"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Bustards, mesites, Kagu, seriemas, flufftails & finfoots

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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ORDER OTIDIFORMES PHY, TAX Move bustards (Otididae) from the Gruiformes to their own Order, the Otidiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)

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26 Bustards Family Otididae

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Otis Linnaeus, 1758

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Great Bustard Otis tarda Linnaeus, 1758 EU : ec, wc

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O. t. tarda Linnaeus, 1758 sw and c Europe and nw Africa to sw Siberia and c Mongolia

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O. t. dybowskii Taczanowski, 1874 Mongolia to e Siberia and ne China

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Ardeotis Le Maout, 1853

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Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : w, c ne

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A. a. lynesi (Bannerman, 1930) w Morocco

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A. a. stieberi (Neumann, 1907) sw Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to e Sudan

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A. a. arabs (Linnaeus, 1758) Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia

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A. a. butleri (Bannerman, 1930) s Sudan

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Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori (Burchell, 1822) AF : e, s

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A. k. struthiunculus (Neumann, 1907) Ethiopia and n Somalia to Uganda and n Tanzania

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A. k. kori (Burchell, 1822) Angola to s Mozambique and South Africa

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Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps (Vigors, 1831) OR : India

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Australian Bustard Ardeotis australis (Gray, JE, 1829) AU : Australia, s New Guinea

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Chlamydotis Lesson, 1839

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Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata (Jacquin, 1784) AF : n

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C. u. fuertaventurae (Rothschild & Hartert, 1894) e Canary Is.

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C. u. undulata (Jacquin, 1784) n Africa

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Macqueen's Bustard Chlamydotis macqueenii (Gray, JE, 1832) EU : Middle East to c China

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Neotis Sharpe, 1893

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Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigii (Rüppell, 1837) AF : Angola, Namibia and South Africa

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Denham's Bustard Neotis denhami (Children & Vigors, 1826) AF : widespread

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N. d. denhami (Children & Vigors, 1826) sw Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to w Ethiopia and n Uganda

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N. d. jacksoni Bannerman, 1930 Kenya to n Zimbabwe, DR Congo and s Angola

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N. d. stanleyi (Gray, JE, 1831) South Africa

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Heuglin's Bustard Neotis heuglinii (Hartlaub, 1859) AF : Eritrea to Somalia and n Kenya

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Nubian Bustard Neotis nuba (Cretzschmar, 1826) AF : Mauritania to e Sudan

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Eupodotis Lesson, 1839 PHY Eupodotis is biphyletic, with rueppellii, humilis and vigorsii forming a deep branch and the three other species grouped with Afrotis (Pitra et al. 2002,Fjeldså comm, REF).

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White-bellied Bustard Eupodotis senegalensis (Vieillot, 1821) AF : widespread TAX Includes Barrow's Korhaan (barrowii) as a ssp (Roberts VII, HBW 3)

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E. s. senegalensis (Vieillot, 1821) sw Mauritania to Sudan and w Ethiopia south to Guinea, Cameroon and Central African Republic

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E. s. canicollis (Reichenow, 1881) Ethiopia and Somalia to ne Tanzania

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E. s. erlangeri (Reichenow, 1905) sw Kenya, w Tanzania

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E. s. mackenziei White, CMN, 1945 e Gabon to e Angola and w Zambia

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E. s. barrowii (Gray, JE, 1829) Botswana and e South Africa

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Blue Korhaan Eupodotis caerulescens (Vieillot, 1820) AF : e South Africa TAX Unsettled nomenclature. Usually attributed to (Vieillot, 1820) with spelling caerulescens. Predated by (Temminck, 1807) with spelling coerulescens but the latter published without a description. In the absence of a consensus, we follow the prevailing usage.

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Karoo Korhaan Eupodotis vigorsii (Smith, A, 1831) AF : s

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E. v. namaqua (Roberts, 1932) s Namibia, nw Cape Province (South Africa)

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E. v. vigorsii (Smith, A, 1831) Orange Free State to s Cape Province (South Africa)

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Rüppell's Korhaan Eupodotis rueppelii (Wahlberg, 1856) AF : sw

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E. r. rueppelii (Wahlberg, 1856) s Angola, nw Namibia

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E. r. fitzsimonsi (Roberts, 1937) wc Namibia

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Little Brown Bustard Eupodotis humilis (Blyth, 1855) AF : e Ethiopia, n Somalia

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Lophotis Reichenbach, 1848

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Savile's Bustard Lophotis savilei Lynes, 1920 AF : Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to c Sudan

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Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana (Oustalet, 1881) AF : Ethiopia and Somalia to n Tanzania

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Red-crested Korhaan Lophotis ruficrista (Smith, A, 1836) AF : Angola and Namibia to Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa

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Afrotis Gray, GR, 1855

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Southern Black Korhaan Afrotis afra (Linnaeus, 1758) AF : w and s South Africa

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Northern Black Korhaan Afrotis afraoides (Smith, A, 1831) AF : s

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A. a. etoschae (Grote, 1922) nw Namibia, n Botswana

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A. a. damarensis Roberts, 1926 Namibia, w and c Botswana

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A. a. afraoides (Smith, A, 1831) se Botswana to Lesotho and ne South Africa

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Lissotis Reichenbach, 1848

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Black-bellied Bustard Lissotis melanogaster (Rüppell, 1835) AF : widespread

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L. m. melanogaster (Rüppell, 1835) Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia south to Angola and Mozambique

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L. m. notophila Oberholser, 1905 Zimbabwe and s Mozambique to South Africa

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Hartlaub's Bustard Lissotis hartlaubii (Heuglin, 1863) AF : Sudan and South Sudan to Somalia and Kenya

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Houbaropsis Sharpe, 1893

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Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis (Statius Müller, 1776) OR : s Nepal, ne India, s Vietnam

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H. b. bengalensis (Statius Müller, 1776) s Nepal to n and e India

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H. b. blandini Delacour, 1928 s Cambodia, s Vietnam

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Sypheotides Lesson, 1839

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Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus (Miller, JF, 1782) OR : India

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Tetrax Forster, T, 1817

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Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : sw Europe and nw Africa to c Asia

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ORDER MESITORNITHIFORMES PHY, TAX Move Mesites (Mesitornithidae) from the Gruiformes to their own Order, the Mesitornithiformes (Hackett et al. 2008, relationships uncertain)

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3 Mesites Family Mesitornithidae

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Mesitornis Bonaparte, 1855

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White-breasted Mesite Mesitornis variegatus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I, 1838) AF : Madagascar

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Brown Mesite Mesitornis unicolor (Des Murs, 1845) AF : Madagascar

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Monias Oustalet & Grandidier, G, 1903

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Subdesert Mesite Monias benschi Oustalet & Grandidier, G, 1903 AF : Madagascar

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ORDER CARIAMIFORMES PHY, TAX Move seriemas (Cariamidae) from the Gruiformes to their own Order, the Cariamiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)

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2 Seriemas Family Cariamidae

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Cariama Brisson, 1760

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Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata (Linnaeus, 1766) SA : e Bolivia to e Brazil south to n Argentina and Uruguay

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Chunga Hartlaub, 1860

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Black-legged Seriema Chunga burmeisteri (Hartlaub, 1860) SA : s Bolivia and w Paraguay to c Argentina

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ORDER EURYPYGIFORMES PHY, TAX The Kagu (Rhynochetidae) and Sunbittern (Eurypygidae) are removed from the Gruiformes to a new Order, tentatively named the "Eurypygiformes" (Hackett et al. 2008).

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1 Kagu Family Rhynochetidae PHY The Kagu (Rhynochetidae) and Sunbittern (Eurypygidae) are sister taxa (Hackett et al. 2008).

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Rhynochetos Verreaux, J & Des Murs, 1860

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Kagu Rhynochetos jubatus Verreaux, J & Des Murs, 1860 AU : New Caledonia

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1 Sunbittern Family Eurypygidae

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Eurypyga Illiger, 1811

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Sunbittern Eurypyga helias (Pallas, 1781) LA : Guatemala through Amazonia

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E. h. major Hartlaub, 1844 Guatemala to w Ecuador

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E. h. meridionalis von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 sc Peru

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E. h. helias (Pallas, 1781) Colombia to the Guianas south though Amazonian Brazil to e Bolivia

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ORDER GRUIFORMES PHY Long recognized to be an artificial assemblage of taxa, the Gruiformes is now restricted to flufftails, finfoots, rails, trumpeters, cranes, and Limpkin (Hackett et al. 2008)

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9 Flufftails Family Sarothruridae PHY The flufftails (Sarothruridae) and finfoots (Heliornithidae) are sister taxa (Hackett et al. 2008)

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Sarothrura Heine, 1890

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White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra (Gray, JE, 1829) AF : w, wc, c

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S. p. batesi Bannerman, 1922 s Cameroon

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S. p. centralis Neumann, 1908 Gabon to s Sudan south to n Angola and nw Zambia

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S. p. pulchra (Gray, JE, 1829) Gambia and Senegal to n Cameroon

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S. p. zenkeri Neumann, 1908 se Nigeria, w Cameroon, n Gabon

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Buff-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura elegans (Smith, A, 1839) AF : widespread

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S. e. reichenovi (Sharpe, 1894) Sierra Leone to Uganda and n Angola

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S. e. elegans (Smith, A, 1839) Ethiopia and Somalia to South Africa

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Red-chested Flufftail Sarothrura rufa (Vieillot, 1819) AF : widespread

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S. r. bonapartii (Bonaparte, 1856) Sierra Leone to Gabon and Congo

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S. r. elizabethae van Someren, 1919 Central African Republic to Ethiopia south to DR Congo, Uganda and w Kenya

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S. r. rufa (Vieillot, 1819) c Kenya and ne Tanzania to South Africa

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Chestnut-headed Flufftail Sarothrura lugens (Böhm, 1884) AF : c, sc

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S. l. lugens (Böhm, 1884) Cameroon to DR Congo and w Tanzania

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S. l. lynesi Grant, CHB & Mackworth-Praed, 1934 c Angola to Zimbabwe

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Streaky-breasted Flufftail Sarothrura boehmi Reichenow, 1900 AF : Cameroon to Kenya and south to Zimbabwe

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Striped Flufftail Sarothrura affinis (Smith, A, 1828) AF : e, s

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S. a. antonii Madarász & Neumann, 1911 s Sudan to e Zimbabwe

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S. a. affinis (Smith, A, 1828) South Africa

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Madagascan Flufftail Sarothrura insularis (Sharpe, 1870) AF : Madagascar

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White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi (Gurney, 1877) AF : Ethiopia, Zimbabwe and e South Africa

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Slender-billed Flufftail Sarothrura watersi (Bartlett, 1880) AF : Madagascar

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3 Finfoots Family Heliornithidae PHY The finfoots (Heliornithidae) and flufftails (Sarothruridae) are sister taxa (Hackett et al. 2008)

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Podica Lesson, 1831

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African Finfoot Podica senegalensis (Vieillot, 1817) AF : widespread

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P. s. camerunensis Sjöstedt, 1893 s Cameroon to DR Congo

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P. s. petersii Hartlaub, 1852 Angola to Mozambique south to South Africa

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P. s. senegalensis (Vieillot, 1817) Gambia and Senegal to Nigeria and Ethiopia to n DR Congo, Uganda and nw Tanzania

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P. s. somereni Chapin, 1954 Kenya, ne Tanzania

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Heliopais Sharpe, 1893

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Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus (Gray, GR, 1849) OR : ne India to Sumatra

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Heliornis Bonnaterre, 1791

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Sungrebe Heliornis fulica (Boddaert, 1783) LA : se Mexico to ne Argentina