"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Loons, penguins, petrels

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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ORDER GAVIIFORMES

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5 Loons Family Gaviidae

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Gavia Forster, JR, 1788

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Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata (Pontoppidan, 1763) NA, EU : n North American and n Eurasia

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Black-throated Loon Gavia arctica (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, NA : n Eurasian, w Alaska

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G. a. arctica (Linnaeus, 1758) nw and nc Eurasia

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G. a. viridigularis Dwight, 1918 ne Siberia, w Alaska

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Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica (Lawrence, 1858) NA, EU : ne Siberia, Alaska and n Canada

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Great Northern Loon Gavia immer (Brünnich, 1764) NA, EU : n North America, w Europe

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Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii (Gray, GR, 1859) NA, EU : n

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ORDER SPHENISCIFORMES

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18 Penguins Family Spheniscidae

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Aptenodytes Miller, JF, 1778

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King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus Miller, JF, 1778 SO : widespread

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Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri Gray, GR, 1844 AN : widespread

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Pygoscelis Wagler, 1832

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Gentoo Penguin Pygoscelis papua (Forster, JR, 1781) SO : widespread

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P. p. papua (Forster, JR, 1781) subantarctic regions

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P. p. ellsworthi Murphy, 1947 Antarctic Peninsula to South Sandwich Is.

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Adelie Penguin Pygoscelis adeliae (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841) SO, AN : widespread

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Chinstrap Penguin Pygoscelis antarcticus (Forster, JR, 1781) SO, AN : widespread

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Eudyptes Vieillot, 1816

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Fiordland Penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Gray, GR, 1845 AU : s Australia, New Zealand

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Snares Penguin Eudyptes robustus Oliver, 1953 AU : Snares I, New Zealand

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Erect-crested Penguin Eudyptes sclateri Buller, 1888 AU : s New Zealand

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Southern Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes chrysocome (Forster, JR, 1781) AO, SA : Cape Horn to the Falkland Is;Kerguelen Is.; Subantarctic islands of New Zealand AL, ENG Change  English name of Eudyptes chrysocome to Southern Rockhopper Penguin with inclusion of filholi as ssp (v2.9)

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E. c. chrysocome (Forster, JR, 1781) Cape Horn to the Falkland Is.

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E. c. filholi Hutton, FW, 1879 Kerguelen Is.; Subantarctic islands of New Zealand

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Northern Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes moseleyi Mathews & Iredale, 1921 AO, IO : Tristan da Cuhna group, St. Paul Is., Amsterdam Is. AS Eudyptes moseleyi is split from E.chrysocome (Banks et al 2006, BLI)

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Royal Penguin Eudyptes schlegeli Finsch, 1876 AU : Macquarie I and nearby islets

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Macaroni Penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus (von Brandt, JF, 1837) SO : AO, IO

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Megadyptes Milne-Edwards, 1880

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Yellow-eyed Penguin Megadyptes antipodes (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841) AU : New Zealand

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Eudyptula Bonaparte, 1856

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Little Penguin Eudyptula minor (Forster, JR, 1781) AU : s Australia, New Zealand TAX See Peucker et al. (2009; Auk) for analysis of population structures, including deep division into 2 mtDNA lineages, but split of White-flippered Penguin not yet warranted (NZ Checklist 4e)

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E. m. novaehollandiae (Stephens, 1826) Tasmania, s Australia

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E. m. iredalei Mathews, 1911 n North Island (New Zealand)

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E. m. variabilis Kinsky & Falla, 1976 s North Island ( New Zealand), Cook Strait

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E. m. minor (Forster, JR, 1781) w and s South Island and Stewart Island (New Zealand)

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E. m. albosignata Finsch, 1874 e South Island (New Zealand)

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E. m. chathamensis Kinsky & Falla, 1976 Chatham Is. (New Zealand)

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Spheniscus Brisson, 1760

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African Penguin Spheniscus demersus (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : c Namibia to se South Africa ENG Change  English name of Spheniscus demersus from Jackass Penguin to African Penguin

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Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus (Forster, JR, 1781) SA : c Chile and c Argentina to Cape Horn, Falkland Is.

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Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti Meyen, 1834 SA : n Peru to c Chile

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Galapagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus Sundevall, 1871 SA : Galápagos Islands

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ORDER PROCELLARIIFORMES

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21 Albatrosses Family Diomedeidae TAX The species taxonomy of albatrosses is controversial with advocates for 12 to 24 species (BLI, Tennyson 2010, SACC 388, Penhallurick 2012)

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Phoebastria Reichenbach, 1853

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Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis (Rothschild, 1893) PO : n, c

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Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes (Audubon, 1839) PO : n, c

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Waved Albatross Phoebastria irrorata (Salvin, 1883) PO : Galápagos Is, coastal Ecuador

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Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus (Pallas, 1769) PO : n, c

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Diomedea Linnaeus, 1758

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Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans Linnaeus, 1758 SO : widespread, except New Zealand

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Antipodean Albatross Diomedea antipodensis Robertson, CJR & Warham, 1992 PO : Antipodes, Campbell and Auckland islands, NZ AS Diomedea antipodensis is split provisionally from D. exulans Wandering Albatross  (Robertson and Warham 1994, Brooke 2004, Onley and Scofield 2007; BLI 1.0, Tennyson 2010, see SACC 388 re case against this split)

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D. a. antipodensis Robertson, CJR & Warham, 1992 Antipodes and Campbell Is.

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D. a. gibsoni Robertson, CJR & Warham, 1992 Auckland Is.

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Amsterdam Albatross Diomedea amsterdamensis Roux, Jouventin, Mougin, Stahl & Weimerskirch, 1983 IO : Amsterdam Island AS Diomedea amsterdamensis is split from D. exulans Wandering Albatross (Roux et al. 1983, Robertson & Nunn 1998, Brooke 2004, Onley and Scofield 2007; BLI 1.0); see also Rains et al 2011 for latest genetics

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Tristan Albatross Diomedea dabbenena Mathews, 1929 AO : Tristan da Cuhna group AS Diomedea dabbenena is split from D. exulans Wandering Albatross (Burg and Croxall 2004, Brooke 2004, Onley and Scofield 2007; BLI 1.0, and others)

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Southern Royal Albatross Diomedea epomophora Lesson, 1825 PO : Campbell and Auckland islands, NZ ENG Change  English name of Diomedea epomophora to Southern Royal Albatross with split of D.sanfordi

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Northern Royal Albatross Diomedea sanfordi Murphy, 1917 PO : Chatham Is, NZ AS Diomedea sanfordi is split from D.epomophora (Southern) Royal Albatross)(Brooke 2004, BLI 1.0, Onley and Scofield 2007, Tennyson 2010)

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Phoebetria Reichenbach, 1853

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Sooty Albatross Phoebetria fusca (Hilsenberg, 1822) IO, AO : s

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Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata (Forster, JR, 1785) SO : widespread

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Thalassarche Reichenbach, 1853

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Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris (Temminck, 1828) SO : widespread

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Campbell Albatross Thalassarche impavida Mathews, 1912 PO : Campbell Is, NZ AS Thalassarche impavida is split from T. melanophris (Black-browed Albatross) (Brooke 2004, BLI, Tennyson 2010, and others)

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Shy Albatross Thalassarche cauta (Gould, 1841) SO : Tasmania, Auckland Is TAX Thalassarche cauta includes T. steadi White-capped Albatross (Onley & Scofield 2008, Tennyson 2010,  contra BLI)

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T. c. cauta (Gould, 1841) Tasmania

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T. c. steadi Falla, 1933 Auckland Is

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Chatham Albatross Thalassarche eremita Murphy, 1930 PO : Chatham Is, NZ AS Thalassarche eremita is split from T.cauta Shy Albatross ( Tickell 2000,Brooke 2004, BLI, Tennyson 2010 and others)

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Salvin's Albatross Thalassarche salvini (Rothschild, 1893) IO, PO : Bounty Is, w Snares Is AS Thalassarche salvini is split from T.cauta Shy Albatross (Tickell 2000, Brooke 2004, BLI, Tennyson 2010, and others)

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Grey-headed Albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma (Forster, JR, 1785) SO : widespread

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Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AO : Tristan da Cunha group ENG Change  English name of Thalassarche chlororhynchos to Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross with split of T.carteri

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Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche carteri (Rothschild, 1903) IO : s TAX Thalassarche carteri is split from T. chlororhynchos Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross (Brooke 2004, BLI 1.0, Onley & Scofield 2007; Tennyson 2010)

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Buller's Albatross Thalassarche bulleri (Rothschild, 1893) PO : New Zealand TAX Thalassarche bulleri includes T.platei (BLI, Tennyson 2010)

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T. b. bulleri (Rothschild, 1893) Solander and Snares Is.

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T. b. platei (Reichenow, 1898) Three Kings and Chatham Is.

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92 Petrels, Shearwaters Family Procellariidae

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Macronectes Richmond, 1905

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Southern Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SO, AN : widespread

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Northern Giant Petrel Macronectes halli Mathews, 1912 SO : widespread

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Fulmarus Stephens, 1826

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Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis (Linnaeus, 1761) NO : widespread

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F. g. glacialis (Linnaeus, 1761) ne Canada, n Greenland to Franz Josef Land

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F. g. auduboni Bonaparte, 1857 se Canada, s Greenland, Iceland, Scandinavia

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F. g. rodgersii Cassin, 1862 e Siberia, Alaska PS Rodger's/Pacific Fulmar is a candidate split from Northern Fulmar (Kerr & Dove 2013)

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Southern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides (Smith, A, 1840) SO, AN : widespread

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Thalassoica Reichenbach, 1853

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Antarctic Petrel Thalassoica antarctica (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SO, AN : widespread

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Daption Stephens, 1826

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Cape Petrel Daption capense (Linnaeus, 1758) SO, AN : widespread

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D. c. capense (Linnaeus, 1758) subantarctic islands, Antarctic Pen.

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D. c. australe Mathews, 1913 New Zealand's subantarctic islands

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Pagodroma Bonaparte, 1856

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Snow Petrel Pagodroma nivea (Forster, G, 1777) SO, AN : widespread

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P. n. nivea (Forster, G, 1777) Scotia Arch., Antarctica

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P. n. major Schlegel, 1863 South Sandwich Is., Antarctica SSP P. n. major Schlegel, 1863 replaces P. n. confusa Mathews. H&M 4: 175

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Halobaena Bonaparte, 1856

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Blue Petrel Halobaena caerulea (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SO : widespread

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Pachyptila Illiger, 1811

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Broad-billed Prion Pachyptila vittata (Forster, G, 1777) SO : New Zealand, Tristan da Cunha Island

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Salvin's Prion Pachyptila salvini (Mathews, 1912) IO : s

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P. s. salvini (Mathews, 1912) Prince Edward and Crozet Is.

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P. s. macgillivrayi (Mathews, 1912) Amsterdam and St. Paul Is.

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Antarctic Prion Pachyptila desolata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SO, AN : widespread

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Slender-billed Prion Pachyptila belcheri (Mathews, 1912) SO : widespread

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Fairy Prion Pachyptila turtur (Kuhl, 1820) SO : widespread

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P. t. turtur (Kuhl, 1820) Falkland Is, South Georgia, s Indian Ocean, Tasmania, New Zealand offshore islands, Chatham Is.

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P. t. subantarctica Oliver, 1955 Antipodes, Snares, Macquarie Is.

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Fulmar Prion Pachyptila crassirostris (Mathews, 1912) SO : s IO, New Zealand

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P. c. crassirostris (Mathews, 1912) Snares, Bounty and Chatham Is. (New Zealand)

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P. c. pyramidalis Fleming, CA, 1939 Chatham Is. (New Zealand)

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P. c. flemingi Tennyson & Bartle, 2005 Heard and Auckland Is. (New Zealand)

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Aphrodroma Olson, 2000 TAX According to  Bourne (2001), Mathews (1942) specifically bestowed Lugensa as the generic name for the species; it should stand rather than Aphrodroma, contrary to Olson (2000)

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Kerguelen Petrel Aphrodroma brevirostris (Lesson, 1831) SO : widespread

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Pterodroma Bonaparte, 1856

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Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera (Smith, A, 1840) SO : widespread

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P. m. macroptera (Smith, A, 1840) southern islands from Tristan da Cunha to Kerguelen Is., sw Australia

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P. m. gouldi (Hutton, FW, 1869) North I. (New Zealand) PS Treated as a subspecies following Gill et al 2010; cf Onley & Scofield 2007, Howell 2012

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White-headed Petrel Pterodroma lessonii (Garnot, 1826) SO : widespread

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Atlantic Petrel Pterodroma incerta (Schlegel, 1863) AO : s

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Providence Petrel Pterodroma solandri (Gould, 1844) PO : w, n

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Magenta Petrel Pterodroma magentae (Giglioli & Salvadori, 1868) PO : s

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Murphy's Petrel Pterodroma ultima Murphy, 1949 PO : sc

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Soft-plumaged Petrel Pterodroma mollis (Gould, 1844) SO : IO, AO

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Zino's Petrel Pterodroma madeira Mathews, 1934 AO : ec

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Fea's Petrel Pterodroma feae (Salvadori, 1900) AO : Cape Verde Is; e Atlantic Ocean

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Desertas Petrel Pterodroma deserta Mathews, 1934 AO : Desertas Is AS Pterodroma desertae is split from P. feae (Robb and Mullarney 2008, Jesus et al. 2009)

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Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow (Nichols & Mowbray, 1916) AO : wc ENG Change English name of Pterodroma cahow from local vernacular Cahow to Bermuda Petrel to conform to worldwide usage

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Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata (Kuhl, 1820) AO : Cuba and Hispaniola to Martinique

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Jamaican Petrel Pterodroma caribbaea Carte, 1866 AO : Jamaica Treated as a full species distinct from P. hasitata following Brooke, 2004

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Juan Fernandez Petrel Pterodroma externa (Salvin, 1875) PO : e

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Vanuatu Petrel Pterodroma occulta Imber & Tennyson, 2001 PO : sw

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Kermadec Petrel Pterodroma neglecta (Schlegel, 1863) PO : widespread

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P. n. neglecta (Schlegel, 1863) New Zealand to Easter I.

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P. n. juana Mathews, 1936 Juan Fernandez, San Ambrosio and San Felix Is. (Chile)

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Herald Petrel Pterodroma heraldica (Salvin, 1888) PO : sw AS SACC 582 recognizes Herald, Trinidade, and Henderson petrels

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Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana (Giglioli & Salvadori, 1868) AO, IO : S Atlantic (Trinidade and Martin Vaz Is); Indian Ocean (Round I, Mauritius)

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Henderson Petrel Pterodroma atrata (Mathews, 1912) PO : se

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Phoenix Petrel Pterodroma alba (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : sw

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Barau's Petrel Pterodroma baraui (Jouanin, 1964) IO : sw

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Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis (Ridgway, 1884) PO : c PHY See Welch et al 2011 re genetic differentiation between Hawaiian Petrel and Galapagos Petrel

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Galapagos Petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia (Salvin, 1876) PO : c

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Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata (Forster, JR, 1844) PO, IO : widespread

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White-necked Petrel Pterodroma cervicalis (Salvin, 1891) PO : w

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Black-winged Petrel Pterodroma nigripennis (Rothschild, 1893) PO : w

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Chatham Petrel Pterodroma axillaris (Salvin, 1893) PO : sw

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Bonin Petrel Pterodroma hypoleuca (Salvin, 1888) PO : nw

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Gould's Petrel Pterodroma leucoptera (Gould, 1844) PO : sw

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P. l. leucoptera (Gould, 1844) Cabbage Tree and Boondelbah Is. (Australia)

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P. l. caledonica Imber & Jenkins, 1981 New Caledonia

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Collared Petrel Pterodroma brevipes (Peale, 1848) PO : sw

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P. b. brevipes (Peale, 1848) Fiji, Cook Is.

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P. b. magnificens Bretagnolle & Shirihai, 2010 Banks Is. (n Vanuatu)

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Cook's Petrel Pterodroma cookii (Gray, GR, 1843) PO : widespread

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De Filippi's Petrel Pterodroma defilippiana (Giglioli & Salvadori, 1868) PO : e

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Stejneger's Petrel Pterodroma longirostris (Stejneger, 1893) PO : n, e

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Pycroft's Petrel Pterodroma pycrofti Falla, 1933 PO : sw

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Pseudobulweria Mathews, 1936

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Mascarene Petrel Pseudobulweria aterrima (Bonaparte, 1857) IO : w

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St. Helena Petrel Pseudobulweria rupinarum (Olson, 1975) AO : St. Helena I. EXT English name per R. Roe (in litt.)

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Tahiti Petrel Pseudobulweria rostrata (Peale, 1848) PO : sw

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P. r. rostrata (Peale, 1848) Marquesas and Society Is.

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P. r. trouessarti (Brasil, L, 1917) New Caledonia

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Beck's Petrel Pseudobulweria becki (Murphy, 1928) PO : New Ireland and the Solomons AS Pseudobulweria becki is split from P. rostrata (Brooke 2004)

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Fiji Petrel Pseudobulweria macgillivrayi (Gray, GR, 1860) PO : c

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Procellaria Linnaeus, 1758

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Grey Petrel Procellaria cinerea Gmelin, JF, 1789 SO : widespread ENG Change  English name of Procellaria cinerea to Grey Petrel to conform to worldwide usage

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White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis Linnaeus, 1758 SO : widespread TAX See Techow et al 2009 regarding genetic distinction of New Zealand populations P.a.steadi

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Spectacled Petrel Procellaria conspicillata Gould, 1844 SO : widespread TAX See Ryan 1998 and Techow et al 2009 for documentation on species status

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Black Petrel Procellaria parkinsoni Gray, GR, 1862 PO : c, sw ENG Australians greatly prefer English name of Black Petrel over Parkinson's Petrel for Procellaria parkinsoni; IOC accepted their position.

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Westland Petrel Procellaria westlandica Falla, 1946 PO : sw

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Calonectris Mathews & Iredale, 1915

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Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas (Temminck, 1836) PO : w

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Scopoli's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea (Scopoli, 1769) AO : Mediterranean islands AS Split Scopoli's Shearwater from Cory's Shearwater (Robb & Mullarney 2008, Howell 2012, Sangster et al 2012)

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Cory's Shearwater Calonectris borealis (Cory, 1881) AO : Azores, Madeira, Canary and Berlenga islands TAX Scientific name of Cory's Shearwater changes to Calonectris borealis with split of Scopoli's Shearwater

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Cape Verde Shearwater Calonectris edwardsii (Oustalet, 1883) AO : e

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Puffinus Brisson, 1760 PHY, TAX The genus Puffinus is polyphyletic; some lists separate pacifus, bulleri, griseus, tenuirostris, creatopus, carneipes and gravis to Ardenna (Penhallurick & Wink 2004, H&M4, HBW/BirdLife)

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Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO, IO : widespread

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Buller's Shearwater Puffinus bulleri Salvin, 1888 PO : widespread

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Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Worldwide : widespread

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Short-tailed Shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris (Temminck, 1836) PO : n, w

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Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus Coues, 1864 PO : e

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Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes Gould, 1844 PO, IO : widespread

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Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis (O'Reilly, 1818) AO : widespread

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Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis Streets, 1877 PO : w

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Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus (Brünnich, 1764) AO : widespread

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Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan (Acerbi, 1827) AO : Mediterranean

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Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus Lowe, 1921 AO : e

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Bryan's Shearwater Puffinus bryani Pyle et al., 2011 PO : n, Bonin Islands NEW Pyle et al, 2011, NACC 2011-C-4

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Black-vented Shearwater Puffinus opisthomelas Coues, 1864 PO : e

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Townsend's Shearwater Puffinus auricularis Townsend, CH, 1890 PO : ec, islands off w Mexico

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Newell's Shearwater Puffinus newelli Henshaw, 1900 PO : Hawaii, Austral Is. AS Puffinus newelli is split from P. auricularis (Austin 2004, Onley & Scofield 2007); recognized by BLI but not by AOU.

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P. n. newelli Henshaw, 1900 Hawaii

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P. n. myrtae Bourne, 1959 Austral Is.

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Fluttering Shearwater Puffinus gavia (Forster, JR, 1844) PO : sw

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Hutton's Shearwater Puffinus huttoni Mathews, 1912 PO : sw

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Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri Lesson, 1839 AO : North Atlantic and Caribbean

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P. l. lherminieri Lesson, 1839 West Indies

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P. l. loyemilleri Wetmore, 1959 islets off Panama in the sw Caribbean

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Persian Shearwater Puffinus persicus Hume, 1872 IO : Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, n Indian Ocean, Comoros. AS Puffinus persicus (including temptator) is split from P. lherminieri (Austin 2004, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Onley & Scofield 2007).

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P. p. persicus Hume, 1872 Kuriamuria Is. (Oman)

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P. p. temptator Louette & Herremans, 1985 Comoro Is.

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Tropical Shearwater Puffinus bailloni Bonaparte, 1857 IO, PO : Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, n and tropical Indian Ocean, tropical Pacific Ocean. AS Puffinus bailloni is split from P. lherminieri (Austin 2004, Onley & Scofield 2007). Under review by BLI.

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P. b. nicolae Jouanin, 1971 islands of the nw Indian Ocean

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P. b. colstoni Shirihai & Christie, 1996 Aldabra I

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P. b. bailloni Bonaparte, 1857 Mauritius, Reunion and Europa Is.

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P. b. dichrous Finsch & Hartlaub, 1867 Central Pacific Is.

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P. b. gunax Mathews, 1930 Vanuatu

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Galapagos Shearwater Puffinus subalaris Ridgway, 1897 PO : Galápagos Islands AS Puffinus subalaris is split from P.lherminieri (Austin 2004, Onley & Scofield 2007, SACC 160, NACC 2011-C-3.

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Bannerman's Shearwater Puffinus bannermani Mathews & Iredale, 1915 PO : c

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Heinroth's Shearwater Puffinus heinrothi Reichenow, 1919 PO : w

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Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis Gould, 1838 AO, IO, PO : Sw Pacific, se Indian Ocean and Australasia, Subantarctic New Zealand, Gough and Tristan da Cunha Is. TAX Puffinus assimilis including P. elegans is redefined to exclude split of P.baroli  (Austin 2004)

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P. a. elegans Giglioli & Salvadori, 1869 Tristan da Cunha, Gough, Chatham and Antipodes Is. PS Split as Subantarctic Shearwater by Gill et al (2010), Onley & Scofield (2007)

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P. a. tunneyi Mathews, 1912 islands off sw Australia, Amsterdam I, St. Paul I

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P. a. assimilis Gould, 1838 Lord Howe and Norfolk Is.

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P. a. haurakiensis Fleming, CA & Serventy, 1943 ne North I. (New Zealand)

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P. a. kermadecensis Murphy, 1927 Kermadec Is.

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Barolo Shearwater Puffinus baroli (Bonaparte, 1857) AO : Azores, Madeira, Canary Is. AS, ENG Macaronesian Shearwater Puffinus baroli, is split from  Little Shearwater P.assimilis by BOU (Sangster et al 2005, Onley & Scofield 2007) contra Austin (2004); change English name to Barolo Shearwater with split of Boyd's Shearwater (IOC 2.8)

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Boyd's Shearwater Puffinus boydi Mathews, 1912 AO : Cape Verde Is. AS Boyd's Shearwater is split from Macaronesian Shearwater (Robb and Mullarney 2008, BOU, Olson 2010)

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Bulweria Bonaparte, 1843

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Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii (Jardine & Selby, 1828) TrO, TO : widespread

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Olson's Petrel Bulweria bifax Olson, 1975 AO : St. Helena I. EXT English name per R. Roe (in litt.)

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Jouanin's Petrel Bulweria fallax Jouanin, 1955 IO : nw

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25 Storm Petrels Family Hydrobatidae TAX, PHY The subfamilies Hydrobatinae and Oceanitinae may not be sister taxa and could be treated as separate families (Nunn & Stanley 1998; Penhallurick & Wink 2004, Hackett et al. 2008)

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Oceanites Keyserling & Blasius, JH, 1840

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Wilson's Storm Petrel Oceanites oceanicus (Kuhl, 1820) TO, SO : widespread

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O. o. oceanicus (Kuhl, 1820) subantarctic islands

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O. o. exasperatus Mathews, 1912 Antarctica, South Shetland and South Sandwich Is.

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O. o. chilensis Murphy, 1936 Tierra del Fuego TAX Formerly synonymized with the nominate, now increasingly recognized as a valid taxon (Jaramillo 2009, Palma et al 2012)

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Elliot's Storm Petrel Oceanites gracilis (Elliot, DG, 1859) PO : e ENG Change  English name of Oceanites gracilis from White-vented Storm Petrel to Elliot's Storm Petrel to follow SACC, and to avoid confusion with White-bellied Storm Petrel Fregetta grallaria

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O. g. gracilis (Elliot, DG, 1859) w Pacific from Ecuador to Chile

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O. g. galapagoensis Lowe, 1921 Galápagos Is.

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Pincoya Storm Petrel Oceanites pincoyae Harrison, P et al, 2013 PO : Reloncavi Sound, Chile NEW Pincoya's Storm Petrel is a newly described species (Harrison et a 2013)

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Garrodia Forbes, WA, 1881

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Grey-backed Storm Petrel Garrodia nereis (Gould, 1841) SO : widespread

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Pelagodroma Reichenbach, 1853

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White-faced Storm Petrel Pelagodroma marina (Latham, 1790) TrO, TO : widespread

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P. m. hypoleuca (Webb, Berthelot & Moquin-Tandon, 1842) Madeira and Canary Is.

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P. m. eadesorum Bourne, 1953 Cape Verde Is.

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P. m. marina (Latham, 1790) Tristan da Cunha amd Gough Is.

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P. m. dulciae Mathews, 1912 islands off of s Australia

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P. m. maoriana Mathews, 1912 Stewart, Auckland, Chatham and other islands of New Zealand

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P. m. albiclunis Murphy & Irving, 1951 Kermadec Is.

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Fregetta Bonaparte, 1855

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White-bellied Storm Petrel Fregetta grallaria (Vieillot, 1818) SO : widespread

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F. g. grallaria (Vieillot, 1818) Admiralty, Lord Howe and Kermadec Is.

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F. g. leucogaster (Gould, 1844) Tristan da Cunha, Gough, St. Paul and Amsterdam Is.

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F. g. segethi (Philippi & Landbeck, 1860) Juan Fernandez Is. (Chile)

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F. g. titan Murphy, 1928 Rapa I. (Austral Is. in French Polynesia)

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Black-bellied Storm Petrel Fregetta tropica (Gould, 1844) SO : widespread

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F. t. tropica (Gould, 1844) circumpolar subantarctic islands

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F. t. melanoleuca Salvadori, 1908 Tristan da Cunha and Gough Is.

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New Zealand Storm Petrel Fregetta maoriana (Mathews, 1932) PO : sw PHY, TAX Move New Zealand Storm Petrel from Oceanites to Fregetta following Black-bellied Storm Petrel (Robertson et al 2011)

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Nesofregetta Mathews, 1912

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Polynesian Storm Petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : c

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Hydrobates Boie, F, 1822

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European Storm Petrel Hydrobates pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) AO : ne

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H. p. pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) e North Atlantic

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H. p. melitensis (Schembri, 1843) Mediterranean Sea PS Treat as subspecies (Sangster et al 2012), cf Robb & Mullarney 2008, Cagnon et al, 2004.

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Oceanodroma Reichenbach, 1853

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Least Storm Petrel Oceanodroma microsoma (Coues, 1864) PO : ne

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Wedge-rumped Storm Petrel Oceanodroma tethys (Bonaparte, 1852) PO : e

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O. t. tethys (Bonaparte, 1852) Galapagos Is.

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O. t. kelsalli (Lowe, 1925) coast of Peru

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Band-rumped Storm Petrel Oceanodroma castro (Harcourt, 1851) PO, AO : c TAX Band-rumped [Madeiran] Storm Petrel comprises five or more species worldwide including cryptic sympatric species that breed at different seasons (Smith et al 2007, Friesen et al 2007, Monteiro et al 2008 )

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Monteiro's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma monteiroi Bolton et al, 2008 AO : Azores NEW Monteiro's Storm Petrel is described as cryptic species of "Band-rumped" Storm Petrel complex (Bolton et al 2008, Sangster et al 2012);

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Cape Verde Storm Petrel Oceanodroma jabejabe (Barboza du Bocage, 1875) AO : Cape Verde Is NEW Cape Verde Storm Petrel is described as cryptic species of "Band-rumped" Storm Petrel complex (Bolton 2007, Sangster et al 2012)

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Swinhoe's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma monorhis (Swinhoe, 1867) IO, PO : n IO, w PO

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Leach's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Vieillot, 1818) PO, AO : n, c

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O. l. leucorhoa (Vieillot, 1818) coasts of the N Pacific and the N Atlantic

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O. l. chapmani von Berlepsch, 1906 Coronados and San Benito Is. (w Mexico)

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O. l. cheimomnestes Ainley, 1980 winter breeder on Guadalupe I. (w Mexico) PS Ainley's Storm Petrel is a proposed split (Howell et al 2009, Howell 2012)

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O. l. socorroensis Townsend, CH, 1890 summer breeder on Guadalupe I. (w Mexico) PS Townsend's Storm Petrel is a proposed split (Howell et al 2009, Howell 2012)

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Markham's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma markhami (Salvin, 1883) PO : e

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Tristram's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma tristrami Salvin, 1896 PO : nw

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Black Storm Petrel Oceanodroma melania (Bonaparte, 1854) PO : e

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Guadalupe Storm Petrel Oceanodroma macrodactyla Bryant, WE, 1887 MA : Guadalupe I., Mexico

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Matsudaira's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma matsudairae Kuroda, 1922 IO, PO : c IO, w PO

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Ashy Storm Petrel Oceanodroma homochroa (Coues, 1864) PO : ne

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Hornby's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma hornbyi (Gray, GR, 1854) PO : se

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Fork-tailed Storm Petrel Oceanodroma furcata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : n PHY Fork-tailed Storm Petrel may belong with Hydrobates not Oceanodroma (Penhallurick & Wink 2004); AOU retains in Oceanodroma

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O. f. furcata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n Kuril, Komandorskiye and Aleutian Is.

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O. f. plumbea (Peale, 1848) Alaska to n California

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4 Diving Petrels Family Pelecanoididae

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Pelecanoides Lacépède, 1799

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Peruvian Diving Petrel Pelecanoides garnotii (Lesson, 1828) SA : w coast

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Magellanic Diving Petrel Pelecanoides magellani (Mathews, 1912) SA : s coasts

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South Georgia Diving Petrel Pelecanoides georgicus Murphy & Harper, 1916 SO : widespread

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Common Diving Petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SO : widespread

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P. u. dacunhae Nicoll, 1906 Tristan da Cunha and Gough Is.

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P. u. berard (Gaimard, 1823) Falkland Is.

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P. u. urinatrix (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Tasmania, se Australia, n New Zealand

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P. u. chathamensis Murphy & Harper, 1916 Chatham, Snares and Stewart Is (New Zealand)

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P. u. exsul Salvin, 1896 South Georgia I. east to Antipodes and Auckland Is.

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P. u. coppingeri Mathews, 1912 s Chile