"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Longspurs, grosbeaks & saltators

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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Rhynchophanes Baird, SF, 1858

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McCown's Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii (Lawrence, 1851) NA : c TAX McCown's Longspur is more closely related to snow buntings than to longspurs, so is separated to a monotypic genus Rhynchophanes (NACC 2010)

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Calcarius Bechstein, 1802

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Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

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C. l. subcalcaratus (Brehm, CL, 1826) n Canada and Greenland

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C. l. lapponicus (Linnaeus, 1758) n Europe and n Asia

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C. l. kamtschaticus Portenko, 1937 ne Siberia

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C. l. alascensis Ridgway, 1898 extreme e Siberia, Alaska and nw Canada

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C. l. coloratus Ridgway, 1898 Commander Is.

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Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus (Swainson, 1832) NA : nw, nc

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Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus (Townsend, JK, 1837) NA : nc

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Plectrophenax Stejneger, 1882

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Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

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P. n. nivalis (Linnaeus, 1758) n North America and n Europe

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P. n. insulae Salomonsen, 1931 Iceland

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P. n. vlasowae Portenko, 1937 ne Europe to ne Siberia

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P. n. townsendi Ridgway, 1887 Commander, Aleutian and Pribilof Is.

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McKay's Bunting Plectrophenax hyperboreus Ridgway, 1884 NA : Alaska

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68 Cardinals, Grosbeaks and allies Family Cardinalidae

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Piranga Vieillot, 1808 PHY, SEQ MOVE Piranga spp from Thraupidae to Cardinalidae (Burns et al. 2003, Klicka et al. 2007,NACC 2008-B-1, SACC 318)

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Flame-colored Tanager Piranga bidentata Swainson, 1827 MA : w Mexico to Panama

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P. b. bidentata Swainson, 1827 sw USA, nw and c Mexico

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P. b. flammea Ridgway, 1887 w Mexico

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P. b. sanguinolenta Lafresnaye, 1839 e Mexico to El Salvador

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P. b. citrea van Rossem, 1934 Costa Rica and Panama

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Tooth-billed Tanager Piranga lutea (Lesson, 1834) LA : Costa Rica to Bolivia AS Piranga lutea is split from P. hepatica (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Burns et al 2003); SACC needs proposal; revisit English name

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P. l. testacea Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 Costa Rica and Panama

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P. l. lutea (Lesson, 1834) sw Colombia to wc Bolivia

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P. l. desidiosa Bangs & Noble, 1918 wc Colombia

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P. l. toddi Parkes, 1969 c Colombia

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P. l. faceta Bangs, 1898 Trinidad, n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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P. l. haemalea Salvin & Godman, 1883 s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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Red Tanager Piranga flava (Vieillot, 1822) SA : s Guyana through e Brazil to Argentina AS Piranga flava is split from P. hepatica (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Burns et al 2003); SACC needs proposal; revisit English name

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P. f. flava (Vieillot, 1822) se Bolivia to Uruguay and c Argentina

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P. f. macconnelli Chubb, C, 1921 s Guyana, s Suriname and n Brazil

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P. f. saira (von Spix, 1825) e and s Brazil

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P. f. rosacea Todd, 1922 e Bolivia

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Hepatic Tanager Piranga hepatica Swainson, 1827 NA, MA : w USA to Nicaragua

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P. h. hepatica Swainson, 1827 sw USA to sw Mexico

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P. h. dextra Bangs, 1907 s USA to e Mexico

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P. h. figlina Salvin & Godman, 1883 e Guatemala and Belize

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P. h. albifacies Zimmer, JT, 1929 w Guatemala to nc Nicaragua

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P. h. savannarum Howell, TR, 1965 e Honduras and ne Nicaragua

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Summer Tanager Piranga rubra (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : s USA, n Mexico

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P. r. cooperi Ridgway, 1869 sw USA and n Mexico

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P. r. rubra (Linnaeus, 1758) e USA

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Rose-throated Tanager Piranga roseogularis Cabot, S, 1846 MA : Mexico to Guatemala

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P. r. roseogularis Cabot, S, 1846 n Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

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P. r. tincta Paynter, 1950 c and s Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico), Belize and n Guatemala

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P. r. cozumelae Ridgway, 1901 Mujeres and Cozumel Is. (off se Mexico)

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Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : e

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Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana (Wilson, A, 1811) NA : w

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White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera Trudeau, 1839 LA : e Mexico to Bolivia

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P. l. leucoptera Trudeau, 1839 e Mexico to Nicaragua

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P. l. latifasciata Ridgway, 1887 Costa Rica and w Panama

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P. l. venezuelae Zimmer, JT, 1947 w, c and n Colombia, Venezuela and n Brazil

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P. l. ardens (Tschudi, 1844) sw Colombia to c Bolivia

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Red-headed Tanager Piranga erythrocephala (Swainson, 1827) MA : Mexico

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P. e. candida Griscom, 1934 nw Mexico

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P. e. erythrocephala (Swainson, 1827) sc and s Mexico

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Red-hooded Tanager Piranga rubriceps Gray, GR, 1844 SA : Colombia to Peru

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Habia Blyth, 1840 PHY, SEQ MOVE Habia spp from Thraupidae to Cardinalidae (Burns et al. 2003, Klicka et al. 2007, NACC 2008-B-1, SACC 318)

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Red-crowned Ant Tanager Habia rubica (Vieillot, 1817) LA : widespread

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H. r. holobrunnea Griscom, 1930 e Mexico

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H. r. rosea (Nelson, 1898) sw Mexico

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H. r. affinis (Nelson, 1897) s Oaxaca (s Mexico)

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H. r. nelsoni (Ridgway, 1902) Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

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H. r. rubicoides (Lafresnaye, 1844) sc and s Mexico to Honduras and El Salvador

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H. r. vinacea (Lawrence, 1867) w Costa Rica and Panama

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H. r. alfaroana (Ridgway, 1905) nw Costa Rica

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H. r. perijana Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1957 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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H. r. coccinea (Todd, 1919) nc Colombia and w Venezuela

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H. r. crissalis Parkes, 1969 ne Venezuela

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H. r. rubra (Vieillot, 1819) Trinidad

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H. r. mesopotamia Parkes, 1969 e Venezuela

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H. r. rhodinolaema (Salvin & Godman, 1883) e Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru and nw Brazil

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H. r. peruviana (Taczanowski, 1884) e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia

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H. r. hesterna Griscom & Greenway, 1937 c Brazil

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H. r. bahiae Hellmayr, 1936 e Brazil

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H. r. rubica (Vieillot, 1817) e Paraguay, se Brazil and ne Argentina

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Red-throated Ant Tanager Habia fuscicauda (Cabanis, 1861) LA : Mexico to Colombia

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H. f. salvini (von Berlepsch, 1883) e Mexico to El Salvador

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H. f. insularis (Salvin, 1888) Yiucatan Pen. (se Mexico) and n Guatemala

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H. f. discolor (Ridgway, 1901) ne, c and e Nicaragua

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H. f. fuscicauda (Cabanis, 1861) s Nicaragua to w Panama

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H. f. willisi Parkes, 1969 c Panama

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H. f. erythrolaema (Sclater, PL, 1862) n Colombia

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Black-cheeked Ant Tanager Habia atrimaxillaris (Dwight & Griscom, 1924) MA : Costa Rica

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Sooty Ant Tanager Habia gutturalis (Sclater, PL, 1854) SA : Colombia

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Crested Ant Tanager Habia cristata (Lawrence, 1875) SA : Colombia

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Chlorothraupis Salvin & Godman, 1883 PHY, SEQ MOVE Chlorothraupis spp from Thraupidae to Cardinalidae (Burns et al. 2003, Klicka et al. 2007, NACC 2008-B-1, SACC 318)

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Carmiol's Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli (Lawrence, 1868) LA : Nicaragua to Colombia

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C. c. carmioli (Lawrence, 1868) Nicaragua to nw Panama

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C. c. magnirostris Griscom, 1927 w Panama

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C. c. lutescens Griscom, 1927 c Panama to nw Colombia

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Olive Tanager Chlorothraupis frenata von Berlepsch, 1907 SA : w Amazonia AS Chlorothraupis frenata is split from C.carmioli (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001); SACC needs proposal

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Lemon-spectacled Tanager Chlorothraupis olivacea (Cassin, 1860) LA : Panama to Ecuador

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Ochre-breasted Tanager Chlorothraupis stolzmanni (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

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C. s. dugandi Meyer de Schauensee, 1948 sw Colombia and nw Ecuador

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C. s. stolzmanni (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) w Ecuador

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Spiza Bonaparte, 1824

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Dickcissel Spiza americana (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA, LA : c USA to Venezuela and Colombia

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Pheucticus Reichenbach, 1850 PHY See Pulgárin-R et al 2013 for species phylogeny

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Mexican Yellow Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysopeplus (Vigors, 1832) MA : Mexico, Guatemala

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P. c. dilutus van Rossem, 1934 nw Mexico

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P. c. chrysopeplus (Vigors, 1832) w and c Mexico

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P. c. aurantiacus Salvin & Godman, 1891 s Mexico and Guatemala PS A well marked, genetically distinct subspecies (Pulgárin-R et al 2013)

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Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis Lawrence, 1867 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

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Southern Yellow Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster (Lesson, 1832) SA : Venezuela to Peru

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P. c. laubmanni Hellmayr & Seilern, 1915 n Colombia and n Venezuela

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P. c. chrysogaster (Lesson, 1832) sw Colombia to s Peru

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Black-backed Grosbeak Pheucticus aureoventris (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : w, sc

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P. a. meridensis Riley, 1905 w Venezuela

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P. a. uropygialis Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871 nc and c Colombia

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P. a. crissalis Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877 sw Colombia to c Ecuador

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P. a. terminalis Chapman, 1919 e Peru

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P. a. aureoventris (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) s Peru and w Bolivia to nw Argentina

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Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : e, se

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Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus (Swainson, 1827) NA : w

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P. m. maculatus (Audubon, 1837) sw Canada, w USA and nw Mexico

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P. m. melanocephalus (Swainson, 1827) sw to sc Canada and wc USA to sc Mexico

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Granatellus Bonaparte, 1850 PHY, SEQ Granatellus spp are moved from Incertae sedis (and previously Parulidae) to the Cardinalidae (Lovette and Bermingham 2002; Klicka et al. 2007; AOU 2009)

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Red-breasted Chat Granatellus venustus Bonaparte, 1850 MA : Mexico

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G. v. francescae Baird, SF, 1865 Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)

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G. v. venustus Bonaparte, 1850 w and sw Mexico

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Grey-throated Chat Granatellus sallaei (Bonaparte, 1856) MA : Mexico, Guatemala, Belize

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G. s. sallaei (Bonaparte, 1856) Veracruz to n Chiapas (se Mexico)

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G. s. boucardi Ridgway, 1885 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico) to Belize and c Guatemala

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Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni Sclater, PL, 1865 SA : Amazonia

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G. p. pelzelni Sclater, PL, 1865 s Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and n and s Amazonian Brazil

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G. p. paraensis Rothschild, 1906 south of the Amazon and east of the Tocantins R. (ne Brazil)

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Cardinalis Bonaparte, 1838

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Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : e, s, sw USA, Mexico

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C. c. cardinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) se Canada, c and e USA (except se Georgia and peninsular Florida)

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C. c. floridanus Ridgway, 1896 se Georgia and peninsular Florida (se USA)

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C. c. magnirostris Bangs, 1903 s Texas and c Oklahoma to Mississippi (sc USA)

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C. c. canicaudus Chapman, 1891 w Oklahoma and w and c Texas (sc USA) to c Mexico

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C. c. coccineus Ridgway, 1873 San Luis Potosi to n Oaxaca (e to sc Mexico)

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C. c. littoralis Nelson, 1897 Veracruz to Tabasco (se Mexico)

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C. c. yucatanicus Ridgway, 1887 base of the Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

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C. c. phillipsi Parkes, 1997 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

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C. c. flammiger Peters, JL, 1913 s Quintana Roo (se Mexico), ne Belize and n Guatemala

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C. c. saturatus Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel I. (off se Mexico)

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C. c. superbus Ridgway, 1885 sw USA and n Sonora (nw Mexico)

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C. c. seftoni (Huey, 1940) c Baja California (nw Mexico)

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C. c. igneus Baird, SF, 1860 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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C. c. clintoni (Banks, 1963) Seralvo I. (off Baja California in nw Mexico)

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C. c. townsendi (van Rossem, 1932) Tiburón I. and adjacent coastal Sonora (nw Mexico)

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C. c. affinis Nelson, 1899 nc and wc Mexico

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C. c. sinaloensis Nelson, 1899 w Mexico

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C. c. mariae Nelson, 1898 Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)

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C. c. carneus (Lesson, 1842) sw Mexico

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Vermilion Cardinal Cardinalis phoeniceus Bonaparte, 1838 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

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Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus Bonaparte, 1838 NA, MA : sw USA, Mexico

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C. s. sinuatus Bonaparte, 1838 sc USA to c and e Mexico

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C. s. fulvescens (van Rossem, 1934) s Arizona (sw USA), nw and w Mexico

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C. s. peninsulae (Ridgway, 1887) Baja California (nw Mexico)

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Caryothraustes Reichenbach, 1850

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Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) MA : s Mexico to Panama

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C. p. poliogaster (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) se Mexico, Belize, n Guatemala and n Honduras

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C. p. scapularis (Ridgway, 1888) e Honduras to w Panama

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Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Tepuis to ec Brazil

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C. c. simulans Nelson, 1912 e Panama

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C. c. canadensis (Linnaeus, 1766) se Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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C. c. frontalis (Hellmayr, 1905) ne Brazil

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C. c. brasiliensis Cabanis, 1851 e Brazil

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Parkerthraustes Remsen, 1997 PHY, SEQ MOVE Parkerthraustes to Thraupidae from Cardinalidae (Klicka et al. 2007; AOU 2009)

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Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis (Lawrence, 1867) SA : w Amazonia

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Rhodothraupis Ridgway, 1898

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Crimson-collared Grosbeak Rhodothraupis celaeno (Deppe, 1830) MA : ne Mexico

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Periporphyrus Reichenbach, 1850

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Red-and-black Grosbeak Periporphyrus erythromelas (Gmelin, JF, 1789) SA : n Amazonia

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Amaurospiza Cabanis, 1861 PHY, SEQ MOVE Amaurospiza spp from Thraupidae to the Cardinalidae  (Klicka et al.2007, NACC 2008-B-3, SACC 320)

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Blue Seedeater Amaurospiza concolor Cabanis, 1861 LA : s Mexico to Ecuador

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A. c. relicta (Griscom, 1934) sw Mexico

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A. c. concolor Cabanis, 1861 se Mexico, Belize, Honduras to Panama

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A. c. aequatorialis Sharpe, 1888 sw Colombia to n Peru

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Blackish-blue Seedeater Amaurospiza moesta (Hartlaub, 1853) SA : e, se

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Carrizal Seedeater Amaurospiza carrizalensis Lentino & Restall, 2003 SA : se Venezuela

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Saltator Vieillot, 1816 PHY, SEQ Saltators may be related to tanagers not grosbeaks, but nodes need better resolution (see Klicka et al. 2007; AOU 2009)

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Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : Honduras to Ecuador, Amazonia

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S. g. saturatus (Todd, 1922) e Honduras to Ecuador

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S. g. grossus (Linnaeus, 1766) Amazonia

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Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus (Daudin, 1800) SA : se

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Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps (Lesson, 1832) MA : e Mexico to Panama

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S. a. atriceps (Lesson, 1832) e Mexico (except se Veracruz and n and c Yucatán Pen.) to e Costa Rica

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S. a. suffuscus Wetmore, 1942 se Veracruz (e Mexico)

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S. a. flavicrissus Griscom, 1937 Guerrero to c Oaxaca (sw Mexico)

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S. a. peeti Brodkorb, 1940 e Oaxaca and Chiapas (sw Mexico)

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S. a. raptor (Cabot, S, 1845) Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

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S. a. lacertosus Bangs, 1900 e Costa Rica and Panama

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Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus (Statius Müller, 1776) LA : widespread

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S. m. gigantodes Cabanis, 1851 e Mexico

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S. m. magnoides Lafresnaye, 1844 s Mexico and Belize to nw Panama

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S. m. intermedius Lawrence, 1864 sw Costa Rica to c Panama

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S. m. iungens Griscom, 1929 e Panama and nw Colombia

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S. m. maximus (Statius Müller, 1776) Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas, w Amazonia and e Brazil

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Black-winged Saltator Saltator atripennis Sclater, PL, 1857 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

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S. a. atripennis Sclater, PL, 1857 w Colombia and nw Ecuador

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S. a. caniceps Chapman, 1914 c Colombia to wc Ecuador

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Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 SA : sc

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S. s. similis d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 e Bolivia and c Brazil to Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

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S. s. ochraceiventris von Berlepsch, 1912 se Brazil

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Greyish Saltator Saltator coerulescens Vieillot, 1817 LA : widespread

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S. c. vigorsii Gray, GR, 1844 nw to w Mexico

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S. c. plumbiceps Baird, SF, 1867 w to sw Mexico

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S. c. grandis (Deppe, 1830) e Mexico to w Panama

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S. c. yucatanensis von Berlepsch, 1912 Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

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S. c. hesperis Griscom, 1930 sw Mexico to w Nicaragua

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S. c. brevicaudus van Rossem, 1931 wc Costa Rica

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S. c. plumbeus Bonaparte, 1853 n Colombia

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S. c. brewsteri Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918 ne Colombia, Venezuela (except se) and Trinidad

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S. c. olivascens Cabanis, 1849 se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

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S. c. azarae d'Orbigny, 1839 w Amazonia

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S. c. mutus Sclater, PL, 1856 n and nc Brazil

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S. c. superciliaris (von Spix, 1825) e Brazil

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S. c. coerulescens Vieillot, 1817 e Bolivia, sw Brazil, Paraguay, n Argentina and Uruguay

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Orinoco Saltator Saltator orenocensis Lafresnaye, 1846 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

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S. o. rufescens Todd, 1912 n Colombia and nw Venezuela

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S. o. orenocensis Lafresnaye, 1846 ne Colombia to ne Venezuela

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Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus Cabanis, 1851 SA : se

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Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps (Chapman, 1914) SA : Ecuador, Peru

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Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris Vieillot, 1817 SA : w, sc

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S. a. iteratus Chapman, 1927 n Peru

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S. a. albociliaris (Philippi & Landbeck, 1861) c Peru to n Chile

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S. a. hellmayri Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 w, c and sc Bolivia

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S. a. aurantiirostris Vieillot, 1817 s Bolivia, n Argentina, Paraguay and s Brazil

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S. a. parkesi Cardoso da Silva, 1990 se Brazil, Uruguay and e Argentina

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S. a. nasica Wetmore & Peters, JL, 1922 wc Argentina

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Masked Saltator Saltator cinctus Zimmer, JT, 1943 SA : Ecuador, Peru

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Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis Vieillot, 1817 SA : sc

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Rufous-bellied Saltator Saltator rufiventris d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 SA : Bolivia, nw Argentina PHY, SEQ Saltator rufiventris is  probably related to Dubusia rather than to species of Saltator (Klicka et al 2007, SACC 427)

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Lesser Antillean Saltator Saltator albicollis Vieillot, 1817 NA : Lesser Antilles

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S. a. albicollis Vieillot, 1817 Martinique and St. Lucia

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S. a. guadelupensis Lafresnaye, 1844 Guadeloupe and Dominica

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Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus Lafresnaye, 1847 LA : Costa Rica to Peru

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S. s. furax Bangs & Penard, TE, 1919 sw Costa Rica and w Panama

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S. s. isthmicus Sclater, PL, 1861 c Panama

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S. s. scotinus Wetmore, 1957 Coiba and Coibita Is. (off sw Panama)

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S. s. melicus Wetmore, 1952 Taboga I. (south of c Panama)

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S. s. speratus Bangs & Penard, TE, 1919 Pearl Is. (south of Panama)

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S. s. striatipectus Lafresnaye, 1847 e Panama, w Colombia and n Ecuador

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S. s. perstriatus Parkes, 1959 ne Colombia, n Venezuela and Trinidad

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S. s. flavidicollis Sclater, PL, 1860 w Ecuador and nw Peru

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S. s. immaculatus von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1892 w Peru

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S. s. peruvianus Cory, 1916 se Ecuador and ne Peru

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Cyanoloxia Bonaparte, 1850

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Glaucous-blue Grosbeak Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : sc, se

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Cyanocompsa Cabanis, 1861

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Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides (Lafresnaye, 1847) LA : se Mexico to Ecuador and w Amazonia

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C. c. concreta (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1855) se Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and Honduras

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C. c. caerulescens Todd, 1923 Nicaragua to w Panama

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C. c. cyanoides (Lafresnaye, 1847) c Panama, n Colombia and nw Venezuela to nw Peru

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C. c. rothschildii (Bartlett, 1890) w Amazonia

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Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanocompsa brissonii (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) SA : Colombia to e Brazil and n Argentina

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C. b. caucae Chapman, 1912 sw Colombia

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C. b. minor Cabanis, 1861 n Venezuela

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C. b. brissonii (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) e Brazil

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C. b. sterea Oberholser, 1901 se and s Brazil, e Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

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C. b. argentina (Sharpe, 1888) Bolivia and sw Brazil, w Paraguay and n Argentina

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Blue Bunting Cyanocompsa parellina (Bonaparte, 1850) MA : Mexico to Nicaragua

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C. p. beneplacita Bangs, 1915 ne Mexico

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C. p. indigotica (Ridgway, 1887) w and sw Mexico

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C. p. lucida Sutton & Burleigh, 1939 ne to e Mexico

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C. p. parellina (Bonaparte, 1850) e and se Mexico to Nicaragua

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Passerina Vieillot, 1816

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Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : s USA to Costa Rica

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P. c. caerulea (Linnaeus, 1758) se and sc USA

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P. c. interfusa (Dwight & Griscom, 1927) wc USA and n Mexico

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P. c. salicaria (Grinnell, 1911) sw USA and nw Mexico

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P. c. eurhyncha (Coues, 1874) c and s Mexico

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P. c. chiapensis (Nelson, 1898) s Mexico to Guatemala

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P. c. deltarhyncha (van Rossem, 1938) w Mexico

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P. c. lazula (Lesson, 1842) s Guatemala to nw Costa Rica

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Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : c, e

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Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena (Say, 1822) NA : w USA

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Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor (Bonaparte, 1838) NA, MA : w USA to Guatemala

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P. v. versicolor (Bonaparte, 1838) sc USA to sw Mexico

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P. v. dickeyae van Rossem, 1934 sw USA and nw Mexico

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P. v. pulchra Ridgway, 1887 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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P. v. purpurascens Griscom, 1930 s Mexico and Guatemala

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Painted Bunting Passerina ciris (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : s, se USA

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P. c. ciris (Linnaeus, 1758) se USA

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P. c. pallidior Mearns, 1911 sc USA and n Mexico

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Rose-bellied Bunting Passerina rositae (Lawrence, 1874) MA : s Mexico

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Orange-breasted Bunting Passerina leclancherii Lafresnaye, 1840 MA : s Mexico

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P. l. grandior Griscom, 1934 Colima to Chiapas (w and sw Mexico)

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P. l. leclancherii Lafresnaye, 1840 coastal c Guerrero (sw Mexico)