"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Frogmouths, Oilbird, potoos & nightjars

.

#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

.

ORDER CAPRIMULGIFORMES

.

16 Frogmouths Family Podargidae TAX Recognition of the Asian frogmouths (Batrachosomus) vs Australasian frogmouths (Podargus) as separate families (Christidis and Boles 2008) requires equal consideration for Rigidipenna inexpectatus as a monotypic family (see Tree of Life)

.

Podargus Vieillot, 1818

.

Marbled Frogmouth Podargus ocellatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 AU : New Guinea, e, ne Australia

.

P. o. ocellatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 New Guinea and nearby islands

.

P. o. marmoratus Gould, 1855 Cape York Pem. (ne Australia)

.

P. o. plumiferus Gould, 1846 ec Australia

.

P. o. intermedius Hartert, 1895 Trobriand Is. and D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

.

P. o. meeki Hartert, 1898 Tagula I. (Louisiade Arch.)

.

Papuan Frogmouth Podargus papuensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 AU : New Guinea, n Australia

.

P. p. papuensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 w Papuan Is., New Guinea and Aru Is.

.

P. p. rogersi Mathews, 1912 Cape York Pem. (ne Australia)

.

P. p. baileyi Mathews, 1912 ne Queensland (ne Australia)

.

Tawny Frogmouth Podargus strigoides (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia

.

P. s. brachypterus Gould, 1841 w,c Australia

.

P. s. phalaenoides Gould, 1840 n Australia

.

P. s. strigoides (Latham, 1801) e Australia and Tasmania

.

Rigidipenna Cleere et al 2007 TAX DNA analyses support separation of Podargus inexpectatus to a monotypic genus Rigidipenna (Cleere, Kratter, Steadman, Braun, Huddleston, Filardi, & Dutson, 2007, BLI, TOL)

.

Solomons Frogmouth Rigidipenna inexpectata (Hartert, 1901) AU : Solomon Islands ENG Change English name of Rigidipenna inexpectata from Cinnamon Frogmouth to Solomons Frogmouth (Guy Dutson et al 2010)

.

Batrachostomus Gould, 1838

.

Large Frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus (Gray, JE, 1829) OR : Malay Penin., Sumatra, Borneo

.

Dulit Frogmouth Batrachostomus harterti Sharpe, 1892 OR : Borneo

.

Philippine Frogmouth Batrachostomus septimus Tweeddale, 1877 OR : Philippines

.

B. s. microrhynchus Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 Luzon and Catanduanes (n Philippines)

.

B. s. menagei Bourns & Worcester, 1894 Panay and Negros (wc Philippines

.

B. s. septimus Tweeddale, 1877 Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Mindanao and Basilan (ec and s Philippines)

.

Gould's Frogmouth Batrachostomus stellatus (Gould, 1837) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger Blyth, 1849 OR : sw India, Sri Lanka

.

B. m. roonwali Dutta, 2009 s India

.

B. m. moniliger Blyth, 1849 Sri Lanka

.

Hodgson's Frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni (Gray, GR, 1859) OR : ne India to Southeast Asia

.

B. h. hodgsoni (Gray, GR, 1859) ne India, e Bangladesh and n and w Burma

.

B. h. indochinae Stresemann, 1937 e Burma and sw Hunnan (China) to n Thailand, nw Laos and c Vietnam

.

Short-tailed Frogmouth Batrachostomus poliolophus Hartert, 1892 OR : Sumatra

.

Bornean Frogmouth Batrachostomus mixtus Sharpe, 1892 OR : Borneo AS Bornean Frogmouth is split from Short-tailed Frogmouth B.poliolophus (Cleere 1998, BLI)

.

Javan Frogmouth Batrachostomus javensis (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Java

.

Blyth's Frogmouth Batrachostomus affinis Blyth, 1847 OR : N Thailand, s Burma, c Vietnam to se peninsular Thailand to Sumatra, Borneo AS Blyth's Frogmouth is split from Javan Frogmouth B.javensis (Cleere 2010)

.

B. a. continentalis Stresemann, 1937 se Burma to Thailand, s Laos and c Vietnam

.

B. a. affinis Blyth, 1847 s Thailand, s Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo

.

Palawan Frogmouth Batrachostomus chaseni Stresemann, 1937 OR : Banggi I. (n of Borneo) and Palawan (Philippines) AS Palawan Frogmouth is split from Javan Frogmouth B.javensis (Cleere 2010)

.

Sunda Frogmouth Batrachostomus cornutus (Temminck, 1822) OR : Sumatra, Borneo

.

B. c. cornutus (Temminck, 1822) Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Belitung (e of Sumatra) and Banggi Is (n of Borneo).

.

B. c. longicaudatus Hoogerwerf, 1962 Kangean Is. (ne of Java)

.

.

1 Oilbird Family Steatornithidae

.

Steatornis von Humboldt, 1814

.

Oilbird Steatornis caripensis von Humboldt, 1817 SA : n, nw, also Panama

.

.

7 Potoos Family Nyctibiidae

.

Nyctibius Vieillot, 1816

.

Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : s Mexico through Amazonia, se SA

.

N. g. guatemalensis Land & Schultz, 1963 s Mexico and Guatemala

.

N. g. grandis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Nicaraagua to Panama and through South America to c Bolivia and s Brazil

.

Long-tailed Potoo Nyctibius aethereus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) SA : Amazonia, se SA

.

N. a. chocoensis Chapman, 1921 w Colombia

.

N. a. longicaudatus (von Spix, 1825) Amazonia

.

N. a. aethereus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) se Brazil, se Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Northern Potoo Nyctibius jamaicensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) MA : Mexico to Costa Rica, also Greater Antilles

.

N. j. lambi Davis, J, 1959 w Mexico

.

N. j. mexicanus Nelson, 1900 e and s Mexico to Honduras

.

N. j. costaricensis Ridgway, 1912 Costa Rica

.

N. j. jamaicensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Jamaica

.

N. j. abbotti Richmond, 1917 Hispaniola, Gonâve I.

.

Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : Nicaragua to Uruguay

.

N. g. panamensis Ridgway, 1912 e Nicaragua to w Panama, w Colombia and w Ecuador

.

N. g. griseus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n and c South America east of the Andes

.

Andean Potoo Nyctibius maculosus Ridgway, 1912 SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

White-winged Potoo Nyctibius leucopterus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) SA : Amazonia

.

Rufous Potoo Nyctibius bracteatus Gould, 1846 SA : Amazonia

.

.

98 Nightjars Family Caprimulgidae PHY The eared nightjars Eurostopodus are the sister taxon to rest of the Caprimulgidae (Barrowclough et al 2006, Larsen et al. 2007), but they are not equivalent in rank to other families in the Caprimulgiformes.

.

Eurostopodus Gould, 1838 SEQ The eared nightjars Eurostopodus are the basal to rest of the Caprimulgidae, and thus placed first in the sequence of the genera (Barrowclough et al 2006, Larsen et al. 2007).

.

Spotted Nightjar Eurostopodus argus Hartert, 1892 AU : Australia

.

White-throated Nightjar Eurostopodus mystacalis (Temminck, 1826) AU : e Australia

.

Solomons Nightjar Eurostopodus nigripennis Ramsay, EP, 1882 AU : Solomon Is. AS Solomons Nightjar is split from White-throated Nightjar E. mystacalis (Cleere 2010, Dutson 2012)

.

New Caledonian Nightjar Eurostopodus exul Mayr, 1941 AU : New Caledonia AS New Caledonian Nightjar is split from White-throated Nightjar E. mystacalis (Cleere 2010, Dutson 2012, H&M4)

.

Satanic Nightjar Eurostopodus diabolicus Stresemann, 1931 AU : Sulawesi

.

Papuan Nightjar Eurostopodus papuensis (Schlegel, 1866) AU : New Guinea

.

Archbold's Nightjar Eurostopodus archboldi (Mayr & Rand, 1935) AU : New Guinea ENG Change  English name of Eurostopodus archboldi to Archbold's Nightjar (Gregory 2009)

.

Lyncornis Gould, 1838 PHY,TAX Move  Malaysian Eared Nightjar and Great Eared Nightjar from Eurostopodus to Lyncornis (Han et al 2010)

.

Malaysian Eared Nightjar Lyncornis temminckii Gould, 1838 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

Great Eared Nightjar Lyncornis macrotis (Vigors, 1831) OR : widespread, also Sulawesi

.

L. m. cerviniceps Gould, 1838 Bangladesh and ne India to s China, Indochina and n Malay Pen.

.

L. m. bourdilloni Hume, 1875 sw India

.

L. m. macrotis (Vigors, 1831) n and e Philippines

.

L. m. jacobsoni Junge, 1936 Simeuluë I. (off nw Sumatra)

.

L. m. macropterus Bonaparte, 1850 Sulawesi, Talaud, Sangihe, Banggai and Sula Is.

.

Gactornis Han, Robbins & Braun, 2010

.

Collared Nightjar Gactornis enarratus (Gray, GR, 1871) AF : Madagascar TAX, PHY Han et al (2010) separates Collared Nightjar as Gactornis, is sister to main clade of nightjars and nighthawks

.

Chordeiles Swainson, 1832

.

Nacunda Nighthawk Chordeiles nacunda (Vieillot, 1817) SA : widespread PHY,TAX Nacunda Nighthawk is moved from Podager to Chordeiles before Least Nighthawk, its sister species (Han et al 2010, SACC 467)

.

C. n. coryi Agne & Pacheco, 2011 n and e Colombia and n Venezuela through Guyana and Suriname to n Brazil

.

C. n. nacunda (Vieillot, 1817) e Peru and c Brazil to c Argentina

.

Least Nighthawk Chordeiles pusillus Gould, 1861 SA : n, e

.

C. p. septentrionalis (Hellmayr, 1908) e Colombia through Venezuela and the Guianas

.

C. p. esmeraldae Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1947 se Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil

.

C. p. xerophilus Dickerman, 1988 Paraiba and Pernambuco (ne Brazil)

.

C. p. novaesi Dickerman, 1988 Maranhão and Piaui (ne Brazil)

.

C. p. saturatus Pinto & Camargo, 1957 e Bolivia and wc Brazil

.

C. p. pusillus Gould, 1861 Tocantins, Bahia and Goiás (e Brazil)

.

Sand-colored Nighthawk Chordeiles rupestris (von Spix, 1825) SA : Amazonia

.

C. r. xyostictus Oberholser, 1914 c Colombia

.

C. r. rupestris (von Spix, 1825) Amazonia

.

Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis (Hermann, 1783) NA, LA : sw USA to s Brazil

.

C. a. texensis Lawrence, 1857 sw USA to c Mexico

.

C. a. littoralis Brodkorb, 1940 s Mexico to Costa Rica

.

C. a. micromeris Oberholser, 1914 s Yucatan Pen. and Belize

.

C. a. acutipennis (Hermann, 1783) n and c South America

.

C. a. crissalis Miller, AH, 1959 sw Colombia

.

C. a. aequatorialis Chapman, 1923 w Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru (?)

.

C. a. exilis (Lesson, 1839) w Peru

.

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor (Forster, JR, 1771) NA, MA : widespread

.

C. m. minor (Forster, JR, 1771) c and s Canada, c and e USA

.

C. m. hesperis Grinnell, 1905 sw Canada, w USA

.

C. m. sennetti Coues, 1888 sc Canada, c and nc USA

.

C. m. howelli Oberholser, 1914 wc USA

.

C. m. henryi Cassin, 1855 sw USA, nc Mexico

.

C. m. aserriensis Cherrie, 1896 se Texas (sc USA), ne Mexico

.

C. m. chapmani Coues, 1888 se USA

.

C. m. neotropicalis Selander & Alvarez del Toro, 1955 e and s Mexico

.

C. m. panamensis Eisenmann, 1962 Belize and Honduras to Panama

.

Antillean Nighthawk Chordeiles gundlachii Lawrence, 1857 NA : s Florida through the West Indies

.

C. g. vicinus Riley, 1903 s Florida (se USA), Bahama Is.

.

C. g. gundlachii Lawrence, 1857 Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamiaca, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Is.

.

Lurocalis Cassin, 1851

.

Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : widespread

.

L. s. stonei Huber, 1923 se Mexico to ne Nicaragua

.

L. s. noctivagus Griswold, 1936 Costa Rica to nw Ecuador

.

L. s. semitorquatus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n Colombia to the Guianas and n Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago

.

L. s. schaeferi Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 Aragua (n Venezuela)

.

L. s. nattererii (Temminck, 1822) Amazonia south of the Amazon to n Argentina

.

Rufous-bellied Nighthawk Lurocalis rufiventris Taczanowski, 1884 SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

Nyctiprogne Bonaparte, 1857

.

Band-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne leucopyga (von Spix, 1825) SA : Amazonia

.

N. l. exigua Friedmann, 1945 e Colombia, s Venezuela

.

N. l. pallida Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 ne Colombia, w and c Venezuela

.

N. l. leucopyga (von Spix, 1825) e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

N. l. latifascia Friedmann, 1945 extreme s Venezuela

.

N. l. majuscula Pinto & Camargo, 1952 ne Peru, n and e Bolivia, w and c Brazil

.

Plain-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne vielliardi (Lencioni-Neto, 1994) SA : e Brazil

.

Nyctipolus Ridgway, 1912 TAX, PHY Generic assignments of New World taxa, formerly placed in Caprimulgus, are revised following SACC #522 based on Han et al 2010.

.

Blackish Nightjar Nyctipolus nigrescens (Cabanis, 1849) SA : Amazonia

.

Pygmy Nightjar Nyctipolus hirundinaceus (von Spix, 1825) SA : ne, e Brazil

.

N. h. cearae (Cory, 1917) Ceará to n Bahia (ne Brazil)

.

N. h. hirundinaceus (von Spix, 1825) Piauí to Bahia and Alagoas (e Brazil)

.

N. h. vielliardi (Ribon, 1995) Espirito Santo (e Brazil)

.

Nyctidromus Gould, 1838

.

Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : widespread

.

N. a. insularis Nelson, 1898 Tres Marías Is. (off w Mexico)

.

N. a. merrilli Sennett, 1888 s Texas (USA), ne Mexico

.

N. a. yucatanensis Nelson, 1901 w and e Mexico, including the Yucatan Pen., to c Guatemala

.

N. a. intercedens Griscom, 1929 s Guatemala to w Panama

.

N. a. gilvus Bangs, 1902 c and e Panama, n Colombia

.

N. a. albicollis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Colombia and Venezuela through the Guianas and Brazil

.

N. a. derbyanus Gould, 1838 Bolivia,c and s Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Anthony's Nightjar Nyctidromus anthonyi (Chapman, 1923) SA : w Ecuador, nw Peru PHY Anthony's Nightjar assigned to Nyctidromus following SACC #522 based on Han et al 2010.

.

Setopagis Ridgway, 1912 TAX, PHY Generic assignments of New World taxa, formerly placed in Caprimulgus, are revised following SACC 522 based on Han et al 2010.

.

Todd's Nightjar Setopagis heterura Todd, 1915 SA : ne Colombia, n, c Venezuela. AS Todd's Nightjar Caprimulgus heterura is split from Little Nightjar C. parvula (SACC 169).

.

Little Nightjar Setopagis parvula (Gould, 1837) SA : e Peru to e Brazil, south to c Argentina and Uruguay

.

Roraiman Nightjar Setopagis whitelyi (Salvin, 1885) SA : Tepuis of e Venezuela, w Guyana and n Brazil

.

Cayenne Nightjar Setopagis maculosa (Todd, 1920) SA : French Guiana

.

Eleothreptus Gray, GR, 1840

.

Sickle-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus anomalus (Gould, 1838) SA : se Brazil; se Paraguay to c Argentina and Uruguay

.

White-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus candicans (Pelzeln, 1867) SA : n Bolivia, sc Brazil, e Paraguay PHY White-winged Nightjar may belong with Sickle-winged Nightjar in Eleothreptus (Cleere 2002, BLI, SACC 256). Assigned to Eleothreptus following SACC #522 based on Han et al 2010.

.

Systellura Ridgway, 1912 TAX, PHY Generic assignments of New World taxa, formerly placed in Caprimulgus, are revised following SACC #522 based on Han et al 2010.

.

Band-winged Nightjar Systellura longirostris (Bonaparte, 1825) SA : n, w, s, se

.

S. l. ruficervix (Sclater, PL, 1866) Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador

.

S. l. roraimae Chapman, 1929 tepuis of s Venezuela PS Tepui Nightjar C. roraime recognized by Cleere 2010

.

S. l. decussata (Tschudi, 1844) w Peru, n Chile PS Tschudi's Nightjar C. decussatus recognized by Cleere 2010.

.

S. l. atripunctata Chapman, 1923 Peru to nw Argentina

.

S. l. bifasciata (Gould, 1837) Chile, w Argentina

.

S. l. pedrolimai (Grantsau, 2008) ne Brazil

.

S. l. longirostris (Bonaparte, 1825) se Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and ne Argentina

.

S. l. mochaensis (Cleere, 2006) c Chile

.

S. l. patagonica (Olrog, 1962) c and s Argentina

.

Uropsalis Miller, W, 1915

.

Swallow-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis segmentata (Cassin, 1849) SA : Colombia to c Bolivia

.

U. s. segmentata (Cassin, 1849) Colombia and Ecuador

.

U. s. kalinowskii (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) Peru and Bolivia

.

Lyre-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis lyra (Bonaparte, 1850) SA : Venezuela to s Bolivia

.

U. l. lyra (Bonaparte, 1850) Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador

.

U. l. peruana (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906) Peru to w Bolivia

.

U. l. argentina Olrog, 1975 s Bolivia and n Argentina

.

Hydropsalis Wagler, 1832 PHY White-tailed Nightjar and Spot-tailed Nightjar assigned to Hydropsalis following SACC #522 based on Han et al 2010.

.

White-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis cayennensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) LA : Costa Rica through n SA

.

H. c. albicauda (Lawrence, 1875) Costa Rica to n Colombia

.

H. c. aperta (Peters, JL, 1940) w Colombia, n Ecuador

.

H. c. cayennensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Colombia through Venezuela and the Guianas to n Brazil

.

H. c. insularis (Richmond, 1902) ne Colombia and n Venezuela, nearby islands

.

H. c. leopetes (Jardine & Selby, 1830) Trinidad and Tobago

.

H. c. manati (Pinchon, 1963) Martinique (Lesser Antilles)

.

Spot-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis maculicaudus (Lawrence, 1862) LA : widespread

.

Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca (Tschudi, 1844) SA : Amazonia

.

H. c. schomburgki Sclater, PL, 1866 e Venezuela and the Guianas

.

H. c. climacocerca (Tschudi, 1844) w Amazonia

.

H. c. pallidior Todd, 1937 Santarém, w Para (nc Brazil)

.

H. c. intercedens Todd, 1937 Obidos, w Para (c Brazil)

.

H. c. canescens Griscom & Greenway, 1937 lower Rio Tapajós, w Para (nc Brazil)

.

Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis torquata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : Amazonia, sc, se

.

H. t. torquata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) s Suriname, Brazil and e Peru

.

H. t. furcifer (Vieillot, 1817) s Peru to s Brazil and c Argentina

.

Macropsalis Sclater, PL, 1866

.

Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata (Nitsch, 1840) SA : se Brazil and ne Argentina

.

Siphonorhis Sclater, PL, 1861

.

Least Poorwill Siphonorhis brewsteri (Chapman, 1917) NA : Hispaniola

.

S. b. brewsteri (Chapman, 1917) Hispaniola

.

S. b. gonavensis Garrido, 2003 Gonâve I.

.

Jamaican Poorwill Siphonorhis americana (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Jamaica

.

Nyctiphrynus Bonaparte, 1857

.

Choco Poorwill Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi (Hartert, 1895) SA : w Colombia, nw Ecuador

.

Eared Poorwill Nyctiphrynus mcleodii (Brewster, 1888) MA : w Mexico

.

N. m. mcleodii (Brewster, 1888) Chihuahua and s Sonora to Jalisco and Colima (w Mexico)

.

N. m. rayi (Miller, AH, 1948) Guerrero (wc Mexico)

.

Yucatan Poorwill Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus (Hartert, 1892) MA : Yucatan Peninsula

.

Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus (Tschudi, 1844) LA : widespread

.

N. o. lautus Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 e Honduras to nw Costa Rica

.

N. o. ocellatus (Tschudi, 1844) Colombia to Peru, e Brazil and ne Argentina

.

Phalaenoptilus Ridgway, 1880

.

Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii (Audubon, 1844) NA, MA : sw Canada to n Mexico

.

P. n. nuttallii (Audubon, 1844) sw Canada, w and wc USA and n Mexico

.

P. n. californicus Ridgway, 1887 w California (USA), n Baja California (Mexico)

.

P. n. hueyi Dickey, 1928 se California and sw Arizona (USA, ne Baja California (Mexico)

.

P. n. dickeyi Grinnell, 1928 s Baja California (Mexico)

.

P. n. adustus van Rossem, 1941 s Arizona (USA), n Mexico

.

P. n. centralis Moore, RT, 1947 c Mexico

.

Antrostomus Bonaparte, 1838 PHY, TAX Transfer the following 11 species of New World nightjars to Antrostomus following Han et al 2010, SACC 466

.

Chuck-will's-widow Antrostomus carolinensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : e USA

.

Rufous Nightjar Antrostomus rufus (Boddaert, 1783) LA : widespread s from Costa Rica

.

A. r. minimus (Griscom & Greenway, 1937) s Costa Rica to Colombia and Venezuela

.

A. r. rufus (Boddaert, 1783) s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

A. r. otiosus Bangs, 1911 St. Lucia (Lesser Antilles)

.

A. r. rutilus Burmeister, 1856 s Brazil and e Bolivia to ne Argentina

.

A. r. saltarius (Olrog, 1979) nw Argentina

.

Cuban Nightjar Antrostomus cubanensis Lawrence, 1861 NA : Cuba

.

A. c. cubanensis Lawrence, 1861 Cuba

.

A. c. insulaepinorum (Garrido, 1983) Isle iof Pines

.

Hispaniolan Nightjar Antrostomus ekmani Lönnberg, 1929 NA : Hispaniola AS Hispaniolan Nightjar is split from Cuban [Greater Antillean] Nightjar (Garrido and Reynard 1998, Cleere 2010, HBW 5)

.

Tawny-collared Nightjar Antrostomus salvini (Hartert, 1892) MA : e Mexico

.

Yucatan Nightjar Antrostomus badius Bangs & Peck, 1908 MA : Yucatan Peninsula

.

Silky-tailed Nightjar Antrostomus sericocaudatus Cassin, 1849 SA : widespread

.

A. s. mengeli (Dickerman, 1975) n Brazil, n Peru and n Bolivia

.

A. s. sericocaudatus Cassin, 1849 se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Buff-collared Nightjar Antrostomus ridgwayi Nelson, 1897 MA : nw Mexico to Nicaragua

.

A. r. ridgwayi Nelson, 1897 se Arizona (USA), w Mexico

.

A. r. troglodytes (Griscom, 1930) c Guatemala, c Honduras and c Nicaragua

.

Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus (Wilson, A, 1812) NA : sc and se Canada, ec and e USA

.

Mexican Whip-poor-will Antrostomus arizonae Brewster, 1881 NA : w United States south to Honduras AS Mexican Whip-poor-will is split from [Eastern] Whip-poor-will (NACC 2010, Supplement 51)

.

A. a. arizonae Brewster, 1881 sw USA to c Mexico

.

A. a. setosus (van Rossem, 1934) e Mexico

.

A. a. oaxacae Nelson, 1900 sw Mexico

.

A. a. chiapensis Nelson, 1900 se Mexico, Guatemala

.

A. a. vermiculatus Dickey & van Rossem, 1928 Honduras, El Salvador

.

Puerto Rican Nightjar Antrostomus noctitherus (Wetmore, 1919) NA : sw Puerto Rico

.

Dusky Nightjar Antrostomus saturatus Salvin, 1870 MA : Costa Rica, w Panama

.

Veles Bangs, 1918

.

Brown Nightjar Veles binotatus (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : Liberia to c DRCongo

.

Caprimulgus Linnaeus, 1758

.

Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis Temminck, 1820 EU, AF : Iberian Peninsula to nw AF

.

C. r. ruficollis Temminck, 1820 Iberian Pen., n Morocco

.

C. r. desertorum Erlanger, 1899 ne Morocco, n Algeria and n Tunisia

.

Jungle Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus Latham, 1790 OR : India and Sri Lanka ENG Change  English name of Caprimulgus indicus from Grey Nightjar to Jungle Nightjar, with split of C. jotaka, which retains English Name of Grey Nightjar

.

C. i. indicus Latham, 1790 c and s India

.

C. i. kelaarti Blyth, 1851 Sri Lanka

.

Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 OR : Himalayas to e, se Asia AS Caprimulgus jotaka with English name Grey Nightjar is split from C. indicus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

.

C. j. jotaka Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 se Siberia to Japan, Korea and e China

.

C. j. hazarae Whistler, 1935 ne Pakistan through the Himalayas to ne India, Burma, s China and the Malay Pen.

.

Palau Nightjar Caprimulgus phalaena Hartlaub & Finsch, 1872 OR : Palau Is. (w Caroline Is.) AS Palau Nightjar is split from Grey Nightjar C. jotaka (Cleere 2010); distinct vocals (XC, McCauley, Pratt)

.

European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w, c ENG Eurasian Nightjar would be more accurate name for Caprimulgus europaeus, but tradition rules for the moment

.

C. e. europaeus Linnaeus, 1758 c and n Europe to c, n and sc Siberia

.

C. e. meridionalis Hartert, 1896 s Europe and n Africa to the Caucasus and nw Iran

.

C. e. sarudnyi Hartert, 1912 Kazakhstan and w Siberia

.

C. e. unwini Hume, 1871 Iraq and Iran to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

.

C. e. plumipes Przewalski, 1876 nw China to w and s Mongolia

.

C. e. dementievi Stegmann, 1949 ne Mongolia to sc Siberia

.

Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus Salvadori, 1884 AF : Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia to ne Tanzania

.

Rufous-cheeked Nightjar Caprimulgus rufigena Smith, A, 1845 AF : s

.

C. r. damarensis Strickland, 1853 w Angola, Namibia, Botswana and nw South Africa

.

C. r. rufigena Smith, A, 1845 sw Zambia, Zimbabwe and c, e and s South Africa

.

Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 EU, AF : nw AF to sc Asia

.

C. a. saharae Erlanger, 1899 Morocco to w Egypt

.

C. a. aegyptius Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 ne Egypt through Arabia to w China, w Pakistan and se Iran

.

Sykes's Nightjar Caprimulgus mahrattensis Sykes, 1832 EU : sc Asia

.

Vaurie's Nightjar Caprimulgus centralasicus Vaurie, 1960 EU : w China

.

Nubian Nightjar Caprimulgus nubicus Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 AF : ne, n, also w, sw Arabian Peninsula

.

C. n. tamaricis Tristram, 1864 Jordan and Israel through sw Saudi Arabia to Yemen

.

C. n. nubicus Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 c Sudan

.

C. n. torridus Lort Phillips, 1898 c Ethiopia to ne Uganda

.

C. n. jonesi Ogilvie-Grant & Forbes, HO, 1899 Socotra I.

.

Golden Nightjar Caprimulgus eximius Temminck, 1826 AF : ne, nc, w

.

C. e. simplicior Hartert, 1921 s Mauritania to n Cameroon

.

C. e. eximius Temminck, 1826 w and c Sudan

.

Jerdon's Nightjar Caprimulgus atripennis Jerdon, 1845 OR : s,e India, Sri Lanka

.

C. a. atripennis Jerdon, 1845 s India

.

C. a. aequabilis Ripley, 1945 Sri Lanka

.

Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus Horsfield, 1821 OR, AU : e India to n Australia

.

C. m. albonotatus Tickell, 1833 ne Pakistan through n India to Bhutan and Bangladesh

.

C. m. bimaculatus Peale, 1848 ne India and s China through Southeast Asia and Malay Pen., Sumatra

.

C. m. macrurus Horsfield, 1821 Java and Bali

.

C. m. salvadorii Sharpe, 1875 Borneo and s Sulu Is.

.

C. m. johnsoni Deignan, 1955 s Philippines

.

C. m. schlegelii Meyer, AB, 1874 Lesser Sundas and Moluccas, New Guinea to n and ne Australia

.

Mees's Nightjar Caprimulgus meesi Sangster & Rozendaal, 2004 OR : Sumba and Flores in Lesser Sundas NEW Caprimulgus meesi is a newly described species (Sangster & Rozendaal 2004);under review by BLI.

.

Andaman Nightjar Caprimulgus andamanicus Hume, 1873 OR : Andaman Islands AS Caprimulgus andamanicus is split from C.macrurus (Rasmussen and Anderton 2005).

.

Philippine Nightjar Caprimulgus manillensis Walden, 1875 OR : Philippines

.

Sulawesi Nightjar Caprimulgus celebensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 AU : Sulawesi, Sula Islands

.

C. c. celebensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 Sulawesi

.

C. c. jungei Neumann, 1939 Sula Is.

.

Donaldson Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni Sharpe, 1895 AF : e Ethiopia and nw Somalia to ne Tanzania

.

Black-shouldered Nightjar Caprimulgus nigriscapularis Reichenow, 1893 AF : Senegal and Gambia to w Kenya and sw DRCongo

.

Fiery-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus pectoralis Cuvier, 1816 AF : s, se, sc

.

C. p. shelleyi Barboza du Bocage, 1878 Angola and s DR Congo to se Kenya, c Tanzania and n Malawi

.

C. p. fervidus Sharpe, 1875 s Angola and n Namibia to Zimbabwe and n South Africa

.

C. p. crepusculans Clancey, 1994 se Zimbabwe and Mozambique to e South Africa

.

C. p. pectoralis Cuvier, 1816 s South Africa

.

Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus Rüppell, 1840 AF : Ethiopia to n Tanzania, also sw Saudi Arabia

.

Ruwenzori Nightjar Caprimulgus ruwenzorii Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 AF : sc, se

.

C. r. ruwenzorii Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 sw Uganda, e DR Congo

.

C. r. guttifer Grote, 1921 Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia

.

C. r. koesteri Neumann, 1931 c Angola

.

Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus Latham, 1790 OR : se Pakistan to Southeast Asia

.

C. a. asiaticus Latham, 1790 se Pakistan through India to s Indochina

.

C. a. eidos Peters, JL, 1940 Sri Lanka

.

Madagascan Nightjar Caprimulgus madagascariensis Sganzin, 1840 AF : Madagascar

.

C. m. aldabrensis Ridgway, 1894 Aldabra

.

C. m. madagascariensis Sganzin, 1840 Madagascar

.

Swamp Nightjar Caprimulgus natalensis Smith, A, 1845 AF : widespread

.

C. n. accrae Shelley, 1875 Sierra Leone to w Cameroon

.

C. n. natalensis Smith, A, 1845 Mali and Sudan to Gabon and e South Africa

.

Nechisar Nightjar Caprimulgus solala Safford, Ash, Duckworth, Telfer & Zewdie, 1995 AF : s Ethiopia

.

Plain Nightjar Caprimulgus inornatus Heuglin, 1869 AF : Mauritania and n Senegal to Ethiopia and Somalia, also sw Arabian Peninsula

.

Star-spotted Nightjar Caprimulgus stellatus Blundell & Lovat, 1899 AF : Ethiopia aand Somalia to c Kenya

.

Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis Horsfield, 1821 OR : widespread

.

C. a. monticolus Franklin, 1831 ne Pakistan through n India and Burma to Thailand, Cambodia and s Vietnam

.

C. a. amoyensis Baker, ECS, 1931 s and se China, n Vietnam

.

C. a. stictomus Swinhoe, 1863 Taiwan

.

C. a. affinis Horsfield, 1821 Greater and Lesser Sundas

.

C. a. undulatus Mayr, 1944 w Lesser Sundas

.

C. a. kasuidori Hachisuka, 1932 Sumba and Savu Is. (c Lesser Sundas)

.

C. a. timorensis Mayr, 1944 e Lesser Sundas

.

C. a. griseatus Walden, 1875 n and c Philippines

.

C. a. mindanensis Mearns, 1905 Mindanao (s Philippines)

.

C. a. propinquus Riley, 1918 c and s Sulawesi

.

Freckled Nightjar Caprimulgus tristigma Rüppell, 1840 AF : widespread

.

C. t. sharpei Alexander, 1901 Senegal to c Central African Republic

.

C. t. pallidogriseus Parker, RH & Benson, 1971 Nigeria

.

C. t. tristigma Rüppell, 1840 s Sudan and Etiopia to ne DR Congo and n Tanzania

.

C. t. granosus Clancey, 1965 se DR Congo to s Tanzania and e South Africa

.

C. t. lentiginosus Smith, A, 1845 Angola to w South Africa

.

Bonaparte's Nightjar Caprimulgus concretus Bonaparte, 1850 OR : Sumatra, Borneo

.

Salvadori's Nightjar Caprimulgus pulchellus Salvadori, 1879 OR : Sumatra, Java

.

C. p. pulchellus Salvadori, 1879 Sumatra

.

C. p. bartelsi Finsch, 1902 Java

.

Prigogine's Nightjar Caprimulgus prigoginei Louette, 1990 AF : e DR Congo PHY Prigogine's Nightjar is a very deep branch between nighthawks and nightjars, warranting generic revision (Fjeldså comm unpubl).

.

Bates's Nightjar Caprimulgus batesi Sharpe, 1906 AF : Cameroon to Uganda and e DRCongo

.

Long-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus climacurus Vieillot, 1824 AF : c, wc, w

.

C. c. climacurus Vieillot, 1824 Mauritania to w Ethiopia (except c Sudan) south to DR Congo

.

C. c. nigricans (Salvadori, 1868) c Sudan

.

C. c. sclateri (Bates, 1927) Guinea to Cameroon, n DR Congo and nw Kenya

.

Slender-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus clarus Reichenow, 1892 AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to c Tanzania

.

Square-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, 1857 AF : sc, se

.

C. f. fossii Hartlaub, 1857 Gabon and sw Congo

.

C. f. welwitschii Barboza du Bocage, 1867 s DR Congo and s Tanzania to ne South Africa

.

C. f. griseoplurus Clancey, 1965 w Botswana and n South Africa

.

Standard-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longipennis Shaw, 1796 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Liberia, east to sw Sudan and Uganda PHY Standard-winged Nightjar and Pennant-winged Nightjar (previously Macrodipteryx, Swainson 1837) is embedded within Caprimulgus (Larsen et al 2007, Han et al 2010).

.

Pennant-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus vexillarius (Gould, 1838) AF : Angola, s DRCongo and sw Tanzania south to Namibia, Botswana and e South Africa