"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Orioles, drongos & fantails

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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38 Figbirds, Orioles Family Oriolidae PHY, SEQ see Jønsson et al 2010 for phylogenetic sequence of species

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Turnagra Lesson, 1837 PHY, SEQ Piopio Turnagra belongs with Old World orioles (Oriolidae), not with bowerbirds (Ptilonorhynchidae) (Johansson et al 2011, cf Christidis et al 1996)

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North Island Piopio Turnagra tanagra Schlegel, 1866 AU : North Island, NZ TAX Turnagra tanagra is split from T. capensis following BLI and Holdaway, 1999

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South Island Piopio Turnagra capensis (Sparrman, 1787) AU : South Island, NZ ENG The English name of Turnagra capensis is changed with the split of T. tanagra

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T. c. capensis (Sparrman, 1787) South Island, NZ

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T. c. minor Fleming, JH, 1915 Stephens Island, NZ

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Sphecotheres Vieillot, 1816

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Green Figbird Sphecotheres viridis Vieillot, 1816 AU : Lesser Sundas

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Wetar Figbird Sphecotheres hypoleucus Finsch, 1898 AU : Lesser Sundas

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Australasian Figbird Sphecotheres vieilloti Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 AU : se New Guinea, n, e Australia

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S. v. salvadorii Sharpe, 1877 se New Guinea

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S. v. cucullatus (Rosenberg, HKB, 1866) Kai I. (off sw New Guinea)

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S. v. ashbyi Mathews, 1912 n Australia

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S. v. flaviventris Gould, 1850 ne Australia and the islands in the Torres Strait

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S. v. vieilloti Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 e Australia

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Pitohui Lesson, 1831 PHY, SEQ Pitohui sensu stricto is sister to Oriolus (Jønsson et al 2008, Dumbacher 2013)

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Northern Variable Pitohui Pitohui kirhocephalus (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) AU : New Guinea ENG English name of Pitohui kirhocephalus becomes Northern Variable Pitohui with split of Raja Ampat Pitohui and Southern Variable Pitohui

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P. k. kirhocephalus (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) e Vogelkop (nw New Guinea)

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P. k. dohertyi Rothschild & Hartert, 1903 Wandammen area (nw New Guinea)

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P. k. rubiensis (Meyer, AB, 1884) head of Geelvink Bay (nw New Guinea)

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P. k. brunneivertex Rothschild, 1931 e coast of Geelvink Bay (nw New Guinea)

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P. k. decipiens (Salvadori, 1878) Onin Pen. (sw New Guinea)

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P. k. stramineipectus van Oort, 1907 Triton Bay region (sw New Guinea)

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P. k. adiensis Mees, 1964 Adi I. (off sw New Guinea)

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P. k. carolinae Junge, 1952 Etna Bay region (sw New Guinea)

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P. k. jobiensis (Meyer, AB, 1874) Kurudu and Yapen Is. (off nw New Guinea)

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P. k. meyeri Rothschild & Hartert, 1903 Mamberamo coast (n New Guinea)

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P. k. senex Stresemann, 1922 upper Sepik region (n New Guinea)

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P. k. brunneicaudus (Meyer, AB, 1891) lower Sepik to Astrolabe Bay (n New Guinea)

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Raja Ampat Pitohui Pitohui cerviniventris (Gray, GR, 1862) AU : New Guinea AS Raja Ampat Pitohui is split from [Northern] Variable Pitohui (Dumbacher et al 2001, 2008; Dumbacher 2013)

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P. c. pallidus van Oort, 1907 Sagewin and Batanta Is. (w Papuan Is.)

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P. c. cerviniventris (Gray, GR, 1862) Waigeo and Gemien Is. (w Papuan Is.)

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Southern Variable Pitohui Pitohui uropygialis (Gray, GR, 1862) AU : New Guinea AS Southern Variable Pitohui is split from [Northern] Variable Pitohui (Dumbacher et al 2001, 2008; Dumbacher 2013)

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P. u. uropygialis (Gray, GR, 1862) Sulawati and Misool Is. (w Papuan Is.)

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P. u. tibialis (Sharpe, 1877) w Vogelkop (nw New Guinea)

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P. u. brunneiceps (D'Albertis & Salvadori, 1879) Gulf of Papua to Fly R. (s New Guinea)

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P. u. nigripectus van Oort, 1909 Mimika R. to Eilanden R. (s New Guinea)

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P. u. aruensis (Sharpe, 1877) Aru Is. (off sw New Guinea)

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P. u. meridionalis (Sharpe, 1888) se New Guinea

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Hooded Pitohui Pitohui dichrous (Bonaparte, 1850) AU : New Guinea

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Oriolus Linnaeus, 1766

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Brown Oriole Oriolus szalayi (Madarász, 1900) AU : New Guinea

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Dusky-brown Oriole Oriolus phaeochromus Gray, GR, 1861 AU : n Moluccas

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Grey-collared Oriole Oriolus forsteni (Bonaparte, 1850) AU : s Moluccas

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Black-eared Oriole Oriolus bouroensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Buru Is.

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Tanimbar Oriole Oriolus decipiens (Sclater, PL, 1883) AU : Tanimbar Is. AS Oriolus decipiens is split from O. bouroensis (Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007)

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Olive-brown Oriole Oriolus melanotis (Bonaparte, 1850) AU : Lesser Sundas

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O. m. finschi Hartert, 1904 Wetar and Atauro Is.

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O. m. melanotis (Bonaparte, 1850) Timor, Roti and Semau Is.

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Olive-backed Oriole Oriolus sagittatus (Latham, 1801) AU : sc New Guinea, Australia

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O. s. magnirostris van Oort, 1910 sc New Guinea

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O. s. affinis Gould, 1848 nw and nc Australia

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O. s. grisescens Schodde & Mason, 1999 Cape York Pen. (ne Australia) and islands of the Torres Strait

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O. s. sagittatus (Latham, 1801) e Australia

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Green Oriole Oriolus flavocinctus (King, PP, 1826) AU : widespread

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O. f. migrator Hartert, 1904 e Lesser Sundas

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O. f. muelleri (Bonaparte, 1850) sc New Guinea

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O. f. flavocinctus (King, PP, 1826) n Australia

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O. f. tiwi Schodde & Mason, 1999 Bathurst and Melville Is. (off n Australia)

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O. f. flavotinctus Schodde & Mason, 1999 Cape York Pen. (ne Australia)

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O. f. kingi Mathews, 1912 ne Queensland (ne Australia)

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Dark-throated Oriole Oriolus xanthonotus Horsfield, 1821 OR : Southeast Asia through Borneo and Philippines

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O. x. xanthonotus Horsfield, 1821 Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java and Borneo

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O. x. mentawi Chasen & Kloss, 1926 w Sumatran islands

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O. x. consobrinus Ramsay, RGW, 1880 Borneo

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O. x. persuasus Bangs, 1922 sw Philippines

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Philippine Oriole Oriolus steerii Sharpe, 1877 OR : Philippines

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O. s. samarensis Steere, 1890 Samar, Leyte, Bohol and e Mindanao

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O. s. assimilis Tweeddale, 1878 Cebu

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O. s. steerii Sharpe, 1877 Masbate and Negros

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O. s. basilanicus Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 Basilan and w Mindanao

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O. s. cinereogenys Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Sulu Arch.

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White-lored Oriole Oriolus albiloris Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 OR : Philippines

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Isabela Oriole Oriolus isabellae Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 OR : Philippines ENG Oriolus isabellae is named after the Philippine province of Isabela (Peter Vercruijsse)

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Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w Eurasia

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Indian Golden Oriole Oriolus kundoo Sykes, 1832 EU : s Kazakhstan to e China, south to c Afghnistan, n Pakistan, Nepal and c India AS Oriolus kundoo is split from O. oriolus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Collar 2005)

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African Golden Oriole Oriolus auratus Vieillot, 1817 AF : widespread

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O. a. auratus Vieillot, 1817 Senegal and Gambia to w Ethiopia and s Somalia

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O. a. notatus Peters, W, 1868 Angola to c Mozambique

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Slender-billed Oriole Oriolus tenuirostris Blyth, 1846 OR : e Himalayas to Southeast Asia

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O. t. invisus Riley, 1940 e Himalayas to s China and c Vietnam

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O. t. tenuirostris Blyth, 1846 s Vietnam

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Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis Linnaeus, 1766 OR : widespread PS Black-naped Oriole is paraphyletic with respect to Eurasian Golden Oriole O.oriolus and Indian Golden Oriole O.kundoo (Jønsson et al 2010); await full resolution of population splits (Rheindt comm)

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O. c. diffusus Sharpe, 1877 e Asia

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O. c. andamanensis Beavan, 1867 Andaman Is.

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O. c. macrourus Blyth, 1846 Nicobar Is.

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O. c. maculatus Vieillot, 1817 Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java, Bali and Borneo

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O. c. mundus Richmond, 1903 Simeulue and Nias Is. (off w Sumatra)

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O. c. sipora Chasen & Kloss, 1926 Sipura I. (off w Sumatra)

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O. c. richmondi Oberholser, 1912 Siberut and Pagi Is. (off w Sumatra)

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O. c. lamprochryseus Oberholser, 1917 Masalembu Is. (Java Sea)

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O. c. insularis Vorderman, 1893 Sapudi, Raas and Kangean Is. (ne of Java)

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O. c. melanisticus Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1894 Talaud Is. (s of the Philippines)

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O. c. sangirensis Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1898 Sangihe and Tabukan Is. (off ne Sulawesi)

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O. c. formosus Cabanis, 1872 Siau, Tahulandang, Ruang, Biaro and Mayu Is. (off ne Sulawesi)

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O. c. celebensis (Walden, 1872) Sulawesi and nearby islands

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O. c. frontalis Wallace, 1863 Banggai and Sula Is. (e of Sulawesi)

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O. c. boneratensis Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1896 islands of the Flores Sea

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O. c. broderipi Bonaparte, 1850 Lesser Sundas

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O. c. chinensis Linnaeus, 1766 Philippines

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O. c. suluensis Sharpe, 1877 Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)

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Green-headed Oriole Oriolus chlorocephalus Shelley, 1896 AF : e

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O. c. amani Benson, 1946 se Kenya and e Tanzania

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O. c. chlorocephalus Shelley, 1896 Malawi and c Mozambique

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O. c. speculifer Wolters & Clancey, 1969 s Mozambique

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Sao Tome Oriole Oriolus crassirostris Hartlaub, 1857 AF : São Tomé

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Western Oriole Oriolus brachyrynchus Swainson, 1837 AF : w, c

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O. b. brachyrynchus Swainson, 1837 Guinea-Bissau to Togo and Benin

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O. b. laetior Sharpe, 1897 Nigeria to w Kenya, sc DR Congo and n Angola

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Ethiopian Oriole Oriolus monacha (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : Ethiopia, Eritrea

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O. m. meneliki Blundell & Lovat, 1899 s Ethiopia

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O. m. monacha (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n Ethiopia, Eritrea

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Mountain Oriole Oriolus percivali Ogilvie-Grant, 1903 AF : e

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Black-headed Oriole Oriolus larvatus Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 AF : e, s

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O. l. rolleti Salvadori, 1864 s Sudan and s Ethiopia to e DR Congo and c Kenya

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O. l. reichenowi Zedlitz, 1916 Somalia to e Tanzania

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O. l. angolensis Neumann, 1905 Angola and Namibia to w Tanzania and n Mozambique

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O. l. additus Lawson, 1969 coastal s Tanzania to coastal s Mozambique

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O. l. larvatus Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 s Zimbabwe to inland s Mozambique and e South Africa

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Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855 AF : w, c

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Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : n India through Southeast Asia to Borneo

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O. x. xanthornus (Linnaeus, 1758) n India to n Malay Pen. and Indochina

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O. x. maderaspatanus Franklin, 1831 c and s India

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O. x. ceylonensis Bonaparte, 1850 Sri Lanka

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O. x. reubeni Abdulali, 1977 Andaman Is.

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O. x. tanakae Kuroda, 1925 ne Borneo

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Black Oriole Oriolus hosii Sharpe, 1892 OR : n Borneo

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Black-and-crimson Oriole Oriolus cruentus (Wagler, 1827) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo

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O. c. malayanus Robinson & Kloss, 1923 Malay Pen.

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O. c. consanguineus (Ramsay, RGW, 1881) Sumatra

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O. c. cruentus (Wagler, 1827) Java

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O. c. vulneratus Sharpe, 1887 n Borneo

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Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii (Vigors, 1832) OR : Southeast Asia

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O. t. traillii (Vigors, 1832) Himalayas to s China, n Indochina and n Thailand

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O. t. robinsoni Delacour, 1927 s Indochina

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O. t. nigellicauda (Swinhoe, 1870) Hainan I.

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O. t. ardens (Swinhoe, 1862) Taiwan

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Silver Oriole Oriolus mellianus Stresemann, 1922 OR : sc China

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26 Drongos Family Dicruridae

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Chaetorhynchus Meyer, AB, 1874

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Pygmy Drongo Chaetorhynchus papuensis Meyer, AB, 1874 AU : New Guinea TAX Relationships of Pygmy (=Mountain) Drongo uncertain; may be a whistler (Gregory, pers. comm)

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Dicrurus Vieillot, 1816

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Square-tailed Drongo Dicrurus ludwigii (Smith, A, 1834) AF : widespread

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D. l. sharpei Oustalet, 1879 Senegal to w Kenya, n DR Congo and n Angola

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D. l. muenzneri Reichenow, 1915 s Somalia and se Kenya to s Tanzania

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D. l. saturnus Clancey, 1976 c Angola, se DR Congo and n Zambia

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D. l. tephrogaster Clancey, 1975 s Malawi, e Zimbabwe and Mozambique

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D. l. ludwigii (Smith, A, 1834) Swaziland, s Mozambique and e South Africa

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Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis Swainson, 1837 AF : w, c

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Fork-tailed Drongo Dicrurus adsimilis (Bechstein, 1794) AF : widespread

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D. a. divaricatus (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) Mauritania to Guinea e to Somalia and n Kenya

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D. a. fugax Peters, W, 1868 Uganda and Kenya s to ne South Africa and Swaziland

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D. a. apivorus Clancey, 1976 se Gabon and Congo to n South Africa

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D. a. adsimilis (Bechstein, 1794) w Swaziland and e and s South Africa

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Velvet-mantled Drongo Dicrurus modestus Hartlaub, 1849 AF : w, c

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D. m. atactus Oberholser, 1899 Sierra Leone to sw Nigeria

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D. m. coracinus Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 s Nigeria to Kenya, c DR Congo and nw Angola

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D. m. modestus Hartlaub, 1849 Principe I. (Gulf of Guinea) PS Recognition of Principe Drongo D.modestus may follow full revision of this species complex (Borrow comm)

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Grand Comoro Drongo Dicrurus fuscipennis (Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1887) AF : Comoros

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Aldabra Drongo Dicrurus aldabranus (Ridgway, 1893) AF : Aldabra Island

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Crested Drongo Dicrurus forficatus (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Madagascar region

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D. f. forficatus (Linnaeus, 1766) Madagascar and nearby islands

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D. f. potior (Bangs & Penard, TE, 1922) Anjouan I. (c Comoros)

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Mayotte Drongo Dicrurus waldenii Schlegel, 1865 AF : Comoros

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Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus Vieillot, 1817 OR : widespread

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D. m. albirictus (Hodgson, 1836) se Iran and e Afghanistan to n India, se Tibet and nw Burma

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D. m. macrocercus Vieillot, 1817 se Pakistan, c and s India

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D. m. minor Blyth, 1850 Sri Lanka

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D. m. cathoecus Swinhoe, 1871 c, e and s China to e Burma, n Thailand and n Indochina

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D. m. thai Kloss, 1921 s Burma to a Indochina

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D. m. harterti Baker, ECS, 1918 Taiwan

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D. m. javanus Kloss, 1921 Java and Bali

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Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus Vieillot, 1817 OR : widespread

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D. l. leucogenis (Walden, 1870) c, n and e China

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D. l. salangensis Reichenow, 1890 se China

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D. l. longicaudatus Jerdon, 1862 e Afghanistan to c Himalayas

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D. l. hopwoodi Baker, ECS, 1918 e Himalayas through s China and n Burma to ne Indochina

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D. l. innexus (Swinhoe, 1870) Hainan I. (off se China)

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D. l. mouhoti (Walden, 1870) sw and c Burma to c Indochina

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D. l. bondi Meyer de Schauensee, 1937 c Thailand through s Indochina

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D. l. nigrescens Oates, 1889 s and se Burma and the Malay Pen.

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D. l. batakensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) n Sumatra

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D. l. phaedrus (Reichenow, 1904) s Sumatra

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D. l. periophthalmicus (Salvadori, 1894) Sipura and Pagai Is. (off w Sumatra)

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D. l. celaenus Oberholser, 1912 Simeulue I. (off w Sumatra)

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D. l. siberu Chasen & Kloss, 1926 Siberut I. (off w Sumatra)

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D. l. stigmatops (Sharpe, 1879) n Borneo

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D. l. leucophaeus Vieillot, 1817 Java, Bali, Lombok and the sw Philippines

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White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : India, Sri Lanka

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D. c. caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758) s Nepal to w and s India

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D. c. insularis (Sharpe, 1877) n Sri Lanka

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D. c. leucopygialis Blyth, 1846 s Sri Lanka

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Crow-billed Drongo Dicrurus annectans (Hodgson, 1836) OR : e Himalayas to Southeast Asia

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Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus Vieillot, 1817 OR : widespread

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D. a. aeneus Vieillot, 1817 India and c Himalayas through s China and Burma to n Malay Pen.

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D. a. malayensis (Blyth, 1846) s Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo

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D. a. braunianus (Swinhoe, 1863) Taiwan

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Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer (Temminck, 1823) OR : widespread

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D. r. tectirostris (Hodgson, 1836) s Himalayas through s China to n Indochina

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D. r. peracensis (Baker, ECS, 1918) s Burma to s Indochina

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D. r. lefoli (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) s Cambodia

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D. r. remifer (Temminck, 1823) Sumatra and Java

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Balicassiao Dicrurus balicassius (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : Philippines

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D. b. abraensis Vaurie, 1947 n Luzon

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D. b. balicassius (Linnaeus, 1766) n and c Phillipines

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D. b. mirabilis Walden & Layard, EL, 1872 wc Philippines

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Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : widespread, also Sulawesi and Moluccas

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D. h. brevirostris (Cabanis, 1851) c and s China to n Burma and n Indochina

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D. h. hottentottus (Linnaeus, 1766) India through c Burma to s Indochina

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D. h. faberi Hoogerwerf, 1962 w Java (Panaitan I. and islands in Jakarta Bay) SSP HBW 14, p. 213

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D. h. jentincki (Vorderman, 1893) e Java, Bali and islands of the Java Sea

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D. h. borneensis (Sharpe, 1879) Borneo

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D. h. palawanensis Tweeddale, 1878 Palawan (w Philippines)

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D. h. samarensis Vaurie, 1947 ec Philippines

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D. h. striatus Tweeddale, 1877 s Philippines

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D. h. cuyensis (McGregor, 1903) wc Philippines

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D. h. suluensis Hartert, 1902 Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)

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D. h. guillemardi (Salvadori, 1890) Obi I. (c Moluccas)

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D. h. banggaiensis Vaurie, 1952 Banggai Is. (off e Sulawesi)

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D. h. pectoralis Wallace, 1863 Sula Is.

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D. h. leucops Wallace, 1865 Sulawesi and nearby islands

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Tablas Drongo Dicrurus menagei (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) OR : Tablas (c Philippines) AS Tablas Drongo Dicrurus menagei is split from Hair-crested Drongo species complex D.hottentottus (Allen 2006, Rocamora & Yeatman-Berthelot 2009, BLI 4, Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007 , Rheindt et al 2010)

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Sumatran Drongo Dicrurus sumatranus Ramsay, RGW, 1880 OR : Sumatra AS Dicrurus sumatranus is split from D.hottentottus (Sibley & Monroe 1990, King 1997, HBW 14)

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D. s. sumatranus Ramsay, RGW, 1880 Sumatra

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D. s. viridinitens (Salvadori, 1894) Mentawai Is. (off w Sumatra)

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Wallacean Drongo Dicrurus densus (Bonaparte, 1850) OR : Lesser Sundas, Moluccas AS Dicrurus densus is split from D.hottentottus (Sibley & Monroe 1990, King 1997, HBW 14)

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D. d. vicinus Rensch, 1928 Lombok (w Lesser Sundas)

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D. d. bimaensis Wallace, 1864 Sumbawa, Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Pantar, Alor and Gunungapi (Lesser Sundas)

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D. d. sumbae Rensch, 1931 Sumba (s Lesser Sundas)

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D. d. densus (Bonaparte, 1850) Roti, Timor, Wetar and Sermata (Lesser Sundas)

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D. d. kuehni Hartert, 1901 Tanimbar Is. (e Lesser Sundas)

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D. d. megalornis Gray, GR, 1858 se Moluccas

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Sulawesi Drongo Dicrurus montanus (Riley, 1919) AU : Sulawesi

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Spangled Drongo Dicrurus bracteatus Gould, 1843 AU : widespread, also Philippines

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D. b. amboinensis Gray, GR, 1861 Seram, Ambon, Haruku and Saparua (s Moluccas)

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D. b. buruensis Hartert, 1919 Buru I. (sw Moluccas)

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D. b. morotensis Vaurie, 1946 Morotai I. (n Moluccas)

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D. b. atrocaeruleus Gray, GR, 1861 Halmahera and Bacan Is. (n Moluccas) and Kofiau I. (w Papuan islands)

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D. b. carbonarius Bonaparte, 1850 New Guinea and nearby islands and archipelagos

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D. b. baileyi Mathews, 1912 n Australia

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D. b. atrabectus Schodde & Mason, 1999 ne Australia

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D. b. bracteatus Gould, 1843 e Australia

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D. b. laemostictus Sclater, PL, 1877 New Britain (Bismarck Arch.)

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D. b. meeki Rothschild & Hartert, 1903 Guadalcanal (s Solomons)

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D. b. longirostris Ramsay, EP, 1882 San Cristobal (s Solomons)

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Paradise Drongo Dicrurus megarhynchus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) AU : Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Dicrurus megarhynchus to Paradise Drongo (Gregory 2009)

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Andaman Drongo Dicrurus andamanensis Beavan, 1867 OR : Andaman Islands

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D. a. dicruriformis (Hume, 1873) Great Coco and Table Is. (n Andamans)

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D. a. andamanensis Beavan, 1867 main Andaman Islands

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Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : widespread

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D. p. grandis (Gould, 1836) n India through w and n Burma and s China to n Indochina

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D. p. rangoonensis (Gould, 1836) c India through Bangladesh, c Burma and n Thailand to c Indochina

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D. p. paradiseus (Linnaeus, 1766) s India to s Thailand, n Malay Pen. and s Indochina

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D. p. johni (Hartert, 1902) Hainan I. (off se China)

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D. p. ceylonicus Vaurie, 1949 Sri Lanka

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D. p. otiosus (Richmond, 1902) Andaman Is.

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D. p. nicobariensis (Baker, ECS, 1918) Nicobar Is.

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D. p. hypoballus (Oberholser, 1926) c Malay Pen.

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D. p. platurus Vieillot, 1817 s Malay Pen., Sumatra and nearby islands

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D. p. microlophus (Oberholser, 1917) islands in the South China Sea

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D. p. brachyphorus (Bonaparte, 1850) Borneo

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D. p. banguey (Chasen & Kloss, 1929) islands off n Borneo

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D. p. formosus (Cabanis, 1851) Java

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Sri Lanka Drongo Dicrurus lophorinus Vieillot, 1817 OR : Sri Lanka AS Split Dicrurus lophorinus  from unrelated D. paradiseus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)

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49 Fantails Family Rhipiduridae

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Rhipidura Vigors & Horsfield, 1827

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Mindanao Blue Fantail Rhipidura superciliaris (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Philippines ENG Change English name of Rhipidura superciliaris to Mindanao Fantail with split of Visayan Fantail (Sánchez-González & Moyle 2011)

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R. s. apo Hachisuka, 1930 Mindanao except w

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R. s. superciliaris (Sharpe, 1877) Basilan and w Mindanao

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Visayan Blue Fantail Rhipidura samarensis (Steere, 1890) OR : Bohol, Leyte and Samar (Philippines) AS Split Visayan Blue Fantail R. samarensis from [Mindanao] Blue Fantail R.superciliaris (Sánchez-González & Moyle 2011)

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Blue-headed Fantail Rhipidura cyaniceps (Cassin, 1855) OR : Philippines

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R. c. pinicola Parkes, 1958 nw Luzon

.

R. c. cyaniceps (Cassin, 1855) e, c and s Luzon and Catanduanes (Philippines)

.

Tablas Fantail Rhipidura sauli Bourns & Worcester, 1894 OR : Tablas I. (c Philippines) AS Split Tablas Fantail R.sauli from Blue-headed Fantail (Sánchez-González & Moyle 2011)

.

Visayan Fantail Rhipidura albiventris (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Ticao, Masbate, Panay, Guimaras and Negros (c Philippines) AS Split Visayan Fantail R. albiventris from Blue-headed Fantail (Sánchez-González & Moyle 2011)

.

White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis (Vieillot, 1818) OR : widespread

.

R. a. canescens (Koelz, 1939) w Himalayas

.

R. a. albicollis (Vieillot, 1818) c Himalayas, Bangladesh and e India

.

R. a. stanleyi Baker, ECS, 1916 e Himalayas, ne India and w Burma

.

R. a. orissae Ripley, 1955 ec India

.

R. a. celsa Riley, 1929 se Tibet through s China and e Burma and n Thailand to n Indochina

.

R. a. cinerascens Delacour, 1927 se Thailand and s Indochina

.

R. a. atrata Salvadori, 1879 Malay Pen. and Sumatra

.

R. a. sarawacensis Chasen, 1941 Sarawak (nw Borneo)

.

R. a. kinabalu Chasen, 1941 Sabah and Brunei (n Borneo)

.

White-spotted Fantail Rhipidura albogularis (Lesson, 1832) OR : s India AS Rhipidura albogularis is split from R. albicollis (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

R. a. albogularis (Lesson, 1832) peninsular India

.

R. a. vernayi (Whistler, 1931) se India

.

White-bellied Fantail Rhipidura euryura Müller, S, 1843 OR : Java

.

White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola Lesson, 1831 OR : widespread

.

R. a. aureola Lesson, 1831 e Pakistan, n India and s Nepal s to c India

.

R. a. compressirostris (Blyth, 1849) s India and Sri Lanka

.

R. a. burmanica (Hume, 1880) Burma and s China to s Indochina

.

Malaysian Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica (Sparrman, 1788) OR : Southeast Asia, Sumatra

.

R. j. longicauda Wallace, 1865 Southeast Asia, Sumatra, Borneo and nearby islands

.

R. j. javanica (Sparrman, 1788) Java and Bali

.

Philippine Pied Fantail Rhipidura nigritorquis Vigors, 1831 OR : Philippines AS Split Philippine Pied Fantail R.nigritorquis from [Malaysian] Pied Fantail (Sánchez-González & Moyle 2011)

.

Spotted Fantail Rhipidura perlata Müller, S, 1843 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

Willie Wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys (Latham, 1801) AU : widespread

.

R. l. melaleuca (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) Moluccas, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch., Solomon Is. and islands in the n Torres Strait

.

R. l. picata Gould, 1848 n Australia

.

R. l. leucophrys (Latham, 1801) Australia except for the north

.

Brown-capped Fantail Rhipidura diluta Wallace, 1864 AU : Lesser Sundas

.

R. d. sumbawensis Büttikofer, 1892 Sumbawa I.

.

R. d. diluta Wallace, 1864 Flores and Lomblen Is.

.

Cinnamon-tailed Fantail Rhipidura fuscorufa Sclater, PL, 1883 AU : Tanimbar Islands

.

Northern Fantail Rhipidura rufiventris (Vieillot, 1818) AU : widespread

.

R. r. tenkatei Büttikofer, 1892 Roti I. (Lesser Sundas)

.

R. r. rufiventris (Vieillot, 1818) Timor (Lesser Sundas)

.

R. r. pallidiceps Hartert, 1904 Wetar I. (Lesser Sundas)

.

R. r. hoedti Büttikofer, 1892 Romang, Damar, Leti, Moa and Sermata Is. (Lesser Sundas)

.

R. r. assimilis Gray, GR, 1858 Tayandu and Kai Is. (sw of New Guinea)

.

R. r. finitima Hartert, 1918 Watubela Is. (sw of New Guinea)

.

R. r. bouruensis Wallace, 1863 Buru I. (sw Moluccas)

.

R. r. cinerea Wallace, 1865 Seram and Ambon Is. (s Moluccas)

.

R. r. obiensis Salvadori, 1876 Obi I. (c Moluccas)

.

R. r. vidua Salvadori & Turati, 1874 Kofiau I. (w Papuan island)

.

R. r. gularis Müller, S, 1843 w Papuan islands, New Guinea and other nearby islands

.

R. r. kordensis Meyer, AB, 1874 Biak I. (off nw New Guinea)

.

R. r. nigromentalis Hartert, 1898 Louisiade Arch.

.

R. r. finschii Salvadori, 1882 New Britain and Duke of York Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

R. r. setosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) New Ireland, New Hanover and Djaul Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

R. r. gigantea Stresemann, 1933 Lihir and Tabar Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

R. r. tangensis Mayr, 1955 Boang and Tanga Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

R. r. niveiventris Rothschild & Hartert, 1914 Admiralty Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

R. r. mussai Rothschild & Hartert, 1924 St. Matthias Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

R. r. isura Gould, 1841 n Australia

.

Cockerell's Fantail Rhipidura cockerelli (Ramsay, EP, 1879) AU : Solomon Islands ENG Change  English name of Rhipidura cockerelli to Cockerell’s Fantail (Gregory 2009)

.

R. c. septentrionalis Rothschild & Hartert, 1916 Buka, Bougainville and Shortland Is (w Solomon Is.)

.

R. c. interposita Rothschild & Hartert, 1916 Choiseul and Santa Isabel Is. (nc Solomon Is.)

.

R. c. lavellae Rothschild & Hartert, 1916 Vella Lavella and Ranongga Is. (sc Solomon Is.)

.

R. c. albina Rothschild & Hartert, 1901 Kolombangara, New Georgia, Vangunu, Rendova and Tetepare Is. (sc Solomon Is.)

.

R. c. floridana Mayr, 1931 Nggela Is. (c Solomon Is.)

.

R. c. coultasi Mayr, 1931 Malaita I. (e Solomon Is.)

.

R. c. cockerelli (Ramsay, EP, 1879) Guadalcanal (s Solomon Is.)

.

Sooty Thicket Fantail Rhipidura threnothorax Müller, S, 1843 AU : New Guinea

.

R. t. threnothorax Müller, S, 1843 w Papuan islands, New Guinea and Aru I. (sw of New Guinea)

.

R. t. fumosa Schlegel, 1871 Yapen I. (off nw New Guinea)

.

Black Thicket Fantail Rhipidura maculipectus Gray, GR, 1858 AU : New Guinea

.

White-bellied Thicket Fantail Rhipidura leucothorax Salvadori, 1874 AU : New Guinea

.

R. l. leucothorax Salvadori, 1874 w to nc and se New Guinea

.

R. l. episcopalis Ramsay, EP, 1878 e New Guinea

.

R. l. clamosa Diamond, 1967 ec New Guinea

.

Black Fantail Rhipidura atra Salvadori, 1876 AU : New Guinea

.

R. a. atra Salvadori, 1876 mountains of nw and nc to se New Guinea

.

R. a. vulpes Mayr, 1931 Cyclops Mt. (nc New Guinea)

.

Chestnut-bellied Fantail Rhipidura hyperythra Gray, GR, 1858 AU : New Guinea

.

R. h. hyperythra Gray, GR, 1858 Aru Is. (off sw New Guinea)

.

R. h. muelleri Meyer, AB, 1874 w and c New Guinea, Yapen I.

.

R. h. castaneothorax Ramsay, EP, 1879 se New Guinea

.

Friendly Fantail Rhipidura albolimbata Salvadori, 1874 AU : New Guinea

.

R. a. albolimbata Salvadori, 1874 nw, n and e New Guinea

.

R. a. lorentzi van Oort, 1909 c New Guinea

.

Grey Fantail Rhipidura albiscapa Gould, 1840 AU : Australia, Solomon Islands, Loyalty Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia

.

R. a. brenchleyi Sharpe, 1879 San Cristobal I. (se Solomon Is.), Banks Is. and Vanuatu

.

R. a. bulgeri Layard, EL, 1877 New Caledonia and Lifou Is. (Loyalty Is.)

.

R. a. keasti Ford, 1981 ne Australia

.

R. a. pelzelni Gray, GR, 1862 Norfolk I.

.

R. a. alisteri Mathews, 1911 ec, se and sc Australia

.

R. a. albiscapa Gould, 1840 Tasmania and islands of the Bass Strait

.

R. a. preissi Cabanis, 1850 sw Australia

.

R. a. albicauda North, 1895 wc and c Australia

.

New Zealand Fantail Rhipidura fuliginosa (Sparrman, 1787) AU : New Zealand

.

R. f. fuliginosa (Sparrman, 1787) Stewart and South Is.

.

R. f. placabilis Bangs, 1921 North I.

.

R. f. penita Bangs, 1911 Chatham I.

.

R. f. cervina Ramsay, EP, 1879 Lord Howe I.

.

Mangrove Fantail Rhipidura phasiana De Vis, 1885 AU : s New Guinea, n Australia

.

Brown Fantail Rhipidura drownei Mayr, 1931 AU : Solomon Islands

.

R. d. drownei Mayr, 1931 Bougainville

.

R. d. ocularis Mayr, 1931 Guadalcanal

.

Makira Fantail Rhipidura tenebrosa Ramsay, EP, 1882 AU : Solomon Islands

.

Rennell Fantail Rhipidura rennelliana Mayr, 1931 AU : Solomon Islands

.

Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi Marie, 1870 PO : Fiji Islands to New Caledonia TAX Change  Species name of Rhipidura spilodera to Rhipidura verreauxi, which has precedence (Dickinson & Watling 2006)

.

R. v. spilodera Gray, GR, 1870 Banks Is., n and c Vanuatu

.

R. v. verreauxi Marie, 1870 New Caledonia and Loyalty Is.

.

R. v. rufilateralis Sharpe, 1879 Taveuni I. (n Fiji I.)

.

R. v. layardi Salvadori, 1877 Ovalau and Viti Levu Is. (w Fiji Is.)

.

R. v. erythronota Sharpe, 1879 Vanua Levu and Yanganga Is. (n Fiji Is.)

.

Kadavu Fantail Rhipidura personata Ramsay, EP, 1875 PO : Fiji Islands

.

Samoan Fantail Rhipidura nebulosa Peale, 1848 PO : Samoa

.

R. n. nebulosa Peale, 1848 Upolu I.

.

R. n. altera Mayr, 1931 Savaii I.

.

Rufous-tailed Fantail Rhipidura phoenicura Müller, S, 1843 OR : Java

.

Black-and-cinnamon Fantail Rhipidura nigrocinnamomea Hartert, 1903 OR : s Philippines

.

R. n. hutchinsoni Mearns, 1907 n, w and e Mindanao

.

R. n. nigrocinnamomea Hartert, 1903 c and s Mindanao

.

Dimorphic Fantail Rhipidura brachyrhyncha Schlegel, 1871 AU : New Guinea

.

R. b. brachyrhyncha Schlegel, 1871 nw New Guinea

.

R. b. devisi North, 1898 c and e New Guinea

.

Palau Fantail Rhipidura lepida Hartlaub & Finsch, 1868 PO : Palau Islands

.

Streak-breasted Fantail Rhipidura dedemi van Oort, 1911 AU : s Moluccas

.

Tawny-backed Fantail Rhipidura superflua Hartert, 1899 AU : s Moluccas

.

Rusty-bellied Fantail Rhipidura teysmanni Büttikofer, 1892 AU : Sulawesi

.

R. t. teysmanni Büttikofer, 1892 sw Sulawesi

.

R. t. toradja Stresemann, 1931 n, c and se Sulawesi

.

R. t. sulaensis Neumann, 1939 Sula Is.

.

Long-tailed Fantail Rhipidura opistherythra Sclater, PL, 1883 AU : Lesser Sundas

.

Rufous-backed Fantail Rhipidura rufidorsa Meyer, AB, 1874 AU : New Guinea

.

R. r. rufidorsa Meyer, AB, 1874 w to ne and sc New Guinea

.

R. r. kubuna Rand, 1938 s coast of se New Guinea

.

R. r. kumusi Mathews, 1928 n coast of se New Guinea

.

Bismarck Fantail Rhipidura dahli Reichenow, 1897 AU : Bismarck Archipelago

.

R. d. dahli Reichenow, 1897 New Britain (Bismarck Arch.)

.

R. d. antonii Hartert, 1926 New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)

.

Mussau Fantail Rhipidura matthiae Heinroth, 1902 AU : Bismarck Archipelago

.

Malaita Fantail Rhipidura malaitae Mayr, 1931 AU : Solomon Islands

.

Manus Fantail Rhipidura semirubra Sclater, PL, 1877 AU : Admiralty Islands

.

Rufous Fantail Rhipidura rufifrons (Latham, 1801) AU : widespread

.

R. r. torrida Wallace, 1865 n Moluccas

.

R. r. uraniae Oustalet, 1881 Guam (Mariana Is.)

.

R. r. saipanensis Hartert, 1898 Saipan and Tinian Is. (n Mariana Is.)

.

R. r. mariae Baker, RH, 1946 Rota I. (n Mariana I.)

.

R. r. versicolor Hartlaub & Finsch, 1872 Yap I. (w Caroline I.)

.

R. r. agilis Mayr, 1931 Santa Cruz I. (Santa Cruz I.)

.

R. r. melanolaema Sharpe, 1879 Vanikolo I. (s Santa Cruz I.)

.

R. r. utupuae Mayr, 1931 Utupua I. (c Santa Cruz I.)

.

R. r. commoda Hartert, 1918 nw Solomon Is.

.

R. r. granti Hartert, 1918 wc Solomon Is.

.

R. r. brunnea Mayr, 1931 Malaita I. (e Solomon I.)

.

R. r. rufofronta Ramsay, EP, 1879 Guadalcanal (s Solomons)

.

R. r. ugiensis Mayr, 1931 Uki I. (n of San Cristobal in the se Solomon Is.)

.

R. r. russata Tristram, 1879 San Cristobal I. (se Solomon I.)

.

R. r. kuperi Mayr, 1931 Santa Ana I. (e of San Cristobal in the se Solomon Is.)

.

R. r. louisiadensis Hartert, 1899 Louisiade Arch. (se of New Guinea)

.

R. r. intermedia North, 1902 e Australia

.

R. r. rufifrons (Latham, 1801) se Australia

.

Pohnpei Fantail Rhipidura kubaryi Finsch, 1876 PO : Caroline Islands

.

Arafura Fantail Rhipidura dryas Gould, 1843 AU : Lesser Sundas, sc New Guinea, n Australia

.

R. d. celebensis Büttikofer, 1892 Tanahjampea and Kalao Is. (in the Flores Sea)

.

R. d. mimosae Meise, 1929 Kalaotoa I. (in the Flores Sea)

.

R. d. sumbensis Hartert, 1896 Sumba I. (s Lesser Sundas)

.

R. d. semicollaris Müller, S, 1843 Flores to Timor (c lesser Sundas)

.

R. d. elegantula Sharpe, 1879 Romang, Damar, Leti and Moa (e Lesser Sundas)

.

R. d. reichenowi Finsch, 1901 Babar (extreme e Lesser Sundas)

.

R. d. hamadryas Sclater, PL, 1883 Tanimbar Is.

.

R. d. squamata Müller, S, 1843 w Papuan islands and Banda Is.

.

R. d. streptophora Ogilvie-Grant, 1911 coastal sc New Guinea

.

R. d. dryas Gould, 1843 coastal n Australia and nearby islands

.

Lamprolia Finsch, 1874

.

Silktail Lamprolia victoriae Finsch, 1874 PO : Fiji Islands PHY Lamprolia victoria belongs with the Rhipiduridae, not the Monarchidae (Irestedt et al. 2008)

.

L. v. victoriae Finsch, 1874 Taveuni I. (nc Fiji)

.

L. v. kleinschmidti Ramsay, EP, 1876 Vanua Levu I. (nw Fiji)