"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Bananaquit, buntings, sparrows & bush tanagers

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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1 Bananaquit Family Coerebidae

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Coereba Vieillot, 1809

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Bananaquit Coereba flaveola (Linnaeus, 1758) LA : widespread, also West Indies

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C. f. bahamensis (Reichenbach, 1853) Bahamas

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C. f. caboti (Baird, SF, 1873) e Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico) and nearby islands

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C. f. flaveola (Linnaeus, 1758) Jamaica

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C. f. sharpei (Cory, 1886) Cayman Is.

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C. f. bananivora (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Hispaniola and nearby islands

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C. f. nectarea Wetmore, 1929 Tortue I. (off nw Haiti)

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C. f. portoricensis (Bryant, H, 1866) Puerto Rico

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C. f. sanctithomae (Sundevall, 1869) n Virgin Is.

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C. f. newtoni (Baird, SF, 1873) St. Croix (s Virgin Is.)

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C. f. bartholemica (Sparrman, 1788) n and c Lesser Antilles

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C. f. martinicana (Reichenbach, 1853) Martinique and St. Lucia (sc Lesser Antilles)

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C. f. barbadensis (Baird, SF, 1873) Barbados

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C. f. atrata (Lawrence, 1878) St. Vincent (s Lesser Antilles)

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C. f. aterrima (Lesson, 1830) Grenada and the Grenadines (s Lesser Antilles)

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C. f. uropygialis von Berlepsch, 1892 Aruba and Curaçao (Netherland Antilles)

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C. f. tricolor (Ridgway, 1884) Providencia I. (off e Nicaragua)

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C. f. oblita Griscom, 1923 San Andrés I. (off e Nicaragua)

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C. f. mexicana (Sclater, PL, 1857) se Mexico to w Panama

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C. f. cerinoclunis Bangs, 1901 Pearl Is. (south of Panama)

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C. f. columbiana (Cabanis, 1866) e Panama to sw Colombia and s Venezuela

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C. f. bonairensis Voous, 1955 Bonaire I. (Netherland Antilles)

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C. f. melanornis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1954 Cayo Sal I. (off n Venezuela)

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C. f. lowii Cory, 1909 Los Roques Is. (off n Venezuela)

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C. f. ferryi Cory, 1909 La Tortuga I. (off n Venezuela)

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C. f. frailensis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1946 Los Frailes and Los Hermanos Is. (off n Venezuela)

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C. f. laurae Lowe, 1908 Los Testigos (off n Venezuela)

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C. f. luteola (Cabanis, 1850) coastal n Colombia and n Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago

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C. f. obscura Cory, 1913 ne Colombia and w Venezuela

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C. f. minima (Bonaparte, 1854) e Colombia and s Venezuela to French Guiana and nc Brazil

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C. f. montana Lowe, 1912 Andes of nw Venezuela

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C. f. caucae Chapman, 1914 w Colombia

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C. f. gorgonae Thayer & Bangs, 1905 Gorgona I. (off w Colombia)

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C. f. intermedia (Salvadori & Festa, 1899) sw Colombia, w Ecuador and n Peru east to s Venezuela and w Brazil

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C. f. bolivari Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946 e Venezuela

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C. f. guianensis (Cabanis, 1850) se Venezuela to Guyana

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C. f. roraimae Chapman, 1929 tepui regions of se Venezuela, sw Guyana and n Brazil

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C. f. pacifica Lowe, 1912 e Peru

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C. f. magnirostris (Taczanowski, 1880) n Peru

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C. f. dispar Zimmer, JT, 1942 nc Peru to w Bolivia

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C. f. chloropyga (Cabanis, 1850) ec Peru to c Bolivia and east to e Brazil n Uruguay, ne Argentina and Paraguay

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C. f. alleni Lowe, 1912 e Bolivia to c Brazil

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176 Buntings, New World Sparrows and allies Family Emberizidae

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Emberiza Linnaeus, 1758

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Crested Bunting Emberiza lathami Gray, JE, 1831 OR : Himalayas to Thailand, se China TAX Move Crested Bunting Melophus into Emberiza (Alström et al 2008)

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Slaty Bunting Emberiza siemsseni (Martens, GH, 1906) EU : c China TAX Move Slaty Bunting Latoucheornis into Emberiza (Alström et al 2008)

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Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w, sc, also n Africa

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E. c. calandra Linnaeus, 1758 nw Africa, Canary Is. and Europe to Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran

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E. c. buturlini Johansen, HE, 1907 Middle East to nw China

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Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w, c

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E. c. caliginosa Clancey, 1940 w and n British Isles

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E. c. citrinella Linnaeus, 1758 se England and w continental Europe to nw Russia and Poland south to the Balkans

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E. c. erythrogenys Brehm, CL, 1855 e Europe to sc Siberia

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Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos Gmelin, SG, 1771 EU : c, e

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E. l. leucocephalos Gmelin, SG, 1771 e European Russia to e Siberia and ne China

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E. l. fronto Stresemann, 1930 ne Qinghai and s Gansu (nc China)

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Rock Bunting Emberiza cia Linnaeus, 1766 EU : sw, sc

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E. c. cia Linnaeus, 1766 c and s Europe to the Balkans and n Turkey, nw Africa

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E. c. hordei Brehm, CL, 1831 Greece through s Turkey and south to Israel and Jordon

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E. c. prageri Laubmann, 1915 the Caucasus, s Ukraine, e Turkey and sw and n Iran

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E. c. par Hartert, 1904 ne Iran to c Asia, and n Pakistan

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E. c. stracheyi Moore, F, 1856 nw Himalayas to sw Tibet and Nepal

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E. c. flemingorum Martens, J, 1972 c Nepal

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Godlewski's Bunting Emberiza godlewskii Taczanowski, 1874 EU : c

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E. g. decolorata Sushkin, 1925 nw China

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E. g. godlewskii Taczanowski, 1874 s Siberia, Mongolia and n China

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E. g. khamensis Sushkin, 1925 Tibet to sc China

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E. g. yunnanensis Sharpe, 1902 s China

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E. g. omissa Rothschild, 1921 e China

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Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides von Brandt, JF, 1843 EU : e

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E. c. tarbagataica Sushkin, 1925 nw China

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E. c. cioides von Brandt, JF, 1843 sc Siberia and Mongolia

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E. c. weigoldi Jacobi, A, 1923 se Siberia, n Korea and ne China

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E. c. castaneiceps Moore, F, 1856 e China and s Korea

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E. c. ciopsis Bonaparte, 1850 Sakhalin and Kuril Is., Japan

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White-capped Bunting Emberiza stewarti (Blyth, 1854) OR : Himalayas to c India

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Jankowski's Bunting Emberiza jankowskii Taczanowski, 1888 EU : e

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Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani Blyth, 1845 EU : s, c

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E. b. cerrutii de Filippi, 1863 e Turkey to Turkmenistan

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E. b. buchanani Blyth, 1845 Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to c Afghanistan and Pakistan

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E. b. neobscura Paynter, 1970 Kazakhstan to Mongolia and nw China

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Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea Brehm, CL, 1855 EU : sc

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E. c. cineracea Brehm, CL, 1855 eastern Greek islands and sw Turkey

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E. c. semenowi Zarudny, 1904 se Turkey and sw Iran

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Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana Linnaeus, 1758 EU : w, c

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Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar, 1827 EU : sw

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Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus Linnaeus, 1766 EU : w, sw, also nw Africa

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Striolated Bunting Emberiza striolata (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) EU, AF : ne Africa to sw Asia and nw India ENG Change  English name of Emberiza striolata from House Bunting to Striolated Bunting with split of E.sahari, a human commensal.

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E. s. saturatior (Sharpe, 1901) c Sudan, sw Ethiopia and nw Kenya

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E. s. jebelmarrae (Lynes, 1920) ne Chad and w Sudan

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E. s. striolata (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) Israel and ne Egypt to Pakistan and nw India, also ne Sudan to n Somalia

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House Bunting Emberiza sahari Levaillant, J, 1850 AF : nw Africa AS Emberiza sahari is split from E.striolata (Kirwin & Shirihai 2007)

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E. s. sanghae Traylor, 1960 Mauritania, n Senegal and s Mali

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E. s. sahari Levaillant, J, 1850 Morocco to n Chad

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Lark-like Bunting Emberiza impetuani Smith, A, 1836 AF : sw

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E. i. eremica Clancey, 1989 s Angola to nw South Africa

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E. i. impetuani Smith, A, 1836 Botswana to sw South Africa

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E. i. sloggetti (Macdonald, 1957) c South Africa

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Cinnamon-breasted Bunting Emberiza tahapisi Smith, A, 1836 AF : e, s, also sw Arabian Peninsula

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E. t. arabica (Lorenz von Liburnau, L & Hellmayr, 1902) s Arabia

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E. t. insularis (Ogilvie-Grant & Forbes, HO, 1899) Socotra I.

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E. t. septemstriata Rüppell, 1837 e Sudan through Eritrea and Ethiopia to nw Somalia

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E. t. tahapisi Smith, A, 1836 s Ethiopia to se South Africa, also s Gabon, Angola and s DRCongo

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E. t. nivenorum (Winterbottom, 1965) s Angola to c Namibia

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Gosling's Bunting Emberiza goslingi (Alexander, 1906) AF: Mauritania and Senegal to sw Sudan and ne DRCongo AS Emberiza goslingi is split from E. tahapisi (Olsson et al 2013c)

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Socotra Bunting Emberiza socotrana (Ogilvie-Grant & Forbes, HO, 1899) EU : Socotra Island

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Cape Bunting Emberiza capensis Linnaeus, 1766 AF : s

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E. c. nebularum (Rudebeck, 1958) e Zambia, s Malawi and n Mozambique

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E. c. bradfieldi (Roberts, 1928) n and c Namibia

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E. c. smithersii (Plowes, 1951) e Zimbabwe and wc Mozambique

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E. c. plowesi (Vincent, 1950) ne Botswana and s Zimbabwe

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E. c. limpopoensis (Roberts, 1924) se Botswana to North West and Limpopo Provinces (nc and ne South Africa)

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E. c. reidi (Shelley, 1902) ec South Africa, w Swaziland and n Lesotho

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E. c. basutoensis (Vincent, 1950) c Lesotho and e South Africa

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E. c. cinnamomea (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1842) c South Africa

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E. c. vinacea Clancey, 1963 ne Northern Cape Province (nc South Africa)

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E. c. capensis Linnaeus, 1766 s Namibia to sw South Africa

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Vincent's Bunting Emberiza vincenti (Lowe, 1932) AF : Malawi

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Tristram's Bunting Emberiza tristrami Swinhoe, 1870 EU : e

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Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata Pallas, 1776 EU : c, e

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E. f. arcuata Sharpe, 1888 n Pakistan and the Himalayas to Nepal and s China

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E. f. fucata Pallas, 1776 sc Siberia and e Mongolia to e Siberia, Japan, Korea and ne China

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E. f. kuatunensis La Touche, 1925 e China

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Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla Pallas, 1776 EU : n

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Yellow-browed Bunting Emberiza chrysophrys Pallas, 1776 EU : nc, ne

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Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica Pallas, 1776 EU : n

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Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans Temminck, 1836 EU : e

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E. e. elegans Temminck, 1836 e Siberia and ne China to Korea and Japan

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E. e. elegantula Swinhoe, 1870 c China

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Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola Pallas, 1773 EU : n, e

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E. a. aureola Pallas, 1773 e Europe to e Siberia and south to Kazakhstan and c Mongolia

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E. a. ornata Shulpin, 1928 sc Siberia and ne Mongolia to se Siberia, Japan and ne China

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Somali Bunting Emberiza poliopleura (Salvadori, 1888) AF : ec

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Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza flaviventris Stephens, 1815 AF : widespread

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E. f. flavigaster Cretzschmar, 1828 Mauritania and Mali to Eritrea and n Ethiopia

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E. f. kalaharica Roberts, 1932 c Sudan to Botswana, n South Africa and c Mozambique

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E. f. princeps Clancey & Winterbottom, 1960 s Angola and Namibia

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E. f. flaviventris Stephens, 1815 s and e South Africa, s Mozambique

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Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis Heuglin, 1867 AF : w, c, e

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E. a. nigeriae Bannerman & Bates, 1926 Senegal and Gambia to Nigeria and n Cameroon

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E. a. vulpecula Grote, 1921 c Cameroon, s Chad and Central African Republic

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E. a. affinis Heuglin, 1867 s Sudan, ne DRCongo and nw Uganda

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E. a. omoensis Neumann, 1905 s Ethiopia

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Cabanis's Bunting Emberiza cabanisi (Reichenow, 1875) AF : w, c,e, se

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E. c. cabanisi (Reichenow, 1875) Sierra Leone to s Sudan and n Uganda

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E. c. orientalis (Shelley, 1882) s DRCongo and Angola to Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe

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Chestnut Bunting Emberiza rutila Pallas, 1776 EU : e

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Tibetan Bunting Emberiza koslowi Bianchi, 1904 EU : Himalayas to wc China

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Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala Scopoli, 1769 EU : sc

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Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps von Brandt, JF, 1841 EU : sc

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Yellow Bunting Emberiza sulphurata Temminck & Schlegel, 1848 EU : Japan, Korea

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Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala Pallas, 1776 EU : e

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E. s. spodocephala Pallas, 1776 c Siberia to n Mongolia and east to e Siberia, n Sakhalin I., n Korea and ne China

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E. s. personata Temminck, 1836 s Sakhalin and Kuril Is., Japan

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E. s. sordida Blyth, 1845 ec China

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Grey Bunting Emberiza variabilis Temminck, 1836 EU : e

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E. v. variabilis Temminck, 1836 Sakhalin and Kuril Is., n and c Japan

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E. v. musica (Kittlitz, 1858) c Kamchatka Pen.

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Pallas's Reed Bunting Emberiza pallasi (Cabanis, 1851) EU : e

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E. p. pallasi (Cabanis, 1851) sc Siberia, n Mongolia and ne China

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E. p. minor Middendorff, 1853 c Siberia to se Russia

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E. p. polaris Middendorff, 1853 ne European Russia to Kamchatka Pen.

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E. p. lydiae Portenko, 1929 nw, c and ne Mongolia

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Japanese Reed Bunting Emberiza yessoensis (Swinhoe, 1874) EU : e

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E. y. yessoensis (Swinhoe, 1874) c and s Japan

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E. y. continentalis Witherby, 1913 se Siberia and ne China

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Common Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus (Linnaeus, 1758) EU : widespread

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E. s. lusitanica Steinbacher, 1930 nw Spain and Portugal

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E. s. schoeniclus (Linnaeus, 1758) w, n and nc Europe to n European Russia

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E. s. passerina Pallas, 1771 nw Siberia

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E. s. parvirostris Buturlin, 1910 c Siberia

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E. s. pyrrhulina (Swinhoe, 1876) sc Siberia and ne Mongolia to Kamchatka Pen., Kuril Is. n Japan and ne China

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E. s. pallidior Hartert, 1904 sw Siberia and n Kazakhstan

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E. s. stresemanni Steinbacher, 1930 e Austria, Hungary, n Serbia and nw Romania

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E. s. ukrainae (Zarudny, 1917) Moldavia and Ukraine to c European Russia

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E. s. incognita (Zarudny, 1917) se European Russia to nw, c and ne Kazakhstan

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E. s. witherbyi von Jordans, 1923 Spain (except nw), s France, Sardinia, Balearic Is. and Morocco

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E. s. intermedia Degland, 1849 Italy and the Adriatic coast to Albania

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E. s. tschusii Reiser & Almasy, 1898 Bulgaria, Romania and the n Black Sea region

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E. s. reiseri Hartert, 1904 se Albania, nw Greece, Macedonia and w and c Turkey

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E. s. caspia Ménétries, 1832 e Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran

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E. s. korejewi (Zarudny, 1907) sw and e Iran, s Turkmenistan

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E. s. pyrrhuloides Pallas, 1811 w Kazakhstan to se Kazakhstan

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E. s. harterti Sushkin, 1906 e Kazakhstan to c Mongolia and nw China

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E. s. centralasiae Hartert, 1904 w China

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E. s. zaidamensis Portenko, 1929 wc China

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Calamospiza Bonaparte, 1838

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Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Stejneger, 1885 NA : c

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Passerella Swainson, 1837

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Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca (Merrem, 1786) NA : w, n

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P. i. unalaschcensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Aleutians and sw Alaska

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P. i. insularis Ridgway, 1900 Kodiak Is. (s of Alaska)

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P. i. sinuosa Grinnell, 1910 s Alaska

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P. i. annectens Ridgway, 1900 Yukuatat Bay (se Alaska)

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P. i. townsendi (Audubon, 1838) se Alaska, Queen Charlotte Is. (sw Canada)

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P. i. chilcatensis Webster, JD, 1983 se Alaska to nw British Columbia (w Canada)

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P. i. fuliginosa Ridgway, 1899 coastal se Aaskaa to nw USA

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P. i. megarhyncha Baird, SF, 1858 sw Oregon and California (w USA)

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P. i. olivacea Aldrich, 1943 sw Canada and nw USA

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P. i. schistacea Baird, SF, 1858 sw to sc Canada, nc and wc USA

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P. i. swarthi Behle & Selander, 1951 nw Utah and se Idaho (wc USA)

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P. i. canescens Swarth, 1918 e California and c Nevada (wc USA)

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P. i. altivagans Riley, 1911 interior sw Canada

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P. i. zaboria Oberholser, 1946 nw and c Alaska, w Canada

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P. i. iliaca (Merrem, 1786) c and e Canada

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Melospiza Baird, SF, 1858

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Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia (Wilson, A, 1810) NA : widespread, also to c Mexico

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M. m. maxima Gabrielson & Lincoln, 1951 w Aleutian Is.

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M. m. sanaka McGregor, 1900 e Aleutians and tip of Alaskan Pen.

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M. m. insignis Baird, SF, 1869 Kodiak Is. and e Alaskan Pen.

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M. m. kenaiensis Ridgway, 1900 coastal s Alaska

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M. m. caurina Ridgway, 1899 coastal se Alaska

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M. m. rufina (Bonaparte, 1850) islands off se Alaska and w Canada

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M. m. merrilli Brewster, 1896 e British Columbia (sw Canada) to se Washington and nw Montana (nw USA)

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M. m. morphna Oberholser, 1899 c and sw British Columbia (sw Canada) to nw Oregon (nw USA)

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M. m. cleonensis McGregor, 1899 sw Oregon and nw California (w USA)

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M. m. gouldii Baird, SF, 1858 c coast of California (except San Francisco Bay), Santa Cruz IS.

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M. m. samuelis (Baird, SF, 1858) San Pablo Bay and n San Francisco Bay (c coast of California in w USA)

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M. m. maxillaris Grinnell, 1909 Suisan Bay (c coast of California in w USA)

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M. m. pusillula Ridgway, 1899 s San Francisco Bay (c coast of California in w USA)

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M. m. graminea Townsend, CH, 1890 Channel Is. (off sw California in w USA) and Los Coronatos Is. (off nw Mexico)

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M. m. heermanni Baird, SF, 1858 c and sw California, n Baja California (nw Mexico)

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M. m. rivularis Bryant, WE, 1888 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

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M. m. fallax (Baird, SF, 1854) s Nevada, s Utah, Arizona and nw Mexico

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M. m. goldmani Nelson, 1899 nw to wc Mexico

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M. m. mexicana Ridgway, 1874 sc Mexico

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M. m. villai Phillips, AR & Dickerman, 1957 c Mexico

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M. m. adusta Nelson, 1899 wc Mexico

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M. m. montana Henshaw, 1884 wc USA

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M. m. melodia (Wilson, A, 1810) sc and se Canada to se USA (except Atlantic coast)

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M. m. atlantica Todd, 1924 coastal ec USA

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Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii (Audubon, 1834) NA : w, n

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M. l. lincolnii (Audubon, 1834) nw Alaska, nc and ne Canada to n USA

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M. l. gracilis (Kittlitz, 1858) s Alaska and w Canada

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M. l. alticola (Miller, AH & McCabe, 1935) w USA

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Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana (Latham, 1790) NA : nc, ne

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M. g. ericrypta Oberholser, 1938 s Canada, nc USA

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M. g. georgiana (Latham, 1790) se Canada, ne and ec USA

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Zonotrichia Swainson, 1832

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Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis (Statius Müller, 1776) LA : s Mexico to s Argentina, also Hispaniola

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Z. c. septentrionalis Griscom, 1930 s Mexico to El Salvador and Honduras

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Z. c. antillarum (Riley, 1916) Dominican Republic

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Z. c. orestera Wetmore, 1951 Cerro Campana (c Panama)

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Z. c. costaricensis Allen, JA, 1891 Costa Rica to Colombia and Venezuela

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Z. c. insularis (Ridgway, 1898) Netherland Antilles

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Z. c. venezuelae Chapman, 1939 n and c Venezuela

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Z. c. inaccessibilis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1955 Cerro de la Neblina (s Venezuela)

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Z. c. perezchinchillorum (Phelps Jr & Aveledo, 1984) Cerro Marahuaca (s Venezuela)

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Z. c. roraimae (Chapman, 1929) c Colombia, s and e Venezuela, w Guyana and n Brazil

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Z. c. macconnelli Sharpe, 1900 Mt. Roraima (se Venezuela)

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Z. c. capensis (Statius Müller, 1776) ne French Guiana

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Z. c. bonnetiana Stiles, 1995 s Colombia

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Z. c. tocantinsi Chapman, 1940 ec Brazil south of the Amazon

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Z. c. novaesi Oren, 1985 Serra dos Carajás (e Brazil)

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Z. c. matutina (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) ne and c Brazil to e Bolivia

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Z. c. subtorquata Swainson, 1837 sc and se Brazil, e Paraguay, ne Argentina and Uruguay

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Z. c. illescasensis Koepcke, 1963 Cerro Illescas (nw Peru)

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Z. c. markli Koepcke, 1971 lowlands of nw Peru

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Z. c. huancabambae Chapman, 1940 n and c Peru

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Z. c. peruviensis (Lesson, 1834) w Peru

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Z. c. pulacayensis (Ménégaux, 1908) c Peru to c Bolivia and nw Argentina

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Z. c. carabayae Chapman, 1940 e slope of the Andes from c Peru to c Bolivia

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Z. c. antofagastae Chapman, 1940 n Chile

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Z. c. arenalensis (Nores, 1986) nw Argentina

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Z. c. sanborni Hellmayr, 1932 high Andes of Chile and w Argentina

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Z. c. hypoleuca (Todd, 1915) s and e Bolivia, n Argentina

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Z. c. choraules (Wetmore & Peters, JL, 1922) wc Argentina

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Z. c. chilensis (Meyen, 1834) c Chile and sc Argentina

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Z. c. australis (Latham, 1790) s Chile and s Argentina

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Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula (Nuttall, 1840) NA : nc

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White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys (Forster, JR, 1772) NA : n

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Z. l. gambelii (Nuttall, 1840) Alaska and w Canada

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Z. l. nuttalli Ridgway, 1899 wc California (w USA)

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Z. l. pugetensis Grinnell, 1928 sw Canada and nw USA

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Z. l. oriantha Oberholser, 1932 inland sw Canada and w USA

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Z. l. leucophrys (Forster, JR, 1772) c and e Canada

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White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : n

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Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : nw

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Junco Wagler, 1831

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Volcano Junco Junco vulcani (Boucard, 1878) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

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Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : n, w

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J. h. aikeni Ridgway, 1873 wc USA

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J. h. hyemalis (Linnaeus, 1758) Alaska, n, c and e Canada, nc and ne USA

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J. h. carolinensis Brewster, 1886 ec USA

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J. h. cismontanus Dwight, 1918 interior w Canada

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J. h. oreganus (Townsend, JK, 1837) se Alaska and wc British Columbia (w Canada)

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J. h. shufeldti Coale, 1887 coastal sw British Columbia (w Canada) and coastal nw USA

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J. h. montanus Ridgway, 1898 interior sw Canada and interior nw USA

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J. h. thurberi Anthony, 1890 s Oregon and nw California (w USA)

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J. h. pinosus Loomis, 1893 c and s California (sw USA)

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J. h. pontilis Oberholser, 1919 Sierra Juárez (n Baja California in nw Mexico)

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J. h. townsendi Anthony, 1889 Sierra San Pedro Mártir (n Baja California in nw Mexico)

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J. h. mutabilis van Rossem, 1931 se California and s Nevada (sw USA)

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J. h. mearnsi Ridgway, 1897 sw to sc Canada, nc USA

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J. h. caniceps (Woodhouse, 1853) wc USA

.

J. h. dorsalis Henry, 1858 Arizona, New Mexico and w Texas (sw USA)

.

Guadalupe Junco Junco insularis Ridgway, 1876 MA : Guadalupe Island (Mexico) AS Junco insularis is split from J. hyemalis (Howell  and Webb 1995, BLI, Aleixandre et al 2013, NACC 2014-A-6)

.

Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus Wagler, 1831 NA, MA : sw USA to Guatemala

.

J. p. palliatus Ridgway, 1885 sw USA and nw Mexico

.

J. p. phaeonotus Wagler, 1831 c and s Mexico

.

J. p. bairdi Ridgway, 1883 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

J. p. fulvescens Nelson, 1897 interior of Chiapas (s Mexico)

.

J. p. alticola Salvin, 1863 se Chiapas (s Mexico) and w Guatemala PS See Milá et al 2006, Milá et al 2007b

.

Passerculus Bonaparte, 1838

.

Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA, MA : Canada to Guatemala

.

P. s. princeps Maynard, 1872 Sable I. (e Nova Scotia in e Canada)

.

P. s. labradorius Howe, 1901 ec and e Canada

.

P. s. savanna (Wilson, A, 1811) s and se Canada

.

P. s. anthinus Bonaparte, 1853 Alaska and nw Canada

.

P. s. sandwichensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) e Aleutians and islands off the Alaskan Pen.

.

P. s. brooksi Bishop, 1915 sw Canada and nw USA

.

P. s. alaudinus Bonaparte, 1853 coastal California (w USA)

.

P. s. nevadensis Grinnell, 1910 sc Canada and wc USA

.

P. s. brunnescens (Butler, AW, 1888) nc Mexico

.

P. s. wetmorei van Rossem, 1938 sw Guatemala

.

P. s. beldingi Ridgway, 1885 sw USA and n Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

P. s. anulus Huey, 1930 wc Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

P. s. guttatus Lawrence, 1867 sc Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

P. s. magdalenae van Rossem, 1947 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

P. s. sanctorum Coues, 1884 San Benito Is. (off Baja California in nw Mexico)

.

P. s. rostratus (Cassin, 1852) ne Baja California and nw Sonora (nw Mexico)

.

P. s. atratus van Rossem, 1930 coastal Sonora to Sinaloa (nw to w Mexico)

.

Ammodramus Swainson, 1827

.

Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus (Wilson, A, 1811) NA : e, s USA coasts

.

A. m. maritimus (Wilson, A, 1811) New Hampshire to n North Carolina (ne to e USA)

.

A. m. macgillivraii (Audubon, 1834) North Carolina to s Georgia (e to se USA)

.

A. m. pelonotus (Oberholser, 1931) ne Florida (se USA)

.

A. m. fisheri Chapman, 1899 Gulf coast of se USA

.

A. m. sennetti Allen, JA, 1888 coastal s Texas (sc USA)

.

A. m. peninsulae Allen, JA, 1888 w Florida (se USA)

.

A. m. juncicola (Griscom & Nichols, 1920) n Florida (se USA)

.

A. m. nigrescens Ridgway, 1874 ec Florida (se USA)

.

A. m. mirabilis (Howell, AH, 1919) sw Florida (se USA)

.

Nelson's Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni Allen, JA, 1875 NA : Canada, n USA

.

A. n. nelsoni Allen, JA, 1875 w and c Canada and nc USA

.

A. n. alter (Todd, 1938) ec Canada

.

A. n. subvirgatus Dwight, 1887 se Canada and ne USA

.

Saltmarsh Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) NA : e, ne USA

.

A. c. caudacutus (Gmelin, JF, 1788) ne USA

.

A. c. diversus Bishop, 1901 e USA

.

Le Conte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii (Audubon, 1844) NA : nc

.

Baird's Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii (Audubon, 1844) NA : nc

.

Henslow's Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii (Audubon, 1829) NA : c, ec

.

A. h. susurrans (Brewster, 1918) ne USA

.

A. h. henslowii (Audubon, 1829) sc Canada, nc and c USA

.

Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA, MA : widespread, also Colombia

.

A. s. perpallidus (Coues, 1872) sw Canada, c and w USA

.

A. s. ammolegus Oberholser, 1942 s Arizona (sw USA) and nw Mexico

.

A. s. pratensis (Vieillot, 1818) se Canada and e USA

.

A. s. floridanus (Mearns, 1902) Florida (se USA)

.

A. s. bimaculatus Swainson, 1827 c and s Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Costa Rica

.

A. s. beatriceae Olson, 1980 c Panama

.

A. s. cracens (Bangs & Peck, 1908) n and e Guatemala, Belize, e Honduras and ne Nicaragua

.

A. s. caucae Chapman, 1912 Colombia

.

A. s. savannarum (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Jamaica

.

A. s. intricatus Hartert, 1907 Hispaniola

.

A. s. borinquensis Peters, JL, 1917 Puerto Rico

.

A. s. caribaeus (Hartert, 1902) Netherland Antilles

.

Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis (Bosc, 1792) SA : widespread TAX Myospiza humeralis is now assigned to Ammodramus (Paynter 1970; Klicka & Spellman 2007, SACC)

.

A. h. humeralis (Bosc, 1792) Colombia (except ne) and Venezuela (except nw) through the Guianas to e Brazil

.

A. h. pallidulus (Wetmore, 1949) ne Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

A. h. xanthornus Gould, 1839 se Peru and ne Bolivia to sc Brazil, Uruguay and c Argentina

.

A. h. tarijensis (Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939) se Bolivia

.

Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons (von Spix, 1825) SA : Colombia through Amazonia TAX Myospiza aurifrons is now assigned to Ammodramus (Paynter 1970; Klicka & Spellman 2007, NACC, SACC)

.

A. a. apurensis (Phelps & Gilliard, 1941) ne Colombia and w Venezuela

.

A. a. cherriei (Chapman, 1914) ec Colombia

.

A. a. tenebrosus (Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1949) se Colombia and sw Venezuela

.

A. a. aurifrons (von Spix, 1825) s Colombia, e Ecuador, e Peru, ne Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil

.

Xenospiza Bangs, 1931

.

Sierra Madre Sparrow Xenospiza baileyi Bangs, 1931 MA : c Mexico

.

Spizella Bonaparte, 1832

.

American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea (Wilson, A, 1810) NA : n Canada, Alaska

.

S. a. ochracea Brewster, 1882 Alaska, nw and w Canada

.

S. a. arborea (Wilson, A, 1810) nc and e Canada

.

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina (Bechstein, 1798) NA, MA : widespread

.

S. p. passerina (Bechstein, 1798) se Canada to c and e USA

.

S. p. arizonae Coues, 1872 Alaska to nw Mexico

.

S. p. atremaea Moore, RT, 1937 w Mexico

.

S. p. mexicana Nelson, 1899 c and s Mexico, nw Guatemala

.

S. p. pinetorum Salvin, 1863 ne Guatemala and Belize to ne Nicaragua

.

Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla (Wilson, A, 1810) NA : e, c

.

S. p. pusilla (Wilson, A, 1810) se Canada to e USA

.

S. p. arenacea Chadbourne, 1886 c USA

.

Worthen's Sparrow Spizella wortheni Ridgway, 1884 MA : ne Mexico PHY Worthen's Sparrow, an endangered species, is most closely related to Brewer's Sparrow, not Field Sparrow (Canales-del Castillo et al 2010)

.

Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis (Cabanis, 1851) NA, MA : sw USA, Mexico

.

S. a. evura Coues, 1866 sw USA and n Sonora (nw Mexico)

.

S. a. caurina Miller, AH, 1929 wc California (w USA)

.

S. a. cana Coues, 1866 sw California (sw USA) and n Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

S. a. atrogularis (Cabanis, 1851) nc Mexico

.

Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida (Swainson, 1832) NA : c

.

Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri Cassin, 1856 NA : wc

.

S. b. taverneri Swarth & Brooks, AC, 1925 se Alaska and w Canada to nw USA

.

S. b. breweri Cassin, 1856 sc Canada to wc USA

.

Pooecetes Baird, SF, 1858

.

Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) NA : w, n

.

P. g. gramineus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) se Canada to e USA

.

P. g. confinis Baird, SF, 1858 sw Canada and wc USA

.

P. g. affinis Miller, GS, 1888 nw USA

.

Chondestes Swainson, 1827

.

Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus (Say, 1822) NA : w, n

.

C. g. grammacus (Say, 1822) c USA

.

C. g. strigatus Swainson, 1827 sw Canada and w USA

.

Amphispiza Coues, 1874

.

Five-striped Sparrow Amphispiza quinquestriata (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868) MA : nw, w Mexico PHY, TAX Separate Five-striped Sparrow from Aimophila to Amphispiza (DaCosta et al 2009,  NACC 2009-E-3)

.

A. q. septentrionalis (van Rossem, 1934) nw Mexico

.

A. q. quinquestriata (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868) w Mexico

.

Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata (Cassin, 1850) NA, MA : w USA to c Mexico

.

A. b. bilineata (Cassin, 1850) c Texas (s USA) to ne Mexico

.

A. b. opuntia Burleigh & Lowery, 1939 sc USA to n Mexico

.

A. b. deserticola Ridgway, 1898 w USA to nw Mexico

.

A. b. bangsi Grinnell, 1927 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

A. b. tortugae van Rossem, 1930 Tortuga I. (Gulf of California)

.

A. b. belvederei Banks, 1963 Cerralvo I. (Gulf of California)

.

A. b. pacifica Nelson, 1900 nw Mexico

.

A. b. cana van Rossem, 1930 San Esteban I. (Gulf of California)

.

A. b. grisea Nelson, 1898 nc and c Mexico

.

Artemisiospiza Klicka & Banks, 2011

.

Sagebrush Sparrow Artemisiospiza nevadensis (Ridgway, 1874) NA : wc USA AS, ENG Split Sage Sparrow A. nevadensis from Bell's Sparrow A. belli; rename Sagebrush Sparrow (Cicero & Johnson 2007, Cicero 2010, Klicka & Banks 2011, HBW 16, Cicero & Koo 2012, NACC 2013-A-8, 2013-C-3).

.

Bell's Sparrow Artemisiospiza belli (Cassin, 1850) NA, MA : sw USA to Baja California PHY, TAX, ENG Separate Sage Sparrow species group from Amphispiza to Artemisiospiza (Klicka & Banks 2011); Change English name of A. belli to Bell's Sparrow with transfer of 'Sage Sparrow' to A. nevadensis

.

A. b. canescens (Grinnell, 1905) se California, sw Nevada (sw USA) and ne Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

A. b. belli (Cassin, 1850) s California (sw USA), and nw Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

A. b. clementeae (Ridgway, 1898) San Clemente I. (off sw California)

.

A. b. cinerea (Townsend, CH, 1890) c Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

Rhynchospiza Ridgway, 1898 PHY, TAX Separate Tumbes Sparrow and Stripe-capped Sparrow from Aimophila to Rhynchospiza (DaCosta et al 2009, SACC 456)

.

Tumbes Sparrow Rhynchospiza stolzmanni (Taczanowski, 1877) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

Stripe-capped Sparrow Rhynchospiza strigiceps (Gould, 1839) SA : sc

.

R. s. dabbenei (Hellmayr, 1912) se Bolivia to nw Argentina

.

R. s. strigiceps (Gould, 1839) sc Paraguay to nc Argentina

.

Peucaea Audubon, 1839 PHY, TAX Separate the following seven species of Aimophila sparrows to Peucaea (DaCosta et al 2009, NACC 2009-A-12a)

.

Stripe-headed Sparrow Peucaea ruficauda (Bonaparte, 1853) MA : w Mexico to Costa Rica

.

P. r. acuminata (Salvin & Godman, 1886) wc Mexico

.

P. r. lawrencii (Salvin & Godman, 1886) s Mexico

.

P. r. connectens (Griscom, 1930) e Guatemala

.

P. r. ruficauda (Bonaparte, 1853) Honduras, Nicaragua and nw Costa Rica

.

P. r. ibarrorum (Dickerman, 1987) se Guatemala and El Salvador

.

Black-chested Sparrow Peucaea humeralis (Cabanis, 1851) MA : w Mexico

.

Bridled Sparrow Peucaea mystacalis (Hartlaub, 1852) MA : c Mexico

.

Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow Peucaea sumichrasti (Lawrence, 1871) MA : sw Mexico

.

Rufous-winged Sparrow Peucaea carpalis Coues, 1873 NA, MA : sw USA, nw Mexico

.

P. c. carpalis Coues, 1873 sw USA and nw Mexico

.

P. c. bangsi (Moore, RT, 1932) nc Sonora to n Sinaloa (nw Mexico)

.

P. c. cohaerens (Moore, RT, 1946) n and c Sinaloa (w Mexico)

.

Cassin's Sparrow Peucaea cassinii (Woodhouse, 1852) NA, MA : sc, sw USA, n Mexico

.

Bachman's Sparrow Peucaea aestivalis (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) NA : se USA

.

P. a. bachmani (Audubon, 1833) sc USA

.

P. a. illinoensis Ridgway, 1879 c USA

.

P. a. aestivalis (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) se USA

.

Botteri's Sparrow Peucaea botterii (Sclater, PL, 1858) NA, MA : sw USA to Costa Rica

.

P. b. arizonae Ridgway, 1873 sw USA and nw Mexico

.

P. b. texana (Phillips, AR, 1943) sc USA and ne Mexico

.

P. b. mexicana (Lawrence, 1867) nc Mexico

.

P. b. goldmani (Phillips, AR, 1943) w Mexico

.

P. b. botterii (Sclater, PL, 1858) sc and s Mexico

.

P. b. petenica (Salvin, 1863) se Mexico, Belize and n Guatemala

.

P. b. spadiconigrescens (Howell, TR, 1965) Honduras and ne Nicaragua

.

P. b. vantynei (Webster, JD, 1959) c Guatemala

.

P. b. vulcanica (Miller, W & Griscom, 1925) w Nicaragua and nw Costa Rica

.

Aimophila Swainson, 1837

.

Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps (Cassin, 1852) NA, MA : sc, sw USA, Mexico

.

A. r. ruficeps (Cassin, 1852) c California (w USA)

.

A. r. canescens Todd, 1922 sw California (sw USA) and n Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

A. r. obscura Dickey & van Rossem, 1923 islands off sw California (sw USA)

.

A. r. sanctorum van Rossem, 1947 Todoa Santos Is. (island off Baja California in nw Mexico)

.

A. r. sororia Ridgway, 1898 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

A. r. rupicola van Rossem, 1946 sw Arizona (sw USA)

.

A. r. scottii (Sennett, 1888) n and e Arizona and sw New Mexico (sw USA), nw Mexico

.

A. r. eremoeca (Brown, NC, 1882) Colorado to Kansas (wc USA) and south to nc Mexico

.

A. r. simulans van Rossem, 1934 nw to w Mexico

.

A. r. pallidissima Phillips, AR, 1966 ne Mexico

.

A. r. phillipsi Hubbard & Crossin, 1974 se Sinaloa (wc Mexico)

.

A. r. boucardi (Sclater, PL, 1867) s. San Luis Potosí to Guanajuato and Querétaro to s Michoacán, Hidalgo, Tlaxcala, nw and c Veracruz, and n Puebla (c Mexico)

.

A. r. suttoni Hubbard, 1975 e Nayarit to n and w Jalisco and s Colima (w Mexico)

.

A. r. laybournae Hubbard, 1975 Veracruz to Oaxaca (sc Mexico)

.

A. r. duponti Hubbard, 1975 Mexico City area (sc Mexico)

.

A. r. fusca (Nelson, 1897) e Jalisco to n Colima and n Michoacán (sw Mexico)

.

A. r. australis (Nelson, 1897) c Oaxaca (sc Mexico)

.

A. r. extima Phillips, AR, 1966 Guerrero and s Pueblo through s Oacaca (sw Mexico)

.

Rusty Sparrow Aimophila rufescens (Swainson, 1827) MA : nw Mexico to nw Costa Rica

.

A. r. antonensis van Rossem, 1942 nc Sonora (nw Mexico)

.

A. r. mcleodii Brewster, 1888 e Somora and w Chihuahua to n Sinaloa and nw Durango (nw Mexico)

.

A. r. rufescens (Swainson, 1827) w and sw Mexico

.

A. r. pyrgitoides (Lafresnaye, 1839) inteior highlands of n and c El Salvador and c Honduras

.

A. r. discolor Ridgway, 1888 n Honduras and ne Nicaragua

.

A. r. pectoralis Dickey & van Rossem, 1927 Pacific slope of sw El Salavdor, se El Salvador and s Honduras.

.

A. r. hypaethra Bangs, 1909 nw Costa Rica

.

Oaxaca Sparrow Aimophila notosticta (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868) MA : s Mexico

.

Torreornis Barbour & Peters, JL, 1927

.

Zapata Sparrow Torreornis inexpectata Barbour & Peters, JL, 1927 NA : Cuba

.

T. i. inexpectata Barbour & Peters, JL, 1927 sw Cuba

.

T. i. sigmani Spence, MJ & Smith, BL, 1961 se Cuba

.

T. i. varonai Regalado Ruiz, 1981 Cayo Coco (off nc Cuba)

.

Oriturus Bonaparte, 1850

.

Striped Sparrow Oriturus superciliosus (Swainson, 1838) MA : w, c Mexico

.

O. s. palliatus (van Rossem, 1938) nw and w Mexico

.

O. s. superciliosus (Swainson, 1838) c and s Mexico

.

Porphyrospiza Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873

.

Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1830) SA : sc

.

Pipilo Vieillot, 1816

.

Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus (Audubon, 1839) NA : w USA

.

Collared Towhee Pipilo ocai (Lawrence, 1865) MA : Mexico

.

P. o. alticola (Salvin & Godman, 1889) w Mexico

.

P. o. nigrescens (Salvin & Godman, 1889) c Mexico

.

P. o. guerrerensis van Rossem, 1938 sw Mexico

.

P. o. brunnescens van Rossem, 1938 s Mexico

.

P. o. ocai (Lawrence, 1865) ec Mexico

.

Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Swainson, 1827 NA, MA : sw Canada to w Guatemala

.

P. m. oregonus Bell, 1849 sw Canada to sw Oregon (w USA)

.

P. m. falcifer McGregor, 1900 nw California (w USA)

.

P. m. megalonyx Baird, SF, 1858 wc California (w USA) to extreme nw Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

P. m. clementae Grinnell, 1897 islands off sw California (sw USA)

.

P. m. umbraticola Grinnell & Swarth, 1926 n Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

P. m. consobrinus Ridgway, 1876 Isla de Guadalupe (off Baja California in nw Mexico)

.

P. m. magnirostris Brewster, 1891 s Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

P. m. curtatus Grinnell, 1911 interior sw Canada and interior nw USA

.

P. m. falcinellus Swarth, 1913 s Oregon to c California (w USA)

.

P. m. arcticus (Swainson, 1832) sc Canada and wc USA

.

P. m. montanus Swarth, 1905 sw USA and n Mexico

.

P. m. gaigei van Tyne & Sutton, 1937 e New Mexico and w Texas (sc USA), nc Mexico

.

P. m. griseipygius van Rossem, 1934 w Mexico

.

P. m. orientalis Sibley, 1950 ne Mexico

.

P. m. maculatus Swainson, 1827 e Mexico

.

P. m. vulcanorum Sibley, 1950 sc Mexico

.

P. m. oaxacae Sibley, 1950 Oaxaca (s Mexico)

.

P. m. chiapensis van Rossem, 1938 c Chiapas (s Mexico)

.

P. m. repetens Griscom, 1930 se Chiapas (s Mexico) and w Guatemala

.

P. m. macronyx Swainson, 1827 sw to sc Mexico

.

P. m. socorroensis Grayson, 1867 Socorro I. (off w Mexico)

.

Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus, 1758) NA : s Canada, c, e USA

.

P. e. erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus, 1758) sc and se Canada to ec USA

.

P. e. canaster Howell, AH, 1913 interior se USA

.

P. e. rileyi Koelz, 1939 coastal se USA except c and s Florida

.

P. e. alleni Coues, 1871 Florida (se USA)

.

Bermuda Towhee Pipilo naufragus Olson & Wingate, 2012 NA : Bermuda EXT Recently described from subfossil bones. Survived into the historic period.

.

Melozone Reichenbach, 1850 PHY, TAX Melozone includes 4 species of towhees (White-throated, Canyon, California, Abert's) transferred from Pipilo (DaCosta et al 2009, NACC 2009-E-2)

.

White-throated Towhee Melozone albicollis (Sclater, PL, 1858) MA : Mexico

.

M. a. marshalli (Parkes, 1974) Puebla (sc Mexico)

.

M. a. albicollis (Sclater, PL, 1858) Guerrero and Oaxaca (sw Mexico)

.

Canyon Towhee Melozone fusca (Swainson, 1827) NA, MA : sw USA, Mexico

.

M. f. mesoleuca (Baird, SF, 1854) sw USA and n Mexico

.

M. f. intermedia (Nelson, 1899) nw Mexico

.

M. f. jamesi (Townsend, CH, 1923) Tiburon I. (off nw Mexico)

.

M. f. mesata (Oberholser, 1937) wc USA

.

M. f. texana (van Rossem, 1934) w and c Texas (sc USA) and ne Mexico

.

M. f. perpallida (van Rossem, 1934) wc Mexico

.

M. f. fusca (Swainson, 1827) c to sc Mexico

.

M. f. potosina (Ridgway, 1899) nc to c Mexico

.

M. f. campoi (Moore, RT, 1949) e Mexico

.

M. f. toroi (Moore, RT, 1942) sc to s Mexico

.

California Towhee Melozone crissalis (Vigors, 1839) NA : w USA, also Baja California

.

M. c. bullata (Grinnell & Swarth, 1926) sw Oregon to nc California (w USA)

.

M. c. carolae (McGregor, 1899) interior California (w and sw USA)

.

M. c. petulans (Grinnell & Swarth, 1926) coastal n California (w USA)

.

M. c. crissalis (Vigors, 1839) coastal c California (sw USA)

.

M. c. eremophila (van Rossem, 1935) ec California

.

M. c. senicula (Anthony, 1895) coastal s California (sw USA) and n Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

M. c. aripolia (Oberholser, 1919) c Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

M. c. albigula (Baird, SF, 1860) s Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

Abert's Towhee Melozone aberti (Baird, SF, 1852) NA, MA : sw USA, nw Mexico

.

M. a. aberti (Baird, SF, 1852) s Arizona and sw Mexico (sw USA)

.

M. a. dumeticola (van Rossem, 1946) s Nevada and sw Utah (sw USA) to n Baja California (nw Mexico)

.

Rusty-crowned Ground Sparrow Melozone kieneri (Bonaparte, 1850) MA : Mexico

.

M. k. grisior van Rossem, 1933 nw Mexico

.

M. k. kieneri (Bonaparte, 1850) w Mexico

.

M. k. rubricata (Cabanis, 1851) c and sw Mexico

.

Prevost's Ground Sparrow Melozone biarcuata (Prévost & Des Murs, 1842) MA : Mexico to Nicaragua

.

M. b. hartwegi Brodkorb, 1938 s Mexico

.

M. b. biarcuata (Prévost & Des Murs, 1842) Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador

.

Cabanis's Ground Sparrow Melozone cabanisi (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868) MA : c Costa Rica AS Melozone cabanisi is split from M. biarcuata (Stiles & Skutch 1989, Howell & Webb 1995)

.

White-eared Ground Sparrow Melozone leucotis Cabanis, 1861 MA : s Mexico to Costa Rica

.

M. l. occipitalis (Salvin, 1878) s Mexico, Guatemala and El salvador

.

M. l. nigrior Miller, W & Griscom, 1925 Nigaragua

.

M. l. leucotis Cabanis, 1861 Costa Rica

.

Arremonops Ridgway, 1896

.

Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus (Lawrence, 1851) NA, MA : s Texas to Costa Rica

.

A. r. rufivirgatus (Lawrence, 1851) s Texas (sc USA) and ne Mexico

.

A. r. ridgwayi (Sutton & Burleigh, 1941) e Mexico

.

A. r. crassirostris (Ridgway, 1878) se Mexico

.

A. r. rhyptothorax Parkes, 1974 n Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico)

.

A. r. verticalis (Ridgway, 1878) Tabasco and s Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico), Guatemala and Belize

.

A. r. sinaloae Nelson, 1899 w Mexico

.

A. r. sumichrasti (Sharpe, 1888) sw Mexico

.

A. r. chiapensis Nelson, 1904 s Mexico

.

A. r. superciliosus (Salvin, 1865) w Costa Rica

.

Tocuyo Sparrow Arremonops tocuyensis Todd, 1912 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

.

Green-backed Sparrow Arremonops chloronotus (Salvin, 1861) MA : se Mexico to Honduras

.

A. c. chloronotus (Salvin, 1861) se Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and nw Honduras

.

A. c. twomeyi Monroe, 1963 nc Honduras

.

Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris (Bonaparte, 1850) LA : Honduras to n Brazil

.

A. c. richmondi Ridgway, 1898 e Honduras to w Panama

.

A. c. striaticeps (Lafresnaye, 1853) c and e Panama through w Colombia to w Ecuador

.

A. c. viridicatus Wetmore, 1957 Coiba I. (off s Panama)

.

A. c. inexpectatus Chapman, 1914 nc Colombia

.

A. c. conirostris (Bonaparte, 1850) n and ne Colombia, n and c Venezuela and extreme n Brazil

.

A. c. umbrinus Todd, 1923 e Colombia and w Venezuela

.

A. c. pastazae Krabbe & Stejskal, 2008 e Ecuador

.

Arremon Vieillot, 1816

.

Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus (Hermann, 1783) SA : nw SA, Amazonia

.

A. t. axillaris Sclater, PL, 1854 ne Colombia and w Venezuela

.

A. t. taciturnus (Hermann, 1783) e Colombia, c and s Venezuela, the Guianas, Amazonian Brazil and ne Bolivia

.

A. t. nigrirostris (Sclater, PL, 1886) se Peru and n Bolivia

.

Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus Swainson, 1838 SA : se Brazil

.

Sao Francisco Sparrow Arremon franciscanus Raposo, 1997 SA : ec Brazil

.

Saffron-billed Sparrow Arremon flavirostris Swainson, 1838 SA : se, sc

.

A. f. flavirostris Swainson, 1838 c and e Brazil

.

A. f. dorbignii Sclater, PL, 1856 c Bolivia to nw Argentina

.

A. f. devillii Des Murs, 1856 e Bolivia to sc Brazil

.

A. f. polionotus Bonaparte, 1850 se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

.

Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris Lafresnaye, 1847 LA : se Mexico to ne Peru

.

A. a. saturatus Cherrie, 1891 se Mexico, Guatemala and Belize

.

A. a. rufidorsalis Cassin, 1865 Honduras to nw Panama

.

A. a. aurantiirostris Lafresnaye, 1847 w Costa Rica to c Panama

.

A. a. strictocollaris Todd, 1922 e Panama and nw Colombia

.

A. a. occidentalis Hellmayr, 1911 w Colombia and nw Ecuador

.

A. a. santarosae Chapman, 1925 sw Ecuador

.

A. a. erythrorhynchus Sclater, PL, 1855 n Colombia

.

A. a. spectabilis Sclater, PL, 1855 se Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru

.

Golden-winged Sparrow Arremon schlegeli Bonaparte, 1850 SA : Colombia, Venezuela

.

A. s. fratruelis Wetmore, 1946 Guajira Pen. (n Colombia)

.

A. s. canidorsum Zimmer, JT, 1941 nc Colombia

.

A. s. schlegeli Bonaparte, 1850 n Colombia (except Guajira Pen.) and Venezuela

.

Black-capped Sparrow Arremon abeillei Lesson, 1844 SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

A. a. abeillei Lesson, 1844 sw Ecuador and nw Peru

.

A. a. nigriceps Taczanowski, 1880 nc Peru

.

Chestnut-capped Brush Finch Arremon brunneinucha (Lafresnaye, 1839) LA : Mexico to Ecuador TAX The four species of Buarremon are merged into the genus Arremon (Cadena et al. 2007; AOU 2008)

.

A. b. apertus (Wetmore, 1942) s Veracruz (se Mexico)

.

A. b. brunneinucha (Lafresnaye, 1839) San Luis Potosi, w and c Veracruz and n Oaxaca (e Mexico)

.

A. b. alleni (Parkes, 1954) El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua

.

A. b. suttoni (Parkes, 1954) Guerrero to c Oaxaca (s Mexico)

.

A. b. macrourus (Parkes, 1954) Chiapas (s Mexico) and sw Guatemala

.

A. b. elsae (Parkes, 1954) Costa Rica to c Panama

.

A. b. frontalis Tschudi, 1844 e Panama, Colombia, Venezuela (except nw), Ecuador (except sc) and Peru

.

A. b. allinornatus (Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949) nw Venezuela

.

A. b. inornatus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1879) sc Ecuador

.

Green-striped Brush Finch Arremon virenticeps (Bonaparte, 1855) MA : w, c Mexico

.

Black-headed Brush Finch Arremon atricapillus (Lawrence, 1874) LA : e Panama, Colombian Andes AS Arremon atricapillus was split on original list from A. torquatus (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, see also Cadena & Cuervo 2010, SACC 468)

.

A. a. atricapillus (Lawrence, 1874) n Colombia

.

A. a. tacarcunae (Chapman, 1923) e Panama

.

Costa Rican Brush Finch Arremon costaricensis (Bangs, 1907) MA : Costa Rica and western Panama AS, ENG Arremon costaricensis is split from A. atricapillus (Cadena & Cuervo 2010, SACC 468); Change English name to Costa Rican Brush Finch (AOU-NACC 2012 (53rd Supplement)

.

White-browed Brush Finch Arremon torquatus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : s Peru, Bolivia, Argentina ENG Change English name of A. torquatus from Stripe-headed Brush Finch to Grey-browed Brush Finch with break up of this species complex

.

A. t. torquatus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) w Bolivia

.

A. t. fimbriatus (Chapman, 1923) c Bolivia

.

A. t. borellii (Salvadori, 1897) s Bolivia and nw Argentina

.

Sierra Nevada Brush Finch Arremon basilicus (Bangs, 1898) SA : Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, n Colombia AS, ENG Arremon basilicus is split from A. torquatus (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Cadena & Cuervo 2010, SACC 468); Change provisional English name to Sierra Nevada Brush Finch to follow SACC 487

.

Perija Brush Finch Arremon perijanus (Phelps & Gilliard, 1940) SA : Serranía del Perijá, ne Colombia and nw Venezuela AS, ENG Arremon perijanus is split from A. torquatus (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Cadena & Cuervo 2010, SACC 468); Change provisional English name to Perija Brush Finch to follow SACC 487

.

Grey-browed Brush Finch Arremon assimilis (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Andes of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and most of Peru AS Arremon assimilis is split from A. torquatus (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Cadena & Cuervo 2010, SACC 468)

.

A. a. larensis (Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1949) Lara, Merida and Tachira (nw Venezuela)

.

A. a. assimilis (Boissonneau, 1840) n Colombia to nc Peru

.

A. a. nigrifrons (Chapman, 1923) sw Ecuador and nw Peru

.

A. a. poliophrys (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896) c and s Peru

.

Caracas Brush Finch Arremon phaeopleurus (Sclater, PL, 1856) SA : Cordillera de la Costa, n Venezuela AS, ENG Arremon phaeoplurus is split from A. torquatus (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Cadena & Cuervo 2010, SACC 468); Change provisional English name to Caracas Brush Finch to follow SACC 487

.

Paria Brush Finch Arremon phygas (von Berlepsch, 1912) SA : Cordillera de la Costa Oriental, ne Venezuela AS, ENG Arremon phygas is split from A. torquatus (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Cadena & Cuervo 2010, SACC 468); Change provisional English name to Paria Brush Finch to follow SACC 487

.

Sooty-faced Finch Arremon crassirostris (Cassin, 1865) MA : Costa Rica, Panama TAX The two species of Lysurus are merged into the genus Arremon (Cadena et al. 2007; AOU 2008)

.

Olive Finch Arremon castaneiceps (Sclater, PL, 1860) SA : Colombia to Peru

.

Pezopetes Cabanis, 1861

.

Large-footed Finch Pezopetes capitalis Cabanis, 1861 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Atlapetes Wagler, 1831

.

Rufous-capped Brush Finch Atlapetes pileatus Wagler, 1831 MA : Mexico

.

A. p. dilutus Ridgway, 1898 n and c Mexico

.

A. p. pileatus Wagler, 1831 sc Mexico

.

Moustached Brush Finch Atlapetes albofrenatus (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela, Colombia

.

A. a. meridae (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1871) nw Venezuela

.

A. a. albofrenatus (Boissonneau, 1840) n Colombia

.

Ochre-breasted Brush Finch Atlapetes semirufus (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela, Colombia

.

A. s. denisei (Hellmayr, 1911) n and ne Venezuela

.

A. s. benedettii Phelps & Gilliard, 1941 nw Venezuela

.

A. s. albigula Zimmer, JT & Phelps, 1946 n Tachira (w Venezuela)

.

A. s. zimmeri Meyer de Schauensee, 1947 n Colombia and w Tachira (w Venezuela)

.

A. s. majusculus Todd, 1919 Boyaca (nc Colombia)

.

A. s. semirufus (Boissonneau, 1840) Cundinamarca (nc Colombia)

.

Tepui Brush Finch Atlapetes personatus (Cabanis, 1849) SA : Tepuis

.

A. p. personatus (Cabanis, 1849) Mt. Roraima and nearby tepuis (se Venezuela)

.

A. p. collaris Chapman, 1939 Mt. Auyan-tepui (se Venezuela)

.

A. p. duidae Chapman, 1929 Mt. Duida and Mt. Guaiquinima (s Venezuela)

.

A. p. parui Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1950 Cerro Parú (s Venezuela)

.

A. p. paraquensis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1946 Cerro Paraque and Cerro Yavi (s Venezuela)

.

A. p. jugularis Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1955 Cerro La Neblina (s Venezuela) and n Brazil

.

White-naped Brush Finch Atlapetes albinucha (Lafresnaye & d'Orbigny, 1838) LA : Mexico to Colombia TAX Yellow-throated Brush Finch Atlapetes gutturalis intergrades and is conspecific with White-naped Brush Finch A. albinucha (NACC 1998,SACC)

.

A. a. albinucha (Lafresnaye & d'Orbigny, 1838) e and se Mexico

.

A. a. griseipectus Dwight & Griscom, 1921 s Mexico, w Guatemala and w El Salvador

.

A. a. fuscipygius Dwight & Griscom, 1921 Honduras, nw El Salvador and nw Nicaragua

.

A. a. parvirostris Dwight & Griscom, 1921 Costa Rica

.

A. a. brunnescens Chapman, 1915 w Chiriquí (w Panama)

.

A. a. coloratus Griscom, 1924 e Chiriquí (w Panama)

.

A. a. azuerensis Aldrich, 1937 Azuero Pen. (s Panama)

.

A. a. gutturalis (Lafresnaye, 1843) n Colombia

.

Santa Marta Brush Finch Atlapetes melanocephalus (Salvin & Godman, 1880) SA : Colombia

.

Pale-naped Brush Finch Atlapetes pallidinucha (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

A. p. pallidinucha (Boissonneau, 1840) ne Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

A. p. papallactae Hellmayr, 1913 c Colombia to Ecuador and n Peru

.

Yellow-headed Brush Finch Atlapetes flaviceps Chapman, 1912 SA : Colombia

.

Dusky-headed Brush Finch Atlapetes fuscoolivaceus Chapman, 1914 SA : Colombia

.

Choco Brush Finch Atlapetes crassus Bangs, 1908 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Tricolored Brush Finch Atlapetes tricolor (Taczanowski, 1875) SA : Peru

.

White-rimmed Brush Finch Atlapetes leucopis (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1878) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Rufous-naped Brush Finch Atlapetes latinuchus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1855) SA : Venezuela and Colombia to Peru

.

A. l. nigrifrons Phelps & Gilliard, 1940 extreme n Colombia and nw Venezuela

.

A. l. elaeoprorus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1879) Antioquia (nc Colombia)

.

A. l. simplex (von Berlepsch, 1888) Bogota (c Colombia)

.

A. l. yariguierum Donegan & Huertas, 2006 Santander (nc Colombia)

.

A. l. caucae Chapman, 1927 sc to sw Colombia

.

A. l. spodionotus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1879) s Colombia and n Ecuador

.

A. l. comptus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1879) sw Ecuador and Piura (extreme nw Peru)

.

A. l. latinuchus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1855) se Ecuador and n Peru

.

A. l. chugurensis Chapman, 1927 w Cajamarca (nw Peru)

.

A. l. baroni (Salvin, 1895) s Cajamarca and La Libertad (nw Peru)

.

Antioquia Brush Finch Atlapetes blancae Donegan, 2007 SA : nc Colombia NEW Atlapetes blancae is a newly described species (Donegan 2007, SACC 332)

.

Rufous-eared Brush Finch Atlapetes rufigenis (Salvin, 1895) SA : Peru

.

Apurimac Brush Finch Atlapetes forbesi Morrison, 1947 SA : Peru

.

Black-spectacled Brush Finch Atlapetes melanopsis Valqui & Fjeldså, 2002 SA : Peru

.

Slaty Brush Finch Atlapetes schistaceus (Boissonneau, 1840) SA : Venezuela to Peru

.

A. s. fumidus Wetmore & Phelps Jr, 1953 Perijá Mts. ( n Colombia and nw Venezuela)

.

A. s. castaneifrons (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1875) Andes of nw Venezuela

.

A. s. tamae Cory, 1913 sw Tachira (nw Venezuela) and n Colombia

.

A. s. schistaceus (Boissonneau, 1840) c Colombia to Ecuador

.

A. s. taczanowskii (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1875) c Peru

.

White-winged Brush Finch Atlapetes leucopterus (Jardine, 1856) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

A. l. leucopterus (Jardine, 1856) w Ecuador

.

A. l. dresseri (Taczanowski, 1883) sw Ecuador and nw Peru

.

A. l. paynteri Fitzpatrick, 1980 nc Peru

.

White-headed Brush Finch Atlapetes albiceps (Taczanowski, 1884) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

Pale-headed Brush Finch Atlapetes pallidiceps (Sharpe, 1900) SA : Ecuador

.

Bay-crowned Brush Finch Atlapetes seebohmi (Taczanowski, 1883) SA : Ecuador, Peru

.

A. s. celicae Chapman, 1925 sw Ecuador

.

A. s. simonsi (Sharpe, 1900) s Ecuador

.

A. s. seebohmi (Taczanowski, 1883) nw Peru

.

Rusty-bellied Brush Finch Atlapetes nationi (Sclater, PL, 1881) SA : Peru

.

A. n. nationi (Sclater, PL, 1881) w Peru

.

A. n. brunneiceps (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906) sw Peru

.

Cuzco Brush Finch Atlapetes canigenis Chapman, 1919 SA : Peru

.

Vilcabamba Brush Finch Atlapetes terborghi Remsen, 1993 SA : Peru

.

Grey-eared Brush Finch Atlapetes melanolaemus (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1879) SA : Peru

.

Bolivian Brush Finch Atlapetes rufinucha (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Bolivia

.

A. r. rufinucha (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) w Bolivia

.

A. r. carrikeri Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 c Bolivia

.

Fulvous-headed Brush Finch Atlapetes fulviceps (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) SA : Bolivia, nw Argentina

.

Yellow-striped Brush Finch Atlapetes citrinellus (Cabanis, 1883) SA : Argentina

.

Pselliophorus Ridgway, 1898

.

Yellow-thighed Finch Pselliophorus tibialis (Lawrence, 1864) MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

Yellow-green Finch Pselliophorus luteoviridis Griscom, 1924 MA : Panama

.

Gubernatrix Lesson, 1837

.

Yellow Cardinal Gubernatrix cristata (Vieillot, 1817) SA : Uruguay, n, e Argentina

.

Chlorospingus Cabanis, 1851 PHY, SEQ Chlorospingus  belongs in the Emberizidae; is tentatively moved from tanagers to the end of the Emberizidae (Klicka et al 2007, DaCosta et al 2009, SACC 426)

.

Common Bush Tanager Chlorospingus flavopectus (Lafresnaye, 1840) LA : sw Mexico to n Argentina TAX Common Bush Tanager comprises multiple species, at least 5 in Mexico and Middle America; Species in southern Central America and South America become (provisionally) C. flavopectus (Lafresnaye, 1840) with type locality restriction of C. ophthalmicus to Mexico. When treated as a single species, C. flavopectus (Lafresnaye, 1840) has priority over C. ophthalmicus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847). SACC #521.

.

C. f. postocularis Cabanis, 1866 s Chiapas (s Mexico) and w Guatemala

.

C. f. wetmorei Lowery & Newman, RJ, 1949 e Veracruz (e Mexico)

.

C. f. albifrons Salvin & Godman, 1889 Guerrero (sw Mexico)

.

C. f. persimilis Phillips, AR, 1966 Oaxaca (s Mexico)

.

C. f. ophthalmicus (Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847) se San Luis Potosí and w Veracruz to ne Oaxaca (e Mexico)

.

C. f. dwighti Underdown, 1931 n Chiapas (s Mexico) and e Guatemala

.

C. f. honduratius von Berlepsch, 1912 El Salvador and Honduras

.

C. f. regionalis Bangs, 1906 Nicaragua, ne Costa Rica and w Panama

.

C. f. novicius Bangs, 1902 sw Costa Rica and sw Panama

.

C. f. punctulatus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1869 c Panama

.

C. f. jacqueti Hellmayr, 1921 n Colombia and Andes east slope from Lara to Tachira (w Venezuela)

.

C. f. falconensis Phelps & Gilliard, 1941 n Venezuela

.

C. f. venezuelanus von Berlepsch, 1893 Andes west slope from Lara to Tachira (w Venezuela)

.

C. f. ponsi Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1952 e Perijá Mts. (nw Venezuela)

.

C. f. eminens Zimmer, JT, 1946 east slope of e Andes (nc Colombia)

.

C. f. trudis Olson, 1983 west slope of e Andes in Santander (nc Colombia)

.

C. f. exitelus Olson, 1983 northern c Andes (nc Colombia)

.

C. f. flavopectus (Lafresnaye, 1840) west slope of the e Andes from s Santander to Bogota (c Colombia)

.

C. f. macarenae Zimmer, JT, 1947 Meta (c Colombia)

.

C. f. olsoni Avendaño, Stiles & Cadena, 2013 east slope of e Andes (c Colombia) SSP subsp. nov. Avendaño, Stiles & Cadena, 2013

.

C. f. nigriceps Chapman, 1912 sc Andes of Colombia

.

C. f. phaeocephalus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1877 Ecuador

.

C. f. cinereocephalus Taczanowski, 1874 c Peru

.

C. f. hiaticolus O'Neill & Parker, TA, 1981 n Peru

.

C. f. peruvianus Carriker, 1933 s Peru

.

C. f. bolivianus Hellmayr, 1921 w Bolivia

.

C. f. fulvigularis von Berlepsch, 1901 c Bolivia

.

C. f. argentinus Hellmayr, 1921 sc Bolivia to n Argentina

.

Tacarcuna Bush Tanager Chlorospingus tacarcunae Griscom, 1924 LA : Panama, Colombia

.

Pirre Bush Tanager Chlorospingus inornatus (Nelson, 1912) MA : Panama

.

Dusky Bush Tanager Chlorospingus semifuscus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

C. s. livingstoni Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 w Colombia

.

C. s. semifuscus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1873 sw Colombia and w Ecuador

.

Sooty-capped Bush Tanager Chlorospingus pileatus Salvin, 1865 MA : Costa Rica, Panama

.

C. p. pileatus Salvin, 1865 Costa Rica and w Chiriqui (w Panama)

.

C. p. diversus Griscom, 1924 e Chiriqui (w Panama)

.

Yellow-whiskered Bush Tanager Chlorospingus parvirostris Chapman, 1901 SA : Colombia to Bolivia

.

C. p. huallagae Carriker, 1933 c Colombia to Ecuador and nw Peru

.

C. p. medianus Zimmer, JT, 1947 c Peru

.

C. p. parvirostris Chapman, 1901 s Peru and w Bolivia

.

Yellow-throated Bush Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis (Sclater, PL, 1852) LA : Panama to Peru

.

C. f. hypophaeus Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1868 w Panama

.

C. f. marginatus Chapman, 1914 w Colombia to sw Ecuador

.

C. f. flavigularis (Sclater, PL, 1852) c Colombia to c Ecuador and Peru

.

Yellow-green Bush Tanager Chlorospingus flavovirens (Lawrence, 1867) SA : Colombia, Ecuador

.

Ashy-throated Bush Tanager Chlorospingus canigularis (Lafresnaye, 1848) LA : Costa Rica to Peru

.

C. c. olivaceiceps Underwood, 1898 Costa Rica and w Panama

.

C. c. canigularis (Lafresnaye, 1848) nc Colombia to nw Venezuela

.

C. c. conspicillatus Todd, 1922 w Colombia

.

C. c. paulus Zimmer, JT, 1947 w Ecuador and nw Peru

.

C. c. signatus Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885 c Ecuador to sc Peru