"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Pigeons

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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ORDER COLUMBIFORMES

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334 Pigeons, Doves Family Columbidae

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Columba Linnaeus, 1758

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Rock Dove Columba livia Gmelin, JF, 1789 Worldwide : widespread ENG "Rock Pigeon" conflicts with established names in Australia for species of Petrophassa; accept BOU choice of classic Rock Dove for this species native to British Isles. Feral Pigeon is available for worldwide introduced populations

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C. l. livia Gmelin, JF, 1789 w and c Europe, n Africa to c Asia

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C. l. gymnocycla Gray, GR, 1856 Mauritania and Senegal to s Mali and Ghana

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C. l. targia Geyr von Schweppenburg, 1916 n Mali and s Algeria to c Sudan

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C. l. dakhlae Meinertzhagen, R, 1928 w Egypt

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C. l. schimperi Bonaparte, 1854 e Egypt, s Sudan, Eritrea

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C. l. palaestinae Zedlitz, 1912 Sinai Pen. (Egypt) to Syria, w and s Arabian Pen.

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C. l. gaddi Zarudny & Loudon, 1906 e Turkey to Uzbekistan and w and n Afghanistan

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C. l. neglecta Hume, 1873 w Pakistan and e Afghanistan to the Himalayas

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C. l. intermedia Strickland, 1844 s India, Sri Lanka

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Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris Pallas, 1811 EU : c, e

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C. r. turkestanica Buturlin, 1908 Turkestan, w and n Himalayas, Tibet

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C. r. rupestris Pallas, 1811 Mongolia, s Siberia to Korea, s China and e Tibet

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Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota Vigors, 1831 EU : sc, se

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C. l. leuconota Vigors, 1831 Himalayas

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C. l. gradaria Hartert, 1916 e Tibet to se China and n Burma

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Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea Linnaeus, 1758 AF : widespread

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C. g. guinea Linnaeus, 1758 Mauritania to Ethiopia south to DRCongo and n Malawi

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C. g. phaeonota Gray, GR, 1856 sw Angola to Zimbabwe and South Africa

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White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques Rüppell, 1837 AF : Ethiopia, Eritrea

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Stock Dove Columba oenas Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w, sw

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C. o. oenas Linnaeus, 1758 w Europe and nw Africa to n Kazakhstan, sw Siberia and n Iran

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C. o. yarkandensis Buturlin, 1908 se Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to w China

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Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanni Bonaparte, 1856 EU : Iran to nw China

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Somali Pigeon Columba oliviae Clarke, S, 1918 AF : Somalia

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Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w, sw

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C. p. palumbus Linnaeus, 1758 Europe to w Siberia and Iraq; nw Africa SSP Includes excelsa, ghigii and kleinschmidti. Cramp et al, 1985.

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C. p. maderensis Tschusi, 1904 Madeira

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C. p. azorica Hartert, 1905 e and c Azores

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C. p. iranica (Zarudny, 1910) sw and n Iran to sw Turkmenistan

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C. p. casiotis (Bonaparte, 1854) se Iran to Kazakhstan to w China, nw India and Nepal

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Trocaz Pigeon Columba trocaz Heineken, 1829 AF : Madeira

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Bolle's Pigeon Columba bollii Godman, 1872 AF : Canary Islands

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Laurel Pigeon Columba junoniae Hartert, 1916 AF : Canary Islands

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Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta Cassin, 1860 AF : Guinea to Ghana; e Nigeria to Angola, DRCongo and Uganda

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African Olive Pigeon Columba arquatrix Temminck, 1808 AF : Angola; Ethiopia to South Africa

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Cameroon Olive Pigeon Columba sjostedti Reichenow, 1901 AF : Cameroon

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Sao Tome Olive Pigeon Columba thomensis Barboza du Bocage, 1888 AF : São Tomé

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Comoros Olive Pigeon Columba pollenii Schlegel, 1865 AF : Comoros

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Speckled Wood Pigeon Columba hodgsonii Vigors, 1832 OR : Himalayas to Burma

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White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha Sassi, 1911 AF : Cameroon; e DRCongo, w Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi

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Ashy Wood Pigeon Columba pulchricollis Blyth, 1846 OR : Himalayas to s China, Taiwan

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Nilgiri Wood Pigeon Columba elphinstonii (Sykes, 1832) OR : sw India

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Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon Columba torringtoniae (Kelaart, 1853) OR : Sri Lanka

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Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea Blyth, 1842 OR : ne India through Southeast Asia

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Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina Bonaparte, 1855 OR : islands off Sumatra, n Borneo

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Andaman Wood Pigeon Columba palumboides (Hume, 1873) OR : Andaman Islands

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Japanese Wood Pigeon Columba janthina Temminck, 1830 EU : islands s of Japan and South Korea

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C. j. janthina Temminck, 1830 Tsushima and s Japan to Izu Is. and Ryukyu Is.

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C. j. nitens (Stejneger, 1887) Ogasawara (Bonin Is.) and Iwo Is. (Volcano Is.)

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C. j. stejnegeri (Kuroda, 1923) Yaeyama Is. (Ryukyu Is., Japan)

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Bonin Wood Pigeon Columba versicolor Kittlitz, 1832 EU : Bonin Is.

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Ryukyu Wood Pigeon Columba jouyi (Stejneger, 1887) EU : Okinawa and Daito I., Ryukyu Islands

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Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 OR, AU : Philippines to Samoa

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C. v. griseogularis (Walden & Layard, EL, 1872) Philippines, Sulu Arch., islands off e Borneo

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C. v. anthracina (Hachisuka, 1939) Palawan, islands off n Borneo

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C. v. metallica Temminck, 1835 Lesser Sundas

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C. v. halmaheira (Bonaparte, 1855) Banggai, Sulas, Kai, Moluccas to New Guinea and the Solomon Is.

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C. v. leopoldi (Tristram, 1879) Vanuatu

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C. v. hypoenochroa (Gould, 1856) New Caledonia, Isle of Pines and Loyalty Is.

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C. v. godmanae (Mathews, 1915) Lord Howe I.

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C. v. vitiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 Fiji Is.

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C. v. castaneiceps Peale, 1848 Samoa

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White-headed Pigeon Columba leucomela Temminck, 1821 AU : e Australia

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Yellow-legged Pigeon Columba pallidiceps (Ramsay, EP, 1878) AU : Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands

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Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba delegorguei Delegorgue, 1847 AF : e, se

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C. d. sharpei (Salvadori, 1893) se Sudan to Tanzania

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C. d. delegorguei Delegorgue, 1847 Malawi to e South Africa

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Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques Cassin, 1856 AF : Guinea and Sierra Leone to Uganda, DRCongo and Angola

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Island Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba malherbii Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : Gulf of Guinea islands

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Lemon Dove Columba larvata Temminck, 1809 AF : widespread TAX Aberrant Lemon Dove assigned to Columba rather than Aplopelia following Dickinson (2003), Fry & Keith (1985), and HBW 4;

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C. l. inornata (Reichenow, 1892) Sierra Leone to Cameroon and Gabon, Bioko and Pagalu Is.

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C. l. principalis (Hartlaub, 1866) Principe I.

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C. l. simplex (Hartlaub, 1849) São Tomé

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C. l. bronzina Rüppell, 1837 se Sudan, Ethiopia

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C. l. larvata Temminck, 1809 s Sudan to South Africa

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C. l. jacksoni (Sharpe, 1904) e DRCongo to w Tanzania and nc Zambia

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C. l. samaliyae (White, CMN, 1948) Angola, nw Zambia

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Patagioenas Reichenbach, 1853

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White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : s Florida to West Indies and e MA

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Scaly-naped Pigeon Patagioenas squamosa (Bonnaterre, 1792) NA : West Indies

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Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : s Mexico to s Brazil

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Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro (Temminck, 1813) SA : se

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P. p. marginalis (Naumburg, 1932) ne Brazil

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P. p. picazuro (Temminck, 1813) e and s Brazil and Bolivia to sc Argentina

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Bare-eyed Pigeon Patagioenas corensis (Jacquin, 1784) SA : Colombia and Venezuela, Netherland Antilles

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Spot-winged Pigeon Patagioenas maculosa (Temminck, 1813) SA : c Peru to se Brazil and sc Argentina

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P. m. albipennis (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) c Peru to w Bolivia and nw Argentina

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P. m. maculosa (Temminck, 1813) s Bolivia to se Brazil and sc Argentina

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Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata (Say, 1822) NA, LA : sw British Columbia to nw Argentina

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P. f. monilis (Vigors, 1839) se Alaska and w Canada to w USA

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P. f. fasciata (Say, 1822) wc and sw USA to Nicaragua SSP Includes letonai and parva. Keppie & Braun, 2000.

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P. f. vioscae (Brewster, 1888) s Baja California (Mexico)

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P. f. crissalis (Salvadori, 1893) Costa Rica, w Panama

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P. f. albilinea (Bonaparte, 1854) Colombia to nw Argentina

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P. f. roraimae (Chapman, 1929) Mt. Roraima and Mt. Duida (s Venezuela)

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Chilean Pigeon Patagioenas araucana (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) SA : Chile, w Argentina

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Ring-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas caribaea (Jacquin, 1784) NA : Jamaica

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Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis (Bonnaterre, 1792) LA : s Mexico to n Argentina

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P. c. pallidicrissa (Chubb, C, 1910) se Mexico to n Colombia

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P. c. occidentalis (Stolzmann, 1926) w Colombia, w Ecuador

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P. c. tamboensis (Conover, 1938) wc Colombia SSP Hellmayr & Conover, 1942. de Schauensee, 1964

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P. c. andersoni (Cory, 1915) se Colombia and e Ecuador to Venezuela and n Brazil

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P. c. tobagensis (Cory, 1915) Trinidad and Tobago Is.

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P. c. cayennensis (Bonnaterre, 1792) the Guianas

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P. c. sylvestris (Vieillot, 1818) e Brazil and s Brazil to Paraguay and n Argentina

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Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris (Wagler, 1831) MA : widespread

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P. f. flavirostris (Wagler, 1831) s Texas (USA) to e Costa Rica

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P. f. madrensis (Nelson, 1898) Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)

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P. f. restricta (van Rossem, 1930) w Mexico

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P. f. minima (Carriker, 1910) w Costa Rica

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Maranon Pigeon Patagioenas oenops (Salvin, 1895) SA : Ecuador, Peru

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Plain Pigeon Patagioenas inornata (Vigors, 1827) NA : Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico SSP Treated as monotypic. No consistent morphological differences. Banks, RC, 1986

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Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea (Vieillot, 1818) SA : Colombia to se Brazil Subspecies and ranges follow H&M 4:60

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P. p. bogotensis (von Berlepsch & Leverkühn, 1890) e Andean slopes from w Venezuela to w Bolivia Includes delicata as a synonym.

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P. p. chapmani (Ridgway, 1916) w Colombia to nw Peru.

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P. p. pallescens (Snethlage, E, 1908) e Ecuador, e Peru, w Amazonian Brazil

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P. p. wallacei (Chubb, C, 1917) e Venezuela, the Guianas, e Amazonian Brazil SSP

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P. p. baeri (Hellmayr, 1908) ec Brazil

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P. p. plumbea (Vieillot, 1818) se Brazil, Paraguay

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Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea (Lawrence, 1868) LA : Costa Rica through Amazonia Subspecies and ranges follow H&M 4:60

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P. s. subvinacea (Lawrence, 1868) Costa Rica, w Panama

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P. s. berlepschi (Hartert, 1898) se Panama to nw Peru

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P. s. ruberrima (Meyer de Schauensee, 1950) nw Colombia SSP

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P. s. peninsularis (Chapman, 1915) ne Venezuela

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P. s. zuliae (Cory, 1915) ne Colombia, w Venezuela

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P. s. anolaimae (Chubb, C, 1917) c Colombia SSP

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P. s. purpureotincta (Ridgway, 1888) s, e Venezuela, the Guianas, e Amazonian Brazil

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P. s. ogilviegranti (Chubb, C, 1917) se Colombia to n, e Bolivia, w Amazonian Brazil

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P. s. recondita (Todd, 1937) c Amazonian Brazil SSP

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Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris (Sclater, PL, 1860) LA : se Mexico to nw Colombia

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Dusky Pigeon Patagioenas goodsoni (Hartert, 1902) SA : w Colombia, nw Ecuador

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Nesoenas Salvadori, 1893 TAX Neosenas must be treated as masculine. David & Gregory, 2008

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Malagasy Turtle Dove Nesoenas picturatus (Temminck, 1813) AF : Madagascar region TAX, SEQ Move Malagasy Turtle Dove from Streptopelia to Nesoenas before Pink Pigeon (Cheke 2005, BLI)

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N. p. rostratus (Bonaparte, 1855) Seychelles

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N. p. aldabranus (Sclater, PL, 1872) Amirantes Is.

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N. p. coppingeri (Sharpe, 1884) Aldabra and Glorieuse Is.

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N. p. comorensis (Newton, E, 1877) Comoro Is.

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N. p. picturatus (Temminck, 1813) Madagascar

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Rodrigues Pigeon Nesoenas rodericanus (Milne-Edwards, 1873) IO : Rodrigues I.

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Pink Pigeon Nesoenas mayeri (Prévost, 1843) AF : Mascarene Is.

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N. m. mayeri (Prévost, 1843) Mauritius I.

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N. m. duboisi Rothschild, 1907 La Réunion

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Streptopelia Bonaparte, 1855

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European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w, c

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S. t. turtur (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe, Madeira and Canary Is. to w Siberia

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S. t. arenicola (Hartert, 1894) nw Africa to Iran and w China

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S. t. hoggara (Geyr von Schweppenburg, 1916) Air Massif and Hoggar Mts. (southern Sahara)

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S. t. rufescens (Brehm, CL, 1845) Egypt and n Sudan

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Dusky Turtle Dove Streptopelia lugens (Rüppell, 1837) AF, EU : South Sudan and Ethiopia to Malawi; Saudi Arabia and Yemen

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Adamawa Turtle Dove Streptopelia hypopyrrha (Reichenow, 1910) AF : Senegal and Gambia; Nigeria; Cameroon

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Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis (Latham, 1790) EU, OR : c, e Asia through India and Southeast Asia

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S. o. meena (Sykes, 1832) sw Siberia to Iran and the Himalayas

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S. o. orientalis (Latham, 1790) c Siberia to Japan, China, the Himalayas and Taiwan SSP Includes orii. Gibbs et al, 2001.

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S. o. stimpsoni (Stejneger, 1887) Ryukyu Is. (Japan)

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S. o. erythrocephala (Bonaparte, 1855) s India

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S. o. agricola (Tickell, 1833) ne India to Burma and sc China

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Island Collared Dove Streptopelia bitorquata (Temminck, 1809) OR : Philippines, Java, Lesser Sundas

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S. b. dusumieri (Temminck, 1823) Philippines, Sula Arch. PS See Collar 2011b; await supplements to numerical index

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S. b. bitorquata (Temminck, 1809) Java to Timor

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Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto (Frivaldszky, 1838) EU, OR : w Europe to India and e China

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S. d. decaocto (Frivaldszky, 1838) Europe to w China and Korea

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S. d. xanthocycla (Newman, 1906) Burma to e China

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African Collared Dove Streptopelia roseogrisea (Sundevall, 1857) AF : ne, c, w, also sw Arabian Peninsula TAX Restore S. roseogrisea. Taxonomic status of S. risoria, referable to domestic Barbary Dove, relative to wild African Collared Dove unsettled. (cf ICZN Opinion 2215). Taxonomy follows H&M 4:56.

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S. r. roseogrisea (Sundevall, 1857) sw Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to n Sudan and nw Ethiopia

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S. r. arabica (Neumann, 1904) ne Sudan to n Somalia and sw Arabia

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White-winged Collared Dove Streptopelia reichenowi (Erlanger, 1901) AF : se Ethiopia, sw Somalia

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Mourning Collared Dove Streptopelia decipiens (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870) AF : widespread

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S. d. shelleyi (Salvadori, 1893) Mauritania to c Nigeria

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S. d. logonensis (Reichenow, 1921) Lake Chad to s Sudan, n DRCongo and w Uganda

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S. d. decipiens (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870) e Sudan to Ethiopia and nw Somalia

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S. d. elegans (Zedlitz, 1913) s Ethiopia to s Somalia and e Kenya

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S. d. perspicillata (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) w Kenya to c Tanzania

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S. d. ambigua (Barboza du Bocage, 1881) Angola and Namibia; e DRCongo, Malawi, n Botswana and n Zimbabwe; e Botswana, s Zimbabwe, s Mozambique and ne South Africa

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Red-eyed Dove Streptopelia semitorquata (Rüppell, 1837) AF, EU : widespread south of the Sahara, Saudi Arabia and Yemen

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Ring-necked Dove Streptopelia capicola (Sundevall, 1857) AF : e, s

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S. c. electa (Madarász, 1913) w Ethiopia

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S. c. somalica (Erlanger, 1905) e Ethiopia, Somalia, n Kenya

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S. c. tropica (Reichenow, 1902) c Kenya to Angola and South Africa

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S. c. onguati Macdonald, 1957 sw Angola, n Namibia

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S. c. damarensis (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870) Namibia, Botswana, sw Zimbabwe

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S. c. capicola (Sundevall, 1857) w South Africa

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Vinaceous Dove Streptopelia vinacea (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Uganda

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Red Turtle Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica (Hermann, 1804) OR : widespread

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S. t. humilis (Temminck, 1824) Tibet to n China and the Philippines

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S. t. tranquebarica (Hermann, 1804) Nepal, India

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Spilopelia Sundevall, 1873 TAX Separate Spotted Dove and Laughing Dove from Streptopelia to Spilopelia, not Stigmatopelia (Schodde 1997; Penhallurick correspondence, cf Cheke 2005, BLI)

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Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis (Scopoli, 1786) OR : widespread

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S. c. suratensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Pakistan to Nepal and India

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S. c. ceylonensis (Reichenbach, 1851) Sri Lanka SSP Add: Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012; Gibbs et al, 2001

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S. c. tigrina (Temminck, 1809) ne India through Indochina to Philippines and Sundas

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S. c. chinensis (Scopoli, 1786) Burma to c and e China, Taiwan

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S. c. hainana (Hartert, 1910) Hainan (off se China)

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Laughing Dove Spilopelia senegalensis (Linnaeus, 1766) AF, EU, OR : India and c Asia to s Arabian Peninsula and AF

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S. s. phoenicophila (Hartert, 1916) Morocco to nw Libya

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S. s. aegyptiaca (Latham, 1790) Nile Valley (Egypt)

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S. s. senegalensis (Linnaeus, 1766) w Arabia, Socotra I., Africa south of the Sahara SSP Includes sokotrae. Redman et al, 2009. Kirwan, 2007

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S. s. cambayensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Arabia and e Iran to India and Bangladesh

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S. s. ermanni (Bonaparte, 1856) Kazakhstan, n Afghanistan, w China

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Macropygia Swainson, 1837

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Barred Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia unchall (Wagler, 1827) OR : widespread

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M. u. tusalia (Blyth, 1843) Himalayas to sw China and Burma

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M. u. minor Swinhoe, 1870 se China, Indochina

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M. u. unchall (Wagler, 1827) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java, Lombok and Flores

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Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia amboinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) AU : Sulawesi, Moluccas to New Guinea and its islands

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M. a. sanghirensis Salvadori, 1878 Sangihe and Talaud Is. (n Indonesia)

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M. a. atrata Ripley, 1941 Togian Is. (off c Sulawesi)

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M. a. albicapilla Bonaparte, 1854 Sulawesi, Banggai and Sula Is.

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M. a. albiceps Bonaparte, 1856 n Moluccas

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M. a. amboinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) s Moluccas

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M. a. keyensis Salvadori, 1876 Kai Is. (se Moluccas)

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M. a. doreya Bonaparte, 1854 nw New Guinea and w Papuan islands

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M. a. maforensis Salvadori, 1878 Numfor I. (offf n New Guinea)

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M. a. griseinucha Salvadori, 1876 Mios Num (off n New Guinea)

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M. a. cinereiceps Tristram, 1889 Yapen I., New Guinea, D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

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M. a. balim Rand, 1941 nc New Guinea

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M. a. meeki Rothschild & Hartert, 1915 Manam I. (off ne New Guinea)

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M. a. admiralitatis Mayr, 1937 Admiralty Is.

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M. a. carteretia Bonaparte, 1854 New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover and smaller islands (Bismarck Arch). SSP Includes hueskeri. Mayr & Diamond, 2001.

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M. a. cunctata Hartert, 1899 Louisiade Arch. (se of New Guinea)

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Brown Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia phasianella (Temminck, 1821) AU : e Australia coast and adjacent highlands AS, ENG Macropygia phasianella is split from M.amboinensis (Sibley & Monroe 1990; HBW 4; widely accepted); Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove is correct name for amboinensis; Brown Cuckoo-Dove is used for M. phasianella

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M. p. quinkan Schodde, 1989 Cape York Pen. (n Australia)

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M. p. robinsoni Mathews, 1912 Queensland (ne Australia)

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M. p. phasianella (Temminck, 1821) e and se Australia

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Philippine Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia tenuirostris Bonaparte, 1854 OR : Philippines, Sulu Archipelago AS Macropygia tenuirostris is split from M.amboinensis; Dickinson (2003) and BLI recognize w misgivings

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M. t. phaea McGregor, 1904 Batan and Calayan (Philippines), Taiwan (esp Lan Yu I)

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M. t. tenuirostris Bonaparte, 1854 the rest of the Philippines

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Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia emiliana Bonaparte, 1854 OR : w Sumatra islands, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sundas AS Macropygia emiliana is split from M.amboinensis; Dickinson (2003) and BLI recognize w misgivings

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M. e. hypopercna Oberholser, 1912 Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)

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M. e. modiglianii Salvadori, 1887 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)

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M. e. elassa Oberholser, 1912 Mentawai Is. (off w Sumatra)

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M. e. cinnamomea Salvadori, 1892 Enggano I. (off w Sumatra)

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M. e. emiliana Bonaparte, 1854 Java to w Lesser Sundas

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M. e. megala Siebers, 1929 Kangean Is. (off ne Java)

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M. e. borneensis Robinson & Kloss, 1921 Borneo

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Bar-necked Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia magna Wallace, 1864 AU : s Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas

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M. m. macassariensis Wallace, 1865 sw Sulawesi, Selayar and Tana Keke Is. (off s Sulawesi)

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M. m. longa Meise, 1930 Tanahjampea and Kalaotoa Is. (e Lesser Sundas)

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M. m. magna Wallace, 1864 Timor and Wetar (e Lesser Sundas)

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M. m. timorlaoensis Meyer, AB, 1884 Tanimbar Is.

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Andaman Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia rufipennis Blyth, 1846 OR : Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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M. r. andamanica Abdulali, 1967 Andaman Is. SSP Add: Rasmussen & Anderton, 2012.

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M. r. rufipennis Blyth, 1846 Nicobar Is. SSP Includes tiwarii

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Bar-tailed Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia nigrirostris Salvadori, 1876 AU : New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Macropygia nigrirostris to Bar-tailed Cuckoo-Dove (Gregory 2009)

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MacKinlay's Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia mackinlayi Ramsay, EP, 1878 AU : Bismarck Archipelago to Vanuatu ENG Change  English name of Macropygia mackinlayi to MacKinlay's Cuckoo-Dove (Gregory 2009)

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M. m. arossi Tristram, 1879 Admiralty, St. Matthias and New Britain Is., Karkar I., Solomon Is. SSP Includes goodsoni and krakari. Mayr & Diamond, 2001.

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M. m. mackinlayi Ramsay, EP, 1878 Santa Cruz and Banks Is., Vanuatu SSP Includes troughtoni. Dutson, 2011

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Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps (Temminck, 1835) OR : widespread, also Lesser Sundas

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M. r. assimilis Hume, 1874 s Burma to nw Thailand and sw China

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M. r. engelbachi Delacour, 1928 nw Vietnam, n Laos

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M. r. malayana Chasen & Kloss, 1931 Malay Pen.

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M. r. simalurensis Richmond, 1902 Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)

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M. r. sumatrana Robinson & Kloss, 1919 Sumatra

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M. r. nana Stresemann, 1913 Borneo and Sibatik I.

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M. r. ruficeps (Temminck, 1835) Java and Bali

.

M. r. orientalis Hartert, 1896 Lesser Sundas

.

Reinwardtoena Bonaparte, 1854

.

Great Cuckoo-Dove Reinwardtoena reinwardti (Temminck, 1824) AU : New Guinea

.

R. r. reinwardti (Temminck, 1824) Moluccas

.

R. r. griseotincta Hartert, 1896 w Papua islands, New Guinea, D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

.

R. r. brevis Peters, JL, 1937 Biak I. (off n New Guinea)

.

Pied Cuckoo-Dove Reinwardtoena browni (Sclater, PL, 1877) AU : Bismarck Archipelago, Admiralty Islands

.

Crested Cuckoo-Dove Reinwardtoena crassirostris (Gould, 1856) AU : Solomon Islands

.

Turacoena Bonaparte, 1854

.

White-faced Dove Turacoena manadensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Sulawesi

.

Black Dove Turacoena modesta (Temminck, 1835) AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Turtur Boddaert, 1783

.

Emerald-spotted Wood Dove Turtur chalcospilos (Wagler, 1827) AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to Angola, Namibia and South Africa

.

Black-billed Wood Dove Turtur abyssinicus (Sharpe, 1902) AF : Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Uganda

.

Blue-spotted Wood Dove Turtur afer (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Senegal and Gambia to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Uganda, south to Angola, n South Africa and Mozambique

.

Tambourine Dove Turtur tympanistria (Temminck, 1809) AF : Guinea to Ethiopia, south to Angola, Zambia and South Africa

.

Blue-headed Wood Dove Turtur brehmeri (Hartlaub, 1865) AF : w, c

.

T. b. infelix Peters, JL, 1937 Guinea and Sierra Leone to Cameroon

.

T. b. brehmeri (Hartlaub, 1865) s Cameroon to e DRCongo and nw Angola

.

Oena Swainson, 1837

.

Namaqua Dove Oena capensis (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : widespread

.

O. c. capensis (Linnaeus, 1766) Africa south of the Sahara, Socotra I., Arabia

.

O. c. aliena Bangs, 1918 Madagascar

.

Chalcophaps Gould, 1843

.

Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica (Linnaeus, 1758) OR, AU : widespread

.

C. i. indica (Linnaeus, 1758) India to s China , Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesian and w Papuan islands

.

C. i. robinsoni Baker, ECS, 1928 Sri Lanka

.

C. i. maxima Hartert, 1931 Andaman Is.

.

C. i. augusta Bonaparte, 1855 Nicobar Is.

.

C. i. natalis Lister, 1889 Christmas I. (Indian Ocean)

.

C. i. minima Hartert, 1931 Numfor, Biak and Mios Num Is. ( off n New Guinea)

.

Pacific Emerald Dove Chalcophaps longirostris Gould, 1848 AU : Australasia AS Chalcophaps longirostris is split from Chalcophaps indica (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

C. l. timorensis Bonaparte, 1856 e Lesser Sundas

.

C. l. longirostris Gould, 1848 n Australia

.

C. l. rogersi Mathews, 1912 e Australia, Lord Howe and Norfolk Is, New Guinea TAX Subspecific epithet chrysochlora suppressed. Forms formerly allocated to that taxon now divided between C. l. rogersi and C. l. timorensis. Schodde & Mason, 1997.

.

C. l. sandwichensis Ramsay, EP, 1878 Santa Cruz and Banks Is., Vanuatu, New Caledonia

.

Stephan's Emerald Dove Chalcophaps stephani Pucheran, 1853 AU : Sulawesi, New Guinea

.

C. s. wallacei Brüggemann, 1877 Sulawesi and Sula Is.

.

C. s. stephani Pucheran, 1853 se Moluccas, Western Papuan Is, lowland New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago

.

C. s. mortoni Ramsay, EP, 1882 Bougainville and Solomon Islands

.

Henicophaps Gray, GR, 1862

.

New Guinea Bronzewing Henicophaps albifrons Gray, GR, 1862 AU : New Guinea

.

H. a. albifrons Gray, GR, 1862 w Papuan islands, New Guinea, Yapen I. (off nw New Guinea)

.

H. a. schlegeli (Rosenberg, HKB, 1866) Aru Is. (sw of New Guinea)

.

New Britain Bronzewing Henicophaps foersteri Rothschild & Hartert, 1906 AU : Bismarck Archipelago

.

Phaps Selby, 1835

.

Common Bronzewing Phaps chalcoptera (Latham, 1790) AU : Australia

.

Brush Bronzewing Phaps elegans (Temminck, 1809) AU : s, e Australia

.

P. e. occidentalis Schodde, 1989 sw Australia

.

P. e. elegans (Temminck, 1809) se Queensland to sc Australia, Tasmania

.

Flock Bronzewing Phaps histrionica (Gould, 1841) AU : Australia

.

Ocyphaps Gray, GR, 1842

.

Crested Pigeon Ocyphaps lophotes (Temminck, 1822) AU : Australia

.

O. l. whitlocki Mathews, 1912 nw Australia

.

O. l. lophotes (Temminck, 1822) ne, c, s and e Australia

.

Geophaps Gray, GR, 1842

.

Spinifex Pigeon Geophaps plumifera Gould, 1842 AU : Australia

.

G. p. ferruginea (Gould, 1865) wc WesternAustralia

.

G. p. leucogaster (Gould, 1867) n Western Australia, w Northern Territory

.

G. p. plumifera Gould, 1842 c to ne Australia

.

Squatter Pigeon Geophaps scripta (Temminck, 1821) AU : ne Australia

.

G. s. peninsulae White, HL, 1922 ne Queensland

.

G. s. scripta (Temminck, 1821) c and s Queensland, nc New South Wales

.

Partridge Pigeon Geophaps smithii (Jardine & Selby, 1830) AU : n Australia

.

G. s. blaauwi Mathews, 1912 Kimberley region (ne Western Australia)

.

G. s. smithii (Jardine & Selby, 1830) ne Western Australia, n Northern Territory

.

Trugon Gray, GR, 1849

.

Thick-billed Ground Pigeon Trugon terrestris Gray, GR, 1849 AU : New Guinea

.

T. t. leucopareia (Meyer, AB, 1886) s New Guinea

.

T. t. mayri Rothschild, 1931 nc New Guinea

.

T. t. terrestris Gray, GR, 1849 nw New Guinea, Salawati I.

.

Leucosarcia Gould, 1843

.

Wonga Pigeon Leucosarcia melanoleuca (Latham, 1801) AU : e Australia

.

Petrophassa Gould, 1841

.

Chestnut-quilled Rock Pigeon Petrophassa rufipennis Collett, 1898 AU : n Australia

.

White-quilled Rock Pigeon Petrophassa albipennis Gould, 1841 AU : n Australia

.

P. a. albipennis Gould, 1841 n and ne Western Territory, w and nw Northern Territory

.

P. a. boothi Goodwin, 1969 n Northern Territory

.

Geopelia Swainson, 1837

.

Diamond Dove Geopelia cuneata (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia

.

Zebra Dove Geopelia striata (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : Malay Peninsula , Sumatra, Java

.

Peaceful Dove Geopelia placida Gould, 1844 AU : New Guinea, Australia

.

G. p. papua Rand, 1938 s New Guinea

.

G. p. placida Gould, 1844 n and e Australia

.

G. p. clelandi Mathews, 1912 n Western Territory

.

Barred Dove Geopelia maugeus (Temminck, 1809) AU : Lesser Sundas, se Moluccas

.

Bar-shouldered Dove Geopelia humeralis (Temminck, 1821) AU : sc, se New Guinea, n, e Australia

.

G. h. gregalis Bangs & Peters, JL, 1926 s New Guinea

.

G. h. headlandi Mathews, 1913 nc Western Australia

.

G. h. inexpectata Mathews, 1912 n Australia, Cape York Pen.

.

G. h. humeralis (Temminck, 1821) e Australia

.

Ectopistes Swainson, 1827

.

Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : sc and se Canada, c and e USA

.

Zenaida Bonaparte, 1838

.

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : widespread

.

Z. m. marginella (Woodhouse, 1852) w British Columbia (Canada) to sc Mexico

.

Z. m. carolinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) e USA, Bermuda, Bahama Is.

.

Z. m. macroura (Linnaeus, 1758) Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica

.

Z. m. clarionensis (Townsend, CH, 1890) Clarion Is. (off w Mexico)

.

Z. m. turturilla (Wetmore, 1956) Costa Rica, w Panama

.

Socorro Dove Zenaida graysoni (Lawrence, 1871) MA : Socorro Island

.

Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata (Des Murs, 1847) SA : widespread

.

Z. a. caucae Chapman, 1922 w Colombia

.

Z. a. antioquiae Chapman, 1917 nc Colombia

.

Z. a. pentheria Bonaparte, 1855 e Colombia, w Venezuela SSP Z. a. pentheria Bonaparte 1855 replaces Z. a. ruficauda Bonaparte 1855 based on Hellmayr & Conover, 1942, H&M 4:63.

.

Z. a. vinaceorufa Ridgway, 1884 Netherlands Antilles

.

Z. a. stenura Bonaparte, 1855 Lesser Antilles, Trinidad, c Colombia to the Guianas and n Brazil SSP Z. a. stenura Bonaparte, 1855 has precedence over Z. a. rubripes Lawrence, 1885 to which this form was formerly assigned. H&M 4: 63, Hellmayr & Conover, 1942.

.

Z. a. jessieae Ridgway, 1888 lower Amazon (Brazil)

.

Z. a. marajoensis von Berlepsch, 1913 Amazon estuary (Brazil)

.

Z. a. noronha Sharpe, 1890 ne Brazil, Fernando de Noronha Is. (Brazil)

.

Z. a. hypoleuca Bonaparte, 1855 w Ecuador, w Peru

.

Z. a. chrysauchenia Reichenbach, 1847 Bolivia to c Brazil south to Tierra del Fuego SSP Z. a. chrysauchenia Reichenbach, 1847 has precedence over Z. a. virgata Bertoni, W, 1901 to which this form was formerly assigned. H&M 4:63. Hellmayr & Conover, 1942.

.

Z. a. auriculata (Des Murs, 1847) c Chile, wc Argentina

.

Zenaida Dove Zenaida aurita (Temminck, 1809) NA : West Indies, also Yucatan Peninsula

.

Z. a. salvadorii Ridgway, 1916 n Yucatan Pen., Cozumel, Holbox and Mujeres Is. (Mexico)

.

Z. a. zenaida (Bonaparte, 1825) Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Virgin Is.

.

Z. a. aurita (Temminck, 1809) Lesser Antilles

.

Galapagos Dove Zenaida galapagoensis Gould, 1841 SA : Galápagos Islands

.

Z. g. galapagoensis Gould, 1841 Galapagos Islands except Culpepper and Wenman

.

Z. g. exsul (Rothschild & Hartert, 1899) Culpepper and Wenman Is.

.

White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : sw USA to Panama, also Greater Antilles

.

Z. a. mearnsi (Ridgway, 1915) sw USA, w Mexico

.

Z. a. asiatica (Linnaeus, 1758) s USA to Nicaragua, West Indies

.

Z. a. australis (Peters, JL, 1913) W Costa Rica, w Panama

.

West Peruvian Dove Zenaida meloda (Tschudi, 1843) SA : Ecuador to n Chile

.

Columbina von Spix, 1825

.

Inca Dove Columbina inca (Lesson, 1847) NA, MA : sw USA to Costa Rica

.

Scaled Dove Columbina squammata (Lesson, 1831) SA : n, e

.

C. s. ridgwayi (Richmond, 1896) Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, French Guiana

.

C. s. squammata (Lesson, 1831) c and e Brazil to ne Argentina

.

Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, LA : s USA to se Brazil

.

C. p. passerina (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA

.

C. p. pallescens (Baird, SF, 1860) sw USA to Guatemala and Belize

.

C. p. socorroensis (Ridgway, 1887) Socorro I. (off w Mexico)

.

C. p. neglecta (Carriker, 1910) Honduras to Panama

.

C. p. bahamensis (Maynard, 1887) Bahamas, Bermuda

.

C. p. exigua (Riley, 1905) Great Inagua I. (s Bahamas) and Mona I. (Puerto Rico)

.

C. p. insularis (Ridgway, 1888) Cuba, Hispaniola, Cayman Is. SSP Includes navassae. Bowman, 2002.

.

C. p. umbrina Buden, 1985 Ile de la Tortue (off nw Hispaniola) SSP Add: Bowman, 2002.

.

C. p. jamaicensis (Maynard, 1899) Jamaica

.

C. p. portoricensis (Lowe, 1908) Puerto Rico (except Mona I.), Virgin Is. (except St. Croix)

.

C. p. nigrirostris (Danforth, 1935) St. Croix, n Lesser Antilles

.

C. p. trochila (Bonaparte, 1855) Martinique (Lesser Antilles)

.

C. p. antillarum (Lowe, 1908) s Lesser Antilles

.

C. p. albivitta (Bonaparte, 1855) n Colombia, n Venezuela, Netherlands Antilles, Trinidad

.

C. p. parvula (Todd, 1913) c Colombia

.

C. p. nana (Todd, 1913) w Colombia

.

C. p. quitensis (Todd, 1913) c Ecuador

.

C. p. griseola von Spix, 1825 s Venezuela to the Guianas and e Brazil

.

Plain-breasted Ground Dove Columbina minuta (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : widespread

.

C. m. interrupta (Griscom, 1929) s Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, and Nicaragua

.

C. m. elaeodes (Todd, 1913) Costa Rica to wc Colombia

.

C. m. minuta (Linnaeus, 1766) e Colombia and Venezuela through the Guianas to s Brazil and ne Argentina

.

C. m. amazilia (Bonaparte, 1855) sw Ecuador, nw Peru

.

Ecuadorian Ground Dove Columbina buckleyi (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877) SA : Ecuador, nw Peru

.

C. b. buckleyi (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877) nw Ecuador to nw Peru

.

C. b. dorsti (Koepcke, 1962) MarañonValley (nw Peru)

.

Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti (Temminck, 1810) LA : widespread

.

C. t. eluta (Bangs, 1901) w Mexico

.

C. t. rufipennis (Bonaparte, 1855) se Mexico to n Colombia and n Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago

.

C. t. caucae (Chapman, 1915) w Colombia

.

C. t. talpacoti (Temminck, 1810) e Ecuador and Peru to the Guianas, Brazil and c Argentina

.

Picui Ground Dove Columbina picui (Temminck, 1813) SA : ne Brazil to c Chile and s Argentina

.

C. p. strepitans von Spix, 1825 ne Brazil

.

C. p. picui (Temminck, 1813) Bolivia and s Brazil to c Chile and s Argentina

.

Croaking Ground Dove Columbina cruziana (Prévost, 1842) SA : n Ecuador to n Chile

.

Blue-eyed Ground Dove Columbina cyanopis (Pelzeln, 1870) SA : sc Brazil

.

Claravis Oberholser, 1899

.

Blue Ground Dove Claravis pretiosa (Ferrari-Pérez, 1886) LA : e Mexico to n Argentina and se Brazil

.

Purple-winged Ground Dove Claravis geoffroyi (Temminck, 1811) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina TAX Correct species name of Purple-winged Ground Dove is geoffroyi, not godefrida (David et al 2010, SACC 477)

.

Maroon-chested Ground Dove Claravis mondetoura (Bonaparte, 1856) LA : se Mexico to wc Bolivia SSP Treat as monotypic. Includes ochoterena, salvini, umbrina, pulchra and inca. Hellmayr & Conover, 1942.

.

Metriopelia Bonaparte, 1855

.

Bare-faced Ground Dove Metriopelia ceciliae (Lesson, 1845) SA : Peru to n Chile

.

M. c. ceciliae (Lesson, 1845) w Peru

.

M. c. obsoleta (Zimmer, JT, 1924) n Peru

.

M. c. zimmeri Peters, JL, 1937 s Peru to n Chile, Bolivia, and nw Argentina

.

Moreno's Ground Dove Metriopelia morenoi (Sharpe, 1902) SA : nw Argentina

.

Black-winged Ground Dove Metriopelia melanoptera (Molina, 1782) SA : Colombia to s Chile

.

M. m. saturatior Chubb, C, 1918 sw Colombia, Ecuador

.

M. m. melanoptera (Molina, 1782) Peru to Chile and s Argentina

.

Golden-spotted Ground Dove Metriopelia aymara (Prévost, 1840) SA : sc Peru to n Chile

.

Uropelia Bonaparte, 1855

.

Long-tailed Ground Dove Uropelia campestris (von Spix, 1825) SA : nc, c, wc Brazil, n, e Bolivia SSP Treat species as monotypic. Includes figginsi. Hellmayr & Conover, 1942.

.

Leptotila Swainson, 1837

.

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Bonaparte, 1855 LA : widespread

.

L. v. capitalis Nelson, 1898 Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)

.

L. v. angelica Bangs & Penard, TE, 1922 s Texas (USA), n and c Mexico

.

L. v. fulviventris Lawrence, 1882 se Mexico to Belize and ne Guatemala

.

L. v. bangsi Dickey & van Rossem, 1926 w Guatemala to w Nicaragua and w Honduras

.

L. v. nuttingi Ridgway, 1915 Lake Nicaragua

.

L. v. verreauxi Bonaparte, 1855 sw Nicaragua and Costa Rica to n Venezuela, Netherlands Antilles and Trinidad SSP Iincludes zapluta and riottei.

.

L. v. tobagensis Hellmayr & Seilern, 1915 Tobago

.

L. v. hernandezi Romero-Zambrano & Morales-Sanchez, 1981 sw Colombia

.

L. v. decolor Salvin, 1895 w Colombia to w and n Peru

.

L. v. brasiliensis (Bonaparte, 1856) the Guianas, n Brazil

.

L. v. approximans Cory, 1917 ne Brazil

.

L. v. decipiens (Salvadori, 1871) e Peru and Bolivia, w Brazil

.

L. v. chalcauchenia Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1870 s Bolivia to Uruguay and nc Argentina

.

Yungas Dove Leptotila megalura Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1879 SA : Bolivia, nw Argentina

.

Grey-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla (Richard & Bernard, 1792) SA : Colombia to ne Argentina

.

L. r. pallidipectus Chapman, 1915 e Colombia, w Venezuela

.

L. r. dubusi Bonaparte, 1855 se Colombia to e Peru, nw Brazil and s Venezuela

.

L. r. rufaxilla (Richard & Bernard, 1792) e Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil

.

L. r. hellmayri Chapman, 1915 ne Venezuela, Trinidad

.

L. r. bahiae von Berlepsch, 1885 c Brazil

.

L. r. reichenbachii Pelzeln, 1870 sc and s Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and ne Argentina

.

Grey-headed Dove Leptotila plumbeiceps Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 LA : e Mexico to w Colombia

.

L. p. plumbeiceps Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 se Mexico to w Costa Rica and w Colombia

.

L. p. notia Peters, JL, 1931 w Panama

.

Pallid Dove Leptotila pallida von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Azuero Dove Leptotila battyi Rothschild, 1901 MA : Panama AS Leptotila battyi is split from L. plumbeiceps (Sibley and Monroe 1990); BLI accepts, AOU does not

.

L. b. malae Griscom, 1927 Pacific slope of Panama, Cebaco I. ( off w Panama)

.

L. b. battyi Rothschild, 1901 Coiba I. (off sc Panama)

.

Grenada Dove Leptotila wellsi (Lawrence, 1884) NA : Grenada

.

Caribbean Dove Leptotila jamaicensis (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, MA : Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Yucatan Peninsula

.

L. j. collaris (Cory, 1886) Cayman Is.

.

L. j. gaumeri (Lawrence, 1885) n Yucatan, Mujeres, Holbox and Cozumel Is. (Mexico), islands off Honduras

.

L. j. jamaicensis (Linnaeus, 1766) Jamaica

.

L. j. neoxena (Cory, 1887) San Andrés I. (off e Nicaragua)

.

Grey-chested Dove Leptotila cassinii Lawrence, 1867 LA : Guatemala to n Colombia

.

L. c. cerviniventris Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 e Guatemala to w Panama

.

L. c. rufinucha Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 sw Costa Rica, nw Panama

.

L. c. cassinii Lawrence, 1867 Panama to n Colombia

.

Ochre-bellied Dove Leptotila ochraceiventris Chapman, 1914 SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

Tolima Dove Leptotila conoveri Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1943 SA : Colombia

.

Geotrygon Gosse, 1847

.

Purplish-backed Quail-Dove Geotrygon lawrencii Salvin, 1874 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Tuxtla Quail-Dove Geotrygon carrikeri (Wetmore, 1941) MA : se Mexico

.

Buff-fronted Quail-Dove Geotrygon costaricensis Lawrence, 1868 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Russet-crowned Quail-Dove Geotrygon goldmani Nelson, 1912 LA : e Panama, nw Colombia

.

G. g. oreas Wetmore, 1950 e Panama

.

G. g. goldmani Nelson, 1912 Darién (Panama), nw Colombia

.

Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina Bonaparte, 1855 SA : Colombia to se Peru

.

G. s. saphirina Bonaparte, 1855 e Ecuador to se Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia

.

G. s. rothschildi (Stolzmann, 1926) Marcapata valley (se Peru)

.

Olive-backed Quail-Dove Geotrygon veraguensis Lawrence, 1866 LA : Costa Rica to nw Ecuador PHY Olive-backed Dove may be sister to Leptotila (Johnson and Weckstein 2011, SACC)

.

Indigo-crowned Quail-Dove Geotrygon purpurata (Salvin, 1878) SA : nw Colombia to nw Ecuador AS Geotrygon purpurata is split from G. saphirina (Gibbs 2001, Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Donegan and Salaman 2012; SACC 105, 566)

.

Grey-fronted Quail-Dove Geotrygon caniceps (Gundlach, 1852) NA : Cuba

.

White-fronted Quail-Dove Geotrygon leucometopia (Chapman, 1917) NA : Dominican Republic

.

Crested Quail-Dove Geotrygon versicolor (Lafresnaye, 1846) NA : Jamaica

.

White-faced Quail-Dove Geotrygon albifacies Sclater, PL, 1858 MA : e Mexico to Nicaragua

.

Chiriqui Quail-Dove Geotrygon chiriquensis Sclater, PL, 1856 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Lined Quail-Dove Geotrygon linearis (Prévost, 1843) SA : c Colombia to ne Venezuela

.

White-throated Quail-Dove Geotrygon frenata (Tschudi, 1843) SA : w Colombia to nw Argentina

.

G. f. bourcieri Bonaparte, 1855 w Colombia, w, e Ecuador SSP Includes erythropareia, considered a dark morph of this subspecies. Ridgely & Greenfield, 2001; Restall et al, 2006

.

G. f. subgrisea Chapman, 1922 sw Ecuador, nw Peru SSP Add: Ridgely & Greenfield, 2001; Restall et al, 2006

.

G. f. frenata (Tschudi, 1843) n Peru to c Bolivia

.

G. f. margaritae Blake, Hoy, G & Contino, 1961 s Bolivia to nw Argentina

.

Key West Quail-Dove Geotrygon chrysia Bonaparte, 1855 NA : West Indies

.

Bridled Quail-Dove Geotrygon mystacea (Temminck, 1811) NA : Lesser Antilles

.

Violaceous Quail-Dove Geotrygon violacea (Temminck, 1809) LA : Nicaragua to Venezuela, e, c SA

.

G. v. albiventer Lawrence, 1865 Nicaragua to n Colombia and Venezuela

.

G. v. violacea (Temminck, 1809) Suriname to e Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : widespread PHY,SEQ Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana is by itself and basal to the Leptotila/Zenaida clade; separate to another genus (Fjeldså 5/2010)

.

G. m. martinica (Linnaeus, 1766) Lesser Antilles Is.

.

G. m. montana (Linnaeus, 1758) Mexico to ne Argentina, Greater Antilles, Trinidad

.

Starnoenas Bonaparte, 1838

.

Blue-headed Quail-Dove Starnoenas cyanocephala (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Cuba

.

Caloenas Gray, GR, 1840

.

Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) OR, AU : Andaman Islands to Philippines and Solomon Islands

.

C. n. nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) Andaman and Nicobar Is., Malay Arch. to New Guinea, Philippines and Soloman Is.

.

C. n. pelewensis Finsch, 1875 Palau Is.

.

Spotted Green Pigeon Caloenas maculata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : Unknown s Pacific island? Also known as "Liverpool Pigeon" after the museum in which the only extant specimen is housed. Spotted Green Pigeion is the English name given to this species by its first describer, John Latham, and is the name used by the Liverpool Museum itself.

.

Gallicolumba Heck, 1849 PHY Gallicolumba is biphyletic, with a Philippine radiation and a Pacific radiation related to Leucosarcia, Geopelia and the Australian bronze pigeons; restoration of the genus Alopecoenas is recommended for the members of the Pacific radiation (Jønsson et al 2011)

.

Luzon Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba luzonica (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Philippines

.

G. l. griseolateralis Parkes, 1962 n Luzon

.

G. l. luzonica (Scopoli, 1786) c and s Luzon

.

G. l. rubiventris Gonzales, 1979 Catanduanes

.

Mindanao Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba crinigera (Pucheran, 1853) OR : Philippines

.

G. c. leytensis (Hartert, 1918) Samar, Leyte, Bohol

.

G. c. crinigera (Pucheran, 1853) Mindanao, Dinagat

.

G. c. bartletti (Sclater, PL, 1864) Basilan

.

Mindoro Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba platenae (Salvadori, 1893) OR : Philippines

.

Negros Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba keayi (Clarke, WE, 1900) OR : Philippines

.

Sulu Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba menagei (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) OR : Philippines

.

Cinnamon Ground Dove Gallicolumba rufigula (Pucheran, 1853) AU : New Guinea

.

G. r. rufigula (Pucheran, 1853) w Papuan islands

.

G. r. helviventris (Rosenberg, HKB, 1866) Aru Is., s New Guinea

.

G. r. septentrionalis Rand, 1941 n New Guinea

.

G. r. orientalis Rand, 1941 se New Guinea

.

G. r. alaris Rand, 1941 s New Guinea

.

Sulawesi Ground Dove Gallicolumba tristigmata (Bonaparte, 1855) AU : Sulawesi

.

G. t. tristigmata (Bonaparte, 1855) n and nc Sulawesi

.

G. t. auripectus Stresemann, 1941 sc and se Sulawesi

.

G. t. bimaculata (Salvadori, 1892) s Sulawesi

.

Wetar Ground Dove Gallicolumba hoedtii (Schlegel, 1871) AU : Lesser Sundas

.

White-breasted Ground Dove Gallicolumba jobiensis (Meyer, AB, 1875) AU : New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands ENG Change  English name of Gallicolumba jobiensis to White-breasted Ground Dove (Gregory 2009)

.

G. j. jobiensis (Meyer, AB, 1875) New Guinea, Bismarck Arch., D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

.

G. j. chalconota Mayr, 1935 Vella Lavella and Guadalcanal (c and s Solomon Is.)

.

White-fronted Ground Dove Gallicolumba kubaryi (Finsch, 1880) PO : Caroline Islands

.

Polynesian Ground Dove Gallicolumba erythroptera (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : Tuamotu Archipelago

.

G. e. erythroptera (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n, s Tuamotu Islands

.

G. e. albicollis (Salvadori, 1892) c Tuamotu Islands EXT Hume & Walters 2012

.

White-throated Ground Dove Gallicolumba xanthonura (Temminck, 1823) PO : Mariana Islands, Caroline Islands

.

Tongan Ground Dove Gallicolumba stairi (Gray, GR, 1856) PO : cs Polynesia

.

Santa Cruz Ground Dove Gallicolumba sanctaecrucis Mayr, 1935 AU : Santa Cruz Islands, Vanuatu

.

Tanna Ground Dove Gallicolumba ferruginea (Forster, JR, 1844) PO : Tanna Is. (Vanuatu)

.

Thick-billed Ground Dove Gallicolumba salamonis (Ramsay, EP, 1882) AU : Solomon Islands

.

Marquesan Ground Dove Gallicolumba rubescens (Vieillot, 1818) PO : Marquesas Islands

.

Bronze Ground Dove Gallicolumba beccarii (Salvadori, 1876) AU : New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands

.

G. b. beccarii (Salvadori, 1876) New Guinea

.

G. b. johannae (Sclater, PL, 1877) Karkar I., Nissan I., Bismarck Arch.

.

G. b. eichhorni Hartert, 1924 St.Matthias Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

G. b. admiralitatis (Rothschild & Hartert, 1914) Admiralty Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

G. b. intermedia (Rothschild & Hartert, 1905) w Solomon Is.

.

G. b. solomonensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1888) e Solomon Is.

.

G. b. masculina (Salomonsen, 1972) Nissan I. (w Solomon Is.) SSP Add: Mayr & Diamond, 2001; Dutson, 2011

.

Palau Ground Dove Gallicolumba canifrons (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1872) PO : Palau Islands

.

Microgoura Rothschild, 1904

.

Choiseul Pigeon Microgoura meeki Rothschild, 1904 AU : Choiseul I. (nw Solomon Is.)

.

Otidiphaps Gould, 1870

.

Pheasant Pigeon Otidiphaps nobilis Gould, 1870 AU : New Guinea

.

O. n. aruensis Rothschild, 1928 Aru Is. (New Guinea)

.

O. n. nobilis Gould, 1870 w New Guinea, Batanta and Waigeo Is.

.

O. n. cervicalis Ramsay, EP, 1880 e and se New Guinea

.

O. n. insularis Salvin & Godman, 1883 Fergusson I. (D'Entrecasteaux Arch.)

.

Goura Stephens, 1819

.

Western Crowned Pigeon Goura cristata (Pallas, 1764) AU : w New Guinea

.

G. c. cristata (Pallas, 1764) nw New Guinea

.

G. c. minor Schlegel, 1864 w Papuan islands

.

G. c. pygmaea Mees, 1965 Misool I.

.

Southern Crowned Pigeon Goura scheepmakeri Finsch, 1876 AU : s, se New Guinea

.

G. s. sclaterii Salvadori, 1876 s New Guinea

.

G. s. scheepmakeri Finsch, 1876 se New Guinea

.

Victoria Crowned Pigeon Goura victoria (Fraser, 1844) AU : n New Guinea

.

G. v. victoria (Fraser, 1844) Yapen and Biak Is. (off n New Guinea)

.

G. v. beccarii Salvadori, 1876 n New Guinea

.

Raphus Brisson, 1760

.

Dodo Raphus cucullatus (Linnaeus, 1758) IO : Mauritius I.

.

Pezophaps Strickland, 1848

.

Rodrigues Solitaire Pezophaps solitaria (Gmelin, JF, 1789) IO : Rodrigues I.

.

Didunculus Peale, 1848

.

Tooth-billed Pigeon Didunculus strigirostris (Jardine, 1845) PO : w Samoa

.

Phapitreron Bonaparte, 1854

.

White-eared Brown Dove Phapitreron leucotis (Temminck, 1823) OR : Philippines

.

P. l. leucotis (Temminck, 1823) Catanduanes, Luzon, Mindoro

.

P. l. nigrorum (Sharpe, 1877) w Visayas

.

P. l. brevirostris (Tweeddale, 1877) e Visayas, Mindanao

.

P. l. occipitalis (Salvadori, 1893) Basilan, Sula Is.

.

Amethyst Brown Dove Phapitreron amethystinus Bonaparte, 1855 OR : Philippines

.

P. a. amethystinus Bonaparte, 1855 n, e and se Philippines

.

P. a. imeldae De la Paz, 1976 Marinduque (nc Philippines)

.

P. a. maculipectus (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) Negros (ec Philippines)

.

P. a. frontalis (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) Cebu (c Philippines)

.

Tawitawi Brown Dove Phapitreron cinereiceps (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) OR : se Philippines on Tawitawi Is ENG Change English name of Phapitreron cinereiceps from Dark-eared Brown Dove to Tawitawi Brown Dove to follow BLI;with split of P.brunneiceps

.

Mindanao Brown Dove Phapitreron brunneiceps (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) OR : se Philippines on Mindanao and Basilan. AS Phapitreron brunneiceps is split from P.cinereiceps (Collar et al. 1999, BLI)

.

Treron Vieillot, 1816

.

Cinnamon-headed Green Pigeon Treron fulvicollis (Wagler, 1827) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

T. f. fulvicollis (Wagler, 1827) Malay Pen. to Sumatra

.

T. f. melopogenys (Oberholser, 1912) Nias and Siberut Is. (off w Sumatra)

.

T. f. oberholseri Chasen, 1935 Natuna Is. (off nw Sumatra)

.

T. f. baramensis Meyer, AB, 1891 n Borneo and nearby islands

.

Little Green Pigeon Treron olax (Temminck, 1823) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

.

Pink-necked Green Pigeon Treron vernans (Linnaeus, 1771) OR : Southeast Asia to Philippines, also Sulawesi

.

Orange-breasted Green Pigeon Treron bicinctus (Jerdon, 1840) OR : widespread

.

T. b. leggei Hartert, 1910 Sri Lanka

.

T. b. bicinctus (Jerdon, 1840) India to se Asia

.

T. b. domvilii (Swinhoe, 1870) Hainan I. (off se China)

.

T. b. javanus Robinson & Kloss, 1923 Java, Bali

.

Sri Lanka Green Pigeon Treron pompadora (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : Sri Lanka ENG Change  English name of Treron pompadora from Pompadour Green Pigeon to Sri Lanka Green Pigeon, with split of multiple species.

.

Grey-fronted Green Pigeon Treron affinis (Jerdon, 1840) OR : sw India AS Treron affinis is split from Treron pompadora (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

Ashy-headed Green Pigeon Treron phayrei (Blyth, 1862) OR : se Asia, s China, w Indonesia? AS Treron phayrei is split from Treron pompadora (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

T. p. conoveri Rand & Fleming, RL, 1953 Nepal

.

T. p. phayrei (Blyth, 1862) ne India through Burma to sw China and s Indochina

.

Andaman Green Pigeon Treron chloropterus Blyth, 1845 OR : Andaman and Nicobar Islands AS Treron chloropterus is split from Treron pompadora (Gibbs et al. 2001, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

Philippine Green Pigeon Treron axillaris (Bonaparte, 1855) OR : Philippines AS Treron axillaris is split from Treron pompadora (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

T. a. amadoni Parkes, 1965 n Luzon

.

T. a. axillaris (Bonaparte, 1855) s Luzon, Polillo, Catanduanes, Mindoro, Lubang, Alabat

.

T. a. canescens Parkes, 1965 w and e Visayas, Mindanao, Basilan (e Philippines)

.

T. a. everetti (Rothschild, 1894) Sulu Arch.

.

Buru Green Pigeon Treron aromaticus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : Buru Is. AS Treron aromaticus is split from Treron pompadora (Gibbs et al. 2001, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

Thick-billed Green Pigeon Treron curvirostra (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : widespread

.

T. c. nipalensis (Hodgson, 1836) c Nepal and ne India through Burma to s Indochina

.

T. c. hainanus Hartert & Goodson, 1918 Hainan I. (off se China)

.

T. c. curvirostra (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Malay Pen., Sumatra

.

T. c. haliplous Oberholser, 1912 Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)

.

T. c. pegus Oberholser, 1912 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)

.

T. c. smicrus Oberholser, 1912 Sipora, Siberut and Batu Is. (off w Sumatra)

.

T. c. hypothapsinus Oberholser, 1912 Enggano I. (off sw Sumatra)

.

T. c. nasica Schlegel, 1863 Borneo

.

T. c. erimacrus Oberholser, 1924 Balabac, Palawan, Mindoro (Philippines)

.

Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon Treron griseicauda Bonaparte, 1855 OR, AU : Java, Sulawesi

.

T. g. sangirensis Brüggemann, 1876 Sangihe Is. (off ne Sulawesi)

.

T. g. wallacei (Salvadori, 1893) Sulawesi, Banggai and Sulu Arch.

.

T. g. vordermani Finsch, 1901 Kangean Is. (Java Sea)

.

T. g. pallidior (Hartert, 1896) Kalao, Kalaotoa, Tanahjampea (between Sulawesi and Flores)

.

T. g. griseicauda Bonaparte, 1855 Java, Bali

.

Sumba Green Pigeon Treron teysmannii Schlegel, 1879 AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Flores Green Pigeon Treron floris Wallace, 1864 AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Timor Green Pigeon Treron psittaceus (Temminck, 1808) AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Large Green Pigeon Treron capellei (Temminck, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

.

T. c. magnirostris Strickland, 1844 Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo

.

T. c. capellei (Temminck, 1822) Java

.

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicopterus (Latham, 1790) OR : India to Southeast Asia

.

T. p. phoenicopterus (Latham, 1790) e Pakistan and n India to Bangladesh and ne India

.

T. p. chlorigaster (Blyth, 1843) c and s India

.

T. p. phillipsi Ripley, 1949 Sri Lanka

.

T. p. viridifrons Blyth, 1846 sw China to Burma and nw Thailand

.

T. p. annamensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1909) e Thailand, s Laos, s Vietnam

.

Bruce's Green Pigeon Treron waalia (Meyer, FAA, 1793) AF, EU : Senegal and Gambia to Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Uganda, also sw Arabian Peninsula

.

Madagascan Green Pigeon Treron australis (Linnaeus, 1771) AF : Madagascar

.

T. a. xenius Salomonsen, 1934 w Madagascar

.

T. a. australis (Linnaeus, 1771) e Madagascar

.

Comoros Green Pigeon Treron griveaudi Benson, 1960 AF : Comoros

.

African Green Pigeon Treron calvus (Temminck, 1811) AF : widespread

.

T. c. nudirostris (Swainson, 1837) Senegal to Guinea

.

T. c. sharpei (Reichenow, 1902) Sierra Leone to n Cameroon

.

T. c. calvus (Temminck, 1811) e Nigeria to c Angola and e and s DRCongo

.

T. c. poensis Hartert & Goodson, 1918 Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea)

.

T. c. virescens Amadon, 1953 San Tomé and Principe Is. (Gulf of Guinea)

.

T. c. uellensis (Reichenow, 1912) n DRCongo to s Sudan and sw Ethiopia

.

T. c. gibberifrons (Madarász, 1915) s Sudan to the Lake Victoria basin

.

T. c. brevicera Hartert & Goodson, 1918 s Ethiopia to n Tanzania

.

T. c. wakefieldii Sharpe, 1874 coastal Kenya to ne Tanzania

.

T. c. granti (van Someren, 1919) e Tanzania

.

T. c. salvadorii (Dubois, AJC, 1897) se DRCongo to w Tanzania and Mozambique

.

T. c. ansorgei Hartert & Goodson, 1918 w Angola

.

T. c. schalowi Reichenow, 1880 e Angola to ne Namibia, n Botswana and w Zimbabwe

.

T. c. vylderi Gyldenstolpe, 1924 nw Namibia

.

T. c. delalandii (Bonaparte, 1854) se Tanzania to South Africa

.

Pemba Green Pigeon Treron pembaensis Pakenham, 1940 AF : Pemba Island

.

Sao Tome Green Pigeon Treron sanctithomae (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : São Tomé

.

Pin-tailed Green Pigeon Treron apicauda Blyth, 1846 OR : n India to Southeast Asia

.

T. a. apicauda Blyth, 1846 Himalayas to sw China and Burma

.

T. a. laotianus (Delacour, 1926) s China, n Vietnam, n Laos

.

T. a. lowei (Delacour & Jabouille, 1924) Thailand, c Laos

.

Sumatran Green Pigeon Treron oxyurus (Temminck, 1823) OR : Sumatra, w Java

.

Yellow-vented Green Pigeon Treron seimundi (Robinson, 1910) OR : Southeast Asia

.

T. s. modestus (Delacour, 1926) Laos, Vietnam

.

T. s. seimundi (Robinson, 1910) sc Malay Pen.

.

Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon Treron sphenurus (Vigors, 1832) OR : n India to Java

.

T. s. sphenurus (Vigors, 1832) Himalayas to Burma, n Thailand, n Laos and s China

.

T. s. delacouri Biswas, 1950 c Vietnam

.

T. s. robinsoni (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) w Malaysia

.

T. s. etorques (Salvadori, 1879) Sumatra

.

T. s. korthalsi (Bonaparte, 1855) Java, Bali, Lombok

.

White-bellied Green Pigeon Treron sieboldii (Temminck, 1835) EU, OR : Japan to Southeast Asia

.

T. s. sieboldii (Temminck, 1835) Japan, e China

.

T. s. fopingensis Cheng, Tan & Sung, 1973 e Sichuan and s Shaanxi (c China)

.

T. s. sororius (Swinhoe, 1866) Taiwan

.

T. s. murielae (Delacour, 1927) sc China, n and c Vietnam, n Thailand

.

Whistling Green Pigeon Treron formosae Swinhoe, 1863 EU, OR : islands s of Japan to Philippines

.

T. f. permagnus Stejneger, 1887 n Ryukyu Is. (Japan)

.

T. f. medioximus (Bangs, 1901) s Ryukyu Is. (Japan)

.

T. f. formosae Swinhoe, 1863 Taiwan

.

T. f. filipinus Hachisuka, 1952 n Philippine Is., Botel Tobago

.

Ptilinopus Swainson, 1825

.

Banded Fruit Dove Ptilinopus cinctus (Temminck, 1809) AU : Bali, Lesser Sundas TAX, ENG Change English name to Black-backed Fruit Dove as in HBW?

.

P. c. baliensis Hartert, 1896 Bali

.

P. c. albocinctus Wallace, 1864 Lombok, Sumbawa and Flores (Lesser Sundas)

.

P. c. everetti Rothschild, 1898 Pantar and Alor (Lesser Sundas)

.

P. c. cinctus (Temminck, 1809) Timor, Wetar and Romang (Lesser Sundas)

.

P. c. lettiensis Schlegel, 1871 Leti, Moa, Luang, Sermata and Teun Is. (Lesser Sundas)

.

P. c. ottonis Hartert, 1904 Damar, Babar and Nila Is. (Lesser Sundas)

.

Black-banded Fruit Dove Ptilinopus alligator Collett, 1898 AU : n Australia AS Black-banded Fruit Dove P. alligator split from Banded Fruit Dove as by HBW4 and others (see Christidis & Boles 2008).

.

Red-naped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus dohertyi Rothschild, 1896 AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Pink-headed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus porphyreus (Temminck, 1822) OR : Sumatra, Java

.

Flame-breasted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus marchei Oustalet, 1880 OR : Philippines

.

Cream-breasted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus merrilli (McGregor, 1916) OR : Philippines

.

P. m. faustinoi (Manuel, 1936) n Luzon

.

P. m. merrilli (McGregor, 1916) s Luzon, Catanduanes and Polillo

.

Yellow-breasted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus occipitalis Gray, GR, 1844 OR : Philippines

.

P. o. occipitalis Gray, GR, 1844 n and c Philippines

.

P. o. incognitus Tweeddale, 1877 Mindanao (se Philippines)

.

Red-eared Fruit Dove Ptilinopus fischeri Brüggemann, 1876 AU : Sulawesi

.

P. f. fischeri Brüggemann, 1876 n Sulawesi

.

P. f. centralis Meyer, AB, 1903 c and se Sulawesi

.

P. f. meridionalis (Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1893) sw Sulawesi

.

Jambu Fruit Dove Ptilinopus jambu (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

.

Banggai Fruit Dove Ptilinopus subgularis Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1896 AU : Banggai Is ENG Change  English name of Ptilinopus subgularis to Banggai Fruit Dove with splits of  Oberholser's Fruit Dove and Sula Fruit Dove (Rheindt et al 2011)

.

Oberholser's Fruit Dove Ptilinopus epius (Oberholser, 1918) AU : Sulawesi AS Oberholser's Fruit Pigeon is split from Maroon-chinned Fruit Dove (Banggai) Fruit Dove P. subgularis (Rheindt et al 2011)

.

Sula Fruit Dove Ptilinopus mangoliensis Rothschild, 1898 AU : Sula Is AS Sula Fruit Pigeon is split from Maroon-chinned Fruit Dove (Banggai) Fruit Dove P. subgularis (Rheindt et al 2011)

.

Black-chinned Fruit Dove Ptilinopus leclancheri (Bonaparte, 1855) OR : Philippines and Taiwan

.

P. l. taiwanus Ripley, 1962 Taiwan

.

P. l. longialis (Manuel, 1936) Lanyu I. (off of s Taiwan), Philippines n of Luzon

.

P. l. leclancheri (Bonaparte, 1855) Philippines except northern and Palawan group

.

P. l. gironieri (Verreaux, J & Des Murs, 1862) Palawan and nearby islands

.

Scarlet-breasted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus bernsteinii Schlegel, 1863 AU : Moluccas

.

P. b. micrus (Jany, 1955) Obi I. (nc Moluccas)

.

P. b. bernsteinii Schlegel, 1863 Halmahera, Ternate and Bacan (n Moluccas)

.

Wompoo Fruit Dove Ptilinopus magnificus (Temminck, 1821) AU : New Guinea, e Australia

.

P. m. puella (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) w Papua islands, w New Guinea SSP Includes interpositus. Intermediate between puella and poliurus. Not considered valid subspecies. Gibbs et al, 2001. Diamond & LeCroy, 1978.

.

P. m. poliurus (Salvadori, 1878) n New Guinea and islands, se, sc New Guinea SSP Includes septentrionalis. Intermediate between puella and poliurus. Not considered valid subspecies. Gibbs et al, 2001. Diamond & LeCroy, 1978.

.

P. m. assimilis (Gould, 1850) Cape York Pen. (ne Australia)

.

P. m. keri (Mathews, 1912) ne Queensland (ne Australia)

.

P. m. magnificus (Temminck, 1821) s Queensland, n New South Wales (e Australia)

.

Pink-spotted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus perlatus (Temminck, 1835) AU : New Guinea

.

P. p. perlatus (Temminck, 1835) west Papua islands, nw New Guinea

.

P. p. plumbeicollis Meyer, AB, 1890 nc and ne New Guinea

.

P. p. zonurus Salvadori, 1876 s New Guinea, Aru Is., D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

.

Ornate Fruit Dove Ptilinopus ornatus Schlegel, 1871 AU : New Guinea

.

P. o. ornatus Schlegel, 1871 nw New Guinea

.

P. o. gestroi D'Albertis & Salvadori, 1875 c and e New Guinea

.

Tanna Fruit Dove Ptilinopus tannensis (Latham, 1790) AU : Vanuatu

.

Orange-fronted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus aurantiifrons Gray, GR, 1858 AU : New Guinea

.

Wallace's Fruit Dove Ptilinopus wallacii Gray, GR, 1858 AU : sw New Guinea, s Moluccas, Lesser Sundas

.

Superb Fruit Dove Ptilinopus superbus (Temminck, 1809) AU : Sulawesi to Solomon Islands and ne Australia

.

P. s. temminckii (Des Murs & Prévost, 1849) Sulawesi

.

P. s. superbus (Temminck, 1809) Moluccas, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch., Solomon Is. and ne Australia

.

Many-colored Fruit Dove Ptilinopus perousii Peale, 1848 PO : Fiji Islands, Tonga, Samoa

.

P. p. perousii Peale, 1848 Samoa

.

P. p. mariae Pucheran, 1853 Fiji, Tonga

.

Crimson-crowned Fruit Dove Ptilinopus porphyraceus (Temminck, 1821) PO : Caroline Islands, Fiji Islands, Tonga, Samoa

.

P. p. ponapensis Finsch, 1878 Chuuk and Pohnpei (Caroline Is.)

.

P. p. hernsheimi Finsch, 1880 Kosrae (e Carolina Is.)

.

P. p. porphyraceus (Temminck, 1821) Niue, Tonga and Fiji Is.

.

P. p. fasciatus Peale, 1848 Samoa

.

Palau Fruit Dove Ptilinopus pelewensis Hartlaub & Finsch, 1868 PO : Palau Islands

.

Lilac-crowned Fruit Dove Ptilinopus rarotongensis Hartlaub & Finsch, 1871 PO : Cook Islands

.

P. r. rarotongensis Hartlaub & Finsch, 1871 Rarotonga

.

P. r. goodwini Holyoak, 1974 Atiu I.

.

Mariana Fruit Dove Ptilinopus roseicapilla (Lesson, 1831) PO : Mariana Islands

.

Rose-crowned Fruit Dove Ptilinopus regina Swainson, 1825 AU : Lesser Sundas; n, e Australia

.

P. r. flavicollis Bonaparte, 1855 Flores, Roti, Sawu, Semau and w Timor (Lesser Sundas)

.

P. r. roseipileum Hartert, 1904 e Timor, Wetar, Romang, Kisar, Moa and Leti (Lesser Sundas)

.

P. r. xanthogaster (Wagler, 1827) Banda, Kai, Damar, Sermata, Babar, Tanimbar and Aru Is.

.

P. r. ewingii Gould, 1842 n Australia, Melville I.

.

P. r. regina Swainson, 1825 ne and e Australia, Torres Straits Is.

.

Silver-capped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus richardsii Ramsay, EP, 1882 AU : Solomon Islands

.

P. r. richardsii Ramsay, EP, 1882 Ugi and Santa Anna (e Solomon Is .)

.

P. r. cyanopterus Mayr, 1931 Rennell and Bellona Is. (se Solomon Is.)

.

Grey-green Fruit Dove Ptilinopus purpuratus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : Society Islands

.

P. p. chrysogaster Gray, GR, 1854 w Society Is.

.

P. p. frater Ripley & Birckhead, 1942 Moorea I. (e Society Is.)

.

P. p. purpuratus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Tahiti (e Society Is.)

.

Makatea Fruit Dove Ptilinopus chalcurus Gray, GR, 1860 PO : Tuamotu Archipelago

.

Atoll Fruit Dove Ptilinopus coralensis Peale, 1848 PO : Tuamotu Archipelago

.

Red-bellied Fruit Dove Ptilinopus greyi Bonaparte, 1857 AU : Solomon Islands to New Caledonia

.

Rapa Fruit Dove Ptilinopus huttoni Finsch, 1874 PO : Tubuai Islands

.

White-capped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus dupetithouarsii (Néboux, 1840) PO : Marquesas Islands

.

P. d. viridior Murphy, 1924 n Marquesas Is.

.

P. d. dupetithouarsii (Néboux, 1840) s Marquesas Is.

.

Red-moustached Fruit Dove Ptilinopus mercierii (Des Murs & Prévost, 1849) PO : Marquesas Islands ENG Change  English name of  Ptilinopus mercierii to Red-moustached, as used in other world lists. The bird's most distinguishing feature is its red moustache.

.

P. m. mercierii (Des Murs & Prévost, 1849) n Marquesas Is.

.

P. m. tristrami Salvadori, 1892 s Marquesas Is.

.

Henderson Fruit Dove Ptilinopus insularis North, 1908 PO : Henderson Island ENG Change English name of Ptilinopus insularis from Scarlet-capped Fruit Dove to established Henderson Fruit Dove

.

Coroneted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus coronulatus Gray, GR, 1858 AU : New Guinea

.

P. c. trigeminus Salvadori, 1875 w Vogelkop Pen. (nw New Guinea), Salawati I.

.

P. c. geminus Salvadori, 1875 nw New Guinea, Yapen I. (off nw New Guinea)

.

P. c. quadrigeminus Meyer, AB, 1890 ne New Guinea, Manam and Kairiru Is.

.

P. c. huonensis Meyer, AB, 1892 n coast of se New Guinea

.

P. c. coronulatus Gray, GR, 1858 s coastal New Guinea, Aru Is.

.

Beautiful Fruit Dove Ptilinopus pulchellus (Temminck, 1835) AU : New Guinea

.

P. p. decorus Madarász, 1910 nc New Guinea

.

P. p. pulchellus (Temminck, 1835) w, s and e New Guinea, w Papuan islands

.

Blue-capped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus monacha (Temminck, 1824) AU : n Moluccas

.

White-bibbed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus rivoli (Prévost, 1843) AU : Moluccas to Bismarck Archipelago

.

P. r. prasinorrhous Gray, GR, 1858 Moluccas, islands of west Papua, Aru Is. and islands of Geelvink Bay

.

P. r. bellus Sclater, PL, 1874 New Guinea, Karkar and Goodenough Is.

.

P. r. miquelii Schlegel, 1871 Yapen and Meos Num Is. (off n New Guinea)

.

P. r. rivoli (Prévost, 1843) Bismarck Arch.

.

P. r. strophium Gould, 1850 Louisiade Arch., Egum Atoll (Trobriand Is.)

.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus solomonensis Gray, GR, 1870 AU : nw New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, New Britain

.

P. s. speciosus Schlegel, 1871 islands in Geelvink Bay (nw New Guinea)

.

P. s. johannis Sclater, PL, 1877 Admiralty Is., St. Matthias Group, New Hanover (Bismarck Arch.)

.

P. s. meyeri Hartert, 1926 New Britain and islands (Bismarck Arch.)

.

P. s. neumanni Hartert, 1926 Nissan I. (w Solomon Is.)

.

P. s. bistictus Mayr, 1931 Bougainville and Buka Is. (Solomon Is.)

.

P. s. ocularis Mayr, 1931 Guadalcanal I. (se Solomon Is.)

.

P. s. vulcanorum Mayr, 1931 c Solomon Is.

.

P. s. ambiguus Mayr, 1931 Malaita I. (e Solomon Is.)

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P. s. solomonensis Gray, GR, 1870 Makira and Ugi (se Solomon Is.)

.

Claret-breasted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus viridis (Linnaeus, 1766) AU : Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Islands

.

P. v. viridis (Linnaeus, 1766) s Moluccas

.

P. v. pectoralis (Wagler, 1829) w Papuan Is., Vogelkop (nw New Guinea)

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P. v. geelvinkianus Schlegel, 1871 Geelvink Bay Is.

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P. v. salvadorii Rothschild, 1892 n New Guinea, Yapen I. (off nw New Guinea)

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P. v. vicinus Hartert, 1895 Trobriand Is., D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

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P. v. lewisii Ramsay, EP, 1882 Manus, Lihir and Nissan Is. to w Solomon Is.

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White-headed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus eugeniae (Gould, 1856) AU : e Solomon Islands

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Orange-bellied Fruit Dove Ptilinopus iozonus Gray, GR, 1858 AU : New Guinea

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P. i. iozonus Gray, GR, 1858 Aru Is.

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P. i. humeralis Wallace, 1862 west Papua islands, nw New Guinea

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P. i. iobiensis Schlegel, 1873 n New Guinea, Yapen I., Manam and adjacent islands

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P. i. pseudohumeralis Rand, 1938 c and sc New Guinea

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P. i. finschi Mayr, 1931 se New Guinea

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Knob-billed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus insolitus Schlegel, 1863 AU : Bismarck Archipelago

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P. i. insolitus Schlegel, 1863 Bismarck Arch. (except the St. Matthias Is.)

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P. i. inferior Hartert, 1924 St. Matthias Is. (n Bismarck Arch.)

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Grey-headed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus hyogastrus (Temminck, 1824) AU : n Moluccas

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Carunculated Fruit Dove Ptilinopus granulifrons Hartert, 1898 AU : c Moluccas

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Black-naped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus melanospilus (Salvadori, 1875) OR, AU : Java, Lesser Sundas, Sulawesi, Philippines

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P. m. bangueyensis Meyer, AB, 1891 s Philippines, islands off of n Borneo

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P. m. xanthorrhous (Salvadori, 1875) Talaud Is., Sangihe I. (Sulawesi) and Doi I. (n Moluccas)

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P. m. melanospilus (Salvadori, 1875) Sulawesi and islands to the ne

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P. m. chrysorrhous (Salvadori, 1875) Banggai Is., Sula Is. and s Moluccas

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P. m. melanauchen (Salvadori, 1875) Java, Bali to Alor, Matasiri I. and Kangean Is., s Sulawesi Is.

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Dwarf Fruit Dove Ptilinopus nainus (Temminck, 1835) AU : w Papuan Islands, w, c, se New Guinea TAX, SSP Change scientific name of Dwarf Fruit Dove to Ptilinopus nainus from P. nanus. Original spellinv. H&M 4, Zoonomen (note). Treat species as monotypic. Includes minimus. Mees, 1965. Baptista et al, 1997.

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Negros Fruit Dove Ptilinopus arcanus Ripley & Rabor, 1955 OR : Philippines

.

Orange Fruit Dove Ptilinopus victor (Gould, 1872) PO : Fiji Islands

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P. v. victor (Gould, 1872) Vanua Levu, Rabi, Kioa, Taveuni (n Fiji)

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P. v. aureus Amadon, 1943 Qamea and Laucala (ne Fiji)

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Golden Fruit Dove Ptilinopus luteovirens (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841) PO : Fiji Islands

.

Whistling Fruit Dove Ptilinopus layardi Elliot, DG, 1878 PO : Fiji Islands

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Drepanoptila Bonaparte, 1855

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Cloven-feathered Dove Drepanoptila holosericea (Temminck, 1809) AU : New Caledonia

.

Alectroenas Gray, GR, 1840

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Mauritius Blue Pigeon Alectroenas nitidissimus (Scopoli, 1786) IO : Mauritius I.

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Madagascan Blue Pigeon Alectroenas madagascariensis (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Madagascar

.

Comoros Blue Pigeon Alectroenas sganzini (Bonaparte, 1854) AF : Comoros

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A. s. minor von Berlepsch, 1898 Aldabra

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A. s. sganzini (Bonaparte, 1854) Comoros

.

Seychelles Blue Pigeon Alectroenas pulcherrimus (Scopoli, 1786) AF : Seychelles Islands

.

Ducula Hodgson, 1836

.

Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula poliocephala (Gray, GR, 1844) OR : Philippines

.

White-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula forsteni (Bonaparte, 1854) AU : Sulawesi

.

Mindoro Imperial Pigeon Ducula mindorensis (Whitehead, J, 1896) OR : Philippines

.

Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon Ducula radiata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Sulawesi

.

Spotted Imperial Pigeon Ducula carola (Bonaparte, 1854) OR : Philippines

.

D. c. carola (Bonaparte, 1854) Luzon, Mindoro and Sibuyan

.

D. c. nigrorum (Whitehead, J, 1897) Negros and Siquijor

.

D. c. mindanensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1905) Mindanao

.

Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : widespread

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D. a. sylvatica (Tickell, 1833) n India and Nepal to s China to Thailand, Indochina and Andaman Is.

.

D. a. pusilla (Blyth, 1849) s India, Sri Lanka

.

D. a. andamanica Abdulali, 1964 Andaman Is.

.

D. a. consobrina (Salvadori, 1887) islands of w Sumatra except Enggano

.

D. a. oenothorax (Salvadori, 1892) Enggano I. (sw of Sumatra)

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D. a. polia (Oberholser, 1917) Malay Pen. to Greater and Lesser Sundas

.

D. a. palawanensis (Blasius, W, 1888) Banggi I. (n Borneo) to Palawan and nearby islands (sw Philippines)

.

D. a. fugaensis (Hachisuka, 1930) n Philippines (Calayan, Camiguin Norte and Fuga Is.)

.

D. a. nuchalis (Cabanis, 1882) n Luzon (n Philippines)

.

D. a. aenea (Linnaeus, 1766) Philippines (other than northern Luzon and Palawan).

.

D. a. intermedia (Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1894) Talaud and Sangihe Is.

.

D. a. paulina Bonaparte, 1854 Sulawesi, Togian, Banggai and Sula Is.

.

Nicobar Imperial Pigeon Ducula nicobarica (Pelzeln, 1865) OR : Nicobar Is. AS Ducula nicobarica is split from Ducula aenea (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

Spectacled Imperial Pigeon Ducula perspicillata (Temminck, 1824) AU : Moluccas

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Seram Imperial Pigeon Ducula neglecta (Schlegel, 1866) AU : Seram Is. AS Ducula neglecta is split from D. perspicillata (Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007)

.

Elegant Imperial Pigeon Ducula concinna (Wallace, 1865) AU : s Moluccas, Lesser Sundas

.

Pacific Imperial Pigeon Ducula pacifica (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : Bismarck Archipelago to Cook Islands

.

D. p. sejuncta Amadon, 1943 islands off n New Guinea to w Bismarck Arch.

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D. p. pacifica (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Louisiade Arch. to Solomons, Samoa, Tonga, Niue and Cook Is.

.

Micronesian Imperial Pigeon Ducula oceanica (Desmarest, 1826) PO : Palau Islands, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands

.

D. o. monacha (Momiyama, 1922) Palau and Yap Is. (w Caroline Is.)

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D. o. teraokai (Momiyama, 1922) Chuuk I. (c Caroline Is.)

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D. o. townsendi (Wetmore, 1919) Pohnpei I. (e Caroline Is.)

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D. o. oceanica (Desmarest, 1826) Kosrae I. (e Caroline Is.)

.

D. o. ratakensis (Taka-Tsukasa & Yamashina, 1932) Marshall Is.

.

Polynesian Imperial Pigeon Ducula aurorae (Peale, 1848) PO : Tuamotu Archipelago, Society Islands

.

D. a. aurorae (Peale, 1848) Makatea I. (Tuamotu Arch.)

.

D. a. wilkesii (Peale, 1848) Tahiti (Society Is.)

.

Marquesan Imperial Pigeon Ducula galeata (Bonaparte, 1855) PO : Marquesas Islands

.

Red-knobbed Imperial Pigeon Ducula rubricera (Bonaparte, 1854) AU : Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands

.

D. r. rubricera (Bonaparte, 1854) Bismarck Arch.

.

D. r. rufigula (Salvadori, 1878) Solomon Is.

.

Spice Imperial Pigeon Ducula myristicivora (Scopoli, 1786) AU : n Moluccas

.

D. m. myristicivora (Scopoli, 1786) Widi Is. (off ne Moluccas), w Papuan islands

.

D. m. geelvinkiana (Schlegel, 1873) islands in Geelvink Bay (w New Guinea)

.

Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon Ducula rufigaster (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : New Guinea

.

D. r. rufigaster (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) w Papuan islands, nw and s New Guinea

.

D. r. uropygialis Stresemann & Paludan, 1932 n New Guinea, Yapen I.

.

Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula basilica Bonaparte, 1854 AU : n, c Moluccas ENG Correct: English name of Ducula basilica from Cinnamon Imperial Pigeon to Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon

.

D. b. basilica Bonaparte, 1854 n Moluccas

.

D. b. obiensis (Hartert, 1898) Obi I. (c Moluccas)

.

Finsch's Imperial Pigeon Ducula finschii (Ramsay, EP, 1882) AU : Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Ducula finschii to Finsch’s Imperial Pigeon (Gregory 2009)

.

Rufescent Imperial Pigeon Ducula chalconota (Salvadori, 1874) AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Ducula chalconota to Rufescent Imperial Pigeon (Gregory 2009)

.

D. c. chalconota (Salvadori, 1874) Vogelkop (nw New Guinea)

.

D. c. smaragdina Mayr, 1931 w, c and e New Guinea

.

Island Imperial Pigeon Ducula pistrinaria Bonaparte, 1855 AU : islands e of New Guinea to Solomon Islands ENG Change  English name of Ducula pistrinaria to Island Imperial Pigeon (Gregory 2009)

.

D. p. rhodinolaema (Sclater, PL, 1877) Admiralty Is., New Hanover and islands off n New Guinea

.

D. p. vanwyckii (Cassin, 1862) e and c Bismarck Arch.

.

D. p. postrema Hartert, 1926 D'Entrecasteaux Arch, Louisiade Arch. and Woodlark Is.

.

D. p. pistrinaria Bonaparte, 1855 Lihir Is., Solomon Is.

.

Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon Ducula rosacea (Temminck, 1836) AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Christmas Imperial Pigeon Ducula whartoni (Sharpe, 1887) OR : Christmas Island

.

Grey Imperial Pigeon Ducula pickeringii (Cassin, 1855) OR : islands between Borneo and Philippines

.

Barking Imperial Pigeon Ducula latrans (Peale, 1848) PO : Fiji Islands

.

Chestnut-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula brenchleyi (Gray, GR, 1870) AU : e Solomon Islands

.

Vanuatu Imperial Pigeon Ducula bakeri (Kinnear, 1928) AU : Banks Islands, n Vanuatu

.

Goliath Imperial Pigeon Ducula goliath (Gray, GR, 1859) AU : New Caledonia

.

Pinon's Imperial Pigeon Ducula pinon (Gaimard, 1823) AU : New Guinea ENG Correct English name of  Ducula pinon to possessive; named after L. Pinon, wife of Louis Freycinet.

.

D. p. pinon (Gaimard, 1823) Aru Is., w Papuan islands, nw and s New Guinea, n coast of se New Guinea

.

D. p. jobiensis (Schlegel, 1871) Yapen I., n New Guinea and offshore islands

.

D. p. salvadorii (Tristram, 1882) D'Entrecasteaux Arch and Louisiade Arch.

.

Black Imperial Pigeon Ducula melanochroa (Sclater, PL, 1878) AU : Bismarck Archipelago

.

Collared Imperial Pigeon Ducula mullerii (Temminck, 1835) AU : New Guinea

.

D. m. mullerii (Temminck, 1835) n New Guinea

.

D. m. aurantia (Meyer, AB, 1893) s New Guinea, Aru Is.

.

Zoe's Imperial Pigeon Ducula zoeae (Lesson, 1826) AU : New Guinea ENG Correct: English name of  Ducula zoeae to possessive; named after Zoë Lesson, wife of René Lesson.

.

Mountain Imperial Pigeon Ducula badia (Raffles, 1822) OR : widespread

.

D. b. cuprea (Jerdon, 1840) sw India

.

D. b. insignis Hodgson, 1836 c and e Himalayas

.

D. b. griseicapilla Walden, 1875 ne India to sw and s China, Indochina and Burma

.

D. b. badia (Raffles, 1822) Malay Pen. to Sumatra, Borneo and w Java

.

Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon Ducula lacernulata (Temminck, 1822) OR, AU : Java, Lesser Sundas

.

D. l. lacernulata (Temminck, 1822) w and c Java

.

D. l. williami (Hartert, 1896) e Java, Bali

.

D. l. sasakensis (Hartert, 1896) Lombok, Flores, Sumbawa (w Lesser Sundas)

.

Timor Imperial Pigeon Ducula cineracea (Temminck, 1835) AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Pied Imperial Pigeon Ducula bicolor (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Southeast Asia to Philippines, Indonesia and w New Guinea

.

Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon Ducula luctuosa (Temminck, 1824) OR : Sulawesi, Sula Is. AS, ENG Ducula luctuosa is split from D.bicolor (Inskipp et al. 1996, BLI); Change English name to Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon

.

Torresian Imperial Pigeon Ducula spilorrhoa (Gray, GR, 1858) AU : nw, ne, s, se New Guinea, n Australia

.

Yellowish Imperial Pigeon Ducula subflavescens (Finsch, 1886) AU : Bismarck Archipelago, Admiralty Islands ENG Change English name of Ducula subflavescens to eliminate conflict w Dickinson (melanochroa=Bismarck IP)

.

Lopholaimus Gould, 1841

.

Topknot Pigeon Lopholaimus antarcticus (Shaw, 1793) AU : e Australia

.

Hemiphaga Bonaparte, 1854

.

New Zealand Pigeon Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AU : New Zealand

.

H. n. novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, JF, 1789) New Zealand

.

H. n. spadicea (Latham, 1801) Norfolk I. TAX Maintained as a subspecies of Hemiphaga novaseelandiae (Goldberg et al, 2011)

.

Chatham Pigeon Hemiphaga chathamensis (Rothschild, 1891) AU : Chatham Is AS Hemiphaga chathamensis is split from H.novaseelandiae (Millener & Powlesland 2001; BLI)

.

Cryptophaps Salvadori, 1893

.

Sombre Pigeon Cryptophaps poecilorrhoa (Brüggemann, 1876) AU : Sulawesi

.

Gymnophaps Salvadori, 1874

.

Papuan Mountain Pigeon Gymnophaps albertisii Salvadori, 1874 AU : New Guinea, n Moluccas

.

G. a. exsul (Hartert, 1903) Bacan I. (nc Moluccas)

.

G. a. albertisii Salvadori, 1874 Yapen I., New Guinea, Bismarck Arch.

.

Buru Mountain Pigeon Gymnophaps mada (Hartert, 1899) AU : Buru Is. ENG Change  English name of Gymnophaps mada to Buru Mountain Pigeon with split of G. stalkeri

.

Seram Mountain Pigeon Gymnophaps stalkeri (Ogilvie-Grant, 1911) AU : Seram Is. AS Gymnophaps stalkeri is split from G. mada (Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007)

.

Pale Mountain Pigeon Gymnophaps solomonensis Mayr, 1931 AU : Solomon Islands