"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Mousebirds, trogons & Cuckoo Roller

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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ORDER COLIIFORMES

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6 Mousebirds Family Coliidae

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Colius Brisson, 1760

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Speckled Mousebird Colius striatus Gmelin, JF, 1789 AF : widespread

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C. s. nigricollis Vieillot, 1817 Ghana and Nigeria to sw Central African Republic and south to w Angola and sw DR Congo

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C. s. leucophthalmus Chapin, 1921 n DR Congo, se Central African Republic and sw Sudan

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C. s. leucotis Rüppell, 1839 e Sudan, Eritrea and w and c Ethiopia

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C. s. hilgerti Zedlitz, 1910 sw Djibouti, ne Ethiopia and nw Somalia

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C. s. jebelensis Mearns, 1915 s Sudan, ne DR Congo and n Uganda

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C. s. mombassicus van Someren, 1919 s Somalia to ne Tanzania

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C. s. kikuyensis van Someren, 1919 c Kenya and n Tanzania

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C. s. cinerascens Neumann, 1900 w and c Tanzania

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C. s. affinis Shelley, 1885 e Tanzania to ne Zimbabwe and n Mozambique

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C. s. berlepschi Hartert, 1899 sw Tanzania to ne Zambia and Malawi

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C. s. kiwuensis Reichenow, 1908 e DR Congo, c and s Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and nw Tanzania

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C. s. congicus Reichenow, 1923 e Angola to s and se DR Congo and w Zambia

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C. s. simulans Clancey, 1979 c Mozambique and se Malawi

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C. s. integralis Clancey, 1957 ne South Africa, se Zimbabwe and s Mozambique

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C. s. rhodesiae Grant, CHB & Mackworth-Praed, 1938 e Zimbabwe and w Mozambique

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C. s. minor Cabanis, 1876 e South Africa and Swaziland

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C. s. striatus Gmelin, JF, 1789 s South Africa

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White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus Reichenow, 1879 AF : e

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C. l. turneri van Someren, 1919 n Kenya

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C. l. leucocephalus Reichenow, 1879 s Ethiopia, s Somalia, se Kenya to ne Tanzania

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Red-backed Mousebird Colius castanotus Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855 AF : w Angola

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White-backed Mousebird Colius colius (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Namibia to s Botswana, South Africa

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C. c. damarensis Reichenow, 1899 Namiibia, s Botswana, w, nw South Africa SSP Add: Hockey et al, 2005; de Juana, 2001

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C. c. colius (Linnaeus, 1766) s, c South Africa

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Urocolius Bonaparte, 1854

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Blue-naped Mousebird Urocolius macrourus (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : e, c, w

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U. m. macrourus (Linnaeus, 1766) Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to e Ethiopia

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U. m. laeneni (Niethammer, 1955) Aïr Mts. (Niger)

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U. m. abyssinicus Schifter, 1975 c and s Ethiopia to nw Somalia

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U. m. pulcher (Neumann, 1900) se Sudan and s Somalia through Kenya to ne Uganda and n Tanzania

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U. m. griseogularis van Someren, 1919 s Sudan and e DR Congo east to w Tanzania

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U. m. massaicus Schifter, 1975 c to e Tanzania

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Red-faced Mousebird Urocolius indicus (Latham, 1790) AF : s

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U. i. mossambicus (Reichenow, 1896) e Angola to sw Tanzania and Malawi

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U. i. lacteifrons (Sharpe, 1892) w Angola, n Namibia

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U. i. pallidus (Reichenow, 1896) se Tanzania and ne Mozambique

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U. i. transvaalensis Roberts, 1922 sw Zambia to c and s Mozambique and South Africa (except s)

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U. i. indicus (Latham, 1790) s South Africa

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ORDER TROGONIFORMES

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43 Trogons Family Trogonidae SEQ Sequence of New World trogons follows AOU in accord with DaCosta and Klicka (2008) and Moyle (2005)

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Euptilotis Gould, 1858

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Eared Quetzal Euptilotis neoxenus (Gould, 1838) MA : w Mexico

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Pharomachrus de la Llave, 1832

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Pavonine Quetzal Pharomachrus pavoninus (von Spix, 1824) SA : Amazonia

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Golden-headed Quetzal Pharomachrus auriceps (Gould, 1842) LA : e Panama to n Bolivia

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P. a. auriceps (Gould, 1842) e Panama and n Colombia to n Bolivia

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P. a. hargitti (Oustalet, 1891) nw Venezuela

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White-tipped Quetzal Pharomachrus fulgidus (Gould, 1838) SA : n Venezuela, n Colombia

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P. f. festatus Bangs, 1899 n Colombia

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P. f. fulgidus (Gould, 1838) n Venezuela

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Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno de la Llave, 1832 MA : s Mexico to w Panama

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P. m. mocinno de la Llave, 1832 s Mexico to n Nicaragua

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P. m. costaricensis Cabanis, 1869 Costa Rica to w Panama

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Crested Quetzal Pharomachrus antisianus (d'Orbigny, 1837) SA : Venezuela to n Bolivia

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Priotelus Gray, GR, 1840

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Cuban Trogon Priotelus temnurus (Temminck, 1825) NA : Cuba

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P. t. temnurus (Temminck, 1825) Cuba

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P. t. vescus Bangs & Zappey, 1905 Isle of Pines

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Hispaniolan Trogon Priotelus roseigaster (Vieillot, 1817) NA : Hispaniola

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Trogon Brisson, 1760

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Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus Salvin, 1866 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

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Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena Gould, 1838 LA : se Mexico to ne Ecuador

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T. m. massena Gould, 1838 se Mexico to Nicaragua

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T. m. hoffmanni (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) Costa Rica, Panama

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T. m. australis (Chapman, 1915) w Colombia, nw Ecuador

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Choco Trogon Trogon comptus Zimmer, JT, 1948 SA : w Colombia, nw Ecuador

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Ecuadorian Trogon Trogon mesurus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) SA : w Ecuador, nw Peru AS Trogon mesurus is split from T. melanurus (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, SACC 380, NACC 2010)

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Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus Swainson, 1838 LA : Panama to Venezuela, Amazonia

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T. m. macroura Gould, 1838 e Panama, n Colombia

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T. m. eumorphus Zimmer, JT, 1948 w Amazonia

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T. m. occidentalis Pinto, 1950 se Brazil

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T. m. melanurus Swainson, 1838 e Colombia to the Guianas south to n Bolivia and e Brazil

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Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus Gould, 1836 MA : se Mexico to n Costa Rica

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Citreoline Trogon Trogon citreolus Gould, 1835 MA : Mexico

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T. c. citreolus Gould, 1835 w Mexico

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T. c. sumichrasti Brodkorb, 1942 s Mexico

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White-tailed Trogon Trogon chionurus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871 LA : Panama to w Ecuador TAX, ENG Trogon chionurus is not sister species of T.viridis (DaCosta and Klicka 2008, SACC 379); Change English name to simpler White-tailed Trogon

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Baird's Trogon Trogon bairdii Lawrence, 1868 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

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Green-backed Trogon Trogon viridis Linnaeus, 1766 SA : Amazonia, se Brazil TAX, ENG Trogon viridis is not sister species of T.chionurus (DaCosta and Klicka 2008, SACC 379); tentative English name is Green-backed Trogon (SACC).

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T. v. viridis Linnaeus, 1766 Trinidad, e Colombia to Peru, n Bolivia and Brazil

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T. v. melanopterus Gould, 1836 se Brazil

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Gartered Trogon Trogon caligatus Gould, 1838 LA : e Mexico to nw SA AS Trogon caligatus is split from T. violaceus (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, SACC 378, NACC 2010)

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T. c. sallaei Bonaparte, 1856 s Mexico to Costa Rica SSP T. c. sallaei Bonaparte, 1856, formerly of uncertain identity, has precedence over T. c. braccatus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863). H&M 4:281, Browning et al 1991.

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T. c. concinnus Lawrence, 1862 Panama through w Colombia to w Ecuador and nw Peru

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T. c. caligatus Gould, 1838 n Colombia, w Venezuela

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Amazonian Trogon Trogon ramonianus Deville & Des Murs, 1849 SA : Amazonia AS Trogon ramonianus is split from T. violaceus; includes crissalis (DaCosta and Klicka 2008, SACC 430)

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T. r. ramonianus Deville & Des Murs, 1849 w Amazonia

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T. r. crissalis (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Brazil

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Guianan Trogon Trogon violaceus Gmelin, JF, 1788 SA : s Venezuela, n Brazil, the Guianas, Trinidad. ENG Change English name of Trogon violaceus to Guianan Trogon to reflect limited range after split of T. ramonianus and to avoid misapplication of historical 'group' name (SACC 430)

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Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui Linnaeus, 1766 SA : c, e

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T. c. peruvianus Swainson, 1838 s Colombia to Bolivia and c Brazil

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T. c. curucui Linnaeus, 1766 e Brazil

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T. c. behni Gould, 1875 e Bolivia, sw Brazil, Paraguay and n Argentina

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Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura Vieillot, 1817 SA : se

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T. s. aurantius von Spix, 1824 e Brazil

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T. s. surrucura Vieillot, 1817 Paraguay, s Brazil, Uruguay and n Argentina

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Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus Gmelin, JF, 1788 LA : Honduras to Ecuador, Amazonia, se

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T. r. tenellus Cabanis, 1862 se Honduras to nw Colombia

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T. r. cupreicauda (Chapman, 1914) w Colombia, w Ecuador

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T. r. rufus Gmelin, JF, 1788 e Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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T. r. sulphureus von Spix, 1824 se Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil

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T. r. amazonicus Todd, 1943 ne Brazil

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T. r. chrysochloros Pelzeln, 1856 s Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

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Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans Gould, 1834 NA, MA : sw USA to Costa Rica

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T. e. canescens van Rossem, 1934 s Arizona (USA), nw Mexico

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T. e. ambiguus Gould, 1835 s Texas (USA), e and c Mexico

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T. e. elegans Gould, 1834 Guatemala

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T. e. lubricus Peters, JL, 1945 Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica

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T. e. goldmani Nelson, 1898 Tres Marías Is. (off w Mexico)

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Mountain Trogon Trogon mexicanus Swainson, 1827 MA : Mexico to Honduras

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T. m. clarus Griscom, 1932 nw Mexico

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T. m. mexicanus Swainson, 1827 c Mexico to c Guatemala

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T. m. lutescens Griscom, 1932 Honduras

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Collared Trogon Trogon collaris Vieillot, 1817 LA : e Mexico through Amazonia, se Brazil

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T. c. puella Gould, 1845 c Mexico to w Panama

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T. c. underwoodi Bangs, 1908 nw Costa Rica

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T. c. aurantiiventris Gould, 1856 c Costa Rica, w Panama PHY "Orange-bellied Trogon" T.c. aurantiiventris is a member of the Middle American puella subspecies group (DaCosta & Klicka 2008).  NACC and Dickinson (2003) treat as separate species with note that it might be a color morph of T.collaris. Current NACC treatment wrongly separates T. aurantiiventris and lumps puella with collaris (DaCosta & Klicka 2008, TIF). STET current treatment of inclusive collaris.

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T. c. flavidior (Griscom, 1924) w Panama

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T. c. extimus Griscom, 1929 ne Panama

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T. c. heothinus Wetmore, 1967 Darién (e Panama)

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T. c. virginalis Cabanis & Heine, 1863 w Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru

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T. c. subtropicalis Zimmer, JT, 1948 c Colombia

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T. c. exoptatus Cabanis & Heine, 1863 n Venezuela

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T. c. collaris Vieillot, 1817 Colombia to n Bolivia and wc Brazil, Guianas, Trinidad and Tobago

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T. c. castaneus von Spix, 1824 se Colombia and nw Brazil to e Peru and n Bolivia, e Brazil

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Masked Trogon Trogon personatus Gould, 1842 SA : Colombia to Peru, sc Venezuela

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T. p. sanctaemartae Zimmer, JT, 1948 Santa Marta Mts. (ne Colombia)

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T. p. ptaritepui Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946 tepuis of s Venezuela

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T. p. duidae Chapman, 1929 Mt. Duida (s Venezuela)

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T. p. roraimae (Chapman, 1929) Mt. Roraima and nearby tepuis ( se Venezuela, w Guyana)

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T. p. personatus Gould, 1842 e Colombia and w Venezuela to e Peru

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T. p. assimilis Gould, 1846 w Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru

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T. p. temperatus (Chapman, 1923) c Colombia and Ecuador

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T. p. heliothrix Tschudi, 1844 temperate Peru

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T. p. submontanus Todd, 1943 se Peru and Bolivia

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Apaloderma Swainson, 1833

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Narina Trogon Apaloderma narina (Stephens, 1815) AF : widespread

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A. n. constantia Sharpe & Ussher, 1872 Sierra Leone to Ghana

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A. n. brachyurum Chapin, 1923 se Nigeria and Cameroon to DR Congo and Uganda

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A. n. narina (Stephens, 1815) Ethiopia to Angola and South Africa

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A. n. littorale van Someren, 1931 s Somalia to e Tanzania and Mozambique

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Bare-cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatoriale Sharpe, 1901 AF : se Nigeria to s Gabon; c and ne DRCongo

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Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum Shelley, 1882 AF : se Nigeria and w Cameroon; c Angola; Uganda and e DRCongo; Kenya to Mozambique

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Apalharpactes Bonaparte, 1854

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Javan Trogon Apalharpactes reinwardtii (Temminck, 1822) OR : Java ENG Change  English name of Apalharpactes reinwardtii from Blue-tailed Trogon to Javan Trogon to align w BLI, HBW.

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Sumatran Trogon Apalharpactes mackloti (Müller, S, 1836) OR : Sumatra

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Harpactes Swainson, 1833

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Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus (Pennant, 1769) OR : India and Sri Lanka

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H. f. malabaricus (Gould, 1834) w and s India

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H. f. legerli Koelz, 1939 c India

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H. f. fasciatus (Pennant, 1769) Sri Lanka

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Red-naped Trogon Harpactes kasumba (Raffles, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula,Sumatra, Borneo

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H. k. kasumba (Raffles, 1822) Malay Pen. and Sumatra

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H. k. impavidus (Chasen & Kloss, 1931) Borneo

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Diard's Trogon Harpactes diardii (Temminck, 1832) OR : Malay Peninsula,Sumatra, Borneo

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H. d. sumatranus Blasius, W, 1896 Malay Pen. and Sumatra

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H. d. diardii (Temminck, 1832) Borneo and Bangka I.

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Philippine Trogon Harpactes ardens (Temminck, 1826) OR : Philippines

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H. a. herberti Parkes, 1970 ne Luzon (n Philippines)

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H. a. luzoniensis Rand & Rabor, 1952 Luzon (except ne), Marinduque and Catanduanes (n Philippines)

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H. a. minor Manuel, 1958 PolilloI. (n Philippines)

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H. a. linae Rand & Rabor, 1959 Bohol, Leyte and Samar (c Philippines)

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H. a. ardens (Temminck, 1826) Basilan, Dinagat and Mindanao (s Philippines)

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Whitehead's Trogon Harpactes whiteheadi Sharpe, 1888 OR : Borneo

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Cinnamon-rumped Trogon Harpactes orrhophaeus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) OR : Malay Peninsula, Borneo

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H. o. orrhophaeus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) Malay Pen. and Sumatra

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H. o. vidua Ogilvie-Grant, 1892 Borneo

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Scarlet-rumped Trogon Harpactes duvaucelii (Temminck, 1824) OR : Malay Peninsula,Sumatra, Borneo

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Orange-breasted Trogon Harpactes oreskios (Temminck, 1823) OR : Southeast Asia, Greater Sundas

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H. o. stellae Deignan, 1941 sw China, s Burma and Indochina

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H. o. uniformis (Robinson, 1917) Malay Pen. and Sumatra

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H. o. oreskios (Temminck, 1823) Java

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H. o. dulitensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1892 nw Borneo

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H. o. nias Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 Nias I. (off w Sumatra)

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Red-headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus (Gould, 1834) OR : Himalayas and s China to Sumatra

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H. e. erythrocephalus (Gould, 1834) c Himalayas and ne India to Burma and nw Thailand

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H. e. helenae Mayr, 1941 s China and n Burma

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H. e. yamakanensis Rickett, 1899 se China

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H. e. intermedius (Kinnear, 1925) Yunnan (s China), n Laos and n Vietnam

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H. e. annamensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) ne Thailand, s Indochina

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H. e. klossi (Robinson, 1915) Krâvanh Mts. (w Cambodia and se Thailand)

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H. e. chaseni Riley, 1934 c and s Malay Pen.

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H. e. hainanus Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 Hainan I. (off se China)

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H. e. flagrans (Müller, S, 1836) Sumatra

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Ward's Trogon Harpactes wardi (Kinnear, 1927) OR : ne India to n Vietnam

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ORDER LEPTOSOMIFORMES PHY The Cuckoo Roller is the only member of an ancient lineage (not Coraciiformes) with no known relatives among modern birds and thus put into a separate Order, Leptosomiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)

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1 Cuckoo Roller Family Leptosomidae TAX The correct spelling of this family name is Leptosomidae, not Leptosomatidae (Bock 1994)

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Leptosomus Vieillot, 1816

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Cuckoo Roller Leptosomus discolor (Hermann, 1783) AF : Madagascar region

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L. d. gracilis Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885 Grand Comoro I. (Comoro Islands)

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L. d. intermedius Hartert & Neumann, 1924 Anjouan I. (Comoro Islands)

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L. d. discolor (Hermann, 1783) Mayotte I. and Mohéli (Comoro Islands), Madagascar