"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Owls

.

#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

.

ORDER STRIGIFORMES

.

19 Barn Owls Family Tytonidae

.

Tyto Billberg, 1828

.

Greater Sooty Owl Tyto tenebricosa (Gould, 1845) AU : New Guinea, e Australia ENG Restore English name Greater Sooty Owl with split of Lesser Sooty Owl

.

T. t. arfaki (Schlegel, 1879) New Guinea, Yapen I.

.

T. t. tenebricosa (Gould, 1845) ec and se Australia

.

Lesser Sooty Owl Tyto multipunctata Mathews, 1912 AU : ne Queensland (Australia) AS Reverse lump of Lesser Sooty Owl Tyto multipunctata with [Greater] Sooty Owl T. tenebricosa (König & Weick 2009, HBW, H&M4; cf Christidis & Boles 2008)

.

Minahassa Masked Owl Tyto inexspectata (Schlegel, 1879) AU : n Sulawesi

.

Taliabu Masked Owl Tyto nigrobrunnea Neumann, 1939 AU : Sula

.

Moluccan Masked Owl Tyto sororcula (Sclater, PL, 1883) AU : s Moluccas

.

T. s. sororcula (Sclater, PL, 1883) Tanimbar Is.

.

T. s. cayelii (Hartert, 1900) Buru Is. (s Moluccas)

.

T. s. almae Jønsson et al, 2013 Seram Is. (s Moluccas) PS Described as new species by Jønsson et al, 2013; treat as subspecies of Moluccan Masked Owl pending revision of species complex and potential lumpings.

.

Manus Masked Owl Tyto manusi Rothschild & Hartert, 1914 AU : Admiralty Islands

.

Golden Masked Owl Tyto aurantia (Salvadori, 1881) AU : Bismarck Archipelago

.

Australian Masked Owl Tyto novaehollandiae (Stephens, 1826) AU : Australia, s New Guinea

.

T. n. calabyi Mason, 1983 s New Guinea

.

T. n. kimberli Mathews, 1912 nw Australia

.

T. n. melvillensis Mathews, 1912 Melville and Bathurst Is. (Northern Territory, Australia)

.

T. n. galei Mathews, 1914 Cape York Pen. (ne Australia)

.

T. n. novaehollandiae (Stephens, 1826) sw Western Australia to Victoria and ne Queensland

.

T. n. castanops (Gould, 1837) Tasmania, Maria and Maatsuyker Is. PS See McAllan & Bruce 1989, Sibley & Monroe 1990, König & Weick 2009, H&M4; contra Christidis & Boles 2008, H&M3, HBW. Good subspecies, but case for species rank is weak. Would benefit from comprehensive review of masked owls.

.

Sulawesi Masked Owl Tyto rosenbergii (Schlegel, 1866) AU : Sulawesi

.

T. r. pelengensis Neumann, 1939 Peleng I. (Banggai Is.)

.

T. r. rosenbergii (Schlegel, 1866) Sulawesi and Sangihe I.

.

Red Owl Tyto soumagnei (Grandidier, A, 1878) AF : Madagascar

.

Western Barn Owl Tyto alba (Scopoli, 1769) NA, SA, AF, EU, OR : widespread ENG Change English name of Tyto alba, including javanica, to Western Barn Owl with split of Tyto delicatula; split of American Barn Owl furcata from alba under consideration

.

T. a. alba (Scopoli, 1769) nw Africa, w and s Europe to the Balkans

.

T. a. guttata (Brehm, CL, 1831) c Europe and e Balkans to the Ukraine

.

T. a. ernesti (Kleinschmidt, O, 1901) Corsica and Sardinia

.

T. a. erlangeri Sclater, WL, 1921 Crete and Cyprus through the Middle East to s Iran

.

T. a. schmitzi (Hartert, 1900) Madeira

.

T. a. gracilirostris (Hartert, 1905) e Canary Is.

.

T. a. detorta Hartert, 1913 Cape Verde Is.

.

T. a. poensis (Fraser, 1843) Africa south of the Sahara, Bioko I. (Gulf of Guinea) SSP Subspecies poensis merged with affinis. The former has priority. König & Weick, 2009.

.

T. a. thomensis (Hartlaub, 1852) São Tomé I. (Gulf of Guinea)

.

T. a. hypermetra Grote, 1928 Comoro Is. and Madagascar

.

T. a. stertens Hartert, 1929 Pakistan, India and n Sri Lanka to sw China and Indochina

.

T. a. javanica (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Malay Pen. to Sumatra, Java to w Lesser Sundas

.

T. a. pratincola (Bonaparte, 1838) s Canada and ne USA to e Nicaragua, Hispaniola, Bermuda, Bahama Is. PS, SSP Bar code divergence separates American Barn Owls (furcata) from European Barn Owls (alba) (Nijman and Aliabadian 2013). Includes lucayana. König & Weick, 2009.

.

T. a. guatemalae (Ridgway, 1874) w Guatemala to Panama and n Colombia SSP Includes subandeana. König & Weick, 2009.

.

T. a. bondi Parkes & Phillips, AR, 1978 Bay Is. (off n Honduras)

.

T. a. niveicauda Parkes & Phillips, AR, 1978 Isle of Pines (off Cuba)

.

T. a. furcata (Temminck, 1827) Cuba, Cayman Is. and Jamaica

.

T. a. nigrescens (Lawrence, 1878) Dominica I.

.

T. a. insularis (Pelzeln, 1872) s Lesser Antilles

.

T. a. bargei (Hartert, 1892) Netherlands Antilles

.

T. a. contempta (Hartert, 1898) w Venezuela and Colombia to Peru

.

T. a. hellmayri Griscom & Greenway, 1937 Guianas, n Brazil

.

T. a. tuidara (Gray, JE, 1828) c Brazil south of the Amazon to Tierra del Fuego

.

T. a. punctatissima (Gould & Gray, GR, 1838) Galapagos Is.

.

Eastern Barn Owl Tyto delicatula (Gould, 1837) AU : e Lesser Sundas, Australasia, sw Pacific. AS Tyto delicatula is split from T. alba (Wink et al. 2004b, Christidis & Boles 2008), but may need to be revisited

.

T. d. sumbaensis (Hartert, 1897) Sumba I. (Lesser Sundas)

.

T. d. meeki (Rothschild & Hartert, 1907) se New Guinea and nearby islands

.

T. d. delicatula (Gould, 1837) e Lesser Sundas to Australia, Solomon and Loyalty Is., Samoa

.

T. d. crassirostris Mayr, 1935 Bismarck Arch.

.

T. d. interposita Mayr, 1935 Santa Cruz Is, Banks Is, N Vanuatu SSP Add: Bruce, 1999; Dutson, 2011; König & Weick. 2009

.

Andaman Masked Owl Tyto deroepstorffi (Hume, 1875) OR : s Andaman Islands AS Tyto deroepstorffi is split from Tyto alba (König et al. 1999, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)

.

Ashy-faced Owl Tyto glaucops (Kaup, 1852) NA : Hispaniola

.

African Grass Owl Tyto capensis (Smith, A, 1834) AF : Subsaharan Africa from Ethiopia and Cameroun south to South Africa

.

Eastern Grass Owl Tyto longimembris (Jerdon, 1839) OR, AU : India to se China, Taiwan, Philippines, Sulawesi, se New Guinea, n, ne Australia, New Caledonia AS Tyto longimembris is split from T.capensis (König et al. 1999);recognized by BLI

.

T. l. longimembris (Jerdon, 1839) India to Indochina, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas and n and e Australia

.

T. l. chinensis Hartert, 1929 se China, Vietnam

.

T. l. pithecops (Swinhoe, 1866) Taiwan

.

T. l. amauronota (Cabanis, 1872) Philippine Is.

.

T. l. papuensis Hartert, 1929 New Guinea

.

Phodilus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I, 1830

.

Congo Bay Owl Phodilus prigoginei Schouteden, 1952 AF : e DRCongo, nw Tanzania

.

Oriental Bay Owl Phodilus badius (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Southeast Asia to Borneo and Java

.

P. b. saturatus Robinson, 1927 ne India to s China, n Thailand and Indochina

.

P. b. badius (Horsfield, 1821) s Thailand, Malay Peninsula and Greater Sundas

.

P. b. parvus Chasen, 1937 Belitung I. (off sw Borneo)

.

P. b. arixuthus Oberholser, 1932 Bunguran I. (Natuna Is.)

.

Sri Lanka Bay Owl Phodilus assimilis Hume, 1877 OR : Sri Lanka, sw India AS Phodilus assimilis is split from Phodilus badius (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

P. a. ripleyi Hussain & Reza Khan, 1978 sw India

.

P. a. assimilis Hume, 1877 Sri Lanka

.

.

221 Owls Family Strigidae

.

Otus Pennant, 1769

.

Giant Scops Owl Otus gurneyi (Tweeddale, 1879) OR : Philippines PHY, TAX, SEQ Resequence Giant Scops Owl (Mimizuku), which belongs in Otus (Miranda et al 2011)

.

White-fronted Scops Owl Otus sagittatus (Cassin, 1849) OR : Malay Peninsula

.

Reddish Scops Owl Otus rufescens (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

.

O. r. malayensis Hachisuka, 1934 s Thailand, Malay Pen.

.

O. r. rufescens (Horsfield, 1821) Sumatra, Bangka I., Java, and Borneo

.

Serendib Scops Owl Otus thilohoffmanni Warakagoda & Rasmussen, 2004 OR : Sri Lanka

.

Sandy Scops Owl Otus icterorhynchus (Shelley, 1873) AF : w, c

.

O. i. icterorhynchus (Shelley, 1873) Liberia, Ivory Coast and Ghana

.

O. i. holerythrus (Sharpe, 1901) Cameroon, DRCongo

.

Sokoke Scops Owl Otus ireneae Ripley, 1966 AF : se Kenya and ne Tanzania

.

Andaman Scops Owl Otus balli (Hume, 1873) OR : Andaman Islands

.

Flores Scops Owl Otus alfredi (Hartert, 1897) AU : Flores

.

Mountain Scops Owl Otus spilocephalus (Blyth, 1846) OR : widespread

.

O. s. huttoni (Hume, 1870) n Pakistan to c Nepal

.

O. s. spilocephalus (Blyth, 1846) c Nepal to Burma

.

O. s. latouchi (Rickett, 1900) se China, n Indochina

.

O. s. hambroecki (Swinhoe, 1870) Taiwan

.

O. s. siamensis Robinson & Kloss, 1922 s Thailand, s Vietnam

.

O. s. vulpes (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) s Malay Pen.

.

O. s. vandewateri (Robinson & Kloss, 1916) Sumatra

.

O. s. luciae (Sharpe, 1888) Borneo

.

Rajah Scops Owl Otus brookii (Sharpe, 1892) OR : Sumatra, Borneo

.

O. b. solokensis (Hartert, 1893) Sumatra

.

O. b. brookii (Sharpe, 1892) Borneo

.

Javan Scops Owl Otus angelinae (Finsch, 1912) OR : w Java

.

Mentawai Scops Owl Otus mentawi Chasen & Kloss, 1926 OR : Mentawai Archipelago

.

Indian Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena Pennant, 1769 EU, OR : s Pakistan, c, s India, Sri Lanka ENG Change  English name of Otus bakkamoena from Collared Scops Owl (now O. lettia) to Indian Scops Owl, with split of multiple species.

.

O. b. deserticolor Ticehurst, 1922 s Iran, s Pakistan

.

O. b. gangeticus Ticehurst, 1922 nw India to Nepal

.

O. b. marathae Ticehurst, 1922 c India

.

O. b. bakkamoena Pennant, 1769 s India, Sri Lanka

.

Collared Scops Owl Otus lettia (Hodgson, 1836) OR : w Himalayas through s China, n Indochina and Taiwan AS Otus lettia is split from Otus bakkamoena (König et al. 1999, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Followed in Clements 2007).

.

O. l. plumipes (Hume, 1870) n Pakistan to w Nepal

.

O. l. lettia (Hodgson, 1836) e Nepal to Burma and Indochina

.

O. l. erythrocampe (Swinhoe, 1874) se China, nw Vietnam

.

O. l. glabripes (Swinhoe, 1870) Taiwan

.

O. l. umbratilis (Swinhoe, 1870) Hainan I. (off se China)

.

Japanese Scops Owl Otus semitorques Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 EU : ne China, Korea, Ussuriland, Japan, Ryukyu Is. AS Otus semitorques is split from Otus bakkamoena (König et al. 1999. Followed in Clements 2007).

.

O. s. ussuriensis (Buturlin, 1910) ne China, se Siberia, Korea

.

O. s. semitorques Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 Kuril Is. and Hokkaido south to Yakushima

.

O. s. pryeri (Gurney, 1889) Izu and Ryukyu Is.

.

Sunda Scops Owl Otus lempiji (Horsfield, 1821) OR : s Thailand, Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, Java AS Otus lempiji is split from Otus bakkamoena (König et al. 1999, Followed in Clements 2007)

.

O. l. lempiji (Horsfield, 1821) Malay Pen., Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung, Java, Bali and Borneo SSP Includes hypnodes and cnephaeus. Wells, 1999; Mees, 1986.

.

O. l. kangeanus Mayr, 1938 Kangean Is. (Java Sea)

.

O. l. lemurum Deignan, 1957 Sarawak (n Borneo)

.

Palawan Scops Owl Otus fuliginosus (Sharpe, 1888) OR : Palawan (w Philippines)

.

Philippine Scops Owl Otus megalotis (Walden, 1875) OR : Luzon, Catanduanes and Marinduque, Philippines

.

Everett's Scops Owl Otus everetti (Tweeddale, 1879) OR : Bohol, Leyte, Samar, Mindanao and Basilan, Philippines AS Everett's Scops Owl is split from Philippine Scops Owl (Miranda et al 2011)

.

Negros Scops Owl Otus nigrorum Rand, 1950 OR : Negros and Panay, Philippines AS Negros Scops Owl is split from Philippine Scops Owl (Miranda et al 2011)

.

Wallace's Scops Owl Otus silvicola (Wallace, 1864) AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Mindanao Scops Owl Otus mirus Ripley & Rabor, 1968 OR : Mindanao (s Philippines)

.

Luzon Scops Owl Otus longicornis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894) OR : Luzon (n Philippines)

.

Mindoro Scops Owl Otus mindorensis (Whitehead, J, 1899) OR : Mindoro (nc Philippines)

.

Pallid Scops Owl Otus brucei (Hume, 1872) EU : sw, c

.

O. b. exiguus Mukherjee, 1958 Israel and s Iraq to w Pakistan and ne Arabia

.

O. b. obsoletus (Cabanis, 1875) s Turkey and n Syria to Uzbekistan and n Afghanistan

.

O. b. brucei (Hume, 1872) Aral Sea to Kyrgystan and Tajikistan

.

O. b. semenowi (Zarudny & Harms, 1902) s Tajikistan to w China, n Pakistan and e Afghanistan

.

African Scops Owl Otus senegalensis (Swainson, 1837) AF : widespread

.

O. s. senegalensis (Swainson, 1837) Africa south of the Sahara

.

O. s. nivosus Keith & Twomey, 1968 se Kenya

.

O. s. feae (Salvadori, 1903) Annobón I. (Gulf of Guinea)

.

Arabian Scops Owl Otus pamelae Bates, 1937 EU: s Saudi Arabia, Oman and Yemen AS O.s. pamelae is well differentiated genetically, phylogenetically, morphologically and vocally from other ssp of O. senegalensis (Pons et al 2013)

.

Eurasian Scops Owl Otus scops (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w, c

.

O. s. scops (Linnaeus, 1758) France and Italy to the Caucasus area

.

O. s. mallorcae von Jordans, 1923 Iberian Pen., Balearic Is. and nw Africa

.

O. s. cycladum (Tschusi, 1904) s Greece and Crete to s Turkey, Syria and Jordan

.

O. s. cyprius (Madarász, 1901) Cyprus

.

O. s. turanicus (Loudon, 1905) Iraq to nw Pakistan

.

O. s. pulchellus (Pallas, 1771) Kazakhstan to s Siberia and w Himalayas

.

Oriental Scops Owl Otus sunia (Hodgson, 1836) OR : widespread, also e Asia

.

O. s. japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 Japan

.

O. s. stictonotus (Sharpe, 1875) se Siberia, ne China and Korea

.

O. s. malayanus (Hay, 1845) s China

.

O. s. sunia (Hodgson, 1836) n Pakistan, n India, Nepal and Bangladesh

.

O. s. distans Friedmann & Deignan, 1939 n and e Thailand

.

O. s. rufipennis (Sharpe, 1875) s India

.

O. s. leggei Ticehurst, 1923 Sri Lanka

.

O. s. modestus (Walden, 1874) Andaman Is.

.

O. s. nicobaricus (Hume, 1876) Nicobar Is.

.

Socotra Scops Owl Otus socotranus (Ogilvie-Grant & Forbes, HO, 1899) AF : Socotra AS Socotra Scops Owl is split from O.senegalensis, but wrongly affiliated with that species (König & Weick 2008, Redman et al 2009, Porter and Aspinall 2010, Pons et al 2013)

.

Moluccan Scops Owl Otus magicus (Müller, S, 1841) AU : Moluccas, Lesser Sundas

.

O. m. morotensis (Sharpe, 1875) Morotai and Ternate Is. (n Moluccas)

.

O. m. leucospilus (Gray, GR, 1861) Halmahera, Kasiruta and Bacan Is. (n Moluccas)

.

O. m. obira Jany, 1955 Obi I. (c Moluccas)

.

O. m. magicus (Müller, S, 1841) Buru, Seram and Ambon Is. (s Moluccas)

.

O. m. albiventris (Sharpe, 1875) Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Lomblen and Besar Is. (Lesser Sundas)

.

O. m. tempestatis (Hartert, 1904) Wetar I. (Lesser Sundas)

.

Rinjani Scops Owl Otus jolandae Sangster, King, Verbelen & Trainor, 2013 AU : Lombok (Lesser Sundas) NEW Rinjani Scops Owl is a newly described species of uncertain relationships (Sangster et al 2013)

.

Sula Scops Owl Otus sulaensis (Hartert, 1898) AU : Sula Islands

.

Siau Scops Owl Otus siaoensis (Schlegel, 1873) AU : Siau Island

.

Mantanani Scops Owl Otus mantananensis (Sharpe, 1892) OR : Philippines

.

O. m. mantananensis (Sharpe, 1892) Mantanani I. (off n Borneo), Rasa and Ursula Is. (off s coast of Palawan)

.

O. m. cuyensis McGregor, 1904 Cuyo and Calamian Is. (ne of Palawan)

.

O. m. romblonis McGregor, 1905 Banton, Romblon, Tablas, Sibuyan, Tres-Reyes and Semirara Is. (c Philippines)

.

O. m. sibutuensis (Sharpe, 1893) Tumindao and Sibutu Is. (sw Sulu Is.)

.

Ryukyu Scops Owl Otus elegans (Cassin, 1852) OR : islands s of Japan to Philippines

.

O. e. interpositus Kuroda, 1923 Daito Is. (s Japan)

.

O. e. elegans (Cassin, 1852) Ryukyu Is. (s Japan)

.

O. e. botelensis Kuroda, 1928 Lanyu I. (off of s Taiwan)

.

O. e. calayensis McGregor, 1904 Batan, Calayan and Sabtang Is. (n Philippines)

.

Sulawesi Scops Owl Otus manadensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Sulawesi

.

O. m. manadensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) Sulawesi

.

O. m. mendeni Neumann, 1939 Banggai and Sula Is. (e of Sulawesi)

.

O. m. kalidupae (Hartert, 1903) Kaledupa I. (off se Sulawesi)

.

Sangihe Scops Owl Otus collari Lambert & Rasmussen, 1998 AU : Sangihe Island

.

Biak Scops Owl Otus beccarii (Salvadori, 1876) AU : Biak Island

.

Seychelles Scops Owl Otus insularis (Tristram, 1880) IO : Seychelles Islands

.

Simeulue Scops Owl Otus umbra (Richmond, 1903) OR : Simeulue Island

.

Enggano Scops Owl Otus enganensis Riley, 1927 OR : Enggano Is (w Sumatra)

.

Nicobar Scops Owl Otus alius Rasmussen, 1998 OR : Nicobar Islands

.

Pemba Scops Owl Otus pembaensis Pakenham, 1937 AF : Pemba Island

.

Karthala Scops Owl Otus pauliani Benson, 1960 AF : Grand Comore Is, Comoros

.

Anjouan Scops Owl Otus capnodes (Gurney, 1889) AF : Anjouan Is, Comoros AS Otus capnodes omitted from IOC list (1.0)

.

Moheli Scops Owl Otus moheliensis Lafontaine & Moulaert, 1998 AF : Moheli Is, Comoros

.

Mayotte Scops Owl Otus mayottensis Benson, 1960 AF : Mayotte Is,Comoros

.

Torotoroka Scops Owl Otus madagascariensis (Grandidier, A, 1867) AF : Madagascar AS see Fuchs et al. 2007, 2008 for recognition of species of Comoros scops owls

.

Rainforest Scops Owl Otus rutilus (Pucheran, 1849) AF : Madagascar

.

Sao Tome Scops Owl Otus hartlaubi (Giebel, 1872) AF : São Tomé

.

Mascarenotus Mourer-Chauviré, Bour, Moutou & Ribes, 1994

.

Reunion Owl Mascarenotus grucheti Mourer-Chauviré, Bour, Moutou & Ribes, 1994 IO : La Réunion EXT Cheke, A & Hume, J. 2008

.

Mauritius Owl Mascarenotus sauzieri (Newton, E & Gadow, 1893) IO : Mauritius I. EXT Cheke, A & Hume, J. 2008

.

Rodrigues Owl Mascarenotus murivorus (Milne-Edwards, 1873) IO : Rodrigues I. EXT Cheke, A & Hume, J. 2008, Fuller, 2002.

.

Psiloscops Coues, 1899

.

Flammulated Owl Psiloscops flammeolus (Kaup, 1852) NA, MA : sw Canada to s Mexico PHY, TAX Flammulated Owl positions as outgroup to other Megascops and separated to monotypic Psiloscops (Wink et al 2009, NACC 2013-A-10)

.

Megascops Kaup, 1848

.

Eastern Screech Owl Megascops asio (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : se, sc Canada to ne Mexico

.

M. a. maxwelliae (Ridgway, 1877) sc Canada, nc USA

.

M. a. asio (Linnaeus, 1758) se Canada and ne USA to c and ec USA

.

M. a. hasbroucki (Ridgway, 1914) sc USA

.

M. a. mccallii (Cassin, 1854) s Texas (sc USA) to ne Mexico

.

M. a. floridanus (Ridgway, 1874) Louisiana to Florida (se USA)

.

Western Screech Owl Megascops kennicottii (Elliot, DG, 1867) NA, MA : w, s Alaska to s Mexico

.

M. k. kennicottii (Elliot, DG, 1867) se Alaska to nw California (USA)

.

M. k. macfarlanei Brewster, 1891 se British Columbia (Canada) to ne California and Wyoming (USA)

.

M. k. bendirei (Brewster, 1882) sc Oregon (nw USA) to n Baja California (Mexico)

.

M. k. aikeni Brewster, 1891 w Texas west to Colorado, Utah, Nevada and e California (w USA)

.

M. k. cardonensis (Huey, 1926) ne Baja California (Mexico)

.

M. k. xantusi Brewster, 1902 s Baja California (Mexico)

.

M. k. yumanensis (Miller, AH & Miller, L, 1951) se Califonia, sw Arizona (sw USA) and nw Sonora (Mexico)

.

M. k. vinaceus Brewster, 1888 s Sonora to Sinaloa (n Mexico)

.

M. k. suttoni (Moore, RT, 1941) sw Texas (USA) to the Mexican plateau (c Mexico)

.

Balsas Screech Owl Megascops seductus (Moore, RT, 1941) MA : sw Mexico

.

Pacific Screech Owl Megascops cooperi (Ridgway, 1878) MA : s Mexico to nw Costa Rica

.

M. c. lambi (Moore, RT & Marshall, JT, 1959) c Oaxaca (sw Mexico)

.

M. c. cooperi (Ridgway, 1878) sw Oaxaca to Costa Rica

.

Whiskered Screech Owl Megascops trichopsis (Wagler, 1832) NA, MA : se Arizona to nc Nicaragua

.

M. t. aspersus Brewster, 1888 se Arizona (sw USA), n Mexico

.

M. t. trichopsis (Wagler, 1832) c Mexico

.

M. t. mesamericanus (van Rossem, 1932) se Mexico to nc Nicaragua

.

Tropical Screech Owl Megascops choliba (Vieillot, 1817) LA : Costa Rica to ne Argentina

.

M. c. luctisonus (Bangs & Penard, TE, 1921) Costa Rica to nw Colombia

.

M. c. margaritae (Cory, 1915) Margarita I. (off n Venezuela)

.

M. c. duidae (Chapman, 1929) s Venezuela

.

M. c. cruciger (von Spix, 1824) e Colombia and e Peru through Venezuela, the Guianas to ne Brazil

.

M. c. surutus (Kelso, L, 1941) Bolivia

.

M. c. decussatus (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) c and e Brazil

.

M. c. choliba (Vieillot, 1817) s Brazil, e Paraguay

.

M. c. wetmorei (Brodkorb, 1937) w Paraguay, n Argentina

.

M. c. uruguaii (Hekstra, 1982) se Brazil, Uruguay and ne Argentina

.

West Peruvian Screech Owl Megascops roboratus (Bangs & Noble, 1918) SA : sw Ecuador, nw Peru

.

M. r. pacificus (Hekstra, 1982) sw Ecuador and nw Peru (south to Lambayeque)

.

M. r. roboratus (Bangs & Noble, 1918) s Ecuador and nw Peru (between w and c Andes)

.

Koepcke's Screech Owl Megascops koepckeae (Hekstra, 1982) SA : nw, c Peru

.

M. k. koepckeae (Hekstra, 1982) nw Peru

.

M. k. hockingi Fjeldså et al, 2012 c Peru NEW Newly described taxon (Fjeldså et al 2012)

.

Bare-shanked Screech Owl Megascops clarkii (Kelso, L & Kelso, EH, 1935) LA : Costa Rica to nw Colombia

.

Bearded Screech Owl Megascops barbarus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868) MA : s Mexico, n Guatemala

.

Rufescent Screech Owl Megascops ingens (Salvin, 1897) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

M. i. venezuelanus (Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1954) n Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

M. i. ingens (Salvin, 1897) n Ecuador to c Bolivia

.

Colombian Screech Owl Megascops colombianus (Traylor, 1952) SA : w Colombia to n Peru PL Megascops colombianus is probably conspecific with M. ingens (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001); H&M, BLI, and SACC recognize but call for reevaluation

.

Cinnamon Screech Owl Megascops petersoni (Fitzpatrick & O'Neill, 1986) SA : se Ecuador to nw Peru

.

Cloud-forest Screech Owl Megascops marshalli (Weske & Terborgh, 1981) SA : c, s Peru

.

Tawny-bellied Screech Owl Megascops watsonii (Cassin, 1849) SA : Amazonia

.

M. w. watsonii (Cassin, 1849) n of the Amazon

.

M. w. usta (Sclater, PL, 1858) s of the Amazon

.

Middle American Screech Owl Megascops guatemalae (Sharpe, 1875) MA : nw, ne Mexico to n Nicaragua TAX, ENG Species limits in M. guatemalae/vermiculatus complex need study; SACC & H&M4 lump them all under Vermiculated Screech Owl (M. guatemalae)

.

M. g. hastatus Ridgway, 1887 Sonora and Chihuahua to Sinaloa, Oaxaca (Mexico) TAX Includes tomlini (H&M4)

.

M. g. cassini (Ridgway, 1878) Tamaulipas to n Veracruz (e Mexico)

.

M. g. fuscus (Moore, RT & Peters, JL, 1939) c Veracruz (e Mexico) TAX Doubtfully distinct (HBW5)

.

M. g. guatemalae (Sharpe, 1875) Yucatan Pen., Cozumel I., se Veracruz and ne Oaxaca (Mexico) to Honduras TAX Includes thompsoni H&M4

.

M. g. dacrysistactus (Moore, RT & Peters, JL, 1939) n Nicaragua TAX Doubtfully diagnosible H&M4

.

Vermiculated Screech Owl Megascops vermiculatus Ridgway, 1887 LA : e Nicaragua, Costa Rica, w Panama; status in nw Colombia and n Venezuela uncertain. AS M. vermiculatus is split from M. guatemalae (Meyer de Schauensee 1970, Sibley & Monroe 1990, König et al.1999, H&M3 ); cf SACC 12, H&M4

.

Roraiman Screech Owl Megascops roraimae (Salvin, 1897) SA : coastal range and Tepuis of Venezuela, isolated localities in all three Guianas to n Para, Brazil AS M. roraimae is split from M. guatemalae (Holt et al 1999, König et al.1999); cf SACC 12, H&M4

.

Napo Screech Owl Megascops napensis (Chapman, 1928) SA : main Andes from the Amazonian slope and outlying ridges of the Eastern Andes of Colombia (and northeast into Venezuela?) south to at least Cochabamba, Bolivia AS M. napensis (including helleri and bolivianus) was split from M. guatemalae (König et al. 1999), but relations to roraimae and vermiculatus need study (SACC, H&M4)

.

Choco Screech Owl Megascops centralis (Hekstra, 1982) SA : Canal Zone (Panama) south to western Ecuador (nearly to northwestern Peru) and east at least to the Cauca and Magdalena valleys of Colombia AS M. centralis is split from M. guatemalae (Hardy et al 1989, König et al.1999, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001); cf SACC 12, H&M4, König & Weick 2008

.

Yungas Screech Owl Megascops hoyi (König, C & Straneck, 1989) SA : s Bolivia to nw Argentina ENG English name of Megascops hoyi unsettled, possibly Montane Forest Screech Owl or  Hoy's Screech Owl (SACC)

.

Black-capped Screech Owl Megascops atricapilla (Temminck, 1822) SA : e Paraguay and se Brazil

.

Long-tufted Screech Owl Megascops sanctaecatarinae (Salvin, 1897) SA : se Brazil, ne Argentina and Uruguay

.

Puerto Rican Screech Owl Megascops nudipes (Daudin, 1800) NA : Puerto Rico

.

M. n. nudipes (Daudin, 1800) Puerto Rico

.

M. n. newtoni (Lawrence, 1861) Virgin Is.

.

White-throated Screech Owl Megascops albogularis (Cassin, 1849) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

M. a. obscurus (Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953) Sierra de Perijá (nw Venezuela)

.

M. a. meridensis (Chapman, 1923) w Venezuela

.

M. a. macabrus (Bonaparte, 1850) w and c Andes of Colombia to n Peru

.

M. a. albogularis (Cassin, 1849) e Andes to n Ecuador

.

M. a. remotus (Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1941) Peru to c Bolivia

.

Pyrroglaux Yamashina, 1938

.

Palau Owl Pyrroglaux podargina (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1872) PO : Palau Islands

.

Margarobyas Olson & Suárez, 2008 TAX New genus name required for Gymnoglaux which is a junior synonym of Gymnasio which is referable to Megascops nudipes. AOU 54th supplement 2013. Auk 130: 563.

.

Bare-legged Owl Margarobyas lawrencii (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868) NA : Cuba SSP Treat species as monotypic. Includes exsul. König & Weick, 2009.

.

Ptilopsis Kaup, 1848

.

Northern White-faced Owl Ptilopsis leucotis (Temminck, 1820) AF : Senegal and Gambia to Somalia, south to n DRCongo, Uganda and c Kenya

.

Southern White-faced Owl Ptilopsis granti (Kollibay, 1910) AF : Gabon to s Uganda and sw Kenya, south to Namibia and South Africa

.

Bubo Duméril, 1805 PHY Bubo is biphyletic, with lacteus, shelleyi, sumatranus, nipalensis, philippensis and blakistoni grouped with Ketupa (Fjeldså comm, REF?)

.

Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : widespread in the north

.

Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA, LA : widespread

.

B. v. algistus (Oberholser, 1904) w Alaska

.

B. v. lagophonus (Oberholser, 1904) c Alaska to ne Oregon, Idaho and nw Montana (USA)

.

B. v. saturatus Ridgway, 1877 coastal se Alaska to coastal n California (USA)

.

B. v. pacificus Cassin, 1854 coastal c California (USA) to nw Baja California (Mexico)

.

B. v. subarcticus Hoy, PR, 1853 wc Canada to n Idaho (USA)

.

B. v. pallescens Stone, 1897 sw USA to s Mexico

.

B. v. pinorum Dickerman & Johnson, AB, 2008 s Idaho to n Arizona and n New Mexico (USA)

.

B. v. heterocnemis (Oberholser, 1904) ne Canada to the Great Lakes region

.

B. v. virginianus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) se Canada to c and e USA

.

B. v. elachistus Brewster, 1902 s Baja California (Mexico)

.

B. v. mayensis Nelson, 1901 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

.

B. v. mesembrinus (Oberholser, 1904) s Mexico to w Panama

.

B. v. nigrescens von Berlepsch, 1884 Colombia to nw Peru

.

B. v. nacurutu (Vieillot, 1817) e Colombia through the Guianas to ne Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia and c Peru TAX Includes deserti Reiser, 1905. Dickinson, 2003.

.

Lesser Horned Owl Bubo magellanicus (Lesson, 1828) SA : c Peru to Tierra del Fuego AS Bubo magellanicus is split from B. virginianus (König et al.1999, Jaramillo 2003); SACC awaits analysis and proposal

.

Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

B. b. hispanus Rothschild & Hartert, 1910 Iberian Pen.

.

B. b. bubo (Linnaeus, 1758) Scandinavia and France to w Russia

.

B. b. interpositus Rothschild & Hartert, 1910 Turkey to Bulgaria, Romania and s Ukraine

.

B. b. nikolskii Zarudny, 1905 e Iraq to w Pakistan

.

B. b. ruthenus Buturlin & Zhitkov, 1906 c, e and s European Russia

.

B. b. sibiricus (Gloger, 1833) Ural Mts.of e European Russia and w Siberia to c and sw Siberia

.

B. b. yenisseensis Buturlin, 1911 c Siberia to n Mongolia

.

B. b. jakutensis Buturlin, 1908 nc and ne Siberia

.

B. b. turcomanus (Eversmann, 1835) Kazakhstan to w Mongolia and nw China

.

B. b. omissus Dementiev, 1933 ne Iran and Turkmenistan to w China

.

B. b. hemachalanus Hume, 1873 w Himalayas to w Tibet

.

B. b. tibetanus Bianchi, 1906 Tibetan Plateau

.

B. b. tarimensis Buturlin, 1928 e Tarim Basin (w China) to s Mongolia

.

B. b. kiautschensis Reichenow, 1903 e China, Korea

.

B. b. ussuriensis Poliakov, 1915 se Siberia and e Mongolia to ne China and e Siberia

.

B. b. borissowi Hesse, 1915 Sakhalin and Kuril Is. (off se Siberia)

.

Indian Eagle-Owl Bubo bengalensis (Franklin, 1831) OR : Indian subcontinent AS Bubo bengalensis is split from B. bubo (König et al. 1999, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005); BLI recognizes. English name follows Rasmussen and Anderton (2005)

.

Pharaoh Eagle-Owl Bubo ascalaphus Savigny, 1809 AF : nw AF to Arabian Peninsula

.

Cape Eagle-Owl Bubo capensis Smith, A, 1834 AF : s, se, e

.

B. c. dillonii Des Murs & Prévost, 1846 Ethiopia and Eritrea

.

B. c. mackinderi Sharpe, 1899 Kenya to w Mozambique

.

B. c. capensis Smith, A, 1834 South Africa and s Namibia

.

Spotted Eagle-Owl Bubo africanus (Temminck, 1821) AF : s of Equator

.

B. a. africanus (Temminck, 1821) s DRCongo to c Kenya south to South Africa

.

B. a. milesi Sharpe, 1886 s Arabian Pen.

.

Greyish Eagle-Owl Bubo cinerascens Guérin-Méneville, 1843 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia and n Kenya

.

Fraser's Eagle-Owl Bubo poensis Fraser, 1854 AF : Sierra Leone to Uganda C DRCongo and n Angola

.

Usambara Eagle-Owl Bubo vosseleri Reichenow, 1908 AF : ne Tanzania

.

Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 OR : s India and Sri Lanka, Himalayas to Southeast Asia

.

B. n. nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 Himalayas to s India east to Vietnam

.

B. n. blighi Legge, 1878 Sri Lanka

.

Barred Eagle-Owl Bubo sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

.

B. s. sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) s Burma, sw Thailand, Malay Pen., Bangka I. and Sumatra

.

B. s. strepitans (Temminck, 1823) Java, Bali

.

B. s. tenuifasciatus Mees, 1964 Borneo

.

Shelley's Eagle-Owl Bubo shelleyi (Sharpe & Ussher, 1872) AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana; Cameroon to e DRCongo and Gabon

.

Verreaux's Eagle-Owl Bubo lacteus (Temminck, 1820) AF : widespread south of the Sahara

.

Dusky Eagle-Owl Bubo coromandus (Latham, 1790) OR : Pakistan to w Thailand, also e China

.

B. c. coromandus (Latham, 1790) Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh

.

B. c. klossii Robinson, 1911 s China to s Burma and e Thailand

.

Akun Eagle-Owl Bubo leucostictus Hartlaub, 1855 AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana; Nigeria to e DRCongo and n Angola

.

Philippine Eagle-Owl Bubo philippensis Kaup, 1851 OR : Philippines

.

B. p. philippensis Kaup, 1851 Luzon and Catanduanes (n Philippines)

.

B. p. mindanensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) Mindanao, Samar, Leyte and Bohol (s Philippines)

.

Blakiston's Fish Owl Bubo blakistoni Seebohm, 1884 EU : ne China, n Japan

.

B. b. doerriesi Seebohm, 1895 ne China, se Siberia

.

B. b. blakistoni Seebohm, 1884 Sakhalin and Kuril Is. (off se Siberia), Hokkaido (n Japan)

.

Ketupa Lesson, 1830

.

Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR, EU : Middle East to Southeast Asia

.

K. z. semenowi Zarudny, 1905 Middle East to nw India

.

K. z. leschenaulti (Temminck, 1820) India through Burma to w Thailand

.

K. z. zeylonensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Sri Lanka

.

K. z. orientalis Delacour, 1926 ne Burma to se China, Indochina and the Malay Pen.

.

Tawny Fish Owl Ketupa flavipes (Hodgson, 1836) OR : Himalayas to Southeast Asia

.

Buffy Fish Owl Ketupa ketupu (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Southeast Asia to Java and Borneo

.

K. k. ketupu (Horsfield, 1821) ne India through Burma to Vietnam and the Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Bangka and Belitung

.

K. k. minor Büttikofer, 1896 Nias I. (w of Sumatra)

.

Scotopelia Bonaparte, 1850

.

Pel's Fishing Owl Scotopelia peli Bonaparte, 1850 AF : widespread south of the Sahara

.

Rufous Fishing Owl Scotopelia ussheri Sharpe, 1871 AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana

.

Vermiculated Fishing Owl Scotopelia bouvieri Sharpe, 1875 AF : Nigeria to e DRCongo and n Angola

.

Strix Linnaeus, 1758

.

Spotted Wood Owl Strix seloputo Horsfield, 1821 OR : Southeast Asia, Sumatra, Java, Philippines

.

S. s. seloputo Horsfield, 1821 Burma to s Indochina and the Malay Pen., Java

.

S. s. baweana Oberholser, 1917 Bawean I. (off n Java)

.

S. s. wiepkeni (Blasius, W, 1888) Palawan and Calamian Is. (sw Philippines)

.

Mottled Wood Owl Strix ocellata (Lesson, 1839) OR : India, Burma

.

S. o. grisescens Koelz, 1950 nw and nc India

.

S. o. grandis Koelz, 1950 w India

.

S. o. ocellata (Lesson, 1839) c and s India, sw Burma?

.

Brown Wood Owl Strix leptogrammica Temminck, 1832 OR : widespread

.

S. l. ticehursti Delacour, 1930 se China, n Indochina

.

S. l. caligata (Swinhoe, 1863) Taiwan, Hainan

.

S. l. laotiana Delacour, 1926 s Laos, c Vietnam

.

S. l. newarensis (Hodgson, 1836) n India, Nepal, Bangladesh

.

S. l. indranee Sykes, 1832 c and s India

.

S. l. ochrogenys (Hume, 1873) Sri Lanka

.

S. l. maingayi (Hume, 1878) Malay Pen.

.

S. l. myrtha (Bonaparte, 1850) Sumatra

.

S. l. nyctiphasma Oberholser, 1924 Banyak I. (off w Sumatra)

.

S. l. niasensis (Salvadori, 1887) Nias I. (off w Sumatra)

.

S. l. chaseni Hoogerwerf & de Boer, 1947 Belitung I. (off se Sumatra)

.

S. l. leptogrammica Temminck, 1832 c and s Borneo

.

S. l. vaga Mayr, 1938 n Borneo

.

S. l. bartelsi (Finsch, 1906) Java

.

Tawny Owl Strix aluco Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w Eurasia, n Africa

.

S. a. aluco Linnaeus, 1758 n, c and se Europe through the Ukraine and European Russia

.

S. a. biddulphi (Scully, 1881) Pakistan and nw India

.

S. a. harmsi (Zarudny, 1911) Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan

.

S. a. mauritanica (Witherby, 1905) nw Africa

.

S. a. sanctinicolai (Zarudny, 1905) ne Iraq and w Iran

.

S. a. siberiae Dementiev, 1934 Ural Mts. to w Siberia

.

S. a. sylvatica Shaw, 1809 w and s Europe, w Turkey

.

S. a. willkonskii (Menzbier, 1896) ne Turkey and nw Iran to Turkmenistan

.

Himalayan Owl Strix nivicolum (Blyth, 1845) EU : Himalayas to e Asia. AS Strix nivicolum is split from S. aluco (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

S. n. nivicolum (Blyth, 1845) ne India and Nepal to se China, Burma and Vietnam

.

S. n. yamadae Yamashina, 1936 s Taiwan

.

S. n. ma (Clark, AH, 1907) ne China and Korea

.

Hume's Owl Strix butleri (Hume, 1878) EU : Middle east, se Egypt

.

Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis (Xántus de Vésey, 1860) NA, MA : w

.

S. o. caurina (Merriam, 1898) s British Columbia (Canada) to n California (USA)

.

S. o. occidentalis (Xántus de Vésey, 1860) s California (USA), n Baja California (Mexico)

.

S. o. lucida (Nelson, 1903) sw USA to c Mexico

.

S. o. juanaphillipsae Dickerman, 1997 c Mexico

.

Northern Barred Owl Strix varia Barton, 1799 NA : se Alaska and s Canada through se, sc USA SSP Treat species as monotypic. Includes georgica and helveola. Barrowclough et al 2011.

.

Mexican Barred Owl Strix sartorii (Ridgway, 1874) MA : c Mexico AS,, ENG Mexican Barred Owl Strix sartorii is split from (Northern) Barred Owl S. varia (Barrowclough et al 2011); Consider changing English name to Cinereous Owl to retain 'Barred Owl' for S. varia (Howell comm)

.

Fulvous Owl Strix fulvescens (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868) MA : s Mexico to El Salvador

.

Rusty-barred Owl Strix hylophila Temminck, 1825 SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Chaco Owl Strix chacoensis Cherrie & Reichenberger, 1921 SA : s Bolivia and w Paraguay to c Argentina

.

Rufous-legged Owl Strix rufipes King, PP, 1827 SA : c Chile to Tierra del Fuego

.

S. r. sanborni Wheeler, 1938 Chiloe I. (Chile)

.

S. r. rufipes King, PP, 1827 s Chile, s Argentina

.

Ural Owl Strix uralensis Pallas, 1771 EU : widespread

.

S. u. macroura Wolf, 1810 c and se Europe

.

S. u. liturata Lindroth, 1788 n Poland and Scandinavia to nw Russia

.

S. u. uralensis Pallas, 1771 e European Russia to w Siberia

.

S. u. yenisseensis Buturlin, 1915 c Siberic and ne Siberia to nw Mongolian plateau

.

S. u. daurica Stegmann, 1929 sc Siberia and ne Mongolia to w and n Amurland (se Siberia) and w and n Manchuria (ne China)

.

S. u. nikolskii (Buturlin, 1907) e Amurland (se Siberia), Sakhalin I., ne China and Korea

.

S. u. japonica (Clark, AH, 1907) s Kuril Is., Hokkaido (Japan)

.

S. u. hondoensis (Clark, AH, 1907) n Honshu (Japan)

.

S. u. momiyamae Taka-Tsukasa, 1931 c Honshu (Japan)

.

S. u. fuscescens Temminck & Schlegel, 1850 w and s Honshu (Japan)

.

Pere David's Owl Strix davidi (Sharpe, 1875) EU : c China

.

Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa Forster, JR, 1772 NA, EU : n

.

S. n. nebulosa Forster, JR, 1772 n North America SSP S. n. nebulosa includes S. n. yosemitensis (Hull et al, 2014 ssp. nov.) pending further consideration.

.

S. n. lapponica Thunberg, 1798 n Europe, n Asia

.

African Wood Owl Strix woodfordii (Smith, A, 1834) AF : widespread

.

S. w. umbrina (Heuglin, 1863) se Sudan, Ethiopia

.

S. w. nigricantior (Sharpe, 1897) s Somalia to Tanzania and e DRCongo

.

S. w. nuchalis (Sharpe, 1870) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan south to n Angola, c DRCongo and Uganda

.

S. w. woodfordii (Smith, A, 1834) s Angola and DRCongo to sw Tanzania and South Africa

.

Mottled Owl Strix virgata (Cassin, 1849) LA : widespread

.

S. v. squamulata (Bonaparte, 1850) w Mexico

.

S. v. tamaulipensis Phillips, JC, 1911 ne Mexico

.

S. v. centralis (Griscom, 1929) s Mexico to w Panama

.

S. v. virgata (Cassin, 1849) e Panama to Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Trinidad

.

S. v. macconnelli (Chubb, C, 1916) the Guianas

.

S. v. superciliaris (Pelzeln, 1863) nc and ne Brazil

.

S. v. borelliana (Bertoni, W, 1901) s Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina

.

Rufous-banded Owl Strix albitarsis (Bonaparte, 1850) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

S. a. albitarsis (Bonaparte, 1850) Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela

.

S. a. opaca (Peters, JL, 1943) c Peru

.

S. a. tertia (Todd, 1947) Bolivia

.

Black-and-white Owl Strix nigrolineata (Sclater, PL, 1859) LA : c Mexico to Venezuela and Peru

.

Black-banded Owl Strix huhula Daudin, 1800 SA : widespread

.

S. h. huhula Daudin, 1800 Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas south to e Peru, e Bolivia, nw Argentina and ec Brazil

.

S. h. albomarginata (von Spix, 1824) se Brazil, Paraguay, ne Argentina

.

Jubula Bates, 1929

.

Maned Owl Jubula lettii (Büttikofer, 1889) AF : Liberia to Ghana; s Cameroon and Gabon to e DRCongo

.

Lophostrix Lesson, 1836

.

Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata (Daudin, 1800) LA : s Mexico through Amazonia

.

L. c. stricklandi Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1859 s Mexico to w Panama and w Colombia

.

L. c. wedeli Griscom, 1932 e Panama, n Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

L. c. cristata (Daudin, 1800) Amazonia

.

Pulsatrix Kaup, 1848

.

Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata (Latham, 1790) LA : s Mexico to ne Argentina

.

P. p. saturata Ridgway, 1914 s Mexico to w Panama

.

P. p. chapmani Griscom, 1932 e Costa Rica to nw Peru

.

P. p. perspicillata (Latham, 1790) e Colombia through the Guianas, Amazonia

.

P. p. trinitatis Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918 Trinidad

.

P. p. boliviana Kelso, L, 1933 s Bolivia, n Argentina

.

P. p. pulsatrix (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) Paraguay, e Brazil, ne Argentina

.

Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana (Bertoni, M & Bertoni, W, 1901) SA : se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Band-bellied Owl Pulsatrix melanota (Tschudi, 1844) SA : se Colombia to Bolivia

.

P. m. melanota (Tschudi, 1844) se Colombia to se Peru

.

P. m. philoscia Todd, 1947 w Bolivia

.

Surnia Duméril, 1805

.

Northern Hawk-Owl Surnia ulula (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

.

S. u. tianschanica Smallbones, 1906 c Asia to n China and n Mongolia

.

S. u. ulula (Linnaeus, 1758) n Eurasia

.

S. u. caparoch (Statius Müller, 1776) n North America

.

Glaucidium Boie, F, 1826

.

Eurasian Pygmy Owl Glaucidium passerinum (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

G. p. passerinum (Linnaeus, 1758) c and n Europe to sw Siberia

.

G. p. orientale Taczanowski, 1891 c and e Siberia, Mongolia and ne China

.

Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei (Burton, 1836) OR : widespread

.

G. b. brodiei (Burton, 1836) Himalayas to s China south through Indochina and the Malay Pen.

.

G. b. sylvaticum (Bonaparte, 1850) Sumatra

.

G. b. borneense Sharpe, 1893 Borneo

.

G. b. pardalotum (Swinhoe, 1863) Taiwan

.

Pearl-spotted Owlet Glaucidium perlatum (Vieillot, 1817) AF : widespread

.

G. p. perlatum (Vieillot, 1817) Senegal and Gambia to w Sudan

.

G. p. licua (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1842) e Sudan and Ethiopia to South Africa, Namibia and Angola

.

Northern Pygmy Owl Glaucidium californicum Sclater, PL, 1857 NA : w NA from se Alaska to s Baja

.

G. c. grinnelli Ridgway, 1914 se Alaska to n California

.

G. c. swarthi Grinnell, 1913 Vancouver I. (Canada)

.

G. c. californicum Sclater, PL, 1857 c British Columbia (Canada) to sw USA

.

G. c. pinicola Nelson, 1910 Rocky Mts. (wc USA), n Mexico

.

Mountain Pygmy Owl Glaucidium gnoma Wagler, 1832 NA, MA : sw Arizona (USA) to c Mexico AS Split of Glaucidium gnoma and G.californicum (Howell and Webb 1995, König et al. 1999, BLI, but not AOU 2009)

.

Baja Pygmy Owl Glaucidium hoskinsii Brewster, 1888 MA : Baja California (Mexico) AS Baja [Cape] Pygmy Owl G. hoskinsii recognized by Howell and Webb 1995, König et al. 1999, HBW

.

Guatemalan Pygmy Owl Glaucidium cobanense Sharpe, 1875 MA : s Mexico to Guatemala and Honduras AS Split Glaucidium cobanense from G. gnoma (Holt et al 1999 [HBW 5], König & Weick 2008, Howell & Eisermann 2011, Eisermann & Howell in press)

.

Costa Rican Pygmy Owl Glaucidium costaricanum Kelso, L, 1937 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Andean Pygmy Owl Glaucidium jardinii (Bonaparte, 1855) SA : w Venezuela to c Peru

.

Cloud-forest Pygmy Owl Glaucidium nubicola Robbins & Stiles, 1999 SA : Colombia and Ecuador

.

Yungas Pygmy Owl Glaucidium bolivianum König, C, 1991 SA : Peru to nw Argentina

.

Colima Pygmy Owl Glaucidium palmarum Nelson, 1901 MA : w Mexico SSP Treat species as monotypic. Includes oberholseri and griscomi. König & Weick, 2009.

.

Tamaulipas Pygmy Owl Glaucidium sanchezi Lowery & Newman, RJ, 1949 MA : ne Mexico

.

Pernambuco Pygmy Owl Glaucidium mooreorum Silva, Coelho & Gonzaga, 2003 SA : e Brazil

.

Central American Pygmy Owl Glaucidium griseiceps Sharpe, 1875 LA : s Mexico to w Colombia and nw Ecuador SSP Treat species as monotypic. Includes occultum and rarum Both forms regarded as color morphs of nominate. König & Weick, 2009.

.

Subtropical Pygmy Owl Glaucidium parkeri Robbins & Howell, SNG, 1995 SA : Ecuador to Bolivia

.

Amazonian Pygmy Owl Glaucidium hardyi Vielliard, 1989 SA : Amazonia

.

East Brazilian Pygmy Owl Glaucidium minutissimum (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) SA : se Brazil and e Paraguay

.

Ferruginous Pygmy Owl Glaucidium brasilianum (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : widespread TAX Glaucidium brasilianum includes subspecies tucumanum, which may deserve recognition; SACC needs proposal

.

G. b. cactorum van Rossem, 1937 s Arizona (USA) to Sonora to n Nayarit (w Mexico)

.

G. b. intermedium Phillips, AR, 1966 s Nayarit to Oaxaca (w Mexico) SSP Add: Proudfoot & Johnson, 2000

.

G. b. ridgwayi Sharpe, 1875 s Texas (sc USA) to w Panama

.

G. b. medianum Todd, 1916 n Colombia

.

G. b. margaritae Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1951 Margarita I. (off Venezuela)

.

G. b. phaloenoides (Daudin, 1800) Trinidad

.

G. b. duidae Chapman, 1929 Mt. Duida (s Venezuela)

.

G. b. olivaceum Chapman, 1939 Mt. Auyun-Tepui (s Venezuela)

.

G. b. ucayalae Chapman, 1929 Amazonia

.

G. b. brasilianum (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e Brazil to ne Argentina

.

G. b. pallens Brodkorb, 1938 e Bolivia, w Paraguay, n Argentina

.

G. b. stranecki König, C & Wink, 1995 c Argentina to s Uruguay

.

G. b. tucumanum Chapman, 1922 w Argentina

.

Pacific Pygmy Owl Glaucidium peruanum König, C, 1991 SA : w Ecuador, Peru

.

Austral Pygmy Owl Glaucidium nana (King, PP, 1827) SA : Southern Cone

.

Cuban Pygmy Owl Glaucidium siju (d'Orbigny, 1839) NA : Cuba

.

G. s. siju (d'Orbigny, 1839) Cuba

.

G. s. turquinense Garrido, 2002 Pico Turquino, Santiago de Cuba (se Cuba)

.

G. s. vittatum Ridgway, 1914 Isle of Pines

.

Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum Sharpe, 1875 AF : w, c

.

G. t. tephronotum Sharpe, 1875 Liberia, Ivory Coast and Ghana

.

G. t. pycrafti Bates, 1911 Cameroon

.

G. t. medje Chapin, 1932 Gabon and DRCongo to Rwanda and Burundi; sw, e Uganda and w Kenya SSP Includes elgonense. Herroelen et al, 1999.

.

Sjöstedt's Barred Owlet Glaucidium sjostedti Reichenow, 1893 AF : Cameroon to DRCongo and Gabon

.

Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides (Vigors, 1830) OR : Himalayas to Southeast Asia

.

G. c. cuculoides (Vigors, 1830) w and c Himalayas

.

G. c. austerum Ripley, 1948 ne India, Bhutan and nw Burma

.

G. c. rufescens Baker, ECS, 1926 ne India, Bangladesh, n Burma and s Hunnan (s China)

.

G. c. whiteleyi (Blyth, 1867) s China to ne Vietnam

.

G. c. persimile Hartert, 1910 Hainan (off s China)

.

G. c. delacouri Ripley, 1948 ne Laos, nw and c Vietnam

.

G. c. deignani Ripley, 1948 se Thailand, s Vietnam, Cambodia

.

G. c. bruegeli (Parrot, 1908) se Burma, Thailand (except se)

.

Javan Owlet Glaucidium castanopterum (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Java

.

Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum (Tickell, 1833) OR : India

.

G. r. radiatum (Tickell, 1833) Himalayas to w Burma, s India and Sri Lanka

.

G. r. malabaricum (Blyth, 1846) sw India

.

Chestnut-backed Owlet Glaucidium castanotum (Blyth, 1851) OR : Sri Lanka

.

African Barred Owlet Glaucidium capense (Smith, A, 1834) AF : se, sc,w

.

G. c. etchecopari Érard & Roux, F, 1983 Liberia, Ivory Coast PS Etchecopar's Owlet G. etchecopari recognized by König & Weick (2009)

.

G. c. castaneum Reichenow, 1893 ne DRCongo, sw Uganda PS Chestnut Owlet G. castanea recognized by HBW 5, König & Becking 2009

.

G. c. scheffleri Neumann, 1911 s Somalia, e Kenya and ne Tanzania

.

G. c. ngamiense (Roberts, 1932) se DRCongo and w Tanzania to Angola, Botswana and Mozambique

.

G. c. capense (Smith, A, 1834) s Mozambique to South Africa

.

Albertine Owlet Glaucidium albertinum Prigogine, 1983 AF : ne Congo, n Rwanda. AS Glaucidium albertinum is split from G.capense (König et al. 1999); BLI recognizes

.

Xenoglaux O'Neill & Graves, GR, 1977

.

Long-whiskered Owlet Xenoglaux loweryi O'Neill & Graves, GR, 1977 SA : n Peru

.

Micrathene Coues, 1866

.

Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi (Cooper, JG, 1861) NA, MA : sw USA to c Mexico

.

M. w. whitneyi (Cooper, JG, 1861) sw USA, nw Mexico

.

M. w. idonea (Ridgway, 1914) s Texas (USA) to c Mexico

.

M. w. sanfordi (Ridgway, 1914) s Baja California (Mexico)

.

M. w. graysoni Ridgway, 1886 Sorocco I. (off w Mexico)

.

Athene Boie, F, 1822

.

Little Owl Athene noctua (Scopoli, 1769) EU, AF : widespread EU; n, ne AF

.

A. n. vidalii Brehm, AE, 1857 w Europe

.

A. n. noctua (Scopoli, 1769) c, s and se Europe to nw Russia

.

A. n. indigena Brehm, CL, 1855 Romania to Greece through Ukraine and Turkey east to s Russia

.

A. n. lilith Hartert, 1913 Cyprus, s Turkey to Iraq and the Sinai (Egypt)

.

A. n. bactriana Blyth, 1847 Iraq and Azerbaijan to Pakistan and nw India

.

A. n. orientalis Severtsov, 1873 ne Kazakhstan, nw China

.

A. n. ludlowi Baker, ECS, 1926 Himalayas

.

A. n. impasta Bangs & Peters, JL, 1928 wc China

.

A. n. plumipes Swinhoe, 1870 Mongolia, sc Siberia and ne China

.

A. n. glaux (Savigny, 1809) coastal n Africa to sw Israel

.

A. n. saharae (Kleinschmidt, O, 1909) Morocco to w Egypt, c Arabia

.

A. n. spilogastra (Heuglin, 1863) e Sudan, Eritrea and ne Ethiopia

.

A. n. somaliensis Reichenow, 1905 e Ethiopia and Somalia

.

Spotted Owlet Athene brama (Temminck, 1821) OR, EU : s Iran to Southeast Asia

.

A. b. indica (Franklin, 1831) Iran to n and c India, Bhutan and Bangladesh

.

A. b. ultra Ripley, 1948 Assam (ne India)

.

A. b. brama (Temminck, 1821) s India

.

A. b. pulchra Hume, 1873 Burma, s China

.

A. b. mayri Deignan, 1941 Thailand, s Laos, Cambodia and s Vietnam

.

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia (Molina, 1782) NA, LA : widespread

.

A. c. hypugaea (Bonaparte, 1825) sw Canada to w Mexico

.

A. c. rostrata (Townsend, CH, 1890) Clarion I. (off w Mexico)

.

A. c. floridana (Ridgway, 1874) c and s Florida (USA), Bahama Is.

.

A. c. amaura (Lawrence, 1878) Antigua, Nevis (Lesser Antilles)

.

A. c. guadeloupensis (Ridgway, 1874) Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles)

.

A. c. guantanamensis (Garrido, 2001) Cuba

.

A. c. troglodytes (Wetmore & Swales, 1931) Hispaniola, Gonáve and Beata Is.

.

A. c. brachyptera (Richmond, 1896) nc Venezuela, Margarita I. (off n Venezuela) and Aruba (Netherlands Antilles) SSP Includes apurensis and arubensis. Poulin et al, 2011

.

A. c. minor (Cory, 1918) s Guyana, n Brazil

.

A. c. carrikeri (Stone, 1922) e Colombia

.

A. c. tolimae (Stone, 1899) w Colombia

.

A. c. pichinchae (von Boetticher, 1929) w Ecuador

.

A. c. nanodes (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1892) sw Ecuador to sw Peru SSP Includes intermedia and punensis. Poulin et al, 2011

.

A. c. juninensis (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) sc Peru to w Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

A. c. boliviana (Kelso, L, 1939) Bolivia

.

A. c. grallaria (Temminck, 1822) e and c Brazil

.

A. c. cunicularia (Molina, 1782) s Bolivia, Paraguay and s Brazil to Tierra del Fuego

.

A. c. partridgei Olrog, 1976 Corrientes Prov. (n Argentina)

.

Heteroglaux Hume, 1873

.

Forest Owlet Heteroglaux blewitti Hume, 1873 OR : c India

.

Aegolius Kaup, 1829

.

Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

.

A. f. richardsoni (Bonaparte, 1838) Alaska, n Canada and n USA

.

A. f. funereus (Linnaeus, 1758) n, c and se Europe to the Ural Mts. (Russia)

.

A. f. magnus (Buturlin, 1907) ne Siberia

.

A. f. sibiricus (Buturlin, 1910) se Siberia, ne China

.

A. f. pallens (Schalow, 1908) w and s Siberia

.

A. f. caucasicus (Buturlin, 1907) n Caucasus Mts. (Russia)

.

A. f. beickianus Stresemann, 1928 nw India, sw China

.

Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : widespread, also c Mexico

.

A. a. acadicus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Alaska, Canada, n and sw USA, n Mexico

.

A. a. brooksi (Fleming, JH, 1916) Queen Charlotte Is. (off British Columbia, Canada)

.

Bermuda Saw-whet Owl Aegolius gradyi Olson, 2012 NA : Bermuda EXT Recently described from subfossil bones. Survived into the historic period

.

Unspotted Saw-whet Owl Aegolius ridgwayi (Alfaro, 1905) MA : s Mexico to w Panama SSP Treat species as monotypic. Includes tacanensis and rostratus. König & Weick, 2009.

.

Buff-fronted Owl Aegolius harrisii (Cassin, 1849) SA : e, c

.

A. h. harrisii (Cassin, 1849) Colombia to Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru

.

A. h. iheringi (Sharpe, 1899) Paraguay, se Brazil, Uruguay and ne Argentina

.

A. h. dabbenei Olrog, 1979 w Bolivia, nw Argentina

.

Ninox Hodgson, 1837

.

Rufous Owl Ninox rufa (Gould, 1846) AU : New Guinea, n Australia ENG Restore traditional name Rufous Owl

.

N. r. humeralis (Bonaparte, 1850) New Guinea, Waigeo I., Aru Is. SSP Includes aruensis. Koenig & Weick, 2008

.

N. r. rufa (Gould, 1846) nw Australia

.

N. r. meesi Mason & Schodde, 1980 Cape York Pen. (ne Australia)

.

N. r. queenslandica Mathews, 1911 e Queensland ( e Australia)

.

Togian Boobook Ninox burhani Indrawan & Somadikarta, 2004 AU : Togian Islands

.

Powerful Owl Ninox strenua (Gould, 1838) AU : e Australia ENG Restore traditional name Powerful Owl

.

Barking Owl Ninox connivens (Latham, 1801) AU : Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia ENG Restore traditional name Barking Owl

.

N. c. rufostrigata (Gray, GR, 1861) n Moluccas

.

N. c. assimilis Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1875 e New Guinea, Manam, Karkar and Daru Is.

.

N. c. peninsularis Salvadori, 1876 n Australia

.

N. c. connivens (Latham, 1801) sw, e and se Australia

.

Sumba Boobook Ninox rudolfi Meyer, AB, 1882 AU : Sumba

.

Southern Boobook Ninox boobook (Latham, 1801) AU : Lesser Sundas, s New Guinea, Australia TAX STET: Contrary to Version 1.6, Ninox boobook is not conspecific with N. novaeseelandiae as suggested by Christidis and Boles (2008)(R.Schodde in litt.)

.

N. b. rotiensis Johnstone, RE & Darnell, JC, 1997 Roti I. (Lesser Sundas)

.

N. b. fusca (Vieillot, 1817) Timor I. (e Lesser Sundas)

.

N. b. plesseni Stresemann, 1929 Alor I. ( n of Timor)

.

N. b. moae Mayr, 1943 Moa, Leti and Romang Is. (e of Timor)

.

N. b. cinnamomina Hartert, 1906 Babar I. (e of Timor)

.

N. b. remigialis Stresemann, 1930 Kai Is. (off sw New Guinea)

.

N. b. pusilla Mayr & Rand, 1935 s New Guinea

.

N. b. ocellata (Bonaparte, 1850) Sawu I. (Lesser Sundas) and Australia (except e coast)

.

N. b. halmaturina Mathews, 1912 Kangaroo I. (off s Australia)

.

N. b. lurida De Vis, 1887 ne Queensland (ne Australia) PS See König & Weick 2008, H&M4

.

N. b. boobook (Latham, 1801) e to sc Australia

.

Morepork Ninox novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AU : Tasmania, New Zealand ENG Change  Revert to Version 1.5, retaining Morepork for English name of Ninox novaeseelandiae

.

N. n. leucopsis (Gould, 1838) Tasmania PS See König & Weick 2008, H&M4, contra Christidis & Boles 2008, Gill et al 2010.

.

N. n. novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, JF, 1788) New Zealand

.

N. n. undulata (Latham, 1801) Norfolk I. (n of New Zealand)

.

N. n. albaria Ramsay, EP, 1888 Lord Howe I.

.

Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata (Raffles, 1822) OR, EU : e Asia through Orient

.

N. s. lugubris (Tickell, 1833) n, ne and c India, Nepal

.

N. s. burmanica Hume, 1876 ne India to s China, Indochina and Thailand

.

N. s. hirsuta (Temminck, 1824) s India, Sri Lanka

.

N. s. scutulata (Raffles, 1822) Malay Pen., Riau Arch., Sumatra and Bangka I.

.

N. s. javanensis Stresemann, 1928 w Java

.

N. s. borneensis (Bonaparte, 1850) Borneo, n Natuna Is.

.

N. s. palawanensis Ripley & Rabor, 1962 Palawan (sw Philippines)

.

Northern Boobook Ninox japonica (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) OR : Russian Far East to Korea, Japan; Taiwan AS Ninox japonica, including florensis and totogo is split from N.scutulata (King 2002)

.

N. j. florensis (Wallace, 1864) se Siberia, ne and e China and n Korea

.

N. j. japonica (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) s Korea and Japan

.

N. j. totogo Momiyama, 1931 Ryukyu Is. (Japan), Taiwan

.

Chocolate Boobook Ninox randi Deignan, 1951 OR : Philippines, except Palawan AS Ninox randi is split from N.scutulata (King 2002)

.

Hume's Hawk-Owl Ninox obscura Hume, 1872 OR : Andaman Is. AS Ninox obscura is split from N. scutulata (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

Andaman Hawk-Owl Ninox affinis Beavan, 1867 OR : Andaman and Nicobar Is

.

N. a. affinis Beavan, 1867 Andaman Is.

.

N. a. isolata Baker, ECS, 1926 Car Nicobar I.

.

N. a. rexpimenti Abdulali, 1979 Great Nicobar I.

.

White-browed Hawk-Owl Ninox superciliaris (Vieillot, 1817) AF : Madagascar TAX Transfer Ninox superciliaris to Athene? (Fuchs et al 2008)

.

Luzon Hawk-Owl Ninox philippensis Bonaparte, 1855 OR : Philippines TAX, ENG Revisions of the Philippine Hawk-Owl species complex follow Rasmussen et al 2012, Change English name of Ninox philippensis from Philippine Hawk-Owl to Luzon Hawk-Owl

.

N. p. philippensis Bonaparte, 1855 Leyte, Luzon, Marinduque, Samar, Polillo, Masbate and Catanduanes Is. (c and n Philippines) TAX N.p. philippensis includes ssp proxima (Rasmussen et al 2012)

.

N. p. ticaoensis duPont, 1972 Ticao I. (c Philippines) TAX Validity of N.p. ticaoensis questionable (Rasmussen et al 2012)

.

N. p. centralis Mayr, 1945 Siquijor Is. (c Philippines)

.

Mindanao Hawk-Owl Ninox spilocephala Tweeddale, 1879 OR : Basilan, Mindanao, Siargao and Dinagat Is. (s Philippines) AS Mindanao Hawk-Owl is split from Philippine Hawk-Owl (Rasmussen et al 2012)

.

Mindoro Hawk-Owl Ninox mindorensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 OR : Mindoro (wc Philippines) AS Mindoro Hawk-Owl is split from Philippine Hawk-Owl (Rasmussen et al 2012)

.

Romblon Hawk-Owl Ninox spilonotus Bourns & Worcester, 1894 OR : Sibuyan, Tablas Is. (c Philippines) AS Romblon Hawk-Owl is split from Philippine Hawk-Owl (Rasmussen et al 2012)

.

N. s. spilonotus Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Sibuyan

.

N. s. fisheri Rasmussen et al, 2012 Tablas NEW Newly described subspecies (Rasmussen et al 2012)

.

Cebu Hawk-Owl Ninox rumseyi Rasmussen et al, 2012 OR : Cebu (w Philippines) NEW Rasmussen et al 2012

.

Camiguin Hawk-Owl Ninox leventisi Rasmussen et al, 2012 OR : Camiguin Sur (c Philippines) NEW Rasmussen et al 2012

.

Sulu Hawk-Owl Ninox reyi Oustalet, 1880 OR : Sulu Arch. AS Sulu Hawk-Owl is split from Philippine Hawk-Owl (Rasmussen et al 2012)

.

Ochre-bellied Boobook Ninox ochracea (Schlegel, 1866) AU : Sulawesi

.

Cinnabar Boobook Ninox ios Rasmussen, 1999 AU : n Sulawesi

.

Hantu Boobook Ninox squamipila (Bonaparte, 1850) AU : Buru Is, Seram Is. ENG Change  English name of Ninox squamipila from Moluccan Boobook to Hantu Boobook with split of N. hypogramma and N. forbesi

.

N. s. hantu (Wallace, 1863) Buru I. (s Moluccas)

.

N. s. squamipila (Bonaparte, 1850) Seram I. (s Moluccas)

.

Halmahera Boobook Ninox hypogramma (Gray, GR, 1861) AU : n Moluccas AS Ninox hypogramma is split from N. squamipila (Norman et al. 1998, Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007)

.

Tanimbar Boobook Ninox forbesi Sclater, PL, 1883 AU : Tanimbar Is. AS Ninox forbesi is split from N. squamipila (Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007)

.

Christmas Boobook Ninox natalis Lister, 1889 IO : Christmas Island

.

Papuan Boobook Ninox theomacha (Bonaparte, 1855) AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Ninox theomacha to Papuan Boobook (Gregory 2009)

.

N. t. hoedtii (Schlegel, 1871) Waigeo and Misool Is. (off w New Guinea)

.

N. t. goldii Gurney, 1883 D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

.

N. t. theomacha (Bonaparte, 1855) New Guinea

.

N. t. rosseliana Tristram, 1889 Louisiade Arch.

.

Manus Boobook Ninox meeki Rothschild & Hartert, 1914 AU : Admiralty Islands

.

Speckled Boobook Ninox punctulata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Sulawesi

.

New Ireland Boobook Ninox variegata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Ninox variegata to New Ireland Boobook (Gregory 2009)

.

N. v. superior Hartert, 1925 New Hanover

.

N. v. variegata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) New Ireland and New Britain

.

New Britain Boobook Ninox odiosa Sclater, PL, 1877 AU : Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Ninox odiosa to New Britain Boobook (Gregory 2009)

.

Solomons Boobook Ninox jacquinoti (Bonaparte, 1850) AU : Solomon Islands

.

N. j. eichhorni (Hartert, 1929) Buka, Bougainville and Choiseul Is. (n Solomon Is.)

.

N. j. mono Mayr, 1935 Mono I. (nw Solomon Is.)

.

N. j. jacquinoti (Bonaparte, 1850) Santa Isabel and San Jorge Is. (c Solomon Is.)

.

N. j. floridae Mayr, 1935 Florida Is. (c Solomon Is.)

.

N. j. granti Sharpe, 1888 Guadalcanal (s Solomon Is.)

.

N. j. malaitae Mayr, 1931 Malaita I. (s Solomon Is.)

.

N. j. roseoaxillaris (Hartert, 1929) Bauro and San Cristóbol Is. (s Solomon Is.)

.

Little Sumba Hawk-Owl Ninox sumbaensis Olsen, Wink, Sauer-Gürth & Trost, 2002 AU : Sumba

.

Uroglaux Mayr, 1937

.

Papuan Hawk-Owl Uroglaux dimorpha (Salvadori, 1874) AU : New Guinea

.

Sceloglaux Kaup, 1848

.

Laughing Owl Sceloglaux albifacies (Gray, GR, 1844) AU : New Zealand

.

S. a. rufifacies Buller, 1904 North Island, NZ

.

S. a. albifacies (Gray, GR, 1844) South Island, NZ

.

Pseudoscops Kaup, 1848

.

Jamaican Owl Pseudoscops grammicus (Gosse, 1847) NA : Jamaica

.

Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator (Vieillot, 1808) LA : widespread

.

P. c. forbesi (Lowery & Dalquest, 1951) s Mexico to Panama

.

P. c. clamator (Vieillot, 1808) Colombia and Venezuela to e Peru and c and ne Brazil

.

P. c. oberi (Kelso, EH, 1936) Trinidad and Tobago

.

P. c. midas (Schlegel, 1862) e Bolivia to Paraguay, s Brazil, Uruguay and n Argentina

.

Nesasio Peters, JL, 1937

.

Fearful Owl Nesasio solomonensis (Hartert, 1901) AU : Solomon Islands

.

Asio Brisson, 1760

.

Stygian Owl Asio stygius (Wagler, 1832) LA : widespread

.

A. s. lambi Moore, RT, 1937 nw Mexico

.

A. s. robustus Kelso, L, 1934 e Mexico to Nicaragua

.

A. s. siguapa (d'Orbigny, 1839) Cuba, Isle of Pines

.

A. s. noctipetens Riley, 1916 Hispaniola, Gonâve I.

.

A. s. stygius (Wagler, 1832) Colombia and Venezuela to e Bolivia and c and s Brazil

.

A. s. barberoi Bertoni, W, 1930 Paraguay, n Argentina

.

Long-eared Owl Asio otus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA, EU : widespread

.

A. o. otus (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe, Asia and n Africa

.

A. o. canariensis Madarász, 1901 Canary Is.

.

A. o. tuftsi Godfrey, 1948 w Canada to n Mexico

.

A. o. wilsonianus (Lesson, 1830) sc and se Canada to sc and e USA

.

Abyssinian Owl Asio abyssinicus (Guérin-Méneville, 1843) AF : e

.

A. a. abyssinicus (Guérin-Méneville, 1843) Eritrea and Ethiopia

.

A. a. graueri Sassi, 1912 c Kenya to e DRCongo

.

Madagascan Owl Asio madagascariensis (Smith, A, 1834) AF : Madagascar

.

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763) Worldwide : widespread except AU

.

A. f. flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763) North America, Europe, n Africa and n Asia

.

A. f. cubensis Garrido, 2007 Cuba

.

A. f. domingensis (Statius Müller, 1776) Hispaniola

.

A. f. portoricensis Ridgway, 1882 Puerto Rico

.

A. f. bogotensis Chapman, 1915 Colombia, Ecuador and nw Peru

.

A. f. galapagoensis (Gould, 1837) Galapagos Is.

.

A. f. pallidicaudus Friedmann, 1949 Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname

.

A. f. suinda (Vieillot, 1817) s Peru and s Brazil to Tierra del Fuego

.

A. f. sanfordi Bangs, 1919 Falkland Is.

.

A. f. sandwichensis (Bloxam, A, 1827) Hawaiian Is.

.

A. f. ponapensis Mayr, 1933 e Caroline Is.

.

Marsh Owl Asio capensis (Smith, A, 1834) AF : widespread

.

A. c. tingitanus (Loche, 1867) n Morocco

.

A. c. capensis (Smith, A, 1834) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia south to South Africa

.

A. c. hova Stresemann, 1922 Madagascar