"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Hummingbirds

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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345 Hummingbirds Family Trochilidae

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Ramphodon Lesson, 1830

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Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius (Dumont, 1818) SA : se Brazil

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Eutoxeres Reichenbach, 1849

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White-tipped Sicklebill Eutoxeres aquila (Bourcier, 1847) LA : Costa Rica to n Peru

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E. a. salvini Gould, 1868 e Costa Rica to w Colombia

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E. a. heterurus Gould, 1868 sw Colombia to w Ecuador

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E. a. aquila (Bourcier, 1847) e Colombia to n Peru

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Buff-tailed Sicklebill Eutoxeres condamini (Bourcier, 1851) SA : se Colombia to nw Bolivia

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E. c. condamini (Bourcier, 1851) se Colombia to n Peru

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E. c. gracilis von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 c Peru to nw Bolivia

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Glaucis Boie, F, 1831

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Hook-billed Hermit Glaucis dohrnii (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) SA : se Brazil

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Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsutus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) LA : Panama to se Brazil

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G. h. insularum Hellmayr & Seilern, 1913 Grenada, Trinidad, Tobago

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G. h. hirsutus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Panama and w Colombia through Venezuela and the Guianas to Brazil and n Bolivia

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Bronzy Hermit Glaucis aeneus Lawrence, 1868 LA : Honduras to Ecuador

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Threnetes Gould, 1852

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Band-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes ruckeri (Bourcier, 1847) LA : Guatemala to Venezuela and Ecuador

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T. r. ruckeri (Bourcier, 1847) n and w Colombia, e Ecuador

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T. r. venezuelensis Cory, 1913 nw Venezuela

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T. r. ventosus Bangs & Penard, TE, 1924 e Guatemala and Belize to Panama

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Sooty Barbthroat Threnetes niger (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : French Guiana, ne Brazil ENG Change  English name of Threnetes niger  from Pale-tailed Barbthroat to Sooty Barbthroat to follow SACC (2003) re T. leucurus

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T. n. niger (Linnaeus, 1758) French Guiana, ne Brazil

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T. n. loehkeni Grantsau, 1969 ne Brazil (n of the Amazon) TAX Ssp loehkeni treated as a subspecies of T. niger following SACC 77

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Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes leucurus (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : Amazonia TAX Threnetes leucurus may be conspecific with T.niger (Hinkelmann and Schuchmann 1997); BLI recognizes, SACC 77 declined to lump.

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T. l. cervinicauda Gould, 1855 e Colombia, e Ecuador, e Peru and w Brazil

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T. l. rufigastra Cory, 1915 c Peru to nw Bolivia

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T. l. leucurus (Linnaeus, 1766) Venezuela to Suriname, Amazonian Brazil, n Bolivia

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T. l. medianus Hellmayr, 1929 ne Brazil (s of the Amazon)

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Anopetia Simon, 1918

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Broad-tipped Hermit Anopetia gounellei (Boucard, 1891) SA : e Brazil

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Phaethornis Swainson, 1827

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White-whiskered Hermit Phaethornis yaruqui (Bourcier, 1851) SA : w Colombia, Ecuador

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Green Hermit Phaethornis guy (Lesson, 1833) LA : Costa Rica to se Peru

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P. g. apicalis (Tschudi, 1844) n Colombia and nw Venezuela to se Peru

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P. g. coruscus Bangs, 1902 Costa Rica to nw Colombia

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P. g. emiliae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) wc Colombia

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P. g. guy (Lesson, 1833) ne Venezuela, Trinidad

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White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus (Gould, 1846) SA : w, c Amazonia

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Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris (Delattre, 1843) LA : s Mexico to n Colombia,w Ecuador, nw Peru TAX Baron's Hermit Phaethornis baroni is considered conspecific with Long-billed Hermit P. longirostris (SACC 136)

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P. l. longirostris (Delattre, 1843) se Veracruz to Chiapas (s Mexico) to n Honduras

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P. l. cephalus (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) e Honduras to nw Colombia

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P. l. susurrus Bangs, 1901 n Colombia

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P. l. baroni Hartert, 1897 w Ecuador, nw Peru

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Mexican Hermit Phaethornis mexicanus Hartert, 1897 MA: w, sw Mexico AS Mexican Hermit P. mexicanus is split from Long-billed Hermit, P. longirostris (Howell 2013, Arbeláz-Cortés and Navarro-Sigüenza 2013)

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P. m. griseoventer Phillips, AR, 1962 Nayarit to Colima (w Mexico)

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P. m. mexicanus Hartert, 1897 Guerrero to w Oaxaca (sw Mexico)

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Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : e Amazonia

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P. s. superciliosus (Linnaeus, 1766) s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil (n of the Amazon)

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P. s. muelleri Hellmayr, 1911 n Brazil (s of the Amazon)

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Great-billed Hermit Phaethornis malaris (Nordmann, 1835) SA : Amazonia, e Brazil

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P. m. malaris (Nordmann, 1835) the Guianas, n Brazil

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P. m. insolitus Zimmer, JT, 1950 e Colombia, s Venezuela, n Brazil

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P. m. moorei Lawrence, 1858 e Colombia, e Ecuador, n Peru

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P. m. ochraceiventris Hellmayr, 1907 ne Peru, w Brazil

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P. m. bolivianus Gould, 1861 se Peru, Bolivia, w Brazil

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P. m. margarettae Ruschi, 1972 e Brazil

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Tawny-bellied Hermit Phaethornis syrmatophorus Gould, 1852 SA : Colombia to Peru

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P. s. syrmatophorus Gould, 1852 w Colombia, sw Ecuador

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P. s. columbianus Boucard, 1891 e Colombia, e Ecuador, n Peru

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Koepcke's Hermit Phaethornis koepckeae Weske & Terborgh, 1977 SA : Peru

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Needle-billed Hermit Phaethornis philippii (Bourcier, 1847) SA : w Amazonia

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Straight-billed Hermit Phaethornis bourcieri (Lesson, 1832) SA : n Amazonia

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P. b. bourcieri (Lesson, 1832) e Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil (n of the Amazon) and n Peru

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P. b. major Hinkelmann, 1989 Brazil (s of the Amazon)

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Pale-bellied Hermit Phaethornis anthophilus (Bourcier, 1843) LA : Panama to Venezuela

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P. a. hyalinus Bangs, 1901 Pearl Is. (Panama)

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P. a. anthophilus (Bourcier, 1843) c Panama, n Colombia and n Venezuela

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Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome (Lesson, 1832) SA : se

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P. e. eurynome (Lesson, 1832) se Brazil

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P. e. paraguayensis Bertoni, M & Bertoni, W, 1901 e Paraguay, ne Argentina

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Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei (Lesson & Delattre, 1839) SA : e and sc Brazil to Bolivia, Paraguay and n Argentina

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Sooty-capped Hermit Phaethornis augusti (Bourcier, 1847) SA : n

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P. a. curiosus Wetmore, 1956 Santa Marta Mts. (ne Colombia)

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P. a. augusti (Bourcier, 1847) e Colombia, n Venezuela

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P. a. incanescens (Simon, 1921) s Venezuela, w Guyana

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Buff-bellied Hermit Phaethornis subochraceus Todd, 1915 SA : c Bolivia to sw Brazil

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Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus (Temminck, 1822) SA : se Brazil

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Streak-throated Hermit Phaethornis rupurumii Boucard, 1892 SA : n, e Amazonia

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P. r. rupurumii Boucard, 1892 e Colombia, Venezuela, w Guyana, nw Brazil

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P. r. amazonicus Hellmayr, 1906 nc Brazil

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Little Hermit Phaethornis longuemareus (Lesson, 1832) SA : ne Venezuela and the Guianas

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Minute Hermit Phaethornis idaliae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1856) SA : se Brazil

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Cinnamon-throated Hermit Phaethornis nattereri von Berlepsch, 1887 SA : e Bolivia, sw and e Brazil

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Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : widespread

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P. r. episcopus Gould, 1857 c and e Venezuela, Guyana, nw Brazil

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P. r. ruber (Linnaeus, 1758) Suriname and French Guiana through Brazil to se Peru and n Bolivia

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P. r. nigricinctus Lawrence, 1858 e Colombia and sw Venezuela to n Peru

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P. r. longipennis von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 s Peru

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White-browed Hermit Phaethornis stuarti Hartert, 1897 SA : se Peru, c Bolivia

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Black-throated Hermit Phaethornis atrimentalis Lawrence, 1858 SA : Colombia to n Peru

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P. a. atrimentalis Lawrence, 1858 Colombia, Ecuador, n Peru

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P. a. riojae von Berlepsch, 1889 c Peru

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Tapajos Hermit Phaethornis aethopygus Zimmer, JT, 1950 SA : Tapajós-Xingu interfluvium in Brazil (Para) NEW Tapajos Hermit is a distinct species, not a hybrid as previously proposed (Piacentini et al. 2009, SACC 442)

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Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis Gould, 1854 LA : s Mexico to Venezuela and w Ecuador

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P. s. saturatus Ridgway, 1910 s Mexico to nw Colombia

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P. s. subrufescens Chapman, 1917 w Colombia, w Ecuador

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P. s. striigularis Gould, 1854 n Colombia, w Venezuela

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P. s. ignobilis Todd, 1913 n Venezuela

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Grey-chinned Hermit Phaethornis griseogularis Gould, 1851 SA : w, n Amazonia, nw Peru

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P. g. griseogularis Gould, 1851 s and e Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil to e Ecuador and e Peru

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P. g. zonura Gould, 1860 Andean east slope in nw Peru

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P. g. porcullae Carriker, 1935 Andean west slope in nw Peru, sw Ecuador

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Androdon Gould, 1863

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Tooth-billed Hummingbird Androdon aequatorialis Gould, 1863 LA : e Panama to nw Ecuador

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Doryfera Gould, 1847

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Green-fronted Lancebill Doryfera ludovicae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1847) LA : Costa Rica to Venezuela and nw Bolivia

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D. l. veraguensis Salvin, 1867 Costa Rica, w Panama

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D. l. ludovicae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1847) e Panama, Colombia and w Venezuela to nw Bolivia

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Blue-fronted Lancebill Doryfera johannae (Bourcier, 1847) SA : n, nw Amazonia

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D. j. johannae (Bourcier, 1847) se Colombia, e Ecuador, ne Peru

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D. j. guianensis (Boucard, 1893) s Venezuela, s Guyana, n Brazil

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Phaeochroa Gould, 1861

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Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) LA : se Mexico to n Colombia TAX Separate Scaly-breasted Hummingbird from Campylopterus to Phaeochroa (NACC)

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P. c. roberti (Salvin, 1861) se Mexico to ne Costa Rica

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P. c. maculicauda Griscom, 1932 Pacific slope of Costa Rica

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P. c. furvescens Wetmore, 1967 Pacific slope of w Panama

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P. c. saturatior (Hartert, 1901) Coiba I. (Panama)

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P. c. cuvierii (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) e and c Panama

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P. c. berlepschi Hellmayr, 1915 n Colombia

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Campylopterus Swainson, 1827

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Curve-winged Sabrewing Campylopterus curvipennis (Deppe, 1830) MA : ec Mexico from se San Luis Potosi to Veracruz, ne Puebla, n Oaxaca ENG Change English name of C.curvipennis with split of C.pampa;  name follows Ridgway, Sibley & Monroe 1993, AOU 1998

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Wedge-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus pampa (Lesson, 1832) MA : Yucatan to Guatemala and Belize,ne Honduras AS C. pampa is split from C. curvipennis (Peterson & Navarro-Sigüenza 2009, Gonzalez et al 2011)

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Long-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus excellens (Wetmore, 1941) MA : s Mexico

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Grey-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis (Boddaert, 1783) SA : Amazonia

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C. l. largipennis (Boddaert, 1783) e Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil

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C. l. obscurus Gould, 1848 ne Brazil

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C. l. aequatorialis Gould, 1861 e Colombia and nw Brazil to n Bolivia

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C. l. diamantinensis Ruschi, 1963 se Brazil

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Rufous Sabrewing Campylopterus rufus Lesson, 1840 MA : sw Mexico to El Salvador

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Rufous-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus hyperythrus Cabanis, 1849 SA : Tepuis

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Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus (Deppe, 1830) MA : s Mexico to Panama

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C. h. hemileucurus (Deppe, 1830) s Mexico to sc Nicaragua

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C. h. mellitus Bangs, 1902 Costa Rica, w Panama

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White-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus ensipennis (Swainson, 1822) SA : ne Venezuela

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Lazuline Sabrewing Campylopterus falcatus (Swainson, 1821) SA : ne Venezuela to ne Ecuador

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Santa Marta Sabrewing Campylopterus phainopeplus Salvin & Godman, 1879 SA : ne Colombia

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Napo Sabrewing Campylopterus villaviscensio (Bourcier, 1851) SA : s Colombia to ne Peru

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Buff-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus duidae Chapman, 1929 SA : Tepuis

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C. d. duidae Chapman, 1929 s Venezuela, n Brazil

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C. d. guaiquinimae Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946 Mt. Guaiquinima (s Venezuela)

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Aphantochroa Gould, 1853

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Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrochloris (Vieillot, 1818) SA : se, e Brazil

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Eupetomena Gould, 1853

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Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : ne, e, c

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E. m. macroura (Gmelin, JF, 1788) the Guianas, n, c and se Brazil, Paraguay

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E. m. simoni Hellmayr, 1929 ne Brazil

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E. m. cyanoviridis Grantsau, 1988 se Brazi

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E. m. hirundo Gould, 1875 e Peru

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E. m. boliviana Zimmer, JT, 1950 nw Bolivia

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Florisuga Bonaparte, 1850

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White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : s Mexico through Amazonia

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F. m. mellivora (Linnaeus, 1758) s Mexico to Bolivia and Brazil, Trinidad

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F. m. flabellifera (Gould, 1846) Tobago I.

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Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca (Vieillot, 1817) SA : se Brazil to n Uruguay; e Paraguay and ne Argentina

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Colibri von Spix, 1824

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Brown Violetear Colibri delphinae (Lesson, 1839) LA : Guatemala to n and w SA, e Brazil (Bahia) TAX Includes greenwalti. Dickinson, 2003.  HBW 5, p. 557.

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Green Violetear Colibri thalassinus (Swainson, 1827) LA : c Mexico to n and w SA

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C. t. thalassinus (Swainson, 1827) c Mexico to nc Nicaragua

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C. t. cabanidis (Heine, 1863) Costa Rica, w Panama

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C. t. cyanotus (Bourcier, 1843) Colombia, nw Venezuela, Ecuador

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C. t. kerdeli Aveledo & Perez, 1991 ne Venezuela

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C. t. crissalis Todd, 1942 Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina

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Sparkling Violetear Colibri coruscans (Gould, 1846) SA : n, w

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C. c. coruscans (Gould, 1846) nw Venezuela and Colombia to nw Argentina

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C. c. rostratus Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 mts. of Amazonas (s Venezuela)

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C. c. germanus (Salvin & Godman, 1884) se Venezuela, Guyana, n Brazil

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White-vented Violetear Colibri serrirostris (Vieillot, 1816) SA : Bolivia and n Argentina to e and se Brazil and e Paraguay

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Anthracothorax Boie, F, 1831

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Green-throated Mango Anthracothorax viridigula (Boddaert, 1783) SA : ne Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil

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Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii (Lesson, 1832) LA : e Mexico to n and nw SA

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A. p. prevostii (Lesson, 1832) e Mexico to Guatemala, Belize and El Salvador

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A. p. gracilirostris Ridgway, 1910 El Salvador to c Costa Rica

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A. p. hendersoni (Cory, 1887) San Andrés and Providencia Is. (off e Nicaragua)

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A. p. viridicordatus Cory, 1913 ne Colombia, n Venezuela

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A. p. iridescens (Gould, 1861) w Colombia, sw Ecuador and nw Peru

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Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis (Vieillot, 1817) LA : w Panama to ne Argentina

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Veraguan Mango Anthracothorax veraguensis Reichenbach, 1855 MA : Panama

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Antillean Mango Anthracothorax dominicus (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : Hispaniola to Virgin Islands

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A. d. dominicus (Linnaeus, 1766) Hispaniola and nearby islands

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A. d. aurulentus (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801) Puerto Rico, the Virgin Is. and nearby islands

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Green Mango Anthracothorax viridis (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801) NA : Puerto Rico

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Jamaican Mango Anthracothorax mango (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Jamaica

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Avocettula Reichenbach, 1849

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Fiery-tailed Awlbill Avocettula recurvirostris (Swainson, 1822) SA : Amazonia

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Topaza Gray, GR, 1840

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Crimson Topaz Topaza pella (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : ne Amazonia

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T. p. pella (Linnaeus, 1758) e Venezuela, n Brazil, Guyana and Suriname

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T. p. smaragdulus (Bosc, 1792) French Guiana, ne Brazil (n of the Amazon)

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T. p. microrhyncha Butler, AL, 1926 nc Brazil (s of the Amazon)

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Fiery Topaz Topaza pyra (Gould, 1846) SA : w Amazonia

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T. p. pyra (Gould, 1846) e Colombia, s Venezuela, nw Brazil

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T. p. amaruni Hu, Joseph & Agro, 2000 e Ecuador, ne Peru

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Eulampis Boie, F, 1831

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Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : Lesser Antilles

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Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles

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E. h. holosericeus (Linnaeus, 1758) Puerto Rico and most of the Lesser Antilles

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E. h. chlorolaemus Gould, 1857 Grenada I. (s Lesser Antilles)

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Chrysolampis Boie, F, 1831

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Ruby-topaz Hummingbird Chrysolampis mosquitus (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : e Panama to n, e, c SA ENG Change English name of Chrysolampis mosquitus to Ruby-topaz Hummingbird; alternative name Ruby Topaz under consideration (SACC)

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Orthorhyncus Lacépède, 1799

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Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles

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O. c. exilis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Puerto Rico through the Lesser Antilles to St. Lucia

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O. c. ornatus Gould, 1861 St, Vincent I. (s Lesser Antilles)

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O. c. cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Barbados I. (s Lesser Antilles)

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O. c. emigrans Lawrence, 1877 Grenada and the Grenadine Is. (s Lesser Antilles)

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Klais Reichenbach, 1854

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Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti (Bourcier, 1843) LA : e Honduras to w, n Amazonia

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K. g. merrittii (Lawrence, 1861) e Honduras to e Panama

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K. g. guimeti (Bourcier, 1843) e Colombia and n Venezuela to e Ecuador, ne Peru and nw Brazil

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K. g. pallidiventris Stolzmann, 1926 e Peru, w Bolivia

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Stephanoxis Simon, 1897

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Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi (Vieillot, 1818) SA : se ENG Simplify English name of  Stephanoxis lalandi to Plovercrest; add modifiers when split

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S. l. lalandi (Vieillot, 1818) e Brazil

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S. l. loddigesii (Gould, 1831) e Paraguay, s Brazil and ne Argentina

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Abeillia Bonaparte, 1850

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Emerald-chinned Hummingbird Abeillia abeillei (Lesson & Delattre, 1839) MA : se Mexico to n Nicaragua

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A. a. abeillei (Lesson & Delattre, 1839) se Mexico to n Honduras

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A. a. aurea Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 s Honduras and n Nicaragua

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Lophornis Lesson, 1829

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Tufted Coquette Lophornis ornatus (Boddaert, 1783) SA : n Venezuela and Trinidad; c Venezuela, th Guianas and ne Brazil

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Dot-eared Coquette Lophornis gouldii (Lesson, 1832) SA : ne, c Brazil

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Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnificus (Vieillot, 1817) SA : sc, e and se Brazil

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Short-crested Coquette Lophornis brachylophus Moore, RT, 1949 MA : sw Mexico

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Rufous-crested Coquette Lophornis delattrei (Lesson, 1839) LA : s MA, w Amazonia

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L. d. lessoni Simon, 1921 sw Costa Rica to c Colombia

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L. d. delattrei (Lesson, 1839) e Peru and n Bolivia

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Spangled Coquette Lophornis stictolophus Salvin & Elliot, DG, 1873 SA : w Venezuela to n Peru

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Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus (Temminck, 1821) SA : w Amazonia, se Brazil

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L. c. verreauxii Bourcier, 1853 e Colombia to c Bolivia, nw Brazil

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L. c. klagesi von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902 se Venezuela

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L. c. chalybeus (Temminck, 1821) se Brazil

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Peacock Coquette Lophornis pavoninus Salvin & Godman, 1882 SA : Tepuis

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L. p. pavoninus Salvin & Godman, 1882 Cerro Ptaretepui (se Venezuela), Mt. Roraima (se Venezuela.nc Brazil) and Merumé Mts. (Guyana)

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L. p. duidae Chapman, 1929 Mt. Duida (se Venezuela)

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Black-crested Coquette Lophornis helenae (Delattre, 1843) MA : s Mexico to Costa Rica

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White-crested Coquette Lophornis adorabilis Salvin, 1870 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

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Discosura Bonaparte, 1850 TAX Popelairia is now merged into Discosura (Schuchmann 1999, SACC)

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Wire-crested Thorntail Discosura popelairii (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1846) SA : e Colombia to ne Peru

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Black-bellied Thorntail Discosura langsdorffi (Temminck, 1821) SA : w Amazonia, se Brazil

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D. l. melanosternon (Gould, 1868) se Colombia and s Venezuela to e Ecuador, e Peru and nw Brazil

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D. l. langsdorffi (Temminck, 1821) e Brazil

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Letitia's Thorntail Discosura letitiae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) SA : ne Bolivia

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Green Thorntail Discosura conversii (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) LA : Costa Rica to w Ecuador

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Racket-tailed Coquette Discosura longicaudus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : c and s Venezuela, n Brazil and the Guianas; e Brazil

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Trochilus Linnaeus, 1758

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Red-billed Streamertail Trochilus polytmus Linnaeus, 1758 NA : Jamaica

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Black-billed Streamertail Trochilus scitulus (Brewster & Bangs, 1901) NA : Jamaica AS Trochilus scitulus is split from T. polytmus (Schuchmann 1999) by H&M and BLI, but not by AOU

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Chlorestes Reichenbach, 1854

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Blue-chinned Sapphire Chlorestes notata (Reich, GC, 1793) SA : Colombia to e Brazil, Amazonia TAX Change  Scientific name from Chlorestes notatus to Chlorestes notata (David & Gosselin 2002); retain Chlorestes vs Chlorostilbon (see Stiles SACC 55)

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C. n. notata (Reich, GC, 1793) ne Colombia and Venezuela through the Guianas to e Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago

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C. n. puruensis (Riley, 1913) nw Brazil, se Colombia and ne Peru

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C. n. obsoleta Zimmer, JT, 1950 lower Rio Ucayali (ne Peru)

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Chlorostilbon Gould, 1853

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Golden-crowned Emerald Chlorostilbon auriceps (Gould, 1852) MA : w, c Mexico

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Cozumel Emerald Chlorostilbon forficatus Ridgway, 1885 MA : islands off Yucatan Peninsula

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Canivet's Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii (Lesson, 1832) MA : se Mexico to Costa Rica

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C. c. canivetii (Lesson, 1832) Tamaulipas (se Mexico) to Belize, n Guatemala and the Bay Is. (Honduras)

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C. c. osberti Gould, 1860 se Chiapas (se Mexico) to w Nicaragua

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C. c. salvini (Cabanis & Heine, 1860) w Costa Rica

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Garden Emerald Chlorostilbon assimilis Lawrence, 1861 MA : sw Costa Rica, Panama

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Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus (Linnaeus, 1758) SA : n, ne

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C. m. caribaeus Lawrence, 1871 ne Venezuela, Trinidad, Netherlands Antilles

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C. m. duidae Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1952 Mt. Duida (s Venezuela)

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C. m. subfurcatus von Berlepsch, 1887 s Venezuela, Guyana, and Rio Branco region (nw Brazil)

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C. m. mellisugus (Linnaeus, 1758) Suriname, French Guiana and ne Brazil

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C. m. phoeopygus (Tschudi, 1844) Upper Amazonia

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C. m. napensis Gould, 1861 ne Peru SSP Restore: Stiles, 1996b. Contra Bündgen, 1999 (HBW 5).

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C. m. peruanus Gould, 1861 se Peru, e Bolivia

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Western Emerald Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus Gould, 1860 SA : w, nw

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C. m. pumilus Gould, 1872 w Colombia, w Ecuador

.

C. m. melanorhynchus Gould, 1860 Andes of w Colombia and w and c Ecuador

.

Red-billed Emerald Chlorostilbon gibsoni (Fraser, 1840) SA : Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

C. g. gibsoni (Fraser, 1840) Upper Magdalena Valley (c Colombia)

.

C. g. chrysogaster (Bourcier, 1843) Cartagena to Santa Marta (n Colombia)

.

C. g. nitens Lawrence, 1861 ne Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

Chiribiquete Emerald Chlorostilbon olivaresi Stiles, 1996 SA : se Colombia

.

Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon lucidus (Shaw, 1812) SA : e, se, sc TAX Correct species name of Glittering-bellied Emerald is lucidus, not aureoventris (Pacheco & Whitney 2008, SACC 490)

.

C. l. pucherani (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) e Brazil

.

C. l. lucidus (Shaw, 1812) Bolivia, Paraguay, wc Brazil and nw Argentina TAX Includes C. l. igneus. HBW 5, p. 575

.

C. l. berlepschi Pinto, 1938 s Brazil, Uruguay, ne Argentina

.

Brace's Emerald Chlorostilbon bracei (Lawrence, 1877) NA : n Bahamas EXT Fuller, 2002.

.

Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii (Gervais, 1835) NA : Cuba, Bahamas

.

Hispaniolan Emerald Chlorostilbon swainsonii (Lesson, 1829) NA : Hispaniola

.

Puerto Rican Emerald Chlorostilbon maugaeus (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801) NA : Puerto Rico

.

Coppery Emerald Chlorostilbon russatus (Salvin & Godman, 1881) SA : ne Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

Narrow-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon stenurus (Cabanis & Heine, 1860) SA : Venezuela, Colombia, ne Ecuador

.

C. s. stenurus (Cabanis & Heine, 1860) ne Colombia, Trujillo, Mérida, Táchira (nw Venezuela) and ne Ecuador

.

C. s. ignotus Todd, 1942 coastal mts. to Lara (nw Venezuela)

.

Green-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon alice (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) SA : n Venezuela

.

Short-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon poortmani (Bourcier, 1843) SA : Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

C. p. poortmani (Bourcier, 1843) e Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

C. p. euchloris (Reichenbach, 1854) c Colombia

.

Gould's Emerald Chlorostilbon elegans (Gould, 1860) NA : Jamaica EXT Weller, A, 1999. BLI.

.

Panterpe Cabanis & Heine, 1860

.

Fiery-throated Hummingbird Panterpe insignis Cabanis & Heine, 1860 MA : Costa Rica, w Panama

.

P. i. eisenmanni Stiles, 1985 nw Costa Rica

.

P. i. insignis Cabanis & Heine, 1860 nc Costa Rica to w Panama

.

Elvira Mulsant, Verreaux J & Verreaux, E, 1866

.

White-tailed Emerald Elvira chionura (Gould, 1851) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Coppery-headed Emerald Elvira cupreiceps (Lawrence, 1866) MA : Costa Rica

.

Eupherusa Gould, 1857

.

Oaxaca Hummingbird Eupherusa cyanophrys Rowley, JS & Orr, 1964 MA : sc Mexico

.

White-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa poliocerca Elliot, DG, 1871 MA : s Mexico

.

Stripe-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa eximia (Delattre, 1843) MA : s Mexico to w Panama

.

E. e. nelsoni Ridgway, 1910 Veracruz and Oaxaca (se Mexico)

.

E. e. eximia (Delattre, 1843) c Chiapas (e Mexico) to c Nicaragua

.

E. e. egregia Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 Costa Rica, w Panama

.

Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris Lawrence, 1868 MA : Costa Rica, w Panama

.

Goethalsia Nelson, 1912

.

Pirre Hummingbird Goethalsia bella Nelson, 1912 LA : e Panama, nw Colombia

.

Goldmania Nelson, 1911

.

Violet-capped Hummingbird Goldmania violiceps Nelson, 1911 LA : e Panama, nw Colombia

.

Cynanthus Swainson, 1827

.

Dusky Hummingbird Cynanthus sordidus (Gould, 1859) MA : s Mexico

.

Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris Swainson, 1827 NA, MA : sw USA to c Mexico

.

C. l. magicus (Mulsant & Verreaux, J, 1872) sw USA, Sonora, Sinaloa and Nayarit (nw Mexico)

.

C. l. propinquus Moore, RT, 1939 Guanajuato (c Mexico)

.

C. l. latirostris Swainson, 1827 Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosi to Veracruz (e Mexico)

.

C. l. toroi (Berlioz, 1937) Colima and Michoacán (sc Mexico)

.

C. l. lawrencei (von Berlepsch, 1887) Tres Marías Is. (off w Mexico)

.

Doubleday's Hummingbird Cynanthus doubledayi (Bourcier, 1847) MA : s Mexico

.

Cyanophaia Reichenbach, 1854

.

Blue-headed Hummingbird Cyanophaia bicolor (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : Lesser Antilles

.

Thalurania Gould, 1848

.

Mexican Woodnymph Thalurania ridgwayi Nelson, 1900 MA : w Mexico

.

Crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica (Bourcier, 1843) LA : Guatemala to Ecuador and nw Peru TAX Emerald-bellied Woodnymph Thalurania hypochlora and Green-crowned Woodnymph T. fannyi are considered conspecific with Violet-crowned Woodnymph T. colombica, which becomes Crowned Woodnymph (SACC 137, 558)

.

T. c. townsendi Ridgway, 1888 Guatemala, Belize and Honduras

.

T. c. venusta (Gould, 1851) Nicaragua to Panama

.

T. c. colombica (Bourcier, 1843) n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

T. c. rostrifera Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1956 nw Venezuela

.

T. c. fannyae (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) e Panama to w Colombia AL Green-crowned Woodnymph is a clinal variant ssp of T. colombica

.

T. c. subtropicalis Griscom, 1932 Cauca Valley and nearby Andes (wc Colombia)

.

T. c. verticeps (Gould, 1851) sw Colombia and nw Ecuador

.

T. c. hypochlora Gould, 1871 w Ecuador and nw Peru

.

Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : widespread

.

T. f. refulgens Gould, 1853 Paria Pen. and Sierra de Cumaná (ne Venezuela)

.

T. f. furcata (Gmelin, JF, 1788) ec Venezuela through the Guianas to ne Brazil

.

T. f. fissilis von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902 se Venezuela, wc Guyana and Roraima (nc Brazil)

.

T. f. orenocensis Hellmayr, 1921 upper Orinoco (s Venezuela)

.

T. f. nigrofasciata (Gould, 1846) se Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil

.

T. f. viridipectus Gould, 1848 e Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

T. f. jelskii Taczanowski, 1874 e Peru and w Brazil

.

T. f. simoni Hellmayr, 1906 se Peru and sw Brazil

.

T. f. balzani Simon, 1896 nc Brazil s of the Amazon

.

T. f. furcatoides Gould, 1861 e Brazil s of the Amazon

.

T. f. boliviana Boucard, 1894 se Peru, ne Bolivia

.

T. f. baeri Hellmayr, 1907 ne and c Brazil to se Bolivia and nw and nc Argentina

.

T. f. eriphile (Lesson, 1832) se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Long-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania watertonii (Bourcier, 1847) SA : e Brazil

.

Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : se Brazil to e Paraguay, ne Argentina and n Uruguay

.

Damophila Reichenbach, 1854

.

Violet-bellied Hummingbird Damophila julie (Bourcier, 1843) LA : Panama to nw Peru

.

D. j. panamensis von Berlepsch, 1884 c Panama

.

D. j. julie (Bourcier, 1843) n and c Colombia

.

D. j. feliciana (Lesson, 1844) sw Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru

.

Lepidopyga Reichenbach, 1855

.

Sapphire-throated Hummingbird Lepidopyga coeruleogularis (Gould, 1851) LA : Panama, Colombia

.

L. c. coelina (Bourcier, 1856) w Panama

.

L. c. coeruleogularis (Gould, 1851) e Panama and nw Colombia

.

L. c. confinis Griscom, 1932 n Colombia

.

Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird Lepidopyga lilliae Stone, 1917 SA : nc Colombia

.

Shining-green Hummingbird Lepidopyga goudoti (Bourcier, 1843) SA : Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

L. g. luminosa (Lawrence, 1862) n Colombia

.

L. g. goudoti (Bourcier, 1843) Magdalena Valley (nc Colombia)

.

L. g. zuliae Cory, 1918 n and w of Lake Maracaibo area (ne Colombia and nw Venezuela)

.

L. g. phaeochroa Todd, 1942 s and e of Lake Maracaibo area (nw Venezuela)

.

Hylocharis Boie, F, 1831

.

Blue-throated Sapphire Hylocharis eliciae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) LA : s Mexico to nw Colombia

.

H. e. eliciae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) se Mexico to s Costa Rica

.

H. e. earina Wetmore, 1967 w Panama to nw Colombia

.

Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : Amazonia, se

.

White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus (Vieillot, 1818) SA : Amazonia, se

.

H. c. viridiventris von Berlepsch, 1880 Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

H. c. rostrata Boucard, 1895 e Peru, ne Bolivia and w Brazil

.

H. c. conversa Zimmer, JT, 1950 e Bolivia, n Paraguay, sw Brazil

.

H. c. cyanus (Vieillot, 1818) e Brazil

.

H. c. griseiventris Grantsau, 1988 se Brazil to ne Argentina

.

Gilded Sapphire Hylocharis chrysura (Shaw, 1812) SA : Bolivia to se Brazil, Uruguay and n Argentina

.

Blue-headed Sapphire Hylocharis grayi (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) SA : w Colombia, n Ecuador

.

Humboldt's Sapphire Hylocharis humboldtii (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) LA : se Panama to nw Ecuador

.

Chrysuronia Bonaparte, 1850

.

Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone (Lesson, 1832) SA : n SA, w Amazonia

.

C. o. oenone (Lesson, 1832) e Colombia and n and e Venezuela to e Ecuador, ne Peru and w Brazil

.

C. o. josephinae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) e Peru

.

C. o. alleni (Elliot, DG, 1888) n Bolivia

.

Leucochloris Reichenbach, 1854

.

White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis (Vieillot, 1818) SA : s Brazil. E Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

.

Polytmus Brisson, 1760

.

White-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus guainumbi (Pallas, 1764) SA : n, ne, se

.

P. g. andinus Simon, 1921 e Colombia

.

P. g. guainumbi (Pallas, 1764) Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil, Trinidad

.

P. g. thaumantias (Linnaeus, 1766) e Bolivia to e Paraguay, e and c Brazil and ne Argentina

.

Tepui Goldenthroat Polytmus milleri (Chapman, 1929) SA : Tepuis of Venezuela, w Guyana and extreme n Brazil

.

Green-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus theresiae (Da Silva Maia, 1843) SA : ne, w Amazonia

.

P. t. theresiae (Da Silva Maia, 1843) the Guianas, nc Brazil

.

P. t. leucorrhous Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1867 e Colombia and s Venezuela to ne Peru and nw Brazil

.

Leucippus Bonaparte, 1850

.

Buffy Hummingbird Leucippus fallax (Bourcier, 1843) SA : ne Colombia, nw and n Venezuela

.

Tumbes Hummingbird Leucippus baeri Simon, 1901 SA : sw Ecuador, nw Peru

.

Spot-throated Hummingbird Leucippus taczanowskii (Sclater, PL, 1879) SA : n, c Peru

.

Olive-spotted Hummingbird Leucippus chlorocercus Gould, 1866 SA : w Amazonia

.

Taphrospilus Simon, 1910

.

Many-spotted Hummingbird Taphrospilus hypostictus (Gould, 1862) SA : Ecuador to nw Argentina, sw Brazil

.

Amazilia Lesson, 1843

.

White-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia chionogaster (Tschudi, 1846) SA : n Peru to nw Argentina TAX Retained in Amazilia rather than Leucippus per SACC, contra Schuchmann 1999.

.

A. c. chionogaster (Tschudi, 1846) n and c Peru

.

A. c. hypoleuca (Gould, 1846) se Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, sw Brazil and nw Argentina

.

Green-and-white Hummingbird Amazilia viridicauda (von Berlepsch, 1883) SA : c Peru TAX Retained in Amazilia rather than Leucippus per SACC, contra Schuchmann 1999.

.

Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila (Delattre, 1843) MA : nw Mexico to Costa Rica

.

A. r. diluta van Rossem, 1938 nw Mexico

.

A. r. graysoni Lawrence, 1867 Tres Marías Is. (off w Mexico)

.

A. r. rutila (Delattre, 1843) w and sw Mexico

.

A. r. corallirostris (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) se Mexico to w Costa Rica

.

Buff-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia yucatanensis (Cabot, S, 1845) MA : e Mexico through Yucatan Peninsula, also s USA

.

A. y. chalconota Oberholser, 1898 s Texas (USA) to ne Mexico

.

A. y. cerviniventris (Gould, 1856) e and s Mexico

.

A. y. yucatanensis (Cabot, S, 1845) Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico), nw Guatemala and Belize

.

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl (de la Llave, 1833) LA : c Mexico to Venezuela and w Ecuador TAX Amazilia tzacatl includes A.handleyi (AOU 1998)

.

A. t. tzacatl (de la Llave, 1833) ec Mexico to c Panama

.

A. t. handleyi Wetmore, 1963 Isle Escudo de Veraguas (off nw Panama)

.

A. t. fuscicaudata (Fraser, 1840) n Colombia and w Venezuela

.

A. t. brehmi Weller & Schuchmann, 1999 Nariño (sw Colombia)

.

A. t. jucunda (Heine, 1863) w Colombia and w Ecuador

.

Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia castaneiventris (Gould, 1856) SA : nc Colombia

.

Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) SA : Ecuador and Peru TAX Loja Hummingbird Amazilia alticola is considered conspecific with Amazilia Hummingbird A. amazilia (SACC 138)

.

A. a. alticola Gould, 1860 s Ecuador

.

A. a. azuay Krabbe & Ridgely, 2010 sw Ecuador

.

A. a. dumerilii (Lesson, 1832) w Ecuador, nw Peru

.

A. a. leucophoea Reichenbach, 1854 nw Peru (s of dumerilii)

.

A. a. amazilia (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) w Peru

.

A. a. caeruleigularis Carriker, 1933 sw Peru

.

Plain-bellied Emerald Amazilia leucogaster (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : ne, e

.

A. l. leucogaster (Gmelin, JF, 1788) e Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil

.

A. l. bahiae (Hartert, 1899) e Brazil

.

Versicolored Emerald Amazilia versicolor (Vieillot, 1818) SA : Amazonia, sc, se TAX Rondonia Emerald Amazilia rondoniae is considered conspecific with Versicolored Emerald A. versicolor (SACC 188)

.

A. v. millerii (Bourcier, 1847) e Colombia and w Venezuela, e Peru and nw Brazil

.

A. v. hollandi (Todd, 1913) se Venezuela

.

A. v. nitidifrons (Gould, 1860) ne Brazil

.

A. v. versicolor (Vieillot, 1818) se Brazil

.

A. v. kubtchecki Ruschi, 1959 ne Bolivia, e Paraguay, sw Brazil and ne Argentina

.

A. v. rondoniae Ruschi, 1982 n Bolivia and wc Brazil

.

White-chested Emerald Amazilia brevirostris (Lesson, 1829) SA : n TAX See NACC 2010-B-4 re brevirostris vs chionopectus

.

A. b. chionopectus (Gould, 1859) Trinidad

.

A. b. brevirostris (Lesson, 1829) e Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and nc Brazil

.

A. b. orienticola Todd, 1942 coastal French Guiana

.

Andean Emerald Amazilia franciae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) SA : Colombia to n Peru

.

A. f. franciae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) nw and c Colombia

.

A. f. viridiceps (Gould, 1860) sw Colombia and w Ecuador

.

A. f. cyanocollis (Gould, 1853) n Peru

.

White-bellied Emerald Amazilia candida (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) MA : e Mexico to Nicaragua

.

A. c. genini (Meise, 1938) Caribbean slope of se Mexico

.

A. c. candida (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) Pacific slope of se Mexico to Nicaragua

.

A. c. pacifica (Griscom, 1929) Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico) and s Guatemala

.

Azure-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia cyanocephala (Lesson, 1830) MA : e Mexico to Nicaragua

.

A. c. cyanocephala (Lesson, 1830) se Mexico to e Honduras and nc Nicaragua

.

A. c. chlorostephana Howell, TR, 1965 ne Honduras and ne Nicaragua

.

Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps (Gould, 1859) NA, MA : sw USA to sw Mexico

.

A. v. ellioti (von Berlepsch, 1889) sw USA to nw and c Mexico

.

A. v. violiceps (Gould, 1859) sw Mexico

.

Green-fronted Hummingbird Amazilia viridifrons (Elliot, DG, 1871) MA : s Mexico

.

A. v. viridifrons (Elliot, DG, 1871) c Guerrero to w Oaxaca (s Mexico)

.

A. v. villadai Peterson & Navarro, 2000 se Oaxaca, Chiapas (se Mexico) SSP Add: Peterson & Navarro, 2000

.

Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird Amazilia wagneri Phillips, AR, 1966 MA : c, s Oaxaca (s Mexico) AS Amazilia wagneri is split from A. viridifrons (Howell and Webb 1995); AOU acknowledges potential split

.

Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : widespread

.

A. f. elegantissima Todd, 1942 ne Colombia and n Venezuela

.

A. f. fimbriata (Gmelin, JF, 1788) ne Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

A. f. apicalis (Gould, 1861) e Colombia

.

A. f. fluviatilis (Gould, 1861) se Colombia, e Ecuador

.

A. f. laeta (Hartert, 1900) ne Peru

.

A. f. nigricauda (Elliot, DG, 1878) e Bolivia to c Brazil

.

A. f. tephrocephala (Vieillot, 1818) se Brazil

.

Sapphire-spangled Emerald Amazilia lactea (Lesson, 1832) SA : n, w Amazonia, se

.

A. l. zimmeri (Gilliard, 1941) se Venezuela

.

A. l. lactea (Lesson, 1832) c and s Brazil

.

A. l. bartletti (Gould, 1866) e Peru to n Bolivia

.

Blue-chested Hummingbird Amazilia amabilis (Gould, 1853) LA : Nicaragua to s Ecuador

.

Charming Hummingbird Amazilia decora (Salvin, 1891) MA : sw Costa Rica, w Panama

.

Purple-chested Hummingbird Amazilia rosenbergi (Boucard, 1895) SA : w Colombia, nw Ecuador

.

Mangrove Hummingbird Amazilia boucardi (Mulsant, 1877) MA : Costa Rica

.

Honduran Emerald Amazilia luciae (Lawrence, 1868) MA : Honduras

.

Steely-vented Hummingbird Amazilia saucerottei (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) LA : Nicaragua, Costa Rica, nw SA TAX Correct original spelling saucerrottei to saucerottei under ICZN code Article 32.5.1. Supported by internal information. Emended in H&M 4:129.

.

A. s. hoffmanni (Cabanis & Heine, 1860) w Nicaragua to c Costa Rica

.

A. s. warscewiczi (Cabanis & Heine, 1860) n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

A. s. saucerottei (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) nw Colombia

.

A. s. braccata (Heine, 1863) Mérida and Trujillo (w Venezuela)

.

Indigo-capped Hummingbird Amazilia cyanifrons (Bourcier, 1843) SA : Colombia

.

Snowy-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia edward (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

A. e. niveoventer (Gould, 1851) sw Costa Rica and sw Panama, Coiba I.

.

A. e. edward (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) ec Panama

.

A. e. collata Wetmore, 1952 c Panama

.

A. e. margaritarum (Griscom, 1927) e Panama and n Gulf of of Panama islands

.

Blue-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia cyanura Gould, 1859 MA : s Mexico to Costa Rica

.

A. c. guatemalae (Dearborn, 1907) s Mexico to s Guatemala

.

A. c. cyanura Gould, 1859 s Honduras, e El Salvador and nw Nicaragua

.

A. c. impatiens (Bangs, 1906) nw and c Costa Rica

.

Berylline Hummingbird Amazilia beryllina (Deppe, 1830) MA : nw Mexico to Honduras

.

A. b. viola (Miller, W, 1905) se Arizona (USA), w and nw Mexico

.

A. b. beryllina (Deppe, 1830) c Oaxaca (s Mexico)

.

A. b. lichtensteini Moore, RT, 1950 e Oaxaca, w Chiapas (s Mexico)

.

A. b. sumichrasti Salvin, 1891 c and s Chiapas (s Mexico)

.

A. b. devillei (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras

.

Green-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia viridigaster (Bourcier, 1843) SA : Colombia, w Venezuela, w Guyana and nc Brazil TAX Tepui Hummingbird Amazilia cupreicauda is considered to be conspecific with Green-bellied Hummingbird A. viridigaster (SACC 168)

.

A. v. viridigaster (Bourcier, 1843) nc Colombia

.

A. v. iodura (Reichenbach, 1854) w Venezuela

.

A. v. duidae (Chapman, 1929) Mt. Duida (s Venezuela)

.

A. v. cupreicauda Salvin & Godman, 1884 tepuis of s Venezuela, w Guyana and Roraima (nc Brazil)

.

A. v. laireti (Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1988) Sierra de Unturán and Cerro de la Neblina (tepuis of s Venezuela)

.

A. v. pacaraimae (Weller, 2000) Sierra de Pacaraima (mts. of s Venezuela)

.

Copper-rumped Hummingbird Amazilia tobaci (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : Venezuela

.

A. t. monticola (Todd, 1913) nw Venezuela

.

A. t. feliciae (Lesson, 1840) nc Venezuela

.

A. t. caudata Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1949 ne Venezuela

.

A. t. aliciae Richmond, 1895 Isle Margarita (off n Venezuela)

.

A. t. erythronotos (Lesson, 1829) Trinidad

.

A. t. tobaci (Gmelin, JF, 1788) Tobago

.

A. t. caurensis (von Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902) e and se Veenezuela

.

Microchera Gould, 1858

.

Snowcap Microchera albocoronata (Lawrence, 1855) MA : Honduras to Panama

.

M. a. parvirostris (Lawrence, 1865) s Honduras to Costa Rica

.

M. a. albocoronata (Lawrence, 1855) wc Panama

.

Anthocephala Cabanis & Heine, 1860

.

Blossomcrown Anthocephala floriceps (Gould, 1853) SA : Colombia

.

A. f. floriceps (Gould, 1853) Santa Marta Mts. (ne Colombia)

.

A. f. berlepschi Salvin, 1893 Magdalena Valley (c Colombia)

.

Chalybura Reichenbach, 1854

.

White-vented Plumeleteer Chalybura buffonii (Lesson, 1832) LA : Panama to Venezuela

.

C. b. micans Bangs & Barbour, 1922 c Panama to nw Colombia

.

C. b. buffonii (Lesson, 1832) c and ne Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

C. b. aeneicauda Lawrence, 1865 n Colombia, nc and w Venezuela

.

C. b. caeruleogaster (Gould, 1847) n and c Colombia

.

Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Chalybura urochrysia (Gould, 1861) LA : Nicaragua to sw Ecuador

.

C. u. melanorrhoa Salvin, 1865 Nicaragua, Costa Rica

.

C. u. isaurae (Gould, 1861) e and w Panama, nw Colombia

.

C. u. urochrysia (Gould, 1861) se Panama, nc and w Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

C. u. intermedia Hartert & Hartert, C, 1894 sw Ecuador

.

Lampornis Swainson, 1827

.

Blue-throated Mountaingem Lampornis clemenciae (Lesson, 1830) NA, MA : sw USA to c Mexico

.

L. c. phasmorus Oberholser, 1974 Chisos Mts. (Texas, USA)

.

L. c. bessophilus (Oberholser, 1918) sw USA, nw Mexico

.

L. c. clemenciae (Lesson, 1830) s USA through ne, c and s Mexico

.

Amethyst-throated Mountaingem Lampornis amethystinus Swainson, 1827 MA : c Mexico to Honduras

.

L. a. amethystinus Swainson, 1827 w,c and e Mexico

.

L. a. circumventus (Phillips, AR, 1966) sw Oaxaca (s Mexico)

.

L. a. margaritae (Salvin & Godman, 1889) sw Mexico

.

L. a. salvini (Ridgway, 1908) Chiapas (s Mexico), Guatemala and El Salvador

.

L. a. nobilis Griscom, 1932 Honduras

.

Green-throated Mountaingem Lampornis viridipallens (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) MA : s Mexico to El Salvador

.

L. v. amadoni Rowley, JS, 1968 Oaxaca (s Mexico)

.

L. v. ovandensis (Brodkorb, 1939) Chiapas (s Mexico), nw Guatemala

.

L. v. viridipallens (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) Guatemala, n El Salvador and w Honduras

.

L. v. nubivagus Dickey & van Rossem, 1929 El Salvador

.

Green-breasted Mountaingem Lampornis sybillae (Salvin & Godman, 1892) MA : Honduras, Nicaragua

.

White-bellied Mountaingem Lampornis hemileucus (Salvin, 1865) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Purple-throated Mountaingem Lampornis calolaemus (Salvin, 1865) MA : s Nicaragua to w Panama

.

L. c. pectoralis (Salvin, 1891) s Nicaragua, nc Costa Rica

.

L. c. calolaemus (Salvin, 1865) c Costa Rica

.

L. c. homogenes Wetmore, 1967 s Costa Rica, w Panama

.

White-throated Mountaingem Lampornis castaneoventris (Gould, 1851) MA : w Panama

.

Grey-tailed Mountaingem Lampornis cinereicauda (Lawrence, 1867) MA : s Costa Rica AS Lampornis cinereicauda is split from L. castaneoventris (Stiles and Skutch 1989)

.

Basilinna Boie, F, 1831

.

Xantus's Hummingbird Basilinna xantusii (Lawrence, 1861) MA : s Baja California

.

White-eared Hummingbird Basilinna leucotis (Vieillot, 1818) MA : Mexico to Nicaragua

.

B. l. borealis (Griscom, 1929) se Arizona (USA), n Mexico

.

B. l. leucotis (Vieillot, 1818) c and s Mexico, Guatemala

.

B. l. pygmaea Simon & Hellmayr, 1908 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua

.

Lamprolaima Reichenbach, 1854

.

Garnet-throated Hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami (Lesson, 1839) MA : c Mexico to Honduras

.

Adelomyia Bonaparte, 1854

.

Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys (Fraser, 1840) SA : Venezuela to nw Argentina

.

A. m. cervina Gould, 1872 w and c Colombia

.

A. m. connectens Meyer de Schauensee, 1945 s Colombia

.

A. m. melanogenys (Fraser, 1840) e Colombia and w Venezuela to sc Peru

.

A. m. debellardiana Aveledo & Perez, 1994 Sierra de Perija (mts. of w Venezuela)

.

A. m. aeneosticta Simon, 1889 c and n Venezuela

.

A. m. maculata Gould, 1861 Ecuador, n Peru

.

A. m. chlorospila Gould, 1872 se Peru

.

A. m. inornata (Gould, 1846) Bolivia, nw Argentina

.

Phlogophilus Gould, 1860

.

Ecuadorian Piedtail Phlogophilus hemileucurus Gould, 1860 SA : s Colombia to ne Peru

.

Peruvian Piedtail Phlogophilus harterti von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1901 SA : c, se Peru

.

Clytolaema Gould, 1853

.

Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda (Boddaert, 1783) SA : se Brazil

.

Heliodoxa Gould, 1850

.

Velvet-browed Brilliant Heliodoxa xanthogonys Salvin & Godman, 1882 SA : Tepuis

.

H. x. willardi Weller & Renner, 2001 s Venezuela

.

H. x. xanthogonys Salvin & Godman, 1882 e Venezuela, Guyana and nc Brazil

.

Pink-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa gularis (Gould, 1860) SA : nw Amazonia

.

Rufous-webbed Brilliant Heliodoxa branickii (Taczanowski, 1874) SA : se Peru

.

Black-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa schreibersii (Bourcier, 1847) SA : w Amazonia

.

H. s. schreibersii (Bourcier, 1847) se Colombia to e Ecuador, ne Peru and nw Brazil

.

H. s. whitelyana (Gould, 1872) e Peru

.

Gould's Jewelfront Heliodoxa aurescens (Gould, 1846) SA : w, c Amazonia

.

Fawn-breasted Brilliant Heliodoxa rubinoides (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

H. r. rubinoides (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) c and e Colombia

.

H. r. aequatorialis (Gould, 1860) w Colombia, w Ecuador

.

H. r. cervinigularis (Salvin, 1892) e Ecuador, e Peru

.

Green-crowned Brilliant Heliodoxa jacula Gould, 1850 LA : Costa Rica to Ecuador

.

H. j. henryi Lawrence, 1867 Costa Rica to w Panama

.

H. j. jacula Gould, 1850 e Panama, n and c Colombia

.

H. j. jamersoni (Bourcier, 1851) sw Colombia, w Ecuador

.

Empress Brilliant Heliodoxa imperatrix (Gould, 1856) SA : wc Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri (Bourcier, 1843) SA : Venezuela to nw Bolivia

.

H. l. leadbeateri (Bourcier, 1843) n Venezuela

.

H. l. parvula von Berlepsch, 1888 n, c and s Colombia, w Venezuela

.

H. l. sagitta (Reichenbach, 1854) e Ecuador, n Peru

.

H. l. otero (Tschudi, 1844) c Peru to nw Bolivia

.

Eugenes Gould, 1856

.

Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens (Swainson, 1827) NA, MA : sw USA to Panama

.

E. f. fulgens (Swainson, 1827) sw USA to Honduras and Nicaragua

.

E. f. spectabilis (Lawrence, 1867) Costa Rica to w Panama PS Rivoli's Hummingbird E.f. spectabilis previously split from fulgens (Ridgway 1911, Cory 1918), probably correctly (AOU 1983, Stiles & Skutch 1989, Powers 1999)

.

Hylonympha Gould, 1873

.

Scissor-tailed Hummingbird Hylonympha macrocerca Gould, 1873 SA : ne Venezuela

.

Sternoclyta Gould, 1858

.

Violet-chested Hummingbird Sternoclyta cyanopectus (Gould, 1846) SA : n Venezuela

.

Urochroa Gould, 1856

.

White-tailed Hillstar Urochroa bougueri (Bourcier, 1851) SA : Colombia to ne Peru

.

U. b. bougueri (Bourcier, 1851) sw Colombia, nw Ecuador

.

U. b. leucura Lawrence, 1864 s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

Boissonneaua Reichenbach, 1854

.

Buff-tailed Coronet Boissonneaua flavescens (Loddiges, 1832) SA : Venezuela to Ecuador

.

B. f. flavescens (Loddiges, 1832) Colombia, w Venezuela

.

B. f. tinochlora Oberholser, 1902 sw Colombia, w Ecuador

.

Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii (Bourcier, 1847) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

Velvet-purple Coronet Boissonneaua jardini (Bourcier, 1851) SA : sw Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

Aglaeactis Gould, 1848

.

Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis (Bourcier, 1843) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

A. c. cupripennis (Bourcier, 1843) Colombia, Ecuador to n Peru

.

A. c. caumatonota Gould, 1848 sc Peru

.

Purple-backed Sunbeam Aglaeactis aliciae Salvin, 1896 SA : n Peru

.

White-tufted Sunbeam Aglaeactis castelnaudii (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) SA : Peru

.

A. c. regalis Zimmer, JT, 1951 c Peru

.

A. c. castelnaudii (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) s Peru

.

Black-hooded Sunbeam Aglaeactis pamela (d'Orbigny, 1838) SA : Bolivia

.

Oreotrochilus Gould, 1847

.

Ecuadorian Hillstar Oreotrochilus chimborazo (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) SA : s Colombia to c Ecuador

.

O. c. jamesonii Jardine, 1849 s Colombia, n Ecuador

.

O. c. soderstromi Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1922 Mt. Quillotoa (c Ecuador)

.

O. c. chimborazo (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) Mt. Chimborazo (c Ecuador)

.

Andean Hillstar Oreotrochilus estella (d'Orbigny, 1838) SA : sw Peru to nw Argentina

.

O. e. stolzmanni Salvin, 1895 s Ecuador, n and c Peru

.

O. e. estella (d'Orbigny, 1838) sw Peru and nw Bolivia to n Chile and nw Argentina

.

O. e. bolivianus Boucard, 1893 Cochabamba (c Bolivia)

.

White-sided Hillstar Oreotrochilus leucopleurus Gould, 1847 SA : s Bolivia to s Argentina and Chile

.

Black-breasted Hillstar Oreotrochilus melanogaster Gould, 1847 SA : c Peru

.

Wedge-tailed Hillstar Oreotrochilus adela (d'Orbigny, 1838) SA : s Bolivia

.

Lafresnaya Bonaparte, 1850

.

Mountain Velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : w Venezuela to c Peru

.

L. l. liriope Bangs, 1910 Santa Marta Mts. (ne Colombia)

.

L. l. longirostris Schuchmann, Weller & Wulfmeyer, 2003 wc Colombia

.

L. l. greenewalti Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1961 se and e of Lake Maracaibo (nw Venezuela)

.

L. l. lafresnayi (Boissonneau, 1840) c and e Colombia, w and sw of Lake Maracaibo (nw Venezuela)

.

L. l. saul (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) sw Colombia, Ecuador and n Peru (e Piura, w Cajamarca)

.

L. l. orestes Zimmer, JT, 1951 n Peru (s Amazonas) SSP Add: Schuchmann et al, 2003

.

L. l. rectirostris von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 c Peru

.

Coeligena Lesson, 1833

.

Bronzy Inca Coeligena coeligena (Lesson, 1833) SA : n Venezuela to se Bolivia

.

C. c. ferruginea (Chapman, 1917) w and c Colombia

.

C. c. columbiana (Elliot, DG, 1876) e and c Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

C. c. coeligena (Lesson, 1833) n Venezuela

.

C. c. zuliana Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 Sierra de Perija (mts. of ne Colombia and w Venezuela)

.

C. c. obscura (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) s Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

.

C. c. boliviana (Gould, 1861) c and se Bolivia

.

Brown Inca Coeligena wilsoni (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) SA : w Colombia to w Ecuador

.

Black Inca Coeligena prunellei (Bourcier, 1843) SA : nc Colombia

.

Collared Inca Coeligena torquata (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : w Venezuela and Colombia to Bolivia TAX Gould's Inca Coeligena inca is considered conspecific with Collared Inca C. torquata (SACC 140)

.

C. t. conradii (Bourcier, 1847) e Colombia, nw Venezuela

.

C. t. torquata (Boissonneau, 1840) Colombia, nw Veneuela, e Ecuador and n Peru

.

C. t. fulgidigula (Gould, 1854) e Ecuador

.

C. t. margaretae Zimmer, JT, 1948 Chachapoyas (n Peru)

.

C. t. eisenmanni Weske, 1985 s Peru

.

C. t. insectivora (Tschudi, 1844) c Peru

.

C. t. omissa Zimmer, JT, 1948 se Peru

.

C. t. inca (Gould, 1852) Bolivia

.

White-tailed Starfrontlet Coeligena phalerata (Bangs, 1898) SA : ne Colombia

.

Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Coeligena bonapartei (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : e Colombia to w Venezuela TAX Golden-tailed Starfrontlet Coeligena eos is considered conspecific with Golden-bellied Starfrontlet C.bonapartei (SACC 139)

.

C. b. consita Wetmore & Phelps Jr, 1952 Sierra de Perija (mts. of ne Colombia and w Venezuela)

.

C. b. bonapartei (Boissonneau, 1840) e Colombia

.

C. b. eos (Gould, 1848) w Venezuela

.

Dusky Starfrontlet Coeligena orina Wetmore, 1953 SA : nc Colombia AS Split Coeligena orina from C. bonapartei based on new specimens (Krabbe et al. 2005, SACC 185)

.

Blue-throated Starfrontlet Coeligena helianthea (Lesson, 1839) SA : ne Colombia, w Venezuela

.

C. h. helianthea (Lesson, 1839) n and e Colombia

.

C. h. tamai Berlioz & Phelps, 1953 w Venezuela

.

Buff-winged Starfrontlet Coeligena lutetiae (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

C. l. lutetiae (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) c Colombia to c Ecuador

.

C. l. albimaculata Sanchez Oses, 2006 nw Ecuador

.

Violet-throated Starfrontlet Coeligena violifer (Gould, 1846) SA : s Ecuador to nw Bolivia

.

C. v. dichroura (Taczanowski, 1874) s Ecuador to n, c and w Peru

.

C. v. albicaudata Schuchmann & Zuchner, 1998 s Peru

.

C. v. osculans (Gould, 1871) se Peru

.

C. v. violifer (Gould, 1846) nw Bolivia

.

Rainbow Starfrontlet Coeligena iris (Gould, 1853) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

C. i. hesperus (Gould, 1865) sc Ecuador

.

C. i. iris (Gould, 1853) Loja (s Ecuador), Piura (n Peru)

.

C. i. aurora (Gould, 1853) Cajamarca and Cutervo (nw Peru)

.

C. i. flagrans Zimmer, JT, 1951 nw Cajamarca (nw Peru)

.

C. i. eva (Salvin, 1897) s Cajamarca and La Libertad (nw Peru)

.

C. i. fulgidiceps (Simon, 1921) east of Marañón R. (n Peru)

.

Ensifera Lesson, 1843

.

Sword-billed Hummingbird Ensifera ensifera (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : w Venezuela to ne Bolivia

.

Pterophanes Gould, 1849

.

Great Sapphirewing Pterophanes cyanopterus (Fraser, 1840) SA : Colombia to n Bolivia

.

P. c. cyanopterus (Fraser, 1840) nc Colombia

.

P. c. caeruleus Zimmer, JT, 1951 c and s Colombia

.

P. c. peruvianus Boucard, 1895 Ecuador, Peru and n Bolivia

.

Patagona Gray, GR, 1840

.

Giant Hummingbird Patagona gigas (Vieillot, 1824) SA : s Colombia to c Chile

.

P. g. peruviana Boucard, 1893 sw Colombia to n Chile and nw Argentina

.

P. g. gigas (Vieillot, 1824) c and s Chile, wc Argentina

.

Sephanoides Gray, GR, 1840

.

Green-backed Firecrown Sephanoides sephaniodes (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) SA : c and s Chile, c and w Argentina TAX H&M 4:112, Zoonomen. Correct original spelling.

.

Juan Fernandez Firecrown Sephanoides fernandensis (King, PP, 1831) SA : Juan Fernandez Archipelago

.

S. f. fernandensis (King, PP, 1831) Robinson Crusoe I.

.

S. f. leyboldi (Gould, 1870) Alejandro Selkirk I.

.

Heliangelus Gould, 1848

.

Orange-throated Sunangel Heliangelus mavors Gould, 1848 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

.

Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) SA : s Ecuador to nw Bolivia TAX Longuemare's Sunangel Heliangelus clarisse is considered conspecific with Amethyst-throated Sunangel H.amethysticollis (SACC 142)

.

H. a. violiceps Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1953 Sierra de Perija (mts. of ne Colombia and w Venezuela)

.

H. a. clarisse (Longuemare, 1841) e Colombia and w Venezuela

.

H. a. spencei (Bourcier, 1847) Mérida (nw Venezuela)

.

H. a. laticlavius Salvin, 1891 s Ecuador and n Peru

.

H. a. decolor Zimmer, JT, 1951 c Peru

.

H. a. apurimacensis Weller, 2009 se Peru

.

H. a. amethysticollis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) s Peru and nw Bolivia

.

Gorgeted Sunangel Heliangelus strophianus (Gould, 1846) SA : sw Colombia, nw Ecuador

.

Tourmaline Sunangel Heliangelus exortis (Fraser, 1840) SA : Colombia, nw Ecuador

.

Flame-throated Sunangel Heliangelus micraster Gould, 1872 SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

H. m. micraster Gould, 1872 se Ecuador and n Peru

.

H. m. cutervensis (Simon, 1921) nw Peru

.

Purple-throated Sunangel Heliangelus viola Gould, 1853 SA : Ecuador, Peru PS Includes Brilliant Sunangel (H. splendidus) (Weller 2011, SACC 544)

.

Bogota Sunangel Heliangelus zusii Graves, GR, 1993 SA : Colombia TAX Bogota Sunangel, presumed extinct, is sister to Taphrolesbia/Aglaiocercus and best assigned to a new genus (Kirchman et al 2010)

.

Royal Sunangel Heliangelus regalis Fitzpatrick, Willard & Terborgh, 1979 SA : n Peru

.

H. r. johnsoni Graves, GR, Lane, O'Neill & Valqui, 2011 Cordillera Azul, Loreto (n Peru)

.

H. r. regalis Fitzpatrick, Willard & Terborgh, 1979 Cajamarca and San Martin (n Peru)

.

Eriocnemis Reichenbach, 1849

.

Black-breasted Puffleg Eriocnemis nigrivestis (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) SA : nw Ecuador

.

Gorgeted Puffleg Eriocnemis isabellae Cortés-Diago, Ortega, Mazariegos-Hurtado & Weller, 2007 SA : sw Colombia NEW Eriocnemis isabellae is a newly described species (Cortés-Diago et al. 2007, SACC 302)

.

Glowing Puffleg Eriocnemis vestita (Lesson, 1839) SA : nw Venezuela to n Peru

.

E. v. paramillo (Chapman, 1917) nw Colombia

.

E. v. vestita (Lesson, 1839) e Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

E. v. smaragdinipectus Gould, 1868 sw Colombia and e Ecuador

.

E. v. arcosae Schuchmann, Weller & Heynen, 2001 s Ecuador and n Peru

.

Black-thighed Puffleg Eriocnemis derbyi (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) SA : Colombia, nw Ecuador

.

Turquoise-throated Puffleg Eriocnemis godini (Bourcier, 1851) SA : nw Ecuador

.

Coppery-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis cupreoventris (Fraser, 1840) SA : Colombia, Venezuela

.

Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani (Bourcier, 1847) SA : sw Colombia to w Ecuador TAX Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani includes Coppery-naped Puffleg E. sapphiropygia (SACC 147)

.

E. l. meridae Schuchmann, Weller & Heynen, 2001 Mérida (nw Venezuela)

.

E. l. luciani (Bourcier, 1847) sw Colombia and n Ecuador

.

E. l. baptistae Schuchmann, Weller & Heynen, 2001 c and s Ecuador

.

E. l. catharina Salvin, 1897 n Peru

.

E. l. sapphiropygia Taczanowski, 1874 c and s Peru

.

Golden-breasted Puffleg Eriocnemis mosquera (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) SA : w Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

Blue-capped Puffleg Eriocnemis glaucopoides (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) SA : c Bolivia to nw Argentina

.

Colorful Puffleg Eriocnemis mirabilis Meyer de Schauensee, 1967 SA : w Colombia

.

Emerald-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis aline (Bourcier, 1843) SA : Colombia to c Peru

.

E. a. aline (Bourcier, 1843) e Colombia and e Ecuador

.

E. a. dybowskii Taczanowski, 1882 n and c Peru

.

Haplophaedia Simon, 1918

.

Greenish Puffleg Haplophaedia aureliae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) LA : e Panama,Colombia and Ecuador

.

H. a. floccus (Nelson, 1912) e Panama, nw Colombia SSP Add: Schuchmann et al, 2000. Wetmore, 1968

.

H. a. galindoi Wetmore, 1967 e Panama (Cerro Pirre) SSP Add: Schuchmann et al, 2000. Wetmore, 1968

.

H. a. caucensis (Simon, 1911) w Colombia

.

H. a. aureliae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) c and e Colombia

.

H. a. russata (Gould, 1871) n and c Ecuador

.

H. a. cutucuensis Schuchmann, Weller & Heynen, 2000 se Ecuador

.

Buff-thighed Puffleg Haplophaedia assimilis (Elliot, DG, 1876) SA : Peru, Bolivia

.

H. a. affinis (Taczanowski, 1884) n and c Peru

.

H. a. assimilis (Elliot, DG, 1876) se Peru and w Bolivia

.

Hoary Puffleg Haplophaedia lugens (Gould, 1852) SA : sw Colombia to nw Ecuador

.

Urosticte Gould, 1853

.

Purple-bibbed Whitetip Urosticte benjamini (Bourcier, 1851) SA : Colombia to ne Peru

.

Rufous-vented Whitetip Urosticte ruficrissa Lawrence, 1864 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Ocreatus Gould, 1846

.

Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii (Lesson, 1832) SA : n Venezuela to Bolivia

.

O. u. polystictus Todd, 1942 n Venezuela

.

O. u. discifer (Heine, 1863) ne Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

O. u. underwoodii (Lesson, 1832) e Colombia

.

O. u. incommodus (Kleinschmidt, O, 1943) w and c Colombia

.

O. u. melanantherus (Jardine, 1851) c and w Ecuador

.

O. u. peruanus (Gould, 1849) e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

O. u. annae (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) c and s Peru

.

O. u. addae (Bourcier, 1846) Bolivia

.

Lesbia Lesson, 1833

.

Black-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia victoriae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) SA : ne Colombia to se Peru

.

L. v. victoriae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) nc and s Colombia, Ecuador

.

L. v. juliae (Hartert, 1899) s Ecuador, n and c Peru

.

L. v. berlepschi (Hellmayr, 1915) se Peru

.

Green-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia nuna (Lesson, 1832) SA : ne Colombia to n Bolivia

.

L. n. gouldii (Loddiges, 1832) Colombia, w Venezuela (?)

.

L. n. gracilis (Gould, 1846) n, c Ecuador

.

L. n. aureliae Weller & Schuchmann, 2004 s Ecuador NEW Weller & Schuchmann, 2004, H&M 4:115

.

L. n. pallidiventris (Simon, 1902) n Peru

.

L. n. huallagae Weller & Schuchmann, 2004 c Peru TAX L. n. huallagae replaces L. n. eucharis which is regarded by the authors as a hybrid form. Weller & Schuchmann, 2004, H&M 4:115

.

L. n. nuna (Lesson, 1832) sw Peru and n Bolivia

.

Sappho Reichenbach, 1849

.

Red-tailed Comet Sappho sparganurus (Shaw, 1812) SA : n Bolivia to c Chile

.

S. s. sparganurus (Shaw, 1812) n and c Bolivia

.

S. s. sapho (Lesson, 1828) s Bolivia, n and w Argentina and ec Chile

.

Polyonymus Heine, 1863

.

Bronze-tailed Comet Polyonymus caroli (Bourcier, 1847) SA : c, s Peru

.

Ramphomicron Bonaparte, 1850

.

Black-backed Thornbill Ramphomicron dorsale Salvin & Godman, 1880 SA : ne Colombia

.

Purple-backed Thornbill Ramphomicron microrhynchum (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : n Venezuela to Bolivia

.

R. m. andicola Simon, 1921 w Venezuela

.

R. m. microrhynchum (Boissonneau, 1840) Colombia, Ecuador and nw Peru

.

R. m. albiventre Carriker, 1935 c Peru

.

R. m. bolivianum Schuchmann, 1984 c Bolivia

.

Oreonympha Gould, 1869

.

Bearded Mountaineer Oreonympha nobilis Gould, 1869 SA : c Peru

.

O. n. albolimbata Berlioz, 1938 wc Peru

.

O. n. nobilis Gould, 1869 sc Peru

.

Oxypogon Gould, 1848

.

Green-bearded Helmetcrest Oxypogon guerinii (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : e Colombia AS, ENG Bearded Helmetcrest (O. guerinii) split into four species (Collar & Salaman 2013, SACC 609). Rename O. guerinii to Green-bearded Helmetcrest

.

Blue-bearded Helmetcrest Oxypogon cyanolaemus Salvin & Godman, 1880 SA : Santa Marta Mts. (ne Colombia)

.

White-bearded Helmetcrest Oxypogon lindenii (Parzudaki, 1845) SA : nw Venezuela

.

Buffy Helmetcrest Oxypogon stuebelii Meyer, AB, 1884 SA : c Colombia

.

Metallura Gould, 1847

.

Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina (Loddiges, 1832) SA : n Venezuela to n Bolivia

.

M. t. districta Bangs, 1899 Santa Marta Mts. (ne Colombia)

.

M. t. chloropogon (Cabanis & Heine, 1860) n Venezuela

.

M. t. oreopola Todd, 1913 w Venezuela

.

M. t. tyrianthina (Loddiges, 1832) c Colombia and Táchira (nw Venezuela) to e and s Ecuador and n Peru

.

M. t. quitensis Gould, 1861 nw Ecuador

.

M. t. septentrionalis Hartert, 1899 w of the Rio Marañón (n Peru)

.

M. t. smaragdinicollis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) c and s Peru, nw Bolivia

.

Perija Metaltail Metallura iracunda Wetmore, 1946 SA : n Colombia, Venezuela

.

Viridian Metaltail Metallura williami (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) SA : c Colombia to s Ecuador TAX Viridian Metaltail Metallura williami includes atrigularis, a subspecies that may deserve species rank (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001); SACC needs proposal

.

M. w. recisa Wetmore, 1970 nc Colombia

.

M. w. williami (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) c Colombia

.

M. w. primolina Bourcier, 1853 n Ecuador and s Colombia

.

M. w. atrigularis Salvin, 1893 s Ecuador

.

Violet-throated Metaltail Metallura baroni Salvin, 1893 SA : sc Ecuador

.

Neblina Metaltail Metallura odomae Graves, GR, 1980 SA : s Ecuador, n Peru

.

Coppery Metaltail Metallura theresiae Simon, 1902 SA : Peru

.

M. t. parkeri Graves, GR, 1981 n Peru

.

M. t. theresiae Simon, 1902 ne Peru

.

Fiery-throated Metaltail Metallura eupogon (Cabanis, 1874) SA : Peru

.

Scaled Metaltail Metallura aeneocauda (Gould, 1846) SA : Peru, Bolivia

.

M. a. aeneocauda (Gould, 1846) se Peru and nw Bolivia

.

M. a. malagae von Berlepsch, 1897 c Bolivia

.

Black Metaltail Metallura phoebe (Lesson & Delattre, 1839) SA : Peru

.

Chalcostigma Reichenbach, 1854

.

Rufous-capped Thornbill Chalcostigma ruficeps (Gould, 1846) SA : se Ecuador to wc Bolivia

.

Olivaceous Thornbill Chalcostigma olivaceum (Lawrence, 1864) SA : wc Peru to wc Bolivia

.

C. o. pallens Carriker, 1935 c Peru

.

C. o. olivaceum (Lawrence, 1864) se Peru to c Bolivia

.

Blue-mantled Thornbill Chalcostigma stanleyi (Bourcier, 1851) SA : Ecuador to wc Bolivia

.

C. s. stanleyi (Bourcier, 1851) Ecuador

.

C. s. versigulare Zimmer, JT, 1924 n Peru

.

C. s. vulcani (Gould, 1852) s Peru to wc Bolivia

.

Bronze-tailed Thornbill Chalcostigma heteropogon (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : w Venezuela, e Colombia

.

Rainbow-bearded Thornbill Chalcostigma herrani (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) SA : Colombia to n Peru

.

C. h. tolimae Kleinschmidt, O, 1927 wc Colombia

.

C. h. herrani (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) s Colombia to n Peru

.

Opisthoprora Cabanis & Heine, 1860

.

Mountain Avocetbill Opisthoprora euryptera (Loddiges, 1832) SA : Colombia to n Peru

.

Taphrolesbia Simon, 1918

.

Grey-bellied Comet Taphrolesbia griseiventris (Taczanowski, 1883) SA : nw Peru

.

Aglaiocercus Zimmer, JT, 1930

.

Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingii (Lesson, 1832) SA : Venezuela to wc Bolivia TAX Correct species name of Long-tailed Sylph is kingii, not kingi (H&M 3rd corregenda 8)

.

A. k. margarethae (Heine, 1863) nc and n Venezuela

.

A. k. caudatus (von Berlepsch, 1892) n Colombia and w Venezuela

.

A. k. emmae (von Berlepsch, 1892) c and w Colombia, nw Ecuador

.

A. k. kingii (Lesson, 1832) e Colombia

.

A. k. mocoa (Delattre & Bourcier, 1846) s Colombia, Ecuador and n Peru

.

A. k. smaragdinus (Gould, 1846) c Peru to c Bolivia

.

Venezuelan Sylph Aglaiocercus berlepschi (Hartert, 1898) SA : ne Venezuela

.

Violet-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus coelestis (Gould, 1861) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

A. c. coelestis (Gould, 1861) w Colombia to c Ecuador

.

A. c. aethereus (Chapman, 1925) sw Ecuador

.

Augastes Gould, 1849

.

Hyacinth Visorbearer Augastes scutatus (Temminck, 1824) SA : se Brazil

.

A. s. scutatus (Temminck, 1824) high forests of c and e Minas Gerais (se Brazil)

.

A. s. ilseae Grantsau, 1967 mid-level forests of c and e Minais Gerais (se Brazil)

.

A. s. soaresi Ruschi, 1963 sc Minais Gerais (se Brazil)

.

Hooded Visorbearer Augastes lumachella (Lesson, 1839) SA : e Brazil

.

Schistes Gould, 1852

.

Wedge-billed Hummingbird Schistes geoffroyi (Bourcier, 1843) SA : n Venezuela to c Bolivia

.

S. g. albogularis Gould, 1852 w Colombia, w Ecuador

.

S. g. geoffroyi (Bourcier, 1843) e Colombia and n Venezuela to e Peru

.

S. g. chapmani Berlioz, 1941 c Bolivia

.

Heliothryx Boie, F, 1831

.

Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti (Bourcier, 1843) LA : se Mexico to sw Ecuador

.

Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx auritus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : Amazonia, e

.

H. a. auritus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) se Colombia and e Ecuador through Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

.

H. a. phainolaemus Gould, 1855 nc Brazil (s of the Amazon)

.

H. a. auriculatus (Nordmann, 1835) e Peru to c Bolivia and c and e Brazil

.

Heliactin Boie, F, 1831

.

Horned Sungem Heliactin bilophus (Temminck, 1820) SA : s Surinam and n Brazil; e and se Brazil to e Bolivia

.

Loddigesia Bonaparte, 1850

.

Marvelous Spatuletail Loddigesia mirabilis (Bourcier, 1847) SA : n Peru

.

Heliomaster Bonaparte, 1850

.

Plain-capped Starthroat Heliomaster constantii (Delattre, 1843) MA : w

.

H. c. pinicola Gould, 1853 nw Mexico

.

H. c. leocadiae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) w Mexico to w Guatemala

.

H. c. constantii (Delattre, 1843) El Salvador and Nicaragua to Costa Rica

.

Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801) LA : s Mexico to e Bolivia and ne Brazil

.

H. l. pallidiceps Gould, 1861 s Mexico to Nicaragua

.

H. l. longirostris (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801) Costa Rica to Bolivia and Brazil, Trinidad

.

H. l. albicrissa Gould, 1871 w Ecuador, nw Peru

.

Stripe-breasted Starthroat Heliomaster squamosus (Temminck, 1823) SA : e, se Brazil

.

Blue-tufted Starthroat Heliomaster furcifer (Shaw, 1812) SA : Bolivia and sw Brazil to n Argentina, se Brazil and Uruguay

.

Rhodopis Reichenbach, 1854

.

Oasis Hummingbird Rhodopis vesper (Lesson, 1829) SA : nw Peru to n Chile

.

R. v. koepckeae Berlioz, 1975 nw Peru

.

R. v. vesper (Lesson, 1829) w Peru to n Chile

.

R. v. atacamensis (Leybold, 1869) Atacama (n Chile)

.

Thaumastura Bonaparte, 1850

.

Peruvian Sheartail Thaumastura cora (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) SA : nw Peru to n Chile

.

Tilmatura Reichenbach, 1854

.

Sparkling-tailed Woodstar Tilmatura dupontii (Lesson, 1832) MA : c Mexico to Nicaragua

.

Doricha Reichenbach, 1854

.

Slender Sheartail Doricha enicura (Vieillot, 1818) MA : s Mexico to El Salvador

.

Mexican Sheartail Doricha eliza (Lesson & Delattre, 1839) MA : se Mexico

.

Calliphlox Boie, F, 1831

.

Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina (Boddaert, 1783) SA : widespread

.

Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae (Bourcier, 1847) NA : Bahamas

.

C. e. evelynae (Bourcier, 1847) Bahama and Caicos Is.

.

C. e. lyrura (Gould, 1869) Great Inagua I.

.

Magenta-throated Woodstar Calliphlox bryantae (Lawrence, 1867) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Purple-throated Woodstar Calliphlox mitchellii (Bourcier, 1847) LA : e Panama to w Ecuador

.

Microstilbon Todd, 1913

.

Slender-tailed Woodstar Microstilbon burmeisteri (Sclater, PL, 1888) SA : c Bolivia to nw Argentina

.

Calothorax Gray, GR, 1840

.

Lucifer Sheartail Calothorax lucifer (Swainson, 1827) NA : sw USA to c Mexico

.

Beautiful Sheartail Calothorax pulcher Gould, 1859 MA : sc Mexico

.

Mellisuga Brisson, 1760

.

Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Hispaniola, Jamaica

.

M. m. minima (Linnaeus, 1758) Jamaica

.

M. m. vielloti (Shaw, 1812) Hispaniola and nearby islands

.

Bee Hummingbird Mellisuga helenae (Lembeye, 1850) NA : Cuba

.

Archilochus Reichenbach, 1854

.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : sc and se Canada, c and e USA

.

Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) NA : sw Canada, w USA, n and nw Mexico

.

Calypte Gould, 1856

.

Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna (Lesson, 1829) NA : sw Canada, w USA, nw Mexico

.

Costa's Hummingbird Calypte costae (Bourcier, 1839) NA, MA : sw USA, nw Mexico

.

Atthis Reichenbach, 1854

.

Bumblebee Hummingbird Atthis heloisa (Lesson & Delattre, 1839) MA : Mexico

.

A. h. margarethae Moore, RT, 1937 nw and w Mexico

.

A. h. heloisa (Lesson & Delattre, 1839) ne, c and s Mexico

.

Wine-throated Hummingbird Atthis ellioti Ridgway, 1878 MA : s Mexico to Honduras

.

A. e. ellioti Ridgway, 1878 s Mexico and Guatemala

.

A. e. selasphoroides Griscom, 1932 Honduras

.

Myrtis Reichenbach, 1854

.

Purple-collared Woodstar Myrtis fanny (Lesson, 1838) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

M. f. fanny (Lesson, 1838) w and se Ecuador, w Peru

.

M. f. megalura Zimmer, JT, 1953 n Peru

.

Eulidia Mulsant, 1877

.

Chilean Woodstar Eulidia yarrellii (Bourcier, 1847) SA : s Peru, n Chile

.

Myrmia Mulsant, 1876

.

Short-tailed Woodstar Myrmia micrura (Gould, 1854) SA : w Ecuador, nw Peru

.

Chaetocercus Gray, GR, 1855

.

White-bellied Woodstar Chaetocercus mulsant (Bourcier, 1843) SA : Colombia to c Bolivia

.

Little Woodstar Chaetocercus bombus Gould, 1871 SA : sw Colombia to nc Peru

.

Gorgeted Woodstar Chaetocercus heliodor (Bourcier, 1840) SA : Venezuela to w Ecuador

.

C. h. heliodor (Bourcier, 1840) w Ecuador to nw Venezuela

.

C. h. cleavesi Moore, RT, 1934 ne Ecuador

.

Santa Marta Woodstar Chaetocercus astreans (Bangs, 1899) SA : ne Colombia

.

Esmeraldas Woodstar Chaetocercus berlepschi Simon, 1889 SA : w Ecuador

.

Rufous-shafted Woodstar Chaetocercus jourdanii (Bourcier, 1839) SA : n Venezuela, n Colombia

.

C. j. andinus Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949 ne Colombia, w Venezuela

.

C. j. rosae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) n Venezuela

.

C. j. jourdanii (Bourcier, 1839) ne Venezuela, Trinidad

.

Selasphorus Swainson, 1832

.

Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus (Swainson, 1827) NA : wc USA

.

Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : se Alaska, w Canada and nw USA

.

Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin (Lesson, 1829) NA : w

.

S. s. sasin (Lesson, 1829) s Oregon and California (USA)

.

S. s. sedentarius Grinnell, 1929 islands off s California (USA)

.

Volcano Hummingbird Selasphorus flammula Salvin, 1865 MA : Costa Rica, w Panama

.

S. f. flammula Salvin, 1865 Irazú and Turrialba Volc. (Costa Rica)

.

S. f. simoni Carriker, 1910 Poás and Barba Volc. (Costa Rica)

.

S. f. torridus Salvin, 1870 Talamanca Range (Costa Rica) and Barú Volc. (w Panama)

.

Glow-throated Hummingbird Selasphorus ardens Salvin, 1870 MA : wc Panama

.

Scintillant Hummingbird Selasphorus scintilla (Gould, 1851) MA : nc Costa Rica, w Panama

.

Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope (Gould, 1847) NA : sw Canada, w USA TAX Calliope Hummingbird, formerly in the monotypic genus Stellula, placed in Selasphorus following AOU, 2012.