"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Hoatzin, turacos & cuckoos

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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ORDER OPISTHOCOMIFORMES

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1 Hoatzin Family Opisthocomidae

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Opisthocomus Illiger, 1811

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Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin (Statius Müller, 1776) SA : Amazonia

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ORDER MUSOPHAGIFORMES

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23 Turacos Family Musophagidae

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Corythaeola Heine, 1860

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Great Blue Turaco Corythaeola cristata (Vieillot, 1816) AF : Guinea-Bissau and Guinea to w Kenya, nw Tanzania and n Angola

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Tauraco Kluk, 1779

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Guinea Turaco Tauraco persa (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : wc, w

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T. p. buffoni (Vieillot, 1819) Senegal and Gambia to Liberia

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T. p. persa (Linnaeus, 1758) Ivory Coast to Cameroon

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T. p. zenkeri Reichenow, 1896 s Cameroon to n Angola and nw DR Congo

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Livingstone's Turaco Tauraco livingstonii Gray, GR, 1864 AF : se

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T. l. reichenowi (Fischer, GA, 1880) highlands of Tanzania

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T. l. cabanisi (Reichenow, 1883) coastal Tanzania to Mozambique and e South Africa

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T. l. livingstonii Gray, GR, 1864 Malawi to n Mozambique and e Zimbabwe

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Schalow's Turaco Tauraco schalowi (Reichenow, 1891) AF : Angola to sw Kenya, w Tanzania and Malawi

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Knysna Turaco Tauraco corythaix (Wagler, 1827) AF : se

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T. c. phoebus Neumann, 1907 nw Swaziland and Transvaal Province of South Africa

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T. c. corythaix (Wagler, 1827) se South Africa

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Black-billed Turaco Tauraco schuettii (Cabanis, 1879) AF : c

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T. s. emini Reichenow, 1893 e DR Congo to se Sudan, w Kenya and Uganda

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T. s. schuettii (Cabanis, 1879) w and n DR Congo to n Angola

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Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri (Reichenow, 1878) AF : e

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T. f. fischeri (Reichenow, 1878) s Somalia to ne Tanzania

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T. f. zanzibaricus Pakenham, 1938 Zanzibar (off Tanzania)

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Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus (Fraser, 1839) AF : wc, w

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T. m. macrorhynchus (Fraser, 1839) Sierra Leone to Ghana

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T. m. verreauxii (Schlegel, 1854) Nigeria to DR Congo and n Angola, Bioko I.

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White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus (Heuglin, 1855) AF : Nigeria and Cameroon to South Sudan and w Kenya

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Bannerman's Turaco Tauraco bannermani (Bates, 1923) AF : nw Cameroon

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Red-crested Turaco Tauraco erythrolophus (Vieillot, 1819) AF : Angola

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Hartlaub's Turaco Tauraco hartlaubi (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) AF : c Kenya to e Uganda and n Tanzania

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White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis (Rüppell, 1835) AF : ne

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T. l. leucotis (Rüppell, 1835) se Sudan. Eritrea, w Ethiopia

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T. l. donaldsoni Sharpe, 1895 c Ethiopia highlands

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Ruspoli's Turaco Tauraco ruspolii Salvadori, 1896 AF : s Ethiopia

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Purple-crested Turaco Tauraco porphyreolophus (Vigors, 1831) AF : se

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T. p. chlorochlamys (Shelley, 1881) se Kenya to n Mozambigue and Malawi

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T. p. porphyreolophus (Vigors, 1831) Zimbabwe and Mozambique to ne South Africa

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Ruwenzorornis Neumann, 1903

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Ruwenzori Turaco Ruwenzorornis johnstoni (Sharpe, 1901) AF : c

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R. j. johnstoni (Sharpe, 1901) ne DR Congo, w Uganda

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R. j. kivuensis Neumann, 1908 e DR Congo, Rwanda, Burundi and sw Uganda

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R. j. bredoi Verheyen, 1947 Mt. Kabobo (e DR Congo)

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Musophaga Isert, 1788

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Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea Isert, 1788 AF : Senegal and Gambia to Chad and Central African Republic

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Ross's Turaco Musophaga rossae Gould, 1852 AF : Cameroon to South Sudan and w Kenya, south to Angola and Botswana

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Corythaixoides Smith, A, 1833

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Grey Go-away-bird Corythaixoides concolor (Smith, A, 1833) AF : s

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C. c. molybdophanes Clancey, 1964 ne Angola to s Tanzania, n Malawi and n Mozambique

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C. c. pallidiceps Neumann, 1899 w Angola to c Namibia

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C. c. bechuanae Roberts, 1932 s Angola and ne Namibia to Zimbabwe and n South Africa

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C. c. concolor (Smith, A, 1833) s Malawi and c Mozambique to e South Africa

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Bare-faced Go-away-bird Corythaixoides personatus (Rüppell, 1842) AF : e

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C. p. personatus (Rüppell, 1842) Ethiopian Rift Valley

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C. p. leopoldi (Shelley, 1881) s Uganda, sw Kenya and Tanzania to Malawi and Zambia

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White-bellied Go-away-bird Corythaixoides leucogaster (Rüppell, 1842) AF : South Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia to n Tanzania

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Crinifer Jarocki, 1821

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Western Plantain-eater Crinifer piscator (Boddaert, 1783) AF : Senegal and Gambia to Central African Republic and w DRCongo

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Eastern Plantain-eater Crinifer zonurus (Rüppell, 1835) AF : Chad and w Sudan; Eritrea and Ethiopia, south to ne DRCongo and nw Tanzania

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ORDER CUCULIFORMES

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149 Cuckoos Family Cuculidae

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Guira Lesson, 1830

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Guira Cuckoo Guira guira (Gmelin, JF, 1788) SA : e and s Brazil to Bolivia, Paraguay, n Argentina and Uruguay

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Crotophaga Linnaeus, 1758

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Greater Ani Crotophaga major Gmelin, JF, 1788 LA : e Panama to n Argentina

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Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani Linnaeus, 1758 NA, LA : s Florida to n Argentina

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Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Swainson, 1827 LA : Mexico to Guyana and nw Argentina

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C. s. sulcirostris Swainson, 1827 Mexico to Guyana and nw Argentina

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C. s. pallidula Bangs & Penard, TE, 1921 s Baja California

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Tapera Thunberg, 1819

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Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : s Mexico to n Argentina

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T. n. excellens (Sclater, PL, 1858) s Mexico to Panama

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T. n. naevia (Linnaeus, 1766) n South America through Brazil and Bolivia to n Argentina

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Dromococcyx zu Wied-Neuwied, 1832

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Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus (von Spix, 1824) LA : s Mexico to n Argentina

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Pavonine Cuckoo Dromococcyx pavoninus Pelzeln, 1870 SA : Guyana to n Argentina

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Morococcyx Sclater, PL, 1862

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Lesser Ground Cuckoo Morococcyx erythropygus (Lesson, 1842) MA : w Mexico to nw Costa Rica

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M. e. mexicanus Ridgway, 1915 sw and s Mexico

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M. e. erythropygus (Lesson, 1842) s Mexico to nw Costa Rica

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Geococcyx Wagler, 1831

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Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus (Lesson, 1829) NA, MA : sw USA, Mexico

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Lesser Roadrunner Geococcyx velox (Wagner, 1836) MA : w Mexico to Nicaragua

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Neomorphus Gloger, 1827

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Rufous-vented Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus geoffroyi (Temminck, 1820) LA : Nicaragua to Colombia, s Brazil

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N. g. salvini Sclater, PL, 1866 Nicaragua to w Colombia

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N. g. aequatorialis Chapman, 1923 se Colombia to n Peru

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N. g. australis Carriker, 1935 s Peru, nw Bolivia

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N. g. geoffroyi (Temminck, 1820) Para (nc Brazil s of the Amazon)

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N. g. maximiliani Pinto, 1962 Bahia (e Brazil)

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N. g. dulcis Snethlage, E, 1927 se Brazil

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Scaled Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925 SA : Brazil, s Amazon PL Neomorphus squamiger is probably a subspecies of N. geoffroyi (Payne 2005); BLI lumps (2013). SACC needs proposal.

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Banded Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus radiolosus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1878 SA : sw Colombia, nw Ecuador

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Rufous-winged Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus rufipennis (Gray, GR, 1849) SA : s Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil

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Red-billed Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus pucheranii (Deville, 1851) SA : w Amazonia

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N. p. pucheranii (Deville, 1851) ne Peru and w Brazil n of the Amazon

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N. p. lepidophanes Todd, 1925 e Peru and w Brazil s of the Amazon

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Centropus Illiger, 1811

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Buff-headed Coucal Centropus milo Gould, 1856 AU : Solomon Islands

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C. m. albidiventris Rothschild, 1904 c Solomon Is.

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C. m. milo Gould, 1856 Guadalcanal and Florida Is. (s Solomon Is.)

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White-necked Coucal Centropus ateralbus Lesson, 1826 AU : Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Centropus ateralbus to White-necked Coucal (Gregory 2009)

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Ivory-billed Coucal Centropus menbeki Lesson & Garnot, 1828 AU : New Guinea

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C. m. menbeki Lesson & Garnot, 1828 w Papuan islands, Yapen and Numfor Is., New Guinea

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C. m. aruensis (Salvadori, 1878) Aru Is.

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Biak Coucal Centropus chalybeus (Salvadori, 1876) AU : Biak Island

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Rufous Coucal Centropus unirufus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) OR : Philippines

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Green-billed Coucal Centropus chlororhynchos Blyth, 1849 OR : Sri Lanka

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Black-faced Coucal Centropus melanops Lesson, 1830 OR : Philippines

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Black-hooded Coucal Centropus steerii Bourns & Worcester, 1894 OR : Philippines

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Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis Strickland, 1847 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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Bay Coucal Centropus celebensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 AU : Sulawesi

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C. c. celebensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 n Sulawesi, Togian Is.

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C. c. rufescens (Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1896) c, s, and e Sulawesi, islands off se coast

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Gabon Coucal Centropus anselli Sharpe, 1874 AF : Cameroon to Angola and c DRCongo

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Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster (Leach, 1814) AF : w, c TAX Neumann's Coucal Centropus neumanni is conspecific with  Black-throated Coucal C. leucogaster (Payne 2005)

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C. l. leucogaster (Leach, 1814) s Senegal and Guinea-Bissau to se Nigeria

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C. l. efulenensis Sharpe, 1904 sw Cameroon and Gabon

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C. l. neumanni Alexander, 1908 ne DR Congo

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Senegal Coucal Centropus senegalensis (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : widespread

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C. s. aegyptius (Gmelin, JF, 1788) s Egypt

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C. s. senegalensis (Linnaeus, 1766) Senegal and Gambia to Eritrea, south to nw Angola, sc DR Congo and Uganda

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C. s. flecki Reichenow, 1893 e Angola to ne Namibia and sw Tanzania, south to Malawi and Zimbabwe

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Blue-headed Coucal Centropus monachus Rüppell, 1837 AF : ne, c, w

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C. m. occidentalis Neumann, 1908 Gabon

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C. m. fischeri Reichenow, 1887 Ivory Coast to s Sudan, w Kenya and n Angola

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C. m. monachus Rüppell, 1837 Ethiopia to c Kenya

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Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus Reichenow, 1896 AF : s DR Congo and s, sw Tanzania to Angola, n Botswana and Malawi

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C. c. songweensis Benson, 1948 s Tanzania SSP Add: Payne, 2005

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C. c. cupreicaudus Reichenow, 1896 s DR Congo and sw Tanzania to Angola, n Botswana and Malawi SSP

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White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1829 AF : e, sc, also sw Arabian Peninsula

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C. s. sokotrae Grant, CHB, 1915 sw Arabia, Socotra I.

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C. s. superciliosus Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1829 e Sudan to w Somalia, n, c and e Kenya, ne Uganda and ne Tanzania

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C. s. loandae Grant, CHB, 1915 Uganda and sw Kenya to n Zimbabwe, Botswana and Angola

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Burchell's Coucal Centropus burchellii Swainson, 1838 AF : se, s AS Reinstate Burchell's Coucal to align v2.7 with Roberts VII, cf Payne 2005

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C. b. fasciipygialis Reichenow, 1898 e Tanzania to E Zimbabwe and Mozambique

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C. b. burchellii Swainson, 1838 e Botswana to s Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa

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Sunda Coucal Centropus nigrorufus (Cuvier, 1816) OR : Java

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Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis (Stephens, 1815) OR : widespread

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C. s. sinensis (Stephens, 1815) Pakistan through n India to se China

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C. s. parroti Stresemann, 1913 c and s India, Sri Lanka

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C. s. intermedius (Hume, 1873) Bangladesh and Burma to s Thailand, Indochina and Malay Pen.

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C. s. bubutus Horsfield, 1821 Greater Sundas to sw Philippines

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C. s. anonymus Stresemann, 1913 s Philippines

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C. s. kangeangensis Vorderman, 1893 Kangean Is. (Java Sea)

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Malagasy Coucal Centropus toulou (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : Madagascar region

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C. t. toulou (Statius Müller, 1776) Madagascar

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C. t. insularis Ridgway, 1894 Aldabra I.

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C. t. assumptionis Nicoll, 1906 Assumption I. (Seychelles)

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Goliath Coucal Centropus goliath Bonaparte, 1850 AU : n Moluccas

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Black Coucal Centropus grillii Hartlaub, 1861 AF : widespread

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Philippine Coucal Centropus viridis (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Philippines

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C. v. major Parkes & Niles, 1988 Babuyanes Is. (n Philippines)

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C. v. viridis (Scopoli, 1786) widespread

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C. v. mindorensis (Steere, 1890) Mindoro and Semirara Is. (nc Philippines)

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C. v. carpenteri Mearns, 1907 Batanes Is. (n Philippines)

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Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : widespread

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C. b. bengalensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) India and Nepal to Burma, Thailand and Indochina

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C. b. lignator Swinhoe, 1861 s and se China, Hainan, Taiwan

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C. b. javanensis Dumont, 1818 Malay Pen. to Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Palawan and Sulu Is. (Philippines)

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C. b. philippinensis Mees, 1971 Philippines ( except Palawan and Sulu Is.)

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C. b. sarasinorum Stresemann, 1912 Sulawsi and Lesser Sundas

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C. b. medius Bonaparte, 1850 Moluccas

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Violaceous Coucal Centropus violaceus Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 AU : Bismarck Archipelago ENG Change  English name of Centropus violaceus to Violaceous Coucal (Gregory 2009)

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Black-billed Coucal Centropus bernsteini Schlegel, 1866 AU : New Guinea

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Pheasant Coucal Centropus phasianinus (Latham, 1801) AU : Lesser Sundas, New Guinea, Australia

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C. p. spilopterus Gray, GR, 1858 Kai Is. (se Moluccas) TAX Kai Coucal Centropus spilopterus is conspecific with Pheasant Coucal C. phasianinus (Payne 2005, Collar 2007)

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C. p. mui Mason & McKean, 1984 Timor (e Lesser Sundas)

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C. p. propinquus Mayr, 1937 n New Guinea

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C. p. nigricans (Salvadori, 1876) se New Guinea and nearby islands

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C. p. thierfelderi Stresemann, 1927 s New Guinea and islands in the Torres Strait

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C. p. melanurus Gould, 1847 n and nw Australia

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C. p. phasianinus (Latham, 1801) e Australia

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Andaman Coucal Centropus andamanensis Beavan, 1867 OR : Andaman Islands

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Carpococcyx Gray, GR, 1840

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Bornean Ground Cuckoo Carpococcyx radiceus (Temminck, 1832) OR : Borneo

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Sumatran Ground Cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis Salvadori, 1879 OR : Sumatra

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Coral-billed Ground Cuckoo Carpococcyx renauldi Oustalet, 1896 OR : Southeast Asia

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Coua Schinz, 1821

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Snail-eating Coua Coua delalandei (Temminck, 1827) AF : Madagascar

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Crested Coua Coua cristata (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Madagascar

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C. c. cristata (Linnaeus, 1766) n and e Madagascar

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C. c. dumonti Delacour, 1931 wc Madagascar

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C. c. pyropyga Grandidier, A, 1867 sw Madagascar

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C. c. maxima Milon, 1950 se Madagascar

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Verreaux's Coua Coua verreauxi Grandidier, A, 1867 AF : Madagascar

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Blue Coua Coua caerulea (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : Madagascar

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Red-capped Coua Coua ruficeps Gray, GR, 1846 AF : Madagascar

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C. r. ruficeps Gray, GR, 1846 nw Madagascar

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C. r. olivaceiceps (Sharpe, 1873) sw Madagascar

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Red-fronted Coua Coua reynaudii Pucheran, 1845 AF : Madagascar

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Coquerel's Coua Coua coquereli Grandidier, A, 1867 AF : Madagascar

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Running Coua Coua cursor Grandidier, A, 1867 AF : Madagascar

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Giant Coua Coua gigas (Boddaert, 1783) AF : Madagascar

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Red-breasted Coua Coua serriana Pucheran, 1845 AF : Madagascar

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Rhinortha Vigors, 1830

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Raffles's Malkoha Rhinortha chlorophaea (Raffles, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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Ceuthmochares Cabanis & Heine, 1863

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Blue Malkoha Ceuthmochares aereus (Vieillot, 1817) AF : w, c ENG Change  English name of Ceuthmochares aereus from Green Malkoha to Blue Malkoha with split of C. australis

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C. a. flavirostris (Swainson, 1837) Gambia to sw Nigeria

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C. a. aereus (Vieillot, 1817) se Nigeria to w Kenya, n Zambia and Angola, Bioko I.

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Green Malkoha Ceuthmochares australis Sharpe, 1873 AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to Mozambique and South Africa AS Ceuthmochares australis is split from C. aereus (Payne 2005) as Green Malkoha (Roberts, 7th ed)

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Taccocua Lesson, 1830

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Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii Lesson, 1830 OR : Pakistan, India

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T. l. sirkee (Gray, JE, 1831) Pakistan, nw India

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T. l. infuscata Blyth, 1845 c and e Himalayan foothills to ne India

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T. l. leschenaultii Lesson, 1830 s India, Sri Lanka

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Zanclostomus Swainson, 1837

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Red-billed Malkoha Zanclostomus javanicus (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

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Z. j. pallidus Robinson & Kloss, 1921 Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo

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Z. j. javanicus (Horsfield, 1821) Java

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Rhamphococcyx Cabanis & Heine, 1863

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Yellow-billed Malkoha Rhamphococcyx calyorhynchus (Temminck, 1825) AU : Sulawesi

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R. c. calyorhynchus (Temminck, 1825) n, e and se Sulawesi, Togian Is.

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R. c. meridionalis Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1896 c and s Sulawesi

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R. c. rufiloris (Hartert, 1903) Butung I. (off Sulawesi)

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Phaenicophaeus Stephens, 1815

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Chestnut-breasted Malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris (Shaw, 1810) OR : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

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P. c. singularis (Parrot, 1907) s Burma to Sumatra

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P. c. oeneicaudus Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855 Mentawai Is. (off sw Sumatra)

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P. c. curvirostris (Shaw, 1810) w and c Java

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P. c. deningeri Stresemann, 1913 e Java and Bali

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P. c. microrhinus von Berlepsch, 1895 Borneo and Bangka I.

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P. c. harringtoni (Sharpe, 1877) s Philippines

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Red-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus (Pennant, 1769) OR : Sri Lanka

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Chestnut-bellied Malkoha Phaenicophaeus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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Blue-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris (Jerdon, 1840) OR : s India, Sri Lanka

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Black-bellied Malkoha Phaenicophaeus diardi (Lesson, 1830) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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P. d. diardi (Lesson, 1830) s Burma and s Thailand, Malay Pen. and Sumatra

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P. d. borneensis (Salvadori, 1874) Borneo

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Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis (Lesson, 1830) OR : n India through Sumatra

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P. t. tristis (Lesson, 1830) n India through Sumatra

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P. t. kangeangensis (Vorderman, 1893) Kangean Is. (n of Bali in the Java Sea)

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Dasylophus Swainson, 1837

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Rough-crested Malkoha Dasylophus superciliosus (Dumont, 1823) OR : Philippines

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D. s. cagayanensis (Rand & Rabor, 1967) Cagayan Province (ne Luzon)

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D. s. superciliosus (Dumont, 1823) Luzon south of Cagayan Province

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Scale-feathered Malkoha Dasylophus cumingi (Fraser, 1839) OR : Philippines

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Clamator Kaup, 1829

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Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : n India and Nepal to e China and Southeast Asia

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Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius (Linnaeus, 1758) AF, EU : s Europe through AF

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Levaillant's Cuckoo Clamator levaillantii (Swainson, 1829) AF : widespread south of the Sahara

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Jacobin Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus (Boddaert, 1783) AF, OR : widespread in AF, India to Burma

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C. j. serratus (Sparrman, 1786) South Africa, s Zambia

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C. j. pica (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) Africa south of the Sahara to n Zambia and Malawi, nw India to Nepal and Burma

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C. j. jacobinus (Boddaert, 1783) s India, Sri Lanka, s Burma

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Coccycua Lesson, 1830

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Little Cuckoo Coccycua minuta (Vieillot, 1817) LA : e Panama to ne Brazil and n Bolivia

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C. m. gracilis Heine, 1863 e Panama to n Bolivia

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C. m. minuta (Vieillot, 1817) e Colombia to the Guianas, Brazil and Amazonian Peru

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Dwarf Cuckoo Coccycua pumila (Strickland, 1852) SA : Colombia and Venezuela

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Ash-colored Cuckoo Coccycua cinerea (Vieillot, 1817) SA : s Brazil, Paraguay, n Argentina and Uruguay

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Piaya Lesson, 1830

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Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana (Linnaeus, 1766) LA : widespread

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P. c. mexicana (Swainson, 1827) w Mexico

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P. c. thermophila Sclater, PL, 1860 e Mexico to Panama and nw Colombia

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P. c. nigricrissa (Cabanis, 1862) w Colombia to c Peru and n Bolivia

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P. c. mehleri Bonaparte, 1850 ne Colombia, n Venezuela

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P. c. mesura (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Colombia, e Ecuador

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P. c. circe Bonaparte, 1850 w Venezuela

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P. c. cayana (Linnaeus, 1766) e and s Venezuela to the Guianas and n Brazil

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P. c. insulana Hellmayr, 1906 Trinidad

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P. c. obscura Snethlage, E, 1908 Rio Juruá to Rio Tapajós (c Brazil s of the Amazon)

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P. c. hellmayri Pinto, 1938 Rio Tapajós to the Amazon delta (ne Brazil s of the Amazon)

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P. c. pallescens (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) e Brazil

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P. c. cabanisi Allen, JA, 1893 sc Brazil

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P. c. macroura Gambel, 1849 se Brazil to Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

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P. c. mogenseni Peters, JL, 1926 s Bolivia, nw Argentina

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Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya melanogaster (Vieillot, 1817) SA : Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas to n Bolivia and sc Brazil

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Coccyzus Vieillot, 1816

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Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus Vieillot, 1817 SA : Colombia and Venezuela south to c Argentina and Uruguay

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Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, MA : s Canada to n Mexico and West Indies TAX Treated as monotypic. Dickinson, 2003.

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Pearly-breasted Cuckoo Coccyzus euleri Cabanis, 1873 SA : Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas to e Paraguay and ne Argentina

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Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA, LA : s Florida, Caribbean, MA to ne Brazil TAX Treated as monotypic. Payne, 1997.

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Cocos Cuckoo Coccyzus ferrugineus Gould, 1843 MA : Isla del Cocos

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Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus (Wilson, A, 1811) NA : sc and se Canada, c and e USA

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Grey-capped Cuckoo Coccyzus lansbergi Bonaparte, 1850 SA : Colombia and Venezuela

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Chestnut-bellied Cuckoo Coccyzus pluvialis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : Jamaica

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Bay-breasted Cuckoo Coccyzus rufigularis Hartlaub, 1852 NA : Hispaniola

.

Jamaican Lizard Cuckoo Coccyzus vetula (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : Jamaica

.

Great Lizard Cuckoo Coccyzus merlini (d'Orbigny, 1839) NA : Bahamas, Cuba

.

C. m. bahamensis (Bryant, H, 1864) Bahamas

.

C. m. santamariae (Garrido, 1971) islands off nc Cuba

.

C. m. merlini (d'Orbigny, 1839) Cuba

.

C. m. decolor (Bangs & Zappey, 1905) Isle of Pines

.

Puerto Rican Lizard Cuckoo Coccyzus vieilloti (Bonaparte, 1850) NA : Puerto Rico

.

Hispaniolan Lizard Cuckoo Coccyzus longirostris (Hermann, 1783) NA : Hispaniola

.

C. l. petersi (Richmond & Swales, 1924) La Mahotiere and Gonâve Is. (off w Haiti)

.

C. l. longirostris (Hermann, 1783) Hispaniola, Sãona I.

.

Pachycoccyx Cabanis, 1882

.

Thick-billed Cuckoo Pachycoccyx audeberti (Schlegel, 1879) AF : w, wc, se AF, also Madagascar

.

P. a. brazzae (Oustalet, 1886) Guinea to Cameroon and w DR Congo

.

P. a. validus (Reichenow, 1879) e DR Congo to se Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa

.

P. a. audeberti (Schlegel, 1879) Madagascar

.

Microdynamis Salvadori, 1878

.

Dwarf Koel Microdynamis parva (Salvadori, 1876) AU : New Guinea

.

M. p. grisescens Mayr & Rand, 1936 nc and ne New Guinea

.

M. p. parva (Salvadori, 1876) s New Guinea, D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

.

Eudynamys Vigors & Horsfield, 1827

.

Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : widespread, also Lesser Sundas

.

E. s. scolopaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) Nepal, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Laccadives and Maldives

.

E. s. chinensis Cabanis & Heine, 1863 s China, Indochina

.

E. s. harterti Ingram, W, 1912 Hainan (off se China)

.

E. s. malayanus Cabanis & Heine, 1863 ne India and Bangladesh to Sumatra, Borneo and w Lesser Sundas

.

E. s. mindanensis (Linnaeus, 1766) Palawan and the Philippines to the n Moluccas

.

Black-billed Koel Eudynamys melanorhynchus Müller, S, 1843 AU : Sulawesi, Sula Islands.

.

Pacific Koel Eudynamys orientalis (Linnaeus, 1766) AU : s Moluccas to n, e Australia.

.

E. o. orientalis (Linnaeus, 1766) s Moluccas

.

E. o. picatus Müller, S, 1843 Sumba to Timor and Kai Is. SSP E. o. picatus Müller, S, 1843 has precedence over E. o. everetti Hartert, 1900 to which this form was formerly assigned. H&M 4:144. HBW 4:550.

.

E. o. rufiventer (Lesson, 1830) New Guinea

.

E. o. minimus van Oort, 1911 sw New Guinea

.

E. o. hybrida Diamond, 2002 Long I. (off ne New Guinea)

.

E. o. salvadorii Hartert, 1900 Bismarck Arch.

.

E. o. alberti Rothschild & Hartert, 1907 Solomon Is.

.

E. o. cyanocephalus (Latham, 1801) n Queensland to s New South Wales

.

E. o. subcyanocephalus Mathews, 1912 nw Australia to nw Queensland

.

Urodynamis Salvadori, 1880

.

Pacific Long-tailed Cuckoo Urodynamis taitensis (Sparrman, 1787) AU : New Zealand ENG Restore "Pacific" vis a vis African Cercococcyx species

.

Scythrops Latham, 1790

.

Channel-billed Cuckoo Scythrops novaehollandiae Latham, 1790 AU : widespread

.

S. n. fordi Mason, 1996 Sulawesi, Banggai and Tukangbesi Is.

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S. n. novaehollandiae Latham, 1790 n and e Australia

.

S. n. schoddei Mason, 1996 Bismarck Arch.

.

Chrysococcyx Boie, F, 1826

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Asian Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) OR : Himalayas to sc China and Malay Peninsula

.

Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Southeast Asia to Philippines

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C. x. xanthorhynchus (Horsfield, 1821) ne India to se Asia, Greater Sundas and Palawan

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C. x. amethystinus (Vigors, 1831) Philippines

.

Diederik Cuckoo Chrysococcyx caprius (Boddaert, 1783) AF : widespread, also se Arabian Peninsula

.

Klaas's Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas (Stephens, 1815) AF : widespread

.

Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis Shelley, 1880 AF : Sierra Leone to Ghana; Cameroon to e DRCongo and Gabon

.

African Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx cupreus (Shaw, 1792) AF : Senegal and Gambia to South Sudan and Ethiopia, south to Angola and e South Africa

.

Long-billed Cuckoo Chrysococcyx megarhynchus (Gray, GR, 1858) AU : New Guinea

.

Horsfield's Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis (Horsfield, 1821) AU : Australia

.

Black-eared Cuckoo Chrysococcyx osculans (Gould, 1847) AU : Australia

.

Rufous-throated Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx ruficollis (Salvadori, 1876) AU : New Guinea

.

Shining Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx lucidus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) AU : widespread

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C. l. harterti (Mayr, 1932) Rennell and Bellona Is. (s Solomon Is.)

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C. l. layardi Mathews, 1912 New Caledonia, Loyalty Is., Vanuatu, Banks and Santa Cruz Is.

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C. l. plagosus (Latham, 1801) Australia

.

C. l. lucidus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) New Zealand and nearby islands

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White-eared Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx meyerii Salvadori, 1874 AU : New Guinea TAX Correct spelling of species name is meyerii (fide A. Peterson/Zoonomen, primary source verification)

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Little Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus Gould, 1859 OR, AU : Southeast Asia to e Australia TAX Little Bronze Cuckoo C. minutillus includes C.russatus, C.rufomerus and  C.crassirostris (Dickinson 2003, Payne 2005, Collar 2007); further work needed to define species limits (Christidis and Boles 2008)

.

C. m. peninsularis Parker, SA, 1981 s Thailand, Malay Pen.

.

C. m. albifrons (Junge, 1938) Sumatra, w Java

.

C. m. aheneus (Junge, 1938) Borneo, s Philippines

.

C. m. jungei (Stresemann, 1938) Sulawesi, Flores and Madu I.

.

C. m. rufomerus Hartert, 1900 Lesser Sundas

.

C. m. crassirostris (Salvadori, 1878) Moluccas and Tanimbar Is.

.

C. m. salvadorii (Hartert & Stresemann, 1925) Tepa I. (Babar Is.)

.

C. m. misoriensis (Salvadori, 1876) Biak I.

.

C. m. poecilurus Gray, GR, 1862 coastal New Guinea and nearby islands, n Queensland

.

C. m. minutillus Gould, 1859 n Australia

.

C. m. russatus Gould, 1868 ne Australia SSP Add: Higgins, 1999. Contra Payne, 2005

.

C. m. barnardi Mathews, 1912 e Australia

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Cacomantis Müller, S, 1843

.

Pallid Cuckoo Cacomantis pallidus (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia

.

White-crowned Cuckoo Cacomantis leucolophus (Müller, S, 1840) AU : New Guinea

.

Chestnut-breasted Cuckoo Cacomantis castaneiventris (Gould, 1867) AU : New Guinea, ne Australia

.

C. c. arfakianus Salvadori, 1889 w Papuan islands, nw New Guinea

.

C. c. weiskei Reichenow, 1900 c and e New Guinea

.

C. c. castaneiventris (Gould, 1867) Aru Is. and Cape York Pen. (Australia)

.

Fan-tailed Cuckoo Cacomantis flabelliformis (Latham, 1801) AU : widespread

.

C. f. excitus Rothschild & Hartert, 1907 New Guinea

.

C. f. flabelliformis (Latham, 1801) Australia

.

C. f. pyrrophanus (Vieillot, 1817) New Caledonia and Loyalty Is.

.

C. f. meeki Rothschild & Hartert, 1902 Solomon Is.

.

C. f. schistaceigularis Sharpe, 1900 Vanuatu

.

C. f. simus (Peale, 1848) Fiji Is.

.

Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii (Latham, 1790) OR : widespread

.

C. s. sonneratii (Latham, 1790) India and Nepal to s Indochina and the Malay Pen.

.

C. s. waiti (Baker, ECS, 1919) Sri Lanka

.

C. s. fasciolatus (Müller, S, 1843) Sumatra, Borneo, Palawan SSP C. s. fasciolatus has precedence and is a valid name for this taxon. Payne 2005.

.

C. s. musicus (Ljungh, 1803) Java

.

Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Southeast Asia to Philippines

.

C. m. querulus Heine, 1863 e Himalayas to s China, Indochina and Malay Pen.

.

C. m. threnodes Cabanis & Heine, 1863 s Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo

.

C. m. lanceolatus (Müller, S, 1843) Java, Sulawesi

.

C. m. merulinus (Scopoli, 1786) Philippines

.

Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus (Vahl, 1797) OR : India

.

Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) AU : widespread, including n Moluccas

.

C. v. tymbonomus (Müller, S, 1843) Timor (e Lesser Sundas) SSP Add: Fide R. Schodde (in litt). See Mees, 2006 for clarification of the taxonomic confusion. whitei is a junior synonym. Contra Payne 2005.

.

C. v. infaustus Cabanis & Heine, 1863 n and e Moluccas to n and c New Guinea SSP Includes major, fortior, oblitus, chivae, and obiensis. Payne, 2005

.

C. v. oreophilus Hartert, 1925 e and s New Guinea, D'Entrecasteaux Arch.

.

C. v. blandus Rothschild & Hartert, 1914 Admiralty Is.

.

C. v. macrocercus Stresemann, 1921 New Britain, New Ireland and Tabar Is. (Bismarck Arch.)

.

C. v. websteri Hartert, 1898 New Hanover (Bismarck Arch.)

.

C. v. addendus Rothschild & Hartert, 1901 Solomon Is.

.

C. v. variolosus (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) n, e Australia SSP Includes whitei and dumetorum. Payne, 2005

.

Rusty-breasted Cuckoo Cacomantis sepulcralis (Müller, S, 1843) OR : Malay Peninsula to Philippines

.

C. s. sepulcralis (Müller, S, 1843) Malay Pen., Greater and Lesser Sundas and the Philippines

.

C. s. virescens (Brüggemann, 1876) Sulawesi, Butung, Tukangbesi, Banggai and Sula Is. PS RB Payne MS; await resolution

.

Moluccan Cuckoo Cacomantis aeruginosus Salvadori, 1878 AU : Moluccas TAX Species name of Moluccan Cuckoo changes from heinrichi to aeruginosus with the transfer of ssp aeruginosus. to this species from C. sepulcralis. C. aeruginosus  Salvadori, 1878 has priority over C. heinrichi Stresemann, 1931.

.

C. a. aeruginosus Salvadori, 1878 Buru, Ambon and Seram Is. (w and c Moluccas) SSP Treat aeruginosus as a subspecies of Moluccan Cuckoo, not Rusty-breasted Cuckoo C. sepulcralis (Payne MS, Tebb et al 2008, Philippe comments Bird Forum 12/21/2008, Rheindt et al MS).

.

C. a. heinrichi Stresemann, 1931 Halmahera and Becan (n Moluccas)

.

Cercococcyx Cabanis, 1882

.

Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi Cabanis, 1882 AF : Sierra Leone to Uganda, e DRCongo and n Angola

.

Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus Sassi, 1912 AF : Guinea to Uganda and e DRCongo, Gabon, Angola, Zambia

.

Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx montanus Chapin, 1928 AF : e, se

.

C. m. montanus Chapin, 1928 sw Uganda, e DR Congo and Rwanda

.

C. m. patulus Friedmann, 1928 Kenya to Mozambique and s DR Congo

.

Surniculus Lesson, 1830

.

Philippine Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus velutinus Sharpe, 1877 OR : Philippines AS Surniculus velutinus is split from S.lugubris following Dickinson (2003) and Payne (2005)

.

S. v. chalybaeus Salomonsen, 1953 Luzon, Mindoro and Negros

.

S. v. velutinus Sharpe, 1877 Bohol, Leyte, Samar, Mindanao and Basilan

.

S. v. suluensis Salomonsen, 1953 Sulu Is.

.

Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Sri Lanka, s Thailand Malaysia, Greater Sundas and Palawan ENG Change  English name of Surniculus lugubris to Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo with splits of S. dicruroides and D. musschenbroeki

.

S. l. stewarti Baker, ECS, 1920 Sri Lanka

.

S. l. brachyurus Stresemann, 1913 s Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Bangka I., Borneo and sw Philippines

.

S. l. lugubris (Horsfield, 1821) Java, Bali

.

Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus dicruroides (Hodgson, 1839) OR : Himalayas to s India, n Indochina and se China AS Surniculus dicruroides is split from S. lugubris (Payne 2005, Collar 2007)

.

S. d. dicruroides (Hodgson, 1839) Himalayas and c and s India

.

S. d. barussarum Oberholser, 1912 ne India, n Burma, n Thailand, n Indochina, and Yunnan, Hainan (off se China) .

.

Moluccan Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus musschenbroeki Meyer, AB, 1878 AU : Sulawesi and Halmahera AS Surniculus musschenbroeki is split from S. lugubris (Payne 2005, Collar 2007)

.

Hierococcyx Müller, S, 1845

.

Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx vagans (Müller, S, 1845) OR : Southeast Asia, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides (Vigors, 1832) OR : widespread

.

Dark Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx bocki Ramsay, RGW, 1886 OR : Malay Pen, Sumatra, Borneo AS Hierococcyx bocki is split from H. sparverioides (Payne 2005, Collar 2007)

.

Common Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius (Vahl, 1797) OR : India to Burma

.

H. v. varius (Vahl, 1797) India and Nepal to Bangladesh and Burma

.

H. v. ciceliae Phillips, WWA, 1949 Sri Lanka

.

Rufous Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx hyperythrus (Gould, 1856) EU : se Siberia, Japan, Korea and ne China

.

Philippine Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx pectoralis Cabanis & Heine, 1863 OR : Philippines

.

Malaysian Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx fugax (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Southeast Asia, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx nisicolor (Blyth, 1843) OR : Nepal and e Himalayas to Myanmar, Thailand and Hainan I.

.

Cuculus Linnaeus, 1758

.

Black Cuckoo Cuculus clamosus Latham, 1801 AF : widespread

.

C. c. gabonensis Lafresnaye, 1853 Liberia to sw Ethiopia, w Kenya and nw Angola

.

C. c. clamosus Latham, 1801 n and c Ethiopia and e and c Kenya to s Angola and South Africa

.

Red-chested Cuckoo Cuculus solitarius Stephens, 1815 AF : widespread

.

Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus Latham, 1790 EU, OR : se Siberia and Japan to s China, n Southeast Asia and the Himalayas

.

Sulawesi Cuckoo Cuculus crassirostris (Walden, 1872) AU : Sulawesi

.

Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus Gould, 1838 OR : widespread, also e Asia

.

C. m. micropterus Gould, 1838 India to se Siberia, ne China and se Asia

.

C. m. concretus Müller, S, 1845 Vietnam, s Thailand and the Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java and Borneo

.

Madagascan Cuckoo Cuculus rochii Hartlaub, 1863 AF : Madagascar

.

African Cuckoo Cuculus gularis Stephens, 1815 AF : widespread

.

Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus Blyth, 1843 OR : Himalayas to Taiwan ENG Change  English name of Cuculus saturatus from Oriental Cuckoo to Himalayan Cuckoo  with splits of L.optatus and L.lepidus (King 2005, Payne 2005).

.

Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus optatus Gould, 1845 EU : ne Asia AS Cuculus optatus is split from C. saturatus (King 2005, Payne 2005); BLI and AOU recognize. Assumes English name of Oriental Cuckoo.

.

Sunda Cuckoo Cuculus lepidus Müller, S, 1845 OR : se Asia, Greater Sundas, Wallacea AS Cuculus lepidus is split from C. saturatus (King 2005, Payne 2005); BLI recognizes.

.

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus Linnaeus, 1758 EU : widespread

.

C. c. canorus Linnaeus, 1758 Europe and the Middle East to Kamchatka, Japan and n China

.

C. c. bangsi Oberholser, 1919 Iberian Pen., Balearic Is. and nw Africa

.

C. c. subtelephonus Zarudny, 1914 Turkmenistan to s Mongolia

.

C. c. bakeri Hartert, 1912 w China and n India to s China and nw Thailand

.

Nannococcyx Olson, 1975

.

St. Helena Cuckoo Nannococcyx psix Olson, 1975 AO : St. Helena I. EXT Olson, 1975