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis (Burchell, 1824) AF : widespread

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Aegypius Savigny, 1809

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Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : s Europe to c Asia, Pakistan and nw India

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Torgos Kaup, 1828 TAX Move  Lappet-faced Vulture from Aegypius to Torgos (Dickinson 2003, BLI)

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Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos (Forster, JR, 1796) AF : widespread, also Arabian Peninsula

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T. t. negevensis Bruun, Mendelssohn & Bull, 1981 s Israel and Arabian Pen.

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T. t. nubicus (Smith, CH, 1828) Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia

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T. t. tracheliotos (Forster, JR, 1796) nw Africa, Africa south of the Sahara

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Spilornis Gray, GR, 1840

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Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela (Latham, 1790) OR : widespread, including one form on Great Nicobar Is (P Rasmussen)

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S. c. cheela (Latham, 1790) n India, Nepal

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S. c. melanotis (Jerdon, 1841) s India

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S. c. spilogaster (Blyth, 1852) Sri Lanka

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S. c. burmanicus Swann, 1920 Burma to sw China and c and s Indochina

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S. c. ricketti Sclater, WL, 1919 s China, n Vietnam

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S. c. malayensis Swann, 1920 Malay Pen., n Sumatra

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S. c. davisoni Hume, 1873 Andaman Is.

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S. c. perplexus Swann, 1922 s Ryukyu Is. (Japan)

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S. c. hoya Swinhoe, 1866 Taiwan

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S. c. rutherfordi Swinhoe, 1870 Hainan I. (off se China)

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S. c. pallidus Walden, 1872 n Borneo

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S. c. richmondi Swann, 1922 s Borneo

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S. c. natunensis Chasen, 1935 Natunas and Belitung Is. (off Borneo)

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S. c. sipora Chasen & Kloss, 1926 Mentawai Arch. ( off w Sumatra)

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S. c. batu Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 s Sumatra, Batu Is.

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S. c. asturinus Meyer, AB, 1884 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)

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S. c. abbotti Richmond, 1903 Simeulue I. (off w Sumatra)

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S. c. bido (Horsfield, 1821) Java, Bali

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S. c. baweanus Oberholser, 1917 Bawean I. (off n Java)

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S. c. palawanensis Sclater, WL, 1919 Palawan (w Philippines)

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Central Nicobar Serpent Eagle Spilornis minimus Hume, 1873 OR : c Nicobar Islands ENG Change  English name of Spilornis minimus from Nicobar Serpent Eagle to Central Nicobar Serpent Eagle with split of S. klossi

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Great Nicobar Serpent Eagle Spilornis klossi Richmond, 1902 OR : Great Nicobar Island AS Spilornis klossi is split from S. minimus (Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001, Dickinson 2003, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

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Mountain Serpent Eagle Spilornis kinabaluensis Sclater, WL, 1919 OR : Borneo

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Sulawesi Serpent Eagle Spilornis rufipectus Gould, 1858 OR : Sulawesi

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S. r. rufipectus Gould, 1858 Sulawesi

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S. r. sulaensis (Schlegel, 1866) Banggai and Sula Is. (off e Sulawesi)

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Philippine Serpent Eagle Spilornis holospilus (Vigors, 1831) OR : Philippines

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Andaman Serpent Eagle Spilornis elgini (Blyth, 1863) OR : Andaman Islands

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Pithecophaga Ogilvie-Grant, 1896

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Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 OR : Philippines PHY Philippine Eagle is distantly related to serpent eagles, not harpy eagles as previously thought (McGrady et al 2010)

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Circaetus Vieillot, 1816

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Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) EU, OR : sw Europe to c Asia, nw China and India; Lesser Sundas

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Beaudouin's Snake Eagle Circaetus beaudouini Verreaux, J & Des Murs, 1862 AF : Senegal to South Sudan, nw Kenya and Uganda

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Black-chested Snake Eagle Circaetus pectoralis Smith, A, 1829 AF : e Sudan and Ethiopia to South Africa

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Brown Snake Eagle Circaetus cinereus Vieillot, 1818 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and south to South Africa

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Southern Banded Snake Eagle Circaetus fasciolatus Kaup, 1847 AF : Kenya to ne South Africa

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Western Banded Snake Eagle Circaetus cinerascens von Müller, JW, 1851 AF : Senegal and Gambia to w Ethiopia and south to Namibia and Zimbabwe

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Congo Serpent Eagle Circaetus spectabilis (Schlegel, 1863) AF : w, c PHY, TAX Merge  Congo Serpent Eagle into Circaetus, which is not monophyletic with respect to Dryotriorchis spectabilis based on Lerner and Mindell 2005.

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C. s. spectabilis (Schlegel, 1863) Sierra Leone and Liberia to n Cameroon

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C. s. batesi (Sharpe, 1904) s Cameroon to s Sudan, c DR Congo and nw Angola

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Terathopius Lesson, 1830

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Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread

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Macheiramphus Bonaparte, 1850 PHY Macheiramphus is placed with the harpy eagles after Griffiths et al (2007).

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Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus Bonaparte, 1850 AF, OR, AU : widespread in AF, Burma to Borneo and New Guinea

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M. a. anderssoni (Gurney, 1866) Africa south of the Sahara

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M. a. alcinus Bonaparte, 1850 Burma, Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi

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M. a. papuanus Mayr, 1940 e New Guinea

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Harpyopsis Salvadori, 1875

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Papuan Eagle Harpyopsis novaeguineae Salvadori, 1875 AU : New Guinea

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Morphnus Dumont, 1816

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Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis (Daudin, 1800) LA : Guatemala to ne Argentina

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Harpia Vieillot, 1816

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Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : s Mexico to ne Argentina

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Nisaetus Hodgson, 1836 TAX Separate Old World species of Spizaetus into Nisaetus (Helbig et al. 2005, Haring et al. 2007)

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Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : Himalayas, c,s India and Sri Lanka to Greater Sundas and Philippines

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N. c. limnaeetus (Horsfield, 1821) n India to Indochina, Malay Pen., Greater Sundas and Philippines PS Crested Hawk-Eagle N. cirrhatus is recognized by some authors as specifically distinct from N. limnaeetus which would assume the name Changeable Hawk-Eagle ; see Rasmussen & Anderton (2012)

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N. c. cirrhatus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s India

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N. c. ceylanensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Sri Lanka

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N. c. andamanensis (Tytler, 1865) Andaman Is.

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N. c. vanheurni (Junge, 1936) Simeulue I. (off w Sumatra)

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Flores Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus floris (Hartert, 1898) AU : Lesser Sundas

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Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 OR : Himalayas to Taiwan and Japan

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N. n. nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 Himalayas east to China and south to Malay Pen.

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N. n. orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) Japan

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Legge's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti (Legge, 1878) OR : Sri Lanka, sw India AS Nisaetus (Spizaetus) kelaarti is split from N. nipalensis (Haring et al. 2007, Gjershaug et al. 2008)

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Blyth's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus alboniger Blyth, 1845 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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Javan Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus bartelsi (Stresemann, 1924) OR : Java

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Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus lanceolatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) AU : Sulawesi

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Philippine Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus philippensis (Gould, 1863) OR : Luzon, Philippines

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Pinsker's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus pinskeri (Preleuthner & Gamauf, 1998) OR : Philippines, except Luzon and Palawan. AS Nisaetus pinskeri is split from N.philippensis (Haring et al. 2007, Gamauf et al. 2005ab; cf BLI)

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Wallace's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nanus (Wallace, 1868) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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N. n. nanus (Wallace, 1868) s Burma and Thailand, Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo

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N. n. stresemanni (Amadon, 1953) Nias I. (off w Sumatra)

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Spizaetus Vieillot, 1816

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Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) LA : c Mexico to ne Argentina

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S. t. serus Friedmann, 1950 c Mexico through n South America to c Brazil, Bolivia and Peru

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S. t. tyrannus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) e and s Brazil, Uruguay, ne Argentina

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Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus (Vieillot, 1816) LA : s Mexico to ne Argentina TAX Spizastur merged into Spizaetus (Helbig et al 2005, Haring et al 2007, SACC 233)

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Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus (Daudin, 1800) LA : se Mexico to n Argentina

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S. o. vicarius Friedmann, 1935 s Mexico to w Colombia and Ecuador

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S. o. ornatus (Daudin, 1800) c Colombia to the Guianas south to n Argentina

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Black-and-chestnut Eagle Spizaetus isidori (Des Murs, 1845) SA : Venezuela to nw Argentina TAX Oroaetus  merged into Spizaetus (Helbig et al 2005, Haring et al 2007, SACC 233)

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Stephanoaetus Sclater, WL, 1922

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Crowned Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : e South Sudan and w Ethiopia; Sierra Leone to s Kenya, e South Africa and n Angola

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Lophotriorchis Sharpe, 1874 TAX Separate Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle from Hieraaetus into its own genus Lophotriorchis (Haring et al. 2007)

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Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii (de Sparre, 1835) OR : s and se, also Sulawesi

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L. k. kienerii (de Sparre, 1835) s Himalayas, w India, Sri Lanka

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L. k. formosus (Stresemann, 1924) Burma through se Asia, Sundas, Philippines and Sulawesi

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Polemaetus Heine, 1890

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Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread

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Lophaetus Kaup, 1847

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Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread

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Ictinaetus Blyth, 1843

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Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis (Temminck, 1822) OR : widespread TAX, PHY Black Eagle, Long-crested Eagle (Lophaetus) and the three Spotted Eagles (currently in Aquila) form a clade of closely related genera perhaps best united  in Ictinaetus (Helbig et al 2005. Lerner & Mindell 2005). Spelling of species epithet follows H&M 4:241. Original spelling.

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I. m. perniger (Hodgson, 1836) n India, Nepal, Bhutan, s India, Sri Lanka

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I. m. malaiensis (Temminck, 1822) Burma to s China, se Asia, Indonesia

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Clanga Adamowicz, 1858 TAX The three spotted eagles (formerly in Aquila) form a clade sister to Lophaetus and to Ictinaetus. Wells & Inskipp (2012) treated them as a genus apart for which Clanga has priority (Gregory & Dickinson, 2012).

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Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina (Brehm, CL, 1831) EU : e Europe

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Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata (Lesson, 1831) OR : n India

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Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga (Pallas, 1811) EU : c Europe to e Siberia and n China

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Hieraaetus Kaup, 1844

.

Wahlberg's Eagle Hieraaetus wahlbergi (Sundevall, 1850) AF : widespread TAX Move Wahlberg's Eagle from Aquila to Hieraaetus (Helbig 2005, Lerner & Mindell 2005); retain Hieraaetus from Aquila contra BOU.

.

Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) EU : sw Europe and nw Africa to c Asia and n India, also South Africa

.

Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides (Gould, 1841) AU : Australia

.

Pygmy Eagle Hieraaetus weiskei (Reichenow, 1900) AU : New Guinea AS, ENG Hieraaetus weiskei is split from H.morphnoides (Bunce et al. 2005, Lerner & Mindell 2005, Gjershaug et al 2009, BLI); change English name from New Guinea Hawk-Eagle to Pygmy Eagle per Gjershaug et al 2009, Gregory in litt.

.

Ayres's Hawk-Eagle Hieraaetus ayresii (Gurney, 1862) AF : widespread

.

Aquila Brisson, 1760

.

Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax (Temminck, 1828) AF : widespread, also India TAX Tawny Eagle includes Indian Tawny Eagle Aquila vindhiana treated by some as full species (Ferguson-Lees et al 2005)

.

A. r. vindhiana Franklin, 1831 Pakistan, India, Nepal

.

A. r. belisarius (Levaillant, J, 1850) Morocco and Algeria, s Mauritania to Ethiopia and sw Arabia south to DR Congo, Uganda and Kenya

.

A. r. rapax (Temminck, 1828) s Kenya and DR Congo to South Africa

.

Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis Hodgson, 1833 EU : c

.

A. n. orientalis Cabanis, 1854 e Europe to c Kazakhstan

.

A. n. nipalensis Hodgson, 1833 e Kazakhstan to n China

.

Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti Brehm, CL, 1861 EU : Spain, Portugal, also Morocco

.

Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca Savigny, 1809 EU : se Europe to c Siberia ENG Change   English name of Aquila heliaca from "Asian Imperial Eagle" to more widely used "Eastern Imperial Eagle"

.

Gurney's Eagle Aquila gurneyi Gray, GR, 1861 AU : New Guinea, Moluccas

.

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA, EU : widespread

.

A. c. chrysaetos (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe to nc Asia

.

A. c. kamtschatica Severtsov, 1888 ne Asia

.

A. c. japonica Severtsov, 1888 Korea, Japan

.

A. c. daphanea Severtsov, 1888 c Asia

.

A. c. homeyeri Severtsov, 1888 Iberian Pen., n Africa through the Middle East to Iran and Uzbekistan

.

A. c. canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Alaska, Canada, w USA, wc Mexico

.

Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia, s New Guinea

.

A. a. audax (Latham, 1801) Australia, s New Guinea

.

A. a. fleayi Condon & Amadon, 1954 Tasmania

.

Verreaux's Eagle Aquila verreauxii Lesson, 1831 AF : widespread, also Arabian Peninsula

.

Cassin's Hawk-Eagle Aquila africana (Cassin, 1865) AF : widespread TAX, SEQ Move Cassin's Hawk-Eagle from Spizaetus to Aquila (Haring et al. 2007); note gender agreement

.

Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata Vieillot, 1822 EU, OR : Spain to India to s China, also n AF TAX Move Bonelli's Eagle from Hieraaetus to Aquila (Helbig 2005, Lerner & Mindell 2005; Bunce et al 2005); note gender change

.

A. f. fasciata Vieillot, 1822 n Africa and s Europe to s China and Indochina

.

A. f. renschi (Stresemann, 1932) Lesser Sundas

.

African Hawk-Eagle Aquila spilogaster (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : widespread TAX Move African Hawk-Eagle from Hieraaetus to Aquila (Helbig 2005, Lerner & Mindell 2005; Bunce et al 2005)

.

Harpagus Vigors, 1824 PHY The taxonomic position of Harpagus is unsettled. Griffiths et al (2007) place it basal to the accipitrines and buteonines.

.

Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus (Latham, 1790) LA : e Mexico to se Brazil

.

H. b. fasciatus Lawrence, 1869 s Mexico to w Colombia and Ecuador

.

H. b. bidentatus (Latham, 1790) e Colombia to Bolivia and e Brazil

.

Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon (Temminck, 1823) SA : e Amazonia, se SA

.

Kaupifalco Bonaparte, 1854

.

Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus (Temminck, 1824) AF : widespread

.

K. m. monogrammicus (Temminck, 1824) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and Kenya

.

K. m. meridionalis (Hartlaub, 1860) s Kenya to Angola, Namibia and South Africa

.

Micronisus Gray, GR, 1840

.

Gabar Goshawk Micronisus gabar (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread

.

M. g. niger (Vieillot, 1823) Gambia and Senegal to Ethiopia to Cameroon and s Sudan, sw Arabia

.

M. g. aequatorius Clancey, 1987 Ethiopia to Gabon, n Zambia and Mozambique

.

M. g. gabar (Daudin, 1800) s Angola to s Mozambique amd South Africa

.

Melierax Gray, GR, 1840

.

Dark Chanting Goshawk Melierax metabates Heuglin, 1861 AF : widespread

.

M. m. theresae Meinertzhagen, R, 1939 sw Morocco

.

M. m. ignoscens Friedmann, 1928 sw Arabian Pen.

.

M. m. neumanni Hartert, 1914 Mali to n Sudan

.

M. m. metabates Heuglin, 1861 Senegal to Ethiopia and n Tanzania

.

M. m. mechowi Cabanis, 1882 Gabon to s Tanzania south to Angola and South Africa

.

Eastern Chanting Goshawk Melierax poliopterus Cabanis, 1868 AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to Tanzania

.

Pale Chanting Goshawk Melierax canorus (Thunberg, 1799) AF : s Angola to Zimbabwe and South Africa

.

Urotriorchis Sharpe, 1874

.

Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus (Hartlaub, 1855) AF : Liberia to Uganda and c DRCongo PHY Relationships of Long-tailed Hawk uncertain

.

Erythrotriorchis Sharpe, 1875 PHY Relationships of Erythrotriorchis goshawks uncertain

.

Chestnut-shouldered Goshawk Erythrotriorchis buergersi (Reichenow, 1914) AU : New Guinea

.

Red Goshawk Erythrotriorchis radiatus (Latham, 1801) AU : n, e Australia

.

Megatriorchis Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1875

.

Doria's Goshawk Megatriorchis doriae Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1875 AU : New Guinea PHY Relationships of Doria's Goshawk uncertain

.

Accipiter Brisson, 1760 PHY The genus Accipiter needs a thorough revision

.

Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : Nicaragua to n Argentina PHY Tiny Hawk (and Semicollared Hawk) may not belong in Accipiter, but rather Hieraspiza (Olson 2006, Kocum dissertation, Boyd TIF)

.

A. s. fontainieri Bonaparte, 1853 Nicaragua to w Colombia and Ecuador

.

A. s. superciliosus (Linnaeus, 1766) Venezuela and the Guianas to e Peru and n Argentina

.

Semicollared Hawk Accipiter collaris Sclater, PL, 1860 SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus (Temminck, 1824) OR : widespread

.

A. t. indicus (Hodgson, 1836) ne India to s China, Indochina and the Malay Pen.

.

A. t. formosae Mayr, 1949 Taiwan

.

A. t. peninsulae Koelz, 1949 sw India

.

A. t. layardi (Whistler, 1936) Sri Lanka

.

A. t. trivirgatus (Temminck, 1824) Sumatra

.

A. t. niasensis Mayr, 1949 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)

.

A. t. javanicus Mayr, 1949 Java

.

A. t. microstictus Mayr, 1949 Borneo

.

A. t. palawanus Mayr, 1949 Palawan and Calamian Is. (w Philippines)

.

A. t. castroi Manuel & Gilliard, 1952 Polillo Is. (n Philippines)

.

A. t. extimus Mayr, 1945 se Philippine islands

.

Sulawesi Goshawk Accipiter griseiceps (Kaup, 1848) AU : Sulawesi

.

Grey-bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster (Temminck, 1824) SA : most of Amazonia to n Argentina

.

Red-chested Goshawk Accipiter toussenelii (Verreaux, J, Verreaux, E & Des Murs, 1855) AF : w, wc

.

A. t. macrocelides (Hartlaub, 1855) Senegal and Gambia to w Cameroon

.

A. t. lopezi (Alexander, 1903) Bioko (Gulf of Guinea)

.

A. t. toussenelii (Verreaux, J, Verreaux, E & Des Murs, 1855) s Cameroon to n and w DR Congo

.

African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro (Daudin, 1800) AF : e, sc, s

.

A. t. canescens (Chapin, 1921) e DR Congo to w Uganda

.

A. t. unduliventer (Rüppell, 1836) Eritrea, n and e Ethiopia

.

A. t. croizati Desfayes, 1974 sw Ethiopia

.

A. t. sparsimfasciatus (Reichenow, 1895) Somalia to Angola, Zambia and Mozambique

.

A. t. pembaensis Benson & Elliott, HFI, 1975 Pemba I. (off Tanzania)

.

A. t. tachiro (Daudin, 1800) s Angola to Mozambique and South Africa

.

Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius Bonaparte, 1853 AF : wc

.

A. c. castanilius Bonaparte, 1853 s Nigeria to Gabon and w DR Congo

.

A. c. beniensis Lönnberg, 1917 e DR Congo

.

Shikra Accipiter badius (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF, OR : widespread, also s EU

.

A. b. sphenurus (Rüppell, 1836) Senegal and Gambia to sw Arabia south to n Tanzania and n DR Congo

.

A. b. polyzonoides Smith, A, 1838 s DR Congo and s Tanzania to South Africa

.

A. b. cenchroides (Severtsov, 1873) Caucasus to c Asia and nw India

.

A. b. dussumieri (Temminck, 1824) c India, Bangladesh

.

A. b. poliopsis (Hume, 1874) n India to s China and Indochina

.

A. b. badius (Gmelin, JF, 1788) sw India, Sri Lanka

.

Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri (Gurney Jr, 1898) OR : Nicobar Islands

.

A. b. butleri (Gurney Jr, 1898) Car Nicobar (n Nicobar Islands)

.

A. b. obsoletus (Richmond, 1902) Katchall and Camorta (c Nicobar Islands)

.

Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes (Severtsov, 1850) EU : se Europe to w Kazakhstan

.

Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis (Horsfield, 1821) EU : e Siberia, Korea and China

.

Frances's Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae Smith, A, 1834 AF : Madagascar region

.

A. f. francesiae Smith, A, 1834 Madagascar

.

A. f. griveaudi Benson, 1960 Grande Comoro I. (Comoro Is.)

.

A. f. pusillus (Gurney, 1875) Anjouan (Comoro Is.)

.

A. f. brutus (Schlegel, 1865) Mayotte (Comoro Is.)

.

Spot-tailed Sparrowhawk Accipiter trinotatus Bonaparte, 1850 AU : Sulawesi

.

Grey Goshawk Accipiter novaehollandiae (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AU : Australia, Tasmania

.

Variable Goshawk Accipiter hiogaster (Müller, S, 1841) AU : Moluccas to New Guinea and Solomon Is. AS Accipiter hiogaster is split from A. novaehollandiae (Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001, Christidis & Boles 2008)

.

A. h. sylvestris Wallace, 1864 Lesser Sundas

.

A. h. polionotus (Salvadori, 1889) Tanimbar Is. and other islands in the Banda Sea

.

A. h. mortyi Hartert, 1925 Morotai I. (n Moluccas)

.

A. h. griseogularis (Gray, GR, 1861) Halmahera, Ternate, Tidore and Bacan (n Moluccas)

.

A. h. obiensis (Hartert, 1903) Obi I. (c Moluccas)

.

A. h. hiogaster (Müller, S, 1841) s Moluccas

.

A. h. pallidiceps (Salvadori, 1879) Buru I. (s Moluccas)

.

A. h. albiventris (Salvadori, 1876) Tayandu and Kai Is (w of New Guinea)

.

A. h. leucosomus (Sharpe, 1874) New Guinea

.

A. h. misoriensis (Salvadori, 1876) Biak I. (n of New Guinea)

.

A. h. pallidimas Mayr, 1940 D'Entrecasteaux Arch. (e New Guinea)

.

A. h. misulae Mayr, 1940 Louisiade Arch. (se New Guinea)

.

A. h. lavongai Mayr, 1945 Tabar I., New Hanover and New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)

.

A. h. matthiae Mayr, 1945 St. Matthias I. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

A. h. manusi Mayr, 1945 Admiralty Is.

.

A. h. dampieri (Gurney, 1882) Umboi I., New Britain (Bismarck Arch.)

.

A. h. lihirensis Stresemann, 1933 Lihir and Tanga Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

A. h. bougainvillei (Rothschild & Hartert, 1905) Bougainville, Shortland Is. (Solomon Is.)

.

A. h. rufoschistaceus (Rothschild & Hartert, 1902) Choiseul, Santa Isabel and Florida Is. (Solomon Is.)

.

A. h. rubianae (Rothschild & Hartert, 1905) c Solomon Is.

.

A. h. malaitae Mayr, 1931 Malaita I. (se Solomon Is.)

.

A. h. pulchellus (Ramsay, EP, 1882) Guadalcanal I. (sw Solomon Is.)

.

Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) AU : widespread

.

A. f. natalis (Lister, 1889) Christmas I. (Indian Ocean)

.

A. f. wallacii (Sharpe, 1874) Lombok to Damar and Moa (Lesser Sundas)

.

A. f. tjendanae Stresemann, 1925 Sumba I. (s Lesser Sundas)

.

A. f. stresemanni Rensch, 1931 islands s of Sulawesi

.

A. f. savu Mayr, 1941 Savu I. (Lesser Sundas)

.

A. f. hellmayri Stresemann, 1922 Timor, Alor, Semau and Roti (Lesser Sundas)

.

A. f. buruensis Stresemann, 1914 Buru (Moluccas)

.

A. f. dogwa Rand, 1941 s New Guinea

.

A. f. polycryptus Rothschild & Hartert, 1915 e New Guinea

.

A. f. vigilax (Wetmore, 1926) New Caledonia, Loyalty Is. and Vanuatu

.

A. f. didimus (Mathews, 1912) n Australia

.

A. f. fasciatus (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) Australia, e Solomon Is.

.

Black-mantled Goshawk Accipiter melanochlamys (Salvadori, 1876) AU : New Guinea

.

A. m. melanochlamys (Salvadori, 1876) nw New Guinea

.

A. m. schistacinus (Rothschild & Hartert, 1913) c and e New Guinea

.

Pied Goshawk Accipiter albogularis Gray, GR, 1870 AU : Solomon Islands

.

A. a. eichhorni Hartert, 1926 Feni I. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

A. a. woodfordi (Sharpe, 1888) Bougainville, Guadalcanal, Malaita, Choiseul Is.

.

A. a. gilvus Mayr, 1945 New Georgis, Rendova, Vella Lavella, Kolombangara Is.

.

A. a. albogularis Gray, GR, 1870 San Cristobal, Ugi, Santa Ana Is.

.

A. a. sharpei (Oustalet, 1875) Santa Cruz group

.

White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrous Sclater, PL, 1859 AU : New Caledonia

.

Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques (Peale, 1848) AU : Fiji Islands

.

Moluccan Goshawk Accipiter henicogrammus (Gray, GR, 1861) AU : Moluccas

.

Slaty-mantled Goshawk Accipiter luteoschistaceus Rothschild & Hartert, 1926 AU : New Britain

.

Imitator Goshawk Accipiter imitator Hartert, 1926 AU : Solomon Islands

.

Grey-headed Goshawk Accipiter poliocephalus Gray, GR, 1858 AU : New Guinea

.

New Britain Goshawk Accipiter princeps Mayr, 1934 AU : New Britain

.

Red-thighed Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus (Hartlaub, 1855) AF : w, wc

.

A. e. erythropus (Hartlaub, 1855) Senegal and Gambia to Nigeria

.

A. e. zenkeri Reichenow, 1894 Cameroon to w Uganda and n Angola

.

Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus (Daudin, 1800) AF : s, sc, e

.

A. m. tropicalis Reichenow, 1898 s Somalia coastally to e Mozambique

.

A. m. minullus (Daudin, 1800) Ethiopia to Angola and South Africa

.

Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) EU : c, e

.

A. g. sibiricus Stepanyan, 1959 Mongolia to e China

.

A. g. gularis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) ne China, Russian Far East, Japan

.

A. g. iwasakii Mishima, 1962 s Ryukyu Is.(Japan)

.

Besra Accipiter virgatus (Temminck, 1822) OR : widespread

.

A. v. affinis Hodgson, 1836 w Himalayas to central China and Indochina

.

A. v. fuscipectus Mees, 1970 Taiwan

.

A. v. besra Jerdon, 1839 s India, Sri Lanka

.

A. v. vanbemmeli Voous, 1950 Sumatra

.

A. v. rufotibialis Sharpe, 1887 n Borneo

.

A. v. virgatus (Temminck, 1822) Java, Bali

.

A. v. quinquefasciatus Mees, 1984 Flores (Lesser Sundas)

.

A. v. abdulalii Mees, 1981 Andaman and Nicobar Is.

.

A. v. confusus Hartert, 1910 n and c Philippines

.

A. v. quagga Parkes, 1973 c and s Philippines

.

Dwarf Sparrowhawk Accipiter nanus (Blasius, W, 1897) AU : Sulawesi

.

Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythrauchen Gray, GR, 1861 AU : Moluccas

.

A. e. erythrauchen Gray, GR, 1861 n and c Moluccas

.

A. e. ceramensis (Schlegel, 1862) s Moluccas

.

Collared Sparrowhawk Accipiter cirrocephalus (Vieillot, 1817) AU : Australia, New Guinea

.

A. c. papuanus (Rothschild & Hartert, 1913) New Guinea and nearby islands

.

A. c. rosselianus Mayr, 1940 Rossel I. (Louisiade Arch.)

.

A. c. cirrocephalus (Vieillot, 1817) Australia

.

New Britain Sparrowhawk Accipiter brachyurus (Ramsay, EP, 1880) AU : New Britain ENG Change  English name of Accipiter brachyurus to New Britain Sparrowhawk (Gregory 2009)

.

Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rhodogaster (Schlegel, 1862) AU : Sulawesi

.

A. r. rhodogaster (Schlegel, 1862) Sulawesi, Buton and Muna Is.

.

A. r. sulaensis (Schlegel, 1866) Peleng, Banggai, Sula Is.

.

Madagascan Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis Verreaux, J, 1833 AF : Madagascar

.

Ovambo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis Gurney, 1875 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia, south to n South Africa

.

Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

A. n. nisus (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe to sw Siberia and c Asia

.

A. n. nisosimilis (Tickell, 1833) nw Siberia to n China and Japan

.

A. n. dementjevi Stepanyan, 1958 Pamir-Alai to Tien Shan Mts (c Asia)

.

A. n. melaschistos Hume, 1869 e Afghanistan to sw China

.

A. n. wolterstorffi Kleinschmidt, O, 1901 Corsica and Sardinia

.

A. n. punicus Erlanger, 1897 nw Africa

.

A. n. granti Sharpe, 1890 Madeira and Canary Is.

.

Rufous-breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris Smith, A, 1830 AF : e, se, s

.

A. r. perspicillaris (Rüppell, 1836) Ethiopia

.

A. r. rufiventris Smith, A, 1830 e DR Congo to Kenya and South Africa

.

Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Vieillot, 1808 NA, MA : widespread

.

A. s. perobscurus Snyder, 1938 Queen Charlotte Is. (British Columbia, Canada)

.

A. s. velox (Wilson, A, 1812) Canada, USA

.

A. s. suttoni van Rossem, 1939 s New Mexico (sw USA) to e Mexico

.

A. s. madrensis Storer, 1952 sw Mexico

.

A. s. fringilloides Vigors, 1827 Cuba

.

A. s. striatus Vieillot, 1808 Hispaniola

.

A. s. venator Wetmore, 1914 Puerto Rico

.

White-breasted Hawk Accipiter chionogaster (Kaup, 1852) MA : s Mexico to Nicaragua AS We follow Ferguson-Lees and Christie (2005) in splitting Accipiter chionogaster from A.striatus

.

Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis Sclater, PL, 1866 SA : Venezuela to w Bolivia

.

Rufous-thighed Hawk Accipiter erythronemius (Kaup, 1850) SA : se Bolivia and s Brazil to Paraguay, Uruguay and n Argentina

.

Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii (Bonaparte, 1828) NA, MA : s Canada to Honduras

.

Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi Lawrence, 1861 NA : Cuba

.

A. g. gundlachi Lawrence, 1861 w and c Cuba

.

A. g. wileyi Wotzkow, 1991 e Cuba

.

Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor (Vieillot, 1817) LA : s Mexico to n Argentina

.

A. b. bicolor (Vieillot, 1817) se Mexico to the Guianas, n Brazil and e Peru

.

A. b. fidens Bangs & Noble, 1918 sw Mexico

.

A. b. guttifer Hellmayr, 1917 s Bolivia, sw Brazil, Paraguay, n Argentina

.

A. b. pileatus (Temminck, 1823) c and s Brazil, ne Argentina

.

Chilean Hawk Accipiter chilensis Philippi & Landbeck, 1864 SA : c Chile and wc Argentina to Tierra del Fuego AS Accipiter chilensis is split from A. bicolor (Jaramillo 2003); SACC needs proposal

.

Black Sparrowhawk Accipiter melanoleucus Smith, A, 1830 AF : widespread

.

A. m. temminckii (Hartlaub, 1855) Liberia to n Angola

.

A. m. melanoleucus Smith, A, 1830 Sudan and Ethiopia through e Africa to South Africa

.

Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii (Schlegel, 1873) AF : Madagascar

.

Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA, EU : widespread

.

A. g. buteoides (Menzbier, 1882) n Eurasia

.

A. g. albidus (Menzbier, 1882) ne Siberia

.

A. g. schvedowi (Menzbier, 1882) ne Asia to c China

.

A. g. fujiyamae (Swann & Hartert, 1923) Japan

.

A. g. gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758) c and n Europe

.

A. g. marginatus (Piller & Mitterpacher, 1783) Italy and the Balkans to Caucasus and n Iran

.

A. g. arrigonii (Kleinschmidt, O, 1903) Corsica, Sardinia

.

A. g. atricapillus (Wilson, A, 1812) North America (except sw Canada, sw USA and nw Mexico)

.

A. g. laingi (Taverner, 1940) islands of British Columbia (sw Canada)

.

A. g. apache van Rossem, 1938 sw USA, nw Mexico

.

Meyer's Goshawk Accipiter meyerianus (Sharpe, 1878) AU : New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands

.

Circus Lacépède, 1799 PHY Species compositions of Circus vs Accipiter need revision (Lerner et al 2008)

.

Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, AF : w, wc

.

C. a. aeruginosus (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe and the Middle East to c Asia

.

C. a. harterti Zedlitz, 1914 nw Africa

.

Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus Kaup, 1847 EU : c Siberia to ne China and Japan

.

Papuan Harrier Circus spilothorax Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1875 AU : c, e New Guinea AS Circus spilothorax is split from Eastern Marsh Harrier C. spilonotus (Simmons 2000, Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2005)

.

Swamp Harrier Circus approximans Peale, 1848 AU : widespread

.

African Marsh Harrier Circus ranivorus (Daudin, 1800) AF : South Sudan and Kenya to South Africa

.

Reunion Harrier Circus maillardi Verreaux, J, 1862 AF : La Réunion ENG Change  English name of Circus maillardi from Malagasy Marsh Harrier to Reunion Harrier with split of C. macrosceles

.

Malagasy Harrier Circus macrosceles Newton, A, 1863 AF : Madagascar, Comoro Is AS Circus macrosceles is split from C.maillardi (Simmons 2000); recognized by BLI

.

Long-winged Harrier Circus buffoni (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : Colombia to the Guianas and ne Brazil, south to c Chile and c Argentina

.

Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis Jardine & Selby, 1828 AU : widespread

.

Black Harrier Circus maurus (Temminck, 1828) AF : Namibia and South Africa

.

Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : Europe, c and n Asia ENG Change English name of Circus cyaneus to Hen Harrier with split of New World C.hudsonius

.

Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, MA : Widespread AS Resplit Northern Harriers of NA hudsonius from those of Eurasia C. cyaneus to previous status as separate species (Simmons 2000 (Harriers), Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Smith et al 2011, Dobson & Clarke 2011)

.

Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus Vieillot, 1816 SA : c Colombia to Tierra del Fuego, Paraguay and se Brazil to Tierra del Fuego

.

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus (Gmelin, SG, 1770) EU : e Europe to c Asia

.

Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos (Pennant, 1769) EU : se Siberia, Korea and ne China

.

Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w Europe and nw Africa to c Asia

.

Milvus Lacépède, 1799 PHY Milvus and Haliastur are  closely related to the sea eagles and buteonines ( Wink & Sauer-Gürth 2004, Lerner & Mindell 2005, Griffiths et al 2007).

.

Red Kite Milvus milvus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : Europe

.

M. m. milvus (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe and nw Africa to the Middle East

.

M. m. fasciicauda Hartert, 1914 Cape Verde Is.

.

Black Kite Milvus migrans (Boddaert, 1783) EU, AF, OR, AU : widespread

.

M. m. migrans (Boddaert, 1783) s and c Europe to n Africa and sc Asia

.

M. m. lineatus (Gray, JE, 1831) Siberia to Japan, Indochina and India

.

M. m. govinda Sykes, 1832 Pakistan and India to Malay Pen. and s Indochina

.

M. m. formosanus Kuroda, 1920 Taiwan and Hainan (off se China)

.

M. m. affinis Gould, 1838 Lesser Sundas to Australia

.

Yellow-billed Kite Milvus aegyptius (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AF : Widespread AS Yellow-billed Kite is genetically divergent and split from Black Kite (Johnson et al. 2005, IOC advisor consensus; cf Brooke 1974 , Crockett 2005, Clark comments)

.

M. a. aegyptius (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Egypt, ne Africa, sw Arabia

.

M. a. parasitus (Daudin, 1800) Africa south of the Sahara, Comoros and Madagascar

.

Haliastur Selby, 1840

.

Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus (Vieillot, 1818) AU : widespread

.

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus (Boddaert, 1783) OR, AU : Pakistan to n Australia

.

H. i. indus (Boddaert, 1783) India to s China and Vietnam

.

H. i. intermedius Blyth, 1865 Malay Pen., Greater and Lesser Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi

.

H. i. girrenera (Vieillot, 1822) Moluccas, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. and n Australia

.

H. i. flavirostris Condon & Amadon, 1954 Solomon Is.

.

Haliaeetus Savigny, 1809

.

White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR, AU : India to Tasmania

.

Sanford's Sea Eagle Haliaeetus sanfordi Mayr, 1935 AU : Solomon Islands ENG Change  English name of Haliaeetus sanfordi to Sanford's Sea Eagle (Gregory 2009)

.

African Fish Eagle Haliaeetus vocifer (Daudin, 1800) AF : widespread

.

Madagascan Fish Eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides Des Murs, 1845 AF : Madagascar

.

Pallas's Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus (Pallas, 1771) EU : c, also n India

.

White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

H. a. albicilla (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe, n Asia to India and China

.

H. a. groenlandicus Brehm, CL, 1831 Greenland

.

Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : widespread, also nw Mexico

.

H. l. washingtoniensis (Audubon, 1827) Alaska, Canada, n USA

.

H. l. leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766) s USA, nw Mexico

.

Steller's Sea Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus (Pallas, 1811) EU : ne Asia

.

Lesser Fish Eagle Haliaeetus humilis (Müller, S & Schlegel, 1841) OR : widespread PHY, TAX Merge Lesser and Grey-headed Fish Eagles Ichthyophaga into Haliaetus (Lerner and Mindell 2005)

.

H. h. plumbeus (Jerdon, 1871) Himalayas to s China and n Indochina

.

H. h. humilis (Müller, S & Schlegel, 1841) Malay Pen., Borneo, Sumatra and Sulawesi

.

Grey-headed Fish Eagle Haliaeetus ichthyaetus (Horsfield, 1821) OR : widespread

.

Butastur Hodgson, 1843

.

Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis (Sundevall, 1850) AF : Senegal and Gambia to Somalia and n Tanzania

.

White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa (Franklin, 1831) OR : Pakistan to Burma

.

Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer (Temminck, 1827) OR : Southeast Asia, Java, also Sulawesi

.

Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) EU : e Siberia, Japan, Korea and ne China

.

Ictinia Vieillot, 1816

.

Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis (Wilson, A, 1811) NA : sc and se USA

.

Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : ne Mexico to n Argentina

.

Busarellus Lesson, 1843

.

Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis (Latham, 1790) LA : c Mexico to n Argentina

.

B. n. nigricollis (Latham, 1790) Mexico to Brazil

.

B. n. leucocephalus (Vieillot, 1816) Paraguay, Uruguay, n Argentina

.

Rostrhamus Lesson, 1830

.

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis (Vieillot, 1817) NA, LA : s Florida and Caribbean to ne Argentina

.

R. s. plumbeus Ridgway, 1874 Florida (USA)

.

R. s. levis Friedmann, 1933 Cuba

.

R. s. major Nelson & Goldman, 1933 e Mexico, Guatemala, Belize

.

R. s. sociabilis (Vieillot, 1817) Honduras and Nicaragua to n Argentina

.

Helicolestes Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918

.

Slender-billed Kite Helicolestes hamatus (Temminck, 1821) LA : e Panama through Amazonia

.

Geranospiza Kaup, 1847

.

Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens (Vieillot, 1817) LA : Mexico to Uruguay

.

G. c. livens Bangs & Penard, TE, 1921 nw Mexico

.

G. c. nigra (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) Mexico to c Panama

.

G. c. balzarensis Sclater, WL, 1918 e Panama to nw Peru

.

G. c. caerulescens (Vieillot, 1817) e Colombia to the Guianas to e Peru and Amazonian Brazil

.

G. c. gracilis (Temminck, 1821) ne Brazil

.

G. c. flexipes Peters, JL, 1935 s Brazil to Paraguay, Bolivia, n Argentina and Uruguay

.

Cryptoleucopteryx Raposo do Amaral et al, 2009 TAX Generic reassignments of the South American buteonines follow SACC proposals 460 and 492.

.

Plumbeous Hawk Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea (Salvin, 1872) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

Buteogallus Lesson, 1830

.

Slate-colored Hawk Buteogallus schistaceus (Sundevall, 1850) SA : Amazonia

.

Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus (Deppe, 1830) NA, LA : sw USA to nw SA TAX Buteogallus anthracinus includes the Mangrove Black Hawk B. subtilis as a subspecies (Clark 2007, SACC 294, NACC)

.

B. a. anthracinus (Deppe, 1830) sw USA to n South America

.

B. a. utilensis Twomey, 1956 islands in the Gulf of Honduras

.

B. a. rhizophorae Monroe, 1963 Pacific coasts of El Salvador and Honduras

.

B. a. bangsi (Swann, 1922) Pacific coasts of Costa Rica and Panama

.

B. a. subtilis (Thayer & Bangs, 1905) Pacific coasts of Colombia, Ecuador and n Peru

.

Cuban Black Hawk Buteogallus gundlachii (Cabanis, 1855) NA : Cuba AS Buteogallus gundlachii is  split from B. anthracinus (Wiley & Garrido 2005; AOU 2007)

.

Rufous Crab Hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : coastal Venezuela to coastal ne Brazil

.

Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis (Latham, 1790) LA : Panama to n Argentina

.

White-necked Hawk Buteogallus lacernulatus (Temminck, 1827) SA : e Brazil

.

Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : Mexico to n Argentina

.

B. u. ridgwayi (Gurney, 1884) Mexico to w Panama

.

B. u. urubitinga (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e Panama to n Argentina

.

Montane Solitary Eagle Buteogallus solitarius (Tschudi, 1844) LA : Mexico to w, n SA

.

B. s. sheffleri (van Rossem, 1948) s Mexico to Panama

.

B. s. solitarius (Tschudi, 1844) Colombia to the Guianas and nw Argentina

.

Crowned Solitary Eagle Buteogallus coronatus (Vieillot, 1817) SA : e Bolivia, Paraguay and s Brazil to c Argentina

.

Morphnarchus Ridgway, 1920

.

Barred Hawk Morphnarchus princeps (Sclater, PL, 1865) LA : Costa Rica to n Ecuador

.

Rupornis Kaup, 1844

.

Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : Mexico to ne Argentina

.

R. m. griseocauda (Ridgway, 1874) Mexico to w Panama

.

R. m. conspectus Peters, JL, 1913 se Mexico, n Belize

.

R. m. gracilis Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel and Holbox Is. (Mexico)

.

R. m. sinushonduri (Bond, 1936) Bonacca and Ruatan Is. (Honduras)

.

R. m. petulans van Rossem, 1935 sw Costa Rica, sw Panama TAX Name petulans van Rossem, 1935 replaced ruficaudus (Sclater, PL, & Salvin, 1869) when both taxa were in Buteo. Name ruficaudus is now permanently invalid under ICZN Art. 59.3. Fide Richard Schodde.

.

R. m. alius Peters, JL & Griscom, 1929 Pearl Is. (Panama)

.

R. m. magnirostris (Gmelin, JF, 1788) South America north of the Amazon

.

R. m. occiduus Bangs, 1911 w Brazil, e Peru and n Bolivia

.

R. m. saturatus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) Bolivia and sw Brazil to w Argentina

.

R. m. nattereri (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869) ne Brazil

.

R. m. magniplumis (Bertoni, W, 1901) s Brazil, ne Argentina

.

R. m. pucherani (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855) Uruguay, e Argentina

.

Parabuteo Ridgway, 1874

.

Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus (Temminck, 1824) NA, LA : sw USA to s Argentina and Chile

.

P. u. harrisi (Audubon, 1837) sw USA to w Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

.

P. u. unicinctus (Temminck, 1824) e Colombia and Venezuela to n Argentina and s Chile

.

White-rumped Hawk Parabuteo leucorrhous (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) SA : Venezuela to nw Bolivia, se

.

Geranoaetus Kaup, 1844 PHY, TAX Expand Geranoaetus to include Buteo polyosoma and B. albicaudatus (SACC 460)

.

White-tailed Hawk Geranoaetus albicaudatus (Vieillot, 1816) NA, LA : sw USA to c Argentina

.

G. a. hypospodius (Gurney, 1876) s Texas (USA) to n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

G. a. colonus (von Berlepsch, 1892) Netherlands Antilles, n South America

.

G. a. albicaudatus (Vieillot, 1816) s South America

.

Variable Hawk Geranoaetus polyosoma (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) SA : w, Southern Cone TAX Geranoaetus [Buteo] polyosoma includes B. exsul and G. poecilochrous, currently recognized by some;  SACC 317 treats as conspecific

.

G. p. polyosoma (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Andes from w Colombia to Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Is.

.

G. p. exsul (Salvin, 1875) Juan Fernandez Is. (Chile)

.

G. p. poecilochrous (Gurney, 1879) Andes from s Colombia to s Ecuador

.

G. p. fjeldsai (Cabot, J & de Vries, 2009) Andes from n Peru to nw Argentina

.

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Vieillot, 1819) SA : Venezuela to s Chile, se

.

G. m. australis Swann, 1922 Andes of w Venezuela to Tierra del Fuego

.

G. m. melanoleucus (Vieillot, 1819) s Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, ne Argentina

.

Pseudastur Gray, GR, 1849

.

Mantled Hawk Pseudastur polionotus (Kaup, 1847) SA : e Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay

.

White Hawk Pseudastur albicollis (Latham, 1790) LA : s Mexico through Amazonia

.

P. a. ghiesbreghti (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1845) Mexico to Guatemala and Belize

.

P. a. costaricensis (Sclater, WL, 1919) Honduras to nw Colombia

.

P. a. williaminae (Meyer de Schauensee, 1950) nw Colombia to nw Venezuela

.

P. a. albicollis (Latham, 1790) Trinidad, c Venezuela, the Guianas to Bolivia PS Species boundaries in the White Hawk complex need revision (Raposo do Amaral et al. 2009, SACC, Mindell, Clark)

.

Grey-backed Hawk Pseudastur occidentalis (Salvin, 1876) SA : w Ecuador, nw Peru

.

Leucopternis Kaup, 1847

.

Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeus Lawrence, 1861 LA : Honduras to nw Ecuador

.

Black-faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops (Latham, 1790) SA : n Amazonia

.

White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli Bonaparte, 1850 SA : s Amazonia

.

Buteo Lacépède, 1799

.

Grey Hawk Buteo plagiatus (Schlegel, 1862) NA, MA : sw USA to nw Costa Rica AS Split Grey-lined Hawk (B. nitidus) and Grey Hawk (B. plagiatus) ( Sibley & Monroe 1993, Millsap et al 2011, NACC 2011-A-4)

.

Grey-lined Hawk Buteo nitidus (Latham, 1790) LA : Costa Rica to nc Argentina

.

B. n. blakei Hellmayr & Conover, 1949 sw Costa Rica to w Ecuador

.

B. n. nitidus (Latham, 1790) Trinidad, n Amazonia

.

B. n. pallidus (Todd, 1915) s Brazil, e Bolivia, Paraguay, n Argentina

.

Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : se, c, also ne Mexico

.

B. l. lineatus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e North America

.

B. l. alleni Ridgway, 1885 sc Texas to North Carolina and n Florida (USA)

.

B. l. extimus Bangs, 1920 s Florida and the Florida Keys (USA)

.

B. l. texanus Bishop, 1912 s Texas (USA) to se Mexico

.

B. l. elegans Cassin, 1855 s Oregon (USA) to Baja California (Mexico)

.

Ridgway's Hawk Buteo ridgwayi (Cory, 1883) NA : Hispaniola

.

Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus (Vieillot, 1823) NA : e, c

.

B. p. platypterus (Vieillot, 1823) c and se Canada, e USA

.

B. p. cubanensis Burns, 1911 Cuba

.

B. p. brunnescens Danforth & Smyth, 1935 Puerto Rico

.

B. p. insulicola Riley, 1908 Antigua I. (Lesser Antilles)

.

B. p. rivierei Verrill, AH, 1905 Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia (Lesser Antilles)

.

B. p. antillarum Clark, AH, 1905 St. Vincent, Grenada (Lesser Antilles) Tobago

.

White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula Philippi, 1899 SA : Venezuela to c Chile

.

Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus Vieillot, 1816 LA : e Mexico to n Argentina, also s Florida

.

B. b. fuliginosus Sclater, PL, 1858 s Florida (USA), e Mexico to Panama

.

B. b. brachyurus Vieillot, 1816 South America

.

Hawaiian Hawk Buteo solitarius Peale, 1848 PO : Hawaiian Islands

.

Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Bonaparte, 1838 NA, MA : sw Canada, w USA and n Mexico

.

Galapagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis (Gould, 1837) SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus Kaup, 1847 NA, LA : sw USA to Paraguay

.

Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA, MA : widespread

.

B. j. alascensis Grinnell, 1909 se Alaska, sw Canada

.

B. j. harlani (Audubon, 1830) c Alaska, nw Canada PS The highly variable Harlan's Hawk harlani may be specifically distinct (Clark 2009, BNA 2009)

.

B. j. calurus Cassin, 1855 w North America, Socorro Is. TAX Includes ssp socorroensis. Preston & Beane, 2009. BNA On-line.

.

B. j. borealis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e North America TAX Proposed ssp kriderii regarded as a white morph of B. j. borealis. Preston & Beane, 2009. BNA On-line.

.

B. j. suttoni Dickerman, 1993 s Baja California (Mexico)

.

B. j. fuertesi Sutton & van Tyne, 1935 sw USA, n Mexico

.

B. j. fumosus Nelson, 1898 Tres Marias Is. (off wc Mexico)

.

B. j. hadropus Storer, 1962 c Mexico

.

B. j. kemsiesi Oberholser, 1959 s Mexico to Nicaragua

.

B. j. costaricensis Ridgway, 1874 Costa Rica, w Panama

.

B. j. umbrinus Bangs, 1901 Florida (USA), Bahamas, Cuba TAX Includes solitudinis. Preston & Beane, 2009. BNA On-line.

.

B. j. jamaicensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, n Lesser Antilles

.

Rufous-tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis Gould, 1837 SA : s Chile and sw Argentina

.

Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis (Gray, GR, 1844) NA : sc Canada to wc USA

.

Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus (Pontoppidan, 1763) NA, EU : widespread ENG Change   English name of Buteo lagopus from "Roughleg", suggested to compromise, to Rough-legged Buzzard

.

B. l. lagopus (Pontoppidan, 1763) n Eurasia

.

B. l. menzbieri Dementiev, 1951 ne Asia

.

B. l. kamtschatkensis Dementiev, 1931 Kamchatka Pen.

.

B. l. sanctijohannis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Alaska, Canada

.

Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 EU : c and sc Asia to se Siberia and ne China

.

Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 OR : c, s Siberia, Mongolia, ne China, Japan AS Buteo japonicus is split from B.buteo (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Lerner et al. 2008)

.

B. j. japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 c and ne Asia to Japan

.

B. j. toyoshimai Momiyama, 1927 Izu and Bonin Is. (s Japan)

.

B. j. oshiroi Kuroda Nagahisa, 1971 Daito Is. (s Japan)

.

Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus Hume, 1875 OR : Himalayas AS Himalayan Buzzard is split from B.buteo (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Lerner et al. 2008); correct species name is burmanicus not refectus (Penhallurik & Dickinson, 2008)

.

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus (Cretzschmar, 1829) EU, AF : sw, sc

.

B. r. rufinus (Cretzschmar, 1829) c Europe to c Asia

.

B. r. cirtensis (Levaillant, J, 1850) Mauritania to Egypt and the Arabian Pen.

.

Cape Verde Buzzard Buteo bannermani Swann, 1919 AF : Cape Verde Is. AS Cape Verde Buzzard is split from Common/Eurasian Buzzard (Clouet & Wink 2000; Clements 2011; OTHER)

.

Socotra Buzzard Buteo socotraensis Porter & Kirwan, 2010 AF : Socotra AS Socotra Buzzard is split from B. buteo (Porter & Kirwan 2010); probably related to B. rufinus and B. bannermani (Clouet & Wink 2000)

.

Common Buzzard Buteo buteo (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

B. b. insularum Floericke, 1903 Canary Is. and Azores

.

B. b. harterti Swann, 1919 Madeira

.

B. b. pojana (Savi, 1831) Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, c and s Italy

.

B. b. buteo (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe e to Finland, Romania and Turkey

.

B. b. menetriesi Bogdanov, 1879 e Turkey through the Caucasus to n Iran

.

B. b. vulpinus (Gloger, 1833) n and e Europe, c Asia

.

Forest Buzzard Buteo trizonatus Rudebeck, 1957 AF : s and e South Africa TAX see Clark 2007 re species status of Forest Buzzard

.

Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus Hartert & Neumann, 1914 AF : Ethiopia to n Malawi

.

Archer's Buzzard Buteo archeri Sclater, WL, 1918 AF : n Somalia PL Archer's Buzzard is split from Augur Buzzard (Riesing et al 2003, HBW 2, cf Clark 2003) but possibly a rufous morph of Augur Buzzard. B. archeri. Often regarded as conspecific with B. augur, but appears not related to the B. augur/B. rufofuscus clade;  is basal to the clade that includes most of the African buteos (Riesing et al 2003). Genetic data require confirmation (Clark comment).

.

Red-necked Buzzard Buteo auguralis Salvadori, 1865 AF : Sierra Leone to Ethiopia, Uganda and Angola

.

Madagascan Buzzard Buteo brachypterus Hartlaub, 1860 AF : Madagascar

.

Augur Buzzard Buteo augur (Rüppell, 1836) AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to Zimbabwe;c Angola to c Namibia

.

Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus (Forster, JR, 1798) AF : Namibia and South Africa