"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Buttonquail, plovers, seedsnipe & sandpipers

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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ORDER CHARADRIIFORMES

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17 Buttonquail Family Turnicidae PHY The buttonquails (Turnicidae) belong in the Charadriiformes, not the Gruiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)

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Turnix Bonnaterre, 1791

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Common Buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus (Desfontaines, 1789) AF, OR : widespread ENG Change English name of Turnix sylvaticus, a widespread species, from Kurrichane Buttonquail to Common Buttonquail, as in HBW and Dickinson (2003)

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T. s. sylvaticus (Desfontaines, 1789) s Iberian Pen., nw Africa

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T. s. lepurana (Smith, A, 1836) Africa south of the Sahara

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T. s. dussumier (Temminck, 1828) e Iran to Burma

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T. s. davidi Delacour & Jabouille, 1930 c Thailand to s China, n Indochina and Taiwan

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T. s. bartelsorum Neumann, 1929 Java, Bali

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T. s. whiteheadi Ogilvie-Grant, 1897 Luzon (n Philippines)

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T. s. celestinoi McGregor, 1907 Bohol and Mindanao (s Philippines)

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T. s. nigrorum duPont, 1976 Negros I. (c Philippines)

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T. s. suluensis Mearns, 1905 Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)

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Red-backed Buttonquail Turnix maculosus (Temminck, 1815) AU : Sulawesi and New Guinea to n Australia

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T. m. kinneari Neumann, 1939 Peleng I. (e of Sulawesi)

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T. m. beccarii Salvadori, 1875 Sulawesi, Muna and Tomia Is. (Tukangbesi Is.)

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T. m. obiensis Sutter, 1955 Kai Is., Babar I.

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T. m. sumbanus Sutter, 1955 Sumba I. (Lesser Sundas)

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T. m. floresianus Sutter, 1955 Sumbawa, Komodo, Padar, Flores and Alor (Lesser Sundas)

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T. m. maculosus (Temminck, 1815) Roti, Semau, Timor, Wetar, Moa and Kisar (Lesser Sundas)

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T. m. savuensis Sutter, 1955 Sawu I. (Lesser Sundas)

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T. m. saturatus Forbes, WA, 1882 New Britain, Duke of York I. (Bismarck Arch.)

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T. m. furvus Parkes, 1949 Huon Pen. (ne New Guinea

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T. m. giluwensis Sims, 1954 c New Guinea

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T. m. horsbrughi Ingram, W, 1909 s New Guinea

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T. m. mayri Sutter, 1955 Louisiade Arch. (New Guinea)

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T. m. salomonis Mayr, 1938 Guadalcanal (Solomon Is.)

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T. m. melanotus (Gould, 1837) n and e Australia

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Hottentot Buttonquail Turnix hottentottus Temminck, 1815 AF : South Africa ENG Change English name of Turnix hottentatus from Black-rumped Buttonquail to Hottentot Buttonquail with split of H.nanus

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Black-rumped Buttonquail Turnix nanus (Sundevall, 1850) AF : widespread AS, ENG The widespread H. nanus is split from T. hottentatus now restricted to South Africa; English name of Black-rumped Buttonquail transfers to H.nanus

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Yellow-legged Buttonquail Turnix tanki Blyth, 1843 OR : widespread

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T. t. tanki Blyth, 1843 c Pakistan, India, Nicobar and Andaman Is.

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T. t. blanfordii Blyth, 1863 se Siberia, Korea and ne China to Burma, Thailand and Indochina

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Spotted Buttonquail Turnix ocellatus (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Philippines

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T. o. benguetensis Parkes, 1968 n Luzon

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T. o. ocellatus (Scopoli, 1786) s and c Luzon

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Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : widespread

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T. s. plumbipes (Hodgson, 1837) Nepal to ne India and n Burma

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T. s. bengalensis Blyth, 1852 c and s of West Bengal (ne India)

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T. s. taigoor (Sykes, 1832) India (except above)

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T. s. leggei Baker, ECS, 1920 Sri Lanka

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T. s. okinavensis Phillips, AR, 1947 s Kyushu I. to Ryukyu Is. (Japan)

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T. s. rostratus Swinhoe, 1865 Taiwan

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T. s. blakistoni (Swinhoe, 1871) e Burma to s China and n Indochina

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T. s. pallescens Robinson & Baker, ECS, 1928 sc Burma

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T. s. thai Deignan, 1946 nw and c Thailand

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T. s. atrogularis (Eyton, 1839) s Burma, s Thailand, Malay Pen. SSP Includes interrumpens. Wells, 1999, Robson, 2000.

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T. s. suscitator (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Sumatra, Java, Bawean, Belitung, Bangka and Bali

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T. s. powelli Guillemard, 1885 Lombok to Alor (Lesser Sundas)

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T. s. rufilatus Wallace, 1865 Sulawesi

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T. s. haynaldi Blasius, W, 1888 Palawan and nearby islands (w Philippines)

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T. s. fasciatus (Temminck, 1815) Luzon, Mindoro, Masbate, Sibuyan (n Philippines)

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T. s. nigrescens Tweeddale, 1878 Cebu, Guimaras, Negros, Panay (Philippines)

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Madagascan Buttonquail Turnix nigricollis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : Madagascar

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Black-breasted Buttonquail Turnix melanogaster (Gould, 1837) AU : e Australia

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Chestnut-backed Buttonquail Turnix castanotus (Gould, 1840) AU : n Australia

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Buff-breasted Buttonquail Turnix olivii Robinson, 1900 AU : n Australia

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Painted Buttonquail Turnix varius (Latham, 1801) AU : sw, se e Australia

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T. v. novaecaledoniae Ogilvie-Grant, 1889 New Caledonia

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T. v. scintillans (Gould, 1845) Houtman Abrolhos Is. (sw of Australia)

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T. v. varius (Latham, 1801) sw, se and e Australia

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Worcester's Buttonquail Turnix worcesteri McGregor, 1904 OR : Philippines

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Sumba Buttonquail Turnix everetti Hartert, 1898 AU : Lesser Sundas

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Red-chested Buttonquail Turnix pyrrhothorax (Gould, 1841) AU : n, e, se Australia

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Little Buttonquail Turnix velox (Gould, 1841) AU : Australia

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Ortyxelos Vieillot, 1825

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Quail-plover Ortyxelos meiffrenii (Vieillot, 1819) AF : Mauritania and Senegal to Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya PHY Relationships of Quail-plover uncertain; possibly related to coursers

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10 Stone-curlews, Thick-knees Family Burhinidae

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Burhinus Illiger, 1811

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Eurasian Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w, sw EU

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B. o. oedicnemus (Linnaeus, 1758) w and s Europe to the Balkans, Ukraine and Caucasus

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B. o. distinctus (Bannerman, 1914) w Canary Is.

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B. o. insularum (Sassi, 1908) e Canary Is.

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B. o. saharae (Reichenow, 1894) n Africa and the Mediterranean islands to Iraq and Iran

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B. o. harterti Vaurie, 1963 w Kazakhstan to Pakistan and nw India

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Indian Stone-curlew Burhinus indicus (Salvadori, 1865) OR : Indian subcontinent to se Asia AS Burhinus indicus is split from Burhinus oedicnemus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005).

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Senegal Thick-knee Burhinus senegalensis (Swainson, 1837) AF : Senegal to Ethiopia and Kenya and north to Egypt

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Water Thick-knee Burhinus vermiculatus (Cabanis, 1868) AF : se, sc

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B. v. buettikoferi (Reichenow, 1898) Liberia to Gabon

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B. v. vermiculatus (Cabanis, 1868) DRCongo to Somalia and South Africa

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Spotted Thick-knee Burhinus capensis (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) AF : widespread

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B. c. maculosus (Temminck, 1824) Senegal to Somalia south to n Uganda and n Kenya

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B. c. dodsoni (Ogilvie-Grant, 1899) coastal Somalia and Saudi Arabia

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B. c. capensis (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) s Kenya to South Africa, west from Zambia to Angola

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B. c. damarensis (Reichenow, 1905) Namibia, Botswana and w South Africa

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Double-striped Thick-knee Burhinus bistriatus (Wagler, 1829) LA : s Mexico to n Brazil, also Hispaniola

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B. b. bistriatus (Wagler, 1829) s Mexico to nw Costa Rica

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B. b. vocifer (L'Herminier, 1837) Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil

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B. b. pediacus Wetmore & Borrero, 1964 n Colombia

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B. b. dominicensis (Cory, 1883) Hispaniola

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Peruvian Thick-knee Burhinus superciliaris (Tschudi, 1843) SA : s Ecuador to s Peru

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Bush Stone-curlew Burhinus grallarius (Latham, 1801) AU : Australia

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Esacus Lesson, 1831

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Great Stone-curlew Esacus recurvirostris (Cuvier, 1829) OR : se Iran through Southeast Asia

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Beach Stone-curlew Esacus magnirostris (Vieillot, 1818) OR, AU : Malay Peninsula and Philippines to n Australia TAX Correct species name of Beach Stone-curlew from neglectus to magnirostris (Dickinson 2003, Christides and Boles 2008)

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2 Sheathbills Family Chionidae

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Chionis Forster, JR, 1788

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Snowy Sheathbill Chionis albus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AN : s Atlantic islands

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Black-faced Sheathbill Chionis minor Hartlaub, 1841 IO : s

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C. m. marionensis Reichenow, 1908 Prince Edward and Marion Is. (south of South Africa)

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C. m. crozettensis (Sharpe, 1896) Crozet Is. (s Indian Ocean)

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C. m. minor Hartlaub, 1841 Kerguelen Is. (s Indian Ocean)

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C. m. nasicornis Reichenow, 1904 Heard and McDonald Is. (s Indian Ocean)

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1 Magellanic Plover Family Pluvianellidae TAX The Magellanic Plover (Pluvianellus) is most closely related to the sheathbills (Chionidae) (REF).

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Pluvianellus Gray, GR, 1846

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Magellanic Plover Pluvianellus socialis Gray, GR, 1846 SA : Southern Cone

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12 Oystercatchers Family Haematopodidae

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Haematopus Linnaeus, 1758

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Magellanic Oystercatcher Haematopus leucopodus Garnot, 1826 SA : extreme s coasts

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Blackish Oystercatcher Haematopus ater Vieillot, 1825 SA : s, w coasts

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Black Oystercatcher Haematopus bachmani Audubon, 1838 NA : w coast

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American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus Temminck, 1820 NA, LA : widespread coasts

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H. p. palliatus Temminck, 1820 coastal se Canada, e USA to s South America and the West Indies

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H. p. galapagensis Ridgway, 1886 Galapagos Is.

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Canary Islands Oystercatcher Haematopus meadewaldoi Bannerman, 1913 AF : Canary Islands

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African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini Bonaparte, 1856 AF : s, sw coasts

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Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Linnaeus, 1758 EU : nw, c, e

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H. o. ostralegus Linnaeus, 1758 Iceland to Scandinavia and s Europe

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H. o. longipes Buturlin, 1910 Ukraine and Turkey to c Russia and w Siberia

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H. o. buturlini Dementiev, 1941 w Kazakhstan to nw China

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H. o. osculans Swinhoe, 1871 Kamchatka Pen., Korea, ne China

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South Island Oystercatcher Haematopus finschi Martens, GH, 1897 AU : New Zealand coasts

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Pied Oystercatcher Haematopus longirostris Vieillot, 1817 AU : coastal Australia, Moluccas

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Variable Oystercatcher Haematopus unicolor Forster, JR, 1844 AU : coastal New Zealand

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Chatham Oystercatcher Haematopus chathamensis Hartert, 1927 AU : Chatham Is AS Haematopus chathamensis is split from H.unicolor (Turbott 1990)

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Sooty Oystercatcher Haematopus fuliginosus Gould, 1845 AU : coastal Australia

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H. f. fuliginosus Gould, 1845 s

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H. f. opthalmicus Castelnau & Ramsay, EP, 1877 n

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1 Crab-plover Family Dromadidae

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Dromas Paykull, 1805 PHY Molecular data place Crab-plover as relative of coursers and pratincoles (Glareolidae) (Pereira and Baker 2010)

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Crab-plover Dromas ardeola Paykull, 1805 AF, IO : Madagascar to Andaman Islands

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1 Ibisbill Family Ibidorhynchidae

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Ibidorhyncha Vigors, 1832

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Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii Vigors, 1832 EU : Himalayas to nw China

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10 Stilts, Avocets Family Recurvirostridae

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Himantopus Brisson, 1760

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Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, AF, OR : widespread

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White-headed Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus Gould, 1837 AU : widespread

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Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus (Statius Müller, 1776) NA, LA : w, s USA to Peru and e Brazil, Hawaiian Islands

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H. m. knudseni Stejneger, 1887 Hawaiian Is.

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H. m. mexicanus (Statius Müller, 1776) w and s USA to sw Peru and ne Brazil, West Indies

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White-backed Stilt Himantopus melanurus Vieillot, 1817 SA : Peru and ne Brazil to sc Argentina AS Himantopus melanurus is split from H. mexicanus (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001);  SACC awaits more study

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Black Stilt Himantopus novaezelandiae Gould, 1841 AU : New Zealand

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Cladorhynchus Gray, GR, 1840

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Banded Stilt Cladorhynchus leucocephalus (Vieillot, 1816) AU : s, sw Australia

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Recurvirostra Linnaeus, 1758

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Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta Linnaeus, 1758 AF, EU : widespread

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American Avocet Recurvirostra americana Gmelin, JF, 1789 NA : sc Canada to w and sc USA, c Mexico

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Red-necked Avocet Recurvirostra novaehollandiae Vieillot, 1816 AU : Australia

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Andean Avocet Recurvirostra andina Philippi & Landbeck, 1861 SA : Peru to nw Argentina

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67 Plovers Family Charadriidae

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Vanellus Brisson, 1760

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Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

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Long-toed Lapwing Vanellus crassirostris (Hartlaub, 1855) AF : c, e, se

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V. c. crassirostris (Hartlaub, 1855) Nigeria to s Sudan south to e DRCongo and n Tanzania

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V. c. leucopterus Reichenow, 1889 s DRCongo to Malawi south to Botswana and ne South Africa

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Blacksmith Lapwing Vanellus armatus (Burchell, 1822) AF : Angola to Kenya and south to South Africa

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Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU, AF : se Europe and Middle east, Mauritania to Guinea and east to Somalia, Kenya and Tanzania, north to Egypt

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River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii (Lesson, 1826) OR : nc India through Southeast Asia

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Black-headed Lapwing Vanellus tectus (Boddaert, 1783) AF : e, c, w

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V. t. tectus (Boddaert, 1783) sw Mauritania to Ethiopia south to Ivory Coast and Uganda

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V. t. latifrons (Reichenow, 1881) s Somalia to e Kenya

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Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus (Boddaert, 1783) OR : India TAX Contra some recent sources, the correct original spelling is malabaricus. Species epithet malarbaricus is attributable to the reprint of Boddaert's Table des Planches and is an ISS. Reconfirmed by primary source verification, fide Normand David, cf H&M 4:206.

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White-crowned Lapwing Vanellus albiceps Gould, 1834 AF : Senegal to South Sudan and Angola; Tanzania, Zambia to Mozambique and South Africa

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Senegal Lapwing Vanellus lugubris (Lesson, 1826) AF : se, c, w

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Black-winged Lapwing Vanellus melanopterus (Cretzschmar, 1829) AF : e, se

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V. m. melanopterus (Cretzschmar, 1829) Ethiopia and Eritrea to nw Somalia

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V. m. minor (Zedlitz, 1908) Kenya, Tanzania, coastal South Africa

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Crowned Lapwing Vanellus coronatus (Boddaert, 1783) AF : e, s

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V. c. demissus (Friedmann, 1928) n Somalia

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V. c. coronatus (Boddaert, 1783) Ethiopia and e Africa to Zambia and South Africa

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V. c. xerophilus Clancey, 1960 sw Angola to w South Africa and w Zimbabwe

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African Wattled Lapwing Vanellus senegallus (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : widespread

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V. s. senegallus (Linnaeus, 1766) Senegal and Gambia to Eritrea and Ethiopia, south to ne DRCongo and n Uganda SSP Includes major. Clinal. Urban et al, 1986.

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V. s. lateralis Smith, A, 1839 s and e DRCongo to w Kenya south to n Namibia and e South Africa

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Spot-breasted Lapwing Vanellus melanocephalus (Rüppell, 1845) AF : Ethiopia

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Brown-chested Lapwing Vanellus superciliosus (Reichenow, 1886) AF : Nigeria to n DRCongo

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Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus (Blyth, 1842) EU : e Siberia, Japan, ne and e China

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Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus (Boddaert, 1783) OR : widespread, also Middle East

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V. i. aigneri (Laubmann, 1913) se Turkey to Pakistan

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V. i. indicus (Boddaert, 1783) c Pakistan to Nepal, ne India and Bangladesh

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V. i. lankae (Koelz, 1939) Sri Lanka

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V. i. atronuchalis (Jerdon, 1864) ne India to s China, se Asia, Malay Pen. and n Sumatra

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Javan Lapwing Vanellus macropterus (Wagler, 1827) OR : Java

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Banded Lapwing Vanellus tricolor (Vieillot, 1818) AU : sw, s, se Australia

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Masked Lapwing Vanellus miles (Boddaert, 1783) AU : widespread

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V. m. miles (Boddaert, 1783) coastal New Guinea, Aru Is., n Australia

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V. m. novaehollandiae Stephens, 1819 s Australia, New Zealand

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Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius (Pallas, 1771) EU : c Asia

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White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) EU : sw Asia

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Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis (Molina, 1782) SA : widespread

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V. c. cayennensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) n South America

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V. c. lampronotus (Wagler, 1827) c and e Brazil to n Chile and n Argentina

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V. c. fretensis (Brodkorb, 1934) s Chile and s Argentina

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V. c. chilensis (Molina, 1782) c Chile and wc Argentina

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Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens (Tschudi, 1843) SA : Colombia to nw Argentina

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Erythrogonys Gould, 1838

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Red-kneed Dotterel Erythrogonys cinctus Gould, 1838 AU : Australia, s New Guinea

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Peltohyas Sharpe, 1896

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Inland Dotterel Peltohyas australis (Gould, 1841) AU : Australia PHY; ENG Restore Inland Plover to genus Peltohyas and  English name to Inland Dotterel; relative of Wrybill and Red-kneed Dotterel; Resequence following lapwings, their sister group (Baker et al. 2007; Fjeldså comm)

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Anarhynchus Quoy & Gaimard, 1832

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Wrybill Anarhynchus frontalis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 AU : New Zealand PHY, SEQ Wrybill is related to Inland Dotterel and Red-kneed Dotterel; resequence accordingly (Baker et al 2007)

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Pluvialis Brisson, 1760 PHY The Pluvialis plovers are members of the traditional plover family Charadriidae (Baker et al 2012, cf Baker et al. 2007)

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European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : Greenland to nc Russia

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Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva (Gmelin, JF, 1789) EU : nc and ne Siberia, also Alaska

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American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica (Statius Müller, 1776) NA : Alaska and n Canada

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Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

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P. s. squatarola (Linnaeus, 1758) n Eurasia and Alaska

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P. s. tomkovichi Engelmoer & Roselaar, 1998 Wrangel I. (ne Siberia)

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P. s. cynosurae (Thayer & Bangs, 1914) n Canada

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Charadrius Linnaeus, 1758

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New Zealand Plover Charadrius obscurus Gmelin, JF, 1789 AU : New Zealand

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C. o. aquilonius Dowding, 1994 North Island (New Zealand) SSP Subspecies follow Gill, BJ et al 2010

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C. o. obscurus Gmelin, JF, 1789 South Island (New Zealand) SSP

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Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Linnaeus, 1758 EU : n, also ne Canada

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C. h. psammodromus Salomonsen, 1930 ne Canada, Greenland, Iceland

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C. h. hiaticula Linnaeus, 1758 British Isles and w France to s Norway, s Sweden and the Baltic States

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C. h. tundrae (Lowe, 1915) n Eurasia

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Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Bonaparte, 1825 NA : Alaska and n Canada

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Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1863 EU : se Siberia, Japan, Koreas, ne and c China

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Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Scopoli, 1786 EU, OR : widespread

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C. d. curonicus Gmelin, JF, 1789 n Africa, Europe, Asia (except sc and se)

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C. d. jerdoni (Legge, 1880) India to s China and Indochina

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C. d. dubius Scopoli, 1786 Philippines to New Guinea and the Bismarck Arch.

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Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia Ord, 1814 NA, LA : coastal e, sw USA to e Brazil, Peru

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C. w. wilsonia Ord, 1814 e USA to e Mexico and Belize, West Indies

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C. w. beldingi (Ridgway, 1919) Baja California (Mexico) to wc Peru

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C. w. cinnamominus (Ridgway, 1919) Colombia through the Guianas to ne Brazil, Netherlands Antilles, Trinidad, Grenada

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C. w. crassirostris von Spix, 1825 s Brazil

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Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Linnaeus, 1758 NA, LA : Alaska and c Canada to Peru

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C. v. vociferus Linnaeus, 1758 Canada, USA, Mexico

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C. v. ternominatus Bangs & Kennard, 1920 Bahamas, Greater Antilles

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C. v. peruvianus (Chapman, 1920) Peru, nw Chile

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Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Ord, 1824 NA : e, c

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C. m. circumcinctus (Ridgway, 1874) sc Canada, nc USA

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C. m. melodus Ord, 1824 e Canada, ne USA

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Madagascan Plover Charadrius thoracicus (Richmond, 1896) AF : Madagascar

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Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius Temminck, 1823 AF : widespread

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St. Helena Plover Charadrius sanctaehelenae (Harting, 1873) AO : St. Helena Island

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Three-banded Plover Charadrius tricollaris Vieillot, 1818 AF : s, e

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C. t. tricollaris Vieillot, 1818 Ethiopia and e Africa to Chad, Gabon and South Africa

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C. t. bifrontatus Cabanis, 1882 Madagascar

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Forbes's Plover Charadrius forbesi (Shelley, 1883) AF : Senegal and Gambia to South Sudan, Zambia and Angola

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White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus Vieillot, 1818 AF : widespread

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C. m. mechowi (Cabanis, 1884) Africa south of the Sahara south to n Angola, Botswana, Zimbabwe and n Mozambique

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C. m. marginatus Vieillot, 1818 sw Angola to sw South Africa

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C. m. arenaceus Clancey, 1971 s Mozambique to s South Africa

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C. m. tenellus Hartlaub, 1861 Madagascar

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Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Linnaeus, 1758 EU, AF, OR : widespread AS Kentish Plover is specifically distinct from Snowy Plover, and more closely related to the White-fronted Plover (Küpper et al. 2009, NACC 2010-A-1)

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C. a. alexandrinus Linnaeus, 1758 w Europe, Atlantic Is. and n Africa to n China

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C. a. dealbatus (Swinhoe, 1870) se China AL C.a.dealbatus is treated as a subspecies of Kentish Plover following Rheindt et al 2011;

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C. a. nihonensis Deignan, 1941 se Russia, ne, e China, Korea, Japan and Taiwan AS Recognize C.a.nihonensis following Kennerley et al 2008

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C. a. seebohmi Hartert & Jackson, AC, 1915 s India, Sri Lanka

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Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus (Cassin, 1858) NA, LA : c Canada to Panama, Peru to sc Chile

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C. n. nivosus (Cassin, 1858) USA to Mexico, West Indies

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C. n. occidentalis (Cabanis, 1872) coastal Peru to sc Chile

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Javan Plover Charadrius javanicus Chasen, 1938 OR : Java

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Red-capped Plover Charadrius ruficapillus Temminck, 1821 AU : Australia

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Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii Schlegel, 1865 OR : Malay Peninsula to Philippines and Lesser Sundas

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Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus Strickland, 1853 AF : s

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C. p. venustus Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884 s Kenya, n Tanzania

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C. p. pallidus Strickland, 1853 sw Angola and Namibia to Mozambique and nc South Africa

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Collared Plover Charadrius collaris Vieillot, 1818 LA : widespread

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Puna Plover Charadrius alticola (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) SA : Peru to nw Argentina

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Two-banded Plover Charadrius falklandicus Latham, 1790 SA : Southern Cone

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Double-banded Plover Charadrius bicinctus Jardine & Selby, 1827 AU : widespread

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C. b. bicinctus Jardine & Selby, 1827 New Zealand, Chatham Is.

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C. b. exilis Falla, 1978 Auckland Is.

.

Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus Pallas, 1776 EU : c, e

.

C. m. pamirensis (Richmond, 1896) mountains of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to wc China

.

C. m. atrifrons Wagler, 1829 c and e Himalayas to s Tibet

.

C. m. schaeferi Meyer de Schauensee, 1937 e Tibet to s Mongolia

.

C. m. mongolus Pallas, 1776 se Siberia

.

C. m. stegmanni Portenko, 1939 ne Siberia

.

Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii Lesson, 1826 EU : c

.

C. l. columbinus Wagler, 1829 Turkey to s Afghanistan

.

C. l. scythicus Carlos, Roselaar & Voisin, 2012 Turkmenistan through s Kazakhstan

.

C. l. leschenaultii Lesson, 1826 w China to s Mongolia and s Siberia

.

Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus Pallas, 1773 EU : sw Russia through Kazakhstan to nw China

.

Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus Gould, 1848 EU : c Siberia to Mongolia and n China

.

Eurasian Dotterel Charadrius morinellus Linnaeus, 1758 EU : n Europe to ne Siberia, nw Alaska

.

Rufous-chested Plover Charadrius modestus Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823 SA : s Chile and s Argentina, Falkland Is.

.

Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus Townsend, JK, 1837 NA : wc USA

.

Thinornis Gray, GR, 1844

.

Hooded Dotterel Thinornis cucullatus (Vieillot, 1818) AU : s Australia TAX Nomenclature follows Olson, 1998, H&M Corrigenda 3R

.

Shore Dotterel Thinornis novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AU : Chatham Islands

.

Elseyornis Mathews, 1914

.

Black-fronted Dotterel Elseyornis melanops (Vieillot, 1818) AU : widespread

.

Oreopholus Jardine & Selby, 1835

.

Tawny-throated Dotterel Oreopholus ruficollis (Wagler, 1829) SA : w, s

.

O. r. pallidus Carriker, 1935 n Peru

.

O. r. ruficollis (Wagler, 1829) c Peru to Tierra del Fuego

.

Phegornis Gray, GR, 1847

.

Diademed Plover Phegornis mitchellii (Fraser, 1845) SA : Peru to sc Chile and Argentina ENG SACC 397 reverted to Diademed Sandpiper-Plover

.

Hoploxypterus Bonaparte, 1856

.

Pied Plover Hoploxypterus cayanus (Latham, 1790) SA : e Colombia to se Brazil

.

.

1 Egyptian Plover Family Pluvianidae PHY, TAX Move  Egyptian Plover (Pluvianus) from the Glareolidae to its own family tentatively named "Pluvianidae". It is a separate lineage that is the outgroup to plovers and their allies (Baker et al 2007, Hackett et al. 2008)

.

Pluvianus Vieillot, 1816

.

Egyptian Plover Pluvianus aegyptius (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia, DRCongo and n Angola

.

.

3 Painted-snipes Family Rostratulidae

.

Rostratula Vieillot, 1816

.

Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis (Linnaeus, 1758) AF, OR : widespread

.

Australian Painted-snipe Rostratula australis (Gould, 1838) AU : Australia AS, ENG Rostratula australis is split from R. benghalensis (Lane & Rogers 2000; Christidis and Bolles 2008).

.

Nycticryphes Wetmore & Peters, JL, 1923

.

South American Painted-snipe Nycticryphes semicollaris (Vieillot, 1816) SA : Paraguay and s Brazil to c Argentina, c Chile

.

.

8 Jacanas Family Jacanidae

.

Microparra Cabanis, 1877

.

Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis (Smith, A, 1839) AF : Mali to Ghana, east to Ethiopia and south to Namibia, Botswana and e South Africa

.

Actophilornis Oberholser, 1925

.

African Jacana Actophilornis africanus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) AF : widespread south of the Sahara

.

Madagascan Jacana Actophilornis albinucha (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I, 1832) AF : Madagascar

.

Irediparra Mathews, 1911

.

Comb-crested Jacana Irediparra gallinacea (Temminck, 1828) AU : Sulawesi to n, e Australia, also Philippines

.

Hydrophasianus Wagler, 1832

.

Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus (Scopoli, 1786) OR : widespread

.

Metopidius Wagler, 1832

.

Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus (Latham, 1790) OR : widespread

.

Jacana Brisson, 1760

.

Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa (Linnaeus, 1758) MA : Mexico to w Panama, also Caribbean SSP Treated as monotypic. Includes violacea, gymnostoma and lowi. Jenni & Mace. 1999.

.

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : widespread

.

J. j. hypomelaena (Gray, GR, 1846) wc Panama to n Colombia

.

J. j. melanopygia (Sclater, PL, 1857) w Colombia to w Venezuela

.

J. j. intermedia (Sclater, PL, 1857) n and c Venezuela

.

J. j. jacana (Linnaeus, 1766) Trinidad, s Colombia and s Venezuela through the Guianas south to e Bolivia, n Argentina and Uruguay

.

J. j. scapularis Chapman, 1922 w Ecuador, nw Peru

.

J. j. peruviana Zimmer, JT, 1930 ne Peru, nw Brazil

.

.

1 Plains-wanderer Family Pedionomidae

.

Pedionomus Gould, 1840

.

Plains-wanderer Pedionomus torquatus Gould, 1840 AU : e Australia

.

.

4 Seedsnipes Family Thinocoridae

.

Attagis Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I & Lesson, 1831

.

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I & Lesson, 1831 SA : Ecuador to s Chile and Argentina

.

A. g. latreillii Lesson, 1831 n Ecuador

.

A. g. simonsi Chubb, C, 1918 c Peru to n Chile and nw Argentina

.

A. g. gayi Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I & Lesson, 1831 Chile and Argentina to Tierra del Fuego

.

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus (Boddaert, 1783) SA : s Chile and s Argentina

.

Thinocorus Eschscholtz, 1829

.

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I & Lesson, 1831 SA : Peru to s Chile and Argentina

.

T. o. ingae Tschudi, 1843 n Peru to n Chile and nw Argentina

.

T. o. orbignyianus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I & Lesson, 1831 nc Chile and wc Argentina to Tierra del Fuego

.

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus Eschscholtz, 1829 SA : Ecuador to nw Argentina, Southern Cone

.

T. r. cuneicauda (Peale, 1848) sw Ecuador, coastal Peru SSP Includes pallidus. Hellmayr & Conover, 1948.

.

T. r. bolivianus Lowe, 1921 s Peru, w Bolivia, n Chile and nw Argentina

.

T. r. rumicivorus Eschscholtz, 1829 Patagonia to Tierra del Fuego

.

.

96 Sandpipers, Snipes Family Scolopacidae

.

Scolopax Linnaeus, 1758

.

Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Linnaeus, 1758 EU : widespread

.

Amami Woodcock Scolopax mira Hartert, 1916 EU : Ryukyu Islands

.

Javan Woodcock Scolopax saturata Horsfield, 1821 OR : Sumatra, Java

.

New Guinea Woodcock Scolopax rosenbergii Schlegel, 1871 AU : New Guinea

.

Bukidnon Woodcock Scolopax bukidnonensis Kennedy, Fisher, TH, Harrap, Diesmos & Manamtam, 2001 OR : Philippines

.

Sulawesi Woodcock Scolopax celebensis Riley, 1921 AU : Sulawesi

.

S. c. heinrichi Stresemann, 1932 ne Sulawesi

.

S. c. celebensis Riley, 1921 c Sulawesi

.

Moluccan Woodcock Scolopax rochussenii Schlegel, 1866 AU : Moluccas

.

American Woodcock Scolopax minor Gmelin, JF, 1789 NA : sc and se Canada, e USA

.

Coenocorypha Gray, GR, 1855

.

Chatham Snipe Coenocorypha pusilla (Buller, 1869) AU : Chatham Islands

.

North Island Snipe Coenocorypha barrierensis Oliver, 1955 AU : North, Browns and Little Barrier Is., NZ AS Coenocorypha barrierensis is split from C. aucklandica  (Checklist Committee of OSNZ)

.

South Island Snipe Coenocorypha iredalei Rothschild, 1921 AU : Small islands of Stewart Is., NZ AS Coenocorypha iredalei is split from C. aucklandica (Checklist Committee of OSNZ); recently extinct (1960's)

.

Snares Snipe Coenocorypha huegeli (Tristram, 1893) AU : Snares Is., NZ AS Coenocorypha heugeli is split from C. aucklandica  (Checklist Committee of OSNZ)

.

Subantarctic Snipe Coenocorypha aucklandica (Gray, GR, 1845) AU : Antipodes Is., Auckland Is. NZ ENG Change English name of Coenocorypha aucklandica to Subantarctic Snipe with above splits of C. huegeli and C. iredalei

.

C. a. meinertzhagenae Rothschild, 1927 Antipodes Is.

.

C. a. aucklandica (Gray, GR, 1845) Auckland Is.

.

C. a. perseverance Miskelly & Baker, AJ, 2010 Campbell Is.

.

Lymnocryptes Boie, F, 1826

.

Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus (Brünnich, 1764) EU : n Europe to ne Siberia

.

Gallinago Brisson, 1760

.

Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria Hodgson, 1831 EU : c, e

.

G. s. solitaria Hodgson, 1831 c Asia

.

G. s. japonica (Bonaparte, 1856) ne China to Kamchatka Pen.

.

Latham's Snipe Gallinago hardwickii (Gray, JE, 1831) EU : e Siberia, Japan

.

Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola Hodgson, 1836 OR : s Himalayas to e India and n Vietnam

.

Pin-tailed Snipe Gallinago stenura (Bonaparte, 1831) EU : nw Russia and Mongolia to e Siberia

.

Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala Swinhoe, 1861 EU : c Asia and n Mongolia, se Siberia

.

African Snipe Gallinago nigripennis Bonaparte, 1839 AF : e, sc, s

.

G. n. aequatorialis Rüppell, 1845 Ethiopia to e DRCongo, e Zimbabwe and n Mozambique

.

G. n. angolensis Barboza du Bocage, 1868 Angola and n Namibia to Zambia and w Zimbabwe

.

G. n. nigripennis Bonaparte, 1839 s Mozambique and South Africa

.

Madagascan Snipe Gallinago macrodactyla Bonaparte, 1839 AF : Madagascar

.

Great Snipe Gallinago media (Latham, 1787) EU : n Europe to c Asia

.

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

G. g. faeroeensis (Brehm, CL, 1831) Iceland, Faroe Is., Orkney and Shetland Is.

.

G. g. gallinago (Linnaeus, 1758) c and n Europe and Asia

.

Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata (Ord, 1825) NA, LA : widespread to nw SA

.

South American Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae (Vieillot, 1816) SA : widespread

.

G. p. paraguaiae (Vieillot, 1816) Trinidad, Colombia through the Guianas south to n Argentina and Uruguay

.

G. p. magellanica (King, PP, 1828) c Chile and c Argentina to Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Is.

.

Puna Snipe Gallinago andina Taczanowski, 1875 SA : Peru to nw Argentina

.

G. a. andina Taczanowski, 1875 Peru to n Chile (Tarapacá) and nw Argentina SSP

.

G. a. innotata (Hellmayr, 1932) n Chile (Antofagasta) SSP Add: Hellmayr & Conover, 1948; Blake, 1977; Jaramillo, 2003

.

Noble Snipe Gallinago nobilis Sclater, PL, 1856 SA : Venezuela, Colombia

.

Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata (Boddaert, 1783) SA : n, se

.

G. u. undulata (Boddaert, 1783) Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil

.

G. u. gigantea (Temminck, 1826) e Bolivia to Paraguay, se Brazil and ne Argentina

.

Fuegian Snipe Gallinago stricklandii (Gray, GR, 1845) SA : c and s Chile, s Argentina

.

Andean Snipe Gallinago jamesoni (Jardine & Bonaparte, 1855) SA : Venezuela to Bolivia

.

Imperial Snipe Gallinago imperialis Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869 SA : Colombia, Peru

.

Limnodromus zu Wied-Neuwied, 1833

.

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : n

.

L. g. caurinus Pitelka, 1950 s Alaska and s Yukon (nw Canada)

.

L. g. hendersoni Rowan, 1932 c Canada

.

L. g. griseus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) ne Canada

.

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus (Say, 1822) EU, NA : ne Siberia, Alaska and n Canada

.

Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus (Blyth, 1848) EU : c Asia and Mongolia to se Siberia and ne China

.

Limosa Brisson, 1760

.

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

L. l. islandica Brehm, CL, 1831 Iceland, Faroe and Shetland Is., n Norway

.

L. l. limosa (Linnaeus, 1758) w and c Europe to c Asia

.

L. l. melanuroides Gould, 1846 c and e Asia

.

Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : w Alaska to c Canada

.

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : n, also Alaska

.

L. l. lapponica (Linnaeus, 1758) n Europe

.

L. l. taymyrensis Engelmoer & Roselaar, 1998 nw and nc Siberia

.

L. l. menzbieri Portenko, 1936 ne Siberia

.

L. l. baueri Naumann, JF, 1836 ne Siberia to n and w Alaska

.

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : c

.

L. f. beringiae Gibson & Kessel, 1989 Alaska

.

L. f. fedoa (Linnaeus, 1758) c and sc Canada, nc USA

.

Numenius Brisson, 1760

.

Little Curlew Numenius minutus Gould, 1841 EU : nc and ne Siberia

.

Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis (Forster, JR, 1772) NA : nw Canada

.

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

.

N. p. islandicus Brehm, CL, 1831 Iceland and British Isles

.

N. p. phaeopus (Linnaeus, 1758) Norway to nc Siberia

.

N. p. alboaxillaris Lowe, 1921 w Kazakhstan to sw Siberia

.

N. p. rogachevae Tomkovich, 2008 c Siberia

.

N. p. variegatus (Scopoli, 1786) ne Siberia

.

N. p. rufiventris Vigors, 1829 Alaska and nw Canada

.

N. p. hudsonicus Latham, 1790 Hudson Bay area to ne Canada PS See Sangster et al 2011, Rasmussen & Anderton 2012 re proposed split of New World whimbrel

.

Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : Alaska

.

Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris Vieillot, 1817 EU : w Russia

.

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : c, w

.

N. a. arquata (Linnaeus, 1758) w, n and c Europe

.

N. a. orientalis Brehm, CL, 1831 w and c Siberia to Manchuria

.

N. a. suschkini Neumann, 1929 w Kazakhstan to sw Siberia

.

Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis (Linnaeus, 1766) EU : e and se Siberia, ne China ENG Change English name to Far Eastern Curlew to reduce confusion with the eastern race of Eurasian Curlew, and to align IOC with H&M, BLI, HBW, Clements.

.

Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Bechstein, 1812 NA : sw and sc Canada to sw, wc USA SSP Treat as monotypic. Inclues parvus and occidentalis. Dugger & Dugge, 2002.

.

Bartramia Lesson, 1831

.

Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda (Bechstein, 1812) NA : Alaska and nw Canada, sc Canada to c and ne USA

.

Tringa Linnaeus, 1758

.

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus (Pallas, 1764) EU : n Europe to ne Siberia

.

Common Redshank Tringa totanus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : w, c

.

T. t. robusta (Schiøler, 1919) Iceland, Faroe Is.

.

T. t. totanus (Linnaeus, 1758) w and n Europe to w Siberia

.

T. t. ussuriensis Buturlin, 1934 s Siberia and Mongolia to e Asia

.

T. t. terrignotae Meinertzhagen, R & Meinertzhagen, A, 1926 s Manchuria and e China

.

T. t. craggi Hale, 1971 nw China

.

T. t. eurhina (Oberholser, 1900) Tajikistan, n India, Tibet

.

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis (Bechstein, 1803) EU : e Europe to e Siberia and ne China

.

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia (Gunnerus, 1767) EU : n Europe to e Siberia

.

Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer (Nordmann, 1835) EU : e Siberia

.

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : s Alaska and w Canada to e Canada

.

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : Alaska to c Canada

.

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Linnaeus, 1758 EU : n and c Europe to e Siberia and ne China

.

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Wilson, A, 1813 NA : n

.

T. s. cinnamomea (Brewster, 1890) Alaska and w Canada

.

T. s. solitaria Wilson, A, 1813 e British Columbia to Labrador (Canada)

.

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Linnaeus, 1758 EU : n and c Europe to e Siberia and ne China

.

Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes (Vieillot, 1816) EU : nc and ne Siberia TAX, SEQ Move  Tattlers from Heteroscelus to Tringa (Pereira & Baker 2005, NACC); note gender agreement

.

Wandering Tattler Tringa incana (Gmelin, JF, 1789) EU, NA : ne Siberia, Alaska and nw Canada

.

Willet Tringa semipalmata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : e, c, se TAX, SEQ Move  Willet from Catoptrophorus to Tringa (Pereira & Baker 2005, NACC); note gender agreement

.

T. s. inornata (Brewster, 1887) sc Canada, nc USA

.

T. s. semipalmata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) se Canada, e and s USA, West Indies

.

Xenus Kaup, 1829

.

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus (Güldenstädt, 1775) EU : e Europe to ne Siberia

.

Actitis Illiger, 1811

.

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

.

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius (Linnaeus, 1766) NA : widespread

.

Prosobonia Bonaparte, 1850 TAX Aechmorhynchus is synonymized with Prosobonia (Cibois et al 2012)

.

Tuamotu Sandpiper Prosobonia parvirostris (Peale, 1848) PO : Tuamotu Archipelago

.

Kiritimati Sandpiper Prosobonia cancellata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : Kiritimati I.

.

Tahiti Sandpiper Prosobonia leucoptera (Gmelin, JF, 1789) PO : Tahiti (Society Islands)

.

Moorea Sandpiper Prosobonia ellisi Sharpe, 1906 PO : Moorea (Society Islands)

.

Arenaria Brisson,1760

.

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

.

A. i. interpres (Linnaeus, 1758) ne Canada, Greenland, n Europe to ne Siberia and w Alaska

.

A. i. morinella (Linnaeus, 1766) ne Alaska, n Canada

.

Black Turnstone Arenaria melanocephala (Vigors, 1829) NA : coastal w Alaska

.

Aphriza Audubon, 1839

.

Surfbird Aphriza virgata (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : Alaska and nw Canada

.

Calidris Merrem, 1804

.

Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris (Horsfield, 1821) EU : ne Siberia

.

Red Knot Calidris canutus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

.

C. c. canutus (Linnaeus, 1758) nc Siberia

.

C. c. piersmai Tomkovich, 2001 New Siberian Arch.

.

C. c. rogersi (Mathews, 1913) Chukotsk Pen. (e Siberia)

.

C. c. roselaari Tomkovich, 1990 Wrangel I. (ne Siberia), nw Alaska

.

C. c. rufa (Wilson, A, 1813) n Canada

.

C. c. islandica (Linnaeus, 1767) islands off n Canada, n Greenland

.

Sanderling Calidris alba (Pallas, 1764) NA, EU : n

.

C. a. alba (Pallas, 1764) Ellesmere I., n and e Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land and Taymyr

.

C. a. rubida (Gmelin, JF, 1789) ne Siberia, Alaska, n Canada

.

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla (Linnaeus, 1766) NA, EU : ne Siberia, w and n Alaska and n Canada

.

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri (Cabanis, 1857) NA, EU : ne Siberia, w and n Alaska

.

Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis (Pallas, 1776) EU : n and ne Siberia

.

Little Stint Calidris minuta (Leisler, 1812) EU : n Europe and n Asia

.

Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii (Leisler, 1812) EU : n Europe and n Asia

.

Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta (Middendorff, 1853) EU : c and e Siberia

.

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla (Vieillot, 1819) NA : Alaska and n Canada

.

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis (Vieillot, 1819) NA : n Alaska and n Canada

.

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii (Coues, 1861) NA, EU : ne Siberia, Alaska, n Canada and w Greenland

.

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos (Vieillot, 1819) NA, EU : n Siberia, w and n Alaska and n Canada

.

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata (Horsfield, 1821) EU : n Siberia

.

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea (Pontoppidan, 1763) EU : n Asia

.

Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima (Brünnich, 1764) NA, EU : n Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Svalbard, Scandinavia to nc Siberia Treat as monotypic. Includes groenlandica, littoralis and belcheri. Dugger & Dugge, 2002.

.

Rock Sandpiper Calidris ptilocnemis (Coues, 1873) EU, NA : e Siberia to Alaska

.

C. p. tschuktschorum (Portenko, 1937) Chukosk Pen. (e Siberia) to w Alaska

.

C. p. ptilocnemis (Coues, 1873) Pribilof, Hall and St. Mathew Is.

.

C. p. couesi (Ridgway, 1880) Aleutian Is., Alaskan Pen.

.

C. p. quarta (Hartert, 1920) s Kamchatka Pen., Kuril and Commander Is.

.

Dunlin Calidris alpina (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n

.

C. a. arctica (Schiøler, 1922) ne Greenland

.

C. a. schinzii (Brehm, CL & Schilling, 1822) se Greenland, Iceland, the British Isles to Scandinavia and the Baltic

.

C. a. alpina (Linnaeus, 1758) n Europe to nw Siberia

.

C. a. centralis (Buturlin, 1932) nc to ne Siberia

.

C. a. sakhalina (Vieillot, 1816) e Russia to the Chukotsk Pen.

.

C. a. kistchinski Tomkovich, 1986 Sea of Okhotsk to Kuril Is. and Kamchatka

.

C. a. actites Nechaev & Tomkovich, 1988 Sakhalin I. (off se Russia)

.

C. a. arcticola (Todd, 1953) nw Alaska to nw Canada

.

C. a. pacifica (Coues, 1861) w and s Alaska

.

C. a. hudsonia (Todd, 1953) c Canada

.

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus (Bonaparte, 1826) NA : n Alaska and n Canada

.

Eurynorhynchus Nilsson, 1821

.

Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : ne Siberia

.

Limicola Koch, 1816

.

Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus (Pontoppidan, 1763) EU : n

.

L. f. falcinellus (Pontoppidan, 1763) n Europe to nw Siberia

.

L. f. sibirica Dresser, 1876 ne Siberia

.

Tryngites Cabanis, 1857

.

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis (Vieillot, 1819) NA, EU : ne Siberia, n Alaska and n Canada

.

Philomachus Merrem, 1804

.

Ruff Philomachus pugnax (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : Europe to e Siberia

.

Phalaropus Brisson,1760

.

Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor (Vieillot, 1819) NA : w and c Canada, n USA

.

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n Alaska, n Canada, n Europe and n Asia

.

Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius (Linnaeus, 1758) NA, EU : n Alaska, n Canada, n Europe and n Asia