"Wisdom begins with putting the right name on a thing"
(Old Chinese Proverb)

Bulbuls

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#,† IOC English name Scientific name Authority Breeding Range Code Comment

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151 Bulbuls Family Pycnonotidae

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Spizixos Blyth, 1845

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Crested Finchbill Spizixos canifrons Blyth, 1845 OR : ne India, Burma, n Thailand

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S. c. canifrons Blyth, 1845 ne India and w Burma

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S. c. ingrami Bangs & Phillips, JC, 1914 e Burma, s China and n Indochina

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Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques Swinhoe, 1861 OR : s, c China, n Vietnam, Taiwan

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S. s. semitorques Swinhoe, 1861 c and s China, n Vietnam

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S. s. cinereicapillus Swinhoe, 1871 Taiwan

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Pycnonotus Boie, F, 1826

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Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : Malay Peninsula to Borneo

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Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus (Blyth, 1842) OR : e Himalayas to n Vietnam

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P. s. striatus (Blyth, 1842) e Himalayas, ne India, s China and w Burma

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P. s. arctus Ripley, 1948 Mishmi Hills (ne India)

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P. s. paulus (Bangs & Phillips, JC, 1914) e Burma, s China and n Indochina

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Cream-striped Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogrammicus (Müller, S, 1836) OR : Sumatra

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Spot-necked Bulbul Pycnonotus tympanistrigus (Müller, S, 1836) OR : Sumatra

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Black-and-white Bulbul Pycnonotus melanoleucos (Eyton, 1839) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus (Jerdon, 1839) OR : sw India

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Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps (Temminck, 1822) OR : widespread

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P. a. atriceps (Temminck, 1822) ne India and Bangladesh though Southeast Asia to the Greater Sundas and w Philippines

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P. a. hyperemnus (Oberholser, 1912) w Sumatran islands

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P. a. baweanus (Finsch, 1901) Bawean I. (n of Java)

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P. a. hodiernus (Bangs & Peters, JL, 1927) Maratua I. (off e Borneo)

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Andaman Bulbul Pycnonotus fuscoflavescens (Hume, 1873) OR : Andaman Is. AS Pycnonotus fuscoflavescens is split from P. atriceps (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Fishpool & Tobias 2005).

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Black-capped Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : Sri Lanka ENG Change  English name of Pycnonotus melanicterus from "Black-crested Bulbul" to "Black-capped Bulbul, with split of multiple species. (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Fishpool & Tobias 2005)

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Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus flaviventris (Tickell, 1833) OR : n, ne India to se Asia AS Pycnonotus flaviventris is split from P. melanicterus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Fishpool & Tobias 2005).

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P. f. flaviventris (Tickell, 1833) Nepal, n and e India to s China and c Burma

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P. f. vantynei Deignan, 1948 e and s Burma to s China and n Indochina

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P. f. xanthops Deignan, 1948 se Burma and w Thailand

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P. f. auratus Deignan, 1948 ne Thailand and w Laos

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P. f. johnsoni (Gyldenstolpe, 1913) c and se Thailand, s Indochina

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P. f. elbeli Deignan, 1954 islands off se Thailand

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P. f. negatus Deignan, 1954 s Burma and sw Thailand

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P. f. caecilii Deignan, 1948 n Malay Pen.

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Ruby-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus dispar (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Sumatra, Java, Bali AS Pycnonotus dispar is split from P. melanicterus (Fishpool & Tobias 2005).

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Flame-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus gularis (Gould, 1836) OR : sw India AS Pycnonotus gularis is split from P. melanicterus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Fishpool & Tobias 2005).

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Bornean Bulbul Pycnonotus montis (Sharpe, 1879) OR : Borneo AS Pycnonotus montis is split from P. melanicterus (Fishpool & Tobias 2005).

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Scaly-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus squamatus (Temminck, 1828) OR : Malay Peninsula to Borneo

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P. s. webberi (Hume, 1879) Malay Pen. and Sumatra

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P. s. squamatus (Temminck, 1828) Java

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P. s. borneensis Chasen, 1941 Borneo

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Grey-bellied Bulbul Pycnonotus cyaniventris Blyth, 1842 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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P. c. cyaniventris Blyth, 1842 Malay Pen. and Sumatra

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P. c. paroticalis (Sharpe, 1878) Borneo

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Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus (Linnaeus, 1758) OR : widespread

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P. j. fuscicaudatus (Gould, 1866) w and c India

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P. j. abuensis (Whistler, 1931) nw India

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P. j. pyrrhotis (Bonaparte, 1850) n India and Nepal

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P. j. emeria (Linnaeus, 1758) e India to sw Thailand

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P. j. whistleri Deignan, 1948 Andaman Is.

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P. j. monticola (Horsfield, 1840) e Himalayas to n Burma and s China

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P. j. jocosus (Linnaeus, 1758) se China

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P. j. pattani Deignan, 1948 s Burma and n Malay Pen. through Thailand and s Indochina

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Brown-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous Anderson, 1869 OR : c, s China to Burma and n Thailand

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P. x. xanthorrhous Anderson, 1869 sw China and n Burma to n Indochina

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P. x. andersoni (Swinhoe, 1870) c and s China

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Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : c, s China, n Vietnam, Taiwan

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P. s. sinensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) c and e China

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P. s. hainanus (Swinhoe, 1870) se China and n Vietnam

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P. s. formosae Hartert, 1910 Taiwan

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P. s. orii Kuroda, 1923 s Ryukyu Is.

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Styan's Bulbul Pycnonotus taivanus Styan, 1893 OR : Taiwan

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Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys (Gray, JE, 1835) EU : Himalayas TAX Race humii a hybrid swarm HBW 10

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White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis (Gould, 1836) EU : sw

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P. l. mesopotamia Ticehurst, 1918 ne Arabia, s Iraq and sw Iran

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P. l. leucotis (Gould, 1836) s Iran, s Afghanistan, Pakistan and nw India

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Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer (Linnaeus, 1766) OR : Himalayas, India, Burma

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P. c. humayuni Deignan, 1951 se Pakistan, nw and nc India

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P. c. intermedius Blyth, 1846 w Himalayas

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P. c. bengalensis Blyth, 1845 c and e Himalayas, ne India and Bangladesh

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P. c. stanfordi Deignan, 1949 n Burma and sw China

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P. c. melanchimus Deignan, 1949 sc Burma

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P. c. saturatus (Whistler & Kinnear, 1932) e India

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P. c. cafer (Linnaeus, 1766) s India

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P. c. haemorrhousus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) Sri Lanka

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Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster (Vieillot, 1818) OR : Southeast Asia

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P. a. chrysorrhoides (Lafresnaye, 1845) se China

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P. a. resurrectus Deignan, 1952 s China and ne Vietnam

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P. a. dolichurus Deignan, 1949 c Vietnam

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P. a. latouchei Deignan, 1949 e Burma to s China and n Indochina

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P. a. klossi (Gyldenstolpe, 1920) se Burma and n Thailand

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P. a. schauenseei Delacour, 1943 s Burma and sw Thailand

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P. a. thais (Kloss, 1924) c and s Thailand, c Laos

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P. a. germani (Oustalet, 1878) se Thailand and s Indochina

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P. a. aurigaster (Vieillot, 1818) Java and Bali

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White-spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthopygos (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) EU : sc

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African Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus nigricans (Vieillot, 1818) AF : sw

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P. n. nigricans (Vieillot, 1818) sw Angola, Namibia and Botswana and w South Africa

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P. n. superior Clancey, 1959 c South Africa

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Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis (Linnaeus, 1766) AF : South Africa

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Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus (Desfontaines, 1789) AF : ne, n, w, c

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P. b. barbatus (Desfontaines, 1789) Morocco to Tunesia

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P. b. inornatus (Fraser, 1843) s Mauritania and Senegal to w Chad and n Cameroon

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P. b. gabonensis Sharpe, 1871 c Nigeria and c Cameroon to Gabon and s Congo

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P. b. arsinoe (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) e Chad, n and c Sudan and e Egypt

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P. b. schoanus Neumann, 1905 se Sudan, w, c and e Ethiopia, Eritrea

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Somali Bulbul Pycnonotus somaliensis Reichenow, 1905 AF : ne

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Dodson's Bulbul Pycnonotus dodsoni Sharpe, 1895 AF : e

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Dark-capped Bulbul Pycnonotus tricolor (Hartlaub, 1862) AF : c, e, se

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P. t. spurius Reichenow, 1905 s Ethiopia

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P. t. layardi Gurney, 1879 se Kenya to e, s Zambia, ne Botswana and South Africa

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P. t. tricolor (Hartlaub, 1862) e Cameroon to DR Congo, s Sudan, w, c Kenya, Angola, nw Botswana and n, w Zambia

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Puff-backed Bulbul Pycnonotus eutilotus (Jardine & Selby, 1837) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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Blue-wattled Bulbul Pycnonotus nieuwenhuisii (Finsch, 1901) OR : Sumatra, Borneo TAX The rare Blue-wattled Bulbul may be a hybrid (Williams 2002), but more evidence needed (Dickinson and Dekker 2002).

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P. n. inexspectatus (Chasen, 1939) Sumatra

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P. n. nieuwenhuisii (Finsch, 1901) Borneo

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Yellow-wattled Bulbul Pycnonotus urostictus (Salvadori, 1870) OR : Philippines

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P. u. ilokensis Rand & Rabor, 1967 n Luzon

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P. u. urostictus (Salvadori, 1870) c and s Luzon, Polillo and Catanduanes

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P. u. atricaudatus Parkes, 1967 Samar, Biliran, Leyte, Panaon, Bohol and Negros

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P. u. philippensis (Hachisuka, 1934) Dinagat, Siargao, Bucas and Mindanao (except Zamboanga Pen.)

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P. u. basilanicus (Steere, 1890) Zamboanga Pen. (w Mindanao) and Basilan

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Orange-spotted Bulbul Pycnonotus bimaculatus (Horsfield, 1821) OR : Sumatra, Java

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P. b. snouckaerti Siebers, 1928 nw Sumatra

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P. b. bimaculatus (Horsfield, 1821) sw Sumatra, w and c Java

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P. b. tenggerensis (van Oort, 1911) e Java and Bali

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Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni Strickland, 1844 OR : Southeast Asia

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P. f. davisoni (Hume, 1875) w and sc Burma

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P. f. eous Riley, 1940 s China, Thailand and s Indochina

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P. f. finlaysoni Strickland, 1844 Malay Pen.

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Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus (Jerdon, 1845) OR : India

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Yellow-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus penicillatus Blyth, 1851 OR : Sri Lanka

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Flavescent Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens Blyth, 1845 OR : Southeast Asia, Borneo

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P. f. flavescens Blyth, 1845 ne India, ne Bangladesh and w Burma

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P. f. vividus (Baker, ECS, 1917) ne Burma, s China, Thailand and n Indochina

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P. f. sordidus (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) s Indochina

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P. f. leucops (Sharpe, 1888) Borneo

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Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier (Scopoli, 1786) OR : Southeast Asia, Philippines

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P. g. jambu Deignan, 1955 s Burma to s Indochina

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P. g. analis (Horsfield, 1821) Malay Pen., Sumatra and nearby islands, Java, Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa

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P. g. yourdini Gray, GR, 1847 Borneo, Maratua Is.and Karimunjawa Is.

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P. g. goiavier (Scopoli, 1786) n and nc Philippines

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P. g. samarensis Rand & Rabor, 1960 c Philippines

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P. g. suluensis Mearns, 1909 s Philippines

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White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus (Lesson, 1841) OR : India

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P. l. luteolus (Lesson, 1841) c and s India

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P. l. insulae Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 Sri Lanka

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Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus Blyth, 1845 OR : s Burma and s Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Greater Sundas

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P. p. porphyreus Oberholser, 1912 w Sumatra and islands

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P. p. plumosus Blyth, 1845 Malay Pen., e Sumatra, Java, Bali and w and s Borneo

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P. p. hutzi Stresemann, 1938 n and e Borneo

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P. p. insularis Chasen & Kloss, 1929 islands off n Borneo and sw Philippines

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Ashy-fronted Bulbul Pycnonotus cinereifrons (Tweeddale, 1878) OR : Palawan AS Ashy-fronted Bulbul (English name tentative) is split from Olive-winged Bulbul (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

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Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi Jerdon, 1862 OR : Southeast Asia

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P. b. blanfordi Jerdon, 1862 Burma

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P. b. conradi (Finsch, 1873) Thailand and n and c Malay Pen. to s Indochina

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Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex Lesson, 1839 OR : Malay Peninsula to Borneo

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P. s. simplex Lesson, 1839 Malay Pen. to Sumatra and Borneo and nearby islands

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P. s. prillwitzi Hartert, 1902 Java

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P. s. halizonus Oberholser, 1917 Anambas and n Natuna Is.

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Asian Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus Blyth, 1845 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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P. b. brunneus Blyth, 1845 Malay Pen. to Sumatra and Borneo and nearby islands

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P. b. zapolius Oberholser, 1917 Anamba Is.

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Spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Hume, 1878) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

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Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon Woxvold, Duckworth & Timmins, 2009 OR : c Laos NEW Pycnonotus hualon is a recently described species (Woxvold et al 2009)

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Arizelocichla Oberholser, 1905 TAX Arizelocichla bulbuls separated from Andropadus following Johansson et al (2007)

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Shelley's Greenbul Arizelocichla masukuensis (Shelley, 1897) AF : ec

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A. m. roehli (Reichenow, 1905) ne, c and s Tanzania

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A. m. masukuensis (Shelley, 1897) sw Tanzania and n Malawi

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Kakamega Greenbul Arizelocichla kakamegae (Sharpe, 1900) AF : ec

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A. k. kakamegae (Sharpe, 1900) e DR Congo, Uganda, w Kenya and nw Tanzania

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A. k. kungwensis Moreau, 1941 w Tanzania

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Cameroon Greenbul Arizelocichla montana (Reichenow, 1892) AF : w

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Western Greenbul Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Gray, GR, 1862) AF : wc

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A. t. bamendae (Bannerman, 1923) se Nigeria and w Cameroon

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A. t. tephrolaema (Gray, GR, 1862) Mt. Cameroon (sw Cameroon) and Bioko I.

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Olive-breasted Greenbul Arizelocichla kikuyuensis (Sharpe, 1891) AF : c

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Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla nigriceps (Shelley, 1889) AF : e

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A. n. nigriceps (Shelley, 1889) s Kenya and n Tanzania

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A. n. usambarae (Grote, 1919) se Kenya and ne Tanzania

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Uluguru Greenbul Arizelocichla neumanni Hartert, 1922 AF : e Tanzania AS Arizelocichla (Andropadus) neumanni is split from A.nigriceps (Sinclair and Ryan 2003)

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Black-browed Greenbul Arizelocichla fusciceps (Shelley, 1893) AF : se

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Yellow-throated Greenbul Arizelocichla chlorigula (Reichenow, 1899) AF : Tanzania

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Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Arizelocichla milanjensis (Shelley, 1894) AF : se

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Olive-headed Greenbul Arizelocichla olivaceiceps (Shelley, 1896) AF : e

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Stripe-faced Greenbul Arizelocichla striifacies (Reichenow & Neumann, 1895) AF : e

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Stelgidillas Oberholser, 1899 TAX Stelgidillas bulbuls separated from Andropadus following Johansson et al (2007)

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Slender-billed Greenbul Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Strickland, 1844) AF : w, c

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S. g. gracilirostris (Strickland, 1844) Senegal and Guinea-Bissau to s Sudan, w Kenya, w Tanzania, sc DR Congo and nw Angola

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S. g. percivali (Neumann, 1903) c Kenya

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Eurillas Oberholser, 1899 TAX Eurillas bulbuls separated from Andropadus following Johansson et al (2007)

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Little Greenbul Eurillas virens (Cassin, 1857) AF : w, c, e

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E. v. amadoni (Dickerman, 1997) Bioko I.

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E. v. erythroptera (Hartlaub, 1858) Gambia to s Nigeria

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E. v. virens (Cassin, 1857) w Cameroon to s Sudan, w Kenya, s DR Congo and n Angola

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E. v. zanzibarica Pakenham, 1935 Zanzibar

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E. v. zombensis (Shelley, 1894) se DR Congo and n Zambia to se Kenya and n Mozambique

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Little Grey Greenbul Eurillas gracilis (Cabanis, 1880) AF : w, c

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E. g. extrema (Hartert, 1922) Sierra Leone to sw Nigeria

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E. g. gracilis (Cabanis, 1880) se Nigeria to c DR Congo and n Angola

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E. g. ugandae (van Someren, 1915) e DR Congo to c Uganda and w Kenya

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Ansorge's Greenbul Eurillas ansorgei (Hartert, 1907) AF : w, c

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E. a. ansorgei (Hartert, 1907) w Guinea to sw Uganda and e DR Congo

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E. a. kavirondensis (van Someren, 1920) w Kenya

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Plain Greenbul Eurillas curvirostris (Cassin, 1859) AF : w, c

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E. c. curvirostris (Cassin, 1859) c Ghana to w Kenya, s DR Congo and n Angola

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E. c. leonina (Bates, 1930) Sierra Leone to c Ghana

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Yellow-whiskered Greenbul Eurillas latirostris (Strickland, 1844) AF : w, c

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E. l. australis (Moreau, 1941) Ufipa Plateau (Tanzania)

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E. l. congener (Reichenow, 1897) Senegal to sw Nigeria

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E. l. latirostris (Strickland, 1844) se Nigeria to s Sudan, w Kenya, w Tanzania, sc DR Congo and n Angola

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Andropadus Swainson, 1832

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Sombre Greenbul Andropadus importunus (Vieillot, 1818) AF : e, s

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A. i. insularis Hartlaub, 1861 s Ethiopia and s Somalia to e Tanzania

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A. i. importunus (Vieillot, 1818) highlands of n South Africa, w Swaziland s along coast to Western Cape

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A. i. oleaginus Peters, W, 1868 s Zimbabwe, s Mozambique and lowland n South Africa

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A. i. hypoxanthus Sharpe, 1876 se Tanzania to c Mozambique, c Zimbabwe and sc Zambia

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Calyptocichla Oberholser, 1905

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Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serinus (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855) AF : w, c

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Baeopogon Heine, 1860

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Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855) AF : w, c

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B. i. leucurus (Cassin, 1855) Sierra Leone to Togo

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B. i. indicator (Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1855) Nigeria to s Sudan, w Kenya. S DR Congo, nw Zambia and n Angola

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Sjöstedt's Greenbul Baeopogon clamans (Sjöstedt, 1893) AF : c

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Ixonotus Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851

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Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus Verreaux, J & Verreaux, E, 1851 AF : w, c

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Chlorocichla Sharpe, 1882

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Joyful Greenbul Chlorocichla laetissima (Sharpe, 1899) AF : ec

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C. l. laetissima (Sharpe, 1899) s Sudan to sw Kenya and ne DR Congo

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C. l. schoutedeni Prigogine, 1954 e DR Congo and n Zambia

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Prigogine's Greenbul Chlorocichla prigoginei De Roo, 1967 AF : c

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Yellow-bellied Greenbul Chlorocichla flaviventris (Smith, A, 1834) AF : e, s, wc

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C. f. centralis Reichenow, 1887 s Somalia to n Mozambique

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C. f. occidentalis Sharpe, 1882 nw Angola to w Tanzania south to nw Namibia, n Botswana, n South Africa and c Mozambique

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C. f. flaviventris (Smith, A, 1834) e South Africa and s Mozambique

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Falkenstein's Greenbul Chlorocichla falkensteini (Reichenow, 1874) AF : wc

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Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex (Hartlaub, 1855) AF : w, c

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Atimastillas Oberholser, 1905

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Yellow-throated Leaflove Atimastillas flavicollis (Swainson, 1837) AF : w, c TAX Separate Yellow-throated Leaflove from Chlorocichla to monotypic Atimastillas

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A. f. flavicollis (Swainson, 1837) Senegal and Gambia to n Cameroon and nw Central African Republic

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A. f. soror (Neumann, 1914) c Cameroon to wc Ethiopia and c DR Congo

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A. f. flavigula (Cabanis, 1880) Angola, se DR Congo to Uganda, w Kenya and w Tanzania

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Thescelocichla Oberholser, 1905

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Swamp Palm Bulbul Thescelocichla leucopleura (Cassin, 1855) AF : w, c

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Phyllastrephus Swainson, 1832

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Red-tailed Leaflove Phyllastrephus scandens Swainson, 1837 AF : w, c TAX Restore Red-tailed Leaflove to Phyllastrephus from Pyrrhurus (Johannson et al 2007)

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P. s. scandens Swainson, 1837 Gambia and Senegal to n Cameroon

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P. s. orientalis (Hartlaub, 1883) n Cameroon to s Sudan, c Uganda, w Tanzania and s DR Congo

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Terrestrial Brownbul Phyllastrephus terrestris Swainson, 1837 AF : e, se

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P. t. suahelicus Reichenow, 1904 s Somalia to n Mozambique

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P. t. intermedius Gunning & Roberts, 1911 sw Angola, se DR Congo to s Mozambique, ne South Africa and n Botswana

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P. t. terrestris Swainson, 1837 e and s South Africa

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Northern Brownbul Phyllastrephus strepitans (Reichenow, 1879) AF : e

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Grey-olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus cerviniventris Shelley, 1894 AF : e, sc ENG Change English name of Phyllastrephus cerviniventris from Grey-olive Bulbul to Grey-olive Greenbul to conform to current usage (Keith, Urban, Fry 1992, Dickinson 2003)

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P. c. schoutedeni Prigogine, 1969 c Kenya to c Mozambique, Zambia and e Angola

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P. c. cerviniventris Shelley, 1894 Katanga (se DR Congo)

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Pale-olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus fulviventris Cabanis, 1876 AF : wc ENG Change English name of Phyllastrephus fulviventris from Pale-olive Bulbul to Pale-olive Greenbul to conform to current usage (Keith, Urban, Fry 1992, Dickinson 2003)

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Baumann's Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus baumanni Reichenow, 1895 AF : w

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Toro Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris (Jackson, 1906) AF : ec

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Sassi's Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus lorenzi Sassi, 1914 AF : c

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Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri (Reichenow, 1879) AF : e, se

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Cabanis's Greenbul Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Sharpe, 1882) AF : ec, sc

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P. c. cabanisi (Sharpe, 1882) c Angola to se DR Congo, w Tanzania and n Zambia

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P. c. sucosus Reichenow, 1903 s Sudan and w Kenya to e DR Congo and nw Tanzania

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Placid Greenbul Phyllastrephus placidus (Shelley, 1899) AF : e

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Cameroon Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus poensis Alexander, 1903 AF : wc

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Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus (Bonaparte, 1850) AF : w, c

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Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri (Oustalet, 1892) AF : c

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P. x. serlei Chapin, 1949 n and w of Mt. Cameroon (sw Cameroon)

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P. x. xavieri (Oustalet, 1892) Cameroon to w Uganda and nw Tanzania

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Liberian Greenbul Phyllastrephus leucolepis Gatter, 1985 AF : se Liberia TAX See Phaan et al (2013) for discussion of uncertain taxonomic status

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White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis (Sharpe, 1882) AF : w, c

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P. a. albigularis (Sharpe, 1882) Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan, w Uganda and e DR Congo

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P. a. viridiceps Rand, 1955 nw Angola

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Yellow-streaked Greenbul Phyllastrephus flavostriatus (Sharpe, 1876) AF : e, se

.

P. f. graueri Neumann, 1908 the highlands of Albert, Edward and Kivu Lakes (e and ne DR Congo)

.

P. f. olivaceogriseus Reichenow, 1908 Ruwenzori Mts, Itombwe and Mt. Kabobo (e DR Congo), w Uganda, w Rwanda and n Burundi

.

P. f. kungwensis Moreau, 1941 w Tanzania

.

P. f. uzungwensis Jensen & Stuart, 1982 Udzungwa Mts. (e Tanzania)

.

P. f. tenuirostris (Fischer, GA & Reichenow, 1884) se Kenya, e Tanzania and ne Mozambique

.

P. f. vincenti Grant, CHB & Mackworth-Praed, 1940 se Malawi and w Mozambique

.

P. f. flavostriatus (Sharpe, 1876) e Zimbabwe, s Mozambique and e South Africa

.

Sharpe's Greenbul Phyllastrephus alfredi (Shelley, 1903) AF : ec TAX Phyllastrephus alfredi is treated as a subspecies of P.flavostriatus by some authorities (Dickinson 2003, Johannson et al 2007)

.

Grey-headed Greenbul Phyllastrephus poliocephalus (Reichenow, 1892) AF : wc

.

Lowland Tiny Greenbul Phyllastrephus debilis (Sclater, WL, 1899) AF : e

.

P. d. rabai Hartert & van Someren, 1921 se Kenya and ne Tanzania

.

P. d. debilis (Sclater, WL, 1899) se Tanzania to e Zimbabwe and s Mozambique

.

Montane Tiny Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigula (Grote, 1919) AF : Usambara and Nguru Mountains, n Tanzania AS Montane Tiny Greenbul is split from {Lowland] Tiny Greenbul [Fuchs et al 2011a]

.

Bleda Bonaparte, 1857

.

Red-tailed Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus (Swainson, 1837) AF : w, c

.

B. s. syndactylus (Swainson, 1837) Sierra Leone to w DR Congo

.

B. s. woosnami Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 e DR Congo to s Sudan, w Kenya, nw Zambia and n Angola

.

B. s. nandensis Cunningham-van Someren & Schifter, 1981 Nandi Forest (w Kenya)

.

Green-tailed Bristlebill Bleda eximius (Hartlaub, 1855) AF : w

.

Yellow-lored Bristlebill Bleda notatus (Cassin, 1856) AF : c

.

B. n. notatus (Cassin, 1856) Nigeria to Central African Republic and Congo, Bioko I.

.

B. n. ugandae van Someren, 1915 c and n DR Congo to sw Sudan and Uganda

.

Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus (Hartlaub, 1854) AF : w

.

B. c. canicapillus (Hartlaub, 1854) Guinea-Bissau to sw Cameroon

.

B. c. morelorum Érard, 1992 Senegal and Gambia

.

Criniger Temminck, 1820

.

Western Bearded Greenbul Criniger barbatus (Temminck, 1821) AF : w, c

.

C. b. barbatus (Temminck, 1821) Sierra Leone to Benin

.

C. b. ansorgeanus Hartert, 1907 s Nigeria

.

Eastern Bearded Greenbul Criniger chloronotus (Cassin, 1859) AF : c

.

Red-tailed Greenbul Criniger calurus (Cassin, 1856) AF : w, c

.

C. c. verreauxi Sharpe, 1871 Senegal to sw Nigeria

.

C. c. calurus (Cassin, 1856) s Nigeria to w DR Congo

.

C. c. emini Chapin, 1948 ne Angola and w DR Congo to Uganda and w Tanzania

.

White-bearded Greenbul Criniger ndussumensis Reichenow, 1904 AF : c

.

Yellow-bearded Greenbul Criniger olivaceus (Swainson, 1837) AF : w

.

Alophoixus Oates, 1889 TAX Separate the Oriental species of Criniger bulbuls to a different genus Alophoixus (Fishpool & Tobias 2005, BLI)

.

Finsch's Bulbul Alophoixus finschii (Salvadori, 1871) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

White-throated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus (Gould, 1836) OR : e Himalayas to Burma and w Thailand

.

A. f. flaveolus (Gould, 1836) e Himalayas to n Burma

.

A. f. burmanicus (Oates, 1889) se Burma, s China and w Thailand

.

Puff-throated Bulbul Alophoixus pallidus (Swinhoe, 1870) OR : Southeast Asia

.

A. p. griseiceps (Hume, 1873) Pegu Yoma Mts. (sc Burma)

.

A. p. robinsoni (Ticehurst, 1932) Tenasserim (se Burma)

.

A. p. henrici (Oustalet, 1896) sw China, e Burma, n Thailand and n Indochina

.

A. p. pallidus (Swinhoe, 1870) Hainan I. (off se China)

.

A. p. isani (Deignan, 1956) ne Thailand

.

A. p. annamensis (Delacour & Jabouille, 1924) c Indochina

.

A. p. khmerensis (Deignan, 1956) s Indochina

.

Ochraceous Bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus (Moore, F, 1854) OR : Southeast Asia to Sumatra and Borneo

.

A. o. hallae (Deignan, 1956) s Vietnam

.

A. o. cambodianus (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) se Thailand and sw Cambodia

.

A. o. ochraceus (Moore, F, 1854) s Burma and sw Thailand

.

A. o. sordidus (Richmond, 1900) c Malay Pen.

.

A. o. sacculatus (Robinson, 1915) s Malay Pen.

.

A. o. sumatranus (Ramsay, RGW, 1882) w Sumatra

.

A. o. fowleri (Amadon & Harrisson, 1957) n Borneo

.

A. o. ruficrissus (Sharpe, 1879) ne Borneo

.

Grey-cheeked Bulbul Alophoixus bres (Lesson, 1832) OR : Malay Peninsula to Greater Sundas

.

A. b. tephrogenys (Jardine & Selby, 1833) Malay Pen. and e Sumatra

.

A. b. bres (Lesson, 1832) Java and Bali

.

A. b. gutturalis (Bonaparte, 1850) Borneo

.

Palawan Bulbul Alophoixus frater (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Palawan AS Palawan Bulbul [English name tentative] is split from Grey-cheeked Bulbul (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

.

Yellow-bellied Bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Hartlaub, 1844) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

A. p. phaeocephalus (Hartlaub, 1844) Malay Pen. and Sumatra

.

A. p. connectens Chasen & Kloss, 1929 ne Borneo

.

A. p. diardi (Finsch, 1867) w Borneo

.

A. p. sulphuratus (Bonaparte, 1850) c Borneo

.

Acritillas Oberholser, 1905

.

Yellow-browed Bulbul Acritillas indica (Jerdon, 1839) OR : India

.

A. i. icterica (Strickland, 1844) peninsular India

.

A. i. indica (Jerdon, 1839) sw India, Sri Lanka (except sw)

.

A. i. guglielmi (Ripley, 1946) sw Sri Lanka

.

Setornis Lesson, 1839

.

Hook-billed Bulbul Setornis criniger Lesson, 1839 OR : Sumatra, Borneo

.

Tricholestes Salvadori, 1874

.

Hairy-backed Bulbul Tricholestes criniger (Blyth, 1845) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

T. c. criniger (Blyth, 1845) Malay Pen. and e Sumatra

.

T. c. sericeus (Blyth, 1865) w Sumatra

.

T. c. viridis (Bonaparte, 1854) Borneo

.

Iole Blyth, 1844

.

Olive Bulbul Iole virescens Blyth, 1845 OR : ne India to sw Thailand

.

I. v. cacharensis (Deignan, 1948) ne India and se Bangladesh

.

I. v. myitkyinensis (Deignan, 1948) ne and e Burma

.

I. v. virescens Blyth, 1845 s Burma and sw Thailand

.

Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua (Oustalet, 1903) OR : Southeast Asia

.

I. p. aquilonis (Deignan, 1948) s China and ne Vietnam

.

I. p. propinqua (Oustalet, 1903) e Burma to s China, n Thailand and n Indochina

.

I. p. simulator (Deignan, 1948) se Thailand and s Indochina

.

I. p. innectens (Deignan, 1948) extreme s Vietnam

.

I. p. lekhakuni (Deignan, 1954) s Burma and sw Thailand

.

I. p. cinnamomeoventris Baker, ECS, 1917 n and c Malay Pen.

.

Buff-vented Bulbul Iole olivacea Blyth, 1844 OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

I. o. olivacea Blyth, 1844 Malay Pen., Sumatra and nearby islands

.

I. o. charlottae (Finsch, 1867) s and w Borneo

.

I. o. perplexa Riley, 1939 n and e Borneo and nearby islands

.

Sulphur-bellied Bulbul Iole palawanensis (Tweeddale, 1878) OR : Philippines

.

Ixos Temminck, 1825

.

Nicobar Bulbul Ixos nicobariensis (Moore, F, 1854) OR : Nicobar Islands

.

Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii (Horsfield, 1840) OR : Southeast Asia

.

I. m. mcclellandii (Horsfield, 1840) e Himalayas to nw Burma

.

I. m. ventralis Stresemann & Heinrich, 1940 sw Burma

.

I. m. tickelli (Blyth, 1855) e Burma and nw Thailand

.

I. m. similis (Rothschild, 1921) ne Burma to s China and n Indochina

.

I. m. holtii (Swinhoe, 1861) se China

.

I. m. loquax (Deignan, 1940) nc and ne Thailand, s Laos

.

I. m. griseiventer (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) s Vietnam

.

I. m. canescens Riley, 1933 se Thailand and sw Cambodia

.

I. m. peracensis (Hartert & Butler, AL, 1898) Malay Pen.

.

Streaked Bulbul Ixos malaccensis (Blyth, 1845) OR : Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

.

Sunda Bulbul Ixos virescens Temminck, 1825 OR : Sumatra, Java

.

I. v. sumatranus (Ramsay, RGW, 1882) w Sumatra

.

I. v. virescens Temminck, 1825 Java

.

Thapsinillas Oberholser, 1905

.

Seram Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas affinis (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841) AU : Moluccas ENG Change  English name of Thapsinillas affinis to Seram Golden Bulbul with split of T. longirostris and T. mysticalis

.

T. a. affinis (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841) Seram I.

.

T. a. flavicaudus (Bonaparte, 1850) Ambon I.

.

Northern Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas longirostris (Wallace, 1863) AU : e of Sulawesi, Moluccas AS Thapsinillas longirostris is split from T. affinis (Fishpool & Tobias 2005, Collar 2007)

.

T. l. platenae (Blasius, W, 1888) Sangihe Is. (ne of Sulawesi)

.

T. l. aurea (Walden, 1872) Togian Is. (e of Sulawesi)

.

T. l. harterti (Stresemann, 1912) Banggai Is. (e of Sulawesi)

.

T. l. longirostris (Wallace, 1863) Sula Is. (n Moluccas)

.

T. l. chloris (Finsch, 1867) Morotai, Halmahera and Bacan Is. (n Moluccas)

.

T. l. lucasi (Hartert, 1903) Obi I. (n Moluccas)

.

Buru Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas mysticalis (Wallace, 1863) AU : Buru Is. AS Thapsinillas mysticalis is split from T. affinis (Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007)

.

Hemixos Blyth, 1845

.

Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala Blyth, 1845 OR : Indian sub-continent, Burma, sw China, w, ne Thailand, Indochina

.

H. f. flavala Blyth, 1845 e Himalayas, ne Bangladesh, nw Burma and s China

.

H. f. hildebrandi Hume, 1874 e Burma and nw Thailand

.

H. f. davisoni Hume, 1877 se Burma and sw Thailand

.

H. f. bourdellei Delacour, 1926 s China, e Thailand, n and c Laos

.

H. f. remotus (Deignan, 1957) s Indochina

.

Cinereous Bulbul Hemixos cinereus (Blyth, 1845) OR : s Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, n Borneo AS Hemixos cinereus is split from H. flavala (Fishpool & Tobias 2005).

.

H. c. cinereus (Blyth, 1845) Malay Pen. and Sumatra

.

H. c. connectens Sharpe, 1887 n Borneo

.

Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus Swinhoe, 1870 OR : s China, n Vietnam

.

H. c. canipennis Seebohm, 1890 s China, ne Vietnam

.

H. c. castanonotus Swinhoe, 1870 n Vietnam and Hainan I. (off se China)

.

Hypsipetes Vigors, 1831

.

Seychelles Bulbul Hypsipetes crassirostris Newton, E, 1867 IO : Seychelles Islands

.

Reunion Bulbul Hypsipetes borbonicus (Forster, JR, 1781) IO : La Réunion

.

Mauritius Bulbul Hypsipetes olivaceus Jardine & Selby, 1837 IO : Mauritius

.

Malagasy Bulbul Hypsipetes madagascariensis (Statius Müller, 1776) AF : Madagascar region

.

H. m. madagascariensis (Statius Müller, 1776) Madagascar and Comoro Is.

.

H. m. grotei (Friedmann, 1929) Glorioso Is.

.

H. m. rostratus (Ridgway, 1893) Aldabra Is.

.

Grand Comoro Bulbul Hypsipetes parvirostris Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885 AF : Grand Comoro Is (Comoros)

.

Moheli Bulbul Hypsipetes moheliensis (Benson, 1960) AF : Moheli Is (Comoros) AS Moheli Bulbul Hypsipetes moheliensis, sister to H. crassirostris, is split from Grande Comoro [Comoros] Bulbul H. parvirostris (Warren et al 2005)

.

Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) OR : widespread

.

H. l. psaroides Vigors, 1831 ne Afghanistan and n Pakistan through the c Himalayas to nw Burma

.

H. l. nigrescens Baker, ECS, 1917 ne India and w Burma

.

H. l. concolor Blyth, 1849 e Burma and s Hunnan (s China) through Indochina

.

H. l. ambiens (Mayr, 1942) ne Burma and w Hunnan (s China)

.

H. l. sinensis (La Touche, 1922) n Yunnan (s China)

.

H. l. stresemanni (Mayr, 1942) c Yunnan (s China)

.

H. l. leucothorax (Mayr, 1942) c China

.

H. l. leucocephalus (Gmelin, JF, 1789) se China

.

H. l. nigerrimus Gould, 1863 Taiwan

.

H. l. perniger Swinhoe, 1870 Hainan I. (off se China)

.

Square-tailed Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa Sykes, 1832 OR : sw India, Sri Lanka AS Hypsipetes ganeesa is  split from H. leucocephalus (Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Fishpool & Tobias 2005).

.

H. g. humii (Whistler & Kinnear, 1932) Sri Lanka

.

H. g. ganeesa Sykes, 1832 sw India

.

Philippine Bulbul Hypsipetes philippinus (Forster, JR, 1795) OR : Philippines TAX MOVE Philippine Bulbul from Ixos to Hypsipetes (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

.

H. p. parkesi duPont, 1980 Burias

.

H. p. philippinus (Forster, JR, 1795) n Philippines

.

H. p. saturatior (Hartert, 1916) ec and s Philippines

.

Mindoro Bulbul Hypsipetes mindorensis (Steere, 1890) OR : Mindoro AS Mindoro Bulbul is split from Philippine Bulbul (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

.

Visayan Bulbul Hypsipetes guimarasensis (Steere, 1890) OR : western Visayas (Philippines) AS Visayan Bulbul is split from Philippine Bulbul (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

.

Zamboanga Bulbul Hypsipetes rufigularis (Sharpe, 1877) OR : Philippines TAX MOVE Zamboanga Bulbul from Ixos to Hypsipetes (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

.

Streak-breasted Bulbul Hypsipetes siquijorensis (Steere, 1890) OR : Philippines TAX MOVE Streak-breasted Bulbul from Ixos to Hypsipetes (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

.

H. s. cinereiceps (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) Tablas and Romblon

.

H. s. monticola (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) Cebu

.

H. s. siquijorensis (Steere, 1890) Siquijor

.

Yellowish Bulbul Hypsipetes everetti (Tweeddale, 1877) OR : Philippines TAX MOVE Yellowish Bulbul from Ixos to Hypsipetes (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

.

H. e. everetti (Tweeddale, 1877) ec and se Philippines

.

H. e. catarmanensis Rand & Rabor, 1969 Camiguin Sur (off n Mindanao)

.

H. e. haynaldi (Blasius, W, 1890) Sulu Arch. (sw Philippines)

.

Brown-eared Bulbul Hypsipetes amaurotis (Temminck, 1830) EU : Japan to n Philippines TAX MOVE Brown-eared Bulbul from Microscelis to Hypsipetes (Oliveros and Moyle 2010)

.

H. a. amaurotis (Temminck, 1830) s Sakhalin Is., Japan and South Korea

.

H. a. matchiae (Momiyama, 1923) s Kyushu (s Japan)

.

H. a. ogawae Hartert, 1907 n Ryukyu Is.

.

H. a. pryeri Stejneger, 1887 c Ryukyu Is.

.

H. a. stejnegeri Hartert, 1907 s Ryukyu Is.

.

H. a. squamiceps (Kittlitz, 1830) Bonin Is.

.

H. a. magnirostris Hartert, 1905 Volcano Is.

.

H. a. borodinonis (Kuroda, 1923) Borodino Is.

.

H. a. harterti (Kuroda, 1922) Taiwan and Lanyu Is.

.

H. a. batanensis Mearns, 1907 Batan, Ivuhos, Sabtang, Babuyan and Claro (extreme n Philippines)

.

H. a. fugensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 Dalupiri, Calayan and Fuga Is. (n of Luzon in n Philippines)

.

H. a. camiguinensis McGregor, 1907 Camiguin I. (n of Luzon in n Philippines)

.

Cerasophila Bingham, 1900

.

White-headed Bulbul Cerasophila thompsoni Bingham, 1900 OR : Burma, nw Thailand

.

Neolestes Cabanis, 1875 PHY Neolestes is a member of the Afrotropical clade of bulbuls (Pycnonotidae (Johansson et al 2008, Zuccon  & Ericson 2010)

.

Black-collared Bulbul Neolestes torquatus Cabanis, 1875 AF : wc

.

Malia Schlegel, 1880 PHY Malia is traditionally allied to the bulbuls, but relationships are under review (Johansson et al 2008, Fjeldsa comm.)

.

Malia Malia grata Schlegel, 1880 AU : Sulawesi

.

M. g. recondita Meyer, AB & Wiglesworth, 1894 n Sulawesi

.

M. g. stresemanni Meise, 1931 c and se Sulawesi

.

M. g. grata Schlegel, 1880 sw Sulawesi